" meaning principle. Itcomprises five principles held to be inseparable andinterrelated:1.Belief in theone and only God,2.Just and civilised humanity,3.the unity of Indonesia,4.Democracy led by wise guidance throughconsultation/representation (representativedemocracy), and5.social justice for the wholeIndonesian people.
In1945, facing the need to pull together the diverse archipelago, the futurePresidentSukarno promulgated Pancasila as "Dasar Negara" (philosophical foundation/political philosophy of Indonesianstate). The ideology was announced in a speech known as "The Birth of the Pancasila", in whichSukarno gave to the Independence Preparatory Committee on1 June1945. He thus helped solve theconflict between Muslims, nationalists and Christians. The 1945Constitutionthen set forth thePancasila as the embodiment of basic principles of an independent Indonesian state.
The Five Principles
(1) Belief in the one and only God (
Ketuhanan yang Maha Esa
This principle reaffirms the Indonesian people’s belief thatGoddoes exist. It also implies that theIndonesian people believe in life after death. It emphasizes that the pursuit of sacred values will leadthe people to a better life in the hereafter. The principle is embodied in the 1945 Constitution and reads:"The state shall be based on the belief in theone and only God". It is represented by the star in thecenter of the shield of the Garuda Pancasila.