Section 2.1: Homogeneous Linear DE of 2
The standard form for homogeneous linear DE of 2
, of (1) on an interval
,is any function
defined and continuous on the interval
and satisfies the eqn (1) above for all
Each of the functions
satisfies the homogeneousdifferential equation
(2)So, both of
are homogeneous solutions.Note also that
are all homogeneous solutions to the DE in (2).Actually, for any arbitrary constants
the linear combination
is a homogeneous soluion to the DE in (2).
Theorem 1 (Homogeneous Eqn (vs) Linearity and Superposition)
For the homogeneous linear DE (1), any linear combination
of two solutions
on an open interval
is also a solution of the DE. So, sums and constantmultiples of solutions are also solutions.
into eqn (1) above:
DoneThis is the concept of linearity and superposition in case of homogeneaous solutions of the homogeneous DEs.This is not true for non linear or non homogeneous as in the following examples.