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Mihai, Hobjila - Noduri Grinda-stalp Beton Armat

Mihai, Hobjila - Noduri Grinda-stalp Beton Armat

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GIRDER-COLUMNKNOTSFORREINFORCEDCONCRETESTRUCTURESThisvolumedealswithaspectsconcerningthegeneralconceptionanddetailingofbeamtocolumnjointsappearinginalmostallreinforcedconcretestructures,locatedinseismicor
nonseismlc
areas.Sinceinframedstructures,thebeamtocolumnjointisthemainbearingelement,thevolumecontainesaspecialsectioncomprisinggeneralconceptionaspectsofframedbuilding,locatedinseismicareas.Theintroductioncontainsgenerals,specificterminology,requirementsandc1asificationcriteriaofbeamtocolumnreinforcedconcretejoints.Inwhatfollowsthebooktreatsofsuchproblemsasconception,detaileddesignandresearchonbeamtocolumnjoints.Afterhavingsynthesizedthemainrequirementsconcerningjointbehaviour,thejointworkingmechanismsarecomprehensivelyanalysedneaxinguseofmainworldwidereferencematerialaswellasofexperimentalinvestigationmethodsappliedinRomaniaandabroad.BeamtocolumnconnectionsarereviewedforbothcivilandindustrialbuildingsofRomania,designrecommandationsforbeamtocolumnjointsbeingissuedaswell.Next,thebookmakesasynthesisoftheoreticalandexperimentalinvestigationscarriedoutintheworldwideandinRomania..ThelasttwochapterstreattheaseismicdesignofbeamtocolumnreinforcedconcretejointsaccordingtoRomanianprovisionalrecommendationsalsodimensioninganddetailexamplesforcertainjoints:tall(beam-column),low(slab-column),withandwithoutprestressinginthehorizontalplane.Theuptodaterecommendationsaresupportedbysomedatasubsequentlyissuedinthetechnicalliterature.Thebookisofinteresttoengineersdesigners,researchworkersandtrainingstaff,aswellasinCivilEngineering.Dr.ing.
ConstantinC.Mihai
Dr.ing.
VasileD.HobjiHi
,InstitutulNationaldeCercetareinConstrucjii(INCERC)-filiala
Iasi
ProfesorlaCatedradeConstructiihidrotehnice
UniversitateaTehnicaIasi
Dr.ing..
Nicu
S.
Mihalache
ConferentiarlaCatedradeMecanicaconstrucjiilorUniversitateaTehnicliIa~i
NODURIGRINDA
"
STALPPENTRUSTRUCTURlDEBETONARMAT
\
EdituraTehnlcaBucuresti-1996
 
Copyright
©,
1996,Edi~raTehnlcaToatedrepturileasupraacesteieditiisuntrezervareedituriiAdresa:Editura
Tehnlea
Piaja
PreseiLibere
1
33Bucuresti,Romaniacod79738Redactorr:
ing,
ELISABETAMITROI,ing.ADINANEGOITATehnoredaclor:ANDREEASTAICUTehnoredaclarecomputerizata:ing.DOINABOTEZATCoperta:SIMONADUMITRESCUMachetareilustralii:CRISTINABACIUBundetipar:18.12.1995;Colitipo:19C.Z.:642.07
ISBN:973-31-0448-5
!
Tiparit:
Semne'94
Dedicdmacestvolumdascdlilornostri.
PREFATA
Ultimeletreimari.cutremurede
piimam
careauavutlac
tn
laranoastra,la
4.03.1977,31.08.
J
986
ji
30.05.1990,
ne-aufurnizatdateimportanieprivindcomportarea.cllidiriloravandstructurileformatedinstalpi,cusaufaraperetiportantiverticali
#
din
plansee,cugrinzisau
de
tip
dald.~
Avariilecares-auprodusaucondusladouaobiectiveimponantepecareautoriiacesteicarli
#
le-aupropussaleanalizeze:-asigurareacapacitiqiiderezistenpisidedeformatieanodurilorgrinda_stafpdin
betonarmat;
-asigurareaunorlimitedeavariereaelementelorneportanrelnestruclurafe.
Ambele
aspecte
menjionate
maisus
trebuie
IratateJiniindcontdeperioadadeexploatareldevialaacliidirilor,propusainfazade
proieaare
si,legatde
aceasta,
denumaruidecutremure,dediferiteintensita!i,carepotavealocpeamptasamenteteacestor
clddiri.'
Pentruaseasigurainvestitiiminime,atdtiniiialecat
#
celenecesarelaeventuate
reparatiisauchiarconsoliddri,impuse
deavariide
diferite
grade,
estenecesarca
proiectantul,infazainijialadeconceptieastructuriirespective,satatonezeschemestructuralecaresafacaposibileinterventiileulterioare
#
sadiminueze,catmaimultposibil,investitiainitialdprecum
#
investitiue
ulterioare,
inconditiiledeasigurarea~
rezervei
desiguranja
#
a
confortuluicerut
defunqiunttediidirii.
Pentruacestlucru,
proiectantultrebuiesapiecedelanisteschemestructuralecaresaimplicemecanismedecedareclare,mecanismecaresaprotejezeelementelesauzonelesensibilealestruauriior,
Plecdnd
defaacestemecanisme,care
conduc
laincarcaridecolapsconcrete
#
laun
anumit"larq"alaparitiei
#
detvolsarii
articulatiilarplastice,
prin
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in
calcule
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$i
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ajutorulmetodelor
simplijicatedecalculacceptatedecodurileinvigoaredinperioadarespectivddeproieaare,sepoateajunge,prinpredimensionare,lamalmultevariantestructurale,din.care,prin
seleqiefunqionala,tehnicd
~ieconomicd,sase
stabileascdsoltqiaoptima.
insfarjit,pentru
aceastdsoltqie,
sefaceanaliza
staticd
~i
dinamica,
se
dimensioneara
~i
sedetaliazatoateelementelestructurale.Acestvolum,primulInliteraturatchniciiromanaprintematicaabordaui(conceput
si
redactat
tn
1988),
trateaziiunelement
ncu
structural,
apdrutinultimeledecenii,
elemental
nod
grinda-
Stiilplplaca-
stalp.
.Peplanmondialsedesfiisoard
0
aaivitate
susjinutadecercetareindiferitescoli,
pentruacunoastecomportareanouiui
elementstructural,
noduigrindii_
stalp,inscopultnzestrarltstructurilorclasice
#
acelornoi,curezervadesigurantiinecesaralaactiuniseismiceintense.involumautoriiauincercatsaclarificeproblemeleacestornoduri,atat
privindaspectele
generatecat
#
pe
celededetaliu,
selectanddatelecelemaiimportante
dinliteraturatehniciimondiaia.Inprezents-aurezolvatmulteaspecte,dar,separeciiau
malrdmas
inca
multeproblemenerezolvate,Dintre
acesteamerqionamproblema
subansambturiior
spatialeincarcatebiaxialinplan,
problemaasigurdrii
lalunecarea
Autorii
 
6
NOOURIGRINDA·STALPPENTRUSTRUCTURIDEBETON
ARMAT
armaturitdinnodlasolicitiiridinamicedetipseismic,injluen/adeformabilitii/iispatialeanodurilorasuprarigidfta/iistructurii,problemeprivindnodurileaVQndelementeleadiacenteprefabricate§imonolite,saunumaiprefabricate,influentatorsiuniigenerale§ilocaleetc.Autoriiautncercatsiieviden/iezecontribu/iilescoliide§tiin/eromanem,incapitoledistincte.Carteacuprinde
11
capito/e.Primeletreisuntgenerate,deintroducerefnproblemelespecificealenodurilorgrindii.stalp.Capitolul
4
trateazaanalizadetaliatdamecanismelorde'lucru,indiferiteetapedecomportareanodurilordebetonarmat§ibetonprecomprimat.Capitotul
5
prezintiimetodeexperimentale,iarcapitolele
6-9
cuprindsintezeleunorrealiriirideproieaare
#
decercetare,obtinutepeplannational
#
mondial.Capftolul
9
areaplicare;iposibilitiu!deextindere,inspecial,inproblemedecercetarejundamentalii.Capitolele10
§i
11,
aplicauve,trateazapracticaproiectdriiantiseismiceanodurilorprecum
#
exemplededimensionare
#
dedetaliere.Aplicatiiledincapito/ul11rezolvanodurigrindd-suilpdemareserie,lnalte
#
joase,dinbetonarmat
#
betonprecomprimat.Analizamecanismelordelucrualenodurilorgrinda-stttlpdebetonarmats-afdcutdetaliat,inbazauneidoeumentliriample,pentruasecunoaste[enomenelefizice§imecanieecepotapdreaindiferitefazedelucrualenodurilor,funqiedeniveluldecunoastemactual.inredaetareatextuluiaufastpdstratenota/file§isimbolurileprevauae
tn
diferiteleprescriptiitehnice,inunelecapitolefolosindu-senotatiipropusedeautori,Exprimareaunormarimiinsistemevechi,tolerate,pelangaeelactualSI,estejustificata
de
faptul
eli
lucrareaconfinemulterezultateexperimentale,prezenuuegraficinformalorinitiala.Rugamcitltoriisaneajutecusugestiidefmbunatlilire
§i
decompletareadir/ii.ToatelucrdrileefectuateinlaraaufostcoordonatedefostuiInstiuaCentraldeCercetare,Proieaare
§i
DlrectivareinConstruqii-Bueure§li.DillparteaICCPDC•Bucure§ti,coordonareapelaraatemelordecercetareafastaslguratadeinspectoriiing,EugenRl1§canu
§i
ing,PaulPopescu,cdroralevompurta
deoseoita
consideraiie.Nuputemincheiaaceastdprefa/afaraaaducecelemalsinceremultumirispecialtilordinlara,care,lainttlniriledelucruceauavutlocanualiaIasine-au
fumizat
idei,solutii
§i
metodedecercetare,dintrecelemalinteresame
§i
maleficieme.Dintreacestiamen{iollam:EmilianTqaru(ICPMC),AnatolieMihul,ConstantinLeonie,AntonieTrelea(I.P.la~i),loanPop(I.P.Cluj-Napoca),DanDumitrescu,IorguNicula(I.C.Bucure§li),MihalPachitac,RaulPopescu(INCERC),HaralambieDeliu,StefanMihiiilescu,LianaBalta/canu(I.P.Bucure$ti),LaurerqiuSpoiald,RodicaRigani,FlorinCatana(ISLGC),MirceaMironescu(I.P.Carpa/f),AdrianMihalache,GrigoreMariniuc(ICPROMIasi)siMustafaVasile(ISPE).Deasemenea,dintrepartidpaniiiceimalapropiaJi,
tn
diferitefazealecercetarilor,men/ionampe
urmatorti
colegl:MihalBarbaiani,RaduGiurgea,DanStanciu-lescudelaIPerBucurestiprecum
§i
peDanielaAmariei,GheorgheAndreiIiLuciaAcatrinei,dincadrullCCPDC-FilialaIasi.Carteaapututsacuprindi:aspectemultiplenumaidatoritiicolaborliriiSfl'ansedintreproieaare,eercetare
§i
fnva/amant,colaborarecareafostneintrerupta,fncepiinddinanul1976.CelemalsinceremultumiriEdituriiTehnice,carene-asprijinitpermanentinelaborarea
§i
desavar§ireacar/ii.
Autorii
CUPRINS
'PREFATA
5
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.........
...
.
......
1.
INTRODUCERE
(C.Mihal)
11
...•.p...-.....••..•~•••••....•."•
11
.1.
Generalitajt'..;,".........................•.....121.2.Terminologie131.3.Cerinjeleimbinarilorgrinda-stiilpdebetonarmat....................151.4.Unelecriteriideclasificarealmbinarilorgrinda-stalpdebetonarmat.2.CAPACITATEADEREZISTEN'fA
sr
DEDEFORMATIEASTRUCTURILOR
iN
16CADREDEBETONARMAT
(C.Mihal).•.............•..•........
16
.1.Generalitati..................,.......'.................172.2.Posibilitaj!decercetareastructurilorincadredebetonarmat..........•.
19
OTATII-Capitolele3
§i
4.............•.......................3.CERINTEDEBAZAPRIVINDCOMPORTAREANODURILOR
(C.Mihm)....
2222.1.Generalitsji..';.;';.;',..'_:24Criteriidecomportare
it
modelelorexperimentalecunodungrmda~stalp......2~27.:MECANISMEiNNODURI
(C.Mihai)................,.
4.1.4.2.27
eneralitati...........;.,'.............
28ecanismeinnoduriinterioare...............,.•..........28.2.1.Eforturileinterioaredinnod..............•............30.2.2.Noduricuraspunselastic......•.........•..•.........37.2.3.Noduriinterioare'inelastice............................54'4.2.4.Nodurilacadrepedouadirecjii;.58.2.5.Caracteristicispecialealenodurilorintenoare.....•.....•..•...63.2.6.Ailevariantededetaliereanodurilorintenoare,•..68ecanismeinnodurileexterioare,..............684.3.1.Solicltarilenodurilorexterioare..........................694.3.2.
Interacjiunea
(Of
Ielordinnod...........•....•..........754.3.3.Ancorareabarelorgrinzii............................774.3.4.Rezistentalaforfecareanodurilor~~774.3.5.Nodurielastice,.,."...........•..•........784.3.6.Aljiparametriimportanti............•................
4.3.

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