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Table Of Contents

1. Introduction
1.1 Course Outline
Goals
Syllabus
1.2 Programme
Lectures
Assessment
1.3 Reading Material
Lecture Notes
Books
The Web
1.4 Fluid Mechanics in Civil/Structural Engineering
2. Introduction to Fluids
2.1 Background and Definition
Background
Definition
Definition Applied to Static Fluids
Definition Applied to Fluids in Motion
Generalized Laws of Viscosity
2.2 Units
Dimensions and Base Units
Derived Units
SI Prefixes
Further Reading
2.3 Properties
Mass Density
Specific Weight
Relative Density (Specific Gravity)
Bulk Modulus
Viscosity
Problems - Properties
3. Hydrostatics
3.1 Introduction
Pressure
Pressure Reference Levels
3.2 Pressure in a Fluid
Statics of Definition
Pascal’s Law
Pressure Variation with Depth
Summary
Problems - Pressure
3.3 Pressure Measurement
Pressure Head
Manometers
Problems – Pressure Measurement
3.4 Fluid Action on Surfaces
Plane Surfaces
Plane Surface Properties
Plane Surfaces – Example
Curved Surfaces
Curved Surfaces – Example
Problems – Fluid Action on Surfaces
4. Hydrodynamics: Basics
4.1 General Concepts
Introduction
Classification of Flow Pattern
Visualization
Dimension of Flow
Fundamental Equations
Control Volume
4.2 The Continuity Equation
Development
Mass Conservation – Example
4.3 The Energy Equation
Comments
Energy Equation – Example
4.4 The Momentum Equation
Application – Fluid Striking a Flat Surface
Application – Flow around a bend in a pipe
Application – Force exerted by a firehose
4.5 Modifications to the Basic Equations
Flow Measurement – Small Orifices
Flow Measurement – Large Orifices
Discharge Measurement in Pipelines
Velocity and Momentum Factors
Accounting for Energy Losses
5.1 General Concepts
Characteristics of Flow Types
Background to Pipe Flow Theory
5.2 Laminar Flow
Steady Uniform Flow in a Pipe: Momentum Equation
Hagen-Poiseuille Equation for Laminar Flow
Example: Laminar Flow in Pipe
5.3 Turbulent Flow
Description
Empirical Head Loss in Turbulent Flow
5.4 Pipe Friction Factor
Laminar Flow
Smooth Pipes – Blasius Equation
Nikuradse’s Experiments
The von Karman and Prandlt Laws
The Colebrook-White Transition Formula
Moody
Barr
Hydraulics Research Station Charts
Example
Problems – Pipe Flows
5.5 Pipe Design
Local Head Losses
Sudden Enlargement
Sudden Contraction
Example – Pipe flow incorporating local head losses
Partially Full Pipes
Problems – Pipe Design
6. Hydrodynamics: Flow in Open Channels
6.1 Description
Properties
Moody Diagrams for Channel Flow
Friction Formula for Channels
Evaluating Manning’s n
Example –Trapezoidal Channel
Flow Characteristics
Example – Open Channel Flow Transition
Problems – Open Channel Flow
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Published by: nidhalsaada on Apr 15, 2011
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