EDDY CURRENT BRAKES
Many of the ordinary brakes, which are being used now days stop the vehicle by meansof mechanical blocking. This causes skidding and wear and tear of the vehicle. And if the speedof the vehicle is very high, the brake cannot provide that much high braking force and it willcause problems. These drawbacks of ordinary brakes can be overcome by a simple and effectivemechanism of braking system 'The eddy current brake'. It is an abrasion-free method for brakingof vehicles including trains. It makes use of the opposing tendency of eddy currentEddy current is the swirling current produced in a conductor, which is subjected to a change inmagnetic field. Because of the tendency of eddy currents to oppose, eddy currents cause energyto be lost. More accurately, eddy currents transform more useful forms of energy such as kineticenergy into heat, which is much less useful. In many applications, the loss of useful energy is not particularly desirable. But there are some practical applications. Such an application is the eddycurrent brake.
EDDY CURRENT BRAKING:
Eddy current brakes are simple magnetic devices that consist of a non-ferromagneticconductor that moves through a magnetic field. An example is shown in Figure 1 where amagnetic field is created in the gap of a toroidal electromagnet, with diameter D. When theconductive disc rotates, eddy currents are induced at an average distance R from the axis of rotation where the pole’s magnetic field moves as a function of the angular velocity of the disk.1Power is dissipated in the conductive disk by the Joule Effect, which creates a viscous-liketorque applied to the disk.