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damming the Irrawaddy River-engl

damming the Irrawaddy River-engl

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Published by Jutta Pflueg
damming the Irrawaddy-engl published 2007
damming the Irrawaddy-engl published 2007

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Published by: Jutta Pflueg on Aug 13, 2011
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Acknowledgements
We would like to thank the donors that supported this report project. We thankDCMF and GGF for support to begin the initial research and writing. We thankBRC for their ongoing support, and E-desk and ERI for their technical assistance.Most importantly we would like to say thanks to our staff and field researchersfrom the KDNG network, including from the Kachin Environmental Organizationand All Kachin Students and Youth Union, and other environmental organizationsfrom Burma that gave us suggestions and advice.
Kachin Development Networking Group (KDNG)
KDNG is a network of Kachin civil society groups and development organizationsinside Kachin State and overseas that was set up in 2004. KDNG’s purpose is toeffectively work for sustainable development together with locally-basedorganizations in Kachin State. Its aim is to promote a civil society based onequality and justice for the local people in the struggle for social and politicalchange in Burma.KDNG is a network of Kachin civil society groups anddevelopment organizations inside Kachin State and overseas that was set up in2004. KDNG’s purpose is to effectively work for sustainable development togetherwith locally-based organizations in Kachin State. Its aim is to promote a civilsociety based on equality and justice for the local people in the struggle for socialand political change in Burma. Kachin Environmental Organization (KEO) is member of the KDNG and is the main author of this report.
Kachin Environmental Organization
The Kachin Environmental Organization (KEO) was formed in April 2004 byKachin people concerned about environment issues inside Kachin State, especiallythe rapid loss of natural resources.
All photos in this report are from KDNG unless otherwise noted. The authors request thatphotos not be copied and distributed without first contacting KDNG. Note: Hka means river in Kachin language
 
Table of Contents
Executive Summary
 
..........................................................................................................
1Part I: Background
..........................................................................................................
3
Militarism and development in Kachin State.....................................................
4
Hydropower in Burma......................................................................................5
 Map: The Irrawaddy Basin............................................................................
7The Irrawaddy River........................................................................................7Myitsone and its cultural significance to the Kachin.......................................
10
Part II: The Irrawaddy Myitsone Dam Project
.................................................
11
What will the dam be used for?.......................................................................11Box: Summary of dam details..........................................................................11How much money will it cost?........................................................................12Estimated revenue from the sale of electricity...............................................12Box: Damming the N’Mai River.....................................................................13Timeline...........................................................................................................14Recent developments at the site.....................................................................16The players.....................................................................................................17
PART III: Impacts of the Irrawaddy Myitsone Dam
.......................................
22
 Map: Projected flood area of the Irrawaddy Myitsone Dam...................22
Displacement and its aftermath......................................................................23Cultural sites that will be submerged..............................................................25Livelihoods that will be destroyed by the flood...............................................26Livelihoods that will be impacted downstream...............................................31Safety concerns..............................................................................................35Case study: Ching Hkrang Dam.....................................................................36Environmental damage....................................................................................39Box: Irrawaddy Dolphins under threat............................................................41Health risks.....................................................................................................42Militarization....................................................................................................44Risks for women.............................................................................................44
PART IV: Conclusion
........................................................................................................
49
Box: Small hydro power (SHP): a better alternative......................................48
Footnotes
 
..............................................................................................................................
50Appendices
 
..........................................................................................................................
54

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