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Operating Fraction

# Operating Fraction

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08/25/2011

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Estimating with Fractions

Suppose you need to go somewhere or to buysomething. Do you need a tool to calculate the timeneeded to go there? Do you need to know the exacttime? If not, what will you do?As in integers, the computational results of fractionscan be estimated by rounding off or usingcompatible numbers.
a. Rounding to 0,
21
, or 1
22..22
at are you gong

to learn?

To estimatefractions

To subtractfractions .

To multiply fractions

To divide fractions.
Key Terms:
Add, subtract, multiply,divide, estimate,product, quotient, likefraction, unlikefraction, proper,improper fraction
We can estimate the result of addition andsubtraction by rounding each fraction to 0,
21
, or 1.If I have
87
of a bar and you give me
94
more of abar, estimate how long I have altogether.

EXAMPLE 1
Solution:
Since
87
is close to 1 and
94
is close to
21
, then
87
+
94
approximates 1 +
21
= 1
21
. So, I have approximately1
21
bars.
Problem 1
Find two fractions which their sum is close but not
64/Student’s Book – Fractionss

equal to 1.
41

32

87

85

21

101

43

105

83

81

125

109

127

103

31

107

b. Rounding to the nearest integer
If an addition, subtraction, multiplication, ordivision involves a mixed number, we can estimate alogical result by rounding each operand to thenearest integer.Estimate the result of 8
61
- 4
21

EXAMPLE 2
Solution
:8
61
can be rounded to 8 and 4
21
can be rounded to 5.Therefore, 8 – 5 = 3 approximates 8
61
- 4
21
Write a story problem based on the expression ofExample 2.
c. Using compatible numbers
To estimate the quotient of mixed numbers,compatible numbers are frequently used, especially
Problem 2
Mathematics for Junior High School - Year 7/65

for mental calculation.Estimate the result of 43
41
: 5
87

Well, it willbe easier if Idivide 42 by
EXAMPLE 3
Solution:
43
41
: 5
87
can be estimated by using compatiblenumbers. Round 43
41
to 42 and 5
87
to 6.Then 42 : 6 = 7 approximates 43
41
: 5
87
.
Erna and Wati bought sliced bread, whichconsists of 8 equal pieces. While they sat down inthe backyard, Erna ate
81
part of the bread, andWati ate
83
of it. How many parts of the bread didthey eat?To answer this question, let us carry out the MiniLab on the next page.In this Mini Lab, we know that
81
+
83
=
84
or
21
.Therefore, Wati and Erna have eaten
21
of thebread. Do the activities in the Mini Lab to find
61
+
63
and
51
+
53
, and so on.
66/Student’s Book – Fractionss