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Ratio

# Ratio

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07/07/2014

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5.1
Ali has 9 books, while Lia has 6 books.
I have sixbooksI have ninebooks
at are you going to learn?

To determineproportion

To determineproportion of twonumbers

Key Terms:
proportionratio
Look at the picture above, and answer the following questions.a)

How many books does Ali have?b)

How many books does Lia have?The answers are shown in the following table.The number of Ali’s books The number of Lia’s books9 6We can say that the ratio of Ali’s books to Lia’s books is 9 : 6.The above table can also be written as follows:The number of Lia’s books The number of Ali’s books6 9The ratio of Lia’s books to Ali’s books is 6 : 9.Notice the writing order of the ratio. Can the ratio of Ali’s books toLia’s books be stated 6 : 9? Why?
Mathematics for Junior High School Year 7/179

Problem 1
To make a cup of coffee, 2 teaspoons of coffee and 3teaspoons of sugar are needed. Find the ratio of thecoffee to the sugar to make a cup of coffee.If you want to make 2 cups of coffee, how much sugar and coffee doyou need? Find the ratio of the coffee to the sugar to make two cupsof coffee.Can you find the ratio of the coffee to the sugar to make 5 cups ofcoffee? Without counting how much coffee and sugar that you need,can you find the ratio of the coffee to the sugar to make 10 cups ofcoffee?Regardless of how many cups of coffee you will make, can you findthe ratio of the coffee to the sugar that you need?Suppose now to make a cup of coffee-milk a teaspoon of coffee andtwo teaspoons of milk powder are needed. Can you find the ratio ofthe coffee to the milk to make 6 cups of coffee-milk, 10 cups ofcoffee-milk, and 100 cups of coffee-milk?
Problem 2
Pak Imam has 5sheep and 2 cows.Find the ratio of:a) sheep to cows.b) The number ofsheep’s legs to the number of cows’ legs.
Discussion
Are both answers the same? Why ?
180/Student’s Book - Proportion

Worktogether
Count how many boys and girls are in your class. Complete thetable below:BoysGirlsAll studentsAnswer the following questions.What is the ratio of the boys to the girls?What is the ratio of the girls to the boys?Are both ratios the same? Why?What is the ratio of the boys to all?What is the ratio of the girls to all?A ratio can be written in a simple fraction.
Mathematics for Junior High School Year 7/181