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Two Stealth Articles

Two Stealth Articles

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Published by: DefenceDog on Aug 29, 2011
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08/29/2011

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want
to
snareastealthbomber?
use
your
one
Whoops
I
Phonesignalsmayunmaska$40billionflyingsecret.
By
BillSweetman
DRIVINGHOME
FADM
WOAK,
YOU
SUDDENLY
REMEMBER
THAT
A
fewoftheT·ballkidsaresupposedtocomeoverafter
the
game.
Shouldyoupickupacouple
of
pizzasonyourway?
You
pull
outyourcellular
phone
andcallhometocheck.
ILLUSTRATION
LUa
...
LUKOVA
Eight
miln
aboveyou.
\ l n ~ n
..
nil
unhurt!,
J.
fl..l
~ l e a l l h
bombo:r
i!
CruiJing
IlO<lIl
on
lllrar;tiCt
nul..
~
pilot
b e l ~ .
lnat
evtn
radill'can't
del(d
hi,
plaru.,
but
he',
'WfOrIg_
Thai
CElli
y n u . ~
making.
alnng
with
'hou,ands
of
otherInnocentcell
phoneoonvelliu
ionstaldng
pJ.ce
1l1llJV1lr
lown,hilsinadvertentlyunmaskedthe
bomber-defeating
st&llth
tl"duJology
thai
0011
140
billionto
dewlap.
At
~ u l ,
Ih.lt
is
1Mclaim
foecentiy
lTUlde
by
I\oke
MoiIlJO[
Jl.exvdl...small
f ~ r t h
insllrUII:'
h o u ~ ; n
an18505man"..
h o u ~
ina'lulrl
Engll!h
towrL
Rob-
Manor,asubsidiary
of
the
GcrUWI
dectronia
industrygiant
Siemem.llII!lOWlCedearlierthis
feU
!hatits
t : r l g i ~ r s
had
' r ~ l \ C I l ' ; r M
~ t e . l ! h
air-
crafl
1 I . H : 1 ~ ~ ~ . ·
By
listeningfor
the
f i h o c ; ~
01
cellpoofR'J;ignah
bouncing
offaJ;lealth
plane,
lhe
e n g i n ~ r s
liay,
it'spossible
nOI
only
to
deleel
,he
pl.1m
but
;I!.w
10;>
d e l ~ r ­
m i ~
its
~
location.
a"h"''''lionll
.a.1IT
woru
by
»>inlillg
I
powerrlllradio
beam
II
the
sky
and
l i ~ t I ' n ­
ingfor
the
rcflectKJnsfromflyingobjectll.HUIloday
we
live
ina
6e3
of
,adio
WIlVes
til".
are
wnlim>Q\,Isly
lxolldcutfrom
<.>ell-
plo(>r'\e
t ~ r $ .
I d e , , ~ ; ( o n
lr;lf\!rl'IIHtl1.
'Jl(J
Olher
sources.
Wilh
IhlswlrelC$$revolu
lio;>"
hu
comeIpolential
new
spy1001:.
udar
syslem.
(hi
ex,.,1(IIt,
" , x 1 ~ l I n g
rillo.llo)
signw
ratlW'!r
tha
...
g e ~ , a l l n g
il$
own.
The
Roke
engineers
came
lip
wi,hthe
idea
for
their
r:ellph.one-ba.l.ed
radar
il5
5Omethi"l!"
of
iI.
Lark..
rwe
were
brain5lOCm.
in!:blue-5lyi!ieilS;
l1'Cil!I.o;
nlililaging
direc
tor
P.aul
Stine.Canthe5ystem
thaI
e ~ r g e o d
hom
the
bninltorming
session
prove
bettt:r
than
Ir<lditioll.lLl
radar
ill
detecting
,t«hh
p J a n ~ r
Ptmibly.
blltlhe
r ~ a r ( : ~
haven't
yel
buill"
worl:.lng
modd,
and
IIOll'lle
«pert.
question
the
sys
tem'sprKlicalmilitary
"alue,since
amly:z.·
irog
cellphone
edJocs
accurately
i ~
a
nl)'
tricky
busines.'l.
Modern
warfare
hn
been
shaped
to
I
lug"
eXtI'llI
by
r8dar.
B.elore
radol,
th
..
re
was
noway
10
dete<:t
bomboers
ulllll
they
were
llolualiy
o"erh"ad.
SUI
in
lhe
.93
....
Brililh
~ I r c l w r t
~ a "
@l[po;ri""""llUthal
.;hiIInp:!
a1llhat_and
t""
« > U ( . ~
(of
WMM
War
II,
When
thl"
Luftwaffe
bombed
lon
don
in1940,the
Brltiah
5Ilw!hemroming.
thanh
toradarbeamsthaI
5wep1
lhe
skies:
.md
OOounced
off
any
inooming
plane§,
It
wn
th,e
~ "
..
1
(of
o;Ieeao;loet-IQll8
(al_
 
..
n d . m l l u ~
game
D".v.ftn
ai.plallt_"S
ami,
adar.
Earlytln.
e n g l n e e r ~
trietllo
canwuflagr
airplanes
using
s p t . ~ i a l
palillS
and
roal
ings,
II
dilin'lworl:.In1958,IheCl
....
senl
acamouflagl'<i
U'l
un
a
spy
flight
KrU05
R\.Ls5ia
.....
uached
10
~
l\.Lb5lO<luellt
p r o l ~ 5 1
nole
from
Moscow
wu
adelalled
radar
plot
<:if
the
airplane's
night
pilh.
Sevenleen
~ n
later,
teams
nl
L o c k t - . e e d · ~
Skurlk
Worb
1ndNonh.op
cr1cked
The
problem.
There
was
no
polm
I
')'lnK
10
oill1ll;llJll.agll
a
C o n v ~ n 1 i o n a l
. i r p l a n e . l n ~ l e a d , l h e
e n g i , l t l e r ~
realized.
they
I,..
d
lo
("me
"II
with
an
e'lti.\!ly
new
I y ~
"r
~ i r p l i l ' ' ' ~
t h ~ t
wonltl
OQl
fI,n..,.;t
r,"lio
signals.
T I , , ~
te(rel,
lnd,hel'('\
enginel!f
Alan
Bmwn
w n u i < l l a l c r ~ .
' w a ~
III
design
aVI'lry
!:>ad
anumn"
and
mal:e
IT
fly.·
In
lhe
"yl!:!i
of
an
~ J V < l Y " i l l l l i d u ,
Iht!
nrst
.IUC
( t ~ r u l
sl""lIhalrpla.ne.LocldILw·,
Hilvt!:
BIU<l
proto
Iyp.;.
wu
11
m i u h a ~ n
ntUJUIN.
The
lilultifa.::rted
plill
...
e
had
,iO
cur",-,ds"d",e"'j;,
"'''/'!II
on
lh",
.....
Ing,
.....
h.I.::h
""as
a"'gled
i)al:k
IU
,harply
Tilat
thf:
.::u!leuuld
barely
get
uff
thl"g.oomL
But
allihal
,eally
malleled
was
lhal
10
a
radar
. y s l ~ m ,
Ihetonjel
loolffi
no
b i g g ~ r
Ihan
a
~ m a . j l
hird
Ha.veIllue
tookadvantage
of
Ihe
flct
thlt
lhe
rll'.l.,11
!Yl't
...
llU
'If
the
ti""e
_I'll
monOlltatic,meaning
ttm
lhey
employed.,
5 i n S ~
anl<,nnll
both
TO
tnns
mil
r::Klar
signals
and
10
listen
for
lheir
echoes.The
~ i r p I 3 l > e ' .
odd
s I J ~ p e
causedr,u:hr
signal.
toscatler.
i n . ~ I e . J d
ofbouncing
lJ..r.k
r!}Wa.d
lhe
a n T c n n ~ .
The
f i ' ~ 1
operation.al
SleaJrb
pbnm;-Ihv
1'·'17
NiGhthawka,
..
lrh"
g.]
Spi.il,
1><)11.
i r l l t o d , , ~ w
I
...
tht
19e1oo.-,elied
Oil
th",
urne
prln.::lplc_Their
~ u p e d
IIpperalldluwer
slIrfoces
dellet-1
Tar1lIr
1"lleI'
gyupward
(JrOOwllward.
away
frolll
lhe
.ada,
311
....
,lna.
nIl'
F-l
'7
allrl1
alw
ha".,.,
long,
.Iraight
edllt'&
Ihlt
focul
rad-lrreflectioJns
into
Ii
nSle,
con·
HOWSTEALTH
EVADES
fl,t,OAR
_.ne
raIIr,
UlrIIlMSl
'"":llo
. t ~
..
boUi.
"""""
~ " " "
w
_.
_,
lilt
_ , , ~
..""
.....
IIot
;l<Oo
1>0
looIooJ
b7
_
IIlonn
l_
1 I M u ~
I,.n,
.,,,,,
cellinii'd
beams,
Th
...
wayIhe
plane's
e.lges
a.e
angled.
the
t..ams
6h(U\
off
to
Iheside,
r a l h ~ r
than
dirl'l:lly
!Mek
al
tire
3nlenna
thaI
~ n t
lne
~ i g n a l .
But
Ihough
steallh
airtnft
can
foolmQnuotatic
r.dan,
they
maynot
be
It
good
at
fooling
SQ-'Cilled
histatic
r.>dar,
a
Sf5lem;n
which
the
Transmitter
and
rec:eiver
are
p l ~
in
~ p a r f t l e
locaTions8eeauseabistill
ieSY5tem
doc'5
nol
. ~ l y
on
iI
single
a'llenna,
II
'''''y
be
ablt)
IU
I>id:
"I'
'"""
...
ofthe
.adio
~ l g n a 4
lh.,
"'-0:
Jc;lllerer:l
by
il
s l ~ a l t h
plane.
And
w h ~ 1 I
asteallhpia"."w,nlun:.Jbetweeil
I
bi>taliely.trll'l
'j;
.t!erhlcr
1'1d
transmlll.::r,
In",
sys.",m
may
e
...
en
dete.::t
Ihe
' ~ I 3 d o w '
e'NIe<!
when
lhl-
airplanr
bIocb
the
r.tdar
lleam.lYIUl1l
...
.lp"TISagreeIhalronYentional
s l ~ a l t h
ai,craft
willlook
diff
...
rent
and
polioSibly
Imgt'r
un
a
bi&latic
rlldar
~ c r e e n .
In
this
game
of
cat-and-mouse,
radars
mayhaveanewedgeoverspyplanes.
1(i1"wn
huIl()r'Igigrlr).-..d,
h i , t ~ t i (
radlf
h ~ ,
bttfl
il<;llinga
seo:trnd
I ~
In
r ~ n l
Y":Ir:l.
For'
" , " , I m p ~ .
bislatlc
radiU'
ClRIk!
poIel1tlallyellable
Ih..,
u.s.
mil.
itary
10
Spol
and
lrTl(;k
enemy
airc",fl
wilh
gU'ilter
precision.The
sys1em
mighl
COnSiST
of"
cenlra)
sllrv
...
illa'lCl"air<.:rafto;;arryilll!..
l a r g ~
r ~ i l r
11<11\1·
miller.
uwellUi>'ilveril
,mill,
unm,nned
cntfl
carrying
radar
r ~ e i V l ! n ,
The
lr
..
nsm;Herplane
could
hang
b>w:k
while
I ~
r ~ i < . ' e r · b e a r i n g
plane
venlured
far
;nto
enemy
terrilory.
Slill
ffiOflOI>18.ic
radar
retainsoome;lIlvillltageL!'ore>:amllle.
la.gel
Wli..,n
wilh
IllOlKlSralic
..,;larU
~
,""ap:
Oue"
a
l a r l l ~ t
h a ~
beendelcelcd
:liun"lE-
where
ale.ill!
the
nlrrow
bf,
..
m
of
Ihe
,adl',
[I')
simply
a
mailerof
me.1JUlinglhetimeIhal
ela!M'l."'
ootWi.'\ln
:;endin!:ar"cliosignal
and
delecling
liS
<:eho.
Since
lhoo
spcrd.t
which
radio
w....
".
tra
...
dtllIt>Ullh
the
aIIllO!ipl\l!ll!
11
I..nown.
il'i
~ i i l \ l ' l "
lueakula.",
th"
d l s t a n ~
of
lill!pl..
rle.
B i ~ u t i e
.a<lar,
by
eolllrasl,
muSI",mploy
wphistielu
...l
oomputer
arlal)"!l!
III
perlor",
tlii.
basiclasl:.
 
I
i
:
GWS
..
lJI
.
Iit.
.......
on.
I•
~
~ ­
- ~
- " ' ~
......
ood
'PJ
0IIII
.
••
."
••
------
.....
••
THE
LATEST
TtlREAT
Ttl
STEALTtlPLANES
11'11
0"_"'._
...
try
_1laW-
~
..
010<_
........
.",to'll
~
..
_
..
' b l _ ~ U
.
A
NEW
TYPE
OF
RADAR
puTS
STEALTH
TO
THE
TEST
trmlk
,.odor,
wtri<ll
sU<
..
lI'IIlAMrittir
,0<1
~
"doff_oI
Ioot_-.
"
..
"!I"'ll.
l I l O ~
_<II,
_
",,,",
0J9.0cj
.1I'fO<ft.
1M
,000000000i
..
to.
JUot'.
1orI'r'oM"._
~ - .
R ~
M a r _ ' ~
JYilo:rn
'.
kr>QWn:01
'p:oni"'ll
bitlot.
ic°
racla.
b e c ~ \ l ~ ; l
makes
IJ5e
01
~ " b t i ! 1 g
.adio
5ig·
nal,
ralher
Ihan
g ~ n e r a t i n g
in
own.
U,ing
acell
pholl"
low"rlor
a
Iran.mill".,
th",y.lern
li.t"n.
wilt-,
'Is
.oceive.rI
10'
1111l
e<;hOll:S
or
th"
cell
phone,ig
Ilal
•.
t h ~ "a t l a l y z e ~
IhOM!
~ h O l ! .
10
dcletl
fll'itlg
'*Itel$-
T h ~
I ~ t a
~ t O $ t
whet\.
~ I l
tt\.gin«t
.«"II«!
Ihllllr"
trr1l1
B.--iti"h
radar
/!>:.l"'rir'J\o!t\.b
I-...d
. d i ~ > < 3
on
I
h"
BRC',
main
Ir.n.mille.
In
london
10
'illumi
nate"tn.,
l a ~ .
"What
Ifa
. t ~ a l t h
aircraflhad
flown
across
London
in
1934"
"Iallasi
"g
di
lector
Sllne
recallsolle
01
his
oolleagl'e:\
ling,
"Would
lhat
r.tdar
hvedelected
it'/"
Rolle',
pil55ivebislatic
""b.
is
alw
Jimil
a,
IQ.
ty1leril
o;;.Ilied
Silenl
Sentry
111,,1
Wif'
' ~ i ' I 1 I y
developed
by
L < X : k I \ ~
M"rlin-
lhough
Sil"nt
Stnlry
."Ii",.
On
rndio
and
td"",i,iml
,lgnBIs.
001
tlUlSf'
fmm
~ l l p O O l l a
Is
cellpOO"",,"bMed
radar
a
true
threat
10
nalional
Jecurity"
!<Jhn
Sheffer,
(Q-fwnder
of
Itealth
wn
Jultilllls
M;uitltB
ScielltifkIlld
CQ-lIulhor
of
Ihe
5landard
leKlbool
011
rOOiJ
detenion,
ha,
dOf.lbt',
·t'm
not
.ure:he
laya,
'lh31
there',.
real
POllY
inthere."
Shaefferpoints
om
thaI
~
b i ~ t B l i c
rada.
sy!>-
tern
has
lhe
iJest
ct-"mce
of
defealing
5Ieallh
whe"the
reeeJ....,r
is
on
Ir".,
oppmite
~ i d e
or
the
airplan",
r
rom
the
(r;llumillt"I,whiclJ
meana
th"
ajrpl;mc
aalready
ill.!lKk
" ' I ~ m y
territory
befoce!he
r&dar
~ .
chanct
of
pld:Jng
it
up,
An
evenbigger
qoesTion
h ~ a l o
dowith
power,Con....,ntiomdmO!lOslaltGradlllS
f o c u ~
Imndr.,w;firkilOWJ1t!
inlo
a
1>Ii!IIGii
~ J ~ ,
IiI;"Ibrig;hlselr.;;hligllL
Ct;1I!)h
•.
"'le
l o w " , , ~ , l r y
<;ont.ut,
pilI
0111
only
lena
ofwaul.and
inall
di.«tlou,
more
lil«,a
household
Ilghtbulb,tik",
ripples
un
a
fJOnd.
tll",
tadio
waves
lose
energyas
they
~ p r e a d ,
and
TheyKlItler
flltlho:r
",hen
they
hitBlllfge!.
~
the
sign.al..t
lbe
retei"'llr
i,
_u..
Allhough
'TVand
fM
radio
Jig
11..015
a.e
tlronger
thantho""
from
C<l'l1phonl'!lt.
lhey
a.e
.Iill
much
weakerlhan
thOl'"
emitle<:l
by
a
rOUlse:!
",.,hr
transmineL[n
3Mar<h
1(JOO
rtlX'tt
(IIi
erili(.almHi1ary
1ech·
flnlnlli"",I
hef'entagun',
D d e n ~
Threat
Reduction
A ~ n c y
wrot"
that
TV-hasedbi.I,1Ik
.""",.,
iiI;,.,
Silent
Sentry
have
som"
polenlial
a g a i n ~ t
'",ahh
l"rgel'"Even
su,
the
Pellr,,&,-,n',
LQw
O!)servahle,jeount<:.
Low
Observablf!S
Exe.:ut
iV<!
CUrI'U"r1iuL..,.
o.
Extelll',
whiCh
<:<ll'!r\llt
lhoe
,¢xpo.1
(J(
~ ' l y
1 ~ & l l o l < l l ) Y I b ~ l
c<XI1d
cn,"prooniSOl.I",.lth,
dooet
r"IOI
m ~ r ' l l i o n
blttllif:
.adnr
in
n
10111;
1
i ~ t
of
J l o l ~ l l t i a l
r:ourner-'ll'althtechniqUe!
......
nd
tho:'
~ n l a g n n
ha,
permilted
lockheed
Manin
to
go
publk
with
ilsSilelll
Selllry
syslem,
which
thecompany
Is
pilchl"g
a ~
a
wayror
one
H ~ t i O l l
to
k...ep
II
di5GIeel
eye
on
a n o t h e . ' ~
air5pace,
1 ~ I h < l F A
to
JI"V
~ I 1 l O H l l l i n s
or
Qil"".
i l " I I ~ 1
\r"rror;
Kube
M\fllQr
r e ~ ~ ' o ; h < :
..
ha"l'
I.>o;en
G 1 Q ~ l i p p e d
aoouthow
llu;ir
.adar
$Y'!lel1l
wl,luld
W(Irk,
but
lhe
wmpany
h l l ~
. e 1 e a ~
adiagram
.howinGlhal
h
depend.on
multiple
receivets,
When
g
cellpho"e
10000'tt
~ n d l i
outIJignal,
~
r e t e i ~ r
heuJ
illwke,
The
fint
~ i g n : t l
come!
di,.,.;tlyfrom
the
IQWer
I"d
Ihe
s«ond
j,
an
echo
from
the
target,
If
three
or
m o ~
r e u i ~ r !
m e - a 5 1 . l ~
the
limerlifferenc:ebe1ween
Ihe
two
5ignals,
using
GI'S
to
provide
precise
syn'
~ h r o n i 2 . l l l j o n
of
the
a r r i ~ a 1
tiura,
they
.houldbe
able
lu
pinpoinl
Ihe
t a r ~ .
BLJI
astheRake
Manor
sc:lentisl.
roll
up
theit
&I..eve&,
&lealth
enghl""'''
cuntinLJe
10
refln"
Ihe
shapes
of
their,all·but,lnvisible
aircnft.
Today'stech·
nlcal
paper!
deKribe
plane3
whose
rncb.
cro5He(·
IlollS
at«
Ihe
~ l t "
IIUI
of
&",all
blllis
00'
of
lno'"lui
10"'.
M u r ~ r .
work
i ~
prO\!'rening:
onstealt
;nlp'QVinJ;
nlethod.
thaI1I."'i!nOlhinS
10
0;10
willia
pLan",'s
shape_
Etlf,"eI
amIotller
"tl()t
.]XtIS.
011
sleahhai/craftcan
be
trratedwithplastics
(>r
P " ' i l l ~
that
COil·
131n
radar·ab'll."binginks,powder!,
or
lIli
nera]
com·
pouruJ,:,
Nmbly.
Utoiit:
m a l e r i a l ~
lifem06t
e f f e < : t i ~
ill
the
miCJ1l1'o'iLvt'
oo.lId
where
cellphonell
operate.
And
so,
eveninotIr
Signalolitrewn,
wireless
world,
Ihe6o-year--old
game
of
cat·and-mouse
beTween
r . a d ~ ~
and
lheir
I,uset.
continue;;,B
I

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