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Attention

Attention

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SS 191 and SS 161 study guide for attentional skills
SS 191 and SS 161 study guide for attentional skills

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Published by: Gayle Sixwillfix Grey on Sep 01, 2011
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09/01/2011

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 Attention!!! (skills)Definition
The process that directs our awareness asinformation becomes available to the senses
Perception
- knowing objects and objectives,events and occurs only when you attend to yoursenses
 Attention
- direct and maintains awareness of stimuli detected by the senses
Importance
 Achieve superior performance when under theoptimal energy zone. (focus only on the skillperformed)
Practice = automatic in performing skills
State of “Flow”
High attention + high psychic energy 
Time slows down
Slow motion of movts
Feeling of omnipotence
Selectivity of Attention
 Ability to choose correct stimuli to attend to
Practiced by trial and error (but will take years)
Types1.Orienting response
 Automatic because of extra-ordinary stimuli
Commands your attention whenstimulus is
intense, loud/ unusual,contrast to prevailing stimuli,moving stimuli
Must control. Not alwayspositive – ex. Cheering of crowdagainst you.2.Athletes interest
People divert attention to interest
Explain why you teach the skill
Make practice appealing
Select what players want to do3.Mind set
 Alert to cues
Positive or negative
Ex. Reading opponents movements4.Screener vs Non-screener
ability to choose from many stimuli
 be a screener
Less anxious
More selective in stimuli
 Automatically rank stimuli
non-screeners are vice versa and needsto be coached more
Dimensions of Attention
 Width of Attention
Narrow – focus to one thing
Broad – focus to many stimuli
Direction of attention
Internal- inside our minds
External- toward our surroundings
4 Quadrants / Attention style
Broad-Internal Style (quarterback thinking of possible plays)
Broad-External Style (point guardinitiating a fast break)
Narrow-External Style (returning aservice in tennis)
Narrow-Internal Style (selecting a clubin golf)
Selecting a Style
Must be strong in all 4 styles
Must be able to shift readily from one to theother depending on the situation
Timing the Shift
Know 
how 
and
 when
Readily change depending on situation
Error occurs if shifting is too fast or too slow 
Causes of ErrorsStress
Stress can come from a variety of factors.(family,friends,coach,teammates…)
 When stressed, width of attentionnarrows because psychic energy increases.
o
First eliminating irrelevantstimuli
o
 And then eliminating task-relevant stimuli (error)
High negative psychic energy causeserrors
Causes you to focus your attentioninternally (you think about yourmistakes during the game)

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