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Lab 3 Sheet Bending-21Sep11

Lab 3 Sheet Bending-21Sep11

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Published by Mohd Fazli
LAB SHEET C
LAB SHEET C

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Published by: Mohd Fazli on Sep 26, 2011
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11/29/2013

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1
DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERINGFACULTY OF ENGINEERINGNATIONAL DEFENCE UNIVERSITY OF MALAYSIA
NAME
Assessments /Items CO1 CO2 CO3
GROUP / SECTION
Data Collection(CO1&2)/5 /5 -
GROUPMEMBERS 1.2.3.4.5.
Formula / Calculation(CO1 &2)/5 /5 -
LECTURER
Data Analysis (CO2) - /30
DATE OFEXPERIMENT
Discussion (CO3) /30
DATE OFSUBMISSION
Conclusion (CO3) /10
PENALTIES
Overall Impression(CO1)/10TOTAL /20 /40 /40
REPORT RECIEPT (tear here)NAME:MATRIC NO.:TITLE:DATE OF SUBMISSION:TIME OF SUBMISSION:
STUDENT’S SIGNATURE:
 APPROVED BY:
EML 3822LABORATORY III
BENDING MOMENTSOLID LABORATORY
Marks:
 /100
 
 
2
1.0
 
TITLE: BENDING MOMENT2.0
 
OBJECTIVE
The objectives of this experiment are as follows:-
 
a.
 
To comprehend the action of the moment of resistance within the beam.b.
 
To measure the bending moment at a normal section of a loaded beam andto compare it with the theoretical value.
3.0
 
INTRODUCTION
A length of material supported horizontally at two points in such a way that it will carryvertical loads is called a beam. The loading perpendicular to its longitudinal axis causesbending and in most cases transverse shearing. In the simplest example the loads andsupporting reactions act in a vertical plane containing the longitudinal axis, and the beamhas a rectangular cross section. The loads and support reactions are the external forcesacting on the beam and they must be in equilibrium. Therefore, in order to study thestrength of the beam it is necessary to know how these external forces affect it.
4.0
 
APPARATUS
Refer to apparatus manual available in the Lab.a.
 
The experimental beam is in two parts, the smaller left hand part being ( A )and the larger right hand part being ( B ). At the section normal to the beam axiswhere they join a pair of ball bearings pinned in ( B ) fits in half housings fixed in ( A )
thus forming a ‘frictionless’ hinge. A moment of resistance about the hinge is
provided by an under slung spring balance which acts as a lever arm of 150 mm.b. Two end bearings on stands support the beam, and several stirrup shapedload hangers can be threaded onto the two parts of the beam.c. A spirit level is provided to help set up the beam. However it is generallysufficient to line up parts ( A ) and ( B ) by eye, and to realign them by adjusting thescrews on the spring or spring balance each time a load is altered.d. Check the beam supports have been fixed at 900 mm span, and that thebeam is positioned so that the bearing pin in part ( B ) is 300 mm from the left handsupport A.
 
3
4.1
 
APPARATUS CONSTRUCTIONFigure 1. Bending Apparatus
 This experiment is divided into two parts:
Part 1
a. Position one hanger 100 mm from A, the second hanger in the groove just tothe right of the section C (300 mm from A) and the third hanger 300 mm from B.b. Align two parts of the beam using the adjustment on the spring balance and
note the initial ‘
no load
reading.c. Place a weight on the first, realign the beam and read the balanced. Repeat the whole procedure using another weight.
Part 2
a.
 
Without altering the load hangers put a 5 N weight on the second hanger,align the beam and record the balance reading.b.
 
Add 10 N weights to the first and third hangers. Align and re-read thebalance
.
 c.
 
Move the third hanger to 400 mm from B and after aligning the beam record
the new ‘no load ‘ reading.
d.
 
Try two arrangements of the same total loading by placing 5 N on the firsthanger and 12 N on the third hanger for one balance reading followed by moving the10 N from the third to second hanger for the next reading.

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