TITLE: BENDING MOMENT2.0
The objectives of this experiment are as follows:-
To comprehend the action of the moment of resistance within the beam.b.
To measure the bending moment at a normal section of a loaded beam andto compare it with the theoretical value.
A length of material supported horizontally at two points in such a way that it will carryvertical loads is called a beam. The loading perpendicular to its longitudinal axis causesbending and in most cases transverse shearing. In the simplest example the loads andsupporting reactions act in a vertical plane containing the longitudinal axis, and the beamhas a rectangular cross section. The loads and support reactions are the external forcesacting on the beam and they must be in equilibrium. Therefore, in order to study thestrength of the beam it is necessary to know how these external forces affect it.
Refer to apparatus manual available in the Lab.a.
The experimental beam is in two parts, the smaller left hand part being ( A )and the larger right hand part being ( B ). At the section normal to the beam axiswhere they join a pair of ball bearings pinned in ( B ) fits in half housings fixed in ( A )
thus forming a ‘frictionless’ hinge. A moment of resistance about the hinge is
provided by an under slung spring balance which acts as a lever arm of 150 mm.b. Two end bearings on stands support the beam, and several stirrup shapedload hangers can be threaded onto the two parts of the beam.c. A spirit level is provided to help set up the beam. However it is generallysufficient to line up parts ( A ) and ( B ) by eye, and to realign them by adjusting thescrews on the spring or spring balance each time a load is altered.d. Check the beam supports have been fixed at 900 mm span, and that thebeam is positioned so that the bearing pin in part ( B ) is 300 mm from the left handsupport A.