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Unhcr and Sphere Standards Compared

Unhcr and Sphere Standards Compared

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Published by: api-3731030 on Oct 15, 2008
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03/18/2014

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Comparison ofHumanitarian Assistancestandards
The Sphere ProjectandUNHCR EmergencyHandbook
Compiled by InterWorksFebruar 2001
 
International Humanitarian Assistance by the Numbers(A Comparison, February, 2001)
TOPIC/AREA/ISSUESPHERE PROJECTUNHCREMERGENCY HANDBOOK
WATERQUANTITY
15 liters per person per daycollected15 liters per person per day,absolute minimum for shortterm survival is 7 liters perperson per day
SYSTEM/DELIVERY
Taps provide flow rate of atleast 0.125 litters per secondAt least one water point per250 people"at least one tap per 80-100refugees and no more than200 refugees per handpump orper well with one rope andbucket"
QUALITY
No more than 10 faecalcoliforms per 100ml at pointof delivery1-10 faecal coliforms per100ml is "reasonable quality"For piped systems - residualfree chlorine at tap is 0.2-0.5 mg per liter andturbidity is less than 5 NTU.residual free chlorine at tap is0.2-0.5 mg per liter atdistribution pointDissolved solids no morethan 1,000 mg per liter
HYGIENE - SANITATIONSoap
250g soap per person permonth
Laundry
1 washing basin per 100people
Toilets/latrines
Maximum 20 people pertoilet1 latrine per family or assecond option, 1/20 persons,or third option 1 per 100persons or defecation field.
Refuse bins
100 l container per 10families100 l container per 10families or 50 persons
Refuse pits
No shelter farther than 15mfrom container or 100mfrom communal refuse pit1 pit 2m x 5m x 2m deep per500 persons
 
CAMP SITE PLANNINGGross area
45 m
2
per person (inclusiveof all uses exceptagriculture or garden )30 m
2
per person (inclusive of all uses except agriculture orgarden space)
Dimensions/distances
Maximum distance betweenshelter and toilets is 50metersMaximum distance betweenshelter and toilets is 50 meters
Firebreaks
2m between shelters, 6mbetween clusters of shelters,15 m between blocks of clusters30m per every 300m of built-up area
Distance betweenwells/springs and latrines
Latrines farther than 30mfrom ground water sourcesand 1.5 m above water tableLatrines farther than 30mfrom ground water sourcesand 1.5 m above water tableMaximum distance fromany shelter to water point is500 meters"no dwelling should befurther than 100 meters or afew minutes' walk fromdistribution points"
Elevation/drainage
3 m above high water table2-4% gradient (ideal) andnot more than 7% withoutextensive site engineering
SHELTERShelter Area
3.5-4.5 m
2
covered area perperson3.5 m
2
covered area perperson in tropical climates4.5 - 5.5 m
2
covered area perperson in cold or urbansituations
Plastic sheeting fortemporary shelter
4m x6m sheet perhousehold of 5 people. (tomeet UNHCR materialspec.)4m X 5m reinforced plastictarpaulins in sheets withaluminum eyelets all foursides (material specs follow)
FOOD / NUTRITIONCalories
2,100 kcals per day (initialplaning figure to bemodified based on thoroughdemographic analysis of population2,100 kcals per day (initialplaning figure
Makeup
10-12% total energy fromprotein17% total energy from fat10-12% total energy fromprotein17% total energy from fat

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