)Cladding(2)Flame spraying(3)Electro-deposition(4)Hot-dipping(5)Vapor-deposition(6)Diffusion(7)Chemical conversion(8)Surface modification(9)Ion implantation
Metal on which coating is done is known as substrate.
Its corrosion resistance is improved by metallurgical binding it with asusceptible care alloy having Good corrosion resistance.
The cladding metal is passive to work-atmosphere and in cases of scratches if
the substrate is open to atmosphere acts as “Sacrificial anode”.
The difference in potential is 80 to 100 mV.
Cladding is prevalent at mill stage by manufacturers of sheet, plate or tubing.
Cladding by pressing, rolling, or extrusion can produce a coating in which the thicknessand distribution can be controlled over wide ranges, and the coatings produced are freeof porosity.
Coatings of wide range of thickness are produced.
They are generally thin in comparison to the substrate.
For example, Nickel and Steel sheet are rolled together giving a compositesheet of LINCH Steel, 1/8 inch Ni.
Ni, Al, Cu, Ti, Stainless Steel and other metals are cladded over steel.
Among principal uses Al cladding in the air-craft industry, Lead, Sheathing for cables etc;
In Cladding inexpensive material is coated with expensive material havingvery thin layer.
In cladding, inexpensive metal is coated with expensive metal moving verythin layer.
Thus, we get lower cost metal with good corrosion resistance