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Toan Cao Cap_A1

Toan Cao Cap_A1

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Published by api-3862505

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Published by: api-3862505 on Oct 19, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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GI\u00c1O TR\u00ccNH TO\u00c1N CAO C\u1ea4P A1
S\u00fdu t\u1ea7m by hoangly85
GI\u00c1O TR\u00ccNH TO\u00c1N CAO C\u1ea4P A1
S\u00fdu t\u1ea7m by hoangly85
B\u00e0i 1 Gi\u1edbi h\u1ea1n v\u00e0 li\u00ean t\u1ee5c
I. S\u1ed0TH\u1ef0C V\u00c0 H\u00c0M S\u1ed0
1.C\u00e1c s\u1ed1 th\u1ef1c v\u00e0\u00f0\u00fd\u1eddng th\u1eb3ng th\u1ef1c
C\u00e1c s\u1ed1 th\u1ef1c l\u00e0 nh\u1eefng s\u1ed1 c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 bi\u1ec3u di\u1ec5n d\u00fd\u1edbi d\u1ea1ng th\u1eadp ph\u00e2n nh\u00fd :
trong\u00f0\u00f3 d\u1ea5u ba ch\u1ea5m ( ) ch\u1ec9 d\u00e3y c\u00e1c k\u00fd s\u1ed1 sau d\u1ea5u ch\u1ea5m th\u1eadp ph\u00e2n k\u00e9o d\u00e0i \u00f0\u1ebfn v\u00f4
C\u00e1c s\u1ed1 th\u1ef1c c\u00f3 th\u1ec3\u00f0\u00fd\u1ee3c bi\u1ec3u di\u1ec5n v\u1ec1 m\u1eb7t h\u00ecnh h\u1ecdc b\u1edfi c\u00e1c\u00f0i\u1ec3m tr\u00ean 1\u00f0\u00fd\u1eddng th\u1eb3ng,
\u00f0\u00fd\u1ee3cg\u1ecdi l\u00e0 \u00f0\u00fd\u1eddng th\u1eb3ng th\u1ef1c nh\u00fdminh h\u1ecda d\u00fd\u1edbi \u00f0\u00e2y:
T\u1eadph\u1ee3p t\u1ea5t c\u1ea3c\u00e1c s\u1ed1th\u1ef1c (hay\u00f0\u1eebng th\u1eb3ng th\u1ef1c )s\u1ebd\u00f0\u00fd\u1ee3c k\u00fd hi\u1ec7u l\u00e0R.
Tr\u00ean t\u1eadp h\u1ee3p c\u00e1c s\u1ed1 th\u1ef1c ta c\u00f3 hai ph\u00e9p to\u00e1n c\u00f5b\u1ea3n + v\u00e0 * v\u1edbi m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 t\u00ednh ch\u1ea5t\u00f0\u1ea1i s\u1ed1
quen thu\u1ed9c\u00f0\u00e3 bi\u1ebft. T\u1eeb\u00f0\u00f3 ta c\u0169ng c\u00f3 ph\u00e9p to\u00e1n tr\u1eeb(-) v\u00e0 ph\u00e9p chia (/) cho s\u1ed1 kh\u00e1c 0.
Ngo\u00e0i ra tr\u00eanR ta c\u0169ng c\u00f3 m\u1ed9t th\u1ee9t\u1ef1th\u00f4ng th\u00fd\u1eddng v\u00e0 v\u1edbi th\u1ee9t\u1ef1n\u00e0y ta c\u00f3 m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1
t\u00ednh ch\u1ea5t\u00f0\u00fd\u1ee3c vi\u1ebft d\u00fd\u1edbi d\u1ea1ng c\u00e1c b\u1ea5t\u00f0\u1eb3ng th\u1ee9c nh\u00fd sau:
N\u1ebfu a,b, v\u00e0 c l\u00e0 c\u00e1c s\u1ed1th\u1ef1c th\u00ec ta c\u00f3
a< b\ue000a+c <b+c
a< b\ue000a-c <b-c
a < b v\u00e0 c >0\ue000 ac <bc
GI\u00c1O TR\u00ccNH TO\u00c1N CAO C\u1ea4P A1
S\u00fdu t\u1ea7m by hoangly85
a < b v\u00e0 c< 0\ue000 bc <ac
\u00f0\u1eb7c bi\u1ec7t :a <b\ue000-b <-a
a> 0\ue000 > 0
N\u1ebfu (a v\u00e0 b c\u00f9ng l\u00e0 s\u1ed1d\u00fd\u00f5ng )
hay (a v\u00e0 b c\u00f9ng l\u00e0 s\u1ed1 \u00e2m )
Th\u00ec ta c\u00f3 :
Rc\u00f3 m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 t\u1eadp h\u1ee3p con quen thu\u1ed9c l\u00e0 t\u1eadp h\u1ee3p c\u00e1c s\u1ed1t\u1ef1nhi\u00ean N,t\u1eadp h\u1ee3p c\u00e1c s\u1ed1
nguy\u00eanZ, v\u00e0 t\u1eadp h\u1ee3p c\u00e1c s\u1ed1 h\u1eefu t\u1ec9Q . Theo th\u1ee9t\u1ef1"bao h\u00e0m trong " th\u00ec
N\ue001 Z\ue001 Q\ue001 R
C\u00e1c s\u1ed1 th\u1ef1c kh\u00f4ng thu\u1ed9cQ\u00f0\u00fd\u1ee3c g\u1ecdi l\u00e0 c\u00e1c s\u1ed1 v\u00f4 t\u1ec9 .
K\u00fd hi\u1ec7u c\u00e1c kho\u1ea3ng\u00f0o\u1ea1n v\u00e0 n\u1eeda kho\u1ea3ng :

V\u1edbi a v\u00e0 b l\u00e0 c\u00e1c s\u1ed1th\u1ef1c , ta k\u00fd hi\u1ec7u:
(a ,b ) l\u00e0 { x\ue002R / a< x <b}
[ a,b ] l\u00e0 {x\ue002R / a <=x <= b}
[a,b) l\u00e0 {x\ue002R / a <= x < b }
(a ,b ] l\u00e0 { x\ue002R / a < x <=b}
(a,\ue003 ) l\u00e0 {x\ue002R / x > a}
[a,\ue003 ) l\u00e0 {x\ue002R /x >= a}
( -\ue003 ,b) l\u00e0 {x\ue002R /x < b }

( -\ue003b] l\u00e0 {x \ue002R/x <= b}
( -\ue003, \ue003)l\u00e0R

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