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Work Life Balance, A Research Paper

Work Life Balance, A Research Paper

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07/28/2013

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Title of the paper:
A study of the Work- Life Balance amongthe Academics of Higher Education Institutions: A CaseStudy of Golaghat district, Assam.
Paper Prepared By:DR. JATINDRA NATH SAIKIA.ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR,DEAPRTMENT OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT,GOLAGHAT COMMERCE COLLEGE,JYOTI NAGAR, GOLAGHAT,PIN: 785 621,ASSAMEmail: jatin_saikia@yahoo.comMobile: 91-9435151015
A study of the Work Life Balance among the Academics of Higher Education Institutions: A Case Study of GolaghatDistrict, Assam.Dr. Jatindra Nath Saikia.
 
Introduction:
Work –Life balance is about people having a measure of control over when, whereand how they work. It is achieved when an individual’s right to a fulfilled life inside and outside paidwork is accepted and respected as the norm, to the mutual benefit of the individual, business and society.Work Life balance has always been a concern of those interested in the quality of working life and itsrelation to broader quality of life (Guest, 2002). The articulation of work and life, cast as work-life balance, has become a key feature of much current government, practitioner and academic debate(Eikhob, Warhurt & Haunschild, 2007). It is believed that balancing a successful career with a personalor family life can be challenging and impact on a person’s satisfaction in their work and personal life’sroles (Broers, 2005). Dundas(2008) argues that Work Life balance is about effectively managing the juggling act between paid work and all other activities that important to people such as familycommunity activities, voluntary works, personal development and leisure and recreation. The ability to balance between workplace’s needs and personal life’s need is perceived as an important issue amongworkers globally and academics in higher education institutions were not excluded (Mohd Noor, Stanton& Young, 2009).Educational institutions are regarded as knowledge industry and these are related to creation of knowledge. All other activities and industries will be meaningless if knowledge is not created by someinstitutions or people. The persons engaged in creation and imparting knowledge are very importantones for all societies and countries in the world. Effectiveness and efficiency of these persons dependupon the balance of their work life and family and personal life. People engaged in imparting higher education have to play a vital role in every society. Assam, which is a state of India and Golaghatdistrict of Assam are not exceptions in this regard.In this paper an endeavour has been made to discuss about how the balance of the work life and familylife of the academics working in the higher education institutions in Golaghat district of Assam can helpto be effective and efficient in their performance.
Review of Literature relating to Work-Life Balance:
Work-life balance has important consequencesfor employee attitudes towards their organizations as well as for the lives of employees (Scholaris &Marks, 2004). Guest (2002) believes that it is possible to investigate the trend of work-life balance andits developments which influence the well-being and job outcomes of employees at work. The issuesrelating to maintaining and obtaining a work-life balance have received substantial attention over recent
 
years (Deery, 2008) but less attention, however, has been given to find the reality of work-life balancesatisfaction in the higher educational sector (Doherty & Manfredi, 2006; Mohd Noor & Amat, 2010;Mohd Noor, Stanton & Young, 2009). Nevertheless, we need to understand the definition underlyingwork-life balance concepts. Defining the concept of WLB is a complex task, as it can be viewed fromthe meaning of ‘work’, ‘life’ and ‘balance’ (Deery, 2008). Dundas (2008) argues that work-life balanceis about effectively managing the juggling act between paid work and all other activities that areimportant to people such as family, community activities, voluntary work, personal development andleisure and recreation. Greenhaus, Collins and Shaw (2003) define work-life balance as the extent towhich an individual is equally engaged in – and equally satisfied with – his or her work role and familyrole. Thus, employees who experience high work-life balance are those who exhibit similar investmentof time and commitment, to work and non-work domains (Virick, Lily & Casper, 2007). Numerousstudies have been done on searching the association between work-life balance and attitudinal joboutcomes such as job satisfaction and organizational commitment (see Doherty and Manfredi 2006;Kinnie, Hutchinson, Purcell, Rayton and Swart 2005; Scholarios & Marks, 2004; Virick, Lily & Casper,2007; Youngcourt, 2005; Zin, 2006). For instance, Virick et al. (2007)’s study on layoff survivors in ahigh tech company found that work-life balance is positively related to job satisfaction. Howard,Donofrio and Boles (2004) in a study among police personnel concluded that work-family conflictwhich reflects work-life balance issue is significantly related to satisfaction with job. In a study of thelinks between employees satisfaction with HR practices and their affective commitment to theorganisation, Kinnie et al. (2005) found that work-life balance are associated with the organisationalcommitment of all employee groups. Furthermore, the authors found that there is some evidence thatcompany efforts to help employees achieve a balance between work and home life is linked to thecommitment of all groups of employees. The extant literature on the subject of work-life balance tendsto make numbers of assumptions and one of those is that improving an organization’s work-life balanceleads not only to greater productivity but to greater company loyalty and low level of intent to leave theorganization (Moore, 2007). Noor and Maad (2008) in their study among marketing executives foundthat work-life conflict have a significant positive relationship with turnover intentions.
Objective of the paper:
The main objective of the paper is to analyze the impact of work-life balance of the academics of higher education institutions of Golaghat district of Assam.
 Methodology:

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