Although the Pythagorean philosopher Archytas of Tarentum(5
century BC) is the alleged inventor of thescrew, theexact date of its first appearance as a useful mechanicaldevice is obscure.Though invention of the waterscrewis usually ascribed toArchimedes (3
century BC), evidence exists of a similardevice used for irrigation in Egypt at an earlier date. Thescrew press, probably invented in Greece in the 1
century BC, has been used since the days of the RomanEmpire for pressing clothes.In the 1
century AD, wooden screws were used in wine andolive oil presses, and cutters (taps) for cutting internalthreads were in use.