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Published by: Myagmarsuren Shagdarsuren on Apr 24, 2012
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12/27/2012

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 ÝÌ× ÒÀÍÄ ÇªÂ軮 ÁÀÉÍÀÀÍÒÈÁÈÎÒÈÊ ÝÌÈÉà ßÀÆ ÇªÂÕÝÐÝÃËÝÕ ÂÝ?
Óëààíáààòàð 2010 îí
 
1
ÕÀËÄÂÀÐÛÍ ÝÑÐÝà ÁÝËÄÌÝ˯¯Ä
Õàëäâàðûí ýñðýã ýìýíä íÿí, âèðóñ, 캺ãºíöðèéí ýñðýã áýëäìýë áàãòàíà. Óãáýëäìýë¿¿äýä òàâèãäàõ ãîë øààðäëàãà íü íÿíä èäýâõèòýé íºëººëж õàðèí õ¿íèé ýñ¿¿äýäõîðòîé íºëºº ¿з¿¿ëäýãã¿é áàéõ åñòîé. (ºíäºð ñîíãîìîë õîðóó ÷àíàð)Íÿí áîëîí 캺ãºíöðèéí ýñ¿¿ä õ¿íèé ýñ¿¿äýýñ ýðñ ÿëãààòàé òóë íÿí áà캺ãºíöðèéí ýñðýã ñîíãîìîë õîðóó ÷àíàðòàé ýìèéã á¿òýýõýä õàðüöàíã¿é àìàðõàíáàéäàã. Õàðèí âèðóñ õ¿íèé ýñýä íýâòýðñíýý𠺺ðèéí ìºí ÷àíàðûã àëäàж ýñèéã äàõèíøèíý âèðóñ ¿éëäâýðëýõýýð ïðîãðàì÷èëàíà. Òèéìýýñ õ¿íèé õàëäâàðëàñàí ýñèéããýìòýýõã¿éãýýð âèðóñèéã ñîíãîìîëîîð óñòãàõ áýëäìýëèéã á¿òýýõýä òºâºãòýé áàéäàã.
Àíòèáèîòèê
Àíòèáèîòèêèéã íÿíä ¿з¿¿ëýõ íºëººãººð íü áàêòåðèîñòàòèê, áàêòåðèöèä ãýжõóâààíà. Áàêòåðèîñòàòèê àíòèáèîòèêóóä íÿíãèéí ¿ðжëèéã зîãñîîж õ¿íèé áèåîðãàíèзìä ¿ëäñýí íÿíãóóäûã óñòãàõ áîëîìжèéã îëãîíî. Õàðèí áàêòåðèöèäàíòèáèîòèêóóä íÿíã øóóä ¿õ¿¿ëíý. Èõýíõè õàëäâàðò ºâ÷íèéã ýì÷ëýõýä ýíý õîåðòºðëèéí àíòèáèîòèêóóä èжèë ¿ð ä¿íòýé. Ãýâ÷ õ¿íèé äàðõëààíû òîãòîëöîî ãýìòñýíýñâýë äîðîéòñîí òîõèîëäîëä õ¿íä õýëáýðèéí õàëäâàð áîëîõ ¿жëèéí ýíäîêàðäèò,ìåíèíãèò зýðýã ºâ÷í¿¿äèéã áàêòåðèöèä àíòèáèîòèê ýìýýð ýì÷ëýõýä èë¿¿ òîõèðîìжòîéáàéíà.
 Àíòèáèîòèê ýìèéí ñîíãîëò
Ýì÷ òóõàéí õàëäâàð ÿìàð òºðëèéí ¿¿ñãýã÷ýýð èõýâ÷ëýí ¿¿ñäýã òóõàéìýäëýãýýñýý ¿¿äýí àíòèáèîòèê ýìèéí ñîíãîëòûã õèéäýã. Ò¿¿íýýñ ãàäíà áàêòåðèîëîãèéíëàáîðàòîðèä òóõàéí õàëäâàðûã ¿¿ñãýäýã íÿíã ÿëãàí ãàðãàж, ò¿¿íèé àíòèáèîòèê ìýäðýã÷àíàðûã òîäîðõîéëж áîëíî. Ãýâ÷ óã øèíжèëãýý 1-2 ºäºð øààðääàã òóë àíòèáèîòèêýìèéí ýõíèé ñîíãîëòîíä òóñ áîëîõ íü õîâîð. Íÿíãèéí àíòèáèîòèêò ìýäðýã ÷àíàðëàáîðàòîðèéí íºõöºëä òîãòîîãäñîí ÷ õ¿íèé áèå îðãàíèзìä óã íÿí òýð ýìýíä ìýäðýãáàéõ ýñýõ íü òîäîðõîéã¿é áàéäàã. Òèéìýýñ àíòèáèîòèêèéí ñîíãîëò òèéì ÷ àìàð áèø.Ýì÷èëãýýíèé ¿ð ä¿í ýìèéí øèìýãäýõ õóðä, ¿ðýâñëèéí ãîëîìòîä áàéõ õýìжýý,áèåýñ ÿëãàðàõ õóðä зýðýã õ¿÷èí з¿éëýýñ õàìààðíà. Àíòèáèîòèê ýìèéã ñîíãîõäîî ºâ÷íèéõýëáýð, õ¿íäèéí зýðýã, ýìèéí ãàж íºëºº, õàðøèë áà àìü íàñàíä àþóëòàé áóñàä óðâàëãàðàõ ýñýõ, ýìèéí ¿íýíä
 
àíõààðíà.Õ¿íä õýëáýðèéí õàëäâàðò ºâ÷íèé ¿åä, ÿàëàíãóÿà íÿíãèéí àíòèáèîòèêò ìýäðýãýñýõ íü òîäîðõîéã¿é òîõèîëäîëä õýä õýäýí àíòèáèîòèê ýìèéã ýì÷èëãýýíä õàâñàð÷õýðýãëýõ øààðäëàãà ãàðäàã.
 Àíòèáèîòèê ýìèéã õýðýãëýõ àðãà çàìóóä
 
2
Õ¿íä õýëáýðèéí õàëäâàðûã ýì÷ëýõäýý àíòèáèîòèê ýìèéã ýõëýýä áóë÷èíä ýñâýëõîâîð òîõèîëäîëä ñóäñààð äóñëààð, öààøèä óóõààð õýðýãëýíý.
 Àíòèáèîòèêèéã óðüä÷èëàí ñýðãèéëýõ çîðèëãîîð õýðýãëýõ òîõèîëäëóóä
Àíòèáèîòèê ýìèéã õàëäâàðò ºâ÷íèéã àíàãààõààñ ãàäíà óðüä÷èëàí ñýðãèéëýõзîðèëãîîð õýðýãëýäýã. Àíòèáèîòèêèéí óðüä÷èëàí ñýðãèéëýõ àðãà õýìжýý ¿ð ä¿íòýéáàéõ áà íÿíãèéí òýñâýðëýõ ÷àäâàð ¿¿ñýõã¿éí òóë àíòèáèîòèê ýìèéã ºâºðìºö íÿíãèéíýñðýã áîãèíî õóãàöààíä õýðýãëýíý.Æèøýýëáýë, жóóë÷äàä àÿí зàìä ãýäýñ ã¿éëãýõ, ìåíèíãîêîêêûí ãàðàëòàéìåíèíãèò ºâ÷èíòýé õ¿íòýé õàìò áàéñàí õ¿ì¿¿ñò óã õàëäâàð ¿¿ñýõýýñ óðüä÷èëàíñýðãèéëýõ зîðèëãîîð àíòèáèîòèê ýìèéã áîãèíî õóãàöààãààð ºãäºã. Ò¿¿í÷ëýí з¿ðõíèéõàâõëàãûí ýìãýãòýé õ¿ì¿¿ñò àìíû õºíäèé áîëîí áóñàä ýðõòýíä áàéäàã íÿíãóóä öóñàíäîðж з¿ðõíèé õàâõëàãóóäûã ¿ðýâñ¿¿ëýõ ºíäºð ìàãàäàëòàé òóë àëèâàà íýãýí õàãàëãààíäîðîõîîñ ºìíº (ø¿ä àâàõóóëàõàä õ¿ðòýë) àíòèáèîòèê ýì÷èëãýý õèéäýã. Öóñíû õàâäàð,ÄÎÕ ºâ÷èí, õèìè áîëîí òóÿàíû ýì÷èëãýý õèéëãýж áàéãàà õ¿ì¿¿ñò äàðõëààíûòîãòîëöîîíû ¿éë àжèëëàãàà àëäàãäñíààñ õî¸ðäîã÷ õàëäâàð àâàõ ìàãàäëàëòàé òóë ìºíóðüä÷èëàí ñýðãèéëýõ зîðèëãîîð àíòèáèîòèê õýðýãëýíý. ̺í èõ õýìжýýíèé, òóõàéëáàë¿å ìº÷, õýâëèéí õàãàëãààíû äàðàà õàëäâàðààñ ñýðãèéëýõèéí òóëä àíòèáèîòèê õýðýãëýíý.
Âèðóñèéí ýñðýã ýì÷èëãýý
Âèðóñ ººðèéí ãýñýí áîäèñûí ñîëèëöîîã¿é áà àìüä áàéãàëüä óäàìøëûí êîäã¿éòóë âèðóñèéí ýñðýã áýëäìýëèéã á¿òýýõýä îëîí áýðõøýýë òóëãàðäàã. Âèðóñ ýñ ð¿¿íýâòýð÷ ¿ðжäýã òóë âèðóñèéí ýñðýã áýëäìýë àíòèáèîòèê ýìòýé õàðüöóóëàõàä õ¿íèé ýñýäèë¿¿ õîðóó ÷àíàðòàé áàéäàã. ͺ㺺òýéã¿¿ð, âèðóñ ýì÷èëãýýíä àìàðõàí äàñàë áîëäîã.
Ìөөãөíцðèéí ýñðýã áýëäìýë¿¿ä
Àðüñ áîëîí àì, ¿òðýýíèé ñàëñòûí 캺ãºíöðèéí õàëäâàðûí ¿åä 캺ãºíöðèéíýñðýã áýëäìýëèéã õýñýã ãàзàð õýðýãëýíý. ̺í óã áýëäìýëèéã óóõ áà òàðèàãààð õýðýãëýжáîëíî.Àíòèáèîòèê ýìòýé õàðüöóóëàõàä 캺ãºíöðèéí ýñðýã áýëäìýë¿¿ä ãàж íºëººèõòýéãýýñ ãàäíà ¿ð ä¿í áàãàòàé áàéäàã. Òèéìýýñ ìºãºíöðèéí õàëäâàðûã ýì÷ëýõýäáýðõøýýëòýé áºãººä àìàðõàí àðõàã õýëáýð ð¿¿ øèëжäýã áàéíà.

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