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newspaper headline

newspaper headline

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Published by Nu Tza
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Published by: Nu Tza on Jun 07, 2012
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02/15/2013

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INTRODUCTION
 Nowadays communicating with the outside world is becoming more andmore vital. As a result, information plays an increasingly important role in our daily life. As we all know, 21st century is an information era. With theinformation you will be superior to others, or you will lose the chance to win.What carries information? How can we get the information? The questions areeasy to answer. It is the news that carries the information and we obtain theinformation by reading the newspaper.One of the challenges posed by study of the press is how to arrive atvalid conclusions, given that the time-consuming nature of discourse analysismakes it difficult to undertake the detailed analysis of a large number of articles. We thus sought a method which would allow us to gain an overview of an extensive corpus. The solution which we arrived at, the study of headlines,offers a number of distinct advantages which we outline in this article.A corpus of headlines facilitates quantitative analysis, for example, alongitudinal study of the frequency of headlines on a particular issue can revealthe evolution in the prominence given to a topic over time; a comparison between newspapers can reveal the relative importance each paper gave to anissue during a particular period. However this research note concentrates on the broader theoretical and methodological issues involved in using headlines inresearch and identifies the linguistic features which are typical of them. Itargues further that headlines are particularly revealing of the social, culturaland therefore national representations circulating in a society at a given time.Journalistic English has a style all of its own, and this is most evident inheadlines. The body text of an article should simply describe an event or occurrence, giving the details in a clear, well-ordered, easy-to-understand way,yet using such typical "journalese" expressions as, for example, the passivestructures "is known to..." (for a definite fact), and "is thought to..." or "is believed to..." to express what people think.Headlines, however, have rules all of their own. By their very nature,
 
they (usually) have to be short and concise, and their function (and this appliesnot only to sensationalist newspapers and the so-called "gutter press") is todraw the reader’s attention to the article and make him/her want to read the body text.Basically, headlines fall into three categories. The first one is theheadline that uses the Present tense to indicate that someone has donesomething. The second is the headline that uses the Past participle to show thatsomething has been done. And finally, there is the headline that uses theinfinitive to show that something is going to happen.It should be pointed out that for reasons of shortness and conciseness,supposedly superfluous words are left out of headlines. This concerns, in particular, the definite and indefinite articles, so it is rare to see the words "a","an" or "the" in a headline.As we can see, headlines tend to omit function words (determiners, prepositions etc.) and concentrate on the information-rich content words, muchlike a telegram. The resulting brevity of headlines and the fact that for manyaphasic people function words present great difficulty means that headlinesseem to be relatively easy: hence the system does not attempt to simplify them.With regard to the main body of the stories, sentences tend to be around 32-35words long in the broadsheets while the tabloids and local papers average 16-20 words. Research done by Kniffka H., Bantas A., D.&Douglas A., Fowler,R., Evance, Bell A., Galperin I.R., Van Dijk, Crystal D., Mardh I., focuses ongrammar and stylistics features of publicist articles in English and Romanian.The Diploma Paper is devoted to the study of linguistic peculiarities of newspaper headlines and to the analysis of their translation peculiarities.Taking into consideration the above mentioned, the main goal of this paper was set in the following way: to study the newspaper headlines on thewhole and to analyse the linguistic peculiarities of newspaper article headlines.
The objectives of the paper are the following:-
to analyse the newspaper style;- to present and characterize linguistic peculiarities of newspaper articles;
 
- to analyse newspaper articles from the structural, grammatical andlexical points of view;- to analyse peculiarities of translating newspaper article headlines;- to suggest examples of headlines from different domains.The theoretical importance of the research carried out lies in givinginformation and analyzing linguistic peculiarities of newspaper headlines.The practical importance of the Diploma Paper is to serve as didacticteaching material for students and people who study English independently toimprove their skills in translation of newspaper materials.In this Diploma Paper a Complex Analysis Method was used, whichimplied Analytical and Comparative Data Analysis.The Diploma Paper consists of an introduction, three chapters, aconclusion, a summary, a bibliography and an annex.In the introduction, the main goal, objectives, the topic and the materialof the research are formulated.In the first chapter “Newspaper headline from linguistic point of view”the theoretical preliminaries of the theme are analysed, and the professionallanguage is studied.In the second chapter, “The analysis of newspaper headlines”, theresearch material is described, and the types and the objectives of theexperimental analysis are formulated. Here I’ll analyze 150 examples of headlines form different spheres of activity.In the conclusion, the results of the research are mentioned, and theconclusions are drawn.In the summary, the main ideas of the Diploma Paper are rendered. In the bibliography, the quoted and reference literature is presented. In the annex,examples of translated headlines from newspapers are presented.The resultscan provide important data for translators who are interested in translatingEnglish articles taken from printed media in order to keep existing specificmodern standards.

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