# UNIT 1 TALKING ABOUT DAILY ACTIVITIES, HOBBIES AND INTEREST Every person has a lot of activities that he/she

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 Which beach did you go to?  Kuta beach C. Let’s Read and Write. Task 5. Read the text carefully From Monday to Friday most people are busy working or studying, but in the evening and on weekends they are free to relax and enjoy themselves. Some watch TV play computer games other participate in sports. It depends on individual interest. There are many different ways to spend our spare times. Almost everyone has some kind of hobby it means. It may be anything from collecting stamps to making model airplanes. Some hobbies are very expensive, but other doesn’t cost anything at all. Some collections are worth a lot of money others are valuable only to their owners. I know a man who has a coin collection worth several thousands doll A short time ago he bought a rare fifty cent piece worth \$ 250! He was very happy about his purchase and thought the price was reasonable. On the other hand, my youngest brother collects match boxes. He has almost 600 of them but I doubt if they are worth any money. However to my brother they are extremely valuable. Nothing makes him happier than to find a new matchbox for his collection. That’s what a hobby means; I guess it is something we like to do in our spare time simply for the fun of it. The value in dollars is not important, but the pleasure it gives us is more important. Questions 1. What is a hobby? 2. When are most people free to relax and enjoy themselves? 3. What kind of hobby does every gone usually have? 4. What is the cost of every hobby? 5. Who collect match boxes? Task 6. Decide whether the statement is TRUE (T) or FALSE (F) STATEMENTS 1. A hobby is something we like to do in our spare time. 2. All hobbies are expensive. They always spend a lot of money. 3. A hobby gives us the pleasure we do it for our leisure time. 4. His hobby is collecting model airplanes . It is a very cheap hobby. 5. Some hobbies are very expensive but others don’t cost anything at all.

T/F

EVIDENCE

Gerund Gerund is verb – ing form that have function as a noun or an adjective Gerund can be used as a subject , object , complement or adverb of others noun . Gerund has exactly the same form as the present participle. Gerund as a subject 1. Jogging is simple sport. 2. Cooking is a good hobby. 3. Swimming makes us healthy. Gerund as an object 1. I don’t like smoking. 2. He enjoys riding a bicycle. 3. Do you mind joining as to the beach? Gerund as complement The position of Gerund as complement always after to be 1. Her job is sorting the mail. 2. My hobby is drawing Sebagai penjelas nuon / modifier 1. The waiting room is very large . 2. The reading books are on the table. To state “larangan” 1. No smoking. 2. No parking. Gerund after preposition 1. Are you interested in collecting stamps? 2. He gave up drinking water. 3. She wants to sleep after reading a novel.

Task 7 Rewrite these sentences using AFTER / BEFORE. Study the examples E.g. : Tthe director phoned his friend and them he went out

 After phoning his friend, the director went out.
The director went home but first he telephoned his secretary.

 Before going home, the director telephoned his secretary.

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I go to the post office but first I have to take a bath. My brother brushed his teeth and then. He went to bed. The secretary left the office but first she turned the light off. The secretary typed a business letter and then she went home. Our boss bought a photo copying machine but first he fried on it.

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• The chalk is very short. I will like to book a return ticket for the next trip. 1. 5. You are to identify the one underlined words or phrases that should corrected or rewrite . • The calk is too short to use. He can come to class. sir ? A B C D am help should help 1. It is very cold. Task 13.(C) . 4. 7. He can’t drive.(B) . We can’t use it. The exercise is very easy. 10. The bananas are very soft. We can throw it way. 2. 3. 8. A B C D She will stay here for 2 night. Mary is very sick. 1. The boy is young. Diamonds are valuable. and correct your answer. 3. 4. 6. We can do it. each sentence has four words or phrases underlined. 2. 5. Peter is very lazy. Practice the use of too and enough. I can’t wear them. • The chalk is very short. Anne is sick. In this task . A B C D Can we booking two seats for the live show tonight? A B C D Could I guest some tour programs to Bali? A B C D Did you have a reservation? A B C D 8 . 5. We can’t reach it. • The ceiling too high for us to reach. It is very warm. 2. Example = Good morning . John is well. The four underlined parts of the sentences are marked (A) . We won’t eat them. He doesn’t work. 9. • The chalk is short enough to throw away. She can’t go to class. It is very cold. and (D). You can’t go swimming. We can swim in it. The shoes are small. Could I am help you . She can’t come to class. We can’t eat them. 4. 3. Cross . We can look through them. Task 12.• The ceiling is high . You shouldn’t throw them away. We can’t go skiing. The windows are clear. See the examples. The bananas are soft. The lake is deep. We can go skating.

HOPE U R OK.: .MESSAGING GLOSSARY KNW Know L8 late L8R later LU Love you MSG Message MTG meeting MU miss you NXT Next OK okay PCM Please call me PIX PLS R pictures please are SND STN THNK TM TOA TOD TQ TQVM WT4 WNT2 XLNT Send Station Thanks Time Time of Arrival time of departure thank you thank you very much wait for want to excellent L8 4 MTG. Capitalize a person title before his/her name e.Idul Fitri .Friday . Capitalize the first word of every sentence e.Indonesian .English . CU@10 I am late for the meting. and words formed from them.Do you speak English? Task 10 indicate where you. LET ME KNW ASAP.PLS SND PIX OF UR HTL RM B4 2MORROW.Kuningan Street 2. e. is late geneva near mount blank ? on Sunday we’re going to the museum of natural history is Dr Indra chinese or japanese ? the suggestion was made by president sukarno on behalf of his family 3.Mr. @7.He said he loved her .: . CU@STN KINGS 76. places. IF U CBT CM 2 THE HTL.Independence Day 5.g. organizations. Capitalize names of people. THNX 4. Capitalize names of days months and holidays e.New year’s day .: . 4. LU & MU 3 . I will see you at 10.Professor Koentsoroningrat . 17 . UR REPORTS R XLNT. 5. Capitalize names of areas or countries e.The Foreign Secretary .September .g. languages. Need capital letters in the following sentences.g. 2. CU.: . Subagja . TO today tomorrow tonight for ass soon as Possible before by for now by the way see you Come can can’t TEXT.g.2 2day 2morrow 2nite 4 ASAP B4 BFN BTW CU CM CN CNT 1. 1. CN U TELL ME TM OF NXT MTG ASAP ? TQ 5. courses.: – Thomas Alfa Edison . L8R Task 9 Study the explanation below about punctuation Notice of the usage of capital letters 1.America 4. Then compare your answer with your friends.Major Jono .g. TQVM 6. Williams 3.New York .Biology 212 (The name of a course) .Christmas .Indonesian . is professor blunt working for the queen of england ? 2.Dr. and Mrs.

You. 3. 2.. he. Monitor – Monitored Travel – Travelled Supply – Supplied Include – Included A lot of common English verbs. 3. ) ( …. irregular verbs do not have past forms which can be predicted. Unlike regular verbs. Can – Could Take – Took Must – Had to Send – Sent We use did to make past tense questions and negatives eg. it was walking down the steer when he heard a loud noise : . 5. A : How did Sandra B : She it while A : How did Tami B : He it while A : How did Sasya B : She him while A : How did Robi her purse ? at the supermarket. regular verb end in – ed eg. ) ( …. the subject is followed by the auxiliary. ) (…. and some modal verbs. they. his finger ? 19 . ) Task 5. 4. Choose the correct words to complete the question and answers : argue lose 1..2.. a bloody nose ? with the boy across the street. she. we were walking down the street when he heard a loud noise Past Perfect S + had + Verb-3 Past Perfect Continuous tense : S + had been + Ving Task 5. The past tense shows the past events and past activities The affirmative of simple past tense use the verb II form S+ V2 In the simple past tense. Was/were and the verb is added with the – ing form S + was.I. e. 5. have irregular past tense forms..g Have – Had e. were + V-ing when + clause ( past ) Remember : . the president ? in Jakarta. bake meet break play cut slice get work A : How did Tedi break his leg ? B : He Broke it while he was playing soccer. I went there to see the film She went there to post the letter He went there to buy the medicine They went there to borrow the books Study the explanation below ( …. 4. How many countries did Nick visit ? Nick didn’t look tired The past continuous tense.

what are you having ? Ellin : I’m not sure. 28 .00 Pm c. Everyday except Sunday What colour is that car ? a. you should show your ability to write in good English. Find and summarize an article or a text about what people should do to have a successful in we on job interview. so I think I’ll just have a plate of strawberry ice cream.. 10. What about you ? Ayu: I’m going to try the sour flounder fish. 1998 cutlass supreme White w/light blue interior Low mileage. is you’re hungry. Erica : Well. I think I haven’t tried it yet. have you decided what are you going to eat ? Erica : I haven’t made up my mind yet. White d. Ida : Ok. I really like the super burger. Blue c. Red b. I just had it last night.00 Am – 6. I’m not really all that hungry. You won’t believe the size of it! Ida : Really ? But is it good ? Ayu: It’s really delicious. Saturday and Sunday b. We’ll try it Ida : What about you. Ellin : Ok. Monday – Friday d. Santi ? Santi : Well. cassette stereo \$ 5000 or best offer By original owner (0274) 512251 weekdays – (0274) 797450 weekends Ask for Poikan Aulia The word “weekdays” in line 9 is most nearly meant …. Black Speaking Section In this part. like a new Air automatic. Ayu: Ida. a. you should show your ability to speak in English Work in groups of three. power steering. Erica : Ellen. Act it out with your partner Ayu: Well. It sounds good to me. brakes Am/Fm. It seems delicious. you should try the baked chicken. Everyday from 9.9. Writing Section In this part.

Complete the dialogue with a suitable expressión of compliments. Anisa Did you make ityourslf? : Certainly not. Toni invited Fernando and his family to come to Malaga in September 4.How did they feel at the moment? And what was the score? When is Fernando on holiday ? How long does he invited Toni for? What was the weather like in September ? What suggestions does Fernando make? Task 8 decide whether the statement is TRUE (T) or FALSE (F). 2. Fernando would show Ttoni something of Spain if he come to fullfill his invitation. Task 8. 3. Give the evidance. Fernando andhis brother went to the football match and they enjoyed it very much 3. 5. 2. Task 9. STATEMENTS T/F 1. Anisa. Fernando is very angry at the moment because his football team lost. He accepts You invite another friend to go to the police concert next week. I’d love tu but i can’t (refusing invitation) You invite your friend to play chess with you. Ayu. He refuses. You invite a friend to comeand meet your parents. do you really think so? I am reallyfond of this dress. My aunt gave it to me as a birthay gift. He refuses You invite a friend to come to a party at your house on Friday evening. Ayu Did she? What a (4)______________you have! : Anisa : Ayu : Anisa : 36 . See the example A: Could you / would you like to come to pictures? B: . Anisa Wow! That’s a (1)______________dress. 5. Is it new? : Yes. Fernando had just heard that Tony is getting married and he sends him his best wishes. He accept. Write an invitations for these situations. He accepts. I’d love to (accepting invitation) I’m sorry. You invite a friend to come to the football match with you tomorrow.Oh thanks. It is (2)_______________ Ayu The color and the model (3)____________on you. EVIDENCE 1. : Oh. 4.

Many people like to do shopping and go to shopping centres. Some of them do shopping in supermarkets or department stores. Some others do shopping at traditional markets. They spend their money on things they need. Shopping is an enjoyable activity, but sometimes it wastes our money if we are not careful. Around us, many people like to buy things impulsively. They buy the things without bargaining, or even planning. They buy them on the spur of the moment. They buy them not because their needs, but just because they are attracted with them. They are impulsive shoppers. Impulsive shoppers are unwise buyers. They are spenders because they are often careless in spending their money . They usually regret their impulsive purchases when they get home. And even they will get very disappointed whenever they realize that the things they bought are not really what they wanted or needed. It is therefore a good idea to plan what you are going to buy. This will help you become a careful shopper. For example, always make a list before you go shopping. And buy only those things that are on the list. With this way , you don′ t spend money on things don′ t need. If possible, bargain with the sellers in always pay in cash, too.

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What do you know about shopping and bargaining? When and where do people usually go shopping? What happens if you are not careful about shopping? What are impulsive shoppers? How do they usually buy the things? Why are they called spenders? And what usually happens when they get home?

Task 7. Decide whether the statements is TRUE (T) or FALSE (F). Give the evidance.
STATEMENTS T/F EVIDENCE

1. don’t buy something implusively,but only buy what you’ve planned to buy 2. when you go shopping, you must always bring Moneg Money as much as posible 3. a wise shopper always plans what he is to buy before he goes shopping. 4. shopping is fun, but sometimes wastes Money when we do it without planning. 5. supermarkets usually sell ítems more cheaply than local small shops do Task 8. Rearrange the following dialogue between a shop asístance and a customer then, in pairs act it out, student A becomes a shop assistant and student B as computer A shop asístanse A customer - Rp. 20000 - and the black one - may I help you ? - ok, I take medium for the blue one - I think the blue one is really pretty, and we have -yes, I need a sweater medium and large for it How much is it ? - which one ? -the blue one - it’s Rp. 15000 - well, what do you think ? What size do you have ? Task 9. The four underlined parts of the sentences are marked (A), (B), (C) and (D). You are to identify the one underline Word or phrase that should be corrected or rewritten.

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student counsel suggest that the meet should be held on Monday A B C D 2. The class members agre to visit certain tourist spot

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A B C D 3. Can I help you bring that luggage A B C D 4. Would you mind giving those present to my friend A B C D 5. I am sorry , i could not do that tests well A B C D 6. Yes, thanks , it helps me so many A B C D 7. Would you like give a lift to downtown tomorrow afternoon ? A B C D 8. The company will sending it to you if you don’t mind A B C D Task 10 Look at the patty cash book below. And these are answers to questions about the patty cash. Write the questions and answers Cash paid Date details total 1 may stamps 1.75 2 may sugars 2.04 3 may flowers 1.96 4 may biscuits 19 5 may coffe and milk 2.75 Patty cash : uang belanja kecil-kecilan. 1. A: What did she buy on may st? B: She gought stamps. A: How much did the stamps cost? B: One dollar and seventy five cents. What did_____________ etc.

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who is the first giving the input? Does Anita agree with the input? Who agrees with Anita? What does Nyoman suggest to the member? Is his suggestion accepted?

Task 5 Study these expression Expressinng opinions: Asking other’s people opinion: # What do you thing of.... # Is that right (true) that.... # Do you think its going .... # Why do they behave like that # Do you have any idea? # How do you like...? # Please give me your frank opinion # What’s your opinion? Giving suggestions: # I suggest... # Why don’t.... # We should... # Why not.... # How about..... Giving Opinion: # In my opinion... # I think/feel... # I creally/feel that... # The way I see things... # If you ask me,... I tend to think that... # I personally believe/think/fell... # Not everyone will agree with me,but... # To my mind... # From my point of view... # As I see... # I agree/disagree... # I am certain/sure/positive/convinced # It seems that # well, personally # If I had my way, I wold... # In my case... # Absolutely # What I’m more concerned with is... # I believe...

Task 6. Work in group of two or three. Take turn to give your opinions on the following subjects. You may also use the expressions of stating preperences. You learn them in unit 2, didn’t you? Example: Tukul or Aming

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my town should have as may as a hundred public telephones.jogyakarta differs from Jakarta Comparative estimates a). multiple numbers (half.My sister and I are different To differ from (it is a verb) Examples: . 3. 52 . I am not like it very much A B C D 4.height. three times. B. and the same is used after the two nouns or a plural noun). Lest’s not to stay too long. but the same as is used between the two nouns being compared. cheap. Examples: .mira’s house is as big as mine.size. I think that is good idea A B C D 3. The same as and the same (they have the same meaning. Well.price. light. young. but likeis used between the two nouns compared and alike is used after the two nouns) Examples: * The weather feels like spring *The weather and spring are alike Specific similarity a). C or D that should be corrected or rewritten. hot. small.color. heard.etc. and different is used after the two nouns). more than and less than Example: . 6.Ujung Pandang is almost the same size as Semarang. clear. long. a.Task 7. expensive. 4. Study the explanation below. tall. Comparative and Superlative Adjectives There are three ways to form the comparative and superlative of adjective in English. A B C D 6.weight) Examples: . Choose A. Similar to and similar (they have the same meaning. twice. You should practice you muscle more of ten. I would buy a new car. A B C D 10. but similar to is used between the two nouns or a plural noun) Examples: * Surabaya is similar to Medan * Surabaya and Medan are similar Like and alike (they have the same meaning. Examples: . easy.length. Why not asks him to meet us at the station A B C D 8. as many as Example: . c). little. cold. Different and different from (they have the same meaning. Would you like to go to fish today A B C 9. 1. 7.My sister is different from you . I’m feeling rather tired A B C D Task 8. old. b). let go and stay with my son in bandung A B C D 2. Examples: * Bogor is the same an ungaran * Bogor and ungaran are the same 2. I am not sure. You had better go to see the doctor soon if you are serious sick A B C D 5. the same… as for quality nouns (age. A B C D 7.Palembang has more than a hundred good buildings. large.Semarang is three times as big as ungaran b). If I am you. You’d better hungry up or you are late. Using –er and –est (one syllable) Positive Comparative Superlative Long Longer Longest 8. 5. short. heavy. four times. a. as… as for quality adjectives (big.style. but different from is used between the two nouns being compared. ten times etc) Examples: .

Nina is (tall) than his brother 2. 1. The words consist of two syllables and its end with some –ow. Her pen is (good) than yours 3.Young Large Deep Big Small nice b. -y (add –er and –est) Positive Comparative Superlative Handsome Handsomer (bbh) Handsomest (ter/paling… Wholesome Wholesomer (lbh) Handsomest Narrow Narrower Narrowest Noble Nobler Noblest Clever Cleveres Cleverest Happy Happler Haplest Note Remember some irregular adjectives • bad / worse / the wost – worst • good-well / better / the best – best • far / farther / the farthest – farthest • far / further / the furthest – furthest • little / less / the least – lestst • many – much / more / the most Eg. Diana is (clever) students is our class 9. This exercise is (easy) than that one 5. Put the adjectives in brackets into the comparative or superlative form. -le. Younger Larger Deeper Bigger Smaller Nicer Youngest Largest Deepset Biggest Smallest Nicest Superlative Most beautiful Most interesting Most necessary Most famous Most useful Most difficult Using “more” and :most” (two syllables) Positive Comparative Beautiful More beautiful Interesting More interesting Necessary More necessary Famous More famaus Useful More useful Difficult More difficult c. My father is a as tall as my brother The girls are more beautiful than artist I am the most fat girl in this world Task 9. -r. My sister Aniis (young) child in my family 8. Anita is (popular) than her sister 4. Dedi is (intelligent) boy in his family 7. Tina is (pretty) girl in this neighbourhood 10. The food in maju restaurant is (delicious) that the food in suka restaurant 6. 53 . Linda is (beautiful) girl in our class.

UNIT 13 Expressing Necessity and Obligation A. I must study hard I must be here on time 3. 54 . B: I see. A: Okay. I mustn’t walk on that grass. __________ B: It’s almost six A: Six? I didn’t realize it was so late. Here’s your prescription B: Thank you. And one more thing. A: Now________ follow the direction on the label : __________ take one tablet three times a day B: I understand. Let’s start Task 1 listen to your teacher reading these statement and repeat after him/her.________ feel tired after taking this medicine B: Oh? A: Yes. 2. One tablet three times a day A: That’s right. Let’s Listen and Speak Task 2 listen to your teacher reading the dialogue. while you listening complete the blank spaces you complete the dialogue. please act them in front of the class 1. In pairs. 1. B. but __________ that’s a common side effect. well thanks very much 2. A: By the way.

We must pass this examination . B: What time exactly __________? 2. 9. Must is stronger than have to and indicates urgency or stresses importance. B: We ___________ hurry. It’s my day off. Do not have to: lack of necessity Must not: prohibition e. it’s necessary for Mary to go the party 7. 1. 6. 4. 8. e.: They have to attend the Friday Fresh at 7 sharp. A person __________ become rich and famous in order to live a successful life. A person __________ get married in order to lead a happy and fulfilling life. B: We ___________ hurry. A: Did you get up early this morning? B: No.: She doesn’t have to work overtime if she can finish her work now.g. must not. A : What do you usually do on your time ? 56 . 3. 5. so I __________. you __________ be rude to a customer. A: Tomy went to the police station. You mustn’t tell anyone what I said. A: Ana has to leave for Jakarta tomorrow.g.. it’s necessary for us to take care of our health 4.We have got to pass this examination 2. A: We’ve got plenty of time. 7. 10. Task 7 Complete the sentences with expressions using ‘must. it’s necessary for the children to clean their teeth 3. do not have to’. A: Why are you in a hurry? B: I have a meeting in five minutes. B: Why did __________?    Good Luck (Lisa 02)     Listening script Unit 1 Talking about daily activities. 5. You mustn’t tell anyone what I said Must is stronger than have to and indicates urgency or stresses importance. I _________ go now. have to. In order to be a good salesclerk. 1. You __________ forget to take your key with you. Morgan to stop smoking 6. They have attend the Friday fresh at 7 sharp The leader must be a model She doesn’t have to work overtime if she can finish her work now. hobbies and interest Task 2. it’s necessary for everybody to get regular exercise.g. A: We haven’t got much time.We have to pass this examination . The leader must be a model. do not have to = lack of necessity must not = prohibition e. it’s necessary for Mr.