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Proposal (1)

Proposal (1)

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Published by: Kasem Farook Chaudhry on Mar 03, 2013
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Course Title: Advance Research Methods


Date: February 27, 2012

Lecture Incharge: Mr. Ahmed Arif


Topic Selected:

“Role of Private schools in Education Sector”


1984). Using new data. It is a social institution which provides mental. Education is main factor for growth of a country that’s why education has got more importance. "Education is a process through which a nation develops its self consciousness by developing the self consciousness of the individuals who compose it. so as to enable them to have full consciousness of their mission. the traits of the Creator are inculcated in them and the culture of the people is transmitted to the coming generations (Khalid. he private sector is coming up to invest in the field of higher education and some really quality institutions have been established. 1998). Participation of the private sector in educational development in Pakistan has a long history. After 1947 till 1971. Education is provided by two types of institutions in Pakistan those are private institutions and government institutions. we document the phenomenal rise of the private . ideological and moral training to the individuals of the society. Our main focus is on the role of private schools on the education sector. the private sector contribution expanded considerably through a variety of nongovernment organizations but the process of nationalization by the Peoples Government completely eliminated the private sector from education. physical.. Many colleges and universities are working in the private sector. purpose in life and equip them to achieve that purpose (Ahmad.Introduction Education is broadly viewed as the intellectual and moral training of individuals through which their potentialities are developed.

allowing the savings to be passed on to parents through very low fees. educational authorities. decision makers and the various agencies involved in the education for further planning and management and the development of private sector in higher education in the country. We argue that private schools are better able to adapt to local conditions and use local labor markets in a cost-effective manner. without necessarily sacrificing equity.sector in Pakistan and show that an increasing segment of children enrolled in private schools are from rural areas and from middle-class and poorer families. . The limitations of the study could be non-availability of data / information from schools. If replicable in other countries. planners. Significance of the study This study would helpful in evaluating the functioning and performance of the private sector in education sector so as to facilitate the policy makers. Jimenez and Tan examined the role of private education in Pakistan. Objective of the study The main objective of the study is to know the quality of private schools and overall impact of private schools on education sector and to find out what are the variables that affect quality of education. In two related papers in 1985 and 1987. Non willingness of parents to communicate and delay in getting questionnaires from respondents. the results suggest that separating the financing of education (the government) from the provision of education (through the private sector) will have large gains.

thus the “role” is perhaps one of making profit. Greely and Coleman (1985) and Chubb and Moe (1990) found evidence in favor of rivate schools. Many countries have made a wide variety of re. Edelenbosch (1992) states that educational programmes are more likely to be successful when there is significant community involvement and participation.S. studies reported mixed evidence on the relative performance of each type of school. For example. Levy (2002) states that there is great diversity even within this growth a diversity that goes beyond the original identification of the third wave (and thus demands fresh research globally).forms and spent an increasing amount of resources to improve the quality of education. Some of these private institutions play a “role” of little more than taking in tuition while dishing out poor education and then award degrees to those who do not drop out. whereas Willms (1985) and Alexander and Pallas (1985) found no differences between school types. many have roles of providing access for those who could not otherwise . There have been numerous studies for the United States that examine the relative performance of private and public schools. Hoffer and Kilgore (1982). A second group of U.Literature Review How to achieve quality in education is a topic of increasing concern throughout the world. More positively. but often the results have not lived up to expectations. Parental involvement allows the programme to reflect the needs or concerns of the community and gives parents more of a stake in the programmes overall success. starting with that by Coleman. Hoffer.

with private schools performing better in some indicators comparing to others.get into higher education. but we provide some preliminary Evidence that households are able to judge the quality of educational services. Others provide a choice related to access. The access to private education by the rich only is essentially a consequence of high admission and tuition fees that a private provider may be tempted to charge. Again.see for instance Hanushek (1995). work by Alderman et al (2001) has shown that in some regions of Pakistan (notably Quetta and Lahore) this assumption is not necessarily true. Federal \No Child Left Behind" legislation implemented in Fall 2002 mandates limited school choice.Voters in Michigan and California rejected statewide voucher programs in 2000. School choice has become one of the most contentious public policy debates in the United States. This may be seen as an equity role. We examine the quality of inputs in private schools and compare these to public Schools using data from the PIHS 1998– the evidence here is mixed. One of the underlying assumptions motivating school choice is that introducing competition into education will increase school . the quality of inputs does not address the question of whether households know what they are getting. However. In itself however. answering this important question would require more data (particularly on educational outcomes). Kremer (1995). Krueger and Lindahl (2001). with the prices of such services relating in sensible ways to educational inputs which are correlated to school quality (although the relationship between school inputs and educational outputs is an open debate.

matches with your priority? 3. Does the quality of education your children get. Tuition Fee. others are likely interested in vouchers so they can credibly threaten to disenroll the children from the traditional school unless improvements are made. Are you able to afford education at private schools? 2. we add to the debate on school choice. enrollment. How much fee you can pay for your one child? . On what basis you make priority for children’s education? 2.quality as schools face market pressures to attract students and their associated public funding. These factors are Income level of Parents. Enrollment and Priorities of parents. Problem Statement There are many elements which influence the decision of parents to select the private schools for education of their children. Does the tuition fee. priorities and income level of parents affects the quality of education available? Research Questions a) Priorities of Parents 1. (1956) is the primary tenet behind other current experiments in school choice. while some parents desire vouchers in order to switch their children from the assigned traditional public school to a private school. The idea that empowered parents can \vote with their feet Tiebout. How many of your children study in private schools? 3. For example. Do you prefer private schools for education? b) Tuition Fee 1. By exploring the degree to which the availability of charter schools affects the quality of competing traditional schools.

How many students got admission in your school last year? 2.c) Quality of Education 1. Do you conduct test for enrollment? Theoretical Framework Variables There are five variables in our research. How many students per teacher in your school? 3. Do private schools boost the confidence level? 2.      Income Level of Parents Tuition Fee Enrollment Priorities of Parents Quality of Education Independent Variables Income Level of Parents Dependant Tuition Fee Quality of Education Hypothesis Enrollment Priorities of Parents . Are Private school look like Business Centers? 3. Private School’s tuition fee is reasonable as compare to quality of education? d) Enrollment 1.

Data Collection: Questionnaire method will be used for the purpose of data collection. Population: Data is collected from the Private schools and from the Parents about Private Schools Sampling technique: The sampling technique used for this study is Convenience sampling. Nature of research: This research will be quantitative in nature.Methodology Research Design The research methodology for this research will be based on primary data. . Sample Size: 10 private schools of Rawalpindi and Islamabad.

Education: An Introduction to Educational Philosophy and History. Number 2. Tiebout. Hoffer. Greely. and J. Number 2. "Achievement Growth in Public and Catholic Schools. Orazem. 1985. “Research on Schooling: What we know and what we don’t. Moe. T.2.. The World Bank. John. A Comment on Hanushek.. 1990. Andrew M. "Educational Development in Pakistan: The Role of User Charges and Private Education. Tan. December Jimenez. and the Public/Private School Choices of Low-Income Households in Pakistan. Hanushek.References  Khalid. 1998. School Cost." Sociology of Education 58:74-97. Report no..C. The Journal Of Political Economy. Michael R. Tan. Islamabad. Coleman. A Pure Theory of Local Expenditures. Emmanuel. 1985. and J. August Kremer. 1982. P.” The World Bank Research Observer." Comparative Education 23: 173-90. Lahore. Peter F. Eric A. High School Achievement: Public. 1995. and Sally Kilgore. Volume 10. 83 Ahmad. P. James S. Politics. EDT16. New York: Basic Books. Harold. 1987. Chubb. Thomas Hoffer. Alan and Mikael Lindahl. “School Quality. Principles of Islamic Education. Thomas. Emmanuel. 2001. National Book Foundation. Catholic and Private Schools Compared. P. 1995. Volume 10. “Interpreting Recent Research on Schooling in Developing Countries. Islamic Publications Ltd. Washington D. Paterno.” Discussion paper and education training Series. Jimenez.1984. P. 64 (5):416-424 Coleman. and America's             . Markets. Charles M. “Education for Growth: Why and For Whom?” Journal of Economic Literature. Vol.” The World Bank Research Observer. 1956. and Terry M. K. August Krueger." Journal of Human Resources 36(2): 304-326. "Decentralized and Private Education: the Case of Pakistan. S. 2001. and J. and Elizabeth M. XXXIX.

 Willms.  . D.dence from the High School and Beyond Follow-up Study. 1985. J. Karl. "School Sector and Cognitive Performance: When is a Little a Little?" Sociology of Education 58:115-28. and Aaron Pallas.: The Brookings Institution.C. Washington.Schools. 1985. Alexander. Douglas." Sociology of Education 58: 98-114. "Catholic School Effects on Academic Achievement: New Evi.

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