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Kristine Haataja

UNIT: Interior of the Earth CLEAR PURPOSE:

9th Grade Earth Science

The purpose of this formative assessment is to give the instructor an opportunity to evaluate the progress of students on several objectives that will lead up to meeting the standards listed below. Students will be assessed on their understanding of the layers of the earth and their characteristics, understanding of seismic waves, and of continental crust and oceanic crust properties. Students will complete three different tasks to determine their comprehension. They will be answering three types of questions: True/False, multiple choice, and matching. After the assessment, they will be given time to review their assessment and assess their own comprehension. This gives both the teacher and the student the ability to determine whether the class is ready to move on to the next lesson dealing with segregation of the earth’s layers and earth processes/materials. STANDARDS/BENCHMARKS: E3.2A: Describe the interior of the Earth (in terms of crust, mantle, and inner and outer cores) and where the magnetic field of the Earth is generated. E3.2B: Explain how scientists infer that the Earth has interior layers with discernible properties using the patterns of primary and secondary seismic wave arrivals. E3.2C: Describe the differences between oceanic and continental crust (including density, age, and composition).

Learning Targets I can name the layers of the earth in relation to one another. I can describe the characteristics of the layers of the earth. I know how scientists are aware of the layers of the inner earth. I can identify the properties of primary, secondary, and surface seismic waves I can describe continental crust and oceanic crust properties.

Knowledge Items 13,15,16,17,18,20 5,11,12,7 6 1,3,8,9

2,4,10,14,19

Name_______________________ # ___ Date_______________ Class Period____

Directions: Over the past week we have learned about the various layers of the earth, seismic waves, and the different types of crust. Today we are going to check how well you understand these concepts and characteristics. Once we have a tight grasp on these concepts we can move forth to discuss earth processes and earth materials. After you complete this assessment we will be able to go back through the questions you missed to better help you learn this material. This will also show me how effective our in class lessons have been. You will be taking a short 20 question assessment. You will answer 5 True/False questions, 7 multiple choice questions, and 8 matching questions. Each question is worth 1 point.    You will circle the word true or false for true/false questions You will circle the letter of the most correct answer in the multiple choice questions You will write the word that matches the correct numbered layered in the matching section.

When you are answering the questions, keep in mind that you will also mark if you are sure or unsure of your answer. This is a tool that shows you what you need a little more time learning. Please be honest when you fill out the sure/unsure bubbles. You will not be marked down. You will be allowed 30 minutes to complete this assessment. This will give you enough time to go back through and review each of your questions. Be sure to read through each questions carefully. If you have any questions, please raise your hand and I will come to you. When you have completed the assessment please place it in the red turn-in tray and pick up the warm-up activity on my desk. You may begin your assessment. Good luck!

Section one: True or False??? This section contains six questions. Read each statement below. Determine whether each is true or false. If the statement is true, circle “true.” If the statement is false, circle “false.” After selecting an answer, ask yourself whether or not you are sure or unsure. Fill in the circle that shows how confident you are. Again, you will not be penalized for selecting either. The example below will help you better understand what you need to do. EXAMPLE: The earth is flat. TRUE FALSE sure unsure

1. P-Waves can travel through liquids and solids

TRUE

FALSE

sure unsure

2. Continental crust is thinner and denser than oceanic crust.

TRUE

FALSE

sure unsure

3. Surface waves are the fastest seismic waves.

TRUE

FALSE

sure unsure

4. Continental crust is composed of granite, whereas Oceanic crust is composed of basalt

TRUE

FALSE

sure unsure

5. Earth’s magnetic field is generated by the inner core.

TRUE

FALSE

sure unsure

Section TWO: MULTIPLE CHOICE Directions: Find the best answer to the questions listed below. Circle your choice. Please remember to fill in the circle to show whether you are sure or unsure about your answer. Look at the example below to help you better understand what you need to do. Example: How many months are there in a year? A- 10 B- 12 C- 15 D- 20
sure unsure

6. What has been the most useful method for determining the structure of the earth’s interior? a. b. c. d. e. Core samples Magnetic field Meteorites Seismology Density studies

sure unsure

7. What property distinguishes the earth’s crust, mantle, and core? a. b. c. d. Composition Pressure State (solid vs. liquid) Temperature

sure unsure

Image 2

8. Using Image 2, what type of seismic wave is being recorded by the seismograph in the diagram? a. b. c. d. a P-wave a S-wave a surface (L or R) wave A&B

sure unsure

9. Which seismic waves cause the most destruction? a. b. c. d. S- Waves P- Waves Surface Waves All are equally as destructive

sure unsure

10. Approximately how thick is the oceanic crust? a. b. c. d. 5 km 25 km 100 km 275 km

sure unsure

Image 1.

(Image not to scale) 11. Using the representation in Image 1, which region of the Earth consists primarily of solid iron? a. b. c. d. Region A Region B Region C Region D

sure unsure

12. Using the representation in Image 1, which region of the Earth is molten? a. b. c. d. Region A Region B Region C Region D

sure unsure

SECTION THREE: What’s in the Earth? Matching
Using the diagram below, identify each of the layers of the earth. Each number points to a specific layer. The word bank lists the optional choices, each is only used once. Write the full word on the line next to the correct numbered layer. Be sure to fill in the circle to show that you are sure or unsure. Look at the example below to better understand what you need to do.

EXAMPLE: 1ANSWER ___
sure unsure

Word Chamber Inner Core Mantle Crust Outer Core Oceanic Crust Continental Crust ATHENESPHERE
1: __________________________ sure unsure 4: __________________________ sure unsure 7: __________________________ sure unsure 2: _________________________ sure unsure 5: _________________________ sure unsure 8: _________________________ sure unsure

LITHOSPHERE

3: __________________________ sure unsure

6: __________________________ sure unsure

Self-Assessment Portion Let’s start by keeping track of how well you did on each of the learning targets. Fill in the table below by recording how many questions you got right and wrong and how many answers you were sure or unsure of. Leave the last column blank for now. Learning Targets Knowledge items 13, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20 # right # wrong # sure # unsure Do I need to work on this?

I can name the layers of the earth in relation to one another. I can describe the characteristics of the layers of the earth. I know how scientists are aware of the layers of the inner earth. I can identify the properties of primary, secondary, and surface seismic waves I can describe continental crust and oceanic crust properties.

5, 11, 12, 7

6

1, 3, 8, 9

2, 4, 10, 14, 19