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**MATEMATIK SPM “ENRICHMENT”
**

TOPIC : SETS

MASA : 1 JAM

1. The Venn diagram in the answer space shows the universal set ç, sets P, Q and

R.

The universal set ç = P Q R.

On the diagram in the answer space, shade the region for

(a) P · Q,

(b) P · ( Q R )’.

[3 marks]

Answer:

(a)

(b)

ç

ç

P

Q

R

P

Q

R

2. The Venn diagram in the answer space shows sets J ,K and L.

In the answer space, shade

(a) J · L’

(b) (K L)· J’

[3 marks]

Answer:

(a)

(b)

J

K

L

J

L

3 The Venn diagram in the answer space shows set P, set Q and set R with the

universal set ç = P Q R.

On the diagram in the answer space, shade

(a) P Q · R

(b) P · ( Q R) '

[3 marks]

Answer:

(a)

(b)

R

Q

P

Q

P

R

4. Diagram 4 shows an incomplete Venn diagram that represents the number of

students from a class of 30, according to the subjects they have studied.

Each student studied at least one of the three subjects Physics, Chemistry

and Biology.

Given the universal set, ç = P C B,

P = {students who studied Physics}

C = {students who studied Chemistry}

B = {students who studied Biology}

DIAGRAM 4

20 students studied Chemistry and 12 students studied Biology. Based on this

information, find

(a) the number of students who studied Chemistry and Biology but not

Physics.

(b) the number of students who studied Biology only.

(c) the number of students who studied Physics.

[4 marks]

Answer:

(a)

(b)

(c)

C P

B

1

6

2 5

5. (a) Given that ç = { x: x is an integer and 7 ≤ x ≤ 15},

A = { x: x is a multiple of 3 },

B = {x : x is an odd number} and

C = { x: 10 ≤ x ≤ 13 }.

(a). List the elements of the set C ' .

(b). Find n(A B).

[3 marks]

6. Given that n(ç) = 50. G and H are two sets for which n( G · H) = 6,

n(G) = 18 and n(H) = 14.

(a). Draw a Venn diagram to represent the relationship between sets G

and H and write the number of elements in each region.

(b). Find n(G H)'.

[3 marks]

Answer:

(a)

(b)

7. If ç = {x : 1 ≤ x ≤ 10 , x is an integer}

E = {x : x is a multiple of 4}

F = {x : x is a factor of 20}

(a) List all the elements in set E,

(b) Find ( ) n E F .

[3 marks]

8. The Venn diagram in the answer space shows set P, set Q dan set R. On the

diagram, shade

(a) P · Q’

(b) R · (P’ Q)

[ 3 marks ]

Answer :

(a)

(b)

Q

P

R

ç

Q

P

R

ç

MODULE 5 – ANSWERS

TOPIC: SETS

1

(a)

(b)

1

2

2

(a)

(b)

L J ' ·

J K

( ) J L K ' ·

J K

L

1

2

3

3

(a)

(b)

1

2

3

ç

P

Q

R

ç

P

Q

R

R

Q

P

Q

P

R

4

(a)

(b)

(c)

5

30 –(5 + 6 + 2 + 1 )

16

9

1

1

1

1

4

5

(a)

(b)

{ } 13 , 12 , 11 , 10

{ }

{ }

{ } 15 , 13 , 12 , 11 , 9 , 7

15 , 13 , 11 , 9 , 7

15 , 12 , 9

=

=

=

B A

B

A

N(AUB)=6

1

1

1 3

6

(a)

(b)

24

2

1 3

7 (a) { 4 , 8 }

Note: Accept without bracket.

(b) 6

1

2

3

G H

6 12 8

24

ç

8 1

2

3

Q

P

R

ç

Q

P

R

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