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Code No: NR320403 NR

III B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, Apr/May 2006

(Electronics & Communication Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Mention different Microwave Regions, Band designations and the correspond-
ing services of electromagnetic waves.
(b) Mention the applications of Microwaves. [8+8]

2. (a) How is bunching achieved in a cavity magnetron. Explain the phase focusing
(b) Discuss types of magnetrons and list the important applications. [8+8]

3. (a) Give the classification of solid state MW devices along with examples?
(b) Why conventional tubes and solid state devices can not be used at microwave
frequencies? [8+8]

4. Describe a typical helium cooled ruby maser construction, operation, performance

characteristics and applications. [16]

5. (a) Derive a general expression for the resonant frequencies of a rectangular waveguide
(b) List out the microwave applications cavity resonators. [10+6]

6. Explain the operating principles and constructional details of a Faraday rotation

isolator. Where does one use an isolator in microwave networks? Obtain the S-
matrix for an ideal isolator. [16]

7. (a) Derive the relationship between guide wavelength, cut-off wavelength and free
space wavelength.
(b) Give the experimental procedure to verify the above relationship. [8+8]

8. (a) Explain the various techniques involved in the fabrication of a Microwave

integrated circuit.
(b) When a Microwave signal is propagated through a Coplanar stripline, explain
the various modes formed in the stripline. [8+8]


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