Pilot Polution Identification pilot-polutionIn idle or cell_FACH mode, phenomenon of the pilot pollution is th at a UE cannot firmly camp

on a cell at one location because of receiving many pilot channels with similar quality (or signal strength), i.e., Ec/No (or RSCP). The condition to determine the area has pilot pollution in idle or cell_FACH mod e is that third pilot appears in the cell re-selection region. In cell_DCH frequently (active set ith similar i.e., Ec/No nd the capacity of mode, phenomenon of the pilot pollution is that a UE at one location changes its active set cells update rate is very high) because of receiving many pilot channels w quality (or signal strength), (or RSCP). It causes high signaling load in RRC and Iub interfaces a RNC is consequently reduced.

The condition to determine the area has pilot pollution in cell_DCH mode is the number of pilots within the Reporting Range 1b: threshold for drop window range is larger than Max Active Set. Possible solutions to overcome pilot pollution shall be: * The direct solution is to remove the cells overlapping by changing the ant enna configurations or reducing pilot powers of the unwanted cells. * The most effective solution is to increase the pilot channel power Primary CPICH power of the desired cell. * For the pilot pollution in idle or cell_FACH mode, Q Offset 2sn (CPIC RSCP) parameter of the desired cell can be increased to create a dominated cell. 2>The ratio of received pilot energy, Ec, to total received energy or the total power spectral density, Io. Ec/Io is expressed in dB. The symbol NoT is sometimes used to denote Io. Ec/Io is a CDMA only reading and is somtimes known as PILOT_STRENTH. A ratio of 10db to 14db is normal, numbers going higher than that is progressively worse to 63db, where power readings are unmeasureable. RB- Traffic Radio Bearer SRB-Signalling Radio Bearer Both uplink and downlink interference causes call drop.In downlink, when the active set CPICH RSCP is greater than ±85 dBm and the active setEc/Io is smaller than ±13 dB, the call drop is probably due to downlink interference (when thehandover is delayed, the RSCP might be good and Ec/Io might be weak, but the RSCP of Ec/Io of cells in monitor set are good). If the downlink RTWP is 10 dBgreater than thenormal value (±107 to ±105 dB) an d the interference lasts for 2s±3s, call drop might occur. You must pay attention to this.Downlink interference usually refers to pilot pol lution. When over three cells meets thehandover requirements in the coverage area,

the active set replaces the best cell or the bestcell changes due to fluctuation of signals. When the comprehensive quality of active set isbad (CPICH Ec/Io changes around ±10 dB), handover failure usually causes SRBrese t or TRBreset.Uplink interference increases the UE downlink transmit power in connect ion mode, so theover highBLER causes SRBreset, TRBreset, or call drop due to asynchronizat ion. Uplinkinterference might be internal or external. Most of scenario uplink interference is external.Without interference, the uplink and downlink are balanced. Namely, the uplink and downlinktransmit power before call drop will approach the maximum. When downlink interferenceexis ts, the uplink transmit power is low or BLER is convergent. When the downlink transmitpower reaches the maximum, the downlinkBLER is not con vergent. It is the same withuplink interference. You can use this method to distinguish them.

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