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(Public switching telephone network ) PSTN


(Public lan mobile network) PLMN
(TV broadcasting network ) TVN
(Public data network ) PDN
(Cable video network ) CVN

:Telecommunication network

:
access .

ITUT, 1988

.
) (1-1


2-1 .
6 .
)n(n 1
n
2


-1
-2
-3
-4
-5

:
:
-1


.
-2
.
-3 packet switching


.
:
-1 LOCAL
-2 NATIONAL
-3 INTERNATIONAL

:
-1

.
-2
local
:

(

.
( transit
transit .
( compound

.

LX

STD

STD

TX

LX

LX

3-1

)(Office code
2 8
0 1 9 .
4 7 10000 .
4 :
**** AB
B 1 8
7*8*10000=560000

**** ABC
7*8*10*10000=5600000


7*8*10*10*10000=56000000
:

SC :
1234567 8 .
10k .
:
:
PBX=Private branch exchange .1

.
LX

4-1 PBX

PBX

PABX=Priavte auto branch exchange .2


PCM .
LX
PABX

5-1 PABX

:remote
ELU 720 .
.1
RLU 3200 .
.2
RSU 10K .
.3
local RSU local
.
.
) rout block
( direct roure alternative route
)16( .
Subscriber Line Unit
. borscht
:
-B
-O
-R 25Hz
-S
-C
-H
-T

PCM
SLU

SLU 6-1

5mA 40mA.

borset
echo canceller
.

DSLU

7-1

NT
Network
transmissi

LM

MDF

8-1


-1 ) (
.
4 PCM .
-2
-3 ) (...
-4
-5
-6

SW

CON
SENT
RAT
OR

LMC

LM
MDF

9-1

directory equipment :
-1 = ****office code
-2 ) (E N
=*********
LM
.
EN .


data base
.
LMC .
.
:Consentrator .

1
.2
.3
Dial tone.4
Address digit.5
.6
)
EN DN (
.7
RING BACK
.
.8 .
Clear backward .9
Clear forward .
Release guard .10

Telephone Traffic
: .
callduration
time

= occupancy

6 10
:
6 *10
1
=
24 * 60 24

) erlang(E .
erlanges ) Busy hour call attemped(BHCA
.

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) (
)
(...
dial tone .
address digit .
) (Sieze trunk
address digit . min
max .
) (route block ) zoning ( .

ring back


answer

clear forward
release gard ) (
clear backward
release gard .