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Community Diagnosis Of Barangay PoblacionDizon Compound Subdivision Street Norzagaray, Bulacan
Ms. Jennylyn Revidad, RN
INTRODUCTION Community is a group of people sharing common geographic boundaries and/or common values and interests. It functions within a particular sociocultural context, which means that no two communities are alike. The physical environment varies, and so with the people’s way of behaving and coping. The people are different from each other, thus the dynamics in one community differs from that of the other. It is made up of institutions organized into a social system with the institutions and organizations linked in a complex network having a formal and informal power structure and a communication system. In addition, the core represents the “people” that make up the community. Nursing is a profession that serves needs of society in the area of health. According to Nightingale it is the act of utilizing the environment if the patient to assist in his recovery. Nursing is a line work requiring academic and practical preparation. Virginia Henderson state that nursing is to assist individual sick or well in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery that he would perform undecided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge and to do this in such a way to nap him
again independent as rapidly as possible. In American Nursing Association (ANA), it is the diagnosis and treatment of human responses to actual and potential health problem. Community Health Nursing is a specialized field of nursing practice. Its basic knowledge and skills are anchored on nursing theories and important concepts from the science of public health. The ANA define community health nursing and highlights the following important points: the goal of professional practice is the promotion and preservation of the health of populations; the nature of practice is comprehensive, general, continual and not episodic; the base knowledge comes from nursing and public health; the different levels of clientele-individuals, families and groups; and the practitioner's recognition of the primacy of the population as a whole. The Norzagaray College-College of Nursing includes Community Diagnosis (CDx) in their curriculum as the Primary Health Care II or Nursing Practice in the community. It aims to obtain general information about the community. CDx is commonly known as community assessment or situational analysis. It is designed to collects data about the community in order to identify the different factors that may directly or indirectly influence the health of the population, to analyze and seeks explanations for the occurrence of health nursing diagnoses are then
derived and will become the bases for developing and implementing community health nursing interventions and strategies. Our group during the immersion conducted the following in organizing the community: utilized the nursing process; therapeutic interventions; critical thinking and professional communication to provide caring services to clients in the community; established culturally competent care for the community and its member recognizing the economic and ethnic characteristics of the community; demonstrated therapeutic communication skills with the clients with interdisciplinary members of the community team. We, group A1 of Norzagaray College-College of Nursing immersed at Barangay Poblacion-Dizon Compound, Norzagaray, Bulacan for one(1) day, collected and documented the data and information gathered.
RATIONALE This study aims to present the researchers to the nature of community of Dizon Compound, Barangay Poblacion, Municipality of Norzagaray, and Province of Bulacan. Thus, aiding them to practice their knowledge and skills with discipline, accuracy and in logical manner like on contributing to the improvement of the condition of the locality. The community, as the center of this study provides them to do their role in the field of health care as a responsible health nurse. It can produce data and information that can help to determine and identify needs, interest and problems of the community through the joint efforts and cooperation among the students and people affected. Recognizing the needs, interests and problems of the community will enable them to plan the action needed, offer proposals, alternatives and solution and solve these problems with unity and coherence to have a better community setting. Community Diagnosis provides the students the exposure to the real-life situations thus, developing their decisionmaking skill and learn how to deal on different people and situations in a right and ethical manner that they will encounter while conducting this study. It will also develop their knowledge, skill, attitude, cooperation and participation on improving the condition and
This will also help the students to maximize their potential and to render services on preventing disease. families and communities. promoting health and organize and participate on the development of health plan that will benefit the community to attain optimum health to individuals. In addition. 6 . Primary Health Care II or Nursing Practice in the Community-The Community Diagnosis help to raise the level of health dissemination on the community.organizing a community and learn how to deal on a chaotic situation effectively.
Determine the problems and needs of the community and identify what should be the priorities and how it is affecting the whole community. 7 . Establish rapport and communication to the community and show genuine advocacy to help on the improvement of their present situation regarding economic. 2. the community will possess adequate knowledge and consciousness to their present health condition and other community problems and will provide necessary actions and solutions to the prioritized problems and to have a good condition not only on health but also on the economic and social factor as well. social and health status. that will help on their development to have a better and healthy community. Collect facts and information by the community survey. 3. Norzagaray. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES 1. that is essential for identifying the community needs and problems and will also help on monitoring the improvement of the health situation.STATEMENT OF OBJECTIVES GENERAL OBJECTIVES By the end of the community assessment in Dizon Compound. Barangay Poblacion. Bulacan.
Implement plan and strategies and provide programs and activities to solve the prioritized problems and aid on the improvement and enhancement of the potentials of the community.4. 6. health distribution and its proper utilization. Dissemination of the current health condition of the community and spreading of knowledge and information regarding the improvement of health condition. Evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of the programs implemented and make necessary changes if the programs and solutions are not working. 7. Formulate helpful suggestions and recommendations of solutions. 5. 8 . programs and activities that are needed and will enable the community to solve the prioritized problems.
We assess the community by asking questions through interviewing that is clear and specific that can gather exact and specific answers. we used pictures for documentation and community census data for family as well. Bulacan for our Community Diagnosis. Also. In addition. Jennylyn Revidad RN. We used “spot map” to locate the area for community diagnosis. 9 . These families represent the entire community of Dizon Compound. Jayson Punzal RN. we gather data through “observing” to complete the data needed in the survey form. The survey form was adapted from the Manila Health Department and was modified by Mr. MSN and Ms. faculty members-College of Nursing of Norzagaray College. This surveyed will serve as the representation of the community.METHODOLOGY There are 20 family respondents which comprises of 104 people in Barangay Poblacion-Dizon Compound Norzagaray. The main method we used to assess the problem of the community is “survey” by means of survey form.
All the data gathered was according to what the researchers see and hear. The history of the Barangay is available in the rural health unit or Barangay hall. The 10 leading causes of morbidity in the area was provided by the rural health unit 1. All the questions are restricted on the survey form that is made by Municipal Health Department and modified by Mr.LIMITATION OF THE STUDY The community assessment was conducted over the entire 1. Only 20 family household are surveyed to represent the entire community. Jayson Punzal RN. MSN and Ms. Jennylyn Revidad RN. 10 . Bulacan.9 hectares land of Dizon compound subdivision street in Barangay Poblacion Norzagaray.
Ramos is their current Barangay captain. Big part of the road are cemented but there is also part which are rough roads. Description The Dizon compound subdivision street is one of the puroks of Barangay Poblacion Norzagaray. A. It is bounded by T. Sulpicion SP. Hener street (bliss) in north. Payumo Street (Iras) in east and west and Antonia Heights in west.9 hectares. The existing facilities are: • Water pump • Half courts • Waiting shed Filipino is their medium of communication. 11 . SETTING OF THE COMMUNITY: 1. Bulacan which has a total land area of 1. The most common means of transportation in their street is tricycles. As of February 2009 it has a total number of populations of six hundred six (606). Hon.I.
Bulacan 12 .2. Spot map of Dizon compound Norzagaray.
This also indicates that there are more productive individuals because almost all of them are male. But there is a negative effect on their health because most males are not health conscious and caring for their health.3. Total population of the Barangay – 606(as of Feb. of Females 53 = --------.1. Bulacan has a sex ratio of 104 males for every 100 females. This indicates that there are more males or working individuals than non-working individuals or female. Sex Ratio: No. preparing their foods and teaching them about the importance of health.II. POPULATION: 2. 2009) 2. of Males Formula: SR = ------------------.2.x 100% No.92 or 104 Sex Ratio: 104:100 ANALYSIS Based from the computation above. Total population of the families surveyed – 20 2. Women play a significant role on health promotion because they are the one who care for their child. the Barangay Poblacion-Dizon compound Norzagaray. The males can sustain the health care needs 13 .x 100 51 = 103.
it can affect the rapid increase of population thus can help them maintain the equilibrium and resources of the community.of the family because they are higher than the female. but the sense that females are lover than the males. The women should have extra effort on health teaching on their child because they are the one who are caring for their child and giving them the knowledge of how important health is. 14 .
8 11.66 3.4 Age and Sex distribution Table 1 Age <1 1-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65> Total F male 3 3 3 10 3 9 7 1 3 4 2 3 2 53 % 5.9 3.6 3.81 99.65 19.73 13.89 5.23 8.7 21.98 AGE AND SEX DISTRIBUTION PYRAMID (Blue= male and red= female) 15 .66 18.8 2 9.9 9.88 4.77 5.8 7.7 7.65 2.77 100 F female 1 6 4 4 6 11 2 2 5 1 5 1 3 51 % 2 11.66 7.85 8.66 16.46 8.87 5.98 13.2.65 6.9 100 Total 4 9 7 14 9 20 9 3 5 4 9 3 3 5 104 % 3.21 1.85 8.88 4.65 2.88 2.8 2 0 5.55 3.66 5.81 3.66 5.
Since the majority of the populations are in the adolescent and reproductive stage the researchers want to imply the program of “family planning” that includes the following: teaching them about the appropriate interval of giving birth.65% in 45-49 year old.65% in 1-4 year old.85% of the populations are belong to the age of less than 1 year old. great numbers of population are males. majority of the populations are in the age of 20-24 year old. 4. 8.73% in 5-9 year old. 19. 6. ANALYSIS Based from the data presented above the researchers come up with the results that. 8.65 in 25-29 year old. The data shows that 3.85% in 40-44 year old. 2. 2. 3. 13.81% in 35-39 year old.88% in 30-34 year old. 8. 8.46% in 10-14 year old. Bulacan as of February 2009.88% in 50-59 year old and 4. teaching oh how to use contraceptives properly to prevent early pregnancy or unexpected pregnancy and STD.INTERPRETATION Table 1 shows the percentage distribution of age and sex in Barangay Poblacion-Dizon compound Norzagaray. Also.23% in 20-24 year old. teaching them about the importance of immunization.81% in 60-64 year old.65% in 15-19 year old. giving information about safe motherhood and maternal 16 .
and Women’s Health program and Men’s Reproductive Health should be focused on to improve the health condition of men and women of reproductive age.child care. Since there is also big number of youth in the area. 17 . leadership training should give emphasized by the officials of the community to establish a core groups or a future leaders that will benefit on both individuals and community.
86 58.71% are living-in.86% of the total population are single.71 100 3% 0% 16% 23% Single Married Separated Widow/er Live-in 58% INTERPRETATION Table 2 shows the percentage distribution of Civil Status of individuals 15 year old and above in Barangay PoblacionDizon Compound Norzagaray.86 15.2. Bulacan. 2.57 2. and 15.and above Table 2 Civil status Single Married Separated Widow/er Live-in Total f 16 41 2 11 70 Pie Graph 2 % 22.5 Civil status of individual’s 15y/o. 18 . The data shows that 22.86% are widow/er.57% are married. 58.
ANALYSIS Based from the data presented above the researchers come up that since majority of the population are married. programs like family planning should given prioritized. 19 . Programs like child care. especially those singles helps to prevent the occurrence and spread of STD and to minimize the growth of the population. to be able to teach the parents to plan about the interval of their children. Teaching the community about “safe sex”. Giving knowledge to the parents and those who are singles about proper immunization should give emphasis. safe motherhood and breastfeeding promotion should disseminate by the Barangay health workers to the mother.
III. there is still a potential risk of the health condition of both livelihood programs. This indicates that the dependents are almost half of the productive individuals. It may also affects the health needs of the other members of the family since the income of the productive individuals may not be enough to meet their health care needs.x 100 70 = 48. of Pop. employment 20 . INTERPRETATION AND ANALYSIS Barangay Poblacion-Dizon compound Norzagaray. This can affect the health status of both individual since the productive individuals have 2 dependents to support. The productive individuals may not meet their self-care needs. 0-14 yr/o + 65 yr/o and above Formula: DR = --------------------------------------------------x 100 Population 15-64 yr/o 34 + 0 = --------------.57 or 49 there are 49 dependents for every 100 productive individuals. ECONOMIC INDICES: 3. Although there is equilibrium between the productive individual and dependents. because there are still basic and primary needs to buy and sustain. Bulacan has a dependency ratio of 49 dependents for every 100 productive individuals.1. DEPENDENCY RATIO: No.
21 .and job opportunities can be a major help on them because it can provide enough resources not only for their health but also for their other needs.
The data present that out of 20 families surveyed.000-12.999 5.000-8. Bulacan. 10% are earning 3.999 13.999 5.999 35% 11.000 INTERPRETATION: Table 3 shows the percentage distribution of the average income per month of the family in Barangay Poblacion-Dizon Compound Norzagaray.000 0% 5% 30% 10% 1.999 >15.999 13.000-12.000-6.000-10.000-8.000-2.999 0% 0% 15% 5% 9.999 >15.999 11.000 1.000 Total f 1 2 7 1 3 % 5 10 35 5 15 6 20 30 100 Pie Graph 3 <1.999 3.999 7.000-6.999 pesos per month.000- 22 .000-14.000-4.3.000-4. 5% of is earning 1.000-2.000-14.999 9.2 Average income Table 3 Income/month <1.999 3.999 7.000-2.000-10.
the community is not in poverty line.999 pesos. ANALYSIS Based from the data presented above the researchers come up that majority of the families was earning 5. The problem in the community is that the money that they earning are only for their basic needs like foods. 35% has a salary of 5.999 pesos per month.999 pesos line of salary.000-8.999 pesos. teaching them to plant some vegetables and sell it to earn extra money. 5% are in 7. Since most of the families have an excess land in the front and back of their houses. Giving them information on how to earn money using the things around them. Found out that.4. 23 . 15% has an income of 9.000-6. meaning to say that the community is not poor. and 30% are earning more than 15. Since majority are just earning enough.000 pesos every month. so that if in case of health problems they don’t have money to accommodate the expenses.999 pesos.000-10.000-6. program on livelihood should be implies.
45 9. employee Voucher baker INTERPRETATION: Table 4 shows the types of occupation that the Barangay Poblacion-Dizon Compound Norzagaray./private/comp.45 99.90 3.03 6.22 6.45 3. 24 . Bulacan has.3.3 Types of occupation Table 4 Occupation Vendor Nurse Teacher Care taker/store keeper/helper Driver Electrician Factory worker Construction worker Gov.45 12.22 3./private/comp.90 29.61 6.9 Pie Graph 4 Vendor Nurse 3% 3% 6% 13% 6% 3% 14% Teacher Care taker/store keeper/helper Driver Electrician 6% 10% 6% 30% Factory worker Construction worker Gov.22 12. employee Voucher baker Total F 2 1 1 4 9 2 3 2 4 1 2 31 % 6.
3.The data shows that 6.22% is voucher.45% are baker. and 6.45% are belongs to the occupation of vendor.90% are government/private/company employees. The group A1 found out that the leading cause of morbidity in the community is ARI.03% are driver. 3. 25 . 6.61% are factory worker. so that they are exposed to environmental hazards and accidents. so that teaching the community on how to prevent the respiratory disease should need to imply.22% are nurse and teacher. 12. The respondents are also prone to Respiratory diseases. Proper care to their health should be included in the programs. ANALYSIS Based from the data presented above the researchers come up that majority of the occupation is driving. 12.90% are care taker/store keeper/helper. The health center provides health teachings that only need further promotion. 9. 6. for them to be aware on it. 29.45% are construction worker.45% are electrician.
This also implies that they can have a better understanding about health promotion because they can acquire knowledge on reading materials. 8yr/o and above 80 = -----------X 100% 80 LR = 100% ANALYSIS This shows that 100% of the respondents are literate. It can also aid in easily adoption of health information. This indicates that they have a good educational attainment because most of them are literate. 26 .1 Literacy rate: no.IV. This is a major factor in terms of communicating on them because they have the confidence to converse with other people. SOCIO-CULTURAL INDICES: 4. of pop. of pop 8yrs. This also indicates that they have a higher potential of employment. and above who can read and write Formula: LR = -----------------------------------.x 100% Total no. Respondents have a good knowledge about the importance of health.
72% was high school graduate.72 16. The data above shows that 17. and 8. 17.98 17.98% was elementary graduate. 16.13 100 8% 16% 0% No Formal Education 17% 7% Elementary Level Elementary Graduate High School Level High School Graduate College Level College Graduate 35% 17% INTERPRETATION: Table 5 shows the presentation of educational attainment of individual 8 year old and above in Barangay PoblacionDizon Compound Norzagaray.A.13% was college graduate.44% of the total respondents were attained elementary level.28 8. 27 . 33. No Formal Education Elementary Level Elementary Graduate High School Level High School Graduate College Level College Graduate TOTAL Pie Graph 5 F 15 6 15 29 14 7 86 % 0 17. 6.44% was high school level. Bulacan.44 33.4.2 Educational attainment Table 5 E.44 6.28% was college level.
they are not college graduates. Since majority of the occupation is driving and only earning 5.ANALYSIS The Data above says that majority of the populations are attained high school graduate.999 pesos per month.000-6. that is because. This may suggest that they can only get low pay jobs. It has a big effect on their health because. 28 . if a person did not finished his/her schooling there is possibilities that they did not know the proper way on how to prevent disease and to cure illness or sick people.
Bulacan.3 Religion of families Table 6 Religion Roman catholic Christian Iglesia ni Cristo Total Pie Graph 6 f 39 10 5 54 % 72 19 9 100 9% 19% Roman catholic Christian Iglesia ni Cristo 72% INTERPRETATION: The above table shows the percentage distribution of individual’s religion in Barangay Poblacion-Dizon Compound Norzagaray. 29 . The data shows that 72% of the total respondents are Roman Catholic. ANALYSIS The data above shows that majority of the populations are Roman Catholic because it includes the acceptance of any health programs and procedures.4. 19% are Christians and Iglesia ni Cristo with 9%.
4.4 Place of origin Table 7 Place of origin Luzon Visayas Mindanao NCR Total Pie Graph 7 f 43 1 3 7 54 % 80 2 5 13 100 5% 2% 13% Luzon Visayas Mindanao NCR 80% INTERPRETATION Table 7 shows the frequency distribution of Place of Origin in Barangay Poblacion-Dizon Compound Norzagaray. 2% in Visayas. The data shows that the place of origin of 80 of the population is in Luzon. 5% in Mindanao and 13% in National Capital Region (NCR) ANALYSIS The place of origin of the population of Dizon compound is in Luzon because according to them their house and lands are given 30 . Bulacan.
31 . all the programs are accepted to them.by their ancestors and they cannot give this or sell it to anyone. In terms of the health.
Bulacan.5 Length of residency Table 8 Length of residency <6 months 6 months-1 year 1 year-5 years 6 years-10 years 10 years and above Total Pie Graph 8 F 1 1 5 2 11 20 % 5 5 25 10 55 100 5% 5% 25% <6 months 6 months-1 year 1 year-5 years 6 years-10 years 55% 10% 10 years and above INTERPRETATION The Table shows the frequency distribution of length of Residency in Barangay Poblacion-Dizon Compound Norzagaray. 5% of the respondents are living 6 months-1 year. 32 . 10% are from about 6-10 years. 25% is living for about 1-5 years. It shows that 5% of the total respondents are residing in the community for about less than 6 months.4. and 55% are residing for about 10years and above.
33 . They residing in the area for a long period of time because their occupation is there. the school is near and the health center is walking distance. more than half of the respondents are residing for more than 10 years in the area because according to them that is the place where they grow.ANALYSIS As of February 2009.
and 5% is mixed house. ANALYSIS Based from the data presented above the researchers found out that majority of the respondents has strong houses. 90% are strong houses.4.6 HOUSING: a. Bulacan have. Having 34 . This says that 5% of the respondents has light house. Types of housing Table 9 Types of housing Makeshift Light Strong Mixed Total Pie Graph 9 F 1 18 1 20 % 5 90 5 100 5% 0% 5% Makeshift Light Strong Mixed 90% INTERPRETATION The above table shows the presentation of types of housing that Barangay Poblacion-Dizon Compound Norzagaray.
Illness like fever. 35 . colds and cough will prevent if the house is strong.strong houses will protect them to the natural calamities. The family that has a strong houses is protected to the disease or illness that brought by the changes of the weather.
Having an owned house is a big factor to consider 36 . Bulacan. Housing ownership Table 10 Ownership Rent-free Owned Rented Total F 1 14 5 20 Pie Graph 10 % 5 70 25 100 25% 5% Rent-free Owned Rented 70% INTERPRETATION The table above shows the presentation of housing ownership in Barangay Poblacion-Dizon compound Norzagaray. ANALYSIS Based from the data presented above the researchers come up with the results that majority of the respondents has their owned houses. 70% was residing in their own houses and 25% are renting a house. The data shows that 5% of the total respondents are residing at rented-free house.b.
saying that there is no barriers in meeting the needs of the family while in the presence of respondents who are renting a house. 37 . it is a barriers to meet their basic necessities because their money is spending more for the rent of the house.
Since there is presence of inadequate ventilation. The data shows that 75% of the total families surveyed have adequate ventilation in their houses and 25% are inadequate. Since majority of the houses are fully ventilated. Bulacan. Ventilation Table 11 Ventilation Adequate inadequate TOTAL f 15 5 20 % 75 25 100 Pie Graph 11 25% Adequate inadequate 75% INTERPRETATION AND ANALYSIS The table above is presenting the ventilation of houses of families surveyed in Barangay Poblacion-Dizon compound Norzagaray.c. they are not going to be suffocated. instructing them to have bigger windows and 38 . Most of the houses have windows that are good and big enough to enter and exit air.
39 .must have electric fan that will produce air and to prevent the pulmonary and respiratory diseases.
Communal faucet System or stand post III. ANALYSIS 40 . waterworks system INTERPRETATION Table 12 presents the water supply facilities in Barangay Poblacion-Dizon compound Norzagaray. 15% are in Level II which is the communal faucet systems or stand post and 75% are using water works systems. Point source II. Point source II. ENVIRONMENTAL INDICES: 5.V. Bulacan.1 Water supply Table 12 Level I. The data shows that 10% are using Level I of water supply which is point source. Communal faucet System or stand post 75% III. waterworks system Total f 1 3 16 20 % 10 15 75 100 Pie Graph 12 10% 15% I.
Based from the data presented above. or it may be the water is being contaminated and may cause diarrhea. 41 . But the presence of families who use water pumps may indicate or may cause disease. the researchers come up that. majority of the population are getting their water in the water works system.
2 Excreta disposal Table 13 Excreta disposal I. This type of toilet facility is not expensive. flush toilet Ballot system/wrap and throw others Total f 20 % 100 20 100 Pie Graph 13 0% 0% 0% I. The data shows that 100% of the total respondents or 20 respondents are using pour-flush toilet for their daily excreta. Pit latrines II.5. Not 42 . Poor sanitation practice are the main source of contamination. Pour-flush toilet III. Pour-flush toilet III. flush toilet 100% Ballot system/wrap and throw INTERPRETATION AND ANALYSIS Table 13 shows the frequency and percentage distribution of excreta disposal in Barangay Poblacion-Dizon compound Norzagaray. Bulacan. Pit latrines II. it can cause typhoid fever especially in children. They may not be contaminated if they use it properly.
he/she is low risk in having infections/diseases. 43 .proper washing of hands after using the comfort room can caused diarrhea if inserted in the body. Giving seminars about on how to use pour-flush toilet properly and discussing about disadvantages of improperly use of it. if they know that. Teaching in proper hand washing will benefit them because.
3 Garbage disposal Table 14 Garbage disposal f DPS (collected) 20 Open dumping Burning Waste segregation Total 20 Pie Graph 14 0% 0% 0% DPS (collected) Open dumping Burning Waste segregation 100% % 100 100 INTERPRETATION AND ANALYSIS Table 14 shows the garbage disposal distribution of Barangay Poblacion-Dizon compound Norzagaray. Bulacan. It will not only help them 44 . Through this method of disposing waste or garbage. The majority of the residents are practicing proper waste disposal that help their own health and the environment. residents can prevent producing disease agent that can produce diseases coming from uncollected garbage. 20 residents or 100% of the total population are disposing their waste by means of DPS or daily collection of garbage managed by the local government.5.
Uncollected garbage can be a potential risk for the residents because it is the usual etiology of many disease. 45 .attain optimal health but also helping the environment to be clean and uncontaminated. Residents should teach how the proper disposal and segregation of waste is and be aware of diseases and complications they can get if it is not properly disposed and segregated.
The data shows that 85% of the respondents are using refrigerator to store their food and there is only 15% of the respondents who covered their fo9od for storage. exposed total Pie Graph 15 f 17 3 20 % 85 15 100 15% Refrigerated covered 85% INTERPRETATION Table 15 shows the percentage distribution of food storage in Barangay Poblacion-Dizon compound Norzagaray. Bulacan.VI. ANALYSIS 46 . HEALTH INDICES: 6. covered b.1 Food storage Table 15 Food storage Refrigerated Not refrigerated a.
that kind of food storage can cause food contamination.Based from the data presented above the researchers come up with the results that majority of the population is using refrigerator for food storage. Teaching the community on how the proper way of preparing their food is and how to store it to prolong and prevent the food contamination. 47 . The presence of respondents that is just covered their food should give emphasis because. Refrigerating can prolong the life of food and decreases the possibilities of contamination. Also. emphasize the proper “food sanitation”.
Infants are also prone to malnutrition because. and of course. More promotion on 48 . on of them are breast feeding. Bulacan.6. So it only means that infants in the area are susceptible to infection and prone to malnutrition.powdered Total f % 2 100 2 100 INTERPRETATION AND ANALYSIS Table 16 shows the percentage distribution of the infant feeding practice in Barangay Poblacion-Dizon compound Norzagaray.condensed c.evap b. evap b. The mothers that breastfeeds their babies will have a good bonding relationships. The Barangay health officials in the area will have a seminar on how breastfeeding is important. mother’s milk has more nutrition and powdered milk is not substitutes for infant feeding.2 Infant feeding practice Table 16 Type of infant practice breastfeeding bottle-feeding a.condensed c.powdered Mixed a. The data shows that 100% of infants’ populations less than 6 months old are bottle feeding using powdered milk.
breastfeeding in the community will help to prevent the malnutrition of the children in the community. 49 .
Bulacan. 1 target child in the vaccines AMV and it is given. 50 . There are 4 target children that should given vaccines from BCG. 4 4 2 2 2 2 2 4 4 2 1 % 100 100 50 50 50 50 50 100 100 50 100 INTERPRETATION AND ANALYSIS Table 17 shows the presentation of the immunization status of infants 1 year old below in Barangay Poblacion-Dizon compound Norzagaray. DPT. Programs about proper immunization should give prioritize to teach the people in the community on the importance of an immunization and the disadvantages of being not fully immunized.6.3 Immunization status Table 17 Antigen BCG DPT1 DPT2 DPT3 OPV1 OPV2 OPV3 HEPA B1 HEPA B2 HEPA B3 AMV # of targeted children 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 1 Accomp. Those children who are not fully immunized are prone to disease because all vaccines are for preventions of different diseases. OPV and HEPA B but only two of the infants are completed the vaccines.
ANALYSIS The data presented above tell that majority of the population are seeking their health in the health center because 51 . The data shows that 40% of the total families surveyed are seeking their behavior in the hospital. 50% in the health center.4 Health seeking behavior Table 18 Health facility Hospital Health center Private clinic others total f 8 10 2 20 % 40 50 10 100 Pie Graph 18 10% 40% Hospital Health center Private clinic 50% INTERPRETATION Table 18 shows the percentage distribution of health seeking behavior in Barangay Poblacion-Dizon compound Norzagaray. and 10% in the private clinic. Bulacan.6.
52 . And it is not enough to sustain for their health problems” and it is walking distance from their place and it is for free (check-ups. Medical mission will help the people especially those driver to know if they are positive in respiratory disease and to prevent and cure it as early. consultation and medicines). water ect. electricity. For private clinic.according to them. “the salary that they are earning is budgeted only in their foods. it is to expensive for the community of Dizon compound to seek health.
news paper). According to the respondents that community health nurse and members of rural health 53 . It shows that 40% of the total respondents are getting their health information in the hospitals.6. 45% are in healthy center and 15% are in media (television.5 Source of information Table 19 Source Hospital Health center Media Others Total f 8 9 3 20 Pie Graph 19 % 40 45 15 100 15% 40% Hospital Health center Media 45% INTERPRETATION Table 19 shows the percentage distribution of source of information in Barangay Poblacion-Dizon compound Norzagaray. radio. ANALYSIS Data above shows that majority of the respondents are getting their health information in the health center. Bulacan as of February 2009.
Also. The researchers want to imply that instructing the families to regularly visit the RHU for them to be updated about health.unit are always visiting their community to give information about health. The health center must provide printed educational materials (pamphlets) about health that will distributed to the families for them to gain information on how to prevent and cure disease. 54 . Some of the families are getting information in hospitals which is good because it is the most accurate and much trusted when it comes to actual health professionals. encourage them to be open-minded in accepting new information that can help in their health status.
050 170 149 66 56 54 49 45 39 37 58 42 41 2008 1.6. Dermatitis Hyper sensitivity reaction 1.6 Leading causes of morbidity Table 20 2007 Disease ARI fever wound Hypertension HGE arthritis bronchitis UTI functional dyspepsia ATP AGE C.636 240 210 79 53 59 41 Graphical representation 2007 2008 55 .
with the help of the youth it will become easy. Bulacan. because the majority of jobs are driving. instruct and encourage the drivers to wear mask when they are going to drive because mask will decreased the smoke that inhaled. we all know that drivers are very prone to respiratory infection because of the smoked that they inhaled. promotion on NO SMOKING program will give emphasis although it is difficult to attain. Our group wants to teach.INTERPRETATION AND ANALYSIS Table 20 shows the leading causes of morbidity in Barangay Poblacion-Dizon compound Norzagaray. Smoking can cause respiratory infection. The data shows that for the year 2007 the leading cause of morbidity is ARI with 1.050 persons but it increases in the year 2008 by almost 500 persons. 56 . Promotion on health was provided by the health officials in the Barangay. As the future leaders. This says that. Since the sex ratio is 104 males is to 100 females it may indicates that most of them have vices in smoking.
health of those future leaders and the health of the community.000-6. 57 .VII. and many more. SUMMARY/CONCLUSION The Barangay Poblacion-Dizon compound Norzagaray. The researcher implies that programs. the majority of the population are in the age of 20-24 year old. The leading cause of morbidity in the community since 2007 is ARI and it is increases in the year 2008. Since they get their health information in the health center. to attain the total health of the community and to give awareness to the people about their health. Bulacan. they are also seeking their health in the health center than hospitals. prevention of the occurrence and spread of STD. promoting safe sex using contraceptives. The general program that the group A1 want to imply is Family Planning Program because in this program there are some programs that is under or included in that programs like for example. There are great numbers of married than singles.999 pesos per month just exact to sustain their daily needs. Most of the populations are males that are working as driver in their community they are earning 5. teaching the importance of immunization.
PROBLEM IDENTIFIED The group A1 identified the problems of the community such as: Incomplete immunization vaccines Early pregnancy Unexpected pregnancy Prone to respiratory infection Lack of information about the importance of mothers milk Improper segregation of garbage ARI (as leading causes of morbidity) Wrong health beliefs Low income of the family 58 .VIII.
IX. If possible. encourage the people in the community to visit the rural health unit weekly or as possible 2 times a week to get healthy updates. SUGGESTIONS/RECOMMENDATIONS The researchers want to recommend the following: Family planning program Expanded program of immunization Sex education program Contraceptive promotion STD prevention seminars Maternal and child care seminars Breast feeding promotion Livelihood programs Leadership training programs ARI prevention seminars Safe motherhood programs Pamphlets distribution about STD and ARI prevention House to house visit to check the status of health More promotion about health should be intensified by the health official members in the community. 59 . The group A1 wants to suggest to the health officials that they need to have weekly home visits in the community give the latest update on the health status of the community.
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