Strategy # 3

Identifying Similarities and Differences
Frayer Model
Time Allotted 5-10 minutes
Room Arrangement Normal seating arrangement, independent work
Materials Frayer model handouts
Process Directions:
1. Choose item to evaluate.
2. Model an example with the class such as: “a parallelogram.”
3. Complete the table with the class.
4. Allow students to complete table on the chosen item individually or in pairs.
5. With student input, complete a class Frayer model on the board.
6. Discuss the examples and non-examples that students came up with.
7. Allow students to discuss why they chose those examples.
 During instruction on material in order deepen understanding of the content.
 Exploring new material using comparing and contrasting examples.
 Students will utilize the Frayer model when learning about geometrical shapes. They can
compare the characteristics of certain shapes to other shapes using the examples and non-
examples boxes in order to get a better understanding of each shape.

Source: Frayer, D., Frederick, W., & Klausmeier, H. (1969). A schema for testing the level of
cognitive mastery. Madison, WI: Wisconsin Center for Education Research.