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Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

- - - --------------------------------------

-- - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Service Manual

Acuson Corporation
1220 Charleston Road
Mountain View, CA 94039
(415) 969-9112
(800) 4ACUSON
Part Number: 49881

COPYRIGHT

lop\'rit.:hl ({) 144/1 t'ly Acuson CorpoT,llion. All


Nil p.ut 01 thi.. pUblic<1tion mny Pl' Tl"prllduCl'd, Ir'lJ1smitlc.'d,
.. hlfl,d in rt'triL'\'ill
..,\,Sll'I11.. , or transl"kd into any I,mguagt. or compull'r li1ngungl', in ,lOV form or hy ,lny
J1lL'.m.... l'it'l"tmnh:, llll'ch.mit.".,1, m<lgndk, llplicill, dH.'mic.11, manual, Ilr nlht.'Twi"'t.', withoul

tht' prior ",rjUl'" pl'rmission of AClIson Corporation.


ACll ... nn CorrllT,lhon Tt>:-.eTVB thl' right tll rhangl'
<lod
al an\, hOlt' In
,ldditit?ll, lhj.. manual is suhject t(l chilngl' \\,jthllut notke. Acusnn Corporation
('u..;IOnleT inpulon corrl'Ctiomi and
.. fnr improvements ttl this manual.

Although Acustln Corporation has ilttempted to "Cnsure accuracy

thIS manual.
Acu!>4.ln C(lrp<lration assumes no liability tor any error5 or omissions, nor fur any damage-.
resulting fwm the application or use of this intormation.
EDITION

First Edition-Cctober]9%

TRADEMARKS

ACUSON, MultiHertz, RES, Vector, 128XP, XP and AEGIS are registered trademarks of
Aruson Corporation. Aspen, CDE, CDV, Convergent Color Doppler, DELTA, DIMAQ, OTl,
EE microCase, Multizone, NewView, ProtoCALL, QuantX, Quik-Clip. Sequoia. Solo,
SpaceTime, SST and The Value of Vision are trademarks of Acuson Corporation.
Cidex, Cidex Plus, and Cidex 7 are registered trademarks of Surgikos, Inc. K-Y Lubricating
Gel a trademark oflohnson & Johnson Products, Jnc.IBM is a registered trademark of
International Business Machines Corporation. Metricide is a trademark of Metrex Research
Corporation. Omnicide is a trademark of Cottrell, Ltd. Panasonic is a trademark of
Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. Ltd. Polaroid is a registered trademark of PolaTOid
Corporation. 3M is a registered trademark of Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing. Apple,
AppleTalk, EtherTalk, LocalTalk, Macintosh, MultiFinder, and LaserWriter are trademarks
of Apple Computer, Inc. OOT is a registered trademark of Digital Optical Technoiogies.
Pinnacle Micro Inc., Kodak, and Ektascan are registered trademarks of Eastman Kodak
Company. PostScript is a registered trademark of Adobe Systems, Incorporated. Ricoh is a
trademark. of Ricoh Company, Ltd. Sony is a registered trademark of Sony Corporation of
America. Verbatim is a registered trademark of Verbatim Corporation. Tosoh is a trademark.
of Tosoh Corporation. Multi-Imager is a trademark of lntemationallmaging Electronics.
All other product names are trademarks of their respective companies.

CAUTION!

Federal Law restricts use of this device to or on the order of a physician.

LICENSE AGREEMENT

All computer programs copyright 1991)..1996 by Aeuson Corporation OR ITS SUPPUERS.


Such programs are licensed under the follOWing software license agreement
Acuson or its suppliers retain(s) ownership of and title to any computer program supp1ied
\','ith the equipment and to the trade secrets embodied in such computer programs. Subject
to the Buyer's acceptance and fulfillment of the obligations in this paragraph, Acuson grants
the Buyer a personaL non-transferable, perpetual, non-exdusive license to use any
computer program supplied with the Equipment that is necessary to operate the Equipment
solely on the medium in which such program is delivered for the purpose of operating the
Equipment in accordance with the instructions set forth in the operator's manuals supplied
with the Equipment and for no other purpose whatsoever. Buyer may not reverse-assemble,
reverse-compile or otherwise reverse-engineer such computer programs nor may Buyer
make a copy of such program or apply any techniques to derive the trade secrets embodied
therein. In the event of a failure by Buyer to comply with the terms of this license, the license
granted by this paragraph shall terminate. Further, because unauthorized use of such
computer programs will leave Acuson without an adequate remedy at law, Buyer agrees
that injunctive or other equitable relief 'will be appropriate to restrain such use. threatened
or actual. Buyer further agrees that (I) any of Acuson's suppliers of software is a direct and
intended beneficiary of this end-user sublicense and may enforce it directly against Buyer
with respect to software supplied by such supplier, and (ii) NO SUPPLIER OF ACUSON
SHALL BE LIABLE TO BUYER FOR ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT,
CONSEQUENTIAL, INCIDENTAL OR OTHER DAMAGES ARISING OLTT OF THE
SUBLICENSE OF THE COMPUTER PROGRAMS SUPPLIED WITH THE EQUIPMENT,

ii

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Table of Contents
- - - _... _._-_._. - ._-_._.

Preface

Chapter 1

.. -

xi
xii
xiii
xiv
xv

Introduction and System Requirements

1-1

System Architecture
Ultrasound Basics
System Architecture
Theory of Operation
Scanner Assemblies
DIMAQ Integrated Ultrasound Workstation
Theory of Operation
2D Data Path
Spectral Doppler Data Path
Color Doppler Data Path
M-mode Data Path
Cine Operation
AEGIS System
ECG and Physio Signal Processing
Audio
DlMAQ Workstation Assemblies

0796

About This Manual


Organization
Other Aspen System Manuals
Contacting Acuson

Introduction to the Aspen System


Reviewing System Requirements
Using Input and Output Connectors
Identifying PCB Type, Version, and Revision
Following Basic Precautions
Caring for the System
Caring for Transducers
Moving the System
Attaching Peripherals

Chapter 2

_. .

Service Manual

]-2
]-4

]-8
]-]]

]-12
1-12
]-14
1-15
1-15

2-1
2-3
2-3
2-6
2-]]
2-20
2-23
2-23
2-25
2-27
2-29
2-31
2-31
2-33
2-34
2-36

iii

Table of Contents

Chapter 3

Power Subsystem

31

Power Supply Architecture

Isolation Transformer Box

3-2
3-3
3-1 ()
3-14

Removing and Replacing Field Replaceable Units (FRUs)

4-1

Introduction to Removing and Replacing FRUs


Scan Converter

4-3
4-5
4-10
4-15
4-19

Theory of Operation

Power Sub Assemblies

Chapter 4

Scanner

Power Subsystem
Monitor Assembly
User Interface
Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Troubleshooting

5-1

System Troubleshooting
Technical Assistance
Symptom Type
Quick Tips
Common Symptoms and Fixes

5-2
5-3
5-5
5-6

System Diagnostics

6-1

Accessing Customer Menu


The Customer Menu
Emergency Diagnostics Bypass
Technical Assistance
Chapter 7

Chapter 8

iv

4-20

5-2

6-2
6-2
6-6
6-6

Preventive Maintenance
Preventive Maintenance
Preliminaries
Visual Inspection
Mechanical Inspection
Electrical Verification
System Monitor Controls
Operational Verification
Customer Diagnostics

7-11

Parts List

8-1

Aspen System Acronym List


Aspen System Parts List
Cables and Wire Harnesses
Chassis Hardware
Monitor Assembly
Peripheral Interface Cable Assemblies
Power Supplies
Printed Circuit Boards
Mise. Parts

8-2

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

7-1

7-2
7-2
7-3
7-5
7-6

7-7
7-8

8-4
8-4

8-6
8-8
8-8
8-8
8-9

8-]0

0796

Table of Contents

User Interface Assemblies

R-lO

Appendix A

System Drawings

A-l

Appendix B

Warranty and Service


Warranty and Limitations of Liability

B-1

Preventive Maintenance
Customer Service

Index

0796

B-2
B-6
B-6

Index-l

Service Manual

Figures

FIGURES
Fif;ure 1-1. Aspen System - Front View

1-3

FiguTt'1-2. Circuit Breakers on Rear Panel


Figure 1-3. Circuit Breakers on Isolation Transformer Box

1-7
1-7
1-K

Fif;ure 1-4. Aspen SYstem Rear Panel Connectors


Fif;ure 1-5. Aspen System Front Panel Connectors
Fif;ure 1-6. Aspen System PCB
Fif;ure 1-7. Air Filter Locations
Fif;ure 2-1. Scanner Block Diagram
Figure 2-2. Scanner Control and Setup
. Figure 2-3. Scanner Transmit Block Diagram
Figure 2-4. Scanner Reception Diagram
Figure 2-5. Gain and Processing Block Diagram
Figure 2-6. Scanner Doppler Processing
Figure 2-7. Scanner Board Location
Figure 2-8. DL-Connector (Plug and
Figure 2-9. MP-Connector
Figure 2-10. Basic Scan Conversion Principle
Figure 2-11. DIMAQ Workstation Block Diagram
Figure 2-12. 2-0 Data Path
Figure 2-13. Spectral Doppler Data Path
Figure 2-14. Color Doppler Data Path
Figure 2-15. M-mode Data Path
Figure 2-16. Aegis System Data Path
Figure 2-17. Audio Data Path
Figure 2-18. Scan Converter DIMAQ Workstation Board Layout
Figure 3-1. AC Power Distribution
Figure 3-2. DC Distribution
Figure 3-3. Aspen System Power On/Off Sequence
Figure 3-4. Main Power Supply Connector Descriptions
Figure 3-5. The Main Power Supply (top and side views)
Figure 3-6. Programmable Power Supply
Figure 4-1. Aspen System - Front View
Figure 4-2. Aspen System - Rear View
Figure 4-3. Rear Air Filter Removal
Figure 4-4. Right Cosmetic Side Panel and Screw Location
Figure 4-5. Scan Converter with Cover
Figure 4-6. Scan Converter without Cover
Figure 4-7. View of lOB from the Rear of Aspen System
Figure 4-8. View of Scan Converter with All PCBs Removed
Figure 4-9. View of Scanner with Cover On
Figure 4-10. View of Scanner without Cover
Figure 4-11. View of PPS and It's Location
Figure 4-12. View of Main Power Supply
Figure 4-13. AC Box
Figure 4-14. Isolation Transfonner
Figure 4-15. Monitor Assembly Screw and Connector Locations
Figure 4-16. Monitor Tilt/Swivel Assy with Monitor Removed
Figure 4-17. User Interface and Mounting Screw Locations
Figure 4-18. User Interface Assembly without UI Bezel
Figure 5-1. lOB 7-Segment Error Display and Ethernet LEOs
Figure 5-2. lOB 7-Segment Error Codes and Ethernet LEOs
Figure 6-1. Customer Menu

vi

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1-10
1-11
1-B
2-5
2-6
2-7
2-9
2-10
2-10
2-11
2-17
2-18
2-21
2-22
2-24
2-26
2-28
2-30
2-32
2-35
2-36
3-4
3-7
3-8
3-11
3-12
3-13
4-4
4-4

4-5
4-5
4-6
4-6
4-8
4-9
4-11
4-11
4-15
4-16
4-17
4-18
4-19
4-20
4-21
4-22
5-6
5-11
6-2

0796

Figures

Figure 0-2. Keyboard Functionality Test


0-4
Figure 0-3. Power Up Diagnostic Coniigumtion
0-4
Figure 6-4. Test Patterns
o-'i
Figure 6-5. SMPTE RP 133-1980 Medical Diag imaging Pattern
6-5
Figure 6-6. Gray Ramp Pattern
b-o
Figure 7-1. Air Filter Removal
7-4
Figure A-1. System Cabling Diagram
A-3
A-7
Figure A-2. Exploded View, User Interface, DIMAQ Workstation
Figure A-3. Exploded View, Disk! Audio Box, DIMAQ Workstation A-11
Figure A-4. Exploded View, Power Supply Bay
A-15
Figure A-5. Exploded View, Scanner
A-19
Figure A-6. Exploded View, Scan Converter, DIMAQ Workstation A-23
Figure A-7. Exploded View, System, Front
A-27
Figure A-S. Exploded View, Casters
A-31

0796

Service Manual

vii

Tables

TABLES
Table 1-1. Input Power Values for Aspen System
Table 1-2. Aspen System Rear Input and Output Connectors
Table 1-3. Aspen System Front Panel Input and Output Connectors
Table 3-1. Scanner Power Supply Usage by Board
Table 3-2. Power Supply Usage by Other Boards!FRU
Table 5-1. Symptoms Types Definillon
Table 5-2. Causes of Failures
Table 5-3. Quick Tips
Table 5-4. Normal Operations
Table 5-5. Power Supply Troubleshooting Guide
Table 5-6. System Powers Itself Down
Table 5-7. lOB 7-Segment Error Codes and Ethernet LEDs
Table 5-8. Video Failures
Table 5-9. Format or Functional Problems
Table 5-10. System Lock-up Problems
Table5-11. ImageQualityProblems
Table 5-12. Error Messages
Table 5-13. Examples of Scanner Error Messages
Table 5-14. Examples of DIMAQ Workstation Error Messages
Table A-I. User Interface, D1MAQ Workstation
Table A-2. Disk! Audio Box, DIMAQ Workstation
Table A-3. Power Supply Bay
Table A-4. Scanner
Table A-5. Scan Converter, DIMAQ Workstation
Table A-6. System Front
Table A-7. Casters

viii

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1-6
1-'1
1-10
3-15
3,1 b
5-3
5-4
5-5
5-6
5-7
5-8
5-12
5-15
5-16
5-17
5-18
5-19
5-20
5-21
A-5
A-lO
A-14
A-18
A-22
A-26
A-30

0796

Preface
._-- ---- ---- ---- ---- -._- ---- _._ ----

Acuson'" is pleased to welcome you to the Acuso n Aspen


Ultraso und system . The Aspen system is a specia l-purpo se machin e
design ed to help you perform general radiology, obstetrical,
gynecologic, cardiac, and / or vascular exams. It gives you the
operati ng modes and transdu cer formats throug h either standa rd
features or option al upgrad es.
Acuson system s have an exceptional record of depend ability and a
custom er service networ k ready to respon d to your individ ual
needs.
For inform ation on Acuson 's service offerings, please consul t your
Acuson Service Representative or call us at 1-(800) 9-ACUSON or
1-(415) 969-9112.

1096

Service Manual

ix

Preface

ABOUT THIS MANUAL


The purpose of this manual is to familiarize service personnel with
the basic operation of the Aspen ultrasound system for
maintenance and troubleshooting. Service personnel are expected
to be familiar with the use of basic test equipment (DVM,
oscilloscope, etc.) as well as basic ultrasound theory.
WARNING!

This manual is intended for use by trained service personnel. There are
lethal volta!\es inside the Aspen ultrasound system. Bodily harm, possibly
death, as well as damage to the system may result from untrained
individuals openin!\ the system.
This manual should be used only when servicing the Acuson Aspen
ultrasound system. For service information about the Acuson
Model 128 use service manual pin 19018 or 23151. For the 128XPor
128 upgraded to XP functionality use pin 25997. For the Sequoia
512 ultrasound system use pin 49726 and for Sequoia C256
echocardiography system use pin 48135.

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound Systam

1096

Organization

ORG ANIZ ATIO N


This manua l contains the followinp; chapte rs:

1096

Chapter 1

Introdu ction and System Requir ements , introdu ces the Aspen
system as well as some genera l guideli nes and system
requirements.

Chapter 2

System Archite cture, explain s the major subsys tems and their
functions.

Chapter 3

Power Subsys tem, explain s the power distrib ution, test points
and introdu ces the power supplie s.

Chapter 4

Remov ing and Replac ing Field Replac eable Units, explain s
how to access, remove , and replace major FRUs in the system .

Chapter 5

Troubl eshoot ing, explain s quick guide to faultfin ding as well


as trouble shootin g the system.

Chapter 6

System Diagno stics, introdu ces the System Diagno stics.

Chapter 7

Preven tive Maintenance, provides a checklist which outlines


the steps to follow when perform ing a preven tive mainte nance.

Chapter 8

Parts List, is a Jist of parts availab le from Acuson for servici ng


the Aspen system.

Appendix A

System Drawi ngs, provid es explod ed view diagra ms of major


Aspen system subass emblie s.

Appendix B

Warran ty and Service , provid es inform ation about your Aspen


system 's warran ty and Acuson 's preven tive mainte nance
progra m.

Service Manual

xi

Preface

Key Conventions

This manual uses several special symbols to refer to the controls on


the svstem. The folloWing list shows the symbols and their
descriptions.
Symbol

Description

[LEFT]

Represents a soft key

CALC

Represents a key, knob, switch, or toggle control

CODE + SIZE

Means "Press the CODE key and press SIZE"

WARNING!

Represents a warning

IMPORTANT:

Represents an important statement

Indicates steps to follow to perform a procedurE'

Acuson provides special alphanumeric keys in different languages.


This manual uses English labels for all keys and annotation tenns.
To convert your system to another language, contact your Acuson
Customer Service representative. For English and international
keyboard layouts, see the Keyboard section of the User manual.

OTHER ASPEN SYSTEM MANUALS


In addition to this manual, the following manuals are also available
for the Acuson Aspen system:

xii

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System General Applications User Manual with Cardiac Option
The User Manual provides infonnation that you use regularly
as you perform ultrasound eXamS. It explains how to operate
the standard and optional features of the Aspen system for
rad iology, obstetrics, cardiology, gynecologic, and I or vascular
exams. It also contains administrative and setup information
that you use less frequently. The User Manual addresses the
reader who is familiar with ultrasound techniques; therefore, it
does not include sonography training or clinical procedures.

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System General Applications Transducer and Peripherals Manual with Cardiac Option
The Transducer and Peripherals Manual explains the
characteristics of the transducer types, transducer safety, and
maintenance procedures. It proVides information on how to use
special purpose transducers such as endocavity transducers,
transesophageal transducers, and interoperative transducers. It
explains how to use transducer needle guides to perfonn
biopsies. It also provides specifications and power value tables
for the Acuson transducers. In addition it contains information
on setting up and operating peripheral devices with the Aspen
system.

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Contacting Acuson

C O N TA C TI N G AC
US O N
For ad dit ion al inf orm ati
on ab ou t the Ac us on sy
ste m, co nta ct yo ur
ne are st Acuson office.
U.S.A.

Great Britain

Ac us on Co rpo rat ion , U.S


.A.
Te lep ho ne : 1-(415) 969-9
112
1-800-4-ACUSON
Fax: 1-(415) 964-8331
Asia PacifielLatin Am
erica

Ac us on Asia Pa cif ic/


La tin
America, US .A .
Te lep ho ne : 1-(415) 969-9
112
1-8oo-4-ACUSON
Fax: 1-(415) 965-9471
Australia

Ac us on Pty. Ltd.
Te lep ho ne : (61) 2 201-7
777
Fax: (61) 2 869-1600
Belgium

Ac us on SA /N Y
Telephone: (32) 2-229-22
77
Fax: (32) 2-217-4297

Canada

Acuson Ca na da Ltd.
Telephone: 1-(416) 296-1
634
Fax: 1-(416) 296-1259
Denmark

Acuson AS
Telephone: (45) 391799
91
Fax: (45) 39275521
Europe

Acuson EHQ.
Telephone: (44) 1895-20
2960
Fax: (44) 1895-202965

Japan
Ac us on Ni pp on , K.K.
Te lep ho ne : (81) 3-3316-3
999
Fax: (81) 3-3316-7002

Ac us on Ltd., En gla nd
Te lep ho ne : (44) 1895-25
1010
Fax: (44) 1895-202999
Finland

Ac us on OY
Te lep ho ne : (358) 17-61
6-9007
Fax: (358) 17-653-3939

France

Ac us on S.A.R.L.
Te lep ho ne : (33) 1-6929-8
110
Fax: (33) 1-6446-9840

Germany
Ac us on Gm bH
Telephone: (49) 91-31-82
650
Fax: (49) 91-31-826565

Hong Kong

Ac us on Ho ng Ko ng , Lt
d.
Te lep ho ne : (852) 2574-79
89
Fax: (852) 2574-6945
Italy

Ac us on S.p.A.
Te lep ho ne : (39) 2 982-5
91
Fax: (39) 2 982-41107

Latin America

Ac us on Latin Am eri ca
, U S.A.
Telephone: 1-(305) 596-3
148
Fax: 1-(305) 596-3149

Norway

Ac us on AS
Te lep ho ne : (47) 67-58"()2
-oD
Fax: (47) 67-58-15-30
Russia

Ac us on Int '! Sales Co rp.


Mo sco w, Russia
Te lep ho ne : (7) 095-9
56-0018
or (7) 095-956-0019
Fax: (7) 502-222-1269
Singapore

Ac us on Sin ga po re Pte
, Lt d.
Te lep ho ne : (65) 254-898
2
Fax: (65) 254-8952
Sweden

Ac us on AB
Te lep ho ne : (46) 8-595-10
230
Fax: (46) 8-595-10222
Spain
Ac us on Iberica S.A.
Te lep ho ne : (34) 1-66305
04

Preface

Aspen
Ultrasound System
Service Manual

Introduction and System.


Requirements

cc::uson

CHAPTER 1

Introduction and System Requirements

1096

Introduction to the Aspen System

1-2

Reviewing System Requirements

1-4

Reviewing Environmental Requirements


Electrical Safety Requirements
Reviewing Electrical Requirements
Instrument Input Power Rating
Isolated Accessory Outlets
Leakage Current Limits
System Circuit Breakers

1-4

Using Input and Output Connectors

1-8

1-';

1-5
1-6
1-6
1-6
1-7

Identifying PCB Type, Version and Revision

1-11 .

Following Basic Precautions

1-12

Caring for the System

1-12

Cleaning and Sanitizing the System


Cleaning Air Filters

1-12
1-13

Caring for Transducers

1-14

Handling Transd ucers


Inspecting Transducers
About Transducer Manual

1-14
1-14
1-14

Moving the System

1-15

AttaChing Peripherals

1-15

Servico Manual

1-1

Chapter 1 - Introduction and System Requirements

INTRODUCTION TO THE ASPEN SYSTEM


The Aspen ultrasound system is a mobile, self-contained ultrasound
svstem specifically
for
medical applications.
is based on the use of modular printed
The Aspen system
circuit boards (PCBs) and subassemblies known as field replaceable
units (FRUs). This modularization
simplifies on-site service
and repair. No post-delivery adjustments or calibrations are
required for equipment operation. In most cases, on-site
maintenance is accomplished by removing and replacing the
printed circuit boards <PCBs) or subassemblies.

1-2

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Introduction to the Aspen System

Figure 1-1

1096

Aspen System. Front View

SeNice Manual

1-3

Chapter 1 - Introduction and System Requirements

IMPORTANT:
WARNING!

I
I

Read this chapter before you bep;in using the system.


Federal law restricts this device to use by oron the order of a physician.

REVIEWING SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS


Reviewing
Environmental
Requirements

The Aspen system is a stable, rugged device. However, it should


receive the care given to any precision instrument. Make sure that
the system's environment is free of fumes, dirt, and electrical
interference, e.g., brush-type motors and large fields of RF energy.
The systern is designed to operate within the following
environmental limits:
Acuson Aspen System
Temperature
Relative Humidity
Heat dissipation
Side Clearance
Rear Clearance

Environmental Limits
15 to 33C, 59 to 90F
up to 90% non-eondensing
5000 Btu per hour
15.0 em (6.0 inches)
30.0 em (12 inches)

and has the following physical characteristics:

1-4

Acuson Aspen System


Height
Depth
Width
Weight

135.64 em (53.4 in.)


116.80 em (46 in.)
62.90 em (24.8 in.)

Ground Clearance

6.35 em (2.5 inches)

Physical ChaT8cterstics

217 kg (477 lbs.)

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Reviewing System Requirements

Electrical Safety
.Requirements

This section describes specific electrical and environmental


characteristics lhat determine your system's facility requirements.
If you have additional questions, contact your Acuson Customer
Engineer.
The Aspen system is classified in accordance with the system
standard IEC 601-1 as follows:

WARNING!

60'-'

Standard

lEe

Type of protection against electric shock


Degree of protection against electnc shock
Degree of protection against ingress of water

Class I
TypeBF
Ordinary

Accessory equipment connected to the analog and digital interfaces


must be certified according to the respective IEC standards (IEC 950 for
data processing equipment and IEC 601-1 for medical equipment).
Furthermore, all configurations shall comply with the system standard
IEC 601-1-1. Any party who connects additional equipment to the
signal input part or signal output part is considered to be configuring a
medical system, and is therefore responsible that the system complies
with the requirements of the system standard IEC 601-1-1. If you have
additional questions, contact your Acuson Customer Engineer.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the
limits for medical devices to IEC 601-1-2:1993 (EN60601-1-2:1994) or
the Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive 89/336/EEC. These
limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against
harmful interference in a typical medical installation. This
equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy
and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions
may cause harmful interference to other devices in the vicinity.
However, there is no guarantee that the interference will not occur
in a particular fashion. If this equipment does cause harmful
interference to other devices, which can be determined by turning
the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct
the interference by one or more of the following measures:

Reviewing
Electrical
Requirements

Reorient or relocate the receiving device

Increase the separation between the equipment

Connect the equipment into an outlet on a different circuit from


the other device(s)

Consult the manufacturer or field service technician for the help


on other device

Acuson produces systems which operate with AC line voltages of


100, 115, and 230 VAC. The nameplate on the baCk of the system
indicates the AC power required for your system. The 115 VAC
systems usually require 15-A service; however, certain equipment
options in certain countries notably Canada may require 2D-A
service. These systems are equipped with 2D-A attachment plugs.
Units configured for 230 VAC generally require 10-A service.
For optimal system performance, use a dedicated, interference-free,
well-grounded wall outlet. The 115 VAC Acuson systems are

1096

Service Manual

'-5

Chapter 1 - Inrroduction and System Requirements

equipped with a
attachment
To ensure
grounding reliability, connect it to only an equivalent hospitalgrade socket.
WARNING!

Before having your system installed by an Acuson Customer Engineer,


ensure that the electrical service in your facility is adequate. Do not

modify the attachment plug or use an adapter; doing so may overload


vour building's power circuits. Using an extension cord to provide
power may cause your system to exceed leakage current requirements.

Instrument Input
Power Rating

The instrument input.power rating has been established to clarify


the maximum power requirement of your system with all
accessories. Depending upon the accessories and options installed,
your system may not draw the full amount of power listed on the
serial plate. Table 1-1 shows input power values for various Acuson
Aspen system input voltages.
Table 1-1

Input Power Values for Aspen System

System Voltage VAC

Maximum Aspen
Power Usage, VA

Isolated Accessory Power


Available, VA

115 V (US.)

1380 VA
1725 VA'

250 VA Continuous
400 VA Intermittent

115 V (Canada)

1380 VA

350 VA

100 V (Japan)

1500 VA

165 VA

230 V

1725 VA

400 VA

Requires a dedicated outlet for 15 A service. Some options require 2D-A


service. User must ensure adequate power is available.

Isolated Accessory
Outlets

The Acuson Aspen system has a total of four isolated accessory


outlets located on the rear of the system, to provide power to
accessories.
The system AUX ONIOFF standby switch controls power to these
outlets. They are isolated to protect against chassis leakage currents
from connected accessories. Plug only approved accessories into
these outlets.

WARNING!

Leakage Current
Limits

The total power available is indicated near the outlets and listed in
Table 1-1. DO NOT overload these outlets as overloading can trip the
circuit breaker of the system or the building circuit breakers. Failure to
use isolated outlets for accessories can degrade image quality and
compromise patient safety.
Isolated accessory outlets let you connect approved accessories
without increasing the system's leakage current.
Connecting accessories powered from non-isolated sources may
result in chassis leakage currents exceeding safe levels.

1-6

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Reviewing System Requirements

WARNING!

System Circuit
Breakers

Plug only the proper connectors into tlll' input and output nmnt'ctor
sockets. Fililurl' ttl do so can damilgl' the system ilnd destroy its
dectricalsafety features. For complete description Set' U;:;;nx Illput and
Oil/Flit Co/11leettlrs on the following page.

The Aspen system has two circuit breakers on the rear of the system
1-2. The circuit breakers provide the
as shown in
protection:

Mains input breaker: This breaker disconnects all parts of the


svstem from both sides of the mains. It also serves as the mains
switch. Note that a portion of the system is
whenever the mains input breaker is on.
Isolated accessory outlet breaker (AUX): This breaker protects the
.isolated accessory outlets from physical damage due to

Figure 1"2' CircuitBreakers on Rear P'lllel


IsolationTransformer.circuit breakers: There are three circuit
breakers o"n the lsolati@ Tiansfimner. The first in the primary
disconnei:\S "the input to the isolaton transformer w!tile the other
two, whi;!t.are in series protect the system monitor"and the
PrograIiuiiable
.

Figure 1-3

1096

Circuit Breakers on Isolation Transformer Box

Service Manual

1-7

.Chapter 1 - IntroductIon and System Requirements

USING I.NPUT AND OUTPUT CONNECTORS


Input and output connectors are located on the front and back of the
system. Figure 1-4 shows the rear door for access to the rear panel
connectors of the Acuson Aspen system. Table 1-2 describes the rear
panel input and output connectors.
Figure 1-5 shows the Aspen system front panel. Table 1-3 describes
the front panel input and output connectors.
WARNING!

Interconnection with other equipment may result in chassis leakage


currents exceeding safe levels. For further information, contact your
.....cuson Customer Engineer.

,. rr
IJ13NOTUSEO

I'"::::"
I

J1SSCSl

;:..a:':'-....

...

, OClDCCMla.-flll
1 oQX OWl VOL''''"
l

COOC""._'4(1

, sc..-.aoDlSOl_.aoo,...
,

STS11 .. CMIITI ....

...

I,',"'" "'

I
I""", . 'I
Imon>CA><"-l
00'"

UrNs

ca.;

J2:9

COLOR
VIDEO

Figure 1-4
1-8

W fr'

'I

J30
Pill!.
CLOCK

OTEItNAL

J31

J3.

T1tIGGfl

J3Z

J33

REMOTE

C-'/Il

8IW

EJI:POS

VlDf.O

VUO

Aspen System Rear Panel Connectors

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Using Input and Output Connectors

Table 1-2
No.

Aspen System Rear Input and Output Connectors

Connector Label

InputlOutput

Description

Interface
Standard

Connector
Type

Maximum

Voltage

Parallel Printer

Output

Centronics Printer Port Centronix

Dsub-25p

5V

External SCSI

Input/Output

External SCSI Interface SCSI 2 Type

SCSI2- SOp

5V

IOBaseT

Input/Output

Ethernet
(For future use)

10BaseT

R)45

5V

External Ethernet
AUI

Input/Output

External Ethernet
(For future use)

AUI

D sub-15p

12V

Aux Serial B/C

Input/Output

Aux Serial Port

B= RS422

Dsub-26p

" 5V
,,12V

C = RS232
8

VCR

Input/Output

Interlaced Y-C, Stereo Proprietary


(Line Level), Serial Port

Dsub-25p

" 12V

Betacam

Input/Output

Interlaced Y/C, Stereo Proprietary


(Line Level), Serial Port

Dsub-25p

" 12V

10

AuxRGBln

Input

Interlaced RGB

MACn

Dsub-15p

-4V

11

AuxRGBOut

Output

Interlaced/ Progressive MAC II


RGB

Dsub-15p

-4V

12

RGB Color Camera Input/Output

Interlaced RGB, Serial


Port

Proprietary

Dsub-2Sp

" 12V

13

Y-Cln

Input

Interlaced Y-C

5VHS

Mini-DIN-4p IVpp

14

Y-COut

Output

Interlaced Y-C

SVHS

Mini-DIN-4p

IVpp

15

Color Video

Output

Interlaced Y-C

BNC

BNC

IVpp

16

Pixel Clock

Output

Digital Pixel clock

BNC

BNC

5V

17

External Trigger

Output

External Trigger For


Aux. Device

BNC

SV

18

Remote Expose

Output

Camera Expose Control BNC

BNC

SV

19

Cam Video

Output

B/W video to Camera

BNC

BNC

IVpp

20

B/WVideo

Output

Interlaced Y (B /W)

BNC

BNC

IVpp

1096

Service Manual

1-9

Chapter 1 - Introduction and System Requirements

Figure 1-5

Table 1-3

Aspen System Front Panel Connectors

Aspen System Front Panel Input and Output Connectors

Connector
Label Name

Description

Interface
Standard

Connector
Type

InputlOutput

Volt8ge

DL Transducer
connector

Plug in Acuson DL
Transducers

DL

Acuson DL

Input/Output

+150V

MP Transducer Plug in Acuson MP


connector
Transducers

MP

Input/Output

+150V

Maximum

Custom Design
AcusonMP
Custom Design

Headphone

Audio output for use


with headphones

Stereo phone
jack

Output

IVpp

Microphone

Connection for external


microphone

Mon. phone
jack

Input

5Vpp

Footswitch

Connection for
lootswitch

6-pin]ones

Input/Output

5V

AUXCW
(optional)

Acuson Auxiliary CW
Transducer

proprietary

IG-pin circular

Input/Output

Use only Acuson


AuxCW
Transducers

ECG

ECG trace

AAMIECGC

AAMIECGC

Input/Output

",5 V

AUX

DC input

1/4" Phone

Input

",5 V

Phona

Heartsound trace

1/4" Phone

Input/ Output

",5 V

Pulse/
Respiration

Pulse trace

1/4" Phone

Input

",5 V

110

Respiratory trace

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Identifying PCB Type, Version, and Revision

IDENTIFYING

PCB TYPE, VERSION, AND REVISION


Printed circuit boards are identified by board type, version and
revision level. The board type indicates the board's major function.
The type is abbreviated into a two or three-letter acronym, such as
VPB for the Video Processor Board.
Version numbers are used to distinguish Significant design changes
of a board type. The new version is distinguished from the old by
appending a number to the three-letter type identifier. In case of
VPB board, the earlier boards were called VPB. Later changes
produced VPB2. All these versions refer to generally as VPB boards.
Except when indicated, newer version boards may always be used
in place of older versions.
The type and version identifiers are etched in the board's copper
foil.
Occasionally a number is appended to an alphabetic revision to
indicate a revision level in between two alphabetic revision levels.
For example, revision ''Dl is between revisions un" and
U

Revision levels are hand written on the board in indelible ink and /
Or marked on one of the PCB ejectors. The board assembly level
should not be confused with the PCB fabrication (bare board)
revision level, which is marked in the copper etch or silkscreen.

Board Type Acronym - Rev. Level

Part Number - Serial Number

Figure 1-6

1096

Version Number

Aspen System PCB

service Manual

1-11

Chapter 1 . Introduction and System Requirements

FOLLOWING BASIC PRECAUTIONS


The following safety precautions should be observed when
servicing the Acuson Aspen system:
Servicing the Aspen system shall only be conducted by Acuson trained
Aspen system service provider. Lethal voltages (up to 300 VDC) are
present inside the Aspen system. Use caution when opening the unit.
Under certain fault conditions the high voltage bus may remain
charged even when"the system is unplugged from the wall outlet.
Furthermore, the operating temperature of some components can cause
bums.

WARNING!!

Always consult the User Mnnual pin 47881 for proper operation and
use of this system. Also refer to the Basic Safety Precautions section
of the User Manual for detailed list of basic precautions.
The Aspen system employs a software power-on/ off circuit. This
means that there are live voltages present in the system even with the
power off. Always unplug the system to perform any cleaning or
maintenance.

WARNING!

CARING FOR THE SYSTEM


The Aspen system requires proper care and cleaning.
IMPORTANT:

Improper system care will void your warranty.


System care includes inspecting and cleaning air filters weekly,
cleaning and sanitizing the system, and inspecting the illuminating
keys.
For detailed information on caring for your system, consult the User
Mnnual.

Ultrasound systems are sometimes used in an environment in which


they are exposed to pathogens which pose a potential health hazard to
persons handling the system. For health reasons, always thoroughly
clean, sanitize, and/or sterilize the system and its transducers prior to
performing maintenance.

IMPORTANT:

Cleaning and
Sanitizing the
System

WARNING!

'-'2

1
2

To clean or sanitize the system:


Switch the system off and unplug it from the power outlet.
Dean the system cabinet, transducer holders, and storage bay with
a damp cloth soaked in mild soap and water, or sanitize it using
isopropyl alcohol.

DO NOT drip any liquid into the system or onto the keyboard.

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Caring for the System

Cleaning Air Filters

The Acuson Aspen system has three air filters. Air filters are located
on the right rear, left rear, and front side of the system. Refer to the
Figure 1-7.
Remove, inspect, and clean the air filters each week.
.

To remove and clean the air filters:

Unplug the system from the power outlet.

To remove the air filters located on the right rear and left rear of the
system, use the tab on each filter to slide it out and remove the filter.

To remove third air filter located on the left front side of the system,
pull at the top of the air filter grill.

Wash the filters in water with mild detergent and dry them, or clean
them with a hand-held vacuum cleaner.

Replace the filters.

Figure 17

1096

Air Filter Locations

Servic6 Manual

113

Chapter 1 - Introduction and System Requirements

CARING FOR TRANSDUCERS


Transducers require proper handling, care, and cleaning.
IMPORTANT:

Improper transducer care will void your warranty.


Transducer care includes daily inspection, daily cleaning, disinfecting
and sterilization whenever necessary.
It is important to handle transducers properly:

Handling
Transducers

00 NOT drop the transducer. Dropping or striking a transducer


against a hard surface can damage the transducer elements and
acoustic lens and damage the electrical safety features.

00 NOT use a cracked or broken transducer. Damaged


transducers present a danger of electric shock. If a transducer
cracks or breaks, contact your Acuson Customer Engineer
immediately.
00 NOT pinch or kink the transducer cable. If the transducer
housing becomes cracked or broken or if there are cuts or
openings in the cable, the electrical safety features of the
transducer could be compromised.
00 NOT immerse the external transducer in any liquid beyond
the first ridge. The transducer is not watertight. Immersing it
beyond the first ridge can destroy its electrical safety features. For
an explanation and illustration of the proper immersion technique
see the Transducer and Peripherals Manual.

WARNING!

Use only recommended ultrasound coupling gels and cleaning


agents and do not use those containing components described in
the Transducer and Peripherals Manual. Improper transducer care
will void your warranty. For specific information, see the
Transducer and Peripherals Manual.

00 NOT use a transducer that has been dropped or subjected to a


severe collision until it has been inspected by an Acuson Customer
Engineer. Cracks or other damage to the transducer and cuts or
openings in the transducer cable can damage the electrical safety
features of the transducer.

Inspecting
Transducers

Inspect the transducer lens, case, and cable each day. Check for cracks
or other damage that may allow liquids to enter the transducer. If you
find any damage, have the transducer replaced by Acuson Customer
Service.

About the
Transducer Manual

For transducer specifications and transducer power values refer to the


Acuson Aspl'1l System Transducer aM Peripherals Manual pin 47882.
Your transducer manual contains important transducer safety and
reference information. It also provides information on how to use
special purpose transducers such as endovaginal and transesophageal
transducers.
The transducer manual also includes lists of Acuson tested coupling
gels, Acuson compatible disinfecting and sterilizing solutions, and
lists of manufacturers of transducer supplies.

1-14

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Moving the System

MOVING THE SYSTEM


When you move the system, do so carefully. Be especially careful
when moving it along inclined passages.

Observe the following precautions when moving the system:


o

Eject the magneto-optical disk from that disk drive.

Tum the system off, disconnect the power cord, and disconnect
any other cords. Store the power cord on the holders on the
back of the system.

Clamp the transducer connectors in the transducer storage


ports and store the transducer in one of the transducer holders
on either side of the system.

Make sure that transducer cables are away from the wheels
before moving the system. Loop the transducer cable through
one of the cable hooks under the keyboard.

Make sure the monitor is in the locked position.

Unlock the wheels before moving the system. Use the caster
locking mechanism located on the caster.

Make sure that the peripherals are strapped securely in place.

Use the front or rear handle grips to move the system.

DO NOT allow the system to strike walls or door frames.

Use care when moving the system off ramps, or elevators.


Jarring the system by sudden drops can cause structural
damage to the frame of the system.

Lock the wheels, once you reach your destination.

ATTACHING PERIPHERALS
IMPORTANT:

1096

Your Acuson Customer Engineer must install the peripheral devices to


the system for you.
For detailed infonnation on peripheral devices refer to the Acuson
Aspen Ultrasound System Transducer and Peripheral Manual
pin 47882.

Service Manual

'-'5

Chapter 1 - Introduction and System Requirements

'16

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Aspen

lfltrasound System
Service Manual

System Architecture

cc:uson

CHAPTER 2

System Architecture

Ultrasound Basics

2-3

Amplitude
Frequency

2-3
2-3

System Architecture

2-3

Scanner
Theory of Operation

2-6

Scanner Control
Transmission

Reception
Gain and Processing
Doppler Processing
Scanner Assemblies

1096

2-3
2-6
2-7
2-8
2-10
2-10

2-11

APD - Apodizer Board


AUX -Auxiliary Continuous Wave Doppler Board
BBQ - Baseband Quadrature Board
DBL - Distribution Board Lower
DeC - Dual Channel Controller Board
IFD - Intermediate Frequency Detector Board
IGD - Interpolating Gain Driver Board
MEX - Memory Expansion Board
MXK - Mixer Oock Board
RCV - Receiver Board
SOL - Summing Delay Line Board
STG - Scanner Timing Generator Board
TRM - Terminator Board
VDT - Video Detector Board
XDY - Transmit Delay Board
XMT- Transmitter Board
ZDL - Transducer Interconnect Board DL
ZIP - Transducer Interconnect Board MP
ZDT - Distribution Board Top
ZSCP - Scanner Control Processor Board

2-12
2-12
2-12
2-13

DIMAQ Integrated Ultrasound Workstation

220

Scan Converter

2-21

Service Manual

2-13
2-13
2-13
2-14
2-14
2-14
2-14
2-15
2-15
2-15
2-16
2-16
2-17
2-18
2-18
2-19

2-1

Chapter 2 - System Architecture

2-2

Theory of Operation

2-23

20 Data Path

2-23

Spectral Doppler Data Path

2-25

Color Doppler Data Path

227

M-mode Data Path

2-29

Cine Operation

231

AEGIS system

2-31

ECG and Physio Signal Processing

2-33

Audio

234

User Interface

2-35

DIMAQ Workstation Assemblies

236

AQP - Acquisition Processor Board


CDM - Cine Data Memory Board
CRr - Color Reconstruction Processor Board
DAQ - Doppler Acquisition Board
DSP - Doppler Spectral Processor Board
ECG/ Physio Module
FEe- Flow Estimator Calculator Board
lOB - Input Out put Board
MSE - Monitor Speaker Equilizer Board
Rr - Reconstruction Processor Board
SVC - Syscon Video Controller Board
VIC - User Interface Controller
VPB - Video Processor Board
WFP - Waveform Processor Board
ZAP - Audio Processor Board
ZFEB - Flow Estimator Buffer Board

2-37
2-37
2-37
2-38
2-38
2-38
2-39
2-39
2-39
2-39

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

2-40
2-40
2-40

2-41
2-41
2-41

1096

Ultrasound Basics

ULTRASOUND BASICS
Ultrasound imaging is a method of viewing the anatomy by
displaying the reflections of ultrasound waves on a video monitor.
An ultrasound image is made up of a large numbers of discrete
lines of echo information. A pulse of ultrasound energy is
transmitted into the body by a transducer. Echoes are created when
the sound wave propagates through tissues of different acoustic
impedance. After the ultrasound pulse is transmitted, the
transducer receives the echoes from the tissues. The quality of the
image is determined by the precision with which the ultrasound
beam is focussed in both transmit and receive modes.
Echoes contain several kinds of information:

Amplitude

The strength of a reflected echo is proportional to relative changes


in the acoustic impedance of the tissue being examined.

Frequency

Just as a train whistle has a higher pitch when it is approaching than


it does when receding, echoes from a moving target are also shifted
in frequency by the Doppler effect. By measuring the difference in
frequency between the transmit pulse and the echo, velocities of
blood or other structures may be determined.

SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE
The Acuson Aspen system may be divided into three major
operational subsystems:

Scanner

Scanner

DIMAQ Integrated Ultrasound Workstation

Power Subsystem (refer to Chapter 3)

The Scanner is the front end of the Aspen system. It contains the
hybrid analogI digital computer which controls timing, phase, and
amplitude for each of the 128 transmit and receive channels.
Controlling these parameters allows the Aspen system to transmit a
tightly focused pulse of ultrasound energy from the transducer.
During the receive cycle the Scanner adjUSts these parameters in
real time. As the ultrasound pulse penetrates the body, the Scanner
continuously maintains focus at successively deeper points along
the scan line. Information about the ultrasound line number, depth
of scan, etc. is passed along with the analog echo signal to the Scan
Converter within the DIMAQ integrated ultrasound workstation.
The Scanner is made up of a card cage capable of containing up to
67 circuit boards which plug directly into the Scanner motherboard.
It is located on the left side of the Aspen system.
Transducers are plugged directly into the Scanner via the ZDL, in
the case of DL Transducers, or the ZIP, in the case of MP

1096

ServiCE: Manual

23

Chapter 2 - System Architecture

Transducers. Althou/lh both types of transducers can be plugged in


to the Aspen system simultaneously, only one port can be activated
at a time.
Digital communication between the Scanner and Scan Converter is
accomplished via a dual-port RAM located on the ZDT. Analog
signals are transferred to the Scan Converter via the DBL.
Power is supplied to the Scanner from the power supplies located
on the right side front of the system. Power connections are made
via connectors on the back and at the rear of the motherboard.
Voltages used in the Scanner are: 15 VDC, :7.5 VDC, :5 VDC, : 12
VDC and 30-150 VDC (programmable). See the section on the
Power Subsystem for more detail.

2-4

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

ZOL

ULTRASOUND
VIDEO

144-

LXDCR
ZIP

I/Q

DRL

or.

'Tl

l'
t'"
::J

SYSTEM
TIMING

JoMK

XMT

Rey

XOY --,

...':-'
w
.

US
VIDEO

STG
XDV
BUS

r-

2:

l'

5l'"
a.

BBUS

APD

I
VGAIN

JoMK

L
r

YOT

fA

IIRQ

r.

AVX

VIDEO GAIN

IF FIL

IGO

TRM

DBUS

MEX

:D

AUX
CARR

VXMT

CBUS

Dee

IfO

I/Q

Via ZDL

MXK

A BUS

DeC

OUTSE

APOD .....

BUS

SOL

PXDCR
NXMT

""

AUXCW
xoeR

ZOT

LINENO TYPE
SCANADR
SCAN DATA

SCM/CONVERTER
INTERFACE
1i)

l>

il
2:

1i)
II>

0,

iil

Chapter 2 - System Architecture

THEORY OF OPERATION
The scanner sequence can be divided into four major operations:

Scanner Control

Scanner Control

Transmission

Reception

Gain and Processing

All Scanner orerations are controlled by the Scanner Control


Processor CZSCP) board. The ZSCP communicates to the digital
control boards via the P bus.The Distribution Board Top CZDT)
provides the data and communication link between the ZSCP and
the Scan Converter within the DIMAQ workstation.
Two Dual Channel Controller boards are used to drive the four
digital buses. DeCO drives the A and B buses while DeCl, drives
the C and D buses. A 4O-MHz master clock is located on the Scanner
Timing Generator CSTG). Scanner operations and some of the Scan
Converter operations are synchronized to this master clock signal.
The control data, called microcode, for each particular transducer is
stored on the Memex boardCs). A scanner accommodates up to three
Memex boards to support the selected transducers.

MEX

ZSCP

Scanner P Bus

STG

MXK
Bus

XDY
Bus

Timing Stgnals
To Scanner

DCCO

DCC1

ABus BBus

CBus

ZDT

Scan
Converter Interface

DBus

To lOS

Figure 22

2-6

Scanner Control and Setup

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Theory or Operarion

Transmission

During the transmission cycle, the following steps occurs:

The gain and control information from the front panel is passed
from the D1MAQ workstation to the Scanner.

The type and number of the lines to be fired are determined.

The control data needed to configure the beamformers,


beamformer drivers, and gain/video subsystems are the
outputs from the DCC boards via the A, B, C, and D buses for
the particular line being fired.

After the setup data has configured the Scanner for a particular
ultrasound line, a signal from the Z5CP causes the Transmit Delay
boards to output the phased transmit signals to the Transmitter
boards. The Transmitter boards then output the high energy pulses
required to drive the transducer elements to produce an ultrasound
wave at the transducer face.

... ...
<>

"""'"
$"
e..

:2:

<>

ZIP
TIR 0-127

"""'"

$
-'
0

XMT

NXMT 0-127

XDY

XDY Bus

ZDL
A Bus
B Bus

e Bus

DCCO

Figure 2-3

1096

DCC1

STG

Scanner Transmit Block Diagram

Service Manual

2-7

Chapter 2 . System Architecture

Reception

After the transmit pulses are sent, echoes return to the transducer
and are transformed into low-level electrical Signals. Signal flow
through the Scanner during reception is as follows:
Signals travel from the transducer elements through the transducer
cable and enter the Scanner via the ZIP or the ZDL boards. The ZIP
or ZDL sends the signals to the backplane, which routes them to the
Receiver boands.
The Receiver boards amplify the low-level signals and convert them
to an intermediate frequency using mixer signals from the Mixer
Clock boards. Signals from the Apodizer boards (APD), Mixer
Clock boards (MXK), and Interpolating Gain Driver boand (IGD)
control the gain of the Receiver boards (RCV) to compensate for
attenuation due to depth and adjust the aperture of the array during
reception. Refer to Figure 2-4 and 2-5.
The Receiver boands output the IF signal to the Summing Delay
Line boards (SDL). The eight SDL boards properly sum the signals
from the sixteen Receiver boards, and output the IF signal to the
Distribution Boand Lower (DBU.
The DBL sums the signals from the SDL boards into one signal
called lFSUM. This signal is then sent to the IFD boand for IF
filtering. The IFD then routes the IFSUM to the Video Detector
board for processing.
The Video Detector board converts the received IFSUM signal to an
ultrasound video signal. It also amplifies and performs Special
processing to the ultrasound video signal and outputs it to the DBL.
The DBL buffers the ultrasound video signal and outputs it to the
Scan Converter within the DIMAQ workstation via connector }9 on
the DBL.

2-8

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Theory of Operation

ZIP
"

DL Transducer

Ultrasound Video

to
Scan Conver1er

TIR 0-'27

us VIDEO

ReV

SDl

(16)
128 Ch.

(8)

DBl

MXK Bus

IFDIF

AP 0127

MXK 0-127

STG

VDT

OUT 07

I
.MXK

IF SUM

IFD

APD
(4)

(4)

128Ch.

128 Ch.

B Bus

Dee 0

A Bus

:::: Bus

Dee 1

o Bus
Figure 2-4

1096

Scanner Reception Diagram

Service Manual

2-9

Chapter 2 - System Architecture

Gain and
Processing

The IGD is used to set the gain levels in the Scanner. II provides
gain signals for transmit power, receiver gain, receiver bias,
apodizer bias, and the ultrasound (US) video gain levels.The gain
curve is determined by the microcode for each transducer and the
settings of the master gain control and the DGC pots.
Also included here is the IFD which filters the IF and the VDT
which performs log compression, detection and filtering operations.

ToTransducer

T!R()..l27

XMT

ReV

IB)
128Ch.

APO-127

(16)

'28 Ch.

APD
(4)

128Ch.

VXMT

EJ
VD

V GAIN
V BIAS

IGO

VA BIAS

VA FIEF

VIDEO GAIN

DBus

Figure 2-5

Doppler Processing

Gain and Processing Block Diagram

Two boards are used to provide the preliminary processing of


Doppler signals in the Scanner. The BBQ board converts the IF FIL
signal from the VDT into I & Q signals for PW and Color Doppler.
In cardiology systems it processes the AUX CARR signal from the
AUX board for imaging CW or auxiliary CW Doppler.

VOT

IF FIL SIGNAL

BBQ
AUX

I&OSIGNAL

AUX CARR SIGNAL

Figure 2-6

I&OSIGNAL

OBL

TO SCAN
CONVERTER

Scanner Doppler Processing

The I & Q signal from BBQ is then routed via DBL to the Scan
Converter within the DIMAQ Integrated Workstation where further
processing of the I & Q signals is done. For more detailed
information refer to the DIMAQ Workstation section of this chapter.

2-10

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Scanner AssembJies

SCANNER ASSEMBLIES
The following pages describe the circuit board descriptions. These
are arranged alphabetically by the two or three letter acronym of
each board. A brief functional description of each board is provided.
See the DIMAQ Works/a/ion Assemblies section for information about
the boards in DIMAQ workstation.
The following figure shows the locations of the scanner boards. The
numbers that follow the Board acronym denote the channel.

--

lOT

ZSCI'
MEX(l)

occo

MEX(2)

!lCC'
MEX(3)
STG

XDY 1&31

SOLQ-15
RCVo-7
XMTQ-15
RCV&-15
SOl. 16-31
RCV 16-23
XMT 16-31
RCV24-31
SOL. 32-47
RCV3239
XMT32-47

ZIP

APDQ-31
XDY32"'7
MXK 32-63
XDY48-63

SOL 48-&
RCV48-55
XMT48-&

APe 32-63

RCV .....

SOL 64-79

XDY64-79
MXK 64-95

XDY80-S5
XDY96-111

RCV84-71
XMT84-79
ACV7279
APO 64-95
SOL Bo-95
MXK 95-127 ReV 80-87
XMTBo-95
RCV_
SDU&111
RCV86-103
XMT96-111
AUXCW
Rev 104-111
B8Q
SOL 112127
RCV 112119
'FD
XMT 112127
Rev 119-127
VOT

IGO

zoe

OBI.

Figure 2-7 Scanner Board Location

7096

Service Manual

2-11

Chapter 2 - System Architecture

APD

Apodizer Board, PIN 10332

Function

The Scanner has four Apodizer boards, each with 32 apodizer


channels, proViding a total of 128 apodizer channels. The function
of the apodizer channels is to adjust the aperture of the transducer
array. The output of an apodizer channel drives the apodizing
amplifier section of an associated Receiver channel.
The Apodizer boards are control1ed by microcode on DeCO via the
Bbus.

AUX

Auxiliary Continuous Wave Doppler Board, PIN 17332

Function

The Auxiliary Continuous Wave Doppler board operates in one of


two modes depending upon the type of CW function being used.
In the first mode, an Auxiliary Continuous Wave Transducer is
used. This transducer has a single piezoelectric transducer element
for transmitting and a second element for receiving. In this mode
the AUX board generates the transmit puises which drive the
transducer. These puises are passed to the transducer via the ZDL.
The receive signal enters the Scanner via the ZDL also. The AUX
board then filters out the carrier/clutter component of the return
signal and outputs the AUX CARR signal to the BBQboard.
In the second mode, an Aeuson imaging transducer is used. A
number of the transducer elements are continuously transmitting
while others are continuously receiving. Actually, the process is
more or less continuous since it is possible to update the 2-D image
periodicalIy. The format for transmit and receive is configured by
the Scanner and the signal processing is similar to normal Doppler
operation with the following exception: the IF FIL signal from the
VDT is passed to the AUX board for processing rather than being
processed by the BBQ directly. After the AUX board has separated
the Doppler signal it passes the Doppler signal to the BBQ. Once at
the BBQ, the signal is processed in the usual manner.

BBO

Baseband Quadrature Board, PIN 32272

Function

The Baseband Quadrature Board is active only when in Doppler


modes. It converts the IF FIL signal from the VDT to an "I" signal
(in phase) and a "Q" signal (quadrature). The 1& Q signals preserve
amplitude, frequency, and phase information for subsequent
processing by the DAQ and DSP. When using continuous wave
Doppler, the AUX CARR signal is processed rather than the IF FIL
signal.

212

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Scanner Assemblies

DBl

Distribution Board Lower, PIN 34602

Function

The Distribution Board Lower performs the following functions:

Interfaces the analog ultrasound video signal to the Scan


Converter within the DlMAQ Workstation.

Signal routing of the SDL outputs

Terminating the A and D bus

Buffering the test point outputs and analog outputs

Carrying probe temperature information from VIC to Scanner

The DBL is controlled by microcode on DCC 1 via the D bus.

Dee

Dual Channel Controller Board, PIN 21552

Function

The purpose of the Dual Channel Controller board is to provide


high speed data transfer to control the functions of the Scanner. The
DCC is basically a high speed memory board that drives two digital
buses: an 8-bit data bus, and a 16-bit data bus. Both buses have an 8bit address bus. Two DCC boards are used in the Scanner. The DCC
nearest the top side of the Scanner, DCCO, drives the A and B buses.
The other, DCC1, drives the C and D buses. The A, B, C, and D
buses carry control information to the beamformer drive and video
gain processing sections of the Scanner.
During the scanning cycles, the DCCs output the necessary control
information onto the A, B, C, and D buses.

IFD

Intermediate Frequency Detector board, PIN 30242

Function

The Intermediate Frequency Detector board provides IF


frequencies, fixed response filters, and programmable magnitude
equalizers to shape and optimize frequency response for IF SUM.
Extends autocal to multiple IF frequencies.

IGD

Interpolating Gain Driver Board, PIN 26442

Function

The Interpolating Gain Driver board performs a high speed


interpolation of the control words sent on the D bus. The control
words configure the IGD for a particular gain format. Five AID
convertors proVide the follOWing gain signals for use by the
Scanner:

Receiver Gain

Receiver Bias

Transmit Power

VideoGain

Apodizer Bias

The apodizer reference level is also generated on the IGD board.

1096

Service Manual

213

Chapter 2 . System Architecture

The IGD monitors the thermal sense line and provides a fail-safe
shutdown of XMT boards.

MEX

Memory Expansion Board, PIN 26142

Function

The Memory Expansion board is used as a storage area for control


data (microcode) for various transducers.
The data set for a particular transducer is programmed into a set of
PROMs and then placed in sequential order on the MEX. When that
particular transducer is connected to the system, its ID code is read
and data from the corresponding microcode set is loaded into the
DeCs.
Data exits the MEX via the P bus. All the PROMs in a set must be
adjacent to one another and arranged in ascending order.
Additional boards may be installed in the system by setting the
address jumper (BDO, BDl, BD2) as appropriate for that board.

MXK

Mixer Clock Board, PIN 17932

Function

The Scanner has four Mixer Clock boards, with 32 channels each,
providing a total of 128 channels. The purpose of the Mixer Clock is
to generate a phased local oscillator signal to mix with the received
ultrasound signal to produce an intermediate frequency (IF). The
output of each mixer clock channel is used to drive the mixer
section of each associated receiver channel. The mixer clock
frequency changes with different transducer types.
The MXK boards are controlled by microcode downloaded to the
DeC1 via the C bus. Logic on the MXK board buffers and latches
control words from the C bus to configure the MXK boards for a
particular ultrasound line. Addresses for the MXK boards are
encoded into the motherboard connectors to identify each of the
four MXK boards in the Scanner.

Rev

Receiver Board, PIN 17912

Function

The function of the Receiver board is to amplify the low level signal
from the transducer elements and to convert the received signal to
an intermediate frequency (IF) for further processing in the Scanner.
Gain signals from the Apodizer boards and the Interpolating Gain
Driver control the output level of the Receiver. The local oscillator
frequency used to produce the IF signal is generated on the STG

board.
There are 16 Receiver boards in the Scanner and 8 receiver cells on
each board, thus giving 128 total cells.
SOL

Summing Delay Line Board, PIN 18132

Function

There are eight Summing Delay Line Board boards in the Scanner.
Each board has eight summing delay line cells providing a total of
64 cells.

2-14

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Scanner Assemblies
Each Receiver pair IF output is connected to one SDL channel input
and is carried on lines IF 0 7. Each SDL channel is associated with
two receiver channels, thus the entire board services 16 receiver
channels. The output of each SDL board is sent to the Distribution
Board Lower (DBLl, where all eight SDL board outputs are
summed together.
The SDL boards are controlled by OCCO via the A bus. Logic on the
SDL board buffers and latches the control words from the A bus to
configure the SDL for a particular ultrasound line.
Addresses for the SDL boards are encoded into the connectors in
the motherboard to identify each of the eight SDL boards in the
Scanner.

STG

Scanner Timing Generator Board, PIN 35412

Function

The Scanner Timing Generator board generates all of the timing


signals used in the Scanner. The heart of the STG is a 120 MHz
crystal oscillator which feeds a divider network and generates the
10 MHz REFCLK signal to which all timing in the Scanner and parts
of Scan Converter are synchronized.
A programmable timing generator located on the STG generates the
following signals:

SOL - Start of Line

SOT - Start of Transmit

VSOT - Virtual Start of Transmit

VSOR Virtual Start of Receive

The period of each of these signals is programmed by the ZSCP, and


is dependent upon the depth of field to which the image is set.The
STG has two networks which generate the local oscillator clocks
and transmit delay clocks.
The STG is controlled by firmware on the ZSCP via the P bus.
Control words are buffered and latched by logiC on the STG.

TRM

Terminator Board, PIN 10412

Function

The Terminator board is used to terminate the Band C bus and also
terminate the mixer phase and transmit phase buses, all of which
are digital buses.

VOT

Video Detector Board, PIN 47%2

Function

The Video Detector board is used to process the summed


ultrasound IF signal and convert it to an A-mode ultrasound video
signal. Signal processing functions such as IF filtering, log
detection, video filtering, and video preprocessing are also
performed on the Video Detector.

1096

Servicg Manual

2-15

Chapter 2 - System Architecture

The VDT is controlled by microcode on the DeC ] via the 0 bus.


Logic on the VDT buffers and latches control words from the 0 bus
to configure the Video Detector for a particular setup formal.

XDY

Transmit Delay Board, PIN 16942

Function

The Transmit Delay board contains ]6 individual transmit delay


channels. The output of each channel is used to drive the input
section of each associated transmitter channel which is carried via
line 00 through ] 5.
Each
has the function of processing the amount of delay
needed to properly phase the transmit signal for any particular
ultrasound line. The Transmit Delay board also outputs the selected
number of transmit pulses required to aid in the power delivered
from the transducer during the transmit cycle.
The Transmit Delay boards are controlled by microcode on DeCO or
DeC], depending on the boards location. The information is carried
over the B or C bus. DeCO and the B bus control Transmit Delay
board 0, ], 6 and 7. DeCl and the C bus control Transmit Delay
boards 2, 3, 4 and 5.
Logic on the Transmit Delay board buffers and latches control
words from the B or C bus to configure the Transmit Delay board
for a particular ultrasound line. Addresses for the Transmit Delay
boards are encoded into the motherboard connectors to identify
each of the eight XDY boards in the Scanner.

XMT

Transmitter Board, PIN 20992

Function

The function of the Transmitter board is to produce a negative


polarity, high energy pulse burst to drive the transducer elements
and produce an ultrasound wave.
Each transmitter board contains 16 individ uai transmitter channels.
The output of each channel is connected to one transducer element
via lines 0 - 15. Lines 0 - 15 are also connected to the input of the
receiver channels. The pulses which drive the transmitters are
generated on the Transmit Delay board.
The output amplitude of all 128 transmitter channels is controlled
by the Interpolating Gain Driver via line VXMT. The Transmitter
boards are controlled by DeC-o via the A bus.
Logic on the Transmitter board buffersand latches control words
from the A bus to configure the transmitter pulse amplitudes for a
particular ultrasound line. Addresses for the Transmitter boards are
encoded into the connectors in the motherboard to identify each of
the eight Transmitter boards in the Scanner.
There are eight Transmitter boards in the Scanner and 16
transmitter channels on each Transmitter board, providing a total of
128 transmitter channels in the Scanner.

216

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Scanner Assemblies

ZOL

DL Transducer Interconnect Board PIN 46602

Function

The DL Transducer Interconnect board is located along the front left


side of the Scanner card cage. DL connectors mounted on the ZDL
protrude through the opening at the front of the Acuson Aspen
system and provide a receptacle to which DL transducers are
connected. Two transducers may be connected at a time; however,
only one transducer port may be active at a time. Active port
selection is under operator control using the TflANSDUCER key. The
function of the ZDL is to carry electrical signals to and from the DL
Transducer to the Scanner motherboard.

I I
I I
-0-

Figure 2-8

1096

DL-Connector (Plug and Receptacle)

Service Manual

2-17

Chapter 2 . System Architecture

ZIP
. Function

MP Transducer Interconnect Board, PIN 38072


The MP Transducer Interconnect board is located along the fronl
right side of the Scanner card cage. An MP connector mounted on
the ZIP, protrudes through the opening at the front of the Aspen
system and connects 10 the transducer. Active port selection
between the MP and DL Transducers is under operator control
using the Transducer Swilch option. The function of the ZIP is to
carry electrical signals to and from the MP Transducer to' the
Scanner motherboard.
. ...

UIBnl
nllnl
nOli
I_H_J
.......
Figure 2-9

MP-Conneclor

ZDT

Distribution Board Top, PIN 41172

Function

ZDT board has following functions:

2-18

Z Bus Interface-Interfaces between the ZIP, ZDL, and the


Pbus.

PPS
the Programmable Power Supply's
generation of the transmit voltages.

Allows interrupts between the Scanner and Scan Converter

Communicates real-time line scanning controJ.jnformation


between the Scanner and Scan Converter.
.'.

Allows the ZSCP processor access to the resources and


interfaces of the ZDT for generic ZDT control by the ZSCP.

Provides A bus Interface between the Scanner Digital


Subsection and the Xmit and SDLs of the Beamformer.

Provides the Start Of Frame signal.

Distributes a number of system-wide synchronization signals.

Terminates the P Bus.

Generates the power-on reset for the rest of the Scanner.

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Scanner Assemblies

ZSCP

Scanner Control Processor Board, PIN 46212

Function

The ZSC:Ps function is to control the operation of the Scanner. The


heart of the ZSC:P is a 386 microprocessor and related support
devices. The microprocessor is driven by the 40 MHz clock
generated on the STG board. The ZSC:P software is downloaded
from the DIMAQ integrated ultrasound workstation by F1ashresident firmware on the SVc. This allows the Scanner operating
system to be upgraded with the rest of the system software.
The SCP communicates to the other digital control boards via the
Pbus.

1096

Service Manual

2-19

Chapter 2 - System Architecture

DIMAQ INTEGRATED ULTRASOUND WORKSTATION


The Aspen system utilizes a D1MAQ Integrated Ultrasound
Workstation.
The primary functions of the DIMAQ workstation is the display of
data received from the Scanner. In addition to this, the DIMAQ
workstation incorporates a number of other functions. These are to
process ultrasound 2-D and Doppler data, to perform calculations
and to interface the system to various input and output devices
including the user controls. Overall control of the system is the job
of a processor located on the Syscon/Video Controller (SVC) in the
DIMAQ workstation.
Major Functions

Usted below are the major functions which can be performed by the
DIMAQ workstation. These are grouped together according to the
capability they give the system.

Scan Conversion

. Video image storage for Cine review

220

Alphanumeric and graphic overlays

Video conversion to and from several standard video formats

Integrated Aegis system

Stress echo applications

User Interface

ECG and Physio processing

Audio Processing

Interface to local display and recording devices

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

DIMAO Integrated Ultrasound Workstation

Scan Converter

The Scan Converter subsystem within the DIMAQ workstation


derives its name from one of its primary functions, namely to
convert the scan format of data received from the Scanner.
Ultrasound data can be obtained in one of four formats, linear,
sector, curved or VectOTCi> wide view array. None of these formats is
similar to the video raster format, therefore a conversion process
must take place in order to display the ultrasound data on a video
monitor.

The Scan Converter performs reformatting of Ultrasound Video line


data into TV Raster line data. Figure 2-10 shows a Simplified
diagram of the process.

TV Raster Video Format

Ultrasound Video Format

Scan
Conversion

Linear

Sector

Figure 210 Basic Scan Conversion Principle


In addition to basic Scan Conversion, this subsystem performs other
signal processing such as ffitering, and interpolation to improve
image aesthetics.
Listed below are the major functions which are performed by the
Scan Converter:

1096

Digitization of the analog ultrasound video

Image enhancement through signal processing

Conversion from ultrasound scan format to video scan format

Service Manual

221

'"
DIGITAL
1&0

lOB

COLOR
IMAGE

FEC f---+ ZFEB

r+

CRP

......

--.

DAQ
'T1

l>

ig

"l>

{g

l\)

"

!;::

'c:0"
"Cl.

'"

tb
:3

l'...
0

3:

>

iO

..

AUDIO
1&0

DSP

VIA UIC---::

SVC

SPECTRAL

ADORES

M-mode

:,

"Tl

o !ij

!JPEGI

VIA 101

,,

=
o ::

INITIAnO

0
::I

OJ
0

3:

C
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WFP

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RP

2-D M-modo SPECTRAL

COLOR
PRINTER

PHYSic

::D

::t.

l>

il
PRINTE R

AUDIO

ZAP

Mmode :

IlO

lOB

DCI l -

BIW

DIGITAL
1&0

:::

I--

f'"

SCSI CABLE

COM

SYSTE
IMAGE

,.
VPB l -

f-

ONITO

I-

UIC

2-D
M-mod.
SPECTRAL

UI

"

Theory of Opera/ion

THEORY OF OPERATION
This section describes the D1MAQ Integrated Ultrasound
Workstation in detail.
First, the 2-D data path is discussed. Following this, each of the
other modalities, Spectral Doppler, Color Doppler, M-mode, and
Aegis Digital Image and Data Management System will be
discussed in succession.

20

DATA PATH
The following boards are responsible for 2-D scan conversion and
digital image and data management and display in the Aspen
system:

Acquisition Processor (AQP)

Reconstruction Processor (RP)

Cine Data Memory (COM)

Syscon Vide<'> Controller (SVC)

Video Processor Board (\/PB)

Input/Output Board (lOB)

The analog to digital conversion of the ultrasound video data from


the Scanner is performed by the AQP board. Transmit zone
crossfading and signal filtering are also performed by the AQP. The
AQPs digitized output is then passed on to the RP board.
The RP interpolates the incoming data, and generates image
memory addresses for storage of its output by the COM. The COM
temporally filters, (i.e., persists) the incoming data and stores it in
image and Cine memory. Data from the CDMs image memory is
read out in serial form and laterally interpolated.
The fundamental scan conversion is accomplished by the transfer of
data from the CDM, which is controlled by the RP. The CDMs
system image is sent to the SVC in video raster format.
The SVC generates 20 graphics, overlays it on the image, and sends
the system video image to the VPB. The VPB performs a digital-toanalog conversion, and sends its output to the lOB. The lOB buffers
the incoming video. The system image is now complete and
available at the lOB's output, ready to be presented to the monitor
for display.

1096

Service Manual

223

Chapter 2 - System Architecture

o
5

14--15

...

III

"'"iii

--

c.

CJ0

Il:

0>

wif

a:

.8'"
a:l

w
II.

'"

;;

C.

C.

II.

<C

3=

go

",-

:!

....

'"

a:
t-

.'"

"w

C.
CIl

II.

...
0"

5-

...
S:!

-1--

lffi-"sa:
a:",

wE

US VIDEO
Figure 2-12

2-24

2-D Data Path

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Spectral Doppler Data Path

SPECTRAL DOPPLER DATA PATH


The following DIMAQ workstation boards support Spectral
Doppler:

Doppler Acquisition board (DAQ)

Doppler Spectral Processor (OSP)

Waveform Processor (WFP)

Audio Processor (ZAP)

In addition to the boards mentioned above two boards in the


scanner also support Spectral Doppler. These boards are BBQ and
AUX. The AUX board is utilized only in case of AUX CW and
Imaging CW Doppler modes.
Doppler information is contained in the analog In-Phase and
Quadrature (l & Q) signals which originate in the Scanner. The
DAQ digitizes the I & Q signals, and passes them to the OSP.
The OSP converts the digital-time-<iomain data to Doppler
frequency-domain data. The extracted doppler frequency data is
then sent to both the RP and the ZAP. The OSP to RP and ZAP
spectral data transfer is initiated by the WFP, and the RP provides
the removal addresses to OSP. The RP buffers the spectral data and
sends it to the CDM.
The CDM stores the data in its image and Cine memories. The
spectral (and 2-D) data from the COM along with the waveform
graphics and erase bar from the WFP are sent to the SVc.
The SVC overlays graphics on the Spectral Doppler display and 2-D
image, and sends the system video image to the VPB.
The VPB performs a digital-to-analog conversion, and routes its
output to the lOB. The VPB also performs progressive-ta-interlaced
and all other video format conversions, (I.e., composite, component
Betacam & Y-0 for output to peripherals.
The lOB buffers the video. The system image is now complete and
available at the lOBs output, ready to be presented to the monitor
and peripherals for display.
Figure 2-13 shows a block diagram of Doppler boards for the
Spectral Doppler data path.

1096

Service Manual

2-25

Chapter 2 - System Architecture

o
5

14--15

.....

....
w

m
( .)

u;

lil

D.

a::
o

lI)

II.

II.

1& Q FROM DBl


Figure 2-13

2-26

Spectral Doppler Data Path

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Color Doppler Data Path

COLOR DOPPLER DATA PATH


The following DIMAQ workstation boards support Color Doppler:

Flow Estimator Calculator (FEC)

Flow Estimator Buffer (ZFEB)

Color Reconstruction Processor (CRP)

As in the case of Spectral Doppler, BBQ board in the scanner also


supports Color Doppler.
All color flow data is developed from the doppler I & Q signals. In
Color Doppler the digitized I & Q output from the DAQ is sent to
the FEe.
The FEC converts the digital Doppler data to Color Doppler
velocity data (Le. flow rate and direction), and sends it to the ZFEB.
The ZFEB stores the most recent frame of Color Doppler data for
the real-time image, and also stores multiple frames for Cine mode.
The output of the ZFEB is sent to the CRP.
The CRP synchronizes the Color Doppler data to the TV line rate,
and sends it to the SVC in video raster format. The actual col"r
assignments based on the Color Doppler data is done by the SVe.
The SVC overlays (or combines) the Color Doppler data with the
2-D image and display graphics. The SVC sends this system video
image to the VPB.
The VPB performs a digital-ta-analog conversion, and routes its
output to the lOB. The VPB also performs progressive-ta-interlaced
and all other video formal conversions (Le., composite, component,
Betacam and Y-e) for output to peripherals.
The lOB buffers' the video. The system image is now complete and
available at the lOBs output, ready to be presented to the monitor
and peripherals for display.
Figure 2-14 shows a block diagram of Color Doppler data path.

1096

Service Manual

227

Chapter 2 - System Architecture

a::
w

o
:5

jJ dcm+..J;.=

........-;..: .:...: =o
in

J=.,....:L.,=

.,Q

[[]

::iiE
Q

0>

0:

wjE

!l

."

....
.

"

.. g

DC

C
0:

u
w

ll.

ll.

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3:

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00

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52
S

is ..

:i-

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u
w

en

t t=."""

ll.

<II

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ll.

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ell

-I" ..

..
is::!

...

a:

,",0

wo

0: ..

ll.

1& Q FROM DBl


Figure 214

2-28

Color Doppler Data Path

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

M-mode Data Path

M-MODE DATA PATH


The Waveform Processor (WFP) board in the DIMAQ workstation
supports the M-mode functionality in the system.
The WFP contains M-mode buffers and controls the transfer of
M-mode data to the RP. like 20 data, M-mode ultrasound lines are
received from the Scanner and digitized by the AQP. The WFP
acquires the M-mode data and stores it in its buffers. It then initiates
a M-mode transfer to the RP, and sends setup information to the RP
for generation of the M-mode buffer removal addresses.
The RP generates the removal addresses, and accesses the M-mode
buffers via the remote interface cable. The M-mode data is
transferred to the RP. The RP then routes the OATA to the COM.
The COM stores the data in its image and Cine memories. The
M-mode (and 20) data from the COM along with the waveform
graphics and erase bar from the WFP are sent to the SVc.
The SVC overlays graphics on the M-mode display and 20 image.
and sends the system video image to the VPB.
The VPB performs a digital-to-analog conversion, and routes its
output to the lOB. The VPB also performs progressive-ta-interlaced
and all other video format conversions (i.e., composite, component,
Betacam and Y-C) for output to peripherals.
The lOB buffers the video. The system image is now complete and
available at the lOB's output, ready to be presented to the monitor
and peripherals for display.
Figure 2-15 shows a block diagram of M-mode data path.

1096

Service Manual

2-29

Chapter 2 - System Architecture

o
5
........

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w

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c.
a:

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III
U-

III
U-

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Figure 2-15

230

oooj!a:...
0

M-mode Data Path

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Cine Operation

CINE OPERATION
Cine allows storage of the most recently acquired image and strip
data and allows playback of those frames at a variety of speeds.
The Scan Converter acquires and allows playback of image and
strip data (Spectral Doppler and cardiac M-mode) via the Cine Data
Memory (COM).
The Scan Converter within the DIMAQ workstation receives the
analog ultrasound data and the I & Q signals from the Scanner, as
described earlier. The Cine RAM on the COM stores the most
recently acquired frames of grayscale image data, Doppler data,
and M-mode data, while the FEB stores frames of color Doppler.
The WFP stores the physio traces and derived waveforms.
The SVC combines and displays thl: Color Doppler and the
M-mode data from the CRP, the B/W 2-0, Spectral Doppler and
M-mode data from the COM, and the physio traces; and Pulsed
Doppler derived waveforms from the WFP.

AEGIS SYSTEM
The Aegis system in Aspen ultrasound system provides static
images and dynamic clips acquisition and review. Refer to Figure
2-16 for Aegis system data path.
The Aegis system functionality is supported by the following
boards:

Digital Compression Interface (DCI)

JPEG Compression board (daughter board)

The DCI performs the acquisition and review functions for Aegis on
the Aspen system. Upon initiation of an image capture, the system
image is sent from the SVC to the DCI image buffers. The DCI/JPG
compresses the image for storage and sends it to the hard disk via a
SCSI interface.
The JPEG board provides an alternative compression/
decompression technique to the RLE (Run Length Encoding)
technique that is resident on the DCI.
The Aegis system is also the heart of the stress echo application.

1096

Service Manual

2-31

Chapter 2 - System Architecture

II:
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Figure 2-16 Aegis System Data Path

2-32

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

EGG and Physio Signal Processing

ECG AND PHYSIO SIGNAL PROCESSING

IMPORTANT:

The Physio Interface allows the ECG module to display an ECG and
an auxiliary signal on the video monitor, and the Physiologic
module to display heart sound, pulse, and respiration. These
signals may be used to trigger the 2-D image update when using
pulsed Doppler or M-mode or they may be used as a time base
when reviewing the Cine memory.

The ECG and Physio modules are not designed for use in conjunction
with electrotherapy or diathermy equipment.
The ECG and Physio modules mount just below the User
Interface. Three cables are connected to the ECG module: the
power cable PI, physio interface cable P2, and the phono jack P4.
The power and physio interface cables also connect to the Physio
module.
The power cable supplies +12 V and -12 V to the ECG and Physio
module. These voltages are provided by the Main DC power
supply.
The R-wave beeper signal is passed to the ZAP board via the phone
jack on the ECG. The beeper may be routed to the speakers by the
ZAP board.
The physio interface cable contains the signal and status lines which
are used by the Aspen system. These signals include the ECG wave,
auxiliary wave, heart sound, pulse, respiration, and trigger signals.
The status lines include ECG channel on/ off, auxiliary channel on/
off, phono on/ off, pulse on/ off and phono mode. These signals are
sent to the WFP board in the DlMAQ workstation.
The WFP uses the signals to reconstruct the waveforms on the video
monitor or to coordinate the 2-D image updates when in triggered
mode.

1096

ServiCE Manual

2-33

Chapter 2 - System Architecture

AUDIO
Audio data is generated from several sources in the system and is
used by the system loudspeakers or headphones, and external
VCRs. Refer to the Figure 2-]7 for audio data path. Each of these
sources and its destinations are described below.

The ZAP board generates Doppler audio from the DSP Doppler
I & Q signals (sent via the lOB). Doppler audio can be selected
by software for output to the system speakers and/or the lOB.
The lOB routes it to external VCRs.

During VCR playback the lOB routes VCR audio to the ZAP.
The AP amplifies the VCR audio and sends it to the system
speakers or headphones.

The ECG module creates a beeper to indicate the R-wave. The


beeper is then routed to the Audio Processor board (ZAP)
where it is amplified. The R-wave beeper output can be selected
by software for output to the system speakers or headphones
and/or the lOB. The lOB routes it to external VCRs.

Microphone

The system microphone is used to create audio annotation. The


audio annolation is then routed to the Audio Processor board (ZAP)
where it is amplified. The microphone output can be selected by
software for output to the lOB. The lOB routes it to external VCRs.
The microphone data can not be sent directly to the system
speakers.

Volume Control

The User Interface Controller (UIC) controls the volume for all
audio sent to the system speakers. ZAP audio destined for the
speakers is sent to the VIC. The volume controlled audio is returned
to the ZAP for power amplification. The audio is then routed to the
Monitor System Equalizer board (MSE), and then on to the system
speakers. In the case where headphones are used the MSE is
bypassed. The UIC also generates audio for user interface feedback.
The VIC mixes the user interface audio in with the volume
controlled audio it sends back to the AP. Thus user interface audio is
only sent to the speakers and may not be captured by external
VCRs.

IMPORTANT:

2-34

The volume control is located under the soft keys on the Monitor
Assembly.

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Audio

UIC

t
DSP

LEFT & RIGH T

SPEAKERS

/'

DOPPLER

LEFT

1&0

RIGHT

lOB

LEFT

MSE

I
I

HEADPHONES

ZAP

RIGHT

MICROPHONE
ECG BeEPER

VCR
VCR
AUDI o

Figure 2-17 Audio Data Path

User Interface

The User Interface consists of three major subassemblies:

User Interface Controller (UIC)

User Depth Control (UOC)

User Interface Panel (UIP)

The User Interface provides the interface between the user and the
Aspen system. The UIC has a processor that monitors the status of
the user controls and when changes occur, sends an interrupt to the
System Control Processor located on the SVC board. The SVC then
initiates the sequence of events needed to configure the Aspen
system as required.
The User Interface is designed in a modular fashion. The UIC board
mates to the switch assembly (UIP) via stand offs and hard
connectors. The trackball, Qwerty (Alphanumeric) keyboard, and
UDC potentiometers assembly are connected with ribbon cables.

1096

Service Manual

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Chapter 2 - System Architecture

DIMAQ WORKSTATION ASSEMBLIES


The following circuit board descriptions are arranged alphabetically
by the three letter acronym of each board. A brief functional
description of each board is provided. See the Scanner Assemblies
section for infonnation about the boards in the Scanner.

1
UP

REAR
OF SYSTEM

Figure 2-18

2-36

Scan Converter DIMAQ Workstation Board Layout

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

DIMAQ Workstation Assemblies

AQP

Acquisition Processor Board PIN 31292

Function

The main function of the Acquisition Processor board is to digitize


2-D and M-mode analog Ultrasound Video data (US Video) that is
passed from the Scanner. This board receives its input from the VDT
via the DBL and lOB, and sends its digitized output to the
Reconstruction Processor (RP) board. Digitized M-mode data is
routed to WFP board for generating M-mode strip displays.
The AQP is controlled by the Scan Converter (SCC) processor on the
RP (there is nO microprocessor on the AQP).
The AQP functions are:

Digitizes 2-D and M-mode US Video for Scan Converter


processing

Performs filtering and other Signal processing

Controls transfer of data to the RP

COM

Cine Data Memory Board PIN 41632

Function

The primary functions ofCine Data Memory board are to provide


the buffer storage area necessary to perform time-base correction
between the variable frame rate ultrasound scan and the fixed
frame rate TV raster scan, and to perform scan conversion from the
ultrasound scan format to the video raster format. Secondary
functions include persistence generation and gray level mapping
(postprocessing). In addition, the CDM continuously stores the
most recently acquired image and strip data which may then be
reviewed by the user. To allow for maximum usage of available
memory, the number of video frames stored varies according to the
format of the system.
The Imaging Cine function is available with gray-scale and color
Doppler imaging. Strip Cine function is available with spectral
Doppler and cardiac M-mode. The COM stores only the gray-scale
portion of the image. Color Doppler frames are stored on the ZFEB.
The CDM functions are:

Storage of imagedata for Cine review


TIme base correction
Persistence
Postprocessing
Storage of the most recent gray-scale image data

CRP

Color Reconstruction and Processing Board PIN 41622

Function

The Color Reconstruction and Processing board converts the color


data from the scan format to the video format used by the monitor.
It is used in conjunction with the FEC and ZFEB. The CRP reads
data from the ZFEB in synC with the video raster. This data is then

1096

Service Manual

237

Chapter 2 - System Architecture

passed to the SVC where it is combined with the 2-D ultrasound


image.
CAC

Doppler Acquisition Board PIN 19312

Function

The Doppler Acquisition board is essentially a high speed analogto-digital converter. The DAQ receives and digitizes the analog I &
Q signals from the BBQ, and then routes these signals to the DSP
and FEC

CSP

Doppler Spectral Processor Board PIN 14922

Function

The Doppler Spectral Processor board converts the time-domain


Doppler data digitized by the DAQ to frequency-domain data
suitable for display in Spectral Doppler modes. This data is then
passed to the RP. The DSP also prepares data for use by the Audio
Processor (ZAP). This data is used to synthesize the Doppler audio
signal for the speakers.

ECG! Physio Module

Electrocardiogram Module PIN 37918

Function

The Electrocardiogram module is an optional accessory that may be


installed on an Acuson Aspen system. It allows the display of an
ECG or an auxiliary signal from a specialized transducer. Auxiliary
signals may include heart sounds, respiration, etc.
The ECG module mounts under the User interface of the Aspen
system. Three cables are connected to the ECG: the power cable PI,
physio interface cable P2, and the phono jack P4.
The ECG is powered by the +12V and the -12V taken from the main
power supply.
The ECG, auxiliary waveform, pulse and beeper signals as well as
the status lines, are passed to the WFP board in the DlMAQ
workstation via the ECG physio interface cable. The beeper signal is
passed to the ZAP circuit board via the phone jack.

WARNING!

The ECG module is not designed for use in conjunction with


electrosurgery or diathermy equipment.
To reduce the risk of electric shock or bums, use ONLY the patient cable
and leads supplied with the unit. Use of ECG cables other than those
supplied by Acuson could defeat the current limiting and electrical
safety features of the ECG. For best performance and optimal recovery
time, use the Acuson silver-silver chloride electrodes. Additional
patient cables and lead kits are available from Acuson.

2-38

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

t096

D/MAQ Works/a/ion Assemblies

FEe

Flow Estimator Calculator Board, PIN 36552

Function

The Flow Estimator Calculator board is used in conjunction with a


ZFEB and CRP. The Flow Estimator Calculator extracts data from
the Doppler data that has been digitized by the DAQ. This data is
then passed on to the ZFEB.

lOB

Input/Output Board, PIN 41312

Function

The Input/Output board primary function is to proVide signal I/O


between the DlMAQ workstation and other internal sub-systems
and peripherals.
The lOB also provides a 7-segment display for power supply error
reporting, and 5 colored LEOs for indicating status on the Ethernet
lOBase-T communication interface (for future use).
Specific functions of the lOB:
o

Terminates Scan Converter busses

Provides a buffered digital interface to the ZSCP via the ZDTs


dual-Port RAM.

Provides a buffered digital interface to the UICs dual Port

RAM.
o

Provides serial and parallel I/O interfaces to peripherals.

Provides SCSI, Ethernet AUI, and lOBaseT interfaces to the DO


and the outside world.

Provides Ethernet communication activity indicators.

Buffers various formats of video outputs to peripherals.

Multiplexes video inputs from peripherals to the VPB.

Provides audio interface to the Audio Processor board from the


DSP, and to/from VCR, and Betacam.

MSE

Monitor Speaker EquilizeL PIN 40942

Function

The Monitor Speaker equilizer board balances the audio frequency


spectrum to match the acoustic performance of the system speakers.

RP

Reconstruction Processor Board, PIN 41662 (NTSC), 41762 (PAL)

Function

The Reconstruction Processor board receives digitized 2-D data


from the Acquisition Processor, and performs scan conversion to
support linear, Vector wide array, and curved array image formats.
The RP also provides autonomous control of the scan conversion
process by managing the AQP and CDM boards. The RP comes in
NTSC and PAL specific versions.
The RP functions are:

1096

Receives and buffers digitized 2-D data from the AQP.

Receives and routes digitized strip format data from the WFP.

Service Manual

2-39

Chapter 2 - System Architecture

Provides control and COM memory addressing for storage of


its output data into the image memory on the COM.

Provides the addressing for removal of data from the image


memory on the COM.

Provides output clock to produce irregular display formats for


all formats.

SVC

Syscon & Video Controller Board, PIN 41642

Function

The Syscon & Video Controller board holds the master processor
(Syscon Processor) for the Aspen system.
The SVC functions are:

Overall System Control


- Syscon processing
- System Bus Interface (Bus Master)
- System Bus Arbitration
- Interrupt Control
- Graphics Control

Combines 2-0 and Color Doppler Data

Combines Image and Graphics Data

Real-TIme Clock services

Battery Backed Memory

UIC

User Interface Controller, PIN 41302

Function

The User Interface Controller board scans the operator controls and
informs the Scan Converter of any changes in the state of the
operator controls.
The VIC employs a microprocessor that monitors the keyboard and
special function buttons. An AID converter on the VIC converts the
outputs of the DGC pots and gain pots to a digital signal which is
also read by the microprocessor.

VPB

Video Processor Board, PIN 41652 (NTSC), 41752 (PAL)

Function

The main function of the Video Processor Board (VPB) is the


conversion of video signals from one format to another. The VPB
performs format conversions for both internal and external video
sources. System video from the SVC arrives at the VPB in a digital
non-interlaced (progressive) format.The VPB converts this digital
RGB to analog RGB for display on the system monitor.
It also converts the system video into interlaced RGB, Y-C (SVHS),
Betacam, and Composite. The system also accepts interlaced RGB,
Betacam, Y-C, and Composite as video input from external sources.
The VPB converts these to non-interlaced RGB to analog video for
display on the system monitor.

2-40

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

DIMAQ Workstation Assemblies

WFP

Waveform Processor Board, PIN 41612

Function

The Waveform Processor board controls the scan conversion of


strips for M-mode and Doppler Spectral displays, including all
related graphics. It also reconstructs physio waveforms from data
provided by the physio modules (ECG and HPR). The WFP
receives Doppler Spectral data from the DSP, and M-mode data
from the AQP. Output from the WFP is sent to the COM via the RP.
The WFP functions are:

Generates the M-mode strip.

Generates baseline and scales for waveform/strip displays.

Generates and positions the erase bar for waveform/strip


displays.

Initiates output transfer of M-mode and Doppler Spectral data


to the COM via the RP.

Provides Strip Cine memory storage.

Generates waveform/strip displays.

ZAP

Audio Processor Board, PIN 45512

Function

The Audio Processor boand performs two basic functions related to


the handling of audio functions: generation of left and right audio
based on the I & Q signaIs and the routing of audio signals based on
the configuration of the system and control signaIs from the Syscon
Video Controller (SVC).
Inputs available to the audio signal switching matrix include:

Left/right audio generated from I & Q signals

VCR left and right audio

Beeper from ECG module

Onboand microphone

These Signals may be routed to the following outputs:

Headphones left/right

Speakers left/right

VCR record left/right

ZFEB

Flow Estimator Buffer Boand, PIN 45792

Function

The Flow Estimator Buffer boand is used in conjunction with a FEC


and CRP. It receives data from the FEC and extracts velocity and
variance data. These parameters are then stored. The ZFEB is
capable of storing the most recently acquired frames of color
information for use in conjunction with Imaging Cine. This data is
then read out by the CRP in sync with the video raster. The color
spatial persistence function is performed on the ZFEB.

1096

Service Manual

2-41

Chapter 2 . System Architecture

2-42

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Aspen
Ultrasound System
Service Manual

Power Subsystem

cc:uson

CHAPTER 3

Power Subsystem

1096

Power Supply Architecture

3-2

Theory of Operation

3-3

Primary AC Wiring
Power Configurations
Peripherals Power
System DC Power Distribution
Power Supply Synchronization
Power Fail Signal
Power Up Sequence
Power Off Sequence

3-3
3-5
3-5
3-5
3-6
3-6
3-8

3-9

Power Sub Assemblies

3-10

Main Power Supply


Programmable Power Supply

3-10
3-13

Isolation Transformer Box

3-14

Power Usage

3-15

Service Manual

3-1

Chapter 3 - Power SUbsystem

POWER SUPPLY ARCHITECTURE


The Acuson Aspen system is capable of running from.an
interference free AC power source. The power supply is composed
of four main assemblies:

WARNING!

AC Input/Output box (AC Box)

Main Power Supply

Isolation Transformer box

Programmable Power Supply (PPS)

In addition to power line voltage, voltages as high as 300 VDC are also
present in the Aspen power supplies, wiring harness and backplane.
Contact with these voltages could result in injury or death. Because of
these high voltages, all internal parts of the system should be treated
with caution and serviced only by competent and trained service
personnel.
A system cabling diagram which includes the power sub-system
cabling is provided in Appendix A, System Drawings.

3-2

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Theory of Operation

THEORY OF OPERATION
Primary AC Wiring

AC power is supplied to the system via a detachable, hospital-grade


low leakage power cord. Several cords are available for use in
various countries. AC power enters the system through the AC
Input/Output box. This AC line voltage is passed through the main
circuit breaker, and an EMI filter before it is sent onto the Main
Power Supply.
Note: The EMI filter attenuates conducted noise in the RF spectrum
and decouples earth ground from the system ground to reduce the
effects of earth ground noise.
Within the Main Power Supply the AC line voltage is split. It is sent
to the DC generating part of the power supply and also sent on to
the Isolation transformer box.
Within the Isolation Transformer Box the AC line voltage is passed
through a circuit breaker and a relay before it reaches the isolati.on
transformer primary. This relay is controlled by the + 12 V rela y
output from the Main Power Supply. This allows the Aspen system
to come up to tull power before the peripherals are powered on.
From the secondary winding of the transformer the isolated AC
voltage is sent through two individual circuit breakers, and then
onto the system Monitor and PPS respectively. From a second
transformer secondary, isolated AC is sent back to the AC Input/
Output Box for powering the accessory outlets.
At the AC Input/Output Box, the isolated AC is also sent through a
circuitbreaker and EMI filter, and then to the accessory outlet
receptacles.
Refer to Figure 3-1 for a diagram of the AC power distribution.

IMPORTANT:

Whenever any device connected to the primary side AC power is


replaced, it is suggested that the leakage current to chassis ground of
the system be measured and verified to be in compliance with the
regulations of the country in which the system is being used.
Primary-side components includes the power cord, AC Input/Output
Box, Main Power Supply, and Isolation Transformer Box. Contact your
Acuson Customer Engineer if you need assistance in making this
measurement.

1096

Service Manual

33

Chapter 3 - Power Subsystem

( SYSTEM AC INPUT

: - - - - T - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - _.. --. -- _. - - - - - - - - - -',,


,
,
,
,

CIRCUIT
BREAKER

- - - - ------- - ------ - -,
,. -- - - -- --V STANDBY
,
TOIOB& UIC
,
,
,
,
,
,
POWER ON
,
,
FROM lOB
,
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=
0

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,
,
,
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,
,
,
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,
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DC
POWER
SUPPLY

AC
OUTPm;

,
,

AC BOX

MAINS

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SYSTEM
DC
POWER
SUPPLIES

DIODE

115 VAC

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(f)

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,
,
----. . . . . . .
CIRCUIT
BREAKER

PERIPHERALS

12 V RELAY

-_.,._-,-----------------------POWER

,,..-PUSH TO RESET

RELAY

CIRCUIT
BREAKER

'""

ISOLAnON
TRANSFORMER BOX

--- - - - - .
,

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BREAKE

I:

CIRCUIT'

_ . _ . _. . . . . . .

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SYSTEM
MONITOR

c::J

RELAY
CONTROl,i

Figure 3-1

AC Power Distribution

Acuson Aspen Ultra.,ound System

1096

Theory of Operation

Power
Configurations

The Aspen power subsystem is designed to provide reliable power


under a wide range of conditions. The system can be configured to
accept input voltages of 90 to 127 VAC or 207 to 253 VAC at 47 to
63Hz.
The power cord may be detached from the supply and replaced
with a cord appropriate for the electrical standards of the country
where the system will be used.

IMPORTANT:

The Aspen system uses two versions of the AC Input/Output Box and
Isolation Transformer Box. This allows the system to accept either 115
VAC or 230VAC.

Power SUbsystem Units

115 VAC PIN

ACBox
Isolation Transformer Box

37804

230VAC PIN

37981

37805

49365

Additional details are provided in Power Supply Subassemblies


section later in this chapter.

Peripherals Power

The Aspen system provides four isolated accessory outlets for


powering peripherals that don't have a built in isolation
transformer. The path for the Isolated AC power to the accessory
outlets has been described in the Primary AC wiring section above,
and is shown in Figure 3-1 (AC Power Distribution).

System DC Power
Distribution

There are two DC power supplies in the system, the Main Power
Supply and the Programmable Power Supply. Refer to Figure 3-2
for DC distribution;

Main Powar Supply (DC


Generation)

The Main Power Supply provides all but one of the system DC
voltages. The follOWing major subassemblies are powered by this
supply.

Programmable Power
Supply (PPS)

1096

Scanner

DIMAQ workstation

Programmable Power Supply

User Interface

Fans

Disk Drives

The Programmable Power Supply provides the single other DC


voltage. This DC voltage is software programmable for
predetermined increments between 30 to 150 VDC, and is used by
the Transmitter boards (XMT). This is done to minimize the heat
dissipation on the XMT boards and to increase overall system
efficiency.

Service Manual

3-5

Chapter 3 - Power SUbsystem

There are 2 field replaceble fuses in the system. Both are in the
system's DC Distribution, and located above the Main Power
Supply in the Power Supply area of the system. F1 fuses a SVDC
line which is used by the User Interface Controller (UIC). F2 fuses
another SVDC line which powers the harddrive and MO drive.

Fuses

IMPORTANT:

Power Supply Sync

Be sure to replace fuses with the same rating and type.


Power Supply Sync is a SO kHz clock generated on the STG board. It
is used to synchronize the switching frequency of the power
supplies within the system.This helps reduce the presence of power
supply noise in the image. If sync is not present the PPS and Main
Power supply will continue to operate in a non-synchronized mode.

Power Fail Signal

3-6

The DC Power Supply provides a power fail signal. This signal


allows the Aspen system to shutdown
in the event that
AC power is interrupted. The DC Power Supply can maintain
power for 20 milliseconds after AC power is lost.

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Theory of Operation

AC POWER RELAY-CONTROl

(to Isolating Transtoremer)

1-.

MAIN

DC

POWER
SUPPLY

12 VOC PERIPHERAL

SCAN
CONVERTER
FANS

810'

VDC

--- - I---

12VDC FAN

SCAN
SENSE

--

+5.0VSC

+12 V SC

12V SC

CONVERTER
MOTHERBOARD

SCANNER
FANS

F1
lOB
.'2V SC

V Stancl:>y

F2
SENSE

L1GHlS

+5.DVSCNR

UIC

SWITCHES

+7.5VSCNR

7.5 V SCNR

SCANNER

+12V PER

MOTHERBOARD

Il'FAN

+15 V SCNR
+12V PE

-15VSCNR

+SV

..

+5.0V$CNR

.i

HI)

12V PEA

+SV

Me

.....

V(XMl]

:t12V SC

+'2V PE

ovp

ZAP

+300VOC

.....
PPS
AC

ISOLATION
TRANSFORMER

ISOLATED

FAN

AC

BOX

Figure 3-2

1096

DC Distribution

Service Manusi

3-7

Chapter 3 - Power Subsystem

Power Up Sequence

When the system is plugged into an AC power outlet and the main
circuit breaker is switched on, a standby power is supplied to a
circuit located on the lOB board which monitors the system's power
On/Off switch. Pressing the momentary On/Off power switch on
the Aspen system sends a power-on request to the lOB. The lOB
latches the power-on request, and sends it to the Main Power
Supply. The Main Power Supply then turns on all system DC power
which allows the system to power up. The 12V peripheral power
comes up in approximately 150 miliseconds and closes the relay in
the Isolation Transformer Box, applying AC power to the primary
of the Isolation Transformer which in tum brings up the monitor,
PPS and peripherals that are connected to the accessory outlets.
During the off-to-on transition phase of the power supplies, before
power has stabilized, a reset signal, generated by the lOB, is applied
to the Scanner and DIMAQ wwigitation.
After the power has stabilizednhe system reset is removed by the
lOB. At this point, the system begins its boot sequence. Refer to
Figure 3-3 for a simplified diagram of this operation.

PWR ON REQUEST

U.I.

L _

1----------_

DC
POWER

Y(STANDBYI

ALL SYSTEM DC POWER

System

Controller

MAIN
POWER SUPPLY

Y (STANDBY)

MAIN
CIRCUIT

REQUEST POWER ON

BREAKER

AC POWER INPUT

Figure 3-3

3-8

Aspen System Power On/Off Sequence

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Theory of Operation

Power-Off Sequence

The following power-off sequence is needed to power down the


system in a safe and repeatable manner, allowing the system time to
store important information in battery-backed RAM, and store
Aegis exams to disk without damaging the system internal hard
drive.
After the Aspen system has been powered on, pressing the On / Off
power switch resets the latch on the lOB boand and removes the
power-on request. This causes an interrupt to be sent to the System
Controller indicating a power down request has been initiated. The
Aspen system then performs a power-down sequence that will
include completing any disk accesses, closing all files that are open
and any other housekeeping that is required.
\ii'lIt'n the housekeeping functions are complete, the System
Controller sends a power off request to the lOB, and the lOB passes
on the request to the Main Power Supply, resulting in all the DC
voltages being turned off, thus shutting down the system.

IMPORTANT:

Never tum off the power by pulling the plug from the wall outlet or
turning off the Main circuit breaker, as it may cause hard drive or MO
failures and you may lose unsaved Aegis system exams.
You should always tum off the system by using the power switch on
the User Interface.
The system will also power off if one or more of the following
occurs:

AC input power is lost

The Main Power supply detects a fault (e.g., fan failure or over
temperature condition)

The main circuit breaker opens

This completes the power-off sequence.


The +5 VDC standby voltage (Vstandby) to the lOB remains on to
monitor the On/Off switch for the next power on request as long as
system is plugged into the wall and the main circuit breaker is on.

1096

Service Manual

3-9

Chapter 3 - Power SUbsystem

POWER SUB ASSEMBLIES


The architecture of the two major power supplies is described in
further detail below.

Main Power Supply

The Main Power Supply is the heart of the power distribution


system and is capable of being fully synchronized with other
system hardware. It is a highly integrated, compact and precise
power supply. It switches automatically to accept input power from
85 to 264 j,jAC. The AC input is split, sending the AC input voltage
to the DC generating part of the power supply, and also directly on
to the Isolation Transformer box.
DC voltage generation within the Main Power Supply is achieved
with three isolating downconverters. Each down converter
generates DC voltages as follows:

The high power downconverter supplies the following high


output DC (HODC) voltages:
+5.0 VDC scan converter digital (Heavy Duty)
+5.0 VDC scanner Digital (Heavy Duty)
+12 VDC Peripheral
+8- 16 VDC variable fan drive voltage
+12 VDC Relay

The 300 VDC downconverter provides the follOWing high


output DC (HODC) voltage:
+3OOVDC

IMPORTANT:

A error code 1 or 2 (HODC errors) on the lOB 7-segment display


indicates a problem on one or more of the high power or 300 VDC down
converter supplies.

The clean output downconverter supplies the follOWing clean


output DC (CODC) voltage:
+5.0 VDC Analog
+7.5VDC
-7.5VDC
+12.0VDC
-12.0VDC
+15.0VDC

IMPORTANT:

310
. ' c..

-15.0VDC

A error code of 3 or4 (CODC) on the lOB 7-segment display indicates a


problem on one or more of the clean output downconverter supplies.

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

q-It;- Dr,.

()..

P1u'J"uL IIV

OJ{).

Fit},) )J.iIt4. fa

&

aLi.. 3 CPNI#-v/A-n...

IN IN

!oPower Sub Assemblies

(/j)

r::tLf/& A

L;:;7

Refer to FIgure 3-4 for the signals on the each of connectors for the
Mam Power supply and Flgure 3-5 for the physical location of each
of the .;vl'''9d:ors.
An"
t!oIJII-er.J-e.\.. ;2.. AWl P UJI4d {So
7,.,
-15

La,

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1096

J7B

16 10 _
11 -

Figure 3-4

PME

ClEAN N:'f1..Hrll
Q..UN
RETUFIN
a.EAHM.TI.f'IN

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008
000
000

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Q,AN RET\.Ai

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r-; -

a.M f\ETUfWli

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-

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to -

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1514131211109

fo

PIN 29855

87654321

J6

0lEnA'

L... -

Main
Power Supply

J14

RETUPlN IdtlCHAl

AET\.IFIN

FlE1\.IAN (.s SCNR)

Af'TLJRH {.s
FITUFlN "" &:CfR

(901:9
000
000
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J18

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Main Power Supply Connector Descriptions

Service Manual

3-11

Chapter 3 - Power Subsystem

o
j

-,

mn<

JI'IH

. . . COO<

Ci'i

ULCSA.IllIIDTu'W'
"PAD\ot..... lASH

FAN
EXHAUST OUT

Figure 35

3-12

The Main Power Supply (top and side views)

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Power Sub Assemblies

Programmable
Power Supply

The Programmable Power Supply (FPS) provides the voltages used


by the Transmitter Boards (XMT). Having a programmable power
supply that drives the Transmitter boards (XMT) at voltages no
higher than required, minimizes the heat dissipation on the boards,
and increases the overall efficiency of the power supply and
Scanner.
The PPS is powered by 115 VAC from the Isolation Transformer box,
and 300 VDC from the Main Power Supply. The 115 VAC is used to
drive the control circuitry in the PPS, and the 300 VDC is
downconverted to generate the PPS's programmable output to the
transmitters. Transmit voltages are commanded by the Scanner via
four control lines from the ZDT. Four status lines, back to the ZDT,
monitor the voltage output of the PPS for the Scanner. If the control
lines and status lines are not in agreement, the Scanner will not fire
the transmitters.

IMPORTANT:

If the circuit breaker on the AC Input Box trips, control power is no


longer be available to the PPS and the PPS output will shut down.

+300V DC (from DC Power Supplyt

Vxmt (30 150 V) to


Downconverter

t
Control by Scanner

Power Supply
Control

115 V AC (from Isolation Transformer)

Status to Scanner

Voltages to local cir cuitry

/""

30 26

22

24

20 -22
Control and Status

20

Figure 3-6

1096

PPS
Connector
PPS Connector

--------d
!'
--------z
28

XMI

Programmable Power Supply

Service Manual

2'
26
28
30

115VAC
3O-150VDC
300 VDC Return

God

PM-31loVk

32

2 00ft,

3-13

Chapter 3 - Power SUbsystem

ISOLATION TRANSFORMER

Box

The Isolation Transformer box provides isolated AC power to the


monitor, PPS, and the isolated acessory outlets.
The AC primary input for the Isolation Transformer box is routed
via the Main Power Supply and originates at the AC Input/Output
box. This AC line voltage passes through a circuit breaker and a
relay before it reaches the isolation transformer. This relay is
controlled by the +12 V relay output from the Main Power Supply.
Alternately the relay can be closed by an extemal12 VDC source for
purposes of electrical testing.
The secondary of the isolation transformer consists of three separate
windings (taps). One of the windings provides power to the Aspen
system monitor and to the Programmable Power Supply (PPS). The
system monitor receives 115 VAC power through a circuit breaker.
Current from this breaker is fed through a second circuit breaker to
power the PPS. The other two transformer windings are used to
power the AC accessories outlets. These two windings are
configured (at the factory) either in parallel or series to provide for
115 VAC or 230 VAC at the accessory outlets (as required).
WARNING!

3-14

The primary input circuit breaker will interrupt power to all of the subsystems powered by the Isolation Transformer box. However,
secondary circuit breakers only affect power to the specific subassembly they power. The circuit breaker for the accessory outlets is on
the AC Input/Output Box.

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

t096

Isolation Transformer Box

Power Usage

The power usage by each board or assembly in the Aspen system is


shown below in Table 3-1 and Table 3-2.
Table 3-1
PCBI

FRU

AUX
APD
BBQ
DBL

Scanner Power Supply Usage by Board

Scanner Analog Voltages

Scanner
Digital
+15V -15V +7.5 V -7.5 V +5.0V
+5.0 V

DeC
IFD
IGD

MXK

SDL

XDY
VDT
ZDL
ZDT

ZIP

TRM

XMT

SCP
STG

MEX

RCV

PPS
From
150 V -7.5 V
onDBL
-5V

Voltage Present

1096

Service Manual

315

Chapter 3 - Power Subsystem

Table 3-2

Power Supply Usage by Other BoardslFRU

PCB I FRU

AQP

SC Digital
+5.0 V

+12 V

-12 V

Vstandby

Peripheral
+12 V

+12.0
V

Fan

--------------

COM

CRP

DAQ

VPB

WFP

UIC

OSP
DCI

FEB
FEC
lOB
SVC

ECG

ZAP
Hard drive
MOdrive

SCFans
Scanner Fan
Bay Fan
PPSFan

Voltage Present

3-16

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Aspen

Ultrasound System
Servic:e Manual

Removing and Replacing


Field Replaceable Units

ac:uson

CHAPTER 4

Removing and Replacing Field


Replaceable Units (FRUs)

Introduction to Removing and Replacing FRUs

43

Exploded View System Drawings

4-3

SCan Converter

45
4-5
4-5
4-6

Removing Side Cosmetic Panels


Installing Side Cosmetic Panels
Removing the Scan Converter Cover
Installing the Scan Converter Cover
Removing PCBs (except lOB)
Installing PCBs (except lOB)
Removing lOB
Installing lOB
Removing Scan Converter Motherboard
Installing Scan Converter Motherboard

4-9
4-]0

Scanner

4-10

the Scanner Cover


InstaIling the Scanner Cover
Removing Scanner PCBs (except ZDL and ZIP)
Installing PCBs (except ZDL and ZIP)
Removing ZDL and ZIP
Installing ZDL and ZIP
Removing Scanner Motherboard (25MB)
Installing Scanner Motherboard

4-10
4-10

Power System

Removing the Programmable Power Supply (PPS)


Installing the Programmable Power Supply (PPS)
Removing the Main Power Supply
Installing the Main Power Supply
Removing the AC Box
Installing the AC Box
Removing the Isolation Transformer
Installing the Isolation Transformer

1096

Service Manual

4-6
4-7
4-7

4-7
4-8

4-11
4-]2
4-]2
4-13
4-]4
4-]4

4-15
4-]5
4-]5
4-]6
4-]7
4-]7
4-17
4-18
4-18

4-1

Chapter 4 - Removing and Replacing Field Replaceable Units (FRUs)

4-2

Monitor Assembly

419

Removing Monitor
Installing the Monitor

4-19
4-19

User Interface

4-20

Removing User Interface Assembly


Installing User Interface Assembly

4-20
4-21

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Inlroduction to Removing and Replacing FRUs

INTRODUCTION TO REMOVING AND REPLACING FRUS


The Aspen system design is based on the use of modular,
functionally-isolated Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs) and
subassemblies known as Field Replaceable Units (FRUs). This
modularization greatly simplifies on-site service and repair.
In most cases, on-site maintenance is accomplished by removing
and repladng the printed drcuit boards (PCBs) or subassemblies.
The following procedures in this Chapter describe removal and
replacement of FRUsin the Aspen system.

IMPORTANT:

The PCBs used in the Aspen system are highly susceptible to static
damage. Always use proper ESD precautions when handling the PCBs
and always store them in a static shielded
container.

The following pictures Figure 4-1 and 4-2 identify some of the key
parts of the Aspen system which will be reffered to throughout the
chapter.
If you have additional questions, contact your Acuson Service
Representative.

Exploded View
System Drawings

1096

Refer to the supplemental system draWings in Appendix A for


additional guide to removal and replacement of these and other
miscellaneous FRUs not captured in this section. The seven
drawings in Appendix A are:

System Cabling

User Interface

Disk Box

System Front

Casters

Power Supply Bay


Scanner
Sqm Converter

Service Manual

43

Chapter 4 - Removing and Replacing Field Replaceable Units (FRUs)

4-4

Figure 4-1

Aspen System - Front View

Figure 4-2

Aspen System - Rear View

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Scan Converter

SCAN CONVERTER
Removing Side
Cosmetic Panels

Unplug the system from the wall.

Remove left/right air .fiIter (Figure 4-3)

Loosen the screw holding the side panel.

Figure 4-3

Installing Side
Cosmetic Panels

Remove left/right cosmetic side panel by grasping the rear of the


side panel where the filter was installed and rotate (pull) outwards
(as shown above in Figure 4-4).

To install left/right cosmetic panel hold the side panel at a 20-30


degree angle from the side plane of the system, and put the front in
first, then rotate the back into position.

TIghten the screw holding the side panel.

Install left/ right air filter.

Figure 4-4

1096

Rear Air Filter Removal

Right Cosmetic Side Panel and Screw Location

Service Manual

4-5

Chapter 4 - Removing and Replacing Field Replaceable Units (FRUs)

Removing the Scan


Converter Cover

Grasp by Scan Converter cover handles.

Slide Scan Converter cover to the left.

Lift up to compress gasket at the top of the cover, then pull the
bollom of the cover towards you.

Figure 4-5 Scan Converter with Cover

Installing the Scan


Converter Cover

Grasp by handles.

Push top of cover in (away from you) and up. Slide bottom in while
maintaining upward pressure. Verify the following:

All screw heads clear the keyhole slots.

The EMl shielding gaskets on the fan plate are properly


positioned (not rolled to the top of the fan plate).

The EMI gaskets on the lOB plate are installed.

The EMl bracket installed.

The cover slid to the right to fully engage the keyholes.

All screwS fully tightened.

Figure 4-6

4-6

Scan Converter without Cover

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Scan Converter

Removing PCBs
(except lOB)

IMPORTANT:

Unplug the system from the wall.

Remove right air filter as described earlier.

Remove the right side panel as described earlier.

Remove Scan Converter cover as described earlier.

Observe electrostatic discharge (ESD) precautions. The PCBs used in


the Aspen system are highly susceptible to the static damage. Always
use ESD precautions when handling the PCBs and always store them in
a ESD shielded container.
5

WARNING!

I
I

Exercise extreme caution when removing or installing high density


ribbon cable connectors. Pins are very fragile and bend quite easily.
6

IMPORTANT:

Installing PCBs
(except lOB)
IMPORTANT:

Removing lOB

1096

Remove desired PCB(s).

Removal of the RP board requires removal of the EM! bracket mounted


to the top left side-wall of the Scan Converter bay (2 screws).
7

IMPORTANT:

Remove ribbon cables (where necessary).

Place PCB(s) in appropriate static J;SD shielded container for


storage or shipping.

Observe electrostatic discharge (ESO) precautions. The PCBs used in


the Aspen system are highly susceptible to the static damage. Always
use ESO precautions when handling the PCBs and always store them in
a ESO shielded container.
1

Slide PCB into appropriate slot (refer to the DIMAQ workstation


board location drawing Fig. 2-18 in Chapter 2).

Ensure that the EMI bracket mounted to the top left side-wall of the
Scan Converter bay (2 screws) is installed.
2

Install ribbon cables (where necessary).

Verify all PCBs are fully seated and all ribbon cables are correctly
routed and fully seated within their connectors.

Install Scan Converter cover as described earlier.

Install right cosmetic panel as described earlier.

Plug system into the wall and verify proper operation.

Remove the air filter.

Remove cosmetic side panel as described earlier.

Remove the Scan Converter cover as described earlier.

Remove peripheral cables from rear panel (Figure 4-7).

Remove the power cord bracket (2 screws).

Service Manual

4-7

Chapter 4 - Removing and Replacing Field Replaceable Units (FRUs)

Remove power cord from AC box.

Remove cosmetic rear panel (4 screws).

Remove system cables from back panel (lOB).

Remove screws securing lOB sheetmetal cover (]4 screws).

10 Remove the necessary ribbon cables.


11 Remove lOB with it's sheetmetal plate attached.
12 Place lOB in appropriate static ESO shielded container for storage
or shipping.

II'

Figure 4-7 View of lOB from the Rear of Aspen System

Installing lOB

4-8

Install lOB, with its sheet metal plate attached, in rear slot.

Install sheetmetal mounting screws (14 screws).

Install system cables.

Install rear cosmetic panel (4 screws).

Install peripheral cables.

Connect power cord to AC box (make sure it is fully seated).

Install the power cord bracket (2 screws).

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Scan Converter

Connect ribbon cables to lOB.

Install Scan Converter cover as described earlier.

10 Install side cosmetic panel as described earlier.


11 Plug system into the wall and verify operation.

Removing Scan
Converter
Motherboard

Remove all the Scan Converter PCBs including lOB.

Disconnect two (2) ribbon cables from bulkhead.

Unplug Fan Assembly Harness.

Remove Fan Assembly (2 screws).

Disconnect +SV and GND power supply cables from bus bars.

Remove all PCBs and transfer them to an appropriate static


shielded storage container.

Remove bottom PCB card guide (2 screws).

Remove top PCB card guide (2 screws).

Unplug three power connectors from Scan Converter Motherboard


(P32, P33, P34).

Figure 4-8

View of Scan Converter with All PCBs Removed

10 Remove Scan Converter Motherboard mounting screws (20 screws).


11 Remove Scan Converter Motherboard.
12 Place Scan Converter Motherboard in appropriate static shielded

container for s.torage or shipping.

1096

Service Manual

4-9

Chapter 4 - Removing and Replacing Field Replaceable Units (FRUs)

Installing Scan
Converter
Motherboard

Install Scan Converter Motherboard (align on 3 gUide pins).

Install mounting screws (20 screws).

Install +5V and GND power supply cables on bus bars.

Plug three (3) power connectors (P32, P33, P34) into Scan Converter
Motherboard.

Install bottom PCB card guide (2 screws).

Install top PCB card guide (2 screws).

Install Fan Assembly (2 screws).

Plug in Fan Harness.

Install lOB as described earlier.

10 Install rest of the (Scan Converter) PCBs as described earlier.


11 Install Scan Converter cover as described earlier.
12 Install side cosmetic panel as described earlier.
13 Plug system into the wall and verify proper operation.

SCANNER
IMPORTANT:

Removing the
Scanner Cover

Installing the
Scanner Cover

410

Reference Scanner exploded view and System Front exploded view


diagrams (Appendix A Figures A-5 and A-7l.
1

Unplug the system.

Remove the left airiilter and left cosmetic panel as described earlier.

Remove the Scanner analog cable 09) as shown in Figure 4-9.

Loosen Scanner cover mounting screws (18 screws).

Grasp by sCanner cover handles.

Slide Scanner cover up and pull towards you.

Lift up to compress and then pull the bottom of the cover towards
you.

Grasp by the handles.

Place cover onto the mounting screws.

Slide cover down. Verify the following:

All screw heads clear the keyhole slots.

The cover slides to the bottom to fully engage the keyholes.

All screws are fully tightened.

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Scanner

Removing Scanner
PCBs (except ZOL
and ZIP)

Unplug the system from the wall.

Remove left cosmetic panel as described earlier.

Disconnect Scanner Analog cable (j9) from DBL. Requires small


standard (IIat) screwdriver (Figure 4-9).

Figure 4-9

Figure 4-10

1096

View of Scanner with Cover On

Viewof Scanner without Cover

Service Manual

4-11

Chapter 4 - Removing and Replacing Field Replaceable Units (FRUs)

4
IMPORTANT:

Remove Scanner Cover as described earlier.

Observe electrostatic discharge (ESD) precautions.


5

Remove the Scanner board support brackets by pressing down on


the metal next to the top of the bracket and then pulling the top of
the bracket out towards you.

Remove desired PCB(s).


NOTE: For the ZDT, remove 7 cables (j4, )5, J6, )9, )10, )11, JI2), and
undo thumb screws (4 thumb screws). You may remove the
peripheral bay to get access to these connectors.

7
IMPORTANT:

Installing PCBs
(except ZDL and
ZIP)

Removing ZDL
and ZIP

IMPORTANT:

Observe

discharge (SOl precautions.

Slide PCBs into appropriate slots (refer to the Scanner board


location drawing in Chapter 2).

Install cables (j4, J5, )6, J9, )10,)11, J12 on ZDT, and VDT to IFD).

Verify all PCBs are fully seated and all cables are correctly routed
and fully seated within their connectors.

Install Scanner board support brackets by placing the bottom in the


slit in the metal above the DBL and then pressing the top of the
bracket towards the slit in the metal below the ZDT_

Run your hand along the bracket from bottoms up to the top to
align the PCBs into the bracket.

Install Scanner cover as described earlier.

Connect Scanner Analog cable (j9) to DBL. Requires small standard


(sloi) screwdriver.

Install left cosmetic panel as described earlier

Plug system into the wall and verify proper operation.

Unplug the system from the wall.

Remove right and left cosmetic panels as described earlier.

Remove storage compartment on Radiology systems Or small


cosmetic panel on Cardiology system (2 screws) just below the
keyboard and ECG panel.

Remove front cosmetic panel (4 screws).

If MP connector Transducer capability is not available on your system


then skip step 5 and 7.

4-12

Place PCB(s) in appropriate static shielded container for storage or


shipping.

Remove the shutter door cosmetic bezel (If system has ZIP board).
Squeeze and pull off the lower step cone. Remove the Shutter door
bezel (2 screws).

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound Syslem

1096

Scanner

6
IMPORTANT:

Observe electrostatic discharge (ESD) precautions.


7

IMPORTANT:

Remove DL /MP cosmetic panel (4 screws).

Remove the Shutter door assembly by removing the 4 captive


screws at the top and the bottom of the shutter door assembly.

As you remove Shutter door assembly from the system, be careful not
to bend the Hot make switch lever connected to the lower door lock.
8

Remove screws from DL/MP sheetmetal cover (4 screws on ZDL


and 4 flathead screw on ZIP).

Remove sheetmetal enclosure (] 7 screws and 5 kepnuts).

10 Remove ZDL and / or ZIP.


11 Place in appropriate static shielded container for storage or

shipping.
Installing ZOL
and ZIP
IMPORTANT:

Observe electrostatic discharge (ESDl precautions.


1

IMPORTANT:

Install ZDL and / or ZIP.

Ensure that the 2 alignment pins on the left top and right bottom of the
MP Connector spacer (on the ZIP) aligns with the holes in the DL/MP
sheetmetal cover. If this is not aligned properly MPTransducers may be
difficult to install and may not function properly.
2

Install the DL/MP sheetmetal cover (]7 screws and 5 kepnuts).

Install mounting screws (4 screws on ZDL and 4 flathead screw on


ZIP).

Install shutter door assembly (4 captive screws) using a standard


(flat) screwdriver.

Install DL cosmetic panel (4 screws).

Install shutter door cosmetic bezel (:i. screws).

Install front cosmetic panel (4 screws).

Install storage compartment or the small cosmetic panel

Install left and right cosmetic panels as described earlier

10 Plug system into the wall and verify proper operation.

1096

Service Manual

4-13

Chapter 4 - Removing and Replacing Field Replaceable Units (FRUs)

Removing Scanner
Motherboard
(ZSMS)

Installing Scanner
Motherboard

4-14

Remove the Scanner PCBs including the ZDL and ZIP as described
earlier.

Remove Scanner card guide assembly (15 screws).

Disconnect 3 power connectors (J4, )1, )2) from backside of 25MB


(located in power supply bay).

Disconnect Scanner Digital power supply harness (j3) from rear of


25MB.

Remove 25MB mounting screws 00 screws).

Remove 25MB.

Install 25MB (align on guide pins).

Install mounting screws (10 screws).

Install Scanner card guide assembly 05 screws).

Connect Scanner Digital power supply harness (J3) to rear of 25MB.

Connect 3 power connectors (j1, )2, )4) to backside of 25MB.

Install ZDL and ZIP (see above).

Install rest of the Scanner PCBs (see above).

Plug system into the wall and verify proper operation.

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

t096

Power Subsystem

POWER SUBSYSTEM
WARNING!

IMPORTANT:
-

Removing the
Programmable
Power Supply
(PPS)

If this procedure is done quickly following shut down of the system,


there is a possibility of a residual charge on the high voltage bus. Do not
touch the contacts on the back of the PPS.

Reference Power Supply Bay exploded view diagram (Appendix A


Figure A-4).
,

Unplug system from the waiL

Wait two minutes.

Remove right cosmetic panel as described earlier.

Disconnect )19 and )20 from the Main Power supply.

Remove PPS cable bracket (2 screws).

Disconnect )3 fan harness, and OVP Box)1 connector (Figure 4-11 ).

Figure 4-11

Installing the
Programmable
Power Supply
(PPS)

1096

View of PPS and It's Location

Disconnect )3 fan harness, and OVP Box )1 connector

Remove PPS.

To remove OVP Box from PPS, remove mounting screw, and slide
sideways.

Install OVP Box onto PPS.

Set PPS on mounting bracket.

Connect )3 fan harness, and OVP Box )1.

Install PPS cable bracket (2 screws).

Service Manual

4-15

Chapter 4 - Removing and Replacing Field Replaceable Units (FRUs)

Removing the
Main Power
Supply

Connect )19 and J20 to Main Power supply.

Install right cosmetic side panel as described earlier.Plug system


into the wall and verify proper operation.

Remove the Programmable Power Supply as described earlier.

Remove PPS mounting bracket (3 screws).

Remove lower Power Supply mounting screws (2 screws).

Figure 4-12 View of Main Power Supply

4-16

Disconnect J6, J7A and J7B from the side of the power supply
(facing) and J8, J13, J14, J15, +5 SC and SC RTN from the top of the
power supply (Figure 4-12).

Remove upper power supply mounting screws (2 screws).

Rotate power supply counter-clockwise (away from the bulkhead/


backwaU) and disconnect J17 and J18 from the front of the power
supply.

Remove power supply.

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Power Subsystem

Installing the
Main Power
Supply

Removing the
ACBox

Place Power Supply in bay with the front of supply rotated slightly
away from bulkhead.

Connect ]17 and J18.

Install upper and lower Power Supply mounting screws (4 screws).

Connect J8, J13, ]14, J15, +5 SC and SC RTN to the top of the Power
Supply and J6, J7 A and J7B to the side (facing).

Install PPS mounting bracket (3 screws).

Install the Programmable Power Supply as described earlier.

Unplug the system from the wall and wait for 2 minutes.

Remove right and left cosmetic side panels.

Disconnect peripheral cables from lOB (rear of system).

Remover power cord bracket (2 screws).

Remove power cord from AC Box.


-."

_.

./

Screws

Figure 4-13

Installing the
ACBox

1096

AC Box

Disconnect all peripheral power cords from the AC Box isolated


accessory outlets.

Remove rear cosmetic panel (4 screws).

Remove AC Box (2 screws; Figure 4-13).

Install AC Box (2 screws).

Install rear cosmetic panel (4 screws).

Plug power cord into AC Box (make sure it is fully seated).

Install power cord bracket (2 screws).

Connect peripheral power cables AC Box.

Service Manual

4-17

Chapter 4 . Removing and Replacing Field Replaceable Units (FRUs)

Removing the
Isolation
Transformer

Connect peripheral cables to lOB (rear of system).

Install right and left cosmetic side panels as described earlier.

Plug system into the wall and verify proper operation.

Unplug the system from the wall and wait for 2 minutes.

Remove left cosmetic side panel.

Figure 4-14

WARNING!

Isolation Transformer

I The Isolation Transformer Box is heavy (more than 25 Ibs). Use

something to support it (e.g., a large telephone directory) while


removing the screws.

Installing the
Isolation
Transformer

Remove the Isolation Transformer Box mounting screws (2) while


supporting the assembly. (The Box will drop when last screw is
removed; Figure 4-14.)

Disconnect two wiring harnesses.

Connect two wiring harnesses.

Slide transformer assembly into frame making sure that the rear lip
is resting on the sheetrnetal bends of the receiving structure.

3 . Install two mounting screws while supporting assembly with the


free hand (2 screws).

4-18

Install left cosmetic side panel.

Plug system into the wall and verify proper operation.

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Monitor Assembly

MONITOR ASSEMBLY

1111111111111111111111
-y--- -----.-.._-- --- _.-- --. -_._------_...

WARNING!

Removing Monitor
IMPORTANT:

Installing the
Monitor

1096

Figure 4-15

Monitor Assembly Screw and Connector Locations

The monitor weighs in excess of 40 pounds. Get assistance if you have


any doubt about your ability to lift and carry the monitor.
1

Unplug the system from the wall.

Set the tilt/swivel such that the base of the monitor is horizontal. Lock
it in place.
2

Remove monitor rear cover (2 screws - use short phillips


screwdriver) as shown in Figure 4-15A.

Unplug monitor AC power PI connector.

Disconnect 3 cables: J2 monitor softkeys, monitor video and


monitor speakers (all require small standard screwdriver - 2 screws
each).

Remove grounding strap.

Remove monitor mounting screws (2 screws) as shown in the


Figure 4-15B.

Stand at the front of the system. Wrap arms around the monitor,
grasp the lower back of the monitor firmly and pull towards you,
and lift it off the system.

Verify that all cables are silting flatly before installing the monitor.

Align the boltom of the monitor with the tilt/swivel mechanism


(see the 4 alignment points in Figure 4-16).

Push straight back until the monitor seats on the tilt/swivel.

Install mounting screws (2 screws).

Install 2 ground cables (l screw)

Service Manual

4-19

Chapter 4 - Removing and Replacing Fietd Replaceable Units (FRUs)

Connect 3 cables: J2 monitor softkeys, monitor video and monitor


speakers (all require small standard screwdriver - 2 screws each).

Plug in monitor AC power PI connector.

Install rear cover (2 screws).

Plug system into the wall and verify proper operation..

Figure 4-16

USER INTERFACE
IMPORTANT:

Removing User
Interface
Assembly

4-20

Monitor Tut/Swivel Assy with Monitor Removed

Reference User Interface exploded view diagram (Appendix A


Figure A-2).
1

Unplug the system from the wall.

Remove the left and right air filters and side cosmetic panels as
described earlier.

Remove disk bay bezel by removing the screw under the Aspen
nameplate.

Remove lower handle cap (5 screws).

Remove lower User Interface (ill) mounting screws (2 9/64" hex


screws on each side).

Remove Cine/Freeze wheel and a small screw underneath.

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

User Interlace

Figure 4-17 User Interface and Mounting Screw Locations


7

Slowly lift off the front of the VI i:>ezel and disconnect the Selector
switch ribbon cable. The bezel can now be completely removed.Lift
trackball and remove the trackball/UI cable.

Remove VI mounting screws (6 screws).

Lift trackball and remove the trackball/VI cable.

10 Stand the VI assy on the end so that it is resting on J1 and the PCB
assys are facing you.
11 Disconnect RTB/VI cable from J21 on the VI Panel.
12 Disconnect VIC power harness (J6).
13 Disconnect VIC softkey cable (J8).
14 Disconnect VIC/lOB cable (JS).
15 Pull assembly forward. Disconnect harness J7 cable (VIC/ AP/
QWL/PSW harness; use small standard flat screwdriver to remove
jack screws).

Installing User
Interface
Assembly

1096

Rest VI assembly on the handle casting.

Connect J7 cable.

Stand the VI assy on the end so that it is resting on Jl and the PCBs
assys are facing you.

Connect VIC/lOB cable (JS).

Connect UIC softkey cable(J8).

Connect VIC power harness (J6).

Connect RTB/VIC cable to J21 on the VI panel.

Connect trackball/VIC cable to the trackball.

Service Manual

4-21

Chapter 4 - Removing and Replacing Field Replaceable Units (FRUs)

Figure 4-18
9

User Interface Assembly without VI Bezel

Mount VI assembly to base (6 screws).

10 Lay UJ bezel over VI assembly.


11 Connect select switch cable while holding the front of the UJ bezel.
12 Install lower UJ assembly mounting screws (4 hex screws).
13 Install small screw and the CINE/ Freeze knob.
14 Install lower handle cap (5 screws).
15 Install Disc bay Bezel. Install screw and the jewel.
16 Install right and left side panels.
17 Plug system into the wall and verify proper operation.

422

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

7096

Aspen
lJltrasound System
Service Manual

Troubleshooting

cc:uson

CHAPTER 5

Troubleshooting

1096

System Troubleshooting

5-2

Technical Assistance

5-2

Symptom Type

53

Causes of Failures

54

Quick Tips

5-5

Common Symptoms and Fixes

5-6

General Approach
No Power
Video Problems
Function or Format Problems
System Lock-up Problems
Image Quality Problems
Error Messages
Scanner Troubleshooting
Scan Converter Troubleshooting

5-<>
5-6
5-16
5-17
5-18
5-19
5-20
5-20
5-22

Service Manual

5-1

Chapter 5 - Troubleshooting

SYSTEM TROUBLESHOOTING
Acuson systems have an exceptional record of dependability and a
customer service network ready to respond to your individual
needs.
The purpose of this section is to familiarize service personnel with
the basic troubleshooting of the Aspen ultrasound system. Service
personnel are expected to be familiar with the use of basic test
equipment (DVM, oscilloscope, etc.) as well as basic ultrasound
theory.
IMPORTANT:

This manual is intended for use by trained service personnel. There are
lethal voltages inside the Aspen ultrasound system. Bodily harm and
possibly death as well as damage to the system may result from
untrained individuals opening the system.

TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
For any service related questions or technical assistance or for
information on Acuson's service offerings, call the phone number
listed in the Customer Menu or, from within the United States, call
the North American Service and Technical Assistance Team at
1 -800-9-ACUSON 0-800-922-8766.)

The following information may be required when you call Acuson


for technical assistance or submit a problem report:

52

Name and phone number of the person who found or


experienced the problem

System type and serial number

Brief description of problem

Description of expected performance

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Symptom Type

SYMPTOM TYPE
Failures on the Aspen system can be broken down into five main
symptom types as follows:

No power

Functionality or image format problems

Locked-up systems

Image quality problems

Error messages

Following are the general characteristics of each symptom type.


Table 5-1

Symptoms Types Definition

Symptom Type

Definition

No power

The system does notlurn on or turns itself off. There are no fans or
lights. There are no raster lines on the monitor when the brightness
and contrast are turned up.

Image format or functional


problems

The system is still accepting keyboard commands but the


alphanumeric, graphic, or image format is missing, incorrect, or
displaced.

Hung or Locked systems

The system no longer accepts keyboard commands. You may still


be able get an image in the image area. These failures usually
happen as you go from one mode into another, for instance, going
into or out of color imaging.

Image quality problems

The image format is correct but there is a problem with the quality
ofthe ultrasound signal corning out ofthe Scanner. Examples could
be: the image is defocused, poor penetration, channel dropouts, or
excessive noise.

Error messages

The system responds with an error message as the result of a


specific key being pressed or powers on with an error message.
This implies that some operating condition of the system or
peripherals is being violated.

1096

Service Manual

5-3

Chapter 5 - Troubleshooting

Causes of Failures
Table 5-2

Here are some basic guidelines for troubleshooting the different


symptom types.

Causes of Failures

Symptom Type

Causes

No power

Typical power problems happen because: power is not coming


from the wall, the circuil breakers are off or, there is a failure in the
power-on circuitry.

Functional or image fonnat


problems

These are cases where the microprocessors are communicating, but


the boards themselves are not able to carry out the imaging or
fonnatting instructions.

Hung or locked systems

System hangs ups or lock ups are typically caused by a breakdown


in microprocessor communications. They will typically happen as
you are going from one mode into another, as multiple
microprocessors try to communicate.

Image quality problems

Image quality problems usually relate to a failure in the Scanner


subsystem or the AID section of the Scan Converter within the
DIMAQ workstation. Maybe the transmitters are not focusing
correctly, or the receive timing delays are incorrect.

Error messages

Error messages can happen for any number of reasons. They could
be anything from a printer out of paper, to illegal transducer use.

5-4

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Quick Tips

QUICK TIPS
The following aTe some useful tips which may help in quick
diagnosis of certain typical failures.
Table 5-3

Quick lips

Symptom Type

Quick Tips

NopoweT

The assemblies involved are: the VIC, lOB, DC poweT supply,


and any of the connecting cables.

Is the system plugged into a functional wall outlet?

Does anotheT instrument wOTk in the same wall outlet?

Has the plug come out of the system poweT cord bTacket at the
10weT back of the system?

Are the main breakers on?

If only MOnitOT and peripherals aTe getting poweT then check


the TTansformeT circuit breakeT.

Are you pTessing the correct poweT-on button? The power


switch is located unda and to the left of the monitor.

Is a PoweT supply errOT indicated on the lOB's 7-segment LED


display.

Image format OT functional


pToblems

The boaTds involved will depend on the modality, e.g, 2-D,


M-mode, Spectrnl OT ColoT DoppleT OT Aegis.

Hung OT locked systems

The boaTds involved aTe: the mc, lOB, SVC, ZSCP, FEC, DSP,RP,
OTWFP.

Image quality pToblems

The boaTds involved aTe: the XMT, XDY, ZDL, ZIP, RCV, APD,
MXK, SDL, DCC, VDT, IFD, DBL, AQP, RP, and COM.

ErroT messages

Check the Usa Manual and the Transduca and Periphaal Manual fOT
the meaning of errOT messages.

1096

Servica Manual

5-5

Chapter 5 - Troubleshooting

COMMON SYMPTOMS AND FIXES


General Approach

Table 5-4

Note the event(s) that caused the failure

Identify the assemblies involved

Use any available tools to isolate between assemblies

Replace assemblies as needed until the problem is corrected

Normal Operations

Evidence 01 Normal System Operation

Conclusion

System images, fans are on, decimal point on lOB display


is illuminated, but no other segments are illuminated.

The power system is most likely


functioning properly.

All modalities function as described in the User manual.

All subsystems are functioning properly.

All peripherals are functioning as described in the User


manual.

The peripherals and the system's Input/


Output interlace is functioning properly.

No Power

Power supply failures can cause a variety of failure symptoms


throughout the system and it may not be immediately obvious that
a faulty power supply is to blame. For this reason, it is prudent to
verify power supplies when troubleshooting any failure.
The follOWing Table provides some quick checks when the
symptom is no power.
ERROR
DISPLAY
O.

8
lOBASE-T {

LEOS

Figure 5-1

IMPORTANT:

,.
2.

3.
4.
5.
6

7.

v STANDBY ON
POWER FAIL WARNING
HODe OVERCURRENT
HODe OVERCURRENT
HODe OVER VOLTAGE
CODe OVERCURRENT
CODe OVERVOLTAGE

SCNR FAN FAIL

SYSTEM OVERTEMP

lOB 7-Segment Error Display and Ethernet LEOs

If a power subsystem failure occurs which latches an error code on the


7- segment display on the lOB board, the system's main circuit breaker
must be turned off for 30-60 seconds in order to clear the error.

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Common Symptoms and Fixes

Table 5-5

Power Supply Troubleshooting Guide

Symptom

Possible Cause

Remedy

System will not tum on,


fans are not turning,
Keyboard lights are not
illuminated.

Rear panel circuit breaker is not


turned on.

Check to see that the main breaker


is in the "up" position.

No AC input power.

Check wall outlet;


When the main circuit breaker on
the rear panel is turned on and
valid AC power is present, the
decimal point LED on the lOB
display should be illuminated
continuously.

If the main circuit breaker is on, AC Check the lOB to Main Power

power is present, and the decimal


point on the lOB display is not
continuously illuminated, then
standby power is not being
generated by the Main power
supply. The decimal point on the
lOB display is powered off of
Vstandby, (-5VDCl.

Supply cable, 10B-J7.


Check to see if the AC power cord is
fully plugged into the AC Box
receptacle.
Check to see if the power cord
(internal) is plugged into the AC
Box.
Check to see if AC power is
reaching the Main power supply.
Check and replace Main Power
Supply.
Check and replace lOB.
Check and replace VIC, or power
switch.

System tries to tum on for an


instant but then turns off and the
decimal point remains
continuously illuminated.

Look for the error code on the lOB


display.
Error codes are discussed in Table
5--7. Sometimes the error occurs SO
quickly that the system is off before
the information on the error is
captured.
Turnoff the main circuit breaker for
30 seconds, then try to tum the
system on again.

1096

Service Manual

5-7

Chapter 5 - Troubleshooting

Table 5-5

Power Supply Troubleshooting Guide (Continued)

Symptom

Possible Cause

Remedy

(Contd.) System will not


turn on, fans are not
turning, Keyboard lights
are not illuminated.

System may already be in a state


where an error has latched the
power supply off, even if no error
codes are displayed on the lOB.

Check for lOB displayed error


codes. Turn off the main circuit
breaker for 30 seconds and try
again.
Error codes are discussed below.

If lOB decimal point is not


illuminated:

Check standby power supply to the


lOB.

Power On/Standby switch


problem,

Check to see if switch is "clicking"


from one position to another.

UlC (keyboard) to lOB cable,

Check to see if cable is plugged in.


Check for bent pins.

UlC (keyboard problem),

Check and replace.

lOB problem,

Check and replace.

Main Power Supply problem,

Check and replace.

Faulty cable(s) as mentioned above. Check and replace.

Table 5-6 System Powers Itself Down


Symptom

Possible Cause

Ramedy

The system turns off


unexpectedly, fans off, all
lights off, etc.

Power system errOr condition has


occurred.

Check for error codes displayed on


the lOB.

The system turns off 20 to


30 seconds after being
turned on.

Over temperature condition has


occurred.

Ensure that the side clearance


requinements are met.

Fan problem.

Blocked, stopped, or unplugged


fan, see error code 5, Or 6, below.

System shuts down with


no error code.

This can happen when a transient

See sections below.

Start examining error codes 1 to 4,


happens too quickly to be captured. below.

System shuts down with an Intennitlent AC power: Black or


Error Code "0" displayed brownout.
(I.e., Main Power Supply
Intennitlent AC main power
Fail Warning).
cord(s).

5-8

Waft for AC line to be stable, and


within specifications.
Check to see all cables, especially
the external power cord, are fully
seated.

Acuson Aspen Ultr&sound System

1096

Common Symptoms and Fixes

Table 5-6

System Powers Itself Down (Continued)


Remedy

Symptom

Possible Cause

Svstem shuts down with an


Error Code ''1'' displayed
(i.e., Main power supply
HODC over current)

One or more of the DC power


Measure resistance of appropriate
supplies is shorted to ground, or to power supplies with the system AC
another DC voltage, see
power disconnected.
explanation of error codes, below.

Svstem shuts down with an


Error Code "2" displayed
(i.e., Main Power Supply
HODC over voltage.

One or more PCB is draWing too


much current.

Unplug half of the boards to isolate,


then continue redUcing by half
until the faulty board(s) are
isolated.

The PPS may have a short to


ground or the +300V which feeds
the PPS may be getting loaded
down. This condition normally
takes a few seconds to develop

Unplug the PPS connection, and try


the system again.

lOB fault.

Replace.

One of the +SV digital power


supplies is being "margined" to a
voltage above -S.BV by the DAC on
the lOB

Could be a hardware or a software


problem. Unplug the Scanner
digital power harness (the 24 pin
connector on the Scanner
motherboard). This will help isolate
whether it's the Scanner digital
margin control or something else.

Two power supplies are shorted


together.

Start by unplugging Main power


supply-JB, DC -J7A, and DC-JIS,
and DC -JI4, one at a time, to help
isolate the problem.

One or more PCBs are drawing too Unplug half of the boards to isolate,
much current.
then continue reducing by half
until the faulty board(s) are
isolated.

1096

Main Power Supply problem.

Replace the Main Power Supply.

lOB fault.

Eeplace lOB.

Service Manual

Chapter 5 . Troubleshooting

Table 5-6 System Powers Itself Down (Continued)


Remedy

Symptom

Possible Cause

System shuts down with an


Error Code "3" displayed
(i.e., Main power supply
CODC over current).

One or more of the DC power


Measure resistance of appropriate
supplies is shorted to ground, or to power supplies with the system AC
another DC voltage. See
power disconnected.
explanation of error codes in
Table 5-7.
One, or more PC analog boards is
drawing too much current.

Try unplugging PCB, one at a time,


such as:
VI (keyboard),
Audio Processor (ZAP),
MSEboard,
ECG/ Physio modules,
DlMAQ Workstation video boards,
Scanner analog boards,
Try unplugging the following from
the Main pOwer Supply: JB, J7A,
J7B, and J14, one at a time, to help
isolate the problem,

lOB fault.
System shuts down with an One of the "clean" DC outputs of
Error Code "4" displayed the Main Power Supply is over(i.e., Main power supply
voltage.
CODC over voltage).
Faulty Main Power Supply.

Replace lOB,
Try unplugging the following from
the Main power supply: JB, J7A,
J7B, and J14, one at a time, to help
isolate the problem,
Replace.

One or more PCBs are drawing too Try unplugging PCB, one at a time,
much current.
such as:
VI (keyboard),
Audio Processor (ZAP),
MSEboard, .
ECG/ Physio modules,
DlMAQ Workstation video boards,
Scanner analog boards.
lOB fault.

510

Replace lOB.

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Common Symptoms and Fixes

Table 5-6
Symptom

System Powers Itself Down (Continued)


Possible Cause

Remedy

System shuts down with an Scanner exhaust fanes) are:


Error Code "5" displayed
stuck, or running too slow,
(i.e., Scanner fan fam
o
unplugged,
o

not getting DC voltage.

lOB fault.

Check connection, including the


10B-J8 connection.
Check with a voltmeter. It should
be 7.5 to 16 VDC on the red and
black leads (the red lead is
positive).
Replace lOB.

System shuts down with an Scan Converter exhaust fan(s), or


Error Code "6" displayed PPS, or disk drive bay fans are:
(i.e., Scan Converter, PPS,
stuck, or running: too slow,
or disk drive fan fam
o
unplugged,
o

Check for obstruction.

Check for obstruction.

Check connection, including


thel0B-J8 conJ;lection.

Check with a voltmeter. It


should bE! 7.5 to 16 VDC on the
red and black leads (the red
lead is positive).

The PPS ana disk drive fans


are powered by +12 peripheral,
.not the variable fan power
supply.

not getting DC voltage.

lOB fault.

Replace lOB.
Cool down the system. Check for
the required side and back
clearance requirements and
blocked filters.

System shuts down with an System is over 65C.


Error Code "7" displayed
(i.e., System
overtemperature)

One or both of the thermal sensors Check and replace.


is unplugged or defective.

Main-JS connection is loose or

Check this and related cables.

missin.

ERROR
DISPLAY
O.
1.

B
10BASE-T
LEDS

Figure 5-2

1096

2.

3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

V STANDBY ON
POWER FAIL WARNING
HODC OVERCURRENT
HODC OVERCURRENT
HODC OVER VOLTAGE
CODC OVERCURRENT
CODC OVER VOLTAGE
SCNR FAN FAIL
SYSTEM OVERTEMP

lOB 7-Segment Error Codes and Ethernet LEOs

Service Manual

5-11

Chapter 5 - Troubleshooting

Table 5-7

JOB 7-Segmenl Error Codes and Ethernet LEOs

Error Codes

Possible Causes

Explanations

Error Code "0"

AC Power Fail Warning


This indicates the AC power has failed
(generated by the Main power supply). or momentarily dipped below
-90 VAC for 115 VAC systems
-207 VAC for 230 VAC systems
System operation can only resume after
AC power is restored and the user turns
on the system.

Error Code ''1''

High Output DC Over Current.


Generated by the Main power supply
after it has encountered an output
current that is higher than allowed on
one or more of the following DC
outputs:

Error Code "2"

+5V Scan Converter,

Powers the digital circuitry in


Converter.

+5V Scanner Digital,

Powers mostly digital circuitry in the


Scanner.

+12V Fan
(-8 to 16 VDC, dependent on system
temperature),

Powers the three Scanner fans, and the


two Scan Converter fans.

+300VDC.

Powers the Programmable Power


Supply.

Scan

High Output DC Over Voltage.


Generated by the Main power supply
after it has encountered an output
voltage that is higher than allowed on
one or more of the following DC
outputs:

5-12

+5V Scan Converter,

Powers the digital circuitry in the Scan


Converter.

+5V Scanner Digital,

Powers mostly digital circuitry in the


Scanner.

+12V Fan
(-8 to 16 VDC, dependent on system
temperature),

Powers the three Scanner fans, and the


two Scan Converter fans.

+12V Peripheral,

Powers the disk drives, the PPS and the


disk drive bay fans.

+12V Relay,

Powers the AC power relay on the


primary side of the isolation
transformer.

300VDC.

Powers the Pragrammable Power


Supply.

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Common Symptoms and Fixes

Table 5-7

lOB 7-Segment Error Codes and Ethernet LEOs (Continued)

Error Codes

Possible Causes

Explanations

Error Code "3"

Clean Output DC Over Current.


Generated by the Main Power Supply
after it has encountered an output
current that is higher than allowed on
one or more of the following DC
outputs:
+5\1 Analog (Scanner),

Powers various analog circuits in the


Scanner.

+75\1 (Scanner),

Powers various analog circuits in the


Scanner.

Error Code"4"

-75 (Scanner),

Powers various analog circuits in the


Scanner.

+15\1 (Scanner),

Powers various analog circuits in the


Scanner.

-15\1 (Scanner),

Powers various analog circuits in the


Scanner.

+12\1 (Scan Converter),

Powers video and other circuitry in the


DIMAQ Workstation.

-12\1 (Scan Converter).

Powers video and other circuitry in the


DIMAQ Workstation.

Clean Output DC Over Voltage.


Generated by the Main Power Supply
after it has encountered an output
voltage that is higher than allowed on
one or more of the following DC
outputs:

1096

+5V Analog (Scanner),

Powers various analog circuits in the


Scanner.

+75V (Scanner),

Powers various analog circuits in the


Scanner.

-75 (Scanner),

Powers various analog circuits in the


Scanner.

+15\1 (Scanner),

Powers various analog circuits in the


Scanner.

-15\1 (Scanner),

Powers various analog circuits in the


Scanner.

+12\1 (Scan Converter),

Powers video and other circuitry in the


DlMAQ Workstation.

-12\1 (Scan Converter).

Powers video and other circuitry in the


DIMAQ Workstation.

Service Manual

5-13

Chapter 5 - Troubleshooting

Table 5-7

lOB 7-Segment Error Codes and Ethernet LEOs (Continued)

Error Codes

Possible Causes

Explanations

Error Code "5"

Scanner Fan Fail.

This can occur if one or more of the


three Scanner fans is:

Upon power up this error is not


generated for the first 20 seconds.

stuck or locked (not turning),


running extra slow,
unplugged,
Also the cable on the 10B-j8 could be
unplugged.

Error Code "6"

Scan Converter Fan Fail.


Upon power up this error is not
generated for the first 20 seconds.

This can occur if one or more of the two


Scan Converter fans is:
stuck or locked (not turning),
running extra slow,
unplugged,
Also the cable on the 10B-j8 could be
unplugged.

Other system fans can activate this


error code as well.

The PPS fan is stuck, or unplugged,


The disk drive bay fan is stuck or
unplugged,
or if the 10B-j8 cable, or other internal
cables are unplugged,

Error Code "7"

System over-temperature

This can occur if:


The system is very hot in either the
Scanner card cage area or the Scan
Converter area (i.e., above 65C).
One or both of the temperature sensors
located in the above areas are
unplugged.
The 10B-j8 cable is unplugged.
One or both of the temperature sensors
are defective.

5-14

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Common Symptoms and Fixes

Video Problems
Table 5-8
Symptom

Video Failures
Possible Cause

Remedy

System appears to be
Monitor brightness and ! or contrast Adjust brightness and contrast to
.operating normally, except controls are turned all the way
proper settings.
down.
the system monitor
appears to be off, not
illuminated.
System monitor video cable is not Check cable.
plugged in, 108-)12 to the monitor.
System video is not being properly Activate the brightness control to
see if CRT is lighting up at full
generated.
brightness and contrasl.lf there is a
brightness then the monitor is
gelling power but not getting
proper video.
AC power to the monitor is not
present.

Check the circuit breaker on the


Isolation Transformer Box. The
circuit breaker is accessible, at the
rear of the system, through a hole in
the isolation transformer sheet
metal located behind the rear right
caster, 6" or so above the floor. It is
tripped when it's in the "out"
position.
Push to reset it if necessary.

1096

Isolation transformer circuit


breakers are tripped.

Reset circuit breakers.

Isolation Transformer Box is


unplugged.

Check connections.

Power harness at Main power


supply-J20 is unplugged.

Check connections.

AC Power connection to the


monitor is unplugged.

Check connections.

Monitor has failed.

Replace monitor.

Service Manual

5-15

Chapter 5 - Troubleshooting

Function or Format
Problems

Table5-9

The following table provides basic guidelines to troubleshooting


format or functional problems.

Format or Functional Problems

If

Then

The user controis do not work.

Run the User interface Tests. Refer to Chapter 7, Service


Diagnostics.

There is no image in the image


area.

It could be any of the Scanner boards or the CDM, RP, AQP or SVc.
Also, c/leck to insure that a transducer is connected properly.

There are no Doppler data in the It could be the DAQ, DSP, RP, CDM, SVC or cables.
spectral trace BUT there is a
B-mode image.
There are no Color data in the
CD box BUT there is a B-mode
image.

It could be the DAQ, FEe. FEB, CRP, SVC or cables.

The image is misplaced.

It could be the CDM, DSP or SVc.

The Color data is misplaced.

It could be the CRP or SVc.

The Doppler data is misplaced.

It could be the CDM or SVc.

There are no graphics in 2D.

It could be the RP or SVc.

There' are no graphics in


Doppler.

It could be the WFP or SVc.

There is missing or misplaced


Physio information.

It could be the ECG Module, WFP, SVC or the cables.

The peripherals do not function. The system or peripherals may not be configured correctly. Press
CODE-SETUP and refer to the Aspen Ultrasound System User MJJnUJII
for configuratiol) information.
It could be the lOB, the cables or the peripheral.

You can not store and retrieve


images.

5-16

It could be the MO drive, HD, the DeI/IPG, the lOB or the SVc.

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Common Symptoms and Fixes

System Lock-Up
Problems

Table 5-10

The
prohlems.

tahle provides basic guidelines to system lock-up

System Lock-up Problems

If

Then

The system never gets into


imaging mode.

It could be the SVC, lOB or the power supplies.

The system hangs only with


some transducers.

Maybe the configuration is wrong. Press CODE-SETUP and refer to


the AspCl1 Ultrasound System User Manual for configuration
infonnation.

The system only fails in B-mode. It could be the ZSCP, ZDT, AQP or SVc.
The system fails only in Spectral It could be the DAQ, DSP, or WFP.
Doppler mode.
The system fails only in Color
Doppler mode.

It could be the DAQ, FEC, ZFEB, or CRP.

The system locks up when trying The system or its peripherals may be not configured correctly.
Press CODE-SETUP and refer to the Aspen Ultrasound SystemUser
to access peripherals.
Manual for configuration information.

1096

Service Manual

5-17

Chapter 5 - Traubleshooting

Image Quality
Problems

Table 5-1]

Failures of Scanner or Scan Converter in the DIMAQ Workstation


boards can result in image quality problems. The following is a
general overview of Image Quality troubleshooting.

Image Quality Problems

Problem

Possible Causes

Possible Fixes

Poor quality in any of the


imaging modes.

Current application is not


consistent with procedure being
performed.

Change to correct application.

The operator is new to the system.

The image may not be optimized.


Contact the Acuson sales office for
advice on Aspen image
optimization.

Poor video output.

Refer to Chapter 6, Service


Diagnostics and display the SMPTE
test pattern. If there is a video
problem, it is probably the lOB,
VPB,orSVC.

Bad Monitor Convergence.

Refer to Chapter 6, Service


Diagnostics and display the
convergence test pattern. Replace
the monitor as necessary.

Artifacts in the image area.

Slowly slide the probe across an


ultrasoimd phantom. Look for dark
areas in the image that do not move
with the rest of the image. If
artifacts are evident, replace
Scanner boards or AQP, RP or
COM in Scan Converter until the
problem goes away.

Poor B-mode quality.

Poor image quality in only Spectral Doppler boards.


Spectral Doppler.

It could be the DAQ, DSP, or WFP.

Poor image quality in only Color Doppler boards.


Color Doppler.

It could be the DAQ, FEC, FEB, or


CRP.

Noise in the image.

Noise in the Scanner subsystem.

Replace Scanner boards as needed.

Noise in the power supply.

Use an oscilloscope to look for


noise on the power supplies.
Replace as needed.

EMI coming from external sources. This is the most likely cause. Turn
off lights and other equipment in
the area to see if that solves the
problem. Isolate the system as needed.
Poor quality from stored
images.

5-18

Internal Aegis boards.

It could be the DCI/JPG.

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Common Symptoms and Fixes

Table 5-11

Image Quality Problems (Continued)

Problem

Possible Causes

Possible Fixes

Poorqualitl' video or audio Bad (or old) video tape.


on VCR plavback

Error Messages

Try recording and playback with a


new video tape.

Bad VCR.

Try a new VCR.

Bad cable assembly.

Try a new cables.

Bad video playback circuitry.

It could be the lOB, SVC or the VPB.

The following table proVides basic guidelines to troubleshooting


certain error message conditions.

Table 5-12 Error Messages


Then

Check

If

For power-on errors

The message indicates a failure Replace the failing assembly.


of an assembly.

For the activity that caused the It happened when accessing a


message
peripheral.
There were no external

interfaces.

Scanner
Troubleshooting

Refer to the peripheral


manufacturers user manual for
more information.
Refer to the Aspen Ultrasound
System User Manual for more
information.

When troubleshooting Scanner operational problems, it is valuable


to think of the Scanner in three sections.
.

Channel Circuitry

Analog Processing

Digital Control

This will allow you to focus your troubleshooting efforts on a


reduced set of boards and similar techniques may be used on each
class of circuit board.
Channel Circuitry

This includes transmission and receive cycles. The concerned


Scanner boards are:
XMT, RCV, SDL, APD
XDY, MXK,ZDL, DBL

This group includes the beamformer and beamformer driver


boards. Failures of these boards may result in defects localized at a
specific channel or channels. Typically these defects are most
obvious with linear transducers. The problem is obvious close to the
transducer and becomes less distinct as you move deeper. To
troubleshoot problems of this type, try swapping the boards
associated with the problem channels to another location. When the
defect moves, you have identified the defective assembly.

1096

Service Manual

5-19

Chapter 5 - Troubleshoo/ing

WARNING!

Do not remove or install a PCB with the power on.


When the defect is not localized to spedfic channels, an effective
technique is to replace the suspected boards one at a time until the
problem is eliminated.

Analog Processing

VDT, IFD, IGD, BBQ, AUX


These boards process the combined ultrasound signal from all
channels. The IGD is included in this group because it controls gain
functions which influence all channels.
Failures of boards in this group result in loss of gain or resolving
power across all channels. Failures of the VDT and IFD affect only
2-D imaging, Doppler perfonnance is unaffected. Failure of the BBQ
will affect all Doppler modes, but not 2-D imaging. Failure of the
AUX will affect only CW and AUX CW operation. The IGD can
cause problems in all operating modes.

Digital Control

ZSCP, STG, DeC, MEX


TRM,ZDT
These boards control the functions of the Scanner and coordinate its
operation with the Scan Converter. Failures can affect all aspects of
Scanner operation. The following table lists some typical failure
types and the digital control boards to check.
Although unlikely, failures of the Scanner Mother Board may cause
a wide variety of symptoms. If changing other Scanner boards does
not correct a failure, the 25MB should only be changed as a last
resort.

Scanner Power-up Errors

Scanner power-on diagnostics test the Scanner digital circuitry


when the system is powered on or reset. If a fault is detected, one of
the error messages may be displayed on the video monitor. The
following table lists some examples of Scanner power-up messages
and likely causes.:
Table 5-13

Examples of Scanner Error Messages

Error Message

Possible cause

S.INTRPT Power-Up Error

Error in the Scanner interrupt circuitry.


Check ZSCP, STG, DeC, ZDT, lOB,
MEX and chassis interconnect cables.

DPR Power-Up Error

Error in dual port ram (on ZDn


Check ZDT, SCP, and lOB and
interconnecting cables.

5-20

ZSCP Power-Up Error

CheckZSCP.

DeC Power-Up Error

Check DeC and ZSCP.

MEMEX Power-Up Error

Check MEX and ZSCP.

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Common Symptoms and Fixes

Scan Converter
Troubleshooting
Scan Converter
Power-up Errors

Failures of DIMAQ Workstation boards can result in power-up


errors or incorrect system operation.

When the system is powered on or reset, a series of diagnostic tests


is performed on the Scan Converter circuitry in the D1MAQ
Workstation. Although the resulting error messages indicate
specific boards, the actual cause of failure may be a related board.
The following table lists some examples of Scan Converter powerup messages and likely causes.

Table 5-14 Examples of DIMAQ Workstation Error Messages

1096

Error Message

Possible Cause

DSP Power-up Error

DSP, DAQ,WFP

DAQ Power-up Error

DAQ, DSP, WFP

WFP Power-up Error

WFP, DAQ, DSP

FEC Power-up Error

FEC, ZFEB, CRP

ZFEB Power-up Error

FEC, ZFEB, CRP

CRP Power-up Error

FEC, ZFEB, CRP

Service Manual

5-21

Chapter 5 - Troubleshooting

522

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Aspen

Ultrasound System
Service Manual

System Diagnostics

cc:uson

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CHAPTER 6

System Diagnostics
-_._._-----------------------

1096

Accessing Customer Menu

6-2

The Customer Menu

6-2

Emergency Diagnostics Bypass

6-6

Technical Assistance

6-6

Service Manual

6-1

Chapter 6 - System Diagnostics

Your Aspen ultrasound system runs Power On Diagnostics to


ensure that everything is functioning perfectly to Acuson standards.
Power on diagnostics are run first time you power on the system
each day. Diagnostics will be bypassed for every subsequent power
on or on reset.
A customer diagnostics menu is available, providing you some
additional diagnostic tools.
This section describes your customer diagnostic tools.

ACCESSING CUSTOMER MENU


You can access the Customer Menus immediately after powering up
or resetting the system.

To access Customer Menu, press and hold TEST for one


second immediately after power up or immediately after
pressing RESET.

The RESET and TEST buttons are located under the right user
interface handle. The RESET button is closest to the trackball, the
TEST button is on the right.
The Customer Menu appears after approximately 5 seconds.

THE CUSTOMER MENU


The Customer Menu contains a number of different diagnostic
functions, as shown in Figure 6-1.
CUSTOMER MENU CQPVRIGHT(C) 1996 ACUSON CORPORATION
This diagnostic software is (ll,Il()&d by Acuson and is licensed only

for use by Acusan custtwers as eKp"'essly authorized by Acuson.


EXIT (contirue noraal sterb.lp)

IE1P

IU'l Po.Ier On Diagnostics


Keyboard Functiona 1 t ty check
Logs - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - )

Configuration -------------)
Video Test Patterns - - - - - }
Service Phone ...... - - - - - )

an ENTRY with the

Figure 6-1

62

Customer Menu

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

The Customer Menu

The following menu functions are available:


Function

Description

Exit
Help

Exits Diagnostics and continues normal startup.


Displays useful information on these Diagnostic
selections and tools.
Allows you to run the standard Power-On
Diagnostics immediately, on demand.
Displays a representation of the keyboard on the
system monitor. As you press a control on the
keyboard, its representation lights up or spins to
verify that it is functional. See Figure 6-2.

Run Power-On
Diagnostics
Keyboard
Functionality

Power Up Log
Diagnostic
Configuration

Exit this test by pressing CODE + C or RESET.


Keeps a log of any errors encountered in the
Power On Diagnostics.
Allows you to set when to run the standard
power on diagnostics. See Figure 6-3. Choose
between diagnostics running:

The first time the system is powered on


each day (once per day)

Every time the system is powered on

NOTE: If a problem was detected during the


last Power On Diagnostics, diagnostics will run
every time regardless.
Displays a variety of patterns to choose from for
setting up cameras and other video equipment.
See Figures 6-4, 6-5 and 6-6.

Video Test
Patterns

Exit a test pattern by pressing CODE + C or


RESET.

Service Phone
Number

1096

Displays a phone number to call for service


questions or problems.

Service Manual

6-3

Chapter 6 . System Diagnostics

o.eyboard

C to E,dt

1.0 -

lXIDE

MESS.'"

""'"

1( lPI It )l X J( II II If It I( It
123415670911-: es
xQ\,EflTVUIOPXXCO
COASDFGKJll;'CR

It

" ," "


,
"
" "

, , .,
, ,"

X It )( )(

0+

ltM)(

0 +

)l l(

+.

0..
X X

)(

+++

(I

XXXICX+

It

0+0

StiZIICII II flM, .",SttX


ClXX SPACEIIIl: ltl(X)lX

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<-__ > 99
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T8l.

Figure 6-2

)l

O. 0

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0
0
0

0 ..

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T8R

))

86

7D

) 7

e <_>
<__)

85
16

fSt FS2

Keyboard Functionality Test

CUSTOMER MENU COPVRIGHT(C) 1996 ACUSONCORPORATIDN


This diagnostic; aofwa...e is cwr'lad by Acuson and i .. l1e.nllled only
'for u.s by Acuson eusta.ers .5 el<pr'"e_l)l aut.hDr1ZMt by Acu.on.

EXIT

sUrt.up)

HE\.p

Run Pawer On Dtagnost.1cs


Keyboerd FIMM;:'t iOl'Ult ity check

Logs

------------------------>
Q

Video T.at

---------)

Service Phone Number --------)

Figure 6-3

6-4

Power Up Diagnostic Configuration

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

The Customer Menu

CUST(MfR MENU COPYRIGHT(C) 1996 ACUSOt: CORPORATION

This diagnostic sof1lolare is OlaIfled by AcusOfl and is licensed only


for use by Acuson cusu.ers as 8I<pl"'essly authorized by Acuson.

EXIT (continue norw.al startup)


IElP

(use coa:-C to exit test patterns)


SIPTE EG 1-1990 Color Sar Test Pattern
kayboan:l
it" check
SW'TE RP 133-19fIi Medica 1 Diag laag'ing Pattern
CrosnIhatc:h Patt.-n
l .... - - - - - - - - - - - ) IDOl WITE Flat Field
tOOl GREEN flat Field
eonfigu""ation
1D01 BllE Flat Field

fiun Power On Diagnostics

--------->

II
Service Phone

---->

lUOlRED Flat Field

GM Crosshatch Pattern

IDOl Vincb! Patt.-n


50l Vincbr Patt.-n
101 Vtndaw Patt.rn
Vindow Pat:tem
lliray R.-p Pattef"'n
Co lor R.-p Pattern

Figure 6-4 Test Patterns

Figure 6-5

1096

SMPTE RP 133-1986 Medical Diag Imaging Pattern

Service Manual

6-5

Chapler 6 . Syslem Diagnoslics

Figure 6-6

Gray Ramp Pattern

EMERGENCY DIAGNOSTICS BYPASS


The Power On Diagnostics bypass function is intended for
occasional or emergency use only. Allowing your Acuson system to
run diagnostics on a regular basis is critical toward ensuring that
the system is functioning properly.
To bypass Power On Diagnostics while they are running, press

SPACE BAR.

IMPORTANT:

IMPORTANT:

If your system is frequently moved around, you should set it to run


Power On Diagnostics once per day and let them run thoroughly to
ensure that the system is functioning properly. Use the diagnostics
bypass for emergency situations only.

Ilf

a problem was detected during last Power On Diagnostics, the bypass


function will not work.

TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
For any service related questions or technical assistance, call the
phone number listed in the Diagnostics menu or, from within the
United States, call the North American Service and Technical
Assistance Team at 1-8DO-9-ACUSON 0-800-922-8766.)
For other locations, call your Acuson Service Representative.

6-6

Acuson Aspen Ullrasound Syslem

1096

Aspen

Ultrasound System
Service Manual

Preventive Maintenance

_ Clcuson

CHAPTER 7

Preventive Maintenance

Preventive Maintenance

7-2

Preliminaries

7-2

Initiating Cue
Interview the Operator

7-2
7-2

Visual Inspection

7-3

Basic Precautions
Cleaning and Sanitizing the System
Cleaning Air Filters

7-3
7-3
7-4

Mechanical Inspection

7-5

Monitor Assembly
Wheels and Locking Mechanism
Covers and Panels
User Interface

7-5
7-5
7-5
7-5

Electrical Verification

7-6

Following Basic Precautions

7-6

System Monitor Controls

7-7

Operational Verification

7-8

Transducer Selection
Cardiology Controls
AEGIS Digital Image and Da ta Management System
Peripherals Operation Verification

7-8
7-9
7-9
7-9

Customer Diagnostics

Entering Customer Diagnostics


Power On Diagnostics
Keyboard Functionality
Exiting Customer Diagnostics

1096

Service Manual

7-"

7-11
7-11
7-11
7-11

7-1

Ch.apter 7 . Preventive Maintenance

PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE
This section specifies the recommended frequency for perfonning a
Preventive Maintenance on the Acuson Aspen ultrasound system.
Periodic maintenance provides significant contribution to ongoing
reliability and perfonnance of a system.
The Aspen system is a reliable and mobile modern electronic
equipment and it contains self-diagnostics. No calibration or
electronic adjustments are required.
For infonnation about your Aspen system's warraniy and Acuson's
preventive maintenance program, refer to the Appendix 5,
Warranty and Service.

PRELIMINARIES
Initiating Cue

Interview the
Operator

There are several ways that a PM inspection may be initiated. The


minimum recommended frequency of PM inspections is one per
year. We recommend that a PM is perfonned:

Periodically. This period may vary from 3 to 7 months,


depending upon the operating environment.

Following a customer request.

Before starting the actual PM, you should meet briefly with the
user(s) and discuss any problems or concerns that they may have
with the system. It is important to take time to address the concerns
relating to the perfonnance of the system.
Review at least the follOWing:

7-2

Follow up on any open issues.

Have there been any problems?

Does the machine appear to be functioning nonnally?

Are they satisfied with the diagnostic quality of the images?

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Visuallnspeclion

VISUAL INSPECTION
Basic Precautions

Ultrasound systems are sometimes used in an environment in which


they are exposed to pathogens which pose a potential health hazard to
persons handling the system. For health reasons, always thoroughly
clean, sanitize and/or sterilize the system and its transducers prior to
performing maintenance.

WARNING!

Cleaning and
Sanitizing the
System

WARNING!

1096

Visually inspect the operating environment for bio-hazards


before doing anything to the system or the transducers:

Look for visual signs of biohazards presence on and around the


system.

Use caution especially when handling the system or the


transducers, bloodbome pathogens may be present.

Take necessary action if biohazard presence is suspected.

If not sure, treat system as infected and consult with an infection


control nurse for assistance.

To clean or sanitize the system:

Tum off the system and unplug it from the power outlet.

Clean the system cabinet, transducer holders, and storage bay with
a damp cloth soaked in mild soap and water, or sanitize it using
isopropyl alcohol.

00 NOT drip any liquid into the system or onto the keyboard.

Service Manual

7-3

Chapter 7 - Preventive Maintenance

The Acuson Aspen system has three air filters. Air filters are located
on both the upper right rear and upper left rear of the system. An
additional air filter is located on the front left side of the system.
Figure 7-1 shows the location of the air filters.

Cleaning Air Filters

Remove, inspect, and clean the air filters each week.

To remove and clean the air filters:


1

Unplug the system from the power outlet.

To remove the air filters located on the upper right and left side of
the syslem, use the tab on each filter to slide it out and remove the
filter.

To remove the air filter located on the. front left side of the system,
use the tab on the filter to slide it out and remove the filter.

Wash the filters in water with mild detergent and dry them, or clean
them with a hand-held vacuum cleaner.

Replace the filters.

Figure 7-1

7-4

Air Filter Removal

Acuson Aspen Ultr&.sound System

1096

Mechanical Inspection

MECHANICAL INSPECTION

To inspect the mechanical integrity of the system:

The Aspen system is a mechanically robust equipment, and it is


specially designed to be very mobile and maneuverable. However,
mechanical inspection is recommended for the following items:
Monitor Assembly

Wheels and

Locking Mechanism

To inspect the tilt and swivel capabilities of the system monitor


assembly:
o

Push the locking handle in to release the monitor assembly lock.

Check the vertical tilt maneuverability by rotating the monitor


up and down vertically.

Check the swivel maneuverability by rotating the monitor


assembly horizontally.

To inspect the wheels and locking mechanism:


o

Push the locking mechanism on the front wheels to the back of


the system to check the locking of the wheels.

Push the locking mechanism to the front of the system to check


the unlocking the wheels.

Covers and Panels

Inspect the covers and panels for any damage.

User Interface

Inspect the User Interface:

1096

Check the keyboard for any damage.

Clean the keyboard with a brush or vacuum cleaner.

Service Manual

7-5

Chapter 7 Preventive Maintenance


p

ELECTRICAL VERIFICATION
Following Basic
Precautions

The following safety precautions should be observed when


servicing the Acuson Aspen system:

WARNING!

Lethal voltages (up to 300 VDC) are present inside the Acuson Aspen
system. Use caution when opening the unit. Under certain fault
conditions the high voltage bus may remain charged even when the
main breaker is off. Furthermore, the operating temperature of some
components can cause bums.

IMPORTANT:

The Aspen system employs a software power-on/off circuit. This


means that there are live voltages present in the system even with the
power off. Always unplug the system from wall outlet to perform any
cleaning or maintenance.

7-6

To check the following for electrical verification of the system:

Verify the LEOs are lit on rear panel.

Check the connectors on the power cable for any deformation or


discoloration due to resistive heating of connector pins. Also check
the power cable for any deformation or damage. Replace cable or
connector if necessary.

Verify that the line voltage is within specifications (see Chapter 3,


Power Subsystem). Measurement should be within the stated range
when the system is both on and off. The system may shut itself
down if line voltages are outside these specifications.

Verify that all recording devices such as VCRs or printers are


connected to one of the isolated outlets on the back of the Aspen
system. If these devices are plugged directly into the wall outlets,
excessive leakage current may cause a hazard.

Verify the operation of the cooling fans. Listen for any excessive
noise caused by failed bearings. If fans are running at exceptionally
higher than normal speed then notify Acuson service
representative.

Verify the leakage current on the system using your test equipment.
For the electrical safety requirements see Chapter 1, Introduction
and System Requirements.

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

System Monitor Controls

SYSTEM MONITOR CONTROLS


Since many of the tests involve careful examination of thE' displayed
ultrasound image on the monitor, it is essential that monitor is set
up in a consistent way on each occasion. The level of ambient light
will also influence the tests and it should be consistent as much as
possible.

IMPORTANT:

1096

To check the Aspen system monitor:

Pull the monitor control knobs out to CALIBRATE mode and use it
as your start up reference.

Enter Customer Diagnostics Menu. Refer to Chapter 6, System


Diagnostics.

Select Video test patterns from the menu and check following Video
test patterns:

SMPTE EG 1-1990 Color Bar Test Pattern

SMPTE RP 133- 1996 Medical Diag. Pattern

Crosshatch Pattern

Do not forget to relurn the monitor control knobs to their original


position when finished, keeping in mind tha t users are generally very
particular about monitor settings.

Service Manual

7-7

Chapter 7 . Preventive Maintenance

OPERATIONAL VERIFICATION
This section provides basic means of verifying the operation of the
Acuson Aspen system and it's recording devices.
When evaluating the Aspen system operation consult your Acuson
Aspen System User Manual on using the system. Your User Manual
contains more specific information on the clinical use of the system.
Transducer
Selection

To check the ability of the system to recognize all available


transducers:
1

Insert the DL-type transducer connector into the DL transducer port


on the front panel of the system and rotate the locking knob
clockwise to lock the transducer in place.

Insert the MP-type transducer connector into the MP transducer


port on the front panel of the system and rotate the locking knob
clockwise to lock the transducer in place.

Press XDUCR key to display ail transducers available on the softkey


menu. Press the softkey corresponding to the transducer you want
to check.

Press the MULTIHERTZ@ toggle switch up or down to change the


imaging frequency available to you on the transducer.

Select modalities from user interface to check available modes for


each transducer.

Repeat the procedure for all available transducers.

To check 2D mode functionality:

1
IMPORTANT:

For more specific information on the B-rriode controls, consult your


User Manual.

IMPORTANT:

To check Spectral Doppler functionality:

Obtain a B-mode image of the area of interest and position Doppler


gate on the area of flow.

Enter Spectral Doppler and verify B-mode controls for their


operation.

For more specific information on the Spectral Doppler controls, consult


your User Manual.

7-8

Select a transducer and verify 2-D mode controls for their


operation.

To check the Color Doppler functionality:

Obtain a B-mode image of the area of interest and position CD Res


Box on the area of flow.

Enter Color Doppler and verify Color Doppler controls for their
operation.

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Operational Verification

IMPORTANT:

Cardiology Controls

IMPORTANT:

For more specific information on the Color Doppler controls, consult


your User Manual.

Select a cardiac transducer and obtain a B-mode image of the area of


interest and position the M-mode cursor on the area of motion.

Enter M-mode and check the operation.

For more specific information on the M-mode controls, consult your


User Manual.
To check ECGI Physio Module functionality (If available):

IMPORTANT:

AEGIS Digital
Image and Data
Management
System

Plug the ECG cable into the ECG Module and stick the ECG
electrodes to yourself and check the operation.

For more specific information on the ECG controls, consult your User
Manual.
2

IMPORTANT:

To check the M-mode functionality (if available):

Plug the Physio transducers into the Physio Module and check the
operation.

For more specific information on the ECG controls, consult your User
Manual.

To check the AEGIS system functionality (If available):


1

Store a static image and review it on the monitor to check the


acquisition and review function.

Store a dynamic clip and review it on the monitor to check the


dynamic clips acquisition and review function. (Always review
Dynamic Clips in small format.
This section provides basic means of verifying operation of the
peripherals interfaced to a Aspen system.

Peripherals
Operation
Verification

Always consult your User Manual on how to use the peripherals.


Your User Manual contains more specific information on the use of
the peripherals.
.

IMPORTANT:

1096

To check the operation of the Sony VCR-SVO 9500 MOP:


1

Check VCR configuration and cabling with the Aspen system.

Turn the VCR on, insert a blank tape, and verify the operation of the
VCR.

For more specific information on the VCR controls, consult your User
Manual.

Service Manua'

7-9

Chapter 7 . Preventive Maintenance

To check the operation of the Sony UP-5650 or UP-1800 color


printer:
1

Check printer configuration and cabling with the Aspen system.

Verify that the printer is loaded with film and paper.

Print a tolor image from Aspen system and verify the operation of
the printer.
To check the operation of the Sony UP-910, UP-930 and UP-890
BIW printer:

Check printer configuration and cabling with the Aspen system.

Verify that the printer is loaded with the paper.

Print a B/W image from Aspen system and verify the operation of
the printer.

IMPORTANT:

7-10

To check the operation of the liE Multi-Image Camera, check


camera configuration and cabling with the Aspen system:
1

Verify that the camera is loaded with the film cartridge.

Print a B/W image from Aspen system and verify the operation of
the camera.

For more specific infonnation on the use of peripheral devices, consult


your User Manual.

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Customer Diagnostics

CUSTOMER DIAGNOSTICS
Entering Customer
Diagnostics

You can enter the Customer Diagnostics Menus immediately after


powering up or by resetting the system.However, you will use the
trackball and the trackball select keys to navigate through the
menu.

Power On
Diagnostics

Keyboard
Functionality

Exiting Customer
Diagnostics

To access Customer diagnostics:

Press and hold TEST for one second immediately after power up or
immediately after pressing RESET.

Continue to hold these keys for two to five seconds, and then
release. The Diagnostics menu appears momentarily.

Press either trackball select key to select the function required.

To check the system for any Power Up error messages:


1

Enter Customer Diagnostic Menu

Check Power on Diagnostic Log to ensure no failures have been


reported since last PM.

Select Run Power On Diagnostics from the menu

Wait for the self diagnostics to run. if any errors are reported, refer
to the Troubleshooting Chapter of this Manual and resolve the
problem before proceeding any further.

If problems do arise which are difficult to troubleshoot or are subtle


in nature, contact your Acuson Service provider.

Select the Keyboard Functionality Check.


1

Press the controls on the keyboard and verify their functionality on


the representation on the monitor.

Exit this test by pressing CODE + C or RESET.

To exit User Diagnostics and return to imaging:


1

With the User Diagnostics menu displayed, select EXIT and press
the trackball select key.
The system will re-initialize to imaging mode.

1096

Service Manual

711

Chapter 7 . Preventive Maintenance

712

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Aspen
Ultrasound System
Service Manual

Parts List

cc:uson

CHAPTER 8

Parts List

Aspen System Acronym List

82

Aspen System Parts List

8-4

Cables and Wire Harnesses

8-4

Power Cables
Standard Cable Assemblies
Ribbon Cables

8-4
8-4
8-5

Chassis Hardware

8-6

Chassis Mechanical
Cosmetics
Air Filters
Manuals

8-6

Monitor Assembly

8-8

Peripheral Interface Cable Assemblies

8-8

Power Supplies

8-8

Printed Circuit Boards

8-9
8-9 .

Scanner PCBs
Scan Converter PCBs

1096

8-6
8-7

8-7

8-9

Misc. Parts

8-10

User Interface Assemblies

8-10

Ul Assemblies
VJ Cables

8-11

8-10

Service Manual

8-1

Chapter 8 - Parts Ust

ASPEN SYSTEM ACRONYM LIST


The following table describes various acronyms used in the Parts
List and elsewhere in the Manual.
Acronym

Description

ACBox

AC Input/Output Box
Apodizer

APD
AQP
AUXCW

Auxilary Continuous Wave Doppler Board

BBQ

Baseband Quadrature Board

COM
CRP
DAQ

Cine Data Memory Board

DBl
DCC
DCI

Color Reconstruction Processor


Doppler Acquisition Processor Board
Distribution Board Lower

Dual Chanoel Controller Board


Digital Compression Interface

ECG
EXP

Downlight Board
Doppler Spectral Processor Board
Electrocardiograph Module
Expose Control

FEC

Flow Estimator Calculator Board

FPl

Front Panel Light Board


Hard Drive
Heart Pulse Respirator Assembly
Intermediate Frequency Detector Board
Interpolating Gain Driver Board
Input/Output Board

DNlT

DSP

HD
HPR
IFD

IGD
lOB
Iso Xfmr
JPEG
LCD

Isolation Transformer

JPEG Compression Board


Liquid Crystal Display

MEX(Memex)

Memory Expansion Board

MXK
MO
MP
MSE
OVP
PB

Mixer Clock Board

PCA
PCB

8-2

Acquisition Processor Board

Magneto Optical
Micro Pinless

Monitor Speaker Equalizer


Overvoltage Proted Board (Box)
Push Button
Printed Circuit Assembly
Printed Circuit Board

PPR

Pulses Per Revolution

PI'S

Programmable Power Supply

QD

Quick Disconnect (in reference to Auxiliary Cart)

RCV
RP

Receiver Board

RTB

Reset Test Board

Reconstruction Processor Board

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Chapler 8 - Parts List

Acronym

Description

SOL

Summing Delay Line Board

SSW
STC

Scanner Timing Generator Board

SVC

Syscon Video Controller Board

TRM

Terminator Board

UOC

User Depth Control Assembly

UI

User Interface

UIC

User interface Controller Board

UIP

User Interface Panel

UIQ

User Interface QWERTY Keyboard

VOT

Video Detector Board

VPB

Video Processor Board

WFP

Waveform Processor Board

Wshr

Washer

Xdcr

Transducer

XOY

Transmit Delay Board

XMT

Transmit Board

ZAP

Audio Processor Board

S.c.
Scm
Scr

Scan Converter

SCSI

Small Computer System Interface

ZDL
ZFEB

Dl Transducer Interconnect Board


Distribution Board Top
Flow Estimator Buffer Board

ZIP

MP Transducer Interconnect Board

ZSCMB

Scan Converter Motherboard

ZDT

1096

Switch Board

Scanner
Screw

ZSCP

Scanner Control Processor Board

25MB

Scanner Motherboard

Service Manual

8-3

Chapter 8 - Parts List

ASPEN SYSTEM PARTS LIST


Following is a list of parts used in the Aspen ultrasound
system.Peripheral interface cables are also listed. Acuson is
continually improving the design and capabilities of its products
and therefore reserves the right to substitute parts of comparable
functionality at its discretion. If you have difficulty identifying a
replacement part, please contact your Customer Service Engineer or
call ]-800-9-ACVSON for assistance.

CABLES AND WIRE HARNESSES


Power Cables
30]93

Cord, Power] ]5VAC

34367

Cord, Power, AC, 230VAC

34768

Harness, Scanner Digital +5V

35901

Cable Assy, AC, Primary Input

37808

Cable Assy, lOB/Thermal Interface

40489

Cable Assy, MSE / AP Power

43003

Cable Assy, SCMB +5 Digital

43004

Cable Assy, SCMB +5 Dig Rtn

46539

Cord, Pwr, AC Box to Main P.S.

49370

Harness, Power, Aspen

34780

Cable Assy, lOB/Main P.S. Interface

34785

Cable Assy, 10B/AP Interface

34387

Cable Assy, DBR-HPR Sync

34787

Cable Assy, lOB/Monitor Interface

34795

Cable Assy, FAN/TEMP Harness

34798

Cable Assy, Scm Analog

34801

Cable Assy, Scm Control

34802

Cable Assy, Scm Voltage

35900

Cable Assy, HPR-ECG Sync

37780

Cable Assy, lOB/VIC Interface

37797

Cable Assy, UIC/ZAP/DNLT /SYSCTR

37798

Cable Assy, VIC/Foot Switch

Standard Cable
Assemblies

8-4

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Cables and Wire Harnesses

37799

Cable Assy, VIC/Monitor Soft Keys

37908

Cable Assy, Physio/SC Interface

37914

Cable Assy, AP/Headphone/Speaker

38959

Cable Assy, RTS/FPL

41549

Cable Assy, Senr Data

45703

Cable Assy, Senr Address

33496

Cable Assy, AQP /DCP

34368

Cable Assy, SCSI p.s. Bay

34370

Cable Assy, SCSI Disk Drive Bay

34378

Cable Assy, Doppler Digital

34579

Cable Assy, IFD/VDT4

34580

Cable Assy, Coax, IFD/VDT4

34781

Cable Assy, DCI/IOB

34782

Cable Assy, Physio Interface In!.

34788

Cable Assy, SVC/DCI

34790

Cable Assy, S.c. Remote Bus

34793

Cable Assy, RP / AQP

34803

Cable Assy, DCI SCSI Internal

34808

Cable Assy, 10Bas....T, Internal

42135

Cable Assy, SVC/VPB

49371

Cable Assy, Physio/S.C. Interface

Ribbon Cables

1096

Service Manual

8-5

Chapter 8 - Parts List

CHASSIS HARDWARE
Chassis Mechanical
34357

HD/MO Drive, Mounting Plate

34359

Disk / Audio Box, Rear Cover

34371

S.c., Cover, Assy

34386

Scm, Cover, Assy

35070

S.c., Card Guide Btm, Assy

35071

S.c., Card, Guide, Top, Assy

35111

Support, Senr Boards

37769

Bracket, PPS Mounting

39987

Tilt & Swivel, Assy

40365

Bezel, 256, MP Secondary Barrier

40367

Cap, 2ndary Barrier Assy

40374

MP Secondary Barrier (Shutter), Assy

46553

Plate, Hubcap Retention

46630

Bracket, Xdcr Holder, Left

46631

Bracket, Xdcr H9lder, Right

37762

Side Panel, Left

37763

Side Panel, Right

37766

Panel, Front

37812

Grill, Front Filter

37813

Holder, Xdcr Left

37816

Rear Panel

37820

Cap, Filter, Side Panel

37822

Door, Peripheral Bay, Assy

3d825

Holder, Xdcr Right

37929

Handle Rear

37822

VCR Door, Peripheral Bay, Assy

37946

Top, Peripheral Bay, Assy

37951

Rear, Peripheral Bay, Assy

Cosmetics

6-6

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1095

Chassis Hardware

:17%0

Blank Door, Peripheral Bay, Assy

37962

Pad, Interior Peril Bay

38000

Disk Bezel. Assy

39712

Cvr, Peril Bay Lelt, Assy

39714

Cvr, Peril Bay Right, Assy

39939

Front Storage, Assy

39958

Panel MP Plug, Assy

40247

Holder, Gel

40491

Panel DL/MP, Assy

42622

Peripheral Tie Down Strap, Assy

46517

Pad, Top, Peripheral Bay

Special Order

Door, Rear, lOB

46551

Panel. Forward Trim

49366

Caster, Hub Cap

37991

Filter, S.c. & Scm. Rear'

37992

Filter, Scanner, Front

47881

User Manual

47882

Transducer and Peripheral Manuat-

49881

Service Manual

49692

User Manual

'49694

Transducer and Peripheral Manual

49693

User Manual

49695

Transducer and Peripheral Manual

49691

IEC 1157 Tech Data in German

Air Filters

Manuals
English

French

German

1096

Service Manual

8-7

Chapter 8 - Parts List

MONITOR ASSEMBLY

31873

Aspen 14" Monitor Subassembly

PERIPHERAL INTERFACE CABLE ASSEMBLIES

26096

Adapter Sony Remote Prntto BNC

34805

Cable Assy, Printer (Centronics)

34810

Cable Assy, VCR

34813

Cable Assy, RGB5 IN

34814

Cable Assy, RGB AUX

34819

Cable Assy, EXP/CONTROLLER

34820

Cable Assy, CAM VIDEO

35013

Assy, VCR Adptr RJ12 to DB25

35907

Cable Assy, RGB IMAGER

39932

Cable Assy, Main Carl, QD

39933

Cable Assy, Aux Carl, QD

39934

Cable Assy, Exp / Control

39935

Cable Assy, Cam Video

29855

Main Power Supply, Assy

37804

AC Box, 115 VAC, Assy

37981

AC Box, 230 VAC, Assy

37984

Fuse, 510 Blo SA 250V

37985

Fuse Block 30A 1/4" Q.c.

42526

PP53 Box, Assy

49365

Isolation Xfmr Box, 220VAC, Assy

37805

Isolation Xfmr Box, I1SVAC, Assy

POWER SUPPLIES

8-8

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Printed Circuit Boards

PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS


Scanner PCBs
10332

APD

Apodizer

10412

TRM

Terminator Board

16942

XDY3

Transmit Delay Board

17332

AUXCW

Aux. CW Doppler Board

17912

RCV2

Receiver Board

17932

MXK2

Mixer Clock Board

18132

SDU

Summing Delay Line

20992

XMT4

Transmitter Board

.21552

DCC3

Dual Channel Controller

26142

MEX3

Memory Expansion Board

26442

IGD3

Interpolating Gain Driver

30242

IFD

Intermediate Freq. Detector

32272

BBQ4

Baseband Quadrature Board

34602

DBL4

Distribution Board Lower

35412

STG5

Scanner Timing Generator

38072

ZIP

MP XDCR Interconnect

41172

ZDT

Distribution Board Top

45842

25MB

Scanner Motherboard

46212

ZSCP

Scanner Control Processor

46602

ZDL2

DL XDCR Interconnect

47962

VOT4

Video Detector Board

14922

DSP2

Doppler Spectral Processor

19312

DAQ3

Data Acquisition Board

30362

ZSCMB

Scan Converter Motherbaord

31292

AQP

Acquisition Processor

36552

FEC4

Flow Estimator Calculator

39962

JPEG2

JPEG Daughter Board

41312

IOB2

Input/Output Board

41612

WFP

Waveform Processor

41622

CRP

Color Reconstruction Processor

Scan Converter
PCBs

1096

Service Manual

8-9

Chapter 8 . PariS List

MIsc.

41632

CDM2

Cine Data Memory

41642

SVC2

Syscon Video Controller

41652

VPB2-N

Video Procesor Board NTSC

41662

RP2-N

Reconstruction Processor NTSC

41672

DCI2 (Aegis)

Data Compression Interface

41752

VPB2-P

Video Procesor Board PAL

41762

RP2-P

Reconstruction Processor PAL

45792

ZFEB

Flow Estimator Buffer

37846

Fan

Fan 6" 12V w 1Rotation Detection

37918

Fan

Fan 80mm 12V w IRotation Detection

37920

Tenninator

Terminator, Active SCSI

37926

ECG2

Electrocardiograph Module, Assy

37927

HPR

Heart Pulse Respirator Module, Assy

37980

OVPBox

Overvoltage Protect Box

47246

Hard Drive

Hard Drive, Internal, 1.08GB

40942

MSE

Monitor Speaker Equalizer

42748

MODrive

3.5" 230MB M.D. Drive

45512

ZAP

Aspen Audio Processor

21092

T.5.

Thermal Sense Board

43292

DFB2

Disk Filter Board

PARTS

USER INTERFACE ASSEMBLIES


UI Assemblies

810

32938

Key, Paddle

32940

Trackball II, 2'14", Stone Gray

33134

Overlay, Main, VI, Domestic

33145

Pushkey,Sm

33442

Vser Depth Control Board

35096

Encoder, Rotary,16ppr wi detent & PB

35097

Encoder, Rotary, 16ppr, detent

Acuson Aspen Ultra.sound System

1096

User Interlace Assemblies

35O'J8

Encoder, Rotary, 32ppr, w/detent & PB

35099

Encoder, Rotary, 32ppr, PB

35100

Encoder, Rotary, 32ppr

37581
(Top Levell

User Interface Complete, Assy

37592

User Interface Panel PCA

37606

Hook, Xdcr Cable

37821

Cap, Handle, Console Bezel, UI

37941

UIQ Elastomer

38082

QWERTY Light Board, PCB Assy

38092

Reset/Test Board, PCB Assy

38102

Front Panel Light, PCB Assy

38112

Power Switch Board, PCB Assy

38122

Selector Select Board, PCB Assy

39316

Shield, Encoder, VI

39543

Bezel, UOC

39545

Pushkey, Std

39546

Pushkey, Std w /indicator, Assy

39550

Pushkey, VCR, Assy

39554

Pushkey, Hardcopy, Assy

40537

Bezel, Console, Ul, Assy

41302

UlC2, PCB Assy

. 42419

Knob, Rotary

42422

Pushkey, Begin, Printed

42424

UlQ Keys, Domestic, Assy

45476

Kit,Annotation KeyCap,English

45625

Liquid Crystal Display w / connector

45946

UDC,Cap,

46467

Wheel, Cine, Stone Gray

37800

Cable Assy, UlP/LCD

37801

Cable Assy, VIP /UDC

37803

Cable Assy, UlP/UlQ

37963

Cable Assy, UlP/RTS

38958

Cable Assy, UlP /SSW /Trackball

UI Cables

1096

Service Manual

8-11

Chapter 8 - Parts List

8-12

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Aspen
Ultrasound System
Service Manual

System Drawings

cc:uson

APPENDIX A

System Drawings

System Cabling Diagram


Exploded View, User Interface, DIMAQ Workstation
Exploded View, Disk/Audio Box, DIMAQ Workstation
Exploded View, Power Supply Bay
Exploded View, Scanner
Exploded View, Scan Converter, DIMAQ Workstation
Exploded View, System, Front
Exploded View, Casters

1096

Service Manual

A-3
A-7
A-ll
A-IS
A-19

A-23
A-27
A-3I

A1

A-2

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

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J1 (3 Pc.

,=
\TlG_.,

""

[J

_ _ 13111.

rT7

' .,

...

-=.;.

Table A-I

User Interface, DIMAQ Workstation

EM#

ACUSON PIN

DESCRIPTION

OTY.

40537

Assy, Bezel, User Interface (UI) Console

38122

PCB Assy Selector Switch Board

42424

Assy, UIQ Keys, Domestic

45946

UDeCap

39543

UDCBezel

33134

UI Overlay, Domestic

39545

Pushkey, Std

12

'8

39546

Pushkey, Std wi Indicator

26

39550

Pushkey, VCR

10

42422

Pushkey, Begin, Printed

11

39554

Pushkey, Hardcopy

12

3293&

Key, Paddle.

13

13

n/a

Assy, Switch Matrix w I QWERTY

14

35096

Encoder, 16

15

35097

Encoder, 16 PPR w IDentents

16

35098

Encoder,32 PPR w IDentents/Push

17

35099

Encoder, Rotary, 32 PPR, Pushbutton

18

35100

Encoder, 32 PPR

19

39316

Shield, Encoder, ill

20

45625

Assy, LCD Display wi connector

21

41302

Assy, PCB User Interface Controller

22

33442

Assy, User Depth Control

23

32940

Trackball

24

37811

Casting, Base, Control Panel

25

37821

Cap, Handle, Front Control

26

46467

Wheel, Cine

27

42419

Rotary Knob

28

47734

Scr,4-40 x .38 Cone SEM

29

n/a

Nut,3/8-32

30

n/a

3/8"Lock Washer,

31

40330

Scr, 8-32 x 3/8" Cone SEM

25

32

n/a

Scr, 2-56 x .I 88"

33

18053

Scr, 8-32 x 1/2" Hex

34

38092

PCA, Reset Test Board

1096

L./ d'103

w lDentents/Push

Service Manual

...

AS

Appendix A - System Drawings

Table A-I User Interface, DIMAQ Workstation (Continued)


EM#

ACUSON PIN

DESCRIPTION

QTY.

35

50029

Diffuser, Downlight

36

38102

PCB Assy, Front Panel Light

37

37606

Hook, Transducer Cable

38

40401

Scr, 4-40X3/8" Shaft, Flat

A-6

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

._ - - - - - - - - - - - - - '

..

'

9 PL

29)9 PL

13

20

4 PL
2\

PL

,n

25

34

24

2 PL

Tum the page over for Disk I Audio Box

1096

Service Manual

A-9

Appendix A - System Drawings

Table A-2

Disk! Audio Box, DIMAQ Workstation

EM#

ACUSON PIN

DESCRIPTION

QTY.

N/A

Assy, Disk Box (For reference only)

34357

Hard Drive/MO Mounting Plate

34359

Diskl Audio Box, Rear Cover

46499

Cover, AP PCA

47246

Hard Drive, Internal, 1.08 GB

42748

MO Drive, 230 MB, Fujitsu M2512A

37918

Fan, 80MM, 12V W IRotation Det

31481

Fan Guard, 80mm

45512

Audio Processor

10

40942

Monitor System Equalizer

11

38112

PCB Assy, Power Switch Board

12

38082

PCB Assy, QWERTY Light Board

13

38000

Assy, Disk Bezel

14

49373

Aspen Nameplate

15

40330

SCR, 8-32 x 3/8 Cone SEM

18

16

40442

Scr, 8-32 x.5 Cone SEM

10

17

Included w I Item 11

Washer, Lock

18

Included w I Item 11

Hex Nut

19

40593

Standoff, 8-32 x .5" M/F 1/4 HEX

20

11866

Kepnut, 6-32 18/8

A10

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

15

13

PL

18 }
I]

PART Of
I

II

I REf
]

8 NOT SHOWN
II
15 6 PL
19

4 PL

3
6

4 PL 16

1
IRONICALLY.

DED FOR

PURPOSES

MAO
fiGURE NO

'
WORKSTAT ION

. A3

Turn the page over for Power Supply Bay

1096

Service Manual

A13

Appendix A - System urawmgs

Table A-3

Power Supply Bay


QTY.

EM#

ACUSON PIN

DESCRIPTION

34261

Structu ral Weld't (For reference Only)

29855

Assy, Main Power Supply , AC/DC

37769

Bracket, PPS Mount ing

42526

Assy, PPS3 Box

37990

Retainer, PPS

37981

Fan, 80mm 12V W IRotat ion Detection

31481

Fangu ard 80mm PPS

37980

OVPB ox

40330

Scr, 8-32 x 3/8

10

10

4786S

Scr,6 x32x1 1/4

11

37985

Fuse Block, 30 AMP 1 14"

12

37984

Fuse, Sio Blo 5 Amp 250V

13

15513

Scr, 4-40 x .38

A-14

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

I
I

I
I
I
I
'Ii.

2 PL

10 4 PL

I
I
I
I
I
I
ill
l

2 PL

',',
',',
'l ",
"-....

3 PL

2 PL
NOT SHOWN

I,

3
4
FOR SERVICE USE!
NOT INTENDED FOR

2 PL

COPYRIGHT 1996.ACUSON
CORPORATION. AU
RIGHTS RESERVED. THIS
DOCUMENT SHALL.NOT BE
COPIED IN WHOLE OR IN
PART,
EL ECTRON ICAL LY.

e::tc:::....!5:tc::....
TITLE

EXPLODED VI EW ,
POWER SUPPL Y BAY
FIGURE NO.

A4

Turn the page over for Scanner

1096

SeNice Manual

A-17

Appendix A - System Drawings

Table A-4

Scanner

EM'

ACUSON PIN

DESCRIPTION

OTY.

34261

Structural Weld't (for reference only)

34279

Hoor IXfmr Cover

35961

Isolation Transformer Sheetrnetal Box

37805

Assy, Isolation Transformer Box

37846

Fan 6" 12V W I Rotation Detection

11553

Finger Guard, 6" Fan

45842

PCB Assy, Motherboard, Scanner

34374

Assy, Scanner, Chassis

41172T

ZOTBoard

10

n/a

Miscellaneous Scanner Board (for reference only)

n/a

11

34602T

DBLBoard

12

34386

Assy, Cover, Scanner

13

37834

Handle, 3.5" Mounting Center

14

21092

Temp Sensor Board

15

47733

Scr 4-40 x 1/2 Cone SEM

16

47732

Scr, 10-16 x 1/2 Hex.

17

40442

Scr, 8-32 x.5 Cone SEM

52

18

40330

Scr, 8-32 x 3/8 Cone SEM

19

47730

Scr, 1/4-20 x 5/8 Hex.

20

11716

Washer,l /4 Split Lock

..

A18

'.

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

2 PL
6
3 PL

3 JlL

: Iii.
: Ii I
I .
: iii
I .:.

9
10

: iii
:.. :

12

4 PL

NOT SHOWN

cc:uson

COPYRIGHT 1996 ACUSON


CORPORAT I ON. ALL
tTiTTr--------J
RIGHTS RESERVED. THIS TITlE
DOCUMENT SHALL NOT BE
EXPLODED VIEW
. . .

OR IN

ELECTRONICALLY.

FIGURE NO.

SCANNER'
AS

Appendix A . System Drawings

Tum the page over for Scan Converter

1096

Service Manual

A21

Appendix A - System Drawings

Table A-5

Scan Converter, DIMAQ Workstation

EMit

ACUSON PIN

DESCRIPTION

QTY.

34261

Chassis Structure, Weldment (for reference only)

30362

PCB Assy, Scan Converter Motherboard

11553

Finger Guard, 6" Fan

34361

Fan Plate, Scan Converter

37846

Fan 6" 12V w I Rotation Detection

35071

Assy, Scan Converter, Card Guide Top

nla

Misc. Scan Converter Board (for reference only)

nla

35070

Assy, Scan Converter, Card Guide Bottom

41312T

PCB Assy, IOB2 w Isheetmetal plate

1.'

10

34371

Assy, Cover, Scan Converter

11

37834

Handle, 3.5" Mounting Center

12

47733

Scr 4-40 x 1/2 Cone SEM

13

47732

Scr, 10-16 x 1/2 Hex.

14

40330

Scr, 8-32 x 3/8 Cone SEM

49

15

21092

Temp Sensor Board

16

17581

Pin Cap, 2 Pos.

17

47407

Shielding, EM!, 13.5"L x .25"H x .50"W

18

47408

Shelding, EMI, 11.5"L x 6mm H x 6mm W

19

50057

Bracket, EMI Scan Converter Cover

A22

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

t096

12

2 PL

2 PL
PL

4
14

PL

5 2 PL
14 2 PL

2 PL
4 PL
NOT SHOWN

cc :u so n

COPYRIGHT 1996 ACUSON


TITLE.
CORPORATION. ALL
RIGHTS RESERVED. THIS
DOCUMENT SHALL NOT BE
OR IN

fOR SERVICE USE!


NOT INTENDED fOR MANUfACTURING PURPOSES

ELECTRON ICALLY.

EXPLODED VIEW
SCAN CONVERTER
DIMAQ WORK STATION

FIGURE NO.

A6

BASE

IF NE I THER ITEM 6 OR 7 I S USED


THEN ITEMS 19 & 26 SHALL BE I NSTALlEb

PL
16

2 PL

170R@

4 PL
6 PL

10

5PL

21

c::Ic:::....!5:t::)..-.

17 PL

FOR SERVICE USE!


NOT INTENDED FOR MANUFACTURING

14

9 2 PL

COPYRIGHT 1996 ACUSON


CORPORATION. ALL
TITLE
RIGHTS RESERVED. THIS
DOCUMENT SHALL NOT BE
COPIED IN WHOLE OR IN
PART, INCLUDING
FIGURE NO.
ELECTRON ICALLY.

EXPLODED VIEW,
SYSTEM FRONT
A7

Tum the page over for System Front

)
1096

Service Manual

A-25

Appendix A - System Drawings

Table A6

System Front

EMil

ACUSON PIN

DESCRIPTION

QTY.

34261

Chassis Structure, Weldment (for reference only)

46602

PCB Assy, ZDL

38072

PCB Assy, ZIP

40657

Grounding Block. DL

(N/A)

Scr, 4-40 x .375"

37926

Assy, ECG Module

37927

Assy, HPR Module

37904

Physio Bezel, Blank

40442

Scr, 832 x .5 Cone SEM

34

10

37997

Assy, ZDL/MUX Cover

11

40374

Assy, MC, Secondary Barrier

12

40401

Scr, 4-40 x .375, Flat

13

40491?

Assy, Panel DL/IP

14

40365

Bezel 256 Secondary Barrier

15

40400

Scr, 6-32 x 7/16 slotted captive

16

40367

Cap, Secondary Barrier

17

37824

Plate Aux-CW (Not Labeled in diagram)

18

39716

Panel Headphone (Not Labeled in diagram)

19

46551

Panel, Forward Trim

20

37766

Panel, Front

21

11554

Kepnut,8-32 18/8 w / Lock Washer

22

39019

Assy, Physio Shroud

23

46485

Bracket, Ground Jack, Aux CW

24

37914

Cable Assy, AP /Headphone/Speaker

25

34804

Cable Assy, Aux CW Interface

26

39939

Z, Assy, Front Storage

27

48425

Scr, 8-32 x 3/16

28

39987

Assy, Tilt & Swivel

29

( N/A)

Ser, 8-32 x 3/4 Cone SEM

A-26

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Tum the page over for Casters

1096

Service Manual

A29

Appendix A - System Drawings

Table A-7

Casters

EM'

ACUSON PIN

DESCRIPTION

OTY.

46532

Casler, 6" Swivel & Brake Darcor

46524

Yoke, Rear Caster, Right

46523

Yoke, Rear Casler, Left

46531

Casler, 8" Darcor

46553

Plale, Hubcap, Retention

49366

Hubcap, Rear Wheel

47227

Scr, 1/2-13 x 4'" Hex

47228

Scr, 1/4-20 x 1.2S" Hex

47737

Washer, 1/2'" FLat

10

47726

Nut. 1/2-13 Nyl Lock 18/8 SST

11

12120

Wshr, 1/4'" Flat

14

12

42128

Hex Nut. Nylon 1/4-20, Nypalch

14

13

47731

Scr, 1/4-20 x 7/8" Hex

14

47229

Scr, 1/4-20 x 17/8" Hex

A-30

"lv-

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

PL

(LEFT SIDE,
NOT SHOWN)

7 2 PL

2 PL

(FRONT)

4 PL

INSIDE

PL

2 PL

fOR SERVICE USE!


NOT INTENDED fOR MANUFACTURING PURPOSES

12

8 PL
r------I

Clc:uson

COPYRIGHT 1996 ACUSONf------------1


TITlE
CORPORATION. ALL
RIGHTS RESERVED. THIS
EXPLODED VI EW
DOCUMENT SHALL NOT BE
'
COPIED IN WHOLE OR IN
CASTERS
PART, I NCLUD I NG
1------------1
ELECTRONICALLY.
FIGURE NO. A8

APPENDIX B

Warranty and Service

1096

Warranty and Limitations of liability

B-2

Preventive Maintenance

B-6

Customer Service

B-6

Service Manual

B-1

Appendix B Warranty and Service

This appendix explains the Acuson Aspen Ultrasound system

warranty and describes the procedures to follow when you have a


question or a problem.

WARRANTY AND LIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY


. The following is a duplicate of your actual warranty certificate.
1. TERMS
Acuson warrants that the equipment listed on the front of your
installation certificate (the "Equipment") will be free from defects in
materials and workmanship for a period ending twelve (12) months
from the effective date shown on the front of the installation
certificate.
2. ACUSON DUTIES

Commencing on the effective date shown on the front of this


document, Acuson shall have the following duties under this
Warranty:
2.1 Scheduled Preventive Maintenance. During the term of this
Warranty, Acuson shall provide preventive maintenance for the
Equipment, including, without limitation, those actions which
Acuson considers necessary to ensure proper operation of the
Equipment, not less frequently than an annual calibration, during
Acuson's normal working hours, 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. local time
Monday through Friday, except for recognized holidays ("Prime
Period of Maintenance" or "PPM"). Preventive maintenance may be
performed by Acuson concurrently with remedial maintenance
under this Warranty and, in that event, may be unscheduled. Such
preventive maintenance may be provided via telephone modem
access to the Equipment or on site, at Acuson's discretion.
2.2 Remedial Maintenance Durin!; PPM Hours. Acuson will
provide remedial maintenance necessary to maintain the
Equipment in good working order upon Customer's request for
service, which request may be oral. Such remedial maintenance
may be provided via telephone modem access to the Equipment or
on site during PPM hours, at Acuson's discretio'!.
2.3 Remedial Maintenance Outside PPM Hours. Remedial
maintenance will be performed outside PPM hours at Customer's
request only, at an additional charge for overtime labor, travel and
expenses, as applicable.
2.4 Other Acuson Duties. Acuson will provide at no charge to
Customer, replacement transducers for those transducers identified
on the front of the installation certificate (except for those damaged
due to the events described in Paragraph 3(f)), a discount on
transducers replaced due to damage from any cause, all other
necessary replacement parts for maintaining the Equipment (except
for operating supplies and consumable parts), Acuson's 99%
Uptime Guarantee, discounts on selected future option punchases,
and operating system software updates in accordance with

B-2

Acuson -Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

warranty and Limitations of Liability

Acuson's Software'License Update Policy (described in


Paragraph 9).
All replacement parts, when furnished, will be new parts or rebuilt
parts equivalent in the judgment of Acuson to the new parts when
used in connection with the Equipment. All replaced parts shall
become the property of Acuson.
3. EXCLUSION FROM MAINTENANCE DUTIES
Acuson shall have no obligation to provide maintenance service or
replacement parts on Equipment in connection with: (a) any
intentional or negligent acts or omissions of Customer's employees,
agents or invitees, (b) attempts to repair or service the Equipment
made by persons other than Acuson's personnel without the prior
approval of Acuson, (c) use of special attachments or devices not
provided by Acuson in connection with the Equipment, (d) misuse
of the Equipment including, without limitation, use of the
Equipment for any application or function for which it was not
designed; (e) damage resulting from use of operating supplies or
consumable parts not approved by Acuson; (f) transducer failure
due to events such as cracking from high impact drops, cable
rupture from rq1ling equipment over the cable, and other accidental
causes; (g) transducer failure due to events such as damage or
delamination from cleaning with materials or methods not
approved by Acuson; (h) failure or damage caused by any
hardware or software not manufactured and installed by Acuson
that is installed on the Equipment; or (I) maintenance required due
to damage to the Equipment resulting from (a) transportation by
.Customer, (b) causes (other than ordinary use) within the
reasonable control of Customer, or (c) any Excusing Event as
defined in Paragraph 5 of this Warranty. Acuson will not replace
transducers solely for the reason that they have discolored.
4. RESPONSIBnmES OF CUSTOMER
In connection with the Aspen system, the Customer may recieve a
modem which assists Acuson personnel to access the mainframe to
perform Acuson's duties under this Warranty. The Customer is
responsible for providing a dedicated analog telephone line suitable
for connection to the modem. The Customer is also responsible for
replacing modems that are lost or damaged. Customer shall
proVide Acuson personnel with reasonable access to the Equipment
for purposes of maintenance pursuant to this Warranty. Such access
includes connection via the supplied modem and Customer's
telephone line. If reasonable access is not proVided to Acuson
representatives, the Customer will be billed at the then prevailing
rate for labor all the time the Acuson representative is denied access
to the Equipment at Customer's location.
Customer sha1l pay within 30 dayS of invoice all charges based
upon Acuson's then applicable rates for all work requested by the
Customer which is outside the scope of this Warranty, including
without limitation, maintenance services arising out of any of the
causes listed in Paragraph 3 of this Warranty.
Whenever remedial maintenance is prOVided outside PPM hours in
accordance with Paragraph 2.3, Customer shall provide a

1096

Service Manual

B3

Appendix B Warranty and Service

knowledgeable representative on site with signature authority to


accept the satisfactory completion of work performed and to
authorize billing.
Customer shall use any parts supplied by Acuson only in the
Equipment with the serial numbers listed on the front of this
Warranty and with no other system or Equipment.
5. EXCUSED PERFORMANCE
Acuson will not be required to perform its obligations under this
Warranty, nor will it be liable for its failure to perform such
obligations, if such performance is prevented, hindered, or delayed
by reason of any cause or causes beyond the reasonable control of
Acuson ("Excusing Event") including, without limitation, labor
disputes, strikes, other industrial disturbances, acts of God, floods,
shortages of materials, earthquakes, casualties, war, acts of the
public enemy, riots, insurrections, embargoes, laws, blockages,
actions, restrictions, and regulations or orders of any government,
government agency or subdivision.
6. WARRANTY; DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY

6.1 Warranty; Qisdajmer of Warranty: Acuson warrants that (a)


Acuson will provide the duties described in Paragraph 2 of this
Warranty and (b) the Equipment will be free from defects in
material and workmanship at the time of installation. THIS
WARRANTY IS IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES,
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING WTIHOUT LIMITATION
TIlE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
6.2 ReInes!)' In the event of Acuson's breach of any warranty or
obligation under this Warranty, Customer's sole remedy and
Acuson's sole obligation shall be to make all necessary adjustments,
repairs, and replacements in accordance with the terms of this
Warranty and to replace any parts installed pursuant to this
Warranty which are defective at the time of installation.
7. LIMITATION OF UABIUTY
ACUSON SHALL HAVE NO LIABILITY UNDER THIS
WARRANTY FOR ANY LOSS, DAMAGE OR EXPENSE OF ANY
KIND WHATSOEVER CAUSED BY TIlE EQUIPMENT OR ANY
DEFECT THEREIN, niE USE OR MAINTENANCE THEREOF, OR
ANY SERVICING OR ADJUSTMENTS mERETO, NOT
EXPRESSLY COVERED BY nilS WARRANTY.
ACUSON SHALL IN NO EVENT BE LIABLE FOR ANY
INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OF
ANY NATURE WHATSOEVER INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
TO, LOSS OF USE OF THE EQUIPMENT, LOSS OF IMAGES, LOSS
OF DATA, OR LOSS OF PROFITS.
8. EQUIPMENT LOCATION
All Equipment is located at Customer's address on the front side of
this Warranty unless otherwise set forth on the front side of this
Warranty. Any subsequent resale or removal to a new location
without prior approval from Acuson will result in automatic
cancellation of this Warranty.

B-4

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Warranty and Limitations of Liability

9. ACUSON SOFTWARE LICENSE UPDATE POLICY


Acuson will license at no charge Operating System Software
Updates which require no hardware changes and which solely
enhance previously purchased capabilities of the system. Operating
System Software Updates which provide new features or
capabilities or require hardware changes will be offered at purchase
prices established by Acuson. Acuson retains the sole right to
determine whether an Update represents an enhancement of a
previously purchased capability or a new capability for which the
Customer will be charged.
10. MISCELLANEOUS
10.1 Assignment. Customer's rights and obligations under this
Warranty shall not be assignable by Customer in full or in part, by
operation of law or otherwise, without the prior written consent of
Acuson.
10.2 Waiver. Any forbearance, failure or delay by Acuson in
exercising any right, power, or remedy hereunder shall not be
deemed tobe a waiver of such right, power or remedy, any single or
partial exercise of any right, power or remedy by Acuson hereunder
shall not preclude the further exercise thereof, and every right,
power and remedy of Acuson shall continue in full force and effect
until such right, power or remedy is specifically waived by an
instrument in writing executed by Acuson.
10.3 Written
This Warranty supersedes any prior
agreements, written or oral, between the parties, contains the entire
understanding between the parties and except as provided herein,
may be amended or altered only by execution of an instrument in
writing.
10.4 Governing Law. This Warranty shall be governed by the laws
of the State of California, applicable to contracts between California
residents entered into and wholly to be performed in California.
10.5 Attorneys' Fees. If any legal action or proceeding is brought
for the enforcement of this Warranty or because of any alleged
dispute, breach, default or misrepresentation in connection with
any of the provisions of this Warranty; the successful or prevailing
party or parties shall be entitled to recover reasonable attorneys'
fees and other costs incurred in that action or proceeding, in
addition to any other relief to which such party may be entitled.
. 10.6 Unenforceable Provisions. If any portion of this Warranty shall
be determined to be invalid and unenforceable, the remainder shall
be valid and enforceable to the maximum extent possible.
10.7 Notices. All notices, requests, demands, and other
communications under this Warranty shall, unless otherwise
provided herein, be in writing, and shall be deemed to have been
duly given on the date of service if served personally, or upon
receipt if sent by certified or registered mail, postage prepaid, to the
address of the receiving party set forth on the front of this
document.

1096

Service Manusi

8-5

AppencDx 8 - Warranty and Service

PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE
Acuson's Preventive Maintenance Procedure helps ensure warranty
customers continued reliability and performance of the Acuson
system through regularly scheduled performance checks against
system specifications.
Normally, Acuson, or its authorized agent, will contact the
customer to schedule periodic Preventive Maintenance during the
Warranty. Preventive Maintenance is also included in other service
contracts from AcUson available to customers at warranty
expiration.
Performance of Preventive Maintenance by individuals other than
authorized Acuson Customer Engineers or Acuson authorized
agents may void your warranty.
Customers not covered under an Acuson Protection Plan will see
the following message on the Acuson system screen when
Preventive Maintenance is required:
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE OVERDUE

A phone number for scheduling a Preventive Maintenance visit also


appears.

CUSTOMER SERVICE
Acuson's Regional Customer Service phone lines are available 24
hours a day, seven days a week, for scheduling system service, help
with service contract pricing, Or questions about system operation.
See "Contacting Acuson" on page xiii for the address and phone

number of Acuson Customer Service in your region.

8-6

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

1096

Aspen

Ultrasound System
Service Manual

Index

cc:uson

Index

Numerics

20 data Path 2-23


A

AC Power Distribution 3-4


Accessing Customer Menu 6-2
Acquisition Processor Boord 2-37
AEGIS system 2-31
Air filterlocations 1-13
APD 2-12
Apodizer Board 2-12
AQP 2-37
Aspen System Front Panel Input and
Output Connectors 1-10
Aspen System Parts List 8-2, 8-4
Aspen System Rear Input and Output
Connectors 1-9
Allaching Peripherals I-IS
Audio 2-34
Audio Processor Board 2-41
AUX 2-12
Auxiliary Continuous Wave Doppler

Board

2-12

B
Baseband Quadrature Board 2-12
BBQ 2-12
C
Cables and Wire Harnesses 8-2, 8-4

Caring for the System 1-12


Caring for Transducers 1-14
Causes of Failures 5-4
COM 2-37

0796

CleaningAirFilters 1-13, 7-4


Cleaning and Sanitizing the
System 1-12
Color Doppler Data Path 2-27
Color Reconstruction And Processing

Board 2-37
Common Symptoms and Fixes 5-6
Contacting Acuson xv
CRP 2-37
Customer Diagnostic Menu 6-2
Customer Diagnostics 7-11

o
DAQ 2-38
DBL 2-13
DC Diatribution 3-7
DC Power Supply 3-10
DCC 2-13
Diagnostics

bypass 6-6
PowerOn 6-6
user 5-2, 6-6
DIMAQ Integrated Ultrasound
Workstation 2-20
DIMAQ workstation
Assemblies 2-36
DIMAQ Workstation Block
Diagram 2-22
Distribution Board Lower 2-13
Distribution Board Top 2-18
DL-type Transducer Interconnect
Board 2-17

Chassis Hard ware 8-6


Cine Data Memory Board 2-37

Doppler Acquisition Board 2-38


Doppler Processing 2-10
Doppler Spectral Processor
Board 2-38

Cine Operation 2-31

DSP 2-38

Service Manual

Index1

Index

Dual Channel Controller Board 2-13

E
ECG / Physio Module 2-38
Electrical Safety Requirements 1-5
Electrical Verification 7-6
Electrocardiogram Module 2-38
ErrorCodes 5-12
Error Messages 5-19
F

FEC 2-39
Flow Estimator Buffer Board

2-41
Flow Estimator Calculator
Board 2-39
Following Basic Precautions 1-12
Function or Format Problems 5-16
Fuses 3-6
G

Gain and Processing 2-10


General Approach 5-6
Identifying PCB Type, Version and
Revision 1-11
IFD 2-13
lGD 2-13
Image Quality Problems 5-18
Input/Output Board 2-39
Instrument Input Power Rating 1-6
Intermediate Frequency Detector

board 2-13
Interpolating Gain Driver Board 2-13
lOB 2-39
Isolated accessory outlet breaker
(AUX)

1-7

Isolated Accessory Outlets 1-6


Isolation Transfonner Box

3-14

Isolation Transformer circuit

breakers 1-7

MP Transducer Interconnect

Board 2-18
MP-type Transducer Interconnect
Board 2-18
MXK 2-14

o
Operational Verification 7-8

P
Paris List 8-1
Eeripheral Interface Cable
Assemblies 8-8
Peripherals Power 3-5
Physio Signal Processing 2-33
Power Configurations 3-4, 3-5
Power Down Sequence 3-9
Power On Self Diagnostics 7-11
Power Sub Assemblies 3-10
Power Supplies 8-8
Power Supply Architecture 3-2
Power Supply Sync 3-6
Power Supply Troubleshooting
Guide 5-7
Power Up Sequence 3-8
Power Usage 3-15
Preventive Maintenance 71,

7-2

Preventive Maintenance

Program 806
Primary AC Wiring 3-3
Printed Circuit Boards 8-9
Programmable Power Supply 3-13
Q

K
Keyboard Functionality test 6-4

Quick Tips 5-5

RCV

Main DC Power Supply 3-10


Main Power Supply 3-10
Mains input breaker 1-7
maintenance, preventive B-6
Mechanicallnspection 7-5

Index-2

Memory Expansion Board 2-14


MEX 2-14
microcode 2-14
Misc. Paris 8-10
M-mode Data Path 2-29
Monitor 8-8
Moving the System 1-15

R
2-14
Receiver Board 2-14
Reception 2-8
Reconstruction Processor Board 2-39
Removing and replacing FRUs 4-3
Removing lOB 4-7

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

0796

Index

Removing Monitor 4-19

Removing Side Cosmetic Panels 4-5

Technical Assistance 5-2

Removing the AC Box 4-17


Removing the Isolation
Transformer 4-18
Removing the Main Power
supply 4-16
Removing the Programmable Power
Supply 4-15
Removing the Scan Converter
Cover 4-6
Removing the Scanner Cover 4-10
Removing User Interface
Assembly 4-20
Removing ZDL and ZIP 4-12
Reviewing Electrical
Requirements 1-5
Reviewing Environmental
R6<juirements 1-4
Reviewing System Requirements 1-4
RP 2-39

Terminator Board 2-15

5
Scan Converter 2-21
Scanner 2-3
Scanner Assemblies 2-11
Scanner Block Diagram 2-5
Scanner Control 2-6
Scanner Control Processor
Board 2-19
Scanner Timing Generator
Board 2-15
SOL 2-14
service, customer B-6
Spectral Doppler Data Path 2-25
STG 2-15
Summing Delay Line Board 2-14
5VC 2-40
Symptom Types 5-3
Syscon & Video Controller
Board 2-40
System Circuit Breakers 1-7
System DC Power Distribution 3-5
System Lock-up Problems 5-17
system monitor 7-7
System Monitor Controls 7-7
System Troubleshooting 5-2

0796

Service Manual

Theory of Operation 2-6


Transducer Selection 7-8
Transmission 2-7

Transmit Delay Board 2-16


Transmitter Board 2-16
TRM 2-15
U

UIC 2-40
Ultrasound Basics 2-3
User Interface 2-35
User Interface Assemblies 8-10
User Interface Controller 2-40
Using Input and Output
Connectors 1-8
V
VDT 2-15
Video Detector Board 2-15
Video Problems 5-15
Video Processor Board 2-40
Visual Inspection 7-3
VPB 2-40
W
warranty B-2 to B-5
Waveform Processor Board 2-41
WFP 2-41
X

XDY 2-16
XMT 2-16

Z
ZAP 2-41
ZDL 2-17
ZDT 2-18
ZFEB 2-41
ZIP 2-18
ZSCP 2-19

Index-3

Index

Index-4

Acuson Aspen Ultrasound System

0796

Theory of Operation

Acuson Confidential

To lOB & UIC

PowER ON

FROM

lOB

DC VOLTAGES

115VAC

....

MONITOR

PPS

F"JglIJ'e 1

59157 Rev. X3 Beta

AC Power Distribution

service Training Manual

6-7

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Theory of Operation

Acuson Confidential

System DC
Power
Distribution

There are two DC power supplies in the system, the Main PS and the PPS.
Refer to Figure 2, "DC Distribution," on page 9.

Main Power
Supply (DC
Generation)

The Main PS provides all but one of the system DC voltages. The following major subassemblies are powered by this supply:

Scanner

DIMAQTM integrated ultrasound workstation

PPS

User interface

Fans

Disk drives

Programmable
Power Supply

The PPS provides the onlY,ot!ier DC_voltage. This DC voltage is software


programmable for predetennined increments from 30 to l50VDC, and is
used by the transmitter boards (XMTs). This is done to minimize heat dissiboards.aDa to increase overall system efficiency.
pation on the

Fuses

There aie-Tfield repfaeeable fuses in the system. Both are in the DC Distribution,
the
PS in the power supply area of the system. Fl fuses
a 5VDC !ine'J;"d by the User Interface Controller board (UIC). F2 fuses
another SVDC line, which powers the hard drive and MO drive.

Main

NOTE:

Be sure replacement fuses are of 1I1e same rating and type as the
fuses removed.

Power Supply
Synchronization

The Main PS receives a 50kHz sync signal from the lOB, which is used to
synchronize the switching frequencies within the Main PS. This helps
reduce power supply noise in the image.

Power Fail
Signal

The DC power supply provides a power fail signal, which allows the
Aspen Ultrasound system to shut down gracefully in the event that AC
power is intemlpted. The DC power supply. can maintain power for 20 milliseconds after AC power is lost

(
5ervice Training Manual

59157 Rev. X3 Bela

Theory 01 Operation

Acuson Confidential

AC POWER RELAY-eormtoL

(lO _ _

,-----,

MAIN

SCAN

DC

.--....oofC<lNYElrJU

POWER

F.....S

F......
+12V

sc

-12VSC

UIC

LIGIffS
+S.W SOrIR

SWITCHES

+7.JY SCNR

+ISVSCNR

+3OOVIlC

PPS
AC

, .....

ISOLA11ON
TRANSI'llRMIlR

BOX

F"agure 2 DC Distributioo

59157 Rev. X3 Beta

Service Training Manual

6-9

Acuson Confidential

Theory 01 Operation

Power On

When the system is plugged into an AC power outlet and the main circuit
breaker is switched on, standby power (V STANDBY) is supplied to a circuit on the lOB, which monitors the system Power switch. Pressing the
Aspen Ultrasound system Power switch sends a power on request to the
lOB. The lOB latches the power on request and sends it to the Main PS.
The Main PS then turns on all system DC power, which allows the system
to power on. The 12V peripheral power comes up in about 150 milliseconds and closes the relay in the Isolation Transformer Box. This applies
AC power to the primary of the Isolation Transformer, which in turn brings
up the monillir, PPS, and peripherals that are connected to the accessory
outlets.

Sequence

During the off-tD-on transition phase of the power supplies, before power is
stable, a reset signal is generated by the lOB and is applied to the Scanner
and the DIMAQ workstation.
Once the power is stable, the system reset is removed by the lOB and the
system begins its boot sequence. Refer to Figure 3, "Aspen Ultrasound
System Power on/off SCquencei" on page 11 for a simplified diagram of
this operation. -. .

Power Off

The following power off sequence is needed to power off the system in a
safe and repeatable manner, allowing the system to store important information in battery-backed RAM, and to store AEGIS exams to disk without
damaging the system's internal hard drive.

Sequence

After the Aspen Ultrasound system is powered on, pressing the system
Power switch resets the latch on the lOB board and removes the power on
request. This causes an interrupt to be sent to the system controller indicating a power off request bas been initiated. The Aspen Ultrasound system
then performs a power off sequence that includes completing disk accesses,
closing open files, and other required housekeeping.
When the housekeeping functions are complete, the system controller
sends a power off request to the lOB, and the lOB passes the request to the
Main PS. All DC voltages are turned off, thus shutting down the system.
NOTE:

6-10

Never tum off 1I1e power by pulling 1I1e plug from 1I1e wall outlet or tuming off 1I1e Main circuit breaker, as it may cause hard drive or MO failures and 1I1e loss 01 unsaved AEGIS system exams. Always tum off
1he system by using 1he system Power switch.

Service Training Manual

59157 Rev_ X3 Beta

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Theory 01 Operation

Acuson Confidential

The system also powers off if one or more of the following occurs:

AC input power is lost

The Main PS detects a fault, such as fan failure or over temperature


condition

The main circuit breaker opens

As long as the system is plugged into the wall and the main circuit breaker
is on, the +5VDC standby voltage (VSTANDBy) to the lOB stays on and
monitors the system Power switch for the next power on request.
'.,.

PWR ON REQUJlSI"" ..

U.J. ..

-1-----------+1

DC

POWER

Sysrem
,. Conuoller
(SVC)

MAIN

POWER SUPPLY

VSTANOBY

MAIN

CIIlC1JIT

REQUEST POWER ON

BREAKER

AC POWER INPtfI'

FtgUI'e 3 Aspen Ultrasound System Power OnJOft'Sequence

6-11

Power Sub AssemblieS

AcuSOn ConfidenUai

Power Sub Assemblies

The architecture of the two major power supplies is given below.

Main Power
Supply

The Main PS is the hean of the power distribution system and can be fully
synchronized with other system hardware. It is a highly-integrated, compact, precise power supply. It switches automatically to accept input power
from 85 to 264VAC. The AC input is split, sending AC input voltage to the
DC generating pan of the power supply, and also directly to the Isolation

Transformer Box.
DC voltage generation within the Main PS is achieved with three isolating
downconverters as follows:

High output DC
Voltages (HODC)

The high power downconverter supplies the following HODC voltages:

+S.OVDC Scan Converter Digital,(Heavy Duty)


+S.OVDC
Digital'(Heivy Duty)
+12VDC Peiipheral ,
-,
+8 10 16VDC variable fan drive voltage
+12VDC
:"'-

"

The 3OOVOC'downconverter provides the following HODC voltage:

1+300VDC

An error code I or 2 (HODC errors) on the lOB 7-segment display indicates a problem on one or more of the high power or 300VDC downconverter supplies.
Clean Output OC
Voltages (COOC)

The clean output downconverter supplies the following CODC voltage:


+S.OVDC Analog

+7.5VDC
-7.5VDC
+12.0VDC
-l2.OVDC
+lS.OVDC
-lS.OVDC

An error code of 3 or 4 (COOC) on the lOB 7-segment display indicates a


problem on one or more of the clean output downconverter supplies.

EH2

5ervice Training Manual

59157 Rev. X3 Beta

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Power Sub Assembles

Acuson Confidential

FE1"1JAN (+12 RELAY)


.11 AlLAY

AETUAN (.12 PeFFH)


.'2PI!RPH

SENSE (46 SCI

J14 OOOOOOClI

seNSE (46 SC RTN)

FIETUAN l.t21W\11

+12RB.AY

ACINPVT
J19

-1'""""""''
.,

HUBB6.1. H320Il

J6 ,:...............oj
0

p sCOOCOC
psCOOCrNP
PS .. _

, :" , FRONT. 8OTrOM

pS_

."r-'lK ..._""""'"

"'" (NElIrRAL) - - ' "

J20

FRONT. BOTIOM

."
."

J7A

SnJOS(2)

12 Pas. AMP

TOP

-15 _ _

a.AN _

11

MATE-N-LOK ,
FRONT
0

,
,

.....
.....
.....

.. ......aa

..+6MW.OG SENSE

o.ENI AETUfI\l

to

MAIN
POWER $UPPLY

PIN 29855
J78

, .c:u.w_
,

o.ENI AE1'UFW
a.EAN AEl'\JFIII

'4

2Poo.NAP
MATE-N-LOK

"'" I

,,,

TOP

..
3
1

AETUAN (-12 SC)

'" ,

J8
Pas. AMP

MATE-N-LOK

TOP

15

... """"""""""""
.. """"""""
... """"""""""""
""""

+15 SENSE

SENSE (+6 seNt)

.,

,.

J17

. """"

"to

KEY

r.,'"\.!!-ml!!lll +5 SCN=t MARBl'fOlTl.


..a SCNA FrI'N SENSE

2
3

AE'1'U=IN (+5 8C::N')


AET1.FIrI (+5 SCNA)
AEn.fIN (.e so.R)

J18
5
12 Pol. MOLEX
MINI-FIT
7

===
Am"'\I(..eSCNFIJ
AE'1'U=IN {+5 SCNRI

SIDE:

FIE1'1..AI (+& SCI'M)

10
11

"'" I

13

+15

r--

J17
5
12 Poo. MOl.EX

MINI..FIT
SIDE

10

.7.5
.7.sSEN&E

11

J15

12

Iml

J78

QDH RI'T1..AI

15
10

IJ

J7A

........aa
........aa

15 Poe. AMP
MATE..N-LOK 12

FRONT

SENSE

a.AN_
Q.EMIQ.EMICUNo IIE1UllN

7,5S!NSE

....... CNl1.
PSHODCOC
PSHODCCVP

THREADED

.f2SC
RET\Rf(.12SC)
-125C

J13 \::::/

PS ....

FIETUAN 1+5 SCJ

ot5 sc MAR am.

,.
.. SC

15

PSYSTIIY

3 Pas. AMP
, ,

7.1'Oo15SPME

ACOVTPUT
VAC LJNe (HIJ1')

r--

-"'SCHRI

J18

ac

12

ca

ac

12

ca
ca
ac
ac
ca
ca
ac
ac
ca
1

Figure 4 Main Power Supply (MOl) Coonector Pinouts


6-'4

SeMce Training Manual

59157 Rev. X3 Beta