This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
On Commodity Boards of India (On partial fulfillment of paper “International Marketing” For BBS 5th semester Den Dayal Upadhyaya College University Of Delhi
Submitted to submitted by Keshav Jha Deptt. Of Business studies 07/B.B.S /7023 DDU College semester
Dr. Rakesh kumar
OCT OBER 2009
Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8-12 13-16 17-19 20-22 23-25 26 -27 28-31 32 -34 35 36 Topic Cover page Content Acknowledgement Declaration Objective Introduction Overall function Tea board Coffee Board Rubber board Coconut board Spice board Tobacco Board Coir Board Silk Board conclusion Bibliography
Working on the project “Commodity Boards of India” has been very pleasurable and enjoy activity. While completing the project, I have incurred great many debts. I wish to express my gratitude to all of them. Firstly, I would like to thank my teacher Dr. Rakesh Kumar who not only guided me to give a practical touch to the project but also helped a lot in standardizing my research work. I am also indebted to Mr. Pankul Gupta for continuously provoking me to complete the project. It would have been very difficult to do this work but for the ever supportive library staff of DDU college (esp. Mr. Bharat Bhusan and Mr. Hari Om), British council library. Last but not the least my mother has been foundation for all my work. Despite the contribution of all mentioned above, needless to say, if there are any lapses in my work, I myself take responsibility of them. We’ve left others’ value excluded; you’ve offered unbeatable learning, affected untold reflections, all implicitly or naturally acknowledged.
We hereby declare that this project has been done only by us and is not been copied from anywhere. All the resources are properly mentioned in bibliography. If found guilty, proper disciplinary action may be taken against us.
…………… Keshav Jha
1. To discuss the importance and need of Commodity Boards, their constitution And functions; and 2. To explain in detail with respect to promotion, services and assistance, these Boards extend to the different plantation commodities
There are five statutory Commodity Boards under the Department of Commerce, Government of India. These Boards are responsible for production, development and export of tea, coffee, rubber, spices and tobacco. Coconut development Board is also an autonomous body which functions under the Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India. Commodity Boards help their members in product development, product innovation and technology up gradation. They assist exporters with overseas marketing, exchange trade delegati6ns and provide information on export-import policies. They conduct research, Formulate policies to promote production and trade, facilitate acquiring of Trade Marks and Geographical Indications; certification services providing licenses for trading etc...
To take up various problems, points, suggestions to the States / Central Government and semi-Government Bodies. To take up issues with the Export Promotion Organization - EPCs, Commodity Board, FIEO, ITPO, Various Government Ministries and Departments for making easy participation in the Fairs and Exhibitions organized in India and Overseas. To make efforts for creation of transparency in the function of the EP Organization-EPCs, Commodity Board, FIEO etc. To organize Seminars and Meetings at various places to discuss ways and means to overcome problems and difficulties of the member-exporters / exporting community. To invite Government officials , officials of EP Organizations and Dignitaries at the meetings / Seminars for facilitation and resolving problems relating to exports of the member exporters / exporting community. To publish brochures, booklets containing useful information for member exporters, foreign buyers/buying agents etc. To distribute the brochures, booklets, directories etc. at the time of fair and other occasions for the benefits of member exporters. To set up International Trade Centers and Flatted Factory Complex (Industrial Parks).
To unite exporters to take common cause / issues with the concerned Organization ,Foreign Embassies and Foreign Mission in India and Foreign
Trade Offices in India and Indian embassies / High Commissions overseas etc
1. TEA BAORD OF INDIA
Tea is one of the industries which by an Act of Parliament, comes under the control of the Union Govt. The genesis of the Tea Board India dates back to 1903 when the Indian Tea Cess Bill was passed. The Bill provided for levying a cess on tea exports the proceeds of which were to be used for promotion of Indian tea both within and outside India. The present Tea Board set up under section 4 of the Tea Act 1953 was constituted on 1st April 1954. It succeeded the Central Tea Board and the Indian Tea Licensing Committee which functioned respectively, under the Central Tea Board Act, 1949 and the Indian Tea Control Act, 1938 that were repealed. The activities of the two bodies had been confined largely to regulation of tea cultivation and export of tea as required by the International Tea Agreement then in force, and to promotion of tea consumption. The Tea Board of India was established under the Ministry of Commerce in 1953 by an Act of the Parliament. It is meant to implement the Government's regulations and policies for the overall functioning of the tea industry. The roles of the Board are defined by the provisions of the Tea Act. It is primarily concerned with the development of the tea industry and trade of tea. Other major concerns are:
• • • • •
extension of area under tea cultivation, research activities for quality improvement of tea and cultivation methods, promotion of exports, other licensing activities aimed at containing adulteration and other undesirable activities, and Interceution on behalf of workers for adoption of welfare measures etc... STAKEHOLDERS OF TEA BOARD
The present Tea Board is functioning as a statutory body of the Central Government under the Ministry of Commerce. Tea Board of India is headed by the Chairman appointed by the Government of India with Headquarter at Kolkata. The Board is constituted with 31 members (including Chairman) drawn from Members of Parliament, tea producers, tea traders. Tea brokers. Consumers. And representatives of Governments in the principal tea producing states like Assam, West Bengal, tripura, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Himachal Pradesh and also years.
unions. The Board is reconstituted every three
CONSTITUTION OF TEA BOARD
The Tea Board is represented by 31 members as stated above. In addition Tea Board has the following standing committees: • • • •
Executive Committee: This Committee deals with the administrative matters of
Export Committee: The Export Promotion Committee deals with the work in
relation to the export promotion of tea.
Labour welfare Committee: Guides the Board in the implementation of
various welfare schemes for the benefit of the plantation workers and their wards.
Development Committee: Is responsible for overseeing the various
developmental schemes run by the Board.
ROLE OF TEA BOARD
Roles of Tea Board are defined in the Tea Act. The focus of the Board is directed towards development of the tea industry and trade especially in the spheres of production, extension of area under tea cultivation, improvement in the quality of tea, promotion of co-operative efforts of growers, research and development efforts in tea, undertaking promotional campaigns for increasing export of tea and regulatory functions such as issuance of Exporter's License, Tea Waste License, Tea Warehousing License, etc. Tea Board also plays a major role in the collection of tea statistics and in the adoption of a few welfare measures for workers of tea gardens which are not covered under statutory provisions such as the Plantation Labour Act, 195 1. The functions of the Tea Board are Outlined in Section 10 of the Tea Act.
FUNCTIONS OF TEA BOARD
Primary Functions: The Tea Board has wide functions and responsibilities under the
direction of the Central Government. Briefly the primary functions of the Tea Board are: rendering financial and technical assistance for cultivation, manufacture and marketing of tea, export Promotion, aiding Research and Development activities for augmentation of tea production and improvement of tea quality, extend financial assistance in a limited way to the plantation workers and their wards through labor welfare schemes, encourage and assist both financially and technically, the unorganized small growers sector, collection and maintenance of statistical data and publication, and Such other activities as are assigned from time to time by the Government of India.
11 Establishment and other Administrative work and Co-ordination of the activities of various departments of the Board's Office and also with the Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Govt. of India, are directly dealt by the Secretariat. The Development, including the administration of the Financial Assistance Scheme and Assistance to the industry for procurement, distribution and movement of essential input is under the charge of the Director of Tea Development. Finance including accounts and internal audit is under the charge of Financial Adviser and Chief Accounts Officer. Research, both agricultural and industrial, is under the charge of the Director of Research. Regulation of production and export including issue of Export License and implementation of the Tea Waste (Control) Order are under the charge of the Controller of Licensing. Marketing including promotion of tea in India and abroad is under the charge of the Director of Tea Promotion (HQ). Labor Welfare is under the Charge of Welfare Liaison Officer, North. Collection of Statistics including cost studies is under the charge of the Statistician. Legal matters arising in various functional departments mentioned above are handled by the Law Consultant. Implementation of the provisions of Official Language Act and various measures in this respect are handled by the Deputy Director (Hindi).
Research functions of Tea Board
Research Directorate keeps liaison with research institutions in North-India (TRA) and South India (UPASI). These tea research institutions are funded by Tea Board from Plan Budget in terms of funding formula as agreed to between Tea Board and Research Institutes, and approved by Ministry of Commerce. This apart, Tea Board has its own Research and Development Centre in Darjeeling (DTR&DC). This centre is especially set up to look after the specific interests of Darjeeling Tea Industry. Various research
12 programmes are formulated by the Tea Research Directorate for the DTRC. Besides, various research institutions including Universities are also funded by Tea Board where they have a prominent role to play. Research proposals of these institutes are placed before Ad-hoc Tea Research Committee with eminent scientists as its members for approval of the proposal or otherwise including the modification of the proposal and even extension of the existing research projects, if so needed. The schemes require approval of the Ministry of Commerce & Industry before its implementation. Progress of the schemes is by the Directorate of monitored Research as well as by Ad-hoc Tea Research Committees.
EXTENSION FUNCTIONS OF TEA BOARD
Development and Promotion oriented matters, it may be pointed out that these two departments, particularly Development Department is the livewire of the Board. Development Department monitors the various schemes concerning the tea development in respect of improvement in production in terms of quantity and quality both for big and small growers sectors. The schemes are formulated by the Development Directorate in consultation with Executive Directors located in North-East and South India as well as producers’ Associations. Once the scheme in terms of concerned policy is drafted out, it Needs the final approval of Chairman after which the schemes proposed is placed to Development Committee of the Board. Once approved, they are conveyed to the Ministry of Commerce and Industry for final clearance before their implementation by the said Directorate of Tea Board through its offices located in various tea growing regions of the country.
2. COFFEE BOARD
The Coffee Board (Indian Coffee Market Expansion Board till 1948) is the lineal successor of the Indian Coffee Cess Committee, the First Statutory All India Organization of the Indian Coffee Industry constituted by the Government of India, in response to the unanimous request of all Coffee Interests for an Organization and funds of their own for the improvement of the industry. The Coffee Board is a Statutory Body under the Coffee Act of 1942 (Act of 1942) having perpetual succession and a common seal, with powers to acquire and hold property, to contract and to sue and to be sued.
STAKEHOLDERS OF COFFEE BOARD
The Board consists of a Chairman appointed by the Central Government and 32 Members representing the various interests as provided under Section 4(2) of the Coffee Act read with Rule 3 of the Coffee Rules, 1955. The different Members of the Board besides chairman are nominated from the Members of Parliament, representatives of Government of major coffee growing states, representatives from other states,
14 representatives of large coffee growers, representatives of small coffee growers, representatives of coffee trade interest, representatives of coffee curing establishments, representatives of labour interests, representatives of consumer’s interests, and representatives of instant coffee Manufacturers, and representatives from among eminent personalities in the Filed of research/marketing/management/promotion of coffee.
CONSTITUTION OF COFFEE BOARD
The Coffee Board of India is an autonomous body functioning under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India. The Board serves as a friend, philosopher and guide of the coffee industry in India. Set up under an Act of the Parliament of India in the year 1942, the Board focuses on research, development, extension, quality upgradation, market information, and the domestic and external promotion of Indian coffee. Till 1995, the Coffee Board had a monopolistic control over the marketing of Coffee in India. However, the winds of liberalization swept the Indian coffee industry and since 1995, marketing of coffee is strictly a private sector activity. In fact the Coffee Board went through a massive down-sizing and two-thirds of its employees were retired under a voluntary retirement scheme. The Coffee Board conducts basic and applied research on coffee and can boast of 75 glorious years in coffee research. The Central Coffee Research Institute in the Chickmagalur district, Karnataka State, has been in the forefront of coffee research over the years and continues to remain one of the premier Institutes in the world as far as coffee research are concerned. The Research Department publishes various journals and periodicals. It also offers various services to growers and exporters.
ORGANISATIONAL SETUP OF DIVISIONS, FQCTIONS AND DUTIES
The Secretariat: deals with the entire staff related and office establishment matters. It
also deals with convening of meetings of the Board and the statutory committees, administration of funds allocated under Labor welfare measures for the benefit of
15 children of plantation laborers and allocation of funds for construction/maintenance f hospitals/schools in plantation areas.
Research Department: Undertakes research in plant breeding, cultural operations and
rendering advisory services to the planting community. The personnel in the Research Department mainly comprise of scientific officers in the respective disciplines. Analytical Lab and Quality Evaluation Centers are the other wings of Research Department.
Extension and Development Department: Anchored between the Research fraternity
and the coffee growers focused on transfer of coffee technologies standardized by the research scientists to the growers for achieving improved levels of production /productivity and also to enhance quality of coffee in line with the objectives envisaged in the plan for coffee development. It also renders assistance to planters in the various facets of coffee cultivation.
Promotion Department: Promotes the consumption of coffee in India and abroad
through various measures. The following are the wings of Promotion Department (a) Market Promotion section (b) Indian Coffee Section.
Exports and Marketing: Board performs the role of a facilitator to the coffee industry
in respect of export promotion. The following are the wings of the Marketing Department (a) Exports Section (b) General Section (c) Market Intelligence Unit.
Accounts and Finance: This department is in charge of administration/ allocation of
funds of the Board. The Wings of Accounts and Finance department are (a) Plan Fund Accounts (b) Non Plan Fund Accounts (c) Budget Section (d) Internal Audit party (e) Development Accounts (f) Pension Section (g) Pool Fund Accounts.
• Implement development plan programs like replanting, new planting and quality up gradation,
16 • Carryout export promotion activities like participation in overseas trade fairs, organizing visit of roaster delegations to Indian Coffee tracts and cupping sessions, • • • • • Take up domestic promotion efforts involving the private sector to expand domestic consumption, Establish and develop database on all aspects of the industry, Dissemination of market information on a regular basis to various segments of the industry, To give policy formulation advice to Government and the self regulated industry, Provide necessary support to the planters in crisis and carryout necessary labor welfare measures, • • •
Conduct training programs which aim to develop and provide qualified cup tastes to various segments of the industry, Carry out necessary steps for the improvement of coffee quality, Act as the recognized spokesperson on behalf of the coffee industry to the Government, media, trade and general public; and to guide the overall growth and development of the coffee industry in the Country, and
Represent the Indian Coffee industry in the International Coffee forums viz., International Coffee Organizations, Specialty Coffee Associations and work with them for the benefit of coffee industry.
3. RUBBER BOARD
After the World War 11, there were growing demands from the rubber growers for setting up a permanent organization to look after the interests of the industry. Thereupon, the Government of India set up an ad-hoc committee in 1945 to study the situation and to make appropriate recommendations. On the recommendation of this ad-hoc committee, the Government passed the Rubber (Production and Marketing) Act, 1947, and the "Indian Rubber Board" was constituted forthwith to provide for the overall promotion and development of the sector under its guidance and control. As envisaged in the Act, the Indian Rubber Board was set up as a statutory organization responsible for asisting the government in the implementation of the various provisions of the Act. The Act which came into force in 1947 has since undergone many amendments. The Rubber production and Marketing (Amendment) Act of 1954 which took effect on August 1,
18 1954 made some important changes in the constitution of the Board and renamed as The Rubber Board. It clearly defined the role of the Board in the development of the industry and in formulating and implementing necessary research and development programmers. This was followed by notification of the Rubber Rules, 1955 laying down guidelines for the Board to follow in carrying out the purposes of the Act. The rules have been subjected To need based amendments from time to time. The Rubber (Amendment) Act of 1960 made certain alterations in the rate and procedure of collection of cess on rubber. The Rubber (Amendment) Act of 1982 provided for the Central Government to appoint a part time or whole time Chairman for the Board and if necessary, an Executive Director for Exercising such powers and performing such duties as may be prescribed or delegated to him by the Chairman. The 1994 Amendment refixed the maximum rate of cess that can be levied on rubber.
RULES AND REGULATIONS
The Rubber board functions under the Ministry of Commerce & Industry of the Government of India. The Board has a Chairman appointed by the Central Government. He is the principal executive officer responsible for the proper functioning of the Board and implementation of its decisions and discharge of its duties under the Rubber Act. There are 26 other members of the Board consisting of: two members to represent the State of Tamil Nadu. One of them shall be a person representing rubber producers, Eight members to represent the State of Kerala. five of them shall be representing the rubber producing interest, three of such being persons representing the small growers, ten members to be nominated by the Central Government, two of whom shall represent the manufacturers and four labor, three members of Parliament two whom shall be elected by the House of the People and one by the Council of States, Rubber Production
Commissioner of the Rubber Board (ex-officio), and Executive Director (ex-officio). One of the members is elected as Vice-Chairman on an annul basis. The Board meets periodically for transacting business.
ORGANISATIONAL HIERARCHY IN RUBBER BOARD
The activities of the Board are classified under nine departments’ viz., Administration, Finance & Accounts (F&A), Rubber Production (RP), Research, Processing & Product Development (P&PD), Statistics & Planning (S&P), Training, Licensing & Excise Duty (L&ED) and Market Promotion. Publicity and Public Relations (P&PR) Division, Vigilance Division and Internal Audit Division although grouped under Administration and Finance & Accounts Department, for general purposes, function directly under the Chairman. The Board has its headquarters at Kottayarn in Kerala State.
The functions of the Board as defined under the Act are: a) It shall be the duty of the Board to promote by such measures as it thinks fit, for the development of the rubber industry. b) Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing provision, the measures referred to therein may provide for: • undertaking, assisting or encouraging scientific, technological and economic research, • training students in improved methods of planting, cultivation, manuring and spraying, • providing of technical advice to rubber growers, • improving the marketing of rubber, the collection of statistics from owners of estates, dealers and manufacturers,
Securing better working conditions and the provisions and improvement of amenities and incentives for workers, and. Carrying out any other duties which may be vested in the Board under rules made under this Act.
c) It shall also be the duty of the Board to:
• • • • advise the Central Government on all matters relating to the development of the rubber industry including the import and export of rubber, advise the Central Government with regard to participation in any International Conference or schemes relating to rubber, submit to the Central government and such other authorities, as may be prescribed, half-yearly reports on its activities and the working of this Act, And prepare and furnish such other reports relating to the rubber industry, as may be required by the Central Government from time to time.
Development Board (CDB)
21 Coconut Development Board (CDB) is a statutory body established by the Government of India for the integrated development of coconut production and utilization in the country with focus on productivity increase and product diversification. The Board which came into existence in 198 1, functions under the administrative control of the Ministry of Agriculture and cooperation, Government of India, with its Headquarters at Kochi in Kerala and Regional Offices at Bangalore (Karnataka), Chennai (Tamil Nadu) and Patna (Bihar).
FUNCTIONS OF THE BOARD
Major function of the CDB is adopting measures for the development of coconut industry, inter alias • • • • • • • • •
Imparting technical advice to those engaged in coconut cultivation and industry. Providing financial and other assistance for the expansion of area under coconut. Encouraging adoption of modern technologies for processing of coconut and its products. Adopting measures to get incentive prices for coconut and its products. Recommending measures for improving marketing of coconut and its products. Recommending measures for regulating imports and exports of coconut and its products. Fixing grades, specifications and standards for coconut and its products. Financing suitable schemes to increase the production of coconut and to improve the quality and yield of coconut. Assisting, encouraging, promoting and financing agricultural, technological, industrial or economic research on coconut and its products. Collecting statistics on coconut and its products and publishing them. Undertaking publicity activities and publishing books and periodicals on coconut and its products.
• Increasing production of quality planting material.
22 • • • • Creating future production potential by bringing more area under coconut. Improving productivity of existing coconut holdings. Integrated management of major pests and diseases. Strengthening coconut industry by promoting product diversification and byproduct utilization.
ACHIEVEMENTS OF COCONUT DEVELOPMENT BOARD
The progress of the Indian Coconut Sector during the last two decades can be classified into three distinct categories. • • First is the progress achieved in extending the cultivation of the crop in more areas both in traditional and non-traditional areas.
Second is the increase in area, production and productivity of coconut in
Functional Dimensions of
the country with the regress in the
consumption of coconut oil in both Commodity Boards edible and non-edible sector which warranted the need for the development of broad based processing technologies for the sustainable growth of the industry.
Third are the problems of low income from the coconut holdings due to price fluctuations, decline in the prices of coconut and its products which necessitated the need for the development of appropriate coconut based farming systems to enhance the farm level income.
In pursuit of making the Indian coconut products accessible to consumers across
the world, there have been significant changes in the domestic markets in terms of product developments and deep market integration. Viable processing technologies are now indigenously available in the country for manufacture of varied products based on coconut kernel, coconut water, husk, shell and wood. The potential of coconut palm as a source of renewable energy is also being recognized. The Coconut Development Board has been playing pivotal role in promoting viable coconut based farming system, on-farm processing and products development. The concerted efforts of the Board in enhancing farm level income through productivity improvement and other production measures, product
diversification and subsequent demand creations for the new products, have resulted in a dynamic push to the industry for its sustained growth. Thus the Board has, by now rendered yeomen service to the cause of the coconut industry.
SCHEMES OF COCONUT DEVELOPMENT BOARD
• • • • • • •
Production and Distribution of Planting Material Expansion of Area under Coconut Integrated Farming for Productivity Improvement Technology Demonstration Market Promotion and Statistics Information and Information Technology Human Resource Development
5. SPICES BOARD
The Spices Board was constituted in 1986 under the Spices Board Act 1986 (No. 10 of 1986) with the merger of the erstwhile Cardamom Board (1968) and Spices Export Promotion Council (1960). Spices Board is one of the five Commodity Boards functioning under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. It is an autonomous body
24 responsible for the export promotion of the scheduled spices and production and development of some of them such as Cardamom and Pepper.
SPICES BOARD GOVERNING BODY
Spices Board, is governed by a 32 member Governing Body. The Chairman is appointed by the Ministry of Commerce, Government of India. The various members on the board are represented by Members of Parliament secretaries and other officials from the related ministries such as Export Promotion (Agra. Division) in the Department of Commerce, (Ministry of Commerce and Industry), Commissioner (Horticulture), representing the Department of Agriculture, (Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperation), Director (Finance), representing the Finance Division in the Department of Commerce, (Ministry Of Commerce and Industry). Representatives of spices growers, labourers working in spice plantations, exporters of spices and specialist organizations such as Central Food Technology Research Institute (CFTRI) and Indian Institute of Packaging are also included in the Board. Chairman, Spices Board is the full time Chief Executive of the Organization. He is assisted by a group of divisional directors and supporting staff. The Head Office of the Board is located at Cochin. Board has Regional Offices, Zonal Offices and Field Offices. A central Quality Evaluation Laboratory (QEL) - is located at the Head Office, A Biotechnology Lab also functions at the Head Office. Indian Cardamom Research Institute the research wing of the Spices Board has its main station at Myladumpara (Idukki Dist. Kerala) with Regional Stations located at Thadiankudissai (Tamil Nadu) Saklespur (Karnataka) and Gangtok (Sikkim).
MAIN FUNCTIONS OF SPICES BOARD
• • • • Research, Development and Regulation of domestic marketing of Small and Large Cardamom. Research and production development of vanilla. Post harvest improvement of all spices. Promotion of organic production, processing and certification of spices.
25 • • • Development of spices in the North East. Provision of quality evaluation services. Export promotion of all spices through support for: Technology up gradation Quality up gradation Brand promotion Research & product development
EXPORT PROMOTION OF SPICES
This consists of: Quality certification Quality control Registration of exporters Collection and documentation of trade information Provision of inputs to the Central Government on policy matters relating to import and export of spices
QUALITY STANDARDS AND BRANDING
Quality has been given special focus in Spices Board's promotional strategy. To foster Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) and Good Hygienic Practices (GHP), Spices Board approves use of Quality markings such as 'Indian Spices Logo', and the Spice House Certificate. The Indian Spices Logo is awarded to those who export spices in branded consumer packs. The award is given after a two tier inspection to satisfy compliance with regard to adherence to practices ensuring quality, hygiene and safety. Prior certification under HACCP is a precondition for awarding Indian Spices Logo. Nineteen (19) spice exporters are awarded with Indian Spices Logo. The Board has registered Indian Spices Logo with the Trade Registry Authorities in 18 countries. Spice House Certificate is awarded to exporters of spices who possess the specified infrastructural facilities for cleaning, processing, grading, packaging and warehousing as
26 the case may be. So far 58 units have been awarded Spice House Certificate. With effect from 10th September 2003 prior IS0 and HACCP Certification is mandatory for obtaining 'Indian Spice House Certificates'.
6. TOBACCO BOARD
Recognizing the need to regulate production, promotion of overseas marketing and to control recurring instances of imbalances in supply and demand, which lead to market problems, the Government of India established the Tobacco Board, in place of Tobacco Export Promotion Council, der the Tobacco Board Act of 1975. The Board came into existence from 1-1-1976 with its head quarters at Guntur in Andhra Pradesh, India. The Tobacco Board Act aims at the planned development of Tobacco Industry in the country. Various activities of the Board outlined in the Act for the promotion of the industry are.
Regulating the production and curing of Virginia Tobacco with regard to the demand in India and abroad. Constant monitoring of the Virginia tobacco market, both in India and abroad and ensuring fair and remunerative price to the growers and reducing wide fluctuations in the prices of the commodity.
Sustaining and improving the existing international markets and developing new markets overseas for Indian Virginia Tobacco and its products and devising marketing strategies in consonance with demand for the commodity including group marketing under limited...brand names.
Establishing auction platforms for sale of Virginia tobacco by registered growers and functioning as an auctioneer at auction platforms either established by it or registered with it.
Recommending to the Central Government the minimum prices to be fixed for exportable Virginia tobacco with a view to avoiding unhealthy competition amongst the exporters. (under its exim policy, Government have decided to abolish fixation of M.E.P. with effect from 1-4-1993).
Regulating in other aspects of Virginia tobacco marketing in India and export of Virginia tobacco having due regard to the interests of growers, manufacturers, dealers and the Nation.
Propagating information useful to the growers, dealers and exporters (including packers) of Virginia tobacco and manufacturers of tobacco products and other concerned.
Purchasing Virginia tobacco from growers when the same is considered necessary or expedient for protecting the interests of the growers and disposing it in India or abroad as and when considered appropriate.
Promoting tobacco grading at the level of growers and Sponsoring, assisting, cocoordinating or encouraging scientific, technological and economic research for promotion of tobacco industry.
Tobacco Board in furtherance of its objectives, desired to improve its excellence by rendering superior services to the utmost satisfaction of its customers namely, growers and traders in a systematic manner. M/s. Det Norkse Veritas (DNV), Netherlands has bestowed the honour of ISO 9001:2000 certificate to Tobacco Board for having established quality management systems confirming with ISO 9001:2000 standards. Tobacco Board has begun to implement systems aimed at achieving product integrity and traceability, model project area and quality circles concept to improve the quality of tobacco leaf to meet the requirements of importers. Board is committed to meeting the needs of customers. Board advises all the Indian exporters to obtain ISO certification with a view to meeting the expectations of the global market.
7 Coir Board of India
Coir Board is a statutory body established by the Government of India under a legislation enacted by the Parliament namely Coir Industry Act 1953 (45 of 1953) for the promotion and development of Coir Industry in India as a whole.
FUNCTIONS OF THE BOARD
The main functions of the Board as laid down in Section-10 of the Coir Industry Act are given below: 1. It shall be the duty of the Board to promote by such measures as it thinks fit the development, under the control of the Central Government, of the Coir Industry. 2. Without prejudice to the generality of the provisions of Sub Section (l) the measures referred to therein may relate to: (a) Promoting exports of coir yarn and coir products and carrying on propaganda for that purpose; (b) Regulating under the supervision of the Central Government the production of husks, coir yarn and coir products by registering coir spindles and looms for manufacturing coir products as also manufacturers of coir products, licensing exporters of coir yarn and coir products and taking such other appropriate steps as may be prescribed; (c) Undertaking, assisting or encouraging scientific, technological and economic research and maintaining and assisting in the maintenance of one or
30 more research institutes; (d) Collecting statistics from manufacturers of, and dealers in, coir products and from such other persons as may be prescribed, on any matter relating to the coir industry, the publication of statistics so collected or portions thereof or extracts therefrom; (e) Fixing grade standards and arranging when necessary for inspection of coir fibre, coir yarn and coir products; (f) Improving the marketing of coconut husk, coir fibre, coir yarn and coir products in India and elsewhere and preventing unfair competition; g) Setting up or assisting in the setting up of factories for the producers of coir products with the aid of power; (h) Promoting cooperative organisation among producers of husks, coir fibre and coir yarn and manufacturers of coir products; (i) Ensuring remunerative returns to producers of husks, coir fibre and coir yarn and manufacturers of coir products;
(j) Licensing of retting places and warehouses and otherwise regulating the stocking and sale of coir fibre, coir yarn and coir products both for the internal market and for exports; (k) Advising on all matters relating to the development of the coir industry; (l) Such other matters as may be prescribed.
The Board shall perform its functions under this section in accordance with, and subject to such rules as may be made by the Central Government.
CONSTITUTION OF THE BOARD Coir Board is a statutory body established by the Government of India under a legislation enacted by the Parliament namely Coir Industry Act 1953 (45 of 1953) for the promotion and development of Coir Industry as well as export market of coir and coir products in India as a whole. Section (4) of the Coir Industry Act 1953 empowers Central Government to constitute Coir Board. The Sub Rule 4 of the Coir Industry Rules, 1954 provides the number of persons to be appointed as members of the Board. The relevant section of the Act is as follows: 1. With effect from such date as the Central-Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf, there shall be established for the purposes of this Act a Board to be called the Coir Board. 2. The Board shall be a body corporate by the name aforesaid, having perpetual succession and a common seal with power to acquire, hold and dispose of property both movable and immovable, and to Contract and shall, by the said name, sue and be sued. 3. The Board shall consist of a Chairman and such number of other members not exceeding forty as the Central Government may think expedient, to be appointed by that Government by notification in the Official Gazette from among persons who are in its opinion capable of representing. (a) growers of coconuts and producers of husks, and coir yarn; (b) persons engaged in the production of husks, coir and coir yarn and in the manufacture of coir products;
(c) manufacturers of coir products; (d) dealers in coir, coir yarn and coir products, including both exporters and internal traders; (e) Parliament; (f) the Governments of the principal coconut growing States; (g) such other persons or class of persons who, in the opinion of the Central Government, ought to be represented on the Board. 4. The number of persons to be appointed as members from each of he categories specified in sub section 3, the term of office of, the procedure to be followed in the discharge of their functions by, and the manner of filling vacancies among the members of the Board shall be such as may be prescribed. 5. Any officer of the Central Government when deputed by that Government in this behalf shall have the right to attend meetings of the Board and take part in he proceedings thereof but shall bot be entitled to vote.
8. CENTRAL SILK BOARD
CSB is statutorily committed to:· Promote the development of the silk industry by all appropriate measures, and for this purpose, in particular – · Undertake, assist and encourage scientific, technological and economic research in the silk sector · · · · Devise means to improve cultivation of mulberry plantations Produce and distribute healthy silkworm seed Improve the quality and production of raw silk and the marketing of silk Advise and report to Govt. of India on all matters relating to the development of the raw silk industry, including the import and export of raw silk
SERVICES OFFERED To States’ Sericulture Departments, and NGOs: •
· Basic planting material of high-yielding varieties of silkworm food plants Region and season-specific packages of practices for food plant cultivation and silkworm rearing
· · · ·
Collaboration in pest and disease surveillance and control Technology packages for reeling and spinning Post-cocoon research support Assistance in supply of inputs to readers and revelers
To General Public:
A. Sericulturists • Soil testing and soil analysis (within two weeks of receiving the samples) · Supply of planting material for food plant cultivation (in suitable planting seasons within a month of receiving the indent) · Supply of commercial silkworm seed to Seri culturists (spot purchase if seed is readily available if not, indents should be placed well in advance) · Training (depending upon Course schedule)
B. Silkworm Seed Producers • Training and provision of improved technologies of silkworm seed preparation, preservation and handling (as per a training calendar) C. Silk Reelers / Spinners • Testing of reeling water samples and water treatment for quality silk reeling (one week) • Training and provision of improved technologies of silk reeling/spinning (as per a training calendar) D. Exporters • Eco-testing of silk and silk products for physical and chemical parameters (2 days depending upon number of samples and type of tests)
• Undertaking voluntary pre-shipment inspection for quality and content of silk products meant for exports (2 days) • Seed Certification / phyto-sanitory certification for export of silkworm seed (one week) E. Entrepreneurs • Assistance in Project selection, and Project preparation (depending upon size of the Project) • Technical assistance and consultancy services (depending upon entrepreneurs convenience and size of the Project)
The PROJECT focused mainly on constitution and functions of different Commodity Boards. Tea Board was established in 1953 and its functions are to implement Government's regulations and policies for the overall functioning of Tea industry. Coffee Board was established in 1948; till 1995 main function was marketing of Coffee. But after 1995, marketing is strictly a private affair and Coffee Board concentrates mostly on extension and promotion activities of Coffee. Rubber Board was established on 1947 and its main function is to improve area coverage, production and productivity and support activities for small growers. Coconut Development Board was established with a major objective of making coconut cultivation more remunerative through diversification, product development and value addition, expanding area, etc. Spice Board addresses the issues of development of new cultivars, assists in quality management and promotion of spices and value added spice products.
http://www.cieonline.org/index1.htm http://silkboard.com http://www.coconutboard.nic.in/ http://www.indiacoffee.org/ http://coir-india.com/ http://www.rubberboard.com/ http://www.indianspices.com/ http://tea.nic.in/ http://www.indiantobacco.com/
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.