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<t{uuAeu ,rulxbr6 lancy ysapflfiAan TohapucraHa xeAau KapBaHcajrl xej"'rr.r qoxarldbullAbl. Ey ysAaH rapdaa Ba xapHqa MaMJroraraapla._t-lrin errrnflapnunu hnapA*rnapr* .opuaraHnapa Mapar a3anMblurAbr (t{yHxr'r 6asapnapAa Qui rraa,uapu uox o.rrypai).
9aH e.fi,{Hcr.r (ne ja KapBaHnapbruun) voxy joxcyn au,'ronopAon rrr,rxtnpabr. !,onnarun HoHgap4r.ljs aprr,rarainapr,l os;repx ruaHurrrcajup ru
eJr a,'rrbrH,&au carbrpAbr.nap. EyHyH yqyn ae raju4aprau raprrrbrrbtrnbl
napbrH

HrrHnaMJTapAa ofl ypAynap>.

9. hyruap KapBaHrapa hynyu sAHp. <r{HHHH ysar ont'r.yny Ba
9nu opaycynyn oHnapa uara 6niuajaolilnnx ayrnyrian {hyHnapnr na3aparn &JTbrn,[&Kbt 6a'sH trrahapJrop) LInru e.nqnaepErre (rapuan.rrapuna) _ap3ar BepMltp Ba onnapbr r{arn}r naerjjaraa'roJ,ypayl'ap. E.nql",rt)p 6enaqa horcaneaes qbrxrip tsa aflanapilHAa roera 6auriajlrpAu. floy,ran. aa Hy-rux (T-vpSan) xnuu xnqxK Aerrernep tluu ftairBanrapbrna hyuyu eAu6 rapar eAnpAfinap (JIoyaaH urahap AeBJarH
rapern hyrurapuH aupn u,ri eAEpAr{. ttrytrxn ttrun en.n*en ba ,qnr*apJIapHHHH 6aruusa xa{a}r"rap dyu.naporu ax mycudar.xHcu srn}.
hyHnapnu ar,'rbr ralr,.l,rapr apa6up uejaana quxLr6 rap6a xonrs
LluH erqU.tepxHnH- jo.rr"rapuusr Kacrlp na hyvyu eAnpAu.n-ep, Eyua
Kopa eflr{r,r (na ja t{nu xapnaHnapr,r) xapur{H caxoaapna Ay,{ap &r;{yraapu srjau ea Qa,raxat,lapa Kspa urxxajar eAlrpaxnop).
10. Fep6a x"rlx {rur axbrfi.Eapbr. cfapda (xeaa6-xanaH elvn.nap TyprycraHaa) aBBaprapna ahara{n urahap r,gBJrarJrapunwn aejyur xywy
Oax6ilMbrH.lBn aauo o,rrAyrnapblHH Bo 6yH.napux 2c3r{r'rhrrJtt a,.rbrila
6u,rauajuuu cej,rasHnap. Ey*rEas conpa {ulr umneparopy (*r. o. l}.vn
u.laa (capxap4a) ti{ao llo-Hyu,y, (Capu uaj cahnlnng'ei tluxa carrfr
oJraH,BaccanJrapHH arxH AecritJrapfi r.r,lo 6apa6ap, 10.000 u*S*p.n*n
Ottp t{nn oplycyuy ra6e{Ej$Ha aar.rd hyu $ai$Ha hyuyre eruaesn$

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hyau-rruueg, Ta-v, KraMr4 oJrKo,'rop Bo jeHa OepranaHun uraprnuAexr
Ky-ruu, han-un, Cy'uueh xuuu naeu.trorarJtop Bo Axn.iipilopx- tlnn e"nqucnHe epMaFarrJrap rcrAHM eAl.r6 Hs,irarruu,4rl.nep (Ey iuatiap AoBJrort{LIKnapH horaHAaH KciloH uaHy6 jony yctr.nae4apnep). Htrneparopyn
szjapararre Kepe' qox pa3br ra/rMbnuAbrJrap>.

filil"u"'J"'i"J'Jli:

hotaHAaH qbrxbrp.qbr. !,ar,rapuu4a r.ica 6onnyua Ba HoB-HoB jeruull
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Ma'nyuar.napa Kopa uajurH 5aril;rar{Fr,t''{blrrll i\ur\p,xvj}' nnra Kyu-.rryn
AaFbr aAbrHbr BepAn> (KopyHyp r<r.r, uanhyp gnu uuneparopy By opAy, rrayhapra6e ea ar HuLrapI4I{.4o oJIAyry roAop AI.{J(ap MycToMraKorll,tIAp KHMH .,lOrpa$Hj a e,rrNrr.fir3 Ae rujH,rer nepupau)

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Ar{aJrory> HJia AoJryAyp. tlraH HM[eparopy xaraHi,r rejsnauaupucri eo
ja e'ruHacusrau.rnirliar yqyir 6rap-.enuri Kor:Aspfip. ti.rrun hyn.napuu

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cYpKYH eAHp.

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capajr,r rape$uH.AaH eil Be
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jy;lay. Felolfixla, iiyHnapuu raAuM jypalapu 'Bo roprlarrtapbl o'naH
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tluua
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r{un
lpacbluAa 6up

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aaphaa qaAbrpAa o,rraH Ba e,rrrrrnr-rn cg3Jropr{Hra eruu;ien fiyu-na'a'uypnapbri{biH haulrcr,rur,r sl.rypyl). LIHH c,TqNcJurrru cnjacar gapyparuH1aH
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. xaratbl 6I,rp cohdaqflHrqe <<K.3lrr+rr'repnMr{srrH ce6pu ryKegMurrrAr.rp>-Aejnp. 6anNo ga, uyhapa6asa ra6arnaMar yq.yn 6e.r.re iepr oa ran.uu 6up
hapoxar erMHrlrAr.rp.
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oII l(o3aJr coHaAJIap Ea 6y Sacur4a4rap. Eyn.napun AapHHAoH ojpenlu.
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chrpaBLI aAaM,'Iapbr hyruapa erqu KoHAepup. Yv encll Aa xarasn hlrAAar.[eHAHpMoK yqyH el,rrapHHAaH KoJronlr eAHpJIep. Harntra4a, xaran
M. o. 107-,{n a,{,Eo KaJreH'yuynuy e:nunje 6y uuw cosy coj;rejnp: l.-CaIrurr eJrqrr ora 6una.{ax _rujuarAe coj;ry 6np aAaM oJrMa4qrunu hyu
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eJIqt{i{[I jyrcatr pyr6ann Bo eJ'trln ona 6[ra.{aK aAaMJrapAau ceun6 xpuAi)l)AH.

hyn xarauu yqynqry enunje r{nn capajsiua

qFJiyHy Aa r(HpoB nepauajnun coj,rejup. tIuHAe

NaneuajLrHH Ba jexaHa

6y coslape uHar{br.nup.
lorrar KoJraH xarag yuyu najraxrAa 6np jajnar eBr.r Ae-rr4KunHp. Ait.
qar coHpa Hurnu nrahujjarn ajlun olyp. hyu.rrap anrrrar cojny no 6ojyr e.nuluep,{e Aennn-cy6yrna AaHL,urrbrJra 6N,rauejHnn, 6e;ia aAH erqll'topJre Ao capr sapasar erMeK 3epyparr.rHu cojncjrap,rap. Fyuyn yuyn
caphaanapae KopyHaH caKr,tTJurr( Be aMHH-aManJrbrrb.i hynaapnu cyryry
nna ueph erMeK Aorpy ..qejun5up. hyu enuucl-rnuH t{ru najraxruu4a
xocrenospr6 ofiMscll t{uu capajnrubr reJrarxa caJrMbrruAr,r. 6yny auraFbIAaKbr cenaArepAan'arxxap au.najupun t{aH teHasann 6ejyr na coj.
ay 6up capaj ua'uypy Hae hyH.uapa KoHAopMHru, r'raKHH xaraubr HHaH,ttt,tpa 6nnmaMl{rrrA?1. Xarau rfrH erqlrnepHHrr ha6c er4uprrar.rru re hyit
6 rr p.n

auru e.aop aHr.r Aa Qus caphaAr.rHAo axbrH a

2 cr$.zlg

a rr

ap MH rrrAhr.

lz

rri, u..,e. Il9-vy s.{,qafl 105-,rw une ranap rYBBs ao MYBn'
euuaru xeqrt6 l{erMIdIIJ,liH.
Kocropxr{ul. <hyHnapuu rapda qaxuJrrreJrapfl>"Ae 6y qaFAa 93YHYjauajaH.hy-n'
,qx. M. e. t23-uy ir,uen e'ru6apaH Hnnuu-IIlHMaJIblHAa
r'ap jep.'rapuuaau-jypanapHH,B.aH rapnaAH,tMHluAgJl_ep. M. e. ll9-vy
rurirs Hcb hyn xarailu se hyu 6aur nasa'pu ja6ry tIuH opay,'tapbl.Hldn
eraHa Keqr.{oMoJropn yr{l:H quu csnhealtHAaKll rapHn3oHrapuu UahpaKopymyp

&nHgr

{iIJH IIIHMaJIbII{a qeKaJIMa,repunu IJIaHJIail]AblpMbllxAbl'r'ap' EeRalnx;la'
ruhMa,rAclibr 6ahpacus caltp a"rapAa hyH,raputr caj u uoxalulturg,u' 6ina

xopa 6ojyx hyu ryr.le;reprlnl4l{ hop an rap6a qoKrJiMs,laplt Ko3JIoHo

6rt;lapAH. Aurarula 6y raj$anap KsqY u"ila 6ar,rnr 6up caHaAn xYcyc[
6np xnputurte rerAuM eAal{ajsx.

r.p6n"*.9nn lryryn-y. (r. c. ill-cn HJrAe) t{.nu capain capKep
aa (l(ynr-cyu houy 50.000 arJlbr EJra jola ca.nAur. Capxap;r.r nKrr MHH
uun (hyu cpa3HcHRHl{} uuepucnHe xnp,tu. tDy-rcy flunapurna reAap
KerAH (Bypa hyHnapun Opra fluuapbrcbrnbm aau u4u). I'ryn.nap4aH
?._

6tp

He$epu 6e,ta nepua4arr Kepr AoHAy. Anxap rapaQ4ex capK"pAa
(lao llo-ny nca (aatra ruapr,qeren]' Jtrunr-voy4ar (A;taruau cahpaaap*na) 10.000-arJrbr r{Jr,a qbrxAbr. Mns ual hepaxor eTAHKAaH conpa hen'
yur, jaxyA hyn uajena reAop xerAn, O aa heu 6np hyH acxepnnx KeF
xeAefi xepu raju,r.anr (hcnuyn'r na ia hyu uajunus Aaha ansa*t A{,eulal{Aarr eAHr'reH tln,s axsr*rilapbrnAa la <hy-uy> ruerulsirAa aAH .gerr.nuuruAu). hyunapna pacrnauraH, aMMa aypyruuaian r{Ka cepKapAa
raju4apre* ajpu.n4u;rap. faHcyAann jenu enrrapu (uhyu) rypAynap>.

Ayp ryuJtyt Bo oMt{H'aMaHJIblr

Xsrriig raxra qblxMacbl: <<ApaqaIr xej;lil rn.nap Keqrn. hyu xaraHu
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By u.n u. o.- I l4-uy a'r uAH' (Ae
oeu hyu xaraHbl KHIIH 'raxra rtH-\lil.
Ipooja xopa, 6y xataHblli 1','. --. '-janr urax.rluH4e. jasu,'tMblIu oJIMa:I.lbl
nAg,jy Quxup Ao.Fpy ora 6nnoP'

hr-H SJ r HBET MYTABI'{JIACH

t. fep6Aax hyu axuH.rlapu: hyu.nap jye',rn.rlapu

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ja;nn fancy urtu;pt.ttapaH a./IHHe KeqrHXAaH corlpa 4a-hyn,'lap sa TH6er
taj$arrapu apacbiHJlaKbr ,4,ocTJryr noSyJrMaM,brurgu. LlnH.itHrrap hyun3Pl,
nix' doutanM;Jur oraH faucyHya 6our raluacr,rubr ucrar\{rtprnnap. 6y.
Ha Kopa hyu.nap.na Tn6er apacHHAa 6np 6y$ep '4oBJIar rypMar HcrsMr.rulAHJrep. B ycynn ap n f arcyja,n a'Bar erM h IIlAHJIep. J l a l.;H It BycyHJIap
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jox
cBilH,[,aKbI oJIareJIapH raco 6N.Ite',IeK raAap 6ypIa 'Hehanx 6up xa'nr
nAu. AuraruAaKbI ceue.a ,[,e lpoor&a joxAYP.
utM. e. '112-'*IH x'rrla) tn6etnnnep 100000 rlo$opne t{ssa taptuil
ycjan e'ruHlu na hyu.napa eJIqI{ KoHAepu6, ofi.napna.aJI,aro japaruuu'
iu,rnap. 5y (hyn-Tn6ei) uyraBll!'lacnltAoll conpa h1'Hnap Aa HIfiMaJI'
lau hywy*r erllsur na By-jyan eJII'IIIHH Ba.{ucI'IHI{ €JInYpMYUJAYJIap)'
!,e lpoora xepa hynnap HrI'IpAI{KJIapu laucyrry na rap6l'i jeurAau
sJIAs eTMat{ HcTsJupAIIn.:r;}. :);i.31ilo Lrj/ axH.t{,rlap o.l0,4ap 6Ojyx AejlI.nAU.
-laucyAa 6exap_ 4diauuaaurJlapbl ajLHII
Ag',{ar 6yu4au g-a hyi:,rapllH

onypay. gytrxr.r tlun-r*. e . t'tl-',Ia'ritAa rap64an hyH"rlapa rapt'Ilbr Cy'
qofia;r SarunajaH 6ejyx 6np axblHa K€lIaqeK, flaKqH hyg''apu rana
6unr'raje.'lex4uP.

'tt

qtsH EJrHCnH nH KOByAJIyFy

l. hynlapux Aahruarnn 6np ra6y.n cahnecn. <Lfuls lrmneparopy
caphaa;rapAa ITJIK na$a 5np ra@rnru KasllHrncu KeqHprAH. qsl'ru,lr qsuy6yHlaxu rai$arapa rapln,br myne$Qarnjjal rasanubrur Ba hynruapa
.qa 6up axbrH erMnirran. (Capu uajuH rep6uHAe hyn"rapaax ieur ro.
napbl.rlubtlr o.nan) Ilto-Sasra KanAI{ ea ...1{{H opAycyHy xepny. EynAaH cofi.pa Aa Kyo I+Isntt res.nnr"ra hyn xaraHbriHa KoHAepA[r. E,'ruu (hyn
traj'iaxruHa) xanln. hyn,rap eJIrIuAeH eaeuQecuutl copytgAy.'Iap. EJt(HHALILTa xaraHbl NcpMaK ncrajupalr, oHyHJra rcepyruajaolav>,.[,cAs. Xarau repa$HuAan ra6y,'l eAr.{JrepKoH aa 6eae AarrliurAbr:
I+leuy6a 9usAaxrr ji.'eh raj.Sacs hoxunapunpn 6aruu (t{lln naiTaxrbrHAaKnr)
ruHuau capaj"nnuu ranucblnAau a€brJrMutn4aip. Or<ap
hyH.xafaHu qrua hyuytr c'nir6, 6nsu,vrna Bypyua 6unanenca, &MnepaTopyMys opAycy u.na 5gp.nNx4a capha44s KesnemaKnenn'p. .Jox, axap
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lUnmanus orcyg, cycya Ba cojyr cahpa,,rapbrnAa re:unn oaa 6s;ruaagH Aa

cnnus! Cus heq 6up urej eA,a 6u.nMascuunel
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<Xarau 6yH4ar coupa tltrn cepha4JraplrHAaKr{, rapar axbrHrapbrua
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e'rnarH;:.lacxt{tI BepMaAaH Bc Y3YHY JapaJITN{aAaH hyu x€r:iHblHblH
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ua hopur:rra;rajrrr aaal,rJlapbr o,Ica HAHJIap, t{uH 6e"ra 6up cr1'sr',yuy ua-

sepa almaja 6a.nMaeAH. Xycyclrne xaraH, Mere4oH 6epu Aanau eAn6
KeJreH rlanre hynngp apacbIHAaKbr crarycyH 4ej nun;rruocltlt!t licroMHp4u. CeQup.nHK rrporoKoJlyHy na caprJloltl4uprranpan.$yHyil YqYs As e{qu coh6ar erAr,rKAaH conpa oHyH cogJIopnHI{H o3yHy HHaHAbIpMa ne nohrro MyraBrrJleJrapa no3MarAaH otpy 6up yuat ALIJII,I u.no cej"neHullttt
6our cos,rep oJrAyryHy aejup ea MacaJIOHH ryprapblpAbl. 5y rasujjat
6up ueua Aa$a lasanaHapKoH tinn 4a cnjacrunn 4ejnu,aupall Bo aFJIbl
6aunsAa onas Basr Byuy e,nuu KoHAopAH:
<hyu.napa rego xe,lds LInH e.lt.IHcH Banr hcnH rar4jjar.nlt Bo HHaA'
xap 6np a!,aM Ht\rr. By u* yuyu japarilllbltuAbl. [laxutt coj.tiy.nyn aa
jyricar 6up eesusa pyr6ecn jox u4u. Eynyn y.ryu hyu xaraHbl oHyH*
,na jaxruu AaBpanMar,u. Xanau ouy ra6yn erMol{ YqYH qaFblpMat-llctoAH .IIaxiru en,ru <<e'THMaA celloAli> oJIaH ocaIIbI TorAI{M er.voAn> tlng

erqlrJropHHr.rH e'rr.rMaA coHeAJIopH 6aunrtr.nu 6up eca LIJiH. tlnu
cflquJrepu ocaJlapLil nne re6y.n eAlIJII4pAHJIop. tryn xataublllbltl uagupu:

ra r(npMaBAei{ oHqe 6y ecanap rarrill,t e4r.lnup4lt. Ocatru BepMeAaII
xaraH' qaAbrpbrHa KI{pMoK onMagAb&. AH'*rar eJIqIIIII{H KaJIilulnilo Kope
xanaH 6ojyx Aup nu raJAbrpMar ucraMl.Ip Ba enqlixn 6aj mpaa ra6yn
eAl.rp)

:

uDy"Aau conpa xaraH eJIqH I{JIo KopYIUMaK YqYH rlaAblpliu 6aju'
puHAa orypAy. Elqn xaranhl KopoIIAa 6e.so AeAH: <Oilop cHs 6lisnM'
lo ,rocrnyf ne cy;rhy AaBaM erAupMoK ucrajnpcuul,lsco, xalaghlH Bo'
Llusa KoHAepHH>, Xarax Aa oHa 6e.na AeAu:
,rnahAusr.r KI{poB.-oJIapar
qlly (coj.reALIjHgras) -xohna ebAsaua.napuMl,I3o yjryu ttanulrp. Kehna
Myi'aBr{JroJroplrMLIsa xopa, LIuu 6uae Aocuryr uQaaocn ofiapar TIHHJIH
rrrnhraAe rbr3brHbr xr,rQajat taAap IrnJK Ba MYxToJIH$ epsarnap KoHAat{Hs cephaAnapt{Ila sopap Byp'
ltir'ri)KA,r,t. bynyn oBosHr{Ao hynnap Aa
ua.j auar4u.irap. .IIaNrln IIHiIH cus xohua MYlaBH"rIsHH 6up xauapa.ar'
uai' ucrejupcuur.re. Ycte.uux Ao oFnyMy KI{poB nosAapuejltii'tll coj.ne"
jtrpcnHue. JIaxt'lu 6yH4an-6aurna or,''IyM 4aha jox4yp. MauHru h1'n xal-.
i'r,iu os aAarr.rHa xopa r{uH eJEI}tcIiHuH (ja'Hn ceuilH) op'ra cHHfiSAaH
rrrr c<rjy onuajan 64p axau oJIAyryIIy KopYp. Ycreltlx 6our cos.nop .u.a.
rtt,rttttr6, MaHH HHaHAbIpMal B3 MYIaBHJIAI\{I'I3H nOSMal I4,CTOJi{pCHHHS
Mlrnnnrr KoHrrr Hacnrrepnutau ce6pu ryKaHMaI( yspaAl'ip. r{llH hyunapa
rajrapMbl[inap.
ill riaxr e,rrqu KoHAep\,Ifiruca, hynnap Aa eflquHfi xepn
i)rtrp 9un hyk e.nencnnu ryrMyulca, hyunap Aa tlnu e"{uHCI{HH r}r'
Mynr,rap. Aprur 6yna 6np cou eepax!>.
<E.nqu iaHr hcun 6yuaan conpa repH rajurAH. t{t'ts (rcsa4eu xeu'
Murrr enuu) BaiIr Byny eJlqu l(enAapan. hyH xaFaHH AaAJIII uejlop
lr,r,jraAu. Llnuun ona Aaha Aejapnn uejnap KoHAopMac?luli I{croAII.
lui'ma enuuja Llrtsa xe;in6 nnaneparopy KepMaK ncrep.ujnun' Y3-Y3o
ah4-nejtrlaH 6arlanaar ncra5njltun cojnaAu>.
,lyl)y6
'Dy rapAaulqacuHp
xaraH t{n4 e.rvHlapuHLIH ehrupaur,IHbl caxnaMar YqYH rlox ulH2l

I

sujaper eruex HcpHfl ruejnap coinaAH. tIHsa xs;lsqlajar*1, uuncDaropytlruAe harrrrar iia'
KHMI, JIYrQ-;;;;t* ;ej"raanju cesaap

rojxpau

*rn ra6Y;t eAHJIMI{llIAlI:
<E,,r.rH rluHa rajsrrAbr Be panop"yny"

rlY"::":e,:Jiff;;
*

uep4l:
r'ranauejnne n9l?- 9*v* yuv*
xa"rai;;&';;i;airi1
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p jlaJlrct
a j n a r sD'
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HrdulMaJaqaFbII't>
H #tu'" a.1 rn u rnr! > \uyrrAdn
flap:
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Au.nrte> AaHbIuMaMot t^ ..^,,.*,
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cu <n€rErH
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nep Atn.nra u.ns Polra e'lqncl4 apachIHAa ""ui"
A?Ip.

9nn n1t1111b1ura xacTahvH e.nqncnnnH oJtMOcIl.
j,aD arLr Masa
;' r;t;--r'vH acuo"r"Iep HH ra J3vH
Y :,H; d ;;t;;'q;;bnp hyHy
coj"ny
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co.iru rirMH ..un*"u,ltllr'i*.-'u. roz-'t;;At.
xecroraHAn'
- uuH capalotn, .nuni?""i'"po""tip' (JIaxuH'hvH e'rqucH)
oJlqlYpoa'{Yp MYaiHr{aJIapuHa 6axr"aaiapar' hyn

hyn

e'IIqHcIiHIiH

Huu.,lr,rapuH

-eJlrlficl4

4y.byHnaucoHpaliy""nuuc,uHl4HtlrcHa3acr,rui.r-xorypMoKYspaqoK
lrlyur-xyo 6up ueua MHH rbr-'i"ua'pi'nau'
jyxcar< Aepaqa'rrr.'. ot"p,'^,Ji"ryp
:-"'*^ft
I{aHagaHll r<arupaH;repe hynnap a'a
3Hn nyrJa ny"ropu
co1nr*"cu,r,rp>,AeAHJlep' Jlaxuu hyn-,x.aranu
<6ax 6y t{lr'uss
"ojly
.rry hyu erqricuHuH 'iir"
f;#;ouili;
LIttHa
K
erAu,"ep"6nsiren
hc6c
*'up"t cnu""tt
\:PH
tr He xera"Iog iru e'nquci B:
ot
:l. Pyl'-.q
xaraHbIHbIH,up u ou,l?"it"u "'Ll-ltua
xllp.oB KenAapor{ajunu ,cejnaMecuH'
jnugau un u"on"na"o" l"
t{irn c"apheA'rrepnne 6up

"*ilmg:{rr*

AeH

upe'{rl,."n'oiut''Hfi;';';;";u'nv"nup'

an'
4a 6yuaan conpa Vsar lllaprlau t{s'na euen hyu, axblurapuularl
ql
r'r p i*r. 14 pal lrga 6y maca.na*ilap Y3ap lillAQ Aa'4 aJ aH a ar Hr.
a a j-hyu*aprlr+
rap6a vaxnnueJlapu hap ha,'r,aa r. e. I19--uy 4,l,naxn 6ejyr Linn ariuruuuaan conpa 6orua"nntsttu. o{MaJIbI sAn. t{un oPAynapblHHH a$lrna KeqMaMaK y*yu jyp,c+:apuxn Ba orJlarJlap*unr- 6ypaxnr6
qoKnJIaH hyu,rap aeiyur}all coCpa KepE AeHMY!{ olcan-ap 6e.na, Keur.luur pahai.rrur.napunlr rana 6s.lluaMuuuAHIap. M. e. 105-cH HJIAa Hca
raj$an4p haparait* 6np xe6ep ruul rajnarrlapAa jepnnn lyrMyluAy"
Ariraruaa xopevajuiraH3 KHMH. 6y rajQaaap lrapaxarullAa raxr- roBFaJtaptit, cojyr iuui.nap Ba rbtrJlurnap Aa poJI ojuauuru4st. Dy aajap'nlt
.

corraAxMu3 6e.rra aejup:

<By eaxr4an etrni6apau (ja'nn M. o. 105-'{r n"raa)- 6up ae 4aha
xeutn. Con rasa.a (hyH) opaycy Jyn-u'ynfYn--aapa0unaa rypypay.'Car ra,na4 (hyu) opaYey nca ttluy-uyan (ie'nx Cy'
urlrua.n-rep6e Aonpy

rroy) na TyH-hyaHrnH tapublcbtHAa

HAH>.

Kopynyp rcu, MoHro.nycraHA,a o.nas Coa.rana.n hyn opAycy flaII repoa aorpy l,<'".tlrtauirunu. harHraraH, 6y naxr hyH.nap hap hanaa jeua ,ua
cahpaugn IxHManl'IItAa I,IAgnap. hyHnapn'ln CoJ ns Car raua.&.ltap1t fica
tAbt uoKwfian jepnapun'mEIlfaJIbIHAaKEn oH jaxuu nerreiapAa jep.uaur
itHIuAHJIap. Ydyitnjjarna, MerH aa (vhnh) Hulapacu u,rra Syny as.traruar ncrarnn*Aup. fainar4a <hyn.napun ,rrany6 caphaAn> I(IIMH KscT*
l,Hnau Tyu-hyani ruehepanuu aau na 4ejnrullx jasu"urauruAup. Malxa
AylltaH riArm t{uH rejAlaPnsAa rilesr I,I 6yuy yjryp rYpKrlapi{HHH nt{liartp" Tsnoc (?) ira ji Tlreh-.uencprla rapr,riuaupvbrlu Bo oKya-tu
iu) aAJIbI rajHargan usx 4ejapnu 6.np reja erMuluA$p.

HetJa,Ao0o axLIHa KeqAI'IJIaP'

IIEKI{JIIIEJIEPH
hYH KYTJIEJIEPHHHH TEPBS
(lVl.s. 105-'ru u'n)
xa6apna co-e-a 6aruraM. e. 105-cH lluge rajnarJlapblMbls taaa 6tlp
r\'\' o' 123-vy u'n4a
xerMHIuArIJ'ap>'
<hyu.nup -"*un-,efoa aorlv jtpn"*tot
iup.
ubpxae'rapH ne $eo4an
gun caprepor." o"*-'fr;;#i''*
6 a j n u xn apx,i o I u r o"i* u"ffi y,-9ltd*-'111 I *:
cahp acuu'u
ro6v *ff
n i*T
"i;:l
tfi tiffi A"*.-'nyt'v' rapuuin'napuri
"[lT}H
ir"lff;iTtfiffi
p''-'-p u qri" :^"^': ;:'J3tpt"l"#;
qbr^aPrIvr4JratJB 'rrr'rer
M ar bIH a o t" rp uJf o'?
$il
IIUMaJIHIHa
ll
"
repaQlrnnau lancyuytr
" e' 12l'oIH
snA"a"-n
[.r""u ioa auuuiurAbl. M.ilv;L;;;r;'oqy-To
rrJy,rd,sy'r- ---;,'<rap6a
oypa
ar HH M acbr Lilr uypAa^Dr
arHHMacbI
T:lY 2:"-41'0,t
Jlt* "tl:
6H1
Aorpy> 6ojyr<
DY 6nP iau
;;;J;;il" ""jor- auun'rAbl.
tJ'1TSi
*ra i g a n a p *u uyn" v 6,;il 6; fi.1i l;"::,:11i Y"
;1T
J3l* il1 r{ilErHni
o uox otexvc&aKbl
"'' ;";";;;; ;;;'i
#'y#"tdffi';:$p
t3I
Kopa cAt{rlMnur 6np llc;tly-': :ii'*',Y*1 :,t
qcKH"IM-HuI xHM

d

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ffi#Jfil";]fi.
^ffi;;; ;;i;;;;*;;"
6t

;iil"p
t2

*itillfl*i"#l;

Hca hvu'rap - canslle
cahri6c Ng 6vpax v asurn apblH.

J.p";Ji'i?v'ovtvn'

.

?-qn hVH. XAfAHbl
(Kepne xan: M. o. 105-102'ur ru)

M. o. 105-102-qn lrrlrlap apacblnAa hyn raxruxAa oryPafl na lnri
xau aAbI HJIa EepaJlsu 6y hyH xaraualua jarurts t(uqtK oJrMacHH& xepe Kep'na x&H na ja Kuunx xen 4einpawrap.
Jlirrins 6y hyu xaranbl ran roruajaH ea ltyhapr'r6aun qox ceBMOcHHr
nAll. Seynaen aonan,'jo'0nxrvraj apar, Kyr+rJIy Bo ucte'AaA,toi 6up
^aHoIee tlnn oJIaranapflHHH t{ox
trrr rr. b.-ll4-105-.,ILr HnJIap apacuuga-$yn
ltrr'rH fiMsepa/U'l)ryn xeqasjr.liur jyxapuaa KecrapMRnI4ait. Maruhyp
topy By M. o. I l9-qy nraa heu 6np Harnuaja qarMaAag ryprapag Bo
t{uir yuyx 6ejyr rrrxn,'Iopo KarHp;-t6 ,tulxapau t{uu ax-usus rncac hnccIt,,pt,*ilt'ron6us,ra cax.niibrp-r.bl. h1'u xaiauu uca tlunr,a jenu uyhaprrilo ucraunpan. EyHa xopa 6y oH I{JIJIHK AoBpe ceJltln,'Iap AsBpY} A')
Jtcj.r 6n.naplrx. Llynru rajuar.n.ap jalnue e,ryqgfiapug KeAI{ul-KonI{tlIH
Tnp,txJlapl4uaa By-nen

fiJt.' AonyAyp.

Ft-. o. I05-,'rH HJ'I,ua ogyll jeplrHe KeqeH oFJlyruca rutlltx wl.vl. B
xopa Huu rapnxJlaptr 9g2.'<<I(opno ,xaran>> AeMHIIIAIL'Iop. JIaxuu
xaraubrH <raH roKr{ajr.t na ruryhapn6aHu CensH>> 6up uexcHjjerN o

ttAl.r. Ycra.nux 6auapnrJlr,r ItAl'I. Jaruqa KHTInK oJItN{acbIHa Kopa AoBna'
nqfirAe taxr rosrarapu 6au,raMbllnAbl. Ouuci-t Car uyapur uraheaAi

HJrs apacbr aqbrr HAI'. Lku.lnlap eMH B3 rapAalxoFJlyuy 6up-6upnne ty
cliIxAYpMsK HCTsAli.4Ap nl L;au:Car','tntru 6ahanacu HJIe HKI{CHHa ,ll,e KI{s'
Jrnqo Ba aJpbr-<rJpbr e.nuu.nep KoHAopAI{Jtop. Jlaxan Knqar xaH hap uxu

lanu6 l;"r6c erMeKAe KetrIHKMaAH.
Taxr roBrarapbr Be rbIrJIbrr. Ey olyp raxr roBraJlapbI HJIo jaHaurn
6ejyr 6up <cojyr BO rbIrJIbJt>> hyH,rapr'rn,hejnaH,rapunun japucunnt
rrnplii'rulAtl. hyn,rapuu jyplynna Baxralrlblpbl I(opYLIsH 6y cojyrlap
Ba rirrJrbrr,rap hyH rapllxlluAo jeult Aonp,rep aqapAbl. FyHa ropa 4er'
Jrorgs <<coJi coMTLI>>, je'HH utepr rapeQI{IIAeH xafalla raprrrbl qblxMa
ucrajaH,rap Ao qoxanltuLuAH. Aoeneruu uraprilir4a cojny 9!rp hyrl rc
eJILlHHrr

xataHbl AeBI,tpMoK YqYs tllisla pa3lJ,'ialxAbl. Qlts Ae oHa
KeMeK erMaK yrryH rzHblHvruur 6uf tluu capxepAOcIiHI{H nxrnj apuu4a
20.000 auru 6pAy KeH,r,apAH. tLlu op4ycy ycjan e,tan hyu KoN{aHAaHbI
I,tre JlNasr-rrIoyHy'n uii.Ir{aJlblHAa 6np,leu:uex plcrdAll. EylI4an Aa aHna'
rxbrJlblp xlr, ycj an uioptAa 4ejLrn, opra lrauy6Aa 6aru;raltbililllbl.
MaHAI.rpH Aa

Eojyx rlun axur;u. KoHlI hyu xaranu qoJIA I(erAH, ee IIHH cepKep'
accH sa LIuH op,lycyH,v i;ctip a.r.ili. OpAalt Aa HilH capheanapnHa eHAII.
leAnnnAas hynnapa aup, onau Capil uajun rep6uH4aru xeurraHur hylr
rilehap,rapraHr'r'tuyiracllpa crAI{. oxap 6y maHu hyn xaraHbl xacraJloHll6
o.arraiej4rr, 6y uiahapnepu a!'tMbtril o,naqarAbI. Kopyliyp t<ll, jyxapu4a
Terlrr\r er4nj uril.re 6e'su tiris ccg3.{,'l{lpgiIHH 3eHH er4ltjti xllltn hyt1.11a'
pr.rn n:sujjara heq Ao IIIIC 4ejanan. Kuqnr< xaraH oJIaHAaH coHpa oHyH

jepuna od-or,'ry qox liriqnK o!'IllyFlri{Aai{ aIlII{cI{ na paru5u Co,'r nayapur
urahsaAe KeqAH. 6e,na.nsx,ra, r,oBfiar uqHHAa 6up-6upltaa AYllrI\'IeH I'IKII
raneA Aory.rrMyrx on4y. Ey I1!'IJIapAa Lllln nca hyn,rapu apxaAaH BypM
qtHAAu 6axt"l l,I iuAt t
1 u i lr TypNycrall axbIHJi ap bIII a
q.rlill.rlL'!3.4apII>
<(hyHi-rapuH rapSa
auaFltiAaKbI ccilsAJlopAaH AO
agiraitbtJlblp. tlyHxrl AoEd'io'tI'IH raHaAbI hap,4aca ltejnaaa rrblxl{bllxAblp;

fpiuaenap:
l. Xaras:,:n raxra rrl{xlrraabr ('rt. o. lC5-102): <hyn xaranu By.
"eeu
L{Hu
(lr. o. 114-i05) coti

eJlql{ct{ltllll KeliluccHH,[.oH Yq I'{JI coHpa
onyni
olay. 10 r.rr'r xaraIl,i,i)rr rax'r;brrlira orypl;iyuay. Or,'ry,,By-ruu-JIy
qtixAbl (f ajnara xope 5y-xaraFlL,tH aAuI {{au-IlH-ly HAu).i
jepuiro
raxra
-(jeuu
xalall Aa
Aa Ae"i
xaraHbrlr jauru) KITTIHK oJIAyry YrIYH oHa <I{opne xalaH
ju"runur4up. by u.rr rrr. o. iO5-qru HJI IaAII>>.

2. .Kspne xar.aH>. (<Jauunun KHqHK oJIMacbIHa . Kopa (fieplla>

qblxai{Aa LIIIH hyn.napa HX}i eJlqu KeH6upn (6up6aura) hyu xalaHLIHbIH jarluua KerAH'
/[ilxcp Aa (hyulapun) Car uygpr.rx urahsaAaHuu jauuHa.oJlsH xa'
rana kopa 6aurcar.nurbl BepMoK YTIYH KerAI'r. (t{uH 63lauc) hyn.napun
AoBJraru r{qItHAa fixr'Irnpenl.IK japatrrlar ucrejnpAn (6y eaxraa xaraHtllin rop:
,il4 Cap MyApIiK urahgaAecunnu apacbl aultr u4H). Enuu,rap
n0FI'rHa KI.IpoH t<l,Imu hap uxu (tlnu enuncn) ryry.ny6 h_yu xaranuriltu
6^naHaH hyH -xarauu Taxra

lli)pAr.r. Eruu.napAau

Januna an{pu"trau. Xaran uox rejsnauAu Ba enun,nopn-tlliHo KepI{ KoH'
hyH.napun ryryqryry6 9usa xstlAopMohasHpAa hyH.rrapun
ne hasup4a
lopr',rcau.
AppMcAH. Aaha eno{a se
caxJIaAbIFbI
ur,n. Quutls caxJlaAbIFbI
oHa raAap ur,lr.
lruun caJ
cajn oua
9HH enqlt,'tepHHI'IH
erqHrapLIHLIH
,q,Hl(JlopH r{nu
hyu e,ruu;rapu ,ua 6y rcrop IIAH>).

8. rlnnnn rep64exn axbIHJIapbt. (<<M. e., 104-'ly ltl4e), jo'nn harraun
l,,l tlnn, cepKopAe JIn Kyanr-nu @aprauaun a,tMar Y.{YH KoHAepAIr.
Cepxepae Kynr-cyu Ao Hco rocJIIiM onan ruehapJlapn -6epna erMoK
yryn iesa$eje raaaupnr.nln (Fyunap Capu uajr,rn rop6un4e oJlyp'
nyi,up. tlunnil rap6 aiunu1'a av1 caHp4.tr-apn jyxapu4a eepunurnr).

6r,rP YCJAH nJIAHbI BA

hyu xaraHu ula hyn ruaheaAanepn apacblnAaKbl Taxr roBFa''Iapbl
ho,rro ryprapMaMbluJAbl. hyH"rrapsru Co.rr 6ojyn capKapAacu xaraubl oJIt{us aa capxapacjc lioMox erMaK YI{YH
/tyl)MoK yuyu 6up nJIaH rypyp.
t0I00 ai;rn opay xenlaprzp. llaxnn Kopna xaH I]ox 6a'laputrnl,tautp.

tlttil
/tllll

eopr<ap4a.ticpxun opAycy Hno ocilp eAup Ba partr6neplttlH A3 apaI(orYpYp:

I. hyu,rapAa cojyr Be rblTflHr. <<O rttur hyll'rapulH or'II(JcHHAc qox
rolr jarar,r na Oeiyr< 6Hp cojyr o,r4y. Man-rapaHdu 6ojyx 6rrp'huccecu
C4jfy. hyH xaraHbfHbIH jaruu x1tultl< r41r1. lIat<su o/lAYpMoK Be B,vliyilllllf/lan qox xolu,'IaHhIpAbI. Byria nOpa AO AOBJI3T ilqfiH,1a xa-(rblH qolltty Ilapahar erAH>.
2. XaraHu eJIAypMaK nflanbl. <hyHnapuH Co.rr 6ojyx xoMaHAHpH
LIuua 6rrp xa5apuit
Tn ty-neu xataFlbl eJIAYpMeK IicrsAu

"",;"3lNrlo
Xr,il/ti)pAu sa 6ena AeAH:
**Mou xaraFlbr olaypy6, r{uue rac,ruM oJIMar iTc'iejupeHr. Qutt
6lt;litlrr rrox y3'arAa4up. KonAopo.uajuuas opAy Merle jaxut-l,laiuaH xullll t'liltt Ae hapaNar eraolojal'1.
tlrrrr 6y coe;rapra etlnAap-euHTMa3 roc,rllil'I o'ran u:;hap'[opAa MYr.a'

$ltlrrlr
24

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AJIbIHMACbI

rnlohxa,r,r;ienArrpAn (hap ha,r4a ltyH.napurn xe6epcus 6itP axulHut

26

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r* la

$,yqr xywryrrg.ny6!. Anuar dypannm lrynlapa tNox ysar onEyFy
Air L6,J'Jry.!{ o.Il][y (Ee.Xa qbIXHfr irr.r" iiynul&p t{nuAeu qox ysarna$rM$lJi]*
AilX:iiJl.
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I1*uy 20.0i)0 *r"'ru n,ta iIIo.$aHr sonachlH4an jo,ra canau. Caprapn*
uruuan-rap6a .nerFnv $f!0o urur Kernn. JeH lllrtxyuyu rej,r.una xo,pa{
<l"ry* xarau,urra ycjau e,tar Con 6eiyn ltoual{rnpns cos Bcp}rJlau BaxrAe l+l$tt-,'t'li. ;*iri r; . i KHpvuMaK Ra (sHpa Kepli AgHllaK YtlYli KeT,&Ii;
(r"hari nejn.napr 6y AaFbrn By-ncn, janu 6yxy*ny I'laur-woyHyH llll{168
Jr,[.lHAA 0"1:.r]r]Ht cojnajHp. berra qotrup rin, hyu,rap xej;rr rcpcra nelruuur4tuap)
<hyu,rapun Cc,r OejyK'Iiollat{Auprr hapanat erMaK licreAll. Jlarilfi]t
n.naubl Ma'"ryrl oJAy Ba hyH xarauu ony o"IAYpay. Xaran (hyH.lapuu)
Con raHaA op;ryc)'rry t{urr copxap/lacl{HuH ycryHa hyolyn erucja.uav6yp erarr. Capxap.ra Kcpu qal(Hfl4lr. <<tltrHa calllr urchlrp.nap-a>, (ja'utt
Capu uaj cahu,tusltn iap6ruria) 20O uu,r ra.,lMblruAbl xlr, (hyxaapanr
Col ranaA opnycy 4a) oirnapa 80.000.arrb{ }Ir'la qar}lbItulbI. LIUH capr( ipaacanr{ Iulhacupe etAn. Caprep/te Ke\'Ia naxrbl [rYhacl{pJAan l{aHap'a
qr,ixr,16 cy axrapAbt. hyu,'rap 6yHy hncc er;iII"(oP ea hyuy1,1 e4n6,,ony
t{u-H
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t{tlg
6y
sa6Hr,raprn
Baur
aAlor
Belt
opa"vcyaaa o,'lan I(yo Tcynr se
rvrrr"ryririjaTAaH Ba sB cJpKApAaJtapllltl.lH acup JtYillMac}IttAotl osdlapt{rinH qasa6aeh onaorarirapuilut Aapti ert;xtAa oHirap 4a hyu,rapa rocJlHM
s"i.li'tap.
lrvri;rapus Klt.+ttx xarat{br 6yua 'lox centtsAll (rt. o. 103). HltH
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l:ui-r :rewacni II[,, i. i;\ t'i,liiiH coilp; :ull ('irijlli]AtlHll rapJT elN6 ner.a,n.
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<hyu,nap*u fapda uati*rdlruaJlepll]. Fy axun.napaan 6ela rlblxup K&
ht.unap
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joh ralra qox A.rtaurau calrpalrpu YcTYHAaH Kadtfip'
..ip"
oaruia
rcjan eaon.ht'n Co.n capx"r)Alclt Be Vnn opaycy
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la By-ecH, !e'sr.r -,r[aaur-qt]] ii)'t{ ultt}1a.'Ibltula 6ltp,raurltox yuyH co3Jlv

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(hcy-,tu'hg xan. M. e.' 102*10'l-wu ua)

'aa xejnpxah olas'' Kopna xau tlnn
r orHroroH, ra6u.nujjauH
XecrcJroHu6
xanq jaruux4a onopriarr jepNHo ruufucapiraarHflo
aMHcH hcy-.irn hy xax KeqAH. Oc,rusAa, Kepna xarrbtu
.jaLuu"py6aru
as oJrAyry yuyn 6ojyx rapAaurbrxl,ru jepuua
osyHyn hyH raxruKeqMacn lasum IIAR. hyrrJ'rapuu rep6 soHaJrapHHa KoMaHAa[rJrbr,r
("rAHju yuyrr foupy6ecu Ao qox aAH. Eyua xepa 6y jenn hyu xarauu-

ila

ilr,llr raxTa rrbrxlvlaciri u,ro t{ilir Aaphan MyAaorze hasupnur.napbrrra
6atunalrttur, t{uu tala,'Iaphl Ba Kogorrln ry;t.nerreplitiu re'ltaup er4r.rp116
uyla$ua ar4BaprapL,rHal lrohranaJrer{Ar.rpMaruAr{: Ey xaraHbrH rax.ra
'urxMacbt HJra y3ylr 3aMaH 4ajauuuru hyH axuunapbr Aa 6aru.nauuurAr,r. Ey sXbiHr-rapAa hynnaparH KepAyKnopu aur laha uox jenn LInu
l'lrJrar'rapbr re uyaa$ue AlrBapJrapuun juxuara joua,l4lr. hyu axuuJr;rl)br, AeMaK orap Krl, 6yryu ruuual-rap6 tlnH cephca,ropHrrH he4aSa
Ar,'r'ypMYtilAY. fap6,ae uca hyuoap Hnax jony ycryHAoxlr rushep;rape
RrpMlnu,u,u,n;p. I apo;1au xc.ii,lH nyrr axLJHJapbr I-op6u Typr;yCraur,r
ir,'r\4aFa KerMilru HNn opaycy ee JIH Kyaurnrn jo.rryHy xacnacjo joHela6tt.tapAu. t{yHNu 6y 9uu ccpKepAecn rrl. e. 101-,*rr.r HJrAa QNga rajurlrl l,l u

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r)il,rapbr Ko3a,1 coSdrapJre oBylrAypMat qaFbl aprbrr qoxAaH KeqM&[rAr{.
l',r'Hlau coHpa hap hy,n axLrHhJ HrzHAa Ky,,ury aKc-coAa ae uTKH+'rapa
Irrru hyH

r',r{io6 o,lypay.

XaneAar r,ejnrxnxrnju: Mere4aH 6apu araAaH oFy,ra xeucn hyn

s. 102-',{H HJrAe Baxrcr,r3 oJryMy HJra AaoMIrcH Car uyapux urahsaAecrjrla Keqgfi, uKepna
xarar{JrbrFbiHbrH yqyHrrty HJrHirAo oJtAy. ofJry xurrHK HAu. 6yHa xe-

t(itraHJIbIFbI Kepna xaHbrH n,t.

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Iull

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-21

Da hvs.nao oHVtt' ,KIl{uH'tuucttrr] ia'nn goeenxn xan By'neHHun KI,IqH
iap.,iu'u,'n;-r Cat MY,u.pttli ilrahsai.acl'l .Ilrrrryuy x,aH KllMn rax'ra rl
xa'prar*.tap.'By nn ll. il. tOZ-q[ afi I{A}l>. laAIau t{ltu rejAnaplrue Kopa;
6y xauuu aAIIFIIJ ciry-,'tu-hy>> KHMI{ oxyMar JIa3blMl{blp.

lx rryn xArAHbI
(Vweh-re-hog xaH.. u,. o. 101-96-,,ttt un)

Kuqnx oJrMacbrHa 6axuajapar, aruqroHa6 aa t'alwnujjernz Kopno;
o. ll9-',ly IrnAoKH 6ojyx ]ryH-tlHn 5ty'

xarr ltyH.napun y''i6arr,lHAaH M.

hyHJIAPbIH AXbIHA KEqJllOflePfi (ru. e. 102-uu nn)

. gnnga uyla$ue hasuprrurldplu Jeun hyH xaraun teupy6aan ltAlli
'Byna
hryul4nryt1-1-Ill:
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6arunu',ra YrI
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rair,r:au. fap""r.,"napbrHbr Al.iBapJrapJra uohxau.neugltpa{eje 6aurnaAu:

l. Capu ualrn rurt*'inlr"p'O lo.i a"6anorHAaKbr By-jyiHadrI 6aimajud
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naurAuprr;::,1d".'!:

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3. fep6la I'lnar jO.tiy yc-

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jeHu ra"ra;ap rnKAHpvrdlAH'
Piir,,,*un tuly-jeu1 "i'.i u hoe:r.l;;priuaa
Ey hasupnilrjrip Aaha' .rox tlun rapux ee ',lorpa$uj acu 6axult'rulnairu Le ipcor fapa$ltnneH lojep'lan4ltpI'IrMIIlxALIp:
i. uI{. o. 102-qn Hi'InI{ ioH tlahapug4a lYH.naP By-jyaH ee [llo'
er'ilIIJlap. Enp Herls M,I{H aAaMH o'{$aHr eona.'lapbIHa 6ojyx 6up ?.xblII
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rn.rtau) Kyaur-.ny raracbl aa Bap uA?l>>.

3. l'ep6ae hyn hyuynny. <Ey eaxr,t{HH.I'IMrIeparopy capr<apaa Jft{
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L{urius 6y hepaxerllga laplrbl oJIMaJlbl HAII:
npIIHcH ttlqf
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91I
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o'rr4y)'
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b1 utut. o. 101-',tu t.t.rlila Liiltt i'lelIcpa,ribI'Jln KyaHr-'ru OepraHau
(Ta-jyan)' jenlnrAan coupa liparrbrubII{ 6auruuu racatr,-faj11l{-l
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parl"nepr ra1brrAbr>. <<iternuirl ,t,n,iit to'urot:.1--.1].:.ii.?^i"i*:'3:,1:l:i1
hyuyru e'rAlr,r'ap. JI arun xarall xsctalestt6 6JIAY >
i"pr,"a'rrSopnrp
28

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It;rpu6acuHlan joprylurl'rJrap brHbr aJrMbilu ae hyu.napa'{ocapaTJla AJpHH
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trrrvrn jeua reupy6alN 6r.rp xouanAup Bo ja olen xaraHbrn napAaubl'
XCIIHPAH.

Jeun xaras raxra qblxap-Iib{xMas tIilH I'IMneparopy jeua 6Hp Qep-

Malr BepI,Ip ne 6yryu qunrr.uropn Meresun 6y nenanapuHAaH rncac a"ri=
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pl,illAar{}'r 6ys,ry 3orranapa cYpKYrr erMI{IxAII. <<Efl.IH Cy BynyH Aac.
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Jrirl)r,il{ aAoTJrapri' hamHirAa uox 4ejapnl{ Me"[yMaT"lap o,'Iafl 6y nac.
1'lurbt auraFbr4a 6yroa uaKIiJIAa rotAHNI eAIipliK.
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ltlur/(aribrH opAycy sclip a,'IbIHAu. baru I{oMaHAaH l{ce raqbl6 qIaHbIHbI
t)'pi'apAbl A,ryacnas COhpa.rrapUHAaH IUI4MaJla ribIXaH IIKl.iHIrtl{ LiuH opIty(:y Hca Bypyur,{ar yuyu hynnapbl ranMaAan Kepil 4ou4y. Yui_. Y
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oJt Ay.,

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6ll jrjana yrpa j 4,v,ara u,p.
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sanS xgurypAffiapr

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r\pagan 6eu ea ja alru nr KeqAH. hyu xaranuHbru KttrIHK rapAarru .ly-*nn (Oprau?) rrahsaAacr tsajna,'r KenyEyH jyxapt*cunaa oa
t'/r nl),'ur. Enurl 61zn4an conpa Ko3aJr 6a.nur ropy roxyMaFbr Be jajlr jaxllt,t ha3brp,raMaFbr ojpauln. hyH ruahsaAaclr oHy ceBMHrrr, oHa apsar
U,r r(cj r'rM aa BepMurrJgu. Eenaua yq n.rr KesAfi. Ey naxr hyn uraheaAacn
lirlli),qaHnr{. ILIahsala e,'rwja ar, hejraH, xejHru ea 6ap Aa Keqelax
fiyr,)Jr,'[]r.rrMr{ur F{o3a.1 6up uaAr,rp BepAu. .IIarss hyn nrahsaracn orAyliJ(orI conpa ouyH aAaMtapbr KsrArI. fururAa rr.IHr-nHHr raj$a.rrapH

l,r,irt(t,

<-lH1'H

roiyH Be

KerrH,rtapr.rHti

raper

ea xaCr,r6 raJIAbI>.
lic,ra ur,rxurp Kn, rlrHr-Jrur{r raj0arapnr

erAr.rJlep. E,Jttrfi 6eaace am-

,l0li('1,13

iarlaigpvurrlxap. 6ypa ra'jng

6ajnal

KonyHyrI arpaQ jep-

utah:alacr uca
6y ,rrpa(r jeplapN r.rrra jo.rry uJrJ HAapa erMaJH uan. Dyiraan coHpa'
frgpurtqe

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mi
ilr'i',
I
J

erquHHH .6uorpa$Hjacs hynarapa acup AyuaH r{HH ccpxapAocn

Aa hyil,raptrn oalHHJ acup AyrualrcK Ba unMa,rla ioirynauarA
Eypla e,lqu Bc capKapAa rapubrJrauarrarAbrp. Ey uaca,louu a3 CoHt

JIHHT

Tohnl-rJr eAe'{ajEK.

hyn,rapuu'eJl.rua A,ylx.qy. Anuar 400 tlun acKapu xuJrac ti.ny6 QHda r:at,,r ,ra 6u.nAu. hyu xaral{br capKapAa JIu JIuHr[ r{ox a3H3,TeAr4 Ba e3 rblrt,llrbr Aa or{a apa BepAri>.

qp{H coPt{oPAacr4 JIpI JIHHI'HH AACTAHbI

M. o. 99-vy lrfiAO qHH AXb,!Hbl BA

qltH copKapAocu HlrH ocl4p AYluMocr4

M . o. 99-qy HJrla t{nH os axbrHJrapbtgbr Aaha uox rap6a Bs TaHpbI
rxopl orolffIapr.rHa AoFpy jouanruururlrr. 1-"rH .,ra6haA

AaFnapbrHbIH

t{nH opaycy uyhacupa eAHJrIr{ Be copKapAecr.r opAycyHy aruS rax6a/ilbrna raqu6 ryprapa 6ungu, 2-',ru .,{a6haAexa LIus opAycy nce hynnApJIa scna rapublnaura 6HJIM0AIT. 3-r{y .se6heAexu, ja'HH 5u IlIop.tA
KH opAy nca hyH .xaraHblHbrH ryqaFbrHa Aytuy6 oclrp eAr.{,'rAH. Ey op-,
AyHyH KoMaHAI{pH capKapAe JIn Jluumu hajaru rins aAa6njjaruHad
e$cauaaeuurnrrAnp. klngu vr. o. 99-uy HrrAexrr hyH-Llrru nayhapa6ana.
puuu rajuarnap.(aH oxyAyr.[,au coHpa oHyu hejaruHa raj ur4ar{aFbrtr.

u6np un co{pa (jeluu r',r. o. 99-,'ry nn4e) t{Nn, capJIn Kyasr-;runn (ja'uu ,lep6u Typr<ycrau4arn QopraHaHH arau

l-qn

q e 6 h e.

KapAe
copKapAoHr4 30.000 arrrbr HJra (hyH.napa

rapuu)

KsHAopAir. cepr<ap"

As quy-qyanAaH (je'Hn, Cy-uoyaau) jo.ra A{ur1y. T'aupn AaFirapbrH,qaxu (Tnen-ruau) hyu;rapun Car uyapnx urahea4acnn'e hy'uyu er4ir
(flapxepa xopa 6ypa fly-.uetl, je''nra, EapxoJr o,rrMaJrbr4r,rp). hyn.nap4au xejru 6aruqn Bo octlp a.nr,r6 xepu rajnuu (hep ha.rraa MYJTKH
xa.nr4au). AH',rar 6y naxr hyn,'rap copKopAeHrzH opAyctHy 6npAou-6upa
6ejyr 6up ryBBe u.{a uyhacr.rpe erAllrrop. Cepnopaa opAycyHy 6ypaxu6
rex6aurlraa raqMaFa, uyaa@$er o.rAy. AHrirar gan op.l,ycyHyH oliAa
jeg4ucrt r'rche

o.n4y>>

Z-qu ,{ a 6 h a: <EyH4aH coHpa Hr:H capajr,r capKep4e KyHr-cyn
Aony hcu-ho (flapr<epa Kopa ltloy) ysaprauAoH r(ou.(epau. I{oy-ry .u,a,
rbrHAa 6up.nauIr6 hapoxer erAr4Jrap. Jlartis hyurap"na taprfibl.ltaura
6n.nuoAtt,'Iep>.

3-lry .'r a 6 h e: <<r{Hs Hltrreparopy 6yngan eoHpa ga cop}iap4e ,II[
Jlunui 5000 ar,rr,r se najaAa ecKepna hyH.rrapa tapubr xoH4apalt. CapKopao, t[y-1en (je'nlt, E4cnnxo"rr) ygapHHAoH jona Ayu]Ay. [LInl,ra.na
,[oFpy Mi;H v{r,'rAeH aprbrt riponHJraAlr. hyn xaranu ru,'ra raprubl./raurAbr.
Bypyural';rap. Capxapl3 oH MHHAou uox hyn ocKapi{f,{H enaypay na j
japalaar,l (CapxapaannH hajatn e$caua.neurAr4prr,r Mnrrr .Be rxurrrupAr.u,MlrrxAfl). AH,{ar capKopAoHr{H opAycyHyH op3aFbr ryNenuaje 6aurflaAn. 6yHa xepa KepH AoHMeK r.rcre.[r]. .Ilarus hyH,rap capKopAsHn
r'ayhacxpeje aJrAunap. Cepxep4a Ao hyHnapa racJrHM oJrAy. OpAycy Aa
36

hyH.napa aclip AiurMcur. Maruhyp t{nu caprapAacu Jln Jluur hyu.'rirlrr acHp Ay,liyp, coHpanarr aa hynnapJla rruKy3ap onara japar\r r,r lrrilbtr. Jaxuru 6up acr<ap uAn. JIaxnH iiaarry6 o;ry6 ecap AyIIIMecH
itr)x 4)arrruo,'ru o,1ltiyirr,y. 6yHa Nopo t{uH TapHxquJloptr oHa 6ojyx rnjir,)'r'BepMlriu ee 61'rou cahrr$a,rapuHn oHa ajupruuur4unap. OHy Sojyr
(rnl) Liurr rehpamauu Kr{Mil r(ocrapMHurAHnep. Xycycnna nap.nar 6up
1r rr.rr.'ra jasp,r,rrJrallbr 6norpa$aj acbi H,rra ony or'rMa3 6up ruaxcNjjor xltiln ra,rrAbrprvrbrrx/tuJlap. O, lep6x TypxycraHga @aprauenu jeHau tlttu

r,rl)r(cpAocr.r "rIll Kyaar-.irr{HrrH HaBacu u1n. Eyua xope hejaru 6a6acr,lrrr,rrr 6aorpa$ujacr'iHga jep ryrrvryurAyp. Ey AacranAa hyulapuu nyH1r.'.,rrrii hoj

arbr Bii aAor;'ri;pu itarluu Aa Aa gajaprr,t ua'nyuat.uap. Bap:

l.

tlraH ouuy heparern. <Qns rrMrreparopy By cepxepae JLl Kyanrr,nr cojyua 4a ehrupau neicreptultrrr4rn. 6yHa Nopa "rlu Jlnurn on.{a 800
irrJr r,r HJIa KoHr,epAH. hvu enrocuHllH ur{epncsua 2000 MHJro raAap,KHp-.

Jlaxss hynnappacrJrana 6rr.rurnre,lr.r Ba Kepu ilol{Ay> (Maru.rrepa Ay[rag raAHM
rlrrrr rejA,repll jyxapr,raa a"(bl r{oKHreH ltiY-jenuu 6yxyltxy E4cumea-'
lr,r lj rru o,'iMacbIHAa 6Hp,raurnp)
, iiysAas coHpa HMlleparop olryH capaHriraMhrHa edxruHAa qaTMbrrrr,
h(}()() ccxep BepAH. Ar,rn AacronaplrH KoivraHAupr{ ra'jun er,{n. Kas
I,r (ly-lroy e,rrd'replrnr.{H hyn.rrapaan ropyHMacbrnbr aMp er4n. 6up ueua
l,rr rorrpa r{Mreparop (6a6acu) capKapAa "rla Kyanr-.nnun (fep6n
l llrriycrauAaru) @apraseAe BypyurMar yrryH'KoHAOpAn. Haaacn JIu
Jlrrrrln Aa 6eur Aecre HJIa oHa oJIaBa erAu. rJasan rep6AaKH uyaa0aa'
{rrilrr1,r.uapr,ttia roAop 6npnuxAe KerAr{. Cepxapae Kyanr-.nn (<Dopralr,r.r.rrr) lajurnnrlr Birxl' ur\{reparop .IIn Jlnura 6np uaxry6 nep4n.
rh'r'lpfiapuHun 6np huccacusu 6ypaxur6 5000 arlu naa TyH-hyaurAau
l.rlil-)i) /loFpy jo,na -ilyur,t),. ,;io6Hop uajuna rsAap KerAn. 6a6acnnu
l',rl)rnbrJraAbr. OriAau coupa r(epr.r AoHAy. Jesa I(an-uoy4axu rvryAaSna
lilmnc 6arunaAu>>.
,r

Jr

rr. liAcunxoJry auAbr. Opasnnun eesujjeruun ojpeugn.

.r

2. TaHpu AaFJrapbrna t{lls axunu. <M. e. 99-uy t,tJAe cepKopAa
Jlrr l(yanr-,rs 30.000 ard'rbr HrTa Hu-.nnes Tueu-uauAaru, ja'nu Taripu
f,at'Jrapbrrraar<u hyn.uapurs Car MyApr{K u:ahsaAocHna hywyu erAH>
yspa, 6y tIuH cepxapgacil !y axbraAa hyn.nap ropa.
fMo'.nyrr,r orAyFy
uyhacupa
eAHroLraK, opaycy acup ayueuaK,. aHqrar e3y ryp$lrtr,rt.ur

-

?l1lr',rar4urp).

B?

.

flii

iprpy hapamar er.s,H. Capxepasrrur oPpcyr myhacnpeia'ea,?Asr Cep*
rup-r., nx# .{Ias$fl aPacblsa qox.try apa6a ry+y6 6up opAy Mo$Fejx harup,ra,4blj bye;r,.aa cctrpa. a{Kop"{ep!{l{ti'lien-ypyd (apa6a*apwl'apaeun-"
flair) qr**nu. 6$. EaHsp,i&a acmapJtep& AYaY6 6up.aojytx lll{3al*u, l*ypfy-*

'.:

AxuH ic.ny. fajHar janHus Tanpu garr'r (Tueu'uau) .Aejrp,
1nm Lluu rej:naprr rcc 6ena aej xp: l. <Taupu AaFbrrrAa Tys-|1y
AaH Kerrrurn6' xe,u,n,rupAu>. 2. <T aspbr_AaFbr 6apxe,re (llyneu) ji4
Aup>_. 3. <TaH.pr't Aaru Ar AaFAbrp>. YcrYuAa jaj-ruur rap o.rryp.,I
.rap 6y Aar.a'l'uesurau, je'"na Taupu AaF,br Aa Aejr,rpr€p.4. <Tanpu
ru' Iilu-lNeH AaFbrAbrp. haur uahapuutrH IUnMar'rblH,aau 200 ir,ra;i
ca$a4egnp>,. hyulapun Tanpu AaFJIapbr y3epHHAa 6aura 6np j

t'a6arnan H{tgaJlrr Ba raJIXaH,'IbI aqKep.[apH, apxaAa[I Aa oxuy'tlairal h*
p,)Kals KarLIprrI. Oxuy,rapa <<ra61nnaq-1T:1T:I i"Yl, ulT:"a Sats
Iajuit*" saHiLIKlp qa;IuHanAa afmarbl AEaHAb{pbiHt' IgJe aup BepflI{,
r{ox as rl"riA}ryny KspAYnaP. tlnH
lryrr*ap, t{au opa-ycytryH
'}a4hIp'bIH{:
-Iierr,tlt;i;p"

A3 AaJ alrMnrluAbir.

[ap.6lsH,hym axu*"napal_!m.,o. gg). Lirrnepartrp cepko,pso
Jlasna q.aFslpAbr. 6af achr JI n, Kya ur.Jtr!*irrrr a pa6a 6lip,l auluenepu
pa*rbepn 'oJr rr.achrrlbl wcra&n. H'unepa-rop capajr,lH 5up orarotuga or
Myrrr 83 capKep,&e {i.[e Y3-Y3€ c€h6ar sruflruAra. cepxsp&a ace
apsyAa onuyluAy: <<Maunu c_epaHqraMbJl{AaKbr 6np.naurnaaep
c.aphaA1aAupaap. hauucbr Aa 'qlunr ea lly eoHalaprilrrbrH r,rx..rrA ,
.rap!ilAbrp. !{ox uacypAypnap. ox.naprr .Hn3 Ays heAecpr.r Bypypflap.
6vn.napna ,5ap jaxuu rbrn,brHr{ lru]floArlp Ba rarrfiaubrH y,g'TyflO
6ua.a,rax f€Aep Aanue.uja reuxHn eluf To-lau-xau (,&,oncr*r fa
AaFJrapbrHbrn veny6yny ryrMar ucrajrpeu. Eene.lrlrcaa, hyu xarar
nbrr{ opgycyny uxrrja 6o.rnyru oraqaFaM. Ey nasrijjarao (hyn xaraH
6yryn enqlur€pH r.r;na 6a6au 6am xouanAaHhIH ycryHa h1",'lynr ega 6
uajauax4r.rp. 14uneparop Hco cepxopAaHaH 6y $uxup"irapil ycryrr,

&

,

,6eae *eA*r:

hasc.sr dnpneuiuanaprr e3yIIAe anapa!'rarcaH? Maurru
- Cex axblHa
xoriaap4rajrlru 6lip,IlourliJJIopriH caju o,uyrrra
sripnaju6

ayp. Byna Kspe geHs xYcycu 6np arru Aecra Bepe 6,a.nnaepau!

CapxepAaHH.x 6yrm re&Ea,6bl ace '6eno o.ngy:
MeH ar,'rrJ Aecra.Aeu ucructla.u,o eruoja,rtajau. Ilan a3 scKep
nnia.na acKapJjs
acKaDJJe hyu
rvrljlMeHe
raDubl Bypy.IllalraFau.
Bvnv.IllatrraFau. '5000 nnjala
hvu xa
xar
AyurMeHe raprrlbr
Hbrr{brn rraAbrphrHa nHp,e-rrajam! (Fy cos.nap LIuu nl,rrepaiopyHyrn xo
Ha KaJrunru.qn. Anqaf oua e'rn6ap ero 6'lrn*,raaanuAri. Bynaxepe la

-'
qox

jarrrnu ora"H csprspr,a .rlu ilo-re ,naa 6up.nuxAa KeTefocllutr !{cra,r4}r
An. Jlaras reupyfanu capKep.4,a 6e.rye Aernmug,fi): <<CoH 6ahapta h
napbrrt arnapu Kyuny o.nyp. Byna xepa Ao 6ahapu xosnaiax!>
AH.{ar 6y naxr hyn.rrap t{uunn rap6nna Aorpy .axblira Kerr}rilur
rep; 6yHyH YqyH Aa r{nu opAynapbl IIIapra AoHAYrrop sa Copxap
JIu Jlnsra ,a.a xamSnjjarun naeli$ecu BepI{nALI. Cepnap4euun <<h
oJrKac[ HrraplrcfiHAaxx> xarutpujjaruu heparern 6ena uaph eAa,'r]rp:

4. h5rnnan callr{ap.r.err;. r'r1'hacupa egl:p. <.:CscKapli.a ,rIl ilnsr 5C
nnjaga ccKepJra EAcuHxe.nAeu jo,ra AYUrAy. LUunta,ra rorpy 30 H
jo.ri xerAa" rtil's-r1s AaFbrHa raAap iier!,u. I(oroiasaan"notr ua;rllporrrr,l
Aa rypAy. ,[,ar.nap, Banu!'Iap Ba apa3I,lI]HH naeujjarrznu 6up xop
ysepl{He KorrypAy. Huneparopa rerrllM erMoKAoH erpy 6np ar,ru
KOHA,ep,E,n.

CepxapAa Hyn-uu AaFbrHa xe,r4uju

,1

38

Capnap,Xa Aa-rhl'tbl.s{qrblnbl eJII'IfiA a'rUd np
oxqy haurE*cu 6up.lan jaj.napuftru 6oltuu.rapna
eras.
fryuiiiy. hylt].n
iua;rrn.*-lap. hap ox,ry 6ltp haas4ls HlluaH anmb{lu Be oxnamiJilr!'br:
hp.nap, Eie,pr qaKiut:lti. Aapr'ru Ycrysa qblxAbl.lap. tlnu op4ycy o't*lapulr a.px'acbr,Ilqa Kerru ea lry*lytlt eras. Eltp Heqa MUH aAaM sJltrVpir*lr,lap "[acraH zul,rsstlu rala6n ltno coj,ronuwuralrp)'. Ei'n63a1'
lf (By
'raga$;ilanair
i;yil xaraTli,r AoB,'ialldl{ Cap sa CoJl o'pAynapH+ll{a'$
'l,ix
.{a{-r*i}:ial.
Capxap4a_ hy,,ryu' erAlf. Ee'3aH TIaKHJIAE: Espi
Ar;rlH
ll0.0tl0
figq; Kyr{ r{,+s,,vCra rorpy itetlli. !,ar,rapa qL{,xAbI, BaAHJIapo eH,4n. YtI
ux japaru aJtatr"ryap apa6'arapa Ml{H.nltr.nsp, HKil GX japa9u ananJrap
lpa'Salapa rY,'tyr erAltJlal], 6np ox japacu aranJrap ap6aaapu c'gp'
Fy eaxr capKepAa $e;ra ,q,eilil:
,ly,rap.
"'
Elisur,r ,roj1:ur Ky'I{M\'3 aprblr ryxannp! hapa neAnp'xx? CpAf
rryH t.tr{firrAc ra.l,blr{ Ba yuar_ napltu?. (6y cos,req-ue'p xtl.mn cojnau'
*rirrlqnp). ltarttra'r-,r{, op,1.y jo,ra uurxtuFbl Baxr 9nun;'rtt (hynnap r'ail apLLT i\i bl lrJ lsAblt{ Ba yua r"lapg
t|, r{i' ilHEeH ) Jc tip a.'It{.Hbl 6 capha:,,1'rpo a
jurr,r6 apa6arlapa MEHn,npraAbrH,'iapbr
capriopAs
r"noorril1rr.
l,,,.r
entYpTMt{ r.rIlr{. CJpri; }p-lr hvu,laptttt r.11lH3 n,\'IlIMacHH I('jc,oll"lapbl
QaHn6-ruapra
I(Hp,*,H.
AoFhyniap;ri4ojyrtra
Epraclr',nyH
ierrngaH
jo.rryny ryr,[y'
^y.
rshsa
JI1:rr-veurrrH
uri
1,y
'[epa-6eur
"nonaja'0irLl:,rali,r.
f n:.it,ttit"rrlt 6np $ararir,lFbIH opracbiH? Ka;r!,I'{. hyulap ra'
lry11 *"nrn.
j
r'\'prapAbl.
M i,r r'.1.'iapbr oa,TaAnl,tap. Copr<opra opAycyHy aHuauaH
lirnyda nr:rpy enli6 6up Aarriu YcrYHa -qblxabl. Xaras ra rapbu{ qa'
rry6 arejnuno jeplaur4u. xarau oFJry HJ'r3 6up"run4a cspHapAaHn apxaHcrctH na hy'uy,lr erAu. JIaKI{H capliapAa nl{jaga'
n'rn *yfiu*tr:p,
or{JrapbI 4ajaul^trpau. Ox.tapAaH 6Hptl Aa xarana canoxr{vJap.[J tr.rro "t*t*
,la6Au.'X.araH aTAaH AYlllAY. CsprapAa 6trp h}-u acHpI{H!.eH xaraHbrh
opAygy
6c,ra ae4ujnHI.l euJ!IT.I{t{: <<Ee;ra KIIqKK, JlaKIlH ceqMa. 6t-tp 9untlHu
cafi'
hvurvr,r erMaK.re ieHlt.,tMes. Ey 6usu Kcqa-KYHAYg aaj anualaH
tlnH op{ycy cax,'IaHMar{axrrp.'(tllrri
6gjyr
6up
cephaAuuAa)
hi,rrn,'a
rral, EyHtalH coHpa 6yryu hyH Taur-hyfiap Ba 6auruunapw 6exa
Atir.py'hy,.,ryma

saxr 30.000 ar'.ln nne ra6a

!r,lO

,1c,1H"'lap:

Xararuubr3brH [Iaxcas nAaPa erAHjH 6np xena oH MI{H ar.tr+I HJIi}j
6ttp Heqe MfiH aLaMb}I{a hYouyn.e.EaPaI{ oHnapbD Tylyd
Iahu efi*en MyMrcTff neju.n, Be*a netepee, -caphenaapLaKtl .YcTYIIJIY$Y*
rysy jeitnn.tH raillKllJr ere Onnnajaatojux. Xlcyorna !{nn' (nueu.ja ra-

-

rilil{.,rr.{JraphH,.

llp o"lnyry xnuu)

6Yu4an cohpa Aa' 6ds h3rrtapt* caja ca**'laiaqar-

t;

ff

AbIp. EHg oHyHrra 6y Aarnap Ba BaAKJrep apa.cbrHAa 6acruH ea r;
hyuyrrr jony u.na BypyuMar'rbrjur. O"uru ea j a rbtpx Mtir'r coHpa
Ayscahpa.rap 6aurlauaraaaup. Ouy aysanx-ah4a ryra 6u.ntrapHK .l
rreprz
Maq6ypn.ijer:nrrte ra;rapur!>> (hyu iah6ep.rrepn xar
-rajulMar
ulrn 6ejyx
6np opay Hna [aprrisau ruyhapu6acr.r' anaptracnu'a raprl

uuxupaunap).
Ey naxr c_qpKopAennu jauun4au 6Hp utru,'nu sadrlr raqu6 hys.ua
cbIFbIHAbr se IIus opAycyHyH jaxuru 6up nesnj jerAe o,lua4ururiu 6l
hyn xarauu 6yHy eurrAaHAa ceBHHA u. Ar,lapuubr Ker{Aop
Yplu.
tluu
op4ycyua hyuyr,r e'r'MeJrapLrHtr oMp erArr. byu4aH'6aur,ra yqa c{
JIa... Tecnr{M oJIMaJrapbrgr,r re,rad er4n. Jo,ry 6ar,raAnr Bo copKapA
6acrns erau. Capxep.u,a Bar.HAe, hyH,lap rrca AarblH \cryHAa HA
hyu"rap ox,rapunu AopA lepatlraaH .rnH.trr4,rrapuH y.,r:1n" do,uunrg
,tlony6a rioKriJiAx. Te-halr
Jrap.
nap. CapxepAa
KepAa ltco
rlco KerAlrKrla
NerArrrqj qgsy6a
Te-hali /taFbtr"la
r(eJ.
.i{aFbtr"la r(eJI
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ccprep4-ecu ,IIH Kyanr-;ttlHuu 6y axuu4aKbl' cony i4co
"* "ojtv't{uir o,ryf. hyn,rapr'ru oHrIY Ba ja roserult Aocrccu Keqfial{
uo*
6ojyt<
r{riH opaycytiy'auinn:ritp"tp' IiyHrodp uuuY
"itupo6nr,r
ryryo
At:1:''reprtna
hyn
cap6arirurila-6oj
at'ttntosrH
5000
u.pnpnunrp."
6np rnj tuar
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LItrH Earu tioraasAann uca h'vu'
Taorpl;6o'un
.arp.
ovnv cvovt
;;';;;
LIItse cr,trltumltrtt hys.napAaH Taur'
n?pbr' e'r:{"'opuHa rapn'n saxitr,re
tlrts Barrt xouauAaHbl'
qbIXapMbIIxAt't.
rlnn
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on^"
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KON{an,t1altt,r A6)Hpir(

14

crr> HJrK aa$a 6ypaa rar6ar eAuJrHp. Scup ayruau
Jln Kyaur-nu 70.000 ar,aun-a axbrHa qHxMbrruAbr.

t{us

cspKapAecH

Typ$aHaaxor 4ejyur. 40.000 Hcrpop"rax 6zp i{nu opAycy Aa

rep6e-

'l :rtipn
AaFnapbrua Aoppy KerMnurltr{. Jyxapor4a liocrapAujnMH3 KHMH,
lrlri.rrap tlt.rn opaycyuy 4aj augupAbrJrap.

Taxra qbrxMacbt (,n. e. 96): <<Hon6arl krlr Jnh-re-hoy xan oJray.
6ojyrr oFJry Bo Co.r uy.Ipux uahsaAecu
\(()iiyn jepnua) hy-.tty-ny xaH aAbI ur'Io r?Xr& qbrxAbr. Ey u. s. 96--,rbl
llc,rrr u.n xaraHd'ibrt erMnrxAu.

rtJr ltAlt.

IryH xaraHtlr{brH !u{}r oFny BapAbr. Sejyn orly Co,n ruiyrrplrn-uahKlr.lar( oFd'ty Hca Co.rr 6ojyx c€)pKapAacr.r uau. XalaH oFrr) rryH raxTa qbrxapbrJlr,racbrHr,I BscHjjar er4u. Jlarlrs co,r mya',pux
rr,irhsaAocu o,lau (6ojyl< or,ry) , AeMOK ov'rap KH, aAaM apacbrHa qbrx[1 tnp i]3 l(opt'liNlYpAY. Aeij,r;.tiiir riyqbyt"rry aAaMIapu oHyH xacTa oJrAyryHy saHH erAurrop. 6yua Kope onyrr jepnua Co.n 6ojyx cepKopAa
o",rau (xuulix ornyny) xaras iir.rMrr raxra qbrxaprAr{.[ap. 6ojyN cnya
tr\/lry etIJHTAu. Jlarltn oH,'Iapa raprxbl qbrxMar qacapaTuHrr oSyHAa Ta;r;rtrocl-r HAH.

Iur riuluaJ.n.

x ory',r 6rrp aAaM Korrlcprr6 6oj yr< rapAaubrrrbr uartrpAur. 'Iax'r'r,r olra aepe,.;ojurru csj,laA,u. ,rlar<rrs 6ojyr raplaru xecra,rujNsu 6ehasa
1 t,'(lr. AHqaI KHqHK Iaplalxbr oHy AuH.]laMaAH Bo 6ela Ae.r.tr:
ccHtl cax,riacuu! ONap coH o!'IcaH, Taxri,r o Baxr NIaHg
Krrqu

-'l'anpu

It('popcoH.

6ojyr oEyn 6yua pa3br o,lAy na hy-.ny-ny xaH a,u,br u,re raxra qblxIr,r. iculr hyu xaraulr raxra qblxaH nltun Con 6ojyrr capnapAe onail
r,lpliaIflbIHbI Co"'r uyapriK uraheaAe"rnjllHc jyxcenrArl.,llaNIln xatan
{r1111 11st13 IrJr COHpa xacra,rarrtr6 0;r4y. or'ryu ord'Iy hcues-hcu eH-lIeH
iulrucnHrrrr jepaHa), ja'uu Co,n ntyr,piin tliah:aAa,rujltlte tie,{o 6nri\,I0ALI
{tiypa na"ruahAnux ltauce6n4np). Juh-uy 6aju re'cnc eATI;IAII. Ey 6ajrllrr< Co,'r MyAprrK uraliaaAe;rttjull,ll;r atrafL,IAbIp. (JeHn) Xaras 03 oFryrry Co.rr MyApHK [rahsaAa,'Iujuna re'juil erAu>.

f j a Jr a p: BapHcnr,rr harrolnAa.

Con N{yApr{K urahsa4enur BoJIHiraorreju ec ltoHcaSl{rrrp. Ey uahearr.aJiltja 6ejyr< oryl ra'jnH
llryltMylllAyp. JyxaplraaKbr caHoAAe <<BapiIc,'II'lK aAorllHa Kopo> aTa
6Jri)pKoH rapAaulrapbiu 6lip-6upurrl o,rau ehrupaMJIapbI qox Ko3att
x(.)cropnJrMHruAHp. Eejyr oFyJIyH xacre o,rAyFylly Kopail 4eenet pah0lp.nopH AoBJrorHH xenaueju HaMLIHa aAorI.IH ra,la6uHqa KLIqI'IK oryfiy
?lxra qbrxaplvrbuxAlrflap. Eejyr tap!,auJla KUTIHK tapAau apacun'
1nnl,r ehrupaM Bo Ha3aKer hapaNerrapz uce <<hyH ait,Ilo aAaru>> ehrttqrjxas
Jn,,luHa Kopa eAnJrMrlrrIAH. Eejy-K rap4aru oJIoH KLIMLI raxra
ilr'ruK raprau 03 oFJryHy sangohA erMHruALIp. 5y a4er NojryprlepIe Aa 6e.ielnp. Ara-ory,r 6up aFarrlr,lH I(oB,{acI{ KHMIIAI.Ip. KeqIvINtu xa'

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45

S&$blil {rr*y'He.e Aaha e't{.rttx 6up 6a{*xja reljfiH eEr{,,ixunrrrq,.ap. Ou
Ha roS06naHarr 6y hyn urahaagacu co$paAaH HHHa crepurrar*ar4br

'll{. e.'S,l-cn &{JIAS eCIJYK

hVli-t&,t{ FlYhA'Pfi6ACH

M. e,9l-.,rH u.'r;e 140.000 aaiapnnx 6ojyx 6up t{uu opAy;rapH rpyqi,
jor,laH-By-jyaur,aH qi,;ny hynnapa..rapuj|r axu$8 Keq$pflap. opra jor,laH-By-jyautraH
.xoMarrraH Kyan-,rr irysna.pa
iryuna.pa acfip
act{p Aylxvp.
a.&4.'"i,'r
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i{qrnJt
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rtca nyH
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capKapla ulaHr
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laH jona
Jo,la AYtUaH
pacr,naruMaAaH Kepfi aoHyp. Capxapla Ma T
Ka3qp Ba
na hyunap;ia
nyHnaPiia pacrrx:
nce faucyAaH rap6a'roPp\y 40.000 arl6r Hrra jony lytuyp. O" ,ea'T

rpan4an o rapar,pa xeqa 5u;rlrup. !IH.(N carJitJloptI oxyjar:

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AyruAyj tHy ejpJil,rtr. )i,i laH apl'-e"rapt'rHi,r Be 6pyu chrrtj arnapat
jsrru6( Ja6ry (Qia-hcirrt) titclt.:pltHttrt rlrtt\rJ.'lL^i{ r.lon.raprtt. Osy
{u-',ry uajuHa aorpY r{aK{{''tArt. {Ba"'luah,l) Co.'r ui'.aprrx urahsaracx
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nau Ky-.{y .laj utta }ieq.tl{)>.
2. <Opta> tlnH opLycy: <Capltap,la UiaHr-o{rty-I+{erir 300t}tl dLi
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tlnH .opAycyHgs hyn sa6Nt,rapu: M. e, 9l-qx na uyhapu6ecusAe

qoxJry MI-IrAapAa hyu cojyn4aH qHXaH sa6ur Ba
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TIP!I{ EAII.{ I(OMAHAATXIil hYHJIAPA ACHP AYTIIYP

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ptt)>Hrl 6y i'aplrxe aHA eTIytaK licrajau 6axnrunap AoFpy oJI_I{a,lblAblp.

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tspttru jeuu 6r.rp rucac myhapn6eennn KeuriixJlaH4rlpMr{ur1}t:
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ny, riHcaH na hejnaH rLJpbrJrbrpAbr. hynaapuH KeqMrrul KoJreJrspH oraH

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KI-I haAUCe,lAp a3a,'Illibilx oilAy>.

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hyu,rapuu r{aHraHMacbl M. e. 63-vy }rnAan conpa aprbir janaru-ja.
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Eyna xefe

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Jlaxus (xeuurur V.rry Xarynyu aracu) Co.n 6ojyx lily.
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trnyuyn raxra qbrxMaett'urapru-EJrr Taxrbr BepAE- 6yua xepa AeBJrar
rqrH.qa hamu oxyn raxra qbrxuztcbrnlts na6yAsyiy Qnxprua nru. Ey
ca6a64an jenu xarau,ra apa"rapnuAa AyluMeHqHJrHK o.nay. EyFyr V'[yB'
(Jnhwy urah3aaacu) uxrujapuu4a oJrau 6up ueua Mr4a aAarre reaud
9gga cbtrunAun.

lajnanuur'13:{s Aa ceiriaaNjn KuMa, rap6AaKn 6y hyry urahsaAa$e"
xaraH o.la 6Ranaarfaneptr xaJrua 6nprux,{a AeBnaflt ,Ee Hapahat cruuurAu. Fap6aa 6y xpury aa cojay hyu urahsa4a.nepnHRR HRna
cbrFbrr{MarapH Her{a o,nuryuray? 6y 6apena 9nn rapHxlepr.rHrn hyx;rap
harrusAasu Qacnnnapn cycuarAaAtrp.6y uasnjjer jarrngs 6rp tlnr
cepriapAocnHlrn 6norpaQnjaclurna 6eaa uraph eAgJIMaI(AeAnp:
.. (M. e. 6l-67-uu) nnnap apacbruAa 6ejyx 6np rapnlultrnbrr 6aru
ra,ritupAtr. hynnapuu Jnhuy mahgaAecn hcnen-hcnen-rau 9nna currnHllar I.tgraAH. Ey Hcrejnnu 6ug envn nongapn6 (lllaprn TypxycraHjlaKbl tlnn rapHn3orry KoMaHArrpii copr(epaa j+{aja 6n,r4np4r. Cepx.)pa3 Aa e3 rapnu3ony Hy-.nn,.(yqa Ba AHKop lllaprn Typtrycran ueItap,rapunAerr ronla;Urrsr 50.000 aAaMna hyn rnahsaAacxnn rap[rblraAbr. (fu 6ejyx hyn urahsaAacrHns) ianus[a 12,000 aAaMrIa 12 xr,rux rrrahsags aa ja 6aj Bap HAH. hauucu dapanxAa Capu rajnr 4o,raH6a.,rrrHa reAap KerAlrnap. SyHaaH cogpa jenx xaran tlnge cnr,ntraR.
urahsa4eHnn jepuna oMucn or.ny flo-hcy-iaqru re'jun eTArr. Kepynyp
xu, 9un 4a rap6aaru hyn urahsaAarepnna 6ejyr 6np rnjram Bepsp Be
ruxrn,ra$u rueuru4uphplu. A3 conpa hannn ruahsa4a os Keqrgu
3oHacbrHbr xaraHbrH aJruHAaH ryprapMar yuyn r{uuae 6upaxr4a Typ@an, Eeur6arbrr Be Tanpn AaFnapbrlra AoFpy axHrra xeqo![erAnp.
JerR xarau AeBfirr HqfiHAe rar ToEMeEAi ieila AaBaM eAEpEf,. tIErra criFnHau 6y 6ejfx hyu rnahsa,qsennnr rspAaurnapbtubl na jaxam
a,r a irlaapuRH enAypAy. Organnn xaPaHblE oFny Ba aa.nnehAxttuu' rajnuarrcbr xce qaHbrHbt 3op"'ra FypTapAbl:
oryI. e. 59-vy unaa'hyx iiraHH (9una cHFI{BaH uatrsaAenm nxs
xu.lnk rapAailbrnbr onAyp:'(y. (Kee*runr xaraublu or*ynyn) rajunapUHHH

7|

racH By-uran-Mo 4araHAaH hajaruuulr 6arurunaunaacbrr{br I{CTenH.
raH oHy eQu eruaanju rnuu, oua 6yc6yryu rese6aeu4u ee xnlr 6a
JIAAbI>.

ulaPrAo

YCJAH

Era Me'ryM onyp KH, hyu 4oo.narHHHH eH coj.ny.napu Ba rapapra
,apbr AoBnernH MapKa3raHAa, jc'nH, OpxoH soHacbtHbtn tuoprllrl.Jt;
pypAynap. Yrrryur-rjjar.na, t{un rapuxnopH 4o Opxoua <<Tiollrt.iLaii l:ap
KO3'r^r aejnpan. Octt.l roera-tluH"rapuxJlapl{HltH quH llutapailapu u
AO-,,raeH Aeja jasaurnapbr-Ba fle lp',o1yg uca <<Opryu> (?) oxyi{y
cojay na KoKny hyu ruahea4a.nujnHnu 6aurulia xaraHbtH 03 oFnyHy
THp Mocrl.finne 6aurraAu. [l ahs aAe.uuj nr riun rap H xJlep trH vtH AHnw \llt
<cojIy ne ja 6ejyr aAaMnapbl> 6yHy re6y,tt crMeAIIJIop Ba Ixoplo
ay.nail. 6e;l aruxra, xataH,rl a rrlyh apn6a 5arun aAu. LIuu rap ux.tlopll
aa aejup:

<Ey naxr AO-lIueH (OpryH?) ruahsaAagr e.n4y. OHyH jepuHa
ry:
(iarau oHy,
ouy) capaJAa
capajaa 'r'y:t')
(xafaH
caxnaAu. Eynaau coHpa OpxyH (?) cojnynapu 6up.nourAuilep. Keqmu
Opxyn uahsaaacnHnr (airNgp 6up) ornyHy urahsaga-xnun peh6aplll
xerlrp4unap. oHyII.la 6npnraxAa uepra KerAI'I!'Iep. 6yH4aH coHp'a xi
ran fiyu Car 6aru BoKI.{r'rt'tHH oHJlapbttt apxacblHAall hytuyu erMaK Y.IY
JIaNuu
ruahsaAe toJAyJIap.
rojay.rrap. JIaKHH
oFnyHy rxansaAa
KHqHK-oFnyny
KHqHK

qbrxaprAblrap. hyhaHjeh alur HJIa raxra rlblxa'{ar
6au:;ta.; auar4up>
TapnxlIHHH lI aenpy
-(irporo-l,touroa)

KEqMUIil XA|AHH H OSYHY OJI,U.YPMOC14
Cor soHaAa, ja'nu tuaprAo rbipx-annu uuu HaQapnux 6t'tp opny ha-

SbrpnaArilJrap. 6yu4an coqpa xaraH l(y-',rneh uajuHuH lu[IMaJILilHa Ker'

lu. Jlarun aojyura

6au.nauaAau

oH'qle

Aacrr AoB,IIotuu Co,'I, ja'Ha ruepr pajouyu,laNr'l cojny;rapurHa 6up
qa aeQo uSrupa.arAu. Iiyua ropa Con 3oHaIIblH iIY$y3,'Iy aAaMJIap
Aa oHa rapubl 6up ruu jaPauAu>.

JEH14

XAfAHbIH TAXTA qbIXAPbIJIMACfi

6u,rapcaHun?> Eiynyn ycryHAaH rapArrH Car uylplrr< urahsaAa Aa ona
6era- .,rasa6 BepAH: <Ceu' uncaHnapH Cesl{eAIaH! I(rvur lapAaIIIbIHbI

coj;ryaapunH enAYprAYut hapAa oJlaqlaKcau'
t\lesuu jatruua KaJIMe Ba M0HI'I naxaneua!> 6y ces'
nap xananbr jan4upaw re opAaqa osYIIY snAYpAY>.
Ba AoBJrarHH TaHIIHMbIIII

ca, opAa

la

e.tr!

Vny Xaryu Bc oHyH AaHpecllHlitl raxr oj1'tritapi,i r\a 6e'rta"Ia con
qarMblril o,'IypAy. IIIapr4a hyunapuH l(eslvll{rrl xo.xaJlepu ilpororajclla;rapd-6e,re, 6y-rapHultr.ttaprari ltt:'r't'ttba/l{] ertuoja 6aunauu
'
aur;rao. Ey rapuruu.nllr,tap Bax'tblHAa l(eqMll''* xaraHbIH (u'
Og-6At sinHah,iu KYr{JIaHI.H Bo AoB.rjar u"tl'lH'ra herplvraru
xanAu. llo;ut;hiltts rop6aaxn rajuHaracll Bii ruoprAaxtl hyu rua
.[oJrapu tapublr'IbInJIbI pa3bl'lblFa KaJlAHJTAp BA OHy Xalaff KHMH Ta
nn

t
H H H ITPEJIHJIOMEC}I

Typxycrauuu ueny6-ruapr huccaaapnHAe Qss l4ner jo,ryuy Hasa'
par anrHHAa cax.naj a 6Hnusen yuyn Qacr'raocn3 onapar rapHa3oHdap
ierurul eAupAI{. Jens xaraHHs raxra qblxMacbl llra, jo'Htl ll. o. 6O5l-.,rH'uaaap apacbrHAa Juh-rry ruahsaAacll rrun coj.ny ea 6ejyx hyn
uaheagenapn t{nHo cbIFbIHMar lreu6ypnjjalunae raJIAbIJIap. ByHaan
ucrnQa4e e,qas l{nu Aa lurMan _se -nlany6 l4nex jo.n.napblHu Ha3aporn
aJIfbrHa aJIMaFa qaJrbItuAbr. I-ap6aa t{llnIzH 6e;ie r'rpe,rlt.na.laacrt o Baxr
tINn rapnrrsou KoMaAAaHbI oJIaH copKapAa hcxnr l{nsuu 6HorpaSnja'
cbrxAa ruaph eAx.ltuuuIAHp

(ru. o. 58-'rn n'n)

xaranblH opAy_cy AarH.nH6 ra'r'

Aril Ba ony ja.rifus rojay. XaraHus KHqI'IK rapAarlbl Can rnryepux ruah'
gaAactl ndn. Osa xo6ap xen4apIr6 6ela 4e4n: <hyn.napun'hauncu 6up'
aeund lteua hy',lyM erAlrnop. Mene ecxap KeHAopMoKdte KoMoK eAe

TYPKYCTAHAA qH

^.ll,en,nernn hejeuaHa AYtuMscu, <<6y haAlrce,rep jeHl't xaraHbIH x
faH,'rbrFbIHbIII I{KHHqIU U,IHHAa Or'IIlIylUAy. JeHU xarai{ e,'io 3a,'I6Ir\'t
AOBJTaTI e.ue 6np taH ToKN{e jO.ty u,ra liAapo uTAll lil{,.u,oBd{ATIiH Ma[
Ka3IIHAaKH (Kyo-uyHr na j.a najraxr eTpatputt4aru) xa"lr 6e'la oH
caAnr o,ra 6la;i,uaAu. lXaragnH xnqutt rapaaurr,r) Co"r ui';rpux ruah

<hvH

'<Hos6aru ua
nyhyaalap hyHrapblH uapr capha'
(hyuaapun?) Ky-hcu urahsaAe'
6aura
5yH4aH
erAIiJIap.
hy'ryu
anHa
anju aa iarauu Bo KYr'IYHY Ker.ilHKtrt$ qoxatrusFa 6auurhari. xaran
oni aa raee6reHAll lllifr'saAe Hco x&raBAlH roPxAy (fajHara By'urair'
Be,ru'
ro Ba Con, je'nr IIIapr pajonynyn cojayaapu) 6upneur4H.nap.
eha t{s-hoy.-uanbr hyhaHjeh xaH aAbI aJIa raxl a qblxaprAbulap>.

KeHAopAH. JIaxnH xaraIIbIH 6aur saxrl,ttlHt'tu 6t1p Heqe MIIH aAaltlbl

At. Enp uynaQ$erajjer enae eAc 6n.rueAu>.

6y xaraula

:

<OeBeiAo (l(yuaHuH-waHy6yn4a ae Tapuu uajuuuttt ycryu;iexu)
trly-.uu mahepnuAa tlss ronoHxja;rapU lypynMyu Be oKI{HqI'IJIHKJIa qox
xaIUFy,'l oJIMaf yuyH jep"rraixAHpHJiMHluAHJIAp. hyn.rrapuH sanQ'naue'
cssAiH'QajaanaHau Typr<ycran urahap AoBJIernopH fyp-S?" ea 6eu6a'
anra hyory-rtr eAu6 a.nuuul Bo ql{HJII{JIepHH rapHnson peh6apu 4a oHJla'
pa rou-er erMLIlxAI.L ltlany6 l4ner jo.ny npa 9ran,yuyH 6ojyr rujYete
lla;rnr< uAH. IIIas-uranurn (ie'Hn JloynanuH) rep6nu4exil' vauy6 Hnex
jo;ryna capKapAa r+Inhrur'rn ta'julr eAHdIIMacH ae 6ytty Kocropl-IpAl{>'
' byuaau 6arura Tanpu Aar,'IapblHbls ruauan-u-lagrlruAou rap6a neAeu

...

?r

Esi{art Hnax fory 4a tl-unnu Rasaperu at"una-xxpunn4n. lIIe
Typxycranr,r tlun rapunsou KoMaIIAaHbr oJIaH cepKapAe r+Iu 6y xut.lt

fgPSH hYn-XAfARbl (x. e.58-tr

rr!

eg6arublHa erMaMntrAr{. Orryrr hanrtnAa BepHJIeH 6np QepuaH4a

i

AeJrrnr{pAr{:

uH jeng rejlaua cbrrMut"Aru. Dy raryn hylarJeh x&Ha aractrflutr
taxrttrrbr BepAnpMelrrutAtr. Xaryuys Knrrtrx iapairuu BsAfi As <hy11

- {hyq

xararrbrnbln ycjaH eAoH oMI{cH oFJy (hyH ruahsaAecn) ^Jn
n*a 6nprxxAa Belr6arura (I+Iy-uu- hyvyna enu6 ryr4y. On
jep,lapn Aa
fonp" aa To-hcy ruahap,rapuna hywyn'r erAI{ Bo o

x&Jrrbr

rap6Ae hvH utAh3AAeJIaPHHE{H

YCTYHJIYJY

AEH.[cHs oa jaxr'In rohyu.napuHu 6e.na olAypen hyn xaraHblll
o3Ylry orAypMecr{HA3n gonpa rrrejaan jene xeuunu xaraHblE (u. o.6&ffi) orayna raJIMbInIAbI. Ey ruahsaAa, AeMaK onaB Ks, 6yryr hynna
rapa$uH4eri uaprAe hyhaxjeh xan aAbI HJre raxra uuxapu.ltAu. 5e

J*rKJre, jenn xaran esylry jynnyn hncc ertrnu
AaH COHpa Aa ACKepTIHH TapxHC eTMIIIIIAH:

na Opxoua rajnrr4

<hyhanjeh xax^najraxil,axu qaiblpblna rajur4n. Eup .neva a
orypAyrAan coupa A€jyur ehealuHu mpK erAH. Ocreplapii e3 Ke.r
unrn jepnapHHa, (je'Hn eelapana) KoHAepAH).
fapAauru qficx xan. Xarasun 6ejyx rapAalublxblu, ja'ru Qlnvu
Hun AoBJ'rar HqfiHAa 6ltp jepn oe hep haxcu cojlynyr aAbI jox
Byna 6axuaj apar rapAaIxbIHbI anr'Iar 6ejyx rrryJI Ba,MoBrejN oqaq
hytr urahsa4Sn5punau Keqa 6ir,ra',Iaju 6ejyx 6xp jepa ra'jutl. er4n. 6e'
.rra 6ap ra'jNxar-hyHnap rapaSHHAoIr xou rapuIbIJIaHMaAbI. Anllar 6y
aa hyn aA-auapnun 6Hnrraeanjurvrss 6e'grr HHEo Horrenep_R Ae_^yej4qt
cbIXMarAaAbIp. Fy uahsaAa etsBsnKH xaranult (u. e. 68-60) 6oj
oFxyAyp. Heua o.nypay nn, 5Hp xaraIIbIR 6ejyx oray <rHryncyg/Bo xa
apacb{nAaH} KejrypKrapHfi AaH[IItlbIr raPsH HJIa (rapa cYMYKnYt
aAaM otypAy? Hnt rapl{xrlspt{ Aa 6y ta'jxnatu aAH Bd HopMarl
la'j nuar Kfi Mr{ KepMaMr{[rAI{,rIap:
<Xa.ur apacHHAaH trntrxublrfi 6np aAau oaan 6eJyx rapltaruu hy-r
by;cayuy Cd.n Kynu ruahsaAarujuua re'jur erAII> (tu. e. 58L
YCra,rux hyn.rrapun rep6 soHanapblnbln 6auu oaan Car-nyA
uaheaAecuHu e.nayprraex YqYH aAaM KoHAopAR. haa6yxn 6y car ny
pnr uraheaAg qs raplaurnr oJIaH KeqMEIu xataHa xemai< eiuexxilI
jean xaran hyhaujeHnn raxra qblxilacbl IrJIo AoBJIaTH srfiHa jLIFM
yqylr q$x KoMar( erMHlxAH. 6yHa 6ax*rajapar, jenn xaran hyhanj
esyns rapubr xy,{Jry 6Hp paru6 KHM1{ K€rypgyjy ycyg ogy en,qYpt
ra.nxmuurEn. ham ,[a ruahsaAegnu hoxuy altTHHAa onau iep6Aer<r
en hyn cojry.napuxt{r{ eJrr.t fi/Ia.

<Kepvar xaH> (Ty-xu xaH): 6y saxr V.ny.XaryoyH tiHqHK mPAt'

rOo6'rauaIH>EHH 6auruuAe oaas Car MYApHK
-hyH ulahgaAacg 11.113
uahaa'u'acnHn Ty'
6np
6aurra
6npanrna
;ii;;;fi*at.-ito*"cu
tlu
hyH
raxruuS:Y14t:
Hre
raat
Be
<Keprax
rgFpy
l" ta4 !e'un
JTaDHH

6eaaau{ae, hya- aenaert rrr&rt HKH r'aH ur:jitara rlblxblpAr'
isp6i,a xan oJIaH r.rahsaaa esYry .&q,YPoH hyu xarauunlru €MHcl'I oF
nna" q"ui ct'';l;.6ejvx Be xY{rIY Jnh-rv uah-'
;';;-. K-":60-;;
jepxua ra'juu eAntrrlllf;tL fajuan.rrapsruus 6era Aejup' '
"ia&""na
.O .o,t" (i/ay XarynyH KctIEx rrp4gulu) C.o.rI 6ejyr<-Hyry ne-C 1lryApHK ruahsaAe pasuaura xanr_6 Jah-ry uahsaAacH llo-hcY-qaHrH
liriparlnap. Ty-uir xan, je'Hn <Keplar Ba AoFPy xau> a'u'bt ana. ral:
ofi iltls
ra vui*aparirap. Eynyna aa xurfajataeuuaju6, trtepra 6Hp Heua
jen4naap.
oHy
Ba
e'ranaap
hyryx
xeuarrv-tranieh
;"*;; i;;;;;rio.
A.*dpnnp uirtryO 6rry6- raqalrep. Jeuu hyn xarauu ryepoa :1:
xaHot jer,4rxAeH coupa HKr{ ornyHy uaF Be L<>r
urap.aexi hyhanjeh
"re'ju*
er4g: Jlaxng onJtapbl ajaaara Keg4apila/ln Be
otaitruA"rntr.iapa
€ qaA.brpblrrAa ryrytS ca-xxaAbr. ,\arzy nxnepujanuu ejanar hltcCOe
prnn xnfoajer raAeP rehlyxaors beca6 etxeMnIuAH:
' .fap6aaxu xau Ty'un--6ojyx oray Ty-ry-ny-hcur14 Coa-[y411tt-1!'
re4eaninue KHTIHK orrry Ky'r"roy-.uoy-Toy nca Car Kynu- uransaAotrlE'
nire'lrrn erAn. Jlaxnil oiraapu es qnAblPblnaa tyry6 caxJIaAHr'
fep6n hyn xaranu roprarnaPHHu xn{rajar reAap jaxun MeHHMc}
6ojyx hylr urahsaAecfiHrr-caphaS.laplr YJaprAe(I{ xaraflAtr
Jetax'nxu
'"opyor", y'{iH ripuuaon KoMaHrHpH xllun ra'juir
e'rMutrlAn' Ey
ErtEe
00-cbl
e'
u'
6upnnn
rapnxeou *ouauArpasPu-trAaf,
-curltut*lt'tu
'rlliua
6ejyx
rrilpfian
oJlaH
y'{YH
iaHbIIIbI ropyMal
Jlrh--tly ulahiiaecsurln rapaaruu oJlracbl 6y jeuu re'ixuar'napa xYcycri
6np rae'ra6cpnnK nepupau. fap6u hya xariuu 6np uox raPAauflapbl
oJrAypynxylll oJtan Oxp hyn urahsaaacfiHa 6e'lc 6np aasHQa BepMaxtt
erilox
.xefiiri ia'paaanu 6ai.rrailar oe rep6Aexx 6uplHjH 6aprapap rapgg'
By-uReh
{eKqr'louex
d.{bl
ucrelnp1ui. Xy'cycu.ne aua*blAa
-hyII
,o"i olip hyH yaycynyn aAbr KtruE qsxnrroqraKAup. canoA 6enogup:
HnAe
*lr.'u. i7-*" noa" rap6u hyn xl1anry Kepuex xau (60-uu 6ejyx
urahsaAacHnnn
Jnh-+ry
tluna racu"* ,u.i"Con
"a*tni"aH;
luahsa,4ecuHu By-'rxen rapHil3oryHyH -KO."oaar"t se Car AO-qHeS
(Ty-nen) xNuu ltje.puH, MHH i)cK3prJ (urapraaru xafaH) hy'
"i'*fr"pnhbnjeda ripi'u Ayu.ap*e can.s6 hasup orlMar YTIYII lxopra KoHAep'

AbrJrap.

AHD.

?{

t6

'j

"l
i

-'\
roP6Ae

EEtIt AJPbI hyH XAfAHbI (ru. e. 57-vn na)
lrlnn 1ajtrepu opraja uuxup, tI
tapaxilopriHAa hy-gueh ee Beu.au rxaKnurrAa aAJrapbr ua*raan'6y
6ajaux.nepa-qlinqre jasu.rrr,rtl 6axuulrnAas teAnu tlan qorpa
ecapnopriHa r,cope 4a-Kojrypx rraFbrHAa jenn4au uejtana rrHxaH
syp) Bg <r.r,lrn> ce3JropHHo 6ensajupaap. Eeaa 6up 6ensejs1''E Ba I
iler yeepnnAe AajaHau Ae fpoor 6up rapaS4eR har.nn oaa 6xaap.
hyu uiahsaA,a,'r[r(JiapuHAag AopAy o3nopHHH hyn xaraqn e'aan

M. e. 77-'*rn u,'rna Vjryp (?)

na-

nap.

fap6H hyu xarauu Vjryp (?) 6ajuHuu cesyHe uuanu6-esyxy
Ta qb{xapaH'ea rap6Ae' hopuar r&3&HaH-CaF MyApI4e IuahgaAe
enAYprIYIxAy. by caho haM osyHy o,'IAoH caJIMbItu, haM Ae Aoeror nc
Ae rapbrlxbrrJrbrr ca"rr,{IilxAbr. Vjryp 6aja ropxy6 raquuur Ba o3:
Vjryp xataHr,r e'"'raH errrauru4r. AruarbrAaKbr 4ajep.nr ceHeA aesnjj
(e.la ueah e4up:
jaruajan ny-qr8erl
(yj
hy-uNeh (rJf)
<Dy BaxT
<5y
naxr nyHJIapbIH
hyu.rrapsrH rapo
rap6 aoHacblHAa
eoHacux4a jalxajaH
@a ne;14u. Bett-"rrn (I,Ina?) Tanr-hy r.rJra pa3blJlblra xalu6, hep nx
6e.rue AeAu: <iCar rr,ry.qpnx rlrahsaAecll o3ygy By-',rueh xag KHMLI 'l
ra q{xapar{ar (be.ria 6Hp 6ohranAa Hlxrupax er4u.nap). EyuyH ycr
aeri irap6n hyH xarauu) Kepubx xas Car MyApHi( rraheaAacl.I
oFnytry o,'lAYpliY. AH"Iar coHpaAaH cahs erAHjrux au,raj auAa Aa
Aen')u Ta.nr hy cyHy er'IAypAy. Eynaan coupa hy-lrueh 6eju ro
Bo o$r6;u! hy-rIlieh (Vjryp?) xaHb{ e'raH er4u. (lra. o. 57).

I

S{y se 4-lry xarziu,rap. [Uapr4ann hyhaujeh xan4an caphe
ropy3a} FjSf, IrKH Sojyt< hytt ruahsaAacu 6ytty 6uaauAe oHnap Aa
rai,rrlrmbsnxbl e'JraH br,qn.rrap. Eynaapaau 6upn rc e. 60-'lbl I
tlnna- curnHaH raHbrgMbnx Ba 6ojyx Jnh-uy urahsa4aclrHl{H raPAa
HI.n. !,nr<apu ae Opryn urahsaAecn KI{MII, haruretes 6ejyx 6np rnry
'

cahnd qAIr. CegaA 6e.nag,up:

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hyhAHJEh XAH rlI'lHO I'OIIIyJIVP (m. e. 53:vf nr)'
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Tyfxveje ueeupapxaH Ma3MyHyHAan ajpuauaMaFa qaruill4ur. Eyn4an
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qYMe Be rrreph,'rapi{ Aa Ko3AoH KeqHpAnIC

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xopa, rcp640iirl xa"Trbr Lil.iHa rapruu hasHp"rlajqp un jaearu-j asaru heR-.
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rn$ajat,roHuajauax r<.yu,reu4Hr,iiaH coHpa Opxoua Aa hyuyu' eAu6
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unaneparopyna
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2. hyn.napun j_Vn1V. <Uluu4nAa hyH.napun jypay"au qox,ry orJrar
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gpap,a uAx. IIHH Hunbparopy ByHyn (u. o. 140-86) uaruiia iaaep
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Ko/'ron cagoA/ropAa 6ena 6up nrej rrayurahsAo eAHJrMHtuAHi. 6erenur.na,
Taxr foBFaJlapbiHbr ra6ar.nauar. Bs AoBnaTHn rana'eejnslr euRg-auan.
Jnnrna cax,.raMat ucrauaurAir. An',rar rapr4xxrr xeAsdrn
_6y 6ojyx hyr
xaraHnna Aa ucra4ujr.rns ocfipxaMurrr Ba BepMaMHrrrAn. Xarannu e,ryMyrrAaH coHpa uyxranno xypyhnap Be qorr.tHrErrap uejaaHa qbrxMbrru
B0 onyrr aeauju oJrMaMbrrrrAbr.
6y xarauuu aracu hyharjeh xauJra rlnu apacr,rHAa 6a'ss 6ojyK
MyraBnjtanap 6arnanuuruAu. 6y MyraBxnanapnn 6npUnvn MaAAacr.rna
[-opc, <t{uu _caAAHIlIiH lrrsMa,'rbr hyinapnH, 'ieuy6y nca Llnsus uAs>.
tlurr aprarr 6y raa44aux 6Hp xenapa nojuyru xnrrlnjau. 6y
lu hyn,rapa
qbIXbrpAbr. Aaha AoFpyct{FbrH8H. Ja,rl,e"rr,{fi,lrop
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tluu hyunapuu Typriycrana
jaxuHnarunaaaapbrHbr n*"ot"parr drin
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hytt,rapun KeqMHrrr Bacan.[aphr oJraH nycyn.rrajlu hyH;rap.na caJbrrrAbtpbrp Ba oHAaH coupa Aa BycyHJrgpa rapa$Aap rrbrxbrp.[,H. XaraH 6yfyu halncaaapn lyuurar ar{JraMa r'apea nie"rapu:u,raj*p so aMMa qb{tSpMar ucrsunpix. 5y naxl 6up <raurun MyraBr{Jracfl> fiM3a&auup.ru, Eyn6 xepa Typrycrax, LInx sa Vgar tllapiaan cHrHRMaFa Konecf,
lAtM{apH hyuaap ra6y.e eruaja'rarqnaep.

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Ey na 6yn4an coHpaKbr hyn xarau.napu riaha qox crarycy ropyNrar,la rrEd:ajerJrouMlurrAn,rep. Eyn.nap hyhanjeh xaHbrH oFynnapbrAbrp.
xasun rlb}xbIUrbrHAaH sepap qaKMI,Iil Ba AoB,'rer liqr.rHAe HlrHluau'{fiqu
aap 6aru BepMocaua AHrrar jerupruuur4n,rep. Auuar 6y xaraH rapa$au4au 6arunauau'<TypxycraHa AoFpy seKlrJrMJ>> hapararu 6ynaau
coHpa Aa AaBaM erAHpHJldr{ax, ltyu rapHxH aprbrr rap6aa H3,rlcllatIoKAHp. Ey rAxr thaua .uorpy rIeKIirMarap Aa uyruahnAa cAHJIarilel{/'r,fip:
xaraHbIHbIH Taxra qbtxMacbl. l-,'rfi ne 2-',rrr xai'f irlrap liyu
<6ojyx Ba KfiqHK xaryH>nap KLI;{rI e'sjyK po.lt
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raj H ar,r apn rerAI.{M erMLIrxALIK. JI axHH a rraFblAaKbr ra j naraa <Ecurauuu xaryu>>, ja'Hu xyrraa yulaurapbr xaraH ona 6n,rnreeAr.r,'iop. Jl:xrrH 6aqlapbrFbr oJraHJrapa Aa Jla3brMr.r MoBrenap Bepnna 6unapAil:
<I{e-ja Jo-ru xaH AopA r.r,'IJILTK xaraHJrbIrAaH conpa e,'i;iy. Jepuue (sa,'rreh4 ae V.riy Xaryuyn KHqHK or.riy) Hanr-rlu Ja-ccy xe,rAII. XaHJrr,rr aAbr nca By-,uy-nny Jo rH oJrAy. (Eojyx, ja'uu uxl.rnulr xar)'HyH
6eru;:;rq{r4 oFny Bs oxej rapAaruu) .Ilouuy Con uyaprax urahsaAerujnua
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Car rnly,apuN urahsaAarnjnne re'jnH erALI. Or"ry Car l(auy urahsaAacli
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Qnn rapnxnopunAa po"r ojual.ru.iuAbrp. Flasnp 6y AaunuurruuAa <hysnapa xou ys Kecrepcx, joxca ac,'r yFypcy3Jryf o Ba:(r Ka,rrap> aejup4ll..5yH4au coHpa t{us"ra hynnap apacbrHAa jaxruu o,raraJrep 6awnaau. [up .t9x hyH ruahsaAa ea uahsaAo tnsbr Vrrr capajnr{a KerAElcp. Jlaxrlu hyH xarauu KerMoAH.
4. Jeun naqrbrn MyraB[JIac[. Ey uyrau'rJro Hne hyu.rrap LIuHnu rapultrcbrlrAa aaha 64p a,nAblM KepH rraxurMHruAHJrap. t{nH rnrtailepaTopy
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Con Ky,'lu urah:aAecHHHH ropnarnapbrgAa jepnouAupAu (by cbr.
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H-uue-rsy ruahsaAacn n,'re (hyhaHjeh) xaururt I.IKHH\ir.r xaryuyHyu 6e-

tuun\{r orny) Jlouy opAyja 6aruqu ceqn6 (tlunrn ruHMaJr capha4nnlcxu) Jyrr-.*ryur Ba ll-voyja Kon.u,ap,u,u ea xejnu qr.rnfiH ahannuu snAyp^Y.

hyn axuH rajAa-rauyny. <XaraH 6yHgau' coHpa Car se Co.n gouaI{brH KoMaHAaH"'rapu (Ty-neu) ee <cepha4 urahsa4a.napuua>, tlnu
ccpho4uua axbrna xequ6 rapor erMo,'ropaHn 6ojyx rauaAnapuu 10.00Q
Opra. rana4JrapbrH 6up He.re 1000 sa KHqUK raHaAnapbur 6up neuo
100 o;luar y3pa' ilr.r3aMaar{MaJlapblubr aMp erAs. Je-uen na IIIo-$anr
xrrnn 6ojyx tlau er.repunuH hap6u BafificnHH CIJIAypAyJIap. Cajcus.
heca6cbls xanr, Quu Iratr'ruypnapuubl, oMJIaK Ba cypyJlapr{Hn a.nu6
arrapAbraap. E.re onAy Ku, 6yryu cephe4 6rrp xapa6aja aou,ay re hap
jau aAaucsl3 raJIAbi>.
183

a\

Vuru eucac &.4.t4(te ucraiup: hap ule!.ua 6ojyx'ryN roH,ilapaH Be
,,lr3r,1li
hi,
4ajap ra6altra traheruua rHjuar ne'ptl6, erA]IKJtapI'IHI'I Be
ia ..rr.,.r,,u
,,.,r xuull
L.rrrtru kepynouJlapu
lran\rtraqr.ns urrurupAau
rnfirrunFAn Baur
Banr MaHr cggng fltcaC aJtr
ja'c
(300'0o0
6era
nnaxst
'Jrt'rt"l"p;;;;;";;;;-^"f,"*ar. oiryn
^ ^yAHt
cypxYHTIYK
na-6y
Au
hasuplananu
gpAyllyH
op;y
uorlrupaux'6Hp
?P
10-t"pnE9n--:1'
opay
0o1yx
6y
nAI{.
;;; ;. op.ui" haintpnrn"arlbl
-u4u.
hyunapbl axblp-a rarep roByd aaMeRH UAI'I'
$rrn jori AytrMonu
re{aP
nenyua) ,- re43P
(jJ'HN Fajxan Nenyna)
nparri""" (ja'Hu
apasncuna
tdiqanaporriotn
t,r".irn. rdi6a,rapunuH
t,r"rirn.
'E.n"o"*ni,
hyhanjeh
na
6o"'iynna'rlr
HynrapoIH onracu
xut*"n, ua".
qblxMa"{bl
xaHbrH hap orly ajpur-ajpu hyn xarauu orMadIIbI Ba raxra
ha'
xy"ryuy
ra6nt'lrar
Miur 6atrrasuja
Hn!trl-1n>- b"n"n"n.ii,--g?i.
be.tt"nirx-i6. gitl. miur
;A;;lr"
Qanrasr'rja ne ra6nt'rrar
r'laxus
L/r^I{'
KIIMI{
ure'p
6rrp
rllror"ls rapHIIIALIpblpAu. fl.nas ejHu n;ro
hanrr- r,rapa ry",rar acMblpAbt.

6) 4un nraHbL pea,t 0eju,t: Qun capaj ornla rietltlpllJJIl ,ToIlJIaflTbl,ua darur i{anruu os cepxcpaafloputr"s'aH JeH Jy ranxlt6 harurarAen
6lt.'t'ltlpvuur;rr. Ey coh6erAou
Irui oy n,ras harruu.na Qrlxupntpt""nno"br}{Aa}r
Aaubiuruttu},nu. 6Y,
lUon.
O{yx'uyhip"bn
i;;;"-'B;"i
eojap,lu coh6aru ceqMa jo,'t,la auarblAa TaIAIINI eAllplrl(;

l. hyn-rlHx uyhapnfaaapilnfiH ruca
capKcpi!.rHil: hyn;lapuH 6usa BypAyrndpbl sttlaH Bc -HapanarJIbIl"Ia'
pL,!H r{ox rJltlli\t qaf1apAaH 6y xyna roAap AaBa_l'l_eAl16 No.rl4ujunU e16r'iiH* aH rbr,uh't 6aSalapunus hyHnapa'
ir"ort Jen; hHcc erini* *n, xeqa
6nnua_ug{uAl1dl3p (Ja'r:A hynAapug
KocKul{
axbtHa
raprrbr oc,rr Ba
tlnx axatul-apu yrypcys -oJIs.ltK3clrHi,lH rlqapr'{Jropr{He eAHraH 6yryH
tlnu
yu
cy,ranacH, ja'uu, Hoy' tlrur Ba han
*yuiavn).Aahi coripa*o,
c1na"n;-,,uapu ga hyH,'rapa lapubl axL{H,lap.1a o.nMyillJ.yp' A}{qar ou1l1lraKrnnaH;ra heu 6npn-acn ia lepnuaa sap6e'Byp,v6 (nc ja an-jaxurn
t{oy
tllii"-11
qara
6unuaMHuAnp.
na) uur"ra.u.ra6 *rycaft$arialiara
,
Ba )'ryp ra3aHlLr' ha:r c1'rai
i*. ". r nz*zzsil ui'lto* 6"p "* KepAY
;;;;' ,,* hyunapa .upu,t l"tau uitH,'rn"tlaprin on llrrcl4 ugbt' r{uH
.1.rr',,,',, .o.n (".'o. Zz3-ZO9) hyu,rapa raptirur 6sp llyp ragaHa 6u'tt6xp rapnxx: <6attAanng, CII3HH

MJAII.

it
i.

i

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l,

Hoy cYnanocrrHHH I'rMneparopy hcyau (ra. o. 827-781) naxrun
1't0,,,--si1yr*rap cephatH xeqllS lryuyu erAlt,lap sc [Ipsr:jaura roAa
r'lripari"nip. {tiuneparop} 6up capxepAa HJIa oH'qapa rapalbl axIJH
1;;11i[s(uHn aMp err],I{. CaphanlapxMH3IIH apxacr,tlia roBy'rlAy'sap'_tull
t{ultsn u}tl$a'l Ba IrI
cilFpa j:ua nepn aen,uy.riagr. (faauu rlaFnapAa
'f
*on-i.itrnt";ra lauralurti iy". sa u rai$anapuuaru hy"*yaaaapunu 5r
rol
qFri4r.4s.n
oHJtapbl ro
nurrr,i!iMrcuHr 6rnqenunnlt-{co
iaxuucti oHJtap-bl
6agSarltlpAll.{op. 3u jaxuucrt
aF\iafaHan AI,tIIIJOMSCHga
Mar tsO raqH.pMalAblp. Eyna xopa ayuja'qa aH aFbLIr"rlH Be oH lqlHHA
f,.1aH raKrrixa opfa Asps{oA3 o"[aHblAblp ,qeja 1465"''l efi'lt.nMt]]nAup'
iran cyla"rjcIIHHH IIMIIeparopy By-rl (nr. e' 140-8S) ncc hap j
l3q

pu apaju6 cJpKapAa/rap[Ilrr rantrbr Ba acKop,{epHHn Ie ceqn6 ron.
,raaur. 6p:ar jinyitV aa JyHxy,r erau. ,l,yurvriHnn cH Hqepnnepnna KHpa 6H,nnax sa aH y36rr jep,rapae rapHH3oHJIap rypMar y.iyH 6e'ra er.[a.
hapvaH4 6c'.lu rarra6aJlep anilc erAlr Ba rapcrao o.rAy, aMMa hyuaap
oH)'H aBasrlru tluHa rucac oJlapar Aaha qox oAaraH,Tp. (hyu,lapa
r apurr,r) 6rrp-6rrpnHuH aarHHqa opAy Ay3y,'IAy.,r[axlru xp,r-cap 6Hrn6
ryKaHMaAfi, 30 s"rAaH ,{ox 6ere KerAH (I,Irurneparop By aa hyrr.napa

eJrAo eAa 6urudpn lejHp)
t{nH xuQajar raAcp rarJrAan ,n.yrr]MyulAy. hylt"rap Aa clrrH''.tiPhI.It'
r\,{brru Ba cyryr erMurrrAfi.rap. Dyryn AyHja 6yn"rlapu 6up sa{np xu.uu
ojpaHiuax4a4up. ilaxHr 6ynyn (aH asm) Eo raAap nuc 6tlp 'rarrfiKa

raplubr 6up rar-l6a

o'1-1i/FvHy (cej,rr

r'r lr

p.rcp ) .

t{un cy"raladfiHr.u{ IrrK HMrr€paropy lUn-hyanr (m. e. 221-2CI9)
aharaujjarcu: 6up Kr{rr"'ra hncc.napuurl rmpa 6HlueAa. XalrstHHH Ky-

ql'Hy HrHprracuHa aharrarijjar BepllaAll. 10.000 Mn,'I ysyllJlyrynAa xeqx6
KeAolr /3!H ca;],"a3p aa ucrehKaMnap HHrila erAI1P,4u. (Hr.uql{n3pHH Be
ircKeprapnn ehrHjarru y,{YH) apa6a KapBaujlapu ra oKeanAan 6alu;tajapar xysy;lay. 6y japautur,nu ea In{ehxeu cart"{ap 6aura qarAurbt 3arurart tlnn Aa aprbir s.rljltlH AYIIJMYIIIAY. Jep na Aapbl raHpbiaapu 6e"rn
jepuH 4ra6rrrro errMr.nrJ!,u,'iep! 5y Aa raKrI.IKa ,uejN.tt!
2. AurarurAaiig r{erHHJlHKJrapa KopayuAri hyu.napa axur'n eArr,'la 6tt"tMO3:

<6upttnuu 4artnr'turc. IIInua,l-rap6 caphcgunlr3Ao rrHAH rr,rrJIbIr
r)aru,'raAbr.6ns rrca 300.000 acKsp ronJraMar Ba oHnap 1'lyu 300 n1ul1K epsar haer,rpranar Hcrajnpnx. Illepr.ua, or<banuu cahs,'tnnArxu
'l'auja ra.u,ap a.rri,r6 KerMaK ucrajupnx. ItIaHy6gan, lt{uasr ea hyau sora,TapbIHAaH acr',ap,Ti)pu Ba orrJrapuu raqlill3albirrbr Karl4pMaK licxlojrrpux. EseAcH rrox-qo.{ un.l ueca$sAa oflaH jep,rapaaH (ncra.r,irx"'rol)rl,rlr3rr arAo e,l.r.ro) hagbrp{birbrMbr3br 6aila .rarAbrpcar 6ene, ou,rapi,r
clrphc4a ronnajo16 6np jepa xarnpuajniur.r3 ytryH Aa 6up n.n xr{.laj;ir
lcj lurllrp. Eyuy hetra6JraMarbrMr{s sapypN4llp. Xycycltla acxaprrap opa
tt"lx laAcrq, rojarrar"lapbl BaxT Hp.1ltlMa raplllbl: IuyAa$naCng ra.I.rantallrlp. KonaairAapJrap KaHLr B€ resa scKepnapxnH'HTnpaqaKflap. Cn;rah,'tap Kopr'raHavar, ehrnjar'I oJaHAa,[,a zlrraAu.luaja'*ax (KeHcpa;rr'lu
6\' r"rrrpa3brHa J'a p u br 6rrs uurxnaa4ur) >.
<

Hx,,uHcH qernHJrHt{. DNsntr ururtla.n' caphaA.napuMrr3Ac jarua jaH

ru{carrnaprnrr

caju qox asAbrp. Eyna Kop€ oparapaa opayja .'ra3HM

o"'raH ap3al',rapbr TaflMirr rrox rrarHHAHp.

By apgarJrapbl apAbr

Mi)rag LIunNn uqopr{crlt{Acxn 6asap"rap.[,aH Ba
Mar ,14 qox qi)TtrHAHp>.

KacH,'IeJr AoBJlar,repnH,n,alt reit-

<y.rynu1 qernnlrlrx. 300 nyn,ryx opsara KaJIHHT'I0, hap acxapau xynJII'{Tp rypy ryjy jejauajnHu Suxapnaru4nm. Oryslap o,nua:aH
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(hyH'raputt
errrae"tltjltx'
jyra oKysVH or-ana6rnHu ie cyiyHy Aa a'traea
Eejyx 6l'p-|y::::HHAa or Ba
'e'.,rxecu)'uiopuH
'i";na 6'ehpacus r6inaraup'
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oKY3d'rap erlalroK Be
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Be rbrrrlAa qox co1yutyp, Vit< aihry-no con

hYHRAPII.A MI,IJIJI 1I EH PJI I,I K

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Onti"*6x raAop oAyH Ba rbr3br'Ma aJler,rlapu
opay
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rrfia oun"^"1e,,raxax'p.'ByH'a x'opa
o"Iarrlar"Iap' Eyna xopa Aaha eBBorIKIt
;j; ;" in.inn"no"it ,qi .uyuap
i'"nlpu rapuroi el.nan axblH,lap jys xytt'
rrMrepa"opJrup
jys r<yny KeqMOJII{' Aaha qox
"r"rliniu
AoH aprut oJIMaMbIluAu. AxltHlap uarruajar{ar Ba rarsrAeH AYIIT8KyrrrJrapn
ySarMar

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qeKAHnAp>.

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ocKop"Iepna

hajauau ra iap uruulfl blr HrIHHr,a

ra.ll'u'bl>>'

(IIIahsa,ro xaraHJra 6lrp.nuxae) : Qaurasujacu uurahacbrs oJrar{ Ba
arJracbrFMas $nrne.QacaAJlapJia o3yny LIus taxruHa oryp4au BaEr
Masr hyn urranepujacuHu 15 hr.rccaja aj upuar lrcroMt{ru sc uxH lryu
urahsaAacuHu Ao ajpbr ahlrapna Ba 3opJra .xa[r KHMI{ Taxra qbr:(apMbrruAbr.

6ojyx uahsaAe $ypcerranu6 hyn najraxrblua

rarIAbI. AH-

KepH r.rca t{Hn najraxrblHa anapblr4u. I{nu cephaanepu 6y oaxt jena
6ojyr< hyn axnH,rapbrHa ue'pye ranAbl. Koson uaharAup r<u, 6y ax.blH.

aapa tluu ropeSnn4an xaH oJlapar raxra qbtxapbrJlMbrur urahsa4o.uep
4a hap 6upiz hyu xotrrau4Ltptt xuur.t xaraillrill hoxnay a,{TbIHa liel6
eAHnHpAHJrsp:

u(hyn xaranu) hyhanjeh xaHbrH (rrr. o. 58-31) uxttu,ur xaryuyn 6eurun'un oFJry tlnu nuneparopyHyH eepaujra <<hyn xautt>> rIIryJIyHy
ra6y.rr etAlr. Au.'rar aaphan arbll{a uusu6 t{HH capheatiHAen qblxAbl.
.II,ys (ruunaanaaxy) hyn xarauuHnu najraxrblF.a KerAr.r. Basujjeru hytt
xananbrHe ragah elau. XaraH (oHa aur,rr.rauAu) uraltsaAauu r<ohua pyt6acrlsAan Aaha auaru naeuQaje ra'jnn er4n. 5y raxr (jeua t{us'tepeQnnaarr hyn xaiaau te'jun eAIrJIa$ urahsa4a) lly au xecra.nann6
on4y. t{nn capaju onyn jeprzua rapAaulH THHru hyn xarauu ergu. l
By eaxr.nap hyn;rap Hun caphe4rapuue xens6 res-re3 raJIaHJIap
erAr{Jrap. t{Nn caprepAoJrapnHll, sa6ur.napnHr'r Bo'ocKepJIopHHLI onAy'
pypAynep. t{ox.ny aAaM Bo hejnau arapAbl.ilap. [IahsaAe.nap ao 6y
raJraHJrap a rouyJrMy[rAyJlap.
M. o. l2-',rn ruae Banr Manr (hynJlapbln 6y axuu.lapuua reaa6'reHAH ne Aaha eBBoJI osy repaQus"uan hyn xaraHbl ra'juu eAHJIMHUI'
o,rau hyu uahoa4ecw) Tnsru tlun najtaxrblHAa oJIAyprAY. Ey iuahsaAaHIiH oJrAypy,rMocn tlusne hynaapuu uyuacu6arnepl{Hr acacnbl cyPATAE NIiCJIOIXAI4PAH>.

l. 9uu c?phea;rapu 6ouranup (or. e. 12). hyn axbln,rapbl ule 9us
capheanaprz 6Np jaHruH jepuHa qeBpI.rJIMutxAH. AruarulaKti caHeA eo
nesujjarN qox aqbrr ueph eruaKAaALIp. Cepha44axLt l2 rIHr: opAycy
Hca hyunapa rapubr axbrua quxa 6unuHpAItJIop:
< 1M. o. 73-uy il;rAau coHpa) hyH.rrap.tra cy,rhyu ro'MuH oJlyHlmcbl
co6a6u rue tlusus [rI{MaJr capha4.rlaplls,qe 6up Heqa Ho_cdlr hyn.rrapuu

r(oJlArrKrrapHHu xa6op Bqpal b4 ryn.lelaps jaultaAu (Ja'nu hyuaap
ocra axbrHa KeqMoAr4Jrop). Eyua ropa capheAAaKl.i ahanu cyp'ar.fla uo.
xarAbr. Cephaa"rapun hap rapesu uan-rapa Ba ar,'Iapna ao,'lay. Fys'
AaH coHpa,Baur Masr oJIKoHlr lapbIIUAbIpAul. hyu axblurapbl Ta3arou 6auura4ri. Capha.nAaxu eharr.r ocnp anapbt,rgu, ja 4a jepnapuntt
rro jypanapuHu 6ypaxu6 raqAurap. 12 rlnn opaycy nca capha4Aa AY'
urojrxo rypay.Jlaxus heu uyp axbrHa.IHxa 6Ilnt\4a44. Ocx.ap sa sa6H'r''

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napufi ahsarH no3yirAy. Enp^nena.uJr nqrraAa Qsunn IlIrnM&Jl cephagaairn (jenn^aH) 6o-'ra.nar,r. (O.roAap sox HHcaH onAy xu,) 6acAutptt.nMaMbuu qecaAnopltH cYMYKJIepT opa-6ypa reKYJtAY. Ey nesujjor hyn'
rrapbrH KYI'IJIaH l.tacHua

jol

aqMbl IIJAbI>

2. Baur lflanr hynaapa qox rejStanrap. fajnar,rapuil{bl3bl}t hyn;rapaa 6arnu huccacN-rapHxHH KeA!{uLIHI.r IIopMa.n ruaph ernaaja AaBaM
c1up. Auuar <6y eaxr tlusAa raM qaxflaulMa Bo- no3FyH 6np a6-haaa
nasujjaru rajuarAau ojpanlrp-un: uS' u. lO-uy ll.rruH jatBap'rrAH>. By
-Llnu
ra-xrunaa orypalr Bali' l'laHr lryH,lapa .tox reje"'lcHuail ajsruAa
ltyu
xaraHbr na hytt.lapuH ?-A.lapbl.llbl oa6arultna najuLunopc
ar. Uina
AHpiIH. Eynaas collpa hyu xarauuHl,tH <<4luauf-JY>r'IapHH ly'JYcY aA-

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*nn"n"p"n- (jailu hyH.rlapuir; 6usAe' acunr,l jycy (jJ'HII 6arrruucu)
AcMoK HAu. Ey jcnu a1"'la hyrlnapu KHqHJITMHIII onIP J. byHAalI eJaua, 6ypAaxn ilyu cosy Ao rlox aHJIa[IbIJIMtlp,rur. Ae fpooryu Aa Aer
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Basr Maur <hyn.napuu 6ap6ap.nap (ja'nu Tn) a4naurraacllHbl oMp
cjrHp Ba hyn.napurH 6eur yHcyp sa 6eur eJIeMeHre lapmbl quxablruIa'
6y
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opAyflapri hyn caphaa&apuno KaJIAI'tKJIapn naxr (t{uu l{MneParopyHyH
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esyuaau oBBoJr hyu raxruu r,a 2l I{JI orypMytrt o,ran _oxej rgpAauu
lucc 6ojyx 6up hyn xaraHbl uau. Onyn BaxrbilHAa 6y rlahsala tluuAaxs
6np ce-phea xouauAan,lblpblHAa oJIypAy. Je'nu oHytt h-vH raxruna llblx'
uiicur csh6ar MoB3ycy aejr.trau. ,Il.on,rer ttqril{AaKH AacraJlopg 6unaH
olrjo,ilKH.. X8H,{OBdOTHH nana,'laj uH u rehlyrecl{StHKAa caxJJaMar ucTo'
t39

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Jlaxnn sS,lHahlnnx uepta6ecHHa; ja'un honneruH Co.n uyapur
ruahsbAannjuue re jun erAraju ruahsaAarap 6y 6ea6exrruK Haru-qlo'
cgnr,a Aanfar,an xacre,leHll6 oJIAyJrep. ByH4an coHpa 6y rnrya yryp.
cys heca6 eAHJI.u,lt. EyHyn ycrYHAoH rI.{ry,'IJIapHH eI; ynycy Bo eH IIIo'
paQ,rucu cajulan jenu 6up rI.IryJI sarllehAnepa BepI{,'IMeje 6arula'
Au. .Ilarus 6y l,a 6up xejup KerLrpMeAI{. Xarau eJIoH KHMI{ AacroJlep
lrtu.neuaja 6aru,naAu. HatH',IeAe, 6np xyuu4e raJIMbIIu hcnen aA.nu 6y
urahaaAa xann6 hyu raxruna orypAy. I4ulu 6y lajurunxlnjnn ueua
Mtrui,(H:

oJrAyFylry K63AOH KerIHpaK:
<<!,oener HqI4HAaKII qarl'Iu JI LI Kra p B a AecraJlap > :
'EHpulr,,i11
hyn ynyc,'rapbrHbrH rasjaru HJIa AoBJIar arrRHAe 69jVtt
po.rr ojnaj an jesua-uasup oBBoJIKH xaraH BaxrbIHAa Aa Bap n4n. hyn
iaraHnapur h-ep aaxr tIsuAeH quH.nii ruahsaAanep anMbllxAblnap. Au-

.,rar 6y fuahsaienapAau ropajeu yuarlap 4enlei nt{I'IH,u,e na-hyu^naprrc,'rlK eu'aHecusAa 6up po.rr ojuaja 6unueruuurAl'rnap. M. e. 3l-8-lIlI
xataH TYpKJIapE leeupar, ja'll,rnep apaebrnAa hyn raxruuAa
'I{,rto orypaH
eB,YIaHa 6t-t,ttuex aAarlrHg yjryu olapar
Hrr araJrapbrE l(eHI.I3JIapH
ara€brHa avl, 6up qIIFIJIII uahsaAe rbIS I'IJIa eBfloHMHlu Bo oHAaH Aa
6up rusrapbr o.IrMyuAy. Ey rus;lap 6ojyx oe coj.ny hyH y.nyc.napuua
xenus xouf py,n nayru4y. hyHnapbtH aAJlbI-caHrbI hcy-ny yJlycyna Korll'
pHJraH ruaheaaa russis apu Car Kytyhoy uraheaAa.nxjn naapra6ecuHAa
6rypan TaHr aAnu 6up hyu ccijnycy t'tAH. Xaran aHJIacHHAeH onuajan,
d'raKr.rH aAJrbr-c4HJibr 6up hyH yJIycyHa apxaJIaHaH 6y jesna-ua3up AoBJror uqlrHAe 6ejyx po.rr ojnajupau. Eup ae4an xopauajn'vlt3 KHMH'
rra. c. l3-rry nJra AoFpy hyn.napun liAapacn, AeMoK o"Iap KIt, 6y jesneHa3rlpHH a,'rr.rHo KeqMti[]AH. OnseflKH xaraH BaxrbIHAa Aa AoBJIor I{qHHxarauuHblH Moaa 6upniruu cblpaAa jep ryran_6y aAaM HAu. t{nu hyH
hypV"y aejsuduparnju-nait tlntra elqu'KeAoIt se t{fiHue hyn.napuH'
tr,tynacta6eruHn ojpeHuax. ncrejaH 4e jeHa 6y jesna-ua3J{P ltAu. 9ttull
ja.xuru rauurtaacri oHyH 4oenau.IH HAapa eAI{nMocHHAe 6ojyx 6np po.rt
ojHauacuua KoMaK eAIlpAH. Au,{ar aBBaJIKI'I xaraHblu 6ojyt< urexcnjjarn onyn 4aha upe,ru KerMacHHe MaHe oJIypAy.
Ha3Hp}IH
lr q e*r H H Jr r{ K <<qnu rapaoAapJIapH> r.rAli.-Ey
tlssu
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6ojyx 6Hp hyn yrlycyHAaH rIbIxMbIIxAbJ, Vny Xatynyn oFJIy oJIaH aB.
sa;.Klr xaiaH e.nipraH lesHa sdsup ne grlH repaQAapnapbl yuyuuy ua:

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xaraubtg oFJIy Ba seflI'IehAn jox, tlxuttqln xary

rryll oFJly ruahsaAa \gnen hyu raxruua ejleuAu. Ey lrlrne; hap-ha.n'
Aa, qHHLtH so BaHr Manrus aFiilJI l(acuajou Qnruo-$ocaa.lapu 6ojyx

6axuajapar t{uu hyn axbIH.IIapLIHul 4ajaH4upa
6u,rnarranruAu.,[loa.rlat HqnHAaKfl d e p 0 Y l{ I 1r uohxalt 4 a r u il tt u lc-

po.n ojHauurugu. Eyua

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ax*HJrapuu QacnJracus AaBaM erAnpi{Jtuscn lurh.
Jenu hyH xaranbiHblH <KaHI{!'IKK qal,i'ina} Konax: oBBaJIKH hyn xaraHbr BaxrburA,a 9uunn tulrMaJr rep6uir4axn ss yJrycynyH 6auuu4a
AypypAy. Tnry,ry Con ,rlnsy ruahsaAecn n4u. rlau ertllir'loprr oHyH ynycyHAa 6a'sn raqrun na uyQraxopJrapbr KopNlyril Bo yJrrl{MaryM Bepf
rlrurxAl{nep. XarasAaH qaKHHaH ruahsaAa xataHa xa6ap neprue,aau 6up,,
uIrI Kopa 6u,ruauuur4u. JeHn xaragbrH xaHu.rnrjaH4e KecrapAr.rjn 6e'sx
rrnc raupy6onepu Bap r{AI{. hyH raxruuAa orypaH Banr Mairr feconnypynAa <15 hyn xaraHrrbrFbr> japarMuru na 6y urrr yqyH ae hyH cepha4uH.a 6r.rp eJrrru KoHAepMnrrrAr.r. Enun 6y uahea4euuu atiu or.nyHy Aa'Bor erMHIu Be oHnapbr ajpu-ajpu hyH xaraHu Kr.rMH raxra qbrxapMbllllArr. IIIahsaAe 6y eesujjaraaH ropxAyFy yuyn 4epharr arbrHa cyBap oJr.
Myrrr Be hyn najraxrbrHa KeAr{6 6atst BeponJrapa xaraHa xo6ap nep.
MrzrxAH. Xarau Aa oHyH pyr6acnnu ae coj;iynyf . aAbrHbr aruaFbt caJr.
I\,IbIrxAbl. tluu.nH.nepa roxyHMaAaH xaraHJ'rbrt aAbIHbI ohAeclrue KorypMaKJIo, 6anra Aa, rlahgaAa 6e.ne 6np uesauu hannu heca6 eTMI41l.u,u.
Jerir xarau 6y
xopa 6ojyx rapAarrbl KeqMHlx hyH xaraHuma
raprrlr 6Np xlau "resaja
cax.naja 6unepAn.
Ey xarauuH 6yryu xaraH,,rr,rFbr ep3HHAe qr4H,;Irr aHaAaH onau exej,
6aqltcu.Ba apr yByH Myn4ar tlus repa$aapu oJrMar clijacarH jypyrNryIxAVJIop. byHq xope Ae tluu4en rbrsbrJr ramu .,ryp6er{yp opMaFaHJrap
ir!'rMbInIAbrJrap,. XaraHuH u-raxcnjjarlr Ba cujacarnuH jeno au jaxuru
rueph e4au t{un rapurnepnArzp. <<Xaran tlHH -rHsH,T- nd ulrax4aplrHe
f$Prutr o raAop ar,rKo3 ee raMahxap w\u xr.r, (t{nu raxrbrHAa orypaq)
lJaHr MaHrbtH nr{c aJlqaJrrMa,'rapbr raprubrcunAa 6eta 4us uorcy,p4y>.
I(opynyp yu, 6y jena hyq xaranhr hyu xaHe4anbr HqHHAoH toByJtMyrx
Iri) AoHyK heca6 e,rr,HJrMr,uuAu. f,laNus aBBoJTKH xarat{ BaxrrnHAa 6arunatrau 9as axbrnJrapbr 6yryn aMaHcbr3JrbrFbl HJra AaBaM eArlpAH.
ByHyH.rra 6np;lllxre xaraH o 6lpu rapaslen t{usa cAnnan 6ojyr
axbrHJrapbr KH3JrarMa_cHHtr Ae 6u.anp/..u. Axun.napu Aaha .rox rx€prAaH
cJMr,'rar-rAr.rpHpan. .IIIHr<ajers KoJreH 9uu enqunepr.rH;l Aa ruepiaaxn
xo6ya Bo AaBaKap hyunapa Ha3apar ernaeja osyuyn xyuy uaruaAbrFbrHbr
ltpo,'rH. cypypAy. t{usAaxn BaHr MaHr xaraHbrr{ KHpoIr Korypyl'rau oFJryHy Aa eJlAyprMyurAy. Ey Aa coHpaAaH aruKapa rrbrxaqarAbrp.
Ey xarauuu rap6Aa ea Ty'pnycraHAa Ho,{op erAujnHn 6us 6HnuHlttrt. A.uuar AoB,'rar r.rrrxuAo xohse crarycyn ropyAyFy 6up herurerAnp.
m. c. lU-!ru HJrAe xaraH oJrerr KHMH jepnue Kr.rqHK tapAauu xeqaH. Defli)JrilKJra, xaHeAaH hyhaHjeh xar{brH uKuHr,ru bojyx xaryHyHyrr yuarJl ul)brrr a raJr MH ru o"[ypAy.

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nas:rpu Bap sALr. XaraHuri Car Kyryhoy rpar$r,r xar'1. (Oe y cojry hytl
ynycy hcy-nv4aH r{brxii{bltrlAbr Ba aAril Aa TaHr nln (6y Ha3llp Kequnu hyu xaraH-*un erej 6ailtlct.HbIH aPl'lhllp. 9uu\a-Baur Manr xa.
qHHA eJITIU t(oH(
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Ha3FIr AOBiOT rllx,IApI'll'A jaXruU 6n,rau ne t{us ulllJ,t?plIHLeu aa jaxuH
6ac uuxapa.H 6rrp anaM uLH.
<by (hyH Bejyn Ha3fipu, QHH urahsaAe rbl3bJ BaHr l{ao-'{[-t{tn
r!.rrbr, Jy lZ-uir \ly-rsy (xonHH)HH apfl sAn. LUaheaAo rbls (a; ja xalrc ' Jy gtrgna noCTJIyt BC cMttH-aMd.Hr'tbttbtH AaBaM eTMcCltHil llcTe'ir,pl..
EynAan 6aurra (20-uu xaH, ulansa4e) hcneH,ra jaxutsl o"1a13rypui i:Lay. lllahsaac aBBeJIAcH Bc cortpaAaH (t{nH HMnt'pa fop}
".b
B..r{r MaHrAau) xarau h}iMH raxra qblxapb;.[MacblHbl HcraAll.
(veec,rxH xaHbrH r<uqr.rri rapAaIxbI sa earuahrlu) Jyuy 6ttp tiouapa
roBAy na ruahsaAa hCHeun, By-nay JOtu xas aAbI Haa Taxra rll,l:\aprAul. <<l{opyltyp Iit.t, jetta xauul TaxTa tIuxMacbIHAa 6upattult Aopo'{oJlll
pon ojuzij aH et{I'r;i4 urahsaAa rI{sbIH rbt3tl BO 6ojytr uasilp}lll

apuaAhil

on M!'[r-1]'.

2. Xanuu jeHn ra'jllnar,rtapbt. Ilf ahsaAa hclteH, By-nuy xai{ aAbI Hna

faxra quxan xuuu 6ojyr rapAaubl u;ahgaAa Jyny Con Ky-nli urah:a4a,rujnira ta'jHtr erau (flpiiHc Jy xohuoAaH Be.rllah4 ugn. Eero.rtnxna,

jeuu xaran oHyu pyr6acllnl4 aiuarbl eHAI{pMIcu oJlypAy).
' <<Xas Cyryhy aA,'Ibr orJlyuy Con MYApIlK urahsa4a,rujttna (ja'Hlr
sa,'rHahA,'Iur uapra6acnua) re'juu erA1r. Os (enej?) .KfiqaK rapAaIubI,rls
Ty-vtt xaryuyu oF,'ry JIy-hyHy Aa Car MYAptIK ruahsaAanujaHc ra'jun
eiarr (Ey xaryH rapo tiyH xiHH Ty-qIH xanblH apBaAbI uAuult? J-oxca
AoBJIor in.IHHaa <,Oi,r karyu> AejaH 6np jyxcar<JIItKMI't nap,ti,r? liytly
6ualutpttx).
?pealxn xaH 3aMaHbIsAa (ra"tltahAnur ltapra6acun4aru) Co"r vy,tpHIt urahsaAaJlaplln hanaucut Aan6a1an od'IAYJiap. 6yua. xopa 6y a;ilir
yrypcys 6up aL-onnyFylla nHaHbIJIAhI. Co;r nayapux urahsa,l,acllHllll ruryay hy-jy aALI HJIa lajnur,lnpl'1u1iu. hy-jy- 6yryu ruiy.ri Bo aArapbt
aH yaycy na ruapa$arJlucli naN. 6y ar,a cahu6 oJlaH"lap rarlt o"Iapa
hyH'oaaorarlup.:6yrua xopa (eena,rxrr) xaH 03 6ojyx oi"rr;'H-v hy-j
(aejnrulua: ea,rnaha) 'erAa. 6e,ro,'ll'IKra, AoB.rTarfi oHa rapK er;.vI{)li l'lcro
j

rptn.

(Jeuu) xaH.Hco aBBo,rIKIl xaHhIH ee pyr6octtur gaj nrl4ltpMacrllia K€
pa oHa rasaS,raHrpgH. Eyua Kepa oHyH Ba,'IllohAltHe (hy-jy) Aolrr'l3r
iapr eiueH ucrauupau. Taxra qlrxan xnun .(xeuultlrr noluahrlttl) p
6aisnu auaFH cz,rr{61 €a ogy Con Ty-un uiaheaAaclt erAE>.
t42

3. gnHaa AocrJryr orjaceiu Qnu.nn aHaAaH aory.rmyru 64p hyn
urahsaAa fbr3td-Bo epn hyu 6ejyx Haslipu lrcroAr.rxJrapu hyn ruahsa-

r{ raxra r{brxap*6, hyH capaj uH4axn naap"""'e"uapirna xeulrp,Suflo,rajucsi ruro tlnua raprubr Aocrr+Iacblna 64p clajacer xy4y.rrr'laja
6aur,lanAu. [UahsaAo ru3brrr 6Np rohymy tlnu caphe,lnHAa t{un BarHcH
luau. hyu urahsaAa rHsbr ogy KopMoK ucrajupAu. t{uH nnrrleparopy nopIta,r 6tip caSnp"rlur hasupnaju6 nonAapAs. hyu capaj4nu heprrlar.lu
l'vlMar lrcrajupau. Ey apaAa hyu;lapa raqMbmJ KeqMUu han cyaa.rtoor rcpasAapJrapbrHr,r Aa HcroAH. hyn capajur 6yHnapu aa heu StnxupiraruMeAaH"Kop 6up.tluu Aocrnyryna ecup o,'ly6 BepAr.r. Basr tr1aur
Aa olr,rapLJ Quu najraxrriuAa Aupn-Ariprr jau4upau.
Dyua 6axir,tajapar 9uu hyH.napa rapurbr HKHy3ny 6Hp caj acar xynYpAY. <<JeHH xaraHbrH orny iTusr tlau capajunAa KHpoB r.rKaH o,'iJl,!pY"'IMyurAy>. 9yuxl.r aracbr tIaH repeoAapu 15 hyu xaraHHHAaII
6upu xullu ro'jnu e4n.ir4ujn saxr raqbr6 KerMnlrr ee easnjjarn hyu xararrHHa 6ua.qupir,ruurau. Byua 6axuajapar LIun HMIIeparopJryr raxrbrrrAa orypaH Banr MaHr ja.nan cejnajup ss ruahsaAaHl'Ig caF onAyI ) ll\ il('jllpAll.

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rJuHa rapurH AocrJryr cujacarn KyAyp, ojan4aH Aa (<AoBJraruH Col, ja-'
ulr ruopr rapaSuH4en> tlxne rapuH cyp'arln axblu"rap uusau.najutp4t'1. tluH er'rqu,rapn xa,rlt6 6y axuH,rapuH ca6a5.lapunu copyuapxan
6c;rc qasa6 BepupAr.r:
npord-uonrol) r:yhyau,rap ne hyn"'iap MricJrn oJr- (Illeprnenn
raajan
Bo euilAr.lJrMaMuru nnc uHcaHnapArilp- On,rap o3,rapu pa3brJlatuur6 6ilpnaurup na 6ereue t{nu capha4.neplrno axHna Keqnpnap. EjHx.re
tIlrrr4cH xa.lu6 hynnapuu Hr{LIHAo ryr'rAypJryr eAaH,'Iop r<uuu! /rleu hefie
Taxra Ta3aqle qbtxMtiuaM Bo AoB,rteTfiH I{AapScI{HH Aa adltl{Mo TcSa aJIMbnuitlr. OHnapun tapurbrcblHbr aJlMar hana naeunu a,rInMAo ;tejnn.
liSuyu;ia.6epa6ep oHnapbr 4aj au4upuar yqyH eJIHMAeu Korrar{u eAa$;rj,ry. lilrsa rapuu HXHy3Jly oflMarAaH xoru.nau.vupaur !>
Llriu r.rruneparop,'ryr raxrbrHAa orypaH Basr .Nlauruu 6norpatpnjacburlla rJXMriHoH ejuu ruej.rop ureph eAHJrHp. 6y naxr tilrnus ua:rrjjeru
jaxruu AejnnAir. <<Quunu uIlMaJr capha4"rapuu4e 6ejyx 6up rurlur
(rairr e':pmuu Bo HHcaI{r'rap 6up-6upttnu jeueja 6au,rauutuAbllap>.
liyrra xeipo ar"lu 6aurur{Aa oJrag 9uu acxap,rapu ap3ar a3lbtFu ysyHituu l i yrr, ia p a rapubr r'ryh a pu 6ej a 6a urnaj a 6u,'t r,tcj auax,l Jp t't HIt aH"'l a j up,
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,rrrrnyc) oBosu Kr.rMr.r <<Jo.TH> aejupaunep. 6yuyu ce6e6n Aa 6y v4l.r:
lryhaHjeh xaHA,aH coHpa tl:.rn,ra hyunap aDacbrHAa sox cbrx sJlar€Jrap,
japanusruAu. r{HB fiMneparpurreca en4yjy saMar{ ouyri enyMyHAeH
(:onpaKbl gAu <<hcuao> rojynrrayurAy. EyHa xepa (hyn xararrJrapbrHa Aa)
hopuer KocrepMaK ur:re4n,rrop (onlaH conpa 4a) xarannapqua <<Jo1il> AeAHrrtap>.

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ilc hyu najraxruiia nepr karuplilr.
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tlHtt ue axuH jon;tapnuu ojperlai6a.naD Aa araBe e"*mtir Be oHJrapa
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t

LInuAe jeur.r han cyla.nacnuun rypy,rlvracbrgAqg, xYcycl{Jla 29-uy Hn'
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Aenrrjn t'tntt't,*,<ltyujl?!- t'*') I -11ilit"*"1 jbxayP. ,tlaxttu loncpuriu
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tlnnrrs ur4M3;rrbrHr,2 lenir dup Aos,'Iei rypaqarn'Iap, JIar{HH,6tytg::1'1."
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HJIAP6I H TYPKYCTAHA JEHATMEJIAP*I
(i!1. c. 18-46-qw n,'ueP)

I"lcaflan aagssKlr HJL'IopAa hyn,rapr'lH Honep erAllK,',iepl{Hu TOATHT
ltcac Sacn.n.naPa
i ert*ntuAtlt . t{uu rapnxneoltnuu hyrurapna 6ar,rst
irsr'tt'r!{ TSpHX.rlo:
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puH Ti.pxycranJla 6arnu Qacnnnapnnu oxyjapri,:r oesrjjar lajuinup.
nu. Sy $acN.n,rapa xope hyunap jeuo KYI{.II4/ Ki'rllopttHrt jamaiupaxaap. t{uH c,pay"rapi,l uca 6yryx TYBBaJIopHIIz 6y x1.ry rblpMar YqYH
HmJcAl4pAH. fap6a qaKtIJIMuIIl hyu.napuu haxlaaap tarbrllJlapbr t{fi}Ia
rrox y3ar oJIAyF'y yriyH rtnHJtIrJIap?I aB oJlarailgllaHiltp;til. .riaxun''hlnrapr,rH TypxycrauAaKbr yq.aapu 9usus repS rate.p;tr jo,:"naputttJ Kelrrrncaau 6elrpaua cypy'xnajllp,r,n. 61'na xepa
crp Ba t{lrnrr 6ojyr< Srap .Sytytt
5y xauap Mrllrsy,lapbl Aa raM lIesspA€n
hyu rapuxuuil jasapxan
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14

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u4uB.

IIJJK MJJIapl. hy*r.napun Typxycrana enms,'rap u. I4cakan
"o"pu,rtKe'rMlrru han
Ao Llu,uAe 6ejyr< 6up cyJIaraHHli gajNuii,it';,it"ltju onuyru4y.
cyJraJracti juliurnxuur aa 6yHyu jepurrt jenH hau cVJIa{acJ'I japauuar

yspe HAII. By uxr.r cynang apaclilrAa 6ojyx rFrnluatrt,qap onMyu Bo,
Baur .Nlanr lraxuuujjalu o,ruHa KequpMltirrjln. tlxtt,tu.nap unanja roA€p
caplruanap;ra cyurlly ropyMar yuyu hyn ltuueparopnapu llJlo'rou AaB'
paHMHruAri.jlap. By ca6a6Aeu ,qa hyu hotttr,t,napuua <hyH ulaxjycl:,
j.r'ur.r uhyn HMfteparopy> jaeu.nuuur 6np Foltyp BepMu{I na uaxry6'
rapuuaa "na orrJrap.br 6er,a,,Ia ar{MrJluAI'tJIap. <BaHr Matr 9gn raxrblllbl
,r,ra xeunpanga {i{. c' 9-22) hyrr xarainapunbll{ uunepatop, jo'Hn
pyr'6alaPt{ltu _euAltp/lll Do Y3opllH'
lJian-jy rr{ry.rrrrapfiHur
-aacca"naejuuraupn6
harau jasulau (6up xehyp) uepltl. Syn,qau
Ae acrdJr&{, je'nu
coHpa (hyi"irap) na rap6 MaMJlaKarflapl.t (ja'!r,r Typxyc'r'arr ruahop'
.ncpir) uox ras-a6naHALlrIap Ba ycjaH ergnnap. 9uH;ta (re,quuaon 6optl'
llaBalr eAH6 Nanen) 6yryn o.narsJlapuHu rbIpAblJIap. Ycta.nux hamucut
6upnnxAa jensAan hynnapa caAur raJAbIJIap.
.lyxapr,rgaxbr caHsA <rap6 MaMJIOKcrJIapu jenrageu hynnapa caAnr

ra"'rAbl,nap> HSaAacl.lHu artHr-alxKap H[IJIarM[ItrlAllp. 6cla rIbIx]Jp KI{,
Typxicran urahap.rrapx anx ,Ue$o 4ejnn, Aaha gsec.'i.rap Ao ga@a,r-ep'
ltr Seira or'IMyIuJ'Iap.

2. Typnycray4a hynnap na yciau (r'r. c. 29-11). 6y xxra6Aa resres rigah eau;rAuju ruMlt, Typxyctan utahapnapu 6ejyx jon,nap YcrY+l,[.' o,'raH 6ojyx rnvap3T rrcpKd:rapn rtAlr.
fip*ycraH rnehepaopuuAa opra qar,qa na harra lapaxaHnu qarbmra o.nAyny Kr{Mrl, nryxla.iraQ rajSa.napaan .MaJIn xoJlu}rtll qox rgJrrlM ',r'Hr,rapor MapKaarapu Bap u4u. hyunap aa KejrYpK,rap KI{MI!,
rli"i ncer,H uur<uruarf 6axuuunAau 6y ruahapJlapLIH Aax[tJIr{ HtuJtapune
!i(l]; fapH[rrvtaMmurAuaap. Fyna repa <se6r erMaK>, <rparh erMox) Aejrlr,ira n.na (I{s3apar aJrrrJIIAa caxJlauar} au"lajuruu Y3ap,iluga Ar{msr;r: lajanvar JrasbruAbrp. Sc;Iung,a, 6y uahopnsp qox naxr lryn HasaPerrl
arrruti,rra u4u: <r{urt raxt,sulH B'ainr-Mafir'gJ{a Keq-ilpail K$Ul{ qn$ga
rF'r'n{ira{uJrap 6aru BepAH {ra. c. 9*2+). IIlralaau hltuaapun xal-aHin
fi'rAas recm$age erqil Ea nap6 ueuneKornepfll{fl er'la }ierNl.lpgu. fap6
Ilail*rrrxorflapxgl{H SejlapN RrIn$Aa Jea aAurttu galuujan Japxeurl hat56

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KuMr{ AHKap 6aj"rrapxu aH- KY!{JIYcY nln. b{^ca6q6aaH hyttlapAan
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rIuH uuneparopyHyl{ jauuuaa xKAMsr eT'

ori uox raH',I uahsaAa lirau
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se Mahe66err.r BapAbr. EyuAaH 6aulra 03 MoMJIoKoruHIt Aa osYHYH. ryp.i;;- ;;;F^r"jA"-ia"y"y' u Kopa HA.apa eAIIpAn. 11i-11::,9"i{..:.t
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conpa hy,u,rap seuQneAurep>>-aejapca Aa, 6y KeprJraMauus 6HnueAujr.ruua Aaha tjaura ca6eu"rtapn Aa oJIMarbr tlAn. OcnuHAa, lUnlrann.
TypxycraHaaKbr rnr'Iapar uahepneplr Ba jon.rrapr,r hynnapuu sflr.rHAa
.

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3. Japxan4 haxurrlu <hyn xaranbr) oJryp (m. c.4l). Ey quxbrrubrH
uopru na fap6N Typr<ycrau4axu 6aj.napJre xaJrrbru hyu,rap repeQurr.
AoH Her{a oBcyHJra_HAr,rtirraphrHbr KocrapMeK 6axunatrH4au 6ojyx 6ilp
rnjuaru BapAbIp. Japren4 haxnrrlu jaxuH.nr,ri.l,trrAa oJraH HKH KI{rrHK
urehapu arAbrrAaH coH,pa oMlrJrap[Hr{ 6y urehep;iapo Ba,']a ta'juu er4d.
Eyn4aH aJIaBa, rr,r. c. 38-'{fi N.nAe Jlo6uopAaKbr LLlarruras haxulru rno
pa3brd'rauapar 9usa erqr.r KoHAapalrlap. I'ajuar,rapaa <tlunno-aJrare
japaruar yvyH rapS MoMJroKorJropriHAoH Hnr< 4e$a Ka,'rau,'rop 6ynnap
or'IAyJIap>-4s4Njnus xepe 6yu4aH eBBaJr 6anl B*t.r ha4acanep tltu
rapHxJrapH repeSvn4eu, hqur-arux-ap mHrurrpAr.rJrMI,truAH. eqauHAg,
Japren4 haxulrll <<41-ql,r u,r4a 9uHp 6Hp e.nuu xoh4ap4n ae (oeyuyn)

IopS uav.noKerJrepHHHH 6ojyx qran BaJrAcH ro'juH eAprJrMocltHr{ apgy
crAH>. .IIanuu tIuH uuneparopy Opra Acaj a HrrrJtopuHa. rapHuaqran
uasnjjor4e 4eja.irgn. bynyn yuyn JaprasA haxnunHo ucroAujl 6ejyx
lr.rryny Bep.a,tr. ,IlaNxs ag conpa TypxycraHuH txoprl{HlloxH I{uu aanncr{HAaH 6eae 6up uaxry6 KoJrMuruAH: <6np 6ap6apa (je'nn jaaellnja)
(rcla 6ojyx 6up uur na Hy$ys Bepr.rna 6n.rMas. Eeneruxro, (Typxycran,ltaxur) 6yryn hoxn4ap.nur,rap 6usAeH yMtrA"roplltilt xocti,tttur oJtaqtarJtr,r,{ap>. 6yn4au coHpa HMneparop Japxau4 haxuullul.rn eflr{ncuuo Bel)nJ'ie! <hap6n 6ejyx oa.rrra> rraohpyuylly anr{}rMacbrHa r}o haxuue <6ojyx tlua copKapAacrr> rlrryJrynyH Bepr.r!'rMocnnr{ aMp erau. JIaxnu Japt(i)r{A e,yrqucu 6yHy poAA erAH. 6yu4aH coHpa 6ojyn t{zu Mo'Mypy eJr.
'rttAeu uohpy sopJra aJrAbr>>.
He 6aur BepAHca 6yH4an coHpa o;14y. Japxeu4 haxnva oJTHHAaH
rlropuauunun aJrbrHMacusa 6axuajapar, osyuy <<tIuH acnapu 6aru saJil.rc14 e'JaH erAH Be ajprr-ajpn Typxycran har<nnrnapHne e.[.ll.r.nap'xonAopAH>. Sysaau cr)Hpa raprrrbrMbrga uox Aejop.rtlr naaAailu uecena quxrraltaAdp. JaprieHA haKHMHHo caAr,rr olan Typr<ycran haxilunepu <<Fojyx 9ru Barrrrcr{> rurynyny 6ajeua 6nnuelrnlr.rrap ra ja 6ylry're6y;r
('1'MOMHrxAn.uap. Dyria Kopa oHa IIJaHjy, je'un <<Eojyx hyu riMneparol)y> rr{:yJryuy B-epMrrruAunep: <(fap6 MeMJreKarvrrepunHH) haxll_nnaprrHr.rH hartrtrctr Japxeu4 haxHun hnena caAHr raJrAbrJrap Ba oHa tllanJy rr.rryrryHy BepArrrrop. Aprur 6yu4ax coHpa Japxau4 harnrrau xneaja'r
lJAop Kyr{n}HAr.r Bo arpa$uH4a sahilrvra japaruara 6aru.naAu. Myxie.rutdl uahap haxtrnr,'rapunc ga helruln eaxr Kyqa haraunua hyuyru er,au.
lienarux,ne, ArlKop herl.r4ap.nurJrapa aa hy.,rytr erAa. Beneqle 6amra
Itox.ra4ap.nurJlapbl Aa eahrr{e ae ruy6ha 6ypy4y. 45-lrr HnAe 18 Typ"
fiycrau ruohap haxuirau t{uH4an KgMoK r{croMaK yrryH e,TqH xouAepAu>.
157

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t

4. hynaappa-6ojyr ryparnur (u. c" 45-46), 6ena qrilxblp xx. Ja
naH.n. harsutHul.rr* 6y qaFAa <<hyH tlmtteparopy> rfiTynyHy a.:}-\iaj'bl
6axmaj apar, l'yrlrJd(n ha,ra rr.i$ajar reAap jajurimamuuAtl. "llar';tin 4
,{H IuAa- hyrr,ripaa 6aru.rrajau 6ojyx rypar,lur, uaj llprxa 6e.n a"r a1' ul
rbrrJrbr Japriani iraxrtuuunH KeH[utJ]aHMactlHc KoMcr< ettttlutrur. <Ja
xsHA ha'xnMn TypxycraHa t{nn hap6il Ba,{HcH Lrna (

11,;

'i

a 6rrp e,rur KeHAapAH. .9tts,,rc rcp6tn a,laronapuntt ra'
acac (rnuaper) jo.nyuyu Kaclt.IIMocrIHtl aMp., er,nu. /lax
JapxaH4 haKHTcHHHH 6y lrcrejn jepr.rue jerupn,ruaAH Ba e,lql{cll ,q
,uAypy.tiA;. fr,vH,f ati coHpa Japxau4 haxultn qox rosa6ran,u,lt er 6u
opAy KoHAepArr. ulaHr au haNlr,tn Aa op,tycyHy xorypy6 aojyua xnp
Ag. ,rlaxlrn jentt,r,1rr. 6yHyH YC-YHAoH Aar"tapa ra'IH6 KH3JaHNlcli rtlaql
6ypr.rjjarunie ra.nit,bl. JapraH4 haxuult 46-otnt H,'II{H rbllIrbIIraa l(yq
hli<H'r,iHnc hyu,vl* erAH Ba oHy e,TAypAy. Eenaaunna, Kyua ruah:pgn
pHraH
MI{H eAaH

AA I{AapeCII aJi',r'blHa
t,\
;

t

i

ll

aJTnbl>>.

I(opyHyp xH, Japxen4 haxnstu JIatt sBBa"'IJIap Typxycrau
6ajlepuna rapUIbI raNrKttHJtt{ 6up cujacar jeprt4apx3tl KYqIeHaH K}tM
aaphan cuj acatwtu copra-laru[HpMlllllAu. TypxycraH4aKn Hlr.apo Yc]
ayny ysyn l.a,ua tuar yu1'H jlslr*JlapAan 6aprr Typxycratl urahap.'IrpHH'
ou'
Dct.Jd
oAylly.ail&lan
huJYnYn uAJni/
iroi<.l,lgap ahJlaJl'tPtllt}lH
anfiaJleprtltuH K_o3YHYH
ia (/ana laruajaH
Ae
iarualan IleI{MAap
-altyta| aa
.lrapu rtlaha eTluat( jo.lyHa KeqMilIIAH- hyn"'iap ncc Aaha llox aJlhlHatlar
ne[xu,rapa ehauujjar B€pHp ea utalrap,rapAaKti coj;ly 6ej.nape 'Fr)iVil'
MypAy,'Iip. Sy caoa6aeu''rehap 6cj,rapn jaeaLu-j aeau ltyn"iapui* ro
paSuirri cax,'raMa Fa uej'l eAupAu.nap.

I

I

,f

hYHJIAPIilH TYPKYCTANAA YCTYHJIYJY BA
, |YPAIJIbIF (u. c. 45-nnr r'r*)

ir

\

46;tIH Hna reAap AaBaM e4aH 6ejyx fyparilblr BJ lblrJlblr, raxT rOts
faJrapbl, flapqar'lauMa.nap, 6yHnapAaH 4_aha vryAhIIIuI{
hyunap 61' $
uosr'or-axbrx"tapH hyu.iapu xejnra rap6a roBMylllay. "Illspr1o}i,i{^oJa
JIaKernapAan 6rip uox u6par KerYpMYlutry,rcp. IUaprA.)H {Mlt-I''luprl
xacaH hyH.nap *it.ar Ba Ka,rlrLt.rKJlapHHll ja"rur,ra Cpra Acrrja ea <Ty

Kycrana caMr KorYpMYUlAY,'Iep, <hyarlapun Typxl'craH ctrlacurtt> 4
46-qd I{JIAaH conpa-ecac"'lsicyparAc Aajltnlgtu,ltt. M. c. 9.-25-"rtt lut
napAa Typxycrau 1{orapar uahapnepuHa aFbrp BepKrlJ'lap roj ).,ialJl
rY
hyrr"rap HI{AII
aatspanupAu"rap' Typ
uHAtt Aana
ncrc1cH nylr"xap
Aaha jyorruar
HAapc eTMsK
HAapC
eruan IICTCJcH
JyMIUar AaBPaHbUrAEl"'laP'
Ks
opAynaP
6€jYK
Japxaule
acrajaH
ycrynlyK
ra3aliMar
xyeranAa
orljllpYrrY
6aiwTapaQrtHgau
JapNang
Keqlvluplxrlap.
hyuynaa
Aaps6
158

jepnnb jena japxenalu 6sp KoMaHrrrplrH roJHH eA,II,'iAHj!r Kyqa haxnHlrHa rioMoK cAupAuJap. .Iiaxun 6y jeHu hepaxer Kyuaja 6up hyu xoMauAr{prr ra'juH erMOK jo.iry u,ra 6aura xcnuupAu. .leua KyuaHuu re3r'auur 6aj_airJrocrrHHli orJIyHy pah6ap ceqluoK jo.ny ltna jeplu xanruu
Keufiyny aJr\{acbrubl 6rnnplH.rrap. AuraruAa 6yHa 6eusap xejau HyMyHoxllp xopavajnr. Frep6u AoBJrar onau hvH umnepujacuu4a jaeau:-jaBarrr AHnJroMarJ'tap ;'la co3r'laplfirtl Aahl co.\ eUIII'rAIrp14HirAtl!]op.
l. Tntrapar urahaprapunrn hynrapH Hcrf,Macrd. t{rrrr rrAapo ycyty
6ejyx Opra.Acuja urehapaapH y.lyu 4aha cJIB€pntu;-iII HAu. 9Hs Ae oH;rapr,r cap6acr 6ypaxupAur. tlynxr.r <TypxycraHAaxb,I KI{qI,tK A€BJIer.nop t{*luna Aocr or'rAyr"rlapbr MyAAerAe jo.n,lap rI'{Liapar KapBaEnapH
t'v1n ar.rur orypAy. E1'ra l{nn y.ryn Typxycrauga 6ojyx opnynap ehrnjar4a caxdrraMar gaha yuys 6au:a xannp na 4aha $ajaa"ru oJiypAy.
Jlar'rrn Typnyclan (hyu;rap nurrrn) 6ojyx 6Hp AoulcrllH ta6c"rulultu
xlrpapKaH easujjcru /tajurullpin. Ey Aeaner (ja'uu hyH"rap) r'llqapor
Ho3ap0rrrHrr oJruHAa caxnaj up Be 3rr jaxnril Ma,'rr'lapbl 93.[epH arblp,uu. By ca6a6Aau.(o rlnrtrrg er'rrrHAOH jaxmu na 6ojyt< rnqapar tlMKaHJapbr a.rrbrHMbrrx o,'rypAy>. t\4aha quHJrr.rJrop"rro hyn.rapuru Typxycrarra
Ma'Jryil{ar BepMer'ropr.rH}rrr acac ce6o6u 6y nlu.
hyltnapuu rypar!'ibrr Ba rbrr,'rbrr H,TJrepHHAa Typ xycraHaa ycryHJryK
ra3arraH Japroug 6ejri ,rlo6Hopyu uauy6yHAaK!,r LlJauruaH ruohapu 6ajuga L{nHasH KaJraH rrrrtrapar jo.l.napuum KacMocriH}I ltMp eruHurlg.
Eerra"rurne, Tnqapar jo,rnapuur,l oJrr.rHo KeqnpMrrix olaltbrrlslp. 46-ltbr
uJr4crr conpa hyn"rap Aa rap6a aharrlujjar nepveja 6aulaAulap:
<<LIlaHuras urahapuHuu 6aju Huu:l. 6up lrcxry6 xeu/iapu6 oF,'ryHy
xupoB BepN{eK ucraAxjusu na 6up ae (Opra Auijaja) 6np LIuu 6ojyr
BaJHcHHHH KoHAapr{,rMocr{HH ap3y erAr.r. byu4an 6aura 6up QrrH na.
r'rlicrr KonAepnr'rMagce, o3yHyu hyn"rrapa 6arnu oJl\rat lrc.r61'pHjjornrr,ue ra.laliaFbrnbr Aa 6iln4uplu. r{uH annneparopy rrco oua 6e;la 6np uana5 eep;tfi: <<Ey naxr tIanAoH opa 6ojyx Me'Myp,rapHrI Ba opJty.rapbru
qbrxapr,r.rrMa_cbrHa uMKaH joxAyp. Oxep cnsnap, ja'lru rrlyxro;rH$ 6ajJriK,irJp o3yHysAa 6up rynna xopa 6urlrpcrllrH3ce, cr3J oH ntyuacN6
o.nau repaQs 6s1n6 larnaua 6x,lapcuuus. (Ey 6ar,'in,lur) trropra Aa,
rap6e aa, ueHy6a Aa, urlMa,ra Aa oila 6unep! <6y uasa6AaH coHpa
fUas-ruas urahapu ne Typ{laH4a o,'raH 6aj;llrx,rep hyn,rapa 6ar'rasAuil??>.

2. Kyua AoBJIaTH hyn.rrapa 6arnanup. OsyHy <hi'lr rmucparopy>
e'nau erlrurr JapxaHl 6eju htzeu ae jena KerIMHrx cJpi' IIJlapo ycyJtyny
AaBaM erAxplrpAH. FyuyH"ra 6ar,lu rajHar4a qox,ly rlllllt{e aAnap Ba
,uejNnn;rap nur,raAl4.lMaxAaAHp. EyHa xopa rajuarrr 6cla nQaAe e.u.aqojux: <Japxoug 6.lju Aaha ouqa Auy-aepja soHacblnbl r-vtuyrugy. JIaxlrH AoB.rarH KeHHrx,raHAHpepKeH 6yny 6np tpypcer 6lt.rycrr Auy-7lapja eouacu 6cjir ouy llrrapc erMaK Ba oHa Ho3apor ort\raK yqyu Ke'H.[,o159

,

l:'
i
i

(?) Japxana 6ejuHirn eJrqrcr.ruu oJrAyp.4y, 6yu4aH coHpa Jap
xan4 6-ljz Auy-!,epj a soHacbrHa.axbrH eAapoK KeqMHu 6ejri uarly
gTArI Ba'_oHyH jepnue jep.nu xaJrrAan 6upuuu 6ej er4u. Japrau4 6ajx

pr{J'rMnru

Kyua

urehepr.rur.rH KerrMuru 6ejr.ruu ,qo ofl,qypMyru aa jepiana or,'ryHy uuJ

As conpa oHy Aa uorrejau4aH eHAHpAr{ ee Kyuauu 6aruueue rrJr coHpa Kyua xa,rru ajara
raJIxAb[. JapxaIr4 6ajnue caArrr 6ajlepn oJrAypAy aa hyH,rapa 6np e,rvu
rcesAapn6, e3Jropr'rHe 6ej ra'jun err\{aJrapfi unjjarrrHaa o,rAy. Eyn4au
conpa hyu.rrap aa Kyqa uohapuuun coj.ny.napun4au 6npu onaH lfJes4n aA1br tupuuu Kyuaja 6aj ra'jHu erA:rJrap. Aprnr 6yu4aH coHpa
Kyla hyn.rrapAaH acunu o.nAy>. Ey aajep.iln rajnar4au an,rraur,rJrbrp
xn, aprur-lyH"'rap 4a jepnn xaJrrbrH HcTaAHJH oH MlHacr{6 6aja cevr.r6
Sarrrr{br fa'jyH eAr.rpArurap. Ey, TypxycraHAa 6au.najan jeun oa rau.
Kr{H,'ru 6up hyu cajacoruAup.
XapMI'IIrrAb{.

XXIV Sacr.rr
hYH I{MNEPI,IJACbIHbIH HKHJE NAPIIAJIAHMACbI
BA I(EPI4JIOMO (ra. c. 46-73-.{y nr.rrep)

ra 6xp hoxna4aprlrra 6ar.naAu. Eup

tr{. c. 46-qIn rrnae 6ojYx hyn xaranu Jy o.rr4y. Ouyn jepnne Co,n
MyApuK rirahsanecu o.uau By-ra Te-hoy xaH xe.rAr.r. As coHpa o Aa
o.nay. OnyH jepuua Aa KHqHK rapAaurr fly-sy xau KeqAH.'hap ha.ltna
6y <lly-uy> aAH uaheaAoHHH xauJrrirAau aBBaJrKu 6r.rp rnryay oJrMaJrbr lrAr.r. Aprsrr 6ysAan coHpa hyH,rap apacbrHAa raxr roBFa.lapu 6arunaja.uar4up. 'laxr roBFaJrapbrHa KHpMa3AaH

HrI JToHKHAOS ne harra rxaFbr,(aH aaha
ncraj upux.
KEP I{ JIAIlA

H I,I

t. 6ejyx ryparJrbrr na uajuprxa

H

aBBeJr 6ejyr hyn Aon,naru6ojyr ca6e6 ysapnnAa 4ajaHmar

CO 6E 6JIEP H

lyparnr,rr na uejnprxe axnAaha aseerril {recu.n.nepHMa3As
Aa xocreplujttMll3 xriMti, 6y 6ananap M. c. 4l-',rH HnAoH 6epn naxrnapAa Ka,'iup/lr.r. I'ajuar 6y aahurar,rn 6e.narapu 6e.na uaph eArlpArl:
axHHhr.

HbI M. c. 46-rrl,r rr;rAa 6au,raMbrrxAbr.

<hyuaap 6yu,4art cdllpa Aohuar,'Ilr ryparJlblr na uajuprxe 6anacuua 4y.
qap o,'rAy,'rap.6ap ilcqa Mlrrr MrrJr KeHuru,rajuula o"raH 6Np apa3r.r raMaMHJIa qbllnar ra/IAbl. O'uap B; arar'i,tap rypyAy. Aq,'rur Ba xacrenr{K ysyHAaH rirrcaH no ltejuau"rrapuH japucu o.rr4y. hyn xaraHbr QnHrg
6yn4an ncruQaAe eAaqgjUHn lyluyuy6 rcpxAy. Eyua 1ropa l{una 6up
erqr.r KoHAopAH. qI.IH Ao 6up erqI HJra 6y sujaporu rapruu.na4u>. 6y
caHsAr.r oxyIyrAaH coHpa 6HSHU yUyu laha aprbrr 6Hp ruej cej.neiraaja
ny3yM raJrMbrp. Ajaun oJlyp'Klt, 6y 6aaanap xejnn 4aaau erMlrru,u,u.
2. Taxr roBFaJrapH. hyhaHJeh xaHHtr rlr.ruJrr{ apBAbrHAaH Aorynai
ruahaaAe sa uahsaAa' rblgflapHH hyu AoH.noru lrqaHAaKr{ r'esjur.napu
ha,re Aaeavr err,HpAH. 6y. resjnre COH ttpMeK ncrajau 6y tespyH 6ejyt!,
hyu xaraHu Jy uuunu urahea,[.e f,llllttt AoryJrau Be AoBJrar r{qHHAe'1
Can ,rlyrH uapra6acuuAa orypag.[TPllt utthga/tocH enAyprAy. .{yn;ft
oHy raxra qbrxapMar ucrajeu 6altn-ifq?9fl6p nap x,lrr. OuyH iarrdn
MeBre ryrar urah:aAa flunn uce TlilIl Jfiuu t'ojura;rr,r. OnyuyHl
coHpa rapAarxLr hyu raxruHa r{brxAblr, ilyUfX coHpa urahsaAa fIH tl
ll cs$.2l9

-:1i.1'.y:.:apbiH a KerAIlcaphesunlaxn hynn ap uu "reuy6
:?- lt1: t] capx-lpAe'
-opAy'n
KonAapAuju
xaraHblH
6llp 6pay'roi.tra,un. 6ojyx
"-S"pn"*
sca 6vpa iaxus roiuaAu.
lapu
-iai"-'
u-iiepiriacotnoti uKuia napqarlaHilacbr (u' c' 47 ) : ruah:aAa
aa japa*uuuu xorypy6, e3Yflu h:y;".,,apuri "SuyOlanu, 8'ynycyHyH
llblxaprAbl
na <4lony6u lryH xaranu>
raxra
ttne
iAo,
xas
rv hvhau'ieh
#^y-'i;;h''t;j;h ;; qH.Iu xaHAaH ropxy6 t{uua ue'te cutt'uHrauruAuca, o Aa 6e.,Ia,,ia oHy 1'of.ril'iA erMHuiAll.
3. hyunapun Opxony r€px erM€cuj M' c. 49-uy tr'n.l'o' joI" titllMaJ'In
hVnnapuu eaucp naxr.nipoti,ea ueny6n !yu xararlr,tutill 6up op+ycy
Co.'t MY'rprIK urahsa'
;i,;;;;;; ion'rrnua"n?u ttyny" eiau. o-paaxu
t::yl !??aJITbIHa
.rxatuno,n
ua4otpuuun
aiuuru ecup a,tAbt.
Lt'(9!
Mn
t..|t:$v,"li:
aj
axnau:u
uaxnauu
u
Ba
(llony
ropxy
Yu{Yxarau'
)I
3 AYu{Y=..{.-t:$y,tuon XT
Ii yx)
di';;r*'1no.
"Xarano,H
-?
-Y
jbp
"y
xerariirr
irin,r yaar,raurutj .xerAulr.
li,9?:
hru xl"'l"ii+1,,?:
i",tr'i;-iraau ra1 urAt r uu? llapNepa
'6y r,epc,
111u y. J' lltT,.*":::qox
j"p
}3araatup' 'IIaxnH 65'ttDbrHbIH ururta,lHHa I aqAbl. AH'{ar
iuu aonpu TypxycraH,taKLl hyH 6acrLlH''tapu aplNll'lul'lL'l llllAH rcae4au rajuarnaPn oxYjar:
4. fypar.rrur, xarattblH oJIYMY',sanS'nama.. J1'xapsraa Japxeu"r 6a'
urehap"rapu neula 6up'rp:6t{'
luHuu fyirxycranaa cep6ecr ri,'llr6 AHKOp.
T ypo.qo taCerltiusa a;iAltrHHLI KepMY1uAYK.'ha'n6yi<" 6,vnlaH aeeo'n
aFhlp
rojnyuapul
li1'u'napuu
harra
aa
ujnna
I"itu" Oti.iaplt hyH ra6c"T
yMobivH-aiuuurAtl,'tap. tlttH.u'aH japaulm HcrcMiltrr' JIaKUH
6ejttJapxalr,r
"Lnn,r.t"oi
6rt.nuoMltIUAilrap,
oy:irilp"r"-iv"r'.'"6r*.ps'tlnnae rrna
.thyu
Hnu 6lrp;t.tu-6upe r<yunaHMACr4HHH.ea harra 4l-rtu tr.rAe osyHy
<h1'tirap
ttLH:
jau"
'"i*"."n'n
Bap
6a'sH ce6a6JIsplr
;;;;.;;;;tt;rl'Irrc taplrbl6up .iox u,rncp typarJlblr, rblTdrblr na uaj uD'xc 6r'na'napu j apblcbl ll,'lan
a p Dl H
nau.t
he;
na
aha.rrsnus
p.
by
a"oi'oaa"
Ja uMbrruAbrl a
6y nasujjetAau- ttcrttQa'tc-.cAc
-".
;;-y ;ffytov. nv""ap u"".ttra.trqpuu
Ltrntt'
oorp ea'iir n-u"n"!1:t.nap'
4'n"
;;;:";;;p,,hir"" i"ptiv"tp
;
xahuu erAILr!3p-':' 'tllttt
aau 6ttp nocrryr *virtit".J" 6ut'tut'tut y'-lyu
Aala uox cy;r1 lo.ny
;;;.i;;";t- Kyanr'gy ;HMa' cepSearapdss
t{nn
lrilJ xolll jlaBpaue.rlqucH
Nepe
Eyna
,ro .'opvniir $rrNpnHae 644.
,i"tut fii""tapi,:u iahuuruHu ra6y'r-erAIr' Ba-KYrt{rIY h,l'
Aa
Fyneau 6autra, 46-',{bI u-nae 6oiyn
iy:laTopy
uaxt
6ap
;p:!:t:ll'
I'IIInep
itil+o-ni'i
ro"v"ri'v. nv n''i"iu'toi'
6}rp
hyu raxruH.u'u oryp:t 1rruiy. Osyu onYMY Ae'Aesror ''laxlt"rlrn''{a
rlox HFTrjul au.] ap r€rpeAaqlaKAHp.
Jy r)tAY'
5. hyn.napur rxria napqa'RanMacu' <hyu nunepa'ropy
ag
Jlaxru
xeqitu'
oaau oray.
o"y;; i;fi""'cu" yvap"" ruahsaAac"{
raPlault't-hoxrt'laq
oHyH
P-y
coHDa o Aa ertr,Y. EyHlan coHpa
"I11t-'
HuneDa'
u. b-ni. c. l3) rrn;repaa hyu raxrntil?. "-t-{!-1tqblxu
acH
"rt,lii"tt-it,qox huAAarranAr{. Llynrin

-):*

;6fi ;;i
162

"T.i_}:!9.-::Iilyl'111..

aasrgll K+v]fiJ)tH. Il)'rr 3()rracuril,lIr xi)pHT{tctililt anAa cAo 6tr.lttrt;tx y'r111
6a'su aAau.rapbr r(il3ilr(\rJ KolrA(.)pAil>. lryrr.rraplta BapHoJlltti Mi,r,,/t;r.
nepg onAyrlia tapaHJIblrAblp. 6y ucco,rtc Y:JOpllltAe KHta(il'rtrt t,r:ri,tH
coHyEAa ajpuua Aajanauapur. $yHlat cotlpa f itx't'8 ,lttXltaJArr lt1'n
urahsaAacr.r 1cj au e'r4u. <Xa.urusu Nerypy6 t-lrtttalrst lrctt-lto J(,liluril.
ga Kerr,H ec t'{liuo 6ar.ryanuar yvyrr xahutu er/llr. 4tJ-',tH HaltJ ltyu uvr.
neparopy (Hrrrra KeAaH 6y ruahsa4ogn) o,lAypMoK ,lclr/lu. Jlattttu ti;rLIlilt coplt;.l/t,ltIt,rl.J T'oll,l:tlt'rapua,Ln. I'r1''rr"rap.r[aH ajpn.uau 8 hyn y,'rycy
LItiHo
(l,lcalau
tollynMyur Htor:tltyp lt5tt
6s,ns
AH tsa 6y uahsaitcux
HMneparopy) h.viraHjehar{ aAH rrJre raxra rlblxapMar ncreAt.t.rtail . tlun
caphaAanAaxr.r ts-vjyaa raJlacbllia Ke,,'IAItnep. rluu caphaAHt.tII tuttNtit,1Aar([,r AyrfiMaH"ryapAarr, ja'Hn hyx;rapAas ropyMar acraAn]("napltnrr 6t'r,rAH"'rap... LlHn ,rc oH"rrapur{ 6y xahuru.nspl{H}r ra6y.n etAs. hauitil ilJIItH
rblritrHra 6y hyn urahsaAeor s3yitY <Hauy6u ilys xdrS!i:bi> e'.13H
CTAII ).
h v ii n A

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?H',l['t t'-tf, $,?i'J'

on

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hyrrnapun jypqyuy anupnap (r'r.c. 46-49). 46-.tu rinAau corpa
aprbrt hop i.r,rr hyu;rapuu_ KeqMH[I Konanoplt onas cueu6a. aa nyhyau
KrrMH uapr MoHro,rr,rapbr hyu.rrapr-,r clJxapar rap6a aonpy jaju.tttvtaJlapbl
qoxa.'raqarAup: <46-,,ru ulAa hyn.naphlg Aaxi.rnnl{Ae HrrxIIIauIJIap oJlit!'.
Byh1,au.'rap 6yuAau licru$aqa e4n6 xy.,taeHAlinop. (Coupa Aa hyu.napa)
hyoryu eAu6. os,rapr,l 6ojyr 6np uar.ny6ujjara AYqap erARleP. tryunap ur{Mana AoFpy KerAHJIap. hyu,rapuH apAbluqa ayuy6 6np ueua
rtlnx (?) Mr.IJr ron,[yirap. Eyna nopa fo6y cahpacunwg I{qH c4.{,sr43 f6'
uralu'urru oJIAy>. J[aha aajepJl]I oJIaH 6auira 6np rajnar Aa 6ena. .u,e.
jup: <Byhyalrrap 6ynaau' coupa gaha riyu,r?,u4l{rap. hyn,rapa hyul'ut
erAl{nap Ba onnapbt raAI{M jyp,u,.napunaan l000 mun apxaja arrL'l.Dap.
De.nonlrK;la, cahpaxuu tlauy6y "raMaMI'IJla uHcaHcH3 raJlrbl>.
bynyuna Opra Acnla Typr rapuxtrtrfis at{ ajnr*u r{aFnapui{.u,atr 6npn
6au-r"'iaj lrp. By-cauaA.napAeu ajAun or'typ i/.t{, ilyH.nap- fo6y cahpacgrlbltt
ruuua,'luriAa Aeju"r,,{auydyHAa jauraiuplu.rrap. liypaarur <h1'n'nap
rrllryorz AoFpy I{er.a,HJIap} Aejuuurir O. Qpagxe <uIlMarI'I arrailapal,
M. forepn uca <Tanpu AarfiapnHblp qrapl sll3D xer4gJlap, IIlsliJtKHr
MasqYpl*MaultyprlAg conpa
As
harJblAblp.
harenaup. 43
coHpa IvlaHqiypRcontra
ga
na rrranh
onvnvn.
Efis,{a^
Foseni laha
.u.aha harengup.
bueuon !-oBepH
Fonepg
ruaph'oaynyp.
ruaph
oflynyp. Eueuan
Aaha
jalan cnen6u ba.lur jenn rrapru MoHronrap na43{eKrac-Hunnn.nap 6ap
janlaH LIsHAans,hyi"napu, g 6lpq iauaau &a cueu6nnapn haaupraja'
narlap. 49-rry n.na-a OprarAorja hyx.napuna ruaprlen.adra jeuu 6rp
eap6a'eypae-ar*ap. Aplur ErspraaH YsnilltHtl- x*ew liyu'nap 6frf'fl
aruar.napnHu Opra Aorja oa Typxycraua 6arnajaual'xap"
I It

2; rlnn xehne MonroJlflapbl ratsuurgupbtp JM. .. 16)-lllttHrtH;lepHs
y3yH MYAAoT AaeaN{ eAaqIsKAup. Au'uar 6y 'lar ilyIIJIapHH
clliacaru
6y
Aah a
u"n"a*ri.p"'6&"oor"qau aaj ap"tru i,ngyryrr,nau m oco.rlortu
rJpO"'-u"
al ur
ltvtu
6aura
aYiuYlII
nY3yMyHy'
*tn
rr,,rn,ua"p
aip
4ep
t,:Iy-l ill. 6y trroHtue,P-lfall]tolaH
ra$6" ct*dn un on"upun jep,ripiult ryraH'rap
HrAa
ioln raj$a.trapu uAn."Jyxdptr;ra aAbI qoKx"IoH neyhyau;lap -46-uut
a sap a r' oHJl a p li MoF'
a.l
aj
au"lapAaH
uirilru
S
irs
hvu.ua 6
aixuauHLeril,r
LiuH Aa 6ynaaH r+locap0rnaH'
nyOrjj'"t" yrpalu6 jypanapr,rnbi aJIaHAa
hys'napun rapurr*cuua 6y
ii;;-;p*i.J.n"
nAn
apAbl'qa
rldraHrtap
fi.
ca6a6aall olI,JIapLI qtrua
Ey
rr1rl;
uot*upvrar--sapypv
Fti" t"i+^"nap" cu ateru 6au-rna4ur : <49-qly u.i4a
nyhyaHJlal)HH pcui axHHJrag.u.blpMar
I
llltH capajblHa KeJl'f,''l'
a''l'aN'l
9000
(uo-*y"n'Il
a,rrbluaa
6arilqbl,lbifbl
t"
6ojyx na
S'"nuprin upu.o,"4u B0 aAarraa-urahsaAe sa hoKNIAap nan'ru
Kerrtllr'cHJlcpl{
o"-l-up"ll
e'rl;rla
.
ru"ape4riu triynnap Bep-HJlAH. Eyn4au.
nc1 nu Be ap3ar,naj.naulu. V.nVc
4a guHa qaFHpblnAbr-.-'Cl".|upu Aat{uu
capKapAacfi 1a JhH e/I'lJllill>>'
oeh6ao.nepanr.tr 6auqttcbl Aa 6up
'- Etn"n'nna, hyH'napa rapulbl 6up jaae'rn' peKItoH ra'u^u"I ea*fl'
ii"fuatta 6y rij6a"rrap ai coHpaAaHlquH"rrrd'Ilapun 6aruu'
"tvpay.
""t
6a.nalap t"."rpn*"nn,oip, utioa 6y clri acar honc aahl 41-"rH Ir"Isa qox
naxr4a- fi"laH"IaixAblpbl'['
o". i"'"o hvn,ripr,ln xyql,ry oJIAyfJiapH 6up
(hvu cueH6n ea rvh-vaH) xux'opa,
'tv'i'a
q,n cop'
tui$unu'p ot" 6up j ef a' xbrapu.tre .6r't,rupca,
iiil' uft *unt
"rpfr"a jai'i't1 oia"a.i'. bv ce6e6ae' 49'uv unAs cHes'6n'
n+oa 6uo enut, xo"Aapu6 oH,'rapll rlaFblpAll 83 oH'Tapa uox rnj ueTnu
cos uepa". (Ey eaxr KrrM.orAyryuv 6u;rruaArrii"i"ii^r*p';;p.;;i;;;
tluita
Quue h*njja"rap eepau na
pahSap'9;;;
iui'rr{s) 6nn
Rs
"uiia'np,b
r{uu
xahilurHHH
oHyn
copKspAacu JyHr
iiuiruir"uii xahriru erAs.
6y
reu4epAn'
heaujja"rap
.tovn-"tai' sa rtayraoiu'tr"*ua
h;;ii;;;i;
j.j[#'4nir"
oJrAynap. As coupa cnetr6u,repe caA'r AI{Ka_p
"or'y.rrnnyur
6au'laAunap' hap Karilrx'rlapnHAo caAari;rueje
re3-re3
raidalap
t'IurlcAel{ oJIaH arJIap
iniinpui" 6n;rgupAn.nap. Kypx;rep na iaxuru
r*n.paropv on"p'u BeprrroH "Iara6 heaHjje'napu
Bo AHKap yJIycJIapbru
;;AtA; ap"oipr,lotutau. Fynaan coHpa flnen-ho
h a o u p oJIAyrn a p bIH bl
xI,IAMara
p.
hap'uyp
dirlr,frir p ;iUzire rourynay.n a
6nl4upAn.naP>.
tlsnus herltrn ucreju 6ysAas c-oupa ajAun oJlyp Bo t{Hn caprap'
a"rloB KHMI'IcI{HH3'
a"a""6ant-aej"p: <EHse xI{AMer jolynaa ejHn'la
'
egun'
hYl"rrag^a---hy''tyu
raiuAun-na:
Aaph-al
Eae uce MoMJIoKarnHuse
Karllpopcu'
MgFIe
6aurusu
(hyn'rrapnn)
fr;.;;;" r", "na,YpaYjYHY36on'tt"p"aoo' onnapnnr 6Sg:"]51:t^1'u'as flses'
nll3, oHAa
""" ""u"';;Ait;
ajarjl ralxArJJrap "" it.tt.ttap"ttlt cltua.rl-apuna rojy6
ea 6aruralapu
ho
-lian"-anonr"
etA".lIep:' <Eus cl'l3e xHAMar eAaqejuull3a eMI'lHaK>'
Jvxapu'
Sennran rap6e cuxdn 1y':.13)
B. Monror.rap
hyuyu
hyu'napa
garn rajnarnap 'tltununepin urspr MoHro'uapuruu
Jlarnu
xocropMltluAll'
aquf
srMa"rapu yqyg He,+I;- hasot'poa,lorr.trapunur

ffi',;;:'.i1il;;;t.ti"i)
;;fi$;y"il;;;

;il'#il;;;il'd""

tft";fi

164

6ynaap 49-rry. unAa hyHnapbr AapMaAaFbrH eAorr nyhyan MoHronJrapbr
geju.n, oHJrapbrH,,ran rrrnrMaJIbrHAa olau cnen6n MoHroJrJIapN u,uu. By
LIKr4H.{H tpyrr r'ran ur4Ma,rAa janajupau ae 6npuHul.rlapa HHc6ereH Aaha qox caj;rlr Bo r.rHrrr3aNrJrbr HArzJrep. <6yu4au coHpa onJiap hyn.napun
Corr uahsaAa"rropuHAart 6upuuuu honrray ar:rrbrFrAa o;ran 6up hyn y.rycyHa hyuyu erAu.rrep. 2000 HaQapnwx 6wp hyu 4ecracnuu uar.ny6 erAr{Jrop. Eau,rapr,run xecu6 Jluo-ryura KorxpAunap. Aprur 6yu4an
conpa hep rrJt hyn.napa axbrH erAaJrop. ,[,ojyruaeu coupa
Kocn,rrArrK,rropr{ hyH 6aur,uapunu (t{an cepxepaacuue) Karrr.
pu6 rac,ruu erAu,'rep. Eyua Nope ae rrlyxaQarnapbrnbr anu6 rer4u"rap.
hyu.nap 6ena,,ra xej.nn aaHQ,'raMr{rrrAuJrap. Fy ce6e6Aes aprbrr tlnsnu
IUfiMaJr capha4"repnHna hyu axbrnJrapbl yrryn re€-?es BepI{JroH hajo.,ianJIap Kecr{flxrHmnv. (lllapr MoHroJrnaprJu,4an) cneu6n na eyhyanaap jeua
9Nu capajlrHa r(o,rAr.rJrop Ba ceAararJrapngu 6n.nAnpeH ha4ujja.uap rerAHM eTAAJ'tep:).

hyu.napun rilauy6H Manrrypuja na Kopejaja jaxun caha.rrap,ia ynycnapLr Bo 6oj.nepu Bap r44,rl. hyn Huneparopyrryu 6ojyx ryraenopu rep'
6a uaxu,rapKJH r-lraprAaxN 6aj,rep jalrr'is Bo KeMaKcn3 raJrML[Iu ee ruepr
MonroJrJrapbrgbrr{ aJrIl[Ia AyuMyurAyaap. hynnapuH 6y UIaKHJIAo rbl.lbrHr'rAaH Kerr:lpr.uiMad'rapr.r ruy6he joxayp xu, tlunuH r.uHManhrHAa onarr
AHKop hyu pexltoH,rrapbr yqyH aa 6ojyr 6rap a6per Aapcu onMyilr/(y.
r{yuru uepr/lsKr.r nahuu NIoHro,JIJIap Kyllnagup ea rop6e haperar erMaK yqyH hasorp,rur KopypAynap. Flehajar, u. c. 87-Bg-uy Hnlopaa
'6ojyr, reh,ryxa 3aHKrr qaJaqar ae hyn jypay 6y raj$alapblH enuno
Ayrua.rexgup. 6yna xopa 46-37-lIE Hnnap apacblH.,la rep6lo Opra
Acuj r ja na .roHy6Aa Aa r{use hyunapuu y3yrr MyAAar Kos eruaJlopu
aAH KOpYH\{CrrHAr.rp.

Jyxapu4a noplyjyrvrys Kr{M}t,

qaH,'rr{Jrap

uapr

ayhyau.rrapu hyunapa raptrlbr raJIAbIpMbII[ se

MoHrorJIapIJHAas

46-qsI s,rAa Aehuer.nn

6ap axuu ranrKr.{dl erMHruAr{JIop . Jlaruu nHAtl Hog6a t{Htta .Iarl{htruAbl:
<54-uy unAe lHsri,'raan eyhyal{Jlapbl Bo AI.IKep raJtaHqbr raj$arap
t{usns [Iaur-ry cephea ruehapnun rapor eAupAI{Qacu,lecHs oJrapar
aep... 6yuyH ycrynAoH tlun uuneparopy 6y axuunapts 4ajan4upnaar
yqyn xHAMar eAer{ax aAaMnapa nryraSar nepa'lejnuu e'ran erA:.I Bo

ajaler

Ba eJrJrepAe

oran tlnn

KoMaHAIipJIapuHrr

heparer

erMaJlopn

y.ryn xe6epAapJrbrr etan. BynaaH coupa (9r.ln capxapAacu Jyur cnen6n.nepun pah6epurta lussulnar nyhyaunapuna axbln eAopeK oirrapu
r{o3aJranAbrpMar ytlyn reuB}If erAH. 56-.,Ist uaAe cses6u peh6apu lluesho nyhyau.'rapsl 6ejyx 6rip uer,ry6njjara yFparAb{ na poh6ep.nopllHnII
6aursl s u xacrr 6 t{ u u cap xaprl,acuHa KarHpAI,I>.
Kopynyp xu,\Lluua xHAMor eAsu heq rac japauup re uen6e r{araHAa apaAau Korypy,rypAy. Jlaxun hyu nunepnjacuH4an ,{apHH Me'AeHIl
Ba eruuK re'cup aJIMblur cneu6unep tlanus 6autuua 6ojyx 6a.na.nap

aqaqarnaP'

.

t6s

C

{

'-1

raPEAs YC?YflJIYK Be quHJlCI EAPbltlIHr
(fr. c. 49-73-uY unaaP)

'r''

ilu

raxfa roBFa'lapbl'
fyparlur, 6ejyx 6lrp hyu xaraHIJHbllt o'rMacH'
Mo'Eo"{'lapbr'dH
Iuapl
aea6"Iblc'
Aaha
nurs 6arulaMacbl Ba oy"'rtupiu"
a Ii 5I 1'opM
8"'I
n
x
u
9
hy" iil"p h; r;r; t'y".n a.p
;i,! r;ffi;;
'IHA
'ul'r
c'r6c6ri
uaxu'rvo'raptt
rapoi
narJIapbluln
"nl-{tjli::
H

coHpa ieHa
"rupn,riuo"n5n
nup rtrvai"r ianrra'Ba YMHAcn3 lajau'aurraH
Typxi'cr:
riltuit,
"ira:"iup.
KyrirnagMgrxar{Jrap. AuraruAa 1"pol.Jlyus-:?y.l: Typiii'c'
6arulaultltrAbl"lilp'
jaxuruAan
a'taraja
TaHAariH ycrynnYrra
tL'l'rH'lhpJp hiiH
. KcllH
raHAa 6acruH,laputi"'uptotpu# uy$ysnapr'lllL'l hy
u rtnr'r u
n
a
n
npair'ttep'
.i;tr t;;; ;;;'.hrni at iu a,raau n6pr'a r'ryaa$na xapaKrep,rr'
-'46-'I
cY:
aaha
A;;';;i;; q"i,"Ti"n
,.rju."rJrcp'
cepr
-'{ox
Aa'
t'l:-'p'l:"
u" qlitir"ntu hyu'rapa r€purbr ilxb;rr''ra'D
tr

&r.a"pl
qaea6-

BepMaclruAa" u"*,rn"pau.l5p. Oc"lllHAa' uaplAexu lypalapultt;
xacilltltu xllhill Koi
AaH Ba harra og yoy*apotnaan 6b;ra YMllA"'IapHHu 6y
{ruxrlp 6axu'
t"t..A.na au'rartrAaru cauaAnaprr co-llpa
iilvp^v;+.
aprnr h1'tt'
E'vHlan
ra3blMAt'lp'
MbIHAaH oxyMar ea ruaph SM9K.
i ur"p r o,'ryu aej ra"l, <f ap 6 j o"iy> au unrl bl ui'il'bl'

ni

nap

I

(r'l' c' 49):

cutxltp
I. {nHAexn hynnap Opra Acnia,4aKLIJIapH.rap6a
6^itp. hilccacu
hyli'iapr'rH
cclipa
46-r,rbr HJIAaKI.T Taxr roBraJlapbIHAaH
jap.arr'rr'trurnt{una esuuur Ba opAa jeuu,6rip d:tll6^:: hytt 4orrerrr>>
'sa gHHHH I'Iria3acH ltle 6up AoBrer japa'rva'ralap.-Oe apa.napuuaa
o.'Iapar urohyp
puua daxraajapai, ;";; i;-q'*r rapeqrrH.r.au pici,rtn
BepMSI(JIaTaHbiHMaMblu,4lt,gult4g-.uyrr'raal(ilaxlnHLIIiXflI']CTHraMaT.

lllepl lt{oHlo'rl'lapl'l llclltra}'{argHAaH
aeH 6aruaailtlttrrru. Jltxapr'lAa
'Hilah erMHilJilllr. 14tit'tuu11{ axblll-Hca 9ltttlttt
Ks"qaH 49-oly tln u"oi""iru,
jaHeap aj erHAa rtl-aly6u
'hylt
urrM.aJrbrHaa" .t,,n*,uiiraH: .,q9-qy r'nuH
r*", ;.;

n

i: "f
:*:y'liliY
coHpa
6y11'ui:'"lJJ;
i'or i'cHp
^q"; "1l!1."
xerrvp'a'v'
uoo-a"'
troxun;';;'t;p;^v sa 1000 yit' l.:!'.iij-"i^1;i:i1,",Y;
rrJn r,e^xr*ffi"'
Illrtuanu
lr-rr{MaJrh hyH
KYqJaH[{31{r'o o:ran uruila,r rap6uu,ua opla
qr,rxbro xu, tlliH Kerilllirie il;;rii"noa

hex luAap I'r

r

rpo

;;;;li;";;p "";;,:;;o;;t;.'

q
11
t

i".ir,'r'ili;,;;i,;"h;;

iop"v ITJHHA: ".glilli.'ll.l::"::"1":'"'il,l:l:
qal blp'
lrcrainpltr'- E'la 6y av;rr'rapilHO re
yru.ru*,1i,puai
.[iJp14HAoH
hyn ltorr'r'
;;i."h;;;"'6n;r,i ,o;nnrrapa Kepe. <o/ axn,i'Aa lUttua.'trt
l+la'
traDbrHbtH qaAblpblHa'a"o"p'*"n"^6rlnr,lriurau'rap>'

;;6; hfi h;;;;rt;

eu''uehpvHa roBvlua

6yHyu asirsuH'rya

6na:vrnttt4tt'

ttrstr.ne 6apunrmacu u"
1-YlIY.:".1:l:. i.1.Y:"i31?:
t3*"::
unu"M a,'Iap, xah Aa
.i-",f-,';:
up',
*uh'n
ttl nrtav ^*.,
frvnnap'
.1:.i.lT.
r oBepHxH
aJTMHU'u'blrap'
xeJJII't_l
,T,.nu..nrqqnr
rrror.rry6Hjjaulap YSYHAoH
u" rnror.rry6njjaulap
YsYHAeu xej;rH-'ncoc
;;t;
aapu ;"

2. hyn.napus

i:qT::.

y:i

3i;

Typxycranaa

,qeasju KIMH, <hyHnap titairaarn Sopnll ltnunaprrHu
u,ri uHs a urau a r. Ncraj HparrJlrp >'
i;j"; ;, jo,ry
6aju hneu
Osyuy tryn uvnelp-atopv-.',u"'edaH "i''ui]yp Japxcn

166'j

45-.tH_tt.,t.t;r', 1rrr,'iir r,,'. tit'rra r.:opo 46-"Ist rr,'r Ittr,TI\,6lrj.iarnn4ag coHpa
jeua TypNl'clarra ciro:,rirjjor nepnaja Eawnajau ti5.Hriip os iaju.rr,tanap.br yr{yH naira v1'Haclr6 dup rasujjar.ranAbrxap. Ey naacana
S,sQpnH:
4a'[ypr1'cr arr ra 6lr.rur Qacnnvx:Aa .aaha KeH].tu najanaorarur.
rlnn4a cy*h uy6apn3s€n (m. c. EZ-56).
__ 3. lUnma,r hyr,lapunsx
T\,p xycran;i'a nasrj j ar.rropnHu caF,raMJraulup an hynnap t{xxa rapuruJaxilb{ AaBpaHbrp B0 re3-re3 cy"rh rarunsnapn nepuplu"lap: <[IJrjuan
hyH'raparnuH xaraHbr r{ox ropxAy ss aaha anea.nnip''ryrya'uyur qsnni

p,laprr rii{:pn KeHAap MeKra j axrnu unj j ar.rrapan w 6xn Lwp gu. I}Inua.a
hyir".lapuur,iH LIlrsc Ka.raH [aperqn aacraaapn-ueuy6 hye*bpH r,na By.

acfi

pyluyp.na 6up LISH ra,raculuulr oHyHAan xeu-apxag aa 6e.na aelnpauna!:
<6us'januut:: Qau"v-6u hy'u horu4apb]Ha hyuryu erMoK yqyn -r,tarr,s;q
Jc:rca 6nefiM Ha ha;,,ruuds nap icr, t{nH xaniuHu uapatiai eAaK>.
t{rrH"rr.r,t'p Oprlr Acrrja. hy*,'rapuH4ar{ KaJrcH *nu,i,u"pn
*upo sox
Moivli{y}r r,rAi.t,.rep. ,rlaxgs Lixu:larut, hyrutap4au qaKHHapaFi, oHJrapa y3

oepvcjau Ku M H KopyHypAy,rat) : <. LLI Hrua.n hyn.na pu ( guH caphaaailuaeKIIJ t )/-B€H raJracrirla e,'rqu KoHA€ptHflcp. LJ,ocrnyr japaHnaacu yrryn xahnn erAu.rap. ,rianl'rr qur{Jrriirsp hi;ra Aa-rse_oo'il oHJrap4 caga.ar'xecrap,
ullu Qlo_ay5u hyrr xaraui,rur,rn 6y rvrynacu6ar.nepaeH ruy6hananu6, ys
qcBr.rpJ 6ura',lejuuAor{ ropxAyJrap. 6yga xepa rd.naubrH
Ba.lr{cuHa hyu
eJt,rlicHHH ra6y;l erlraMacrr aMp. ().rvH-rtv>. Eyua 6axvaj apar Opra Acilja.hyu,'rapi,ruurr cyrh arie,rrrrjjarr,r 4ajarrvrup ne <<her,,riru HJr HKr{Hr{ir
.qa$c rEjr'rarJrr{ a? B3 KypKJrap xou4epuaxna Aocrr'iyFyrr raSaAaH japauM acrrr

Hbr> rrcToj rrpAr.{,'I3p.

Tipxycran ,Ea 6y-na.rr,rapAa hynnaporn ra6eaujaHga H.{H. Ey rrrerccf.'lr 52-"rH H;r,io <<tlrrsl'r errjapcra xeabn hyHnap iap6 uaurlaKa?nepfl
na T_ypxycrarruu uy$yeny 6aj,rapaHn Ao osrrapa una Ksrypyp na (rfua
jony una) qrlHJrH rohy.u.nyrnap faparuar uccajupar-r.napr,
-a,ru6-nepua
i:; irat h;vH"TapbrH rap64axn sasrajjalirapHrtr ar[Kap xecrapaH qox AeIiy
j;p".rr1 6up uynayHa KrIrH ra6yn__eAr.n_a,6nnep. Fryn.napurl Typnycran_
Aa.n,r rap6Aa Kyr,r.rraHMocr{ HJra I{HH b5l,{H u,'rae ke.nalr tiyx e;runcana
< {riur'r) auneparopygyu. 6up jasucu }rile .{asa6 BepAH
yctaanx Hnar
fyr{aluJrap xnur hoAuiio"rep KoHAapAH. Jlaran aeas"e
o.ripar oHJrapa
0rrp c-rulr KaHAep!iJ.r,s>. Ee"ra qHxbrp xN, tluu opra Acnja'hyrrJrapHHa
raprribil janaur-jaeaur jyurua.rupAu._- JIaruH l+iefy6n hyil ,u,ds,'larH aa

otsrnrbrreJrxJrurK erMci{ lrcraMEpAH. AS COnpa hyn.rraparn-r{finn aca ropxyTl,iacbrHa roAeF 6y o,rara.ncp Aaha Aa rloxaJjarlrarAirp.

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hyu-9un rHrraper MyraeuJreJlepn _(M. c. 6{. 6up-6up.napH r.rra
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TYPKYC'TAHAA hYH BE JAPKAHA PSI'ANA;U
(m. c. 46-72-un u.rureP)

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arser Japxeu4 6ajuHuH o3yny uraujy, ja'Hu <<hyu HMfleparopy> e'JtaH
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6up qarAa hyn.napAau 6oua.narl jepn ao.n'
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TypAyjy
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I'IJIAoII coHpa .IIo6Hop .KeqY'
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169

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-ua,lltuarn lyparJlbtf od'IMaca 6uta
gaquS nrrrrcaan
enna eaa 6tlrueMnru,q,N.uep. AurarbIAa ceti..r-[nup3 Hc'nlHa.[' etu6 6yna jeHnAaH rajslaauarur.

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H!'InepAs- Aa tlxs tlAapc Ycy{y 6y
rianapna Aocx'qracblH a A6JI aHM aFa r,u rrar erMHtu,{rp. Maco,lan, 73'uy
ruiaa t{ns opAy,lapbr Taupu AaFnapuHa jypyni erua.}a 6au;taj apttau,
uxa tluu capt<apAaiuuptH l{o$aauAacbt a.rlrbln&axu 11000 uaSopnn.i< 6up
cnes6u opAtcy ,&a hyn,'rapa ttrepr,[,au 6a.crus erMaK . Y'{}H jo'na ayurMyruAy. Cueu6naapliu 6y naxr-rap6Aa hapa roAaq jajnnaur.napblnb{
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ao' paharnauniru.ur,rnlp.

3. hyu,napurn rafu1a-ranynyny {nnun no3MaQH. f,Iss axusnapHHbIH
<Opra Acuja hyu nmnepUjacuua> KacKHH re'cgp er,1ujtt uox ury6ha'tlt-

lrufi. tlynrri 73-105-rrn r{JIJIap apacbIHAaKu t{ull_axblH;rapblHbIH qox
asur hyu op,ty,rapunblu acac hilccanapnHu jox.naju6 AglYula Nupa 6NnMuurAr.r. I'rynnap uerny6njjara yFpaMbiltx oJle_anap 6e.ne ua"r4 Opra
Acrtjauuu ilqapl{JlapqHa Aoppy qsKltfiMHill Ba LiHu opAynaplilHblH Koc"
lilu{ Te'cltpJrapu}IAaH xE"ta€ o&a 6IIJI}4IIluAllnop. Ey ruarcoLJla (HarHqa-.
cn3 axbIttr>,-1a <HarHlIoclls uar.ny6nj.iatnapll> 6Np-6upnrrAau ajupr"lar
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tr,r:J MaigAb{p., Illpuananu6 acac Aotsna?A3H. ajput*inalla rap6a,'laity6a sa tixsa neaan hyn xyrna,rapn-6oiyr hyn Ao'o;lornxaa uunepitja
rypyrryujyHy apaAaH ranAblpbIpAbI.
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Opra Acaja hyu.naprr TypxycralluH 6a'slr soHKHH sa aejopnfi soul.
Jrapbruhr Hrr..rpMoJrepuua 6axnrajapar, g,ullu liynJrapuHn

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laJracbruAa racJrHM o,'l4yaap>,--aejN,rnpan. r{Hu rapuxnapuHAo Hflniipao rajaaja caJrbrrrMbrrII oJIaH 6y. rrla'lyuarnap harruH,u,a henruure reja
haurzjecn eepnajauajxr. r{yHxr.r 6y ha4nce,rap rejanepuMrr3Aa Kocra-'
puJIaH rajHarnapAa HJrJrapa Kopa cbrpanaHMbnuAbrp

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6e'sx rajuatJrap uce ja.rHsrs rr.rqrapor pa3brJrbrFbr ysapuu4e aaj allbrpAbl. CaphaA raJla KoMaHAHpHHHH 6unptpgujuHo Kopa, <84-'*ry HJt.

/ro ruHMaJr (ja'nu Opra Acuja) hyH.tapu'(hep nrn MoM,/roKorr.rH) 'xa,r. l
lrrublH 6asap;rapaa rapur,rr'rarrbr6 ua.n uy6a4n"nacu erMeJroprzHH rcK.rnltp eraa.ilap. Eup Qapuanna hyu.tapuH 6y apay;rapu (tIHu capaju'
f ilpoonHAaH) ra6yn ehvlrl.rl. fa.ua rouaHAtrplr erqHrapHH rapubrJraH"
Macbr Ba Kornpnd'rMocn yrryn norrr ocKepJrepa KoHAapau>. Ey hyn eattrJIcpH u,re cy.nh Bo ruqaper Myragn,'reclt Ae fiMganaHaqrar4up. .IIatirrrr 6y MyraBu,rro I{aHy6n hyu 4onnarhlruH ',rasa6 KoJrlnxu ca6a6u nna
It,rplNaro 6auura u aj aqr arAbrp :

2. Vn n hyn.napu Opra Acnja hyH.napuHlr ra6e;luxnapusa anvar
ncrajnp. Lllngaru lIauy6r.r hyn 4oaneruuuu 6y cujaceru BaMaH Keq/lllKqaau]Kapa'rHxr'I6gahaAarllyejjauurauraI+IaKAHp.opraAclrjahyu.
JrJpbrHbrH 6auruu,rapu LIus,le rur+lapar erMoK yuyH 6ejyx aT Bo MaJIt'irl)a cypyJrepu ga*KarHpMHixAH"nap. I{eny6u_hyn AoBJrarH 6yuy eurnAi)p r(cn j yrrxy.n arJrbrJra pbrrnbr KoHAapAHnap. Ar,run ap cypy,railu rad aH
(;r'ArrJlap. 6ejyx MlrAapAa ar Ba Mar-rapaHbr rony6 (os) cephaaJlapuHa
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Iryn,rap apacbruAa japanan Aaxuna HFrHtuarrrJrapu ojpaHrraax, hernrar.au,6lrsuuYIIYHIIoT[HAIrp'6yg*o'.lyu4rnapbIaH!IarhyH,rapurlLIurr"re
oJIaronopHonAyFyBax?ap3LIH.tdton.naja6Nlepux.l,Irruuraulnapuu
AlIKap 6up resahypy Aa hyu poh6apnapnHr.rn Lluua xeln6 cbrFbilHMaJlapbIAbIp: <83-vy nnun ujyn ajr,lnaa 65'en hyn pah6ap.nepu ,Bo oHrrapa
caAI.Ir oran ynycnap tiun capho4aua KanAHJrop: By-jyan tlnu caphe4

hynaapnrr tlnnle ruqapar MyraB[Jlec[. 84-.ly HJ'rAo t{HHa r(aaerr hyH enr{Hr'ropn 4uudonaarnr rijaalapu Aa 6u,rup,i.".nap. Opra Acu.
je hyu n_Mneparopl' tluu unaneparopyHa 6up rr,roriry6 jasmuur4urp. by
Itaxry6 tluu caphe4ug.u,eKu By-nen taJracbr KoMar{Arrptrne ua'lytrar nu.
MLI Bepnnng, I{,oxry6 raM [roKH,'rAe aJrHMr.r3Aa joxayp. tluu rajuar.lar
pbrHAa KocropuJreH lreha.uapa xopa, hyu HMneparopy <<apaMbl3Aaxbr
,[YuMeHqr{,"rHI( rypTapcbrH Ba r{Usu Ae 6oural,nar>-4ejnp4u. IiyHa xopo aprblr <hyu.napuH xapur'rll cujacar> [praucunr]Hrig oMa,/ra KoJrMacH

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rbrsMap no pyry6auluAnp. Sypaa uxp, KopKa4au, hypxyrlnY oKYsJIap,
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llyH urepra AoFpy jo.n Ite4n,rca, flap$llj a (Au-hcn) od'IKacHrIo ua'rA4ar
u.lap. Bypa, (ja'ux Tuao-.*ir o.nxacn) cogpaAaH ilapcpuj a AeBJIaTaHJ

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titrll
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rr.r ja TaucaQyH xrtrlau ruahap aAJIapbI lt;ra 6xplaulAHpMuuAa"rrep. ltep'
KJr\irJrr.r aJrMaH alHMH @p. hNprha Keps nce 6y lejHmlaxn <tlan>> co:y
Arrpou'a edTllopLIHAeKu <<Cep>>, <<Ccpec>> lt.ta ArAaults cairl'{;tl'tltAaxu 'lcyp
rro ja Cyp JTHMaHLTHbII{ qt{I{!{a 6up rap,,tyuacnHAa}t darura'6up uej lejrurlin. harenux rajnar,'rapuN{bl3hlH 6y xosal (racat'tun oxyMatJla KI{'
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6ar.nanaplrum. T'ojyr nilnraprlr{rin .HqnHe ea ja jaxuruuua 6up KspKe4a;i 6yjr'rysy .rii LjJi-r rrrrn! il rrrJ)'l',iap C-v jrnu jeuasl;pi\.tHul. i'tr,{hM OH
ri;riia hariurrria .trjx &oj;rp;ui jlia'ryyaT,rrap Bep;,H 6y lajHarsi Tepqlynl,) L rM€ja jcu,; Iaoalt eJl-rx:
< i6y e;rxa"raprJ o.'raH ,-tlrhi;p r.;jep.rrr rriejncp uca aLuafbrAaKu"rrapl!.irr;. i i M3!.t'{aH"ria"il, 3T}li}, fr,ipM{ri3irl [1 nHCpar'1, j:ru;lt"rt,iltrltJI TyTi'yH
i.i{'{{1 , HH!IA T'cXtilil\a I{ilO firi3b!;1 Can"TapAati TOX}i}illylI] Ha{blUi.1hl fylr'i,il. ,3p e; caja I Vri aill,1ap, ,tlpfiauyp pdHli,,iJp"'lJ TOX,vH tl3 l{IIatiJla
r3.. i, r:Ib{r rL)xvHvla riapqiiirrp. i$yu.ralt;t:i:i 6aiuIa) capu, rr,t3,rr,il[*
p;.i,, ..;ip.lto c1/ i]ai.iiirr al.ta )aa,.,'raj arr qa.f L:,r,': ai) ta ts,:lp>. iiy uaru.napi,rn
a3t"i, r i oir!{acbl ivl\ urr\ ri-t1,0. <<iiy'u!.itu uli..r'a ()H,lailbtH tici'lltJtarla et.
lr,Htr;ioprd qox jYuril'.r IrarLt,l3p ta tsal). {tjrt.'rAHjiIIja Ko[,d, (6y uai'Ulap) cy rojy'u,'rapi,i ubiH rvii*ap!ii-rllarr hasLrp;-ront-ipMhrir. Oc.rrrura l.ica
jabariu HurK r'o3ilcbt ri,.'rd hasnpnaH laci,l !:lha !iyirlri\nni'p. QiypSa!{\:p qoxrly iliirjJrap fapbirrilblpbr;ru6 laju:tthl.iibrp tsa 61'NyH ,loi;hapi,rtr4,,ru 6i'lp ,-.ra;a irasuip;ralrbrp. ,Illrr,iap a"iuae u 6.:itia,rcl]u]r aH JldJapJll Ba
a:r racaAy(r oJrynaH uej hanttrure 6y l,lar,l,reKOrAO xoiryHyp.
iir "1r1np6 rbi3br,r uJ iryrviyurAOH i'ajpbrflrlrrrruiAbrp. Ou napua Kyr\ryiu
6ll;, " tnuu rbt3bl.rI iJBc3tt-1ttp.
;i,rnn3 jo;ry u;ra hau flap$uja, hau Aa hnnnsclagila rr.rrlapar ar'rarr;r,lprr japalnrp;rap. Ey rH.'raparla 6upo oH tasaubrp"rap. Ey MeMfiJKJr.:ii;pIlH ltHCar{irapbr haM AOrpy,,ryl, hau Ae r{aMycJrynypJlap. Aluu.l.
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ari i,r 3adapfiApAa cat brJrblp: fiennartn ueH6a,raplt uox 5n.layp.
6;rp erruu r{a"1cH 3a\raH cephadAarn nour gajaHaqar"l:lilLirrAa roHar
c;jlrrilp.{H. flaj ra>lra rraraHAa .rla oI{a 6ltp napril rbr3br.rr hilaujja e;IlLIltx,ra ALlIt,rtona'r'trK anara,laoua jaJl !tprr {.{. 6y nalr"rexarng het<ltAapu
npjlfi..Ilai{uu
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l TepJ,'llrPtll.

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u,rri SupnnxAa) $lt.r Jiitult, KOFKaAoH 6yjrrysy ra (lajopntl) gouirr
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apacun4a) ri,{r( eJrararep Ae rypynMylu o"n4y. ByuyHra 6;rpa6;rp 6y
c.ilqti.irapr{H KarilpAr{ri,.lapra haauj ja"'Iap Ha aajapnri. }io Aa a3 ranbrrair
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lliiri:{r{>HHH jalrtr,trr,rua xopa, <KyuatuHn 6ar,{uru jep,t 6acpa xoprfa3rrH/iaH rap6a Aorpv irKlr JYK KYH KeAll"Ilca qaTMal oxap. Opa K1il13.

15.

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ul.,u jys r{yHJryK jo,:ryu Aauir: jo;iy uiri) Ker{rr.rlMoctr ra3btL{ x.anup,tu).
Opla Acrij aaari Cypuj aja xa.neH rypy jon: <iJlaxtts 6y raguu rrro'JIy']iaT 6yx'1'uxy titl'r:iii.'rapuu Bep/i.tii.rii)p14 na'"it3'ua'r"tapa yj ryu r'i.a,rnntrp. tl1'trru oBeo,,rriri hau.cyna"'tecrr tiilfuriria (m. o.203. ru. c.23) hepala (By-rr) r{.eii,:irpx"r;lrr r.;rlr.,rJpAon irtq errplr 6ccpl: rioprirosrrHtlu
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pujaja (?) .rarr,ral'()"1)'p. 6ypita xa,'rr qoX cbrXAbrp. Jo;iap ycrynAa hap
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lr,r\4or( oJrrap xH, t{unuH 6yryn runMaJr cephalnepuHAo poJI ojua&ur,rallr,rlrJ KocrapMar(AaAr.rpt <...109-vy uurHH ceurja6p ajr,ruaa JenMeH nylryirrr"rapu H;ra cres6nJrap rrxrxulaunap rop.arAr.rJrop. Byjyau nc Kao,ry rrrchap.napr.rHra olari tlun rapHr.r30t{Jrapu on,'lapu jarulprru"'lapu.
llprrlo-ruoHror'ilTapbrr{ 6y uargaxu jaju;rrrla gouar'rapu 6y uo'.nyuarnaH
ln ajAuH o.nyp. QHna 6aur ajaH <<vauy6 hyn,rapu> uco l-i'lrir.nl 6rrp,rux,'ur Tn6er ycjaHsruu jaruprmaFa rraJrbmtbrp"rap. by ha"r.lacaroprg
rifir'.lr,r ne'ryMar.rrap <Conpaxu hau cy,tia.lacu rapltxu>ullH 77-uu {recur r, (;Ks cepKop"u,onopun 6uorp a r$a j a"r a p r,rHAa ra nbrnbrp.
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MapKosu caju,rau @.enruoy"ta jaurajau hyunap *len-

.rry(l

-. ,,,.,:n2rhriiaqlt,tz

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tLlabI.

3. < fiporo.*ronronrapulr MacxanJ]apu> 6axurul,ru.rair 6y qaraa 6ai.Jlbr Ma'JryMarJrapuu ajpr,r 6up aajepu BapAbip. Fy rajnar.napaa <Jy-

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I{AU TA P I]EJ JI },I J !{ H I,! }I KYIII JIA TI ftl A C'I.
rlun opny.lapbiHrrin lUaprra Typriycrauu raMaMHJ:lo rapx enn6 nerrrr, r1;11i1ro"n TypxycraHun jep"lz uehep 6ajnepu apacr,tqfra jenlr
er ir {isrJiap__6aunau-r*u.lAu. Deue ror)irriMaxap HaTuqraerrH,&a aptt)tr
yl)r{ycran Karurap, Kyua ra Froras li}ruu yq 6oj"r*rr rapatpulgaN xaa,
239

F

horanus Saa.rruj jer,rePu harrnt
rlox
11o,'lyMar BepxJ,'IMLtp. .M. c. 114*116-'{l,t H
ra rajnarlapblMbl3i.a
harrt'tuAr
Aalra ,rox Ma'JIyNlar rana 6u.nupHr:
.napAe, HaAaHce I(auraP
pa eAH,'rNIaja 6aru,'raltuur4u. Kyua na

1. Kaurrap Gajnnju eo .<l(yruau-AonJlaru>. Mo"ryu oilAyPy Y3po'
Kvruas AoB,,rar,. t"uthyp h'.rt(\iAap KalitturxaAal{ corlpa O$raHucran'
Ja'
hit"nr"tun ea lcp6lr Typriycraur'rH I{qepIi'liiptlu4e xticiialar reAap qox
ir,,rrulL,Iut sa iep,,r.,ui,.rtttuiiilt. I(yurau AoB,uorllHiII{ rporioJlol(I'lJacbl
eT'
i', j';n;;tou, p'. ittnt,,unlttlt't rt. c. 78-qlt Il'lAcll coiif)a ilGttv'rap'rulr
I(€HI{[I'
qapilr,4bl[]AbIp.
I(yulau
AaL],'l3rl'lHllH
Ho3:tpO
M,icli aAH LusrilrJlAo
aul'raNIbllrlAbl' Liltu lajHar'rapH
n r,*"au I(altttuxaiiari ioupa /ta Aajjye.ult
aAbI n"'Ii) al(,'Ianablp-blpAbIl
,.,,, Kyruau AoB,lorr{gH l.tu,4ltja4eX
Kaurrap 6ajrr Auxiro ot:-113-I
. .,1t.1-ti+-t16-'{H u,'Lrep apacHni.a
, ,o,noi'Au*r,rjau ;lajr,rcuun KyuraH (Jyerru) AoBiIorI{Ha cYilSYH erMIrEI
.n,,. Kyrrr

n h oriua a p r,r :ia ( cllnyu

e;irr'trelr L-'y i{

a t rrr

r"ov"?rt--au.'Aitrd

ilili';';;" ;

rdar MaHr.iM harrumAutP.

Kyrnau hototlepri- utah:-a1ajo 6lp Aacre orlaBa er,qu- B3-9H{-535:
,rp"' *u*r4"pan. hipu+HA KairrapuH uyf ysly, _T1Yn:l:t^ A1.:y.95:
iny,'ry* ruah:aroje JtepTI 6ttp hopnrar gY:jyt ehurjar
i113
":-:1't"^t::::tf
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6apa6ap KyuraH 4o-n.irernH.ues Aa

;;*;;'6t"t"na
a'lrIIAaH-tP]ry ry ll:y'
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erAIIJlaP>>.

t{uu opAycynyH Typxycra
2. Kaurnap, Ky'la oe horaH pana6ern.
rolrylxrr'ta'rapilu 6a
apacbluAa
jep,ru
6cj,ruKJIcp
AaH rIoKI{,rIMOcH ti,lo
I'ap5r'r Tyliriycra
5rj"'rnjlr
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u.l.lr.
Kaurrali
BeDMacrz Ko3Jtatiil.-t3H'6Hp
b$iu"""tuH ra httsrnbrarin .o'rrHHAc,cax"rail ]|IT:1..1:.:1:Tl-1'
aJrareJleporcKaHBepoHAaeosltjjarnna'haA-ajaxlut'l'raunltrulst:<"ll';
6irri"ri5 ftotun O"lJr"jriua rapurur ranxaH Japxair4 6ainuiu (horann
ala."n"p""u xactr6) Karurap 6aj,'rujuna roluyn.qy>'
240

qaFJra 6arnu rajHar.napuMbr3 rrox ae oe jeraueAr.rp. Eyua repe
ee horaH 6aj,rar,rapnnliu nasujjarH harrslH4a hev 6up uej cejJlouMHp. Me','rym onAyFy yspa, Kyua 6aj.rrujn Taupu AarrapbrHbrH qrarrySysAan Ke!,oH <<Liirlua.r I4nan jo,ry>Hy Hasapar aJrrbrHAa cax/ajupAr,r. <lllariy6 LInar jo,'ry>>rryn oc,rr cahu6u Hce horau 6aj,rraju r.raH. fajrrarHMbrg 6y uar,ra 6ar"'rlr coBfioprrHrr 6e,ra 6urupupAu: <<...I{aurap
iajwtju 6e"ra'{o r{,yr{r'iarrAn. Kyua ea horau 6aj.lux,riapr-r ula paru6 6r.rp
6lj,rux ea:ujjei'iiuc l(cljlrrr,. iiy carnp"rcpAaH Ae aH"rarxbrJrbrp xu, 4aha
.ounon.rep I(aurrapnri rasrrjjaur Kyua na horaua nrrcsrou s;rHcp n4H.

TVPT(YCTAHAA hYTI YCTYI-IJIYJY

air,""ilj,1j::"]lY]

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coupa'
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np untiou Aaha cotlpa- ( KarurapurH) uy$y:,nv
1l (KVuralr AoB.tarHHa cypltyir eAunnrLu) ruahsa^c ll.-lc hoMIIFr aHa
l'ru'nooyr*vlu 14-$y ar;rnr 6tlp ruahsaltcHltn (l(aLurap) raxrutHa ut{
x il pMaFIi rapapa a,'lillbIluAbI.
j^{ 1
Kyuran !.oB,,rarr'1H,1e cyp.KyH jaruajan I(.aurap ,lT_h_t:J::-"
jauura jol11"f:l-::)-iy.1
nut"
KyruaH'hoxnlaprrHorH
p*
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<hapri"A e.neH Kanirap 6ajn osyua 6lip.nap-uc--roiu
Lrifr"r
ara rohyl,l,lapb-I llce hela qox I{firiI'IK j9t{1-{"l"fn1
r,rburIAbI, JIaKUH
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I4-rlyHyu MerI aMIIcnja'' ho*urap
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,'Kyua

l. Opra Au,rja4a 6up <rhyH AouJlerr)) (?)..'I4uan en r,eyhyu ueasyja
M. fonei"rua xopo Opra AcujaAaxu <<lflanaalu hyu Aeeri.r,

Kc.rrupuK.
'r'u>>

ru. c. 107-.,ru HaAoH coupa r(erAuKqra riyq.nenirraja 6aru.nantuurAu.

liyuyn yvyu IIIapru TypxycranL{H rrraMaJr hucca.napu aa 6y [IInMa"'rH
hyu 4on.naurHrrH r{Aapocfi Ba rrc3aperrl ar'rrblr{aa oJrMaJrr{ uAn. ,[,alia

,rox L{yuraprJAa rcttraHau ea jep;reuag [II,tMaJ-ru hyu 4onaeruul.ru IIIeprrr TypNyclauu 6yryu;r1'x.ra ra6e.nujra arrnuga cax,'raMacu hap hanaa
,rox MyMKyH lr4u. harncgrrgplr Aap gup Kopyry qepqriBacuuae ee 6up
rurriJru Klrlrrr KopMajan r\1. loeepu 6uslia 6y SnxpnuAo har,ru o,'rManr,rAbrp. harurllreu, 105:aIrr r{JIAoI{ 123-uy H,re reAap Opra AeajaAaxsr
haguca"repuu ullr<nurarltr da 6e,la oJIMyr-uAy. AH,,{ar rajnarlapAa 6llp
<Opra Acnj a hyH Aoe,Teru>>HLIH 4ejun, Aaha qox 6ojyx hyn oj uaraapb{rrbru aAbr r{aKu,'rMaKAa irAri. 6}'iiyH 6np ca6a6n aa Opra Acujaaar<il1
Ityu Aenrertrulin 4aha qox rap6Ae Bo qllH/'tH,TapttH rlox ygarAa raJIMacHHAaH Upo"rrfi r'ic;ia 6lt,ropin.

2. hyH;rap Typxycran4a (r,r. c. 105-119). Opra Acujaaa hsrura
6up hyu AoBJrolHHr4H o.ny6-o.nua4brFbl LIJIo 6arnu jyxapu4axu KHplulr{Mugrr BepAHr{AoH coHpa aprblr rajuar,rapr,IH rro AeAItjuHa xos4au
Kcr{upa 6r,repux. hap uyp rueja 6axnaajapar rajHar;rap hyn 4oe.na,
rnHAaH na ja heu oJrMasca hyu.napuru 'rclj irr na ra'orp.naprrgAaH c63
a(rMarAaAbrp: <<(Llrru opAy,{apbr TyprrycraHlaxr'r) 6up uox 6ej,ruri.ruaprr
jcnaa,aH a,'re Ker{up!,rr,.rop Bo 6e.na,lttx,la, oHJIap raKpap ra6e,rlrrurapr{Ho a,,rrAbr"rup. ir1'urap 6y 6aj.rruKrapriH jap,tuvr,r ll,re (9nu) cap\s4ncplruAo oH ri,'rAsrr aprbrr uyp6auyp rrFrrlrtraflrJiap roporAr4"rrop>.
M. c. 107-"nr uJiAaH coupa 'l'ypxycraHaauu uasuir;,r irtrxuu:a$ eAlrp4u. E.na Lrbrxbrp xrr, Aaha conpa Qun capha4drraplru.ri;iKrr easujjar urrunuJrap yqyH losy,'ruas .6np ha,'r anNtblurAu. Byua nspa TyHhyaur gnu
RarHcLt 9uu uuueparopyHa <<hyH.uaparn BypAyrnapbr suj au ee erAIIK.
JropH 3yr'iNra Kope uHKajara lyuruax> uau6ypt'tjjorltHae taJI[IbIIilAu.
Ey eaxrz reaap TypxycraHJra ocJla MapatJIaHMar uctauojau 9ns ca.
tg cxS.

zle

241

paju clrjaci)rrtntt A;j{rurilupu.Jjo },rc,ir6}/p onMyu,U,: <{rJuH) uMneparopy
copr{ijpAa cyo ilaHa cspa}rrrraMlrrr{a \in}t 3c}(cp a.'rur6 ltalltr uiahapHutl
ana xeqlrpMacr{}ru Be opAa raiuKa,rr e,qauajil rapHri3oH,rra (rap6 uauJIoKarJapi.iH4axn) acajuu:lr Hr.{saM,'raHNiacHHrd ai{p erArr. Eyuy xepan
OH Ty'pgaH 6aju ns (Jlo6uopyH vaHy6yn4axu) lJJanruau 6ejll t{una
(j eu u,ran ) c arr.r r onayrr a p L{ir u 6 tt"r4rl pAHnap.
iinp neua a1 reuueunur hyu;rap (hayur-Hy) Apria Typrlau 6ajn na-a
6up"rauru6 hapaxal eruaja 6arurarlu.nap. hap nriilcli (-rirp,rttxrta hy"rym
enu6 (9uu capr(opaecr{) Cyo flanu no arparpunJlEKH,4aprd 6ejyx 6up
vler.ry6njjare yrparAbrnap. Eyruau corrpa .n,a Olr fvptfaH 6ajuHo hyrrlyM errXlir:ip Ba oHy Aa jeHn6 roBAyJ'rap. 6yrr,'rapull 61 myna$Sarujjar.napr-r y3yHaes LLIasrras 6aj lr aa raMar\,r qaxuarirnaja Ayuny Be
Ty'uh5r311plisxr,r (Hag) Ba!'IucaH!,aH japalru rJcra.!.rr. t-lun saauclt Aa
6yuy 6Hp ce6a6 6u,riu6 op,lycy uia heper<ora 6aLu.ra4ur, hyu.napa
(huvur-uy) hyuylr erMoK HcraArr. Be.lelnr"rye. Nr;)r'.rr)'6 o,TaH (Hun
ceprepAacH) Cyo flausrH ,(a rl4cacbrnH a,rraqrarAorp. Byuan farura
rap6 ualt.n;KarJIaprlHu Ia ara Kerr14pMaK xcroj up:ru. .,'lariurr Llr.tu llaa-

tlux

NiuneparopvHa Srrp paropr rarArrM erMl{ulia. Dy panaplyn <hyn,!apuH coj"ly ;,';li,c.,raplr hal'rrrrfiIa BepA?rjlr ue'rryuarnap Opia Ac*ja
raprxH Saxu:urlrru,au ,uajap jlauri)rN!arAil lr:tr,r: <...[Ikliuan 6ap6aprapbr
apachlHAa h1'jca {y"rycyiryu) 6aju ysapliHAa Aaj au}rar llasbt},ubrp. 6y
6aj Sapxon (fiy'-"reu) rroJr! rrJro t{nn iieny (Ea,rxarn?) apacbrsAa ela
hej xeau6-nefiNror(Aorup. Xycycu,ra rap6 nralrnat<atlapa ysirlr"n,qa us
raUyHnaPL'tHtt lojrtarga,tqp. Ey ca6a6Aas HrK orr!+{a (Dapxo.rl xoiryH:!,'H
fit!{e{aJlbrHAa) hyjeu;raps hyuy,l,r ei{r{,rr\{a,rrrrAr-rp. Iie,rarrN[la, 6auira.'rapl'l{'{brH 6y act! raj Har,ra oJara,{apr{ KocuroqiaK na dnp-6Hprrsla:r ajpburaqar"riap. Eyn,qau .conpa rioB6a (6eur6ani;ir,Lraxu) -Apxa T1.;;ip:rH
6ojrujurra r(arra!{al(Ar.tp._Sy 6aj",ruja hyvyu eAe 6lr"rnrax yu!,g aa {jlo6Hop!'i{ rirry6yrrAaiiu) Illauuan 6oj.rrujunAaH 6etn muHa I'a.ilap i)cKo[]
a,tltlaf JIa3itM KSJra!{oKAtrp. 6y, n.tauuirlrbt3blH 6npaHttx hnccacu o,'rtrlait br.J t,Ip.

n"*t, 6e.rro 6rip axnHa }t3n BepMaAu>.
t{uH h1,H,rapa rapubr Kequror{oK jeuu 6up axbrHa ha,re Aa hasnrp
4ejnn;Il. Dene,ruxna, tlrrn caphaattr.la jeurr 6l.rp rapulisou japalurnneparpltqacu 6yuyu ertir{Aal

MatJra MoB3y

KACHJTT\{IIU OnAy.

3. Opra Acnja hyH y.nyc.rapu gxna resjrar KscrapHp. Ulapru Typja fap6a AcHja(aru 6ltp hyH aosneruHlau rap.r.rr,iFbi ysaprrrias- Ae'aalairMbIuIAbit. Tanplr Aarrapbrur,rH rlapt y+rnapbrr,rAa ba Eapno.u BogacnnAa Irca -cox KYrtuIY 6tip l:yn ylycyHyH jaua4uruuu apiur 6y uanaau
conpa jasu,ruuru rajHar.napAan ejpaua 6tr,rrrpux. J1,r.apr,r4a Aa KspAyjyuys xnluu hys"rapr'rH <hyjer> y,rycy haH'raprrxirr{Ar re3-res a{H
qeI(HJIaIr coj;l-v^oa 6ojyx 6up yJrycAyp. 6y y;ryc eBBor'i,'rop
6up <xaraH
yjycyu NaH. conpaAaH napqa,qauu6 uyxra,ru$ jep;ropia nbpyHruoie
6ar,aau unrbr, Opra Acll jaAa r<u hyu xaiaH,ra pr,rH-r,ri rap6a xevuanapH
Nao 6y ry/.perJra na coj"ly hyu y.ny'cy KyqrrauMr4tu se t{rirra rapuru liyg
nunepujacuHLl, Aer'{oI onap Kr{, rax,6aururra ra.\lcl,t crnruu:lu. Eap'{e.r ea-Tal'pbr AarJrapbrHbrH_lufiMaJr-uapt araK,rtapuHAa jajui"rrarr hyjtiu
ynycy 6,9ni6anur4axu Ou Typ$au 6ajjrrjunrr ,ra ra6e,rii"u,ua .axaajupau. 6y y;ryc t{auu jaJIHbI3 faHcy yir,.'pilu4an AejH,r, A.'raruaH cahpanapi! Jony n"'r3 Aa rah,,IrrA eAHp,{,Ir.
Kylr.reueu hy'l y.rlcnapu Typrfau 6oj,ruxlaprr a,,ra 6HpluxAa 6up
aH gajaunr_aAas r\.nauraH (ho"-hcu) eonacr,rubr tapar err,rrJrap. rllu urrr'tepltjacr 6y raprr.rrapuH eHyHe heq ra',rh.rs reso 6rrr'rnrrrpan.'Eyna xepa
jcHn 6up Sapurau.ra Jy-uen sa JaHr xulrr LIuHun rop6 ranu.napr,rnrlr
6ar.nasuactt_ellp e/rLIJrArr. heq o,'rMa3ca 6y jo.u.rra 6up ruryAaar qexfirMr.nrr H3THpa6napa con BeDHJrMut[ oraqar>.
123-uy naAa tIHHun Tyuhyaur urahepnuAaxu caphea 6au Ba$ilu
KycraHAar{},rJrapb*rr rapr.rx!'rapu y3opriHAe 4ajanapxau Opra- ne

242

,

6ela 6ojyx 6lrp opay aJlAa eAo 6nnuacar, rcopauajxulr3 rrru
-, Onapsosacbrnlla
Jlvuvyu
heq onuaca 6eu_r j1': ua{rap,rurt 6ap i.apHrr.:or{ rypMAf^or'il\,la"irbtlr,lp. 6y .\a n;.tailbih!r{3b]r{ 1,rr\rH,*y ltirccacaAap.
Cnap 6y coj,'r{tiltni-.rsptii,,rri3riH hex 6rrpiiHn jepuua jerr.ipa Ou.{}t.,ciiti,
corl Tax;ilrcf ili\Lr,;epu ,i;Kli.,'u.l:.rh. ora'rialJrjp. (Typcpan saj(Hcflrrrrrr r',,p6lisaa c",rau Jii!-horo), ja'un I+iuac-ho ruahaplrrir.r rapn eruaj ur\rH:J ,ra6yl.lyp. Xycyclr;ra, LUalruan iuahcpn Be ArrKap 3oHanap/T,a jarurrj::n
(uurinr.r?) xa,qrbr Aa ron,raj u5 LIuu caphoAr.rrrlrH AaxnfluHa anapNr.lrbtil{rrr3blH BaxTbr rlaT$,rbiurAbip. iry llCO IL'rflftbtMbt3LIH yr{yHc{y (no coH)
hrrcclcrrl;rp... >
Jl.xapsr;1axbr pafiopr 6y .;ar,,r,anr,r no:ujjatr.r 6yryn uaharnapr.r lr,re
a lrr ri:r p cTt,rc l(]l3l1tr p.
hapu;ltr1 .<hl'n lrufieplljaclr>> rry qaF,la apTbrr IatbtJ'l['lbru].n,bl, ,taKrilr oHyrr jepunu hyH xa,ururFrrdi{ oM3,.'re rarHpAujil <hyu y,lyclapn>
aa <hyH 6aj,r;rprr > ri'rM)'ur.ty'p.
Scxap,reprlr panoprJrapu: 6v panopr,rap harnrara rrcrunaa etupnap. JcHa 6y .raraa 6up {lriu capr{ilpAecn loperFus,ten hyH"riip harri;n.E,a nrpH.r[{rrLu Aunap 6np peii,rpryH la 6e'sn haccaJrapnnrl 6npaltx;ia
oxyjar: <:...LIu4lr rrrrr{a.{ 6apiap.:rap:,r {ja'Hu hyrr.nap) Typ+aH ar:flacblr{bi oJr,lapHr{0 qox.l.arr i"rrjrrp!-i!ti'-i.r.rp. Aprurr 6yg,tas coHpa Aaha qa-.
Hy6a {.iror{axfiepIrIrjli,}it na (JIo6nir1vy11 rral!6.1uxa jo,r.napb,rH ronviljlV.
Fy) LLIanurau 6aj.rtu.jnua hYoty,tl eAar'IaKnapHHg;ru heu 6np ropxyuys
o;lMacHtr'! O'i,tap Sris 6-v (ureh;p 6ajllrjnua) Et)MaK oJ'rnrvrn3ri ) Jn,ra
drrnrvrecax Be or{y 'rax roicar, (T1pn1'crargamtl 6yryn Sajauxnaptta
{hyH"lapa) rouyr'rarrar/-rapbrrrAar{ .,1a jeHo ropxyMy3 o,ruacr.lHl Oriap
eeeHjjar 6era lluKrnuadr ercir, h1'n,rapuH MaIrEu ,lraH6eju p.i) ,Marni:-arr{
cofl Aapaqa aprMr,rrir o.qaqrar;tbip. Outapun ra3aHaqramapu 6y 6ojyr
Hf0y3 t{euy6u TH6('l tiatr!arl rrl rr'.r ,&fl apxa.rapHHqa anapaqar Ba apaJrapbrH,na na 6up p?3{,r,1i,rr- jipaHarai"'lup! Caphor"'ropnMrran,a{H NoMaflAaHJ'rbriflapurr hepCu hasupnur;iapu he,na Aa jaxtt]br hat,qa 'Hr.roaMa
.eYIfiMaMr{trIAXp.

l6r

143

Ou 6oj yn crplre;1 ruoh.;p, Be rapHri3cHy oJraH{1,Hhy,aHr
6L,,ta Myt,,iu,rnazLr 6ap n..rnjjarAorrrp. R,x,r.1i,,,t,:ii,rrr3HH qox
l.:".::l.1
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t))rr"rapHr{ <tt}'l...H..llrrcci-)c'.> u.a ja
1.,tlcy'1:;,,p,,,i.r, 6yryu Mc,Jry_
\ri|r."]JIrr'rr\rbrsr,r 6rrp jap;, jutrr,l -; air:r,r,ra';iajar+a'ieir,;
r-, u.r"' rr brxbrp Klr,
(illitli 5y11'n rlrpo Cephel,repr
li.io dlip",ruriro cbr.ybrui.,lblpaH 6y hy'
r'lt(crcr: rJrrHAe jalajlu uony6 l;1.u",.iapuua
fa ;ioprrrr rJ,clrp r{ecrap_
\'i )iir'ri"r' Dax cnc 6i' ra.xrra ilr,;r.,,
1, 'r ,i.'. 1,,.; nl,a ,i,,iri,,uun .rcily6 hyrr
- ruah:aascrl <<tDeHrlioy
(npotc r,,ralc..r)' ' cueuo,r.,i:lp ropr$urrjag aFbrp
t..t_
ara yip ar brtrr,i,r a t- [yrriia]{ crorip s
lt. rryi tj'' r at saa"]lljl..il
if lj
(:llliltH,; J,rycflaprJr
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rblp KI{,
ir1'u''rap ea opra Actrla h,r'r*.rpu,",,,',r-"'"urorryna.nyr
ir.opp a li JCL' >>Hlr he.ry a r i.rir p i.r c irr.r'iAr.i,Tap.
ei prh o"p,i,; r;,; aru o Opra
r\urja hy'u,rapuna r;r'rbr,.rMar oH.,{ap yqyH
aln 6"p ,r:;; ;n;iyroy.

ra

6y

tuyHacu6tr"raplr (lryH,'rap,rla TypNycraH) apa6up ce6a6 O.lrvryur4y. 6y, (lapux 6axoruuu4au) y3{,prIJAJ .rajauuara aajaH 6up
xroBsyAyp: (Qnu ulrneparopy By 6l' r,:rrruan.'la) hyulapu eu rHjuorJrri op3ar aH6ap,uaplr Bo xo3uHc.rropl{li.{iir Nlolti-r}'i,t eAu6 oH"rapbI y3ar.r:a[IAbrpMr]ruj o,'ryp,iiy. (hyunapsr Typlr.', c': air:tau) y3arnauilbrpMarJa
Oll.ne p ItrIH U rl Ij f 0.rl :.r l l-V Iii:rC -rj II UI O,1 i,'p,11 y.
Baur.Mlaur 3:riuaublii,Aaur,r (nt. c.9-22) tinH u4apa ycyny Hca qox
ntrj xcrajeg ue 4oj liar'6rrrHrojeH 6rrp au"rajnu fiqHHAe H.qri.6y ca6e6,'iriu (hyH,rap na Typr<ycraurii,i.'rap) (hy) HunrzH oHrapa 6Np nHc.nux
i',,ia 6u.rie.,roK,[aprl1jlt)H ropxl,j a Ayruny,rop ae 6yua Kopa
aj ara ra.nx"qa
lawnavbrulAbr.

cblHAaKbr or-rflr3,tepr.rH jauaru-iaeait: e;;rrS;roriracH yr{yH

/r

r,lJtap.

M. c. 25-57-rin trnrap

apacbrHna

jarlantrru Qnir

r{Mneparopy

qa ja.lnus AaxHJrlr HXrHuarxJrapna MerrryJt
oia 6fi.n,'lu. B)rlra r^ol.lo Ae r(eHap MeCaflo,TropJra MapatJraHa 6s.nucrXH.
Iit,rty nopari hyu,rap rrca nerArlr(qa os ryBBa,'ropaHa bpxanarrnaara 6atuJrlablrap. Brrp uox AoB,.ror','r.Jpr.ln 6e'sunopHHl,t ra6arnapbrHa ratu6
rrrBAyrap te 60'sll,rcpuillr Aa e}3 apxa,'rapliHqa (6usa rapurr,r) cypyK.

l(yaur-cyja

r'ie,,ioH Krrrrr4 o

nc.iln.ilap.

TYPKYCTr'.FI l[[AhAP.IIS['!4 BO hYHJIAP
(Vuu caprcap)acu ilan !artaotu 1tioepaeujacouta

hyulap rra. c. 38-75-,'ru u.n"rep apacbrHAa (9uHHrr 6ejyr cophln
rrllrcu) oraH 'lynhyar{ra HKr.r axbrr{ erMoKJro KupAr.rJrcp. byrrAau corrp:l aprbrr rl:lrjjor o roAap rrrrc.(oilrrrur^rl Kr, Kyrulys 6cnc (larrcy, uo

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(na.

c. 123-l2g-vy r"rnap)

Typxycran, hvH_ea Slas enaratapn.
.(r\lantryp HuH capKapAocg
{!aH JyHra
6rr: ro-{rr.u optu".[.r';u.
ea hyH rapHxrrr{ jasu"rrlr
^opa):
rajHarnapAau
ejp.;;rrpur. ra4ur,r opra /\cuja no hyu rapuxHlrrH
,,,op_
raDruu r,ryhapn6a y,riH hr;r,rp;r.:,]lun qox rrrrp\,6
l',,.1rl1{1:]:pa
anu 6up
LillH CaDI(:lnIaCIillfilt
Ai3bntnaH .DIIH.ti,tilti UIt3tljr
(i,{rj.[.a,r]U

\.,1|il
j;ilrrrirrp;
<l'I'reparparia Tcrrr e3 rapubrcr,rHAa r(eqirpHrer{oK
rap6
Karrapr4 r,ro ceh6ar_Ba MyHarrlx€Jrrpo .rpr,"pai-'in;;i j;i,.y
liucr,r

O,.t-

uau.naAa qaMa,Myp-

Llruabr. QuH capaj uunn Hyrpysey aaarur.napu'na
.lyxiex
'Iapbrr{brn .roxy rap6 MaMroKar,ropu r,r",re hop oryp
Ka_
Be
r(aprrrrJ
ranbrcbr o,rau Jy-lre'r' AO_OH,.rapun
"i;rl;6;;;repHH
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Capriapao (nair)-jt;;;u'
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244

I-ryu.nap 6y co6a5laH qox y3arJrapa xerts6 Klr3,'reHAriJrcp. Be;ra,rrx:.a, csDha5, soua.napblN{br3 caKrlrJrou-ran. M. c. 89-104-.,ry r{JrJrap apacbrnAa aprbrr uuuepujanau3a rec,ruM oruajan he,r rec raJrMaAbr. Auva

Jra

raxr ru6er,ru,rop 6anr ralAupAbr"{ap. Be.na.uurna, rap6 MeM.rIoKorJiapn HJIo LIuu apacuH.tla Mytlacx6auep ieuunan KocHJIMHITI o"{Ay)
(t{ynrN 6aru ra"rAupau ru6er,ru.nap r{nu.na Typxycran apacblHAa orag
faucynyu uouy6 per{uoH}rHAa jauagr,lr.uapbr}rAaH rep6a r(eAoH jo,r.naPtI KCCMHlUnra.rlop)
6.y

HoB_

TYPKYCTAH.II,A hYI{ HA3A?ET

rrunepat.opy

hcp jaruan.

cephaa.'ap'rr'"it o'u.i,,1nr;i";;;;;;.;a
Fyuaau co',pa (aau' unnr"''r,i,i;;-;;";;;ffi1i caxraaqltb'rr na rap6 MOM.rreKerr'.pr-i fi/ro rvryuacu6ar.nsp i#';-

:r:rrr..xbr,rap.
JapbIHbr

,,rrprraaju aMp erAH.

erMr.rurn_

hcuao_ay_ (n. o. 140_87)
-:p hyn,rapulr
o-n4y.n ap unr br /(yruyHy6 ropxv yuray. By
":1.-^)^,rjt
ca6a6AaH hap nallur.;;aau ja,,1c,rnu raj@aaap
onyH eipirpura
a

Alaurau) je'nri ho-hcuAet(u Llun rapnr.rsonJlapbrHhrH ranbrJrapr,l .(hyn
axbrHJrapbrHa rapursr) 6arru cax,'ranbrJrAu. 6yH4an coHpa r.rMflcparop
licuao-utlsr 6ena n;sujjarJlap rapubrcblgAa og ar,I.(aAJIapbrHbrn HaJIep
('i'Anr,raprrHn AcpxrrAaH-Aopgue AyuyHAy. 5y ca6a6aeH 4a 6up ran"l:iH Kr.rrvrH jupruuu o.ryas sa6rrr/.leprrHo rep6 uelrreKeTJrspHHH eJrS Ke-

rypMa-

14

6arnu 6o'sa qox gajep"nn ue'.
na 6y coh6ar rrqur{AeAr.rp. CepxopAa flan JyHr jyxapuaaxu
cslt6araue 6e,'ra AasaM eAEp: <TH6erd'ra"qapuH LIuga raprusr ycjan er.
Manapnna xope hyH.rrap (Typxycrau4arsr) ruahep 6aj.hur.rrapnna eJr.
1. <hyHnapbtH BepK[ raHyHy> u,ro

JryMarr'rap

246

q+raap I,ioHAapAliJIap.'(Ke49H hyu'e,luN"rrep-n Typxycrau u:ahap'S34'
Aux.nipr"g,"H) 6y l,leco,ra"'ropAe rArI{ rena,5 €r&H.Ilo'p. OBc.e,'Ixg rlJl"risp'

Ao a3'A r6aua qarN{blll], JIaI(HH o,(aH]l8Mllil Bep{'i'H dcp"rnapuuu ha'uu-

cr,r 'hy'H.rrapo oAoHI{;'lorIeKAHp (hep ha,rga '6y eep*niu,r;rp Ty.pxl-.cr:aH

uahapnapnull titiu ra6e.nr.rjaua Kel{Al4fi,1o,pfi. K-YHA}I{, bi},'i'Ko ;ra [i9-wy
u.nAeH'6apu jurrrr"ru6 ra,rullur 6opu.rrap Ngn). Ycre,rur'6y nepxu'ua6JroFdropr.iux aprblp.nbtJtap Ba,oAaHMacll Y.{YH Ao r{cx ruca 6up uehJro'r' BepAHr'rap. IIIanu.ran 'na Typ$an 6oj,'ruxnapa'6y rallt 'rarra6 VaYnaau roix-v.j a AyulAyJtop na reja;ialr4ulep. 9.Nna. FouIynMaJiap'bl'Hbl'l{ aah,a .IorL xc.i+rp*ll ojraliaFbr{.r6r SnNuplaur4u,rep. Aru'ma 6ywy ,eAe 6nfltuax
yuyu'6up ril,l.Kau,rana 5uauaal{Jlep.
Onap raha apBafl,lap (rap6 r"rartnol(orllap.I{HAe) 6up uox raj a'MJap
6ltSll"tvt MB'Myp;laplJlMbl3"blH jart,'inttt AalpaHo,'Ji\{ygjCa, 6.yryu
Ma.larrbl l'31'HICH LtpC.'lll
'yutapKaJIMliulAI'lp. Jaxrust.4ur cBo3HHc lillc'llix er'llHjuuuda KopaAIip. l{ga" 'ua capKop.u'a Tcao TcyHr A?ha eers'rKH co.hBn,ap,,na ralulrvaI huccsHa tallbIJlMbIIx n3 hyH"raprrln (huyur-uy oxa
hanapar,tapliH rl{.cacblHbl a,'IMar haeecH.Ho AyTMYIlI.AYp.
xeirap.AlJijrr
-KgrrliguAO
tlox y3ar 3ollaJrapa laplilbl eAI4,IMHIII 6Ojyri axUtthaa6yxu
.nap h,4rrH,uaa he'{ 6mp ltal;ryr'rartr joxlyp. Fxp aa 'xil, 6yly eAo 6'u"r'
MaK yqyrr a,rnHAJ xli$ajar rarap HMKaH joxlyp>.

2. <llrrax jouy>ny hyxaapnan ropyufl. by naxra reAop rlIlHJIHnapnli oqac caphea rgpHni.o*r.traplr Tyuhyan-r .uehepnn,l"o--l{.4II'.Maurhyp
6e.pxap,qe flau Jyrrr 6y napttrsoflyr rdQIIy6 Bs .'Illl4Ma"r Hnox jon.ngp.u-

HrrlH r.Osutat'irr oJaH JlOy,'raH uahepUtrc raAop y3ailMac1,lHbl ttcrajHp-

AH: (Hoxe,puflI{3uH drrt<pri 6y ncrnratuarroAup: (Tvprycra.lr), .axugu
Melrrra Baxrcbr3Abjp... r\'i. c. 89-101-vy HJlJIap apacbtHAa, (le:rur calKqpAa Ban I{aonyH qaFblH4a o?'I"(yFy Krl}Ii{.), IIoy,raH4a,6up Fp0"
Korriourria

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Kyqh{a.H lieFa}I jon,'rapur nopy"trlyJx o.Laqar!1ap,. Hariy6ta -$a
gracapartrnl{*

aprblpal{arAup. {V'
hyu axun.nap.btHi{ na Aajexa,ulpaxlglAblp. Fypa ruapraeH Nca TynhyaH'r;r,al(sr (tiuu caphailraue) uox jaxHrrablp...>.

Illinuran se horau

6aj,-'rirrnapaHlIH

cycn,xa urrMa""rAan Ka,{arr

uox jaxruu dulupnap. Oxep Jloy,ran ruahapuHonyturAafi
'6up FyprapMapbl
ge
hap6rr Ho.r<-rHHja japala 6u;tccx, Typxycrau xaJITHHbIH ran6nnrr

farh crc 6'u.rc'trj
3. Typi<ycrauut

rt:,ttt: cptrtipNltaajalt>.

<<hyn.napHH He3aparl'IHAsH arMa)) nJraHbI. Typxyc-

ranAaKbr 6oiYr< urahap 6ejnurcnopn hyH.lapa BepKH Beplip Ba ep3ar
bIH a3yra an6ap r,r nasxSacugtl 4aruuj upgu'l ap.
nHAau aa' hyun dp-t{nua
rapruH eAu"'IoH--hyu axlll{jlapu'uur ,4ajaa6r,ua' rcep'o ffau jStHr
jixru*
Typr<ycrdn-QHu gocrnyr ar'iarerapn'H
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6a x urM

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o'rcar, hyunapun lYBBacH a3a"IaH Ks3apap
eypa
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r,ui Crrsi
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1c'j irrr ert'lr6bx, ott"tapotll YIIllA"IlapI{ 61c5;r1u lbll)biJIa!{alAil'p' Yvlt'4JIoDI'lHil I'lrllpanAa ,l,e^ ra.u6"rspu liy*r.napa lapu:bl jeiHanauali!'lrp Ccprlel{,,iep[oKr4 rapHl.r30H,'Iapmuds rapsr Bo Qa.na rauapAa.H ryprapa olir'

jcHnlail 6aul"rarrtarAa ra[L{pL}J:

1,"'tr-,li'-}lapIllx'nci'r jeuu4eH rfpl'1yrur'

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ra,,ra,t apbtntbl3bllr ian bt,r aplt (un4n OJIA,VFy t<t.t 1it n ) j anHuS' Keq{3 il J i{YHAY3 Aejl'Ir, heq saxr aqblilNlacbII{...>).

' .,...iepd

Mou;tal(orJlapunn hyuaapa Bepelax - ea hyulap Aa rane
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6nxiip^np. AH*t rt lt a4ltcalap 6rett ir,t ucraAlrj nltn3 I{}l lvln. llriNttura$,
e.r Mnp. Fyunap Typxycrauuu 6o.n.nyr Ba 3eHKullJlr.rj nugau $ajaa.naHup,rap. 'Typry."h,,ru* i.a,leit vyxra.nu llepKu,'lopil, jauraj urpaap. tiy
Orrp

uar"rnorar,rapAall ail;tc'eTnIrKJIaplI BA TO[,rIaAbIrIaplrl acHap Ba aTJlap'

AaH

aa ucrtitpafia

gr.tup,'rap. 6y.uruxa,n-nap,ra

6u:Hu y3arAaiibl cepbal-

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raHr{ aprLlp}I}iIIrI o"l-Mypyrr'ry? hyH,'Iapbri{ 6Hsa janHus AopA-cep $epau
xona'^au,ruo ja'
ryBBaJtoprrric o,naBa eiiruur'o;ruypyrr,ry?
-esynay:a Opi.a 6ltp

;:(aru,ili.i5 llcha

pbr*ur",iu 6up uox 6cinur<lopi1

qa,'I6 e'ri{Iitx o,qat'IaFbrt)

(6np naaupl4n cyaJIbI ycrYHA,aH capKapAe cssJlepllHa i6e,qa Aasa*t
ernH): <.14 c. 58-75-!II4 HJIJIap apacF,IHAa rap6 tr'tsnanoKelrapu ,sna
enarenap rypy,'IaHAa (cephe,u,,uexu) TyHhyaura KoMaHAITP 19'jIm ena.n-

xrr. TypQair a- p,a ana ca1llr 6up xorlexrln KoHAepH'laH. (6y Typ$an
romanAnpn) rap6 uaulerarJlapuHir l'I,4ape eAoqIaK Ba oHrapa 3apep
BypyJrMaMacblr!bru rerunjusAa Aypallar.(bI. Eyna K€pe jaaen.ls.ryep
6ubru;ra 6np;lam.aurap ne hyul ap r,a oHJIapbIH ra3aHAlirJlapu 6y ny'
$ysnan ropi<yja AyrIAyrIOp. trInaH lNauurau 6aju JyhyaH arra reps'
$nroAan ltr,tir;nUap. Oxep hyn.rrap esJIepEIIun 6yrylr nJlaHr'lapblgu haja'
Ta ,Keqnpat{or o,'rianap,-LIJaHuaH 6ajn aa eIYMAOH ryprapa 6uuuejaceKani,p .'har.s'raren, Iiyr,nap e}uxae ryIII Ba hejaan &l{M}IAI{JIap. Ou*ap

w

TYPKYC'IAiI YFP},IH,AA hYH-qI{1I MYhAPHS€fiAPTI
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capalu cepKnl)jli)
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(Typxyc_ran urehep 6ajnux.rroprl uvHu4c) eH Typ(1au 6ej"'rrrj lr Huu,'ra
rlryHacH6sr,qaprrHlr re3eAarr
lypi\{yul o,nAy:, Cspr<ap,ra lloerr- Jyur 6y
Ityaa$$ornjjoruHlslr coupa .IIyx..lyH uiahlrpuua rajurAlr eo opa.ra tJHH
<l op 6lr xol ori H j a c;iH br >)'r;j r-ur{rL'I crAIt... >
Eeu6a;ri'rr, ja'uH apxa Typ$aua jypyur eAas tllrtr op,lycl'Hla I(auiraiixaH Ka,taH Kyurau leh"ryxacu na UJcpr4e aa i(yua 6ejnrrj!r nJra
o'iau para6arr.r ysyuAeu LInHe jaxliu,rauri,rp.u,sr: <<...Cepxop.ria 6yuaaH
cuipa _Apxa 'l'yp$au 6ajrr {ilyH-riri.irjil ii',,,;',';t ,rjr,4lr uo ilnl; Cojyu orip
t't.ir,ryCtiljj;ro.vi.pa'r,{bt. Jepntt }:a,irlj1ar{ ci-iiiiIi3 slrrrr aIa:i{bt x}'crat
cr'1rr. O,.tlarr M?rri ar ao hejnaulr Aa raporJra ojiAo erAr.r. .{ycriir,'rap
apacbrr{Aa Apxa T'yp@an 6ejlr prae o,'rnHAa hyu cac}upnux hej'arnuun
pactau_6ltp 3,.1ar,laTu o.rr_nH <<hyu e,'rrtHcIt)>HLi Ao eclrp a,tAbl. Caprap;fa
Apz,a TyprpaH 6eju ea hyu e.rruuorlru (Aaha aneea hyu.'lap rafotjrriu-

a;ir"rLru,ribl: <<;\: co:rpa h1'sur,,O Ty'pri,aH 6cj.ruju ll;la 6rtll,rotlljIIlr'Icp.
Hrrl lopnarJlapblHa 6np-Oupnurtit Aa;iutt+Ha jcrilt axuttt,rtapa. xeuuaja
6aiunaArr"lap. Ey axnn,'rap lsyu4au ho-hcri (ja'uu lancy na Anaruau)
uyAlitrur 6Hp rpa,raroro r,yqap o.rIAY> (hyunapr'rn rYlleBJIepI'l Aa aprfrfUrUrlt.:).

Ey hagucanapHn 6aunal,lacbl r{uu capajullAa KcqHpI{,laH Kopyu'
Jrop BaxrLrIIra ranbrruau. 6up LilrH tlasttplttttttl {lllrupJlopi{Hi'I Taciilrf
eAr4pAr.{. Ey nasrrp hyu,rapa taplubl capr pe$rap.eAI{/'IMecnuil rorcnje
eAaHrapo 6ene ,,Iasa6 BepMI{lrIAIi: <fap6 MoM,ral{cr,lepH H,'1o crard japaau6 oH,rapa e"'tt{Ii KoHAafverna hyu.rrapAau y3arraruAblpcar, hy'Hnap xa ou,'rapa hy.uyu eAor{cKAt.tp...>> Jettlt 6aru,raj aH hyu axuH,rapu
UIe Ha3lrpliH

r

CO3r'lAplI TACAI{r e,4HJIMHIU O,'IypAy.

2. TypxycraH yFpyHAa tlnH axunn (m. c. 123). Capxepao llan
Jyuryu uiraubr hejara'ueuufllrri'tl.truAu. Oc,lunAa, 6y capKepAe jeHu 6up
Typr<ycran axbiHbr harrus!,a 6ohaua axrapxlarAa uAtt: <<M. c. l2&uy
Hnae rlun capajr'rIr4s jeHH 6np ropap r{blxapbt,'IAbl Ra capKopAa fias
Jyiri riu6 h{atd.Irfrr;'r,lapir Eau }:o}"{aHAaIIJ'ILIFLIHa ra'jttrt eAnlAll. Capau.uauuna Qeru jys scKap ar'tAbl BO ,rlyxuyu ruahapuu4e 6up <<ltep6u
xo.rroHuja> rouIKr.rJI eruaje KerALI. Ceprapae 124-uy vIuH jaunap
ajuH4a (Typr<ycrauAaxu),IIoy,rau 1irahapune 1(3,'IAII (Cojua rrlltlJlll
oJraH Ba r{uia aaha eBBa.II rotuy,ran Lllauruau ualiepH 6ejnna r'lohyp
Bo rypuar haaujja xoslapara).
Kyua AonnarLIHIlH 6aju (hyu"rapAaH ropxyp) na 6y ce6a6AaH Ae
Qxure jaxurn tuyuacu6ar,lap typMrt 6apocuu4e ehrltjar,ra AaBpaHHpgu. Caprepaa 6y apaqa Kyua 6ejH flo Juura jaxrult .Ilocr,'Iyr.erNIaK
apsycyuy 6rn4spaIr. Kyqa 6aju Aa 6yslaH r{ocapar,'loH_Il6 (I{an caprapAacuuun) januHa 6s5r,a.u. Ka.lupxaH 4e Arcy_ eo V'{ Typcf an 6ej;lepriHr.{ ryrAy,.aJIJIOpIrIru apxaraH 6arnarAuplr6 cepxepaeje r€c.r14M
erueju yHyrMaAbt>>.
3. Tyo$an, Eeurdanur se hyH.nap. hyH.nap QuHa axuHa l{eqopKoH
TarrDr,r AaF,'rapbrHbru uauy6 Be lxnMaJI areKJIapI.iHA€ OJIaI( oU na Apxa 'l'yp$au 6ajnux.napuHlr Bo ja 6yryHxy AaHblulbrr rap3ll HJIo AecaK, 'l'ypq.aH ea 6eul6a,rur 6ej,reptitltl raSai,rapblHa_ra'fblp,lliJJIsp. 9x'
Ha jaiirn oJrMaJIapbr ca6e6uuAaH 6y uxu urehap 6elnuju liarrbtH.u,a
I{lrH rajuarJrapblHAarl Te3-Teg Ma'ryMar ax3 eAo 6u.nHpntt. (Diixpttlittse
xepe, tluaa y3ar oJIaH Kyua 5ej;lujttuiiu aa hyH,rapna o"laH o,'taralroplI
ej^"r-r o.rua,rblAblp. tlyuNlr 6ojyx <<hyu najraxri,t> \yvaHuH lrII4Ms,rlblHAa HAH.,rlaxl-ln QHua rapun 6ojyx Be raH,lbI aejynr,.,rap,ra HHa,l Kocrapen lapaurap 6ejnNjuHrru nasltjjart't 6au6aura HAII. lapauap 6ajBa Ir.Jalreaae"laptt Aa Ilap
Jrapr.rHuH opayrapblHaa hyH capKspAoJIepH
-aasujjaruurl
cepNopaa l-lan JyHryi
HA;. AH iaiuucu 6y 6aj;rnxnepnu
l.{03el 6riorpaSujacbrHraH oxyMat'ablp: <<Capr<aple 6y 6ej.nrK''lopr,eH
oH MsHe ra.uap nnjala Bo. arJlbt.ocxap roIIJIaAbI. 6y ecxop.rrapua jo.ila
,46

/ierr) elaypy;reH (l{uu _c_epi<ap.Aacu Cyo fIaHuu eraypyn.'rVjy j"pa
afiapAbr. Ou"rapu o,ran t{us caprepAecrrHr.lH rncacr,rHbr aJrMar yqyn opr,a o.rlAyprAy na 6aruraJrapbrHbr Aa HtH najraxruHa r(olrAop.tu.
126-.'rbr a"rrAe cepKepea (e"'raypy.neH) aracorur,lu jepuHo oFJy lrl uaro-Myrry Apxa Typ$au (Beur6a;rur) 6aj.lnjuna r,raru!41.r. Eynrau colrpa (Eapxo;lyu rep6nu4cKr.r Ba Beru6a.rrr,ipl,ltr uJoprr.tr,tAoxu) ulcpru lil ymrt 6ajttHlr ne e.l4ypy6 ac;r jep"ru 6ej,rrapriaH 6upuuu 6aj ro'j uH e'r,rir
Fene.rrr.rxJie, TypQanr,ru <<Anrsr 6aj.nrrju> tlilsuu- ra6e.irujrrrra KeuNllitu
c),'lAy>.

CPTA ACHJA,IIA <<hYH IIOBJIOTIi> BA
.IAJ bl.,TAlll Fbl 3O flA

TaHpsl AaFJrapbrlbrH rlapr 3oHa,rapbrH4a hyrr.iapurH ry-tpcrJltr'

Ba

'r'alrbrHMbur coj,lapuuAaH. qblxaH hyje_u_,nep jaju,rr,ruur,1br.rap.. EvrrJan

Aa re3-reg xepeuajuurr3 Kr{Ml.r, r{HH raj ryar,rapu ja,'iar,rs 6v i:ojhyn yd'IycyHlaH co3 aqar{arAup. hyn .noB,'rarn ea hyu-horuj{apbl Hce
uriuarnapra acra j_ep ryrmaja.,rar4up. Ja"nHn3 capr(aple flaH jynryH
6rrorpaQujacbrr{aa Opta ea ja fep6u Acrajaaa 6up ron.narr.lunu Nroe,'ry/tlyFy u.na 6ar,ror Bo -r{ox Aajcptl 6up caua4 KopyHaqoKAnp. Iiy rajlrirr{arr aa 6e,qa aHratubrdrbtp xu. TaHpu Aar'.rapr,rHbur urepfrrH.larrH hyllrr y.'ryc,lapbr top6,x.e caju.lau hyu aeenarHHe caJ.rrt rr.tH:
<126-qbr r{,'rr{H rbltrrbrHna cepKapa,a flas Jynr (TypN!cr.arr,rltrii,r } u1rr;r.rtr{r 6ajnnr,rapleH- ocKop juru6 hyu,rapuH (cojny yrryc) ) h-r,jln
6ljnlta hytryrrl er4a. hyjeH (ynycyuyu) 6aju ra.l4r,r.t ,,'laxsg Ov ata.ia
Ityu xaraHunbru oMr{cu orny (?) eiup anllH4ur, hyll runrrru.,, ,rrrx
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xnp!'ropu qox ,{oi.p}, ne jepnuaa aAa. Arrrnra 6y aAlu.cannu go na0u.
.lrrjjar;lN ar'rJroHr{H_rrahc ra.nejil u. c. 130-*y unna Ilas cojyuy coxa
qarAbrpauar4up. fian JyillyH rohyuy raqblHMbrru 6up tl,nr uahpale
rblabr HJIa eBJIaHMIITIIAn. lijlahaaAa rhm nCO ,a0mfie XAJIBOITA9 ;XaiA$of
crMaKAa rann.6up ryu urdhsaAa rbrsr{ apn, jelnu e,epKopAo lftran Jyn.
ryH rohyuy apBaAblubt Aocry .Hiro ryrg/p Be rftr;1brgr'rna o{nypyp. SyU.
raH coHpa i{rdreparop anJ{ocx aa ftr,as a&DqcKsJ{ apa{am Aopl1pMa{(
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O. OpauxeHsn Ae ,[eauju r(HLiu, ca,pKapra ,.[lau Jyaryu japntrr,rru ane,
rruca 6up Baxr ycry$ As oiica, Typxrycrareta 't{ulr ycryuflyjv rasageg
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caprapAocr{ 6a.u l{a.ouyH oFny uAu. E"as llao+ryH rapr,,aur,r flau iiy uce
qox .K€p'Ka_Mnu ^6trp raprxqr4 sau. Ca.prapAp ll.as Jyu.ryn ,6uorparpn,
jacur aa 5y rapuxuir aurc,u rapa$uulaa jaairrn.ru$tstsi. <Cpripairni
hau cyua.nacn rapr{xa}fiwu 77-u*r Sacili<HApfi{r 6y uoruhyp fuorBaS$-

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