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73

Classwork

Opening Exercise

Solve the problem below individually. Explain your solution.

1.

Find the radius of the following circle if the circumference is 37.68 inches. Use 3.14.

2.

Determine the area of the rectangle below. Name two ways that can be used to find the area of the rectangle.

3.

Find the length of a rectangle if the area is 27 cm and the width is 3 cm.

Lesson 17:

Date:

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11/14/13

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Lesson 17

73

Discussion

To find the formula for the area of a circle, cut a circle into 16 equal pieces:

Arrange the triangular wedges by alternating the triangle directions and sliding them together to make a

parallelogram. Cut the triangle on the left side in half on the given line, and slide the outside half of the triangle to the

other end of the parallelogram in order to create an approximate rectangle.

What is the area of the rectangle using the side lengths above?

Are the areas of the rectangle and the circle the same?

Yes, since we just rearranged pieces of the circle to make the rectangle, the area of the rectangle and the area of the

circle are approximately equal. Note that the more sections we cut the circle into, the closer the approximation. If the

area of the rectangular shape and the circle are the same, what is the area of the circle?

Lesson 17:

Date:

2013 Common Core, Inc. Some rights reserved. commoncore.org

11/14/13

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Lesson 17

73

Example 1

Use the shaded square centimeter units to approximate the area of the circle.

What would be a quicker method for determining the area of the circle other than counting all of the squares in the

entire circle?

Using the diagram, how many squares did Michael use to cover one-fourth of the circle?

Lesson 17:

Date:

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11/14/13

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Lesson 17

73

Example 2

A sprinkler rotates in a circular pattern and sprays water over a distance of 12 feet. What is the area of the circular

region covered by the sprinkler? Express your answer to the nearest square foot.

Draw a diagram to assist you in solving the problem. What does the distance of 12 feet represent in this problem?

Example 3

Suzanne is making a circular table out of a square piece of wood. The radius of the circle that she is cutting is 3 feet.

How much waste will she have for this project? Express your answer to the nearest square foot.

Draw a diagram to assist you in solving the problem. What does the distance of feet represent in this

problem?

Lesson 17:

Date:

2013 Common Core, Inc. Some rights reserved. commoncore.org

11/14/13

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Lesson 17

73

Exercises

4.

5.

6.

a.

b.

a.

b.

c.

22

7

to approximate .

Joan determined that the area of the circle below is 400 2 . Melinda says that Joans solution is incorrect; she

believes that the area is 100 2 . Who is correct and why?

Relevant Vocabulary

Circular Region (or Disk): Given a point in the plane and a number > 0, the circular region (or disk) with center

and radius is the set of all points in the plane whose distance from the point is less than or equal to .

The boundary of a disk is a circle. The area of a circle refers to the area of the disk defined by the circle.

Lesson 17:

Date:

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11/14/13

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Lesson 17

73

Problem Set

1.

The following circles are not drawn to scale. Find the area of each circle. (Use

22

7

as an approximation for .)

2.

a.

b.

3.

Find the exact area and find an approximate area using 3.14 .

What is the circumference of the circle using 3.14 ?

a.

b.

4.

5.

A path bounds a circular lawn at a park. If the path is 132 ft. around, approximate the amount of area of the lawn

6.

7.

22

.

7

Find the ratio of the area of two circles with radii 3 cm and 4 cm.

8.

If one circle has a diameter of 10 and a second circle has a diameter of 20 , what is the ratio between the

areas of the circular regions?

9.

Describe a rectangle whose perimeter is 132 ft. and whose area is less than 1 2 . Is it possible to find a circle

whose circumference is 132 ft. and whose area is less than 1 2 ? If not, provide an example or write a sentence

explaining why no such circle exists.

10. If the diameter of a circle is double the diameter of a second circle, what is the ratio of area of the first circle to the

area of the second?

Lesson 17:

Date:

2013 Common Core, Inc. Some rights reserved. commoncore.org

11/14/13

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