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QUIZ

KEY VERSION B
CHAPTER 18: Reconstruction (1865-1877)

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1) The Civil War began at
a) Fort Sumter
b) Gettysburg
c) New Orleans
d) Vicksburg

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2) What critical event in the Civil War
happened at Appomattox?
a) Lee surrendered to Grant.
b) The South broke through the Northern
blockade.
c) Lee won a battle in the North.
d) The first battle of ironclads was fought.

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3) What was the main purpose of
Reconstruction?
a) To unite the states and rebuild the South
b) To give African Americans equal rights
c) To pardon former Confederate generals
d) To take land away from plantation
owners

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4) In response to the black codes passed
by Southern states, Congress
a) decided to end the process of
Reconstruction.
b) Passed laws to give African Americans
more rights.
c) Helped re-elect President Andrew
Johnson.
d) Allowed the black codes to stand
without challenging them.

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5) Reading tests and poll taxes made it
harder for
a) people to cheat at the polls.
b) Whites to take advantage of blacks.
c) African Americans to vote.
d) Politicians to trick voters.


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6) The sharecropper system kept many
African-American families
a) in debt to landowners.
b) Away from the polls.
c) From reuniting after the war.
d) From attending school.

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7) The Exodusters moved west to
a) own their own land.
b) Join the U.S. Army.
c) Mine for gold
d) Work in factories.
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8) For African Americans in the 1860s the
North was a place where
a) an economic recession made many
people return south.
b) Literacy tests and poll taxes prevented
voting rights.
c) Discrimination and segregation still
made life difficult.
d) The Homestead Act provided 160 acres
of free land.

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9) The Anti-Klan Bill Congress passed in
1871
a) had little or no effect on the Klan.
b) Was enforced in the North but not the
South.
c) Was strongly protested by President
Grant.
d) Helped ensure a fair election of 1872.

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10) How was President Grants Anti-Klan
Bill of 1871 enforced
a) by local police officers
b) by groups of local militias
c) by the U.S. Army
d) by federal marshals




11)What was the process the U.S.


government used to readmit the
Confederates states to the Union?
a) American Revolution
b) Civil Rights
c) Civil War
d) Panic of 1873
e) Reconstruction


12)Who became 17th President after the
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

assassination of President Abraham


Lincoln?
Andrew Jackson
Andrew Johnson
Jefferson Davis
Robert E. Lee
Ulysses S. Grant

13)During Reconstruction, most of


Congress were members of what
political party?
a) Antifederalists
b) Democrats
c) Federalists
d) Republicans
e) None of the above

15)Who were congressman who favored


using federal powers to give African
Americans full citizenship and the right
to vote?
a) Freedmens Bureau
b) Freedmens Schools
c) Ku Klux Klan
d) Radical Democrats
e) Radical Republicans

17)What amendment gave African


Americans the right to vote?
a) 10
b) 13
c) 14
d) 15
e) 19
18)During Reconstruction, what was set up
to build schools and hospitals to help
African Americans in the South?
a) Black codes
b) Freedmens Bureau
c) Radical Republicans
d) Radical Reconstruction
e) Sharecropping


14)Andrew Johnson was a member of what
political party?
a) Antifederalists
b) Democrats
c) Federalists
d) Republicans
e) None of the above

16)What amendment gave Africans


Americans full citizenship?
a) 10
b) 13
c) 14
d) 15
e) 19

19)During Reconstruction, who offered


amnesty and promised to return
property to the Southerners?
a) Abraham Lincoln
b) Andrew Johnson
c) Frederick Douglas
d) Jefferson Davis
e) Robert E. Lee
20) What were laws passed in the South,
which limited the freedom of former
slaves?
a) Black codes
b) Civil Rights Act
c) Emancipation Proclamation
d) Reconstruction Act
e) Radical Republicans

21) During Reconstruction, if a state did not


allow African Americans to vote what
would happen to the state?
a) The state could not vote in presidential
elections.
b) The state would have to contribute
more money for Reconstruction
c) The state would have to higher taxes.
d) The state would lose representatives in
Congress.
e) The state would not have any electoral
votes or votes in Congress.
22) Who led Radical Reconstruction?
a) Democrat President
b) Democrats in Congress
c) Former Confederates
d) Republicans in Congress
e) Supreme Court

23) According to the Civil Rights Act and


Fourteenth Amendment who were
citizens of the U.S.?
a) Native Americans
b) People born in the U.S.
c) People who moved to the U.S. before
1866
d) People who fought in the Civil War
e) People who pay income taxes

27) What divided the South into five


military districts, each run by
commanders?
a) Anti-Klan Bill
b) Compromise of 1877
c) Panic of 1873
d) Reconstruction Acts of 1867
e) Tenure of Office Act

28) What law did Congress pass, which
prohibited the President from firing
government officials without approval
from the Senate?
a) Anti-Klan Bill
b) Compromise of 1877
c) Panic of 1873
d) Reconstruction Acts of 1867
e) Tenure of Office Act

29) In 1868, who was the Secretary of War
that President Johnson fired over
disagreements about Reconstruction?
a) Edwin Stanton
b) Robert E. Lee
c) Thaddeus Stevens
d) Ulysses S. Grant
e) William Sherman


24) How many votes does Congress need to
override the Presidents veto?
a) 1/2
b) 2/3
c) 3/4
d) 3/5
e) 4/5

25) Who were Southerners who supported


Radical Reconstruction?
a) Abolitionists
b) Carpetbaggers
c) Radical Republicans
d) Scalawags
e) Senators

26) Who were Northerners who moved to


the South during Reconstruction?
a) Abolitionists
b) Carpetbaggers
c) Radical Republicans
d) Scalawags
e) Senators

30) Who votes to impeach the President?


a) Citizens
b) House of Representatives
c) Military officers
d) Senate
e) Supreme Court


31) After a President is impeached, where is
the trial?
a) House of Representatives
b) Foreign court
c) Military court
d) Senate
e) Supreme Court

37) What law did Congress pass that


allowed federal marshals to arrest
thousands of members of a racist
organization?
a) Anti-Klan Bill
b) Compromise of 1877
c) Panic of 1873
d) Reconstruction Acts of 1867
e) Tenure of Office Act

32) Who helped African Americans search


for family members separated during
slavery?
a) Ex-Confederate soldiers
b) Freedmens Bureau
c) House of Representatives
d) Senate
e) Supreme Court

33) What was built to educate newly freed


slaves?
a) Black codes
b) Civil rights
c) Freedmens schools
d) Sharecropping
e) Universities
34) By 1869, about what percentage of
African-Americans learned to read?
a) Less than 1
b) 5
c) 10
d) 15
e) 25
35) Who won the Election of 1868 to
become the 18th President of the U.S.?
a) Abraham Lincoln
b) Andrew Johnson
c) Horatio Seymour
d) Jefferson Davis
e) Ulysses S. Grant
36) In the Election of 1868, approximately
how many African Americans voted in
the South?
a) 25,000
b) 50,000
c) 100.000
d) 250,000
e) 500,000

38) In 1872, as a result of scandals with


President Grants administration some
Republicans broke away and formed
what political party?
a) Democrat Republican
b) Liberal Republican
c) New Republican
d) Radical Republican
e) Reconstruction Republican
39) What happened when several banks ran
out of money because of bad loans?
a) Anti-Klan Bill
b) Compromise of 1877
c) Panic of 1873
d) Reconstruction Acts of 1867
e) Tenure of Office Act
40) As a result of the Compromise of 1877
who became President?
a) Abraham Lincoln
b) Andrew Johnson
c) Rutherford Hayes
d) Samuel Tilden
e) Ulysses S. Grant