You are on page 1of 40

Unit I.

The Reading
Process
Smith and Dechant:
Reading is a key to
success in school,

Unit I. The Reading


Process
to the development of
out-of-school interests

Unit I. The Reading


Process
to the enjoyment of
liesure time and to
personal and social
adjustment.

Unit I. The Reading Process

Villamin considers
reading as the key that
unlocks the door of
enlightenment and
enjoyment and basic
tool for learning.

Unit I. The Reading Process

Reading teachers are


faced with difficulties in
teaching pupils not only
in decoding but also
reading
comprehension.

Unit I. The Reading Process

A basic understanding of
what is reading all
about is how to
perform the task of
teaching the reading
skill

Unit I. The Reading Process

Reading is bringing the


meaning to rather than
gaining of meaning
from the printed page.

Unit I. The Reading Process

Reading involves much


more than recognition
of the graphic symbol.

Unit I. The Reading Process

Reading is the process


in which information
from the text and the
knowledge possessed
by to produce meaning.

Unit I. The Reading Process

Reading consists of two


major components:
recognizing and
analyzing words i.e.
decoding and
comprehension

Theoretical Models of
Reading

Describe and explain


how readers construct
meaning from written
texts.

Theoretical Models of
Reading

Murray's Interactive
Theory postulates that
reading is an
interaction involving the
reader and the text
being read.

According to Ehri,
1. Knowledge of
language which
enables the reader to
recognize sentences,
syntax, semantics,
pragmatics.

According to Ehri,
2. Knowldge of the
world/ background
knowledge including
encyclopedia and
experiential knowledge.

According to Ehri,
3. Metacognitive
knowledge which
enables readers to
monitor their own
comprehension.

According to Ehri,
4. Knowledge of the
alphabetic-phonemic
(letter-sound) systems
involve knowing how
the spelling represents
the speech.

Models of Reading
Gough's Bottom-Up
Model is the text rather
.
than what the reader
brings to the text.

Models of Reading
Goodman's Top-Down
Model The readers bring
information based on the
past experiences with
language and their world
to the act of reading.

Models of Reading
Interactive Model
postulated by Rumelhart
is a combination
.
of the
bottom and up and topdown views of reading.

The Perceptual
Nature of Reading
Process

Involves meaning and


perception
ex. Chair

Perception would be as
many interpretations of
that object as there
were viewers.

Learning Principle and


the Reading Process
- The reading material
should be suited to the
level of students

Learning Principle and


the Reading Process
-The teacher should
motivate the children
before every lesson is
undertaken such as
pictures, songs, verses,
stories.

Learning Principle and


the Reading Process
- The motivation is
pleasurable to the
learners

Learning Principle and


the Reading Process
- The students should be
free from tension and
motivated by praise not
threat. e.g. Rewarding
with Stars

Learning Principle and


the Reading Process
- Interest to learn should
come from within the
child.

Learning Principle and


the Reading Process
- The child is assured to
do better and succeed
next time and make
him to accept failure
easier.

Learning Principle and


the Reading Process
- The teacher should
involve the child in
deciding what he/she
prefers to do and how
to do it successfully.

Learning Principle and


the Reading Process
- A pupil who had sad
experience in the past
is hampered in their
learning.

Learning Principle and


the Reading Process
- There is more learning
when the child actively
performed the activities

Learning Principle and


the Reading Process
- Meaningful materials
and meaningful tasks
are learned more
compare to difficult and
unfamiliar ones

Learning Principle and


the Reading Process
- Drill and practice are
necessary for more
permanent learning.

Learning Principle and


the Reading Process
- Letting the child know
his/her performance is
a good motivation to
improve more.

Learning Principle and


the Reading Process
-When the pupil truly
learns a reading skill,
he will have no difficulty
applying or using that
skill in other learning
context.

Learning Principle and


the Reading Process
- Review is a part of the
lesson to make
connections and
associations with the
new lesson.

Learning Principle and


the Reading Process
-Conducting learning
activities that cater to
the different
personalities of the
learners.

Factors That Affect


Reading
* Physiological Factors
Left to Right Orientation

Terms related to
Reading
1. Fixation
2. Interfixation movements
3. Return sweeps
4. Regressions

Terms related to
Reading
5. Span recognition
6. Duration of Fixation
7. Intellectual Factors
8. Psychological Factors
9. Linguistic Factors
10. Sociological Factors

Reading as a
Developmental Task
1.Reading Readiness
2. Beginning Reading
3. Period of Rapid Growth
4. Period of Refinement