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Perspective Drawing

Perspective Drawing

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Published by vijayvermayadav

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Published by: vijayvermayadav on Jul 31, 2010
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11/20/2010

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CH002.indd 71

2/26/2009 7:01:13 PM

but also depth-wise.indd 124 2/26/2009 7:08:09 PM . which you can see. In my crusade to suggest that caricature is synonymous with gesture. I would have you view these drawings as perfect examples of caricature. They go beyond just caricaturing someone’s face. Francis Glebas. That would be like taking the lines in Plate 1a and straightening them up like Plate 1b. and Jane Krupka to share with you. destroys all illusion of depth. This tendency goes beyond straightening things up horizontally and vertically. I confiscated a few from James Fujii. You know.124 Drawn to Life p1670 In the last noontime drawing session there were many drawings made that impressed me as much as the pros I spoke about earlier. CH002. the crooked-picture-on-the-wall phobia. f0680 c0140 32 Perspective p1680 You may recall me mentioning a tendency to straighten everything up in a drawing. they accomplish what every animator must do daily — caricature of action.

which are loaded with complicated planes. effective.) In drawing human or animal figures.Walt Stanchfield 125 f0690 p1690 I am relentless in my crusade against this kind of seeing and drawing. But take heart. you have to carefully observe (and feel) the pose so that you can fit the two together. which is a system for linear depiction of three dimensions. f0700 CH002.) Here in Plate 2 are the six principles perspective. and fun to use. there is a simpler method. You all have at least some knowledge of perspective. I refer to one or more of them often in the evening gesture class critiques. (There may be a more specific term. there would be so many vanishing points you would need a computer to keep track of them. thanks to Bruce McIntyre. (If you’d like a more in-depth analysis of these rules. This method involves a few very simple rules which. are easy to apply. but I am not aware of one. let me know — I’ll make an effort to work something up. former Disney Studios artist and subsequent drawing instructor. So much depends on perspective — not just what is called linear perspective (see Plate 3). but also what I will call Spatial Perspective.indd 125 2/26/2009 7:08:09 PM . once understood. but sometimes the mind wanders and you fail to make use of what you do know. To further complicate matters — beyond just knowing the rules.

126 Drawn to Life p1710 Three of those rules are illustrated in Plate 4. The way the forearm delineates the contour of the arm as it overlaps the upper arm. and the left shoulder follows the contour as it overlaps at the trapezius muscle.indd 126 2/26/2009 7:08:10 PM . f0720 p1720 p1730 Take the hands first. This is called forced perspective. Overlap. It should be felt rather than diagrammed. Plate 4b further explains the Surface Lines rule. the front of the neck overlapping the far shoulder — all illustrate the fourth rule. They illustrate the second rule (see Plate 2). Diminishing Size. the forearm overlapping the upper arm. The hand farthest away being the smallest. Surface Lines. Here Donald demonstrates how that particular perspective rule has been pushed to great extremes. Foreshortening. is present everywhere in every third dimensional drawing. Next. although at times. a few perspective lines may help. The last rule. the shoulder overlapping the chest area. the left hand overlapping the forearm. f0730 CH002. illustrates the fifth rule. and is universally accepted as normal.

In Plate 6a is a student’s drawing which is about 98% two-dimensional.indd 127 2/26/2009 7:08:10 PM . I show how the artist must have envisioned himself on a crane which lifted him up and down so he could get a straight-on view of everything. Next to it in Plate 6b.Walt Stanchfield 127 f0740 p1740 Okay. f0750 CH002. now for the drawing that instigated all this.

” Here is my correction sketch of that drawing (Plate 7a). Putting off learning it only prolongs the agony. Plate 8 postulates. Next to it is a chart which shows how the eye saw it from a waist high vantage point — no cranes (Plate 7b). Then in Plate 7c. Stanchfield at the Disney Studios. I have translated what the eye sees into the rule of perspective.) Anyway.128 Drawn to Life p1750 p1760 This approach to drawing either displays an ignorance of the rules of perspective. we wouldn’t have half as much fun if we could just sit back and draw by the numbers. perspective is so much a part of drawing that an artist cannot neglect mastering it. once you have it. “Oh. or a lazy approach to drawing. He wants to know if you will pose for his gesture class… CH002. as my cartoon. Foreshortening. f0770 p1780 It’s Mr. The thing is. you will joyfully exclaim. Then of course.indd 128 2/26/2009 7:08:11 PM . f0760 p1770 So many things to think about! (Pity poor me who has so few brain cells left. how sweet it is.

f1540 p3230 Remember the formula I put in a handout several years ago? Impression Expression Depression. CH002.176 Drawn to Life p3220 Tina Price’s sketches are so full of life they seem to still be moving.indd 176 2/26/2009 7:08:29 PM .

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