BP Statistical Review

of World Energy
June 2009
bp.com/statisticalreview

What’s inside?
1

Introduction
1
2

6

Group chief executive’s introduction
2008 in review

38
Reserves
Production
Consumption
Prices
Stocks
Refining
Trade movements

22 Natural gas
22
24
27
30
31

Reserves
Production
Consumption
Trade movements
Prices

32 Coal
32
32
34
35

36

Consumption

38 Hydroelectricity

Oil
6
8
11
16
17
18
20

36 Nuclear energy

Reserves
Prices
Production
Consumption

Consumption

40 Primary energy
40
41
43

Consumption
Consumption by fuel
R/P ratios

44 Appendices
44
44
45

Approximate conversion factors
Definitions
More information

BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2009

About this Review

Guide to navigation
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2009
uses the following icons and colour coding to help
you navigate your way quickly and easily through
the document. Icons and colours represent various
energy types so you can see, at a glance, which
section you are in.

Oil
Natural gas
Coal
Nuclear energy
Hydroelectricity
Primary energy

For 58 years, the BP Statistical Review
of World Energy has provided high-quality,
objective and globally consistent data on
world energy markets. The Review is
one of the most widely respected and
authoritative publications in the field of
energy economics, used for reference by
the media, academia, world governments
and energy companies. A new edition is
published every June.
Find out more online
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2009 is available
online at www.bp.com/statisticalreview. The website contains
all the tables and charts found in the latest printed edition,
plus a number of extras, including:
• Historical data from 1965 for many sections.
• Additional data for natural gas, coal, hydroelectricity,
nuclear energy, electricity and renewables.
• An energy charting tool, where you can view
predetermined reports or chart specific data
according to energy type, region and year.
• An oil, natural gas and LNG conversion calculator.
• PDF versions and PowerPoint slide packs of the
charts, maps and graphs, plus an Excel workbook
of the historical data.
About BP
BP is one of the world’s largest oil and gas companies,
serving millions of customers in more than 90 countries
across six continents. Our business segments are Exploration
and Production, and Refining and Marketing. Through these
business segments, we provide fuel for transportation,
retail brands and energy for heat and light.

Approximate conversion
factors and definitions
See page 44.
View or order this
Review at
bp.com/statisticalreview

The data series for proved oil and gas reserves in BP Statistical Review of World
Energy June 2009 does not necessarily meet the definitions, guidelines and
practices used for determining proved reserves at company level, for instance,
under UK accounting rules contained in the Statement of Recommended
Practice, ‘Accounting for Oil and Gas Exploration, Development, Production and
Decommissioning Activities’ (UK SORP) or as published by the US Securities and
Exchange Commission, nor does it necessarily represent BP’s view of proved
reserves by country. Rather, the data series has been compiled using a
combination of primary official sources and third-party data.

BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2009

Group chief
executive’s introduction

Energy in 2008
followed the
economic
headlines
Tony Hayward Group Chief Executive
June 2009

Welcome to the 2009 edition of the BP Statistical Review
of World Energy.
2008 was a year of truly unprecedented
developments, for the world economy and in energy
markets. Prices for all forms of traded energy rose steeply,
some reaching record highs, and then fell dramatically.
Producers and consumers alike are wondering where
global energy markets are headed, and how to manage
the myriad issues around energy, including price volatility,
security and climate change.
In challenging times such as these, clear and
objective perspectives are needed, and this is what BP’s
Statistical Review has offered for 58 years. I hope you
will find this Review to be a useful source of information
on today’s energy situation – and a source of insight in
thinking about tomorrow’s.

As ever, the world economy is the key driver of energy
consumption. It is easy to forget that until the middle
of 2008, the economy continued to grow. In retrospect,
last year represented the end of one of the strongest
periods of economic growth ever recorded. However,
the economy had already started to slow, most likely
not unrelated to the high price of energy, and the financial
crisis in September then triggered a sharp recession –
with critical implications for global energy consumption.
Energy prices followed these economic headlines,
making for a year of very different parts. Oil prices
increased steadily early in the year, exceeding $140 per
barrel in early July – a record even on an inflation-adjusted
basis. But then prices collapsed, falling by more than 70%
by the end of the year. Market prices for natural gas and
coal followed similar trajectories. Over the whole of 2008,
average prices for all forms of primary energy increased
significantly, with annual oil prices rising for a seventh
consecutive year, a first in the nearly 150-year history of
the oil industry.
Primary energy consumption growth slowed in
2008, as did growth for each of the fossil fuels. All the
net growth in energy consumption came from the rapidly
industrializing non-OECD economies, with China alone
accounting for nearly three-quarters of global growth. For
the first time, non-OECD energy consumption surpassed
OECD consumption. For a sixth consecutive year, coal
was the fastest-growing fuel – with obvious implications
for global CO2 emissions.
The use of renewable fuels again rose rapidly,
often benefitting from government support. Although
renewable energy continues to play only a small role in
the world’s energy mix, the share is rising rapidly in
some countries and there are the beginnings of a material
impact. Data on renewable energy – ethanol production
as well as wind, solar and geothermal power generation
capacity – may be found at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.
In 2008 the world was no longer supplyconstrained, as production growth exceeded that of
consumption for all fossil fuels, particularly later in the
year. Expanded OPEC production drove increases in
world oil supply, even as consumption declined. The
cost-effective development of unconventional gas,
enabled by technological innovation, drove the largestever increase in US natural gas supply, and for coal,
strong growth in China was once again a key driver.
Seen in this context, fundamental market forces help
to explain the downward pressure seen on energy
prices later in the year.
Our data confirms that the world has enough
proved reserves of oil, natural gas and coal to meet
the world’s needs for decades to come. The challenges
the world faces in growing supplies to meet future
demand are not below ground, they are above ground.
They are human, not geological.
I would like to thank all those around the world
who have been involved in preparing this Review – in
particular our government contacts in many countries
who helped to compile the data.

1

BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2009

2008 in review

Global energy consumption growth slowed
in 2008, with slower economic growth and
higher average prices breaking a string of
five consecutive years of above-average
growth. Production growth exceeded that
of consumption for all fossil fuels.
For the year as a whole, prices for all
forms of traded energy rose substantially
despite sharp declines late in the year. Oil
prices reached inflation-adjusted record
highs, rising for a seventh consecutive year.
Internationally traded coal prices rose more
steeply than other fuels. Natural gas prices
in Europe and for Asia-Pacific liquefied
natural gas (LNG) rose in line with – or
more rapidly than – oil prices, while
North American price increases were
more moderate.

Non-OECD primary
energy consumption exceeded
OECD consumption for the
first time.
Shanghai, China
China accounted
for three-quarters
of global energy
consumption growth.

Primary energy consumption

+7.2%
China

–2.8%
US

2

Energy developments
World primary energy consumption – including
oil, natural gas, coal, nuclear and hydro
power – grew by 1.4% in 2008, the slowest
growth since 2001. Non-OECD primary
energy consumption exceeded OECD
consumption for the first time. The AsiaPacific region accounted for 87% of the
world’s energy consumption growth. For the
third consecutive year, coal accounted for
the majority of primary energy consumption
growth. Chinese consumption growth slowed
for the fifth consecutive year, yet China
accounted for nearly three-quarters of global
growth. Energy consumption among exporting
regions remained robust, with above-average
growth in the Middle East and Africa.
Consumption in the US fell by 2.8%, the
largest decline since 1982.

Oil
Dated Brent averaged $97.26 per barrel in
2008, an increase of 34%. Other benchmark
crudes registered similar gains. Prices began
the year just below $100 and rose sharply
through mid-year, peaking above $144 in
early July. But with strong OPEC production
growth and the world economy – and oil
consumption – weakening, inventories
increased and prices declined sharply
thereafter, ending the year below $40.
An easing of refinery bottlenecks led to a
narrowing of crude quality differentials in
the second half of the year.
Global oil consumption declined by
0.6%, or by 420,000 barrels per day (b/d),
the first decline since 1993 and the largest
decline since 1982. Consumption in OECD
countries fell by 3.2% (1.5 million b/d), a third
consecutive year of decline – led by a drop
of 6.4%, or nearly 1.3 million b/d, in the US.
Outside the OECD, consumption growth
slowed to 1.1 million b/d, with continued
strong growth among oil exporting countries
partly offset by slower growth among
Asia-Pacific importers.

Oil production outside OPEC
fell by 1.4% or 610,000b/d, the
largest decline since 1992.
While oil consumption declined, global
oil production increased by 0.4%, or
380,000b/d. Although OPEC began cutting
production late in the year, average annual
production rose by 2.7%, or 990,000b/d.
Middle Eastern OPEC members accounted
for all of the net increase, with Saudi Arabian
production rising by nearly 400,000b/d and
Iraqi output rising by 280,000b/d.
Oil production outside OPEC fell by
1.4% or 610,000b/d, the largest decline
since 1992. OECD production fell by 4%, or
750,000b/d, with declines in North America
and Europe; Mexican production fell by
310,000b/d, the world’s largest decline.
Russian production fell by 90,000b/d, the
first decline since 1998. These declines were
partly offset by continued growth in Brazilian
output of 70,000b/d.
Refining capacity additions in 2008
totalled some 830,000b/d, with most of the
additions concentrated in the Asia-Pacific
region, especially China where capacity grew
by 2.9% (220,000b/d). However, global crude
runs fell by 250,000b/d because of lower oil
consumption. The biggest throughput changes
were a fall of 3.4% (510,000b/d) in the US,
partially offset by growth of 4.4% (290,000b/d)
in China. The combination of increasing
refining capacity and lower crude runs meant

Thunder Horse field,
Gulf of Mexico, US
US oil consumption
fell by 6.4% or nearly
1.3 million b/d.

that global refinery utilization in 2008 fell for
the third year running to 84.8%, the lowest
level since 2003.
Global oil trade fell by 1.7% or
930,000b/d, the first decline since 2002 and
the largest since 1987, driven by declining
consumption among importing countries
(especially in the OECD) and rising domestic
consumption among the world’s oil exporters.

Global oil consumption

–0.6%
The first decline
since 1993

3

Natural gas

BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2009
2008 in review

Global gas consumption grew by 2.5%, below
the 10-year average. In North America, spot
gas prices for the year remained well below
oil prices and consumption grew by an
above-average 1.3%. Elsewhere only the
Middle East saw above-average growth,
driven by strong domestic consumption
among energy-exporting nations and a rapid
expansion of intra-regional trade. In OECD
Europe and the Asia-Pacific region, oil-indexed
gas prices rose more rapidly and consumption
growth was below average. Chinese
consumption grew by 15.8%, and China
accounted for the largest incremental growth
in world gas consumption.

In the US output rose by
7.5%, 10 times the 10-year
average and the strongest
volumetric growth on record.

LNG plant, North West
Shelf, Australia
Global natural gas trade
rebounded in 2008,
growing by 3.8%;
LNG trade for the year
fell slightly.

Natural gas share of world energy consumption

Natural gas accounts for
24.1% of world energy
use, the highest share
on record.

4

24.1%

Global gas production grew by 3.8%, above
the 10-year average of 3%. Strong growth
was driven by the US, which for the second
consecutive year accounted for the largest
increment to global production. In the US
output rose by 7.5%, 10 times the 10-year
average and the strongest volumetric growth
on record. The development of unconventional
resources and strong drilling activity (which
began to decline later in the year as prices
weakened) drove the US increase. Qatar
accounted for the second-largest increment
to supply as pipeline shipments to the UAE
continued to ramp up. EU production rose for
the first time since 2004, as increases in the
Netherlands and Denmark offset UK declines.
Global natural gas trade rebounded in
2008, growing by 3.8%, driven by growth in
pipeline shipments; LNG trade for the year
fell slightly. Pipeline trade increased by 5.5%;
the ramp-up of Qatari exports accounted for
36% of global growth, and shipments also
increased from Russia and several European
countries, more than offsetting declining
Canadian shipments to the US. Meanwhile,
breaking a recent pattern of strong growth,
global LNG shipments were limited by
constrained supply.

Other fuels
Global coal consumption slowed in 2008,
rising by a below-average 3.1%, yet coal
remained the fastest-growing fuel in the
world for a sixth consecutive year. In China
(the world’s largest consumer, with a 43%
share), consumption grew by 6.8%, below
the 10-year average but still sufficient
to account for 85% of global growth.
In liberalized energy markets, coal prices
in 2008 increased more rapidly than other
fossil fuels; consumption growth outside
China was a weak 0.6%. Growth was
below the 10-year average for every region
but South and Central America and Africa.
Nuclear output dropped by 0.7%,
a second consecutive global decline.
Japanese output fell by 10% due to the
lingering impact of a 2007 earthquake.
Hydroelectric generation grew by 2.8%, with
global growth above the 10-year average for
the fourth time in the past five years. Chinese
hydroelectric output grew by 20.3%, double
the 10-year average and sufficient to account
for all the global increase. Elsewhere

Coal was again the world’s fastest
growing fuel
hydroelectric output was weaker than
average, falling by 0.4%.
Renewable energy continued to grow
strongly. Global wind and solar generation
capacity increased by 29.9% and 69%,
respectively – both figures above the
10-year average. Driven by a favourable policy
environment, US wind capacity rose by
49.5%, surpassing Germany as the world’s
capacity leader. Ethanol production rose by
one-third driven by continued strong growth
in the US and Brazil.

+3.1%
World consumption
growth

Acknowledgements
We would like to express our gratitude to the many contacts
worldwide who provide the basic publicly-available data for
this publication.

Coal
In liberalized energy
markets, coal prices
in 2008 increased
more rapidly than
other fossil fuels.

5

Oil
Proved reserves

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Italy
Kazakhstan
Norway
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Angola
Chad
Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Libya
Nigeria
Sudan
Tunisia
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
OPEC
Non-OPEC‡
Former Soviet Union
Canadian oil sands•
Proved reserves and oil sands
*More than 100 years.

At end 1988
Thousand
million
barrels

At end 1998
Thousand
million
barrels

At end 2007
Thousand
million
barrels

Thousand
million
tonnes

35.1
11.9
53.0
100.0
2.3
2.8
2.1
1.5
0.9
0.6
58.5
0.6
69.2
n/a
0.5
0.8
n/a
7.3
1.2
n/a
n/a
4.3
n/a
63.2
77.3
92.9
100.0
94.5
4.1
4.5
255.0
1.8
98.1
2.0
0.1
653.0
9.2
2.0

0.8
4.3

0.9
22.8
16.0
0.3
1.8
1.0
59.0
3.4
1.2
17.3
4.5
9.0
3.4
0.1
0.1
1.0
39.9
998.4
8.3
118.3
764.0
173.5
60.9
n/a
n/a

28.6
15.1
21.6
65.3
2.8
7.4
2.5
4.1
0.9
0.7
76.1
1.1
95.6
n/a
0.9
0.8
n/a
11.7
1.2
n/a
n/a
5.1
n/a
2.1
104.9
93.7
112.5
96.5
5.4
12.5
261.5
2.3
97.8
1.9
0.2
684.3
11.3
4.0

1.7
3.8
0.6
2.6
29.5
22.5
0.3
0.3
0.7
77.2
4.1
1.0
17.4
5.4
5.1
4.7
0.4
1.9
1.3
41.3
1068.5
8.9
89.2
827.2
157.6
83.8
n/a
n/a

30.5
28.6
12.2
71.3
2.6
12.6
1.5
4.0
1.1
0.9
99.4
1.4
123.5
7.0
1.1
0.9
39.8
8.2
0.5
80.4
0.6
3.4
0.6
2.1
144.6
138.2
115.0
101.5
5.6
27.4
264.2
2.5
97.8
2.7
0.1
755.0
12.2
13.5
0.9
1.9
4.1
1.7
3.2
43.7
36.2
6.7
0.6
0.6
125.3
4.2
1.1
16.1
5.5
4.0
5.5
0.5
3.4
1.1
41.3
1261.0
6.7
90.3
957.1
174.7
129.2
150.7
1411.7

3.7
4.4
1.6
9.7
0.4
1.7
0.2
0.5
0.2
0.1
14.3
0.2
17.6
1.0
0.1
0.1
5.3
0.9
0.1
10.8
0.1
0.5
0.1
0.3
19.2
18.9
15.5
14.0
0.8
2.9
36.3
0.3
13.0
0.3

102.0
1.5
1.8
0.1
0.3
0.6
0.2
0.4
5.7
4.9
0.9
0.1
0.1
16.6
0.5
0.1
2.1
0.8
0.5
0.7
0.1
0.6
0.1
5.6
170.8
0.8
12.0
129.8
23.6
17.4
24.5
195.3

At end 2008
Thousand
million
barrels

30.5
28.6
11.9
70.9
2.6
12.6
1.4
3.8
1.1
0.8
99.4
1.4
123.2
7.0
0.8
0.8
39.8
7.5
0.5
79.0
0.6
3.4
0.6
2.1
142.2
137.6
115.0
101.5
5.6
27.3
264.1
2.5
97.8
2.7
0.1
754.1
12.2
13.5
0.9
1.9
4.3
1.7
3.2
43.7
36.2
6.7
0.6
0.6
125.6
4.2
1.1
15.5
5.8
3.7
5.5
0.5
4.7
1.1
42.0
1258.0
6.3
88.9
955.8
174.4
127.8
150.7
1408.7

Share
of total

R/P
ratio

2.4%
2.3%
0.9%
5.6%
0.2%
1.0%
0.1%
0.3%
0.1%
0.1%
7.9%
0.1%
9.8%
0.6%
0.1%
0.1%
3.2%
0.6%

12.4
24.1
10.3
14.8
10.5
18.2
6.0
20.3
25.5
15.2
*
27.7
50.3
20.9
7.7
21.1
70.0
8.3
13.3
21.8
8.0
6.0
14.6
13.4
22.1
86.9
*
99.6
20.9
54.1
66.5
17.2
89.7
23.9
10.6
78.6
16.7
19.7
19.4
21.3
16.4
12.9
37.0
64.6
45.6
38.1
18.5
12.0
33.4
20.4
16.9
11.1
20.7
10.2
19.8
3.9
40.8
12.8
14.5
42.0
7.7
13.2
71.1
14.8
27.2

6.3%

0.3%

0.2%
11.3%
10.9%
9.1%
8.1%
0.4%
2.2%
21.0%
0.2%
7.8%
0.2%

59.9%
1.0%
1.1%
0.1%
0.2%
0.3%
0.1%
0.3%
3.5%
2.9%
0.5%

10.0%
0.3%
0.1%
1.2%
0.5%
0.3%
0.4%

0.4%
0.1%
3.3%
100.0%
0.5%
7.1%
76.0%
13.9%
10.2%

†Less than 0.05.
◆Less than 0.05%.
‡Excludes Former Soviet Union.
•‘Remaining established reserves’, less reserves ’under active development’.
Notes: Proved reserves of oil – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future from
known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions.
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of any year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining reserves
would last if production were to continue at that rate.
Source of data – The estimates in this table have been compiled using a combination of primary official sources, third-party data from the OPEC Secretariat, World Oil, Oil & Gas Journal and
an independent estimate of Russian reserves based on information in the public domain. Canadian proved reserves include an official estimate of 22.0 billion barrels for oil sands ‘under active
development’. Reserves include gas condensate and natural gas liquids (NGLs) as well as crude oil.
Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand million barrels figures.

6

Proved reserves at end 2008
Thousand million barrels

42.0
70.9
Asia Pacific North America

123.2
S. & Cent. America

125.6
Africa

142.2
Europe & Eurasia

754.1
Middle East

Distribution of proved reserves in 1988, 1998 and 2008
Percentage

Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
Africa
S. & Cent. America
North America
Asia Pacific

4.0

3.9

65.4

64.0

3.3 59.9
5.6

6.1
10.0
9.8

8.9
6.9

5.9

7.7

1988
Total 998.4
thousand
million
barrels

1998
Total 1068.5
thousand
million
barrels

7.2

2008
Total 1258.0
thousand
million
barrels

10.0

9.8
11.3

7

Production*
Thousand barrels daily

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Italy
Kazakhstan
Norway
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Angola
Cameroon
Chad
Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Libya
Nigeria
Sudan
Tunisia
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
OPEC
Non-OPEC‡
Former Soviet Union

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Change
2008 over
2007

2008
share
of total

8011
2672
3499
14182
890
1003
775
385
116
134
3480
125
6908
231
238
117
537
3138
137
6169
129
2807
191
506
14199
3855
2121
2232
905
701
9502
576
2643
380
49
22964
1461
731
105

264
857
83
337
1480
2167
12
85
63
7644
644
157
3212
737
1520
779
130
245
217
7641
73538
3553
21500
32277
33870
7391

7731
2604
3343
13678
847
1133
838
383
107
141
3126
124
6699
279
299
104
631
3139
133
6178
143
2909
191
474
14480
3603
2610
2085
911
723
8853
579
2511
405
48
22328
1515
745
95

266
827
100
340
1425
2066
63
84
56
7583
625
182
3213
736
1408
737
140
296
218
7556
72325
3684
21103
31054
33719
7552

7733
2721
3450
13904
819
1268
711
409
100
138
3239
130
6813
282
363
95
744
3346
131
6536
144
2667
177
465
14950
3818
2614
2206
959
757
9491
548
2626
450
48
23516
1578
746
88

254
781
91
327
1475
2155
174
78
56
7804
809
193
3252
726
1456
735
176
328
200
7874
74861
3493
21521
32569
34278
8014

7669
2677
3560
13906
830
1337
627
416
98
135
3142
137
6722
301
348
86
836
3418
130
7056
162
2476
171
465
15450
3794
2523
2148
961
754
9209
581
2534
455
47
23006
1562
742
81

234
758
177
301
1427
2274
217
71
53
7897
733
203
3306
727
1389
719
191
350
195
7813
74794
3285
21303
31914
34220
8660

7626
2858
3585
14069
818
1499
601
401
98
155
2895
152
6619
311
371
115
1018
3333
127
7698
182
2463
171
501
16289
3543
2116
1995
900
764
8928
548
2324
457
48
21623
1680
905
72

231
751
204
295
1375
2103
241
74
63
7994
730
210
3346
753
1289
757
204
354
193
7836
74431
3339
21430
30318
34580
9533

7400
3004
3789
14193
806
1555
564
427
92
164
2554
153
6314
313
368
116
1111
3264
123
8544
202
2257
166
509
16973
4183
1344
2329
824
879
10164
527
2611
448
48
23357
1852
862
67
24
215
749
242
240
1485
2263
265
68
71
8402
624
214
3401
756
1183
776
236
364
195
7750
76990
3128
21165
32136
34355
10499

7228
3085
3824
14137
754
1542
551
535
94
152
2907
144
6680
315
390
113
1297
3189
119
9287
193
2028
152
496
17579
4248
2030
2475
785
992
10638
495
2656
420
48
24788
1946
976
89
168
216
721
345
235
1624
2502
301
71
75
9268
582
210
3481
773
1129
793
223
427
186
7804
80256
2902
20766
34658
34191
11407

6895
3041
3760
13696
725
1716
554
541
111
171
2937
143
6899
452
377
127
1356
2969
114
9552
192
1809
126
468
17541
4233
1833
2618
782
1028
11114
450
2753
416
34
25262
2015
1246
82
173
246
696
373
234
1751
2580
305
73
72
9846
580
206
3627
738
1087
744
265
398
201
7845
81089
2659
19861
35736
33513
11839

6841
3208
3683
13732
716
1809
559
545
116
174
2808
141
6866
654
342
120
1426
2779
105
9769
186
1636
125
457
17598
4282
1999
2690
747
1110
10853
435
2971
380
32
25499
2003
1421
87
153
262
697
358
235
1834
2474
331
70
66
9992
554
221
3684
762
1017
717
286
367
203
7810
81497
2422
19458
36007
33171
12318

6847
3320
3471
13638
699
1833
561
520
114
154
2613
143
6636
869
311
122
1484
2556
99
9978
198
1638
114
451
17819
4322
2144
2636
701
1197
10449
415
2925
345
35
25168
2016
1720
82
144
222
710
368
230
1848
2356
468
97
59
10320
567
194
3743
770
969
743
309
337
229
7862
81443
2388
19148
35714
32930
12799

6736
3238
3157
13131
682
1899
618
514
120
149
2566
138
6685
914
287
108
1554
2455
99
9886
205
1544
111
427
17591
4325
2423
2784
728
1378
10846
398
2980
305
33
26200
1993
1875
84
127
249
722
361
235
1846
2170
480
89
54
10285
556
175
3795
766
1004
754
325
317
237
7928
81820
2239
18400
36705
32295
12821

-1.8%
-2.0%
-9.1%
-3.8%
-2.6%
3.6%
10.3%
-1.2%
4.0%
-5.0%
-1.9%
-2.7%
0.6%
4.2%
-7.7%
-10.9%
5.1%
-4.1%
-0.4%
-0.8%
3.8%
-6.3%
-2.7%
-5.3%
-1.3%
-0.2%
13.0%
5.3%
3.7%
13.2%
4.0%
-4.1%
2.0%
-11.6%
-5.7%
4.0%
-1.3%
9.1%
2.3%
-11.5%
12.3%
1.3%
-2.1%
2.2%
-0.1%
-8.0%
2.6%
-8.9%
-8.5%
-0.4%
-1.5%
-10.1%
1.4%
-0.5%
3.2%
1.8%
5.5%
-6.0%
3.1%
0.9%
0.4%
-6.6%
-4.0%
2.7%
-2.0%
0.2%

7.8%
4.0%
4.0%
15.8%
0.9%
2.4%
0.8%
0.7%
0.1%
0.2%
3.4%
0.2%
8.5%
1.1%
0.4%
0.1%
1.8%
2.9%
0.1%
12.4%
0.3%
1.8%
0.1%
0.5%
21.7%
5.3%
3.0%
3.5%
0.9%
1.5%
13.1%
0.5%
3.6%
0.4%

31.9%
2.2%
2.3%
0.1%
0.2%
0.3%
0.9%
0.5%
0.3%
2.2%
2.7%
0.6%
0.1%
0.1%
12.4%
0.6%
0.2%
4.8%
0.9%
1.2%
0.9%
0.3%
0.4%
0.3%
9.7%
100.0%
2.7%
22.0%
44.8%
39.3%
16.0%

*Includes crude oil, shale oil, oil sands and NGLs (the liquid content of natural gas where this is recovered separately). Excludes liquid fuels from other sources such as biomass and coal derivatives.
‡Excludes Former Soviet Union.
◆Less than 0.05%.
Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures.
Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.

8

Production*
Million tonnes

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Italy
Kazakhstan
Norway
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Angola
Cameroon
Chad
Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Libya
Nigeria
Sudan
Tunisia
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
OPEC
Non-OPEC‡
Former Soviet Union

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Change
2008 over
2007

2008
share
of total

368.1
125.1
173.5
666.7
44.0
49.8
38.5
19.6
5.7
6.7
179.6
6.2
350.0
11.4
11.6
5.6
25.9
149.6
6.6
304.3
6.4
132.6
8.2
24.2
686.5
190.8
104.2
110.0
44.7
33.6
455.7
28.6
123.5
18.0
2.3
1111.3
61.8
36.0
5.3

13.6
43.0
4.1
16.8
69.6
106.0
0.6
4.0
3.0
363.9
27.4
7.6
160.2
34.7
74.2
35.7
5.0
12.1
10.1
367.1
3545.4
168.5
1011.5
1564.4
1618.5
362.5

352.6
121.0
165.2
638.8
41.8
56.3
41.6
19.5
5.2
6.9
160.9
6.2
338.4
13.9
14.6
5.0
30.1
149.7
6.4
304.8
7.1
137.4
8.1
22.7
699.6
178.1
128.3
102.6
45.0
34.3
423.6
28.8
117.4
19.2
2.2
1079.4
63.9
36.7
4.8

13.7
41.4
5.0
17.0
67.0
100.8
3.1
4.0
2.7
360.0
26.7
8.9
160.2
34.6
68.6
33.9
5.4
14.6
10.2
363.1
3479.3
174.8
988.9
1501.5
1607.8
370.0

352.6
126.9
171.2
650.8
40.4
63.2
35.3
20.9
4.9
6.8
167.3
6.6
345.3
14.1
17.7
4.6
35.3
160.2
6.3
323.3
7.2
126.2
7.5
22.4
724.7
189.4
128.8
109.1
47.6
36.1
456.3
27.3
123.1
21.3
2.2
1141.2
66.8
36.9
4.5

13.1
38.8
4.5
16.4
69.5
105.4
8.6
3.7
2.7
370.9
35.3
9.4
162.6
34.2
71.5
33.7
7.0
16.2
9.4
379.2
3612.1
166.3
1011.1
1581.0
1637.7
393.4

349.2
126.1
176.6
651.8
41.5
66.3
31.0
21.2
4.8
6.5
161.6
6.9
339.9
15.0
17.0
4.1
40.1
162.0
6.2
348.1
8.0
116.7
7.2
22.2
746.6
186.5
123.9
105.8
47.5
35.7
440.6
28.9
118.2
21.5
2.2
1110.8
65.8
36.6
4.1

12.1
37.3
8.8
15.0
67.1
110.8
10.7
3.4
2.5
374.1
31.8
9.9
164.8
34.1
68.0
32.9
7.5
17.1
9.1
375.2
3598.4
155.6
999.5
1541.6
1632.2
424.6

346.8
135.0
178.4
660.2
40.9
74.4
29.7
20.4
4.8
7.5
148.8
7.8
334.2
15.4
18.1
5.5
48.2
157.3
6.1
379.6
9.0
115.9
7.2
23.6
786.0
172.7
104.0
98.2
44.5
35.2
425.3
27.2
108.4
21.5
2.2
1039.4
70.9
44.6
3.6

11.9
37.0
10.1
14.7
64.6
102.3
11.9
3.5
3.0
378.1
31.5
10.2
166.9
35.2
63.0
34.5
8.2
17.3
9.0
375.7
3573.6
158.2
1005.3
1458.4
1649.0
466.2

338.4
142.6
188.8
669.8
40.2
77.0
27.9
21.7
4.5
7.9
131.4
7.8
318.3
15.5
17.9
5.6
52.4
153.0
5.9
421.4
10.0
106.1
7.1
24.0
818.9
203.7
66.1
114.8
40.7
40.8
485.1
26.2
122.2
21.1
2.2
1123.0
79.0
42.5
3.4
1.2
11.1
36.8
12.0
12.0
69.8
110.3
13.1
3.2
3.5
397.8
26.6
10.5
169.6
35.4
57.7
35.6
9.6
17.7
9.1
371.8
3699.6
148.2
995.6
1545.1
1640.9
513.6

329.2
147.6
190.7
667.4
37.8
76.5
27.3
27.3
4.4
7.3
150.0
7.3
337.9
15.6
19.1
5.5
60.6
149.9
5.7
458.8
9.6
95.4
6.6
23.4
850.1
207.9
100.0
122.3
38.9
46.0
506.0
24.7
124.7
19.9
2.2
1192.7
83.6
48.2
4.5
8.8
11.2
35.4
17.1
11.8
76.6
121.9
14.9
3.4
3.6
440.9
24.8
10.3
174.1
36.3
55.2
36.5
9.1
20.8
8.7
375.8
3864.8
137.7
977.9
1669.7
1636.6
558.5

313.3
144.9
187.1
645.3
36.2
84.6
27.3
27.6
5.0
8.3
151.0
7.2
347.1
22.4
18.4
6.1
62.6
138.2
5.4
470.0
9.5
84.7
5.4
21.9
844.8
206.2
90.0
129.3
38.6
47.3
526.8
22.4
129.0
19.6
1.6
1210.8
86.4
61.2
4.2
9.1
12.7
33.9
18.5
11.7
82.1
125.4
15.0
3.4
3.5
467.2
24.5
10.1
180.8
34.6
53.0
33.9
10.8
19.4
9.3
376.4
3891.6
125.7
931.8
1715.4
1599.0
577.1

310.2
153.4
183.1
646.7
35.8
89.2
27.5
27.7
5.1
8.3
144.2
7.1
345.0
32.5
16.7
5.8
66.1
128.7
5.0
480.5
9.2
76.6
5.4
21.6
848.0
208.0
98.1
132.7
36.9
50.9
514.3
21.6
139.0
17.9
1.4
1221.0
86.2
69.7
4.4
8.0
13.5
33.7
17.7
11.7
85.6
120.0
16.3
3.3
3.2
473.3
23.4
10.8
183.7
35.8
49.9
32.5
11.8
17.8
9.3
375.0
3908.8
114.6
912.0
1726.3
1581.7
600.8

309.8
159.5
172.7
642.0
34.9
90.4
27.6
26.5
5.1
7.2
133.9
7.2
332.7
42.8
15.2
5.9
68.4
118.8
4.7
491.3
9.8
76.8
4.9
21.4
860.0
209.7
105.3
129.9
34.6
53.6
494.2
20.6
136.4
16.3
1.6
1202.2
86.5
84.3
4.2
7.5
11.5
34.1
18.2
11.5
86.0
114.2
23.1
4.6
2.9
488.5
24.1
9.5
186.7
36.2
47.4
33.6
12.7
16.4
10.5
377.0
3902.3
113.1
898.0
1707.8
1570.3
624.2

305.1
156.7
157.4
619.2
34.1
93.9
30.5
26.2
5.3
6.9
131.6
7.0
335.6
44.7
14.0
5.2
72.0
114.2
4.7
488.5
10.2
72.2
4.8
20.3
851.0
209.8
119.3
137.3
36.0
60.8
515.3
19.8
139.5
14.4
1.5
1253.7
85.6
92.2
4.3
6.7
12.9
34.6
17.9
11.8
86.2
105.3
23.7
4.2
2.7
488.1
23.8
8.5
189.7
36.1
49.1
34.3
13.4
15.4
10.9
381.2
3928.8
105.9
864.1
1758.3
1543.6
627.0

-1.8%
-2.0%
-9.1%
-3.8%
-2.6%
3.6%
10.3%
-1.2%
4.0%
-5.0%
-1.9%
-2.7%
0.6%
4.2%
-7.7%
-10.9%
5.1%
-4.1%
-0.4%
-0.8%
3.8%
-6.3%
-2.7%
-5.3%
-1.3%
-0.2%
13.0%
5.3%
3.7%
13.2%
4.0%
-4.1%
2.0%
-11.6%
-5.7%
4.0%
-1.3%
9.1%
2.3%
-11.5%
12.3%
1.3%
-2.1%
2.2%
-0.1%
-8.0%
2.6%
-8.9%
-8.5%
-0.4%
-1.5%
-10.1%
1.4%
-0.5%
3.2%
1.8%
5.5%
-6.0%
3.1%
0.9%
0.4%
-6.6%
-4.0%
2.7%
-2.0%
0.2%

7.8%
4.0%
4.0%
15.8%
0.9%
2.4%
0.8%
0.7%
0.1%
0.2%
3.4%
0.2%
8.5%
1.1%
0.4%
0.1%
1.8%
2.9%
0.1%
12.4%
0.3%
1.8%
0.1%
0.5%
21.7%
5.3%
3.0%
3.5%
0.9%
1.5%
13.1%
0.5%
3.6%
0.4%

31.9%
2.2%
2.3%
0.1%
0.2%
0.3%
0.9%
0.5%
0.3%
2.2%
2.7%
0.6%
0.1%
0.1%
12.4%
0.6%
0.2%
4.8%
0.9%
1.2%
0.9%
0.3%
0.4%
0.3%
9.7%
100.0%
2.7%
22.0%
44.8%
39.3%
16.0%

*Includes crude oil, shale oil, oil sands and NGLs (the liquid content of natural gas where this is recovered separately). Excludes liquid fuels from other sources such as biomass and coal derivatives.
‡Excludes Former Soviet Union.
than 0.05%.
Note: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.

◆Less

9

Production by region
Million barrels daily

90

Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
North America

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

83

84

85

86

87

88

89

90

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

0

08

World oil production increased by 380,000b/d in 2008. OPEC production increased by 990,000b/d despite production cuts instituted late in the year. Saudi Arabia
saw the largest production increase, with output rising by 400,000b/d. Russian production fell by 90,000b/d, the first decline since 1998. OECD production fell by
750,000b/d, with Mexico registering the world’s largest decline (310,000b/d).

Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios
Years

2008 by region
50

World

40

North America
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific

90

75

60
30

45

20
30

10
15

84

86

88

90

92

94

96

98

00

02

04

06

08

0

Global proved oil reserves in 2008 fell by 3 billion barrels to 1,258 billion barrels, with an R/P ratio of 42 years. Declines in Russia, Norway, China and other countries
offset increases in Vietnam, India and Egypt. The 2007 figure has been revised higher by 23.1 billion barrels, with the largest upward revisions in Venezuela and Angola.

10

0

Consumption*
Thousand barrels daily

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Change
2008 over
2007

2008
share
of total

18917
1913
1844
22674
467
2034
247
266
145
155
475
1152
4942
255
116
175
656
100
174
223
221
2016
2915
375
157
18
152
1974
176
76
854
215
424
322
242
2554
80
1381
338
279
640
75
302
1741
146
462
19831
1194
180
34
1262
283
1304
4258
194
559
450
1161
2364
825
76
4228
185
1963
914
5504
404
127
350
392
651
2030
786
691
432
19559
73628
14849
46569
3741
23319

19519
1926
1842
23286
445
2114
249
238
131
159
474
1166
4976
250
111
154
670
93
174
222
224
2044
2824
384
151
18
172
1980
147
63
880
216
431
330
195
2625
73
1423
337
271
638
80
272
1721
143
428
19745
1221
202
33
1302
271
1338
4367
187
573
461
1216
2438
843
68
4477
194
2134
980
5598
435
129
363
375
619
2178
964
698
447
20501
75313
14813
47467
3700
24146

19701
1937
1910
23548
431
2056
236
232
129
155
496
1173
4908
244
123
143
702
84
169
215
224
2007
2763
407
145
19
170
1956
158
49
897
201
427
324
203
2583
73
1452
318
263
677
79
255
1697
138
404
19568
1301
202
36
1426
255
1382
4602
192
564
475
1200
2432
837
66
4772
202
2254
1064
5557
435
131
373
348
654
2229
1003
669
479
21073
76132
14692
47651
3623
24859

19649
2023
1899
23571
405
2082
230
245
132
148
545
1223
5009
265
81
149
669
87
179
205
222
2023
2804
412
142
18
185
1946
186
56
942
213
415
327
217
2566
68
1508
318
281
645
83
273
1697
135
428
19747
1314
206
40
1471
292
1431
4754
200
548
486
1218
2452
845
80
4872
244
2284
1086
5422
442
134
366
347
716
2235
991
656
506
21225
76758
14861
47692
3627
25440

19761
2067
1837
23665
364
2063
228
222
131
147
594
1228
4977
271
74
145
691
98
174
200
226
1967
2714
416
140
19
182
1943
193
53
952
208
420
338
226
2606
76
1526
317
267
656
86
278
1693
130
454
19738
1413
222
54
1505
320
1433
4948
222
534
499
1228
2484
846
80
5288
268
2374
1138
5347
482
139
357
331
699
2282
999
705
528
21863
77675
14797
47675
3667
26333

20033
2132
1885
24050
372
1985
228
222
137
140
479
1267
4830
293
86
148
748
115
185
193
239
1965
2664
405
138
18
178
1927
183
51
962
219
435
317
199
2622
71
1559
332
259
662
95
286
1717
148
496
19915
1498
238
48
1616
333
1404
5138
231
550
512
1244
2537
851
83
5803
270
2420
1141
5440
473
149
321
331
668
2300
1069
746
537
22601
79071
14867
48276
3745
27050

20732
2248
1918
24898
388
1999
240
223
141
153
523
1271
4938
285
92
153
785
105
203
189
224
1978
2634
438
142
20
185
1873
187
55
1003
210
460
322
230
2619
68
1593
319
258
667
95
293
1764
134
512
20092
1558
266
53
1670
355
1467
5370
240
567
523
1269
2600
856
83
6772
316
2573
1225
5269
485
150
325
338
748
2283
1084
824
568
23899
81796
15032
49073
3760
28963

20802
2247
1974
25023
414
2048
254
230
168
152
576
1288
5129
294
108
146
815
109
211
195
233
1960
2605
436
163
21
196
1819
207
58
1070
212
479
331
223
2601
81
1619
315
262
656
100
294
1802
112
549
20285
1620
295
62
1756
376
1508
5617
251
629
526
1322
2728
886
94
6984
287
2569
1231
5343
469
154
312
315
794
2308
1090
852
596
24283
83065
15205
49490
3772
29804

20687
2246
1970
24904
432
2102
264
240
182
147
607
1323
5297
294
99
165
839
116
208
197
225
1956
2624
454
169
20
195
1813
227
59
1043
217
516
300
219
2709
82
1602
322
269
635
118
318
1785
105
562
20463
1693
267
75
1841
402
1539
5817
260
610
537
1290
2696
918
93
7382
305
2580
1173
5213
459
156
356
284
853
2317
1097
834
601
24620
83797
15211
49274
3948
30575

20680
2323
2027
25030
487
2274
346
234
196
154
665
1324
5681
278
92
157
832
117
206
196
226
1921
2393
445
169
21
198
1759
244
59
962
222
535
302
223
2706
86
1617
308
243
656
121
325
1714
111
585
20031
1693
269
90
2054
425
1554
6084
288
650
549
1288
2776
925
94
7742
324
2748
1201
5039
481
156
388
300
916
2389
1123
823
629
25277
84878
14746
48830
3973
32075

19419
2295
2039
23753
508
2397
358
234
204
172
719
1308
5901
278
71
159
836
120
210
189
225
1930
2505
438
169
19
190
1691
229
64
982
210
545
286
227
2797
89
1574
302
258
690
123
326
1704
113
610
20158
1730
300
104
2224
467
1599
6423
311
693
558
1319
2881
936
95
7999
294
2882
1217
4845
475
158
389
288
958
2291
1074
797
641
25339
84455
14765
47303
4045
33108

-6.4%
-1.0%
0.5%
-5.4%
4.1%
5.3%
3.8%
0.3%
4.0%
10.8%
8.1%
-1.3%
3.7%
-0.1%
-25.9%
0.9%
0.4%
2.1%
1.4%
-4.0%
-1.2%
0.7%
4.9%
-1.5%
-0.2%
-9.1%
-4.4%
-3.9%
-6.4%
9.4%
0.8%
-4.4%
2.6%
-5.1%
2.2%
3.1%
3.2%
-2.5%
-1.5%
6.4%
5.8%
1.7%
0.5%
-1.0%
1.5%
4.3%
0.6%
2.1%
11.7%
16.5%
8.1%
10.6%
2.7%
5.5%
8.3%
6.4%
1.7%
2.4%
3.8%
1.5%
1.9%
3.3%
-9.4%
4.8%
1.5%
-3.5%
-1.4%
1.2%
0.2%
-4.0%
5.0%
-4.9%
-4.8%
-4.1%
1.8%
0.2%
-0.6%
0.1%
-3.2%
1.5%
3.1%

22.5%
2.6%
2.3%
27.4%
0.6%
2.7%
0.4%
0.3%
0.2%
0.2%
0.8%
1.6%
6.9%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
1.1%
0.1%
0.3%
0.2%
0.3%
2.3%
3.0%
0.5%
0.2%

0.2%
2.1%
0.3%
0.1%
1.2%
0.2%
0.6%
0.3%
0.3%
3.3%
0.1%
2.0%
0.4%
0.3%
0.8%
0.1%
0.4%
2.0%
0.1%
0.7%
24.3%
2.1%
0.4%
0.1%
2.7%
0.6%
2.0%
7.8%
0.4%
0.8%
0.7%
1.6%
3.4%
1.1%
0.1%
9.6%
0.4%
3.4%
1.5%
5.6%
0.6%
0.2%
0.5%
0.3%
1.3%
2.6%
1.3%
0.9%
0.8%
30.1%
100.0%
17.9%
55.5%
4.8%
39.7%

*Inland demand plus international aviation and marine bunkers and refinery fuel and loss. Consumption of fuel ethanol and biodiesel is also included.
◆Less

than 0.05%.
Notes: Annual changes and shares are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures.
Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
Differences between these world consumption figures and world production statistics on page 8 are accounted for by stock changes, consumption of non-petroleum additives and substitute fuels, and
unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of oil supply and demand data.

11

Consumption*
Million tonnes

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Change
2008 over
2007

2008
share
of total

863.8
86.7
82.8
1033.3
22.1
90.0
11.4
12.0
6.6
7.4
21.6
56.2
227.3
12.3
5.9
8.6
31.6
4.8
8.3
10.7
10.5
95.0
136.6
18.3
7.4
0.9
7.4
94.7
8.5
3.8
39.4
10.0
19.9
15.5
12.0
123.7
3.8
66.4
16.2
13.0
29.6
3.4
14.3
80.7
7.1
22.2
942.2
57.5
9.1
1.4
61.4
14.4
63.3
207.1
8.2
27.3
21.3
55.0
111.8
37.0
3.7
197.0
8.9
92.5
43.5
253.6
18.8
5.9
17.6
19.1
33.3
93.9
39.1
33.0
20.5
917.4
3439.2
703.5
2151.7
181.1
1106.4

888.9
87.2
82.4
1058.4
21.0
92.5
11.5
10.6
6.0
7.5
21.3
56.8
227.3
12.1
5.7
7.6
32.4
4.5
8.2
10.6
10.7
96.4
132.4
18.7
7.1
0.9
8.3
94.4
7.0
3.1
40.6
10.1
19.9
15.9
9.5
126.2
3.4
68.4
16.1
12.6
29.5
3.6
12.7
79.4
6.9
20.8
935.5
58.8
10.3
1.4
63.4
13.7
64.8
212.4
8.1
27.8
21.8
57.7
115.4
38.0
3.3
209.6
9.3
100.3
46.8
257.3
20.1
6.0
18.2
18.0
31.6
100.7
47.2
33.4
21.2
960.9
3510.1
700.4
2188.5
177.8
1143.8

897.6
88.1
85.7
1071.4
20.3
91.6
10.8
10.5
5.8
7.4
22.5
57.0
225.9
11.8
6.3
7.0
33.9
3.9
7.9
10.4
10.7
94.9
129.8
19.9
6.8
0.9
8.2
93.5
7.4
2.4
41.7
9.4
20.0
15.5
10.0
123.5
3.4
70.0
15.2
12.2
31.1
3.6
12.0
78.6
6.7
19.5
928.1
62.5
10.4
1.5
68.1
12.8
67.1
222.3
8.5
27.2
22.5
56.9
115.1
37.7
3.2
223.6
9.7
106.1
50.7
255.5
20.1
6.1
18.8
16.6
33.5
103.2
49.1
31.7
22.8
988.4
3551.2
696.7
2199.7
173.2
1178.4

896.1
90.5
85.0
1071.6
19.1
92.9
10.5
11.1
5.9
7.0
24.8
59.6
230.9
12.8
4.0
7.3
32.2
4.0
8.4
9.8
10.5
95.5
131.6
20.1
6.7
0.9
9.0
92.8
8.9
2.7
43.7
9.7
19.2
15.8
10.6
122.3
3.2
72.7
15.2
13.1
29.9
3.7
12.7
78.4
6.5
20.7
934.5
62.6
10.5
1.7
69.3
14.6
69.3
228.1
8.8
26.1
23.0
57.6
115.4
38.1
3.9
227.9
11.8
107.0
51.6
247.5
20.3
6.2
18.3
16.5
36.4
103.1
47.4
30.6
24.0
990.6
3571.1
703.3
2197.6
172.6
1200.9

897.4
92.2
81.5
1071.1
17.1
91.6
10.4
10.0
5.9
6.9
27.0
59.8
228.7
13.0
3.7
7.1
33.5
4.5
8.1
9.6
10.9
92.9
127.4
20.3
6.4
0.9
8.8
92.9
9.3
2.5
43.8
9.4
19.4
16.2
10.6
123.5
3.5
73.8
15.2
12.4
30.6
3.8
13.1
78.0
6.3
21.9
933.5
67.1
11.4
2.4
70.6
15.9
69.4
236.7
9.7
25.2
23.6
58.0
116.7
38.0
3.9
247.4
12.9
111.3
54.2
243.6
22.1
6.4
17.9
15.5
35.5
104.7
47.6
33.1
25.0
1018.9
3605.5
699.8
2190.8
174.1
1240.6

912.3
95.9
83.7
1091.8
17.6
87.8
10.5
10.0
6.2
6.5
22.0
61.5
222.1
14.1
4.3
7.2
36.4
5.2
8.7
9.2
11.4
93.1
125.1
19.7
6.3
0.9
8.5
92.1
8.8
2.4
44.1
9.9
19.9
15.2
9.4
123.4
3.3
75.5
15.9
12.1
31.0
4.2
13.5
79.0
7.2
23.8
940.9
71.0
12.2
2.1
75.5
16.3
67.9
245.0
10.1
25.9
24.2
58.5
118.8
38.3
4.0
271.7
13.0
113.1
54.0
248.9
21.7
6.9
15.8
15.5
33.9
105.6
50.9
35.1
25.3
1053.7
3672.3
703.2
2223.0
176.7
1272.6

948.8
100.6
85.2
1134.6
18.4
88.4
11.1
10.1
6.3
7.2
24.2
61.8
227.5
13.8
4.6
7.4
38.4
4.7
9.5
9.1
10.6
94.0
124.0
21.4
6.5
1.0
8.9
89.7
9.0
2.6
46.2
9.6
21.1
15.4
10.9
123.3
3.2
77.6
15.3
12.0
31.0
4.2
13.9
81.7
6.5
24.5
951.6
73.7
13.7
2.3
79.5
17.4
70.7
257.2
10.6
26.8
24.8
59.8
122.0
38.8
4.0
318.9
15.4
120.2
58.1
241.1
22.4
6.9
16.0
15.9
38.1
104.9
51.3
39.1
26.7
1117.9
3810.8
713.2
2266.4
177.7
1366.8

951.4
100.3
87.7
1139.4
19.7
90.1
11.7
10.3
7.5
7.0
25.9
62.4
234.8
14.2
5.3
7.1
39.9
4.9
9.9
9.2
11.0
93.1
122.4
21.2
7.5
1.0
9.4
86.7
10.0
2.8
49.6
9.7
21.9
16.0
10.5
121.9
3.8
78.8
15.1
12.2
30.2
4.4
13.9
83.0
5.5
26.2
958.3
77.3
15.2
2.7
83.0
18.3
72.3
268.7
11.0
29.8
24.8
62.3
128.0
39.8
4.6
327.8
13.9
119.6
58.2
244.1
21.5
7.1
15.3
14.8
40.9
105.4
51.3
40.4
27.9
1132.6
3861.8
720.1
2281.6
177.5
1402.7

943.8
99.6
86.8
1130.2
20.6
92.8
12.3
10.8
8.2
6.8
27.4
64.1
243.0
14.2
4.9
8.0
41.1
5.2
9.8
9.3
10.6
93.0
123.6
22.2
7.8
1.0
9.3
86.7
11.0
2.8
49.0
10.0
23.3
14.4
10.3
127.1
4.0
78.1
15.5
12.6
29.5
5.3
15.0
82.3
5.1
26.9
968.5
80.8
13.6
3.3
87.4
19.5
73.7
278.3
11.5
28.7
25.3
60.9
126.3
41.4
4.5
346.1
14.9
120.4
55.2
237.5
21.0
7.2
17.6
13.3
44.0
105.5
51.7
39.3
28.1
1147.7
3894.0
721.8
2268.9
185.9
1439.2

942.3
102.8
89.4
1134.5
23.2
99.8
16.1
10.7
8.9
7.1
30.0
64.2
260.0
13.4
4.5
7.6
41.0
5.3
9.7
9.3
10.6
91.3
112.5
21.7
7.7
1.0
9.4
84.0
11.6
2.8
46.0
10.2
24.2
14.4
10.3
126.2
4.1
78.8
14.7
11.3
30.5
5.4
15.3
79.2
5.4
27.9
947.6
81.3
13.6
4.0
96.1
20.7
74.4
290.1
12.9
30.6
25.8
60.7
129.9
41.7
4.5
362.8
16.0
128.5
56.4
229.3
22.0
7.2
19.2
14.0
47.4
108.3
52.5
38.2
29.4
1177.4
3939.4
700.2
2246.1
186.2
1507.1

884.5
102.0
90.0
1076.6
24.2
105.3
16.8
10.7
9.3
7.9
32.5
63.6
270.3
13.4
3.3
7.7
41.3
5.4
9.9
8.9
10.5
92.2
118.3
21.4
7.7
0.9
9.0
80.9
10.9
3.1
46.5
9.8
24.9
13.7
10.6
130.4
4.3
77.1
14.5
12.1
32.3
5.5
15.5
78.7
5.5
29.2
955.5
83.3
15.3
4.6
104.2
22.9
76.6
306.9
14.0
32.6
26.3
62.3
135.2
42.5
4.6
375.7
14.5
135.0
57.4
221.8
21.8
7.3
19.3
13.4
49.9
103.3
50.1
36.7
30.0
1183.4
3927.9
702.6
2179.8
189.5
1558.6

-6.4%
-1.0%
0.5%
-5.4%
4.1%
5.3%
3.8%
0.3%
4.0%
10.8%
8.1%
-1.3%
3.7%
-0.1%
-25.9%
0.9%
0.4%
2.1%
1.4%
-4.0%
-1.2%
0.7%
4.9%
-1.5%
-0.2%
-9.1%
-4.4%
-3.9%
-6.4%
9.4%
0.8%
-4.4%
2.6%
-5.1%
2.2%
3.1%
3.2%
-2.5%
-1.5%
6.4%
5.8%
1.7%
0.5%
-1.0%
1.5%
4.3%
0.6%
2.1%
11.7%
16.5%
8.1%
10.6%
2.7%
5.5%
8.3%
6.4%
1.7%
2.4%
3.8%
1.5%
1.9%
3.3%
-9.4%
4.8%
1.5%
-3.5%
-1.4%
1.2%
0.2%
-4.0%
5.0%
-4.9%
-4.8%
-4.1%
1.8%
0.2%
-0.6%
0.1%
-3.2%
1.5%
3.1%

22.5%
2.6%
2.3%
27.4%
0.6%
2.7%
0.4%
0.3%
0.2%
0.2%
0.8%
1.6%
6.9%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
1.1%
0.1%
0.3%
0.2%
0.3%
2.3%
3.0%
0.5%
0.2%

*Inland demand plus international aviation and marine bunkers and refinery fuel and loss. Consumption of fuel ethanol and biodiesel is also included.
◆Less

0.2%
2.1%
0.3%
0.1%
1.2%
0.2%
0.6%
0.3%
0.3%
3.3%
0.1%
2.0%
0.4%
0.3%
0.8%
0.1%
0.4%
2.0%
0.1%
0.7%
24.3%
2.1%
0.4%
0.1%
2.7%
0.6%
2.0%
7.8%
0.4%
0.8%
0.7%
1.6%
3.4%
1.1%
0.1%
9.6%
0.4%
3.4%
1.5%
5.6%
0.6%
0.2%
0.5%
0.3%
1.3%
2.6%
1.3%
0.9%
0.8%
30.1%
100.0%
17.9%
55.5%
4.8%
39.7%

than 0.05%.
Notes: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
Differences between these world consumption figures and world production statistics on page 9 are accounted for by stock changes, consumption of non-petroleum additives and substitute fuels, and
unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of oil supply and demand data.

12

Consumption by region
Million barrels daily

90

Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
North America

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

83

84

85

86

87

88

89

90

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

0

08

World oil consumption fell by 420,000b/d, the largest decline since 1982. OECD consumption fell by 1.5 million b/d, driven by a decline of nearly 1.3 million b/d in the US.
China again recorded the world’s largest incremental growth, rising by 260,000b/d. Consumption growth was above the 10-year average in the exporting regions of the
Middle East, South and Central America, Africa and the Former Soviet Union.

Consumption per capita 2008
Tonnes

0-0.75
0.75-1.5
1.5-2.25
2.25-3.0
> 3.0

13

Regional consumption by product group
Thousand barrels daily

North America
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total North America
of which: US
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total US
S. & Cent. America
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total S. & Cent. America
Europe
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Europe
Former Soviet Union
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Former Soviet Union
Middle East
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Middle East
Africa
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Africa
Asia Pacific
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Asia Pacific
of which: China
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total China
of which: Japan
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Japan
World
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total World
European Union
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total European Union
OECD
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total OECD
Other EMEs‡
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Other EMEs

2008
share
of total

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

9849
6450
1506
4869
22674

9998
6628
1415
5245
23286

10106
6811
1518
5112
23548

10211
6812
1411
5137
23571

10523
6655
1209
5278
23665

10675
6861
1271
5243
24050

10979
7133
1340
5446
24898

11020
7249
1396
5359
25023

11131
7297
1055
5420
24904

11205
7318
1082
5425
25030

10857
6924
946
5026
23753

-3.1%
45.7%
-5.4%
29.2%
-12.5%
4.0%
-7.4%
21.2%
-5.1% 100.0%

8579
5545
869
3924
18917

8716
5700
814
4290
19519

8813
5852
893
4143
19701

8890
5884
794
4082
19649

9167
5735
686
4172
19761

9275
5886
763
4109
20033

9518
6116
859
4239
20732

9548
6198
914
4143
20802

9599
6226
683
4178
20687

9597
6199
718
4166
20680

9220
5790
615
3794
19419

-3.9%
47.5%
-6.6%
29.8%
-14.4%
3.2%
-8.9%
19.5%
-6.1% 100.0%

1553
1641
866
882
4942

1668
1625
761
922
4976

1540
1617
801
950
4908

1517
1657
827
1009
5009

1506
1653
789
1029
4977

1496
1655
754
925
4830

1452
1776
740
971
4938

1551
1833
744
1002
5129

1637
1873
766
1021
5297

1746
2040
810
1086
5681

1801
2126
814
1160
5901

3.2%
30.5%
4.2%
36.0%
0.6%
13.8%
6.8%
19.7%
3.9% 100.0%

4315
6630
2195
2950
16090

4314
6690
2093
2948
16045

4194
6734
1967
3050
15946

4086
6991
1986
3056
16120

4025
6934
1995
3117
16071

3923
7137
1952
3158
16170

3875
7347
1888
3221
16331

3764
7595
1855
3298
16513

3615
7853
1773
3273
16514

3491
7763
1667
3137
16058

3365
7937
1633
3179
16114

-3.6%
20.9%
2.2%
49.3%
-2.0%
10.1%
1.4%
19.7%
0.3% 100.0%

893
1026
1046
775
3741

858
1022
937
882
3700

797
1008
765
1053
3623

851
1021
693
1062
3627

882
1048
670
1066
3667

937
1085
643
1080
3745

918
1108
578
1157
3760

934
1148
558
1132
3772

993
1208
615
1133
3948

1053
1274
511
1136
3973

1096
1324
455
1170
4045

4.1%
27.1%
4.0%
32.7%
-11.0%
11.2%
3.0%
28.9%
1.8% 100.0%

849
1471
1240
698
4258

859
1502
1295
712
4367

910
1567
1292
832
4602

949
1618
1319
868
4754

1011
1666
1329
941
4948

1059
1723
1317
1039
5138

1177
1767
1390
1036
5370

1241
1849
1463
1064
5617

1325
1950
1450
1092
5817

1326
2013
1532
1213
6084

1379
2124
1644
1276
6423

4.0%
21.5%
5.5%
33.1%
7.3%
25.6%
5.2%
19.9%
5.6% 100.0%

563
926
498
378
2364

570
971
501
396
2438

574
999
459
401
2432

585
1013
436
419
2452

580
1039
425
440
2484

605
1066
380
486
2537

632
1070
390
509
2600

637
1119
437
534
2728

617
1137
417
525
2696

634
1181
416
545
2776

666
1232
429
554
2881

5.1%
23.1%
4.3%
42.8%
3.1%
14.9%
1.7%
19.2%
3.8% 100.0%

5201
7234
3657
3467
19559

5486
7678
3713
3624
20501

5636
7813
3675
3949
21073

5771
7968
3481
4005
21225

6021
8108
3402
4331
21863

6283
8246
3547
4526
22601

6644
8774
3558
4923
23899

6781
9030
3552
4921
24283

6826
9089
3632
5073
24620

7147
9151
3614
5364
25277

7196
9496
3403
5244
25339

0.7%
28.4%
3.8%
37.5%
-5.9%
13.4%
-2.2%
20.7%
0.2% 100.0%

1280
1241
741
967
4228

1249
1467
771
990
4477

1270
1590
775
1136
4772

1256
1669
780
1167
4872

1352
1791
792
1352
5288

1489
1945
880
1489
5803

1673
2285
956
1858
6772

1776
2528
904
1777
6984

1853
2723
938
1867
7382

1983
2879
892
1988
7742

2175
3178
716
1930
7999

9.7%
27.2%
10.4%
39.7%
-19.8%
8.9%
-2.9%
24.1%
3.3% 100.0%

1611
1949
858
1086
5504

1702
1978
840
1078
5598

1735
1958
785
1079
5557

1720
1957
678
1067
5422

1759
1930
637
1021
5347

1788
1904
755
993
5440

1793
1856
660
960
5269

1822
1876
683
963
5343

1813
1758
664
979
5213

1790
1619
664
966
5039

1675
1500
712
959
4845

-6.4%
34.6%
-7.4%
31.0%
7.2%
14.7%
-0.7%
19.8%
-3.8% 100.0%

23224
25378
11007
14020
73628

23754
26115
10714
14730
75313

23758
26550
10477
15348
76132

23969
27080
10154
15555
76758

24549
27104
9818
16203
77675

24976
27773
9865
16457
79071

25676
28974
9884
17263
81796

25929
29823
10004
17308
83065

26145
30407
9708
17537
83797

26601
30740
9631
17905
84878

26359
31163
9324
17609
84455

-0.9%
1.4%
-3.2%
-1.7%
-0.5%

4006
6103
2060
2681
14849

4025
6170
1936
2683
14813

3923
6234
1785
2750
14692

3827
6463
1796
2775
14861

3763
6404
1792
2838
14797

3671
6592
1743
2861
14867

3619
6795
1703
2916
15032

3520
6996
1705
2985
15205

3367
7221
1651
2972
15211

3255
7109
1553
2829
14746

3139
7234
1516
2876
14765

-3.5%
21.3%
1.8%
49.0%
-2.4%
10.3%
1.6%
19.5%
0.1% 100.0%

16728
15749
4809
9284
46569

17027
16107
4650
9684
47467

17069
16276
4622
9683
47651

17064
16529
4403
9696
47692

17389
16295
4163
9828
47675

17495
16684
4294
9803
48276

17747
17095
4205
10026
49073

17753
17483
4237
10015
49490

17739
17676
3784
10074
49274

17764
17459
3692
9915
48830

17149
17088
3513
9552
47303

-3.5%
36.3%
-2.1%
36.1%
-4.8%
7.4%
-3.7%
20.2%
-3.1% 100.0%

5603
8603
5152
3961
23319

5869
8986
5128
4163
24146

5892
9265
5090
4611
24859

6055
9530
5057
4797
25440

6277
9761
4986
5309
26333

6544
10004
4928
5574
27050

7011
10771
5102
6079
28963

7241
11192
5209
6161
29804

7412
11523
5309
6330
30575

7785
12007
5428
6855
32075

8115
12751
5356
6886
33108

4.2%
24.5%
6.2%
38.5%
-1.3%
16.2%
0.5%
20.8%
3.2% 100.0%

‡E xcludes Former Soviet Union.
Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.
‘Light distillates’ consists of aviation and motor gasolines and light distillate feedstock.
‘Middle distillates’ consists of jet and heating kerosenes, and gas and diesel oils (including marine bunkers).
‘Fuel oil’ includes marine bunkers and crude oil used directly as fuel.
‘Others’ consists of refinery gas, LPG, solvents, petroleum coke, lubricants, bitumen, wax, other refined products and refinery fuel and loss.

14

Change
2008 over
2007

1998

31.2%
36.9%
11.0%
20.8%
100.0%

Product consumption by region
Million barrels daily

Light distillates

Middle distillates

Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Former Soviet Union
Europe
S. & Cent. America
North America

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

35

35

30

30

25

25

20

20

15

15

10

10

5

5

0

Fuel oil

98

99

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

0

Others

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

35

35

30

30

25

25

20

20

15

15

10

10

5

5

0

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

0

Consumption growth was below the 10-year average for all fuel groups, with declines in three of the four reported categories. Middle distillates has been the
fastest-growing fuel group in five of the past six years, and was the only fuel group to grow globally in 2008.
15

Spot crude prices
Dubai
$/bbI*

US dollars per barrel

1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

Nigerian
Forcados
$/bbI

Brent
$/bbI†

1.90
2.83
10.41
10.70
11.63
12.38
13.03
29.75
35.69
34.32
31.80
28.78
28.06
27.53
13.10
16.95
13.27
15.62
20.45
16.63
17.17
14.93
14.74
16.10
18.52
18.23
12.21
17.25
26.20
22.81
23.74
26.78
33.64
49.35
61.50
68.19
94.34





12.80
13.92
14.02
31.61
36.83
35.93
32.97
29.55
28.78
27.56
14.43
18.44
14.92
18.23
23.73
20.00
19.32
16.97
15.82
17.02
20.67
19.09
12.72
17.97
28.50
24.44
25.02
28.83
38.27
54.52
65.14
72.39
97.26

West Texas
Intermediate
$/bbI‡





12.87
14.21
13.65
29.25
36.98
36.18
33.29
29.54
28.14
27.75
14.46
18.39
15.00
18.30
23.85
20.11
19.61
17.41
16.25
17.26
21.16
19.33
12.62
18.00
28.42
24.23
25.04
28.66
38.13
55.69
67.07
74.48
101.43





12.23
14.22
14.55
25.08
37.96
36.08
33.65
30.30
29.39
27.98
15.10
19.18
15.97
19.68
24.50
21.54
20.57
18.45
17.21
18.42
22.16
20.61
14.39
19.31
30.37
25.93
26.16
31.07
41.49
56.59
66.02
72.20
100.06

*1972-1985 Arabian Light, 1986-2008 Dubai dated.
†1976-1983 Forties, 1984-2008 Brent dated.
‡1976-1983 Posted WTI prices, 1984-2008 Spot WTI (Cushing) prices.

Crude oil prices 1861-2008

Loss of
Iranian
supplies

Growth of
Venezuelan
production

US dollars per barrel
World events
Russian
Pennsylvanian
oil exports
oil boom
began

Source: Platts.

Sumatra
production
began

Discovery of
Spindletop,
Texas

Fears of
shortage
in US

East Texas
field
discovered

Post-war
reconstruction

Netback
pricing
introduced
Suez
crisis

Iranian
revolution

Asian
financial
crisis
Iraq
invaded
Kuwait

Yom Kippur
war

Invasion
of Iraq

120
110
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
1861-69

1870-79

$ 2008
$ money of the day

16

1880-89

1890-99

1900-09

1910-19

1920-29

1930-39

1940-49

1950-59

1960-69

1970-79

1980-89

1990-99

2000-08

0

1861-1944 US average.
1945-1983 Arabian Light posted at Ras Tanura.
1984-2008 Brent dated.

Rotterdam product prices

US Gulf Coast product prices

US dollars per barrel

US dollars per barrel

160

Gasoline
Gas oil
Heavy fuel oil

160

Gasoline
Gas oil
Heavy fuel oil

150

150

140

140

130

130

120

120

110

110

100

100

90

90

80

80

70

70

60

60

50

50

40

40

30

30

20

20
10

10

91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08
1991 to first quarter 1992: leaded gasoline.
From second quarter 1992: unleaded gasoline.

91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08

0

Source: Platts.

0

Source: Platts.

OECD total commercial oil stocks
Million barrels

2800

Jan 2007-Dec 2007
Jan 2008-Dec 2008
2003-2007 range

2700

2600

2500

2400

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

2300

Source: Monthly Oil Data Service © OECD/IEA, 2009.

17

Refinery capacities
Thousand barrels daily*

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Netherlands Antilles & Aruba
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Belgium
France
Germany
Greece
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Russian Federation
Spain
Sweden
Turkey
United Kingdom
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Total Africa
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Change
2008 over
2007

2008
share
of total

16261
1844
1449
19554
648
1768
545
1215
1938
6114
732
1918
2206
403
2385
1266
310
5572
1247
422
713
1848
6239
25261
1505
634
921
1762
235
1145
6202
2846
810
4592
1356
1096
5144
1246
2598
732
890
1258
19722
79699
15262
43688
8578
27433

16512
1861
1449
19822
643
1796
545
1248
1976
6208
736
1933
2240
403
2485
1282
323
5439
1247
422
713
1777
6145
25145
1607
634
921
1823
290
1158
6433
2950
828
5401
2190
1119
5087
1246
2598
732
914
1344
21459
82017
15304
44041
8447
29529

16595
1861
1481
19937
624
1849
545
1291
1999
6308
770
1984
2262
403
2485
1282
318
5361
1247
422
713
1778
5981
25006
1607
639
740
1806
440
1158
6390
2879
828
5407
2219
1127
5010
1255
2598
732
1062
1403
21641
82161
15373
44197
8279
29685

16785
1917
1481
20183
612
1849
545
1291
1988
6285
785
1961
2274
412
2485
1283
307
5299
1247
422
713
1769
5930
24887
1607
644
759
1806
674
1160
6650
3140
815
5643
2261
1127
4705
1255
2598
874
1062
1512
21852
82997
15455
44141
8124
30732

16757
1923
1463
20143
609
1854
545
1291
2028
6327
803
1987
2286
412
2485
1287
310
5357
1333
422
713
1785
5844
25024
1607
644
809
1810
711
1238
6819
3222
829
5479
2303
1092
4721
1255
2598
1159
1062
1487
21984
83518
15692
44413
8021
31084

16894
1959
1463
20316
609
1915
545
1291
2017
6377
805
1967
2304
412
2485
1287
310
5371
1333
422
713
1813
5841
25063
1617
644
909
1890
645
1238
6943
3171
756
5487
2293
1057
4683
1255
2598
1159
1062
1416
21766
83635
15713
44500
8035
31100

17125
1915
1463
20503
610
1915
545
1306
2023
6399
782
1982
2320
412
2497
1289
310
5371
1358
422
693
1848
5877
25161
1652
644
931
2075
620
1238
7160
3110
763
6289
2558
1057
4567
1255
2598
1159
1062
1410
22718
85051
15787
44645
8075
32331

17339
1896
1463
20698
612
1916
545
1311
2041
6425
778
1978
2322
418
2515
1279
310
5421
1377
422
613
1819
5814
25067
1652
649
931
2100
620
1238
7190
3228
711
6587
2558
1057
4529
1255
2598
1159
1065
1438
22957
85565
15829
44692
8019
32854

17443
1914
1463
20821
614
1916
545
1311
2061
6447
774
1959
2390
425
2526
1279
310
5473
1377
422
613
1836
5675
25059
1737
665
931
2100
620
1268
7321
3066
694
7029
2872
1127
4542
1255
2633
1140
1092
1445
23829
86542
15875
44916
7965
33661

17594
1907
1463
20964
625
1935
585
1311
2070
6526
745
1962
2390
425
2497
1266
310
5522
1377
422
613
1819
5711
25060
1822
674
931
2100
625
1369
7521
3052
733
7511
2983
1157
4598
1255
2671
1197
1112
1454
24671
87794
15827
45145
8014
34635

17621
1951
1463
21035
625
1942
595
1311
2115
6588
745
1962
2366
425
2486
1261
310
5547
1377
422
613
1821
5750
25086
1832
681
931
2100
673
1375
7592
3228
734
7732
2992
1157
4650
1255
2712
1197
1187
1482
25098
88627
15788
45271
8079
35277

0.2%
2.3%

0.3%

0.4%
1.7%

2.2%
1.0%


-1.0%

-0.4%
-0.5%

0.5%



0.1%
0.7%
0.1%
0.5%
1.0%


7.7%
0.4%
0.9%
5.8%
0.1%
2.9%
0.3%

1.1%

1.5%

6.7%
1.9%
1.7%
0.9%
-0.3%
0.3%
0.8%
1.9%

19.9%
2.2%
1.7%
23.7%
0.7%
2.2%
0.7%
1.5%
2.4%
7.4%
0.8%
2.2%
2.7%
0.5%
2.8%
1.4%
0.3%
6.3%
1.6%
0.5%
0.7%
2.1%
6.5%
28.3%
2.1%
0.8%
1.1%
2.4%
0.8%
1.6%
8.6%
3.6%
0.8%
8.7%
3.4%
1.3%
5.2%
1.4%
3.1%
1.4%
1.3%
1.7%
28.3%
100.0%
17.8%
51.1%
9.1%
39.8%

*Atmospheric distillation capacity on a calendar-day basis.

Source: Includes data from Parpinelli Tecnon.

Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.

Refinery throughputs
Thousand barrels daily*

US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Australasia
China
Japan
Other Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
*Input to primary distillation units only.

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Change
2008 over
2007

2008
share
of total

14889
1709
1446
5120
19592
5639
2386
866
3060
4212
7974
66894
14092
39886
4519
22490

14804
1714
1378
5191
18997
5632
2343
880
3686
4149
8269
67043
13519
39345
4471
23226

15067
1765
1363
5337
19305
5430
2200
851
4218
4145
8884
68566
13767
39754
4583
24229

15128
1812
1398
5332
19457
5406
2440
847
4215
4107
9020
69161
13698
39762
4797
24602

14947
1862
1390
4941
19488
5482
2377
855
4395
3986
8796
68518
13477
39083
5060
24376

15304
1880
1436
5040
19991
5566
2301
823
4823
4118
9263
70545
13731
39888
5276
25381

15475
1957
1436
5430
20454
5805
2304
820
5382
4038
9916
73018
14089
40456
5413
27149

15220
1882
1415
5402
20845
6007
2477
757
5916
4136
10035
74093
14172
40269
5713
28111

15242
1835
1407
5356
20902
6276
2367
749
6155
4026
10392
74707
14002
40072
5900
28735

15156
1834
1395
5470
20705
6366
2470
767
6563
3995
10711
75432
13601
39578
6073
29781

14645
1796
1392
5479
20661
6403
2495
756
6851
3946
10754
75179
13549
38787
6173
30219

-3.4%
-2.1%
-0.2%
0.2%
-0.2%
0.6%
1.0%
-1.4%
4.4%
-1.2%
0.4%
-0.3%
-0.4%
-2.0%
1.7%
1.5%

19.5%
2.4%
1.9%
7.3%
27.5%
8.5%
3.3%
1.0%
9.1%
5.2%
14.3%
100.0%
18.0%
51.6%
8.2%
40.2%

Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.

18

Source: Includes data from Energy Security Analysis, Inc. (ESAI).

Refinery utilization
Percentage

100

90

80

70

North America
S.& Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific
World

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

60

08

50

Global oil demand fell in 2008 and so did refinery crude runs. The biggest reduction was in the US, where throughputs fell by 510,000b/d. Crude runs continued to grow in
China in support of domestic demand. Meanwhile global refining capacity grew by 830,000b/d, mainly in Asia Pacific. As a result, global average refinery utilization fell to
84.8%, the lowest level since 2003.

Regional refining margins
US dollars per barrel

26

USGC West Texas Sour Coking
NWE Brent Cracking
Singapore Dubai Hydrocracking

24
22
20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

0

Note: The refining margins presented are benchmark margins for three major global refining centres: US Gulf Coast (USGC), North West Europe (NWE – Rotterdam) and Singapore. In each case, they are
based on a single crude oil appropriate for that region and have optimized product yields based on a generic refinery configuration (cracking, hydrocracking or coking), again appropriate for that region.
The margins are on a semi-variable basis, i.e. the margin after all variable costs and fixed energy costs.

19

Trade movements
Thousand barrels daily

Imports
US
Europe
Japan
Rest of World*
Total World
Exports
US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
Asia Pacific‡
Rest of World*
Total World

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Change
2008 over
2007

2008
share
of total

10382
11017
5259
14438
41096

10550
10670
5346
15050
41616

11092
11070
5329
15880
43371

11618
11531
5202
16436
44787

11357
11895
5070
16291
44613

12254
11993
5314
17191
46752

12898
12538
5203
18651
49290

13525
13261
5225
19172
51182

13612
13461
5201
20287
52561

13632
13953
5032
22937
55554

12872
13751
4925
23078
54626

-5.6%
-1.4%
-2.1%
0.6%
-1.7%

23.6%
25.2%
9.0%
42.2%
100.0%

1011
1603
1770
3240
1344
3569
18702
2712
3094
3496
556
41097

956
1520
1739
3145
1851
4019
18341
2726
2985
3543
791
41616

890
1703
1814
3079
1967
4273
18944
2732
3293
3736
940
43371

910
1804
1882
3143
1947
4679
19098
2724
3182
3914
1506
44789

904
1959
1966
2965
2234
5370
18062
2620
3134
3848
1551
44613

921
2096
2115
2942
2066
6003
18943
2715
3612
3978
1361
46752

991
2148
2070
3233
1993
6440
19630
2917
4048
4189
1631
49290

1129
2201
2065
3528
2149
7076
19821
3070
4358
4243
1542
51182

1317
2330
2102
3681
2173
7155
20204
3225
4704
4312
1359
52561

1439
2457
1975
3570
2273
8334
19680
3336
4830
6004
1656
55554

1967
2498
1609
3616
2023
8184
20128
3260
4587
5392
1363
54626

36.7%
1.6%
-18.5%
1.3%
-11.0%
-1.8%
2.3%
-2.3%
-5.0%
-10.2%
-17.7%
-1.7%

3.6%
4.6%
2.9%
6.6%
3.7%
15.0%
36.8%
6.0%
8.4%
9.9%
2.5%
100.0%

China

India

Japan Singapore

Other
Asia
Pacific

Rest of
World

Total

*Includes unidentified trade.

‡Excludes Japan. Excludes trade between other Asia Pacific countries and India prior to 2007.
Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.

Inter-area movements 2008
To
Million tonnes
From

US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
East & Southern Africa
Australasia
China
India
Japan
Singapore
Other Asia Pacific
Unidentified*
Total imports

US

Canada

Mexico

S. &
Cent.
America


121.7
64.7
119.4
43.4
23.8
119.7
32.6
90.9

1.8
0.8
0.3


5.3
12.3
636.6

13.1

1.4
1.0
8.3
1.6
6.3
8.9
5.2







2.5
48.4

17.0


1.3
5.7
0.2
0.6
0.2





0.5

0.6

26.0

25.4
0.1
4.3

4.8
3.0
5.8
5.1
15.0


4.0
1.6
0.1
1.0
1.5

71.9

24.4
1.6
7.7
25.2

318.5
127.6
101.3
49.5
0.6

0.3
3.3
1.2
2.4
2.5
14.9
680.9

1.8


1.1
16.9
1.1
44.5
1.0
4.5


0.4


1.6
0.5

73.4

0.8




0.6
5.4
0.3



0.2

2.6
12.1
20.0
1.7
43.6

0.8


16.5
0.2
22.4
92.0
4.2
39.1
10.6
0.9

0.2
4.9
4.5
21.4

217.8

0.7

1.9
5.8
0.5
2.0
107.6
4.3
16.6
0.8
0.2
0.1

0.6
2.9
5.8

149.7

3.6
0.1

0.1
1.4
8.2
196.9
0.4
1.1
4.9
2.6
1.3
1.4

1.4
20.7
0.2
244.2

4.3

0.1
7.8
5.3
5.0
53.1
0.1
0.1
0.2
3.5
2.1
6.8
4.6

38.0

130.9

1.4


0.1
1.4
6.6
238.3
3.1
6.7
0.6
6.6
9.2
20.0
2.4
49.2


345.7

1.6


0.1
9.7
11.8
3.1

0.1


0.3
0.8
0.1
0.8
0.2

28.6

94.6
123.6
80.0
178.3
97.6
404.8
1000.7
161.5
228.8
17.8
15.5
18.8
34.4
17.1
76.0
116.5
31.7
2697.8


2459
1299
2418
900
492
2398
665
1825

35
15
6


108
252
12872

270

28
21
168
33
125
179
105






1
51
981

352


26
118
4
12
4
1




11
1
12

541

529
3
88

100
61
116
103
301


83
32
2
22
32

1473

508
34
155
509

6428
2564
2039
992
12
1
6
70
24
50
52
307
13751

37


23
352
22
899
20
90


9


33
11

1496

16



1
12
108
5



5

54
250
403
35
889

16


334
5
453
1844
83
783
213
19

5
103
93
442

4393

14

38
116
11
40
2167
87
332
16
3
1

12
61
117

3016

75
1

1
29
165
3960
9
21
99
52
27
30

29
422
5
4925

89

1
163
110
105
1072
2
1
5
70
43
142
97

786

2685

29


1
28
133
4800
63
134
12
132
191
417
51
1026


7017

34


2
202
236
64

3


6
17
2
17
5

588

1967
2498
1609
3616
2023
8184
20128
3260
4587
357
312
388
718
356
1583
2391
650
54626

Europe

Africa

Australasia

Thousand barrels daily
From

US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
East & Southern Africa
Australasia
China
India
Japan
Singapore
Other Asia Pacific
Unidentified*
Total imports

*Includes changes in the quantity of oil in transit, movements not otherwise shown, unidentified military use, etc.
†Less than 0.05.

20

Major trade movements 2008
Trade flows worldwide (million tonnes)

318.5
5
43.4

22.4

24.4
23.8

121
1
21.7
1

12
27.6

49.5

196.9
6.9

90.9
101.3
10
0

32.6

64.7

92
92.0
92.
92

119.7
25.4

53.1
21.4

107
7.6

119.4
44.5
4.5

25.2

20.7

92
49

238.3
38.0
0
20.0

20.0

US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific

39.1

Imports and exports 2008
Crude
imports

US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
East & Southern Africa
Australasia
China
India
Japan
Singapore
Other Asia Pacific
Unidentified*
Total World

487.2
34.6
2.0
30.4
542.2

11.0
16.4
0.9
25.4
24.4
178.8
127.7
203.2
54.5
231.0

1969.9

Million tonnes
Product
Crude
imports
exports

149.5
13.8
24.0
41.4
138.7
7.1
9.7
8.2
13.5
9.0
19.2
39.0
22.0
41.0
76.4
114.6
0.8
727.9

6.9
96.4
72.8
123.8
14.0
311.3
895.0
130.7
223.0
17.0
13.7
3.7


2.0
46.5
12.8
1969.9

Product
exports

Crude
imports

87.7
27.2
7.2
54.5
83.5
93.5
105.7
30.8
5.8
0.8
1.8
15.0
34.4
17.1
74.0
70.1
18.9
727.9

9756
693
40
610
10859
1
220
329
18
509
489
3581
2557
4069
1092
4627

39451

Thousand barrels daily
Products
Crude
imports
exports

3116
288
500
864
2892
149
202
170
281
189
400
812
458
856
1593
2390
17
15175

139
1931
1459
2479
281
6235
17925
2618
4466
340
274
75


40
931
257
39451

Product
exports

1829
566
150
1136
1741
1948
2203
642
121
17
37
313
718
356
1542
1460
394
15175

*Includes changes in the quantity of oil in transit, movements not otherwise shown, unidentified military use, etc.
†Less than 0.05.
Note: Bunkers are not included as exports. Intra-area movements (for example, between countries in Europe) are excluded.

21

Natural gas
Proved reserves

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Colombia
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Germany
Italy
Kazakhstan
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
Pakistan
Papua New Guinea
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union

At end 1988
Trillion
cubic
metres

At end 1998
Trillion
cubic
metres

At end 2007
Trillion
cubic
metres

Trillion
cubic
feet

4.76
2.67
2.08
9.51
0.77
0.15
0.11
0.13
0.34
0.29
2.86
0.15
4.79
n/a
0.08
0.36
0.33
n/a
1.73
2.30
0.17
0.17
n/a
n/a
n/a
0.59
n/a
38.81
44.53
0.19
14.20
2.69
1.38
0.28
4.62
5.02
0.11
5.66
0.16

34.34
3.23
0.33
0.83
2.48
0.82
7.68
1.11
0.35
0.32
0.92
0.60
2.56
1.49
0.27
0.65
0.13
0.20
n/a
0.27
8.86
109.72
3.65
16.57
38.46

4.65
1.75
0.85
7.24
0.69
0.15
0.22
0.20
0.25
0.56
4.15
0.14
6.35
0.81
0.10
0.26
0.27
1.81
1.77
3.79
0.14
0.36
43.51
2.51
1.02
0.76
1.58
0.40
59.09
0.14
24.10
3.19
1.48
0.57
10.90
6.07
0.24
6.00
0.48

53.17
4.08
1.02
1.32
3.51
0.84
10.77
1.65
0.30
0.38
1.37
0.67
2.18
2.41
0.29
0.61
0.43
0.42
0.17
0.51
11.39
148.01
3.77
16.17
51.48

6.73
1.63
0.51
8.88
0.44
0.71
0.27
0.12
0.33
0.48
4.84
0.07
7.27
1.16
0.07
0.14
0.13
1.85
1.39
2.88
0.11
0.63
43.32
2.43
0.93
0.34
1.59
0.43
57.39
0.09
28.13
3.17
1.78
0.98
25.46
7.30
0.28
6.44
0.49
0.05
74.17
4.50
2.07
1.54
5.22
1.21
14.54
2.41
0.37
0.34
2.26
1.06
3.00
2.39
0.49
0.85
0.44
0.32
0.48
0.40
14.80
177.05
2.91
16.56
51.50

237.7
57.7
17.6
313.1
15.6
25.1
11.5
4.0
11.8
17.0
170.9
2.4
258.2
42.3
1.9
4.2
4.2
64.4
49.1
102.7
3.9
22.2
1529.2
280.6
32.6
12.1
55.8
15.6
2220.8
3.0
1045.7
111.9
62.9
34.6
899.3
267.3
10.0
227.1
17.3
1.7
2680.9
159.1
76.6
54.4
184.2
43.3
517.5
88.6
13.1
12.4
86.7
38.5
112.5
84.3
17.5
30.1
15.6
10.7
19.7
13.9
543.5
6534.0
101.4
587.3
2013.1

At end 2008
Trillion
cubic
metres

6.73
1.63
0.50
8.87
0.44
0.71
0.33
0.11
0.33
0.48
4.84
0.07
7.31
1.20
0.06
0.12
0.12
1.82
1.39
2.91
0.11
0.63
43.30
7.94
0.92
0.34
1.58
0.44
62.89
0.09
29.61
3.17
1.78
0.98
25.46
7.57
0.28
6.43
0.49
0.05
75.91
4.50
2.17
1.54
5.22
1.23
14.65
2.51
0.37
0.35
2.46
1.09
3.18
2.39
0.49
0.85
0.44
0.30
0.56
0.39
15.39
185.02
2.87
16.63
57.00

Share
of total

R/P
ratio

3.6%
0.9%
0.3%
4.8%
0.2%
0.4%
0.2%
0.1%
0.2%
0.3%
2.6%

11.6
9.3
9.1
10.9
10.0
51.0
23.6
12.4
98.5
12.2
*
17.5
46.0
81.3
5.5
9.2
14.2
60.3
20.6
29.3
27.1
54.6
72.0
*
49.2
4.9
25.4
43.2
57.8
6.3
*
*
*
40.7
*
96.9
51.8
*
*
18.4
*
52.1
36.9
96.9
*
66.2
68.2
65.6
21.4
28.8
32.3
35.6
45.7
38.2
39.9
22.7
*
10.5
70.1
22.1
37.4
60.4
15.1
14.6
71.8

4.0%
0.6%

0.1%
0.1%
1.0%
0.8%
1.6%
0.1%
0.3%
23.4%
4.3%
0.5%
0.2%
0.9%
0.2%
34.0%

16.0%
1.7%
1.0%
0.5%
13.8%
4.1%
0.2%
3.5%
0.3%

41.0%
2.4%
1.2%
0.8%
2.8%
0.7%
7.9%
1.4%
0.2%
0.2%
1.3%
0.6%
1.7%
1.3%
0.3%
0.5%
0.2%
0.2%
0.3%
0.2%
8.3%
100.0%
1.6%
9.0%
30.8%

*More than 100 years.
†Less than 0.05.
◆Less than 0.05%.
n/a not available.
Notes: Proved reserves of natural gas – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future
from known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions.
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of any year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining reserves
would last if production were to continue at that rate.
Source of data – The estimates in this table have been compiled using a combination of primary official sources and third-party data from Cedigaz and the OPEC Secretariat.

22

Proved reserves at end 2008
Trillion cubic metres

7.31
8.87
S. & Cent. America North America

15.39
Asia Pacific

14.65
Africa

62.89
Europe & Eurasia

75.91
Middle East

Distribution of proved reserves in 1988, 1998 and 2008
Percentage

Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
Asia Pacific
Africa
North America
S. & Cent. America

4.4

31.3

4.3

35.9

4.8

4.9

4.0

41.0

8.7
7.3

7.9

7.0

8.1

1988
Total 109.72
trillion
cubic
metres

7.7

1998
Total 148.01
trillion
cubic
metres

8.3

2008
Total 185.02
trillion
cubic
metres

40.6
39.9
34.0

23

Production*
Billion cubic metres

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Colombia
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Germany
Italy
Kazakhstan
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Bahrain
Iran
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
New Zealand
Pakistan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
*Excluding gas flared or recycled.

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Change
2008 over
2007

2008
share
of total

538.7
173.4
38.4
750.5
29.6
2.8
6.3
6.3
8.6
32.3
2.9
88.8
5.1
7.6
16.7
17.4
7.2
64.8
44.2
3.6
14.0
534.8
12.0
16.3
90.2
49.6
12.3
895.8
8.4
50.0
9.5
5.2
19.6
46.8
5.3
37.1
3.2
185.0
76.6
14.0
6.4
5.1
5.1
107.2
30.4
7.8
10.8
23.3
24.5
64.6
38.5
1.8
4.6
17.8
17.5
0.9
3.3
245.7
2273.0
223.4
1041.8
625.3
605.9

533.3
176.8
37.1
747.2
34.6
2.3
7.4
5.2
11.7
27.4
3.5
92.0
5.4
7.8
17.8
16.0
9.0
60.2
48.5
3.4
14.0
534.6
20.6
16.4
99.1
50.3
11.5
914.7
8.7
56.4
8.6
5.5
22.1
46.2
5.4
38.5
3.4
194.7
86.0
16.8
5.0
6.0
5.8
119.7
30.8
8.3
11.2
25.2
25.1
70.0
40.8
1.7
5.3
20.3
19.2
1.3
3.3
262.6
2330.9
226.6
1047.2
636.6
647.0

543.2
182.2
37.8
763.2
37.4
3.2
7.5
5.9
14.1
27.9
3.7
99.7
5.1
8.2
16.9
15.2
10.4
58.1
49.7
3.7
13.8
528.7
42.5
16.2
108.4
51.1
11.2
939.2
8.8
60.2
9.6
8.7
23.7
49.8
5.5
38.4
3.4
208.1
84.4
21.0
5.9
12.5
6.3
130.1
31.2
10.0
11.3
27.2
26.4
65.2
45.3
3.4
5.6
21.5
20.2
1.6
3.3
272.1
2412.4
232.0
1071.0
654.4
687.0

555.5
186.5
37.4
779.4
37.1
4.7
7.7
6.1
15.2
29.6
3.9
104.3
5.0
8.4
17.0
14.0
10.5
62.4
53.9
3.9
13.6
526.2
46.4
16.6
105.8
52.0
11.0
946.7
9.1
66.0
10.5
14.0
27.0
53.7
5.0
44.9
3.0
233.3
78.2
25.2
6.2
14.9
6.8
131.3
32.5
10.7
11.4
30.3
26.4
63.3
46.9
7.0
5.9
22.7
19.6
2.0
3.6
282.4
2477.4
232.9
1093.8
657.1
726.5

536.0
187.9
38.9
762.8
36.1
4.9
9.2
6.2
17.3
28.4
3.8
106.0
4.7
8.4
17.0
13.4
10.2
60.3
65.5
4.0
13.2
538.8
48.4
16.9
103.6
51.9
11.3
967.6
9.5
75.0
9.5
15.0
29.5
56.7
6.1
43.4
2.6
247.2
80.4
27.3
5.9
14.2
7.5
135.3
32.6
11.4
11.5
32.7
27.6
69.7
48.3
8.4
5.6
24.6
20.5
2.4
5.3
300.6
2519.4
227.7
1083.9
671.2
764.3

540.8
184.7
41.2
766.6
41.0
6.4
10.0
6.1
24.7
25.2
3.6
117.1
4.6
8.0
17.7
12.7
12.6
58.1
73.1
4.0
13.0
561.4
53.5
17.5
102.9
52.0
10.7
1001.7
9.6
81.5
11.0
16.5
31.4
60.1
6.2
44.8
1.8
262.9
82.8
30.1
5.5
19.2
7.1
144.8
33.2
12.3
12.4
35.0
29.5
73.2
51.8
9.6
4.3
30.4
21.8
2.4
6.4
322.3
2615.5
223.6
1091.2
701.9
822.4

526.4
183.7
42.7
752.8
44.9
9.8
11.0
6.4
27.3
28.4
4.0
131.7
4.5
9.4
16.4
11.9
20.0
68.5
78.5
4.4
12.8
573.3
52.8
18.5
96.4
54.2
11.1
1032.5
9.8
84.9
11.9
18.5
39.2
65.7
6.4
46.3
2.5
285.1
82.0
33.0
8.1
22.8
9.3
155.2
35.3
13.2
12.2
41.5
29.2
70.3
53.9
10.2
3.8
34.5
22.4
4.2
6.2
336.8
2694.1
227.4
1088.0
723.5
882.6

511.1
187.4
45.0
743.6
45.6
11.9
11.0
6.7
30.3
27.4
4.9
137.9
5.2
10.4
15.8
11.1
22.6
62.5
85.0
4.3
12.4
580.1
57.0
18.8
88.2
54.0
10.7
1038.2
10.7
103.5
12.2
19.8
45.8
71.2
5.5
47.8
3.4
319.9
88.2
42.5
11.3
22.4
11.2
175.6
37.1
14.5
12.0
49.3
29.6
71.2
59.9
12.2
3.6
35.5
23.7
6.9
7.0
362.6
2777.8
211.9
1072.1
738.0
967.7

524.0
188.4
51.6
764.0
46.1
12.9
11.3
7.0
36.4
31.5
5.8
151.1
6.1
10.4
15.6
10.1
23.9
61.6
87.6
4.3
11.9
593.8
60.4
19.1
80.0
54.5
11.5
1050.7
11.3
108.6
12.5
23.7
50.7
73.5
5.7
49.0
4.1
339.1
84.5
54.7
13.2
28.4
11.8
192.6
38.9
15.3
12.6
58.6
29.3
70.3
59.7
12.6
3.7
36.1
24.3
6.8
10.5
378.5
2876.1
201.3
1086.6
758.0
1031.5

540.5
184.1
54.0
778.7
44.8
13.8
11.3
7.5
39.0
32.1
6.5
155.0
9.8
9.2
14.3
8.9
26.4
60.5
89.7
4.3
11.5
592.0
65.4
19.1
72.1
59.1
10.8
1053.3
11.8
111.9
12.1
24.1
63.2
74.4
5.6
50.4
4.1
357.6
84.8
55.7
15.3
35.0
13.6
204.4
40.0
16.3
12.3
69.2
30.1
67.6
60.8
13.5
4.1
36.5
26.0
7.1
13.0
396.3
2945.3
187.5
1092.1
772.2
1081.1

582.2
175.2
54.9
812.3
44.1
13.9
13.9
9.1
39.3
31.5
7.2
158.9
14.7
10.1
13.0
8.4
30.2
67.5
99.2
4.1
11.5
601.7
66.1
18.7
69.6
62.2
10.3
1087.3
13.4
116.3
12.8
24.1
76.6
78.1
5.5
50.2
4.1
381.1
86.5
58.9
15.9
35.0
18.5
214.8
38.3
17.3
12.1
76.1
30.6
69.7
62.5
12.4
3.8
37.5
28.9
7.9
14.1
411.2
3065.6
190.3
1136.6
793.7
1135.3

7.5%
-5.1%
1.3%
4.1%
-1.9%
0.5%
22.4%
19.8%
0.5%
-2.2%
11.6%
2.2%
50.0%
9.1%
-9.2%
-6.1%
13.9%
11.2%
10.4%
-6.6%
-0.3%
1.4%
0.7%
-2.3%
-3.7%
4.9%
-5.4%
2.9%
13.8%
3.6%
5.5%
-0.3%
20.9%
4.7%
-2.8%
-0.7%
-1.7%
6.3%
1.7%
5.4%
3.6%
-0.2%
35.7%
4.8%
-4.5%
6.0%
-1.2%
9.6%
1.4%
2.7%
2.5%
-8.5%
-6.3%
2.6%
10.7%
11.9%
8.5%
3.5%
3.8%
1.2%
3.9%
2.5%
4.7%

19.3%
5.7%
1.8%
26.7%
1.4%
0.5%
0.5%
0.3%
1.3%
1.0%
0.2%
5.2%
0.5%
0.3%
0.4%
0.3%
1.0%
2.2%
3.2%
0.1%
0.4%
19.6%
2.1%
0.6%
2.3%
2.0%
0.3%
35.4%
0.4%
3.8%
0.4%
0.8%
2.5%
2.5%
0.2%
1.6%
0.1%
12.4%
2.8%
1.9%
0.5%
1.1%
0.6%
7.0%
1.2%
0.6%
0.4%
2.5%
1.0%
2.3%
2.0%
0.4%
0.1%
1.2%
0.9%
0.3%
0.5%
13.4%
100.0%
6.2%
37.3%
25.8%
36.9%

Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.
Notes: As far as possible, the data above represents standard cubic metres (measured at 15ºC and 1013 millibar (mbar); because it is derived directly from tonnes of oil equivalent using an average
conversion factor, it does not necessarily equate with gas volumes expressed in specific national terms.
Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes of oil equivalent figures.
Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
Natural gas production data expressed in billion cubic feet per day is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.

24

Production*
Million tonnes oil equivalent

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Colombia
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Germany
Italy
Kazakhstan
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Bahrain
Iran
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
New Zealand
Pakistan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
*Excluding gas flared or recycled.

Note: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Change
2008 over
2007

2008
share
of total

494.2
156.1
34.5
684.9
26.6
2.5
5.7
5.6
7.8
29.1
2.6
80.0
4.6
6.8
15.0
15.7
6.5
58.3
39.8
3.2
12.6
481.4
10.8
14.6
81.1
44.6
11.1
806.2
7.5
45.0
8.5
4.7
17.6
42.1
4.8
33.4
2.9
166.5
68.9
12.6
5.7
4.6
4.6
96.5
27.3
7.0
9.7
21.0
22.0
58.1
34.6
1.6
4.2
16.0
15.8
0.8
3.0
221.1
2055.1
201.1
947.1
562.7
545.3

487.4
159.1
33.4
679.9
31.1
2.0
6.7
4.7
10.6
24.7
3.1
82.8
4.9
7.0
16.1
14.4
8.1
54.2
43.6
3.1
12.6
481.1
18.6
14.8
89.2
45.3
10.3
823.2
7.8
50.7
7.8
4.9
19.8
41.6
4.9
34.6
3.1
175.3
77.4
15.1
4.5
5.4
5.2
107.7
27.7
7.5
10.1
22.7
22.6
63.0
36.8
1.5
4.8
18.3
17.3
1.2
2.9
236.3
2105.2
203.9
949.9
572.9
582.3

495.5
164.0
34.0
693.5
33.7
2.9
6.7
5.3
12.6
25.1
3.3
89.8
4.6
7.3
15.2
13.7
9.4
52.3
44.8
3.3
12.4
475.8
38.3
14.6
97.5
45.9
10.1
845.3
7.9
54.2
8.6
7.8
21.3
44.8
4.9
34.5
3.1
187.3
76.0
18.9
5.3
11.3
5.6
117.1
28.0
9.0
10.2
24.5
23.7
58.7
40.7
3.1
5.1
19.4
18.2
1.4
3.0
244.9
2177.8
208.8
970.5
589.0
618.3

508.2
167.8
33.7
709.7
33.4
4.2
6.9
5.5
13.7
26.6
3.5
93.9
4.5
7.5
15.3
12.6
9.5
56.2
48.5
3.5
12.2
473.6
41.8
14.9
95.2
46.8
9.9
852.1
8.2
59.4
9.5
12.6
24.3
48.3
4.5
40.4
2.7
209.9
70.4
22.7
5.6
13.4
6.1
118.2
29.2
9.7
10.3
27.3
23.8
57.0
42.2
6.3
5.3
20.4
17.7
1.8
3.2
254.2
2237.9
209.6
992.7
591.4
653.9

489.9
169.1
35.0
694.0
32.5
4.4
8.3
5.5
15.6
25.6
3.4
95.4
4.2
7.5
15.3
12.1
9.2
54.3
59.0
3.6
11.9
484.9
43.6
15.2
93.2
46.7
10.1
870.8
8.5
67.5
8.5
13.5
26.6
51.0
5.5
39.1
2.4
222.5
72.3
24.6
5.3
12.8
6.8
121.7
29.3
10.3
10.3
29.4
24.8
62.7
43.5
7.6
5.1
22.1
18.5
2.2
4.7
270.5
2274.9
205.0
983.0
604.1
687.9

496.2
166.2
37.0
699.4
36.9
5.7
9.0
5.5
22.3
22.7
3.3
105.4
4.2
7.2
15.9
11.5
11.3
52.2
65.8
3.6
11.7
505.2
48.1
15.8
92.6
46.8
9.6
901.5
8.7
73.4
9.9
14.9
28.3
54.1
5.6
40.3
1.6
236.6
74.5
27.1
5.0
17.3
6.4
130.3
29.9
11.1
11.1
31.5
26.6
65.9
46.6
8.6
3.9
27.4
19.6
2.1
5.8
290.1
2363.4
201.3
991.5
631.7
740.2

481.1
165.3
38.4
684.9
40.4
8.8
9.9
5.7
24.6
25.6
3.6
118.6
4.1
8.5
14.7
10.7
18.0
61.6
70.6
3.9
11.5
516.0
47.5
16.6
86.7
48.8
10.0
929.2
8.8
76.4
10.7
16.7
35.3
59.1
5.8
41.7
2.3
256.6
73.8
29.7
7.3
20.5
8.4
139.6
31.7
11.9
11.0
37.3
26.3
63.3
48.5
9.2
3.5
31.0
20.1
3.7
5.6
303.1
2432.1
204.6
986.6
651.2
794.3

468.1
168.7
40.5
677.3
41.1
10.7
9.9
6.0
27.3
24.7
4.5
124.1
4.7
9.4
14.2
10.0
20.3
56.3
76.5
3.9
11.2
522.1
51.3
16.9
79.4
48.6
9.7
934.4
9.6
93.2
11.0
17.8
41.2
64.1
4.9
43.0
3.1
287.9
79.4
38.3
10.2
20.2
10.1
158.1
33.4
13.1
10.8
44.4
26.7
64.1
54.0
11.0
3.2
32.0
21.3
6.2
6.3
326.3
2508.1
190.7
973.0
664.2
870.9

479.3
169.6
46.4
695.3
41.5
11.6
10.2
6.3
32.8
28.3
5.2
136.0
5.5
9.4
14.1
9.1
21.5
55.4
78.9
3.9
10.7
534.4
54.3
17.2
72.0
49.0
10.4
945.7
10.2
97.7
11.3
21.3
45.6
66.2
5.1
44.1
3.7
305.2
76.0
49.2
11.9
25.6
10.6
173.4
35.0
13.8
11.3
52.7
26.4
63.2
53.7
11.3
3.3
32.5
21.9
6.1
9.4
340.7
2596.3
181.2
985.7
682.2
928.4

494.5
165.7
48.6
708.8
40.3
12.4
10.2
6.8
35.1
28.9
5.8
139.5
8.8
8.3
12.9
8.0
23.8
54.5
80.7
3.9
10.4
532.8
58.9
17.2
64.9
53.2
9.7
947.9
10.6
100.7
10.9
21.6
56.9
67.0
5.1
45.4
3.7
321.9
76.3
50.1
13.8
31.5
12.2
184.0
36.0
14.6
11.0
62.3
27.1
60.9
54.7
12.2
3.7
32.8
23.4
6.4
11.7
356.7
2658.8
168.7
990.9
694.9
973.0

533.0
157.7
49.4
740.0
39.7
12.5
12.5
8.2
35.4
28.3
6.5
143.0
13.3
9.1
11.7
7.5
27.2
60.8
89.3
3.7
10.4
541.5
59.5
16.9
62.6
56.0
9.2
978.6
12.1
104.7
11.5
21.6
69.0
70.3
4.9
45.2
3.7
343.0
77.9
53.0
14.3
31.5
16.7
193.3
34.4
15.6
10.9
68.5
27.5
62.7
56.3
11.2
3.4
33.8
26.0
7.1
12.7
370.1
2768.0
171.3
1031.9
714.3
1021.8

7.5%
-5.1%
1.3%
4.1%
-1.9%
0.5%
22.4%
19.8%
0.5%
-2.2%
11.6%
2.2%
50.0%
9.1%
-9.2%
-6.1%
13.9%
11.2%
10.4%
-6.6%
-0.3%
1.4%
0.7%
-2.3%
-3.7%
4.9%
-5.4%
2.9%
13.8%
3.6%
5.5%
-0.3%
20.9%
4.7%
-2.8%
-0.7%
-1.7%
6.3%
1.7%
5.4%
3.6%
-0.2%
35.7%
4.8%
-4.5%
6.0%
-1.2%
9.6%
1.4%
2.7%
2.5%
-8.5%
-6.3%
2.6%
10.7%
11.9%
8.5%
3.5%
3.8%
1.2%
3.9%
2.5%
4.7%

19.3%
5.7%
1.8%
26.7%
1.4%
0.5%
0.5%
0.3%
1.3%
1.0%
0.2%
5.2%
0.5%
0.3%
0.4%
0.3%
1.0%
2.2%
3.2%
0.1%
0.4%
19.6%
2.1%
0.6%
2.3%
2.0%
0.3%
35.4%
0.4%
3.8%
0.4%
0.8%
2.5%
2.5%
0.2%
1.6%
0.1%
12.4%
2.8%
1.9%
0.5%
1.1%
0.6%
7.0%
1.2%
0.6%
0.4%
2.5%
1.0%
2.3%
2.0%
0.4%
0.1%
1.2%
0.9%
0.3%
0.5%
13.4%
100.0%
6.2%
37.3%
25.8%
36.9%

Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.

25

Production by region
Billion cubic metres

3200

Rest of World
Asia Pacific
Europe & Eurasia
North America

2800

2400

2000

1600

1200

800

400

83

84

85

86

87

88

89

90

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

0

World natural gas production grew by a robust 3.8% in 2008, the strongest volumetric growth since 1984. For the second consecutive year, the US recorded the
largest increase, with growth of 41.7bcm. Growth was below the 10-year average for all regions except North America and Europe and Eurasia. Canada recorded the
world’s largest decline.

Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios
Years

2008 by region
80

World

70

North America
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific

250

200

60

50
150

40

100
30

20
50
10

84

86

88

90

92

94

96

98

00

02

04

06

08

0

Global proved reserves of natural gas increased by 7.97tcm in 2008, and the R/P ratio increased to 60.4 years. Increases in Turkmenistan and Iran accounted for most
of the growth.

26

0

Consumption
Billion cubic metres

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Change
2008 over
2007

2008
share
of total

629.9
83.4
39.5
752.8
30.5
6.4
3.7
6.2
0.3
0.4
32.3
10.0
89.8
8.3
5.1
14.6
13.8
3.5
8.5
4.7
3.7
37.0
79.7
0.8
10.9

3.1
57.2
7.1
2.3
39.6
3.8
10.6
0.8
18.7
353.8
6.4
13.1
0.9
2.6
10.3
10.0
66.7
87.9
45.6
14.4
945.4
51.8
9.5
14.8
46.8
30.4
21.6
174.8
20.9
13.7

15.0
49.5
19.8
7.8
20.3
3.0
24.5
29.5
66.1
17.4
4.6
17.8

1.5
15.4
6.2
17.6
4.5
255.8
2268.2
414.3
1262.4
513.7
492.1

634.4
87.4
37.4
759.2
32.4
7.6
5.0
5.2
0.3
0.4
27.4
11.3
89.5
8.5
5.4
14.8
14.7
3.0
8.6
5.0
3.7
37.7
80.2
1.5
11.0

3.3
62.2
7.7
2.4
38.5
3.6
10.3
2.3
17.2
352.8
6.4
15.0
0.8
2.7
12.4
11.0
70.9
93.6
47.8
12.7
967.5
58.4
8.6
14.0
46.2
31.4
22.5
181.1
21.3
16.4

15.6
53.4
20.2
8.3
21.5
3.3
25.1
32.0
69.4
16.1
5.3
20.3

1.5
18.7
6.3
19.2
4.9
272.2
2322.8
428.6
1294.8
520.2
507.8

660.7
92.8
40.2
793.7
33.2
9.4
6.5
5.9
0.3
0.3
27.9
11.9
95.5
8.1
5.2
15.7
14.9
3.3
8.3
4.9
3.7
39.7
79.5
2.0
10.7

3.8
64.9
9.4
2.7
39.0
4.0
11.1
2.4
17.1
366.0
6.5
16.9
0.7
2.7
14.6
12.2
71.0
96.9
45.7
13.2
996.9
62.9
9.6
9.7
49.8
31.4
23.4
186.7
19.8
20.0

17.4
57.2
20.5
10.0
24.5
3.0
26.4
29.7
72.3
24.3
5.6
21.5

1.7
21.0
6.8
22.0
5.5
294.9
2424.8
440.1
1348.4
535.5
541.0

629.7
88.2
40.7
758.7
31.1
11.9
7.3
6.1
0.3
0.4
29.6
13.6
100.3
8.6
7.5
15.7
14.6
3.0
8.9
5.1
4.1
41.7
82.9
2.0
11.9

4.0
65.0
9.8
2.8
40.0
3.8
11.5
2.6
16.6
361.5
6.9
18.2
0.7
2.8
16.0
12.5
68.8
96.4
49.6
14.5
1010.0
70.1
10.5
11.0
53.7
37.9
23.7
206.8
20.5
24.5

17.6
62.6
22.0
10.7
27.4
3.0
26.4
31.0
74.3
25.8
5.9
22.7
0.1
4.6
23.1
7.3
24.8
5.8
314.9
2453.3
450.8
1331.7
536.5
585.1

651.5
90.2
45.8
787.4
30.3
14.1
7.4
6.1
0.2
0.4
28.4
14.4
101.4
8.5
7.5
16.1
14.8
2.7
8.7
5.1
4.0
41.7
82.6
2.1
11.8

4.1
64.6
10.8
2.9
39.8
4.0
11.2
3.1
17.2
377.3
6.5
20.8
0.8
2.8
17.4
12.9
67.7
95.1
50.9
13.6
1029.1
79.2
9.5
11.1
56.7
36.4
24.7
217.6
20.2
26.5

18.0
64.7
22.4
11.4
29.2
2.9
27.6
32.9
72.7
26.7
5.6
24.6
1.8
5.0
25.7
8.2
26.9
6.0
329.5
2529.7
451.5
1363.5
553.3
612.9

630.8
97.7
50.6
779.1
34.6
15.8
8.0
6.0
0.3
0.5
25.2
15.9
106.3
9.4
7.7
15.8
16.0
2.8
8.7
5.2
4.5
43.3
85.5
2.4
13.2

4.1
71.2
12.9
3.1
40.0
4.3
11.2
3.0
18.3
381.2
6.3
23.6
0.8
2.9
20.9
14.2
65.8
95.4
45.8
14.1
1053.9
82.9
11.0
12.2
60.1
37.9
25.0
229.0
21.4
29.7

20.4
71.5
22.4
12.3
33.9
1.8
29.5
35.2
79.8
27.1
4.3
30.4
2.7
5.4
26.9
8.4
28.8
6.5
355.6
2595.5
471.6
1384.6
554.3
656.6

634.0
95.1
53.4
782.4
37.9
18.7
8.7
6.3
0.3
0.9
28.4
16.2
117.4
9.5
8.3
17.9
16.5
2.8
9.1
5.2
4.3
44.5
85.9
2.7
13.0

4.1
73.9
14.9
3.1
40.9
4.6
13.1
3.8
17.5
389.9
6.1
27.4
0.8
3.0
22.1
15.0
71.0
97.4
43.4
15.6
1087.2
86.5
11.9
15.0
65.7
40.2
27.8
247.1
22.0
31.7

23.6
77.4
22.8
13.2
39.7
2.7
31.9
33.2
77.0
24.5
3.8
34.5
2.4
6.5
31.5
10.2
29.9
8.7
372.3
2683.9
485.0
1405.3
572.1
706.5

623.3
98.1
53.3
774.7
40.4
19.3
8.4
6.7
0.4
1.5
27.4
19.5
123.7
10.0
8.6
18.4
16.6
3.1
9.6
5.0
4.0
45.8
86.2
2.8
13.4

3.9
79.1
18.8
3.3
39.3
4.5
13.6
4.2
17.6
393.0
6.6
32.4
0.8
3.1
26.9
16.1
70.9
94.7
42.7
15.8
1110.6
105.0
12.2
18.7
71.2
42.1
30.1
279.2
23.2
31.6

24.5
79.4
21.9
14.5
46.8
2.7
35.7
35.2
78.6
29.3
3.6
35.5
3.3
6.5
33.7
10.3
32.5
12.1
402.2
2769.8
495.5
1414.8
580.9
774.1

614.1
96.9
60.9
771.9
41.8
20.6
7.8
7.0
0.7
1.8
31.5
24.0
135.2
9.4
9.1
19.0
17.0
3.2
9.3
5.1
4.2
44.1
87.2
3.2
12.7

4.5
77.4
20.3
3.2
38.1
4.4
13.7
4.1
18.1
419.2
6.0
33.7
0.9
3.0
30.5
18.4
65.1
90.1
41.9
16.3
1132.4
108.7
12.5
19.6
73.5
43.4
33.8
291.5
23.7
36.5

23.7
83.9
24.0
15.3
56.1
2.9
37.3
35.9
83.7
29.0
3.7
36.1
2.9
8.6
35.6
11.1
33.3
12.3
427.8
2842.7
488.9
1417.4
605.7
819.6

652.6
96.7
63.1
812.4
43.9
22.0
4.6
7.4
0.5
2.7
32.2
24.6
137.9
8.9
8.0
18.8
16.9
3.3
8.4
4.6
3.9
42.5
82.9
4.0
12.0

4.8
77.8
19.5
3.6
37.0
4.3
13.7
4.2
16.1
425.7
5.7
35.1
1.0
2.9
35.1
21.3
62.7
90.9
45.9
16.8
1138.3
113.0
12.1
19.7
74.4
49.3
34.8
303.3
24.3
38.4

26.5
89.2
24.9
16.3
69.5
2.2
40.1
34.0
90.2
28.5
4.1
36.5
3.4
8.6
38.5
11.8
35.4
13.0
456.8
2938.0
480.9
1466.7
615.1
856.1

657.2
100.0
67.2
824.4
44.5
25.2
2.6
8.2
0.6
3.4
32.4
26.3
143.0
9.5
9.3
19.2
17.0
3.3
8.7
4.6
4.0
44.2
82.0
4.2
12.0

5.0
77.7
20.6
3.2
38.6
4.4
13.9
4.6
14.5
420.2
5.7
39.0
1.0
3.1
36.0
19.0
59.7
93.9
48.7
17.1
1143.9
117.6
12.8
19.8
78.1
58.1
40.7
327.1
25.4
40.9

28.6
94.9
23.5
17.3
80.7
2.6
41.4
38.0
93.7
30.7
3.8
37.5
3.5
9.2
39.7
12.8
37.4
13.6
485.3
3018.7
490.1
1494.3
609.6
914.9

0.6%
3.2%
6.2%
1.3%
1.0%
14.2%
-43.2%
9.3%
7.4%
26.6%
0.3%
6.6%
3.5%
6.3%
16.0%
1.9%
0.5%
-0.3%
3.1%
0.5%
0.8%
3.7%
-1.3%
4.2%
-0.1%

4.3%
-0.4%
5.1%
-10.5%
3.9%
2.9%
1.4%
8.3%
-9.8%
-1.6%
1.1%
10.7%
-7.6%
5.4%
2.5%
-10.9%
-5.0%
3.0%
5.9%
1.2%
0.2%
3.8%
5.5%
0.4%
4.7%
17.5%
16.7%
7.6%
4.1%
6.3%

7.6%
6.1%
-5.7%
6.0%
15.8%
15.4%
3.0%
11.5%
3.6%
7.2%
-6.3%
2.6%
1.1%
6.6%
2.8%
8.4%
5.6%
4.3%
5.9%
2.5%
1.6%
1.7%
-1.2%
6.6%

22.0%
3.3%
2.2%
27.6%
1.5%
0.8%
0.1%
0.3%

0.1%
1.1%
0.9%
4.7%
0.3%
0.3%
0.6%
0.6%
0.1%
0.3%
0.2%
0.1%
1.5%
2.7%
0.1%
0.4%

0.2%
2.6%
0.7%
0.1%
1.3%
0.1%
0.5%
0.2%
0.5%
13.9%
0.2%
1.3%

0.1%
1.2%
0.6%
2.0%
3.1%
1.6%
0.6%
37.8%
3.9%
0.4%
0.7%
2.6%
1.9%
1.3%
10.8%
0.8%
1.3%

0.9%
3.1%
0.8%
0.6%
2.7%
0.1%
1.4%
1.3%
3.1%
1.0%
0.1%
1.2%
0.1%
0.3%
1.3%
0.4%
1.2%
0.4%
16.0%
100.0%
16.2%
49.7%
20.1%
30.2%

†Less than 0.05.
Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.
◆Less than 0.05%.
Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes of oil equivalent figures.
Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
The difference between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics on page 24 is due to variations in stocks at storage facilities and liquefaction plants, together with unavoidable
disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of gas supply and demand data.
As far as possible, the data above represents standard cubic metres (measured at 15ºC and 1013mbar); because it is derived directly from tonnes of oil equivalent using an average conversion factor, it
does not necessarily equate with gas volumes expressed in specific national terms.
Natural gas consumption data expressed in billion cubic feet per day is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.

27

Consumption
Million tonnes oil equivalent

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Change
2008 over
2007

2008
share
of total

575.3
75.1
35.5
685.9
27.5
5.7
3.3
5.6
0.3
0.4
29.1
9.0
80.8
7.5
4.6
13.1
12.4
3.1
7.7
4.3
3.3
33.3
71.7
0.8
9.8

2.8
51.5
6.4
2.1
35.6
3.4
9.5
0.7
16.8
318.5
5.7
11.8
0.8
2.4
9.2
9.0
60.0
79.1
41.0
12.9
850.8
46.6
8.5
13.3
42.1
27.4
19.4
157.3
18.8
12.3

13.5
44.6
17.8
7.0
18.2
2.7
22.0
26.5
59.5
15.7
4.2
16.0

1.4
13.8
5.6
15.8
4.1
230.3
2049.7
372.9
1144.6
462.3
442.8

577.3
78.6
33.6
689.6
29.1
6.8
4.5
4.7
0.3
0.4
24.7
10.2
80.6
7.6
4.9
13.4
13.3
2.7
7.7
4.5
3.3
33.9
72.1
1.3
9.9

3.0
56.0
6.9
2.2
34.7
3.2
9.3
2.0
15.5
317.5
5.8
13.5
0.8
2.4
11.1
9.9
63.8
84.2
43.0
11.4
870.8
52.5
7.8
12.6
41.6
28.3
20.3
163.0
19.2
14.8

14.1
48.0
18.2
7.5
19.3
3.0
22.6
28.8
62.5
14.5
4.8
18.3

1.4
16.8
5.7
17.3
4.4
245.0
2096.9
385.7
1171.7
468.2
457.0

600.4
83.5
36.2
720.0
29.9
8.5
5.8
5.3
0.3
0.3
25.1
10.7
85.9
7.3
4.7
14.2
13.4
2.9
7.5
4.4
3.4
35.7
71.5
1.8
9.7

3.4
58.4
8.5
2.5
35.1
3.6
10.0
2.1
15.4
329.4
5.8
15.2
0.7
2.4
13.1
11.0
63.9
87.2
41.1
11.9
897.2
56.6
8.6
8.7
44.8
28.3
21.0
168.1
17.9
18.0

15.7
51.5
18.5
9.0
22.1
2.7
23.7
26.8
65.1
21.9
5.1
19.4

1.6
18.9
6.1
19.8
4.9
265.4
2188.1
396.1
1219.3
481.9
486.9

573.9
79.4
36.7
689.9
28.0
10.7
6.6
5.5
0.3
0.3
26.6
12.2
90.2
7.7
6.8
14.1
13.2
2.7
8.0
4.6
3.7
37.5
74.6
1.8
10.7

3.6
58.5
8.8
2.5
36.0
3.4
10.4
2.3
14.9
325.4
6.2
16.4
0.6
2.5
14.4
11.2
61.9
86.7
44.6
13.0
909.0
63.1
9.5
9.9
48.3
34.1
21.3
186.1
18.5
22.1

15.9
56.4
19.8
9.7
24.7
2.7
23.8
27.9
66.8
23.2
5.3
20.4
0.1
4.1
20.8
6.6
22.3
5.2
283.4
2215.1
405.7
1205.7
482.8
526.6

593.7
81.2
41.2
716.0
27.2
12.7
6.6
5.5
0.2
0.4
25.6
12.9
91.2
7.7
6.8
14.5
13.4
2.4
7.8
4.6
3.6
37.5
74.3
1.9
10.6

3.7
58.1
9.7
2.6
35.8
3.6
10.1
2.8
15.5
339.6
5.8
18.8
0.7
2.5
15.6
11.6
60.9
85.6
45.8
12.2
926.2
71.3
8.5
10.0
51.0
32.8
22.2
195.8
18.2
23.9

16.2
58.2
20.2
10.3
26.3
2.6
24.8
29.6
65.4
24.0
5.1
22.1
1.6
4.5
23.1
7.4
24.2
5.4
296.5
2284.0
406.3
1234.4
498.0
551.6

577.0
87.9
45.5
710.4
31.1
14.2
7.2
5.4
0.2
0.5
22.7
14.3
95.7
8.5
7.0
14.3
14.4
2.5
7.8
4.7
4.0
39.0
77.0
2.2
11.9

3.7
64.1
11.6
2.8
36.0
3.9
10.1
2.7
16.5
343.1
5.7
21.3
0.7
2.6
18.8
12.8
59.2
85.8
41.2
12.7
948.5
74.6
9.9
11.0
54.1
34.1
22.5
206.1
19.3
26.7

18.4
64.4
20.2
11.1
30.5
1.7
26.6
31.7
71.8
24.4
3.9
27.4
2.4
4.8
24.2
7.6
26.0
5.9
320.1
2345.2
424.4
1255.4
498.8
591.0

577.9
85.6
48.0
711.4
34.1
16.8
7.8
5.7
0.3
0.8
25.6
14.6
105.7
8.5
7.5
16.1
14.9
2.5
8.2
4.7
3.9
40.1
77.3
2.4
11.7

3.7
66.5
13.4
2.8
36.8
4.1
11.8
3.4
15.7
350.9
5.5
24.7
0.7
2.7
19.9
13.5
63.9
87.7
39.1
14.0
978.5
77.9
10.7
13.5
59.1
36.2
25.0
222.4
19.8
28.5

21.3
69.6
20.5
11.9
35.7
2.4
28.7
29.8
69.3
22.0
3.5
31.0
2.1
5.9
28.4
9.2
26.9
7.8
335.1
2422.8
436.5
1272.1
514.9
635.8

569.1
88.3
48.0
705.4
36.4
17.4
7.5
6.0
0.3
1.4
24.7
17.6
111.3
9.0
7.7
16.5
14.9
2.8
8.6
4.5
3.6
41.3
77.6
2.5
12.1

3.5
71.2
16.9
2.9
35.3
4.0
12.3
3.8
15.8
353.7
5.9
29.1
0.7
2.8
24.2
14.5
63.8
85.2
38.4
14.2
999.6
94.5
11.0
16.8
64.1
37.8
27.1
251.3
20.9
28.4

22.1
71.4
19.7
13.1
42.1
2.4
32.1
31.7
70.7
26.4
3.2
32.0
3.0
5.9
30.4
9.3
29.3
10.9
362.0
2501.0
445.9
1281.4
522.8
696.7

560.0
87.3
54.8
702.1
37.6
18.5
7.0
6.3
0.7
1.6
28.3
21.6
121.7
8.5
8.2
17.1
15.3
2.9
8.4
4.6
3.8
39.7
78.5
2.9
11.5

4.0
69.7
18.2
2.9
34.3
4.0
12.3
3.7
16.3
377.3
5.4
30.3
0.8
2.7
27.4
16.5
58.6
81.1
37.7
14.7
1019.2
97.8
11.3
17.6
66.2
39.0
30.4
262.3
21.4
32.9

21.3
75.5
21.6
13.8
50.5
2.6
33.5
32.3
75.4
26.1
3.3
32.5
2.6
7.7
32.0
10.0
30.0
11.0
385.0
2565.8
440.0
1283.1
545.1
737.6

595.4
87.0
56.8
739.3
39.5
19.8
4.1
6.7
0.5
2.4
29.0
22.1
124.1
8.0
7.2
16.9
15.2
2.9
7.6
4.1
3.5
38.3
74.6
3.6
10.8

4.3
70.0
17.6
3.3
33.3
3.8
12.3
3.8
14.5
383.1
5.1
31.6
0.9
2.6
31.6
19.1
56.4
81.8
41.3
15.1
1024.5
101.7
10.9
17.7
67.0
44.4
31.3
273.0
21.9
34.5

23.9
80.3
22.4
14.6
62.6
2.0
36.0
30.6
81.2
25.7
3.7
32.8
3.1
7.7
34.7
10.6
31.8
11.7
411.2
2652.2
432.8
1328.1
553.6
770.5

600.7
90.0
60.5
751.2
40.0
22.7
2.3
7.3
0.5
3.1
29.1
23.6
128.7
8.5
8.4
17.3
15.3
2.9
7.8
4.1
3.6
39.8
73.8
3.8
10.8

4.5
69.9
18.5
2.9
34.7
4.0
12.5
4.1
13.1
378.2
5.2
35.1
0.9
2.8
32.4
17.1
53.8
84.5
43.8
15.4
1029.6
105.8
11.5
17.9
70.3
52.3
36.6
294.4
22.8
36.8

25.8
85.4
21.2
15.6
72.6
2.3
37.2
34.2
84.4
27.6
3.4
33.8
3.1
8.3
35.7
11.5
33.7
12.2
436.8
2726.1
441.1
1354.1
548.6
823.4

0.6%
3.2%
6.2%
1.3%
1.0%
14.2%
-43.2%
9.3%
7.4%
26.6%
0.3%
6.6%
3.5%
6.3%
16.0%
1.9%
0.5%
-0.3%
3.1%
0.5%
0.8%
3.7%
-1.3%
4.2%
-0.1%

4.3%
-0.4%
5.1%
-10.5%
3.9%
2.9%
1.4%
8.3%
-9.8%
-1.6%
1.1%
10.7%
-7.6%
5.4%
2.5%
-10.9%
-5.0%
3.0%
5.9%
1.2%
0.2%
3.8%
5.5%
0.4%
4.7%
17.5%
16.7%
7.6%
4.1%
6.3%

7.6%
6.1%
-5.7%
6.0%
15.8%
15.4%
3.0%
11.5%
3.6%
7.2%
-6.3%
2.6%
1.1%
6.6%
2.8%
8.4%
5.6%
4.3%
5.9%
2.5%
1.6%
1.7%
-1.2%
6.6%

22.0%
3.3%
2.2%
27.6%
1.5%
0.8%
0.1%
0.3%

0.1%
1.1%
0.9%
4.7%
0.3%
0.3%
0.6%
0.6%
0.1%
0.3%
0.2%
0.1%
1.5%
2.7%
0.1%
0.4%

0.2%
2.6%
0.7%
0.1%
1.3%
0.1%
0.5%
0.2%
0.5%
13.9%
0.2%
1.3%

0.1%
1.2%
0.6%
2.0%
3.1%
1.6%
0.6%
37.8%
3.9%
0.4%
0.7%
2.6%
1.9%
1.3%
10.8%
0.8%
1.3%

0.9%
3.1%
0.8%
0.6%
2.7%
0.1%
1.4%
1.3%
3.1%
1.0%
0.1%
1.2%
0.1%
0.3%
1.3%
0.4%
1.2%
0.4%
16.0%
100.0%
16.2%
49.7%
20.1%
30.2%

†Less than 0.05.
Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.
◆Less than 0.05%.
Notes: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
The difference between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics on page 25 is due to variations in stocks at storage facilities and liquefaction plants, together with unavoidable
disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of gas supply and demand data.

28

Consumption by region
Billion cubic metres

3200

Rest of World
Asia Pacific
Europe & Eurasia
North America

2800

2000

2000

1600

1200

800

400

83

84

85

86

87

88

89

90

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

0

World natural gas consumption grew by 2.5% in 2008, below the historical average. Growth was broadly distributed, although only North America and the Middle East
saw above average growth in aggregate. China accounted for the largest increment to gas consumption, while Russia recorded the largest decline.

Consumption per capita 2008
Tonnes oil equivalent

0-0.5
0.5-1.0
1.0-1.5
1.5-2.0
> 2.0

29

North America
US
– 103.20
Canada
15.90

Mexico
10.28

S. & Cent. America
Argentina


Brazil


Chile


Others


Europe
Austria


Belgium


Bulgaria


Croatia


Czech Republic


Finland


France


Germany


Greece


Hungary


Ireland


Italy


Lithuania


Luxembourg


Netherlands


Poland


Portugal


Romania


Serbia


Slovakia


Spain


Switzerland


Turkey


United Kingdom


Others


Middle East
Iran


Jordan


United Arab Emirates –

Others


Africa
Tunisia


Other Africa


Asia Pacific
Singapore


Thailand


Total exports
26.18 103.20

My
an
ma
r

Mo
zam
biq
ue
Ind
on
es
ia
Ma
lay
sia

Lib
ya

Eg
yp
t

Alg
eri
a

Qa
tar

Ira
n

Ru
ssi
an
Fe
d
Tu
rkm
en
ist
Ot
an
h
& er Eu
Eu
r
o
ras pe
ia

Ne
the
rla
nd
s
No
rw
ay
Un
i
Kin ted
gd
om

Ge
rm
an
y

From

Be
lgiu
m

Me
xic
o

US

To

Ca
na
da

Billion cubic metres

Bo
livi
a
Ot
he
Am r S
eri & C
ca en
t

Trade movements 2008 by pipeline

Total
imports





































– 104.41
– 15.90
– 10.28

– 0.89
– 10.90




0.13
0.69
0.97




















































0.89
11.03
0.69
0.97

– 5.80
1.70

– 3.10
– 1.06
– 6.60
– 4.50
0.60 8.80
1.60 36.20
– 2.80
– 8.90
5.00

0.70 24.50
– 3.09


0.90 4.33
– 7.20


– 3.50
– 2.15
– 5.60


– 0.35
– 23.55


– 2.38




























0.23


0.16
2.40
0.40
0.50




2.14
1.50

1.00


0.10
0.40
2.95

0.91























5.80























– 24.44








– 1.93






– 8.97






– 0.41




































9.87












































































































8.10
18.25
3.10
1.29
8.61
4.50
36.66
87.10
3.20
11.50
5.00
75.31
3.09
1.20
18.00
9.80
1.93
4.50
2.15
5.60
10.87
3.19
32.30
35.42
3.79





2.72

0.14
















6.90
2.72
15.40
1.84

1.25
0.50




3.20




1.25
3.70







5.80 17.10 37.50



2.86



9.87



3.20

6.65

6.65

1.62

1.62

1.21















































































0.80






0.60









1.12

1.20
– 1.10
0.70 7.90 7.95







– 2.01



2.40 8.00 15.90
– 20.50 26.40



2.10





1.10 8.70 6.00



0.60


4.40
– 6.23
1.10















– 1.80
1.45 0.90 0.09



– 9.00 25.30
0.09




























6.50


0.40

















1.21 11.79



1.79













2.52 15.14 55.00 92.78 10.50 154.41





6.50 13.09





– 15.40
– 1.70


Notes: Flows are on a contractual basis and may not correspond to physical gas flows in all cases.
Data excludes trade within the Former Soviet Union, except the three Baltic States.


8.27
8.55
8.55
8.55 587.26

Source: Cedigaz (provisional).

Trade movements 2008 – liquefied natural gas
From

0.34
1.04





9.94
3.61



0.33
0.47
0.81













0.08















0.41
0.47
0.81








0.08
0.08
0.08


4.32

0.47

–0.40



0.05
0.18

0.08
0.25



1.05






0.17

2.65




5.12

0.12








7.60
0.70
1.56

4.90
4.25
0.37

0.08
1.06
0.16


4.91
0.08
0.08






0.08






0.53


3.60


2.58
7.47
0.98





























2.49
12.59
0.94
1.56
2.63
28.73
5.31
1.04



0.97


0.97


0.24
0.67
0.84
0.22
17.36


0.09

0.08

0.00


0.08
0.17


2.19


0.35
4.25
6.04
0.09
10.90


7.98
10.91
11.62
1.10
39.68


0.13
7.41


7.54

0.17
0.65
1.12
0.47
0.08
21.87

0.25
0.26
2.21
2.13
0.08
14.06

0.16
0.44
1.64
1.33
1.53
5.18






0.53

0.24
0.41
2.36
0.16
1.36
20.54

3.61
0.16
15.94
0.53

20.24



8.22
0.98

9.20



18.79
4.06
4.00
26.85

0.01

17.47
8.31
3.61
29.40

4.44
10.79
92.13
36.55
12.07
226.51

Note: The negative entry for ‘from Belgium to Belgium’ represents the re-export of LNG which was delivered to Zeebrugge terminal and then reloaded
and shipped to other destinations.

30

Ma
lay
sia


Ind
on
es
ia


Bru
ne
i

1.56
1.12

Au
str
alia


Nig
eri
a

Lib
ya


Eg
yp
t

0.09
0.09

Alg
eri
a


UA
E

0.48
0.08

Qa
tar


Om
an

7.47
1.28

No
rw
ay


Be
lgiu
m

Eq
Gu uato
ine rial
a

North America
US
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Argentina
Dominican Republic
Puerto Rico
Europe
Belgium
France
Greece
Italy
Portugal
Spain
Turkey
United Kingdom
Asia Pacific
China
India
Japan
South Korea
Taiwan
Total exports

Tri
& nidad
To
ba
go

To

US

Billion cubic metres

Total
imports

Source: Cedigaz (provisional).

Major trade movements
Trade flows worldwide (billion cubic metres)

130.9
67.5
25.3

23.6
9.0

103.2

15.9

5.0
5.5 46.0
21.5

4.6
13.7

10.3

22.6
6.5

45.6

17.7

5.8

4.3
7.9

7.5

3.6

13.4
7.6

15.4

15.9

44.5

8.6

8.5
3.3

6.7
4.0
10.9

US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific

3.2

Pipeline gas
LNG

Prices
US dollars per million Btu

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

LNG
Japan
cif

European
Union cif

5.23
4.10
3.35
3.34
3.28
3.64
3.99
3.62
3.52
3.18
3.46
3.66
3.91
3.05
3.14
4.72
4.64
4.27
4.77
5.18
6.05
7.14
7.73
12.55

3.83
3.65
2.59
2.36
2.09
2.82
3.18
2.76
2.53
2.24
2.37
2.43
2.65
2.26
1.80
3.25
4.15
3.46
4.40
4.56
5.95
8.69
8.93
12.61

Natural gas
UK
Heren NBP Index†












1.87
1.96
1.86
1.58
2.71
3.17
2.37
3.33
4.46
7.38
7.87
6.01
10.79

US
Henry Hub‡





1.70
1.64
1.49
1.77
2.12
1.92
1.69
2.76
2.53
2.08
2.27
4.23
4.07
3.33
5.63
5.85
8.79
6.76
6.95
8.85

Canada
Alberta‡






1.05
0.89
0.98
1.69
1.45
0.89
1.12
1.36
1.42
2.00
3.75
3.61
2.57
4.83
5.03
7.25
5.83
6.17
7.99

Crude oil
OECD
countries cif

4.75
2.57
3.09
2.56
3.01
3.82
3.33
3.19
2.82
2.70
2.96
3.54
3.29
2.16
2.98
4.83
4.08
4.17
4.89
6.27
8.74
10.66
11.95
16.76

†Price is for NBP Day-Ahead Index. Source: ICIS Heren Energy Ltd.
‡Source: Natural Gas Week.
Note: Btu = British thermal units; cif = cost+insurance+freight (average prices).

31

Coal
Proved reserves at end 2008
Million tonnes

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Brazil
Colombia
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Kazakhstan
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Spain
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
South Africa
Zimbabwe
Other Africa
Middle East
Total Middle East & Africa
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
New Zealand
North Korea
Pakistan
South Korea
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs

Anthracite
and
bituminous

Subbituminous
and lignite

Total

108950
3471
860
113281

6434
479
51
6964
5
1673
152

199
28170
6012
12
49088
200

15351
155
1025
102042
30408
502
929
1386
33225
36800
62200
54000
1721
355
33
300
1
133

150
115
155809
411321
8427
159012
93609
158700

129358
3107
351
132816
7059
380

603
8042
1991
2828
6556
3900
3103
3130
1490
410
107922
330
1814
18522

18208
170204


174

174
39400
52300
4600
2607

538
300
2069

1354

276
103444
414680
21143
193083
132386
89211

238308
6578
1211
246097
7059
6814
479
654
15006
1996
4501
6708
3900
3302
31300
7502
422
157010
530
1814
33873
155
19233
272246
30408
502
1103
1386
33399
76200
114500
58600
4328
355
571
600
2070
133
1354
150
391
259253
826001
29570
352095
225995
247911

Share
of total

28.9%
0.8%
0.1%
29.8%
0.9%
0.8%
0.1%
0.1%
1.8%
0.2%
0.5%
0.8%
0.5%
0.4%
3.8%
0.9%
0.1%
19.0%
0.1%
0.2%
4.1%

2.3%
33.0%
3.7%
0.1%
0.1%
0.2%
4.0%
9.2%
13.9%
7.1%
0.5%

0.1%
0.1%
0.3%

0.2%

31.4%
100.0%
3.6%
42.6%
27.4%
30.0%

R/P ratio

224
97
106
216
*
93
74
*
172
70
75
35
58
351
273
52
12
481
32
21
438
9
268
218
121
287
*
*
131
190
41
114
19
289
111
17
496
48
75
4
26
64
122
51
164
433
60

*More than 500 years.

Source of reserves data: World Energy Council, 2009.
than 0.05%.
Notes: Proved reserves of coal – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future from known
deposits under existing economic and operating conditions.
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of the year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining reserves would last
if production were to continue at that rate.

◆Less

Prices
US dollars per tonne

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

Northwest
Europe
marker price†

43.48
42.80
38.53
33.68
37.18
44.50
41.25
38.92
32.00
28.79
35.99
39.29
31.65
42.52
71.90
61.07
63.67
86.60
149.78

†S ource: McCloskey Coal Information Service.
‡Price is for CAPP 12,500Btu, 1.2 SO 2 coal, fob. Source: Platts.
Note: CAPP = Central Appalachian; cif = cost+insurance+freight (average prices); fob = free on board.

32

US Central
Appalachian coal
spot price index‡

31.59
29.01
28.53
29.85
31.72
27.01
29.86
29.76
31.00
31.29
29.90
49.74
32.95
38.48
64.33
70.14
62.98
51.12
116.14

Japan coking
coal import
cif price

Japan steam
coal import
cif price

60.54
60.45
57.82
55.26
51.77
54.47
56.68
55.51
50.76
42.83
39.69
41.33
42.01
41.57
60.96
89.33
93.46
88.24
179.03

50.81
50.30
48.45
45.71
43.66
47.58
49.54
45.53
40.51
35.74
34.58
37.96
36.90
34.74
51.34
62.91
63.04
69.86
122.81

Proved reserves at end 2008
Thousand million tonnes (anthracite and bituminous coal shown in brackets)

1.4 (1.4)
Middle East

15.0 (7.0)
S. & Cent. America

32.0 (31.8)
Africa

246.1 (113.3)
North America

259.3 (155.8)
Asia Pacific

Production

Consumption

Million tonnes oil equivalent

Million tonnes oil equivalent

1998
2008

North
America

272.2 (102.0)
Europe & Eurasia

S. & Cent.
America

Europe &
Eurasia

Middle East
& Africa

Asia
Pacific

2100

2100

1950

1950

1800

1800

1650

1650

1500

1500

1350

1350

1200

1200

1050

1050

900

900

750

750

600

600

450

450

300

300

150

150

0

North
America

S. & Cent.
America

Europe &
Eurasia

Middle East
& Africa

Asia
Pacific

0

World coal consumption grew by 3.1% in 2008, the first below-average increase since 2002. Coal nonetheless remained the fastest-growing primary energy source
for the sixth consecutive year. China accounted for more than 85% of global growth even though Chinese consumption growth was below average.

33

Production*
Million tonnes oil equivalent

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Brazil
Colombia
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Kazakhstan
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Spain
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Total Middle East
South Africa
Zimbabwe
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
New Zealand
Pakistan
South Korea
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

603.2
40.8
4.8
648.8
2.0
21.9
4.7
0.8
29.5
5.0
26.0
3.6
61.3
8.1
3.0
36.0
79.6
5.7
103.9
9.3
13.9
39.9
25.0
16.7
437.0
0.6
127.1
3.5
1.4
132.0
149.8
628.7
126.5
38.3
2.0
2.0
1.5
2.0
6.1
6.4
15.7
978.9
2226.8
229.2
1036.0
180.8
1010.0

584.3
39.2
4.9
628.3
2.1
21.3
4.8
0.5
28.7
4.2
23.1
3.3
59.4
8.0
3.1
30.0
77.0
5.1
112.1
8.6
13.3
42.3
22.5
13.4
425.3
0.7
125.6
3.2
1.3
130.1
160.8
645.9
124.4
45.3
2.2
2.1
1.5
1.9
5.7
4.9
18.0
1012.8
2225.9
216.7
1015.2
185.5
1025.3

570.1
37.1
5.4
612.6
2.9
24.9
5.8
0.4
33.9
4.4
25.0
2.3
56.5
8.2
2.9
38.5
71.3
6.4
116.0
8.0
13.9
42.0
19.0
14.0
428.6
0.6
126.6
2.8
1.2
130.7
166.3
656.7
132.2
47.4
1.7
2.2
1.4
1.9
5.1
6.5
19.3
1040.8
2247.1
206.6
993.7
197.4
1056.0

590.3
37.6
5.3
633.2
2.1
28.5
5.6
0.5
36.8
4.4
25.4
1.5
54.1
8.5
2.9
40.7
71.7
7.1
122.6
7.6
14.2
43.5
19.4
14.4
438.2
0.5
126.1
2.9
1.2
130.2
179.9
697.6
133.6
56.5
1.8
2.4
1.5
1.7
5.6
7.5
19.7
1107.8
2346.7
205.1
1026.9
207.8
1112.1

570.1
34.9
5.3
610.2
1.9
25.7
5.9
0.4
33.9
4.4
24.3
1.1
55.0
9.1
2.7
37.8
71.3
6.6
117.3
7.2
11.5
42.8
18.2
15.3
424.6
0.4
124.1
2.5
1.3
128.0
184.5
733.7
138.5
63.6
0.8
2.7
1.6
1.5
5.7
9.2
19.3
1161.0
2358.1
202.5
1003.1
198.9
1156.1

553.6
32.2
4.6
590.4
1.8
32.5
5.1
0.5
39.9
4.6
24.2
1.3
54.1
9.5
2.8
43.3
71.4
7.0
127.1
6.8
10.5
41.7
17.2
15.8
437.2
0.6
134.1
1.8
1.6
137.5
190.1
868.4
144.4
70.3
0.7
3.2
1.5
1.5
5.3
10.8
20.0
1316.2
2521.8
201.2
986.9
212.8
1322.0

572.4
34.7
4.7
611.8
2.0
34.9
5.9
0.2
43.0
4.5
23.5
0.4
54.7
9.6
2.4
44.4
70.5
6.7
131.7
6.7
10.5
42.2
15.3
15.6
438.7
0.6
137.2
2.4
1.3
140.9
198.8
1012.1
155.7
81.4
0.7
3.2
1.5
1.4
5.6
14.7
21.7
1496.9
2732.0
196.3
1012.4
219.4
1500.2

580.2
35.6
5.2
620.9
2.4
38.4
5.3
0.3
46.3
4.1
23.5
0.2
53.2
9.4
2.0
44.2
68.7
6.6
139.2
6.4
12.8
40.9
12.5
14.7
438.4
0.6
137.7
1.9
1.2
140.7
206.5
1120.0
162.1
93.9
0.6
3.2
1.6
1.3
5.8
18.3
23.8
1637.1
2884.2
188.4
1022.8
225.5
1635.8

595.1
34.5
5.5
635.2
2.2
42.6
5.4
0.6
50.9
4.2
23.7
0.2
50.3
8.6
2.1
49.1
67.0
6.5
145.1
6.2
13.4
41.8
11.3
15.7
445.3
0.5
138.0
1.4
1.2
140.5
211.0
1205.1
170.2
119.2
0.7
3.5
1.7
1.3
5.3
21.8
24.1
1764.0
3036.3
181.8
1036.6
237.2
1762.5

587.7
36.9
6.0
630.6
2.3
45.4
5.9
0.5
54.0
4.7
23.4
0.2
51.5
9.0
2.0
50.0
62.3
6.7
148.2
6.0
15.8
39.9
10.3
16.7
447.0
0.5
139.6
1.4
1.1
142.1
218.5
1282.4
181.0
133.7
0.8
3.0
1.6
1.3
5.1
23.1
24.9
1875.4
3149.5
178.0
1038.1
239.2
1872.1

*Commercial solid fuels only, i.e. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal), and lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal.
◆Less

than 0.05%.
Notes: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
Coal production data expressed in million tonnes is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.

34

Change
2008 over
2008
2007

596.9
36.0
5.5
638.4
2.4
47.8
4.7
0.6
55.5
4.8
22.8
0.1
47.7
9.1
1.9
58.8
60.5
6.5
152.8
5.5
17.8
40.2
10.9
17.1
456.4
0.5
141.1
1.1
1.1
143.4
219.9
1414.5
194.3
141.1
0.7
3.1
1.9
1.3
5.1
23.6
25.3
2030.7
3324.9
171.5
1042.5
252.9
2029.6

1.3%
-2.6%
-8.6%
1.0%
7.6%
4.9%
-20.2%
36.3%
2.5%
1.3%
-3.0%
-50.1%
-7.7%
0.3%
-4.5%
17.1%
-3.3%
-3.2%
2.8%
-9.1%
12.6%
0.4%
5.0%
2.0%
1.8%
-0.3%
0.8%
-17.2%
-0.3%
0.6%
0.3%
10.0%
7.0%
5.3%
-14.0%
5.5%
14.8%
-4.0%
-1.3%
2.1%
1.6%
8.0%
5.3%
-3.9%
0.1%
5.4%
8.1%

2008
share
of total

18.0%
1.1%
0.2%
19.2%
0.1%
1.4%
0.1%

1.7%
0.1%
0.7%

1.4%
0.3%
0.1%
1.8%
1.8%
0.2%
4.6%
0.2%
0.5%
1.2%
0.3%
0.5%
13.7%

4.2%


4.3%
6.6%
42.5%
5.8%
4.2%

0.1%
0.1%

0.2%
0.7%
0.8%
61.1%
100.0%
5.2%
31.4%
7.6%
61.0%

Consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

545.7
30.8
5.9
582.3
0.8
11.4
3.7
2.8

0.4

544.9
30.5
6.0
581.4
0.9
11.9
3.9
2.4

0.5
0.1
0.6
20.1
3.2

0.1
6.9
6.6
19.0
4.7
3.6
14.3
80.2
9.1
3.4
0.1
1.6
11.6
19.8
0.1
7.7
0.7
61.0
3.6
6.7
101.0
4.3
20.5
2.0
0.1
22.6

38.5
34.3
0.9
16.4
504.5
1.0




5.7
6.7
0.5
0.6
82.3
6.5
89.9
46.2

569.0
31.8
6.2
606.9
0.8
12.5
3.0
2.7

0.5

552.2
34.0
6.8
593.0
0.6
12.2
2.3
2.7

0.4

552.0
31.6
7.6
591.1
0.5
11.5
2.4
2.5

0.4

562.5
33.4
8.6
604.5
0.7
11.8
2.3
2.4

0.4

574.2
31.7
9.1
614.9
0.9
12.7
2.6
2.3

0.5

566.1
29.9
7.0
603.0
0.8
12.8
2.6
2.0

0.5

1.9
20.5
2.9

565.7
31.0
9.4
606.1
0.3
12.5
3.2
2.4

0.4
0.1
2.1
20.9
2.8

573.2
32.3
9.1
614.6
0.4
13.4
3.3
2.7

0.5
0.1
2.2
22.5
3.1

0.5
19.7
3.0

0.4
7.9
8.2
20.5
5.6
3.4
16.1
84.8
8.8
3.4
0.1
1.9
11.6
22.9
0.1
9.4
0.7
63.8
3.6
7.0
100.7
4.5
17.7
2.0
0.1
24.0

36.9
38.6
1.2
20.9
529.5
1.0




5.8
6.8
0.5
0.8
83.4
7.0
91.6
45.8
0.1
651.9
4.4
136.1
9.3
88.4
1.6
1.1
2.1
2.7

36.1
23.6
7.3
21.3
1031.8
2261.7
323.5
1085.0
163.9
1012.8

656.2
3.9
135.8
11.6
91.5
1.8
1.2
2.1
2.9

38.2
24.8
7.9
24.0
1048.0
2250.7
306.1
1072.8
161.3
1016.6

0.6
20.1
3.2

0.1
7.6
6.3
21.0
4.0
3.5
13.9
84.9
9.2
3.2
0.1
1.8
13.0
23.2
0.1
8.6
0.7
57.6
4.5
7.0
105.2
4.0
21.6
1.9
0.1
25.5

38.8
36.7
1.0
17.3
525.6
1.1




6.2
7.3
0.5
0.6
81.9
6.4
89.4
46.5
0.3
667.4
3.7
144.2
13.7
98.9
1.9
1.1
2.0
4.3

43.0
28.7
7.8
25.5
1089.0
2338.4
315.3
1123.1
169.1
1046.2

0.7
19.0
2.9

0.1
7.6
6.9
21.2
4.2
4.0
12.1
85.0
9.3
3.4
0.1
1.9
13.7
22.5
0.1
8.5
0.6
58.0
3.7
7.2
102.4
4.1
19.5
2.0
0.1
21.8

39.4
38.9
1.1
16.5
518.7
1.1




7.2
8.3
0.6
0.7
80.6
7.3
89.3
47.9
0.4
681.3
4.9
145.2
16.7
103.0
2.6
1.3
2.1
4.5

45.7
30.6
8.8
26.4
1121.5
2349.7
315.5
1113.7
166.1
1069.9

1.0
18.3
3.0

0.1
6.7
6.5
20.6
4.2
4.4
12.4
84.6
9.8
3.1
0.1
1.8
14.2
22.8
0.1
8.9
0.5
56.7
4.1
7.6
103.0
4.0
21.9
2.2
0.1
21.2

38.3
35.7
1.0
18.7
518.6
1.1




7.6
8.7
0.9
0.7
83.5
7.2
92.4
51.3
0.4
713.8
5.4
151.8
18.0
106.6
3.6
1.3
2.4
4.7

49.1
32.7
9.2
25.9
1176.1
2405.2
314.0
1119.8
166.0
1119.3

2.1
19.6
2.9

0.1
6.5
7.1
20.8
5.7
5.8
13.3
87.2
9.4
3.4
0.1
1.7
15.3
25.2
0.2
9.1
0.5
57.7
3.8
7.8
104.0
4.2
20.5
2.2
0.1
21.8

39.0
38.1
1.0
19.6
533.9
1.1




7.9
9.0
0.8
0.9
89.3
6.4
97.4
50.5
0.4
853.1
6.6
156.8
17.9
112.2
4.2
1.9
2.9
4.7

51.1
35.1
9.4
26.5
1333.2
2597.6
323.9
1150.2
170.3
1277.1

0.1
6.4
6.9
20.5
4.6
5.3
12.8
85.4
9.0
3.1
0.1
1.8
17.1
26.5
0.2
9.1
0.6
57.3
3.7
7.4
99.5
4.1
21.0
2.3
0.1
23.0

39.1
36.6
1.2
20.1
527.8
1.0




8.0
9.0
0.8
0.9
94.5
7.2
103.4
53.1
0.4
983.0
6.6
172.3
20.2
120.8
5.7
2.0
3.8
5.0

53.1
36.6
10.4
29.6
1502.5
2766.2
318.8
1158.8
167.6
1439.8

1.8
20.8
2.8

0.1
6.1
6.9
19.8
3.7
3.1
13.3
82.1
8.8
2.7
0.1
1.8
17.0
27.2
0.2
8.7
0.5
55.7
3.8
7.6
94.2
3.9
21.2
2.2
0.1
26.1

37.5
37.4
1.1
18.4
514.1
1.2




7.9
9.1
0.6
1.0
91.9
7.3
100.8
54.9
0.4
1100.5
6.7
184.4
26.1
121.3
6.3
2.2
4.1
5.7

54.8
38.1
11.2
30.9
1647.6
2907.4
310.1
1169.1
161.1
1577.2

0.1
6.1
7.1
19.4
5.6
5.2
12.1
83.5
8.1
2.9
0.1
1.6
17.2
28.1
0.2
8.5
0.4
58.0
3.8
8.5
96.7
3.8
18.5
2.3
0.1
28.8

39.8
40.8
1.1
15.5
526.6
1.3




7.8
9.1
0.7
0.9
93.8
6.8
102.3
56.9
0.4
1215.0
7.0
195.4
24.2
119.1
7.3
2.2
4.2
5.5

54.8
39.6
12.4
33.2
1777.2
3042.3
317.3
1168.6
166.8
1706.9

0.1
5.5
7.8
20.0
4.7
4.6
12.3
85.7
8.5
2.9
0.1
1.5
17.2
30.8
0.2
9.0
0.4
57.9
3.3
7.4
93.5
3.8
20.2
2.2
0.1
31.0

39.7
38.2
1.4
15.7
528.9
1.3




8.1
9.3
0.7
1.0
97.7
6.2
105.7
55.8
0.4
1313.6
7.5
212.9
28.4
125.3
7.1
1.6
5.1
5.9

59.7
41.8
14.1
34.2
1913.5
3194.5
317.4
1189.4
166.5
1838.6

Change
2008 over
2008
2007

565.0
33.0
9.0
606.9
0.4
14.6
3.2
2.3

0.5

2.2
23.3
3.1

4.6
7.5
19.1
4.1
3.4
11.9
80.9
8.6
2.8
0.1
1.4
17.0
33.6
0.2
9.2
0.5
59.4
3.2
7.7
101.3
3.9
14.6
2.0
0.1
30.4

39.3
35.4
1.4
16.1
522.7
1.3




8.1
9.4
0.7
1.0
102.8
5.7
110.3
51.3
0.4
1406.3
7.0
231.4
30.2
128.7
5.0
2.1
6.7
6.2

66.1
40.2
15.4
34.6
2031.2
3303.7
301.2
1170.6
176.9
1956.3

2008
share
of total

-1.7%
2.0%
-2.1%
-1.5%
-0.3%
9.1%
-3.2%
-14.9%

-0.3%
-15.8%
1.7%
3.3%
2.6%
19.7%
-36.7%
-16.1%
-4.4%
-5.1%
-13.0%
-26.3%
-3.2%
-5.9%
0.3%
-3.7%
-8.3%
-8.0%
-1.7%
8.5%
-2.6%
2.1%
0.7%
2.2%
-4.9%
4.4%
8.1%
2.0%
-28.1%
-10.7%
-0.3%
-2.3%

-1.1%
-7.6%
2.0%
2.2%
-1.4%
2.1%




-0.3%

17.1%
1.0%
0.3%
18.4%

-0.4%
-1.3%
4.9%
-8.3%
4.0%
-8.3%
-0.3%
6.8%
-7.7%
8.4%
5.9%
2.4%
-29.6%
26.8%
30.3%
4.3%

10.4%
-4.2%
8.4%
0.7%
5.9%
3.1%
-5.4%
-1.9%
6.0%
6.1%

0.4%
0.1%
0.1%


0.1%
0.7%
0.1%


0.1%
0.2%
0.6%
0.1%
0.1%
0.4%
2.4%
0.3%
0.1%


0.5%
1.0%

0.3%

1.8%
0.1%
0.2%
3.1%
0.1%
0.4%
0.1%

0.9%

1.2%
1.1%

0.5%
15.8%





0.2%
0.3%

3.1%
0.2%
3.3%
1.6%

42.6%
0.2%
7.0%
0.9%
3.9%
0.2%
0.1%
0.2%
0.2%

2.0%
1.2%
0.5%
1.0%
61.5%
100.0%
9.1%
35.4%
5.4%
59.2%

*Commercial solid fuels only, i.e. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal), and lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal.
†Less than 0.05.
◆Less than 0.05%.
Note: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.

35

Nuclear energy
Consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

160.5
16.2
2.1
178.7
1.7
0.7






2.4



10.4
3.8
3.0

5.0
87.8
36.6

3.2




3.1
0.9



1.2
23.6
2.6
13.4
15.9
5.8


17.0
22.5

1.5
257.3









3.2

3.2


3.2

2.6

74.0


0.1


20.3
8.3


108.5
550.2
210.5
480.2
44.0
26.0

173.5
16.6
2.3
192.4
1.6
0.9






2.5



11.1
3.6
3.0

5.3
89.2
38.5

3.2




2.2
0.9



1.2
27.1
3.0
13.3
16.6
5.6


16.3
21.5

1.5
263.1









3.1

3.1


3.4

2.9

71.9





23.3
8.7


110.2
571.2
213.6
498.7
46.2
26.4

179.6
16.5
1.9
197.9
1.4
1.4






2.8



10.9
4.1
3.1

5.1
94.0
38.4

3.2




1.9
0.9



1.2
29.5
3.7
14.1
13.0
6.0


17.5
19.3

1.5
267.4









3.1

3.1


3.8

3.6

72.3


0.2


24.7
8.7


113.3
584.5
213.9
506.5
49.4
28.6

183.1
17.4
2.0
202.5
1.6
3.2






4.8



10.5
4.4
3.3

5.2
95.3
38.8

3.2




2.6
0.9



1.2
31.0
3.9
14.4
16.3
6.0


17.2
20.4

1.6
276.3









2.6

2.6


4.0

4.3

72.7


0.5


25.4
8.0


114.8
600.9
221.6
518.7
51.2
31.0

185.8
17.1
2.2
205.1
1.3
3.1






4.4



10.7
4.6
4.2

5.4
98.8
37.3

3.2




3.2
0.9



1.2
32.1
4.1
14.3
15.4
6.1


17.7
19.9

1.8
280.8









2.9

2.9


5.7

4.4

71.3


0.4


27.0
8.9


117.7
610.9
224.5
523.6
53.4
33.9

181.9
16.9
2.4
201.2
1.7
3.0






4.7



10.7
4.5
5.9

5.5
99.8
37.4

2.5




3.5
0.9



1.1
33.6
4.0
14.0
15.3
6.2


18.4
20.1

1.6
285.0









3.0

3.0


9.8

4.1

52.1


0.4


29.3
8.8


104.6
598.7
226.3
504.9
56.0
37.7

187.8
20.5
2.1
210.3
1.8
2.6






4.4



10.7
4.4
6.0

5.5
101.7
37.8

2.7




3.4
0.9



1.3
32.7
3.9
14.4
17.3
6.1


19.7
18.1

1.8
288.2









3.4

3.4


11.4

3.8

64.7


0.5


29.6
8.9


119.0
625.4
229.2
529.6
56.4
39.4

186.3
20.8
2.4
209.5
1.6
2.2






3.8



10.8
4.2
5.6

5.5
102.4
36.9

3.1




2.3
0.9



1.3
33.4
4.0
13.0
16.4
5.2


20.1
18.5

1.9
285.5









2.9

2.9


12.0

4.0

66.3


0.6


33.2
9.0


125.2
626.9
226.1
531.3
56.4
39.1

187.5
22.0
2.5
212.0
1.7
3.1






4.8



10.5
4.4
5.9

5.4
102.1
37.9

3.0




2.0
0.8



1.3
35.4
4.1
13.6
15.2
6.3


20.4
17.1

1.9
287.2









2.4

2.4


12.4

4.0

68.9


0.6


33.7
9.0


128.6
634.9
224.5
536.3
58.4
40.2

192.1
21.0
2.4
215.4
1.6
2.8






4.4



10.9
3.3
5.9

5.6
99.7
31.8

3.3




2.2
1.0



1.7
36.5
3.5
12.5
15.2
6.3


20.9
14.3

1.9
276.4









3.0

3.0


14.1

4.0

63.1


0.6


32.3
9.2


123.3
622.5
212.1
520.7
60.3
41.6

192.0
21.1
2.3
215.4
1.6
3.1






4.8



10.4
3.6
6.0

5.4
99.6
33.7

3.4




2.2
0.9



2.5
36.9
3.8
13.3
14.5
6.2


20.3
11.9

2.0
276.7









3.0

3.0


15.5

3.5

57.0


0.4


34.2
9.2


119.8
619.7
212.7
515.7
60.0
44.0

Change
2008 over
2007

2008
share
of total

-0.3%
0.2%
-2.5%
-0.3%
1.4%
12.2%






8.3%



-5.4%
7.4%
1.2%

-2.9%
-0.3%
5.6%

0.7%




0.3%
-1.0%



45.2%
0.7%
8.6%
6.9%
-4.3%
-1.1%


-3.2%
-17.0%

5.6%
–0.2%









0.6%

0.6%


9.8%

-13.2%

-10.0%


-25.4%


5.3%
0.4%


-3.1%
-0.7%

31.0%
3.4%
0.4%
34.8%
0.3%
0.5%






0.8%



1.7%
0.6%
1.0%

0.9%
16.1%
5.4%

0.5%




0.4%
0.2%



0.4%
6.0%
0.6%
2.2%
2.3%
1.0%


3.3%
1.9%

0.3%
44.7%









0.5%

0.5%


2.5%

0.6%

9.2%


0.1%


5.5%
1.5%


19.3%
100.0%
34.3%
83.2%
9.7%
7.1%

-1.2%
-0.7%
5.5%

*Based on gross generation and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. Converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in a modern thermal power station.
†Less than 0.05.
◆Less than 0.05%.
Notes: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
Nuclear energy data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.

36

Consumption by region
Million tonnes oil equivalent

700

Rest of World
Asia Pacific
Europe & Eurasia
North America

600

500

400

300

200

100

83

84

85

86

87

88

89

90

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

0

Global nuclear power generation declined for a second consecutive year. Maintenance-related declines in Japan and the United Kingdom were only partly offset by
growth in China and a recovery in utilization in Germany and South Korea.

37

Hydroelectricity
Consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Change
2008 over
2007

2008
share
of total

73.9
75.1
5.6
154.6
6.0
66.0
3.6
6.9
1.5
3.1
13.1
17.3
117.5
8.4
0.4

0.1
0.8
0.4

3.3
14.1
3.9
0.9

1.3
0.2
9.3
1.4
0.2

26.3
1.0
3.0
4.3
35.9
1.0
8.4
16.7
7.6
9.6

3.6
1.2
1.3
15.6
180.1
1.7




0.9
2.6

3.1
0.4
12.2
15.7
3.6
0.2
47.1

18.9
2.2
21.3
1.1
5.7
5.5
1.1

1.0
1.3
1.2
7.0
117.1
587.6
78.9
302.8
51.1
233.7

73.0
77.8
7.4
158.3
4.9
66.3
3.1
7.6
1.6
3.3
13.7
17.7
118.2
9.2
0.3

0.1
0.7
0.5

2.9
16.6
4.4
1.1

1.4
0.2
10.3
1.4
0.2

27.6
1.0
1.7
4.1
36.4
1.1
6.4
16.2
9.1
7.8

3.3
1.2
1.3
16.8
183.2
1.2




0.9
2.0

3.4
0.2
13.7
17.3
3.6
0.2
46.1

18.6
2.1
18.9
1.7
5.2
4.9
1.8

0.9
1.1
0.8
7.8
113.6
592.7
79.3
305.6
51.5
235.6

63.0
81.1
7.5
151.6
6.5
68.9
4.3
6.9
1.7
3.7
14.2
18.5
124.8
9.5
0.3

0.1
0.6
0.5

3.3
15.3
4.9
0.9

1.4
0.2
10.0
1.7
0.1

32.2
0.9
2.7
3.3
37.4
1.1
7.7
17.8
8.3
7.0

2.6
1.2
1.3
15.9
188.6
0.9




1.0
1.8

3.2
0.3
13.4
17.0
3.6
0.2
50.3

17.4
2.3
18.5
1.7
5.5
4.0
1.8

0.9
1.0
1.4
8.2
116.7
600.5
81.9
305.3
52.1
243.1

49.6
75.5
6.4
131.5
8.4
60.6
4.9
7.1
1.6
4.0
13.7
17.0
117.3
9.5
0.3

0.1
0.4
0.6

3.1
17.0
5.3
0.6

1.5
0.1
10.6
1.8
0.2

27.4
1.0
3.3
3.4
39.8
1.2
9.3
17.9
9.4
5.4

2.8
0.9
1.2
15.4
189.4
0.9




1.0
1.9

3.3
0.5
14.1
17.8
3.6
0.2
62.8

16.3
2.6
18.6
1.5
4.9
4.1
1.6

0.5
1.1
1.4
9.1
128.4
586.3
85.9
283.2
54.2
248.9

60.4
79.4
5.6
145.4
8.1
64.7
5.2
7.6
1.7
4.1
13.5
17.9
122.9
9.0
0.5

0.1
0.6
0.6

2.4
13.9
5.4
0.8

1.6
0.2
8.9
2.0
0.2

29.4
0.9
1.9
3.6
37.2
1.2
5.2
15.0
8.0
7.6

2.2
1.1
1.6
15.1
176.3
1.8




1.1
2.9

3.2
0.5
15.2
18.9
3.6
0.2
65.2

15.5
2.3
18.9
1.2
5.6
4.6
1.6

0.7
0.6
1.7
8.9
130.7
597.2
72.6
287.6
52.0
257.6

63.0
76.4
4.5
143.9
7.7
69.2
5.2
8.1
1.6
4.2
13.7
18.3
127.9
8.1
0.6

0.1
0.7
0.4

2.1
13.5
4.3
1.2

1.6
0.1
8.3
2.0
0.2

24.0
0.7
3.6
3.0
35.6
0.8
9.3
12.1
7.9
8.0

2.1
0.7
1.7
16.0
168.9
2.2




1.0
3.2
0.1
2.9
0.2
15.5
18.7
3.7
0.3
64.2

15.7
2.1
21.1
1.3
5.3
5.8
1.8

1.1
0.7
1.7
9.5
134.2
596.8
70.7
282.2
51.2
263.4

61.3
77.2
5.6
144.2
6.9
72.6
4.9
9.0
1.7
4.0
15.9
17.9
132.8
7.7
0.6

0.1
0.7
0.6

3.4
13.5
4.7
1.2

1.6
0.1
9.6
1.8
0.2

24.7
0.8
2.3
3.7
40.8
1.0
7.2
12.7
7.6
10.4

2.7
1.1
1.6
17.2
179.7
2.7




1.3
4.0
0.1
2.9
0.2
16.7
19.8
3.6
0.3
80.0

19.0
2.2
21.1
1.3
6.1
5.5
1.9

1.0
0.7
1.4
9.3
153.2
633.7
72.3
286.2
56.9
290.6

61.8
82.0
6.2
150.0
7.9
76.4
6.0
9.0
1.6
4.1
17.6
18.5
140.9
7.7
0.7

0.1
1.1
0.7

3.1
11.8
4.6
1.3

1.6
0.1
8.2
1.8
0.2

30.9
0.9
1.2
4.6
39.6
1.1
4.0
16.5
7.1
9.0

2.8
1.1
1.4
17.4
180.2
3.0




1.1
4.1
0.1
2.9
0.2
17.2
20.4
3.6
0.3
89.8

22.0
2.4
17.3
1.2
5.3
6.9
1.9

0.8
0.9
1.3
8.9
162.6
658.2
69.6
287.7
55.9
314.6

66.1
79.9
6.8
152.8
9.8
78.9
6.6
9.7
1.6
4.4
18.5
18.5
148.0
7.3
0.6

0.1
1.0
0.7

2.6
12.7
4.4
1.5

1.7
0.2
8.4
1.8
0.2

27.1
0.7
2.7
4.2
39.6
1.0
5.8
14.0
7.0
10.0

2.9
1.0
1.4
16.6
177.2
4.2




1.2
5.4

2.9
0.3
17.7
20.9
3.6
0.3
98.6

25.4
2.2
19.6
1.6
5.3
6.8
2.2

0.8
0.9
1.8
10.2
179.5
683.8
69.9
291.0
55.6
337.1

56.6
82.9
6.1
145.6
8.5
84.6
5.2
9.5
2.0
4.4
18.8
19.5
152.6
7.5
0.5

0.1
0.7
0.6

3.2
13.3
4.7
0.8

1.9
0.2
7.3
1.8
0.2

30.6
0.7
2.3
3.6
40.4
1.0
6.0
15.0
7.9
8.0

2.3
1.2
1.4
16.3
179.6
4.1




1.2
5.2
0.1
3.5
0.6
18.0
22.1
3.3
0.3
109.8

27.7
2.6
16.8
1.5
5.3
7.1
1.9

0.7
1.0
1.8
10.8
190.7
695.8
69.7
283.9
56.3
355.5

56.7
83.6
8.6
148.9
8.4
82.3
5.4
9.8
2.6
4.5
19.6
19.9
152.5
7.9
0.5

0.1
0.8
0.5

3.9
14.3
4.4
0.8

2.8
0.2
8.8
1.7
0.2

31.8
0.6
1.6
3.9
37.8
1.0
3.8
14.8
8.1
7.5

2.6
1.1
1.4
17.0
180.2
1.7




1.2
2.8
0.1
3.9
0.2
18.1
22.2
3.4
0.3
132.4

26.2
2.7
15.7
1.5
5.0
6.3
2.2

0.9
0.9
1.6
11.6
210.8
717.5
70.6
288.3
54.0
375.3

0.6%
41.5%
2.0%
-1.4%
-3.0%
3.5%
3.8%
24.6%
0.8%
4.1%
1.6%
-0.3%
5.4%
-1.8%
-0.3%
20.9%
2.4%
-6.4%
-7.4%
20.4%
8.0%
-5.6%
3.3%
-0.7%
47.6%
45.2%
21.5%
-5.3%
3.0%
-4.9%
3.6%
-3.8%
-31.6%
6.7%
-6.7%
-5.6%
-37.8%
-1.2%
3.2%
-7.3%

11.9%
-1.6%
-3.9%
3.8%
0.1%
-58.5%




-0.4%
-45.6%
24.9%
10.9%
-69.3%
0.2%
0.2%
3.1%
1.7%
20.3%

-5.8%
6.0%
-6.9%
1.2%
-5.9%
-11.5%
14.2%

15.6%
-2.8%
-15.5%
7.6%
10.2%
2.8%
1.0%
1.2%
-4.4%
5.3%

7.9%
11.7%
1.2%
20.8%
1.2%
11.5%
0.8%
1.4%
0.4%
0.6%
2.7%
2.8%
21.3%
1.1%
0.1%


0.1%
0.1%

0.5%
2.0%
0.6%
0.1%

0.4%

1.2%
0.2%


4.4%
0.1%
0.2%
0.5%
5.3%
0.1%
0.5%
2.1%
1.1%
1.0%

0.4%
0.2%
0.2%
2.4%
25.1%
0.2%




0.2%
0.4%

0.5%

2.5%
3.1%
0.5%

18.5%

3.6%
0.4%
2.2%
0.2%
0.7%
0.9%
0.3%

0.1%
0.1%
0.2%
1.6%
29.4%
100.0%
9.8%
40.2%
7.5%
52.3%

*Based on gross primary hydroelectric generation and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. Converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in a modern

thermal power station.
†Less than 0.05.
◆Less than 0.05%.
Notes: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
Hydroelectricity data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.

38

Consumption by region
Million tonnes oil equivalent

800

Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
North America

700

600

500

400

300

200

100

83

84

85

86

87

88

89

90

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

0

Global hydroelectric output increased by an above-average 2.8% in 2008. China accounted for all the world’s net increase, with output rising by 20.3% on strong
capacity growth and increased rainfall.

39

Primary energy
Consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2219.2
283.9
131.9
2635.0
58.1
173.8
22.0
27.3
8.4
11.3
63.8
83.1
447.8
31.2
10.9
22.1
62.5
20.7
39.9
20.6
25.6
246.3
333.6
28.7
23.8
2.2
12.2
167.1
39.2
9.2
85.3
40.4
94.1
22.7
41.3
602.3
17.6
117.7
51.6
28.9
72.4
12.3
131.8
222.0
50.6
73.2
2759.9
106.8
17.7
14.7
103.5
41.7
89.4
373.9
27.5
43.5
108.2
87.6
266.9
104.2
11.0
917.4
16.0
272.1
81.5
496.9
37.2
16.9
41.2
22.9
34.7
165.1
77.9
57.2
52.9
2405.0
8888.5
1689.2
5164.3
902.4
2821.8

2257.6
290.8
131.7
2680.0
57.5
178.5
22.9
25.2
7.9
11.7
59.8
85.2
448.7
32.1
11.0
21.0
63.7
18.0
38.5
19.8
25.7
250.5
327.7
30.2
23.7
2.3
13.1
172.2
35.1
7.8
83.8
41.5
91.1
23.3
36.9
608.3
17.5
122.1
51.6
29.8
71.0
13.4
134.6
220.6
52.1
66.9
2757.1
113.5
18.1
13.9
105.0
42.0
91.6
384.2
27.9
46.6
107.3
92.0
273.7
106.0
11.0
934.7
16.2
280.1
89.3
502.0
38.1
17.2
43.4
22.7
32.9
180.0
87.4
59.4
57.3
2477.7
9021.5
1685.1
5237.2
905.0
2879.3

2309.5
300.9
137.4
2747.8
58.9
182.9
23.9
25.4
7.8
11.9
61.9
86.8
459.5
31.8
11.4
21.2
65.9
17.8
40.0
18.8
26.0
253.9
329.5
31.9
23.0
2.4
13.7
174.9
40.8
7.0
86.2
45.9
88.4
24.8
37.0
625.1
18.1
128.7
48.6
29.1
76.6
14.5
134.7
222.9
50.2
66.2
2806.9
121.1
19.0
10.2
112.9
41.1
95.3
399.5
26.9
49.0
107.9
92.4
276.1
106.2
12.7
967.3
16.1
295.1
93.5
510.2
45.5
17.8
44.3
22.6
35.0
190.7
93.6
60.6
61.4
2572.8
9262.6
1703.9
5353.9
925.7
2983.0

2254.9
296.7
136.8
2688.4
57.7
179.7
24.4
26.3
7.8
11.7
65.2
89.5
462.3
32.9
11.1
21.5
63.6
18.4
41.5
18.6
26.4
257.4
335.2
31.9
24.1
2.5
14.6
175.6
42.0
8.1
89.1
41.0
88.6
25.0
37.3
620.9
18.6
132.4
52.1
31.1
71.5
14.9
134.0
225.4
53.4
67.3
2827.9
127.7
20.0
11.5
117.7
48.7
98.8
424.4
27.9
52.1
106.7
94.9
281.5
109.4
14.1
1000.6
19.4
296.5
98.8
508.7
47.5
17.8
45.5
22.7
40.6
195.5
93.8
63.2
64.6
2638.7
9323.1
1731.9
5318.8
927.0
3077.3

2289.2
301.4
138.1
2728.7
54.3
183.6
24.7
25.7
7.8
11.8
66.1
91.7
465.7
32.8
10.9
21.7
64.4
18.6
41.5
18.4
26.7
255.5
329.1
32.8
23.4
2.6
14.4
174.2
43.8
8.6
89.5
42.9
87.1
25.0
38.6
635.3
18.7
133.9
48.5
29.1
75.1
15.4
132.2
220.3
54.7
69.7
2835.3
141.4
19.9
12.4
121.6
48.6
100.3
444.2
28.9
53.0
110.5
96.7
289.1
113.0
14.8
1058.3
20.8
307.8
104.0
505.7
50.9
18.4
47.4
23.4
40.0
204.6
97.2
68.2
65.3
2739.8
9502.8
1717.2
5356.3
943.5
3203.0

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2296.7 2341.9 2342.7 2323.1 2359.6 2299.0
310.5
313.7
323.1
319.8
326.1
329.8
144.7
147.9
153.4
160.3
163.7
170.4
2751.9 2803.6 2819.2 2803.2 2849.4 2799.1
58.7
61.9
66.4
70.0
73.2
74.7
186.0
193.2
198.8
205.9
220.4
228.1
25.1
26.4
27.8
29.0
28.8
27.8
26.0
26.8
27.6
29.2
29.5
30.2
8.0
8.3
9.4
10.5
11.4
12.3
11.6
12.4
13.0
13.2
14.4
15.9
58.5
65.6
68.3
74.3
77.8
81.4
96.2
96.2
100.3
106.3
108.0
109.3
470.0
490.9
511.6
538.4
563.5
579.6
33.6
32.9
33.6
32.7
31.9
33.0
11.8
12.7
13.8
13.6
12.2
12.3
21.5
23.7
23.7
25.1
24.6
25.1
68.1
70.5
71.7
73.1
72.7
71.7
20.0
19.3
19.9
20.6
20.0
20.1
43.6
44.7
44.6
44.2
43.8
43.3
19.6
18.3
17.4
19.5
18.1
17.2
28.9
28.6
26.2
27.5
27.5
26.8
258.7
262.2
261.8
259.5
254.8
257.9
330.9
329.1
323.6
327.8
309.3
311.1
32.5
34.1
33.8
34.6
34.6
34.6
24.1
24.0
25.5
25.2
24.8
24.7
2.6
2.7
2.7
2.7
3.0
3.9
14.0
14.5
14.8
15.1
15.4
15.1
179.8
182.8
183.0
181.9
178.5
176.6
47.6
50.8
55.9
59.1
61.8
64.7
9.1
9.2
8.4
8.1
8.7
8.7
90.2
92.9
94.5
92.5
89.3
91.4
38.3
39.0
45.1
41.5
45.1
46.0
88.5
90.9
90.7
94.4
95.1
97.4
25.3
24.8
24.8
24.5
23.9
22.6
37.8
39.0
39.8
40.6
37.5
37.8
639.7
647.2
642.8
676.1
679.7
684.6
18.1
17.6
18.7
18.3
17.6
18.1
140.5
144.9
146.2
146.3
149.2
143.9
46.2
48.3
50.8
47.7
48.0
46.7
28.9
28.5
27.5
28.6
28.2
29.4
79.7
84.3
89.5
95.7
101.1
102.6
17.0
17.7
18.9
21.8
24.5
22.6
132.2
139.3
138.1
136.7
134.7
131.5
223.8
225.2
225.2
222.4
214.7
211.6
51.1
48.3
46.4
45.4
49.5
52.2
73.8
77.6
78.2
75.6
77.0
79.7
2877.2 2925.9 2937.7 2978.7 2956.9 2964.6
148.9
155.3
175.9
184.1
188.4
192.1
22.1
24.4
26.2
24.8
24.5
26.8
13.1
15.8
19.5
20.9
21.7
22.5
129.6
138.6
147.1
153.6
163.1
174.5
50.4
53.5
56.1
58.5
65.0
75.2
99.3
105.0
108.4
113.2
114.9
122.5
463.4
492.6
533.2
555.1
577.6
613.5
30.2
31.3
32.7
33.7
35.6
37.6
56.5
59.1
62.1
65.4
69.6
74.3
116.7
122.9
119.7
121.7
127.1
132.3
98.8
104.9
109.0
106.7
108.7
111.8
302.3
318.2
323.5
327.5
341.0
356.0
112.6
116.0
118.0
123.5
123.2
118.3
15.7
16.6
18.3
18.9
19.8
20.9
1229.3 1429.0 1572.2 1722.6 1862.8 2002.5
21.2
24.4
22.9
24.5
25.5
23.8
316.2
343.9
362.2
378.8
409.2
433.3
105.6
110.3
118.5
113.8
117.9
124.4
506.2
517.0
519.7
520.4
515.8
507.5
51.6
51.5
55.3
56.1
56.4
56.0
18.0
18.5
17.8
18.1
17.8
17.9
52.4
56.8
58.9
61.8
64.8
66.5
24.4
25.0
25.4
23.6
24.9
25.0
38.8
44.0
46.7
51.8
55.1
58.2
211.4
217.0
224.6
226.8
235.7
240.1
103.0
106.7
108.6
111.2
115.1
112.0
72.1
77.7
82.2
83.4
86.0
87.3
67.2
73.4
78.6
82.6
86.1
88.4
2945.8 3227.6 3430.0 3617.9 3816.0 3981.9
9810.5 10258.8 10555.3 10820.8 11104.4 11294.9
1748.6 1770.1 1771.8 1773.4 1732.2 1728.2
5415.7 5513.0 5551.2 5548.0 5568.3 5508.4
953.0
973.4
973.8 1011.7 1022.8 1028.9
3441.8 3772.3 4030.3 4261.1 4513.3 4757.5

Change
2008 over
2007

2008
share
of total

-2.8%
0.9%
3.8%
-2.0%
1.7%
3.2%
-3.8%
2.1%
7.8%
10.0%
4.2%
0.9%
2.6%
3.0%
-0.2%
1.5%
-1.6%
0.1%
-1.4%
-5.3%
-3.0%
0.9%
0.3%
-0.4%
-0.4%
26.2%
-1.8%
-1.3%
4.3%
-0.8%
2.1%
1.7%
2.2%
-5.5%
0.4%
0.4%
2.9%
-3.8%
-2.8%
3.7%
1.2%
-8.1%
-2.7%
-1.7%
5.0%
3.2%

20.4%
2.9%
1.5%
24.8%
0.7%
2.0%
0.2%
0.3%
0.1%
0.1%
0.7%
1.0%
5.1%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
0.6%
0.2%
0.4%
0.2%
0.2%
2.3%
2.8%
0.3%
0.2%

1.7%
8.9%
3.3%
6.7%
15.3%
6.3%
5.9%
5.6%
6.5%
3.8%
2.5%
4.1%
-4.2%
4.9%
7.2%
-7.0%
5.6%
5.2%
-1.9%
-1.0%
-0.1%
2.2%

5.3%
1.6%
-2.9%
1.3%
2.4%
4.1%
1.4%
-0.5%
-1.3%
0.3%
5.1%

0.1%
1.6%
0.6%
0.1%
0.8%
0.4%
0.9%
0.2%
0.3%
6.1%
0.2%
1.3%
0.4%
0.3%
0.9%
0.2%
1.2%
1.9%
0.5%
0.7%
26.2%
1.7%
0.2%
0.2%
1.5%
0.7%
1.1%
5.4%
0.3%
0.7%
1.2%
1.0%
3.2%
1.0%
0.2%
17.7%
0.2%
3.8%
1.1%
4.5%
0.5%
0.2%
0.6%
0.2%
0.5%
2.1%
1.0%
0.8%
0.8%
35.3%
100.0%
15.3%
48.8%
9.1%
42.1%

*In this Review, primary energy comprises commercially traded fuels only. Excluded, therefore, are fuels such as wood, peat and animal waste that, though important in many countries, are
unreliably documented in terms of consumption statistics. Also excluded are wind, geothermal and solar power generation.
than 0.05%.
Notes: Oil consumption is measured in million tonnes; other fuels in million tonnes of oil equivalent.
Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.

◆Less

40

Consumption by fuel*
2007
Million tonnes oil equivalent

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs

Oil

Natural
gas

Coal

942.3
102.8
89.4
1134.5
23.2
99.8
16.1
10.7
8.9
7.1
30.0
64.2
260.0
13.4
4.5
7.6
41.0
5.3
9.7
9.3
10.6
91.3
112.5
21.7
7.7
1.0
9.4
84.0
11.6
2.8
46.0
10.2
24.2
14.4
10.3
126.2
4.1
78.8
14.7
11.3
30.5
5.4
15.3
79.2
5.4
27.9
947.6
81.3
13.6
4.0
96.1
20.7
74.4
290.1
12.9
30.6
25.8
60.7
129.9
41.7
4.5
362.8
16.0
128.5
56.4
229.3
22.0
7.2
19.2
14.0
47.4
108.3
52.5
38.2
29.4
1177.4
3939.4
700.2
2246.1
186.2
1507.1

595.4
87.0
56.8
739.3
39.5
19.8
4.1
6.7
0.5
2.4
29.0
22.1
124.1
8.0
7.2
16.9
15.2
2.9
7.6
4.1
3.5
38.3
74.6
3.6
10.8

4.3
70.0
17.6
3.3
33.3
3.8
12.3
3.8
14.5
383.1
5.1
31.6
0.9
2.6
31.6
19.1
56.4
81.8
41.3
15.1
1024.5
101.7
10.9
17.7
67.0
44.4
31.3
273.0
21.9
34.5

23.9
80.3
22.4
14.6
62.6
2.0
36.0
30.6
81.2
25.7
3.7
32.8
3.1
7.7
34.7
10.6
31.8
11.7
411.2
2652.2
432.8
1328.1
553.6
770.5

573.2
32.3
9.1
614.6
0.4
13.4
3.3
2.7

0.5
0.1
2.2
22.5
3.1

0.1
5.5
7.8
20.0
4.7
4.6
12.3
85.7
8.5
2.9
0.1
1.5
17.2
30.8
0.2
9.0
0.4
57.9
3.3
7.4
93.5
3.8
20.2
2.2
0.1
31.0

39.7
38.2
1.4
15.7
528.9
1.3




8.1
9.3
0.7
1.0
97.7
6.2
105.7
55.8
0.4
1313.6
7.5
212.9
28.4
125.3
7.1
1.6
5.1
5.9

59.7
41.8
14.1
34.2
1913.5
3194.5
317.4
1189.4
166.5
1838.6

2008
Nuclear
Hydroenergy electricity

192.1
21.0
2.4
215.4
1.6
2.8






4.4



10.9
3.3
5.9

5.6
99.7
31.8

3.3




2.2
1.0



1.7
36.5
3.5
12.5
15.2
6.3


20.9
14.3

1.9
276.4









3.0

3.0


14.1

4.0

63.1


0.6


32.3
9.2


123.3
622.5
212.1
520.7
60.3
41.6

Total

Oil

Natural
gas

Coal

56.6 2359.6
82.9
326.1
6.1
163.7
145.6 2849.4
8.5
73.2
84.6
220.4
5.2
28.8
9.5
29.5
2.0
11.4
4.4
14.4
18.8
77.8
19.5
108.0
152.6
563.5
7.5
31.9
0.5
12.2

24.6
0.1
72.7
0.7
20.0
0.6
43.8

18.1
3.2
27.5
13.3
254.8
4.7
309.3
0.8
34.6

24.8
1.9
3.0
0.2
15.4
7.3
178.5
1.8
61.8
0.2
8.7

89.3
30.6
45.1
0.7
95.1
2.3
23.9
3.6
37.5
40.4
679.7
1.0
17.6
6.0
149.2
15.0
48.0
7.9
28.2
8.0
101.1

24.5
2.3
134.7
1.2
214.7
1.4
49.5
16.3
77.0
179.6 2956.9
4.1
188.4

24.5

21.7

163.1

65.0
1.2
114.9
5.2
577.6
0.1
35.6
3.5
69.6
0.6
127.1
18.0
108.7
22.1
341.0
3.3
123.2
0.3
19.8
109.8 1862.8

25.5
27.7
409.2
2.6
117.9
16.8
515.8
1.5
56.4
5.3
17.8
7.1
64.8
1.9
24.9

55.1
0.7
235.7
1.0
115.1
1.8
86.0
10.8
86.1
190.7 3816.0
695.8 11104.4
69.7 1732.2
283.9 5568.3
56.3 1022.8
355.5 4513.3

884.5
102.0
90.0
1076.6
24.2
105.3
16.8
10.7
9.3
7.9
32.5
63.6
270.3
13.4
3.3
7.7
41.3
5.4
9.9
8.9
10.5
92.2
118.3
21.4
7.7
0.9
9.0
80.9
10.9
3.1
46.5
9.8
24.9
13.7
10.6
130.4
4.3
77.1
14.5
12.1
32.3
5.5
15.5
78.7
5.5
29.2
955.5
83.3
15.3
4.6
104.2
22.9
76.6
306.9
14.0
32.6
26.3
62.3
135.2
42.5
4.6
375.7
14.5
135.0
57.4
221.8
21.8
7.3
19.3
13.4
49.9
103.3
50.1
36.7
30.0
1183.4
3927.9
702.6
2179.8
189.5
1558.6

600.7
90.0
60.5
751.2
40.0
22.7
2.3
7.3
0.5
3.1
29.1
23.6
128.7
8.5
8.4
17.3
15.3
2.9
7.8
4.1
3.6
39.8
73.8
3.8
10.8

4.5
69.9
18.5
2.9
34.7
4.0
12.5
4.1
13.1
378.2
5.2
35.1
0.9
2.8
32.4
17.1
53.8
84.5
43.8
15.4
1029.6
105.8
11.5
17.9
70.3
52.3
36.6
294.4
22.8
36.8

25.8
85.4
21.2
15.6
72.6
2.3
37.2
34.2
84.4
27.6
3.4
33.8
3.1
8.3
35.7
11.5
33.7
12.2
436.8
2726.1
441.1
1354.1
548.6
823.4

565.0
33.0
9.0
606.9
0.4
14.6
3.2
2.3

0.5

2.2
23.3
3.1


4.6
7.5
19.1
4.1
3.4
11.9
80.9
8.6
2.8
0.1
1.4
17.0
33.6
0.2
9.2
0.5
59.4
3.2
7.7
101.3
3.9
14.6
2.0
0.1
30.4

39.3
35.4
1.4
16.1
522.7
1.3




8.1
9.4
0.7
1.0
102.8
5.7
110.3
51.3
0.4
1406.3
7.0
231.4
30.2
128.7
5.0
2.1
6.7
6.2

66.1
40.2
15.4
34.6
2031.2
3303.7
301.2
1170.6
176.9
1956.3

Nuclear
Hydroenergy electricity

192.0
21.1
2.3
215.4
1.6
3.1






4.8



10.4
3.6
6.0

5.4
99.6
33.7

3.4




2.2
0.9



2.5
36.9
3.8
13.3
14.5
6.2


20.3
11.9

2.0
276.7









3.0

3.0


15.5

3.5

57.0


0.4


34.2
9.2


119.8
619.7
212.7
515.7
60.0
44.0

Total

56.7 2299.0
83.6
329.8
8.6
170.4
148.9 2799.1
8.4
74.7
82.3
228.1
5.4
27.8
9.8
30.2
2.6
12.3
4.5
15.9
19.6
81.4
19.9
109.3
152.5
579.6
7.9
33.0
0.5
12.3

25.1
0.1
71.7
0.8
20.1
0.5
43.3

17.2
3.9
26.8
14.3
257.9
4.4
311.1
0.8
34.6

24.7
2.8
3.9
0.2
15.1
8.8
176.6
1.7
64.7
0.2
8.7

91.4
31.8
46.0
0.6
97.4
1.6
22.6
3.9
37.8
37.8
684.6
1.0
18.1
3.8
143.9
14.8
46.7
8.1
29.4
7.5
102.6

22.6
2.6
131.5
1.1
211.6
1.4
52.2
17.0
79.7
180.2 2964.6
1.7
192.1

26.8

22.5

174.5

75.2
1.2
122.5
2.8
613.5
0.1
37.6
3.9
74.3
0.2
132.3
18.1
111.8
22.2
356.0
3.4
118.3
0.3
20.9
132.4 2002.5

23.8
26.2
433.3
2.7
124.4
15.7
507.5
1.5
56.0
5.0
17.9
6.3
66.5
2.2
25.0

58.2
0.9
240.1
0.9
112.0
1.6
87.3
11.6
88.4
210.8 3981.9
717.5 11294.9
70.6 1728.2
288.3 5508.4
54.0 1028.9
375.3 4757.5

*In this Review, primary energy comprises commercially traded fuels only. Excluded, therefore, are fuels such as wood, peat and animal waste that, though important in many countries, are
unreliably documented in terms of consumption statistics. Also excluded are wind, geothermal and solar power generation.
†Less than 0.05.
Note: Oil consumption is measured in million tonnes; other fuels in million tonnes of oil equivalent.

41

World consumption
Million tonnes oil equivalent

12000

Coal
Hydroelectricity
Nuclear energy
Natural gas
Oil

11000

10000

9000

8000

7000

6000

5000

4000

3000

2000

1000

83

84

85

86

87

88

89

90

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

0

08

World primary energy consumption grew by 1.4% in 2008, below the 10-year average. It was the weakest year since 2001. Oil remains the world’s dominant fuel, though
it has steadily lost market share to coal and natural gas in recent years. Oil’s share of the world total has fallen from 38.7% to 34.8% over the past decade. Oil consumption
and nuclear power generation declined last year, while natural gas and coal consumption, as well as hydroelectric generation, increased.

Regional consumption pattern 2008
Percentage
100

90

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

North America

S. & Cent. America

Europe & Eurasia

Middle East

Africa

Asia Pacific

Oil remains the world’s dominant fuel, holding the leading share of consumption in all regions except Europe and Eurasia, and Asia Pacific. Coal is the dominant fuel
in Asia Pacific and continues to increase its market share; the region accounts for 61.5% of global coal consumption, the largest global share for any fuel in any region.
Natural gas remains the leading fuel in Europe and Eurasia.
42

0

Consumption per capita 2008
Tonnes oil equivalent

0-1.5
1.5-3.0
3.0-4.5
4.5-6.0
> 6.0

Fossil fuel reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios at end 2008
Years
500

Oil
Natural gas
Coal

400

300

200

100

OECD

Former Soviet Union

EMEs excl. Former Soviet Union

World

0

Coal remains the world’s most abundant fuel, with a global R/P ratio of more than 120 years. Among fossil fuels, coal reserves remain the most closely co-located with
key consuming centres in Asia Pacific and North America. Oil’s global R/P ratio has tended to rise over time, and has remained above 40 years since 1998.

43

BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2009

Appendices
Approximate conversion factors
Crude oil*

Units

From

Tonnes (metric)
Kilolitres
Barrels
US gallons
Barrels per day

To
tonnes
(metric)

kilolitres

barrels
Multiply by

1
0.8581
0.1364
0.00325

1.165
1
0.159
0.0038

7.33
6.2898
1
0.0238

US
gallons

tonnes
per year

307.86
264.17
42
1





49.8

1 metric tonne = 2204.62lb
= 1.1023 short tons
1 kilolitre = 6.2898 barrels = 1 cubic metre
1 kilocalorie (kcal) = 4.187kJ = 3.968Btu
1 kilojoule (kJ) = 0.239kcal = 0.948Btu
1 British thermal unit (Btu) = 0.252kcal
= 1.055kJ
1 kilowatt-hour (kWh) = 860kcal
= 3600kJ = 3412Btu

*Based on worldwide average gravity.

Calorific equivalents

Products
To convert
barrels
to tonnes

Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)
Gasoline
Kerosene
Gas oil/diesel
Fuel oil

0.086
0.118
0.128
0.133
0.149

One tonne of oil equivalent equals approximately:
tonnes
kilolitres
to barrels
to tonnes
Multiply by

11.6
8.5
7.8
7.5
6.7

0.542
0.740
0.806
0.839
0.939

tonnes
to kilolitres

1.844
1.351
1.240
1.192
1.065

Natural gas (NG) and liquefied natural gas (LNG)
From

1 billion cubic metres NG
1 billion cubic feet NG
1 million tonnes oil equivalent
1 million tonnes LNG
1 trillion British thermal units
1 million barrels oil equivalent

To
billion cubic
metres NG

billion cubic million tonnes million tonnes
feet NG oil equivalent
LNG
Multiply by

1
0.028
1.11
1.36
0.028
0.15

Definitions

35.3
1
39.2
48.0
0.99
5.35

0.90
0.025
1
1.22
0.025
0.14

0.74
0.021
0.82
1
0.021
0.11

trillion British million barrels
thermal units oil equivalent

35.7
1.01
39.7
48.6
1
5.41

North Africa
Territories on the north coast of Africa from Egypt
to western Sahara.
West Africa
Territories on the west coast of Africa from Mauritania
to Angola, including Cape Verde, Chad.

Country groupings are made purely
for statistical purposes and are not intended
to imply any judgement about political or
economic standings.

East and Southern Africa
Territories on the east coast of Africa from Sudan to
Republic of South Africa. Also Botswana, Madagascar,
Malawi, Namibia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

North America
US (excluding Puerto Rico), Canada, Mexico.

Asia Pacific
Brunei, Cambodia, China, China Hong Kong SAR*,
Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia,
North Korea, Philippines, Singapore, South Asia
(Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Nepal,
Pakistan, Sri Lanka), South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand,
Vietnam, Australia, New Zealand, Papua New
Guinea, Oceania.
*Special Administrative Region.

Europe
European members of the OECD plus Albania,
Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus,
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Gibraltar,
Malta, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovenia.
Former Soviet Union
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia,
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova,
Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan,
Ukraine, Uzbekistan.

10 million kilocalories
42 gigajoules
40 million British
thermal units
Solid fuels
1.5 tonnes of hard coal
3 tonnes of lignite
Gaseous fuels
See Natural gas and
liquefied natural gas table
Electricity
12 megawatt-hours
One million tonnes of oil or oil equivalent produces
about 4400 gigawatt-hours (= 4.4 terawatt-hours)
of electricity in a modern power station.

6.60
0.19
7.33
8.97
0.18
1

Statistics published in this Review are taken from
government sources and published data. No use
is made of confidential information obtained by
BP in the course of its business.

South and Central America
Caribbean (including Puerto Rico), Central and
South America.

Heat units

Australasia

Australia, New Zealand.

North Africa: Algeria, Libya.
West Africa: Angola, Nigeria.
Asia Pacific: Indonesia.
South America: Ecuador, Venezuela.
European Union members
Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic,
Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,
Hungary, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,
Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal,
Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, UK.
Other EMEs (Emerging Market Economies)
South and Central America, Africa, Middle East,
non-OECD Asia, non-OECD Europe.

Methodology
The primary energy values of both nuclear and
hydroelectric power generation have been derived by
calculating the equivalent amount of fossil fuel required
to generate the same volume of electricity in a thermal
power station, assuming a conversion efficiency of
38% (the average for OECD thermal power generation).
Percentages
Calculated before rounding of actuals. All annual
changes and shares of totals are on a weight basis
except on pages 6, 14, 18, 20 and 22.

Europe and Eurasia
All countries listed above under the headings Europe
and Former Soviet Union.

OECD members
Europe: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark,
Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,
Republic of Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands,
Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland, Turkey, UK.
Other member countries: Australia, Canada, Japan,
Mexico, New Zealand, South Korea, US.

Middle East
Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan,
Lebanon, Syria.

OPEC members
Middle East: Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia,
United Arab Emirates.

Tonnes
Metric equivalent of tons.

44

Rounding differences
Because of rounding, some totals may not agree
exactly with the sum of their component parts.

BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2009

More information
Questions on data
BP regrets it is unable to deal with enquiries about the
data in BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2009.

Ordering copies
You can order BP’s printed publications,
free of charge, from:
US and Canada
BP Shareholder Services
Toll-free +1 800 638 5672
Fax +1 630 821 3456
shareholderus@bp.com
UK and Rest of World
BP Distribution Services
Tel +44 (0)870 241 3269
Fax +44 (0)870 240 5753
bpdistributionservices@bp.com

The data in this publication is also available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.
In addition to viewing, data can be downloaded and charted using the charting tool.

Quoting from the Review
Publishers are welcome to quote from this Review
provided that they attribute the source to BP Statistical
Review of World Energy June 2009. However, where
extensive reproduction of tables and/or charts is
planned, permission must first be obtained from:
The Editor
BP Statistical Review of World Energy
BP p.l.c.
1 St James’s Square
London SW1Y 4PD
UK
sr@bp.com
The redistribution or reproduction of data whose source
is Platts is strictly prohibited without prior authorization
from Platts.

Acknowledgements
Data compilation Energy Academy and
Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation,
Heriot-Watt University, www.energy.hw.ac.uk
Design sasdesign.co.uk
Typesetting Orb Solutions, London
®
Printing Beacon Press using its
environmental print technology. The electricity
was generated from renewable sources and
approximately 90% of the waste associated with
this product will be recycled. Beacon Press is
registered to environmental management system
ISO 14001 and EMAS (Eco Management Audit
Scheme). Beacon Press is a CarbonNeutral ®
company and has planted more than 3,000 trees
to offset its carbon emissions.

Paper
This Review is printed on FSC-certified
Revive Uncoated Enhanced paper. This
paper has been independently certified
according to the rules of the Forest
Stewardship Council (FSC) and it was
manufactured at a mill that holds ISO
14001 accreditation. The inks used are
all vegetable oil based.

© BP p.l.c. 2009

45

beyond petroleum®

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful