Plant Maintenance Customizing IMG – Implementation guide for (R/3) customizing

Implementation Guide for R/3 Customizing (IMG)
The IMG (Implementation Guide for R/3 Customizing) • • Lists all actions required for implementing the SAP System Helps you to control and document the implementation

Please note that the paper version of the IMG is shorter than the online version. In the online system, additional information is provided. The SIMG_ALL structure is the library that contains all sections for implementing the various components (for example, Materials Management, Sales & Distribution, Financial Accounting).

Plant Maintenance and Customer Service
This section contains all the information required for the implementation of Plant Maintenance and Customer Service.

Topics • Master Data in Plant Maintenance and Customer Service • Maintenance of Plans, Work Centers, Task Lists and PRT’s (Production Resource Tools). • Maintenance and Service Processing • Information System for Plant Maintenance and Customer Service • Work Clearance Management.

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1.1. Master Data in Plant Maintenance and Customer Service
Topics : Basic Settings, Technical Objects and Bill of Materials This menu contains the information for the implementation of Plant Maintenance. You must have defined the plant maintenance organizational structure in your system before you proceed with customizing. This involves maintaining the planning plants and maintenance plants as organizational units. A distinction is made in Plant Maintenance between planning plants and maintenance plants. • Maintenance plant

You can manage technical objects and the work centers responsible for for carrying out the work in a maintenance plant. • Planning plant

The planning plant is a plant where you define maintenance task lists, carry out materials planning on the basis of the BOMs in task lists and perform maintenance orders, manage and schedule maintenance plans, enter maintenance notifications and process maintenance orders for the associated maintenance plants. Recommendation You should always use planning plants when maintenance planning is to be carried out centrally in one plant for several plants. If each plant is independent from a maintenance point of view, each plant is then also a planning plant. Note on the implementation of Plant Maintenance Note that there are many areas that will overlap with the implementation of components 'MM' (Materials Management) and 'PP' (Production Planning) when you are customizing the system for Plant Maintenance. If you discover settings that are not relevant to Plant Maintenance, you should only change or delete these after consultation with the appropriate project groups.

1.1 Basic Settings
In this step, you maintain the settings that cannot be directly assigned to any master data area. 1.1.1.a Maintain Authorizations for Master Data In this section, you see which authorization objects are defined in the standard system for the individual application functions. You can maintain authorizations for these objects in the R/3 System.

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The easiest way to maintain authorizations is by using roles.
Note that the maintenance of authorizations using roles is a new function. The previous procedure is still supported and is described below. This step is used to create Activity groups and generate authorization profiles using the Profile Generator.

Activities
To assign an authorization profile to a user, do the following: 1. Create an activity group 2. Enter a description 3. Select transactions 4. Create and edit authorizations 5. Assigns users and compare the user master (in doing so, the profile is entered in the user's master record) 6. Transport activity groups, if desired Detailed documentation For more information about the procedures, see transaction documentation Note You can also use authorization profiles you created manually or were delivered by SAP, in activity groups. You can create an activity group without a menu and include the corresponding profile in the authorization data of the activity group. In the fourth step, choose "Edit -> Add authorization -> From profile" to add the authorization profile data to the activity group.

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Below, you can find information about the previous procedure for versions up to and including 4.0.

Authorization objects
The following list shows which authorization objects are checked for the individual application functions.

Functions for... Process equipment I_BEGRP Authorization group

Authorization object

Classify equipment Process functional locations I_BEGRP Authorization group

I_IWERK PM planning plant I_SWERK Maintenance plant I_BETRVORG Business operations I_INGRP Maintenance planner group I_KOSTL Cost center C_TCLA_BKA Class types

I_IWERK PM planning plant I_SWERK Maintenance plant I_BETRVORG Business operations I_INGRP Maintenance planner group I_KOSTL Cost center Classify functional locations Process network links C_TCLA_BKA Class types I_BEGRP Authorization group I_IWERK PM planning plant I_SWERK Maintenance plant C_TCLA_BKA Class types M_MATE_STA Maintenance status M_MATE_BUK Company code M_MATE_WRK Plant M_MATE_VKO Distribution channel M_MATE_LGN Warehouse C_TCLA_BKA Class type C_STUE_BER Bills of material I_SOGEN Permits

Classify network links Material

Classify material Bills of material Process permits

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Page 5 of 85 .Process measuring points I_BEGRP Authorization group Authorizations for preventive maintenance Maintenance plans I_INGRP PM planner group maintenance item I_KOSTL Cost center for maintenance item I_BEGRP Authorization group Authorization for PM task lists Task lists I_ROUT General task list maintenance I_ROUT1 Task list authorization detail Authorizations for notification processing PM notifications I_IWERK PM planning plant I_SWERK Maintenance plant I_QMEL Notification types I_VORG_MEL Business operations You can obtain an overview of the possible operations using transaction 'OIAH'. Classify notifications C_TCLA_BKA Class types Authorizations for order processing PM orders C_AFKO_AWK Order types C_AFKO_DIS MRP controllers C_DRAW_TCD Documents transactions C_DRAW_BGR Authorization group documents I_IWERK Maintenance planning plant I_SWERK Maintenance plant I_AUART Order types I_KOSTL Cost center I_SOGEN Permits I_INGRP Maintenance planner group I_VORG_ORD Business operations orders You can obtain an overview of the possible operations using transaction 'OIAH'.

Select the object class. 3.1.1.b Define User Status This section explains how to adapt general SAP status management to your requirements. If necessary. General information on status profile and status management Management of the different statuses in the SAP System is divided up according to Page 6 of 85 . Remember that your users may need further authorizations to edit business processes. 2. authorizations are provided for all authorization objects of the application. You will find for authorization objects • • Maintenance authorizations Display authorizations The delivered authorizations are valid for all organization units. Select the authorizations you wish to transport.confirmations I_IWERK maintenance planning plant C_TCLA_BKA Class types Standard settings In the SAP standard delivery. b) Select an object. 1. create new authorizations: a) To do this. You transport authorizations as follows: 1. 4. Activities 1. Display the list of authorizations. Choose Authorization -> Transport. d) Save and activate the new authorization. Confirm your selections and enter the correction number.Classify orders Comp. Note The authorizations listed here refer to functions in Plant Maintenance. You see the list of authorizations for this object. select Authorization -> Create b) Enter the authorization and a short text. You see the list of authorization objects. c) Select a field to maintain individual field values. Check the delivered authorizations as follows: a) Select the object class for the application. 2. 5.

In the status profile you can • define your own statuses (user statuses) and document their function in a respective long text Page 7 of 85 . Objects . Business transaction . Every status profile contains one or more statuses allowed.system status A further central table. Every status profile must be allocated to at least one object. Status profile You can define your own status profiles in menu option "User statuses". Business transactions The SAP System contains in a central table a basic store of business transactions that are valid for all applications and can be used by all applications. defines a system status for every business transaction and indicates whether or not the corresponding system status is deleted or set during the business transaction. you can determine the system response within the business transactions predefined by SAP.• • system status and user statuses System status The SAP System contains in a central table a basic store of statuses that are valid for all applications and can be used by all applications. also predefined by SAP. equipment and so on). These business transactions are maintained by SAP and cannot be changed. This allocation is also predefined by SAP.business transactions Another table defines the business transactions that are allowed for each SAP object (order. Result The allocations listed above define all the system statuses possible for an object and the system statuses that are set for the different individual business transactions. These statuses are maintained by SAP and cannot be changed. They are referred to as system statuses. For each of these statuses.

However. the user status can always be set.• determine the sequence numbers for user statuses which predefine the possible sequence for processing user statuses define an initial status which is activated automatically when creating the object determine which user status is automatically activated when carrying out a business transaction define which operations are allowed or prohibited if a certain status is active • • • Status number You can define a status order number for every user status. The status order number determines the sequence in which the user statuses can be activated. If you assign a status order number to a user status. you must also specify a lowest and a highest status order number for the status. there can only be one user status with a status order number active at any one time. Example of status order number Example of equipment status SAP supplies the following business transactions for equipment: • • • • set deletion indicator cancel deletion indicator install equipment dismantle equipment Page 8 of 85 . These limit the order number interval from which the following user status can be chosen. If you do not assign a status order number to a user status.

you can specify a status profile as a default value for each equipment category. create an authorization key and assign it to the relevant user statuses. You can also determine in status maintenance whether.1. Actions Define the user statuses for the individual maintenance objects. When you set or delete a user status . for example.c Create Authorization Keys for User Status Authorizations In this step you define authorization keys which you can use to set up authorization checks when you manually set or delete a user status. For maintenance notifications. the system also checks the authorization key assigned to the user status in question. the system checks whether the user is authorized for this action.1. To do this. Activities 1. Maintenance objects for which status profiles can be maintained: • • • equipment functional locations maintenance notifications Note In the menu for the configuration of equipment. Page 9 of 85 . In the general authorization maintenance you can then assign authorizations for this key via the authorization object B_USERSTAT. In addition to the status profile and the object type. Check whether you want to define authorizations for your user statuses. only a single status profile is allowed.When maintaining the status profile. the deletion indicator is set automatically and whether the system should respond with a warning or an error message when a deletion indicator is set. When the system sets a user status as a reaction to business transaction. it does not perform an authorization check. you can determine for every status within the profile whether equipment of this status can be installed or dismantled and whether a deletion indicator can be set or not. 1. Example You want to define that certain user statuses can be changed only by a specified employee group.

Assign the authorization key to one or more user statuses in your status profile.2. the acquisition date of a piece of equipment is taken as a basis for the conversion of the acquisition value. All the fields in plant maintenance that are currency-dependent and that go into the statistical data are automatically translated into the currency for the statistics. The date with which the exchange rate is calculated is determined by the system on the basis of the field and cannot be changed. create authorization keys as follows: a) Choose "New entries". • • The selected currency is valid for the whole client. However. If you work without a currency for statistics. the following points should be considered. Page 10 of 85 . If necessary. this is only necessary if statistical data already exists and the currency for the statistics has been changed. Recommendation You should always define a currency for statistics. For example.d Define Currency for Maintenance Statistics In this step. b) Enter a key and an explanatory text in the appropriate fields and choose "Save".1. this means that the currency fields in the information structures of the statistics file have to be restructured. 4. any analysis of the statistics file made on the basis of the currency fields will be of little use. 1. as currency conversion will not be carried out for evaluations and therefore value fields containing different currencies will be added together. Define corresponding authorizations and include them in the relevant authorization profiles. However. For the conversion of the value fields of a maintenance order. When specifying the currency for maintenance statistics. You can set up the statistics file again with report 'RMIPS000'. As a result. the order creation date is taken as basis. Activities Define the currency for the plant maintenance statistical data. This will lead to different currencies also being stored in the statistics file. 3. Note on changing the currency for statistics Changing the statistics currency is also possible even after records have already been stored in the statistics file. You have now created the authorization key. you can define the currency in which plant maintenance statistical data is to be managed.1. all the value fields of the Plant Maintenance System are stored in the original currency of the document or master record.

1. With the master record maintenance transactions. you can define whether • • • it must be issued (error message if permit is not issued) it can be issued (warning message if permit is not issued) there should be no system response when the permit has not been issued.1. The equipment is installed at a functional location to which the permit 'Special fire-resistance check' is assigned. you can define at which time the permits must be issued during order processing. the permit categories represent a possibility for grouping or classifying permits. Example You define the permit 'Driver's license for industrial trucks' for a piece of equipment. Business background When allocating one or more permits to a PM object. Page 11 of 85 . and can be used for information and analysis purposes. you can define permit categories. You can use permits to define certain rules or conditions which are to be observed during the execution of maintenance tasks.2 Permits In this section you will learn how to customize permits for maintenance order processing. Furthermore. You have the following options: • • permit issue necessary before order release permit issue necessary before order completion For every permit. Every permit can be allocated to a permit category. 'Driver's license for industrial trucks' and 'Special fire-resistance check' are proposed as possible permits. Consequently. you can allocate the permits to the individual pieces of equipment and functional locations.

2 a Define Permit Categories Every permit must be allocated to a permit category . In this step you define these permit categories.1. you can select via the function 'Assign permits' all permits which are defined for the PM object itself or for the objects above the object in the hierarchy 1. you can enter an object-specific and a permit-specific long text for every permit in the PM object master record and define whether the permit and the corresponding text should be printed with the shop papers. the permit will be automatically assigned during order processing.1.2 b Define Permit Groups In this step. you define a permit group and assign a permit class to it. In order processing. The permit class currently fulfills the following functions in the maintenance order: Page 12 of 85 . class type for permits. You can represent groups of permits that belong together via the permit category.Note If you mark the 'Proposal' field when maintaining the permit in the object master record. Further information Furthermore. Activities Define the permit categories. which are used for information and documentation purposes. Example You want your permits divided into: • • • work permits safety permits access permits Solution: Define three permit categories and allocate each permit to a permit category. The permit class must belong to class type '049'. 1. You can currently only define one permit group.

1. of course. so that. in which you must mark 'Variant for all selection screens'. 1. you maintain new permits using the application menu. Procedure When you execute the function. you reach a screen in which you have several selection options. for example.Classification of permits Automatic selection of permits The number and type of possible permits relates directly to the associated maintenance objects. By choosing 'Continue'. Page 13 of 85 . Each user can. Legal requirements can also require the creation of new permits. you can define the possible selection fields which occupy selection fields with concrete values and make the field selection for the list display. you reach an additional window. you reach another screen in which you can specify attributes for the selections fields. predefine a selection just for the permits which they can issue themselves. Note You should maintain the necessary permits here and inform your employees that additional permits can be added at any time using the application menu. It is recommended that several variants are defined. Here. You usually find the functions: • • • Selection screen list display mode Selection screen list change mode Maintain field selection list When you choose selection fields. outstanding permits and those already issued can be considered separately. For this reason. Note that the change of the permit class in the current operation is critical because existing permits can be assigned to the old class and lost in the change. This means that new permits may be necessary at any time due to new equipment master records or new functional locations.2 c Set List Editing for Permits Here you can set the list of permits.

In this case. For example. The system thereby automatically generates the variant 'U_USERNAME'. Setting the field selection settings Page 14 of 85 . Note Each user can also create their own selection screen. you have a selection field with a value which should not be changed by the user. the current month). not a concrete value. If you want to define an individual selection screen for each user. you would enter the variable 'current month'. This selection screen is then always proposed if no individual selection screen has been defined for the user under the name 'U_USERNAME'. if the selection is always performed using a certain call horizon (for example. if no individual selection screen has been defined for the user under their user name. the name of the report variant must begin with 'U_USERNAME'. but is not ready for input. Maintenance of selection variants When you execute the function. and the user-specific selection screen should be proposed automatically when the report is called up. For example. • Variable This means that this field is given a variable.The attributes have the following meaning: • Protected This means that this field is displayed in the selection screen. Maintenance or user-specific selection screens This function is not set using Customizing. The user can call up the function 'Settings' from the list. you reach the initial screen with all the selection fields. The selection screen defined by you is only then proposed by the system. The individual user maintains the user-specific selection variants by calling up and executing the individual transaction. The current month would therefore be proposed as a selection criterion. • Invisible This means that this field is hidden in the selection screen and cannot be used as a selection criterion. and generate their own selection screen there using the function 'Set variants'. There you can define the standard selection screen. XXXX stands for the relevant application transaction. which is always called up for the user after saving for subsequent transactions used. The name of the selection variant is always 'SAP_TCODE_XXXX'.

and then choosing 'Settings' -> 'Display variants' in the list. Define Measuring Point Categories In this step. Measuring Points. Measurement readings and counters refer to characteristics in the classification system and are uniformly managed as measuring points in the system. You can create measurement readings: • • • • Directly using the transaction From notification processing From order processing From order completion confirmations Example You want to define a measurement reading 'tire pressure' for a technical object. The measuring point category defines: • Whether a measurement position is unique You can use the unambiguity of the measurement position to allow the same measurement reading to be defined several times for different measurement positions on a technical object (for example. You always need measuring point categories if you want to record measurement or counter readings for or functional locations. For more information about working with lists. see "PM . which is then always used if the individual user has not defined their own field selection.You maintain the field selection for the list by executing the report. you must first define a measuring point category. To do this. Note that the setting you make here for the field selection becomes a presetting. You need measuring points if you want to manage measurement readings or counters for technical objects in the system. you define categories. measurement position 1 'pressure in left front tire'.Cross-Application Functions" in the R/3 library. Counters and Measurement Documents In this section you make the settings for the measuring points. measurement position 2 'pressure in Page 15 of 85 .

• Which catalog type is used for entering measurement readings You can also use catalogs to enter measurement and counter readings • Catalogs can be used to define permissible values for a measuring point that you select when recording a measurement reading using the catalog hierarchy. Recommendation Before you start maintaining measuring points for your objects. The function is only advisable if the measurement readings are transferred from another system whose CPU time (the time when measurement readings were entered) is different from the CPU time for the SAP System. Standard Settings The standard system contains one measuring point category. in the classification system and provide them with a common group of characteristics. These characteristics need not be assigned to a certain class type. or if you also want to use these predefined values when entering counter readings. You can then enter a characteristic in the classification system which is assigned to a unit of measurement 'Pressure'. You can then use this function when you want to predefine qualitative or descriptive measurement readings in catalogs. You can use the unambiguity check for the measurement position to prevent a measurement position from being defined several times for each object or even for all objects. Page 16 of 85 . which are used as characteristics for measuring points. and you are also not required to define a class for these characteristics. System response when the measurement reading is exceeded Tolerance time allowed for entering future measurement readings • • • This is specified in seconds. you should create all characteristics. Requirements The catalog functions should be maintained. This will help you to select the characteristics that are useful for entering measuring points.right front tire'). You can use the transaction for master record maintenance to define a measuring point 'Pressure' and assign this to the new characteristic 'Pressure'. You must use the characteristics in the classification system when you want to define counters.

The number statuses are imported with their values at the time of export. use number range 01. Adapt the delivered measuring point category to your requirements. Define the number ranges for the measurement documents. Dependent tables are not transported or converted. You transport number range objects as follows: In the initial screen. 2. Create Number Ranges for Measuring Points In this step you define number ranges for measuring points. If necessary. Activities 1. 2. If necessary. change the standard settings. 3. Note that all intervals for the selected number range object are deleted in the target system first. use number range 01. To do this. you should work with the standard settings. Activities 1.Activities 1. Create Number Ranges for Measurement Documents In this step you definenumber ranges for measurement documents. Page 17 of 85 . Check the delivered measuring point category. Define new measuring point categories if necessary. choose Interval -> Transport. To do this. After the import. Notes As the numbers for measurement documents are assigned internally. Notes As the numbers for measuring points are assigned internally. you should always use number range 01. If you want to make changes. you should work with standard settings. choose Interval -> Transport. you must always use number range 01. change the standard settings. only the intervals you export are present. If you want to make changes. Define number ranges for the measuring points. 2. You transport number range objects as follows: In the initial screen.

Dependent tables are not transported or converted. Page 18 of 85 . In this case. Set List Editing for Measuring Point Lists Here. The current month would therefore be proposed as a selection criterion. you would enter the variable 'current month'. You usually find the functions: • • • Selection screen list display mode Selection screen list change mode Maintain field selection list When you choose selection fields. in which you must mark 'Variant for all selection screens'. For example. you have a selection field with a value which should not be changed by the user. you can define the possible selection fields which occupy selection fields with concrete values and make the field selection for the list display. if the selection is always performed using a certain call horizon (for example. The attributes have the following meaning: • Protected This means that this field is displayed in the selection screen. you reach another screen in which you can specify attributes for the selections fields. Procedure When you execute the function. The number statuses are imported with their values at the time of export. • Variable This means that this field is given a variable. not a concrete value. but is not ready for input. For example. you reach an additional window. By choosing 'Continue'. you reach a screen in which you have several selection options. • Invisible This means that this field is hidden in the selection screen and cannot be used as a selection criterion. only the intervals you export are present. After the import.Note that all intervals for the selected number range object are deleted in the target system first. the current month).

This selection screen is then always proposed if no individual selection screen has been defined for the user under the name 'U_USERNAME'. you reach the initial screen with all the selection fields. Maintenance or user-specific selection screens This function is not set using Customizing. you reach a screen in which you have several selection options.Cross-Application Functions" in the R/3 library. Note that the setting you make here for the field selection becomes a presetting. Set List Editing for Measurement Document Lists Here. you can define the possible selection fields which occupy selection fields with concrete values and make the field selection for the list display.Note Each user can also create their own selection screen. The system thereby automatically generates the variant 'U_USERNAME'. Maintenance of selection variants When you execute the function. and the user-specific selection screen should be proposed automatically when the report is called up. and generate their own selection screen there using the function 'Set variants'. Page 19 of 85 . which is then always used if the individual user has not defined their own field selection. Setting the field selection settings You maintain the field selection for the list by executing the report. which is always called up for the user after saving for subsequent transactions used. There you can define the standard selection screen. the name of the report variant must begin with 'U_USERNAME'. Procedure When you execute the function. if no individual selection screen has been defined for the user under their user name. For more information about working with lists. If you want to define an individual selection screen for each user. The name of the selection variant is always 'SAP_TCODE_XXXX'. The user can call up the function 'Settings' from the list. see "PM . and then choosing 'Settings' -> 'Display variants' in the list. The selection screen defined by you is only then proposed by the system. The individual user maintains the user-specific selection variants by calling up and executing the individual transaction. XXXX stands for the relevant application transaction.

The selection screen defined by you is only then proposed by the system. the current month). and the user-specific selection screen should be proposed automatically when the report is called up. you would enter the variable 'current month'. you reach the initial screen with all the selection fields. In this case. but is not ready for input. The attributes have the following meaning: • Protected This means that this field is displayed in the selection screen. For example. This selection screen is then always proposed if no individual selection screen has been defined for the user under the name 'U_USERNAME'. you have a selection field with a value which should not be changed by the user. By choosing 'Continue'. There you can define the standard selection screen. • Invisible This means that this field is hidden in the selection screen and cannot be used as a selection criterion. The current month would therefore be proposed as a selection criterion. you reach an additional window. For example. Page 20 of 85 . you reach another screen in which you can specify attributes for the selections fields.You usually find the functions: • • • Selection screen list display mode Selection screen list change mode Maintain field selection list When you choose selection fields. • Variable This means that this field is given a variable. Note Each user can also create their own selection screen. the name of the report variant must begin with 'U_USERNAME'. Maintenance of selection variants When you execute the function. if no individual selection screen has been defined for the user under their user name. If you want to define an individual selection screen for each user. in which you must mark 'Variant for all selection screens'. if the selection is always performed using a certain call horizon (for example. not a concrete value.

and then choosing 'Settings' -> 'Display variants' in the list. The user can call up the function 'Settings' from the list. You can determine for each of the warranty categories whether warranties of this warranty category can be classified using the classification system. see "PM . Classification of warranties is useful when you want to manage several warranties and grouping warranties by means of the classification system makes it easier to find individual warranties. Note that the setting you make here for the field selection becomes a presetting. Setting the field selection settings You maintain the field selection for the list by executing the report. Searching via warranty types is possible via matchcodes. which facilitates the broad structuring of warranties alongside the classification system. Maintenance or user-specific selection screens This function is not set using Customizing. You can make settings for warranties that you can use. a distinction is made between two warranty categories. and generate their own selection screen there using the function 'Set variants'. Page 21 of 85 . The individual user maintains the user-specific selection variants by calling up and executing the individual transaction. Standard Settings In the standard system.The name of the selection variant is always 'SAP_TCODE_XXXX'. which is always called up for the user after saving for subsequent transactions used. as well as for warranties that you give to your contractual partners. The system thereby automatically generates the variant 'U_USERNAME'. Warranties In this section. XXXX stands for the relevant application transaction. Check Warranty Categories In this step you check the warranty category .Cross-Application Functions" in the R/3 library. you make the settings for the warranties. Remember that you can define various warranty types. For more information about working with lists. which is then always used if the individual user has not defined their own field selection.

you are the guarantor. at present. if you are never the warrantee. Delete warranty category 'O'. if you never want to manage warranties that you make available to your customers using your customer equipment. Standard Settings When creating the warranty types.For warranty category 'I'. you can define number ranges for the individual warranty types . manufacturer warranties from vendor warranties. For warranty category 'O'. Define Warranty Types In this section. • Delete warranty category 'I'. you will see some fields which are not ready for input. or you do not want to manage these warranties at your equipment. be maintained. These fields are reserved for future developments and cannot. You have the following options for assigning numbers: • internal number assignment Page 22 of 85 . • Activities 1. you are the warrantee. Check the delivered warranty categories. Define Number Ranges for Warranty Types In this step. you can define your own warranty types. Determine for each warranty category whether you want to use the Classification System for warranties of the corresponding warranty category. Activities Define your warranty types. 2. Each warranty type must be allocated to a warranty category. Notes You should change the settings only if you do not want to use one of the warranty types. for example. Allocate each warranty type to a warranty category. Example You can use several warranty types for a warranty category to distinguish.

You transport number range objects as follows: In the initial screen. The number statuses are imported with their values at the time of export. Note that all intervals for the selected number range object are deleted in the target system first. Page 23 of 85 . only the intervals you export are present. numbers are assigned automatically by the SAP system. you can define defaults for the transactions: Create master warranty Change master warranty Display master warranty You can define here which • • • • warranty type is to be proposed. Dependent tables are not transported or converted. Maintain the defaults for the master warranties. Activities Check which screen comes next for the individual transactions of your business requirements. • external number assignment With external number assignment. or whether the initial screen is to be skipped when the transaction is called. whether the activity overview screen or the detail screen for entering a warranty with counters should be displayed. The number range 02 must be created. define an internal or external number range. Activities For each warranty type. After the import. choose Interval -> Transport. The number range 01 must be created. numbers are assigned manually by the user.With internal number assignment. Maintain Transaction Start Default Values for Sample Warranties In this step.

Additional information It is possible to transport settings into another client or SAP system. Note You must make these settings when you set up performance based warranties. Partners In this section. but remember that this should be done only if the characteristics in the target system correspond exactly to the characteristics defined here.Define Warranty Counters In this step you can define warranty counters and specify one warranty counter as a default counter. you adapt the presettings for the field selection for list display of partner data to your requirements. Activities Define the warranty counters. • • • • The following partner types are defined in the system: Customer (customer number) Contact person Vendor (vendor number) Page 24 of 85 . This counter will be copied automatically when you create a master warranty. you define the partners for service and maintenance processing. The settings apply to partner data for: • • • • Functional locations Equipment Notifications Orders Define Partner Determination Procedure and Partner Function In this step.

you define the partner determination procedure under Technical objects -> Equipment . operator with the partner functions. Here you define which role should be assigned to a particular function (for example. order types. Define the partner functions and partner determination procedures. • A group of partners (processor. For example. and partner determination procedures predefined by SAP as a reference. Activities 1. You therefore assign an appropriate partner determination procedure to each notification type and order type. • For pieces of equipment. final customer. you can assign the partner type "Customer" (with customer master and customer number) to the partner function "Sold-to-party". Assign a partner determination procedure to each notification type and order type and name the corresponding partner functions for the header screens of the notifications and orders. and whether it is obligatory. person responsible) belongs to each notification type and order type. employee responsible). You also assign the partner functions to each notification type and order type. you can use the notification types. Recommendation Use the partner determination procedures contained in the standard system and their assignments to notification types and order types. 2. customer. If you want to use your own partner determination procedures.• • • • • User Personnel number Organizational unit Position You can define partner functions centrally for all the applications in Logistics and assign a particular partner type to these.Assign partner determination procedure to equipment category . You can synchronise the functions Vendor. You can define whether a particular role in the notification or order should be changeable. current customer. • • You can define partner determination procedures and assign any number of partner functions to each one. Page 25 of 85 .

Here you can define the layout of maintenance lists or the structure display by numbering the fields which should appear in the lists or by marking them as 'suppressed'. If you do not set the indicator. still add new partners to the notification and order. You can make this assignment unique for each partner profile and each partner function. of course. you can. Recommendation You can use this indicator to reduce the manual maintenance requirements for maintaining partner data in the processing of maintenance and service tasks. Define Field Selection for List Display of Customer Data In this step you can define the fields and their sequence for customer data list displays. you can maintain partners for: • • • Functional locations Equipment Serial numbers The partner functions can be copied fron the master data objects in: • • Notifications Orders Special case: Service Management and SD delivery Partner functions indicated here are copied from SD deliveries in the serial number master records. you can still copy the partners in the notification or in the order using the function code or maintain new partners manually. In the master data. Page 26 of 85 .Copy Partner Functions to Master and Movement Data In this work step. If the indicator is set. you can define which of your partner functions should be copied automatically into the corresponding movement data. The fields that you choose at this point are used for the field selection.

Define Field Selection for List Display of Vendor Data In this step you can define the fields and their sequence for vendor data list displays. the field with the number '2' second. and so on. he can only use those fields which are numbered and those marked as 'not suppressed' for this purpose. If a user does not define his own field selection. Numbering fields defines the sequence in the list.Numbering fields defines the sequence in the list. An individual can define his own user-specific list from the field list you have defined. If you provide fields with a number. If you provide fields with a number. Notes • The individual user cannot activate fields which are selected as 'suppressed' for his userspecific field selection. the fields you have activated will be displayed to him. these fields are displayed to the user in the relevant application transactions in the lists. However. • • • Activities Define the fields and their sequence for customer data list displays. so that the field with the number '1' appears first in the list. If a user does not define his own field selection. An individual can define his own user-specific list from the field list you have defined. the fields you have activated will be displayed to him. and so on. these fields are displayed to the user in the relevant application transactions in the lists. However. the field with the number '2' second. The fields that you choose at this point are used for the field selection. he can only use those fields which are numbered and those marked as 'not suppressed' for this purpose. • • • Page 27 of 85 . Here you can define the layout of maintenance lists or the structure display by numbering the fields which should appear in the lists or by marking them as 'suppressed'. so that the field with the number '1' appears first in the list. Notes • The individual user cannot activate fields which are selected as 'suppressed' for his userspecific field selection.

these fields are displayed to the user in the relevant application transactions in the lists. he can only use those fields which are numbered and those marked as 'not suppressed' for this purpose. Numbering fields defines the sequence in the list. Define Field Selection for List Display of Contact People In this step you can define the fields and their sequence for contact person list displays. the field with the number '2' second. Here you can define the layout of maintenance lists or the structure display by numbering the fields which should appear in the lists or by marking them as 'suppressed'. If a user does not define his own field selection. An individual can define his own user-specific list from the field list you have defined. so that the field with the number '1' appears first in the list. the field with the number '2' second. Page 28 of 85 . Here you can define the layout of maintenance lists or the structure display by numbering the fields which should appear in the lists or by marking them as 'suppressed'. Notes • The individual user cannot activate fields which are selected as 'suppressed' for his userspecific field selection. and so on. so that the field with the number '1' appears first in the list. Define Field Selection for List Display of Personnel Data In this step you can define the fields and their sequence for HR data list displays. The fields that you choose at this point are used for the field selection. The fields that you choose at this point are used for the field selection.Activities Define the fields and their sequence for vendor data list displays. • • • Activities Define the fields and their sequence for HR data list displays. However. and so on. If you provide fields with a number. the fields you have activated will be displayed to him. Numbering fields defines the sequence in the list.

and so on. Here you can define the layout of maintenance lists or the structure display by numbering the fields which should appear in the lists or by marking them as 'suppressed'. An individual can define his own user-specific list from the field list you have defined. The fields that you choose at this point are used for the field selection. so that the field with the number '1' appears first in the list. he can only use those fields which are numbered and those marked as 'not suppressed' for this purpose. However. these fields are displayed to the user in the relevant application transactions in the lists. If a user does not define his own field selection. the field with the number '2' second. the fields you have activated will be displayed to him. these fields are displayed to the user in the relevant application transactions in the lists.Notes • The individual user cannot activate fields which are selected as 'suppressed' for his userspecific field selection. Notes • The individual user cannot activate fields which are selected as 'suppressed' for his userspecific field selection. the fields you have activated will be displayed to him. If you provide fields with a number. However. • • • Activities Define the fields and their sequence for contact person list displays. If a user does not define his own field selection. An individual can define his own user-specific list from the field list you have defined. • • • Page 29 of 85 . Define Field Selection for List Display of Organizational Units In this step you can define the fields and their sequence for the list display of organizational units. Numbering fields defines the sequence in the list. If you provide fields with a number. he can only use those fields which are numbered and those marked as 'not suppressed' for this purpose.

and so on. Define Field Selection for List Display of Positions In this step you can define the fields and their sequence for the list display of positions. Define Field Selection for List Display of User Data In this step you can define the fields and their sequence for user data list displays. If a user does not define his own field selection. Notes • The individual user cannot activate fields which are selected as 'suppressed' for his userspecific field selection. However. The fields that you choose at this point are used for the field selection. so that the field with the number '1' appears first in the list. he can only use those fields which are numbered and those marked as 'not suppressed' for this purpose. the field with the number '2' second. Page 30 of 85 . these fields are displayed to the user in the relevant application transactions in the lists. Here you can define the layout of maintenance lists or the structure display by numbering the fields which should appear in the lists or by marking them as 'suppressed'.Activities Define the fields and their sequence for the list display of organizational units. and so on. An individual can define his own user-specific list from the field list you have defined. Here you can define the layout of maintenance lists or the structure display by numbering the fields which should appear in the lists or by marking them as 'suppressed'. the fields you have activated will be displayed to him. • • • Activities Define the fields and their sequence for the list display of positions. Numbering fields defines the sequence in the list. If you provide fields with a number. the field with the number '2' second. The fields that you choose at this point are used for the field selection. Numbering fields defines the sequence in the list. so that the field with the number '1' appears first in the list.

If you provide fields with a number. An individual can define his own user-specific list from the field list you have defined. Numbering fields defines the sequence in the list. However. However. If a user does not define his own field selection. Here you can define the layout of maintenance lists or the structure display by numbering the fields which should appear in the lists or by marking them as 'suppressed'. The fields that you choose at this point are used for the field selection. Define Field Selection for List Display of Address Data In this step you can define the fields and their sequence for address data list displays. If you provide fields with a number. • • • Activities Define the fields and their sequence for user data list displays. he can only use those fields which are numbered and those marked as 'not suppressed' for this purpose. • • • Page 31 of 85 . Notes • The individual user cannot activate fields which are selected as 'suppressed' for his userspecific field selection. he can only use those fields which are numbered and those marked as 'not suppressed' for this purpose. the fields you have activated will be displayed to him. these fields are displayed to the user in the relevant application transactions in the lists. the fields you have activated will be displayed to him. An individual can define his own user-specific list from the field list you have defined. so that the field with the number '1' appears first in the list. the field with the number '2' second. these fields are displayed to the user in the relevant application transactions in the lists. If a user does not define his own field selection.Notes • The individual user cannot activate fields which are selected as 'suppressed' for his userspecific field selection. and so on.

Field Selection for Partner Addresses You can use this step to define which fields should be displayed for creating or changing an address for each partner function. Note that having a large number of search helps can impair system performance. You can find information about the functions for search help maintenance in the R/3 Library under Basis -> ABAP Development Workbench -> ABAP Dictionary -> Search Help. Activities 1. The field selection for each partner function is valid in both notifications and orders. It is not possible to distinguish between the field selections for creating and changing. You can deactivate search helps that you do not use. Recommendation To maintain the search help functions. Standard Settings The search helps provided in the standard system will suffice in many cases. Create Transaction Variant Search Helps in Plant Maintenance and Customer Service In this step. It is advisable to display a transaction variant using only one screen variant. you learn how to revise or redefine the available search helps (previously known as matchcodes). add the search helps for the relevant search help objects. Check which search helps you want to use for your work area. Check whether the search helps in the standard system are sufficient for your requirements. Page 32 of 85 . technical knowledge of the ABAP Dictionary is required. 2. If necessary. Requirements Create the relevant transaction variant which reflects your field selection.Activities Define the fields and their sequence for address data list displays. Further Notes Search helps are created for all clients. The search help functions should be maintained by the system administration.

Define Plant Sections You define your plant sections in this step. From Release 4. The maintenance transaction AD20 is now used for search help objects. Define Types of Technical Objects In this step. This allows pieces of equipment that have the same use.0. Activities Assign a key and a description for each type of technical object. for example. • • • pieces of equipment functional locations material master records in Plant Maintenance General Data You can maintain the general data for Plant Maintenance master data in this menu option. The plant section can be used for evaluation purposes. The plant section enables you to subdivide the maintenance plant from the point of view of production responsibility. it may be necessary to structure indices for the new or changed search helps. Technical Objects In this section. you make the necessary settings for the technical objects. for example. You can assign each piece of equipment and each functional location to a type of technical object . Transaction AD21 can now be used to maintain the conventional matchcode objects. to be combined into groups. The types of technical objects are also used as a grouping instrument in fleet management. Page 33 of 85 . you define the types of technical objects. You can use this grouping for evaluating your master data or maintenance data. Every piece of equipment and functional location can be assigned to a plant section. The person responsible for the plant section is the contact for coordination between production and plant maintenance. the conventional matchcode search has been replaced by an improved search help.To improve performance. This data will then be universally valid for all the master data objects in Plant Maintenance.

Depending on the size and structure of your company. a group of skilled craftsmen or a workshop. Define Planner Groups This step allows you to define maintenance planner groups. Every piece of equipment and functional location can be allocated to a maintenance planning group. You can determine which particular values are to be valid as ABC indicators and the meaning that is given to these values. You can form object categories by means of the ABC indicator. The ABC indicator can be entered in equipment as well as functional locations . Activities Define your maintenance planner groups. Maintenance planning groups can also be used for evaluation purposes. Activities Define your plant sections. Actions Define the ABC indicators Page 34 of 85 . Planner groups or maintenance planning groups must be defined separately for each planning plant. a maintenance planning group may be an individual department (for central work preparation). Define ABC Indicators You can define your 'ABC indicators' with this step. Note You must also specify a maintenance planning group when processing maintenance tasks. The characteristics of the ABC indicator can be used as a selection criterion in evaluations.Note You can also specify a plant section when processing maintenance tasks.

The equipment must also be assigned to the two authorization groups. what are termed. The data fields for the technical objects are sorted by contents. the user may edit the object. define two authorization groups and assign these to the two users 'A' and 'B' in their user master record. pieces of equipment. the check is not carried out. These screen templates can be labeled individually using tab pages. Authorization groups are used to categorize similar objects from the point of view of authorizations. You want to ensure that a user 'A' may edit only equipment of the truck fleet.Proceed Define Authorization Groups This menu option allows you to create the authorization groups for your technical objects. For each screen group. For example. Activities Define the authorization groups for your technical objects. screen groups. There is a series of equipment in the system for both departments. there are screens for: • • General data Location data Page 35 of 85 . and a user 'B' only equipment from the production area. Note If no authorization group is entered in an object. Example You have two maintenance departments. for example. To do this. Set View Profiles for Technical Objects This step enables you to combine screen templates for technical objects. If this is the case. Each view profile enables you to assign pre-grouped and accompanying data fields to individual screen templates. truck fleet and production. you can define one or more view profiles. The two users can then only edit objects from their own user department.

Recommendation Check the standard system closely. you can determine whether the object information should be displayed • via a pushbutton or Page 36 of 85 .• • • Organizational data Structure data Fleet object data To make the tab pages visible in the maintenance transactions. for the higher-level object. or for the entire structure. structure) that is shown in a special information window. You can assign a view profile to each equipment category or functional location category. Via the parameterization of the object information. Furthermore. you can define whether the notification and order information should be displayed • • • for a technical object. and each fleet object type. the object information contains history data from the PM Information System and data from the notifications and orders carried out. Furthermore. functional location. An object information key can be assigned to • • • • functional location categories equipment categories notification types PM order types Via the parameterization of the object information key. you determine the data of a technical object (equipment. Define Object Information Keys In this step you can define different object information keys. they must be labeled as active.

automatically when object information is selected for the object specified.

To activate the display depending on notification and order data, you can define threshold values which are used to select historical data through the PM Information System. When one of the threshold values is reached, the object information is displayed and is indicated with the symbol @03@ in the object information mask.

Example
You want to make sure that object information is always displayed if a contract is created for an object or if at least 5 notifications or at least 4 orders were carried out in the last 365 days. The system should take the last 365 days as well as completed notifications into account when selecting notifications. Completed and outstanding notifications should be displayed in the object information. To do this, you need to make the following settings. • • • • • • • • Mark the field automatically. Mark the field Contract. Enter 365 in the field No. days for notifications in the information system. Enter 5 for NotifsCreated. Enter 4 for Orders created. Enter 365 for Notifications selection as well. Mark the field SelComplNotifs. Mark OutstdgNotifs and CompletedNotifs to display the last notifications in the object information.

Further Information Object information is always automatically shown when one of the threshold values defined above is reached. The object information can continue to be included automatically, if: • • • the outstanding notifications indicator contract indicator completed notifications

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• •

contract indicator or classification is set automatically.

Further Notes
In the data fields for classification, you can specify the views in classification whose data should be displayed in the object information. Note that the views for each class type can be defined freely in Customizing. For this reason, no F4 Help is possible. Here, you can check the You can maintain three fields for the classification: Automatic view: When you enter the number of a view in this field, the object information is included automatically if a characteristic of the class of the reference object is assigned to the chosen view. Display view: In this field, you can enter the view of a class whose characteristics should be entered in the object information screen. These characteristics are indicated with the symbol @03@. By selecting the characteristics field, the features of the characteristics are entered in the object information. You should use the standard class types of your objects for the object information. Customizing of class types.

Information system and notification selection fields
Note that a search will be performed via the PM Information System and also via the notification file if the fields for notification selection are marked. If you select the field 'SelComplNotifs', completed notifications will also be selected from the notification file. The entries in the next line refer to the display of the notifications selected. You can define there whether the object information display is to contain outstanding and/or completed notifications

Define Selection Procedure for Structural Display and BOMs

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Here you can define how the display programs for the structural display of hierarchies and bills of material obtain the data. The settings are only used for performance and do not influence the scope of the data displayed.

Example
You have defined very broad and deep structures for your functional locations. If a user chooses the stuctural display of a functional location as far as the fourth level, the next level down is read automatically by the program. This means that under certain circumstances tree-type structures may take much longer to read which adversely affects performance. The same also applies for BOM structures. If a user chooses a bill of material, normally the complete bill of material is imported with all the sub-nodes.

Standard Settings
In the standard setting, more data is read than the user originally selected. If you have performance problems with your system for the structural display or listing of BOM hierarchies, you can set the program up so that only the list selected by the user is read. For BOM structures and functional location structures, only the desired levels are read and expanded.

Further Notes
This setting applies for all clients. For this reason, you can only maintain one entry.

Functional Locations
You will find all the actions required for the implementation of the functional locations and reference functional locations in this step.

Create Structure Indicator for Reference Locations/Functional Locations
You can define your structure indicators for functional locations and reference functional locations in this step. The structure indicator determines the edit mask and the number of the hierarchy levels when you create functional loction structures. The edit mask defines: • the total length of the functional location number

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• •

the lengths of the individual blocks of the functional location number the characters allowed

Numbers Numbers --> Edit mask N Letters Letters --> Edit mask A Numbers and letters Numbers and letters --> Edit mask X

Note
• • The characters allowed can be defined by field. Once a functional location has been created for a particular structure indicator, the edit mask can no longer be changed.

Activities
Define the possible edit masks for functional locations and reference functional locations.

Alternative Labeling of Functional Locations
In this step you can define whether you want to use alternative labeling systems for functional locations. Example You use a graphical information system in which the functional locations are managed using different labels or numbers to those in the R/3 System. You want it to be possible for specific users to address the same functional location using the label from the graphical information system. A different label should be available for other users. In the following settings, you can define whether different labeling systems are permitted for functional locations, and if so, how many. Technical Information These functions can be used to ensure that the key for the functional location is not linked to the display of the label on the screen. This means that you can address the same functional location using different labels.

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Recommendation To optimize performance. This should be the system used by the majority of users. you can define alternative labeling systems and give a corresponding description.For this. each user can select one of the labeling systems and save it in their own personal user profile. Page 41 of 85 . One of the labeling systems must also be selected as a primary labeling system. The labeling history enables the interpretation of historical location labels in non-changeable documents outside the R/3 System. the length of the label for the functional location is increased from 30 to 40 characters and can be changed. When these functions are activated. Define Labeling Systems for Functional Locations In this step. You can also define whether the labels should be checked for uniqueness across all labeling systems. You want it to be possible for specific users to address the same functional location with the label from the geographical information system. Technical Information This functionality is made possible by the key of the functional location which is not dependent on the representation of the label on the screen. Activate Alternative Labeling In this step. the program uses an internal. When maintaining the functional locations. you should execute program RI_IFLOT2IFLOS after activating alternative labeling. A different label should be available for other users. you can activate alternative labeling for functional locations. Standard Settings Alternative labeling is not active in the standard system. Example You are using a geographical information system. unique number that is not transparent for the end-user. the system automatically creates a labeling history and prevents historical labels from being reused without this first being checked. When the label is changed. Uniqueness is always checked within any individual labeling system. in which the functional locations are managed using different labels and/or numbers to those in the R/3 System. This means that you can address the same functional location using different labels. the program uses an internal. unique number that is not transparent for the end-user. For this.

Further Notes When creating a functional location. However. only one feature is defined for one of these parameters. for example. structure indicator and location category. For example. If the user has not created their own profile. Therefore. Example You have three filling machines with the same structure in your company. 2 and 3. if in Customizing. for example. Changes to PM data. TPLNR_2 and TPLNR_3 are delivered with the relevant conversion routines in the standard system.The users can switch between the different labeling systems by means of user profiles. only have to be made once to the reference functional location. you should not define as many labeling systems. Recommendation For labeling systems 1. Solution: You create a reference functional location for a filling machine. you should not work with an unnecessary number of alternative labeling systems. the user must normally assign a labeling system. For each category of reference functional location you can define the following: • • the status profile the default value for categories These changes are then valid for all the 'genuine' functional locations that are derived from this reference functional location. You can define various categories of reference functional locations here. to the structure or to the technical data just once in the system. The actual functional locations or the actual filling machines are created with reference to the reference functional location "Filling machine". Define Category of Reference Functional Location Reference functional locations help you to save time when entering locations. then the corresponding entry field is hidden automatically by the system and completed internally. Note You should always use reference functional locations when you use several systems of the same category and you want to represent them with functional locations. These filling machines are to be managed in the system with three different functional locations. the domains TPLNR_1. then they automatically work with the primary labeling system. You can use these domains to access specific labeling systems in list reports and print programs. if you are using several CAD systems. In the case of changes which affect all three filling machines the Page 42 of 85 . You want to enter changes made by the manufacturer.

The fields that you choose at this point are used for the field selection. Actions Define the categories for the reference functional locations. the categories of the functional locations can be different. Numbering fields defines the sequence in the list. Notes • The individual user cannot activate fields which are selected as 'suppressed' for his userspecific field selection. If a user does not define his own field selection. you do not need to create any new categories of reference functional location. When the reference functional location is changed the actual functional locations. When a reference functional location refers to 'genuine' functional locations. Here you can define the layout of maintenance lists or the structure display by numbering the fields which should appear in the lists or by marking them as 'suppressed'. he can only use those fields which are numbered and those marked as 'not suppressed' for this purpose. the field with the number '2' second. these fields are displayed to the user in the relevant application transactions in the lists. the fields you have activated will be displayed to him.reference functional location is always changed. If you provide fields with a number. If you do not need a particular kind of field selection in the case of reference functional locations. the actual filling machines. However. An individual can define his own user-specific list from the field list you have defined. • • • Activities Define the appearance of the structural display for your reference functional locations. Define Structural Display for Reference Functional Locations In this step you define the appearance of the structural display for reference functional locations. Page 43 of 85 . so that the field with the number '1' appears first in the list. are also changed automatically. and so on. in other words. Recommendation The reference functional location category is used only for field selection.

the system tries to assign values to the mandatory partner functions (e. the field selection also has its own transaction with different screens.g.Define Category of Functional Location You can create different functional location categories in this step. Page 44 of 85 . For this reason. The field selection for functional locations and equipment can be defined together. Here you maintain the data fields for the reference functional location. you can define the field selection for reference functional locations. The programs for functional locations and equipment master records were remodelled for version 4. Note for the allocation of the partner determination procedure When you allocate a partner determination procedure. Partner functions that are not identified as mandatory roles in the partner determination procedure are not assigned values by the application programs. Activities Define your categories of functional locations. you only define the possible partner functions.5. a vendor number). You can define the following for each functional location category: • • • • • • status profile partner determination procedure default value for categories field selection whether change documents are created a key defining the appearance of the dialog box for the object information. Define Field Selection for Data Screen for Reference Functional Locations In this step. Note that this relates exclusively to data fields for reference functional locations. If you have defined mandatory functions in a partner determination procedure.

you must group equipments you wish to manage under the SAP system in accordance with the criteria above and define characteristics for each equipment category. Maintain Equiment Category In this step you define the description for an equipment category and assign a reference category to this equipment category. Equipment Categories You must allocate an equipment category to every equipment master record that you create. The following control characteristics are available: • View profile for master data maintenance Page 45 of 85 . Using the control characteristics.Equipment In this step you configure the equipment master records. You determine the features of an equipment master by its equipment category. You use the equipment category to define the characteristics for an equipment master record. you can decide how many and which equipment categories you require. Adapt the equipment categories configured to your company's requirements or define new categories if required. Decide which equipment categories you need to create on the basis of the control features: • • • • • • • • screen sequence during the maintenance of master data number interval and number assignment ongoing usage history option of installation at functional locations documents verifying changes to master data use as a production resource/tool status profile equipment texts in several languages In the following steps.

other data for internal enhancements. Define Additional Business Views for Equipment Categories In this step. 2. You can activate or deactivate the following views. However.• Number interval and number assignment (you can choose between numerical and alphanumerical numbers) Update of a usage history Installation options at functional locations Verification documents for master data changes Usage as production resources/tools Status profile Equipment texts in several languages • • • • • • Notes You must define for each equipment category whether a usage history should be written. The views represent additional data screens for the equipment master record. 3. these assignments are used solely to enable the system to be operated more easily. In addition to the view profile. Enter the descriptions for your equipment categories. Field selection is defined using the equipment reference categories. Specify the indicators for your equipment categories. which provides you with a user-friendly set-up of the screen templates. you can also assign additional equipment views to each equipment category. or sales data which is only required in special cases for equipment maintenance. • • Sales data view PRT view Page 46 of 85 . for example. you can define other views for each equipment category. Activities 1. a deactivated view can always be reactivated again for each equipment master record. Assign a reference category to each equipment category. It is therefore an uncritical setting that can be canceled at any time.

Page 47 of 85 . Activities 1. The same number ranges can be shared by several equipment categories. If the views are deactivated. • external number assignment In this case. you do not need to use a descriptive external number as a general rule. You have the following options: • internal number assigmnent In this case. the SAP System assigns the numbers. Notes You can change the views at any time. You can define both an internal and an external range for each equipment category.1I) is replaced by the settings options for views. The rigid assignment between reference equipment category and screen sequence (up to Version 3. However. Define the number assignment category (internal and/or external) for each equipment category.• • • Equipment configuration Serial data view View for other data If you activate a view. you must call them up explicitly using one of the function keys. Define Number Ranges In this step you can define the number assignment category in the step equipment categories . the assigned data fields and screens can be automatically maintained. Activities Define the possible views for each equipment category by activating or deactivating the views. Recommendation SAP recommend that you use internal number assignment. you can maintain the data fields and screens. You must allocate a unique number for each equipment master record. As you can select pieces of equipment according to different criteria using matchcodes . the user assigns the numbers.

Settings for Fleet Management In this section. you want to use technical objects to: • • Represent fleets of vehicles with specific vehicle data Perform consumption calculations Assign View Profile and Equipment Categories to Fleet Object Types In this step. 3. Dependent tables are not transported or converted. for example. The number statuses are imported with their values at the time of export. this is proposed automatically when a new fleet object is created. which defines the screen template layout for the fleet object-specific data. you define different types of fleet objects. After the import. When creating a fleet object. If you only define one equipment category for each fleet object type. you can make settings for fleet management. Note. that in this setting undefined equipment categories can be used for fleet objects. Page 48 of 85 . Set up a group for each different number interval. You should use fleet management if. You can still define equipment categories allowed for the fleet object types. Define the number interval for each group. choose Interval -> Transport. only the intervals you export are present. for example: • • • • Heavy goods vehicles Cars Fork-lift trucks Trailers An individual view profile. Allocate each equipment category to a group. You transport number range objects as follows: In the initial screen. Note that all intervals for the selected number range object are deleted in the target system first. however. 4. the system highlights the incompatibility with a warning message. can be assigned to each of these fleet object types.2.

whether a fleet object can be used: • • • • Exclusively for business Privately and for business As company transport For Executive Board purposes and so on. The usage type can be freely defined by you. Example Here you can define. you can configure the screen templates differently for fork-lift trucks and heavy goods vehicles differently. It is considered as a criterion for usage-related categorization. Define Consumable Types In this step. you can define that a particular fleet object requires: • • • Lead-free petrol A certain type of engine oil A certain type of gear lubricant oil Further Notes The settings are used solely for checking the permitted values and can be used for reporting functions. Define Usage Types for Fleet Objects In this work step. for example. Page 49 of 85 . Requirements The fleet object types must be defined in Customizing first as types of technical object. You can assign three consumable types to each fleet object. you can define different usage types for fleet objects. you can define consumable types. Example For example.Example For example.

Example For example.for example. you can make the settings for determining the energy and fuel consumption of your fleet objects. Energy consumption for fleet objects can be calculated based on: • • Time . Note that the common ways in which energy consumption is measured are already contained in the standard settings. liters per hour Distance . Make Settings for Units of Measurement for Monitoring of Consumption In this step.for example. Further Notes The settings are used solely for checking the permitted values and can be used for reporting functions. The engine type can be defined freely by you.Further Notes The settings are used solely for checking the permitted values and can be used for reporting functions. you can define different engine types for fleet objects. you can define the following engine types for fleet objects: • • • • Electric Diesel 4-cylinder petrol 6-cylinder petrol and so on. liters per 100 km Page 50 of 85 . Define Engine Types for Fleet Objects In this step. It is intended as a criterion for usage-related categorization. The design of the settings is outlined below.

Nevertheless. miles per gallon).However. To calculate the consumption. consumption is represented as volume consumption per unit of time. For example. and as a basis for evaluation for the information system. You enter this counter in the column 'Fuel'. and you only need to make the relevant assignments. you must define here which fleet object counter is used for calculating the consumption. There is no reason to do this for fuel consumption. this would be miles per gallon (MPG). you do not have to make any changes. whereas in the United States.6A. the latter is still a distance-based calculation. but should be considered for your Customizing activities in the future. This unit must first be assigned to a unit group. the representation of consumption can vary in different countries. On the detail screen. and you must then only change them if you have defined a new unit of measurement for consumption. You can assign any number of counters to a fleet object. distance per unit of volume consumption). Generally. The measurement positions are used to perform fleet object-specific calculations. such as those for consumption. You have thereby defined the first basis of measurement for calculating the consumption. volume consumption per unit of distance) are grouped together with the display units of the inverse dimension (for example. Define Calculation Method for Fleet Consumption Values Here you can define the procedures for how the consumption values for fleet objects are calculated. liters / 100 km. which contain special functions for fleet management. Note that the most commonly used procedures are already delivered in the standard system. The last two points have not been developed for Version 4. All display units of the same dimension (for example. to create measuring points automatically. you can assign the accompanying display units to a unit group. or per unit of distance. Technically speaking. you can create special measurement positions. you would define for Europe that fleet object consumption is usually specified in liters per 100 km. First you define the unit required (for example. You can also find both these settings in the first table. You can assign certain attributes to each measurement position. Define Special Measurement Positions for Fleet Objects In this step. Page 51 of 85 . Standard Settings Check the standard settings.

If you select the influencing fields. The required display unit must be assigned to a unit group. The following display units are provided: • • • • Liters per 100 km Miles per US gallon Liters per hour US gallons per hour The next two settings define the period of time. Set Field Selection for Specific Fields in Fleet Management In this step. for which the system should analyze service and consumption. to which the vehicle consumption measured refers.g. For this reason. you can enter the primary counter. You have the option of specifying a value in days for a short-term analysis and a long-term analysis. you can find fields on the list which enable object-related field selection. You only have to make the relevant assignments.In another column. are summarized into individual screen modification groups (e. Modifiable and influencing fields are defined for each screen modification group: Page 52 of 85 . The fields provided here are specific data fields from the equipment master record for fleet management. for which a field selection is possible. General Information on Field Selection All screens. Requirements The counters and dimensions must be maintained completely. you should always consider influencing values. all detail screens for the confirmation of a maintenance order). Standard Settings One entry is available for each standard calculation method. you can define the field selection for the equipment master record. The primary counter is the vehicle counter used to measure the distance or operating time.

Save your inputs.• For the modifiable fields. All of the fields. for which you wish to assign a value. 2. Double-click on the influencing field. Place the cursor on a screen modification group. that the work center is a required entry for a certain order type). 4. you specify how the modifiable screen is represented in the screen. and press New Values. Place the cursor on a screen modification group. 5. to which you wish to assign a concrete value. Press the function key Influencing. Press the function key Modifiable. 3. use indicators to specify how the individual fields in the screen are represented: The field is ready for input (default setting) The field requires an input (required field) The field is only displayed The field is suppressed The field is highlighted • • • • • If. you must maintain the work center for all confirmations. Maintain other values for the influencing field or choose other fields using the function key Influencing. Maintain a value in the field Influence value and the corresponding indicator for the modifiable fields. 7. 6. 1. Place the cursor on a screen modification group. All of the fields. Your Options for Defining the Field Selection You maintain the indicators of the modifiable fields. 3. in the list and detail screens of the confirmation in the order. 2. 4. A dialog box appears on the screen. Press Enter.g. which you can modify for this screen modification group. 2. Place the cursor on a influencing field. • For the influencing fields. All fields. Press the function key Modifiable. You maintain a influencing value for an influencing field and then the indicators for the modifiable fields 1. appear on the screen. independently of a influencing value 1. The inputs are copied. You maintain an indicator for a modifiable field and specify the values of the influencing fields. Page 53 of 85 . appear on the screen. All influencing fields appear on the screen. for which you can enter influencing values. you specify that the work center is a required entry. for example. appear on the screen. depending on a value (e. for which you wish to maintain influencing values. which can be modified depending on the influencing value. Double-click on a modifiable field.

The medium indicates the kind of link (electricity. Note You should also supply a descriptive text for each medium. and press Continue. as this will be displayed in the associated transactions. The values are copied. Object Links In this menu option you can make the settings for the object links. Define Number Ranges for Object Links Use this menu option to define the number ranges for object links . the numbers are assigned automatically by the SAP system. You can enter the material number for an object link for informative purposes in the field provided. Define Media for Object Links In this step you can define the media that are allowed for object links. Maintain the value and indicator for the influencing field. Only one particular type of coolant is allowed in this cooling system. The number range 01 must be created. You have the following options: • internal number assignment With internal number assignment. gas.) and you can define it freely. 6. and so you enter the number of the permitted coolant in the "Material" field. telecommunications cable etc. Save your inputs. Object Links In this menu option you can make the settings for the object links. Example You are defining a medium for a cooling system. • external number assignment Page 54 of 85 .5. Activities Define the media for your object links.

Page 55 of 85 . Mit 'Weiter' gelangen Sie auf eine weitere Maske. In der Regel finden Sie die Funktionen • • • Selektionsbild Liste Anzeigemodus Selektionsbild Liste Änderungsmodus Feldauswahl Liste pflegen. The number statuses are imported with their values at the time of export.With external number assignment. You transport number range objects as follows: In the initial screen. only the intervals you export are present. choose Interval -> Transport. die Selektionsfelder mit konkreten Werten belegen und die Feldauswahl für die Listdarstellung vornehmen. erhalten Sie eine Maske. Die Attribute haben folgende Bedeutung: • Geschützt Dies bedeutet. Bei der Auswahl der Selektionsfelder erhalten Sie ein weiteres Fenster. auf der Sie mehrere Selektionsmöglichkeiten haben. daß dieses Feld auf der Selektionsmaske angezeigt wird. Beispielsweise haben Sie ein Selektionsfeld mit einem Wert belegt. der vom Anwender nicht verändert werden soll. The number range 02 must be created. Vorgehensweise Wenn Sie die Funktion ausführen. Dependent tables are not transported or converted. in der Sie bestimmte Attribute für die Selektionsfelder vergeben können. auf dem Sie das Feld 'Variante für alle Selektionsbilder' ankreuzen müssen. jedoch nicht eingabebereit ist. After the import. Set List Editing for Object Links from Equipment Sie können hier die möglichen Selektionsfelder festlegen. depending on whether you require internal or external number assignment. Activities Define the number ranges for your object links. the numbers are assigned manually by the user. Note that all intervals for the selected number range object are deleted in the target system first.

Pflege der Selektionsvarianten Wenn Sie die Funktion ausführen. Das von Ihnen hier definierte Selektionsbild wird nur dann vom System vorgeschlagen.• Unsichtbar Dies bedeutet. Page 56 of 85 . Damit würde automatisch der aktuelle Monat als Selektionskriterium vorgeschlagen. Wenn Sie für jeden Anwender ein individuelles Selektionsbild definieren wollen und das anwenderindividuelle Selektionsbild beim Aufruf des Reports automatisch vorgeschlagen werden soll. Beispielsweise soll die Selektion immer über einen bestimmten Zeithorizont (z. Hinweis Jeder Anwender kann sich zusätzlich sein eigenes Selektionsbild erstellen. indem Sie den Report ausführen und auf der Liste den Menüpfad 'Einstellungen' -> 'Anzeigevarianten' -> 'Verwaltung' ausführen. Das System generiert dabei automatisch die Variante 'U_BENUTZERNAME'. In diesem Fall würden Sie die Variable 'Aktueller Monat' eintragen. daß dieses Feld auf der Selektionsmaske ausgeblendet wird und als Selektionskriterium nicht einsetzbar ist. sondern mit einer Variablen belegt wird.B. indem er die einzelne Transaktion aufruft und ausführt. den aktuellen Monat) durchgeführt werden. Dieses Selektionsbild wird immer dann vorgeschlagen. Aus der Liste heraus kann er die Funktion 'Einstellungen' aufrufen und dort mit der Funktion 'Varianten einstellen' sein eigenes Selektionsbild erzeugen. Damit können Sie das Standardselektionsbild definieren. wenn für den Anwender unter seinem Benutzernamen kein individuelles Selektionsbild definiert wurde. die nach dem Sichern bei späteren Transaktionsaufrufen für den Benutzer immer aufgerufen wird. Die Pflege der anwenderspezifischen Selektionsvarianten nimmt der einzelne Anwender vor. • Variable Dies bedeutet. erhalten Sie das Startbild mit allen Selektionsfeldern. muß der Name der Reportvariante mit 'U_BENUTZERNAME' beginnen. XXXX steht für die entsprechende Anwendungstransaktion. daß dieses Feld nicht mit einem konkreten Wert. Einstellungen für die Feldauswahl setzen Die Feldauswahl für die Liste pflegen Sie. wenn für den Anwender unter dem Namen 'U_BENUTZERNAME' kein individuelles Selektionsbild definiert wurde. Der Name der Selektionsvariante ist immer 'SAP_TCODE_XXXX'. Pflege der anwenderspezifischen Selektionsbilder Diese Funktion wird nicht über das Customizing eingestellt.

By choosing 'Continue'. but is not ready for input. die immer dann genutzt wird. The attributes have the following meaning: • Protected This means that this field is displayed in the selection screen. you reach another screen in which you can specify attributes for the selections fields.Bitte beachten Sie. You usually find the functions: • • • Selection screen list display mode Selection screen list change mode Maintain field selection list When you choose selection fields. Procedure When you execute the function. For example. you reach an additional window. you have a selection field with a value which should not be changed by the user. daß Sie mit der hier vorgenommenen Einstellung für die Feldauswahl eine Vorbelegung treffen. Alles zu Arbeiten mit Listen finden Sie in der R/3-Bibliothek unter "PM Anwendungsübergreifende Funktionen". not a concrete value. you reach a screen in which you have several selection options. Page 57 of 85 . Set List Editing for Object Links from Functional Locations Here. • Invisible This means that this field is hidden in the selection screen and cannot be used as a selection criterion. in which you must mark 'Variant for all selection screens'. you can define the possible selection fields which occupy selection fields with concrete values and make the field selection for the list display. wenn der einzelne Benutzer für sich keine eigene Feldauswahl definiert hat. • Variable This means that this field is given a variable.

you reach the initial screen with all the selection fields. Maintenance of selection variants When you execute the function. The system thereby automatically generates the variant 'U_USERNAME'. This selection screen is then always proposed if no individual selection screen has been defined for the user under the name 'U_USERNAME'. In this case. and the user-specific selection screen should be proposed automatically when the report is called up. Maintenance or user-specific selection screens This function is not set using Customizing. XXXX stands for the relevant application transaction.For example. Note Each user can also create their own selection screen. The user can call up the function 'Settings' from the list. Note that the setting you make here for the field selection becomes a presetting. and then choosing 'Settings' -> 'Display variants' in the list. the current month). if no individual selection screen has been defined for the user under their user name. There you can define the standard selection screen. and generate their own selection screen there using the function 'Set variants'. which is always called up for the user after saving for subsequent transactions used. the name of the report variant must begin with 'U_USERNAME'. Setting the field selection settings You maintain the field selection for the list by executing the report.Cross-Application Functions" in the R/3 library. For more information about working with lists. see "PM . If you want to define an individual selection screen for each user. The name of the selection variant is always 'SAP_TCODE_XXXX'. The individual user maintains the user-specific selection variants by calling up and executing the individual transaction. Define Transaction-Based Default Values for Object Types Page 58 of 85 . you would enter the variable 'current month'. if the selection is always performed using a certain call horizon (for example. The selection screen defined by you is only then proposed by the system. which is then always used if the individual user has not defined their own field selection. The current month would therefore be proposed as a selection criterion.

Material Data Settings for Plant Maintenance You can make the settings specific to Plant Maintenance for material master records in this step. Define Structural Display for Material Data You can make the settings for the structural display of the material master records in this step. Here you can define the layout of maintenance lists or the structure display by numbering the fields which should appear in the lists or by marking them as 'suppressed'.This step allows you to define the default values for the object types for the maintenance transactions associated with the objects in Plant Maintenance. the field with the number '2' second. Requirements You must have edited the settings for Materials Management (material master data) already before you process this step. and so on. so that the field with the number '1' appears first in the list. The fields that you choose at this point are used for the field selection. Recommendation Before you maintain the default values. This should then be set as the default value in the case of the appropriate transaction. These settings apply exclusively to the Plant Maintenance area. Requirements You must have maintained the following object categories: • • • equipment category functional location category reference functional location category Activities Define the object category default values for the maintenance transactions associated with the objects in Plant Maintenance. you should check which of the object categories that you have entered will be used most often in the productive system. Page 59 of 85 . Numbering fields defines the sequence in the list.

Procedure When you execute the function. You usually find the functions: • • • Selection screen list display mode Selection screen list change mode Maintain field selection list When you choose selection fields. the fields you have activated will be displayed to him. By choosing 'Continue'. However.Notes • The individual user cannot activate fields which are selected as 'suppressed' for his userspecific field selection. An individual can define his own user-specific list from the field list you have defined. For example. If you provide fields with a number. you reach a screen in which you have several selection options. you can define the possible selection fields which occupy selection fields with concrete values and make the field selection for the list display. The attributes have the following meaning: • Protected This means that this field is displayed in the selection screen. but is not ready for input. in which you must mark 'Variant for all selection screens'. you have a selection field with a value which should not be changed by the user. • • • Activities Define the structural display for the material data. he can only use those fields which are numbered and those marked as 'not suppressed' for this purpose. these fields are displayed to the user in the relevant application transactions in the lists. Page 60 of 85 . you reach another screen in which you can specify attributes for the selections fields. If a user does not define his own field selection. Set List Editing for Material Data Here. you reach an additional window.

if the selection is always performed using a certain call horizon (for example. The name of the selection variant is always 'SAP_TCODE_XXXX'. In this case. XXXX stands for the relevant application transaction. There you can define the standard selection screen. For example.• Invisible This means that this field is hidden in the selection screen and cannot be used as a selection criterion. which is always called up for the user after saving for subsequent transactions used. not a concrete value. you reach the initial screen with all the selection fields. • Variable This means that this field is given a variable. the current month). This selection screen is then always proposed if no individual selection screen has been defined for the user under the name 'U_USERNAME'. Page 61 of 85 . you would enter the variable 'current month'. and then choosing 'Settings' -> 'Display variants' in the list. if no individual selection screen has been defined for the user under their user name. and the user-specific selection screen should be proposed automatically when the report is called up. The current month would therefore be proposed as a selection criterion. If you want to define an individual selection screen for each user. Note Each user can also create their own selection screen. Setting the field selection settings You maintain the field selection for the list by executing the report. The individual user maintains the user-specific selection variants by calling up and executing the individual transaction. Maintenance of selection variants When you execute the function. The user can call up the function 'Settings' from the list. The selection screen defined by you is only then proposed by the system. the name of the report variant must begin with 'U_USERNAME'. and generate their own selection screen there using the function 'Set variants'. Maintenance or user-specific selection screens This function is not set using Customizing. which is then always used if the individual user has not defined their own field selection. Note that the setting you make here for the field selection becomes a presetting. The system thereby automatically generates the variant 'U_USERNAME'.

Cross-Application Functions" in the R/3 library. it may be necessary to enter equipment master records for materials that have already been serialized and delivered to customers. Examples of data fields specific to serial numbers are: • • • Location of a serialized material within the company Location of a serialized material at an external company Last business transaction which was performed for the serialized material At a later date. the company wants to know which customer received which collector type. It is therefore necessary to assign a serial number to the customer delivery in addition to the material number. In order to keep this option open at any time. if the producer of the solar collectors also has to perform maintenance activities for the customers and therefore wants to use all the functions available in the equipment master record for a serialized material. Example Company X produces three different types of solar collectors: • • • Type A Type B Type C There is a material master record for each type in the system. Page 62 of 85 . for example. You can also define one or more profiles.For more information about working with lists. and which serial number(s) of the collector type were supplied to the customer. The numbers assigned from this number range are not the serial numbers but reserved keys that stand for the combination of material number and serial number and the equipment number that may possibly be assigned. when the individual solar collectors were delivered. For control purposes. Serial Number Management In this section. see "PM . A serial number master record is created with the assignment of the serial number. you can make settings for number management. you must define a number range for serial numbers. You can maintain data fields specific to the serial number in the master record. Serial number management allows you to distinguish between individual items of a material that are managed with a single material number.

This means that you can assign a separate serial number profile to a material for each plant. A serial number profile must be assigned to each material that is to be serialized. The business operations. Note A material can only be assigned serial numbers after the required serial number profile has been entered in the material master for a specific plant. However. Define Serial Number Profiles In this step. you define the following: • • • • • • • • • Thebusiness operations for which a serialization: Can be performed Must be performed Is performed automatically Is not performed Information about whether for a business operation: Serial numbers for which no master record exists in the system can be assigned Serial numbers which already exist in the system must be entered Information about whether a stock validation is made for stock-relevant operations and how the system should deal with inconsistencies. Note that this setting can only deliver meaningful results in combination with the setting of whether an operation requires serial numbers. In a serial number profile. you define profiles. This assignment is made at plant level in the material master record. a material can have a mandatory serial number in one plant but not in others.The serial number profile defines how and under which conditions a serial number is assigned for a material. for which an equipment master record must or must not be created for each serial number The equipment category which the system should propose for the automatic assignment of serial numbers in the case of equipment master records • • Page 63 of 85 .

the system always automatically proposes the default equipment categories defined here. you define a central default equipment category for the serial number management. however. Exception If you create master records for serial numbers. you could define a movement type group here with the corresponding assignments and assign this movement type group to the required movement types in the next step. Recommendation You should only perform settings if you really require control of the serialization attributes which is specifc to the movement type.Activities Define the serial number profiles. To do this. Maintaing this setting is only necessary if you think the assignment of the serialization attributes at operation level is too rough. For certain movement types. you can define serial number usage 'can' in the serial number profile for the serialization procedure using the key 'MMSL' (maintain goods issue and receipt document). Define Serialization Attributes for Movement Types In this work step. you want to ensure that serial numbers must be used. This equipment category is proposed by the system if the system cannot find an equipment category in the serial number profile for a serialization operation. Example For example. Define Default Equipment Categories for Serial Numbers In this step. Page 64 of 85 . the system always uses the definitions from the serial number profile which are defined for each operation key. you can define the serialization attributes of individual movement types or movement type groups. Further Notes If you do not assign any movement type group to a movement type.

the internal number range of the selected equipment category will be proposed. for this to be subsequently changed. however. The numbers assigned here. Note If the lock is deactivated. For this reason. you can fill in these gaps at any time by creating the missing serial numbers manually. the system automatically updates the created serial numbers to the database when internal serial numbers are assigned. Several users can thereby create serial numbers for a material at the same time. are keys for the equipment file. Further Notes Since the indicator.The internal number range of the equipment category you selected is copied automatically. as to whether stocks should be checked for individual stocks. you can deactivate the lock. Transfer of Stock Check Indicator to Serial Numbers You must only execute this activity if you have changed the stock check indicator in the serial number settings and goods movements were already performed with serial numbers. However. the existing serial numbers must be adjusted to the changed presettings. Note You can always make only one valid entry in this setting. These adjustments are made using a report which you can start here. is copied from the presettings in the data records. Note on serial number range The numbers assigned via this setting are irrelevant for actual serial number management. as soon as you cancel the create operation without saving . Deactivate Lock for Internal Assignment of Serial Numbers In this activity. Execute program 'RISERNR9' The runtime can be long depending on the number of data records. as a basic equipment master record is created in the background for each serial number. since you work with serial numbers or material numbers in the application transactions. which is set in the standard system for the internal assignment of serial numbers. This results in gaps in the serial numbers created. Page 65 of 85 .

Procedure When you execute the function. you would enter the variable 'current month'. you can define the possible selection fields which occupy selection fields with concrete values and make the field selection for the list display. not a concrete value. you reach an additional window. The current month would therefore be proposed as a selection criterion. you have a selection field with a value which should not be changed by the user. By choosing 'Continue'. you reach a screen in which you have several selection options. Page 66 of 85 . if the selection is always performed using a certain call horizon (for example. you reach another screen in which you can specify attributes for the selections fields. The attributes have the following meaning: • Protected This means that this field is displayed in the selection screen. For example. You usually find the functions: • • • Selection screen list display mode Selection screen list change mode Maintain field selection list When you choose selection fields. The selection screen defined by you is only then proposed by the system. • Invisible This means that this field is hidden in the selection screen and cannot be used as a selection criterion. in which you must mark 'Variant for all selection screens'. • Variable This means that this field is given a variable.Note the report documentation Set List Editing for Serial Numbers Here. Note Each user can also create their own selection screen. For example. the current month). but is not ready for input. In this case. if no individual selection screen has been defined for the user under their user name.

and then choosing 'Settings' -> 'Display variants' in the list. you reach the initial screen with all the selection fields. The individual user maintains the user-specific selection variants by calling up and executing the individual transaction. Page 67 of 85 . see "PM . Note that the setting you make here for the field selection becomes a presetting. which is then always used if the individual user has not defined their own field selection. The system thereby automatically generates the variant 'U_USERNAME'. The name of the selection variant is always 'SAP_TCODE_XXXX'. The user can call up the function 'Settings' from the list. Maintenance or user-specific selection screens This function is not set using Customizing. For more information about working with lists. The fields that you choose at this point are used for the field selection. Field Selection for Multi-Level List Display of Serial Numbers In this section. This is a list which you can call up as a serial number history from the serial number master record. the name of the report variant must begin with 'U_USERNAME'. Here you can define the layout of maintenance lists or the structure display by numbering the fields which should appear in the lists or by marking them as 'suppressed'. you adapt the presettings for multi-level lists for serial numbers to your requirements. There you can define the standard selection screen. which is always called up for the user after saving for subsequent transactions used.Cross-Application Functions" in the R/3 library.If you want to define an individual selection screen for each user. and generate their own selection screen there using the function 'Set variants'. This selection screen is then always proposed if no individual selection screen has been defined for the user under the name 'U_USERNAME'. Maintenance of selection variants When you execute the function. XXXX stands for the relevant application transaction. and the user-specific selection screen should be proposed automatically when the report is called up. Setting the field selection settings You maintain the field selection for the list by executing the report.

default values and general data). and so on. If you provide fields with a number. Materials Management. However. If a user does not define his own field selection. You will be editing the following on the basis of key points: • • • • Central configuration for controlling EC management and BOM history Definition of the technical areas in which the BOMs are to be used Configuration of default values Configuration of the link with other areas (for example. Material Requirments Planning. so that the field with the number '1' appears first in the list. • • • Bills of Material You can set up your BOMs in this section. these fields are displayed to the user in the relevant application transactions in the lists. he can only use those fields which are numbered and those marked as 'not suppressed' for this purpose. you should only edit this section after consulting the person responsible for the customizing of the PP BOMs. Costing and so on) Note Check whether the BOMs have already been configured during customizing of the Production Planning System (PP). Notes • The individual user cannot activate fields which are selected as 'suppressed' for his userspecific field selection.Numbering fields defines the sequence in the list. Control Data for Bills of Material Page 68 of 85 . This is particularly important in the case of central settings (engineering change management. the field with the number '2' second. If this is the case. the fields you have activated will be displayed to him. control data. modification parameters. An individual can define his own user-specific list from the field list you have defined.

You can maintain the central parameters for your BOMs in this section. This field tells you whether the BOM header or BOM item was maintained from the CAD system.1. a one-time setting which should not be changed once the system is productive. as a rule. • Activating the CAD switch If you want to maintain BOMs from a CAD system. • Activating the low date If you activate the low date (1. • Explosion type BOM item You only use this indicator when you have activated the BOM engineering change management. • Size unit for 'piece' Here you can define a proposed unit of measurement for the BOM header and the BOM items. If you deactivate engineering change management.1990). this will be proposed as the "valid from" date instead of the current date. This is.1990).1. you have the option of making BOM changes with a history in reference to a change number (in other words the state of the BOM before and after the change will be recorded in the system). This switch ensures that an additional field appears in the BOM header and BOM item. Page 69 of 85 . Note The modification parameters set here are valid both for material BOMs and equipment BOMs. If validity maintenance is not active. • • Activating management If you activate engineering change management. You specify in the menu option " Determine history requirement for BOMs " whether the use of engineering change management is compulsory in particular cases. Remember that the base unit of measure for equipment BOMs and functional location BOMs is always 'piece'. you then have the option of specifying a "valid from" date when maintaining a BOM. activate the CAD switch. You only determine in this step whether or not BOM maintenance can be carried out with engineering change management. you cannot make any changes in the BOM with a historical record. Set Modification Parameters This step allows you to define the following central settings for your BOMs: • Activating validity maintenance If you activate validity maintenance. BOMs are created with the current date or if necessary with the internal system low date (1.

engineering. 2 . The BOM status controls other activities in different areas (for example. In this case. no action is required on your part. Example of default settings 1 . Define BOM Status You can define the possible BOM statuses in this menu option. material requirements planning). and can be released for the planned order. Activities Define the possible BOM statuses. costing. Define Default Values Page 70 of 85 . Recommendation SAP recommends that you accept the settings defined in the standard system.Default settings The following settings are supplied in the standard system: • • • validity maintenance and EC management are active the current date is proposed CAD is active Recommendation It is recommended that you use the SAP standard settings.BOM active This BOM can be exploded in material requirements planning.BOM inactive The editing options above are not possible. Activities Define the central settings for BOMs. for example.

• Unit of measure for variable-size part The unit of measure of the variable-size part will be proposed when you maintain variable-size items. The SAP System proposes the BOM status when you create a BOM.This menu option allows you to define the following default values for the maintenance of BOMs: • Base quantity All compoment quantities in a BOM refer to the quantity. Requirements You must have already processed menu option " Define BOM status". It will be specified in millimeters (= mm). Activities Define the following default values for maitaining BOMs: • • • • base quantity BOM status size unit unit of measure for variable-size part Page 71 of 85 . The SAP System proposes the base quantity when you create a BOM. Recommendation You should use the default value supplied by SAP for the unit of measure for variable-size parts. It does not make sense to change this value. • BOM status The BOM status controls activities in other organizational areas. • Size unit The size unit entered here will be used for variable-size items if you do not maintain a unit for them. Further Notes The default values that you enter here are valid both for material BOMs and for equipment BOMs.

This means that BOMs defined as usage '4' are exclusively relevant to plant maintenance.General Data You can define the following in this section: • • • BOM usage in plant maintenance control data and default values for the header data history requirement for particular BOMs depending on their usage and status BOM Usage You can create various BOMs for a material: • Production BOMs You can create a production BOM for a material that you produce yourself. you can enter for each BOM item an item status which defines the possible usages of this special item. for example. engineering and so on) by which a BOM of a particular usage can be used. You define which user departments (production. If you only allow the area of Plant Maintenance in theBOM usage. In this section. The production BOM contains all the parts needed for production. Note You can create BOMs for materials within maintenance BOM management for which no plant data is maintained. plant maintenance. for example. you define the user departments (production. engineering and so on) a BOM of a particular usage can be used in. you maintain the BOM usage . Other areas such as production. This function is only possible for BOMs that are exclusively relevant to plant maintenance. Define BOM Usages When you maintain BOM usage. If you then add components of the BOM. Standard settings BOM usage '4' is supplied as plant maintenance in the standard system. The BOM usage must be specified when a BOM is created. • Maintenance BOMs The maintenance BOM contains only the parts that can be repaired or replaced during regular maintenance tasks or repair tasks. cannot use usage '4'. Page 72 of 85 . plant maintenance. this means that even the individual items can only be relevant to Plant Maintenance.

Requirements You must have already defined the BOM usage. you can maintain the BOMs separately for each area. pay attention to the settings allowed in the definition of the BOM usages. Recommendation When defining the default values. Use the BOM usages that have already been set up and change the item status control if necessary.Note • BOM components that are needed by several user departments (for example. However. The item status is proposed in BOM maintenance when you create new BOM items. In the case of maintenance BOMs. Once BOMs exist for a BOM usage . Define Default Values for Item Status You can define default values for the item status for each BOM usage in this menu option. this may involve an increase in the amount of time it takes to maintain all the BOMs. the usage can no longer be deleted. The indicator that shows the usage is relevant to plant maintenance should only be used when this is the case. If you have BOMs that are related to a particular area. • • Recommendation You should decide first of all whether you want to use separate BOMs for the individual areas within the company or whether you want to use joint BOMs for several areas. Furthermore. Page 73 of 85 . This means that you may not use the item status spare part indicator in maintenance BOMs. Activities Define the BOM usages. The SAP System checks the consistency of the settings automatically. production and plant maintenance) can also be used jointly in material BOMs. Bear in mind that the status spare part indicator refers to the production BOMS and not to the maintenance BOMs. you should always check the indicator maintenance relevant. Define any further BOMs according to your requirements. the usage can also only be changed to a limited extent.

If a BOM usage has no default copy values. which in this case is simply only the item status 'PM'. • Note If you only use the item status 'PM' for maintenance BOMs.Note You should at least define default values for the item status indicators that you have already specified as required entries when defining the BOM usage. Define for the corresponding BOM usage (reference) and the BOM that is to be created (e. usage '4' for plant maintenance) the item statuses that are to be assigned to the individual items when a BOM is created with a reference. The following rules apply: • If a BOM usage has default copy values. you can specify in this menu option that the item status of the copied item is to take on certain features for maintenance BOMs. The item statuses 'production' and 'construction' are allowed in the production BOM. Actions Configure the necessary default copy values. Activities Configure the default values as necessary for the item status of the individual BOM usages. as the system copies all the item statuses that can be copied on the basis of the BOM usage. all the indicators that are allowed in the new BOM will be copied when an item is copied. you do not need to maintain default copy values. they will be followed whenever items are copied. Define Material Types Allowed for BOM Header You can define whether BOMs can be created for materials of a particular type for each BOM usage in this menu option. You have the option of masking the material type entry. Define Copy Default Values for Item Status If you want to use the BOMs of other user departments as a reference when creating maintenance BOMs. Example You want to use production BOMs as a reference for plant maintenance.g. You only want the item status 'PM' allowed when the maintenance BOM is maintained. Page 74 of 85 .

Enter new material types if necessary. Your choice of control indicator determines whether the entry is allowed or not. The entries for laboratory and office are also used by the Materials Management (MM) component. Define Responsible Designers/Laboratories You can allocate a main engineering office or laboratory to each BOM. Note If you do not make any settings. you can only change it again with a history. no action is required on your part.When you create a new BOM. the material type is checked as follows: • The entries that are fully qualified (those not masked) are checked first. The engineering office or laboratory is maintained in the BOM header. Define the allowed material types for the BOM header. • Example: Example of allowed material types in BOM Recommendation SAP recommends that you accept the settings defined in the standard system. Actions 1. 2. You can use this assignment for evaluation purposes. Once a BOM has been changed with a history. Activities Define the engineering offices or laboratories. You should contact the person responsible for the MM component before you delete any entries. Define History Requirement for Bills of Material You can define in this menu option whether changes can only be made with a history ( change master record) to BOMs of a particular BOM usage and BOM status. Exception: Page 75 of 85 . you can maintain BOMs either with or without a history. The masked entries are checked last. In this case.

Requirements If you want BOMs to be maintained with a history.There is a special authorization that lets you change BOMs without a history that have previously been changed with a history. Item Data You can make the settings that relate to the BOM items in this section. you must allocate it an item category. The item category answers the following questions: • • • Is the entry of a material required? Is inventory management by quantity carried out for this item? Is the item a text item without any functionality? Page 76 of 85 . the following conditions must be fulfilled: • • EC management must be active validity maintenance must be active Activities Define the BOM usages and statuses for which BOM changes must occur with a history. Example You want changes to active maintenance BOMs to be documented in the system. This category defines the features and functions of the item. This means that you must activate the history requirement for BOM usage '4' and status '1' when you are working with the default settings. Screen selection and structure of the item detail screens in BOM maintenance is also controlled by the item category. You define the following amongst other things: • • • item categories object types spare part indicators Define Item Categories When you enter a new BOM item.

It is also important that you choose the correct item control key.• • • • Is the entry of individual sizes to be possible for this item (variable-sized item)? Which quantity sign is defined? Are sub-items supported? Is it a structure element in plant maintenance? No plant check is made for the material in the case of maintenance structure elements. Use the item categories that exist as a guide or ask your consultant for his or her advice. you can enter a document that you have created in the system . Note • Note that you cannot combine all the features and functions with one another when you are defining new item categories. Do not delete item categories that still have BOM items. • • Default settings The following item categories are supplied in the standard system: • • • • • • document item stock item text item non-stock item variable-sized item PM structure element (plant maintenance) Page 77 of 85 . The system carries out the corresponding checks. • What is the screen selection and item detail screen structure? Screen selection is defined for each item category by means of the item control key. • Is the item a document item? In the case of document items. The definition of new item control keys is not supported. You should only use an item category like this exclusively for items that are used purely for structuring maintenance BOMs.

You can mask the entries in the fields "BOM usg". There are BOM items with materials. You can define an object category here for each type of BOM item that will show you the type of item in each case in the general item overview screen. Mat type BOM h" and "Mtype BOM item". if you do not use document administration you can easily avoid great deviance in the object categores. documents and without objects (for example. This then represents all the possible usages. You should not change them. Actions Define any item categories required. text items). Example Object category BOM item object ---------------------------------------M Material D Document ' ' No object Actions Define the object categories for each BOM item. For example. You should plan to use only simple BOM structures with few object categories. Proceed Define Object Types BOM items differ according to their objects. The assignments are for information purposes only. in other words you can enter an "*" (wildcard) instead of a particular usage.Recommendation You should use the standard item categories supplied by SAP. Define Material Types Allowed for BOM Item You can define in this menu option the types supported in the creation of BOM items in relation to the BOM usage and the BOM header material type. The SAP System checks the material type when you enter new BOM items as follows: Page 78 of 85 . You should only create new item categories when you cannot represent the required functionality using the standard item categories supplied.

Actions Define the material types that are allowed for the creation of BOM items for each BOM usage as required. Example You can define the material types allowed in the creation of new BOM items as follows: -------------------------------------------------------------------BOM Material type Material type Allowed/ usage BOM header BOM item not allowed -------------------------------------------------------------------1 HALB * + 1 HALB VERP -------------------------------------------------------------------* = masked (i. All other material types are allowed (indicator +). you can also use the default settings in this menu option. all the entries supported for a field) Material type VERP is not allowed in the creation of BOM items (indicator -) for usage 1 "Production" and material type HALB in the BOM header. Requirements You must have edited the following menu options already: • • • " Define BOM usages" " Define allowed material types for BOM header" Default settings All material types are allowed for the creation of BOM items for all BOM usages supplied in the standard system with all material types in the BOM header. Your choice of a "(not) allowed" indicator determines whether or not the entry is allowed. Page 79 of 85 . Recommendation If you use the BOM usages supplied in the standard system.e.• • The entries that are fully qualified are checked first and then the masked entries.

You can define formulas for variable-sized parts in this menu option. calculation occurs on the basis of the algorithm recorded in the appropriate formula key. You can create lists of spares on the basis of this indicator. which can then be used to calculate the quantity of the variable-sized part. Define Spare Part Indicators You can define various spare part indicators in this menu option. A spares. Define Material Provision Indicators In this step you define the material provision indicators. The material provision indicator identifies BOM items for material provision. as these consist solely of spare parts. The spare part indicator identifies BOM items as spare parts in production BOMs. and a country-specific classification of spares is possible similar to this). You can classify spares on the basis of the spare part indicator (for example. Note The spare part indicator is not needed for maintenance BOMs.Maintain Variable-Size Item Formulas Variable-sized items allow you to record the cutting measurements for a basic material (raw material) in the BOM item. If you have entered a formula key in the BOM item. The quantity of a variable-sized part is calculated as follows: • If you have not entered a formula key in the BOM item . B spares and so on. the measurements are multiplied by one another. It is evaluated in material requirements planning. There are two types of material provision: • • material provided by a customer material provided by a vendor Page 80 of 85 . You can also use the material provision indicator in BOM evaluations as a selection criterion. • Activities Enter new formulas for variable-sized items if necessary.

Decide which types of material provision apply in your case. Define in this section: • • the priority with which the individual BOM usages are to be observed the alternative that is to be selected within a usage Determination of the BOM usage or the alternative BOM is realized in the following steps: • The BOM selection ID and other features defined by the BOM status are determined by the particular application ID of the user department in each case. 2. An alternative must be specified within the BOM usage in the case of multiple BOMs. in other words you cannot create a multiple BOM for a piece of equipment. The preferred BOM usage for a selection ID is determined by a priority order.Activities 1. You can allow several usages for equipment . The SAP System checks the alternative selected by plant material number "valid from" date • • • • • Processingstatus: not yet maintained Define Priorities for BOM Usage You can define your selection priorities in this menu option for the automatic selection of a BOM usage: Page 81 of 85 . Note You can skip this menu option if you are only defining one usage for your maintenance BOMs and if you are not using multiple BOMs in the case of multi-level equipment BOMs (in the material assemblies below the equipment). There may be several alternatives for each usage in the case of multiple BOMs . but you can only create one BOM for each usage. Define the material provision indicators accordingly. A BOM usage priority order is connected with selection ID. Determination of Alternative Bills of Material A material can have several BOMs of different usages.

Standard settings In the standard SAP delivery. If you are only working with one usage ('04' in the standard system). If you have several BOM usages for plant maintenance. you define the order of the usages here. by means of which you can define the determination of BOM usages by priorities. This assumes that you have already defined several BOM usages for plant maintenance.• The selection of a suitable BOM usage depends on the selection ID of the user department (plant maintenance is '03' in the standard system). You can now allocate a selection ID (03 in the standard system) to the standard application INST. the BOM usage 4 is assigned to the selection ID 03 with first and sole priority. PM-Specific Selection Criteria for Alternative Determination You can define the criteria and selection terms for the determination of BOM alternatives in this menu option. Recommendation Find out the BOM usages that you are using for plant maintenance. To do this. BOM usage 4 is assigned to selection ID 03 in the standard system with the highest and only priority. You can define within the selection ID the BOM usage that is to have priority. Activities Define the BOM usage priorities. enter an order of priority for the BOM usages. Example: You are using the standard application INST for plant maintenance. Page 82 of 85 . • Note: The allocation of applications ('INST' in the standard system) to selection IDs ('03' in the standard system) is dealt with in the chapter 'Defining application-dependent selection IDs'. Define Selection Criteria for Alternative Determination You can define a selection ID in this menu option that can be used for determining alternatives on the basis of priorities. you only need to check the default settings.

Define Alternative Selection by Material You can define the selection of an BOM on the basis of material numbers in this menu option. Activities Configure the selection IDs for your maintenance BOMs. you must enter the new term here. Recommendation SAP recommends that you accept the settings defined in the standard system. Activities Check the selection term. Note If you have chosen a different term to 'INST' in the selection criteria. In this case. you must use the appropriate selection term here for the alternative selection. no action is required on your part. Standard settings The sytem can only work with a single selection term. The SAP System determines an alternative BOM for the required BOM usage by • • • plant material number "valid from" date Page 83 of 85 .Note If you have changed the selection term INST for the selection of an alternative. This selection term is defined as 'INST' in the standard system and you cannot change it. Check Selection Term for Alternative Determination You can define the selection term in this menu option by means of which an alternative is selected for maintenance BOMs.

Activities Define the alternative selection.Note This method of selecting an alternative BOM is not allowed for equipment BOMs and BOMs for functional locations. You can specify the following default values: • • • • • • • item increment item category for the "New Materials Items" screen item category for the "New Document Items" screen item category for the "New Class Item" screen material provision indicator PM assembly (maintenance BOMs) dialog print options (BOM evaluations) Recommendation You should maintain the following values: • • item category for the "New Material Items" screen item category for the "New Document Items" screen You can define default values which are valid for all users by making entries for a user 'DUMMY'. Configuring an alternative selection is only of use when the system is running. You can change the default values at any time if necessary. Recommendation • • Edit this menu option when you want to use multiple BOMs. Page 84 of 85 . Make User-Specific Settings This menu option allows you to specify default values for users who work with bills of material.

Page 85 of 85 .Activities Specify the user-specific default values.

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