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Presented By: Abhishek Kumar Ashutosh K. Singh Dipesh Bansal Geetika Arora
History of SAARC
The concept of SAARC was first adopted by the Bangladeshi president Ziaur Rahman. ●In the late 2000s, Indian President proposed the creation of a trade bloc consisting of South Asian countries. ● The foreign secretaries of the seven countries met for the first time in Colombo in April 2002.
Followed shortly by the entrance of Mauritius.. South Korea and the European Union. Nepal ● 24/10/10 . Iran requested observer status. twice annually. On 2 August 2006 the foreign ministers of the SAARC countries agreed in principle to grant observer status to the US.. meetings of foreign secretaries. ●Meetings of heads of state are usually scheduled annually. Headquarters are in Kathmandu..Continued. ●On 4 March 2008.
KEY FACTS ESTABLISHED ON 8TH DECEMBER 1985 at Dhaka • • FORMED BY 8 COUNTRIES AFGHANISTAN BECAME ITS 8TH MEMBER IN APRIL 2007 • • HEADQUARTERS-NEPAL SECREATRY.SHEEL KANT SHARMA • 24/10/10 .DR.
MEMBERS CURRENT MEMBERS •INDIA •PAKISTAN •SRILANKA •NEPAL •BHUTAN •MALDIVES •BANLADESH •AFGHANISTAN 24/10/10 .
Distinct Geographical Unit Separated by mountains ●Isolated by oceans ●Distinct climate affecting the whole subcontinent ●Unique cultural setup ● 24/10/10 .
all countries have same cultural background and history ●The region is poor and over populated ●Predominance of agriculture . Therefore dependence of the economy on southwest monsoon. ● 24/10/10 ..Common features of Indian Sub Continent Central location in Asia ●All countries gained independence after Second World War ●As a result of British Colonialism.Reasons for formation of SAARC.
SOCIAL.OBJECTIVES •IMPROVE QUALITY OF LIFE & WELFARE OF PEOPLE •ECONOMIC. SOCIAL & CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT •STRENGHTEN SELF RELIANCE AMONG MEMBERS •CONTRIBUTE MUTUAL TRUST & UNDERSTANDING •ASSIST IN ECONOMIC. TECHANICAL. CULTURAL & SCIENTIFIC FIELDS •STRENGHTEN COOPERATION AMONG THEMSELVES & OTHER DEVELOPING COUNTRIES 24/10/10 .
FIGHTING URBAN & RURAL POVERTY . SPORTS & ARTS . EDUCATION. POVERTY ØTWELFTH SUMMIT DECLARED POVERTY ERRADICATION AS THE MAIN GOAL ØTHE PLAN OF ACTION INCLUDED HUMAN DEVELOPMENT. MASS EDUCATION 24/10/10 . CULTURE.SECONDARY OBJECTIVES SAARC ALSO LOOKS IN CRITICAL AREAS LIKE POVERTY. MULTI-CULTURISM.
EDUCATION •OPTIMUM UTILIZATION OF HUMAN RESOURCES •EMPHASIZED ON PROMOTION OF EDUCATION •STANDARDISATION OF CURRICULA. MUTUAL RECOGNITION OF COURSES •SAARC TEACHERS FORUM HAS BEEN ESTABLISHED •FREE EDUCATION TO ALL CHILDREN BETWEEN THE AGE OF 6-14YRS 24/10/10 .
CULTURE SPORTS & ARTS • PRACTICAL MEASURES FOR PROTECTION CONSERVATION AND MAINTENANCE OF CULTURAL & PILGRIMAGE SITES • ENCOURAGEMENT OF CONTEMPORARY ARTS & CULTURE • LAST SAARC CULTURAL FESTIVAL WAS HELD IN DHAKA • COOPERATION IN THE FIELD OF CULTURE 24/10/10 .
24/10/10 .SAPTA • SOUTH ASIAN PREFERENTIAL TRADING AGREEMENT • SIGNED ON 11TH APRIL 1993 IN DHAKA AND ENTERED INTO FORCE ON 7TH DECEMBER 1995 OBJECTIVES •To promote and sustain mutual trade and economic cooperation within the SAARC region through the exchange of concessions.
4. negotiation of tariff reform step by step. 24/10/10 . inclusion of all products. and trade and tariff policies and systems. manufactures and commodities in their raw. recognition of the special needs of the Least Developed Contracting States and agreement on concrete preferential measures in their favour. semiprocessed and processed forms. 2. taking into account their respective level of economic and industrial development. 3. overall reciprocity and mutuality of advantages so as to benefit equitably all Contracting States.PRINCIPLES UNDERLYING SAPTA 1. improved and extended in successive stages through periodic reviews. the pattern of their external trade.
SAFTA • SOUTH ASIAN FREE TRADE AREA • SIGNED IN ISLAMABAD IN JANUARY 2004 • CAME INTO FORCE ON 1st JANUARY 2006 • TARIFF LIBERALISATION PROGRAMME (TLP) • WAS INTRODUCED • TLP COVERS ALL TARIFF LINES EXCEPT THE SENSETIVE LIST 24/10/10 • STRENGHTENS ECONOMIC COOPERATION .
Health and Population Activities Women. high level Working Groups have also been established to strengthen cooperation in the areas of Information and Communications Technology. Youth and Children Environment and Forestry Science and Technology and Meteorology Human Resources Development Transport. ● 24/10/10 . Tourism. Intellectual Property Rights. ● ● ● ● ● ● Recently. and Energy. Biotechnology.AREAS OF COOPERATION ● Agriculture and Rural Development.
● Its role is to coordinate and monitor the implementation of SAARC activities. ● 24/10/10 . service the meetings of the Association and serve as the channel of communication between SAARC and other international organisations. seven Directors and the General Services Staff.The SAARC Secretariat The SAARC Secretariat was established in Kathmandu on 16 January 1987and was inaugurated by Late King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah of Nepal. ● The Secretariat comprises the Secretary General.
The SAARC Secretariat 24/10/10 .
SAARC Documentation Centre (SDC). Dhaka 3. Maldives 7. Pakistan 9.SAARC Meteorological Research Centre (SMRC).SAARC Energy Centre.SAARC Human Resources Development Centre (SHRDC).SAARC Coastal Zone Management Centre.SAARC Disaster Management Centre. India 24/10/10 . Nepal 8.SAARC Agricultural Information Centre (SAIC).SAARC Information Centre.VARIOUS CENTRES OF SAARC 1. New Delhi 5. Kathmandu 4. Islamabad 6.SAARC Tuberculosis Centre (STC). Dhaka 2.
extreme emphasis was laid upon greater cooperation between the SAARC members to fight terrorism. ●SAARC has also refrained itself from interfering in the internal matters of its member states.Political issues SAARC has intentionally laid more stress on "core issues" mentioned above rather than more decisive political issues like the Kashmir dispute and the Sri Lankan civil war. ● 24/10/10 . ● During the 12th and 13th SAARC summits.
SAARC members will bring their duties down to 20 per cent by 2009. SAARC countries signed an agreement to gradually lower tariffs within the region.4 billion people. in Dhaka. ●Under this agreement.Free trade agreement In 1993. at the 12th SAARC Summit at Islamabad. ● 24/10/10 . ● Eleven years later. 2008. SAARC countries devised the South Asia Free Trade Agreement which created a framework for the establishment of a free trade area covering 1. ● This agreement went into force on January 1.
July 2008 SAARC Conventionon Narcotics Drugs SAARC Regional Convention on Suppression of Terrorism Additional Protocol on Terrorism. Jan 2004 24/10/10 .SAARC CONVENTIONS SAARC Convention on Combating and Prevention of Trafficking in Women and Children for Prostitution Convention on Promotion of Welfare of Children Convention on Mutual Assistance on Criminal Matters.
24/10/10 . around the theme of climate change. from 2829 April 2010. Bhutan.16th SAARC Summit The Sixteenth Meeting of the Heads of State or Government of the Member States of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) was held in Thimphu.
● Stress the imperative of biodiversity conservation and monitoring of mountain ecology in the region ● Convention on Cooperation on the Environment at an early date to enable its entry into force. ●Develop national plans and regional projects on protecting and safeguarding the archeological and historical infrastructure of South Asia from climate change adverse effects.SAARC Action Plan on Climate Change Plant ten million trees over 20102015 as part of a regional afforestation and reforestation campaign. ● 24/10/10 .
nk ha T !!!! !!!! u! ! Yo 24/10/10 .
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