The 26 Shotokan Kata of the Japan Karate Association

Kata is often described as a set sequence of karate moves organised into a prearranged fight against imaginary opponents. The kata consists of kicks, punches, sweeps, strikes, blocks and throws. Body movement in the various kata includes, stepping, twisting, turning, dropping to the ground and jumping. In this article we list the 26 standard Shotokan kata that are practiced by millions of karateka all over the world. Several Shotokan groups have introduced kata from other styles into their training but when the Japan Karate Association (JKA) was formed by Nakayama Sensei, he laid these 26 kata down as the training kata for the JKA karateka. Even today, many thousands of Shotokan Dojo only practice these 26 Kata. Kata should be executed with the correct attitude first and foremost, if the karate practitioner has an understanding of the kata, each fast move will be executed with speed, power and intent. The karateka will execute the technique like it’s their last. Kata is not a performance, or a demonstration, it is for the individual karateka to practice full techniques with 'Ikken Hisatsu' (finishing blow or to kill with one blow). There is most definitely a health aspect to kata, the practice of kata is great for fitness, keeping the body soft, supple and agile. As the karateka gets older, a lot more emphasise is put on health and for good reason.

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The 26 Shotokan Standard katas With Meaning And Origin: Name
Heian Shodan Heian Nidan Heian Sandan Heian Yondan Heian Godan Tekki Shodan Tekki Nidan Tekki Sandan Bassai Dai Bassai Sho Kanku Dai Kanku Sho Enpi Jion Gankaku Hangetsu Jitte Chinte Sochin Meikyo Ji'in Gojushiho Dai Gojushiho Sho Nijushiho Wankan Unsu

Meaning
Peaceful Way One Peaceful Way Two Peaceful Way Three Peaceful Way Four Peaceful Way Five Iron Horse One Iron Horse Two Iron Horse Three To storm a fortress (dai=major) To storm a fortress (sho=minor) To view the sky (dai=major) To view the sky (sho=minor) Flying swallow Named after a Chinese temple Crane on a rock Half Moon Ten hands Incredible hands Preserve Peace Mirror of the soul Named after the saint 54 steps (dai=major) 54 steps (sho=minor) 24 steps Crown of a king Cloud Hands

Originator
Yasutsune Itosu Yasutsune Itosu Yasutsune Itosu Yasutsune Itosu Yasutsune Itosu Yasutsune Itosu Yasutsune Itosu Yasutsune Itosu Peichin Yasutsune Itosu Kung Hsiang Chun Yasutsune Itosu Wang Ji? Tomari-te? Bushi Matsumura Bushi Matsumura Tomari-te ?????? Yoshitika Funakoshi Tomari-te Tomari-te Yasutsune Itosu Yasutsune Itosu Seisho Aragaki Gigo Funakoshi Seisho Aragaki

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