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Production Process Flow Chart

Production Process Flow Chart

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Published by: pearcey234 on Oct 31, 2010
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05/12/2014

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Production process flow chart

1. The Idea: The inspiration for the idea of a film can be
found from all around us. The idea can be inspired by another story, things happening in the world, or could even just pop into the head. The original ideas are usually thought the most valuable. The idea is then passed on to the producer, whose job it is to make the film a reality. The director sometimes will come up with the idea for the film, if not, then the producer who received the idea, will work together with the director to expand it and make it sound more interesting and plausible. The idea is then presented to the writer, who defines the idea , makes it stand out, as well as writing a brief description of the film called the treatment . The whole thing is then pitched to a production company, in an attempt to receive funding for the film. Several pitches may be made to several companies, as the more funding, from more companies, the more funding the film will receive and the less chance of the film losing everything if one company drops out.

2. Financing: Using the treatment, the pitch
and persuasive techniques, the producer attempts to gain financing from the production company. If the pitch is good enough, the production company may invest in the film, to help develop the script further, and to start the production of the film. In return they may want to be involved in the production of the film, or sometimes may only invest if certain people are used. Sometimes the producer may sell the rights to distribute the film before it s made, as another way of financing. This is called presales. Other forms of financing are government grants, tax shelters, and possibly even from private financers.

Example:
Inception. Director Christopher Nolan came up with the idea for the film, before directing the film himself.

Example: Production companies: Universal pictures,
20 century fox, Warner bros, Working Title.
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3. Developing the script: Both the writer and the producer work together to develop the script furthe r and make it more exciting. They work first on creating a synopsis and decide on the key scenes of the film. The writer then creates a step outline, which is a written description of every scene, similar to a story board but just in writing. A first draft is written up; this may be the hardest part of screen writing, as they have to turn the idea into a story. The writer may use the help of a script developer, to define the draft, make it better, or even help write the first draft. The completed draft is then handed back to the production companies who may want to make changes if they want some of their own ideas to be introduced into the film. When everyone is pleased with the script, usually after several copies are made, a final draft is written up and the writer is paid for their work. A sales treatment is then written up by the writer, producer and director.

4. The package: The package is
everything involved in the film. The producer works with the director to develop a rough budget that they have, and then can start thinking about how much money they should use for each job. When the budget is made, the cast can be thought about. The producer will try getting the biggest names as possible, as these will be key to attracting funding, and gathering a bigger audience. The heads of departments are assigned, again the bigger the name the better. A definite budget is then written up so that the producer knows how much it will take to make, so that they can possibly get more financing from other investors. When all essential financing and insurance is secured, the film gets the green light, and then starts to be created.

5. Pre-production: Once
everyone s been hired, the shooting script is developed, which is the final script, and which will not be changed unless major changes need to be made. The producer and casting director then work together to assign the cast for the film. The story board is created, which are one of the most essential items for the film. The film relies on them in the same way a builder relies on the blueprints for a building. The production designer then designs the sets and hires people in to create them. Special effects are thought about before filming even starts. Everything is put in place before filming starts.

6. Shooting: When the first day of shooting takes place, everyone relaxes, especially the producer. Everything takes place as it should, actors act, directors direct etc. The cameraman s role is to shoot everything the director needs them to shoot, from several angles. Lighting and sound are another important factor. Everything is vital in making the film what it is. If one thing is not up to the standard then the rest of the production may slip up. Everything is run with military precision, so that everything goes smoothly and nothing goes wrong.
Example: James Cameron, Avatar

7. Post production:
Different scenes are filmed at different times, and so it s up to the editor to edit each scene and put them into the correct order. The sound department then work on laying the audio track over the top, to amplify sounds already there and create more exciting and dramatic sounds. Effects, titles, colour and music are added over the top of the film, to round everything off, before the final cut is finished and the film reaches full lock , and is ready for duplication.

8. Sales: A trailer has to be made for
the film, so that it can be advertised to audiences. Generally more than one is created. The producer must go through great lengths to attract attention to the film, as there is a lot of competition for attracting large audience. Screening the film at large film festivals is a great way to attract larger audiences. The producer then tries to make deals with distributors, by using the help of a sales agent. Test screenings are then ran to audiences to see how the film is received. The film is then advertised across the nation, by using trailers, posters and TV spots. The film then has a premiere, before it is finally released.

Example: Film posters:
Avatar; Gladiator; Saving Private Ryan.

Example: Tropic thunder cast: Jack Black, Robert Downey jr, Ben Stiller .

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