¢Eœ-4

l^kFk\kTk

HkTk^k@mä2008

l^kFk\kTk-¢Xkmì:

l^kFk\kTk-ÉkbPk^kTkk @ ÉkbPnlP

# bknSkm@ GvÇkm

The poem is sad because it wants to be yours, and
cannot
......And before you know
It gets lost in the steam and chatter of typewriters.
# John Ashbery, Paradoxes and oxymorons

ÉkFkn@ ¢lTk l^k#kk\k ^Zk^kck@^kkRä ¢kSZkk†’YkAùPk ¢lTk HkklP’^k^kklRPkAùkv
bkklc†’ZkAù lTklSk\kv ¢kHkAùkv bkHkrAù\kk£r bkYkZkkTknAoù\k @ bkYkbkkYklZkAù WkÆk ^Zk^kck@\kv YkkCkvHklP
¤UXkkvCkPTÇkä ¢kSZkk†’YkAùPk\kv lR.HklP lFkTPTk @ bklcaOknPkä HkklP^kkR\kv BkkvHkvHklP @kHkTkwlPAù
lR#kkFkvP~ Wk\kP~ ¢kvNjk¤fG ¢lTk ÉkZkkvCkU@AùPk @ U@mdkOkk’YkAùPkAùk ÓùmMjkXkolYkYkk lTkZkYkvP@ HkkTkWkkK
@kv‘Tk BkkvlHk@cTG‹ Zkkv çTçAùkv .¤Kk UkKkvYkkÇk ckv P@‹
bkk£WkkvCkr\kv @lFk@cvAùkv YkkTk^k-ZkTÇkAùkv YkkCkrä lbkYZkn\ZkkÓùk\kv lbkHkvrAùkv GkZkkf
@ ÉklPApùlPAùkv URkrä #kWR @ ¢QkrYkkIk ¢k$Tkkv ¢†bP’^k c@k£@cvAùkv ZkQkkQkr @ £lPckbkä UnfHkm^kkR\kv
HkkvCkmAùkv êU Sk@v@ ckYk|k bkgbApùlP @ Hkm^kTk#kw\kmYkk Vvú@m \kCkk£@cvAùkv WkvFk-lWkBkTkAùkv TkZkkf ¢Tknck@ä
¤’UkRTk @ ¤UXkkv‘PkAùkv bkJHkk\kYkk YkkTGv .Aù WkHkk@-WkbPnXkk^kYkk BkbRw Ck£@cvAùkv PmPkv
ZkQkkQkrälYklMZkkPTÇkAùk CknéYkTÇkcê\kv \kÙk£@cvAùkv ckYk|k Aù\kk-¢kb^kkRTkAùkv Bk\\kkv lHkWk|kvä bP@mZk
@ Aù\kk’YkAù ¤ÃkPkAùkv Xkk¤ WkHkk@Ykk BkbRw Ck.@ UU~ ¢lTk c\knAùk ‘‘ZkkÃkm’-Aùk U†#FkYkm
YkkTZkPk UlTk ¢Wk YkkUROM WkÆk\kkCkvAùkv bUì PQZkä YkckBZkkTkcê\kv WkkKkv PPk.@ bkbkkTkk lAùTkk@mApùP
^k‘PpPkcê\kv b^kklXkYkkTkAùkv l#k@ ¤Fkkl\k@cvAùkv ckYk|w Ul@^kv#k‹ Zkm UlTk cnTk~ lbkHkrTkklbkP YknlG.@
¢k¤TkwUTkvr çTçAùk ¢TZk UkKkcê‹
ckYkm YknBZkPZkk .vlPcklbkA êU\kv SkYkr@ä @kHkTkwlPAùêU\kv ¢†bQk@ä
#kwldkAùêU\kvä¢\Ul^kAùlbkPä ¢QkrTkwlPAùêU\kv bkmYkkTPmApùP Xk.Aùk Gky‹ ZklPWkv\kk bkHkrAùçk@k
bkklc’ZklbkHkrTkkAùk ¢kSkk@cê UÓùTk PvÏkkv l^k#^kAùkv bkgbApùlP P ¢g#kP: bkYkklPTG Tkw @ HkklP’^kAùk
l^kFk\kTk/1
# l^kFk\kTk

¢k< @ bkYkAùk\kmTk bkkgbApùlPAù ¢kZkkYkcê P BkkvPl\kTG Tkw‹ ’ZkbkUlG XkvK~TkvGky YZkkA~ù\knckTkAùkv
l^k#^kCk|kYk (C\kkvWk\k lXk\kvHk)-Aùkv ¢^kSkk@Okk‹
¢Wk bkYkkZkkvHkTkkAùkv WkkKkv bkYkk’Tkn G‹
XZkkTk~CkCk~\kv Aùkv@vAùk ApùakAùAùkv HknÅkkWkkK ¤Ãk ¢kSknlTkAù CkkYXkmZkrAùk Avùcm
MkZkYkOM MbK
BknMjlAù\kkcê ¢lTk ¢QkrAùk Avùcm UÇkkcê WkKn\kv@ .OMm ^kkckvr\k~çk@k WkTkk£.Aùkv ‘MkZkYkOM
#koHk~’-Aùk ¢kSkk@#koTZk ¢lTk l^kekkUTkU@Aù ¤Åk@¢kSknlTkAùPklbkP PkRk’YZkPk lYk\kk¤Tkn G‹
¢lDk\\kkAùkv lFkTPTk\kv UlG\\kkAùkv ¢kXkkbk\kk£r \kvBTkn l^kFk\kTk
l^kFk\kTk-\kvBkTkAùkv
lbkHkrTkk’YkAù ¢XZkkbk @cvAùkv cnTG‹ bkYkbkkYklZkAùPk XkTkvAùkv ÉkkZk: Zkcm ckv‹
l^kFk\kTk
l^kFk\kTkAùkv b^k@ ’ZkbkQkr bkYYklPYko\kAù (.lVú@YkvlKXk~) G bkg#kZkUoOkr
(bAvù†¶KAù) ckv£Tk‹
Xk^kTklTkYkkrOk dkvÇkAùk ¤Åk@¢kSknlTkAù bkHkrAù Fkk\bkr HkvE~‘bkAùkv MWk\k
AùkvlME~-WkkK Un@kTkk @ TkZkkfAùkv bkKmAù bk†YYkÌkOkAùkv Skk@Okk lbkAvù@ l^kFk\kTk
l^kFk\kTk-\kv Fk\kk¤fRG‹
l^kFk\kTkYkk
¢kSknlTkAùPk\kv UoOkrP: Xk’Aùk¤Tkv lbkHkrTkkAùkv UálP\kk£r ¢E*mAùk@ CkGr‹ Zkkv ApùPDTkPk l^kFk\kTk
GwTk‹ ¢l\k l^kÌkpE~Bk\kPk P@ ZknCk\kv ckYkm\kk£r ¤Uck@ lR.Awù G‹
#kk†bÇkZkPkä †bQk@’^k @ HkMj’^k^kkRAùkv UckMjWkkK cvl@fRk P@ lTk@TP@ Ék^kkc#km\k
Ul@^kÅkrTkkAùkE~dkm l^kFk\kTk
l^kFk\kTkAùkv Ék^kvCk ¢TkkwLkvä ¢kAù†bYkAùä ¢@kHkAù @ ¢Tkn#kkbkTkcmTk RvlBkTkn Tkw G‹
QQ

WkÅkmYkk Kk†bbkf. Iky
UnP\kmcê
bk\AùfRw bk\AùfRw ÓùYk#k: /MnlWk@cvG ¢l^k#^kkbkAùk bknTkkYkm Gk\kcêlXkÇk
¢kbQkkAùkv @kYkbkvPo
@ bkkfÃkw Tkw Bk@kTkm Xk£@cvG /RTRTkm Hk\kv@
¢k#kEœkcêAùk ¢†CTkH^kk\kklXkÇk
¢bkPm bkmPkcê /Ckk¤flXkÇk Tkw
!¤Äk^k\k

WkYkHkTk

l^kYWkk’YkAù URcê Zkm‹ P@ Aùl^kPkYkk #k@m@Aùk ¢ê ¢E*cê bkUkK @
¢Tkk\kEœkl@P URcê GTk~‹ Ckkl<Aùä ¢kBZkkTkYknBkm @ ^kkÅkkrÉkvl@P URcê Aùl^kPkYkk bkWkw ^k‘P^ZkAùk
lTk†YP @klBk.Aùk GTk~‹ Aùl^kPkAùk DkKAùcê HknTk Uk@YUl@Aù êUYkk ¢SZkZkTk Ckl@TGä PmcêAùk
l^kFk\kTk/ 2
# l^kFk\kTk

¤+v#ZkÉkvl@P l^kBkOMTk @ PmcêWkkK U\kkZkTkAùk lTk†YP cnTk~‹ .AùQk@mAùkv ¢@kHkAùPk‹
Aùl^kPk .Aù XkklakAù bkg@FkTkk cnTkk\kv Zkbk\kv ÓùYk-ZkkvHkTkkAùk ¢kSkk@XkoP Ul@UkKm
@ Aùl^kPk’YkAù DkKAùcêWkkK UoOkrP: U\kkZkTk CkTkr bk‘RwTk P@ Zkckf ÓùYkWkáPk ^kk ÓùYk#kpE~Bk\kkWkkK
U\kkZkTk CkTkr Tkbk‘TknAùkv UmMjk @ ÉklPç†TçPk XkTkv Ékì RvlBkTG‹ Aùl^kPk\kv bknWká .vlAùAùPk @ bkE*lP
(Aùkvcv@vTbk~) ’ZkkCkv@ Ykn‘Pä VnúÑùkä bkgZkkvCkUoOkr @ Yko\ZkcmTkPkAùkv UálP ¢fCkk\G‹ XkTkky UálP Tkw
Xk’Aùk¤fG‹ bkklc’Zkä @kHkTkmlPä ¢kFkk@ekkTk ^kk bkkwTRZkr#kkbÇkHkbPk bkWkw ¢Tkn#kkbkTkcê bk’Zk\kv
¢k\kEœkl@AùPkAùkv WkkKkv lcfMjv@ YkkÇk Un%Zkk¤Tkv QknYAùkcê cnTk~ XkÆkv lbkAvùUlG Aùl^k\kv Aùl^kPkWkkK
¢k\kEœkl@AùPkAùkv \kv¤ BknsAùTkv ÉkZk’TkYkk URcê ¢l\k ¢U@YUl@P RvlBk.Aùk cnTk~‹
ZkbPk ¢bkE*lP\kv Aùl^kPkAùkv Ykkwl\kAùPk @ b^kkZkÅkPkYkklQk ¢kÓùYkOk CkGr‹
¢lTk Zkkv cYk\kk\kv bkk^kZk^k (¢CkvrlTkAù) Aùl^kPkAùkv Un@kTkkv Skk@Okk\kk£r lWkQkkv\G‹ ZkbPk TkZkkf
Fkvìkcê TkkKAùYkk HkbPkv ‘.l\k.lTk#kTk~ £Vvú‘K’-çk@k UkLAù\kk£r IkbAùk£@cTknAùkv lTk†YP ckv‹
cvE*¢kvXk@\kv lU†\bk.Aùkv lWkckTk
9/11-cê lFkZkkAùkv FknbAùmlbkP lU¤fG bknê¶U
Pk\kmWkkTk @ £@kAùAùk Skn^kkfcê
Ykk\kWkkv@kvAùk ¶ZkkAvùKYkk ¤Mjk¤fG WknE*
†‘\kTKTkAùkv ^kmZkr @
lM.Tk.-U@mdkOkAùkv Ul@OkkYk
HkkYklbkP Kkv‘G lAùlKÑù
@ lTkbAùTG
ckPYkk \ZkkU~KU~lXkÇk bkgbkk@w WkkvAvù@‹

ULTkAùkv Zkbk ¢klR-¢k#FkZkkrTknXkolP\kk£r bkkYZk CkTkrAùkv lTk†YP ^ZkkBZkk lRTG ¢kSknlTkAù#kkbÇk\kv‹ P@
Ik\kÑù cvRkr bkkSkk@Ok @ HkTklÉkZk \kkCTkv ¤Åk@¢kSknlTkAù ApùlPAùk ¢ê UÇkkcê Bkkv\Tk UlGWkkK
Wkkv\kk£TG \kAùkTkä Mvl@Mk @ VnúAùkvAùk bkwák†TPAù YkPcê\kk£rä b\kk^kkvHk HkvHkvA~ù XkTGTk~‹
l^kFk\kTk
l^kFk\kTkAùk bkYkbkkYklZkAù ÉkZkkvCk#kk\kkWkkK lTkbAvùAùk lHk¤fRk Aùl^kPkcê\kv Zkkv
bkYkZk @ Hkm^kTk\kk£r Wkkv\Tk bkAùkvbk~ä Zkcm ckYk|kv Aù\kk-AùÅkr^Zk‹
Un@kTkk Anù@k XkkflFkTknUGr ¢lTk TkZkkfAùkv lbkHkrTkk Ckl@TknUGr‹ P@ XkkfFRk êBk
Nk\kvHkbPkv ckv£Tkä lbkTAùk XkkfFkvHkbPkv‹ P@ lbkTAùk XkfFkk£Aùkv CklPXkTkv æoP‹ XkfFkk£YkkÇk ckv£Tkä
^kwAù†\UAù lbkHkrTkk UlTk‹
‘It is understandable that some people should weep over the present void
and hanker instead, in the world of ideas,after a little monarchy. But those
who for once in their lives have found a new tone, a new way of looking, a
new way of doing, those people, I believe, will never feel the need to lament
that the world is error, that history is filled with people of no consequence,
and that it is time for others to keep quiet so that at last the sound of their
disapproval may be heard.’ ! Michel Foucault

HkZk ‘‘Zkk‘Kbk’

1åYkkGkAùkv Ykkv\k

!HkZk ‘‘Zkk‘Kbk ’

XklTkTGä ¢lP @bkUoOkrä ¤’bkkcUnl@P Aùl^kPkAùk ¢lXk^Zk†‘Pcê UlTk ZkQkkQkrYkk
.Aù #kkvAùAùl^kPk (.\kvHkm) ckv Aùk@Ok Zkbk\kv ¢TknU†bQklPAùkv Wkk@vYkk Wkkvl\k@cvAùkv cnTG ¢lTk XkklakAù
¤U†bQklPYkk ¢TknU†bQklP (\kvAnùTkk)-cê BkkvHkÀ\kk£r ¢kVwú\kk£r ¤\Kk£@cTGä BkkvPl\k@cTG‹
.¤Kk U†#FkYkm YkkTGvä ÉkBk@ ¤UXkkv‘Pk^kkRmä XkkwlPAùä ¤Bk@Ykk¤\kkv UnfHkm^kkRm
-Aùl^kPkYkk G‹ ZkPkAùk YkkTGv Zkkv ApùlÇkYk ÉklPYkkTkYkk UnCkvAùkv GwTkä P@ HkkfRwG ’ZkPw‹ Aùl^kPkYkk
bkYkPk @ lXkÆkPkAùkv PTkTk (KvTbkTk) G‹ Zkckf ¢k£@kvTkm Tkw Aùl^kPkAùkv AùQZk ckv‹
ÉkQkYkFkkvlKAùkv bkkdkk’Aùk@Ykk ¢kSknlTkAù Aù\kkApùlP\kv UkLAù\kk£r GÑù UkGr‹
l^kFk\kTk/3
# l^kFk\kTk

RkHknä Vvúl@Vvúl@ ¢k¤fRw CkTknrckvbk~ cwä TkYk@m
‘. . .RkHkn
WkkfFkv Aùk\k\kv bkkfFkv Vvúl@ XkvK~Rw Ck@kwf\kk‹
kk‹’ @Tkv
RE* U%Zkkv‹
# l#k^kAnùYkk@ @k£r
. . .P@ Aùlc\Zkw XkvK~Tk Ck.Tk
XZkk.Tk UlTk‹
!VúmlTk‘bk bkYkZk Zkkv

¢fSZkk@kv-¤HZkk\kkvAùkv UBkvKk VúK~VúKk¤fRw
Uo^kr PkAvù@ ¤lMj@cvAùkv
Mv@k GkTkkYkklQkWkkK

bknU@bkkvlTkAù HkvK‹
!@Tkv ¤cm ckv-

FkkwAùWkHkk@Awù Gv¤Ykk
Yk\Km¶\kv‘bk YkkAvrùKYkk
YkkGkAùkv Ykkv\k PkvlAù@cvG b^kZkg
bkv\bk-Ck\krAùk AùYkTkmZk ckP\kv
bknYbknYZkk£.Aùk
@E*m-FkE*m .‘Zkool@ZkYklXkÇkAùk‹
!‘CkkvWk|v-Rc’ HkkfRwTk

bkUTkkcê UlTk RvBG lAù RvBRwTk
lAùTklAù ¢lc\kv ¤
lbk\kCkNjm UnCGäAù\kAùÅkk @ lR\\km UnCG

l^kFk\kTk/ 4
# l^kFk\kTk

YkkCk WkKn\G /UoOkr CkGr
@ bkUTkk\kk£r WkTR CkGr
Wkcn@klì}Zk WZkkEœ @ #kvZk@cêYkk‹
!¢l^k^kklcP Tkw G

¢bkmlYkP XkkvAùkv UlTk
Tk@Yk ¢E*k\kkv @ .èúkvlRPv CkTSklWkTkk
lTkRk¤fTkw bk‘RwTk lWkFk@k!
lTkRk¤fRw lTkRk¤fRwTk bkk\kk!!
(UkTkmAùkv lTk†YP cMjPk\kä Hkn\kobkä Dkv@k¤ä
HkTkbkXkkä UQk¢^k@kvSkä \kkLmFkkHkrä CkLWkTSkTkä
.TkHkm¢kv bkvlYkTkk@ä Ul@ZkkvHkTkkä l^kAù\UUQkä
UÇkAùk@ bkYYkv\kTkä TkkCkl@Aù ¢lSkAùk@ YkJFkä
YkkTk^k ¢lSkAùk@ YkJFk. . .)
. . .Avù Avù Xk£@cTGä
P@ ¤bkAùkv bkwZkky .‘Zkol@ZkYk\kk£r UnCTkv
‘@lTkE ^kkK@’ ¤U\kWSk Xk£@cTG
c@ bkYkZk /c@ lRTk
’Zkbkw\kv ¤ NnÑù Xk£@cTG‹
’Zkkv NnÑù WkkflMjTG-AnùTkw YkcE*kv @vbPn@kf
AùYk~ Wkk@Aùk
URkr \kCkk£.Aùk AvùlWkTkcêYkk‹
!cvE*¢kvXk@\kv lU†\bk.Aùkv lWkckTk

9/11-cê lFkZkkAùkv FknbAùmlbkP lU¤fG
bknê¶U
Pk\kmWkkTk @ £@kAùAùk Skn^kkfcê

Ykk\kWkkv@kvAùk ¶ZkkAvùKYkk ¤Mjk¤fG WknE*
†‘\kTKTkAùkv ^kmZkr @
lM.Tk.-U@mdkOkAùkv Ul@OkkYk
HkkYklbkP Kkv‘G lAùlKÑù
@ lTkbAùTG
ckPYkk \ZkkU~KU~lXkÇk bkgbkk@w WkkvAvù@‹
!VoúbkrRYkkä bk@k¶Rw lTkbAùTG bkk£Wk@

bkgbkk@WkkK
¢kE PTAùk¤fGä¢kfBkk YkkMj~Gä
¢kwg\kk UMj~Aùk¤fG
¢k$Tkkv \ZkkU~KU~Ykk UbkvAùk Xkk£@bkcê YkkTkvr
.TKmXkk£@bk bk$K^kv@ TkUk.AùkvYkk
CkTk~ CkTk~ CkRwr
AùYUTkmAùkv £TXZkkl\kM UvHk WkTR CkGr
¢Aùkvr ^kvXkbkk£K Bkkv\Rw Kk£U CkGr
MWk\ko MWk\ko MWk\ko WkvWbk~ MK ~AùYk~
............
@Tkv ¢Ikw RE* Ul@@cvG‹

YkpPRvcbkfCkw ZkbP@m Kkf†bbkTGTk~
YkkTkkw ¤ UlTk lbkE*w
Hk\TkvG l^k@cYkk lFkPkbkfCkw‹
Q‘’Zkkv AùkvLkYkk P .‘\kw HkkflRTk cw’

Bkkbk-Bkkbk Bknbk-Bknbk Fk\G
bkkfIkYkkä
Wknck@m TkklP-TkklPTkmYkkIk‹

QYk@kw Dk@

¢Wk ‘\kWk Dk@ WkTkvAùkv cnTG
Ckk¤f @Ykk£\kkv Xk.Aùkv cnTG‹

Q.Aù-Rn£ WknNjkcê

Q¢Tknck@ Yk\kkYkmcêAùkv \kc@Ykk

\kklVúE lYk@@Ykk ÉklPl^k†YWkP WkTG
l^kApùP ¢kApùlPYkk ¢lXklTkP
ckfbkkv @kv‘Tkw Ykn†bAù\k UGr
YkkwTkPk Wkkv‘Tkw Ykn†bAù\k WkTG‹

QPkbkvcê Dk@Wkk@ lWkbkvr@

2. #kkvAù-Rp#Zk^kpÅkYkk

bkYkbZkk @ lFkTPkAùkv Xkk@m lWkbkk.@
XknKvAùkv XkkP @ lFkZkk lU¤fRw
HkkvAù@ @ Gv¤Aùkv bkkQkm\kk£r bk@k¶Rw
Dk@UGklMj HkkTGTk~ lUbkkWk VvúTkr\kk£r‹

HkWk Aùkvcm YkGr
Yk@kw Dk@ .¤Kk @E*YkJFk WkTG‹

Q¤Pk XkkTbkkDk@WkkK

Lo\kkv bkkYkolcAù ckfbkkv ¤†YAùTG
Skn^kkflbkPw êYkl\k.@ ^kkPk^k@OkYkkä
¢k$Tkk Un@kTkk ¢†#\k\k Hkkv‘bkbkfCk
’Zkcm FkPn@YkkTk
l@lYk‘bk CkRwr bknTkk£@cvG QkkTkAùkv QkkTk
AùPw AnùTkkWkkK VnúbVnúbkk¤fG Tkk@m b^k@‘G~Zkkä Avù bkkókv GkMjk ckw Zkkv FkPn@YkkTk’
P@ FkPn@YkkTklP@w bkPAùr G ’ZkbkAùk AùkTk‹

QQQ

Q¢Fkv\k Ckk¤fYkk

@Ykk£\kkv Fkc\k-Uc\k cnTG
bkn@k @ bknTR@mAùkv¢lTkZk†TÇkP lFk†¶\kTkv Fkv\kmcê
bAoù\k GkvMj~GTk~
’ZklPYkkÇk ckv£Tk
TksbkE ckvYk\kk£r UkvbZkk¤Tk UnCGTk~‹

¢kvG~ZkkTk\kv lWkIkk¤Tkv #k@m@ l\k.@
@kYkkZkOkAùkv bknTR@AùkOM \kZk ck\RwGTk~
bknÆkv Aùkvcm GwTk #kkvAù-bkgPÈk Ul@^kk@
ck£ AùkNj~Rw UsBk@cvAùk ckPYkk KnAùm l\k.Aùk
l^k@‘P\kkCRkv ¢k$Tkw ÌkmYkPmcêAùk ¢Tknck@‹
Q@Ykk£\kkv G #kkvAù-bkgPÈk Ul@^kk@

QlcHkkvbkYYk PsAùlcfMjTkv @ PAùkr£lcfMjTkv

¢kVúTP TkkYkAùk WkÃkk YkkAnù@kcê
¢FkkTkAù Bk@mHknAùk WkTGTk~
l^kFk\kTk/ 5
# l^kFk\kTk

PkbkYkk YkkTkvrvcê YkpPk’YkkAùkv ^kwAnùOL^kkbkAùkv AùkYkTkk CkGrTk~
P@ ckTkvrAùk Ul@^kk@ YkpPk’YkkAùkv Tk@Aù^kkbkAùkv AùkYkTkk CkGrTk~‹

QYk@kw Dk@Ykk

TkHkklTkfRkv ÉkAùk@\kv

¢’ZkTP Bkn\\kk @ ¤Rk@
lRTkn-BkkTknYkk
YkpPk’YkkAùkv TkkYkYkk‹
QAvùKkcê lG†\\kTGTk~

l^kFk\kTk/ 6
# l^kFk\kTk

AvùKmcê £lÇkTGTk~
¤Ykv@ ckvä Avù Avù CkGrTk~-CkGrTk~‹
Wkklc@ Wkklc@
@CkPUFGv Xk£JHkv\k AnùKkAnùK UlTk CkGrTk~
HkCkKk \knGk\knG UlTk CkGrTk~
Yk@kw Dk@Ykk
lZkTkmcê Hkv UlTk CkGrTk~‹
Q¢T’ZkvlìAùkv Xkkvl\kU\K

YkckXkk@PAùkv ¢†TPYk U^krYkk
¢g#kWkOMkAùkv lTk†YP Gkv@kcê
lIkKmlYkKmAùkv lTk†YP Gkv@mWknck@mcê
AnùêdkvÇkAùkv YkwRkTkYkk ¢kvs\kTGTk~
¢lTk bkmYkkTkk Aùkvl@TG Wkk@mYkk
¢lTk bkk£TkkvYkk @ bkYWkTSkYkk‹
QCkk¤fYkk

HkWk Yk@kw UGr
Yk@kw Dk@ @E*YkJFk WkTG
Ckk¤f\kv\kv @Ykk£\kkv @lYkPk cvGr‹
QQQ

¤Ä^k\k WkYkHkTk

1ådkZkWkkv
dkZkWkkvSk

^kw†#^kAù PkUYkkTk\kv
WkvYkkwbkYk Vnú\kv@ YknIkkr.Aùkv
VnúÏkkv Ckn@kfbkAùk
AùÃkk ckfCkkcê
@ Avùcm QknE*k Voú\kcê

WkkvAvùAùkv Gn c’Avù\kkcêYkk
XkoYkOM\kmAù@OkAùkv FkÓù^kkP~\kv
¤Mjk.@ \Zkk£Un%Zkk.Aùkv
c@vAù YkkvM\kAùk
¢’ZkkSknlTkAù bkkYkkCk|mcê GTk~ QknlÉk.Aùk
#kZkTk-Aùdk /Rv^kPk-AùkvLk
Dk@Aùk AnùTkk-AnùTkkcêXkl@ /Hkc{-Pc{
#kkcHkckf
@ YknYkPkHkcêAùk
l#k@ Ikn‘Tk TklRTk\kk£r
Yk \kCkkPk@ .bk.Yk.bk Ckl@@cvGn
Zkm AùYkHkkv@ ckPcê\kv
ApùUZkk #kkcHkckf
Zkkv U\K XkTkv
TkAùkK cw Ykv@k Zkm Rn£r lTkRkvrak ckPcê
Ykv@kv .bk.Yk.bk Aù\kkAùkl@PkAùkv bkkKkvYkk
Ykv@kv WkHkk@mAù@Ok Wkl\kRkTkAùkv bkkKkvYkk
TkÇk P lPYk|kv PkHkYkc\k
CklTkTkvGwTk /Tk P Rl@TkvTkw G
l^k#^kAùk YkckTk~ ¢k#FkZkrcêYkk
Ykv@kv YkP Tkw
PkHkAùkv ^kkbPl^kAù @dkAù
Xk’XkPm Ukvl\k@cvG
bkXZkPkAùkv Aùk\kkv ¢\kAùÇkv bkMjAùcêYkk
UvE~Ckn£TkAùk AùkvYk\k Uk£Pk\kkcê

l^kFk\kTk/ 7
# l^kFk\kTk

@ \kCkkPk@ ¢lDk WklNj@cvGTk~ /HkWkHkrbPm
^kl\kí lTkHkmr^k .bAùkXZkkK@cê
\knK~Tk\kk£r HkE~CkncêAùk
Ul^kÇk AnùYkk@m’^k
bkk£Wk@ cnOM@m\kv
PcbkTkcbk Zkkv ^kPrYkkTkYkk
¤Rk@mAù@OkAùkv AwùAvùZkm Fkk\k\kv
ÇkbP Zkm dkOkcêYkk
¢kSkk@ c@k.@ \kMjBkMjk.Aùk
¢k$Tkw XkoBkYk@m Yknck@cêYkk
@kYk@kHZk VúAùkr£\Zkk¤Tk
c@vAù lRTk /Yk
¶\kv-l^kTk Bkvl\k@cvGn
¤V~ú!
lRÑù \kklCkbkAvùAùkv G
DknYRk-DknYRk
XkoYkOM\kmAù@OkAùk Bkkbkk WkHkk@cê
BkkfKm bkYk^kvRTkkcê Hk\kk.@
Bk@kTkm Xk£bkAvùAùk GTk~
lTk†aÓùZkPkAùk RkcCkpcYkk
lAùÆkn ckv XkTkv Bkkvl\k.Aùk GTk~ Fkk@wlP@
ApùlÇkYk
bkYk^kvRTkkAùk #klUE~ AùY¶\kv‘bkcê
¤ÅkÈk UpQ^kmYkk
¤lYk|.Aùk TkkXkkv
AùYk\kAùkv BkÏkk AùkfNjk-AùkfNjkcêYkk KvAvù@
WkNjk£@cvGn Yk

@‘PkYYkv Zkv#ko Uk£\kkcê
MnlWk@cvGTk~
Wk@YknMk WkwP@OkmYkk
¢kw<kvvlCkAù@OkAùk Ckóky Kk£KlTkAùcê
RTPv AùQkk WkÆk \kkCkvAùkv cl@Zkk\km
@ #kmP\k ÉkApùlP\kk£r
cvl@@cvGn l^k^k#k @Ykk¤fRw
Avù^k\k XkFknr¢\k l@Zkl\kKmcêYkk
¢lTk /YkmLkv CkE*k c@k.@
lU£@cvGn
YkpPbkkCk@Aùkv ÉkRnlakP lYkTk@\k ^kkK@
UnBkkrcêAùk ^km@PkAùkv AùkfNjk ¤YkkTkvr AùQkk
bkkYkklHkAù @mlPlQklP /U@YU@k /¢k$TkkvUTkk
@ bkgbApùlPAùk bkHkm^k Ik\kAùcê
¢kVwú\kv bkYUkRTk Ck@m
bkvXk Ck@v@ @kBkvAùkv Gn
ckMrlMbAùlXkÇk
MvYkm Yko@Aùkv
YkRckv#km †bK}†¶KHk~
@ .lXk|\kAùk ¤’Apùì Ik\kAùcêbkfCkw
Ykv@kv ¢Yk@TkkQk îRZklXkÇk
U
†C\k
@
cv
G
l^kFk\kTk/8
# l^kFk\kTk

¢kbQkkAùkv WkkóYkkbkv lbkE*kv l#k^kl\kE*
KnÓùk-KnÓùk /¢g#k-¢g#kcêYkk
BkOM-BkOM /QkkvUk-QkkvUkcêYkk /¢l^k@kYk
PU~ /PU~ /PU~ /PU~
Ykv@w YkkTGv YkoBkrPkAùkv Sknf^kk ^kplá
lTkRrZkPkAùkv WkNj~Rkv PkUYkkTk\kv / @
Xkk
lbkf
Rw
Ck£@cvG
l^k#^kkbkAùkv
Ckkv
^k
Skr
Tk
Un\kbPAùkv ÉkRnlakP ÌkkUcê\kv
QQQ

2. Tkm\kkv Ckk¤f /Tkm\kkv bkc@

Tkm\kkv Ckk¤f-Rp#Zk ‘Aù
Aù’
lXkHkv@ä Anùlc.@ä Xk†’Aù.@
Ckk¤fAwù ÉkkZk N\Tk\kkCkvAùkv
YkSZkkTc XkkvHkTkAùkv DkkvKk\kkYkk U@vAùkv
ÉkkQklYkAù UkL#kk\kkAùkv UlG†\P@
.Aùcn\k Zkn^kkcê QknlÉk.Aùk GTk~ /WkvAùk@m
Iknê¶U Xk.@ /.Awù M\\kkv
@E*mTk YkkvWkk£\kYkk Mk¤Tk\kkvM Ck@vAùkv
Tkm\kkv Fk\klFkÇk cvl@@cvGTk~ /lTksTkYkvak
Gv^kwAùk Fkc\kUc\kcêWkkK WkvBkWk@

KkNjkAùk c\kFk\kcêbkfCk UlTk WkvBkWk@
cn\kWkkK Aùbkw\kv
¤ÅkvlHkP /.Ñùkbkm
lK¶UOkm CkRrG^kkc ! ‘Zkk Ykk£TM W\kkv£E~ #kK~ä $ZkkWk\kbk~

Rp#Zk ‘Bk
Bk
Bk’

cPk@ G
DkkfbkAùkv Xkk@m WkkvAvù@
HkE*\kWkkK Dk@ VúsAùTkYkk
SkTkYkkZkk @ Voú\kAnùYkk@mcê\kk£r
¢TP@v /Ykk£\kk \kkvCTkvcê
lWkckTkw Ck£bkAvùAùk GTk~
Ykv\kkvYkk ¢k-¢k$Tkw
lGYkvAùm ¤Tkmcê
P\\kkv @ YkklQk\\kkv Dk@Aùk
CkkvLYkk lWkbkk.@
DkkfbkAùkv Xkk@m cPk@bkkQk
Rn^kw IknlÅkTGTk~ SkTkYkkZkkAùkv Dk@Ykk
\kkvCTkvcê\kv ¢kvG~ZkkTkYknlTk
\kkU@^kkclbkP GkvlMj@kBkvAùk
Tkm\kkv Fk\klFkÇkAùk FkÑùkcê
Ukvckv@ bkk\k ¢Rn^kk WkvFkv@
\Zkk.Aùkv MmXkmMmYkk cvTkr\kk£r

WkÅkmYkk Kk†bbkf. Iky
UnP\kmcê
bk\AùfRw bk\AùfRw ÓùYk#k: /MnlWk@cvG
¢l^k#^kkbkAùk bknTkkYkm Gk\kcêlXkÇk
¢kbQkkAùkv @kYkbkvPo
@ bkkfÃkw Tkw Bk@kTkm Xk£@cvG /RTRTkm Hk\kv@
¢k#kEœkcêAùk ¢†CTkH^kk\kklXkÇk
¢bkPm bkmPkcê /Ckk¤flXkÇkTkw
Rp#Zk ‘CkCkCk’
lTk†aVúÓù bkfSkw Iky
Ckk¤fAùkv Skk@kYkk Tknck£@cvG AùkTGm /¢árTkCTk
AùKnbkAùkv Wkk‘\kkv IZkkE~lXkÇk \knAvù@
VúKkVúK l\kfRwG †‘\kUcê/Ckk¤fAwù SkTkWkckRn@
Avùcm ¢lDk \Zkk.Aùkv MmHkm‘ZkkYk~\kv

Tkm\kkv bkc@-Rp#Zk ‘Aù
Aù’

NnÑù GTk~ ¢TP@v /Ykk£\kkcê
bkYIkfRw /Gl\k@cvGky ckYkm\kv Zkm Ykkv@mcê\kk£r
lTkSkrÑù GTk~ /SkTkYkkZkk /Voú\kAnùYkk@mcê
CklVúfRw /Rl\k@cvGky ckYkm\kv Zkm Ykkv@kcê\kk£r
l^kFk\kTk/9
# l^kFk\kTk

^ZkbPPkAùkv bAvùlKE~Ykk lFk†¶\k.@
cns@£@cvG bkc@ /¢k$Tkw \kMjBkMjkcKYkk
TkvK bksVúE~Ykk
¤’bknAù TkZkTkcê
FkJFk\k /cPk@Ykk GTk~
Hkk@m G ¢l^k@kYk /
¢Tk\kk£Tk bkk£Wk@ #kkbÇklXkÇk
BkkvHkÀ PkHkk l#kAùk@
cK~‘ZkkYU WZkkZk @ ‘ZkkYU Ck\krcê
lFkbkkv Xk.@ WkbkvAùk GTk~
ROMmä AnùTPAùä XkkYkc @ ¢@bPncê
AnùlFk|.@ l@bkk£Aù\kWkmTklXkÇk

Rp#Zk ‘Bk
Bk
Bk’
Wkv\knAùmAùkv bkYkZk /WkHkk@WkkK
cPk@bkkQk Dk@ VúsAù@cvGTk~
ZkbkkvSk@k Yknck@cê
RHkrTk HklP WkkvAvù@
lHkUkvM /Xkk£Wk|vK@cê
@ Ukbkr\kYkk QkkUv@
òk¶Um MnTkkvK /bkv‘bk M\kcê
¢kÌkYk Skk£@cvGTk~
Wkk\k Wk|ñkFkk@m YknbAùkTkcê
LkvlÑù@cTGTk~ .AùkAùkrbkfCk
lHkCk\kkv /Aù\kCk\kr /bk@kvCkvK ¢kYkkcê
XkmMjcêYkk
Uk£\kk-Uk£\kkYkk
Rp#Zk ‘CkCkCk’
Ckk¤f @ bkc@Aùkv bk†YYkÌkOk
Ckv @ \kv†bWkZkTkAùk bkgZkn‘P YkkvFkkr
bkc@Aùkv AnùTkw bkn@ldkP bQkkTkYkk
XkkMjkYkk AùkvLk BkkvlHk@cvGTk~
CkkvUTkmZkPk HkkvCkk¤Tk BkkvHRw
YkSZk@kPAùkv Aùkv\kkc\kWkmFk
AnùTkw Wkk@lXkÇk
BknWkw Hkkv#k @ HkkvlBkYkbkfCk
^ZkbP GTk~ UÇkAùk@cê
CkTkr\kk£r XkOMkVúkv@ bkTkbkTkmBkvHk BkWk@Aùkv
lTk†YP
TkCTk Tkp’ZkAùkv
†bKE* ¢U@vbkTk
QQQ
l^kFk\kTk/10
# l^kFk\kTk

3. Wkkv‘bkm †bK}†¶KHk~

lbk@vKkvAùk DknZkvÇkkv Ékck@\kv
Hkm¤Xkl@ ¤lYk|.Aùk AùKnbkv AùkfNjkcê YkkRwr
@ Fknck¤fRw @k\kYkk Wkkv‘bkm @bk
YklÑù.@ N\Tk\kkCkvAùkv
ZknCkkbQkkAùkv HkmOkr BkkfWkkcêYkk UlÓù.@
Kkf†bbk.@
ÉkkZk#k: TkCTk
Wkkv‘bkmcê †bK}†¶KHk~ TkkflFk@cvGTk~
CkmPkE*v MkfMjkWkkK
IkkfÓùmcê
HkkvBkkTkk Vú\kklAù@cvGTk~
\kk¤M bUmAù@Ykk\k cw U@Ykvbkn@k
RoSkAùkv RoSk
UkTkmAùkv UkTkm /G~Zkk’G~ZkkPm Ukl@lRTknckv\kk
bk’Zkv bk’Zkv WkPk£lRTknckv\kk
-HkTkPkAùkv YkkCk G
IkkfÓùmcê
bk†YIk@cvGTk~ Mvl@Mk
@ AùkvWk|k #kWRcê
IkkfÓùm-IkkfÓùm /Wkkv‘bkm-Wkkv‘bkm
^ZkbP GTk~ CkLWkTSkTkYkk
HkOMk IkkfÓùm @ HkOMk Wkkv‘bkmcê\kk£r
bkÅkkFZkoP CkTkr\kk£r
.¤Kk XkZkkTkAù #kmPZkná-bkÅkkXkkvCkAùkv

bknSkm@ GvÇkm

Cknê UosOkYkkAùkv @kP
IkkfÓùm ¤’bk^k Fkl\k@cvG
lFkTPk ¤’bk^k Fkl\k@cvG

1åWkCk@-^ZkkUk@
WkCk@-^ZkkUk@
WkCk@Aùkv GkPmYkk
XknP~XknPv Bkv\kv@ /Bkkvbkvr@
.Aùcn\k cnOk VúAvrù‹
^Zk^kbQkkAùkv TZkkZkUkl\kAùkWkkK cvlU.Aùk
XkolYkUnÇk AnùAnù@Aùk lHkWk|kcê
Bkk<-¢TknRkTkAùk @c\k KU@m FkkK~RwGTk~‹

lG¶UvAùkv HkkfMj /¢bk\km ¢OMk
AùkwNjv Xkk\kvAùkv XkkZkCk|k lbkê^kk
@ Wkkv‘bkm †bK}†¶KHk~\kv
H^kk\kkYknBkm Iky ¤ÅkÈk
AùkYknAù AùYUTk\kv ¢lTkZk†TÇkP
Uk@kv Ck.Aùkv YkRckv#k IkkfÓùmAùkv
TkkAùkvr HkkfFk Ckl@@cvG
^kPrYkkTk\kv

Q

bkfSkw Iky lWkckTk cnTG
.¤Kk bkkl^kAù DkKTkk
.‘ZknÉkv#k@Aùk UJHkmApùP R\kk\k WkTkv@
Xknf£Ykk \kYUbkk@ YkckRv^kAùk lVú\kkcêYkk
AnùTkw AùkYknAù Wkkv‘bkm RkfPcêAùk
Tkm\kk-Tkm\kk RkCkAùk bUì lFkÇkcê
lBklFk@cvGTk~ bZkkKk\kk£K YkkSZkYk\kv
.l\kZkTbkcê\kv
¢TPl@dkAùkv TkvUQZkWkkK
Wkkv‘bkmcê
¢l^k@kYk
¤UXkkv‘PkcêAùk Rk^kkTk\k VúYkkr£bkYkk
†bK}†¶KHk~ TkkflFk@cvGTk~‹
QQQ
l^kFk\kTk/11
# l^kFk\kTk

¢C\kk K†‘bkAù Rp#Zkcê
¢kfBkk Ukv\Rw ¢kfBkmXkky ¤Fkk\kv@ lXkÇk UbGTk~‹
lFk¶\kk ¢lTk lFk\\kk WknRnTkkcê
bU#krAùkv ¢YkoÅkr CklOkP
¢TknXkoP Ck@k£^k@m
lHkWk|kvAùkv ¢kZkPTkYkk
¢kCkkYkm b^kkRAùkv PTPn\kk£r lFkYkkvKv@
UkTkmYkk WkvUÅkk Xk.‹
Q
cv UZkrKAù
Aù!
lcYkk\k b^kFGä Hk\k @ @kl#kä l^k#kná ZkckfAùkv
YkkTGv @ £r#^k@ä WZknfIkTG bkfCkwä ÉkApùlP HkckfAùkv
Q

SknUmAùk bkkv\kkvMkv\kkv GvUk@mYkk
FkKökE~\kv PkGv@ UmU Xk@vG‹
lAù#kkv@ FkvUvAùkfNjkcê
YkTk \kk.@ Hkm^kTk-Aù\kk DkkvlAù@cvGTk~
#kk†TPHkn\kobkAùk AùlYk\kkcê
Wkk\kn^kkXkl@
¢klRYk b\kkvCkTkcê Aù@k¤fRw ckv\kkTk~ä

Bkw bknlTkÆk!
Q
cv UZkrKAù
Aù!
AùTR@kYkklQkä bknTkBk@m @kYk|kä lXkÅkk @ UkBkkYkk
bknl^kSkk @kYk|kväTkwbksCkAù ZkbPkvä¤U’ZkAùk AùkBkYkk
Q

¢kfBkkYkk £TævOkmAùkv SkkCkkv
@
ckPYkk YkFkkr\kv YknGvAùkv lTkæk WkkvAvù@ ¢k.Aùk
#kWk@mcê\kv ¢k^kvCkAùkv \kÙk£rWkkK
Ykv@kv ¢TknXkolPAùkv CknÜM~Mm\kk£r
êBkAùkv Kn¶UkbkYYk ¤Fkkl\k@cvGTk~‹
FkYkr@k.@ WkHGTk~
Ykv@k #kk@ml@Aù ^kkcTkAùk FkÑùkcê‹
Q

UkPAùk Tk#kkcêYkk
Wkakkw‰ ¢lDkAùkv cn@m Fk\Yk\kk¤fG‹
ck^kkAùkv cvl\kAù¶K@\kv lUL~ZkofAùkv dkvÇkVú\kYkk
lFkbkkv G@v@ HkkTG‹
lÇklUKAùAùk UkTkkcê Iky
VúVúr@k£@cvAùk Avù@kAùk UkP\kv
¢XkoPUo^kr CkmP Ckk.@
CkkYXkmZkrAùkv ck^kk UBkk\km
FkkJFk\ZkAùkv l@RYk~ WkHkk¤fG‹
Q

Aù’QkAù UnP\kmcê
¢dk@Aùk VúkvAùk ¢kfBkkYkk VnúKk¤fRw
Hkm^kTkAùkv @ky GkYTk TklR£r
Rp#Zk lbk\kk.@ VúAùrTGTk~‹
UnP\kmcê lYk\kv@
l^kFk\kTk/12
# l^kFk\kTk

UBkvKkXkl@ GklU.Aùkv
WkvTkvMvKkv ÓùkvFkvAùk
lFkÚmcê UlNj@cvGTk~‹
Q

bkk£f\kkAùk Gkv@kcê
Xkkvl\k
Zkkv HkE*\kAùkv AùFkmrYkFkmr WkKn\Tk
Zkcm \knCkk @ Aù’\kklbkPw ¢k¤fGTk~;
¢lTk c@k£bkAvùAùk ¢TkvAùTk~ XkkakkcêAùk
b^k@cmTk ¢^k#kvakcê WkKn\GTk~‹
bkk^krXkkwlYkAùPkAùkv \kv¤Ykk lFk¶\kv@
BknÙk PklGfRk P@
UJFkkZkPm Yk\kYk GwTk ^kl@Ul@‹
Q
Aù!
cv UZkrKAù
cl@Zkkv UckMjä Fk@k @ HkE*\kä bknTR@ Gl^k G
KvTKYkk bkn’Tknä#kkwFkk\kZk @kYk|kväRkYk ZkbkAùkv UkfFkbkZk G
QQQ

2å@kv@kvbkkrA~ù HkkfFk

¢kbQkk YkZk\kUkvbkAùkv bknê^kk\k #k@m@Aùkv
VnúAùk\k VnúAùk\Gn
l^kRk lRTGn cnTGn
bkkQkmAùkv c’Zkk ¢k^k#ZkAù G AùYkbkvAùYk
Vnú†’Aù.Aùkv Ykn†‘PAùkv ¢^kFkvPTk @kyXkl@ PE~l@TGTk~
!^kw@kCkm Aùk£f\kkkkä ‘Yk’
Zkkv Aùk\kkv YkbkmAùkv RkCk ckv
ZkbkYkk HkPkPPw lTk†bAù.Aùk

¢kAùk@ @ @vBkkcê RvBkv@ lPYkm\kv
Dkkfbk ^kk
êBk ^kk
^kdkbQk\k ^kk
HkckHkä
Avùcm Tkbk†YIkTkn‹
Zkkv Avù^k\k
Aùk\kkv Ykbkm UkvlBk.Aùkv Aùk\kkv RkCk ckv‹
Ykw\kv WkTkk.Aùkv ¢k\kkv lFkÇkYkk
lPYkm KvAvù@ ¤èú‹ ¤èú ¢Ikw‹
Ik@TkkcêWkkK UkTkm@E* bkkvckv@v@
MkfMjkXkl@ Gl@Rv¥
£TævOkmAùk AùYkn\kk UBkvKkcê FknfMjv@
Bkkv\kklP@ Gl@Rv¥ @
lXkHkvAùkv @kPkv Uk£Pk\kk\kv
¢kAùkbkYkk KvAvù@
DkkYk\kk£r \kPUP Uk@‹
Zkkv lFkÇk Tkì Ck@
lAùTklAù
Zkkv lFkÇk lQkfRwlQk.Tk ZkQkkQkrYkk
¢lTk lPYkm ^kkbP^kYkk Tkì YkTk U@k¤fGkw‹
Q

lLcmYkk CkÅkk Wkk\kv@ HkkMjkv XkCkk£@cvAùk
Ul@lFkP ¢Tknck@cêWkkK
¤RkbkmAùkv @E* YkkCkv@ä
bkYkkFkk@Aùkv YknBkUpíYkk FkkvAùAùkv YkkIk
l^kbVúkvKYkk U@vAùkv \kk#kWkkK

l^kFk\kTk/13
# l^kFk\kTk

ÇkkbkRmAùkv @kvCkTk lKUv@ä
bkoZkkvrRZkAùkv MkfMjkYkk BkKmBkkTkv
bkoZkkrbP cnTk\kkCkvAùk UbkmTkkcêWkkK
AùêOkkAùkv Hk\kU ¤Lk.@ä
TkoTkPv\kAùkv lcbkkWk @
WkTR lFkZkkWkk@mAùkv Pk\kkYkkIk Rkv\kkZkYkkTk
¢k’Ykc’ZkkcêWkkK
l^kXk’bk bK}kvAù lBkUv@ä
bkÅkkä ¢BkWkk@ä FkkwAùmä l^k@kvSkä Hkn\kobkä
@kHkTkmlPä ¢k@kvUä XkkakOk @ YknMj~AùmWkkK
¢k^kv#k @ ¤ÅkvHkTkkcê ¤Ckk.@
.¤Kk lFkÇk ¢k\kkv Aùkv@vAùkv Gn
P@
Zkkv Avù^k\k Aùk\kkv Ykbkm UkvlBk.Aùkv
Aùk\kkv RkCkYkkÇk ckv‹
AùkCkHkYkk WkTkk¤Tk bklAùTkf
Fkn@k VnúKvAùkv ck^kkä
UkvPv FknflMj.Aùkv WkPkbk
¢lTk
DknE~Dknê Vnú†bAù.Aùkv Ik@m‹
Q

GkZkkf\kv ¢k$Tkkv Gk\kk FZkkPv@
¢kfBkk¢lDk bkk\bkk CkGrä
@E* WkCkv@
@kvbkkrA~ùAùkv
¢Qkr @ lTk†#FklP\kk£r
HkCkkK~G WkkvbYkk@m‹
Q

CkOkPTÇkAùkv UkE~@v WkkAùbkWkkK

#kk†TPAùk RkyP@m K\kAù WkkvAùm ¤YAvù@
AvùYkkv$\kvHk Gkv@kcêAùk lTkSkk@bkYYk
bkmYkkTkk-bkmYkkTkkYkk UnCkm VúAvrùAùk
#knXkAùkYkTkkAùk ¢dkPkcê‹
lbkHkrTkkAùkv YkkKkvWkkK ¤Fkkl\k.Aùkv
YkkPp’^kAùkv Knbkkä
PUbZkk\kmTk UckMjYkk ¤lYk|.Aùk
Skm@PkAùk #\kkvAùcêä
bkn@Aùk IknÉkk-IknÉkkWkkK VnúlAù.Aùk
^ky#kAùk @kCkcê‹
Vvúl@ YkkKkvä UckMjä bkn@‹
Vvúl@ YkkPp’^kä #\kkvAùä @kCk‹
.¤Kk lFkÇk ¢k\kkv ¢Wk AùkvGnr‹
KvAvù@ ¤èúTk Uk¤Ækkw P@
Zkbk ¢k\kkv lFkÇkYkk‹
QQQ

3åUnUn@kTkkv Aùl^k

ZkbPk bknTR@ Aùl^kPk
bkWkw\kv \kvBTk bk‘RwTkTk~‹
Aù\UTkkAùkv ¢TPl@dkWkkK ¢k.Aùk
Ik\kYk\\k ÉkXkk^kkTk~ Aùl^kä
Unêak Aùl^k/ Ckkv@kv Aùl^k/ SkTkm Aùl^k/
Zko@kvUv\km Aùl^k
@bk\kv Xkl@.Aùk bknTP\kk HkbPk #kWRcê WkKn\Rw
PUk£‰Aùkv ¢kCk|cYkk b^kP:Ék^kkc Wkakkw‰ BkÊkv
l^kFk\kTk/14
# l^kFk\kTk

CkkvLk\kkcê\kv Ckk£r Fk@k¤fRk Ckk¤Tkbk‘Tkv
bkn\kl\kP /bknYkSkn@ /¢AùkKö /ekkTkUoOkr
Aùl^kPk \kvBGTk~‹
Zkkv lHk¤fRk ¢lPl^kl#kì
bkYYkkTkTkmZk Aùl^k\kk£r lPYkm GnTk Uk¤fRwTkkw‹
YkkÇk Aùl^kPk bknÆkn‹ AùlP YkmLkv‹ Pk\km YkkTknr‹
’ZklÅk‹
QQQ

¤RZk Qkn\knE

Fkkc

lPYk|kv ckP
#kEœk\kn #kc@Aùkv HkkMjkvYkk AùkYRw lcfMj~Tkv
YkkCTkv HkbPkv
AùbPkv Ykw\kk \kkCG Yk\kk£rä
Yk ¢kVwú\kk£r bkYkk¤f lAù TkbkYkk¤f \kkCG
lPYk|kv TkSkkv.Aùkv ckP\kk£r‹
lPYkmlXkÇkAùkv lVúAùk cnfRw Ck£@cvAùkv lPYk|kv
@E*\kk£r
lHkTRCkmAùkv ‘ZkkTkXkbkYkk
.¤Kk ÉkkOkAùkv Tk‘#kk AùkvTkr ÉkZkkvCk Ckêf lAù
TkCkêf \kkCGä
lPYkmlXkÇkAùkv ¤Hkkr\kk£r
lbkHkrTkkAùkv AnùTkw cRbkYYk
¤UZkkvCk Ckêf lAù TkCkêf \kkCG ¢kVwú\kk£r;
’Zkkv WkvAùk@Aùkv ¤MjkTk XkTkvr
Wkv\koTkAùkv ¢kEYkk FkNjv@

TkHkk¥ TkHkk¥ XkTkv@ @kv‘Tk\kk£r
Yk Ykv@k ckPAùk ¢kwf\kkcê lPYkmlP@ Vwú\kk¤fGnä
Zkkv .¤Kk ¢†TPYk ÉkvYkUÇkHkbPkv
Ykv@kv‹
bk¶Uw Anù@k P bklAùbk‘Zkkw lPYkm\kv
ÉkvYkä YkkTk^kPkä ÉkApùlPä bkgbAùk@ bk¶Uw\kk£rä
¢Wk ¢k$Tkw ckP AùkK~Tk YkkÇkw
WkkfAùm G @c\kä
lPYk|k bknTR@ ¢kfBkkcê\kk£r VnúKkZkkw
lPYk|kv YkTkAùkv AùkvYk\kPk\kk£r UlTk MMjkZkkw
lPYk|kv FkvPTkkAùkv ckfCkkcê\kk£r AùkKv@
Rk¤@k Ukv\Zkkwä
’Zkbk lTkRrZkPkPVúrAùkv lPYk|kv CkYkTk\kk£r
@kvAofù lAù Tk@kvAofù \kkCG ¢kVwú\kk£r‹
lPYk|kv BknÙk AùkK~Tkv ¢TknYklP
Yk l\k¥f ?
AùbPkv Vwú\kvAùkv G Zkkv UmMjkAùkv WkCk@
¢@kHkAù @kHkkAùkv
Ónù@PkHkbPkvä
Ykc’^kkAùkE~dkkAùkv WkTRnAù-Wkk@mlXkÇk
lRTkcnf Fkl\k@cTkv lBkfFkkPkTkAùkv Ckkv\kkWkk@mYkk
.¤Kk lbklXk\k YkkTGv
bkfSkw Yk@vHkbPkvä
Zkkv Bkv\k\kk£r @kv‘TknUGr Ykw\kvä
lPYk|kv lTkZkYk\kk£r PkvMj~Tk

l^kFk\kTk/15
# l^kFk\kTk

¢TknYklP Yk l\k¥f ?
Zkkv ¢†TPYk l#kìkFkk@Aùkv QknTFkvYkk
Avù Avù @mPcê GTk~
AnùTkw lRTk bkk^krHklTkAù CkTknrUGr Ykw\kv Tkwä
Ykv@kv ’Zkcm .Aù ¢lXkTkZk\kk£r
UBkvr@ WkbkvAùk GTk~ bk¶Uw\kv
.AùlRTkä .AùdkOk
bkJFkkv\kv WkkfFkÀ Zkkv lHkTRCkkTkmYkk‹
QQQ

lWk\kkvAù #kYkkr ‘Bk@v\k’

’Zkkv WknNjkv êBk

Ckk¤fAùkv WkmFkYkk lLE* ¤lXk.Aùkv
’Zkkv WknNjkv êBk
¤bk\kv .¤Kk bkXZkPk Tkw RvBkvAùkv G
P@ ^kPrYkkTkYkk ¤ lTkcnl@@cvAùkv G
TkkE*kv ZknCkAùkv Tkk£Kkv RvBkv@. . .
Avù RvBkvTk @ ¤bk\kv ?
¢k$Tkw Mk\kkcêYkk
lUE Bkv\Rw @Ykk¤Tkv
¢kHk Zkkw^kTkAùkv XkoAùYU\kk£r
#kkTP WkTkk¤Tk Pvsbk@cvAùk cnTGTk~
¤bkwAùkv VvúRYkkä YkÅk l#kZkkf\kcêAùkv lTk†YP
@kPAùkv AùkYknAù ¢TSkAùk@Ykk. . .
¤bkAùk #kmP\kPkAùk bU#kr l\kfRw

ckPYkk UnbPAù l\k.@
DkOKky bkYkZk lWkPk¤Tkv ¤Ä^k\k ¢Tknck@cê
¢kHk VnúÏkkv êU l\k.@
l#k@ LkMjkv UkRw
lTkAùkvlKTkZkn‘P Skn^kkf B^kk£@cvGTk~
’Zkcm êBk\kk£r
UbkmTkk\kv Tknck.@
DkkfKmAùkv YkêXkolYk\kk£r #kmP\kPk lR.@
¤bkAùk VvúR\kk£r lbkókTkm WkTkk¤Tkvcê
¤bkwAùkv AnùTkw Rókv ckfCkkYkk
Ikn†OMTkUnCGTk~ Aùlc\kvAùklcf
lTk’Zk bkYkbZkkcêAùk Rkv@mYkk Ikn†OM.UlG. . .
¢ê QknÉkw-QknÉkw Rp#Zkcê
Hkm^kTkAùk TkCTk Tkp’Zkcê
ÉkRs#kP cnTGTk~ ¤bkAùk ¢lDk†\P@
lRTk-lRTkä ÉklPlRTk¤ P Avù^k\k cvl@@cTG
bkYkZk\kv AùkfFkn\km Vvú@vAùkv
¢lTk
Hkm^kTk\kv Tkp’Zk Ck@vAùkv
¢’ZkkSknlTkAù bkE*mPAùkv \kZkYkk. . .
¤ N\G Tkw .AùlRTk
¢lTk .¤Kk bkXZkPk Tkw
£lPckbkAùkv CkXkrYkk \kn‘G
P@ ¢lc\kv ¤bk\kk£r
¤lXkTkv ^kkSZkPk G
lHk¤Tkv .¤Kk ¢kwUFkkl@AùPk l\k.@. . .
QQQ

l^kFk\kTk/16
# l^kFk\kTk

@kHkYkkTk\kv ¢lc\kv XkTZkkv ¢k’YkbkYkUrOkAùkv Xkk^kYkkä ’’.vTkk\kv IknK Wkkv\kvAùkv @cvTkG‹ Ykv@kv
HkWk@HkbPm\kv Aùckf bkYkZkAùkv UnFG@ bkYkklP@kBTk bkYXk^k @cvG @ ?’’

Aùk\kozbkc @TkUcx\km

QQQ

bk’Zk\kk£r bU#kr
1.bk’Zk\kk£r
bkkTkkv lQkZkkv Bkkv\kk- lcf¤Rkv NkMjYkk WkkvAvù@ WklCk@cvAùkv‹ R\kWkm@v\kv XkTZkkvä “Zkkv UnFG@HkbPkv
Bkkv\kk #kkTP Xk.@ WkCRw AùPklP@ Ck.Aùkv ckv\kk ?’’
UoOkrYkkTk\kv XkTZkkvä “Zkkv bkYkZk\kv UnFG@HkbPkv Gä Vvúl@ Zkkv bkYkZk\kv Tkw #k@m@HkÇkkv Xk.@ CkHk‰Rw
¢k¤TkvG @ WkCkv@YkkÇk ckv£Tk WkCkk.@ ¢DkklMj WkNj~TkvG‹’’
“P@ . . Zkkv bkWk Aùbk\kv CkGr ?’’lHkekkbkn WkTZkkv R\kWkm@v‹
UoOkrYkkTk\kv l^kFkk@\kk£r #kWRYkk ¢^kPl@P Ck%Zkkvä “bkYkZk\kv ’Zkcm G #k†‘P#kk\km Aùlc\kv cv\kk
Ckl@.Aùkv Anù@kv bkYkZkYkk #k†‘P Kv‘Rw ¢k¤fG ¢lTk cv\kk CkTkvr @ TkU’Zkk¤Tkv\kk£r WkCkk.@ \kwHkkTG Zkkv
bk’Zk ckv‹’’
R\kWkm@vAùkv l^k^kvAù l#k#kn XkZkkv @ UoOkrYkkTkAùkv l^k^kvAù UkL#kk\kkAùkv NkvAùk Ék#TkAùkv ckP\kv
NAùNAùkZkkvä “Zkkv bk’Zk XkÆkv Fkklcf Vvúl@ Avù ckv ? ’ZkbkAùkv @E* AùbPkv G’’
UoOkrYkkTk\kv ¤LkZkkv ¢fHkn\kmXkl@ UkTkm @ RvBkkZkkv ¤Åk@Aùkv @E*ä “Zkcm bkYkZk ckv‹ Zkcm ckv
bk’ZkAùkv @E*‹ bk’ZkWkkK ¢ê @E* RvlBkTG‹ Zkkv ¢fHkn\kmAùkv UkTkm\kk£r lPYkm QkkvUk QkkvUkAùkv
bkYkkCkYk WknITkbk‘Gkwä Gk\k @ H^kk@XkkKkAùkv bknbknÈk ¢^kbQkk UlTk YkkÆk bk‘Gkw‹ TkRvlBk.Aùkv lXkÇk
UlTk bk’Zk\kk£r cvTkr bklAùTG‹’’
R\kWkm@v\kv WkCRw Ck@vAùkv UkTkm Gkv.@ ’Zkkv ¢AùkKö bk’Zk\kk£r bU#kr Ck@vAùkv ¢TknXk^k CkTkr\kkCZkkv‹
QQQ

3.¤R~
¤R~DkklKP bk’ZkAùkv @cbZk
bknRldkOkk\kv Ul@ÓùYkk Ck@m YkOMU\kk£r ¢k$Tkkv \kkvCTkv @kAvù#klbkP‹ Ul^kÇkPk @ ÉklPekkAùkv ÉkPmAù
YkOMU\kv ¢kCkkvAùk ¢kfBkk\kv Rn^kw\kk£r cvTkr\kkCkv‹ Ul@ÓùYkk CkRkrCkRwr l@E~CkKk \kkCkv@ bknRldkOkk \kMjm
YkOMUYkw‹ Wkkv\kk£Zkkv Mk‘K@‹ HkkfFkv@ XkTZkkv Mk‘K@\kvä “lWkcvU#FkkP~ bkVú\k cnTknUTkvr AùkZkr lQkZkkvä
lWkcvAwù lRTk bkVú\kPkAùkv Wkkfbkn@m WkHZkkv‹ WkSkk£r G‹’’
Wkvcn\kk l#k@ lTkcn%Zkk.@ ¤lXk.ä YkkTkky Rkvak Xkk@m XkZkkv ¤bk\kk£r‹ YkTkYkTkw XkTZkkv ¤bk\kv
¢kVwúlbkPä ‘AùlP Tkw G\Tk BkkvHRk UlTk bk’Zk Aùckf G\Tk bklAùTkv @cvG @ ckYkm Rn^kw\kv lYk\kv@
\knAvù@ Ck@vAùkv UkU bUì WkTkv@ ¢lDk ¢k£GkvMj~Zkkv‹ WkkR\k\kv GkvUv@ bkoZkr Aùckf c@k¤Tkv @cvG @ ?’
QQQ

£rdkOk
MktŒ DkTk#ZkkYk TkvUk\kä ¤Åk@WkE* l^k#^kl^k<k\kZk‹

Zkm TkZkkf ¤<Ykmcê l^kFk\kTkAùk

Rp#ZkYkkTk XkZkkv ÉklPl^kYWk .vTkklXkÇk @kHkYkkTkAùkv‹
Vnú\kvAùkv Avù#kä Rkóm-HknfDkk‹ ¢Tknck@Aùkv Sk@Pm @kHkbQkkTkAùkv bknBkkw@kv Iky ¤Ykv@Aùkv bknBkkw@kv\kv
UKUK Fkk¤@mAùk @vBkkcêYkk VnúKvAùk‹ @kHkYkkTk\kv .vTkk\kk£r UGk%Zkkv‹ G\krYYk VnúKökv .vTkk‹
@kHkYkkTk\kv ÓùkvSkAùkv Xk%ZkkE FkNj~Tk BkkvHkvQZkkv .vTkk\kk£r VnúKk.@‹ P@ bkAvùTk Xk%ZkkE ¤‘\kTk
¤‹ WkmFkwYkk ¤Ykv@Aùkv Xk%ZkkE \kMj~Zkkv‹@kHkYkkTk bkYkZkAùkv Xko£fYkk UGkl@Zkkv‹ ’Zkcmf VnúKvAùk .vTkk
KnÓùkcê Gl@.Aùk lQk.‹ .Aù-.Aù KnÓùk .vTkklXkÇk .¤Kk-.¤Kk DkkYk Ubkv@ ckflbk@cvAùk-bk’ZkAùk
êU‹

£rakP~ FkJFk\k ¤ÅknE* RksHkl\kE‹ lcYkk\k @ bkYkP\kYkkIk Rkv\kkZkYkkTk Bk@bkkE‹
¢l\kAù ¤Pk AnùTkkYkk .†‘\k.@ ¤lXk.Aùkv \kvBkTkkQkmZk Avù^kf@k-Iky lHkWk|kv AùkN~Rkv Mn^kbkr‹ ZkPk .Aù
Gv¤Ykk lNAùkv HkYkvAùkv #kkTP P\kk¤ Aùk\kvWknE‹
bkPcYkk HkYkvAùkv @ #kkTP P@ lXkÇk lXkÇk bkRw^k P@\k Ék^kkcYkkTk Fk\kkZkYkkTk Zkbk
P\kk¤Ykk P@E* ¤LvAùkv G ¢lc\kv .¤Kk bkn@-\kc@ WkkvAvù@- l^kFk\kTk
l^kFk\kTk-Aùkv P@E*‹
l^kFk\kTkä ÉkFk\kTk GkvMv@ TkZkkf @ l^k#kvak lAùlbkYkAùkv Fk\kTk FkZkTk‹ l^kAù\U @
FkZkTk-Aùk ¢^kSkk@Okk bkRw^k ¢kVoúlXkÇk bkYkvKv@ lcfMvAùkv cnTG l^kFk\kTk‹
¢Aù@Ok ^kk TkAùk@Aùkv bkoFkAù ckv£Tk l^kFk\kTkä l^k#kvak lAùlbkYkAùkv Fk\kTk Zkkvä l^kl#kì
Fk\kTk‹ TkAùk@Aùkv WkkKkv Xk.@ bkAùk@Aùkv UÑùm bkMAù bkYkk’Tkv .¤Kk YkkCkr Zkkv- ROMmZk YkkCkr‹
¢QkkrP~ TkvlP TkvlP‹

l^kFk\kTk/17
# l^kFk\kTk

l^kFk\kTk/18
# l^kFk\kTk

¤Ykv@ UTGm
2.¤Ykv

£rdkOk

YkosPXkJHkTkä êlNXkJHkTkä ¢P: TkZkkf ÉklPYkkbQkkUTkä TkZkkf Fk\kTk Ék^kPrTkä TkZkkf
ÉkFk\kTk- Ék^kPrTkUlG UBkvr@ WkbG ¢Aùkvr TkZkkf l^kFk\kTk‹ .¤Kk lTk@TP@ YkosPXkJHkTk ÉklÓùZkkAùkv
¢Aùkvr Tkk¤f l^kFk\kTk‹
.¤Kk ¢bQkkZkm ^kkRä ¢kTRkv\kTk ^kk c\kFk\k YkkÇk XkÆk lYk\RwTk l^kFk\kTk\kk£r‹
Aù\kk-bkpHkTkYkkÇkAùkv lTk’Zk SkYkr ckv Zkkv P‹ lTkYkkrOkJl^klTkYkkrOkJUnTksTkYkkrOk-Aùkv .¤Kk ¢KnK
#kpE~Bk\kkWká ÉklÓùZkk ckv l^kFk\kTk‹ Zkcm ckv Aù\kk bkpHkTkAùkv lTk’Zk ÉkOkk\km‹
bkklc†’ZkAù ApùlP bkRw^k ¢k’YkS^kg#kk’YkAù cnTG XkTG ¤Åk@bkg@FkTkk^kkR‹ ÌkvíPk
c’Zkk¤Tkv .¤Kk ¢KnK ÉkZkkbkAùkv ÓùYkYkk DklKP cnTG Zkkv l^kFk\kTk‹ XkklakAù bkEœvPAùkv lTk@TP@
Uk£PkvbkRkvr ÉkApùlP /Fkl@Çk\kv CkRkr XkkakkYkk @lFkTkv Aù\kkAùk êUYkk bkklc’Zk UlTk lTk@TP@ l^kFk\kTkSkYkmr
cnTG; l^kFk\kTkAùkv YkkCkr Xk.@ TklcfMm Sk@w GwTk ’Zkbk\kk£r XkTGTk~ @kv\kkf WkkQkr‹ Zkbkkv cnTkv cnfRk Tkw
XklTk.Aùkv ckvä ¢k$Tkkv TkwbksCkAù êUYkk bkklc’Zk Hklc\Zkw YkosPXkJHkAù (¢k£AùTkkv‘\kk†bKAù) Gä
¢k’YkkvFGvRTkSkYkmr (bkWk~^ksbk^k) G‹ ¢kVwú ¢k$Tkkv lbkHkrTkk CkGrä ¢kVwú ¢k$Tkkv ¤UXkkvCk CkGrä ¢kVwú
¢kVoú\kk£r Xk’Aùk¤fG @ ¢k$Tkw £lPckbkAùkv BkOMc@lXkÇkWkkK TkZkkf ¢kVoúAùkv UnTk: @FkTkk CkRrG‹
’Zkbkkv @ Tkw ZknCk-ZknCkAùk WknSkHkTk\kv XkTkv- l^kFk\kTk Aù\kkAùkv Hkml^kP ckv‹ #kWR
¤Tkmcê\kv lXkÆk lXkÆk l\k.ä P@ Ék’ZkZk Zkcm lQkZkkv‹
Aù\kkAùkv Hkml^kPAùk êUYkk l^kFk\kTk ¢kHkYkkÇk ^kk lcHkkvYkkÇk HkTYkvAùkv TkZkkf ¢^kSkk@Okk
ckv£Tk‹ Aù\kkAùkv bkpHkTk @ l^kAùkbkAùkv £lPckbk XkÆkn Tkwä ^kbPnP: l^kFk\kTkAùkv £lPckbk ckv‹ Aùk\k
U@mldkP .¤Kk YkkTZkPk ckv Zkkv‹ Aùk^ZkAùkv Hkml^kP ¢\kEœk@\kk£r YkkÆkv ¢k<k\kEœkl@Aù XkkYkc\kv
¢\kEœk@\kk£r ^kÓùPkl^kSkkZkAù ¤†‘PAùk êUYkk Ul@XkklakP Ck@v‹ Zkcm ^kÓùPkl^kSkkTk-Aùk ¢TkTP
bkYXkk^kTkk @ ¢bkE~BZk l^kAù\UcêPVúr £E*Tk CkRwr ROMm\kv XkTkv ‘¢b’ZkTkvAùkv lCk@kg YkkCkr: bkodYkXkvR:
U@bU@Yk~’ ¢QkkrP~ ‘lCk@k ’(^kkOkm)-Aùk ¢TkvAùky YkkCkr ^kk #kw\km GTk~ @ lPTkmcêYkkIk bkodYk XkvRcê
GTk~ HkbkAùkv ^kOkrTk Ckl@bk‘Tkn GwTk‹ @bk^kkRmcêAùkv bkkSkk@OkmAù@Ok-lXkÇk Zkcm l^kFk\kTkAùkv ¢TP:ÉklÓùZkk
@cvAùkv Gä^ZklìAùkv bkYklìYkk ¢TP\krZkTkAùkv ÉklÓùZkk‹ ZkbkwlXkÇk G ’Zkkv ¢TknXkolPAùkv ^kwlFkÇZk ^kk
FkYk’Aùk@ÉkkOk’^k‹ ’Zkbkw\kk£r ^kÓùkv†‘P XkTkv AnùTPAù\kv @ ’Zkcm ^kÓùkv†‘P ¢QkkrP~ ^kwRCSZkXkE*mXklOklP\kk£r Tkw Aùk^ZkAùkv Hkml^kP ^kk ÉkkOk YkkTkv‹ ^kÓùPk XkÆkn Tkw l^kFk\kTk ckv‹
Xkk@PmZk ckvbk~ ^kk Uk#Fkk’Zkä HknTkw Aùk^Zk#kkbÇk\kv UlTk Aùk^Zk-Aù\kk\kk£r ¢bkkSkk@Okä
¢TkTZkä ¢R~XknP ^kk ¢TkkwLkvä l^klFkÇkä ¢U@YUl@Pä ¢lP#kZkPkUoOkrä l^kFk\kTk#km\kä l^kUQkTk#km\k ^kk
l^k†FGlÅkUoOkr ¢lXk^Zk†‘PAùkv êUYkk cv@vAùkv Uk£TG‹ ‘¢TknAù@Okçk@k ¢lXkTk^kAùkv lbkHkrTkk’ Tkw Aù\kk
YkkÆkv .l@bKkvK\kmZk YkkTZkPk ckvbk~ ^kk ‘HkCkP~\kv ¢kvNvAùkv Ul@lFkPPkAùkv WkAùmr Aùl^kPk\kv ¤Dkkl@lRTG...’

¢ lMVvúTbk ¢^k~ UkvZkK}mä1821)
ä
XkÆkv #kv\kmAùkv Skk@Okk (¢
ckvbk~ä ‘^Zk†‘PWkkK ApùlPAùkv UpQkÑù@Ok’-Aùkv
^kAùk\kPm CkTkvr lKŒ .bkŒ £l\kZkKAùkv lTk^kwrZk†‘PAùPkAùkv lbkákTP ckvbk~ ¢Qk^kk NnE*kv ¢Ik NnlE*\kkv
êUYkk WkkvSk Ck@k¤Tkv Hkn†‘P ¢QkkrP~ ‘¢kvbÇkkTkvTkk£’ Tkw Aù\kkAùkv YknBZk Hkn†‘P YkkÆkv l^k‘Pkv@ b‘\kkv^bAùmAùkv
Aù\kklbkákTP ckvbk~ lAù ¢Ul@lFkPmAù@Ok (lM$ZkklYkl\kZk@k£HkvbkTk)-Aùkv #kw\km^kwekklTkAù YkkTZkPk
ckvbk~ä ¢Qk^kk bkklc’Zk\kk£r ‘bkkYkkTZk XkkakkYkklQk Ckl@.Aùkv ¢kZkkvlHkP zcbkk’ Lc@k¤Tkv @kvYkTk ZkkAùkvWbkTkAùkv
RplìAùkvOk ckvbk~ä Zkcm l^kFk\kTk-^ZkkUk@ Tkw bk^krÇk lXkÆk lXkÆk bkgekk @ l^k#kvakOkcêçk@k ¤‘P @
ÉklPUklRP WkTRw ¢k£@cvAùkv RvlBkTG‹
ZklPAùkv Rókv U@YU@k @ UpíXkolYk @cvAùkv RvlBk.UlG Aùk\kvWknEWkkK ¤LvAùkv Zkkv l^kFk\kTk
l^kFk\kTkAùkv b^k@\kk£r TkAù@k’YkAùä lTkPkTP Tkkw\kkv @ Xkn£fVnúÙk YkP YkkÆk Aùbkw bklAùÆk‹ bkklc’Zk bkpHkTkAùkv
lFk@TPTk ^kkbP^kPkÉklPAùkv FkvP\kv WZknfIkk£.Aùk Zkn^kk ÏkìkcêAùkv bkpHkTkkSkk@ ^kk bkwák†TPAù ¢kbQkk
XkTkv Zkkv ¢^k#Zkw ckv‹ lTkB\kkv Xkk^knAùPkä bkkSkTkkl^kcmTk ¢Ul@YkksHkP ¤R~Ckk@ä HkklP^kkRä bkkDknf@kv
dkvÇkmZk FkvPTkkAùkv AnùOM\kmWká ÉkAùk#kTkä ^Zk†‘PCkP @ bQko\k ¢TknXk^kcêAùkv ¢lXkSkvZk @ ¢lSkAùP:
¢QkrcmTk ÉkAùk#kTk ¢klR\kv CkkflHk.@ AnfùlHk.@ WkbkvAùkv ¢lSkAùP: Xkk@Pv\km TkvUk\km \kvBkTk @ BkkbkCk@m
Aùl^kPkAùk dkvÇkYkk Zkbk lAùlbkYkAùkv HkYkAùkvr ¢^k#Zk .¤Kk ¢k#k\kkCRkv Anù@k ckv‹
PvÏkkv ¢Eœ UlTk ÉkAùk#kYkk ¢k£bkAvùAùkv l^kFk\kTk
l^kFk\kTk-\kv ¢k$Tkkv ¢Xkmì AùQkTkYkk
XkTkvAùk Anù@kAùkv QkkAù .AùklP@ @kBkm ’ZkbkYkk ÉkAùkl#kP AùQkk-Aùl^kPkcê YkkÇk ckPYkk l\k.@ AnùTkw
Uo^kkrCk|clWkTkk ¢kv\Kk£r U\Kk£r cvGr UkLAù- Ék#Tk YkTkYkk WkkvAvù@- lcHkkv \kvlBk.Aùkv bkklc’ZkWkkK
¢Qk^kk ¢k$Tkkv bkYkZkAùkv @ ¢kHk UlTk ^k@U@ ¢ê\kv \kvBPwCk@vAùkv bkklc’ZkWkkK AùlPbkYYk l^kFk\kTkZkn‘P
G P Zkkv Tk^k\kvBkTk!
¢k’Yk^kvRTkkCk|bP .Aùk\kkUm \kvBkTkAùkv \kkYkkv @ XkklakAù bkkSkTkk#koTZk \kAùkvrAùk
ck@kck@m ¤XZkk.@ l^kFk\kTk
l^kFk\kTk-Aùk ¤Äk^k\kä bknSkm@ä bko@Hkä @ bkPm#kcê\kk£r cvl@cv@ky XkTG UkLAù @
c@Vúcê GkYTkQkk\G‹ RkflHkcvGr \kvBPw ¢k£@cvAùk YkTkÉkbkkRä TkkvHkkrEä @ @kHkvTæcêlbkP ¢lTk
bkfCkbkfCkw \kvBPwCk@vAùk Avù^k\kä ¤RZkä bkJHkZk @ bkJHkZkä ¢lTk HkZkcêlbkP UlTk‹ UZkkrÈk \kkCRwTk
Pn\kTkk\kk£r HklPbkYYk ¢k.Aùk GTk~ Zkm PmTk ¢EœYkk‹ PwUlTk Zkm TkZkkfAùk ¤<YkmcêAùkv ÉkZkkbk\kv HknTk
¢kCk|c Ckl@@cvG UkLAùbkfCk ÉklPlÓùZkkAùkvä ¤bk\kv Avùcm Tk Avùcm P TkXkTkm Sk@w Uk£@cvAùkv GwTk‹ ¢lTkä
UkLAùkv^kkFk:‹
¤Äk^k\kYkk l^kFkk@Aùkv HknTk Pk@\Zk G ’ZkbkbkfCk c\klYk\Rkv bkDkTkPk ¢k£TkUnCRk
UTZkk\kkv WkCkvAùkv ÉkPmP cnTG‹ .¤Kk ¢k$Tkw ¢kSknlTkAù WkE*\kkv / Skv@w P\\kkAùkv / Fkk@wlP@ Vvú†TbkE\kv
Wkk@vAùkv / Avùcm \ZkkKvbK YkkvM\kAùk YkkvK@cê /...lTkBkkvHk Xk.Aùkv G / \kkUÅkk Xk.Aùkv G‹ -\kvBTkv

l^kFk\kTk/19
# l^kFk\kTk

l^kFk\kTk/ 20
# l^kFk\kTk

¤Äk^k\k\kv ¢kVoú\kk£r l^kFk\kTk\kv YkkCkvAùkv Aùk^ZkXkkakk lR.Aùk GTk~ XkÆk bkkfDkn@w Ukl@lR.Aùk GTk~
UkLAù\kk£r‹ ¢AùkrUlÙAùkv UÆkkYkk UkLAù! /Aùl^kPk \kvBTkn bklHk\kkv GwTk‹ -\kvBTkv YkTkkvHk ^kkvCkKm\kv
#kWRYkk Zkbkkv XkÆknXkTRk ¢k$Tkk Aùl^kPkAùkv CknOk^kÅkk\kk£r b^kgZk ’Zkbkkv XkÆkv ZkkvCZkPkä ¢^kbk@ @
¢^kAùkbk ÉkRkTk CkTknr ¤lFkP ckv XkTLkTG UkLAù‹ ‘bkmPk Rn:Bkm Xk£Tk~’ bkkvIkw XkTRk Aùl^kPk cnfRwTk‹
’Zkbk\kk£r lWkYWk ¢klR\kv TkkKAùmAù@Ok CkRkr ’Zkkv Aùl^kPk cnTG‹ Zkbk@m bkkvIkw XklTk.AùkvYkk Aùk^ZkRkvak
@cTG- b^k#kWR^kkFZkPk ¢klR‹ ckfFkYkk cvRkr bknSkm@Ykk Xkk^k @ ¢lXk^Zk†‘PAùkv ¢k$TkkvUTk ¢l\kAù
Bkn\kvAùkv RvlBkTG‹ ¤Äk^k\kIky ænP TkAnùRv@ æl^kP lcfMk£ lcfM~Tkv ¤TkYkk CkkYXkmZkrAùk bkYXkk^kTkkcê
UE~†‘PAùk ¢kfBkmIZkk\kcêWkkK Ckkv\kk£-Ckkv\kk£Ykk lFkck£@cvAùk XkvlKTGTk~‹
cnTk P lLAù @ TklLAù bkklc’ZkYkk Lc@ CkTkvr ¢kSkk@cê UlTk UkE~Ck|kRk@ GTk~‹
.¤Kw b^kFGTRPk^kkRm \kvBkTkAùk Ék^kPrTkAùÅkkrcê Aù\kl@Hk @ ^kM~rb^kQkr Aùl^kPkAùkv Xkkakk AùbPkv
cnTknUGr XkÆkvYkk Rn£r l^kU@mP Sk|n^klP@ VúsAù.Aùk GTk~‹ ¤Pk ^kM~rb^kQkrAùk l^kFkk@Ykk Aùl^kPkAùkv Xkkakk
bkkYkkTZk ^Zk^kck@Aùkv Ck<bkfCk HklP TklHkAù UnCTkbk‘Zkkv ¤lP ¤ÅkYkä ZkPk Aù\kl@HkAùk RplìYkk Aùl^kPkAùkv
Xkkakk bkkYkkTZk ^Zk^kck@Aùkv XkkakkXkTRk HklP KkNkä HklP lXkÆkä HklP l^kFk\kTkUoOkr cnTkbk‘Zkkv ¤lP
¤ÅkYk‹ P@ ^kM~rb^kQkrAùk ¤ÅkYk Aùl^kPkcêAùkv Xkkakk cvRkr UkLAù ¢kVwú¢kVú Aù\kl@HkAùk UdkYkk
YkPRkTk CkTkrUnCRG‹ Aùl^k-bkklc’ZkAùk@cê Bkkl\k ApùlPAùk lTkYkkrPkYkkÇk ckv£TkTk~‹ ¤Tkmcê Aùk^ZkYkkSZkYk ¢QkkrP~ XkkakkAùkv ¢k$Tkkv Ykkwl\kAù Fkl@Çkä ^kwl#kìö @ ¢kNöPkAùk ¢T^kvìk @ ¤ÆkkZkAù UlTk
cnTk~‹ \kkYk GkvMv@ ‘‘Zko’ä cPk#kk Vúk\kv@ ‘èúbK}vbkTk’ä YknKn ’ZkkCkv@ ‘ckKr’ä c@k.Aùkv XkÆk lWkbkvr@
‘lTkBkkvHk’ä CklP Vúk\kv@ ‘@$Pk@’ä Ck|kcAù TkéFkk.@ ‘AùbKYk@’ä UnTk^kkrbk\kk£r lYk\Aùk.@
‘l@òklWkl\kKvbkTk’ä lCkábkfCk lDkTkk.@ ‘Xk\Fk@’ä UnTkFkkr\kTk XkÆk TkBkkvHkmAùTk ‘l@bkk£†‘\kE’ ¢klR
¢lDkAùkcê\kv ^kkÑù \kklCkJHkv\k \kvBkv @ ’ZkbkYkk AnùTkw l^kFk\kTk ¢Wk @cvTk bkklc’ZkAùk \kklCk‹
l^kFk\kTk
l^kFk\kTk-\kv ¢k$Tkw Ykkwl\kAù ^kkCSkk@k l^kAùkbk CkTknrUTkvr ckv‹ TkvUk\km XkkakkAùkv ¢k’Ykk BkkvP\kv@-BkTkv@¤lSkTkv@ lTkAùkl\k.Aùkv TkZkkf Aùl^kPkYkZk @ b^k’^kUoOkr ^kkCSkk@k‹ b^k’^kl^kcmTk @ lYkbAùK Xkkakk \kvBTkn Tkw
¤Åk@¢kSknlTkAùPk ckv XkÆkv Xk|kTP Skk@OkkAùk ÉkFkk@Aùcê UlTk GTk~ AùlP ckYkmYkkIk‹ ZklÅkBkv@
¤Åk@¢kSknlTkAùPkAùk bkTRXkrYkk YkTkYkk @kBTkwUTkvr Rn£r^kKk Anù@k Avù cnTk~ XkTkv XkklakAù lYkbAùK ÉkZkkvCk
¤Åk@¢kSknlTkAù \kvBkTkYkk Uk£TGä P@ Xk+k Vúkvckv@ lYkbAùK Xkkakk \kvBPwYkk ¤Åk@¢kSknlTkAùPk Xk£ck\G
XkTLkÆkn YknBkrPk YkkÇk ckv‹ ¢Aùkvr Anù@kä ¤Åk@¢kSknlTkAùPk .¤Kk FkvPTkkAùkv Anù@k ckvä \kvBkTkAùkv
¢lTk^kkZkrPk ckv£Tk‹ ¤Åk@¢kSknlTkAù TkXk£rAùTk AnùTkw ApùlP YkckTk~ WkTRwTk XkÆkn UlTk PAùrbkYYkP Anù@k
ckv£Tk‹
¤UlTk^kv#k^kkRm ^kkCSkk@kWkkK ¢kVoú\kk£r Ykn‘P UkTkvr ¢Xkmì l^kFk\kTk
l^kFk\kTk-Ykk Tkckv\kk?
l^kFk\kTk/21
# l^kFk\kTk

bkklc’ZkYkk ¢k$Tkkv HkkPmZk Xkkakkä bkgbApùlP @ bkYkkHkAùkv ¢k’Ykk Wkkv\kvAùkv cnTG‹ P@ l^kCkP ¢kSkk
#kPkWRmAùkv ckYk|kv bkklc’Zkä @ BkkbkCk@m Aùl^kPk\kv AùlPbkYYk ckYk|kv Xkkakk @ bkgbApùlPAùkv ¢kNöPk
Ik\Aùk¤Tk bkAvùAùkv G ? ¢Qk^kkä ¢kVoú\kk£r AùPk AùPkAùk ‘Y\kvFG UE~†‘P’ @ ¢lXk^Zk†‘Pcê\kv
‘lDkbZkk.@ TkkAùMkv@m \kCkk¤fRw’ ckYk|kv XkklakAù Ykkwl\kAùPk @ bkkwTRZkrAùkv lBk\\km ¤Mk.@ Vúkvckv@ Xk+k
¢lXk^Zk†‘PcêAùkv ¤éE QknUkTkvr Dkn%ZkkTkYkkÇk WkTkk¤Tkv bknAnù\kCknTMök£f YkkÇk Ukv Ck@vAùkv G lAù? l^kFk\kTk
l^kFk\kTk-\kv ZkbkAùkv lLAù lLAù lTk@mdkk Ck@v@ ¢WkAùkv \kvBkTk\kk£r FkkvBkkvä ^kk ¢Ik XkTkof ‘Fkkv‘Bkkv’
TkvUk\km \kvBkTk UkTkr ¤<Yk TkCk\kkr ? ¤Åk@¢kSknlTkAùPkAùkv MEœk AùlP b^kkbQZkAù@ G ckYkm\kk£r! UlTk TkbkkvF\kk ?
ZkbPk QkkAù ¤lXk.Aùk GTk~ Ék#Tkcê UkLAùAùk YkTkYkk‹ l^kFk\kTk
l^kFk\kTk-Aùk Tk^k¤<Ykmcê\kv ckP \kCkk£Rv\kkTk~ lPTkAùk ¤Åk@ ¤bk\kk£r‹ bkklc’Zk \kvBkTk .¤Kk AùlÅkAùkv Ln\kkv
¤Åk@RklZk’^kAùkv Anù@k ckv XkÆkv WknIkvAwù GTk~ \kvBkTkPVúr ¢lDkbk@kcê\kv‹ TkvUk\km XkkakkAùkv lTkYkr\kä
bk@\k @ Ykkwl\kAù ¢Tknck@\kk£r ¢E~Ck|vHkm- lcTRm ¢klRAùk Vúkvckv@ AùlbkE~Ck@\kv Gkv¶Rw \klCk@cvGTk~‹
‘XkCk^kkTk~ cnTknAùkv bkHkk’ä ‘HkCkc HkCkc ¤lYk|@cvAùk’ä ‘l@Hk@v‘bkTkAùkv WkmCk~KAù GkfKR~ ’w HkbPk ¢lXk^Zk†‘P\kv
FkkvBkkv Ykkwl\kAù Tk^k\kvBkTkAùkv ÉkPmdkn UkLAù\kk£r LkMw \kkv¶Uk B^kk¤fGTk~ @ cPkbk UkRrGTk~‹
P@ QknÉkw GTk~ TkZkkf YkTkURkr PkHkk ¢lXk^Zk†‘Pcê UlTk lZkTkmcêAùk @FkTkkYkk @ Pm
l^kFk\kTk-Aùk Zkm Tk^k-¤<Ykmcê\kv XkÆkv
Pm Lk¤f UnCRk ’Zkbbkw l^kFk\kTk \kvBPwGky XkTkvAùk GwTkTk~ l^kFk\kTk
lTkaAùakrYkk UnCG UkLAù @ UnTk ¢k#kk†T^kP WkTRG‹ ¢lTk bkPAùr Ck@k¤Tk BkkvHRw XkTG ¤Tkmcê\kk£r‘lbkbkpdkn Aùl^k!
Aùl^kPk \kvBTkn bklHk\kkv GwTk‹’
QQQ

MktŒ lR^kkAù@ ÉkSkkTkä Aùk\kvWknE Ykckl^k<k\kZk‹

l^kFk\kTk ckv£Tkä l^kFkdkOk‹

bknÈkÉkkZk: bkklc†’ZkAù ^kkPk^k@OkYkk Tk^kHkkCk@OkAùkv ¢êlOkYkk lRTkv l^kFk\kTk UlÇkAùkAùk
Rn£ ¢Eœ UNj~TknUk£Zkkv‹ Avùcm ‘UNjof-\kvBkof-Ckêf’ XkÆkv ¤’bkkcä Avùcm Tk^kmTk ¢kCk|cä ¢TP@krlì}Zk @
¢TPk@klì}Zk bkklc’ZkSkk@kÉklP bkHkCkPk l^kFk\kTk-CkkvímYkk RvBTknUk£Zkkv‹
¢Ékv\k1ä2007-Aùkv bknTkFk@m bkYkkFkk@
bkYkkFkk@Ykk UlTk l^kFk\kTk-lFkTPAù bknSkm@ GvÇkmAùkv
l^kFk\kTkWkk@v \kvBk UNj~TknUk£Zkkv‹ æìk-Ïkìk bknSkm@-bkYkoc\kv bkklc’ZkAùkv .¤Kk Skk@kl^k#kvakYkk Zkbk@mlP
l^kFk\kTk/22
# l^kFk\kTk

lFkTPTk CkTknr\kk£r bkklc’Zk-bkkwXkkCZk LkTRw l^kFk\kTkl^kakZkAù l^kYk#kr CkTknr SkYkr @ AùYkr LkTkvf‹
bkgbApùP #kWRAùkv#k¢Tknbkk@ ‘Fk\kTk’ #kWRYkk Fk\kk£.Aùkv ‘l^k’ ¤UbkCkrAùkv ¢Qkr
lXkÆkPkä cmTkPkä ¢bkYkkTkPk cnTG‹ l^k#kvak cnfRwTk‹ XkÆknXk.Aùkv @cvGh ‘l^kFk\kTkAùkv l^k\kkvYk Fk\kTk
l^kFk\kTkAùkv l^k\kkvYk P ¢Fk\kTk ckv‹ ¢Fk\k ^kk ¢Fk\kTk XkTkvAùkv Fk\Rwckv£Tkä ÉkFk\kTk ckv’‹ l^kFk\kTk
TkFk\Tkn ckv XkTkv l^kFk\kTk XkTkvAùkv lWkCk|v@ Fk\Tkn ckv‹ CkkMjmAùkv l^kFk\kTk Tk@kYk|kvä WkkKkvAùkv l^kFk\kTk
Tk@kYk|kvä ¢Tknck@Aùkv l^kFk\kTk Tk@kYk|kvä l^kFkk@Aùkv l^kFk\kTk Tk@kYk|kvä ^Zk^kbQkkAùkv l^kFk\kTk Tk@kYk|kv ¢klR‹
l^kFk\kTkYkk Óùk†TP ¢k. YkkÇk Fk\kTk-ÉkFk\kTk @kYk|kv cnTG‹
bknSkm@-bkYkocAùkv bkklc’Zk UNj~Rk bQkklUP bkklc’ZkYkk l^kFk\kTk RvlBkTkk\kv bkklc’ZkYkk
bknFk\kTkAùkv bknFkké ÉkFk\kTk #kné Ck@vAùkv WknlIkZkkv‹ P@ ¢k$Tkw \kvBkTk\kk£r UlTk ‘l^kFk\kTk-\kvBkTk’
XkTkv‹ TkkYkw Ukv @kBkv !
‘Fk\kTk’ #kWRYkk \kkCkvAùkv ‘Ék’ ¤UbkCkr\kv ¢lSkAùä ¢lDkä CklPä Zk#k Xk.Aùkv Fk\kTk
WknIkk¤fG‹ ÉkFk\kTk Avù G XkTkv XkkakkAùk AùlP lbkákTP bkklc’ZkYkk lYk\RwTkTk~‹ XkkakkAùkv S^klTk @
bkklc’ZkAùkv S^klTkYkk ¢kAùk#k-UkPk\kAùkv lXkÆkPk cnTG‹ XkkakkAùkv S^klTk bknlTkTGä phono /
phone ckv‹ bkklc’ZkAùkv S^klTk XkTkvAùkv ÉkPmZkYkkTk ¢Qkr ^kk ^ZkE~CZkkQkr ckv‹ LmAù ’ZkbPw ckv
kk l^kFk\kTk\kv UlTk Xkkakkl^kakZkAù Aù\kk’YkAù ¢lXk^Zk†‘PAùkv .¤Kk
l^kFk\kTk‹ ¤Åk@kSknlTkAù .vTkkAùkv
¤UAù@Ok bkgbkolFkP Ck@vAùkv ckv‹ bknSkm@ YkckvRZk\kv Xkkakk-l^kekkTklXkÇk UTkvr #kw\km-l^kekkTkAùkv bkTRXkrYkk
¤LvAùk l^kFk\kTk-bkTRXkrcê ¤R~SkpP Ck@m-Ck@m l^kFk\kTk\kk£r bknSkm@-bkYkk^kv#kmcêAwù \kklCk bkklc’Zkbk^krb^k lbká Ckl@lRTknXk.Aùkv @cvG‹
ÉkkFkmTkAùk\kRvlBk Tkw bkklc’ZkYkk bkklc†’ZkAù XkkakkAùkv bkTRXkrYkk l^kFk\kTkAùkv ÉkFk\kTk
GfRwG‹ bkklc’ZkYkk Fk\kk£Tkv Xkkakk l^kFk\kTkAwù Xkkakk cnTGw-cnTG P@ bkklc’Zk l^kFkl\kP cnfRwTk‹
l^kFk\kTkAùkv Xkkakk\kv bkklc’Zk ÉkFkl\kP cnTG XkTkmAùTk ¢\kEœk@^kkRä @bk^kkRä ^kÓùkv†‘P^kkRä S^klTk^kkR
¢lDk bk@vAwù ckv‹ ¤Tkmcê\kv XkkakkAùkv l^kFk\kTk\kk£r b^kmAùk@mAùTk bkklc’Zk\kk£r l^kFk\kTk cnTknWkkK
HkkvCkk.‹
bkkYkkTZk XkkakkYkk l^kFk\kTk TkXk£r bkklc’ZkAùkv Xkkakk cnfRwTk‹ ¤Rkc@OkAùk \kklCk
¢k^kvRTk UÇkklRYkk \kvlBkTkv Xkkakk ÉkFk\kTk-Xkkakk ckv XkTkv Aùl^kPkYkk Xkkakk l^kFk\kTkAùkv cnTG‹ Zkbk
Rplì\kv ^kk\YkmlAù-^ZkkbkRvlBk bkn^kkTkTR-XkkTknXk‘P\kCkkZkP Avù^k\kFkTæ-bknSkm@Aùk Aùl^kPkAùk Xkkakk
l^kFk\kTk-^kvlíP GTk~‹ Wkê AùlPUZk bkYkAùk\kmTkSkk@kAùk Aùl^kcê\kv Ukv l^kFk\kTkAùkv Xkkakk TkFk\kk£r
ÉkFk\kTkAwù XkkakkWkkK UlTk bkklc’Zk cnTkbk‘Tkv ¤Rkc@Ok lRfRwGTk~‹ bkYkAùk\kmTkSkk@k @kYk|@m bkYkk.@
\kvBTkbk‘Tkv TkvUk\km bkklc’ZkAùm ÉklPlTklSk Aù^klZkÇkm @vlYkAùk QkkUk\kv bk‘Rkv l^kFk\kTk-Xkkakk TkFk\kk¤Tkv

ÉkZkkbk Ck@vAùm GTk~‹
‘bkklc’Zk ÉkFk\kTkAùkv XkkakkYkk TkXk£r ÉkFk\kTkvP@ XkkakkYkk cnTG’ XkÆkn\kk£r #kw\kml^kekkTkYkk deviation XkTkvAùkv Uk£TG‹ ¢E~Ck|vHkmYkk deviation-Aùkv Aùkv#kbkYYkP ¢Qkr cnTG
turning aside or away‹ ‘MvlXk.#kTk’-\kk£r lcTRm ^kk TkvUk\kmYkk ‘l^kFk\kTk’ XklTklR.‹
‘UpQkAùmAù@Ok’ TkkYk ZklR lR.Aùk Xk. l^kFk\kTk-\kvBkTk ‘UpQkAùTk-\kvBkTk’ Tkw cnTQZkkv? bkkYkkTZk
Xkkakk\kk£r ¤†‘P YkkTkv@ bkklc’ZkAùkv Xkkakk\kk£r ^kÓùkv†‘P YkkÆkv ^kk CknOkk\kEœk@Zkn‘P @mlPYkk bkklc’Zk
^kÓùkv†‘P Aùk^Zk Hkml^kPYk
Hkml^kPYk~’
CkTknrUTkvr l^kFkk@ Xkk@PmZk Aùk^Zk#kkbÇkYkk Xk.Awù cnTk~‹ ¢kFkkZkr AnùTPAù\kv ‘^kÓùkv
@mlP@k’Ykk Aùk^ZkbZk:’ XkÆknlbkP UlTk ‘MvlXk.#kTk’-\kv bkYkPk @kBRG‹ P@
XkÆkn @ ¢kFkkZkr ^kkYkTk\kv ‘@mlP@k’Ykk
Aùk\kkTP@Ykk @mlP-^kÓùkv†‘P Aùk^ZkUnéakAùkv #k@m@ lbká XkZkkv‹ Zkbk Rplì\kv l^kFk\kTk Aùl^kPkAùkv
.¤Kk ¢E~Ck YkkÇk ckvä ¢E~Ckm ckv£Tk‹ Aùk^ZkUnéakAùkv #k@m@-bkkdkm l^kFk\kTk Aùbk@m #k@m@m cnTG?
l^kFk\kTk-bkYkocAùkv lbkákTP @ bkklc’Zkä l^kFkk@ @ ^Zk^kck@ lYk\RwTk‹ lbkákTP
RnWkr\k P@ bkklc’Zk ÉkWk\k‹ l^kFkk@Ykk l^kFk\kTk P@ ^Zk^kck@Ykk bknFk\kTk‹ Aùl^kPk bknFkl\kP GTk~ä
l^kFkl\kP GwTkTk~‹ Hkm^kTk @ HkCkP~\kk£r TklCkFkWkkK ^kPrYkkTk ¢kfBkk\kv bUì RvlBk.Aùk @FkTkk ¢EœcêYkkSkTZk UkLAù UkLAù ¤UXkkv‘Pk\kk£r SZkkTk lR£.Aùk @FkTkk‹ bkYkAùk\kmTk-\kvBkTkÉklP bkHkCk @FkTkk‹
ÉkkJHk\k #kw\kmä bUì ¢lXk^Zk†‘Pä bknWkkvSkä bkn\kl\kP @FkTkk lRTkbk‘Tkv Zkm bkklc’ZkAùk@cêAùkv \kvBkTk\kk£r
l^kFkdkOkAùbk@m l^kFk\kTk \kvBkTk XkÆkn? ¢kwlFk’Zk^kkRm ¢kFkkZkr dkvYkvTæ Tkw Xk.Aùk Xk. UlTk Wkê ‘l^kFkdkOk\kvBkTk
kTk’ XkÆkvlQk.‹ ‘l^kYk#kr-\kvBkTk’ XkTRk UlTk cnTkv‹ lbkákTP @ bkklc’Zk\kk£r ‘l^kFkdkOk’ #kWR
lRTkn ¤lFkP HkfFRG‹ ‘l^kFkdkOk’ XkTkvAùkv l^kl#kì FkldkPä bUìR#kmrä RmDkrR#kmrä bkk^kSkkTkä WknláYkkTk~ä
FkPn@ä l^kçkTk ckv‹ ÉkAùkl#kP @FkTkk bk^krÇk l^kFkl\kP cnTknAùkv bkÙk bknFkl\kPä bkn\kl\kP @ bkgZklYkP
GTk~‹ b^kFGTRPk^kkRm b^kw@Aù\UTkk @ ¢lP@JHkTkk PQkk PQkkAùlQkP ÉkZkkvCk^kkRm †‘\kìPkRvlBk U\kklZkP
GTk~‹ l^kFk\kTk-lTk@Uvdk Aùl^kPkb^kkRTk bkîRZkmAùkv îRZkYkw bkJFkkl\kP GTk~‹ bkklc’Zk\kk£r bknUkFZkä
bknb^kkRn WkTkk¤Tkv l^k#kk\k RklZk’^k ¢Ck|bkkl@P GTk~‹ ¤Åk@kSknlTkAù #kkbÇkbkYYkP bkgZkYk-¢Tkn#kkbkTkUk\kTkYkk ÉkFkvì Zkkv \kvBkTk ¢^k#Zkw l^kFkdkOk-\kvBkTk ckv‹ ‘^kwFkdkOZkg Aù\kk’(¢kFkkZkr XkkYkc)‹
lAùYklSkAùYk~ !!

l^kFk\kTk/23
# l^kFk\kTk

l^kFk\kTk/24
# l^kFk\kTk

QQQ

l^kFk\kTk/
# l^kFk\kTk

l^kFk\kTk/
# l^kFk\kTk

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful