A Project Report On “ONLINE ROOMMATE SEARCH”

(MINOR PROJECT) Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirement For the award of the Degree of

Bachelor of Technology
IN

Computer Science

Submitted By SAURAV GANGULY, (06ESBCS049) HARISH KUMAR , (06ESBCS017) B.Tech VII Sem(CSE)

January 2010 Sri Balaji College of Engineering & Technology Benad Road Macheda, Jaipur (Raj.)-302013 (Rajasthan Technical University,Kota)

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The beatitude, bliss & euphoria that accompany the successful completion of any task would be incomplete without the expression of the appreciation of simple virtues to the people who made it possible. So, reverence, veneration and honors. I acknowledge all those whose guidance and encouragement has made successful in winding up this. I owe a huge debt of thanks to a large number of people without whom none of this would have been possible. I am thankful to MRS. NEERAJ CHOUDHARY FACULTY(CSE) for being our mentor and for valuable suggestions and enthusiastic interest during the entire process of the preparation of Project. Lastly, I extend my heartiest thanks to all those who have contributed in making this project a success.

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CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that the project entitled “ONLINE ROOMMATE SEARCH” is the bonafide work carried out by SAURAV GANGULY student of B.Tech (CSE),
UNIVERSITY ROLL NO

(06ESBCS049),

of

SRI

BALAJI

COLLEGE

OF

ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, JAIPUR, is hereby accepted and approved as a credible work, submitted in the partial fulfillment of the requirements of Degree of B.Tech. (CSE) from RAJASTHAN TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY, KOTA.

Signature of the Coordinator:

Signature of the HOD: Place: Date:

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ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION This project is basically deals with search a appropriate Roommate and Paying guest.with addition to the knowledge of client personal information, professional information , its likes and dislikes , habits etc. the client can hide some of the personal details as according to its needs. BRIEF DESCRIPTION In this project we will make an online website which will deal with online searching of appropriate roommate search for paying guest. In minor project we will derive few models with different phases, to describe by different sets of attributes. Some of the page description are:       Client/user Registration/Login Page. Client/user Personal Information with Edit facility Search page Client/user requirements Advertisements of PG‟s and Roommates User request for Pg.

Thus are some basic requirements module, the whole set can be enlarge with including more phases in it. In this project we worked on .NET platform, with C# for coding.

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LIST OF FIGURES S.NO. 1. 2.

TITLE

PAGE NO. 30 31-34

Entity relationship diagram Dataflow Diagrams 2.1 0 level DFD 2.2 1-level DFD of Login page 2.3 1-level DFD of Registration page 2.4 1-level DFD of search page

3.

Screenshots 3.1 Homepage 3.2 Search people 3.3 Registration page 3.4 Login page 3.5 About us 3.6 Help 3.7 Contact us

36-42

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CodingShots 4.1 Master.aspx page 4.2 Master.cs page

43-44

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1) Objective 6.3 ) Scope 6. Project Title Introduction 2.4) Limitations 7. 2.1) Microsoft . 6.2 ) Design Phase 3. FEASIBILITY STUDY Introduction To Project 6.1) Company Profile 3. 1. System Design 6 TITLE PAGE NO.3) C# 4.4 ) SQL Server 2008 5. 8 9-13 14-15 4.2) Life Cycle 6.6 ) Implementation Phase 3. METHODOLOGY USED 3. 16-22 23 24-25 26-33 .7 ) Post Implementation and Maintainence Technology Used 4.1) Requirement Analysis Phase 3.3) Development Phase 3.Net Framework 4.NET 4.4) Coding Phase 3.2) ASP.5 ) Testing Phase 3.NO.CONTENTS S.

7.1) Introduction 7.5) Dataflow diagrams.3) Database and attributes used 7.2) Steps 7.4) Entity Relationship Diagrams 7. 8 9 10 11 12 SCREENSHOTS TESTING AND IMPLEMENTATIONS MAINTAINENCE CONCLUSION BIBLOGRAPHY 36-44 45-49 50 51 52 7 .

PROJECT TITLE “ONLINE ROOMMATE SEARCH” „LIFE MAKE EASY‟ SUBMITTED TO: MRS.1. NEERAJ CHOUDHARY SUBMITTED BY: SAURAV GANGULY (06ESBCS049) HARISH KUMAR (06ESBCS017) 8 .

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Design Phase 3. the s/w design involves three technical activities: design.e.3. In order to identify the problem: we have to know information about the problem the purpose of the evaluation for the problem to be known. The design of the system is in modular form i. Coding Phase 5. Testing Phase 6. This cycle back or feedback may occur as a result of the failure with the system to meet a performance objective or as a result of changes in redefinition of System activities. 14 . coding generation and testing.) METHODLOGY USED IN WEBSITE DEVELOPMENT The general methodology in developing a system is involved in different phases which describe the system‟s life cycle model for developing software project. One of the software have been analyzed and specified. We have to clearly know about the client‟s requirements and the objectives of the project. DESIGN Software design is a process through which the requirements are translated into a representation of an s/w. The concept includes not only forward motion but also have the possibility to return that is cycle back to an activity previously completed. Post Implementation Phase EXPLANATION OF DIFFERENT STAGES OF WATERFALL MODEL REQUIREMENT ANALYSIS This Phase includes the definition of the problem. Development Phase 4. Requirement Analysis Phase 2. DEVELOPMENT The development phase includes choosing of a suitable s/w to solve the particular problem given the various facilities and the sophistication in the selected software gives a better development of the problem. The Design Phase leads to modules those exhibit independent functional characteristics . These are as follows. Like most systems the life cycle of the computer based system also exhibits distinct phases. The basic WATERFALL MODEL is being used that is its stages. the s/w is logically partitioned into components that perform specific functions and sub functions. 1.it even leads to interfaces that reduce the complexity of the connections between modules and with that external environment. The design phase is for main importance because in this activity decisions ultimately affects the success of software implementation and maintains. Implementation Phase 7.

sample data debugging is one.CODING The coding phase is for retranslating the design of the system produced during the design phase into code in a given programming language. IMPLEMENTATION After testing is over project is implemented by providing training to the users and providing manuals so that they can be refreshed as and when needed POST IMPLEMENTATION If any problem occurs after the implemented they are removed from time to time so that so that the users can work on the prepared system easily finally a satisfied user when all things are almost right 15 . programming code. Which can be executed by a computer and which performs the computation specified by the design? TESTING Testing is done in various ways such as testing the algorithm.

and network communications.NET environment. Also part of the .NET Framework is included with Windows Server 2008. memory management. and exception handling.0 The Microsoft . Access to COM components is provided in the System.NET Framework.Runtime. and Windows 7.NET FRAMEWORK 3. COMMON RUNTIME ENGINE: 16 . The . The class library and the CLR together constitute the . Windows Vista.NET Framework execute in a software environment that manages the program's runtime requirements. databaseconnectivity.InteropServices and System. The framework's Base Class Library provides a large range of features including user interface.0 of the . access to other functionality is provided using the P/Invoke feature. this runtime environment is known as the Common Language Runtime (CLR).cryptography.NET Framework is a software framework that can be installed on computers running Microsoft Windows operating systems.EnterpriseServices namespaces of the framework. The CLR provides the appearance of an application virtual machine so that programmers need not consider the capabilities of the specific CPU that will execute the program. web application development. who combine it with their own code to produce applications. the . The class library is used by programmers. The CLR also provides other important services such as security. Programs written for the . It includes a large library of coded solutions to common programming problems and a virtual machine that manages the execution of programs written specifically for the framework. Version 3. PRINCIPAL DESIGN FEATURES INTEROPERABILITY: Because interaction between new and older applications is commonly required. dataaccess.NET Framework provides means to access functionality that is implemented in programs that execute outside the .4.NET Framework is a Microsoft offering and is intended to be used by most new applications created for the Windows platform. numeric algorithms. MICROSOFT .NET Framework.

such as buffer overflows. One of the most EYECATCHING things about the ASP.NET is the way you can use any programming language based on the . This is discussed in more detail in Microsoft . the .NET to create your web application.NET To create dynamic web pages by using server side scripts. It also comes with a great set of reusable. is a library of functionality available to all languages using the . All .NET allows you to build dynamic web pages and tailors the HTML output to whatever browser you are using. The CTS specification defines all possible data types and programming constructs supported by the CLR and how they may or may not interact with each other.NET Languages. ASP. or CTS. predefined and ready to use control for your ASP.NET is a programming framework used to create Enterprise class of efficient information management. such as C#. that have been exploited by malicious software. graphic rendering. ASP. and that it conforms to security requirements. AS. guaranteeing certain properties and behaviours in the areas of memory management.NET framework.NET Framework introduces a Common Type System.NET Framework supports the exchange of instances of types between programs written in any of the . so you can be more productive while programming. .NET projects. The BCL provides classes which encapsulate a number of common functions. Jscript. 17 . Microsoft has introduced ASP. security. LANGUAGE INDEPENDENCE: The .NET languages.NET. Additionally. database interaction and XML document manipulation. BASE CLASS LIBRARY The Base Class Library (BCL). The .NET version of ASP is ASP. part of the Framework Class Library (FCL). and exception handling.NET or VB.NET framework. SECURITY The design is meant to address some of the vulnerabilities. Because of this feature.NET framework includes design features and tools that help manage the installation of computer software to ensure that it does not interfere with previously installed software. SIMPLIFIED DEVELOPMENT The . including file reading and writing.NET Framework.The Common Language Runtime (CLR) is the virtual machine component of the .NET provides a common security model for all applications.NET programs execute under the supervision of the CLR. These reduce the amount the code you have to write.

18 . the number of lines f source code in ASP applications increase the dramatically and was hard to maintain. ASP script was an interpreted script and consisted unstructured code and was difficult to debug and maintain.NET? Since 1995. As a result. an architecture was needed that would allow the development of a Web application in structured and consisted way. Also. ASP offered the efficiency of ISAPI applications along with the new level of simplicity that made it easy to understandable and use. Microsoft has been constantly working to shift its focus from Window based platforms to the INTERNET. Therefore. Microsoft introduced ASP ( Active Server Pages) in November 1996.WHY ASP. software integration for web development was complicated and required to understand many different technologies. as applications grew bigger in the size and became more complex. However. As the web consists of many different technologies.

THE COMPONENTS OF ASP.NET APPLICATIONS 19 .

NET application the ASP.NET framework (2. 2 .NET files to the ASP. Finally.NET Script Engine reads the files from top to Bottom and executes any Server side Script it encounters. 3.NET Script Engine for processing.NET files need to be stored on as IIS Server. After creation of an ASP. The web Server. A web browser sends a request for an ASP. 4.NET file to a Web Server by using Uniform Resource Locator (URL). IIS.NET files from top to bottom and then executes the Script. receives the request and retrieves the appropriate ASP.NET APPLICATION WORKING ON ASP. The ASP.NET APPLICATION We create an ASP. An IIS Server process the ASP. STEPS ARE : 1.NET file from the disk or Memory. 20 .THE ARCHITECTURE OF ASP.NET file. the results are sent to the web Browser that requested the ASP.0). which is the web Server for the Window Platform. The Web Server forward the ASP.NET application by using the tools integrated with the Microsoft.

7. These steps are also expressed by 3-Tier client Server Architecture. Web Browser (Netscape navigator. Web Server (IIS) 3.NET file is generated as an HTML document. The processed ASP. As a result it helps to hide the code of ASP. and the ASP.NET Script Engine sends the HTML page to the Web Server. Power and flexibility 4.etc. internet explorer. Manageability 6. Security 21 . The basic description of how this architecture works is as described below in the diagram: CLIENT WEB BROWSER WEB SERVER IIS APPLICATION SERVER DATABASE SERVER FEATURES OF ASP.NET Web pages.) 2. The Web Server then sends the HTML page to the client. Enriched Tool Support 3. The web Browser interprets the output and displays it.5 .NET SERVER 1. 6 . Database Server. Complied code 2.NET file from the user who access an ASP. A web server generates and sends only the HTML-OUTPUT to the client. Simplicity 5. This architecture consists of these three components: 1.

The SQL Server data platform includes the following tools:  Relational Database  Replication Services  Notification Services  Integration Services  Analysis Services  Reporting Services  Management Tools  Development Tools  Increase Productivity 22 . With the help of C# language. developer can quickly implement applications and component‟s code is managed by CLR.NET framework. audio. including digital media formats for pictures. It has been designed to support the KEY feature of . SQL server 2008 is the eighth SQL Server release making a featurerich. mature and stable platform? SQL Server is a comprehensive. and it is first component oriented language. APPLICATIONS OF C# C# is a new language developed exclusively to suit the feature of . end-to-end data solution that empowers people by providing a more secure. It becomes linear and safer. integrated.  Console Applications  Window Applications  Developing Windows controls  Developing ASP. the new development platform of Microsoft for building Component based Software Solutions.C# (C SHARP) : C# is fully Object Oriented Language like JAVA. It can be used for a variety of applications that are supported by the . reliable and productive platform for enterprise data applications. video and other multimedia data.NET platform.NET platform. SQL Server 2008 also includes support for structured and semi-structured data.NET projects  Creating web controls  Providing Web services MICROSOFT SQL SERVER 2008 Microsoft SQL Server 2008 is a relational database system that is scalable from single user database running on a single user system such as Laptop to enterprise-wide networks and global dotcom websites.

The cost of hardware and software for class of application being considered. as the software required for developing it and the software and hardware required for using it are easily available.5)FEASIBILITY STUDY Feasibility Study is a test of the system according to its workability. 23 . impact of the organization. There are 3 types of the feasibilities which are discussed here. ability to meet user needs and effective use of the resources. The user can easily learn to use the system from the user manual. We can test our system by different type of the feasibilities. Therefore maintaining both the resource become easy and feasible as compared to a fully manual system which it was previously or a fully computerized system. Since the system is partially manual and partially computerized. 3. These are as follows: Technical Feasibility The proposed system is technically feasible. 2. Economical Feasibility In this we consider following costs: 1. It‟s software and hardware cost is also low then the existing system. The cost to conduct a full system investigation. Operationally Feasibility The proposed system is operationally feasible because it requires minimal knowledge of working with computer for using it. Our system has a lot of features at a minimum cost so it is feasible to implement and it will be very much beneficial to the sellers in the reduced cost. The benefit in the form of the reduced cost.

INTRODUCTION TO THE PROJECT SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT LIFE CYCLE Project Initiation and Planning Requirement Analysis System Designing Coding Testing Implementation Maintenance Project Delivery 24 .6).

In doing so. requires human labor. which is time consuming. Roomate services like RoommateWire. The advent of the net has made this possible.PROJECT OBJECTIVE  To get practical knowledge for preparation of websites in ASP. It needs time. preferences and other such criteria for roomate selection. 25 . one is today wellequipped to deal with them. Although a new place throws up its unique challenges. With the world getting flatter by the day. Roomate services on the internet offer different tools and features to make the search experience highly rewarding.com offer a private mailbox and use a highly advanced search algorithm to make the search a lot more effective. PROJECT SCOPE Roomate services are in high demand these days. it is essential that one identifies personal requirements. PROJECT LIMITATION  Cost: It is costly as one needs to satisfy software and hardware requirements  Documentation: It is time consuming and requires expertise in creating good documentation from view point of top administrators users  Manuals: Various manuals are to be prepared such as user manuals. this site makes sure that only results that meet your specific requirements are displayed. more resources such as Hard Disk etc. Since these websites offer roomate services regardless of the place. system manuals etc.  To do the publicity by transfer the contacts via RSS feed by mail portal such as yahoo.  Online Help: One needs to provide online help to various users so that all the features of the software can be properly understood by the user  Backup: The software requires the periodical backup. one finds it very convenient to search for roomates in any part of the world. Sites like RoommateWire.NET environment. with people finding it increasingly easy to relocate to a new apartment and find a suitable roomate in no time at all. This helps you evaluate your options better. The last thing you want is to end up with an inconsiderate roomate who finds it almost impossible to get along with you. human labor and are subject to change drastically as the technology changes .com eliminate such problems by displaying criteriaspecific results.com offer a marketplace where you can search for potential roomates and also post a roomate requirement ad. people have transcended physical boundaries to look for study and work options in places they haven‟t visited before. facebook etc.  To do more publicity by RSS feed. gmail. With comprehensive search options.  To reduce the work efficiency to find appropriate roommate or paying guest. Roomate services such as RoommateWire. Before looking for a roomate. the time and effort taken to look for roomates is significantly reduced.

 Program Design In conjunction with database design is a decision on the programming language to be used and the flowcharting. procedures (Data Flow) and boundaries of the system are described that needs the user requirement. ASP.  Physical design (Database design) This activity deals with the design of the physical database. A key is to determine how the access paths are to be implemented. It specifies the user need at a level of detail that virtually determines the information flow into and out of the system and the required data resources. which are supported by the browsers like Internet Explorer. A good database design should hold all the data. many-to-many are considered while designing the database. coding and debugging procedure prior to conversion. Preparing security and control specification. Specifying the implementation plan.SYSTEM DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT Introduction System Design is a transition from a user-oriented document to a document oriented to programmers or database personnel. the inputs (source). which may be required by the users of the system. The relationships existing among the entities like one-to-one. outputs (destination). The design of the proposed system has gone through logical and physical design with emphasis on the following:    Preparing input/output specifications. but at the same time.Net is used as server side scripting while JavaScript and HTML are used as client side scripting. avoid any harmful or unnecessary redundancy. A physical path is derived from the logical path. Databases (data stores). Preparing a logical design walkthrough before implementation.7). The nature of data stored in the database as well as the organization of the data has wide implications on the performance of the system. The database should also be flexible so that any future change in requirements can be incorporated with minimum changes. Steps of Design Process  Logical design (DFD) In the DFD.  Database Design The Database (collection of data) is at the core of any information system. In this application. Relational structured database is used in this system. 26 . one-to-many. Visual Web Developer 2008 is used for coding. It translates the system requirement into ways of operating them and focuses on the detail implementation of the system.

for both input and output. the authentication and acceptance of responsibilities of the data entered still rests with the RR section In-charge. Although the software will take care of many aspects.The data in Online Roommate Site is organized in the form of 2-D relational tables.e. The designer will have to advise the techniques of sorting and retrieving data from these files. The server machines must have minimum 256 MB RAM and 20 GB Hard disk. The rules of normalization have also been applied while designing the tables. The performance of the software shall also depend on the hardware configuration at the implementation sites. Manual intervention cannot be fully avoided. Organization of data into tables allows easy categorization. Different tables have been created for different type of information. 3. Once the input data is captured in the system. imparting them enough information and understanding about the project implementation. retrieval and storage of data. some of the tables used are almost static in nature and are already available with the standard data for the selection of the parameter values. Online mutations and progress reporting cannot begin till the entire database is initially created. One of the major constraints is also the heavy volume of data to be entered for creation of Master database. It should serve as “Objective Evidence” that the designers and/or implementers are following through on their commitment to implement the functionality described in their requirements specifications. Other tables are used with bi-directional role of data i. Detailed Design Specification Complete design specification serves the following purposes: It should be able to adequately serve as training material fir new project members. The system uses database. 27 . Since the system requirement is manipulation of data. These data will generally be stored in files or databases in logical manner. Design Constraints It is imperative that the RAM and storage requirements are met. validated and corrected. these may have to be preserved either for a short or long period. The client machines must have minimum 128 MB RAM and 8 GB Hard disk. which is described as follows. 2. Design Consideration General Constraints 1.

) userid password Password confirm Name Email address Other detail country state TYPE Int Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) REMARKS Auto generate no. The discussion provided covers the following software component attributes:  Purpose  Input  Processing  Output  Validation Checks  Implied Requirements DATABASE AND ATTRIBUTES USED REGISTRATION PAGE FIELD NAME Id(P.Detailed System Design Each subsection of this section will refer to or contain a detailed description of a system software component.K. User id of user password of User Confirmation of user Name of user Email address of user Detail explaination of user Country of user State of User 28 .

LOGIN PAGE userid password Varchar(50) Varchar(50) User id of user password of User SEARCH userid country Varchar(50) Varchar(50) User id of user Country of user 29 .

Entity Relationship Diagram id E Mail Password User fgbvb Registr ation Password confirm User State Name Country Other detail User Login User fgbvb Name E Mail Password E Mail Search people City People Country State 30 .

0-LEVEL DFD of website Starting Database Login Home Registra tion search 31 .

1-LEVEL DFD of login page Master page User id Login form Password Central Database 32 .

1-LEVEL DFD of Registration page Master pages User id Password Password confirm Name Email Country State City Central database 33 .

1-LEVEL DFD of Search page Master pages Search User -id Country State City 34 Central database .

35 .

8)SCREEN SHOTS HOME PAGE Its a homepage of website in which we use the master page for maintain the uniqueness in project. With our easy roommate finder system. find rooms or roommates that fit your needs. 36 . Looking for roommate? Search all of the US for roommate with the best rooms absolutely free.

SEARCH PEOPLE This page is used to search the appropriate roommate according to its desired needs and provide Best accommodation according to the user „s budget. 37 .

38 .REGISTRATION PAGE This is the registration page where user can register its detail to the database of the website at the backend.

USER LOGIN PAGE This is user login page where user can login into its account by entering its userid And password. 39 .

how it is helpful to the user for finding best roommate. 40 .ABOUT US Detail about the webite .

HELP In this page of the website user can enter its query and can submit to us by which in maintenance phase we can remove the problem of the user according to its needs. 41 .

42 .CONTACT US In this page we have given the contact details of us so that user can directly contact us for further assistance.

CODING PHASE MASTER PAGE 43 .

MASTER . CS PAGE 44 .

Testing also provides a good indication of software reliability and software quality as a whole. but debugging must be accommodated in the testing strate GOALS AND OBJECTIVES Our Objective is to design test processes that systematically uncover different classes of errors and do so with minimum amount of time and effort Testing Principles The basic principles that guide software testing are:  All test cases should be traceable top customer requirements. The first test planned and executed generally focus on the individual modules.  Different testing techniques are appropriate at different points of time. Testing of software leads to the uncovering of errors in the software functional and performance requirements are met. As testing progresses 45 . A strategy approach to software testing has the generic characteristics:  Testing begins at the module level and works “outwards” towards the integration of the entire computer based system.  The Pareto principle applies to software testing.  Testing should begin “in the small” and progress towards “in the large”.  Test case should be planned long before testing begins.9)TESTING AND IMPELMENTATIONS What is testing? Software testing is a critical element of the ultimate review of specification design and coding. Detailed definition of the test cases can begin as soon as the design is solidified. The result of different phases of testing are evaluated and then compared with the expected results. Therefore the entire test can be planned before any code has been generated.  Testing and debugging are different activities. Testing plan can begin as soon as the requirement model is complete. If the errors are uncovered they are debugged and corrected. Stated simply the Pareto principle implies that 80% of all errors uncovered during testing will likely to be traceable to 20% of all program modules. The program of course is to isolate these suspect modules and to thoroughly test them. The most severe defects from the customer‟s point of view are those that cause the program to fail to meet its requirements.

 Exhaustive testing is not possible. It is possible however to ensure that all conditions in the procedural design have been exercised  To be most effective an independent third party should conduct testing. The third party has the highest probability of finding the errors. The number of paths permutations for even a moderately sized program is exceptionally large. 46 . For this reason it is impossible to execute every combination of path during testing.testing shifts focus in an attempt to find errors in integrating clusters of modules and ultimately in the entire system.

Approaches used for Unit Testing were:  Functional Test: Each part of the code was tested individually and the panels were tested individually on all platforms to see if they are working properly.  Performance Test: These determined the amount of execution time spent on various parts of units and the resulting throughput. Unit Testing The module interface is tested to ensure that information properly flows into and out of the program unit under test. there is existing test cases which checks for the previous functionality.  Stress Test: A lot of test files were made to work at the same time in order to check how much workloads can the unit bear. Because modules are not a standalone program. A stub may do minimal data manipulation. New Test Case Existing Test Case Software Under Testing Output Comparator Result of Testing Following types of testing are done on the System. response time given by the module. 1. so that the required functionality is met and previous functionality of the system is also not broken to do this. drivers and/or stubs software must be developed for each unit. A stub serves to replace the modules that are subordinate to the modules to be tested. A pictorial representation of this can be shown as follows.Test Case Before the project is released. prints verification of entry and returns. The unit testing is normally considered as an adjunct step to coding step. 47 . it has to have passed through a test cases suit. New test cases are prepared and added to this existing test suit to check for the added functionality. A driver is nothing more than a “main program” that accepts test cases data and passes it to the module.

when a test case uncovers an error. Debugging Debugging occurs as a consequence of successful testing i. modules at the lowest level of the program structure.  Bottom up integration: It begins with construction and testing with atomic modules i. Because modules are integrated from the bottom up. This process will always have one of the two outcomes:  The cause will be found. processing required for the modules subordinate to a given level is always available and the need of stubs is eliminated.  Alpha Beta testing: Alpha test is conducted by developer‟s site by customer.  Configuration review: Ensures that all the elements of software configuration have been properly developed cataloged and have support for the maintenance phase of software life cycle. they should work when we put them together. This can be done in two ways:  Top down integration: Modules are integrated by moving downwards through the control hierarchy. Validation Testing Validation succeeds when software functions in a manner that can be reasonably expected by the customer. It covers the following: Validation test criteria: Performance. beginning with main control module are incorporated into the structure in either a depth first or breadth first manner. In the latter case the person performing debugging may suspect a cause. design a test case to help validate his suspicion. The poorly understood mental process that connects a symptom to cause is debugging. debugging is the process that results in the removal of error. corrected and then removed or  The cause will not be found.2. Beta test is conducted at one or more customer site by software end user.e.” The problem of course is “putting them together “. 48 . Integration Testing “If they all work individually. and then work towards the correction of errors in the interactive fashion. functional characteristics and uncovered deviation from specification. 3.e.

you are our most important critic and commentator. which we could not have covered. 49 . As you are the user of this Software. We value your opinion and want to know what we are doing right.  Shortcut keys to menu option can be added. There can be even some bugs. what we could do better and what areas you would like to see in this software and any other words of wisdom you are willing to pass our way.  Help option can be added.Scope of Future Enhancements  Extra menu options can be added according to requirement. We please people to let us know the bugs and enhancement required. We will be highly obliged by the people who have made suggestion and helped us to know the uncovered bugs in the software.

data processing errors and system performance errors. work patterns and software/hardware operating platforms. Defects can result from design errors.10)MAINTAINENCE Categories Corrective Maintenance It means modifications made to the software to correct the defects. Environment refers to the totality of all conditions and influences which act from outside upon the software. The ease of understanding the program is primarily affected by complexity and documentation of the program. logic errors.  Generate particular maintenance proposal: The ease of generating the maintenance proposal is primarily affected by extensibility of the program. Adaptive Maintenance It includes modifying the software to match changes in the ever-changing environment. government policies.  Account for ripple effect: If any change is made to any part of the system. Thus. Perfective Maintenance It means improving processing efficiency or performances. Process The process of maintenance for given software can be divided into four stages as follows:  Program understanding: It consists of analyzing the program in order to understand it. coding errors. or restructuring the software to improve changeability.  Modified program testing: The modified program is to be tested again and again to check that the software has enhanced and reliability is validated.g. The primary feature affecting the ripple effect is stability. business rules. 50 . E. it may affect the other parts also. there is a kind of ripple effect from the location of modification to the other parts of the software.

has good documentation Integrated with multi-user capability: It serves large user community. Reviews are being conducted periodically. Inevitably. easy to use. This menu-driven approach adds value to the software. 51 . thus. bill generation. other problems could arise. For use of various modules based on customer details. eliminating bypass of even a minor requirement of user. All input/output screens have been put in their corresponding menus and submenus. outputs. by doing that. Finally. modification etc. report formats. thus. Customization takes lots of time. some compromises will be needed in workflows. Various software guides and directories have been attached with the software. The functions that will be covered by this software are maintaining user details. which serves as one of the best software for creation of forms. Sub-modules are designed and integrated with main module. For better management of receipt and revenue resources. More precisely it will be used to automate various functions in any Clear Edge Filtration branch in whole world. Modularized approach: It has been developed using modular approach. Stored information has been indexed. these main modules are combined with the overall project. It will be used as management tool for various activities in the Clear Edge Filtration. is compatible. can be upgraded as per the requirements. Report generation in PDF as well as in Microsoft word. The following objectives have been achieved with the development of billing software: Generalized and comprehensive software package: It is user friendly. To avoid maintenance of registers such as new entry. All the predefined project objectives have been achieved with development of billing software such as: To automate the Work order sheet activity of all the customers for various services. Menu driven: It has been designed with Visual Studio as front end. bill payments. retrieval of information is fast. flexible. inputs. No software package can meet all requirements of a given RR section.11)Conclusion This software will be used for “SEARCH OF APPROPRIATE ROOMMATE”. Supporting utility: It provides continuous support to users.

NET 2. 2.com  www.NET Professional ASP.com 52 .0 Beginning ASP. Unleashed ASP . 4.codeproject.net  www.0 Websites:- - Walther and Stephen Wrox Publications Wrox Publications  www. 3.dotnetspiders.12)Bibliography 1.com  www.java2s.asp. NET 2.

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