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(MINOR PROJECT) Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirement For the award of the Degree of
Bachelor of Technology
Submitted By SAURAV GANGULY, (06ESBCS049) HARISH KUMAR , (06ESBCS017) B.Tech VII Sem(CSE)
January 2010 Sri Balaji College of Engineering & Technology Benad Road Macheda, Jaipur (Raj.)-302013 (Rajasthan Technical University,Kota)
The beatitude, bliss & euphoria that accompany the successful completion of any task would be incomplete without the expression of the appreciation of simple virtues to the people who made it possible. So, reverence, veneration and honors. I acknowledge all those whose guidance and encouragement has made successful in winding up this. I owe a huge debt of thanks to a large number of people without whom none of this would have been possible. I am thankful to MRS. NEERAJ CHOUDHARY FACULTY(CSE) for being our mentor and for valuable suggestions and enthusiastic interest during the entire process of the preparation of Project. Lastly, I extend my heartiest thanks to all those who have contributed in making this project a success.
This is to certify that the project entitled “ONLINE ROOMMATE SEARCH” is the bonafide work carried out by SAURAV GANGULY student of B.Tech (CSE),
UNIVERSITY ROLL NO
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, JAIPUR, is hereby accepted and approved as a credible work, submitted in the partial fulfillment of the requirements of Degree of B.Tech. (CSE) from RAJASTHAN TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY, KOTA.
Signature of the Coordinator:
Signature of the HOD: Place: Date:
INTRODUCTION This project is basically deals with search a appropriate Roommate and Paying guest.with addition to the knowledge of client personal information, professional information , its likes and dislikes , habits etc. the client can hide some of the personal details as according to its needs. BRIEF DESCRIPTION In this project we will make an online website which will deal with online searching of appropriate roommate search for paying guest. In minor project we will derive few models with different phases, to describe by different sets of attributes. Some of the page description are: Client/user Registration/Login Page. Client/user Personal Information with Edit facility Search page Client/user requirements Advertisements of PG‟s and Roommates User request for Pg.
Thus are some basic requirements module, the whole set can be enlarge with including more phases in it. In this project we worked on .NET platform, with C# for coding.
LIST OF FIGURES S.NO. 1. 2.
PAGE NO. 30 31-34
Entity relationship diagram Dataflow Diagrams 2.1 0 level DFD 2.2 1-level DFD of Login page 2.3 1-level DFD of Registration page 2.4 1-level DFD of search page
Screenshots 3.1 Homepage 3.2 Search people 3.3 Registration page 3.4 Login page 3.5 About us 3.6 Help 3.7 Contact us
CodingShots 4.1 Master.aspx page 4.2 Master.cs page
4 ) SQL Server 2008 5.3) Development Phase 3. FEASIBILITY STUDY Introduction To Project 6. 6. 8 9-13 14-15 4.2 ) Design Phase 3.3 ) Scope 6. 2.4) Coding Phase 3.2) Life Cycle 6.4) Limitations 7. 16-22 23 24-25 26-33 . Project Title Introduction 2.1) Company Profile 3.7 ) Post Implementation and Maintainence Technology Used 4.Net Framework 4.1) Requirement Analysis Phase 3. 1.2) ASP. METHODOLOGY USED 3. System Design 6 TITLE PAGE NO.5 ) Testing Phase 3.NO.3) C# 4.CONTENTS S.1) Objective 6.1) Microsoft .6 ) Implementation Phase 3.NET 4.
3) Database and attributes used 7. 8 9 10 11 12 SCREENSHOTS TESTING AND IMPLEMENTATIONS MAINTAINENCE CONCLUSION BIBLOGRAPHY 36-44 45-49 50 51 52 7 .5) Dataflow diagrams.1) Introduction 7.4) Entity Relationship Diagrams 7.2) Steps 7.7.
1. PROJECT TITLE “ONLINE ROOMMATE SEARCH” „LIFE MAKE EASY‟ SUBMITTED TO: MRS. NEERAJ CHOUDHARY SUBMITTED BY: SAURAV GANGULY (06ESBCS049) HARISH KUMAR (06ESBCS017) 8 .
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Our proven step-by-step methodology helps us maintain accurate development schedules and documentation of development. efficient and scalable. We provide unique end-to-end solutions to our clients in a variety of markets that really work for them and help them to increase their work efficiency and reduce their costs. We lay emphasis on designing customized software solutions. Whether you have the full product specification or only the business idea. develop and operate the infrastructure and provide the client with maximum leverage to handle its day-today activities. We develop and deliver products that enable our customers to manage. The company has created a niche in a very small time span and has developed solutions that are flexible. People at D ZONE SOFTWARE work to provide its customers with a single platform for all business solutions. we turn your project concept into reality. We analyze and evaluate business requirements for our clients and design systems to help our clients in achieving their goals. 10 . secure and increase efficiency of their business. We provide full-range service to Define. Its development center in Jaipur. Design. India promises high quality and a competitive cost advantage to its customers. Our capabilities span both the technology and design domains. Develop Deploy and support Web & Software Application projects. We analyze your project in order to define goals and plan a detailed roadmap to reach those goals.wide clientele. which are based on the present and future business requirement of our clients.
We have proven to be able to react quickly and to adjust to any changes or additions thrown at us during the course of a project. Technically Advanced Our Web development tools and products implement Object-Oriented design and Programming.Strategy of Company We operate as an integrated management system. Flexibility We are custom-build to client specific requirements. D ZONE SOFTWARE Soft has a wellmanaged staff to assist in meeting your needs. combining quality. Understanding our customers needs and requirements Meeting or exceeding our customer‟s expectations Use of a practical mix of new and proven techniques and technologies Constant development of our staff and management expertise Our commitment of the continual improvement of our processes Propensity to innovate. fully integrated systems in a variety of industrial standards. we use the most modern development tools and technologies available on the market today. creation and transparency Selectivity of product and producer Quest for excellence and perfection to offer the highest standards of service Exploration of the concealed energies and talents of our employee Company performance Expertise All of our team members have several years of expertise developing customized. We are staying on pace with the fast evolving Web development capabilities. 11 . commercial and technical disciplines into coherent approach. Further.
We provide solutions on a wide array of platforms such as Windows. Photoshop and Macromedia Studio MX. When we have your deadlines to meet we ensure the deadline is met. PHP. Business Process re-engineering.NET. client-server / distributed computing architectures. to keep our clients happy. Environments Our areas of expertise include web solutions. ASP. The Team Profile 12 . Our location provides us with a rich pool of talent and low-cost environment for operating. We ensure that full confidentiality of clients project is maintained while in development as well as after completion of project. Reasonable cost India has low operating costs and low-cost labor. ASP. we can pass on significant savings to you. yet India is a world technological superpower. developing Enterprise wide application (EWA).Dedication Our programmers are professionals in the truest sense of the word. overhead and salaries. XML. These skills form the foundation of our ability to provide complete enterprise solutions to our clients ranging from legacy system maintenance. We focus on providing complete Resource Planning and Management solutions. Security D ZONE SOFTWARE. you'll get more for your software & web Development budget. is very concerned about the project confidentiality. web enabling of applications. Therefore. Our people put in whatever work is required. Linux. FLASH. Ultimately. migration and new application development. we tap a virtually unlimited supply of highly skilled programmers and professionals. whenever needed. Expandability For our clients' proprietary development projects.
The increasing automation and integration of multifarious applications into the system also necessitates the need of a robust network underpinning so that the organization can reap the benefits fast enough and sustain the edge over its rivals. Our Approach & Strengths One of the prime movers of any business of today is the provisioning of a reliable. The Indian scene had two types of players in networking. The hurdle being reasons like affordability. Enterprise communication needs with interests over large geographic spreads have never been completely addressed by a single connectivity solution. 13 . and shall always remain that way in the future. BE. B. flexible communication infrastructure. Industry Certified Engineers. downtime and limited spread of quality IT development centers locally.Tech and Post Graduates who share their experience and expertise to make every project a confirmed success. Information Technology has not always been able to address the needs of SME markets.We have excellent team of skilled and experienced professionals. scalable. The team consists of qualified MCA. Engineers.. Analysts and consultants who are well qualified and experienced in their respective fields. geographical reach. one owning the media and another owning the system/network integration skills.
14 . Testing Phase 6. Post Implementation Phase EXPLANATION OF DIFFERENT STAGES OF WATERFALL MODEL REQUIREMENT ANALYSIS This Phase includes the definition of the problem. The design of the system is in modular form i. We have to clearly know about the client‟s requirements and the objectives of the project.3. Coding Phase 5. This cycle back or feedback may occur as a result of the failure with the system to meet a performance objective or as a result of changes in redefinition of System activities. Requirement Analysis Phase 2.it even leads to interfaces that reduce the complexity of the connections between modules and with that external environment. Development Phase 4. Implementation Phase 7. DEVELOPMENT The development phase includes choosing of a suitable s/w to solve the particular problem given the various facilities and the sophistication in the selected software gives a better development of the problem.) METHODLOGY USED IN WEBSITE DEVELOPMENT The general methodology in developing a system is involved in different phases which describe the system‟s life cycle model for developing software project. These are as follows. coding generation and testing. The Design Phase leads to modules those exhibit independent functional characteristics . One of the software have been analyzed and specified. the s/w is logically partitioned into components that perform specific functions and sub functions. Like most systems the life cycle of the computer based system also exhibits distinct phases. DESIGN Software design is a process through which the requirements are translated into a representation of an s/w. 1. Design Phase 3. The basic WATERFALL MODEL is being used that is its stages.e. the s/w design involves three technical activities: design. The design phase is for main importance because in this activity decisions ultimately affects the success of software implementation and maintains. The concept includes not only forward motion but also have the possibility to return that is cycle back to an activity previously completed. In order to identify the problem: we have to know information about the problem the purpose of the evaluation for the problem to be known.
CODING The coding phase is for retranslating the design of the system produced during the design phase into code in a given programming language. programming code. Which can be executed by a computer and which performs the computation specified by the design? TESTING Testing is done in various ways such as testing the algorithm. IMPLEMENTATION After testing is over project is implemented by providing training to the users and providing manuals so that they can be refreshed as and when needed POST IMPLEMENTATION If any problem occurs after the implemented they are removed from time to time so that so that the users can work on the prepared system easily finally a satisfied user when all things are almost right 15 . sample data debugging is one.
NET Framework execute in a software environment that manages the program's runtime requirements. The class library and the CLR together constitute the . and Windows 7. dataaccess. the .Runtime.NET Framework provides means to access functionality that is implemented in programs that execute outside the . this runtime environment is known as the Common Language Runtime (CLR). and exception handling.NET environment. PRINCIPAL DESIGN FEATURES INTEROPERABILITY: Because interaction between new and older applications is commonly required. COMMON RUNTIME ENGINE: 16 . Windows Vista. Version 3.NET Framework. databaseconnectivity. Access to COM components is provided in the System. who combine it with their own code to produce applications.4.NET FRAMEWORK 3.NET Framework is included with Windows Server 2008. The .0 of the . and network communications. The CLR provides the appearance of an application virtual machine so that programmers need not consider the capabilities of the specific CPU that will execute the program. The class library is used by programmers. Also part of the .0 The Microsoft .InteropServices and System.cryptography. MICROSOFT . web application development. memory management. Programs written for the . numeric algorithms. The framework's Base Class Library provides a large range of features including user interface. It includes a large library of coded solutions to common programming problems and a virtual machine that manages the execution of programs written specifically for the framework.EnterpriseServices namespaces of the framework. The CLR also provides other important services such as security.NET Framework is a software framework that can be installed on computers running Microsoft Windows operating systems.NET Framework is a Microsoft offering and is intended to be used by most new applications created for the Windows platform. access to other functionality is provided using the P/Invoke feature.NET Framework.
ASP. predefined and ready to use control for your ASP.NET programs execute under the supervision of the CLR.NET allows you to build dynamic web pages and tailors the HTML output to whatever browser you are using.NET framework. such as buffer overflows. security.NET. Additionally. database interaction and XML document manipulation. so you can be more productive while programming.The Common Language Runtime (CLR) is the virtual machine component of the .NET projects. graphic rendering. or CTS. Jscript.NET Framework supports the exchange of instances of types between programs written in any of the . the . that have been exploited by malicious software.NET or VB.NET languages.NET is the way you can use any programming language based on the . This is discussed in more detail in Microsoft . and exception handling. These reduce the amount the code you have to write. ASP. part of the Framework Class Library (FCL). BASE CLASS LIBRARY The Base Class Library (BCL).NET framework. The . SIMPLIFIED DEVELOPMENT The . The CTS specification defines all possible data types and programming constructs supported by the CLR and how they may or may not interact with each other. All . guaranteeing certain properties and behaviours in the areas of memory management.NET to create your web application.NET Framework. One of the most EYECATCHING things about the ASP. AS. including file reading and writing.NET provides a common security model for all applications. Microsoft has introduced ASP. It also comes with a great set of reusable. is a library of functionality available to all languages using the . The BCL provides classes which encapsulate a number of common functions.NET To create dynamic web pages by using server side scripts.NET framework includes design features and tools that help manage the installation of computer software to ensure that it does not interfere with previously installed software. 17 . . such as C#. SECURITY The design is meant to address some of the vulnerabilities. and that it conforms to security requirements.NET Framework introduces a Common Type System. Because of this feature. LANGUAGE INDEPENDENCE: The .NET version of ASP is ASP.NET Languages.NET is a programming framework used to create Enterprise class of efficient information management.
18 . an architecture was needed that would allow the development of a Web application in structured and consisted way. ASP script was an interpreted script and consisted unstructured code and was difficult to debug and maintain. As the web consists of many different technologies. Microsoft introduced ASP ( Active Server Pages) in November 1996. ASP offered the efficiency of ISAPI applications along with the new level of simplicity that made it easy to understandable and use. software integration for web development was complicated and required to understand many different technologies. as applications grew bigger in the size and became more complex. the number of lines f source code in ASP applications increase the dramatically and was hard to maintain. Also. As a result.WHY ASP.NET? Since 1995. Microsoft has been constantly working to shift its focus from Window based platforms to the INTERNET. However. Therefore.
NET APPLICATIONS 19 .THE COMPONENTS OF ASP.
NET application the ASP. The web Server. After creation of an ASP. A web browser sends a request for an ASP. receives the request and retrieves the appropriate ASP. IIS.NET APPLICATION WORKING ON ASP.NET framework (2. 20 . The ASP. 3.NET file from the disk or Memory. which is the web Server for the Window Platform.NET file. 4. 2 . STEPS ARE : 1.NET application by using the tools integrated with the Microsoft.THE ARCHITECTURE OF ASP.NET Script Engine for processing.NET files to the ASP.NET files need to be stored on as IIS Server.NET files from top to bottom and then executes the Script. Finally.0).NET file to a Web Server by using Uniform Resource Locator (URL). the results are sent to the web Browser that requested the ASP. The Web Server forward the ASP. An IIS Server process the ASP.NET Script Engine reads the files from top to Bottom and executes any Server side Script it encounters.NET APPLICATION We create an ASP.
Web Server (IIS) 3.NET file from the user who access an ASP. A web server generates and sends only the HTML-OUTPUT to the client. Power and flexibility 4. The Web Server then sends the HTML page to the client. Database Server. These steps are also expressed by 3-Tier client Server Architecture. Enriched Tool Support 3. This architecture consists of these three components: 1. Manageability 6. The basic description of how this architecture works is as described below in the diagram: CLIENT WEB BROWSER WEB SERVER IIS APPLICATION SERVER DATABASE SERVER FEATURES OF ASP.NET Script Engine sends the HTML page to the Web Server. and the ASP.) 2. internet explorer.NET file is generated as an HTML document. The web Browser interprets the output and displays it. Simplicity 5. Web Browser (Netscape navigator. As a result it helps to hide the code of ASP. Security 21 .etc. Complied code 2.5 .NET SERVER 1. The processed ASP. 7.NET Web pages. 6 .
reliable and productive platform for enterprise data applications. end-to-end data solution that empowers people by providing a more secure. developer can quickly implement applications and component‟s code is managed by CLR.NET framework. video and other multimedia data. SQL server 2008 is the eighth SQL Server release making a featurerich. and it is first component oriented language. mature and stable platform? SQL Server is a comprehensive. including digital media formats for pictures. With the help of C# language. APPLICATIONS OF C# C# is a new language developed exclusively to suit the feature of . It has been designed to support the KEY feature of . audio.NET platform. The SQL Server data platform includes the following tools: Relational Database Replication Services Notification Services Integration Services Analysis Services Reporting Services Management Tools Development Tools Increase Productivity 22 . It becomes linear and safer.NET platform. the new development platform of Microsoft for building Component based Software Solutions. SQL Server 2008 also includes support for structured and semi-structured data. It can be used for a variety of applications that are supported by the .C# (C SHARP) : C# is fully Object Oriented Language like JAVA.NET projects Creating web controls Providing Web services MICROSOFT SQL SERVER 2008 Microsoft SQL Server 2008 is a relational database system that is scalable from single user database running on a single user system such as Laptop to enterprise-wide networks and global dotcom websites. Console Applications Window Applications Developing Windows controls Developing ASP. integrated.
The cost to conduct a full system investigation. There are 3 types of the feasibilities which are discussed here. These are as follows: Technical Feasibility The proposed system is technically feasible. ability to meet user needs and effective use of the resources. The cost of hardware and software for class of application being considered. 3. We can test our system by different type of the feasibilities. 2.5)FEASIBILITY STUDY Feasibility Study is a test of the system according to its workability. 23 . It‟s software and hardware cost is also low then the existing system. Our system has a lot of features at a minimum cost so it is feasible to implement and it will be very much beneficial to the sellers in the reduced cost. The user can easily learn to use the system from the user manual. The benefit in the form of the reduced cost. Economical Feasibility In this we consider following costs: 1. Since the system is partially manual and partially computerized. Operationally Feasibility The proposed system is operationally feasible because it requires minimal knowledge of working with computer for using it. Therefore maintaining both the resource become easy and feasible as compared to a fully manual system which it was previously or a fully computerized system. as the software required for developing it and the software and hardware required for using it are easily available. impact of the organization.
INTRODUCTION TO THE PROJECT SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT LIFE CYCLE Project Initiation and Planning Requirement Analysis System Designing Coding Testing Implementation Maintenance Project Delivery 24 .6).
this site makes sure that only results that meet your specific requirements are displayed. facebook etc. one finds it very convenient to search for roomates in any part of the world. it is essential that one identifies personal requirements. The last thing you want is to end up with an inconsiderate roomate who finds it almost impossible to get along with you. This helps you evaluate your options better.com offer a private mailbox and use a highly advanced search algorithm to make the search a lot more effective. To do more publicity by RSS feed. which is time consuming. Roomate services like RoommateWire. Roomate services on the internet offer different tools and features to make the search experience highly rewarding. people have transcended physical boundaries to look for study and work options in places they haven‟t visited before. with people finding it increasingly easy to relocate to a new apartment and find a suitable roomate in no time at all. Online Help: One needs to provide online help to various users so that all the features of the software can be properly understood by the user Backup: The software requires the periodical backup. To do the publicity by transfer the contacts via RSS feed by mail portal such as yahoo. Sites like RoommateWire. With the world getting flatter by the day. With comprehensive search options. 25 . The advent of the net has made this possible. PROJECT SCOPE Roomate services are in high demand these days. In doing so. Before looking for a roomate. It needs time.com offer a marketplace where you can search for potential roomates and also post a roomate requirement ad. Since these websites offer roomate services regardless of the place.com eliminate such problems by displaying criteriaspecific results. the time and effort taken to look for roomates is significantly reduced. system manuals etc.PROJECT OBJECTIVE To get practical knowledge for preparation of websites in ASP. one is today wellequipped to deal with them. Roomate services such as RoommateWire. requires human labor. To reduce the work efficiency to find appropriate roommate or paying guest. Although a new place throws up its unique challenges. PROJECT LIMITATION Cost: It is costly as one needs to satisfy software and hardware requirements Documentation: It is time consuming and requires expertise in creating good documentation from view point of top administrators users Manuals: Various manuals are to be prepared such as user manuals. more resources such as Hard Disk etc. gmail. human labor and are subject to change drastically as the technology changes .NET environment. preferences and other such criteria for roomate selection.
which is described as follows. The client machines must have minimum 128 MB RAM and 8 GB Hard disk. These data will generally be stored in files or databases in logical manner. Organization of data into tables allows easy categorization. Online mutations and progress reporting cannot begin till the entire database is initially created. The rules of normalization have also been applied while designing the tables. Other tables are used with bi-directional role of data i. The system uses database.The data in Online Roommate Site is organized in the form of 2-D relational tables. The designer will have to advise the techniques of sorting and retrieving data from these files. It should serve as “Objective Evidence” that the designers and/or implementers are following through on their commitment to implement the functionality described in their requirements specifications. 27 . for both input and output. validated and corrected. Design Consideration General Constraints 1.e. Detailed Design Specification Complete design specification serves the following purposes: It should be able to adequately serve as training material fir new project members. Manual intervention cannot be fully avoided. Different tables have been created for different type of information. Design Constraints It is imperative that the RAM and storage requirements are met. the authentication and acceptance of responsibilities of the data entered still rests with the RR section In-charge. some of the tables used are almost static in nature and are already available with the standard data for the selection of the parameter values. Although the software will take care of many aspects. The server machines must have minimum 256 MB RAM and 20 GB Hard disk. One of the major constraints is also the heavy volume of data to be entered for creation of Master database. these may have to be preserved either for a short or long period. The performance of the software shall also depend on the hardware configuration at the implementation sites. Once the input data is captured in the system. 3. imparting them enough information and understanding about the project implementation. 2. Since the system requirement is manipulation of data. retrieval and storage of data.
) userid password Password confirm Name Email address Other detail country state TYPE Int Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) REMARKS Auto generate no. User id of user password of User Confirmation of user Name of user Email address of user Detail explaination of user Country of user State of User 28 .Detailed System Design Each subsection of this section will refer to or contain a detailed description of a system software component.K. The discussion provided covers the following software component attributes: Purpose Input Processing Output Validation Checks Implied Requirements DATABASE AND ATTRIBUTES USED REGISTRATION PAGE FIELD NAME Id(P.
LOGIN PAGE userid password Varchar(50) Varchar(50) User id of user password of User SEARCH userid country Varchar(50) Varchar(50) User id of user Country of user 29 .
Entity Relationship Diagram id E Mail Password User fgbvb Registr ation Password confirm User State Name Country Other detail User Login User fgbvb Name E Mail Password E Mail Search people City People Country State 30 .
0-LEVEL DFD of website Starting Database Login Home Registra tion search 31 .
1-LEVEL DFD of login page Master page User id Login form Password Central Database 32 .
1-LEVEL DFD of Registration page Master pages User id Password Password confirm Name Email Country State City Central database 33 .
1-LEVEL DFD of Search page Master pages Search User -id Country State City 34 Central database .
36 .8)SCREEN SHOTS HOME PAGE Its a homepage of website in which we use the master page for maintain the uniqueness in project. find rooms or roommates that fit your needs. Looking for roommate? Search all of the US for roommate with the best rooms absolutely free. With our easy roommate finder system.
37 .SEARCH PEOPLE This page is used to search the appropriate roommate according to its desired needs and provide Best accommodation according to the user „s budget.
38 .REGISTRATION PAGE This is the registration page where user can register its detail to the database of the website at the backend.
39 .USER LOGIN PAGE This is user login page where user can login into its account by entering its userid And password.
how it is helpful to the user for finding best roommate.ABOUT US Detail about the webite . 40 .
HELP In this page of the website user can enter its query and can submit to us by which in maintenance phase we can remove the problem of the user according to its needs. 41 .
42 .CONTACT US In this page we have given the contact details of us so that user can directly contact us for further assistance.
CODING PHASE MASTER PAGE 43 .
MASTER . CS PAGE 44 .
The first test planned and executed generally focus on the individual modules. A strategy approach to software testing has the generic characteristics: Testing begins at the module level and works “outwards” towards the integration of the entire computer based system. Detailed definition of the test cases can begin as soon as the design is solidified. Testing plan can begin as soon as the requirement model is complete. Therefore the entire test can be planned before any code has been generated. Stated simply the Pareto principle implies that 80% of all errors uncovered during testing will likely to be traceable to 20% of all program modules. Testing of software leads to the uncovering of errors in the software functional and performance requirements are met. As testing progresses 45 . The program of course is to isolate these suspect modules and to thoroughly test them. The result of different phases of testing are evaluated and then compared with the expected results. Different testing techniques are appropriate at different points of time. If the errors are uncovered they are debugged and corrected.9)TESTING AND IMPELMENTATIONS What is testing? Software testing is a critical element of the ultimate review of specification design and coding. The most severe defects from the customer‟s point of view are those that cause the program to fail to meet its requirements. Testing also provides a good indication of software reliability and software quality as a whole. The Pareto principle applies to software testing. Testing should begin “in the small” and progress towards “in the large”. Test case should be planned long before testing begins. Testing and debugging are different activities. but debugging must be accommodated in the testing strate GOALS AND OBJECTIVES Our Objective is to design test processes that systematically uncover different classes of errors and do so with minimum amount of time and effort Testing Principles The basic principles that guide software testing are: All test cases should be traceable top customer requirements.
It is possible however to ensure that all conditions in the procedural design have been exercised To be most effective an independent third party should conduct testing.testing shifts focus in an attempt to find errors in integrating clusters of modules and ultimately in the entire system. The number of paths permutations for even a moderately sized program is exceptionally large. For this reason it is impossible to execute every combination of path during testing. The third party has the highest probability of finding the errors. Exhaustive testing is not possible. 46 .
there is existing test cases which checks for the previous functionality. New test cases are prepared and added to this existing test suit to check for the added functionality. Because modules are not a standalone program. A stub may do minimal data manipulation. A driver is nothing more than a “main program” that accepts test cases data and passes it to the module. drivers and/or stubs software must be developed for each unit. Approaches used for Unit Testing were: Functional Test: Each part of the code was tested individually and the panels were tested individually on all platforms to see if they are working properly. so that the required functionality is met and previous functionality of the system is also not broken to do this. A stub serves to replace the modules that are subordinate to the modules to be tested. it has to have passed through a test cases suit. The unit testing is normally considered as an adjunct step to coding step. Unit Testing The module interface is tested to ensure that information properly flows into and out of the program unit under test. prints verification of entry and returns. New Test Case Existing Test Case Software Under Testing Output Comparator Result of Testing Following types of testing are done on the System. Performance Test: These determined the amount of execution time spent on various parts of units and the resulting throughput. 47 . response time given by the module. 1.Test Case Before the project is released. Stress Test: A lot of test files were made to work at the same time in order to check how much workloads can the unit bear. A pictorial representation of this can be shown as follows.
48 .” The problem of course is “putting them together “. functional characteristics and uncovered deviation from specification. In the latter case the person performing debugging may suspect a cause.e. design a test case to help validate his suspicion. It covers the following: Validation test criteria: Performance. Integration Testing “If they all work individually.2. debugging is the process that results in the removal of error. Configuration review: Ensures that all the elements of software configuration have been properly developed cataloged and have support for the maintenance phase of software life cycle. Bottom up integration: It begins with construction and testing with atomic modules i. Beta test is conducted at one or more customer site by software end user. when a test case uncovers an error. This process will always have one of the two outcomes: The cause will be found. modules at the lowest level of the program structure. and then work towards the correction of errors in the interactive fashion. The poorly understood mental process that connects a symptom to cause is debugging. Because modules are integrated from the bottom up. beginning with main control module are incorporated into the structure in either a depth first or breadth first manner. This can be done in two ways: Top down integration: Modules are integrated by moving downwards through the control hierarchy. Alpha Beta testing: Alpha test is conducted by developer‟s site by customer. they should work when we put them together. Validation Testing Validation succeeds when software functions in a manner that can be reasonably expected by the customer. Debugging Debugging occurs as a consequence of successful testing i. processing required for the modules subordinate to a given level is always available and the need of stubs is eliminated.e. 3. corrected and then removed or The cause will not be found.
49 . what we could do better and what areas you would like to see in this software and any other words of wisdom you are willing to pass our way.Scope of Future Enhancements Extra menu options can be added according to requirement. We please people to let us know the bugs and enhancement required. As you are the user of this Software. Help option can be added. We value your opinion and want to know what we are doing right. Shortcut keys to menu option can be added. you are our most important critic and commentator. There can be even some bugs. which we could not have covered. We will be highly obliged by the people who have made suggestion and helped us to know the uncovered bugs in the software.
Thus. government policies. logic errors. The ease of understanding the program is primarily affected by complexity and documentation of the program.g. data processing errors and system performance errors.10)MAINTAINENCE Categories Corrective Maintenance It means modifications made to the software to correct the defects. The primary feature affecting the ripple effect is stability. Adaptive Maintenance It includes modifying the software to match changes in the ever-changing environment. Process The process of maintenance for given software can be divided into four stages as follows: Program understanding: It consists of analyzing the program in order to understand it. E. Modified program testing: The modified program is to be tested again and again to check that the software has enhanced and reliability is validated. Generate particular maintenance proposal: The ease of generating the maintenance proposal is primarily affected by extensibility of the program. there is a kind of ripple effect from the location of modification to the other parts of the software. business rules. Environment refers to the totality of all conditions and influences which act from outside upon the software. it may affect the other parts also. coding errors. Account for ripple effect: If any change is made to any part of the system. Perfective Maintenance It means improving processing efficiency or performances. Defects can result from design errors. or restructuring the software to improve changeability. 50 . work patterns and software/hardware operating platforms.
outputs. For better management of receipt and revenue resources. No software package can meet all requirements of a given RR section. The functions that will be covered by this software are maintaining user details. modification etc. by doing that. retrieval of information is fast. which serves as one of the best software for creation of forms. Various software guides and directories have been attached with the software. 51 .11)Conclusion This software will be used for “SEARCH OF APPROPRIATE ROOMMATE”. Stored information has been indexed. flexible. can be upgraded as per the requirements. bill generation. Report generation in PDF as well as in Microsoft word. More precisely it will be used to automate various functions in any Clear Edge Filtration branch in whole world. Modularized approach: It has been developed using modular approach. is compatible. report formats. All input/output screens have been put in their corresponding menus and submenus. eliminating bypass of even a minor requirement of user. some compromises will be needed in workflows. For use of various modules based on customer details. This menu-driven approach adds value to the software. inputs. these main modules are combined with the overall project. Menu driven: It has been designed with Visual Studio as front end. Customization takes lots of time. Finally. Supporting utility: It provides continuous support to users. It will be used as management tool for various activities in the Clear Edge Filtration. Sub-modules are designed and integrated with main module. All the predefined project objectives have been achieved with development of billing software such as: To automate the Work order sheet activity of all the customers for various services. other problems could arise. Inevitably. has good documentation Integrated with multi-user capability: It serves large user community. To avoid maintenance of registers such as new entry. Reviews are being conducted periodically. bill payments. The following objectives have been achieved with the development of billing software: Generalized and comprehensive software package: It is user friendly. easy to use. thus. thus.
NET 2. 4.net www.dotnetspiders. 3.codeproject.com www.NET Professional ASP.12)Bibliography 1.java2s.com 52 .asp. Unleashed ASP .0 Beginning ASP.com www. NET 2. 2.0 Websites:- - Walther and Stephen Wrox Publications Wrox Publications www.