A Project Report On “ONLINE ROOMMATE SEARCH”

(MINOR PROJECT) Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirement For the award of the Degree of

Bachelor of Technology
IN

Computer Science

Submitted By SAURAV GANGULY, (06ESBCS049) HARISH KUMAR , (06ESBCS017) B.Tech VII Sem(CSE)

January 2010 Sri Balaji College of Engineering & Technology Benad Road Macheda, Jaipur (Raj.)-302013 (Rajasthan Technical University,Kota)

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The beatitude, bliss & euphoria that accompany the successful completion of any task would be incomplete without the expression of the appreciation of simple virtues to the people who made it possible. So, reverence, veneration and honors. I acknowledge all those whose guidance and encouragement has made successful in winding up this. I owe a huge debt of thanks to a large number of people without whom none of this would have been possible. I am thankful to MRS. NEERAJ CHOUDHARY FACULTY(CSE) for being our mentor and for valuable suggestions and enthusiastic interest during the entire process of the preparation of Project. Lastly, I extend my heartiest thanks to all those who have contributed in making this project a success.

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CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that the project entitled “ONLINE ROOMMATE SEARCH” is the bonafide work carried out by SAURAV GANGULY student of B.Tech (CSE),
UNIVERSITY ROLL NO

(06ESBCS049),

of

SRI

BALAJI

COLLEGE

OF

ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, JAIPUR, is hereby accepted and approved as a credible work, submitted in the partial fulfillment of the requirements of Degree of B.Tech. (CSE) from RAJASTHAN TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY, KOTA.

Signature of the Coordinator:

Signature of the HOD: Place: Date:

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ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION This project is basically deals with search a appropriate Roommate and Paying guest.with addition to the knowledge of client personal information, professional information , its likes and dislikes , habits etc. the client can hide some of the personal details as according to its needs. BRIEF DESCRIPTION In this project we will make an online website which will deal with online searching of appropriate roommate search for paying guest. In minor project we will derive few models with different phases, to describe by different sets of attributes. Some of the page description are:       Client/user Registration/Login Page. Client/user Personal Information with Edit facility Search page Client/user requirements Advertisements of PG‟s and Roommates User request for Pg.

Thus are some basic requirements module, the whole set can be enlarge with including more phases in it. In this project we worked on .NET platform, with C# for coding.

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LIST OF FIGURES S.NO. 1. 2.

TITLE

PAGE NO. 30 31-34

Entity relationship diagram Dataflow Diagrams 2.1 0 level DFD 2.2 1-level DFD of Login page 2.3 1-level DFD of Registration page 2.4 1-level DFD of search page

3.

Screenshots 3.1 Homepage 3.2 Search people 3.3 Registration page 3.4 Login page 3.5 About us 3.6 Help 3.7 Contact us

36-42

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CodingShots 4.1 Master.aspx page 4.2 Master.cs page

43-44

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4) Limitations 7.Net Framework 4.3) Development Phase 3. Project Title Introduction 2.1) Microsoft .3 ) Scope 6.NO. 8 9-13 14-15 4.7 ) Post Implementation and Maintainence Technology Used 4.4 ) SQL Server 2008 5.CONTENTS S.2) Life Cycle 6. 6.2) ASP.1) Company Profile 3.5 ) Testing Phase 3.1) Objective 6. 2.2 ) Design Phase 3. 16-22 23 24-25 26-33 . System Design 6 TITLE PAGE NO.6 ) Implementation Phase 3. FEASIBILITY STUDY Introduction To Project 6.1) Requirement Analysis Phase 3.3) C# 4.NET 4. METHODOLOGY USED 3.4) Coding Phase 3. 1.

4) Entity Relationship Diagrams 7.7.5) Dataflow diagrams.2) Steps 7.3) Database and attributes used 7. 8 9 10 11 12 SCREENSHOTS TESTING AND IMPLEMENTATIONS MAINTAINENCE CONCLUSION BIBLOGRAPHY 36-44 45-49 50 51 52 7 .1) Introduction 7.

1. PROJECT TITLE “ONLINE ROOMMATE SEARCH” „LIFE MAKE EASY‟ SUBMITTED TO: MRS. NEERAJ CHOUDHARY SUBMITTED BY: SAURAV GANGULY (06ESBCS049) HARISH KUMAR (06ESBCS017) 8 .

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Requirement Analysis Phase 2. This cycle back or feedback may occur as a result of the failure with the system to meet a performance objective or as a result of changes in redefinition of System activities. DEVELOPMENT The development phase includes choosing of a suitable s/w to solve the particular problem given the various facilities and the sophistication in the selected software gives a better development of the problem. the s/w design involves three technical activities: design. In order to identify the problem: we have to know information about the problem the purpose of the evaluation for the problem to be known. We have to clearly know about the client‟s requirements and the objectives of the project. Testing Phase 6. 14 . Design Phase 3. 1. the s/w is logically partitioned into components that perform specific functions and sub functions. The Design Phase leads to modules those exhibit independent functional characteristics . These are as follows. The design phase is for main importance because in this activity decisions ultimately affects the success of software implementation and maintains. One of the software have been analyzed and specified. Like most systems the life cycle of the computer based system also exhibits distinct phases. Coding Phase 5. coding generation and testing.e. Post Implementation Phase EXPLANATION OF DIFFERENT STAGES OF WATERFALL MODEL REQUIREMENT ANALYSIS This Phase includes the definition of the problem. The design of the system is in modular form i.3. Development Phase 4. DESIGN Software design is a process through which the requirements are translated into a representation of an s/w.) METHODLOGY USED IN WEBSITE DEVELOPMENT The general methodology in developing a system is involved in different phases which describe the system‟s life cycle model for developing software project.it even leads to interfaces that reduce the complexity of the connections between modules and with that external environment. The basic WATERFALL MODEL is being used that is its stages. Implementation Phase 7. The concept includes not only forward motion but also have the possibility to return that is cycle back to an activity previously completed.

sample data debugging is one. programming code. IMPLEMENTATION After testing is over project is implemented by providing training to the users and providing manuals so that they can be refreshed as and when needed POST IMPLEMENTATION If any problem occurs after the implemented they are removed from time to time so that so that the users can work on the prepared system easily finally a satisfied user when all things are almost right 15 .CODING The coding phase is for retranslating the design of the system produced during the design phase into code in a given programming language. Which can be executed by a computer and which performs the computation specified by the design? TESTING Testing is done in various ways such as testing the algorithm.

and exception handling.NET Framework is a software framework that can be installed on computers running Microsoft Windows operating systems.Runtime.0 The Microsoft .NET Framework provides means to access functionality that is implemented in programs that execute outside the . databaseconnectivity. the . Also part of the . Access to COM components is provided in the System.NET Framework. COMMON RUNTIME ENGINE: 16 . Windows Vista. The framework's Base Class Library provides a large range of features including user interface. memory management. Programs written for the .InteropServices and System.cryptography. The class library and the CLR together constitute the . web application development. and Windows 7. The . The CLR also provides other important services such as security. Version 3.0 of the .4.NET FRAMEWORK 3.NET Framework. MICROSOFT . this runtime environment is known as the Common Language Runtime (CLR).EnterpriseServices namespaces of the framework.NET Framework is a Microsoft offering and is intended to be used by most new applications created for the Windows platform. The CLR provides the appearance of an application virtual machine so that programmers need not consider the capabilities of the specific CPU that will execute the program.NET Framework execute in a software environment that manages the program's runtime requirements.NET environment. who combine it with their own code to produce applications. PRINCIPAL DESIGN FEATURES INTEROPERABILITY: Because interaction between new and older applications is commonly required. The class library is used by programmers. It includes a large library of coded solutions to common programming problems and a virtual machine that manages the execution of programs written specifically for the framework.NET Framework is included with Windows Server 2008. dataaccess. access to other functionality is provided using the P/Invoke feature. numeric algorithms. and network communications.

The CTS specification defines all possible data types and programming constructs supported by the CLR and how they may or may not interact with each other. This is discussed in more detail in Microsoft . predefined and ready to use control for your ASP. Because of this feature. The BCL provides classes which encapsulate a number of common functions. SIMPLIFIED DEVELOPMENT The . ASP. or CTS.NET Framework supports the exchange of instances of types between programs written in any of the .NET. AS. the .NET or VB. SECURITY The design is meant to address some of the vulnerabilities.NET programs execute under the supervision of the CLR. including file reading and writing. LANGUAGE INDEPENDENCE: The .NET Framework. These reduce the amount the code you have to write. Jscript. that have been exploited by malicious software.NET version of ASP is ASP. ASP. Microsoft has introduced ASP. All .NET framework. is a library of functionality available to all languages using the . . part of the Framework Class Library (FCL).NET allows you to build dynamic web pages and tailors the HTML output to whatever browser you are using.NET framework.NET languages. security. One of the most EYECATCHING things about the ASP. BASE CLASS LIBRARY The Base Class Library (BCL).NET framework includes design features and tools that help manage the installation of computer software to ensure that it does not interfere with previously installed software.NET Framework introduces a Common Type System. such as C#.NET is a programming framework used to create Enterprise class of efficient information management. such as buffer overflows.NET To create dynamic web pages by using server side scripts. graphic rendering. so you can be more productive while programming.NET Languages. guaranteeing certain properties and behaviours in the areas of memory management. Additionally. database interaction and XML document manipulation. and that it conforms to security requirements.The Common Language Runtime (CLR) is the virtual machine component of the .NET projects.NET provides a common security model for all applications. The . It also comes with a great set of reusable. 17 .NET is the way you can use any programming language based on the . and exception handling.NET to create your web application.

18 . ASP script was an interpreted script and consisted unstructured code and was difficult to debug and maintain. Also. However. Microsoft has been constantly working to shift its focus from Window based platforms to the INTERNET. as applications grew bigger in the size and became more complex. Therefore. Microsoft introduced ASP ( Active Server Pages) in November 1996. ASP offered the efficiency of ISAPI applications along with the new level of simplicity that made it easy to understandable and use. As the web consists of many different technologies. software integration for web development was complicated and required to understand many different technologies.WHY ASP.NET? Since 1995. As a result. an architecture was needed that would allow the development of a Web application in structured and consisted way. the number of lines f source code in ASP applications increase the dramatically and was hard to maintain.

NET APPLICATIONS 19 .THE COMPONENTS OF ASP.

STEPS ARE : 1. 20 . The web Server. The Web Server forward the ASP.0).NET files from top to bottom and then executes the Script. IIS.NET file. After creation of an ASP.NET files to the ASP. the results are sent to the web Browser that requested the ASP.NET framework (2. Finally. 2 .NET Script Engine for processing. receives the request and retrieves the appropriate ASP. A web browser sends a request for an ASP.NET files need to be stored on as IIS Server.NET APPLICATION WORKING ON ASP.NET file to a Web Server by using Uniform Resource Locator (URL).NET APPLICATION We create an ASP. 4.NET file from the disk or Memory.THE ARCHITECTURE OF ASP.NET Script Engine reads the files from top to Bottom and executes any Server side Script it encounters.NET application the ASP. The ASP.NET application by using the tools integrated with the Microsoft. 3. which is the web Server for the Window Platform. An IIS Server process the ASP.

This architecture consists of these three components: 1.NET SERVER 1. Manageability 6. These steps are also expressed by 3-Tier client Server Architecture. Security 21 . As a result it helps to hide the code of ASP.NET Web pages. Web Server (IIS) 3. Enriched Tool Support 3. Database Server. Complied code 2. internet explorer. Power and flexibility 4. The processed ASP.NET file is generated as an HTML document. Simplicity 5. and the ASP. 6 . The web Browser interprets the output and displays it. Web Browser (Netscape navigator. The basic description of how this architecture works is as described below in the diagram: CLIENT WEB BROWSER WEB SERVER IIS APPLICATION SERVER DATABASE SERVER FEATURES OF ASP.etc.5 .NET Script Engine sends the HTML page to the Web Server.) 2.NET file from the user who access an ASP. The Web Server then sends the HTML page to the client. A web server generates and sends only the HTML-OUTPUT to the client. 7.

NET framework. reliable and productive platform for enterprise data applications. It has been designed to support the KEY feature of . mature and stable platform? SQL Server is a comprehensive. SQL Server 2008 also includes support for structured and semi-structured data. It becomes linear and safer.NET platform. developer can quickly implement applications and component‟s code is managed by CLR. APPLICATIONS OF C# C# is a new language developed exclusively to suit the feature of . audio. video and other multimedia data.NET platform. With the help of C# language. integrated. It can be used for a variety of applications that are supported by the . and it is first component oriented language. SQL server 2008 is the eighth SQL Server release making a featurerich. The SQL Server data platform includes the following tools:  Relational Database  Replication Services  Notification Services  Integration Services  Analysis Services  Reporting Services  Management Tools  Development Tools  Increase Productivity 22 . including digital media formats for pictures.C# (C SHARP) : C# is fully Object Oriented Language like JAVA. end-to-end data solution that empowers people by providing a more secure.NET projects  Creating web controls  Providing Web services MICROSOFT SQL SERVER 2008 Microsoft SQL Server 2008 is a relational database system that is scalable from single user database running on a single user system such as Laptop to enterprise-wide networks and global dotcom websites. the new development platform of Microsoft for building Component based Software Solutions.  Console Applications  Window Applications  Developing Windows controls  Developing ASP.

There are 3 types of the feasibilities which are discussed here. 3. as the software required for developing it and the software and hardware required for using it are easily available. Operationally Feasibility The proposed system is operationally feasible because it requires minimal knowledge of working with computer for using it. We can test our system by different type of the feasibilities. It‟s software and hardware cost is also low then the existing system. The cost to conduct a full system investigation. 2. Therefore maintaining both the resource become easy and feasible as compared to a fully manual system which it was previously or a fully computerized system. 23 . The cost of hardware and software for class of application being considered. These are as follows: Technical Feasibility The proposed system is technically feasible. Since the system is partially manual and partially computerized.5)FEASIBILITY STUDY Feasibility Study is a test of the system according to its workability. impact of the organization. Economical Feasibility In this we consider following costs: 1. Our system has a lot of features at a minimum cost so it is feasible to implement and it will be very much beneficial to the sellers in the reduced cost. The benefit in the form of the reduced cost. ability to meet user needs and effective use of the resources. The user can easily learn to use the system from the user manual.

INTRODUCTION TO THE PROJECT SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT LIFE CYCLE Project Initiation and Planning Requirement Analysis System Designing Coding Testing Implementation Maintenance Project Delivery 24 .6).

Sites like RoommateWire. requires human labor.  To do more publicity by RSS feed. Although a new place throws up its unique challenges.com offer a marketplace where you can search for potential roomates and also post a roomate requirement ad. This helps you evaluate your options better. it is essential that one identifies personal requirements. one finds it very convenient to search for roomates in any part of the world. The last thing you want is to end up with an inconsiderate roomate who finds it almost impossible to get along with you.  To reduce the work efficiency to find appropriate roommate or paying guest. 25 .NET environment. human labor and are subject to change drastically as the technology changes . facebook etc. which is time consuming. system manuals etc. the time and effort taken to look for roomates is significantly reduced. Roomate services such as RoommateWire. It needs time. Before looking for a roomate. people have transcended physical boundaries to look for study and work options in places they haven‟t visited before. PROJECT LIMITATION  Cost: It is costly as one needs to satisfy software and hardware requirements  Documentation: It is time consuming and requires expertise in creating good documentation from view point of top administrators users  Manuals: Various manuals are to be prepared such as user manuals. preferences and other such criteria for roomate selection. Roomate services like RoommateWire. Since these websites offer roomate services regardless of the place. one is today wellequipped to deal with them. this site makes sure that only results that meet your specific requirements are displayed.com offer a private mailbox and use a highly advanced search algorithm to make the search a lot more effective. with people finding it increasingly easy to relocate to a new apartment and find a suitable roomate in no time at all. With the world getting flatter by the day. In doing so.  To do the publicity by transfer the contacts via RSS feed by mail portal such as yahoo. The advent of the net has made this possible. With comprehensive search options. Roomate services on the internet offer different tools and features to make the search experience highly rewarding.  Online Help: One needs to provide online help to various users so that all the features of the software can be properly understood by the user  Backup: The software requires the periodical backup. PROJECT SCOPE Roomate services are in high demand these days. gmail.com eliminate such problems by displaying criteriaspecific results. more resources such as Hard Disk etc.PROJECT OBJECTIVE  To get practical knowledge for preparation of websites in ASP.

many-to-many are considered while designing the database. Databases (data stores). The design of the proposed system has gone through logical and physical design with emphasis on the following:    Preparing input/output specifications. Specifying the implementation plan. coding and debugging procedure prior to conversion. Relational structured database is used in this system. In this application.  Physical design (Database design) This activity deals with the design of the physical database. It specifies the user need at a level of detail that virtually determines the information flow into and out of the system and the required data resources. procedures (Data Flow) and boundaries of the system are described that needs the user requirement. The nature of data stored in the database as well as the organization of the data has wide implications on the performance of the system. which are supported by the browsers like Internet Explorer. which may be required by the users of the system. ASP.7). Preparing a logical design walkthrough before implementation. but at the same time. one-to-many. avoid any harmful or unnecessary redundancy. The database should also be flexible so that any future change in requirements can be incorporated with minimum changes. A good database design should hold all the data. The relationships existing among the entities like one-to-one.Net is used as server side scripting while JavaScript and HTML are used as client side scripting. A physical path is derived from the logical path.SYSTEM DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT Introduction System Design is a transition from a user-oriented document to a document oriented to programmers or database personnel. Steps of Design Process  Logical design (DFD) In the DFD. 26 . Preparing security and control specification.  Database Design The Database (collection of data) is at the core of any information system. It translates the system requirement into ways of operating them and focuses on the detail implementation of the system. A key is to determine how the access paths are to be implemented. the inputs (source).  Program Design In conjunction with database design is a decision on the programming language to be used and the flowcharting. outputs (destination). Visual Web Developer 2008 is used for coding.

validated and corrected. Other tables are used with bi-directional role of data i.The data in Online Roommate Site is organized in the form of 2-D relational tables. One of the major constraints is also the heavy volume of data to be entered for creation of Master database. some of the tables used are almost static in nature and are already available with the standard data for the selection of the parameter values. the authentication and acceptance of responsibilities of the data entered still rests with the RR section In-charge. Although the software will take care of many aspects. Design Consideration General Constraints 1. The client machines must have minimum 128 MB RAM and 8 GB Hard disk. for both input and output. It should serve as “Objective Evidence” that the designers and/or implementers are following through on their commitment to implement the functionality described in their requirements specifications. 27 . These data will generally be stored in files or databases in logical manner. Detailed Design Specification Complete design specification serves the following purposes: It should be able to adequately serve as training material fir new project members.e. imparting them enough information and understanding about the project implementation. Design Constraints It is imperative that the RAM and storage requirements are met. retrieval and storage of data. 2. The performance of the software shall also depend on the hardware configuration at the implementation sites. The system uses database. Organization of data into tables allows easy categorization. these may have to be preserved either for a short or long period. Different tables have been created for different type of information. Once the input data is captured in the system. Manual intervention cannot be fully avoided. Since the system requirement is manipulation of data. 3. The rules of normalization have also been applied while designing the tables. Online mutations and progress reporting cannot begin till the entire database is initially created. which is described as follows. The server machines must have minimum 256 MB RAM and 20 GB Hard disk. The designer will have to advise the techniques of sorting and retrieving data from these files.

Detailed System Design Each subsection of this section will refer to or contain a detailed description of a system software component.) userid password Password confirm Name Email address Other detail country state TYPE Int Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) REMARKS Auto generate no. The discussion provided covers the following software component attributes:  Purpose  Input  Processing  Output  Validation Checks  Implied Requirements DATABASE AND ATTRIBUTES USED REGISTRATION PAGE FIELD NAME Id(P.K. User id of user password of User Confirmation of user Name of user Email address of user Detail explaination of user Country of user State of User 28 .

LOGIN PAGE userid password Varchar(50) Varchar(50) User id of user password of User SEARCH userid country Varchar(50) Varchar(50) User id of user Country of user 29 .

Entity Relationship Diagram id E Mail Password User fgbvb Registr ation Password confirm User State Name Country Other detail User Login User fgbvb Name E Mail Password E Mail Search people City People Country State 30 .

0-LEVEL DFD of website Starting Database Login Home Registra tion search 31 .

1-LEVEL DFD of login page Master page User id Login form Password Central Database 32 .

1-LEVEL DFD of Registration page Master pages User id Password Password confirm Name Email Country State City Central database 33 .

1-LEVEL DFD of Search page Master pages Search User -id Country State City 34 Central database .

35 .

Looking for roommate? Search all of the US for roommate with the best rooms absolutely free. 36 . find rooms or roommates that fit your needs.8)SCREEN SHOTS HOME PAGE Its a homepage of website in which we use the master page for maintain the uniqueness in project. With our easy roommate finder system.

37 .SEARCH PEOPLE This page is used to search the appropriate roommate according to its desired needs and provide Best accommodation according to the user „s budget.

REGISTRATION PAGE This is the registration page where user can register its detail to the database of the website at the backend. 38 .

USER LOGIN PAGE This is user login page where user can login into its account by entering its userid And password. 39 .

ABOUT US Detail about the webite .how it is helpful to the user for finding best roommate. 40 .

41 .HELP In this page of the website user can enter its query and can submit to us by which in maintenance phase we can remove the problem of the user according to its needs.

42 .CONTACT US In this page we have given the contact details of us so that user can directly contact us for further assistance.

CODING PHASE MASTER PAGE 43 .

MASTER . CS PAGE 44 .

The first test planned and executed generally focus on the individual modules. Therefore the entire test can be planned before any code has been generated. If the errors are uncovered they are debugged and corrected. Stated simply the Pareto principle implies that 80% of all errors uncovered during testing will likely to be traceable to 20% of all program modules.9)TESTING AND IMPELMENTATIONS What is testing? Software testing is a critical element of the ultimate review of specification design and coding. Testing also provides a good indication of software reliability and software quality as a whole. A strategy approach to software testing has the generic characteristics:  Testing begins at the module level and works “outwards” towards the integration of the entire computer based system. Testing plan can begin as soon as the requirement model is complete.  The Pareto principle applies to software testing. but debugging must be accommodated in the testing strate GOALS AND OBJECTIVES Our Objective is to design test processes that systematically uncover different classes of errors and do so with minimum amount of time and effort Testing Principles The basic principles that guide software testing are:  All test cases should be traceable top customer requirements. As testing progresses 45 .  Different testing techniques are appropriate at different points of time. Testing of software leads to the uncovering of errors in the software functional and performance requirements are met. The result of different phases of testing are evaluated and then compared with the expected results. The most severe defects from the customer‟s point of view are those that cause the program to fail to meet its requirements. Detailed definition of the test cases can begin as soon as the design is solidified.  Testing should begin “in the small” and progress towards “in the large”. The program of course is to isolate these suspect modules and to thoroughly test them.  Test case should be planned long before testing begins.  Testing and debugging are different activities.

It is possible however to ensure that all conditions in the procedural design have been exercised  To be most effective an independent third party should conduct testing. For this reason it is impossible to execute every combination of path during testing. 46 .testing shifts focus in an attempt to find errors in integrating clusters of modules and ultimately in the entire system.  Exhaustive testing is not possible. The number of paths permutations for even a moderately sized program is exceptionally large. The third party has the highest probability of finding the errors.

A driver is nothing more than a “main program” that accepts test cases data and passes it to the module. response time given by the module. The unit testing is normally considered as an adjunct step to coding step. drivers and/or stubs software must be developed for each unit. there is existing test cases which checks for the previous functionality. A stub may do minimal data manipulation. A stub serves to replace the modules that are subordinate to the modules to be tested.  Performance Test: These determined the amount of execution time spent on various parts of units and the resulting throughput. New test cases are prepared and added to this existing test suit to check for the added functionality. A pictorial representation of this can be shown as follows. 47 . Unit Testing The module interface is tested to ensure that information properly flows into and out of the program unit under test. 1. Because modules are not a standalone program. it has to have passed through a test cases suit. Approaches used for Unit Testing were:  Functional Test: Each part of the code was tested individually and the panels were tested individually on all platforms to see if they are working properly. prints verification of entry and returns.  Stress Test: A lot of test files were made to work at the same time in order to check how much workloads can the unit bear.Test Case Before the project is released. New Test Case Existing Test Case Software Under Testing Output Comparator Result of Testing Following types of testing are done on the System. so that the required functionality is met and previous functionality of the system is also not broken to do this.

3. when a test case uncovers an error. The poorly understood mental process that connects a symptom to cause is debugging. they should work when we put them together. Debugging Debugging occurs as a consequence of successful testing i. Because modules are integrated from the bottom up.” The problem of course is “putting them together “. It covers the following: Validation test criteria: Performance.  Bottom up integration: It begins with construction and testing with atomic modules i. corrected and then removed or  The cause will not be found.e. In the latter case the person performing debugging may suspect a cause. Beta test is conducted at one or more customer site by software end user. functional characteristics and uncovered deviation from specification. modules at the lowest level of the program structure. This process will always have one of the two outcomes:  The cause will be found.  Configuration review: Ensures that all the elements of software configuration have been properly developed cataloged and have support for the maintenance phase of software life cycle. and then work towards the correction of errors in the interactive fashion. Integration Testing “If they all work individually. 48 . This can be done in two ways:  Top down integration: Modules are integrated by moving downwards through the control hierarchy.  Alpha Beta testing: Alpha test is conducted by developer‟s site by customer. Validation Testing Validation succeeds when software functions in a manner that can be reasonably expected by the customer.e.2. beginning with main control module are incorporated into the structure in either a depth first or breadth first manner. design a test case to help validate his suspicion. debugging is the process that results in the removal of error. processing required for the modules subordinate to a given level is always available and the need of stubs is eliminated.

As you are the user of this Software. There can be even some bugs.  Shortcut keys to menu option can be added. We value your opinion and want to know what we are doing right. We will be highly obliged by the people who have made suggestion and helped us to know the uncovered bugs in the software. you are our most important critic and commentator.  Help option can be added.Scope of Future Enhancements  Extra menu options can be added according to requirement. We please people to let us know the bugs and enhancement required. 49 . what we could do better and what areas you would like to see in this software and any other words of wisdom you are willing to pass our way. which we could not have covered.

 Generate particular maintenance proposal: The ease of generating the maintenance proposal is primarily affected by extensibility of the program. Perfective Maintenance It means improving processing efficiency or performances. logic errors. data processing errors and system performance errors. work patterns and software/hardware operating platforms.  Account for ripple effect: If any change is made to any part of the system. it may affect the other parts also. The ease of understanding the program is primarily affected by complexity and documentation of the program. coding errors.10)MAINTAINENCE Categories Corrective Maintenance It means modifications made to the software to correct the defects. government policies.g. 50 . business rules. Defects can result from design errors. there is a kind of ripple effect from the location of modification to the other parts of the software. Process The process of maintenance for given software can be divided into four stages as follows:  Program understanding: It consists of analyzing the program in order to understand it. E. Environment refers to the totality of all conditions and influences which act from outside upon the software.  Modified program testing: The modified program is to be tested again and again to check that the software has enhanced and reliability is validated. The primary feature affecting the ripple effect is stability. Thus. Adaptive Maintenance It includes modifying the software to match changes in the ever-changing environment. or restructuring the software to improve changeability.

bill payments. can be upgraded as per the requirements. More precisely it will be used to automate various functions in any Clear Edge Filtration branch in whole world. Various software guides and directories have been attached with the software. modification etc. Supporting utility: It provides continuous support to users. some compromises will be needed in workflows. Menu driven: It has been designed with Visual Studio as front end. All input/output screens have been put in their corresponding menus and submenus. thus. flexible. Modularized approach: It has been developed using modular approach. The following objectives have been achieved with the development of billing software: Generalized and comprehensive software package: It is user friendly. bill generation. No software package can meet all requirements of a given RR section. It will be used as management tool for various activities in the Clear Edge Filtration. which serves as one of the best software for creation of forms. is compatible. Inevitably. For use of various modules based on customer details. Report generation in PDF as well as in Microsoft word. Customization takes lots of time. Stored information has been indexed. 51 . All the predefined project objectives have been achieved with development of billing software such as: To automate the Work order sheet activity of all the customers for various services. The functions that will be covered by this software are maintaining user details. Reviews are being conducted periodically. Sub-modules are designed and integrated with main module. outputs. retrieval of information is fast. these main modules are combined with the overall project. This menu-driven approach adds value to the software. other problems could arise. Finally. inputs. To avoid maintenance of registers such as new entry. has good documentation Integrated with multi-user capability: It serves large user community. by doing that.11)Conclusion This software will be used for “SEARCH OF APPROPRIATE ROOMMATE”. report formats. For better management of receipt and revenue resources. easy to use. eliminating bypass of even a minor requirement of user. thus.

0 Beginning ASP.codeproject.NET Professional ASP. 2.dotnetspiders.java2s. NET 2. Unleashed ASP .com  www. 4. NET 2.com 52 .asp.12)Bibliography 1. 3.0 Websites:- - Walther and Stephen Wrox Publications Wrox Publications  www.com  www.net  www.

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