A Project Report On “ONLINE ROOMMATE SEARCH”

(MINOR PROJECT) Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirement For the award of the Degree of

Bachelor of Technology
IN

Computer Science

Submitted By SAURAV GANGULY, (06ESBCS049) HARISH KUMAR , (06ESBCS017) B.Tech VII Sem(CSE)

January 2010 Sri Balaji College of Engineering & Technology Benad Road Macheda, Jaipur (Raj.)-302013 (Rajasthan Technical University,Kota)

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The beatitude, bliss & euphoria that accompany the successful completion of any task would be incomplete without the expression of the appreciation of simple virtues to the people who made it possible. So, reverence, veneration and honors. I acknowledge all those whose guidance and encouragement has made successful in winding up this. I owe a huge debt of thanks to a large number of people without whom none of this would have been possible. I am thankful to MRS. NEERAJ CHOUDHARY FACULTY(CSE) for being our mentor and for valuable suggestions and enthusiastic interest during the entire process of the preparation of Project. Lastly, I extend my heartiest thanks to all those who have contributed in making this project a success.

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CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that the project entitled “ONLINE ROOMMATE SEARCH” is the bonafide work carried out by SAURAV GANGULY student of B.Tech (CSE),
UNIVERSITY ROLL NO

(06ESBCS049),

of

SRI

BALAJI

COLLEGE

OF

ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, JAIPUR, is hereby accepted and approved as a credible work, submitted in the partial fulfillment of the requirements of Degree of B.Tech. (CSE) from RAJASTHAN TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY, KOTA.

Signature of the Coordinator:

Signature of the HOD: Place: Date:

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ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION This project is basically deals with search a appropriate Roommate and Paying guest.with addition to the knowledge of client personal information, professional information , its likes and dislikes , habits etc. the client can hide some of the personal details as according to its needs. BRIEF DESCRIPTION In this project we will make an online website which will deal with online searching of appropriate roommate search for paying guest. In minor project we will derive few models with different phases, to describe by different sets of attributes. Some of the page description are:       Client/user Registration/Login Page. Client/user Personal Information with Edit facility Search page Client/user requirements Advertisements of PG‟s and Roommates User request for Pg.

Thus are some basic requirements module, the whole set can be enlarge with including more phases in it. In this project we worked on .NET platform, with C# for coding.

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LIST OF FIGURES S.NO. 1. 2.

TITLE

PAGE NO. 30 31-34

Entity relationship diagram Dataflow Diagrams 2.1 0 level DFD 2.2 1-level DFD of Login page 2.3 1-level DFD of Registration page 2.4 1-level DFD of search page

3.

Screenshots 3.1 Homepage 3.2 Search people 3.3 Registration page 3.4 Login page 3.5 About us 3.6 Help 3.7 Contact us

36-42

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CodingShots 4.1 Master.aspx page 4.2 Master.cs page

43-44

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5 ) Testing Phase 3.CONTENTS S. System Design 6 TITLE PAGE NO.3 ) Scope 6.Net Framework 4. Project Title Introduction 2.1) Requirement Analysis Phase 3. 2.4) Coding Phase 3.1) Objective 6.6 ) Implementation Phase 3. 1.3) C# 4.2) Life Cycle 6. 8 9-13 14-15 4.4 ) SQL Server 2008 5. 6. 16-22 23 24-25 26-33 . METHODOLOGY USED 3.1) Company Profile 3.3) Development Phase 3.NET 4.4) Limitations 7.2) ASP.7 ) Post Implementation and Maintainence Technology Used 4. FEASIBILITY STUDY Introduction To Project 6.1) Microsoft .NO.2 ) Design Phase 3.

2) Steps 7.7.3) Database and attributes used 7.1) Introduction 7.5) Dataflow diagrams.4) Entity Relationship Diagrams 7. 8 9 10 11 12 SCREENSHOTS TESTING AND IMPLEMENTATIONS MAINTAINENCE CONCLUSION BIBLOGRAPHY 36-44 45-49 50 51 52 7 .

1. NEERAJ CHOUDHARY SUBMITTED BY: SAURAV GANGULY (06ESBCS049) HARISH KUMAR (06ESBCS017) 8 . PROJECT TITLE “ONLINE ROOMMATE SEARCH” „LIFE MAKE EASY‟ SUBMITTED TO: MRS.

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We are staying on pace with the fast evolving Web development capabilities. D ZONE SOFTWARE Soft has a wellmanaged staff to assist in meeting your needs. commercial and technical disciplines into coherent approach. we use the most modern development tools and technologies available on the market today. Technically Advanced Our Web development tools and products implement Object-Oriented design and Programming. creation and transparency Selectivity of product and producer Quest for excellence and perfection to offer the highest standards of service Exploration of the concealed energies and talents of our employee Company performance Expertise All of our team members have several years of expertise developing customized. We have proven to be able to react quickly and to adjust to any changes or additions thrown at us during the course of a project. 11 . fully integrated systems in a variety of industrial standards.          Understanding our customers needs and requirements Meeting or exceeding our customer‟s expectations Use of a practical mix of new and proven techniques and technologies Constant development of our staff and management expertise Our commitment of the continual improvement of our processes Propensity to innovate. Further. combining quality.Strategy of Company We operate as an integrated management system. Flexibility We are custom-build to client specific requirements.

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BE.We have excellent team of skilled and experienced professionals. one owning the media and another owning the system/network integration skills. and shall always remain that way in the future.. geographical reach. The increasing automation and integration of multifarious applications into the system also necessitates the need of a robust network underpinning so that the organization can reap the benefits fast enough and sustain the edge over its rivals. Analysts and consultants who are well qualified and experienced in their respective fields. The hurdle being reasons like affordability. B. downtime and limited spread of quality IT development centers locally.Tech and Post Graduates who share their experience and expertise to make every project a confirmed success. Information Technology has not always been able to address the needs of SME markets. scalable. The team consists of qualified MCA. Engineers. Enterprise communication needs with interests over large geographic spreads have never been completely addressed by a single connectivity solution. 13 . Our Approach & Strengths One of the prime movers of any business of today is the provisioning of a reliable. flexible communication infrastructure. The Indian scene had two types of players in networking. Industry Certified Engineers.

the s/w is logically partitioned into components that perform specific functions and sub functions. 1. Requirement Analysis Phase 2. The design of the system is in modular form i. The concept includes not only forward motion but also have the possibility to return that is cycle back to an activity previously completed. The design phase is for main importance because in this activity decisions ultimately affects the success of software implementation and maintains.e. The Design Phase leads to modules those exhibit independent functional characteristics . Design Phase 3. This cycle back or feedback may occur as a result of the failure with the system to meet a performance objective or as a result of changes in redefinition of System activities. One of the software have been analyzed and specified.3. Like most systems the life cycle of the computer based system also exhibits distinct phases.it even leads to interfaces that reduce the complexity of the connections between modules and with that external environment. These are as follows. Implementation Phase 7.) METHODLOGY USED IN WEBSITE DEVELOPMENT The general methodology in developing a system is involved in different phases which describe the system‟s life cycle model for developing software project. Development Phase 4. Coding Phase 5. 14 . DESIGN Software design is a process through which the requirements are translated into a representation of an s/w. Testing Phase 6. The basic WATERFALL MODEL is being used that is its stages. We have to clearly know about the client‟s requirements and the objectives of the project. DEVELOPMENT The development phase includes choosing of a suitable s/w to solve the particular problem given the various facilities and the sophistication in the selected software gives a better development of the problem. Post Implementation Phase EXPLANATION OF DIFFERENT STAGES OF WATERFALL MODEL REQUIREMENT ANALYSIS This Phase includes the definition of the problem. coding generation and testing. the s/w design involves three technical activities: design. In order to identify the problem: we have to know information about the problem the purpose of the evaluation for the problem to be known.

Which can be executed by a computer and which performs the computation specified by the design? TESTING Testing is done in various ways such as testing the algorithm.CODING The coding phase is for retranslating the design of the system produced during the design phase into code in a given programming language. IMPLEMENTATION After testing is over project is implemented by providing training to the users and providing manuals so that they can be refreshed as and when needed POST IMPLEMENTATION If any problem occurs after the implemented they are removed from time to time so that so that the users can work on the prepared system easily finally a satisfied user when all things are almost right 15 . programming code. sample data debugging is one.

The . the . Programs written for the . Windows Vista. and Windows 7.NET Framework provides means to access functionality that is implemented in programs that execute outside the . access to other functionality is provided using the P/Invoke feature. who combine it with their own code to produce applications. web application development.4. dataaccess. and exception handling. The class library and the CLR together constitute the . numeric algorithms. The CLR provides the appearance of an application virtual machine so that programmers need not consider the capabilities of the specific CPU that will execute the program.Runtime.EnterpriseServices namespaces of the framework.NET Framework is a Microsoft offering and is intended to be used by most new applications created for the Windows platform. The framework's Base Class Library provides a large range of features including user interface.NET Framework execute in a software environment that manages the program's runtime requirements. COMMON RUNTIME ENGINE: 16 .NET environment.0 of the . MICROSOFT . this runtime environment is known as the Common Language Runtime (CLR).NET Framework.NET Framework.cryptography.NET Framework is included with Windows Server 2008.NET Framework is a software framework that can be installed on computers running Microsoft Windows operating systems. PRINCIPAL DESIGN FEATURES INTEROPERABILITY: Because interaction between new and older applications is commonly required.NET FRAMEWORK 3. It includes a large library of coded solutions to common programming problems and a virtual machine that manages the execution of programs written specifically for the framework.0 The Microsoft . Also part of the . The CLR also provides other important services such as security. Access to COM components is provided in the System. databaseconnectivity. The class library is used by programmers. and network communications. memory management. Version 3.InteropServices and System.

BASE CLASS LIBRARY The Base Class Library (BCL). This is discussed in more detail in Microsoft . Additionally. All . One of the most EYECATCHING things about the ASP.NET Languages. ASP.NET framework. 17 .NET is the way you can use any programming language based on the . Microsoft has introduced ASP. the . ASP. or CTS.NET languages.NET To create dynamic web pages by using server side scripts. guaranteeing certain properties and behaviours in the areas of memory management.NET allows you to build dynamic web pages and tailors the HTML output to whatever browser you are using.The Common Language Runtime (CLR) is the virtual machine component of the . security. such as buffer overflows. database interaction and XML document manipulation. . is a library of functionality available to all languages using the . such as C#. It also comes with a great set of reusable.NET programs execute under the supervision of the CLR.NET framework. The .NET.NET framework includes design features and tools that help manage the installation of computer software to ensure that it does not interfere with previously installed software. and that it conforms to security requirements.NET provides a common security model for all applications. AS.NET to create your web application. graphic rendering.NET or VB. The BCL provides classes which encapsulate a number of common functions.NET Framework introduces a Common Type System. that have been exploited by malicious software. These reduce the amount the code you have to write. Because of this feature. The CTS specification defines all possible data types and programming constructs supported by the CLR and how they may or may not interact with each other. so you can be more productive while programming.NET is a programming framework used to create Enterprise class of efficient information management. and exception handling. including file reading and writing.NET version of ASP is ASP. Jscript.NET Framework supports the exchange of instances of types between programs written in any of the .NET projects.NET Framework. LANGUAGE INDEPENDENCE: The . SECURITY The design is meant to address some of the vulnerabilities. SIMPLIFIED DEVELOPMENT The . predefined and ready to use control for your ASP. part of the Framework Class Library (FCL).

an architecture was needed that would allow the development of a Web application in structured and consisted way. Microsoft has been constantly working to shift its focus from Window based platforms to the INTERNET. ASP offered the efficiency of ISAPI applications along with the new level of simplicity that made it easy to understandable and use. 18 .NET? Since 1995. software integration for web development was complicated and required to understand many different technologies. However. the number of lines f source code in ASP applications increase the dramatically and was hard to maintain. Also. As a result. ASP script was an interpreted script and consisted unstructured code and was difficult to debug and maintain. Therefore. as applications grew bigger in the size and became more complex.WHY ASP. As the web consists of many different technologies. Microsoft introduced ASP ( Active Server Pages) in November 1996.

NET APPLICATIONS 19 .THE COMPONENTS OF ASP.

Finally.NET file to a Web Server by using Uniform Resource Locator (URL). IIS.NET files need to be stored on as IIS Server.NET Script Engine for processing.NET application the ASP. 4.NET Script Engine reads the files from top to Bottom and executes any Server side Script it encounters. The ASP.NET file. An IIS Server process the ASP. 2 .NET framework (2.NET files from top to bottom and then executes the Script. The Web Server forward the ASP. The web Server.NET APPLICATION WORKING ON ASP.0).NET file from the disk or Memory.NET APPLICATION We create an ASP.NET files to the ASP. 3. STEPS ARE : 1. which is the web Server for the Window Platform. receives the request and retrieves the appropriate ASP. After creation of an ASP.THE ARCHITECTURE OF ASP. the results are sent to the web Browser that requested the ASP. 20 .NET application by using the tools integrated with the Microsoft. A web browser sends a request for an ASP.

and the ASP. As a result it helps to hide the code of ASP. These steps are also expressed by 3-Tier client Server Architecture.etc.NET SERVER 1. A web server generates and sends only the HTML-OUTPUT to the client. Manageability 6. Security 21 .NET Script Engine sends the HTML page to the Web Server.NET file is generated as an HTML document. Enriched Tool Support 3.5 . 6 . The Web Server then sends the HTML page to the client. internet explorer.) 2. Power and flexibility 4. This architecture consists of these three components: 1. 7.NET Web pages. Complied code 2. The processed ASP. The web Browser interprets the output and displays it. The basic description of how this architecture works is as described below in the diagram: CLIENT WEB BROWSER WEB SERVER IIS APPLICATION SERVER DATABASE SERVER FEATURES OF ASP. Web Server (IIS) 3. Database Server.NET file from the user who access an ASP. Simplicity 5. Web Browser (Netscape navigator.

NET platform.NET framework. With the help of C# language. audio. the new development platform of Microsoft for building Component based Software Solutions. mature and stable platform? SQL Server is a comprehensive. developer can quickly implement applications and component‟s code is managed by CLR. The SQL Server data platform includes the following tools:  Relational Database  Replication Services  Notification Services  Integration Services  Analysis Services  Reporting Services  Management Tools  Development Tools  Increase Productivity 22 . end-to-end data solution that empowers people by providing a more secure.  Console Applications  Window Applications  Developing Windows controls  Developing ASP. SQL server 2008 is the eighth SQL Server release making a featurerich. APPLICATIONS OF C# C# is a new language developed exclusively to suit the feature of . including digital media formats for pictures. It becomes linear and safer.NET projects  Creating web controls  Providing Web services MICROSOFT SQL SERVER 2008 Microsoft SQL Server 2008 is a relational database system that is scalable from single user database running on a single user system such as Laptop to enterprise-wide networks and global dotcom websites. video and other multimedia data.NET platform. integrated. reliable and productive platform for enterprise data applications. It has been designed to support the KEY feature of . and it is first component oriented language. It can be used for a variety of applications that are supported by the . SQL Server 2008 also includes support for structured and semi-structured data.C# (C SHARP) : C# is fully Object Oriented Language like JAVA.

Therefore maintaining both the resource become easy and feasible as compared to a fully manual system which it was previously or a fully computerized system. as the software required for developing it and the software and hardware required for using it are easily available. Economical Feasibility In this we consider following costs: 1. We can test our system by different type of the feasibilities. ability to meet user needs and effective use of the resources. The cost to conduct a full system investigation. There are 3 types of the feasibilities which are discussed here. 3. The user can easily learn to use the system from the user manual. The cost of hardware and software for class of application being considered. It‟s software and hardware cost is also low then the existing system. Operationally Feasibility The proposed system is operationally feasible because it requires minimal knowledge of working with computer for using it. impact of the organization. 23 . 2. Our system has a lot of features at a minimum cost so it is feasible to implement and it will be very much beneficial to the sellers in the reduced cost. The benefit in the form of the reduced cost. Since the system is partially manual and partially computerized.5)FEASIBILITY STUDY Feasibility Study is a test of the system according to its workability. These are as follows: Technical Feasibility The proposed system is technically feasible.

6).INTRODUCTION TO THE PROJECT SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT LIFE CYCLE Project Initiation and Planning Requirement Analysis System Designing Coding Testing Implementation Maintenance Project Delivery 24 .

system manuals etc. Roomate services like RoommateWire. Since these websites offer roomate services regardless of the place.NET environment.  To do more publicity by RSS feed. preferences and other such criteria for roomate selection. people have transcended physical boundaries to look for study and work options in places they haven‟t visited before.com offer a private mailbox and use a highly advanced search algorithm to make the search a lot more effective. Although a new place throws up its unique challenges. which is time consuming. Sites like RoommateWire. This helps you evaluate your options better.com offer a marketplace where you can search for potential roomates and also post a roomate requirement ad.PROJECT OBJECTIVE  To get practical knowledge for preparation of websites in ASP.  To reduce the work efficiency to find appropriate roommate or paying guest. this site makes sure that only results that meet your specific requirements are displayed. With comprehensive search options. It needs time. PROJECT SCOPE Roomate services are in high demand these days. gmail. one is today wellequipped to deal with them.com eliminate such problems by displaying criteriaspecific results.  To do the publicity by transfer the contacts via RSS feed by mail portal such as yahoo. one finds it very convenient to search for roomates in any part of the world. facebook etc. more resources such as Hard Disk etc. it is essential that one identifies personal requirements. requires human labor. the time and effort taken to look for roomates is significantly reduced. human labor and are subject to change drastically as the technology changes . The last thing you want is to end up with an inconsiderate roomate who finds it almost impossible to get along with you.  Online Help: One needs to provide online help to various users so that all the features of the software can be properly understood by the user  Backup: The software requires the periodical backup. PROJECT LIMITATION  Cost: It is costly as one needs to satisfy software and hardware requirements  Documentation: It is time consuming and requires expertise in creating good documentation from view point of top administrators users  Manuals: Various manuals are to be prepared such as user manuals. In doing so. 25 . Before looking for a roomate. Roomate services such as RoommateWire. With the world getting flatter by the day. with people finding it increasingly easy to relocate to a new apartment and find a suitable roomate in no time at all. The advent of the net has made this possible. Roomate services on the internet offer different tools and features to make the search experience highly rewarding.

many-to-many are considered while designing the database. avoid any harmful or unnecessary redundancy. Preparing security and control specification. A physical path is derived from the logical path. It translates the system requirement into ways of operating them and focuses on the detail implementation of the system.SYSTEM DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT Introduction System Design is a transition from a user-oriented document to a document oriented to programmers or database personnel.  Database Design The Database (collection of data) is at the core of any information system. but at the same time. In this application. It specifies the user need at a level of detail that virtually determines the information flow into and out of the system and the required data resources. Steps of Design Process  Logical design (DFD) In the DFD. Specifying the implementation plan. A key is to determine how the access paths are to be implemented. outputs (destination). Visual Web Developer 2008 is used for coding. A good database design should hold all the data. The database should also be flexible so that any future change in requirements can be incorporated with minimum changes. ASP. The relationships existing among the entities like one-to-one. the inputs (source). Relational structured database is used in this system.Net is used as server side scripting while JavaScript and HTML are used as client side scripting. which may be required by the users of the system.  Program Design In conjunction with database design is a decision on the programming language to be used and the flowcharting. Databases (data stores). The design of the proposed system has gone through logical and physical design with emphasis on the following:    Preparing input/output specifications. The nature of data stored in the database as well as the organization of the data has wide implications on the performance of the system.7). 26 . Preparing a logical design walkthrough before implementation. which are supported by the browsers like Internet Explorer. coding and debugging procedure prior to conversion. one-to-many.  Physical design (Database design) This activity deals with the design of the physical database. procedures (Data Flow) and boundaries of the system are described that needs the user requirement.

Online mutations and progress reporting cannot begin till the entire database is initially created. The server machines must have minimum 256 MB RAM and 20 GB Hard disk. these may have to be preserved either for a short or long period. Once the input data is captured in the system. The system uses database. The client machines must have minimum 128 MB RAM and 8 GB Hard disk. Manual intervention cannot be fully avoided.The data in Online Roommate Site is organized in the form of 2-D relational tables. Design Consideration General Constraints 1.e. validated and corrected. The rules of normalization have also been applied while designing the tables. It should serve as “Objective Evidence” that the designers and/or implementers are following through on their commitment to implement the functionality described in their requirements specifications. 2. some of the tables used are almost static in nature and are already available with the standard data for the selection of the parameter values. Although the software will take care of many aspects. the authentication and acceptance of responsibilities of the data entered still rests with the RR section In-charge. Detailed Design Specification Complete design specification serves the following purposes: It should be able to adequately serve as training material fir new project members. Design Constraints It is imperative that the RAM and storage requirements are met. 27 . Since the system requirement is manipulation of data. Other tables are used with bi-directional role of data i. The performance of the software shall also depend on the hardware configuration at the implementation sites. 3. Organization of data into tables allows easy categorization. One of the major constraints is also the heavy volume of data to be entered for creation of Master database. The designer will have to advise the techniques of sorting and retrieving data from these files. retrieval and storage of data. which is described as follows. Different tables have been created for different type of information. imparting them enough information and understanding about the project implementation. for both input and output. These data will generally be stored in files or databases in logical manner.

K.) userid password Password confirm Name Email address Other detail country state TYPE Int Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) REMARKS Auto generate no.Detailed System Design Each subsection of this section will refer to or contain a detailed description of a system software component. User id of user password of User Confirmation of user Name of user Email address of user Detail explaination of user Country of user State of User 28 . The discussion provided covers the following software component attributes:  Purpose  Input  Processing  Output  Validation Checks  Implied Requirements DATABASE AND ATTRIBUTES USED REGISTRATION PAGE FIELD NAME Id(P.

LOGIN PAGE userid password Varchar(50) Varchar(50) User id of user password of User SEARCH userid country Varchar(50) Varchar(50) User id of user Country of user 29 .

Entity Relationship Diagram id E Mail Password User fgbvb Registr ation Password confirm User State Name Country Other detail User Login User fgbvb Name E Mail Password E Mail Search people City People Country State 30 .

0-LEVEL DFD of website Starting Database Login Home Registra tion search 31 .

1-LEVEL DFD of login page Master page User id Login form Password Central Database 32 .

1-LEVEL DFD of Registration page Master pages User id Password Password confirm Name Email Country State City Central database 33 .

1-LEVEL DFD of Search page Master pages Search User -id Country State City 34 Central database .

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36 . find rooms or roommates that fit your needs.8)SCREEN SHOTS HOME PAGE Its a homepage of website in which we use the master page for maintain the uniqueness in project. With our easy roommate finder system. Looking for roommate? Search all of the US for roommate with the best rooms absolutely free.

SEARCH PEOPLE This page is used to search the appropriate roommate according to its desired needs and provide Best accommodation according to the user „s budget. 37 .

38 .REGISTRATION PAGE This is the registration page where user can register its detail to the database of the website at the backend.

39 .USER LOGIN PAGE This is user login page where user can login into its account by entering its userid And password.

how it is helpful to the user for finding best roommate.ABOUT US Detail about the webite . 40 .

41 .HELP In this page of the website user can enter its query and can submit to us by which in maintenance phase we can remove the problem of the user according to its needs.

42 .CONTACT US In this page we have given the contact details of us so that user can directly contact us for further assistance.

CODING PHASE MASTER PAGE 43 .

MASTER . CS PAGE 44 .

The first test planned and executed generally focus on the individual modules.9)TESTING AND IMPELMENTATIONS What is testing? Software testing is a critical element of the ultimate review of specification design and coding. As testing progresses 45 . A strategy approach to software testing has the generic characteristics:  Testing begins at the module level and works “outwards” towards the integration of the entire computer based system.  Different testing techniques are appropriate at different points of time.  Testing should begin “in the small” and progress towards “in the large”. Testing plan can begin as soon as the requirement model is complete. If the errors are uncovered they are debugged and corrected. Stated simply the Pareto principle implies that 80% of all errors uncovered during testing will likely to be traceable to 20% of all program modules. Testing of software leads to the uncovering of errors in the software functional and performance requirements are met. Detailed definition of the test cases can begin as soon as the design is solidified.  Test case should be planned long before testing begins. The result of different phases of testing are evaluated and then compared with the expected results. but debugging must be accommodated in the testing strate GOALS AND OBJECTIVES Our Objective is to design test processes that systematically uncover different classes of errors and do so with minimum amount of time and effort Testing Principles The basic principles that guide software testing are:  All test cases should be traceable top customer requirements.  Testing and debugging are different activities. The most severe defects from the customer‟s point of view are those that cause the program to fail to meet its requirements. Therefore the entire test can be planned before any code has been generated. Testing also provides a good indication of software reliability and software quality as a whole.  The Pareto principle applies to software testing. The program of course is to isolate these suspect modules and to thoroughly test them.

46 . The third party has the highest probability of finding the errors.testing shifts focus in an attempt to find errors in integrating clusters of modules and ultimately in the entire system.  Exhaustive testing is not possible. The number of paths permutations for even a moderately sized program is exceptionally large. It is possible however to ensure that all conditions in the procedural design have been exercised  To be most effective an independent third party should conduct testing. For this reason it is impossible to execute every combination of path during testing.

Test Case Before the project is released. New test cases are prepared and added to this existing test suit to check for the added functionality. The unit testing is normally considered as an adjunct step to coding step. A stub serves to replace the modules that are subordinate to the modules to be tested. A stub may do minimal data manipulation. there is existing test cases which checks for the previous functionality. 1. drivers and/or stubs software must be developed for each unit. New Test Case Existing Test Case Software Under Testing Output Comparator Result of Testing Following types of testing are done on the System. Approaches used for Unit Testing were:  Functional Test: Each part of the code was tested individually and the panels were tested individually on all platforms to see if they are working properly. it has to have passed through a test cases suit. 47 . A pictorial representation of this can be shown as follows. Unit Testing The module interface is tested to ensure that information properly flows into and out of the program unit under test. A driver is nothing more than a “main program” that accepts test cases data and passes it to the module. Because modules are not a standalone program. prints verification of entry and returns.  Stress Test: A lot of test files were made to work at the same time in order to check how much workloads can the unit bear. so that the required functionality is met and previous functionality of the system is also not broken to do this.  Performance Test: These determined the amount of execution time spent on various parts of units and the resulting throughput. response time given by the module.

functional characteristics and uncovered deviation from specification. corrected and then removed or  The cause will not be found. they should work when we put them together. Integration Testing “If they all work individually. when a test case uncovers an error. beginning with main control module are incorporated into the structure in either a depth first or breadth first manner. design a test case to help validate his suspicion.  Alpha Beta testing: Alpha test is conducted by developer‟s site by customer.” The problem of course is “putting them together “. Because modules are integrated from the bottom up. This process will always have one of the two outcomes:  The cause will be found. 48 . debugging is the process that results in the removal of error. 3. processing required for the modules subordinate to a given level is always available and the need of stubs is eliminated. Validation Testing Validation succeeds when software functions in a manner that can be reasonably expected by the customer.e. modules at the lowest level of the program structure. The poorly understood mental process that connects a symptom to cause is debugging. This can be done in two ways:  Top down integration: Modules are integrated by moving downwards through the control hierarchy.2. In the latter case the person performing debugging may suspect a cause. and then work towards the correction of errors in the interactive fashion.  Configuration review: Ensures that all the elements of software configuration have been properly developed cataloged and have support for the maintenance phase of software life cycle. Beta test is conducted at one or more customer site by software end user. It covers the following: Validation test criteria: Performance.  Bottom up integration: It begins with construction and testing with atomic modules i.e. Debugging Debugging occurs as a consequence of successful testing i.

Scope of Future Enhancements  Extra menu options can be added according to requirement. 49 . There can be even some bugs. you are our most important critic and commentator.  Shortcut keys to menu option can be added.  Help option can be added. what we could do better and what areas you would like to see in this software and any other words of wisdom you are willing to pass our way. As you are the user of this Software. We value your opinion and want to know what we are doing right. We will be highly obliged by the people who have made suggestion and helped us to know the uncovered bugs in the software. which we could not have covered. We please people to let us know the bugs and enhancement required.

Defects can result from design errors.  Generate particular maintenance proposal: The ease of generating the maintenance proposal is primarily affected by extensibility of the program. business rules.  Account for ripple effect: If any change is made to any part of the system. Environment refers to the totality of all conditions and influences which act from outside upon the software. Process The process of maintenance for given software can be divided into four stages as follows:  Program understanding: It consists of analyzing the program in order to understand it. there is a kind of ripple effect from the location of modification to the other parts of the software. government policies. Adaptive Maintenance It includes modifying the software to match changes in the ever-changing environment. Thus. Perfective Maintenance It means improving processing efficiency or performances.  Modified program testing: The modified program is to be tested again and again to check that the software has enhanced and reliability is validated. coding errors. E. data processing errors and system performance errors. logic errors. The ease of understanding the program is primarily affected by complexity and documentation of the program. The primary feature affecting the ripple effect is stability. 50 . it may affect the other parts also.10)MAINTAINENCE Categories Corrective Maintenance It means modifications made to the software to correct the defects. work patterns and software/hardware operating platforms. or restructuring the software to improve changeability.g.

Modularized approach: It has been developed using modular approach. 51 . The following objectives have been achieved with the development of billing software: Generalized and comprehensive software package: It is user friendly. Menu driven: It has been designed with Visual Studio as front end. which serves as one of the best software for creation of forms. The functions that will be covered by this software are maintaining user details. Stored information has been indexed. Sub-modules are designed and integrated with main module. some compromises will be needed in workflows. report formats. All the predefined project objectives have been achieved with development of billing software such as: To automate the Work order sheet activity of all the customers for various services. thus. Report generation in PDF as well as in Microsoft word. by doing that. flexible.11)Conclusion This software will be used for “SEARCH OF APPROPRIATE ROOMMATE”. retrieval of information is fast. This menu-driven approach adds value to the software. Reviews are being conducted periodically. No software package can meet all requirements of a given RR section. has good documentation Integrated with multi-user capability: It serves large user community. More precisely it will be used to automate various functions in any Clear Edge Filtration branch in whole world. Inevitably. modification etc. these main modules are combined with the overall project. For better management of receipt and revenue resources. Various software guides and directories have been attached with the software. To avoid maintenance of registers such as new entry. bill payments. easy to use. For use of various modules based on customer details. eliminating bypass of even a minor requirement of user. other problems could arise. bill generation. It will be used as management tool for various activities in the Clear Edge Filtration. Supporting utility: It provides continuous support to users. can be upgraded as per the requirements. thus. Customization takes lots of time. inputs. is compatible. outputs. Finally. All input/output screens have been put in their corresponding menus and submenus.

4.java2s.asp.codeproject.0 Websites:- - Walther and Stephen Wrox Publications Wrox Publications  www.12)Bibliography 1. NET 2.com  www. Unleashed ASP .com 52 .0 Beginning ASP.net  www.NET Professional ASP. 3.dotnetspiders.com  www. 2. NET 2.

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