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(MINOR PROJECT) Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirement For the award of the Degree of
Bachelor of Technology
Submitted By SAURAV GANGULY, (06ESBCS049) HARISH KUMAR , (06ESBCS017) B.Tech VII Sem(CSE)
January 2010 Sri Balaji College of Engineering & Technology Benad Road Macheda, Jaipur (Raj.)-302013 (Rajasthan Technical University,Kota)
The beatitude, bliss & euphoria that accompany the successful completion of any task would be incomplete without the expression of the appreciation of simple virtues to the people who made it possible. So, reverence, veneration and honors. I acknowledge all those whose guidance and encouragement has made successful in winding up this. I owe a huge debt of thanks to a large number of people without whom none of this would have been possible. I am thankful to MRS. NEERAJ CHOUDHARY FACULTY(CSE) for being our mentor and for valuable suggestions and enthusiastic interest during the entire process of the preparation of Project. Lastly, I extend my heartiest thanks to all those who have contributed in making this project a success.
This is to certify that the project entitled “ONLINE ROOMMATE SEARCH” is the bonafide work carried out by SAURAV GANGULY student of B.Tech (CSE),
UNIVERSITY ROLL NO
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, JAIPUR, is hereby accepted and approved as a credible work, submitted in the partial fulfillment of the requirements of Degree of B.Tech. (CSE) from RAJASTHAN TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY, KOTA.
Signature of the Coordinator:
Signature of the HOD: Place: Date:
INTRODUCTION This project is basically deals with search a appropriate Roommate and Paying guest.with addition to the knowledge of client personal information, professional information , its likes and dislikes , habits etc. the client can hide some of the personal details as according to its needs. BRIEF DESCRIPTION In this project we will make an online website which will deal with online searching of appropriate roommate search for paying guest. In minor project we will derive few models with different phases, to describe by different sets of attributes. Some of the page description are: Client/user Registration/Login Page. Client/user Personal Information with Edit facility Search page Client/user requirements Advertisements of PG‟s and Roommates User request for Pg.
Thus are some basic requirements module, the whole set can be enlarge with including more phases in it. In this project we worked on .NET platform, with C# for coding.
LIST OF FIGURES S.NO. 1. 2.
PAGE NO. 30 31-34
Entity relationship diagram Dataflow Diagrams 2.1 0 level DFD 2.2 1-level DFD of Login page 2.3 1-level DFD of Registration page 2.4 1-level DFD of search page
Screenshots 3.1 Homepage 3.2 Search people 3.3 Registration page 3.4 Login page 3.5 About us 3.6 Help 3.7 Contact us
CodingShots 4.1 Master.aspx page 4.2 Master.cs page
3 ) Scope 6.6 ) Implementation Phase 3.1) Microsoft .CONTENTS S.NET 4.3) C# 4.4) Coding Phase 3. 16-22 23 24-25 26-33 .5 ) Testing Phase 3.1) Objective 6.NO. 6. 2.1) Company Profile 3.Net Framework 4.7 ) Post Implementation and Maintainence Technology Used 4.4 ) SQL Server 2008 5. 8 9-13 14-15 4.3) Development Phase 3. System Design 6 TITLE PAGE NO. FEASIBILITY STUDY Introduction To Project 6.2) ASP.1) Requirement Analysis Phase 3.4) Limitations 7. 1.2 ) Design Phase 3. Project Title Introduction 2. METHODOLOGY USED 3.2) Life Cycle 6.
3) Database and attributes used 7. 8 9 10 11 12 SCREENSHOTS TESTING AND IMPLEMENTATIONS MAINTAINENCE CONCLUSION BIBLOGRAPHY 36-44 45-49 50 51 52 7 .7.4) Entity Relationship Diagrams 7.5) Dataflow diagrams.1) Introduction 7.2) Steps 7.
NEERAJ CHOUDHARY SUBMITTED BY: SAURAV GANGULY (06ESBCS049) HARISH KUMAR (06ESBCS017) 8 . PROJECT TITLE “ONLINE ROOMMATE SEARCH” „LIFE MAKE EASY‟ SUBMITTED TO: MRS.1.
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We develop and deliver products that enable our customers to manage.wide clientele. We analyze and evaluate business requirements for our clients and design systems to help our clients in achieving their goals. We provide unique end-to-end solutions to our clients in a variety of markets that really work for them and help them to increase their work efficiency and reduce their costs. we turn your project concept into reality. India promises high quality and a competitive cost advantage to its customers. Whether you have the full product specification or only the business idea. Design. Develop Deploy and support Web & Software Application projects. The company has created a niche in a very small time span and has developed solutions that are flexible. which are based on the present and future business requirement of our clients. We lay emphasis on designing customized software solutions. Our proven step-by-step methodology helps us maintain accurate development schedules and documentation of development. 10 . develop and operate the infrastructure and provide the client with maximum leverage to handle its day-today activities. efficient and scalable. secure and increase efficiency of their business. People at D ZONE SOFTWARE work to provide its customers with a single platform for all business solutions. Our capabilities span both the technology and design domains. Its development center in Jaipur. We provide full-range service to Define. We analyze your project in order to define goals and plan a detailed roadmap to reach those goals.
commercial and technical disciplines into coherent approach. we use the most modern development tools and technologies available on the market today. Further. We have proven to be able to react quickly and to adjust to any changes or additions thrown at us during the course of a project. Understanding our customers needs and requirements Meeting or exceeding our customer‟s expectations Use of a practical mix of new and proven techniques and technologies Constant development of our staff and management expertise Our commitment of the continual improvement of our processes Propensity to innovate. 11 . Technically Advanced Our Web development tools and products implement Object-Oriented design and Programming. creation and transparency Selectivity of product and producer Quest for excellence and perfection to offer the highest standards of service Exploration of the concealed energies and talents of our employee Company performance Expertise All of our team members have several years of expertise developing customized. Flexibility We are custom-build to client specific requirements. D ZONE SOFTWARE Soft has a wellmanaged staff to assist in meeting your needs.Strategy of Company We operate as an integrated management system. fully integrated systems in a variety of industrial standards. We are staying on pace with the fast evolving Web development capabilities. combining quality.
FLASH. We provide solutions on a wide array of platforms such as Windows.NET. Linux. PHP. When we have your deadlines to meet we ensure the deadline is met. to keep our clients happy. overhead and salaries. Our people put in whatever work is required. Business Process re-engineering. Ultimately. Expandability For our clients' proprietary development projects.Dedication Our programmers are professionals in the truest sense of the word. The Team Profile 12 . client-server / distributed computing architectures. XML. Security D ZONE SOFTWARE. is very concerned about the project confidentiality. These skills form the foundation of our ability to provide complete enterprise solutions to our clients ranging from legacy system maintenance. migration and new application development. Environments Our areas of expertise include web solutions. web enabling of applications. We ensure that full confidentiality of clients project is maintained while in development as well as after completion of project. developing Enterprise wide application (EWA). ASP. Our location provides us with a rich pool of talent and low-cost environment for operating. Photoshop and Macromedia Studio MX. we can pass on significant savings to you. We focus on providing complete Resource Planning and Management solutions. Reasonable cost India has low operating costs and low-cost labor. Therefore. you'll get more for your software & web Development budget. we tap a virtually unlimited supply of highly skilled programmers and professionals. yet India is a world technological superpower. whenever needed. ASP.
BE. Analysts and consultants who are well qualified and experienced in their respective fields. one owning the media and another owning the system/network integration skills. Enterprise communication needs with interests over large geographic spreads have never been completely addressed by a single connectivity solution. The hurdle being reasons like affordability. Industry Certified Engineers. and shall always remain that way in the future. geographical reach. The team consists of qualified MCA. 13 . B. The Indian scene had two types of players in networking.We have excellent team of skilled and experienced professionals.Tech and Post Graduates who share their experience and expertise to make every project a confirmed success. Information Technology has not always been able to address the needs of SME markets.. flexible communication infrastructure. scalable. Engineers. downtime and limited spread of quality IT development centers locally. Our Approach & Strengths One of the prime movers of any business of today is the provisioning of a reliable. The increasing automation and integration of multifarious applications into the system also necessitates the need of a robust network underpinning so that the organization can reap the benefits fast enough and sustain the edge over its rivals.
the s/w is logically partitioned into components that perform specific functions and sub functions.) METHODLOGY USED IN WEBSITE DEVELOPMENT The general methodology in developing a system is involved in different phases which describe the system‟s life cycle model for developing software project. Coding Phase 5. We have to clearly know about the client‟s requirements and the objectives of the project. One of the software have been analyzed and specified. Requirement Analysis Phase 2. This cycle back or feedback may occur as a result of the failure with the system to meet a performance objective or as a result of changes in redefinition of System activities.e. 14 . Development Phase 4. In order to identify the problem: we have to know information about the problem the purpose of the evaluation for the problem to be known. These are as follows. coding generation and testing. The design of the system is in modular form i. DESIGN Software design is a process through which the requirements are translated into a representation of an s/w. The basic WATERFALL MODEL is being used that is its stages. Post Implementation Phase EXPLANATION OF DIFFERENT STAGES OF WATERFALL MODEL REQUIREMENT ANALYSIS This Phase includes the definition of the problem. Testing Phase 6. DEVELOPMENT The development phase includes choosing of a suitable s/w to solve the particular problem given the various facilities and the sophistication in the selected software gives a better development of the problem. The concept includes not only forward motion but also have the possibility to return that is cycle back to an activity previously completed. The design phase is for main importance because in this activity decisions ultimately affects the success of software implementation and maintains. 1. Implementation Phase 7. Design Phase 3. Like most systems the life cycle of the computer based system also exhibits distinct phases. The Design Phase leads to modules those exhibit independent functional characteristics .3. the s/w design involves three technical activities: design.it even leads to interfaces that reduce the complexity of the connections between modules and with that external environment.
IMPLEMENTATION After testing is over project is implemented by providing training to the users and providing manuals so that they can be refreshed as and when needed POST IMPLEMENTATION If any problem occurs after the implemented they are removed from time to time so that so that the users can work on the prepared system easily finally a satisfied user when all things are almost right 15 . Which can be executed by a computer and which performs the computation specified by the design? TESTING Testing is done in various ways such as testing the algorithm. programming code. sample data debugging is one.CODING The coding phase is for retranslating the design of the system produced during the design phase into code in a given programming language.
Also part of the . and network communications. MICROSOFT . The class library is used by programmers.NET Framework provides means to access functionality that is implemented in programs that execute outside the . PRINCIPAL DESIGN FEATURES INTEROPERABILITY: Because interaction between new and older applications is commonly required. memory management. Windows Vista. Access to COM components is provided in the System. It includes a large library of coded solutions to common programming problems and a virtual machine that manages the execution of programs written specifically for the framework.EnterpriseServices namespaces of the framework. COMMON RUNTIME ENGINE: 16 . dataaccess. and exception handling. web application development. and Windows 7. The CLR provides the appearance of an application virtual machine so that programmers need not consider the capabilities of the specific CPU that will execute the program.4.NET FRAMEWORK 3. the . who combine it with their own code to produce applications.NET Framework.0 of the .NET Framework is a Microsoft offering and is intended to be used by most new applications created for the Windows platform. The framework's Base Class Library provides a large range of features including user interface.NET environment. The class library and the CLR together constitute the .Runtime. access to other functionality is provided using the P/Invoke feature. numeric algorithms.NET Framework. The . Version 3. databaseconnectivity. this runtime environment is known as the Common Language Runtime (CLR). Programs written for the . The CLR also provides other important services such as security.0 The Microsoft .NET Framework is a software framework that can be installed on computers running Microsoft Windows operating systems.InteropServices and System.NET Framework execute in a software environment that manages the program's runtime requirements.cryptography.NET Framework is included with Windows Server 2008.
NET projects. The . ASP.The Common Language Runtime (CLR) is the virtual machine component of the . part of the Framework Class Library (FCL).NET Framework supports the exchange of instances of types between programs written in any of the . and that it conforms to security requirements. Additionally.NET is a programming framework used to create Enterprise class of efficient information management. Microsoft has introduced ASP.NET provides a common security model for all applications. All . the . BASE CLASS LIBRARY The Base Class Library (BCL). including file reading and writing. . Jscript.NET Framework.NET programs execute under the supervision of the CLR. that have been exploited by malicious software. security. It also comes with a great set of reusable. such as buffer overflows.NET to create your web application.NET version of ASP is ASP. and exception handling.NET languages.NET Languages. These reduce the amount the code you have to write. so you can be more productive while programming.NET or VB. This is discussed in more detail in Microsoft . SECURITY The design is meant to address some of the vulnerabilities.NET framework. is a library of functionality available to all languages using the .NET framework includes design features and tools that help manage the installation of computer software to ensure that it does not interfere with previously installed software.NET framework. SIMPLIFIED DEVELOPMENT The . ASP. LANGUAGE INDEPENDENCE: The .NET. predefined and ready to use control for your ASP. graphic rendering.NET Framework introduces a Common Type System. The BCL provides classes which encapsulate a number of common functions. or CTS.NET allows you to build dynamic web pages and tailors the HTML output to whatever browser you are using.NET is the way you can use any programming language based on the . The CTS specification defines all possible data types and programming constructs supported by the CLR and how they may or may not interact with each other. Because of this feature. database interaction and XML document manipulation. One of the most EYECATCHING things about the ASP. such as C#.NET To create dynamic web pages by using server side scripts. 17 . AS. guaranteeing certain properties and behaviours in the areas of memory management.
Microsoft introduced ASP ( Active Server Pages) in November 1996. Also. 18 . software integration for web development was complicated and required to understand many different technologies.NET? Since 1995. an architecture was needed that would allow the development of a Web application in structured and consisted way. However. ASP offered the efficiency of ISAPI applications along with the new level of simplicity that made it easy to understandable and use. As a result. as applications grew bigger in the size and became more complex. Therefore.WHY ASP. As the web consists of many different technologies. Microsoft has been constantly working to shift its focus from Window based platforms to the INTERNET. ASP script was an interpreted script and consisted unstructured code and was difficult to debug and maintain. the number of lines f source code in ASP applications increase the dramatically and was hard to maintain.
THE COMPONENTS OF ASP.NET APPLICATIONS 19 .
NET APPLICATION We create an ASP.NET application the ASP. Finally.NET files from top to bottom and then executes the Script.NET Script Engine for processing.NET application by using the tools integrated with the Microsoft. The Web Server forward the ASP. which is the web Server for the Window Platform. A web browser sends a request for an ASP.THE ARCHITECTURE OF ASP. STEPS ARE : 1.NET files need to be stored on as IIS Server.NET file from the disk or Memory.NET framework (2.NET files to the ASP. 3.0).NET file.NET Script Engine reads the files from top to Bottom and executes any Server side Script it encounters. The ASP. An IIS Server process the ASP. After creation of an ASP. 4. 20 . IIS. the results are sent to the web Browser that requested the ASP. The web Server. receives the request and retrieves the appropriate ASP.NET file to a Web Server by using Uniform Resource Locator (URL).NET APPLICATION WORKING ON ASP. 2 .
These steps are also expressed by 3-Tier client Server Architecture. Manageability 6. Simplicity 5. Database Server. 6 . As a result it helps to hide the code of ASP.NET file from the user who access an ASP. This architecture consists of these three components: 1. Enriched Tool Support 3. 7.etc.NET Web pages. A web server generates and sends only the HTML-OUTPUT to the client. Security 21 .5 . The Web Server then sends the HTML page to the client. The processed ASP. Power and flexibility 4. Complied code 2. The basic description of how this architecture works is as described below in the diagram: CLIENT WEB BROWSER WEB SERVER IIS APPLICATION SERVER DATABASE SERVER FEATURES OF ASP.NET Script Engine sends the HTML page to the Web Server. Web Browser (Netscape navigator. The web Browser interprets the output and displays it. Web Server (IIS) 3.NET SERVER 1.NET file is generated as an HTML document. and the ASP. internet explorer.) 2.
NET framework. including digital media formats for pictures. the new development platform of Microsoft for building Component based Software Solutions. It can be used for a variety of applications that are supported by the . developer can quickly implement applications and component‟s code is managed by CLR.NET platform. SQL Server 2008 also includes support for structured and semi-structured data. It becomes linear and safer. Console Applications Window Applications Developing Windows controls Developing ASP. audio. It has been designed to support the KEY feature of . video and other multimedia data.NET platform. end-to-end data solution that empowers people by providing a more secure. The SQL Server data platform includes the following tools: Relational Database Replication Services Notification Services Integration Services Analysis Services Reporting Services Management Tools Development Tools Increase Productivity 22 . SQL server 2008 is the eighth SQL Server release making a featurerich. APPLICATIONS OF C# C# is a new language developed exclusively to suit the feature of . reliable and productive platform for enterprise data applications.NET projects Creating web controls Providing Web services MICROSOFT SQL SERVER 2008 Microsoft SQL Server 2008 is a relational database system that is scalable from single user database running on a single user system such as Laptop to enterprise-wide networks and global dotcom websites. and it is first component oriented language.C# (C SHARP) : C# is fully Object Oriented Language like JAVA. With the help of C# language. mature and stable platform? SQL Server is a comprehensive. integrated.
The benefit in the form of the reduced cost. It‟s software and hardware cost is also low then the existing system. The cost to conduct a full system investigation. These are as follows: Technical Feasibility The proposed system is technically feasible. Economical Feasibility In this we consider following costs: 1. The cost of hardware and software for class of application being considered. impact of the organization. 3. ability to meet user needs and effective use of the resources. Since the system is partially manual and partially computerized. We can test our system by different type of the feasibilities.5)FEASIBILITY STUDY Feasibility Study is a test of the system according to its workability. Therefore maintaining both the resource become easy and feasible as compared to a fully manual system which it was previously or a fully computerized system. Our system has a lot of features at a minimum cost so it is feasible to implement and it will be very much beneficial to the sellers in the reduced cost. 23 . 2. The user can easily learn to use the system from the user manual. There are 3 types of the feasibilities which are discussed here. as the software required for developing it and the software and hardware required for using it are easily available. Operationally Feasibility The proposed system is operationally feasible because it requires minimal knowledge of working with computer for using it.
6).INTRODUCTION TO THE PROJECT SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT LIFE CYCLE Project Initiation and Planning Requirement Analysis System Designing Coding Testing Implementation Maintenance Project Delivery 24 .
To do more publicity by RSS feed. Before looking for a roomate. In doing so. system manuals etc.PROJECT OBJECTIVE To get practical knowledge for preparation of websites in ASP. Roomate services such as RoommateWire. which is time consuming.NET environment. human labor and are subject to change drastically as the technology changes . it is essential that one identifies personal requirements.com offer a private mailbox and use a highly advanced search algorithm to make the search a lot more effective. facebook etc. The advent of the net has made this possible.com offer a marketplace where you can search for potential roomates and also post a roomate requirement ad. 25 . PROJECT SCOPE Roomate services are in high demand these days. Sites like RoommateWire. With the world getting flatter by the day. It needs time. To do the publicity by transfer the contacts via RSS feed by mail portal such as yahoo. Online Help: One needs to provide online help to various users so that all the features of the software can be properly understood by the user Backup: The software requires the periodical backup. the time and effort taken to look for roomates is significantly reduced.com eliminate such problems by displaying criteriaspecific results. this site makes sure that only results that meet your specific requirements are displayed. with people finding it increasingly easy to relocate to a new apartment and find a suitable roomate in no time at all. PROJECT LIMITATION Cost: It is costly as one needs to satisfy software and hardware requirements Documentation: It is time consuming and requires expertise in creating good documentation from view point of top administrators users Manuals: Various manuals are to be prepared such as user manuals. Although a new place throws up its unique challenges. more resources such as Hard Disk etc. This helps you evaluate your options better. To reduce the work efficiency to find appropriate roommate or paying guest. gmail. people have transcended physical boundaries to look for study and work options in places they haven‟t visited before. Roomate services on the internet offer different tools and features to make the search experience highly rewarding. Since these websites offer roomate services regardless of the place. one is today wellequipped to deal with them. one finds it very convenient to search for roomates in any part of the world. requires human labor. Roomate services like RoommateWire. The last thing you want is to end up with an inconsiderate roomate who finds it almost impossible to get along with you. With comprehensive search options. preferences and other such criteria for roomate selection.
some of the tables used are almost static in nature and are already available with the standard data for the selection of the parameter values. One of the major constraints is also the heavy volume of data to be entered for creation of Master database. The client machines must have minimum 128 MB RAM and 8 GB Hard disk. 2. It should serve as “Objective Evidence” that the designers and/or implementers are following through on their commitment to implement the functionality described in their requirements specifications. 3. Design Constraints It is imperative that the RAM and storage requirements are met. Organization of data into tables allows easy categorization. The server machines must have minimum 256 MB RAM and 20 GB Hard disk. The performance of the software shall also depend on the hardware configuration at the implementation sites. 27 . The rules of normalization have also been applied while designing the tables. which is described as follows. Online mutations and progress reporting cannot begin till the entire database is initially created.e. Other tables are used with bi-directional role of data i. Detailed Design Specification Complete design specification serves the following purposes: It should be able to adequately serve as training material fir new project members. Since the system requirement is manipulation of data. the authentication and acceptance of responsibilities of the data entered still rests with the RR section In-charge. These data will generally be stored in files or databases in logical manner.The data in Online Roommate Site is organized in the form of 2-D relational tables. Different tables have been created for different type of information. validated and corrected. Manual intervention cannot be fully avoided. these may have to be preserved either for a short or long period. Although the software will take care of many aspects. retrieval and storage of data. imparting them enough information and understanding about the project implementation. for both input and output. Design Consideration General Constraints 1. The system uses database. The designer will have to advise the techniques of sorting and retrieving data from these files. Once the input data is captured in the system.
User id of user password of User Confirmation of user Name of user Email address of user Detail explaination of user Country of user State of User 28 .) userid password Password confirm Name Email address Other detail country state TYPE Int Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) Varchar(50) REMARKS Auto generate no.K.Detailed System Design Each subsection of this section will refer to or contain a detailed description of a system software component. The discussion provided covers the following software component attributes: Purpose Input Processing Output Validation Checks Implied Requirements DATABASE AND ATTRIBUTES USED REGISTRATION PAGE FIELD NAME Id(P.
LOGIN PAGE userid password Varchar(50) Varchar(50) User id of user password of User SEARCH userid country Varchar(50) Varchar(50) User id of user Country of user 29 .
Entity Relationship Diagram id E Mail Password User fgbvb Registr ation Password confirm User State Name Country Other detail User Login User fgbvb Name E Mail Password E Mail Search people City People Country State 30 .
0-LEVEL DFD of website Starting Database Login Home Registra tion search 31 .
1-LEVEL DFD of login page Master page User id Login form Password Central Database 32 .
1-LEVEL DFD of Registration page Master pages User id Password Password confirm Name Email Country State City Central database 33 .
1-LEVEL DFD of Search page Master pages Search User -id Country State City 34 Central database .
With our easy roommate finder system. Looking for roommate? Search all of the US for roommate with the best rooms absolutely free.8)SCREEN SHOTS HOME PAGE Its a homepage of website in which we use the master page for maintain the uniqueness in project. 36 . find rooms or roommates that fit your needs.
SEARCH PEOPLE This page is used to search the appropriate roommate according to its desired needs and provide Best accommodation according to the user „s budget. 37 .
REGISTRATION PAGE This is the registration page where user can register its detail to the database of the website at the backend. 38 .
USER LOGIN PAGE This is user login page where user can login into its account by entering its userid And password. 39 .
40 .how it is helpful to the user for finding best roommate.ABOUT US Detail about the webite .
41 .HELP In this page of the website user can enter its query and can submit to us by which in maintenance phase we can remove the problem of the user according to its needs.
42 .CONTACT US In this page we have given the contact details of us so that user can directly contact us for further assistance.
CODING PHASE MASTER PAGE 43 .
MASTER . CS PAGE 44 .
Detailed definition of the test cases can begin as soon as the design is solidified. A strategy approach to software testing has the generic characteristics: Testing begins at the module level and works “outwards” towards the integration of the entire computer based system. As testing progresses 45 . Testing plan can begin as soon as the requirement model is complete. The most severe defects from the customer‟s point of view are those that cause the program to fail to meet its requirements.9)TESTING AND IMPELMENTATIONS What is testing? Software testing is a critical element of the ultimate review of specification design and coding. The Pareto principle applies to software testing. Different testing techniques are appropriate at different points of time. Stated simply the Pareto principle implies that 80% of all errors uncovered during testing will likely to be traceable to 20% of all program modules. Testing of software leads to the uncovering of errors in the software functional and performance requirements are met. but debugging must be accommodated in the testing strate GOALS AND OBJECTIVES Our Objective is to design test processes that systematically uncover different classes of errors and do so with minimum amount of time and effort Testing Principles The basic principles that guide software testing are: All test cases should be traceable top customer requirements. Test case should be planned long before testing begins. If the errors are uncovered they are debugged and corrected. Testing should begin “in the small” and progress towards “in the large”. The result of different phases of testing are evaluated and then compared with the expected results. The first test planned and executed generally focus on the individual modules. Testing and debugging are different activities. Testing also provides a good indication of software reliability and software quality as a whole. Therefore the entire test can be planned before any code has been generated. The program of course is to isolate these suspect modules and to thoroughly test them.
testing shifts focus in an attempt to find errors in integrating clusters of modules and ultimately in the entire system. The third party has the highest probability of finding the errors. Exhaustive testing is not possible. The number of paths permutations for even a moderately sized program is exceptionally large. For this reason it is impossible to execute every combination of path during testing. It is possible however to ensure that all conditions in the procedural design have been exercised To be most effective an independent third party should conduct testing. 46 .
New test cases are prepared and added to this existing test suit to check for the added functionality. prints verification of entry and returns. so that the required functionality is met and previous functionality of the system is also not broken to do this. 47 . A driver is nothing more than a “main program” that accepts test cases data and passes it to the module. A pictorial representation of this can be shown as follows. Performance Test: These determined the amount of execution time spent on various parts of units and the resulting throughput. A stub may do minimal data manipulation.Test Case Before the project is released. Unit Testing The module interface is tested to ensure that information properly flows into and out of the program unit under test. 1. response time given by the module. there is existing test cases which checks for the previous functionality. New Test Case Existing Test Case Software Under Testing Output Comparator Result of Testing Following types of testing are done on the System. it has to have passed through a test cases suit. Stress Test: A lot of test files were made to work at the same time in order to check how much workloads can the unit bear. Approaches used for Unit Testing were: Functional Test: Each part of the code was tested individually and the panels were tested individually on all platforms to see if they are working properly. A stub serves to replace the modules that are subordinate to the modules to be tested. Because modules are not a standalone program. drivers and/or stubs software must be developed for each unit. The unit testing is normally considered as an adjunct step to coding step.
Beta test is conducted at one or more customer site by software end user. Because modules are integrated from the bottom up. 3. It covers the following: Validation test criteria: Performance. processing required for the modules subordinate to a given level is always available and the need of stubs is eliminated. Validation Testing Validation succeeds when software functions in a manner that can be reasonably expected by the customer.e. design a test case to help validate his suspicion. Debugging Debugging occurs as a consequence of successful testing i. Configuration review: Ensures that all the elements of software configuration have been properly developed cataloged and have support for the maintenance phase of software life cycle. they should work when we put them together. In the latter case the person performing debugging may suspect a cause.” The problem of course is “putting them together “. and then work towards the correction of errors in the interactive fashion. beginning with main control module are incorporated into the structure in either a depth first or breadth first manner. corrected and then removed or The cause will not be found.2. functional characteristics and uncovered deviation from specification. Bottom up integration: It begins with construction and testing with atomic modules i. modules at the lowest level of the program structure. Integration Testing “If they all work individually. when a test case uncovers an error. 48 . This process will always have one of the two outcomes: The cause will be found.e. debugging is the process that results in the removal of error. Alpha Beta testing: Alpha test is conducted by developer‟s site by customer. The poorly understood mental process that connects a symptom to cause is debugging. This can be done in two ways: Top down integration: Modules are integrated by moving downwards through the control hierarchy.
Help option can be added. We please people to let us know the bugs and enhancement required. Shortcut keys to menu option can be added. We will be highly obliged by the people who have made suggestion and helped us to know the uncovered bugs in the software.Scope of Future Enhancements Extra menu options can be added according to requirement. which we could not have covered. We value your opinion and want to know what we are doing right. 49 . As you are the user of this Software. what we could do better and what areas you would like to see in this software and any other words of wisdom you are willing to pass our way. There can be even some bugs. you are our most important critic and commentator.
Adaptive Maintenance It includes modifying the software to match changes in the ever-changing environment. Environment refers to the totality of all conditions and influences which act from outside upon the software. Process The process of maintenance for given software can be divided into four stages as follows: Program understanding: It consists of analyzing the program in order to understand it. or restructuring the software to improve changeability. it may affect the other parts also. Perfective Maintenance It means improving processing efficiency or performances. Generate particular maintenance proposal: The ease of generating the maintenance proposal is primarily affected by extensibility of the program. logic errors. business rules. data processing errors and system performance errors.10)MAINTAINENCE Categories Corrective Maintenance It means modifications made to the software to correct the defects. Account for ripple effect: If any change is made to any part of the system. coding errors. E. Thus. Modified program testing: The modified program is to be tested again and again to check that the software has enhanced and reliability is validated. there is a kind of ripple effect from the location of modification to the other parts of the software.g. work patterns and software/hardware operating platforms. The ease of understanding the program is primarily affected by complexity and documentation of the program. Defects can result from design errors. government policies. The primary feature affecting the ripple effect is stability. 50 .
11)Conclusion This software will be used for “SEARCH OF APPROPRIATE ROOMMATE”. Sub-modules are designed and integrated with main module. To avoid maintenance of registers such as new entry. outputs. All input/output screens have been put in their corresponding menus and submenus. flexible. is compatible. All the predefined project objectives have been achieved with development of billing software such as: To automate the Work order sheet activity of all the customers for various services. Inevitably. The functions that will be covered by this software are maintaining user details. This menu-driven approach adds value to the software. some compromises will be needed in workflows. Stored information has been indexed. Modularized approach: It has been developed using modular approach. bill generation. 51 . other problems could arise. Reviews are being conducted periodically. No software package can meet all requirements of a given RR section. bill payments. eliminating bypass of even a minor requirement of user. For better management of receipt and revenue resources. by doing that. thus. report formats. Supporting utility: It provides continuous support to users. More precisely it will be used to automate various functions in any Clear Edge Filtration branch in whole world. Finally. can be upgraded as per the requirements. inputs. For use of various modules based on customer details. thus. retrieval of information is fast. It will be used as management tool for various activities in the Clear Edge Filtration. The following objectives have been achieved with the development of billing software: Generalized and comprehensive software package: It is user friendly. Report generation in PDF as well as in Microsoft word. Customization takes lots of time. Various software guides and directories have been attached with the software. Menu driven: It has been designed with Visual Studio as front end. easy to use. has good documentation Integrated with multi-user capability: It serves large user community. modification etc. which serves as one of the best software for creation of forms. these main modules are combined with the overall project.
asp. NET 2. 4.java2s.0 Websites:- - Walther and Stephen Wrox Publications Wrox Publications www. 2. 3.dotnetspiders.0 Beginning ASP. NET 2.codeproject.com www.com 52 .com www. Unleashed ASP .NET Professional ASP.net www.12)Bibliography 1.
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