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# 1-D Kinematics: Problem Set

Problem 1 In the 2008 Olympics, Jamaican sprinter Usain Bolt shocked the world as he ran the 100-meter dash in 9.69 seconds. Determine Usain's average speed for the race.

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10.3 m/s Problem 2 In the Funny Car competition at the Joliet Speedway in Joliet, Illinois in October of 2004, John Force complete the ¼-mile dragster race in a record time of 4.437 seconds. Determine the average speed of the dragster in mi/hr and m/s. GIVEN: (1.000 mi =1609 m)

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202.8 mi/hr or 90.66 m/s Problem 3 In the qualifying round of the 50-yd freestyle in the sectional swimming championship, Dugan got an early lead by finishing the first 25.00 yd in 10.01 seconds. Dugan finished the return leg (25.00 yd distance) in 10.22 seconds. a. Determine Dugan's average speed for the entire race. b. Determine Dugan's average speed for the first 25.00 yd leg of the race. c. Determine Dugan's average velocity for the entire race.

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a. 2.472 yd/s b. 2.498 yd/s c. 0 yd/s Problem 4 In last week's Homecoming victory, Al Konfurance, the star halfback of South's football team, broke a tackle at the line of scrimmage and darted upfield untouched. He averaged 9.8 m/s for an 80-yard (73 m) score. Determine the time for Al to run from the line of scrimmage to the end zone.

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7.5 s Problem 5 During the annual shuffleboard competition, Renee gives her puck an initial speed of 9.32 m/s. Once leaving her stick, the puck slows down at a rate of -4.06 m/s/s.

a. Determine the time it takes the puck to slow to a stop. b. Use your initial speed and the calculated time to determine the average speed and the distance which the puck travels before stopping.

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a. 2.30 s b. 10.7 m Problem 6 Ken Runfast is the star of the cross-country team. During a recent morning run, Ken averaged a speed of 5.8 m/s for 12.9 minutes. Ken then averaged a speed of 6.10 m/s for 7.1 minutes. Determine the total distance which Ken ran during his 20 minute jog.

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7100 m (rounded from 7088 m) Problem 7 The Lamborghini Murcielago can accelerate from 0 to 27.8 m/s (100 km/hr or 62.2 mi/hr) in a time of 3.40 seconds. Determine the acceleration of this car in both m/s/s and mi/hr/s.

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8.18 m/s/s or 18 mi/hr/s Problem 8 Homer Agin leads the Varsity team in home runs. In a recent game, Homer hit a 96 mi/hr sinking curve ball head on, sending it off his bat in the exact opposite direction at 56 mi/hr. The actually contact between ball and bat lasted for 0.75 milliseconds. Determine the magnitude of the average acceleration of the ball during the contact with the bat. Express your answer in both mi/hr/s and in m/s/s. (Given: 1.00 m/s = 2.24 mi/hr)

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2.0 x 105 mi/hr/s (rounded from 202,667 mi/hr/s) 9.0 x 104 m/s/s (rounded from 90,476 m/s/s) Problem 9 A Formula One car is a single-seat racing car with an open cockpit and substantial wings located in the front and rear. At high speeds, the aerodynamics of the car help to create a strong downward force which allows the car to brake from 27.8 m/s (100 km/hr or 62.2 mi/hr) to 0 in as small of a distance as 17 meters. Determine the deceleration rate (i.e., acceleration) achieved by such a car.

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23 m/s/s (rounded from 22.7 m/s/s)

Problem 10 The position-time graph below represents the motion of South's basketball coach during the last sixteen seconds of overtime during this past weekend's game.

Use the graph to answer the next several questions. a. Determine the total distance walked by the coach during these 16 seconds. b. Determine the resulting displacement of the coach during these 16 seconds. c. Determine the displacement of the coach after 12.0 seconds. d. At what time did the coach have the greatest displacement from his starting position? e. What was the fastest speed which the coach walked during any of the time intervals for the last 16.0 seconds? f. What was the average speed of the coach for these 16.0 seconds?

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a. 24 m b. 0 m c. 6 m d. 4-6 seconds and again at 14 seconds e. 4 m/s f. 1.5 m/s Problem 11 Mr. H is preparing to show the class a Strobe demonstration when he realizes that his absentmindedness has struck once more. He left the strobe on the counter in the back of the lab after the last class period. Starting 1.0 meter from the front of the room, Mr. H walks quickly to the back of the lab, picks up the strobe and returns to the middle of the classroom. The position-time graph below represents his motion. Use the graph to answer the next several questions.

5 m/s d. How fast did Mr. H during these 8. What is the average velocity of Mr. What is the average speed of Mr. H walk during the first 5.0 m/s e. How fast did Mr.0 seconds? c.a.0 m/s c.0 seconds? b.0 seconds? e. H during these 8. 2. 16 m b. 2. 2. 0.0 seconds? d. H during these 8. What is the total distance walked by Mr. .0 m/s Problem 12 The position-time graph below represents the motion of two students . H walk during the last 3.0 seconds? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a.as they enter and exit the school library during a passing period.Mac (in red) and Tosh (in blue) .

0 m/s Difference: 1..5 m/s Tosh's speed: 4. The velocitytime graph below represents the last six seconds of motion her car before being stranded on a highway in route to her university.5 m/s Problem 13 Renatta Gas did it again. (Ignore any stationary periods of time.. She failed to fill up her tank during the last four weeks.Use the graph to determine the speeds at which the two students move. Use this graph to determine.) Then determine how much faster the fastest student moves than the slower student. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer Mac's speed: 2. .

0 seconds of motion. d. b.a.0 seconds represented on the graph. How fast was Marcus traveling while following the garbage truck? b. With the start of school being only minutes away. The truck finally turns down a side street and Marcus accelerates to a much more customary speed. 72.. 4. . a. c. Determine the distance traveled by the car during the last 6. he is unfortunately following a slow garbage truck. .0 m Problem 15 The velocity-time graph below represents the motion of a car on a city street.the distance traveled during her last 6. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a. 16. -3. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a...0 m/s/s b.the acceleration of Renatta's car. . Use the graph to answer the following questions. 54 m Problem 14 Marcus Tardee is driving his friends to school.67 m/s/s d. The velocity-time graph below represents his motion.0 m c.0 seconds of motion. Determine the acceleration of the car once the garbage truck turned onto the side street. 2. Determine the distance traveled during the first 4.0 m/s b..

-2. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a. c.6 seconds. a. The velocity-time graph below depicts the motion of the ball. 0. Use the graph to answer the following questions.4 seconds.0 m/s/s c.0 m/s/s Problem 16 After a long soccer practice down at the neighborhood soccer fields. b. She gives her soccer ball a kick up the hill and continues walking towards it. Suzie begins walking up the steep hill towards her home.0 m/s/s d.8 seconds.6 seconds. 6. 11. . 1. 17.. 2. meeting the ball as it is rolling back down.Use the graph to determine the acceleration values of the car at . d.0 m/s/s b. 6..

0 to 5.0 s Problem 18 .0 m Problem 17 Jeremy has recently taken up snowboarding as a hobby.0 m e. 60.00 m/s/s b. How far up the hill did the ball roll before it began to roll back down? d. 3. c.00 m/s/s c.00 seconds .0 m c. -2. Determine Jeremy's acceleration at 8. b. He is practicing making smooth turns while traveling up sloped inclines.a.0 seconds.both the distance up the hill and down the hill. The velocity-time graph below depicts his motion traveling up an embankment and part-way down.0 seconds. 18. -4. e. Determine the distance Jeremy traveled from 0. Determine the total distance traveled by the ball during the 5. 10. 11.0 seconds)? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a.00 s b. What is the acceleration of the ball as it rolls up the hill? down the hill? c.0 m d. How far up the hill did Suzie walk between the time when she kicked the ball and the time she met up with the ball (at 5. Use the graph to answer the following questions. a. 26. At what time did Jeremy begin to travel back down the embankment? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a. At what time did the ball change directions and begin rolling back down the hill? b.

Captain Stapp decided that tests should be conducted upon humans. Determine the stopping distance and the stopping time. Manning the rocket sled on the famed Gee Whiz track.S.40 s Problem 22 . • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 8.3 m Problem 21 Captain John Stapp is often referred to as the "fastest man on Earth. He would accelerate to aircraft speeds along the 1200-foot track and abruptly decelerate under the influence of a hydraulic braking system. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer Stopping distance: 198 m Stopping time: 1. During the initial stage of one downhill luge. Stapp ran the U. Air Force's Aero Med lab." In the late 1940s and early 1950s.45 seconds. On one of his most intense runs. Determine Suzie' acceleration rate and the distance she moved during this braking period. his sled decelerated from 282 m/s (632 mi/hr) to a stop at -201 m/s/s.9 m/s/s. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 210 m (rounded from 206 m) Problem 19 Cynthia competes in luge competitions during the winter months. Stapp volunteered to be the main subject of subsequent testing.8 m/s/s d: 22. Cynthia accelerated from rest at 6. Determine the distance she moved during this acceleration phase. Determine the minimum length of the runway which would be required for the plane to take off if it averages an acceleration of 1.A Cessna 150 airplane has a takeoff speed of 28 m/s (63 mi/hr).39 seconds.17 m Problem 20 Suzie Lavtaski has reached the end of the ski slope and abruptly decelerates from 29. After several runs with a 185-pound dummy named Oscar Eightball. turning only by use of her feet and the shifting of her weight on the sled. Stapp tested acceleration and deceleration rates in both the forward-sitting and backward-sitting positions. She rides solo on a small sled 3 inches off the ground down icy slopes. Demonstrating his valor and commitment to the cause. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a: -18.0 m/s to 1.84 m/s/s for 2. pioneering research into the accelerations which humans could tolerate and the types of physiological effects which would result.8 m/s in 1.

95 m/s and accelerates at -0. hitting the ground at 6.50 m Problem 23 Rickey Henderson.54 seconds until it reaches the top of the incline and then continues along an elevated section.91 m/s. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer time: 3. Determine the length of the incline. He dives head first.3 meter) tall tower into a vat of water. the lead would form a perfectly spherical droplet and solidify. baseball's record holder for stolen bases. straight upward incline with a speed of 2. The shot tower was used from 1828 to1892 to make lead shot for pistols and rifles and molded shot for cannons and other instruments of warfare. Illinois. Maryland. accelerating at -5.72 meters tall (8 feet.30 m/s .29 m/s/s.Julietta and Jackson are playing miniature golf. During its free fall.4 m/s Problem 26 According to Guinness. 11 inches). Determine the distance Rickey slides across the ground before touching the base. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 1. they accelerate with a uniform acceleration of 0.11 m/s/s. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 3.75 m/s and reaching the base at 5. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 7. How far are they from the shore after 18 seconds? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 47 m Problem 25 For years. the tallest man to have ever lived was Robert Pershing Wadlow of Alton.876 m/s/s for 1.04 m Problem 24 Win Blonehare and Kent Swimtashore are sailboating in Lake Gustastorm. Julietta's ball rolls into a long. He was last measured in 1940 to be 2. approaches third base. Molten lead was dropped from the top of the 234-foot (71. Determine the time of fall and the speed of a lead shot upon hitting the water at the bottom.81 s speed: 37. the tallest tower in the United States was the Phoenix Shot Tower in Baltimore. Determine the speed which a quarter would have reached before contact with the ground if dropped from rest from the top of his head. Starting from rest near the shore.

Luke Autbeloe had reached a terminal speed of 10.Problem 27 A California Condor is approaching its nest with a large chunk of carrion in its beak. b. steel vacuum chamber.6 m/s b. Determine the falling time for objects dropped from rest. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer .37 s Problem 29 The speed required of a military jet when taking off from the deck of an aircraft carrier is dependent upon the speed of the carrier and the speed of the wind into which the carrier is moving.4 m/s as he approached the ground with his parachute. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a. And when the aircraft carrier is traveling at 10 mi/hr into a 5 mi/hr wind. hitting a cliff outcropping 32. achieving a momentary upward velocity of 12. During an attempt to snap one last photo with his camera.1 m below. 12-foot diameter. Luke fumbled it from a height of 52. 33.0 m/s/s Problem 30 The Zero Gravity Research Facility at NASA-operated Glenn Research Center in Ohio is used to test the behavior of fluids. Objects falling through the tower experience free fall over a distance of 432 feet (132 meters). it makes an upward swoop.2 m/s Problem 28 During his recent skydiving adventure. Determine the speed with which the camera hits the ground.1 m above the ground. Determine the time for the camera to free fall from Luke's hands to the ground. a. a. flames. As it approaches. Determine the speed of the carrion upon hitting the outcropping. the takeoff speed relative to the deck of the carrier is 71 m/s. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 28. The takeoff speed required of a military jet relative to the deck of the carrier is 45 m/s when the carrier travels at 45 mi/hr into a 20 mi/hr wind. Determine the final speed of the objects before the braking period begins.8 m/s when the carrion falls from its mouth. equipment and other objects in free fall. Determine the acceleration which a military jet must have to take off under these two conditions from the 126-m long runway of the USS Ronald Reagan aircraft carrier. 2.0 m/s/s When the carrier is travels at 10 mi/hr into a 5 mi/hr wind: 20. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer When the carrier travels at 45 mi/hr into a 20 mi/hr wind: 8. It consists of a 467foot long. b. The steel chamber resides inside of a concrete lined shaft which extends 510 feet below ground level.

1 sec Problem 34 A tortoise and a hare are having a 1000-meter race.7-cm length of the Wheaties box top. H entertains himself once more by watching the daily beetle race across the 35. On Wednesday. Determine Alexander's average speed for this motion. then what is the time in hours that the hare napped? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 11. He then maintained this speed for 9. he abruptly stops in 2. stop and accelerate back up to speed. 50.9 m/s Problem 31 It's breakfast time and Mr. If the tortoise wins by a hair (no pun intended).4 cm head start. he accelerated from rest to 17.91 m/s/s. Angie the beetle typically averages 3.9 hr .30 cm/s.19 s b. Seeing a coyote cross the trail ahead of him. Determine the amount of time the red light costs the driver (compared to if the car had not been stopped by the red light). then which beetle wins and by what distance? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer Bessie wins by 2.95 m/s/s. On one occasion last weekend.0 seconds before the light turns green and accelerates back up to speed at 4.4 m/s Problem 33 Ima Rushin can travel from Milwaukee Avenue to the school entrance gate at a constant speed of 22.50 m/s for 10.a. b. The tortoise runs the race at a constant speed of 2.5 m/s when the lights are green and there is no traffic.56 seconds. The hare moves at an average speed of 1. waits for 45. Determine the total time required to decelerate. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a.0 minutes and then decides to take a nap.47 seconds.500 m/s/s for the remaining distance of the race. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 23. 50. Ima is stopped by a red light at Landwehr Road. the hare recognizes that the tortoise is about to cross the finish line and immediately accelerates from rest with a constant acceleration of 0.1 cm Problem 32 Alexander's hobby is dirt biking. After waking up from the nap.78 mm/s.3 sec b. She decelerates at -3. 55. If Bessie gives Angie a 5.79 seconds.77 mm/s and Bessie the beetle averages 4. 5. a.8 m/s/s in 1.

Problem 35 Hayden and Matthew are riding around the neighborhood on their scooters. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer .8 seconds.68 s) Newton's Laws of Motion: Problem Set Problem 1 An African elephant can reach heights of 13 feet and possess a mass of as much as 6000 kg. accelerating at 0. Hayden decides to chase after Matthew. Determine the mass of a 300 pound (1330 N) football player. which is one step below morbid obesity.00 N = . Determine the mass and the weight of an 86-kg man on the moon where the gravitational field is one-sixth that of the Earth. the average mass of an adult American male is 86 kg. At this weight. a fuel-efficient car can be manufactured at 540 kg.91 m/s/s. (Given: 1. Using carbon composites. Determine the weight of an African elephant in Newtons and in pounds. How much time must Hayden accelerate before he is side-by-side with Matthew? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 1.225 pounds) • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 58800 N or 13230 lb Problem 2 About twenty percent of the National Football League weighs more than 300 pounds. researchers and manufacturers have given more attention to the concept of an ultralight car.37 m/s. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 136 kg Problem 3 With fuel prices for combustible engine automobiles increasing. How much less does an ultralight car weigh compared to a 1450-kg Honda Accord (2007)? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 8900 N less (rounded from 8918 N) Problem 4 According to the National Center for Health Statistics. their Body Mass Index (BMI) places them at Grade 2 obesity. After 1. lighter steels and plastics. Hayden is at rest when Matthew passes him moving at a constant speed of 0.7 s (rounded from 1.

0 seconds. What net force would be required to accelerate the Gee Whiz and 82-kg Stapp at 450 m/s/s (the highest acceleration tested by Stapp)? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 37000 N (rounded from 36900 N) Problem 7 Sophia. Determine Sophia's acceleration at this location.8 seconds before climbing a completely vertical 420-foot hill .6 m/s/s) Problem 8 The Top Thrill Dragster stratacoaster at Cedar Point Amusement Park in Ohio uses a hydraulic launching system to accelerate riders from 0 to 54 m/s (120 mi/hr) in 3.e. Air Force tested the human limits of acceleration by riding on a rocket sled of his own design. . Determine the net force required to accelerate a 540-kg ultralight car from 0 to 27 m/s (60 mph) in 10. (The average head impact results in 22 to 24 g's of acceleration. experienced a net force of 1800 N at the bottom of a roller coaster loop during her school's physics field trip to the local amusement park. One study suggested that there is a 50% chance of concussions for impacts rated at 75 g's of acceleration (i.0 kg and considered to be a free body. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 1200 N (rounded from 1222 N) Problem 9 a. had a mass of about 82 kg. then what net force would be required to produce an acceleration of 75 g's (~740 m/s/s)? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 4400 N (rounded from 4410 N) Problem 6 Captain John Stapp of the U. His rocket sled. Determine the net force required to accelerate an 86-kg man..) If a player's head mass (with helmet) is 6.8 m/s/s). • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 35 m/s/s (rounded from 34. whose mass is 52 kg. known as the Gee Whiz.mass: 86 kg weight: 140 N Problem 5 The rising concern among athletic trainers and health advocates (and parents) regarding concussions and multiple concussions among high school football players has prompted numerous studies of the effectiveness of protective head gear and the forces and accelerations experienced by players.S. 75 multiplied by 9.

They determine that a net force of F causes a cart with a mass of M to accelerate at 48 cm/s/s. It uses arrows to represent the forces acting upon the bag. 24 m/s/s c. The free body diagram at the right depicts the . 96 m/s/s b. Use the free body diagram to determine the net force acting upon the bag.0 seconds. 24 m/s/s e. right Problem 12 Unfortunately for Vanessa. What is the acceleration value of a cart with … a.5 N. a mass of M when acted upon by a net force of 2F? b. a mass of 2M when acted upon by a net force of F? c. The diagram at the right is a freebody diagram.5 N Fapp = 40. 5800 N (rounded from 5832 N) Problem 10 Anna Litical and Noah Formula are experimenting with the effect of mass and net force upon the acceleration of a lab cart. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a.7 N. a mass of 2M when acted upon by a net force of 4F? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a. 1500 N (rounded from 1458 N) b. Each force is labeled according to type.b. a mass of 4M when acted upon by a net force of 2F? e. 96 m/s/s Problem 11 Ethan is dragging a bag of grass from the garage to the street on the evening before garbage pick-up day. The magnitude of the force is represented by the size of the arrow. Determine the net force required to accelerate a 2160-kg Ford Expedition from 0 to 27 m/s (60 mph) in 10. The values of the individual forces are: Fgrav = Fnorm = 60. a mass of 2M when acted upon by a net force of 2F? d. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 34. She pulls on the strap in an effort to budge it from rest and drag it to the curbside check-in desk. the wheels on her suitcase are not working.2 N Ffrict = 5. 48 m/s/s d.

The free body diagram at the right depicts the forces acting upon the freight elevator as it begins its ascent through the elevator shaft.forces acting upon the suitcase. right Problem 13 The shipment of the new physics supplies have arrived.90 m/s/s. The values of the individual forces are: Fgrav = Fnorm = 207 N Ftens = 182 N Ffrict = 166 N. places him in the red wagon and takes him on a stroll through the neighborhood. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer Fnet: 220 N. Use force values to determine the net force. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer Fnet: 16 N.1 kg a: 0. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer Fnet: 28 N. up Problem 14 It's Friday night and Skyler has been assigned the noble task of baby-sitting Casey. the mass and the acceleration of the suitcase. They are placed on the freight elevator and transported up to the third floor for delivery to the physics rooms. Construct a free body diagram depicting the types of forces acting upon the wagon. Earl makes an effort to steal second base. he exerts a 52 N forward force on the wagon. As Skyler starts across the street. As he hits the dirt on his head first dive. The values of the individual forces are: Ftens = 2340 N Fgrav = 2120 N Fnorm1 = Fnorm2 = 276 N. his 73. right m: 21. up m: 216 kg a: 1. Then determine the net force. the mass and the acceleration of the elevator. Construct a free .0 kg a: 0. Use force values to determine the net force. There is a 24 N resistance force and the wagon and Casey have a combined weight of 304 N.76 m/s/s.2 kg body encounters 249 N of friction force. He puts a crash helmet on Casey. his 2-year old brother. forward m: 31. mass and acceleration of the wagon.0 m/s/s. forward Problem 15 After a lead-off single in the 8th inning.

they exert a sudden forward force of 524 N to budge the piano from rest and get it up to speed.40 m/s/s.671 m/s/s. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer Fnet: 0.5-kg body experiences 118 N of air resistance. Then determine the net force and acceleration. forward b.44 seconds. They have determined that the 2. If Kelli and Jarvis maintain this forward force for 1. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer Fnet: 249 N. Then determine the net force and acceleration of the brick.966 m/s Problem 19 Skydiving tunnels have become popular attractions.37 m/s/s.69 N as it is accelerated across the table top.85 N.15-kg brick is experiencing a forward tension force of 9. After the curtain closes. Construct a free body diagram depicting the types of forces acting upon the brick. she changes her orientation and for an instant.40 m/s/s.body diagram depicting the types of forces acting upon Earl. Darin's 82. against his motion Problem 16 Mira and Tariq are lab partners for the Pulley and Bricks Lab. down Problem 18 Kelli and Jarvis are members of the stage crew for the Variety Show. 0. against his motion a: 3. Skydiving tunnels are vertical wind tunnels through which air is blown at high speeds. then what speed will the piano have? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a. forward a: 0. What is the piano's acceleration during this phase of its motion? b.395 m/s/s) Problem 17 Moments after making the dreaded decision to jump out the door of the airplane. 0. On Natalya's first adventure inside the tunnel. Determine Darin's acceleration at this instant in time. The 158-kg piano experiences 418 N of friction.54 N and a friction force of 8. appealing in part to those who would like a taste of the skydiving experience but are too overwhelmed by the fear of jumping out of a plane at several thousand feet. Between acts. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 8. allowing visitors to experience bodyflight. HINT: begin by drawing a free body diagram and determine the net force. her 46. they must quickly move a Baby Grand Piano onto stage.8-kg body momentarily experiences . a. forward (rounded from 0.

3 m/s/s. what speed will the bucket have after experiencing this force for 2.79 N Problem 22 Brandon is the catcher for the Varsity baseball team. up (rounded from 1. up b. Determine the upward thrust experienced by the rocket. his hand recoils a distance of 0.an upward force of air resistance of 521 N.65 m/s/s.135 m. What force must she apply to move the dog with a constant speed of 0.72. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer acceleration: 5. What is the acceleration of the bucket when the tension in the rope is 30. Determine the acceleration of the ball and the force which is applied to it by Brandon.95 m/s? The coefficient of friction between the dog and the floor is 0. During the process.2 N? b. 1.104-kg model rocket accelerates at 45. 0. a. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 1.9 m/s/s on takeoff.16 seconds? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a.40 x 103 m/s/s force: 784 N Problem 23 Alejandra is attempting to drag her 32.89-kg bucket of water out of a deep well. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 230 N Problem 24 . • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 5. If starting from rest.4 m/s Problem 21 A 0.145-kg baseball to bring it to rest from a speed of 38.33 m/s/s) Problem 20 A rope is used to pull a 2. He exerts a forward force on the 0.6-kg Golden Retriever across the wooden floor by applying a horizontal force.2 m/s. Determine Natalya's acceleration during this moment in time.

its just that they don't have any shoes on their feet).020 N (rounded from 0.85.35.012 Problem 26 Unbeknownst to most students.162 kg puck. London applies a horizontal force to accelerate Mr.2 m/s/s.) Dexter lands in a puddle of milk and skids to a stop with an acceleration of -4. Determine the acceleration of the puck. (Let that be a lesson for Dexter. It is capable of rotating its jets from a horizontal to a vertical orientation in order to . London be pulling? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 390 N (rounded from 389 N) Problem 27 Dexter Eius is running through the cafeteria when he slips on some mashed potatoes and falls to the floor.8 m/s in 14 seconds. Schneider (mass of 84 kg) rightward at a rate of 1. Determine the coefficient of friction between Dexter and the milky floor. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 8. Determine the acceleration which the 1300-kg Coupe experiences while skidding to a stop. Dylan and Chloe are practicing their hockey on frozen Bluebird Lake. Brianna.8 m/s/s.they do have clothes on.0197 N) c. b. If the coefficient of friction between Mr. Schneider 's socks and the freshly waxed floors is 0.3 m/s/s Problem 25 Nicholas. On one occasion. then with what force (in Newtons) must Mr. c. Determine the coefficient of friction between the ice and the puck. 0. every time the school floors are waxed.49 Problem 28 The Harrier Jump Jet is a fixed wing military jet designed for vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL). it decelerates from 10. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 0. As Dylan and Chloe chase after the 0.The coefficient of friction between the wheels of Dawson's 1985 Ford Coupe and the dry pavement is 0. Determine the force of friction experienced by the puck. 0. a. Dexter weighs 780 Newtons. Mr.12 m/s/s b. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a.5 m/s to 8. 0. the physics teachers get together to have a barrel of phun doing friction experiments in their socks (uhm .

land and conduct horizontal maneuvers.40 m/s/s. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 986 N Problem 30 A 1370-kg car is skidding to a stop along a horizontal surface.25 m/s relative to the water in a river which is flowing at 0.takeoff.6 m/s to a rest position in 3.66 m/s/s. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 0.894 Vectors and Projectiles: Problem Set Problem 1 Coach Sweeney walks 26 yards to the north along the sideline. b. Determine the vertical thrust required to accelerate an 8600-kg Harrier upward at 0. What is the resultant velocity of Rosa's boat (relative to the banks)? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer .8 x 104 N (rounded from 87720 N) Problem 29 While skydiving. Dee Selerate opens her parachute and her 53. Determine Coach's resultant displacement. a. pauses. 38 yd b. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a. Determine the distance which Coach moved. Rosa Boat is paddling downstream at 1. The car decelerates from 27. Rosa Boat is paddling upstream at 1.25 m/s relative to the water in a river which is flowing at 0.4-kg body immediately accelerates upward for an instant at 8. 14 yd. Determine the upward force experienced by Dee during this instant.15 seconds. determine the coefficient of friction between the car tires and the road surface. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 8. and walks 12 yards back to the south. What is the resultant velocity of Rosa's boat (relative to the banks)? b.50 m/s relative to the banks of the river. north Problem 2 a. Assuming negligible air resistance.50 m/s relative to the banks of the river.

59°N of W (or 121° CCW) Problem 6 On her trip from home to school. Karla drives along three streets after exiting the driveway. north. 1.09 miles east. Determine the magnitude and direction of Jim's resultant displacement. A common strategy is to head the carrier and the plane into the wind. She drives 1. • Audio Guided Solution . 1. 1.32 miles.35 miles north. downstream Problem 3 The takeoff speed of a military aircraft from an aircraft carrier is approximately 170 mi/hr relative to the air.43 miles east and 0.75 m/s. she led the team on the following run from school to a nearby park where they met the coach for a meeting: 0. If a plane is taking off from an aircraft carrier which is moving at 40 mi/hr into a 20 mi/hr headwind. She then makes a right hand turn and walks 21 m down the end aisle. 2. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 2. then what speed relative to the deck of the aircraft carrier must it obtain to takeoff? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 110 mi/hr Problem 4 Claire de Iles is shopping. 0. Determine the magnitude of Karla's resultant displacement. He exits the lunchroom and walks 43 m west. He then turns and walks 72 m north down the hallway leading to the locker room. west. 0. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 26 m Problem 5 Jim Nazium is walking from lunch to his PE class.56 miles north. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 84 m.a. Determine the magnitude and direction of the team's resultant displacement. Determine the magnitude of Claire's resultant displacement.86 mi Problem 7 Sheila is captain of the Varsity cross country team.75 m/s.68 miles. upstream b.85 miles south. During the after-school practice on Tuesday. She walks 16 m to the end of an aisle. They acquire this speed through a combination of a catapult system present on the aircraft carrier and the aircraft's jet propulsion system.

If the football field is 160 feet wide (sideline to sideline) and it is 60 yards from midfield to the back of the end zone. All directions are expressed using the counter-clockwise from east convention. Component . 68. a protractor and a ruler can be used to determine the magnitude and direction for the following trips.5 m south. Be sure to indicate E. 36. then how far did the ball travel from Avery's hands to Jamaal's hands. cosine and tangent functions to determine the horizontal and vertical components of the displacement. 15. 71. Given the scale that 1 cm = 340 km. and 2. made the most amazing pass in the Homecoming game against cross town rival North. Mac and Tosh start at the classroom door and walk 40. Trip Chicago to Denver Reno to Miami Displacement 1430 km. use the sine.5 m west. Component Vert. north.0 m. 187° 4030 km.0° N of E (or 71. Determine the magnitude and direction of the resultant displacement of Mac and Tosh. 32. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 45.5 m. W.37 mi. 341° Horiz. north. He threw the pass from the exact center of the field to the corner of the end zone.• Show Answer 2. the quarterback of South's Varsity football team.66 yd) or 197 ft Problem 10 Consider the map of the United States below. or S as the direction for each component. For each trip.0° CCW) Problem 8 During the Vector Addition lab. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 66 yd (rounded from 65.0 m. N. where Jamaal caught it for the game winning score.9° N of W (or 143.1° CCW) Problem 9 Avery.5 m east.

5 km. 187° Reno to Miami 4030 km. a. 143° Problem 11 The pilot of a plane flying due north is notified by the flight controller that there is a second plane flying south at about the same altitude and located in the same general area.9 yd Problem 14: . 143° Audio Guided Solution Show Answer Displacement Horiz.37 min) Problem 12 A spelunker (person who explores caves) determines that the cave entrance is located 349 m. South 1312 km. 344° Houston to Salt Lake City 2040 km. 2.2 km b. Component 174 km.Seattle to Washington Houston to Salt Lake City • • 3480 km. West 334 m. West 3810 km. Assuming that the field runs north and south. km/hr. 102° from her own plane.8 km c. 0. 253° from her current position. then how much time will elapse before the planes are side by side? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a. If the two planes both have an airspeed of 290. South 1228 km.5 yards at 21° W of S before it is caught by Mitchell with a diving catch. How far south and how far west from her current position is the cave entrance? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 102 m. and that Avery threw the pass from 7. Component 1419 km. East 1629 km.0228 hr (1. South 959 km. South's quarterback. East 3345 km. The pilot is told that the southward bound plane is currently located at a position which is 13. South Problem 13 Avery.2 yards behind the line of scrimmage. 13. North Trip Chicago to Denver 1430 km. 341° Seattle to Washington 3480 km. how many yards were gained on the play? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 26. How many miles to the north is the second plane? b. throws a pass 36. 344° 2040 km. West Vert. How many miles to the west is the second plane? c.

The walk consists of four legs with the following magnitudes: A = 88 m B = 272 m C = 136 m D = 183 m Determine the magnitude and direction of Mia's resultant displacement. south 112 m. How far and in what direction are Taylor and Drew from campus? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 86 mi. The storm is reported to be moving directly towards your town at a speed of 82 km/hr.9° CCW) Problem 16: Taylor and Drew finish their last class on the day before Spring break and decide to take a spontaneous road trip. 17° west of south (253° CCW) Taylor's car breaks down after the last leg of the trip. 67° north of west (113° CCW) 61 miles.3° S of W (or236.Mia Ander exits the front door of her home and walks along the path shown in the diagram at the right (not to scale). That is. 17° south of east (343° CCW) Determine Dora's position relative to the entrance of the cave. She starts at the entrance and makes the following straight line movements: 68 m. 56. m. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 218 m. 11° north of west (169° CCW) Problem 17 A weather report shows that a tornado was sighted 12 km south and 23 km west of your town. how far and in what direction is Dora from the cave entrance? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 130. What distance from your town was the tornado sighted? b. west 23 miles. 56. south 182 m. a. 25° north of west (155° CCW) 34 m.3° CCW) Problem 15: Dora is exploring a cave. Their trip involves the following movements: 42 miles.1°S of E (or 303. Approximately how much time (in minutes and hours) will elapse before the violent storm arrives at your town? .

32 hr or 19 min Problem 18 An airplane begins its journey into Canada from a destination located 285 mi south of the border. Determine the time for Glenda and Harold to cross the river. c. 11 m (rounded from 10. Determine the resultant velocity of the boat .9 mi) b. How far downstream will Ty be when he reaches the other side of the river? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a. 38° east of north (or 52° N of E) (or 52° CCW) b. The plane flies along a straight-line path at 189 mi/h in a direction of 20. then how much time does it take Ty to cross the river? Assume that Ty keeps his paddle boat headed west.both magnitude and direction. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 96.5 degrees west of north. If the river is 22 m wide at this location. 109 cm/s. 26° south of west (or 54° W of S) (or 206° CCW) b. 3. 26 km (rounded from 25.both magnitude and direction. m Problem 20 Ty Ridlegs boards a paddle boat and heads the boat westward directly across a river. The river flows due east at 1. Ty paddles the boat with a speed of 98 cm/s. 0. Glenda and Harold head the kayak due north and row at 2. The river is 38 m wide at this location. b. c. Determine the number of minutes before the plane crosses the border.1 m/s. How far downstream will the boat be when Glenda and Harold reach the opposite shore? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a. Dylan. b.• • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a.4 m/s (relative to the water).6 min Problem 19 Glenda and Harold are attempting to cross a river in a kayak. Assume that the border is aligned directly east and west in the region where the flight takes place. The river flows south at 48 cm/s.9 m/s.8 m) Problem 21 Dylan and Sophia are walking along Bluebird Lake on a perfectly calm day. 30. determined to impress Sophia by his ability to skip rocks. a. 22 s c. a. 16 s c. Determine the resultant velocity of the boat . picks up the flattest rock he can find and gives it a .

69 s b.9 m Problem 22 In an effort to create a cannonball-style splash.20 m/s Problem 24 The La Quebrada Cliff Divers provide daily entertainment for the crowds at Acapulco. As a group of professional high divers. 8. 7. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 5.1 m (148 feet) to the water below. More than an act of bravery. b.2 m c. How much time does it take the rock to fall to the water surface? b. What horizontal distance from the edge of the board will Matthew plunge into the water? c. a. 3. Determine the time for Matthew to fall the 2. How far from the edge of the water does the rock travel before it makes its first skip? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a.8-kg pumpkin horizontally off the top of the school roof in order to hit Mr.3 m to the water. the cliff divers must time their dive so that they hit the water when the crest of an incoming wave has arrived.6 m/s and falls 2. The car is parked a distance of 13. eight-year old Matthew runs off the edge of the board of the high dive at 4. 0. they dive off the cliff of La Quebrada and fall 45.4 m high. The building's roof is 10.0 s b. Assuming no air resistance. With what speed does Matthew enter the water? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a.1 m/s Problem 23 Ima Peode wishes to throw a 2. Mexico. Determine the speed with which Pedro must run off the cliff in order to land in the water a horizontal distance of 17.4 m away from the base of the building below the point where Ima is standing. a. H's car. with what horizontal speed must Ima toss the pumpkin in order to hit Mr.sidearm launch from the edge of the water. H's car. 3. The rock acquires a completely horizontal velocity of 26 m/s from a height of 0. The package is designed to land in a .45 m above the water surface.3 m to the water below.8 m from the edge of the cliff.87 m/s Problem 25 An emergency relief plane is dropping a care package from a plane to a group of medical personnel working for a relief agency in an African village. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 9.

Determine the horizontal displacement of the fry from the edge of the track. IL is a 50’s style diner which is notorious for the delivery of food from the kitchen to the dining room by an O-scale model train. To the pleasure of the crowd.25 m/s and fell to the floor. French fries and the like are mounted to the tops of flatbed train cars and transported to table tops. Dinner baskets filled with hot dogs. a.3 cm from the table’s edge turned the entire classroom silent. The package will be dropped a horizontal distance of 521 m from the intended target location. Calculate the time for the egg to reach the midpoint of the trajectory. H’s lab. breaking thermometers and accidentally lighting Sophia’s hair on fire with a Bunsen burner. releasing it with a velocity of 8.94 m/s Problem 27 Aaron Agin and Bud Derfenger are lab partners who last year earned a reputation for breaking beakers. a. The plane will be moving horizontally with a ground speed of 59.05 m Problem 28 Sharon Steady and Al Wayskachon won South’s recent egg toss contest held during Homecoming week. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a. H has made the mistake of allowing them to partner again.152 s b. The crash of the cart to the floor a horizontal distance of 96. Al caught the egg at the same height as the toss without even a fracture to its shell. 0. b. c. Calculate the horizontal and vertical components of the initial velocity. Determine the speed of the French fry upon striking the floor. .1 m/s. inflate an attached raft upon impact. and finally resurface with the raft side down. H. Mr. mixing the wrong chemicals. a French fry rolled off the top of the pile on a tight turn moving at a speed of 1. In their winning toss. b.06 m/s at an angle of 30° to the horizontal.190 m c. Aaron and Bud lived up to their reputation. In a recent lab which utilized expensive tracks and carts. 1.small lake. hamburgers. 0. On Matthew’s fifth birthday. they allowed a cart to roll off the track and then off the table with a speed of 208 cm/s. Use this information to determine the height of the lab tables in Mr. Despite strong warnings from Mr. Determine the time for the French fry to fall 113 cm from the top of the pile to the floor. spilling acid. And now to the delight of the physics class. At what altitude above the pond must the plane be flying in order to successfully accomplish this feat? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 381 m Problem 26 The Choo Choo Restaurant in DesPlaines. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 1. Sharon gave the egg an underhand toss.

09 s b. Determine the horizontal displacement.) Assuming a launch angle of 45°.9 m/s at an angle of 35°.1 degrees. 5.74 m e.98 m/s and voy = 4. Calculate the total time the egg is in the air.822 s d. determine the speed with which Maddison left the ramp.3 m through the air from ramp to ramp.03 m/s b. d. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a. a. c. Calculate the height of the egg (relative to the releast point) when it was at the peak of its trajectory. Determine the time that the ball is in the air. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a.411 s c. The ball is hit with a speed of 18. (The record has since been broken several times by Maddision himself.4 m Problem 30 A tennis player stretches out to reach a ball that is just barely above the ground and successfully 'lobs' it over her opponent's head. 20. 3. Assume that Li lands at the same height as the top of the ramp and that Li is a projectile. . 0. the famous Chinese ski jumper. Calculate the horizontal distance which the egg traveled from Sharon to Al. traveling 98. Determine the total time of flight.7 m c.c. c. Determine the maximum height which the ball reaches. 0.46 s b.7 m/s at an angle of 65.3 m Problem 31: On New Year’s eve of 2007. Robbie Maddison set the world record for the longest motorcycle jump. Determine the distance the ball travels horizontally before landing. e. Determine the peak height (relative to the starting height). 27. 0. 4. b. b. vox = 6.828 m Problem 29 Li Ping Phar. 14. leaves the ramp with an initial velocity of 34. 117 m c. a. insignificant air resistance and a landing location at the same height as the launch height.

0 m Vectors and Forces in 2-D: Problem Set Problem 1 For each collection of listed forces.3 m/s or 9. Olive leaves the swing at a 30° angle to the horizontal with a speed of 2. Determine the horizontal distance which the ball traveled. . The punt had a 6. c. The ramps are angled at 35° and located at the same height.• • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 31.1 m/s b. vox = 1. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a.57 s c. a. b.0 m/s Problem 32: Mr. (Given: 1. 1. 54. b. Determine the speed at which the ball was punted.0 m Problem 33: In an apparent effort to earn an appearance on the Destroyed in Seconds show. t = 0.6 m/s b.9 m/s and voy = 1.09 m from the launch location. Determine the time which Olive is in the air.8 meters apart.2 second hang time. Olive Udadi is enjoying swinging and jumping. a. On one jump. Caleb attempts a bicycle maneuver in which he jumps between two ramps whose elevated edges are located a distance of 1. determine the vector sum or the net force. Determine the vertical height (relative to the landing location) from which Olive jumps from the swing.2 m/s. Determine the speed (in m/s and mi/hr) that Caleb must acquire to accomplish this stunt.24 mi/hr) • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 4. She lands on the ground a horizontal distance of 1. Udadi takes his three children to the park for some summertime recreation.00 m/s = 2. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a. His best hang time this past season was for a punt which he kicked at 74° above the horizontal.7 mi/hr Problem 34: Albert is South’s star punter for the varsity football team. 31. Determine the horizontal and the vertical components of the initial velocity.

0 N force at an angle of 30. She sits in a seat harness which is attached by a tow rope to a speedboat.6 N. down Resolve the applied force (Fapp) into horizontal and vertical components. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer Fx: 58.0 N at 30. down Set C 12 N. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer Ftension-horizontal: 220 N Ftension-vertical: 270 N (rounded from 272 N) Problem 4 At one moment during a walk around the block. Determine the horizontal and vertical components of the tension force. down Audio Guided Solution Show Answer Set A: ∑F = 16 N. right Set B: ∑F = 14 N.0 N Fy: 33.Set A 58 N.0° above the horizontal. The forces are: Fapp = 67.0° above the horizontal (rightward and upward) Fnorm = 64. left 98 N. left Set C: ∑F = 4 N. up Problem 2 Hector is walking his dog (Fido) around the neighborhood. left Fgrav = 98 N. Upon arriving at Fidella's house (a friend of Fido's). up 98 N. Hector yanks on the chain with a 67.0 kg dog. up Ffrict = 27. left 16 N. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer . Determine the horizontal and vertical components of the tension force. down • • Set B 14 N. up 16 N. then add the forces up as vectors to determine the net force.5 N. The rope makes an angle of 51° with the horizontal and has a tension of 350 N.5 N Problem 3 Helen is parasailing.a 10. there are four forces exerted upon Fido . up 8 N. Fido turns part mule and refuses to continue on the walk. right 42 N.

Fapp-horizontal: 58. Striking the halfback simultaneously from different directions with the following forces: FJerome = 1230 N at 53° FMichael = 1450 at 107° Determine the resultant force applied by Jerome and Michael to the halfback. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a. b. Disgruntled by a coarse comment.0 N. he decides to separate from the group. 190 N at 23° south of east (or 337°) b.61 N . (The directions of the two forces are stated as counter-clockwise angles of rotation with East. Determine the acceleration of the 750-kg polar bear carcass.4 N.5-kg sled.5 N. Use the structure provided below to determine the net force on and acceleration of the sled. He momentarily exerts a 31 N force on the rope which is attached to his 2. The rope makes an angle of 22° with the nearly frictionless surface. A top view of the magnitude and direction of the three forces is shown in the diagram to the right.) • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 2390 N at 82° N of E Problem 6 A pack of three Artic wolves are fighting over the carcass of a dead polar bear. Determine the resultant or net force acting upon the carcass. up Fnet: 30. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer Fx: 28.25 m/s/s Problem 7 Lee Mealone is sledding with his friends. delivered a big hit to the halfback in last weekend’s game. right Problem 5 Jerome and Michael. linebackers for South’s varsity football team. 0.74 N Fy: 11. a. right Fapp-vertical: 33.

62 m/s/s Problem 10 A fire breaks out on a high rise building and a rescue helicopter is called to the scene. (Suggestion: Begin with a free body diagram. She pulls on the strap with 120 N of force at an angle of 38° above the horizontal. On one occasion. right a: 11 m/s/s. Books from one supplier are shipped to the school in large crates equipped with rope handles on all sides.Fgrav: 24. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer Fresistance: 95 N Fnorm: 130 N (rounded from 132 N) Problem 9 Ben Laborin works for the South bookstore during the summer months to help prepare for Fall sales.) • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 0.0° above the horizontal to accelerate a 112-kg crate of books.5 N Fnorm: 12.89 N Fnet: 29 N. Ben momentarily pulled with a force of 692 N at an angle of 36.548.1-kg push broom as he walks across the floor at a constant speed.532 m/s/s Problem 11: The custodians clean the field house gym floor between games at the annual Holiday Basketball Classic. The coefficient of friction between the floor and the broom is 0. The rescue basket is lowered to the roof and some occupants of the top floor escape to the roof and enter the basket.2° angle to the horizontal. The coefficient of friction between the basket and the roof top is 0. the cable momentarily makes a 78. (Suggestion: Begin with a free body diagram. Determine the acceleration of the basket and occupants. Determine the normal force and the total resistance force (friction and air resistance) experienced by the suitcase. Chuck exerts a force on a 1. Determine the amount of force with which Chuck pushes downward (along the handle of the broom) in order to achieve this constant speed motion.47 m/s.45 and the broom handle makes an angle of 41° with the horizontal. The coefficient of friction between the crates and the vinyl floor is 0. (Suggestion: Begin with a free body diagram. As the helicopter takes off.568 and the tension in the cable is 4980 N. Determine the acceleration experienced by the crate.) • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 1. imparting a slight horizontal acceleration to the 621-kg basket and occupants across the roof top.) . right (rounded from 11. The helicopter is equipped with a rescue basket attached by a strong cable to a winch on the helicopter.497 m/s/s) Problem 8 Renee is on Spring Break and pulling her 21-kg suitcase through the airport at a constant speed of 0.

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11 N (rounded from 10.6 N) Problem 12 Lon Mauer is cleaning up the driveway after mowing the grass. He exerts a sudden downward force of 56.8 N at a constant angle of 54.7° below the horizontal in order to accelerate his 1.05kg broom from rest. The coefficient of friction between the broom bristles and the driveway is 0.567. Determine the rate of acceleration of the broom. (Suggestion: Begin with a free body diagram.)

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0.670 m/s/s Problem 13 South still displays with great pride the large sign boasting of their 1996 State Championship Girl’s Basketball Team. The 43.1-kg sign hangs from two cables which make an angle of 34.5° with the horizontal. Determine the tension in each of the cables.

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373 N Problem 14 A massive light hangs over the table in Jeremy's dining room. The light is supported by four strong chains which make an angle of 75.0° with the horizontal. The force in each chain is 35.8 N. a. Determine the force with which a single chain pulls horizontally and vertically upon the light. b. Determine the mass of the light.

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a. Fx: 9.3 N and Fy: 34.6 N b. 14.1 kg Problem 15 Troy Ginometri, owner of the local floral shop, displays the sale of the month in the front window of his shop. The 5.6-kg flower pot is suspended by three chains from the ceiling. The chains make an angle of 25° with the vertical. Determine the tension in one of the chains.

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20. N Problem 16 The historic Stanley Center for the Arts in Utica, New York is the proud owner of the world’s largest LED chandelier. The chandelier is 35 feet wide, 17 feet tall and has a mass of 2900 kg. It

is directly supported by four cables which make an angle of 63° with the horizontal. Determine the tension in the cables.

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8.0 x 103 N (rounded from 7974 N) Problem 17 Xavier went rock climbing this past weekend. During one climb through a narrow vertical chimney, he supported his weight by leaning with his back against one wall of the chimney and pushing off the opposite wall with his legs. His left leg made a 26° angle with the horizontal. The coefficient of frcition between his back and the chimney wall is 0.508. Determine the minimum amount of tension which would be required to support the weight of his 86kg body. a. Determine the tension in his left leg. b. Determine the normal force of the chimney wall pushing upon his back.

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a. 942 N b. 846 N Problem 18 Charles Blondin is famous for having crossed the Niagra Falls on an 1100-foot long tight-rope at a height of 160 feet above the gorge. He accomplished the feet several times in a variety of ways – blindfolded, in a sack, carrying his manager on his shoulders, pushing a wheelbarrow and walking on stilts. Suppose the 65-kg Blondin is at the midpoint of the tight-rope and has stopped to cook and eat an omelet. If the tightrope makes an angle of 5° with the horizontal, determine the tension in the rope.

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3.7 x 103 N (3654 N) Problem 19: Mom and Dad have tied a rope to Matthew’s sled and are momentarily pulling him through the snow. Dad is pulling with force A and Mom with force B. A: 54 N at 65° north of east B: 130 N at 22° south of east a. Determine the resultant force of A and B. b. Determine the acceleration that these momentary forces would create for a 39-kg sled and child (assuming negligible friction).

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a. 140 N (rounded from 143 N) b. 3.7 m/s/s Problem 20 A local automobile dealership has chosen to hang a car outside the entry to their showroom. The car has been modified so that its mass is 645 kg. The car's weight will be supported by a heavyduty chain which pulls upwards and leftwards. A beam will push outward to balance the wallward pull of the chain. The manufacturer of the chain claims it has a breaking strength of 17400 Newtons. Village code requires that there be a safety factor of 2.20. That is, the actual tension in the chain must be no more than 1/2.20 of the breaking strength. What is the minimum angle (between the chain and the horizontal) at which the dealership can hang the car?

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53.1° Problem 21 Lab partners Anna Litical and Noah Formula placed a 0.500-kg glider on their air track and inclined the track at 15.0° above the horizontal. Determine the net force and acceleration of the glider along the frictionless track. Use the structure provided with the free body diagram shown below.

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Fnet: 1.27 N a: 2.54 m/s/s Problem 22 Anna Litical and Noah Formula now place a 1.38-kg brick on a wooden board and incline the board at 24.0° above the horizontal. The coefficient of friction between the brick and the board is 0. 328. Determine the net force and the acceleration of the brick. Use the structure provided with the free body diagram shown below.

05 m/s/s Problem 23 Ben Laborin exerts a force on an 86-kg crate of books to push it up the ramp of the loading dock at a constant speed of 24 cm/s. Use this angle value to determine the coefficient of friction. Anna and Noah repeat several trials and determine that the block accelerates from its rest position when the track makes an angle of 38° above the horizontal. On average.74. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 62 N Problem 25: In an effort to determine the coefficient of friction between a wood block and a metal track. Assume the force is exerted parallel to the road and that friction is negligible.) • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 790 N (rounded from 785 N) Problem 24 The infamous Lombard Street in San Francisco has an abnormally steep block which consists of several tight hairpin turns. determine the force with which he is pushing. The ramp makes an angle of 12° with the horizontal. the roadway on this block of the street is inclined at 16°. Determine the force which would be required to pull a 23-kg wagon and child up the hill at constant speed. (Suggestion: Begin with a free body diagram.• • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer Fnet: 1.45 N a: 1.78 Problem 26 .) • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 0. Anna Litical and Noah Formula place the block on the track and slowly elevate one of its ends until the block finally budges from rest and slides down the incline. (Suggestion: Begin with a free body diagram. Assuming that Ben is pushing parallel to the inclined plane. The coefficient of friction between the crate and the ramp is 0.

d. He boarded his 60-inch sled and descended the steepest section near the tall trees. 1.0 x 10-24 kg•m/s b. 5. … a 360.) • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 0.18 x 106 m/s (as if it were in a Bohr orbit in the H atom). … a 110-kg professional fullback running across the line at 9. … one-half the mass and was moving with twice the speed? d. … three times the mass and was moving with one-half the speed? f.4 x 105 kg•m/s Problem 2 A bicycle has a momentum of 24 kg•m/s. Assuming a coefficient of friction of 0.The Splash Mountain flume ride at Walt Disney World’s Magic Kingdom in Orlando.5 m/s • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a. (Suggestion: Begin with a free body diagram. … the same mass and was moving with twice the speed? c. The boats plunge 52 feet down a 43-degree incline near the final stage of the ride.8 m/s/s Problem 27 Ethan recently found out that the sledding hill on the west side of Lake Bluebird is more of a shredding hill than a sledding hill. What momentum would the bicycle have if it had … a.) • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 5. Before his ride ended at the location of a tree stump buried a few inches below the snow. Florida boasts one of the steepest flume rides in the world. b.075 Momentum and Collisions: Problem Set Problem 1 Determine the momentum of … a. c. … twice the mass and was moving at the same speed? b. … three times the mass and was moving with twice the speed? .2 m/s. … a 0. … an electron (m= 9.12.1 x10-31 kg) moving at 2. he was accelerating at 2. Determine the coefficient of friction between the sled and the snow. 140 kg•m/s (rounded from 139 kg•m/s) c.162 kg) leaving the muzzle of a gun at 860 m/s.0 x 103 kg•m/s d. (Suggestion: Begin with a free body diagram.5 m/s/s down the 19° incline.000-kg passenger plane taxiing down a runway at 1. 2. … the same mass and was moving with one-half the speed? e. determine the acceleration of the boat and riders.45 Caliber bullet (m = 0.

Determine the impulse experienced by Kara's car. Determine the momentum change of the running back.0 x 105 N . west Problem 5 Kara Less was applying her makeup when she drove into South's busy parking lot last Friday morning. 460 kg•m/s. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a. Kara rear-ended Lisa's rented Taurus. 36 kg•m/s f. 48 kg•m/s b.9 mi/hr (45. -1. -1.• • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a.4 x 104 kg•m/s b. Determine the final momentum of the running back. 24 kg•m/s d. Determine the initial momentum of the running back. The pitch was clocked at 100.4 x 104 N•s c. In a game against cross-town rival North. c.145-kg baseball such a momentum. b. 48 kg•m/s c.0 m/s). Kara's 1300-kg car was moving at 11 m/s and stopped in 0. 660 N•s. east (rounded from 459 kg•m/s) b. changing his eastward velocity of 5. the fastest recorded baseball pitch was delivered by Nolan Ryan in 1974.14 seconds. 1. 210 kg•m/s. a. Determine the momentum change of Kara's car. 144 kg•m/s Problem 3 According to the Guinness Book of World Records. Determine the magnitude of the force experienced by Kara's car. Determine the impulse delivered to the running back. d. a. west (rounded from 205 kg•m/s) c. b. 12 kg•m/s e. he delivered a hit to North's 82-kg running back.6 m/s into a westward velocity of 2. Determine the impulse required to give a 0.52 kg•m/s) Problem 4 Jerome plays middle linebacker for South's varsity football team. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 6.5 m/s. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a. c. west (rounded from 664 kg•m/s) d. 660 kg•m/s.52 N•s (or 6. Unaware that Lisa Ford was stopped in her lane 30 feet ahead.

Bench again signaled for a curve. If Logan had hit the concrete wall moving at the same speed. he kept signaling to star pitcher Jim Maloney to throw a curve ball.0080 seconds. Logan lost his balance after making a lay-up and colliding with the padded wall behind the basket. he then caught the pitch barehanded. opting to throw fastballs instead. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a.6 m/s to 0 m/s in 0. What stopping time will be required in order to safely stop a 7250 kg CEV moving at 7. If this impulse is delivered to the ball in 0.7 m/s (80. b. 260 N (rounded from 259 N) Problem 7 While playing basketball in PE class.5 x 103 N b.65 m/s with an average force of 426000 N (an average force of 6 Gs)? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 0. Determine the force acting upon Logan's body. During a Spring Training game.0 mi/hr).0 x 104 N Problem 8 NASA's Langley Research Center has been experimenting with the use of air bags to soften the landings of crew exploration vehicles (CEV) on land. a. 7. Before the ball reached the plate.145-kg baseball moving at 35. b. 3. Maloney continuously shook off Bench's signal.18 N•s b. his momentum would have been reduced to zero in 0. a. His 74-kg body decelerated from 7. The rookie catcher walked to the mound and told the veteran Maloney that his fastball wasn't fast enough and that he should throw some curve balls. Determine what the force on his body would have been for such an abrupt collision. Maloney shook of the signal and threw a fastball. Bench took off his glove.Problem 6 An interesting story is often told of baseball star Johnny Bench when he was a rookie catcher in 1968. Information about every impact in practice and in games was sent to a computer present on the sidelines.130 seconds Problem 9 In a study conducted by a University of Illinois researcher. Determine the impulse required to stop a 0. the football team at Unity High School in Tolono. IL was equipped for an entire season with helmets containing accelerometers.020 seconds.16 seconds. The study found that the average force on a top of the head impact was 1770 N and . -5. then what is magnitude of the force acting between the bare hand and the ball? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a.

preparing for a throw jump maneuver.6 m/s.8 m/s. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer . A photogate measurement determines that the cannon recoiled backwards with a speed of 7. Determine the speed of the male skater immediately after the throw. H adds the fuel.2 m/s. Determine the speed of the ball. The last impulse involves an average upward force of 116 N which cases a 84 kg•m/s momentum change.65 m/s Problem 10 Cassie has just finished her session on the trampoline during PE.78 milliseconds. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 180 m/s Problem 13 An 82-kg male and a 48-kg female pair figure skating team are gliding across the ice at 7. The explosion stuns the crowd and propels the ball forward.endured for 7. Using a head mass of 5.65 seconds.12 seconds.41 seconds. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 2. The second impulse of 112 N•s lasts for 0.08 m/s Problem 11 Aaron Agin nodded off while driving home from play practice this past Sunday evening.5-kg body is moving downward at 8. H ignites the enthusiasm of the class with a home-made cannon demonstration. Cassie experiences an average upward force of 230 N for 0. Determine the final velocity of the car. His 1500-kg car hit a series of guardrails while moving at 19.20 kg and presuming the head to be a free body. The male skater tosses the female skater forward with a speed of 8. Mr. The 1. As she prepares to exit the trampoline. Just prior to this series of impulses.5 m/s Problem 12 Mr. The second guard rail pushed against his car with a force of 79000 N for 0. waits for its vapors to fill the reaction chamber and then brings a match nearby. On the first impulse. What vertical velocity does Cassie have after these three impulses? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 1.20 m/s. The third guard rail collision lowered the car's velocity by 3.27-kg cannon is loaded with a 54-gram tennis ball and placed on the floor. determine the velocity change experienced in such an impact. her vertical momentum is reduced by a series of three resistive impulses with the bounce mat. her 48. The first guard rail delivered a resistive impulse of 5700 N•s. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 6.8 m/s.4 m/s.

Jaclyn won the sudden death tiebreaker point with a cross-court passing shot. determine the subsequent velocity of the boy. Upon impact with her 331-gram racket.5 m/s.2-kg girl. . Determine the expected recoil speed of Jerome and Michael's cart. West Problem 17 To Mr. both wearing skates face each other at rest on a skating rink.0 m/s Problem 18 Jaclyn plays singles for South's varsity tennis team.7 m/s Problem 14 A candy-filled piñata is hung from a tree for Matthew's birthday. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 1. Determine the swing speed of the piñata immediately after being cracked by the stick. During an unsuccessful attempt to break the 4. The boy pushes the girl. The stick stops and the piñata undergoes a gentle swinging motion. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 0.6 m/s.59 m/s Problem 15 During an in-class demonstration of momentum change and impulse. Jerome pushes off of Suzie's cart. As Mr.6 m/s Problem 16 A 70.9-kg boy and a 43. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 2. the ball rebounded in the exact opposite direction (and along the same general trajectory) with a speed of 29.54-kg stick moving at 4.6.7 m/s.83 m/s. During the match against North. Mr.4-kg piñata. it pushes off the 670-gram feeder with a takeoff speed of 1. H asks Jerome (102 kg) and Michael (98 kg) to sit on a large 14-kg skate cart. Determine the speed at which the feeder initially recoils backwards. Mr.8 m/s. a 450-g black crow is raiding the recently-filled bird feeder. The two carts are placed on low friction boards in the hallway. Measurements are made to determine that Suzie's cart acquired a postimpulse speed of 9. H asks Suzie (44 kg) to sit on a second 14-kg skate cart.5-gram ball hit her racket with a northward velocity of 26. sending her eastward with a speed of 4. Neglecting friction.64 m/s. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 2.5 m/s. H runs out the back door with his broom in an effort to scare the crow away. Hayden cracks it with a 0. The 57. H's disgust.

North (1. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 14 m/s Problem 21 Ima Rilla Saari rushes to her car in order to hurry home and get dressed for work. c. After the collision. she collides her 940-kg Mazda Miata into the rear of a 2460-kg pick-up truck which was at rest at the light on Lake Avenue. South (1.76 m/s. d. b.23 x 103 g•m/s. South's linebackers Jerome (m=102 kg) and Michael (m=98 kg) meet the 84-kg halfback moving southward through the air at 6. Determine the mass of the dropped brick. the dropped brick and cart are moving together with a velocity of 15. Determine the post-collision momentum of the ball.23 kg•m/s. North) b. Determine the velocity change of the racket.4 m/s. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a.a. Jerome and Michael are both moving at 3. Determine the post-collision speed and direction of the collection of three players.2 cm/s.5 m/s Problem 22 In a goal line stand against New Greer Academy.6 m/s in the exact opposite direction. North Problem 19 Anna Litical and Noah Formula are doing The Cart and the Brick Lab. Anna jumped onto Sandra's back and the two continued moving together at the same speed. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 3. Determine the momentum change of the ball. Determine their speed immediately after the collision. They drop a brick on a 2.54 x 103 g•m/s. Upon contact.1 kg Problem 20 A Roller Derby exhibition recently came to town. South (3. 1.70 kg•m/s.6 kg cart moving at 28. the 68-kg Anna Mosity was moving at 17 m/s when she collided with 76-kg Sandra Day O'Klobber who was moving forward at 12 m/s and directly in Anna's path. Determine the pre-collision momentum of the ball. 1. Ima's pre-collision speed was 12. They packed the gym for two consecutive weekend nights at South's field house. 9.54 kg•m/s. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 2. South) c.7 cm/s. On Saturday evening. 3. Failing to realize the dangers of driving under slick and icy conditions. Determine the post-collision speed of the two entangled cars as they slide across the ice. Assume they move together after the collision. South) d.5 m/s.70 x 103 g•m/s. .

The ball was moving at 8. . On Abbey's recent shot.1 cm/s. Determine the post-collision speed of Rex and his 125-kg car. After the magnetic repulsion of the two carts.52-kg pin head on. Tex and his 125-kg car lunge forward at 1. North Problem 23 Hayden (m=24. Rex is moving at a full speed of 2. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 0.05-kg ball down the lane and it hits the 1.• • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 0. Determine the post-collision speed and direction of cart B.40 m/s. The 5-ball immediately speeds up to 52 cm/s. Cart B has a mass of 0. Right Problem 27 Bailey is on the tenth frame of her recent bowling competition and she needs to pick up the last pin for a spare and the first place trophy.24 m/s before the collision.05 m/s when he rear-ends Tex who is at rest in his path. The pin went flying forward at 13. Determine the speed of Hayden immediately after grabbing the bag of soccer balls. Determine the post-collision speed of the ball. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 32.9 cm/s.6 ft/s.61 m/s Problem 25 Abbey and Mia are in the basement playing pool.50 kg and is moving leftward with a speed of 42. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 7.6 cm/s prior to the collision with Cart B.00 kg and is moving rightward at 27.64 m/s. Cart A is moving leftward at 10. he grabs the 4. As he travels under a low-hanging branch of the tree where Matthew is sitting. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 54 cm/s Problem 26 Polly Ester and Ray Ahn are doing the Elastic Collision lab on a low-friction track.2 m/s.3-kg) is gliding along the sidewalk on his skateboard at 8. Determine the post-collision speed of the cue ball. She rolls the 7.3 ft/s Problem 24 Rex (m=86 kg) and Tex (92 kg) board the bumper cars at the local carnival. the cue ball was moving east at 82 cm/s when it struck the slower 5-ball moving in the same direction at 24 cm/s.5-kg bag of soccer balls from Matthew's hands. Cart A has a mass of 1.5 cm/s.

Determine the distance of separation between the boy and the girl 5. When the impulse is completed.8 m/s. Once in motion. he flings a 4.• • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 5. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 58.4 m/s.40 m/s Problem 30 A 72-kg boy and a 48-kg girl. The Explorer and the garbage truck entangle together in the middle of the intersection and move as a single object. 16.714. Outraged by the futility of his efforts.4 meters apart. The pencil lodges into a 221.6° N of E Problem 32 . The baseball strikes the box with a pre-impact speed of 54. Determine the distance which the ball and box slide across the table after the collision. The coefficient of friction between the box and the table is 0. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 11. Determine the speed at which the pencil is moving prior to striking Sponge Bob. The box is filled with towels to help absorb the blow and effectively catch the ball. Ripper flipped out after missing a Must-Do-It question for the third time on his Minds On Physics assignment. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 1.9 cm across the countertop before stopping.325.0-gram pencil across the room. The high speed police chase ends at an intersection as a 2080-kg Ford Explorer (driven by Robin) traveling north at 32.6 m/s. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 43 m/s Problem 29 A physics student hurls a 315-gram ball directly into a 3.1 m Problem 31 The city police are in pursuit of Robin Banks after his recent holdup at the savings and loan. Determine the post-collision speed and direction of the two entangled vehicles. the pencil/doll combination slide a distance of 11.54-kg box which is at rest on a table top. sending her eastward with a speed of 6. The coefficient of friction between the doll and the countertop is 0. the boy and girl are a distance of 1. both wearing ice skates face each other at rest on a skating rink.1 m/s.6 m/s collides with a 18400-kg garbage truck moving east at 12.39 m/s Problem 28 Jack D.0-gram Sponge Bob doll which is at rest on a countertop. The boy pushes the girl.0 seconds after the impulse is completed.

Assuming momentum conservation. Determine the work (in Joules) done upon the backpack. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 7. Determine the work done by Lamar in deadlifting 300 kg to a height of 1.A 92-kg fullback moving south with a speed of 5. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 5. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 3. powerlifting star.9 m above the ground. Energy and Power: Problem Set Problem 1 Renatta Gass is out with her friends. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 2.8 m/s is tackled by a 110-kg lineman running west with a speed of 3.9 Newtons at an angle of 35 degrees above the horizontal to drag his backpack a horizontal distance of 129 meters to the right. 53° S of W Work. determine the speed and direction of the two players immediately after the tackle.6 m/s. Determine the work done by Sheila on the suitcase. U.42 x 103 J Problem 3 Lamar Gant. Determine the work done on the car.6 x 103 J Problem 4 Sheila has just arrived at the airport and is dragging her suitcase to the luggage check-in desk. They apply a cumulative force of 1080 N to push the car 218 m to the nearest fuel station.S. She pulls on the strap with a force of 190 N at an angle of 35° to the horizontal to displace it 45 m to the desk.35 x 105 J Problem 2 Hans Full is pulling on a rope to drag his backpack to school across the ice. became the first man to deadlift five times his own body weight in 1985. He pulls upwards and rightwards with a force of 22.0 x 103 J . Misfortune occurs and Renatta and her friends find themselves getting a workout. Deadlifting involves raising a loaded barbell from the floor to a position above the head with outstretched arms.3 m/s. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 2.

Determine the power generated by Jerome. 1. The elevators transport visitors from the ground floor to the Observation Deck on the 89th floor at speeds up to 16. Jerome runs up the stairs.Problem 5 While training for breeding season. displacing its center of mass by a distance of 8.5 cm for each pushup. Determine the power delivered by the motor to lift the 10 passengers at this speed. The combined mass of the passengers and cabin is 1250 kg.06 x 105 W Problem 9 The ski slopes at Bluebird Mountain make use of tow ropes to transport snowboarders and skiers to the summit of the hill. Determine the cumulative weight of all these skiers. a. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 2. Determine the total work done on the squirrel while moving upward (32 times). One of the tow ropes is powered by a 22-kW motor which pulls skiers along an icy incline of 14° at a constant speed. Determine the power output required of such a motor. b. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 490 W (rounded from 485 W) Problem 8 The Taipei 101 in Taiwan is a 1667-foot tall. Suppose that 18 skiers with an average mass of 48 kg hold onto the rope and suppose that the motor operates at full power.32 seconds at a constant speed. The skyscraper is the home of the world’s fastest elevator.8 m/s. 2. Determine the work done by Jerome in climbing the stair case.30 x 103 J b. 101-story skyscraper. a. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 10. a 380 gram male squirrel does 32 pushups in a minute. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a.29 meters in a time of 1. Determine the force required to pull this amount of weight up a 14° incline at a constant . b.73 x 103 W Problem 7 A new conveyor system at the local packaging plan will utilize a motor-powered mechanical arm to exert an average force of 890 N to push large crates a distance of 12 meters in 22 seconds. J Problem 6 During the Powerhouse lab. elevating his 102 kg body a vertical distance of 2.

speed.8 x 1029 J Problem 11 A bicycle has a kinetic energy of 124 J. 1. Determine the speed at which the skiers will ascend the hill. 248 J d. 2. … three times the mass and was moving with one-half the speed? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a. 6. … twice the mass and was moving at the same speed? b. What kinetic energy would the bicycle have if it had … a. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a.7 x 105 J c. having an estimated mass of 3. … the same mass and was moving with twice the speed? c. Determine the total mechanical energy possessed by the skydiver. c. … one-half the mass and was moving with twice the speed? d. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 4. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a. 8. … the same mass and was moving with one-half the speed? e. 93.0 J e. Determine the potential energy possessed by the skydiver.5 x 105 J b. c.5 x 103 N b.0 x 1021 kg and an orbital speed of 17900 m/s.0 x 103 N c. 8. 11 m/s Problem 10 The first asteroid to be discovered is Ceres. b. It is the largest and most massive asteroid is our solar system’s asteroid belt. 31.1 x 105 J Problem 13 . a. Determine the amount of kinetic energy possessed by Ceres. Determine the kinetic energy possessed by the skydiver.0 J Problem 12 A 78-kg skydiver has a speed of 62 m/s at an altitude of 870 m above the ground. 248 J b. 496 J c.

Determine the total mechanical energy of Li Ping Phar.2 0 PE (J) 760 310 560 0 KE (J) 0 460 200 760 TME (J) 760 760 760 760 Speed (m/s) 0.2 2. Assume negligible air resistance throughout the motion. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 86. At position C (2.0 5.7 m/s. The 26kg Olive is on a swing following the path as shown.9 4. Olive has a speed of 0 m/s at position A and is a height of 3.4 m/s at a height of 44.8 m above the ground and moving with a speed of 19.0 1.0 1. Use this information to fill in the table.2 m above the ground).2 J Problem 15 Olive Udadi is at the park with her father.6 kg.Li Ping Phar.0 7. Chloe slugged the 181-gram softball so hard that it cleared the outfield fence and landed on Lake Avenue. Olive is 1. At one point in its trajectory. Position A B C F • • Height (m) 3. Determine the total mechanical energy of the softball. the ball was 28.0 Audio Guided Solution Show Answer Height (m) 3.24 x 104 J Problem 14 Chloe leads South’s varsity softball team in hitting. Olive projects from the seat and travels as a projectile along the path shown. He is moving with a speed of 23. At point F. . • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 4.7 Position A B C F Problem 16 Suzie Lavtaski (m=56 kg) is skiing at Bluebird Mountain. In a game against New Greer Academy this past weekend. has a mass of 59.2 m above the ground.0-m above the ground. Olive is a mere picometer above the ground. At position B.2 2. She is moving at 16 m/s across the crest of a ski hill located 34 m above ground level at the end of the run.6 meters above the ground.2 0 PE (J) KE (J) TME (J) Speed (m/s) 0. the esteemed Chinese ski jumper.

23.0 x 101 m/s Problem 17 Nicholas is at The Noah's Ark Amusement Park and preparing to ride on The Point of No Return racing slide. 2.2 x 103 J b. At the top of the slide. Determine Nicholas' speed as he arrives at the bottom of the slide. Determine Nicholas's kinetic energy at the top of the slide. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a. determine Ima's total mechanical energy at the bottom of the loop (h=0 m). 3. e. c. f.02 x 104 J b. c. d. Determine Nicholas' potential energy as he arrives at the bottom of the slide. b. Determine Suzie's speed as she arrives at the end of the run and prior to braking to a stop. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a. a. If no energy is lost or gained between the top of the hill and her initial arrival at the end of the run. Nicholas (m=72.5-m high roller coaster loop. Determine Ima's speed at the bottom of the loop. 2. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer . Determine Suzie's potential energy relative to the height of the ground at the end of the run.5 m above the ground. Determine Suzie's total mechanical energy at the crest of the hill.a. d. Assuming negligible losses of energy due to friction and air resistance. Determine Suzie's kinetic energy. 0 J c. b. b. d.0 x 104 J c. 7.6 x 104 J d.6 m/s Problem 18 Ima Scaarred (m=56.03 x 104 J d. 2.6 kg) is 28.8 m/s at the top of a 19. 0 J e.2 kg) is traveling at a speed of 12. Assuming negligible losses of energy between the top of the slide and his approach to the bottom of the slide (h=0 m). Determine Nicholas' potential energy at the top of the slide. 2. Determine Ima's potential energy at the top of the loop. 2. 1. Determine Nicholas' kinetic energy as he arrives at the bottom of the slide. a.6 x 104 J e.03 x 104 J f. c. Determine Ima's kinetic energy at the top of the loop. then what will be Suzie's total mechanical energy at the end of the run? e. determine Nicholas's total mechanical energy as he arrives at the bottom of the slide.

60 x 103 J b. places it on the counter top and gives the 2.12 x 105 J b. -3.05 x 105 J c.00 . Jerome (m=102 kg) visits the park with his church youth group. 4.4 m/s Problem 19 Justin Thyme is traveling down Lake Avenue at 32. 8.8 J e.07 x 104 J c. Determine the total work done upon the pitcher . Determine the kinetic energy of the Camaro after slowing down. Determine the speed of the pitcher when Pete is done pushing it. a. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a.2 J b. He fills a pitcher full of Cola. c.53 x 104 J d.28. d. 4. Jerome begins screaming up the 420-foot. Determine the kinetic energy of the pitcher when Pete is done pushing it.4 J c. Determine Jerome's potential energy at the top of the vertical section. He boards his car.a. The coefficient of friction between the pitcher and the counter top is 0. What is Jerome's kinetic energy at the end of this acceleration period? c. 0. What is Jerome's kinetic energy before the acceleration period? b.8 seconds before climbing a completely vertical 420-foot hill.8 N forward push over a distance of 48 cm to send it to a customer at the end of the counter.1 m/s. straps himself in and prepares for the thrill of the day. c. b.6-kg pitcher a 8. 0. a. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a.8 m/s Problem 21 The Top Thrill Dragster stratacoaster at Cedar Point Amusement Park in Ohio uses a hydraulic launching system to accelerate riders from 0 to 53. 0.8-second acceleration period begins to accelerate Jerome along the level track. 1. Once the launch is over. Determine the work done by Pete on the pitcher during the 48 cm push. e. Determine the initial kinetic energy of the Camaro. His primary responsibility is to fill drink orders for customers. 3. Determine the amount of work done on the Camaro during the deceleration.6 m/s (120 mi/hr) in 3.07 x 105 J Problem 20 Pete Zaria works on weekends at Barnaby's Pizza Parlor. -5. b. completely vertical section of the track. He spots a police car with a radar gun and quickly slows down to a legal speed of 20. 23.8 m/s in his 1510-kg 1992 Camaro. Determine the work done by friction upon the pitcher .8 J d. The 3. 1. a. (GIVEN: 1.

19 m/s Problem 22 Paige is the tallest player on South's Varsity volleyball team.28 x 105 J d. a. 11. e. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a. 5. Instead.89 J of work on it. 1. 5. After descending the 49 m. By his third and final jump of the day. Determine the total mechanical energy of the ball upon hitting the floor on the opponent's side of the net. The 0. Determine Jerome's speed at the top of the vertical section.20 J d.m = 3. 15. She is in spiking position when Julia gives her the perfect set. c.09 J e. d.9 x 104 J e. Determine the speed of the ball upon hitting the floor on the opponent's side of the net. Determine the potential energy of the ball before Paige spikes it. b. Bogataj recognized the danger and attempted to make adjustments in order to terminate his jump.47 x 105 J c.127 J c. doing 9. Paige spikes the ball. b. Determine the change in potential energy of Vinko from the top of the hill to the point at which he stops. Determine Jerome's kinetic energy at the top of the vertical section. Vinko Bogataj was the Yugoslavian entrant into the World Championships held in former West Germany. For nearly 30 years thereafter.29 m above the ground and has a speed of 1. Determine the speed of 72-kg Vinco after skiing down the hill to a height which is 49 m below the starting location. 1. Determine the kinetic energy of the ball before Paige spikes it. On March 21 of 1970.06 m/s. Determine the amount of cumulative work done upon Vinko's body as he crashes to a halt. 0.6 m/s Problem 23 According to ABC's Wide World of Sports show.07 J b. heavy and persistent snow produced dangerous conditions along the slope. 1. footage of the event was included in the introduction of ABC's infamous sports show and Vinco has become known as the agony of defeat icon. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a. • Audio Guided Solution . Vinko tumbled off the track and descended another 15 m down the ski hill before finally stopping. e. there is the thrill of victory and the agony of defeat. a. 0 J b. Midway through the run.28 ft) d. Determine the total mechanical energy of the ball before Paige spikes it. he lost his balanced and tumbled and flipped off the slope into the dense crowd.226-kg volleyball is 2. c.

• • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 1.5 x 104 J c. Determine the speed of the cart when it is located 0. The coefficient of friction between the pond and the toboggan is 0. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 1. Determine the braking force applied to Dizzy's car.9 m/s. then to what height would it have traveled? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 103 m Problem 25 In the Incline Energy lab.340 m above the lab table.00-kg cart an initial speed of 2.• Show Answer a. Determine the speed of the ball when it cleared the stadium wall at a height of 25. 31 m/s b.1 m/s Problem 26 In April of 1976.51 x 104 N Problem 28 A 6.35 m/s from a height of 0.6 m.55 meters.5 x 104 J Problem 24 Nolan Ryan reportedly had the fastest pitch in baseball. Chicago Cub slugger Dave Kingman hit a home run which cleared the Wrigley Field fence and hit a house located 530 feet (162 m) from home plate. -4.0 m/s) If such a pitch had been directed vertically upwards at this same speed.0 m/s Problem 27 Dizzy is speeding along at 22. .9 mi/hr (45. partners Anna Litical and Noah Formula give a 1.125 m above the lab table.9 m/s over a distance of 5. Suppose that the 0. such that it acquires a speed of 1.7 m/s and that it lost 10% of its original energy on its flight through the air. clocked at 100. -4. Determine the distance which the toboggan slides before coming to rest.13.8-kg toboggan is kicked on a frozen pond.8 m/s as she approaches the level section of track near the loading dock of the Whizzer roller coaster ride. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 85. A braking system abruptly brings the 328-kg car (rider mass included) to a speed of 2.145-kg baseball left Kingman's bat at 92.

Assuming negligible friction and air resistance. b. 9. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 1.15 m below the water surface before stopping. Determine Connor's speed when he strikes the water.41 x 103 N Problem 30 Gwen is baby-sitting for the Parker family. Connor's body plunges to a depth of 2. Matthew and the sled have a combined mass of 27.• • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 1. • Audio Guided Solution . As she slides up the embankment. Determine the distance which Matthew will slide along the level surface before coming to a complete stop.5 kg. She takes 3-year old Allison to the neighborhood park and places her in the seat of the children's swing.0 kg) is competing in the state diving championship.8-m long chain back to make a 26° angle with the vertical and lets 14-kg Allison (swing mass included) go.94 m/s in the upward direction. 2.45 m high sledding hill.6 m/s at the bottom of the sledding hill near Bluebird Lake.60 m Problem 32 Matthew starts from rest on top of 8. He slides down the 32-degree incline and across the plateau at its base. He leaves the springboard from a height of 3. Determine the average force of water resistance experienced by his body.8 kg) is in her saucer sled moving at 12. a.128 for both the hill and the plateau. She approaches a long embankment inclined upward at 16° above the horizontal.128.00 m above the water surface with a speed of 5. she encounters a coefficient of friction of 0. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 5.9 m/s Problem 31 Sheila (m=56. determine Allison's speed at the lowest point in the trajectory. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a. Gwen pulls the 1.4 m Problem 29 Connor (m=76. Determine the height to which she will travel before coming to rest. The coefficient of friction between the sled and snow is 0.70 m/s b.

00 m/s= 2. Standing 42 stories high and holding as many as 780 passengers. 9. The merry-go-round at Eldridge Park takes riders on a spin at 18 mi/hr (8. a.24 mi/hr) • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 0. b. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 7. The Whirligig ride consists of long swings which spin in a circle at relatively high speeds. New York boasts of having the fastest carousel ride in the world. Determine the speed of the riders on the Whirligig.8 seconds.2 x 103 m/s/s Problem 4 Elmira.0 m/s Problem 2 The tallest Ferris wheel in the world is located in Singapore. Determine the acceleration of the riders.0 m/s). • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer . • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a. Tyler and Maria estimate that the riders travel through a circle with a radius of 6. Determine the speed of riders (in m/s and mi/hr) on the Singapore Flyer.• Show Answer 52.5 m and make one turn every 5. The radius of the barrel is 26 cm. Determine the time for outside riders to make one complete circle. Determine the speed of the clothes (in m/s) which are located on the wall of the spin barrel. b. As part of their lab. 49 m/s b. (GIVEN: 1. the Ferris wheel has a diameter of 150 meters and takes approximately 30 minutes to make a full circle.59 mi/hr Problem 3 During the spin cycle of a washing machine.5 m Circular Motion and Gravitation: Problem Set Problem 1 During their physics field trip to the amusement park.4 m.26 m/s or 0. a. Tyler and Maria took a rider on the Whirligig. The radius of the circle about which the outside riders move is approximately 7. Determine the acceleration of the clothes. the clothes stick to the outer wall of the barrel as it spins at a rate as high as 1800 revolutions per minute.

The 631-gram plane makes a complete circle every 2.0 x 102 cm/s or 7. stretched out in a nearly horizontal orientation. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 340 N . Determine the net force which must be applied to Jocelyn (m=51 kg) if her center of mass rotates in a circle with a radius of 61 cm once every 1. and net force acting upon the plane.1 m. ultimately reaching a speed of 52 m/s before launch. The radius of the circle is 0.0 m/s b. What is the acceleration of the outer row of data? • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a. acceleration of. Landon holds Jocelyn by the hand and swings her in a circle while she maintains her blades on the ice. Determine the net force acting upon the discus in the moments before launch.6 kg discus in a circle with a radius of 1. If spinning at this rate. a battery-powered plane is suspended from a string and flying in a horizontal circle.12 N Problem 7 Dominic is the star discus thrower on South's varsity track and field team. Last weekend. 8. In last year's regional competition. 8.9 seconds. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 3. 7. Determine the velocity of.9 x 103 N Problem 8 Landon and Jocelyn are partners in pair figure skating. During this maneuver.950 m.78 m/s acceleration: 8.8 x 104 cm/s/s or 8. Dominic whirled the 1.15 seconds.8 s b.7 m/s/s Problem 5 A manufacturer of CD-ROM drives claims that the player can spin the disc as frequently as 1200 revolutions per minute.a. 5. they perfected the death spiral element for inclusion in their upcoming competition. a.6 cm from the center of the disc? b.11 m/s/s net force: 5. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer velocity: 2. what is the speed of the outer row of data on the disc. this row is located 5.8 x 102 m/s/s Problem 6 In the display window of the toy store at the local mall.

The turning radius of the top of the loop is 12 m. down BOTTOM: 57 N.0 m.1 x 103 N Problem 11 Alexis is in her Toyota Camry and trying to make a turn off an expressway at 19. b. up c. Draw a free body diagram and determine Sheila's speed. TOP: 21 N. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a.9 m/s at the top of the loop and 6. The turning radius of the level curve is 35. the plane is moving at 48 m/s.Problem 9 In an effort to rev up his class. Mr.3meter long string. TOP: 12 m/s/s. The bucket and water have a mass of 1. Her car has a mass of 1240 kg. Determine the normal force acting upon the pilot.05 Problem 12 Sheila (m=62 kg) is riding the Demon roller coaster ride. At the bottom of the 52-m radius loop. Determine the acceleration. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 13 m/s Problem 13 . H whirls the bucket in a vertical circle such that it has a speed of 3.4 m/s at the bottom of the loop. H does a demonstration with a bucket of water tied to a 1.4 N BOTTOM: 74 N Problem 10 A 76-kg pilot at an air show performs a loop de loop with his plane. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 4. down BOTTOM: 32 m/s/s.8 kg. Determine the acceleration of the bucket at each location. Determine the net force experienced by the bucket at each location. Mr. TOP: 3.0 m/s. Sheila is upside down at the top of the loop and experiencing a normal force which is one-half of her weight. net force and minimum value of the coefficient of friction which is required to keep the car on the road. Draw a free body diagram for the bucket for each location and determine the tension force in the string for the two locations. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 1. a. up b. c.

2 m tall at its highest point.2 m/s Problem 14 Justin is driving his 1500-kg Camaro through a horizontal curve on a level roadway at a speed of 23 m/s. Determine the acceleration of the car at the top of the loop. c. m/s/s c.26 x 1022 kg. H's Physics class. Determine the minimum value of the coefficient of friction which would be required to keep Justin's car on the curve. 30. And now. Determine the magnitude of this force of gravitational attraction. a. 1. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 3.1 m/s. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a. respectively. For some time. It is a completely circular loop .9 x 104 N Problem 16 Tyrone and Mia have masses of 84 kg and 59 kg respectively. they each have been sensing a sort of electricity in their growing relationship. professional skateboarder Bob Burnquist became the first to successfully navigate a 360° full pipe turn.5 m/s b. six units into their Physics course.3 x 10-7 N Problem 17 Determine the force of gravitational attraction between the Earth and the moon. They sit 1. Determine the force of gravitational attraction between the Earth and the moon. Determine the normal force acting upon the car at the top of the loop. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 0. • Audio Guided Solution .0 m apart in the front center of Mr. determine the speed of the car at the top of the loop.83 Problem 15 A loop de loop track is built for a 938-kg car.14. Determine the minimum speed which would be required at the top of the circular loop to make it through the 1. Using energy conservation. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 4. they have learned that they are gravitationally attracted to each other. The turning radius of the curve is 65 m. b. The average distance separating the Earth and the moon is 3.8-m radius pipe. Their masses are 5.98 x 1024 kg and 7.84 x 108 m.In 2002. 14. The driver successfully completes the loop with an entry speed (at the bottom) of 22.

53 x 1022 N Problem 19 Determine the acceleration of the moon about the Earth.98 x 1024 kg) • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 7. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 3.50 x 1011 m) .37 x 106 m.71 x 10-3 m/s/s Problem 20 Determine the acceleration of the Earth about the sun. Determine the force of gravitational attraction between the Earth and the sun. (GIVEN: MEarth = 5.84 x 108 m) • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 2.99 x 1030 kg and Earth-sun distance = 1. Their masses are 5.50 x 1011 m.96 x 1020 N Problem 18 Determine the force of gravitational attraction between the Earth and the sun.37 x 106 m.orbiting at 350 km above the surface of the Earth.98 x 1024 kg and 1.69 x 103 m/s Problem 23 Determine the orbital speed of the Earth as it orbits about the Sun.99 x 1030 kg and Earthsun distance = 1. (GIVEN: Msun = 1.98 x 1024 kg) • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 8.• Show Answer 1. The average distance separating the Earth and the sun is 1.50 x 1011 m) • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 5. (GIVEN: Msun = 1.98 x 1024 kg and Earth-moon distance = 3. The radius of the Earth is 6. (GIVEN: MEarth = 5.90 x 10-3 m/s/s Problem 21 Use Newton's law of gravitation to determine the acceleration of an 85-kg astronaut on the International Space Station (ISS) when the ISS is at a height of 350 km above Earth's surface.84 m/s/s Problem 22 Determine the orbital speed of the International Space Station .99 x 1030 kg. (GIVEN: MEarth = 5. respectively. The radius of the Earth is 6.

97 km above Earth's surface. (GIVEN: RMercury = 2. Determine the orbital speed of a geostationary satellite. REarth = 6. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 6. • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer a.86 x 103 m/s Problem 25 Scientists determine the masses of planets by observing the effect of the gravitational field of those planets on nearby objects . 4. MMercury = 3. a geostationary satellite can always be found in the same position in the sky relative to an observer on Earth.98 x 104 m/s Problem 24 Hercules is hoping to put a baseball in orbit by throwing it horizontally (tangent to the Earth) from the top of Mount Newton . 0. was discovered in 1877. It's orbital radius is 9380 km and its orbital period is 0.36 x 1023 kg Problem 26 Geostationary satellites are satellites which are orbiting the Earth above the equator and make one complete orbit every 24 hours. Determine the acceleration of a geostationary satellite. The spacecraft orbited at a height of 125 miles above Mercury's surface. Phobos. 1 mi = 1609 m) • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer .98 x 1024 kg. Determine the orbital radius of a geostationary satellite. Because their orbital period is synchronized with the Earth's rotational period.• • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 2.37 x 106 m) • • Audio Guided Solution Show Answer 7. Newton's laws of motion can be used to determine the mass of the planet. With what speed must he throw the ball in order to put it into orbit? (GIVEN: MEarth = 5. a moon of the planet Mars.30 x 1023 kg. c.44 x 106 m. 3.23 x 107 m b.mainly upon their moons. NASA's Messenger spacecraft became the second spacecraft to orbit the planet Mercury. b.77 x 104 seconds).98 x 1024 kg) a. (GIVEN: MEarth = 5.223 m/s/s Problem 27 In 2009. Determine the mass of Mars based on this data. By measuring the orbital period and orbital radius of a moon about a planet. Determine the orbital speed and orbital period of Messenger.319 days (2.07 x 103 m/s c.

1. 6. Each gram of copper(II) ions contains 9.85 cm apart. To be reduced from the ion form to the atom form. c. Problem 1: Determine the quantity of charge on … a. … a plastic tube which has been rubbed with animal fur and gained 3.86x10-7 C is placed near an aluminum dish which has been charged positively by induction to a charge of +8.Speed: 2. a copper(II) ion must gain two electrons. b.60x10-19 C for the charge of an electron. A scientist wishes to use an electroplating process to reduce the 1.1x10-7 C and -3.7x10-7 C.8x109 electrons. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer -3 5. Each copper(II) ion has two less electrons than protons.37 g of copper(II) chloride.12 g of copper ions to solid copper atoms.8x10 N Problem 4: A Styrofoam plate with a negative charge of -4. The dissolved copper(II) chloride is dissociated into copper(II) and chloride ions.40x103 C Problem 3: Two ping pong balls have been painted with metallic paint and charged by contact with an Van de Graaff generator.7x1012 electrons.2x10-10 C (of positive charge) Problem 2: A 250 mL aqueous solution contains 2. … an acetate strip which has been rubbed with wool and lost 7.89 x 103 m/s Period: 5.29x10-8 C. Determine the force of electrical repulsion when held a distance of 42 cm apart. Determine the total quantity of charge that must be supplied to turn the copper(II) ions into solid copper atpms. … a vinyl balloon which has been rubbed with animal fur and gained 1.99 x109 N•m2/C2 for Coulomb's constant and 1. Determine the magnitude of the force of attraction between the Styrofoam plate and the aluminum dish. The charge on the balls are -3.7x10-7 C (of negative charge) c. 2. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a.3x108 electrons.1x10-10 C (of negative charge) b. The centers of positive and negative charge are positioned 1.75 x 103 s Static Electricity Use 8. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer . • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 3.48 x 1021 ions.

H's attention.3 N c.019 cm. … in South's physics classroom and at Navy Pier 52 km away. The balloons experience a repulsive force of 2.0 C charge and Mia had a -1. He turned the potentially embarrassing moment into a serendipitous moment.1. transferring a total of 2.0x10-3 N Problem 7: It happened during Wednesday's physics lesson on charging by friction.1x1012 electrons from his hair to each balloon. Florida 1900 km away.74x10-3 N. A small white object began to slowly emerge from beneath the sleeve of Mr. H gives two large vinyl balloons ten good rubs on what's left of his hair. Pulling the sheet out from beneath the sweater. • Audio Guided Solution . 3. Determine the magnitude of charge on each one of the balloons. 2. A sheet of cationic fabric softener having a surface charge of 3. Mr. Determine the quantity of charge on each balloon. 3. Determine the force of electrical attraction between Tyrone and Mia if they are positioned … a. c. He walks away. The balloons repel and reach an equilibrium position with a separation distance of 58 cm.4x10-7 C (of negative charge) b. It took several laughs and giggles from the class before the emerging sheet of fabric softener caught Mr. b.8x10-9 C. 9. H wrote the following problem on the board.06 N Problem 5: Let's just suppose that Tyrone transferred a Coulomb of negative charge to Mia so that Tyrone had a +1. Determine the Coulomb force of repulsion between the two balloons. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a. H's sweater. b. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a.0061 N (6. … in their seats with a separation distance of 1.0x109 N b.1x10-3 N) Problem 8: Two vinyl balloons with an identical charge are given a separation distance of 52 cm. … in South's physics classroom and Disney World in Orlando.6x10-12 C (positive) clings to a wool sweater with a negative charge of 6.0 C charge. What is the answer to this problem? • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 0. 3. leaving the balloons to be held by strings from a single pivot point on the ceiling.5x10-3 N Problem 6: Mr. Determine the force of electrical attraction if they can be treated as point objects with a separation distance of 0. a.0 m.

635 m or 63.16x10-5 C or 41. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 2.29x10-11 m. the centripetal force requirement was met by the electrical attraction between the oppositely charged proton and electron. determine the effective positive and negative charge on the polarized bubble.8 cm.67x10-11 N•m2/kg2. causing it to morph into an oblong shape and suspend motionless just below the tube.91 μC. The radius of orbit was 5. H rubs a long plastic tube with wool and imparts a charge of -45.8-mg bubble polarizes.86x10-9 kg Problem 11: An electron has a mass of 9.) • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 1. What separation distance will cause the force of attraction between the two objects to be 0. Ignoring buoyant forces.4 cm from the charge on the plastic tube. What quantity of charge must the two bowling balls have such that the electrical force of repulsion causes the top ball to levitate above the bottom ball such that their nearest surfaces are distanced 25 cm apart? The diameter of a bowling ball is 21.9x10-7 C Problem 9: Two different objects are given charges of +3. the electron was viewed as orbiting the lone proton of the nucleus. the center of negative charge is positioned 16.6 nC to the tube.6 μC Problem 13: Mr.358 N? (GIVEN: 1 C = 106 μC) • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 0. Assume the bowling balls have an identical charge. As the 22.19x107 m/s Problem 12: Two bowling balls with a mass of 7. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 4. Ariel then blows a soap bubble into the air.9 cm from the charge on the plastic tube. (GIVEN: 1 C = 109 nC) • Audio Guided Solution .11x10-31 kg.5 cm Problem 10: What mass would a pair of electrons have in order for their gravitational force of attraction to be equal to the electrical force of repulsion? (Use G=6.25 kg are positioned in a vertical cylinder such that they fit one above the other. the center of positive charge of the bubble is positioned 11. In the Bohr model of the hydrogen atom. H holds the plastic tube above the bubble. Use circular motion and electrostatic principles to determine the speed at which the electron moves as it orbits the proton.27 μC and -4. Mr.• Hide/Show Answer 2.

8x10-8 C of charge when positioned at this location. 8. 3. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a. … a distance of 3•d. … a pith ball with 6. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer -13 1.30x10-8 C or 13. 8. … a charged balloon with 1. • Audio Guided Solution . c. c.2x10-16 N b. … an electron when positioned at this location.0x10-4 N Problem 15: The electric field intensity at a particular location surrounding a Van de Graaff generator is 4. According to one source. directed away from the Earth Problem 17: High voltage electrical cables generate an electric field in the region of space surrounding the cables.0 nC Problem 14: Two objects with charges Q1 and Q2 experience an electrical force of attraction of 8.0x10-4 N when separated by a distance of d.5•d.1x10-4 N Problem 16: There is an electric field in the atmosphere surrounding the Earth which has a magnitude of roughly 150 N/C and a direction pointing towards the center of the Earth.0x10-4 N b. b. Determine the force of attraction if the same objects are separated by … a. … a distance of 2d and each object having double the charge. 8. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a. … a distance of 2•d.2x10-16 C.• Hide/Show Answer 1. Determine the magnitude and the direction of the force experienced by a dust particle having a negative charge of 9. b. … a distance of 0. d. This field can be strong enough to cause a coronal glow in grounded objects and to ignite combustible fuels. Determine the magnitude of the force which this field would exert upon … a.4x10 N. 7.8 μC of charge when positioned at this location. 2. utility companies take measures to insure that the electrical field intensity is no greater than 1000 N/C at the perimeter of their public lands.2x10-3 N d.0 μC charge when placed at this location. 3.1x10-3 N c.9x10-5 N c.5x103 N/C. Determine the force that would be experienced by a 1.

a. b. 2. Determine the magnitude and direction of the electric field at this location.28 μC charge.0x106 N/C at a distance of 50. Determine the quantity of charge on a Van de Graaff generator that will produce an electric field strength of 3.5x104 N/C.3x10 C Problem 21: The electric field between the plates of the cathode ray tube of an older television set can be as high as 2. c. Determine the force and resulting acceleration of an electron (m = 9.36x10-9 C charge is placed a distance of 41 cm from a 1. By holding the plastic tube . Treat the generator as a point charge. H inflates a 1. 2. 2. directed southward b. It’s insulating ability breaks down when the electric field approaches a value of approximately 3x106 N/C. b. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a. Determine the strength of the electric field at a distance of 75. 6.0 cm from the source.• Hide/Show Answer 1.4x1015 m/s/s Problem 22: Mr. He then rubs a plastic tube with animal fur to impart a charge of -4.4-gram balloon and charges it negatively by rubbing it on his head. 1.98x10-4 N Problem 20: Dry air is generally a good insulator.06x103 N/C.0x10-15 N Acceleration = 4.44x10-8 C c. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer -5 8. Determine the magnitude and type of charge on the source.50x10-5 N when placed a distance of 25.0x10-3 N or 0.3x10-8 C.18x10-8 C experiences a northward force of 4.85x104 N/C b.0010 N Problem 18: A test charge with a negative charge of 2. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a.0 cm from a source charge. Determine the electric field intensity at the location where the balloon is. a. Determine the electrical force experienced by the balloon at this location. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer Force = 4. cm from the generator.11x1031 kg) as it travels through this electric field towards the television screen.29x102 N/C Problem 19: A small balloon with a 4.

at a position of 12 cm below the balloon, he is able to levitate the balloon. Consider the two objects to be point charges and determine the quantity of charge upon the balloon.

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5.1x10 C Problem 23: Two identical balloons are inflated and charged in the same manner. They are tied by threads and hung from the same pivot point on the ceiling. The balloons hang down, with the threads making an angle of 14° with each other and the balloons being separated by a distance of 58 cm (center-to-center). Each balloon has a charge of -3.5x10-7 C. Draw a free-body diagram for the balloons and consider them to act as point objects. a. Calculate the force of electrical repulsion between the balloons. b. What is the horizontal component of force in the thread that supports either one of the balloons? c. What is the vertical component of force in the thread that supports either one of the balloons? d. What is the mass of either one of the balloons?

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a. 3.3x10-3 N b. 3.3x10-3 N c. 2.7x10-2 N d. 2.7 grams of 2.7x10-3 kg Problem 24: Consider the diagram below.

GIVEN: Q1 = +5.00x10-7 C; Q2 = +4.00x10-7 C; Q3 = -8.00x10-7 C; d1 = 5.00 cm; d2 = 8.00 cm. a. Determine the magnitude and direction of the force exerted by Q2 upon Q1. b. Determine the magnitude and direction of the force exerted by Q3 upon Q1. c. Determine the magnitude and direction of the net electric force on Q1.

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a. F2 on 1 = 0.719 N, leftward b. F3 on 1 = 0.213 N, rightward c. Fnet electric = 0.506 N, leftward Problem 25: Three charges are arranged as shown in the diagram at the right. GIVEN: Q1 = -15 nC Q2 = +14 nC

Q3 = +11 nC 1 nC = 1 nanoCoulomb = 1x10-9 C a. Determine the magnitude and direction of the force exerted by Q1 upon Q2. b. Determine the magnitude and direction of the force exerted by Q3 upon Q2. c. Determine the magnitude and direction of the net electrostatic force on Q2.

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a. F1 on 2 = 3.9x10-6 N, downward b. F3 on 2 = 1.54x10-5 N, leftward c. Fnet electric = 1.59x10-5 N, 14° down from left (194° CCW) Problem 26: Determine the strength of the net electric field at a location midway between two point charges. The charges are Q1 = +8.32x10-9 C and Q2 = +6.04x10-9 C. The separation distance is 24.6 cm. Suggestion: construct a diagram of the arrangement of two charges and compute each individual electric field; then sum to determine the net electric field.

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1.35x103 N/C, towards Q2 Problem 27: Two charges are separated by a distance of 40 cm. Q1 has a charge of -4.5 nC and Q2 has a charge of +9.1 nC. (GIVEN: 1 C = 109 nC.)

Determine the location where the net electric field is 0 N/C. Express your answer as an xcoordinate location (in cm), with Q1 being located at x=0 cm and Q2 being located at x = +40 cm (as shown in the diagram).

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-95 cm Problem 28: A thread is tied to a 2.50-gram pith ball and attached to the ceiling at a location of a uniform electric field with an intensity of 5.00x102 N/C. The pith ball experiences a force which causes it to deflect from an otherwise vertical alignment by an angle of 12.6° from the vertical. Use a free-body diagram and electrostatic principles to perform the following calculations. a. Determine the force of gravity acting upon the pith ball. b. Determine the vertical component of the tension force of the thread. c. Determine the horizontal component of the tension force of the thread.

d. Determine the quantity of charge on the pith ball. e. What type of charge - positive or negative - does the pith ball possess?

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a. 0.0245 N b. 0.0245 N c. 5.48x10-3 N d. 1.10x10-5 C e. Positive charge Problem 29: Two negatively-charged balloons with a mass of 1.78 g are suspended by threads from a common point on the ceiling. The two balloons repel to an equilibrium position in which the angle between the two threads is 13.1 degrees. The distance from ceiling to the center of either one of the balloons is 155 cm. Determine the charge on each balloon. Assume the same amount of charge is on each balloon.

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1.67x10-7 C Problem 30: Four positive charges are positioned in such a manner than they form a square with sides which are 5.0 cm long. A 3.0 μC charge is placed at the (0 cm, 0 cm) mark. A 9.0 μC charge is placed at the (0 cm, 5 cm) mark, a 3 μC charge is placed at the (5 cm, 5 cm) mark, and a 6.0 μC charge is placed at the (5 cm, 0cm) mark. Determine the magnitude and direction of the electric field at the exact center of the square.

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magnitude: 2.2x107 N/C direction: directed away from Q2 and towards Q4 (OR 45° below horizontal right OR 315°) Problem 31: The diagram at the right shows three charges positioned to form an equilateral triangle. Each side has a length of 46 cm and each charge has a positive charge of 7.8 nC. Determine the magnitude and direction of the net electric force exerted upon the charge at point P at the top of the triangle.

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• • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer x-coordinate=+160 cm Problem 33: Three negative charges are arranged as shown in the diagram at the right.0 hours during the course of a day.8 nC Q3 = -5.2 nC Q2 = -3. 3. Determine the current for such a computer. The charges of the three objects are: Q1 = -6. cm apart and have charges of +38 nC (Q1) and -18 nC (Q2). The unit runs for 8. Determine the location along the axis where the net electric field is 0 N/C.magnitude = 4. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 1.3 A Problem 2: The large window air conditioner in Anita Breeze's room draws 11 amps of current.8x104 C of charge pass through a typical computer (presuming it is in use the entire time). They are spaced 50. Determine the quantity of charge that passes through Anita's window AC during these 8.12x10-6 N Electric Circuits Problem 1: Over the course of an 8 hour day.2x105 C .0 hours.5 nC (1 nC = 1 nanoCoulomb = 1x10-9 C) Determine the magnitude of the net electric force exerted on Q3. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 1.5x10-6 N direction = upward Problem 32: Two point charges (Q1 and Q2) are positioned along the x-axis as shown below. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 3.

LED night light (I=0. The resistivity of nichrome is 110x10-8 Ω•m.8 d Problem 4: The heating element of an electric toaster is typically made of nichrome wire (an alloy of nickel and chromium). 1. 0.762 Ω c. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 9.163 cm diameter) wire made of the following materials. Large bathroom light fixture (I=2.0x105 s = 140 hr = 5.56 mm.65x10-8 Ω•m) d.6x104 hr = 2.0x106 C (1 million Coulombs) of charge passes through them.67x10-8 Ω•m) b. 2.0x106 s = 560 hr = 23 d d.8 Ω Problem 5: Determine the overall resistance of a 100-meter length of 14 AWA (0.4x108 sec = 6.65 Ω Problem 6: A power saw at the local hardware store boasts of having a 15-Amp motor. 2.3 Ω .5x107 sec = 4. 4. iron (resistivity = 9.59x10-8 Ω•m) c. 5. a. a.Problem 3: Determine the amount of time that the following devices would have to be used before 1.0 A) • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a.8x103 d = 7. Estimate the overall resistance of a heating element which is 220 cm long and consists of nichrome wire with a diameter of 0. 0.1x103 hr = 170 d c. As current passes through the wires. copper (resistivity = 1.50 A) d. 60-Watt incandescent light bulb (I=0. 1.0042 A) b. silver (resistivity = 1. Determine its resistance when plugged into a 110-Volt outlet.71x10-8 Ω•m) • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a. thus toasting the toast.5 yr b. the wires heat up.800 Ω b. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 7. aluminum (resistivity = 2.068 A) c.27 Ω d. Incandescent night light (I=0.

4. b. X-Box video game player (180 W) . • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 13 A Problem 8: Defibrillator machines are used to deliver an electric shock to the human heart in order to resuscitate an otherwise non-beating heart. estimate the resistance of the human body.3x106 J d. Determine the annual (365 days) cost of this practice of using a 7. 1. He turns it on before getting in bed and turns it off 8 hours later.4x107 J c.5-Watt night light. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 1700 V Problem 9: A stun gun or TASER is designed to put out a few seconds worth of electric pulses that impress a voltage of about 1200 V across the human body. This results in an average current of approximately 3 mA into a human body.operated for 5 minutes b. Using 100.operated for 4 hours c. Determine the current through the coil when operated at 110 V.5x105 J b. Electric space heater (950 W) . Determine the amount of energy used during one evening in units of kiloWatt•hours.5 Ω.Problem 7: A coffee cup immersion heater utilizes a heating coil with a resistance of 8. 1. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 4x105 Ω Problem 10: Determine the amount of electrical energy (in J) used by the following devices when operated for the indicated times. Electrical energy costs 13 cents/kW•hr where Alfredo lives.operated for 3 hours • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a. a. Using these figures. determine the output voltage required of a defibrillating device. Hair dryer (1500 W) . a. It is estimated that a current as low as 17 mA through the heart is required to resuscitate.operated for 2 hours d.000 Ω as the overall resistance. 42-inch LCD television (210 W) . 2. .3x106 J Problem 11: Alfredo deDarke sleeps with a 7.5-Watt night light bulb on.

Penny pays 12 cents per kiloWatt•hour for her electricity. Each is powered by 110-volt outlet. Determine the energy consumed (in kW•hr) if operated for 8 hours per day. Sel Erbate uses the equivalent of 45 strings of 100 mini-bulbs to light the inside and outside of his home. The average daily usage of the strings is 7 hours.5-Watt LED night light. a. Determine the resistance of each string of lights. How much money is Penny able to save over the course of a month (31 days) with her new alarm clock usage pattern? • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 24 cents Problem 13: The power of a 1. Penny Penching is looking for every possible means of cutting costs.5 W) Problem 14: A central air conditioner in a typical American home operates on a 220-V circuit and draws about 15 A of current. $2.5-volt alkaline cell varies with the number of hours of operation. Determine the power of a brand new D-cell.c. . $110 per month (rounded from $106) Problem 15: During the Christmas season. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 20.7 savings for one year Problem 12: Having recently lost her job.8 for one year c. The lights are used for approximately 40 days during the holiday season.060 kW•hr for one evening b. a. She decides that her 4. b. So she decides to plug it in before going to sleep and to unplug it when waking. b. 26 kW•hr c. 0. 3300 W b. Determine the annual savings if Alfredo replaced his 7. A brand new D-cell can deliver as much as 13 A through a copper wire connected between terminals. c. $2. Determine the monthly cost (31 days) if the utility company charges 13 cents per kW•hr.5-Watt incandescent night light by a 0.0-Watt clock radio alarm does not need to be on for 24 hours every day since she only needs it for waking up after her average 8-hour sleep. W (rounded from 19. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a. Each 100-bulb string of lights is rated at 40 Watts. Determine the power rating of such an air conditioner. Determine the energy consumed (in kW•hr) by the lights over the course of 40 days.

48) Problem 16: A 3-way light bulb for a 110-V lamp has two different filaments and three different power ratings. 5x102 kW•hr (rounded from 504 kW•hr) c. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 50-watt filament: R = 240 Ω (rounded from 242 Ω) 100-watt filament: R = 120 Ω (rounded from 121 Ω) Problem 17: Compare the resistance of a 1. $60 (rounded from $60. These three brightness settings are achieved by channeling current through the high resistance filament (50 W).c. the low resistance filament (100 W) or through both filaments. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer Resistance: 110 Ω (rounded from 107 Ω) Current: 3800 A (rounded from 3750 A) Problem 19: The UL panel on the bottom of an electric toaster oven indicates that it operates at 1500 W on a 110 V circuit. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer Car light bulb: 8.0x105 V) power transmission line delivers electrical energy from a generating station to a substation at a rate of 1500 MW (1.1 Ω Problem 20: Determine the equivalent resistance of a 6.5 Ω) b. Determine the resistance of the 50 W and the 100 W filaments.5x109 W). • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 8.0 Ω 100-W lamp bulb: 120 Ω (rounded from 121 Ω) Problem 18: An overhead high voltage (4. Determine the electrical resistance of the toaster oven. Turning the switch of the lamp toggles the light from OFF to low (50 W) to medium (100 W) to high (150 W) brightness.5-Amp interior light bulb of a car (operating off a 12-V battery) to the resistance of a 100-Watt bulb operating on a 110-volt household circuitry. then what is the total cost of Christmas lighting for a single season? • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 2 a.0 Ω resistor if … . Determine the resistance of and the current in the cables. 3x10 Ω (rounded from 302. If Sel pays 12 cents/kW•hr for electrical energy.0 Ω and a 8.

… connected in parallel. ΔV1 = 30.7 A c.9 Ω (R2). 10. V and ΔV2 = 18 V Problem 23: Voltmeters can be used to determine the voltage difference between two points on a circuit. Determine the current in the circuit. 4. Determine the voltage drop across each individual resistor. … connected in series.0-volt source.86 A b. b. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a. 3.0-volt battery and utilizes two voltmeters and two ammeters to measure voltage drops and currents. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a.0 Ω are connected to a 12.5 A Problem 22: The series circuit at the right depicts two resistors connected to a voltage source. An ammeter can be used to determine the current at any given location on a circuit.a. Determine the ammeter readings and voltmeter readings.01 V . • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer Ammeter readings: 2. b. The voltage source (ΔVtot) is a 48-V source and the resistor values are 6. 14. Determine the equivalent resistance of the circuit.0 Ω b.4 Ω Problem 21: Two resistors with resistance values of 6.34 A (for each) Top voltmeter reading: 2.3 Ω b. 0. Determine the overall current in the circuit if the resistors are … a.4 Ω (R1) and 3. The circuit at the right is powered by a 12. The resistor values are 1. … connected in parallel. … connected in series. c. b. 3.99 V Bottom voltmeter reading: 9.28 Ω (R1) and 3.0 Ω and 8.85 Ω (R2). • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a. a.

a. 22. .2 Ω (R2) and 8.8 Ω (R3). The resistor values are 10.6 Ω (R3). b.57 A (for each) Top voltmeter reading (across R1): 16.3 Ω (R1).2 Ω (R1).2 Ω (R2) and 12.8 V Bottom voltmeter reading (across R3): 20. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer Ammeter readings: 1. An ammeter can be used to determine the current at any given location on a circuit.0-volt power source and utilizes three voltmeters and three ammeters to measure voltage drops and currents.1 Ω ΔV1 = ΔV2 = ΔV3 = 4.0 A c.360 A. 6. Resistor A has three times the resistance as resistor B. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer R1 = R2 = R3 = 11. The circuit at the right is powered by a 60. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a.0 V Problem 27: A 4.1 V Right voltmeter reading (across R2): 23. Determine the resistance values of the resistors and the voltage drops across the resistors. Determine the voltage drops across each individual resistor. An ammeter records a current of 160 mA of current. Determine the resistance values of resistors A and B. 15.5-volt series circuit consists of two resistors. An ammeter reading reveals a current of 0. Determine the ammeter readings and voltmeter readings. 5.1 V Problem 26: A circuit powered by a 12. ΔV1 = 36 V. ΔV2 = 31 V and ΔV3 = 43 V Problem 25: Voltmeters can be used to determine the voltage across two points on a circuit. c.0-volt battery is comprised of three identical resistors in series.0 Ω b. The voltage source (ΔVtot) is a 110-V source and the resistor values are 7.Problem 24: The series circuit at the right depicts three resistors connected to a voltage source. Determine the equivalent resistance of the circuit. Determine the current in the circuit.

1 A c.1 Ω RB = 7.• • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer RA = 21.00-volt battery is used to power a series circuit with a 2. Req = 3.5 W Problem 29: Determine the equivalent resistance of a parallel arrangement of two resistors with resistance values of … a.9 A and I2 = 3.0 Ω b. … 5.0 Ω b.0 Ω Problem 28: A 9.0 Ω d. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a.63 W Power of 3. Req = 4.88 W Power of entire circuit: 13. Determine the equivalent resistance of the circuit.2 Ω e.4 Ω b.4 Ω (R1) and 3.0 Ω and 450 Ω • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a. Req = 4.0 Ω and 9.0 A .9 Ω Problem 30: The parallel circuit at the right depicts two resistors connected to a voltage source. Determine the power rating of each resistor and the total power of the circuit. 5. Req = 3. Req = 2. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer Power of 2.5 Ω c.1 Ω d.0 Ω c. b.50 Ω and a 3. Determine the current in each branch resistor.1 Ω f. c. a.2 Ω f.2 Ω e.0 Ω and 5. Determine the total current in the circuit. … 5. … 5.5 Ω resistor: 7. The voltage source (ΔVtot) is a 12-V source and the resistor values are 6.0 Ω and 27.0 Ω and 8. … 5.0 Ω and 8. 2.5 Ω resistor: 5.50 Ω resistor. … 5.9 Ω (R2). … 8. I1 = 1. Req = 4.

498 A Bottom ammeter reading (outside branches): 1. I2 = 5. c. 21.9 Ω (R2) and 11.02 A and I3 = 9. An ammeter can be used to determine the current at any given location on a circuit.10 Ω b.440 A Middle ammeter reading (in R2 branch): 0.57 A Problem 32: Voltmeters can be used to determine the voltage across two points on a circuit.00-volt battery is used to power a parallel circuit with a 2.7 Ω (R3).50 Ω and a 3. I1 = 7. 21.Problem 31: The parallel circuit at the right depicts three resistors connected to a voltage source. The circuit below is powered by a 24.7 Ω (R2) and 48. 5. Determine the equivalent resistance of the circuit. The voltage source (ΔVtot) is a 110. Determine the ammeter readings and voltmeter readings.14 A. 31. • Audio Guided Solution .2 Ω (R3).757 A Right ammeter reading (in R3 branch): 0. Determine the power rating of each resistor and the total power of the circuit.5 Ω (R1). • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a.-V source and the resistor values are 15. The resistor values are 54.4 Ω (R1). • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer Left ammeter reading (in R1 branch): 0.40 A c.695 A Voltmeter readings: 24. Determine the current in each branch resistor. b. a.50 Ω resistor.0-volt power source and utilizes four voltmeters and three ammeters to measure voltage drops and currents. Determine the total current in the circuit.0 V (for each) Problem 33: A 9.

. Once the wok is plugged in (part e). juicer. crockpot.5 Ω resistor: 23. a. h. 27.4 A h. they have every imaginable kitchen gadget that exists. blender. e. electric fondue. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a.4 W Power of 3. One Sunday afternoon. 10. crockpot. crockpot. blender and electric fondue operating. juicer and blender operating. wok. rotisserie. blender. Determine the overall current on the circuit with the mixer. Each appliance is plugged in to 110-volt receptacles which are wired in parallel on the same circuit.7 A c. Mixer (81 Ω) Crockpot (62 Ω) Juicer (43 Ω) Blender (21 Ω) Electric Fondue (16 Ω) Wok (12 Ω) Rotisserie (7. Determine the overall current on the circuit with the mixer.5 W Problem 34: Cullen Ary's family loves to cook. 17. They get out the following small appliances. Determine the overall current on the circuit with the mixer. Determine the overall current on the circuit with the mixer.1 A b. wok. and the deep-fat fryer operating. d. f. c. 5.5 Ω resistor: 32. crockpot.0 A f. plug them in and turn them on. 3.0 Ω) The resistance values for each appliance is listed in parenthesis. The circuit is protected by a 20-amp circuit breaker. Determine the overall current on the circuit with the mixer and crockpot operating. g.5 Ω) Deep-fat fryer (7.• Hide/Show Answer Power of 2. crockpot and juicer operating. 57. they have a cooking party in which every member of the family participates. the circuit breaker will trip and interrupt the circuit. juicer. According to Cullen's friends. electric fondue. b.9 A d. Determine the overall current on the circuit with the mixer. At what point in the progression of turning on appliances will the circuit become overloaded and the circuit breaker interrupt the circuit. blender. electric fondue. juicer. and rotisserie operating. juicer.1 W Power of entire circuit: 55. crockpot.6 A g. Determine the overall current on the circuit with the mixer. and wok operating.8 A e. 41.

Determine the frequency (in Hertz) and the period (in seconds) of the spinning CD.Waves Problem 1: Jerome and Claire are doing the Period of a Pendulum Lab.e. They observe that a pendulum makes exactly 10 complete back and forth cycles of motion in 21. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 2. So for Venus inhabitants.14 x 10-8 Hz . it is found that Venus has a period of orbit of 243 days and a period of rotation of 225 days.8 seconds. the period of orbit) is what defines a year. Just as on Earth.76 x 10-8 Hz Frequency of rotation: 5.6 vibrations in 60 seconds.67 Hz Period = 0. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer Frequency = 6. As the Sears Tower vibrates back and forth.18 s Problem 2: Strong winds can apply a significant enough force to tall skyscrapers to set them into a back-andforth motion.. When accessing data from the inner circles of the disc. the planet Venus orbits the Sun in periodic motion and simultaneously spins about its axis. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer Frequency: 0.e. a day would last longer than a year! Determine the frequency of orbit and the frequency of rotation (in Hertz) on Venus.0 s Problem 3: The spin rate of a CD-ROM varies according to the location on the disc from where data is being accessed. Determine the period of the pendulum. The amplitudes of these motions are greater at the higher floors and barely observable for the lower floors.00 day). But when these same values for Venus are expressed relative to Earth.. And the time to make one complete revolution about its axis (i. The period of orbit for the Earth is 365. It is said that one can even observe the vibrational motion of the Sears Tower in Chicago on a windy day. the time to make one complete orbit (i. Determine the frequency and the period of vibration of the Sears Tower.25 days and the period of rotation is 24 hours (1. it makes about 8. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer Frequency of orbit: 4. the period of rotation) is what defines a day.14 Hz Period: 7. the CD can spin at a rate as high as 400 revolutions per minute.150 s Problem 4: Like all planets.

They then repeat the experiment with a copper-coiled snakey stretched the same distance and find that pulses travel back and forth two times in 16. Several merchant ships reports rogue waves which are estimated to be 25 meters high and 26 meters long. Approximate the speed of the sound waves as 345 m/s. Using a stopwatch. If the waves travel 6. tsunamis originate from geological events such as movements of tectonic plates. are a focus of much research and study among scientists.Problem 5: Extreme waves along ocean waters. Cassie and Abbey are doing the Pulse Speed Lab. Abbey measures that it takes 15. determine the time delay between the disturbance and the detection. a bat can determine the location of the object. determine the frequency and the period of these waves. While rogue waves and other waves are generated by winds. .8 m apart and stretch a zinc-coiled snakey between them.1 seconds for the pulse to travel to Cassie's end and back two times. Assuming that these waves travel at speeds of 6. sometimes referred to as freak waves or rogue waves. (Given: 1. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 160 seconds (rounded from 157 seconds) Problem 8: Microbats use echolocation to navigate and hunt. Determine the speed in mi/hr and m/s.0 m/s = 2.24 mi/hr) • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 410 mi/hr or 180 m/s Problem 7: A geological disturbance in California produces seismic waves which are detected in Phoenix.9 seconds.0 s Problem 6: Tsunamis are much different than rogue waves. Logan and Cassie stand 6. Tsunamis tend to travel very fast. approximately 990 km from the epicenter. Determine the time delay between the sending of a pulse and the return of its reflection from an object located 12.5 milliseconds) Problem 9: Logan. They emit pulses of high frequency sound waves which reflect off obstacles and objects in their surroundings. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer Frequency: 0.0725 seconds (72.25 Hz Period: 4.5 m away.3 km/s. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 0. By detecting the time delay between the emitted pulse and the return of the reflected pulse.5 m/s. Logan introduces a pulse into the snakey at his end. A tsunami generated off the coast of Chile in 1990 is estimated to have traveled approximately 6200 miles to Hawaii in 15 hours.

10 kHz sounds have a wavelength of 0.1 seconds.102.930 m Problem 11: A transverse wave is observed to be moving along a lengthy rope. Determine the speed and the frequency of these waves. frequency and speed of these waves. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a. b.a.14 m. Determine the wavelengths of the waves at the lower and the upper end of this frequency range.61 m/s Problem 10: Sachi is rock'n to her favorite radio station .8 seconds.023 x 108 Hz. .80 m/s b. Exactly six crests are observed to move past a given point along the medium in 9. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer speed = 2. 1. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 2. 1. The radio wave signal travel through the air at a speed of 2. Determine the speed of the pulse in the copper-coiled snakey. Determine the speed of the pulse in the zinc-coiled snakey.28 meters long and 1. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 20 Hz sounds have a wavelength of 70 m. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer wavelength = 2.3 FM. Determine the wavelength of these radio waves.65 meters high and travel a distance of 50.0 meters in 21.247 Hz Problem 13: Humpback whales are known to produce a collection of elaborate and repeating sounds with frequencies ranging from 20 Hz to 10 kHz. Determine the wavelength. The sound waves travel through water at speeds of approximately 1400 m/s.29 m/s frequency = 0.4 m speed = 1.4 m apart. Adjacent crests are positioned 2. The station broadcasts radio signals with a frequency of 1.997 x 108 m/s.66 Hz Problem 12: A marine weather station detects waves which are 9.6 m/s frequency = 0.

Problem 14: A wave is traveling in a rope. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer wavelength = 16 m frequency = 0. The piers were positioned a distance of 24 meters apart. d. 3. 1.15 Hz speed = 2. b. … C and E on the rope. the neighboring pier was at a low position and there was exactly one wave crest between them. 1. frequency and speed of the waves. Determine the wavelength. When Nick's raft was at a high point.8 meters apart. c. … A and J on the rope. When one pier was at a high position.0 wavelengths d. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a. Determine the number of wavelengths which is equal to the horizontal distance between points … a. Determine the .6 seconds.75 wavelengths Problem 15: Ryan and Carson attended their church's youth retreat at Camp Paradise this past fall. Ryan and Carson observed that the piers made a complete up and down vibration cycle in 6. 1.4 seconds. On Saturday afternoon they took a walk out to the harbor and watched incoming waves from Lake Michigan rock the boating piers up and down. 4.0 wavelengths f. … E and I on the rope. making exactly 4 up and down cycles in 8. The diagram below represents a snapshot of the rope at a particular instant in time. e.5 wavelengths e.4 m/s Problem 16: Nick and Kara were lounging on rafts in the shallow waters of the beach at Lake Bluebird. Kara's raft was at a low point and there were no crests between their boats. … B and F on the rope.0 wavelengths b. Nick and Kara's rafts began to bob up and down as the ripples passed by them. 2. f. … C and K on the rope.5 wavelengths c. They were spaced 1. … D and H on the rope. A motor boat zoomed past creating ripples which traveled towards Nick and Kara.

wavelength.3 Hz is traveling from left to right across a rope as shown in the diagram at the right Positions A and B in the diagram are separated by a horizontal distance of 42. b.0 seconds. stands 7. Positions C and D in the diagram are separated by a vertical distance of 12. The speed at which waves move along the rope is 2. and vibrates the rope up and down with 28 complete cycles in 5. period and speed of this wave.8 cm. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer . Use this information and the diagram to determine the amplitude. 24. frequency and speed of the ripples Assume that the ripples traveled in a direction parallel to the imaginary line connecting the two rafts.6 m frequency = 0. The resulting standing wave pattern is shown in the diagram at the right. a. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a.20 Hz b.0813 s speed = 263 cm/s or 2.2 m away. The distance A in the diagram is 3. Determine the amplitude.63 m/s Problem 18: A rope is held tightly and shook until the standing wave pattern shown in the diagram at the right is established within the rope. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer wavelength = 3. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer amplitude = 6.62 m/s.48 Hz speed = 1.0 seconds. Determine the number of vibrational cycles which would be measured in 20.4 cm. wavelength. 1.0 vibrations Problem 19: Anna Litical ties a rope to a tree.7 m/s Problem 17: A wave with a frequency of 12. frequency and speed.2 cm wavelength = 21.4 cm period = 0.27 meters. wavelength. Determine the frequency of the waves creating the standing wave pattern.

Determine the frequency. H's end.8 m frequency: 5. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer frequency = 3.38 m length of elastic cord at one of its harmonic frequencies. Vibrations travel through the 86 cm tall antenna at 5.amplitude: 0. There is an antinode at its free end and a node at the location where the antenna mounts to the car. lab partners Chloe and Paige adjust the frequency of a mechanical oscillator in order to vibrate a 1.1 m speed = 9.0 x 103 m/s.2 Hz wavelength = 3. Determine the frequency of vibrations of the antenna.9 m/s Problem 22: Gillian drives down Lake Avenue and observes an odd vibrational pattern of her car antenna.4 x 103 Hz Problem 23: Anna Litical and Stan Dingwaives are holding an elastic cord between them. Gerald is holding the opposite end of the snakey and is standing 6.5 Hz.2 m from Mr.8 m/s Problem 21: In a physics demonstration. they create a wave which travels at 2. Using a 1.4 Hz. each occupied by an antinode.6 Hz speed: 27 m/s Problem 20: In the Standing Wave Lab. wavelength and speed of the wave. What would be the new wavelength and speed if they double the frequency of vibration of the cord? . The cord vibrates with the pattern shown below when the frequency is set to 79. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 43.6 meter long rope. She observes it vibrating back and forth in the manner shown at the right. There are four equal length sections in the snakey. Determine the speed of the waves in the elastic cord.3 m wavelength: 4. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 4.4 m/s and has a frequency of 1. H establishes a standing wave pattern in a snakey by vibrating it up and down with 32 vibrations in 10 seconds. Mr.

8 meters and the measurements are made for the 6th harmonic (with six equal length sections). The distance from point A to point B is known to be 4.8 m speed: 2.70 seconds. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 27.6 seconds when vibrating in the third harmonic (in three equal-length sections).4 m/s Problem 24: A standing wave pattern is established in a 246-cm long rope.69 meters. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 349 cm/s or 3. • Audio Guided Solution .49 m/s Problem 27: In a physics lab. The length of the rope is 2. Determine the frequency of vibration of the rope.7 Hz Problem 25: A standing wave is established in a snakey as shown in the diagram at the right. a single pulse introduced into the medium at point A will travel to the opposite end and back in 2. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 1. Vibrations travel within the rope at speeds of 22. a rope is observed to make 240 complete vibrational cycles in 15 seconds. Determine the speed of the waves in the rope.85 Hz Problem 26: A 144 cm long rope undergoes exactly 64 complete vibrational cycles in 17. Determine the speed of the waves in the rope. A snapshot of the rope at a given moment in time is shown in the diagram below. When not being vibrated as a standing wave.7 m/s.• • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer wavelength: 0. Determine the vibrational frequency of the wave pattern.

disturbances move at 80 cm/s in this section. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 40 cm Sound and Music Problem 1: The speed (v) at which sound travels through air is dependent upon the temperature of the air and seems to follow the equation v = 331 m/s + 0. c. … on a cold day when the outdoor temperature is 4°C. … on a warm day when the outdoor temperature is 38°C. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a. He introduces a pulse with a length of 10 cm into the slower section. Infrasonic sound waves (sound . What is the resultant displacement of the rope when they completely overlap? b. The other section consists of shorter steel rods. H uses a wave machine donated to the school by Bell Telephone Company. 345 m/s c. H connects the two sections together so that pulses can cross the boundary from one section to the other. a. 354 m/s Problem 2: Herds of African elephants are generally spread over large areas. 110 cm. Determine the length of this pulse when it crosses the boundary into the faster section. 333 m/s b. up b. … inside the school where the temperature is 24°C. Mr. The wave machine consists of two 1-meter length sections of 50 steel rods. The steel rods are connected to each other so that when the first rod is disturbed from a rest position. 26 cm. Winston introduces a 68-cm tall upward-displaced pulse on his end while Michal simultaneously introduces a 42-cm tall upwarddisplaced pulse on his end. Mr. b. What would be the resultant displacement of the rope if Michal's pulse was displaced downward? • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a. the disturbance travels along the medium from rod to rod. disturbances move at 20 cm/s in this section. The two pulses meet in the middle of the rope. One of the sections consists of longer steel rods. Determine the speed of sound … a. up Problem 29: During a classroom demonstration.6 m/s/°C * T where T is the Celsius temperature of the air.• Hide/Show Answer 15 m/s Problem 28: Winston and Michal hold opposite ends of a stretched rope.

Sound waves with low frequencies have a greater ability to bend around obstacles and generally carry further. At one point. Scientists have detected sound waves with frequencies as low as 13 Hz being produced by elephants. Some companies have produced (allegedly) rodent repellant devices that emit ultrasonic waves with frequencies of approximately 45 kHz. Determine the amount of time that passes before the sound waves are reflected back to the surface. determine the wavelength of these sounds waves. Sound waves are emitted from the surface of the ocean and travel through the water at 1450 m/s. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 310 m Problem 6: A deep sea ocean vessel uses SONAR to detect the ocean's bottom. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 0.0076 m or 7.415 m or 41. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 0.80 seconds later. The ocean bottom is 1630 m below the surface. students went hiking at Devil's Head State Park. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 27 m Problem 3: Indoor pests such as mice and other rodents are sensitive to ultrasonic sound waves (sound waves above the human range of frequency detection). • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 2. Assuming a speed of sound in the Titan Dome of 355 m/s.25 s . Jeremy let out a holler which reflected off a nearby rocky cliff and was detected as an echo 1.6 mm Problem 4: Mama G used to be the leader of South's Pep Club. her voice would ring out at an attention-drawing 855 Hz. Assume a speed of sound of 344 m/s. determine the wavelength of these sounds waves. As she started in on a round of Wash Them Down the River.5 cm Problem 5: On a recent PE-sponsored adventure education program. determine the wavelength of the sound waves produced by Mama G. Assuming a speed of sound of 344 m/s. Determine the distance to the rocky cliffs.waves below the human range of frequency detection) are used by these elephants to locate each other and to communicate. Assuming a speed of sound of 350 m/s.

In September of 2008.1 x 10-3 W/m2 e. Determine the maximum intensity of the sound waves at the following distances from his 120-Watt main speaker. a. 2. 110 dBel • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a. determine the corresponding sound intensity levels in W/m2. 2. .5 W/m2 b.0 x 10-1 W/m2 Problem 10: According to Guinness. 109 dB Problem 9: For the following decibel levels. usually expressed in Watts.4 W/m2 c. Jake recently purchased a stereo system for his basement recreation room. a. 99 dB e. his burp was measured at 107.4 x 10-2 W/m2 • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a. a. Titan Dome on a Friday night during basketball season: I = 8. Science office at 5 PM on a weeknight: I = ~1 x 10-9 W/m2 b.Problem 7: The intensity of sound waves decreases as the distance from the source of sound increases.1 dB. 1.0 meter b. 1. 90 dBel c.0 meter c. 30 dB b. 9. 3.1 W/m2 Problem 8: Determine the decibel rating of the following sound sources and their estimated sound intensities.0 x 10-7 W/m2 b. 1. South's student library after school: I = ~1 x 10-6 W/m2 c.0 x 10-3 W/m2 c.front row: I = 7. 1. Determine the intensity in W/m2 of Paul's burp. 1. 50 dBel b. Fall Out Boy concert . The relationship between intensity (I) and distance (d) is an inverse square relationship which follows the equation I = P/(4•π•R2) where P is the power of the sound source. Period 7 at the beginning of class: I = ~1 x 10-4 W/m2 d. 80 dB d. 60 dB c.0 meter • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a. the record for the loudest burp is held by Paul Hunn of London.

196 Hz Problem 15: Olivia and Mason are doing a lab which involves stretching an elastic cord between two poles . Determine the speed with which vibrations travel through the string. If the speed was measured to be 253 m/s. H turns the oscillator on and tunes the frequency to 588 Hz. Then Mr.013 kg/m. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 74 dB Problem 12: During a Variety Show practice. 98 Hz c. H recently purchased a home four blocks from the busy tollway. The string is pulled to a tightness of 220 N and has a mass density of 0. H stretches a steel wire to a length 1. Jake plucked a string on his guitar. On a typical evening. the wire begins vibrating in the sixth harmonic wave pattern.23 meters and braces both ends so that they are not free to vibrate. 241 m/s b. Determine the frequency at which the wire will vibrate with the second harmonic wave pattern.45-meter length of wire. He attaches a fancy piece of equipment which he calls a mechanical oscillator to the wire and explains how it works. sending vibrations through it in both directions. Mr. Determine the frequency at which the wire will vibrate with the first harmonic wave pattern. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a. c. To the amazement of the class. a. determine the tension to which it was pulled.• • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 0. the decibel level resulting from tollway traffic is 62 dB at the location of his house.05129 W/m2 Problem 11: Mr. lab partners Anna Litical and Noah Formula determined the speed of vibrations through a 2. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 130 m/s Problem 13: During the Pluck It! Lab.5 grams. Determine the speed of waves within the wire. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 509 N Problem 14: In a demonstration. The wire had a mass of 19. Determine the decibel level on the same evening at a house 1 block from the tollway (four times closer). b.

They use a mechanical oscillator to force the cord to vibrate with the third harmonic wave pattern when the frequency is 84 Hz.24 m c. Mr. Determine the wavelength of the standing wave pattern for the fundamental frequency. and 1. With rosin on his fingers. 269 m/s b. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a. Assuming waves travel at speeds of 6320 m/s within the aluminum and that the standing wave pattern is characteristic of one-half wavelength between the rod's ends. 0. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 0 m. Express the locations as a distance measured from one of the ends of the string.99 m. 124 cm or 1.9 cm long and has a mass of 4. c.33 m. H holds a 2.66 m. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 909 N Problem 19: In the singing rod demonstration. 1. he slides his sticky fingers back and forth over the rod until it begins to sing out with a very pure tone. 217 Hz Problem 18: A steel piano wire is 72. b. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 1480 Hz (rounded from 1484 Hz) . Determine the tension to which the wire is pulled in order to vibrate with this frequency.00621 kg/m. The string is 61. The fundamental frequency of the wire is 262 Hz.which are 98 cm apart. Determine the speed of vibrations within the elastic cord. Determine the locations of the nodal positions. a.8 cm long and vibrates at its fundamental frequency. corresponding to the frequency of middle C on the musical scales. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 55 m/s Problem 16: A 1. 0. Determine the speed at which vibrations travel through the wire.54 x 10-3 kg.32 m.65-meter length string is forced to vibrate in its fifth harmonic. 0.13-m length of aluminum rod in the exact center.65 m Problem 17: A steel piano wire is pulled to a tension of 448 N and has a mass density of 0. Determine the frequency of its vibrations. determine the frequency of the sound.

• • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer Nodes are located at 0 cm. a. Consider the first six harmonics of the two strings. Note that the closed end is at 0 cm. One of the strings is 80-cm long (String A) and the other string is 60 cm (String B). • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer Nodes are located at 8 cm. Determine the locations of the nodal positions (positions where air is undisturbed). Express the locations in cm using the diagram below. and 64 cm Problem 23: An organ pipe which acts as a open-end resonator has a length of 83 cm. Determine the speed of sound waves in the air column of the pipe. Which harmonic of String A would have the same frequency as one of the harmonics of String B? • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer The 4th harmonic of string A and the 3rd harmonic of string B. and 72 cm Problem 22: An 80-cm length closed-end air column is forced to vibrate in its fifth harmonic. Determine the frequency of the second. 56 cm. 40 cm. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer . Problem 21: An 80-cm length open-end air column is forced to vibrate in its fifth harmonic. Its fundamental frequency is 210 Hz. They are vibrated at various frequencies in order to establish standing wave patterns within them. b.Problem 20: Two strings made of the same material (same mass density) and stretched to the same tension (and thus. 32 cm. 24 cm. third and fourth harmonics of the organ pipe. Determine the locations of the nodal positions (positions where air is undisturbed). Express the locations in cm using the diagram below. having the same speed) have a different length.

• Audio Guided Solution . Assuming a speed of sound of 345 m/s.664 m or 66. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a. Determine the speed of sound in the air column. 350 m/s (rounded from 349 m/s) b.4 cm Problem 28: A 2.6 cm in order to force the air column into resonance vibration with the tuning fork. Anna Litical and Noah Formula partially submerge a plastic tube into a column of water. determine the 5th highest frequency that the pipe can produce. 320 Hz (rounded from 316 Hz) and 530 Hz (rounded from 527 Hz) Problem 25: Middle C on a piano keyboard corresponds to a frequency of 262 Hz. with a vibrational antinode located at the hole near the mouthpiece (known as the windway hole) and a vibrational antinode located at the nearest open tone hole. what length of air would be required to cause the recorder to sound out at 1050 Hz? • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 0. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 347 m/s Problem 27: A musical recorder acts as an open-end air column.4 Hz) b. Holding a 384-Hz tuning fork above the tube. Blowing gently on the mouthpiece will force the air column to vibrate at its fundamental frequency. 420 Hz.164 m or 16. 840 Hz Problem 24: An organ pipe which acts as a closed-end resonator has a length of 83 cm. Determine the length of an open-end air column whose fundamental matches this frequency. 630 Hz. Determine the frequency of the next two harmonics of this closed-end organ pipe.29-m long organ pipe acts as a closed-end resonator that produces several different harmonic frequencies in the audible range from 20 Hz to 20. Determine the fundamental frequency of the organ pipe. Assuming a speed of sound of 343 m/s.a. they find that they must adjust the length of air within the air column to 22. Use a value of 348 m/s as the speed of sound. 110 Hz (rounded from 105. a. The water air interface causes the tube to be a closed-end air column. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 0. b. Sound waves travel at 350 m/s through the air column of the pipe.000 Hz.4 cm Problem 26: In the Speed of Sound Lab.

1 cm b. then what is its frequency? • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 438 Hz Problem 32: Marc is attempting to tune his guitar.441 m or 44. Determine the length of the open-end pipe. Assuming a speed of sound of 345 m/s and a first harmonic wave pattern. Each bottle is 34. At one point in the process. What is the frequency of the B3 string? • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 333 Hz . The third harmonic of a closed-end organ pipe has the same frequency.2 cm Problem 30: Haley and Ariel are working on their Musical Instruments Project. The speed of sound in air is 346 m/s.• Hide/Show Answer 337 Hz Problem 29: The fundamental frequency of an open-end organ pipe is 392 Hz. the air column inside acts as a closed-end air column with the water surface at the bottom forcing a vibrational node within the standing wave pattern. By blowing over the top of the pop bottles.5 cm Problem 31: South's orchestra walk on stage. determine how much water must be in the bottle in order for it to produce a 416 Hz sound wave. They are creating a Pop Bottle Orchestra using a collection of pop bottles filled with water to varying heights. In the process. 0. a. When plucked individually. she detects beats of 2 Hz between her string and the oboe. he plucks both strings simultaneously and notices beats occurring at a rate of 12 beats in 4 seconds. After adjusting his E4 string to 330 Hz. Marc observes the B3 string to sound out at a higher pitch. take their seats and attempt to tune all instruments to 440 Hz the A note of the oboe.662 m or 66. he begins to tackle the B3 string. Elizabeth tunes the A-string of her violin to the oboe. b. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a. 0. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 13. Determine the length of the closed-end pipe.2-cm tall. If her string is playing too low of a pitch.

Determine the time it takes light to travel from Earth to the moon and back. American physicist Albert Michelson devoted much of his life to the accurate measurement of the speed of light.S. The distance d2 is 2. the U. A solar flare occurs on the sun’s surface on Wednesday morning at 10:24 AM. Using a sophisticated timing method of involving the rotating of octagonal mirrors.98x1011 m greater than the distance d1. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 10:32 AM on Wednesday (8 minutes later) Problem 3: In the 1600s. he positioned mirrors and detectors on two different California mountains positioned nearly 35 km (nearly 22 miles) apart. By reflecting light from an Earth-based source off the moon and measuring the back-and-forth time of transit. Problem 1: In 1957.2x108 m/s Problem 4: The German-born. Michelson determined the speed of . • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 2. Determine Roemer’s estimate of the speed of light in the 1600s. use 2. Naval Research Laboratory conducted the first ever radar measurements of the distance from the Earth to the moon. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 2. Roemer observed the orbits of Jupiter’s nearest moon and recognized that its orbital period was observed to be approximately 22 minutes longer when measured from Earth when it was furthest from Jupiter compared to when it was closest to Jupiter. At what time and on what day will electromagnetic radiation from the flare reach the Earth. Ole Roemer became one of the first scientists to make a measurement of the speed of light. scientists determined that the moon is approximately 3.Topic: Light Waves Unless told otherwise.998x108 m/s as the value of the speed of light. In 1923.56 s Problem 2: The distance from the Earth to the sun is 1.84 x108 m from the Earth. Roemer reasoned that the difference was due to the fact that it took longer for light from Jupiter to travel the extra distance when Earth’s position was on the opposite side of the Sun from Jupiter.496x1011 m.

1 x1014 Hz Problem 7: Determine the wavelength of the microwave radiation emitted … a. b. b.2 cm Problem 8: Determine the wavelength of the infrared carrier wave transmitted by a television remote control at 38 kHz. Determine the wavelength of these radio waves. 4. 0. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a.6x1014 Hz b. At this speed.2 x 10-4 s or 120 µs Problem 5: Mr.6 km).0 mile (1.122 m or 122 cm b. What part of the electromagnetic spectrum does this fall within? • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer . • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 7900 m (rounded from 7889 m) Problem 9: a. … violet visible light (λ = 420 nm) • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a. which broadcasts at 780.052 m or 5. estimate the time it takes light to travel 35 km between mountains. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 1.45x109 Hz). H catches the news on 780 AM. 7. Determine the frequency of electromagnetic radiation which would have a wavelength of 1.light to be 299. … by a cordless phone (f = 5. … by a microwave oven (f = 2. kHz. 0.8x109 Hz). • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 384 m Problem 6: Determine the frequency of … (GIVEN: 1 m = 109 nm) a.774 km/sec. … red visible light (λ = 650 nm) b.

5 cm Problem 13: Mr. The waves form an interference pattern in the space surrounding the sources. A point on the fourth nodal line is a distance of 58. water waves emerging from two sources interferes in the space surrounding the sources to produce a pattern of nodes and antinodes lying along lines. H directs the class to stand with one ear facing the speakers and the other ear covered and to walk slowly across the gymnasium.0 cm from S1 and 23.a.2 cm from the nearest source. Mr. Point P on the pattern is a distance of 36.8 cm from S2. H asks all the male students to stand at nodal positions and all the female students to . The sound from the two speakers travels through the gymnasium and interferes constructively and destructively to create a pattern of nodes and antinodes. Point P on the pattern is a distance of 34. Determine the distance from this same point to the furthest source. 1. The diagram at the right represents the interference pattern created by two water waves. observing positions of relatively soft and loud sounds in alternating fashion.8 cm Problem 11: The diagram at the right represents the interference pattern created by two water waves. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 6. The waves were created by two objects bobbing up and down in phase at the same frequency. Mr. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 12.8 cm are created in a ripple tank by two in-phase sources bobbing up and down at the same frequency. Radio wave spectrum Problem 10: Like light waves. Determine the wavelength (in cm) of the water waves. H takes his class to the gymnasium to investigate two point source interference patterns produced by sound waves from two sound sources.5 cm from S2.3 cm Problem 12: Water waves with a wavelength of 7.9 cm from S1 and 61. Once initial observations are made. The pure-tone output from a frequency generator is split and fed to two audio speakers positioned about 1-meter apart. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 85. Determine the wavelength (in cm) of the water waves. The waves were created by two objects bobbing up and down in phase at the same frequency.9x105 Hz b.

• • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer a. 18.67 19. Mr.42 21. Determine the wavelength of the sound waves. Sound waves travel through the room at 345 m/s and the speakers are sounding out a frequency of 244 Hz.52 23.52 23. 1.41 m b. a.10 Wavelength (m) Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer Nodal or Antinodal Line 1st Nodal 1st Antinodal 3rd Antinodal 4th Nodal Distance to Speaker 1 (m) 14.86 1.64 16.45 21. he is a distance of 17.78 1. Miguel starts at a position on the central antinodal line and begins to slowly walk parallel to the imaginary line connecting the speakers.10 Wavelength (m) 1. Miguel stops at the first position of minimum loudness.stand at antinodal positions.22 25. H takes a picture of their positions and then makes several measurements of the distances between students and from some selected students to the speakers.45 21. Complete the table. Determine the distance from Miguel to the furthest speaker.22 25. Some sample data are shown below. b.9 m from the nearest speaker. determining the wavelength of the sound waves based on each student’s measurements.42 21.82 1.6 m Problem 15: Mr.64 16.67 19.75 Student Jeremy Bridget Jane Jose Problem 14: Two audio speakers have been arranged in a large room so as to produce a sound interference pattern.22 Distance to Speaker 2 (m) 13. At this position. Student Jeremy Bridget Jane Jose • • Nodal or Antinodal Line 1st Nodal 1st Antinodal 3rd Antinodal 4th Nodal Distance to Speaker 1 (m) 14. H’s period 7 physics class is attempting to duplicate Thomas Young’s experiment in which . Once done.22 Distance to Speaker 2 (m) 13.

what is the wavelength of the red laser light (in nanometers)? (GIVEN: 1 m = 106 mm. what is the wavelength of the red laser light. 1 m = 109 nm) • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 660 nm (rounded from 657 nm) Problem 19: Jill is helping her younger brother Nathan set up an exhibit for a Science Fair. They project the interference pattern onto a whiteboard located 2.72 m away. They red shine laser light through a slide containing a double slit. The distance from their slide to the whiteboard (where the interference pattern is projected) is 2.9 cm apart. He wishes to demonstrate the wave nature of light by displaying the two point interference pattern of red laser light (λ = 648 nm). Determine the distance between the central bright spot and the fourth bright spot. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 6.76 m.they use a two-point source light interference pattern to measure the wavelength of light. Maria and Jason determine the distance between the central bight spot and the 4th bright spot to be 29 cm. 1 m = 109 nm) • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 660 nm (rounded from 656 nm) Problem 18: Maria and Jason are doing the same lab as Jackson and Melanie (from the previous problem). Justin and Shirley measure the distance from the 3rd antinodal bright spots on opposite sides of the pattern to be 33.85 m away.59x10-7 m or 659 nm Problem 16: Two narrow slits in a slide are separated by a distance of 45. Based on Maria and Jason’s measurements. The light interference pattern created by the light which passes through the slits is projected on a screen a distance of 10.6 cm Problem 17: Jackson and Melanie are doing the Young’s Experiment Lab using a red laser pen and a slide with two slits spaced 25 micrometers apart.125 mm. Based on these measurements.466 m or 46. (GIVEN: 1 m = 106 mm) • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 0.125 mm.35 m from the slits. Light from a green laser (λ = 532 nm) is passed through the slits and the interference pattern is projected onto a screen 9. Nathan has asked Jill to determine the slide-to-screen distance which will result in a .0 micrometers. what is the wavelength of the red laser light (in nanometers)? (GIVEN: 1 m = 106 mm. The slits in their slide are also spaced 25 micrometers apart. the slit spacing is 0. Nathan’s exhibit pertains to the wave-particle nature of light waves. They measure the distance from the 3rd bright band on opposite sides of the pattern to be separated by 37 cm. Nathan has purchased a double slit slide from a science warehouse which has slits separated a distance of 0. Based on these measurements.

a new scientist is selected and displays are created to feature the discoveries and contribution of the scientist.2 cm apart Problem 21: Monochromatic yellow light (λ = 594 nm) passes throught two slits with a slit spacing of 0. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 0. monochromatic red light (λ = 648 nm) passes through a double slit and is projected onto a screen located 16.117 mm Problem 23: A radio station has two antennae which are used to broadcast their 582 kHz radio wave signal. What is the likely minimum distance from the Robinson’s home to the furthest antenna? • Audio Guided Solution . What distance will result in this antinodal spacing? • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 3. have very poor reception when tuned to this signal due to the destructive interference of radio waves from the two antennae. (GIVEN: 1 m = 3.9 m Problem 20: The Bluebird Library has been celebrating the lives of famous scientists. They also have purchased a slide with a double slit. Determine the slit separation distance. who lives in the Cedar Ridge subdivision.8 m from the slits.125 mm and forms an interference pattern on a screen that is positioned 14. Each month. 1 m = 106 mm.5 m away. Determine the distance between the fifth bright spots on opposite sides of the central bright spot. What is the maximum number of bright spots which will appear on the board at these distances and what is the spacing distance between each bright spot? Assume that each bright spot is bright enough to see. the slit spacing is 44 µm.0 cm separation between adjacent bright spots.9 cm Problem 22: In a museum exhibit.689 m or 68.28 ft. the library wishes to develop a Young's experient display. • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 1. April's scientist of the month is Thomas Young.17x10-4 m or 0.2. The Robinson family. A metric ruler located above the interference pattern clearly shows the fifth dark fringe to be located 42. 1 m = 109 nm) • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer just barely 11 bright spots (including the central one) they are spaced a little less than 9.78 km from the nearest antenna.0 cm from the central bright spot. The Robinson home is located a distance of 13. The library has purchased a blue laser which emits light with a wavelength of 473 nm. The library's current plans are to project the interference pattern onto a white board which is 3 feet wide and located 28 feet from the slits.

Determine the five lowest heights above his home for which reflection off of planes will lead to destructive interference of this 1240 kHz signal. (Assume that the reflected waves do not undergo a phase change upon reflection off the plane. (Assume that the reflected waves do not undergo a phase change upon reflection off the plane. broadcasting at 1420 kHz. While driving through the neighborhood. 604 km. Knowing he must consider all factors in the purchase of a home. Mr. H is investigating is nestled in the cliffs. Noah now understands that the reception problem occurs because of radio wave signals reflecting off the planes and destructively interfering with waves which approach his antenna directly from the station. 158 m. 475. Mr. 846 m. he will be able to rule out the purchase of several lots in the neighborhood. H reasons that the cause of the poor reception is that radio waves coming directly from the station undergoing are destructively interfering with waves which reflect off the cliffs from behind the retirement community. H decides to calculate all the possible distances from the cliffs for which destructive interference occurs. One of the communities Mr. H observes the KFIZ signal fading in and out. 264 m. Determine the six nearest distances from the cliffs that result in destructive interference of the 1420 kHz signal.04 km Problem 24: Always thinking ahead. and 1088 m . Having just finished the unit on light wave behavior. Mr. H is investigating possible retirement communities in Flagstaff. Arizona. 363 m. 369 m. Noah’s favorite station – WFIZ – broadcasts at 1240 kHz and is located several miles from his home.• Hide/Show Answer 14. By doing so. and 581 m Problem 25: Noah Formula lives near the airport and frequently notices poor AM radio reception occurring as planes use the approach path which passes over his home.) • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 121 m. His favorite radio station in the Flagstaff area is KFIZ.) • • Audio Guided Solution Hide/Show Answer 53 m. Mr. directly facing the KFIZ broadcasting station located several miles away.

NOTE to the Student: There is a lot of information on this page. 1. Which object(s) is(are) not moving? See Explanation. It is suggested that you first read the questions and make efforts to answer all the questions before peeking at the answers. Use the following graph to answer Questions #1 . Which object(s) is(are) accelerating? Depress mouse to see answ er.#7. If still unclear. Which object(s) is(are) maintaining a state of motion (i.e. Once you've answered all the questions. . Depress mouse to see answ er. Physics is learned most effectively when your mind is actively engaged in the processes of analyzing and predicting. take the time to study the logic of the answers. maintaining a constant velocity)? Depress mouse to see answ er. click on the See Answer link to view the answer accompanied by an explanation. consider online help at The Physics Classroom Tutorial or see your teacher for further assistance. For questions #14-37. then check your answers. See Explanation. 2.Graph Sketching and Recognition The following practice questions test your understanding of the graphical description of motion. 3. Use the See Explanation link to view an explanation of the answer. Further information is available on-line at The Physics Classroom Tutorial. See Explanation. depress mouse on the pull-down menu to view the answer.. Avoid treating the information on this page as factual information to be dumped inside of a mental receptacle. Avoid merely looking at the answers. Once answering the questions #1-13.

Which moving object is traveling slowest? Depress mouse to see answ er. Depress mouse to see answ er. Which object(s) change(s) its direction? Explanation. Depress mouse to see answ er. See . Which object has the greatest acceleration? See Explanation. 7. 6. See 5. 4. See 9. See Explanation. Which object is traveling fastest? See Explanation. Depress mouse to see answ er. 8.#13. Use the following graph to answer Questions #8 .Depress mouse to see answ er. Depress mouse to see answ er. Which object(s) is(are) accelerating? Explanation. Which object(s) is(are) maintaining its state of motion? Explanation.

Depress mouse to see answ er.

**10. Which object(s) is(are) not moving?
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See Explanation.

11. Which object(s) change(s) its direction?

See Explanation.

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**12. Which accelerating object has the smallest acceleration? See Explanation.
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13. Which object has the greatest velocity? Explanation.

See

14. Sketch a position-time graph for an object which is moving with a constant, positive velocity. See Answer. 15. Sketch a position-time graph for an object which is moving with a constant, negative velocity. See Answer. 16. Sketch a position-time graph for an object moving in the + dir'n and accelerating from a low velocity to a high velocity. See Answer. 17. Sketch a position-time graph for an object moving in the + dir'n and accelerating from a high velocity to a low velocity. See Answer. 18. Sketch a position-time graph for an object moving in the - dir'n and accelerating from a high velocity to a low velocity. See Answer. 19. Sketch a position-time graph for an object moving in the - dir'n and accelerating from a low velocity to a high velocity. See Answer. 20. Sketch a position-time graph for an object moving in the + dir'n with constant speed; first a slow constant speed and then a fast constant speed. See Answer.

21. Sketch a position-time graph for an object moving in the + dir'n with constant speed; first a fast constant speed and then a slow constant speed. See Answer. 22. Sketch a position-time graph for an object moving in the - dir'n with constant speed; first a slow constant speed and then a fast constant speed. See Answer. 23. Sketch a position-time graph for an object moving in the - dir'n with constant speed; first a fast constant speed and then a slow constant speed. See Answer. 24. Sketch a position-time graph for an object which moves in the + direction at a slow constant speed and then in a - direction at a fast constant speed. See Answer. 25. Sketch a position-time graph for an object which moves in the + direction at a fast constant speed and then in a - direction at a slow constant speed. See Answer. 26. Sketch a position-time graph for an object which moves in the - direction at a slow constant speed and then in a + direction at a fast constant speed. See Answer. 27. Sketch a velocity-time graph for an object moving with a constant speed in the positive direction. See Answer. 28. Sketch a velocity-time graph for an object moving with a constant speed in the negative direction. See Answer. 29. Sketch a velocity-time graph for an object which is at rest. See Answer. 30. Sketch a velocity-time graph for an object moving in the + direction, accelerating from a slow speed to a fast speed. See Answer. 31. Sketch a velocity-time graph for an object moving in the + direction, accelerating from a fast speed to a slow speed. See Answer. 32. Sketch a velocity-time graph for an object moving in the - direction, accelerating from a slow speed to a fast speed. See Answer. 33. Sketch a velocity-time graph for an object moving in the - direction, accelerating from a fast speed to a slow speed. See Answer.

34. Sketch a velocity-time graph for an object which first moves with a slow, constant speed in the + direction, and then with a fast constant speed in the + direction. See Answer. 35. Sketch a velocity-time graph for an object which first moves with a fast, constant speed in the + direction, and then with a slow constant speed in the + direction. See Answer 36. Sketch a velocity-time graph for an object which first moves with a constant speed in the + direction, and then moves with a positive acceleration. See Answer 37. Sketch a velocity-time graph for an object which first moves with a constant speed in the + direction, and then moves with a negative acceleration. See Answer

**Answers and Explanations
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Use the following graph to answer Questions #1 - #7.

1. Objects A, B, D, and E are maintaining a state of motion (i.e., remaining with constant velocity) as demonstrated by the constant slope. If the slope is constant, then the velocity is constant. 2. Object C is accelerating. An acclerating object has a changing velocity. Since the slope of a p-t graph equals the velocity, an accelerating object is represented by a changing slope. 3. Objects A and E are not moving. An object which is not moving has a zero velocity; this translates into a line with zero slope on a p-t graph.

object D). 12. 11. To be traveling slowest is to have the smallest speed (or smallest magnitude of velocity). 5. Object B has the smallest acceleration.region of the graph. 10. Return to Questions Use the following graph to answer Questions #8 . 6. Accelerated motion is indicated by a sloped line on a v-t graph. Object D is traveling slowest. Object B is traveling fastest. Objects A and E are maintaining their state of motion.velocity (or vice versa). Objects B and C change their direction. Each of the objects are moving. This translates into a p-t graph with a + slope and then a . Object D is not changing its direction. . None of these objects change direction. the line on a v-t graph will pass from the + to the . An object changes its direction if it changes from a + to a .. If an object were not moving. This translates into the line on a p-t graph with the smallest slope. Accelerated motion on a p-t graph is represented by a curved line. Acceleration is indicated by the slope of the line. The object with the smallest acceleration is the object with the smallest slope.slope (or vice versa). An object that is changing its direction is changing from a + to a . 7. This translates into the line on a p-t graph with the greatest slope.direction with increasing speed and then maintains a constant speed. Objects B and C are accelerating (and for a while.e. 8. To be traveling fastest is to have the greatest speed (or greatest magnitude of velocity). Thus. It is the only object with an acceleration.4. object D first moves in the . Object C has the greatest acceleration.velocity. This translates into a zero slope on a v-t graph. to have a zero acceleration).#13. 9. To maintain the state of motion is to keep a constant velocity (i. then the v-t graph would be a horizontal line along the axis (v = 0 m/s).

The velocity is indicated by how far above or how far below the axis the line is. Return to Questions 14. A position-time graph for an object which is moving with a constant. Object A has the greatest velocity (and object E is a "close second"). constant velocity is represented by a line with constant slope (straight) and positive slope (upwards sloping). A position-time graph for an object which is moving with a constant.13. positive velocity is shown below. Return to Questions 15. negative velocity is shown below. constant velocity is represented by a line with constant slope (straight) and positive slope (upwards sloping). A negative. Object A has a large + velocity. Return to Questions . Object E has a large (but not as large) .velocity. A positive.

If the object is moving in the + dir'n. A position-time graph for an object moving in the + dir'n and accelerating from a low velocity to a high velocity is shown below. If the object is moving in the + dir'n. then the slope must change from small slope to large slope. If the object is changing velocity from small to large values. Return to Questions 18. If the object is changing velocity from high to low values.dir'n. A position-time graph for an object moving in the . A position-time graph for an object moving in the + dir'n and accelerating from a high velocity to a low velocity is shown below. then the slope must change from high slope to low slope. then the slope of a p-t graph would be -.16. . then the slope of a p-t graph would be +.dir'n and accelerating from a high velocity to a low velocity is shown below. Return to Questions 17. then the slope must change from high slope to low slope. then the slope of a p-t graph would be +. If the object is moving in the . If the object is changing velocity from high to low values.

If the object is moving in the .Return to Questions 19. If the object is changing velocity from low to high values. A position-time graph for an object moving in the . .dir'n. then the slope of a p-t graph would be -. then the slope must change from low slope to high slope. At first. first a slow constant speed and then a fast constant speed is shown below. the line has a small slope (corresponding to a small velocity) and then the line has a large slope (corresponding to a large velocity). A position-time graph for an object moving in the + dir'n with constant speed.dir'n and accelerating from a low velocity to a high velocity is shown below. then the slope of the line on a p-t graph would be +. If an object is moving in the + dir'n. Return to Questions 20.

then the slope of the line on a p-t graph would be -. A position-time graph for an object moving in the + dir'n with constant speed. first a slow constant speed and then a fast constant speed is shown below. Return to Questions 22. If an object is moving in the + dir'n. the line has a small slope (corresponding to a small velocity) and then the line has a large slope (corresponding to a large velocity). A position-time graph for an object moving in the . the line has a large slope (corresponding to a large velocity) and then the line has a small slope (corresponding to a small velocity).Return to Questions 21. then the slope of the line on a p-t graph would be +.dir'n with constant speed. At first. At first. first a fast constant speed and then a slow constant speed is shown below. If an object is moving in the dir'n. .

the line has a large slope (corresponding to a large velocity) and then the line has a small slope (corresponding to a small velocity). Return to Questions 24. At first. first a fast constant speed and then a slow constant speed is shown below.slope (corresponding to its velocity). The object must first have a + slope (corresponding to its + velocity) then it must have a . If an object is moving in the dir'n. .Return to Questions 23. A position-time graph for an object moving in the . the slope is small (corresponding to a small velocity) and then the slope is large (corresponding to a large velocity).direction at a fast constant speed is shown below.dir'n with constant speed. Initially. A position-time graph for an object which moves in the + direction at a slow constant speed and then in a . then the slope of the line on a p-t graph would be -.

A position-time graph for an object which moves in the .direction at a slow constant speed and then in a + direction at a fast constant speed is shown below. A position-time graph for an object which moves in the + direction at a fast constant speed and then in a .Return to Questions 25.velocity) then it must have a + slope (corresponding to its + velocity). the slope is small (corresponding to a small velocity) and then the slope is large (corresponding to a large velocity). . the slope is large (corresponding to a large velocity) and then the slope is small (corresponding to a small velocity).direction at a slow constant speed is shown below. Initially. The object must first have a slope (corresponding to its . Return to Questions 26. The object must first have a + slope (corresponding to its + velocity) then it must have a . Initially.slope (corresponding to its velocity).

Return to Questions 27.region of the graph (below 0). Return to Questions 28. the line on the graph will be in the + region of the graph (above 0). Since the slope of a line on a v-t graph is the object's acceleration. Since the velocity is unchanging. a horizontal line (zero slope) on a v-t graph is characteristic of a motion with zeo acceleration (constant velocity).velocity which is unchanging. To have "a constant speed in the negative direction" is to have a . Thus. Thus. A velocity-time graph for an object moving with a constant speed in the positive direction is shown below. . Since the velocity is unchanging. A velocity-time graph for an object moving with a constant speed in the negative direction is shown below. the line is horizontal. Since the slope of a line on a v-t graph is the object's acceleration. the line on the graph will be in the . To have "a constant speed in the positive direction" is to have a + velocity which is unchanging. the line is horizontal. a horizontal line (zero slope) on a v-t graph is characteristic of a motion with zeo acceleration (constant velocity).

the line is plotted in the + region of the v-t graph. Since the velocity is +. accelerating from a slow speed to a fast speed is shown below.Return to Questions 29. the line is a straight diagonal line with upward (+) slope. A velocity-time graph for an object which is at rest is shown below. An object which is moving in the + direction and speeding up (slow to fast) has a + acceleration. . To be "at rest" is to have a zero velocity. review the dir'n of the acceleration vector in the Physics Classroom Tutorial. Thus the line is drawn along the axis (v=0). Return to Questions 30. (If necessary. an object with + acceleration is represented by a line with + slope.A velocity-time graph for an object moving in the + direction. Thus.) Since the slope of a line on a v-t graph is the object's acceleration.

Return to Questions 31. Thus.acceleration is represented by a line with . the line is plotted in the + region of the v-t graph. accelerating from a slow speed to a fast speed is shown below. Since the velocity is +. An object whgich is moving in the + direction and slowing down (fast to slow) has a . an object with .acceleration. (If necessary. An object whgich is moving in the . an object with . the line is a straight diagonal line with downward (-) slope. A velocity-time graph for an object moving in the . review the dir'n of the acceleration vector in the Physics Classroom Tutorial. (If necessary. review the dir'n of the acceleration vector in the Physics Classroom Tutorial.acceleration. accelerating from a fast speed to a slow speed is shown below.slope. Return to Questions 32. the line is plotted in the .slope.direction and speeding up (slow to fast) has a .direction. the line is a straight diagonal line with downward (-) slope.) Since the slope of a line on a v-t graph is the object's acceleration. Thus.A velocity-time graph for an object moving in the + direction.acceleration is represented by a line with .) Since the slope of a line on a v-t graph is the object's acceleration. Since the velocity is -.region of the v-t graph. .

Thus. A velocity-time graph for an object which first moves with a slow. Since there are two parts of this object's motion. constant speed in the + direction. (If necessary. accelerating from a fast speed to a slow speed is shown below. and then with a fast constant speed in the + direction is shown below. the line is plotted in the . the line is a straight diagonal line with upward (+) slope. An object whgich is moving in the . Each part is horizontal since the velocity during each part is constant (constant velocity means zero acceleration which means zero slope). A velocity-time graph for an object moving in the .) Since the slope of a line on a v-t graph is the object's acceleration.Return to Questions 33.direction. an object with + acceleration is represented by a line with + slope. The second part of the graph will be higher since the velocity is greater during the second part of the motion. Each part is in the + region of the v-t graph (above 0) since the velocity is +.direction and slowing down (fast to slow) has a + acceleration. Since the velocity is -. .region of the v-t graph. Return to Questions 34. there will be two distinct parts on the graph. review the dir'n of the acceleration vector in the Physics Classroom Tutorial.

Since there are two parts of this object's motion.Return to Questions 35. there will be two distinct parts on the graph. Since there are two parts of this object's motion. The slope of the first part is zero since constant velocity means zero acceleration and zero acceleration is represented by a horizontal line on a v-t graph (slope = acceleration for v-t graphs). A velocity-time graph for an object which first moves with a constant speed in the + direction. there will be two distinct parts on the graph. and then with a slow constant speed in the + direction is shown below. The first part of the graph will be higher since the velocity is greater during the first part of the motion. Return to Questions 36. constant speed in the + direction. The second part of the graph is an upward sloping line since the object has + acceleration (again. the slope = acceleration for v-t graphs) . A velocity-time graph for an object which first moves with a fast. Each part is in the + region of the v-t graph (above 0) since the velocity is +. Each part is horizontal since the velocity during each part is constant (constant velocity means zero acceleration which means zero slope). and then moves with a positive acceleration is shown below. Each part is in the + region of the v-t graph (above 0) since the velocity is +.

Since there are two parts of this object's motion. and then moves with a negative acceleration is shown below. A velocity-time graph for an object which first moves with a constant speed in the + direction. there will be two distinct parts on the graph.acceleration (again. Your time will be best spent if you read each practice problem carefully. Each part is in the + region of the v-t graph (above 0) since the velocity is +. The slope of the first part is zero since constant velocity means zero acceleration and zero acceleration is represented by a horizontal line on a v-t graph (slope = acceleration for v-t graphs). and then check your answer. attempt to solve the problem with a scaled vector diagram. you are encouraged to obtain some on-line help in The Physics Classroom . . the slope = acceleration for v-t graphs) Vector Addition This web page is designed to provide some additional practice with the use of scaled vector diagrams for the addition of two or more vectors. The second part of the graph is an downward sloping line since the object has . If the solution to these practice problems are still not meaningful. You are cautioned to avoid making a quick reference to the solution prior to making your own attempt at the solution.visit the page on vector addition.Return to Questions 37. Such a habit is likely to fail at nurturing the ability to draw a scaled vector addition diagram.

225 deg and 2. 3.0 m/s. 135 deg See Answer and Solution 6. 45 deg See Answer and Solution . 45 deg and 2. Add the following vectors and determine the resultant. 0 deg and 2. 330 deg and 4.0 m/s. 4.1.0 m/s.0 m/s. Add the following vectors and determine the resultant. 45 deg and 5. 90 deg See Answer and Solution 4. 45 deg and 2.0 m/s. 135 deg See Answer and Solution 2.0 m/s.0 m/s. Add the following vectors and determine the resultant. 315 deg See Answer and Solution 5.0 m/s. Add the following vectors and determine the resultant. 180 deg See Answer and Solution 3. 8.0 m/s.0 m/s. 6.5 m/s. 5.0 m/s. Add the following vectors and determine the resultant. 5.0 m/s. 135 deg and 4. Add the following vectors and determine the resultant. Add the following vectors and determine the resultant.0 m/s. 90 deg See Answer and Solution 7. 7.

0 deg and 2. small errors in the measurement of the direction and magnitude of any one of the vectors may lead to small differences between your answers and the correct ones which are shown here. Add the following vectors and determine the resultant.0 m/s.0 m/s.0 m/s.0 m/s.0 m/s.0 m/s. 150 deg and 4. 180 deg and 2. 4.0 m/s. Do not have a cow. 2. 270 deg and 5. 60 deg See Answer and Solution 10.0 m/s.8. 90 deg and 2. 2.0 m/s. 210 deg See Answer and Solution 12. 60 deg See Answer and Solution 11. 45 deg and 5.0 m/s. 225 deg See Answer and Solution 9. 315 deg and 5.0 m/s. 135 deg and 2. 330 deg See Answer and Solution Answers and Solutions NOTE: Since your answers were determined using a scaled vector diagram.0 m/s. Add the following vectors and determine the resultant. . Add the following vectors and determine the resultant.0 m/s. Add the following vectors and determine the resultant.5 m/s. 2. Add the following vectors and determine the resultant. 45 deg and 5. 3.

9 deg (Note: the resultant is drawn in red. 3.1.) .83 m/s. 104 deg (Note: the resultant is drawn in red. 180 deg = 3. 135 deg = 5.0 m/s.) Return to Questions Get on-line help at The Physics Classroom Tutorial 3.0 m/s. 207.0 m/s.80 m/s.0 m/s. 66.5 deg (Note: the resultant is drawn in red. 90 deg= 4.85m/s. 5. 225 deg+ 2. 45 deg + 5. 45 deg + 2.) Return to Questions Get on-line help at The Physics Classroom Tutorial 2.0 m/s.0 m/s. 6.

0 m/s. 315 deg = 0 m/s (Note: the resultant is drawn in red.) . 45 deg+ 2.0 m/s.59 m/s.Return to Questions Get on-line help at The Physics Classroom Tutorial 4.0 m/s.6 deg (Note: the resultant is drawn in red. 5. 135 deg= 5. 4. 71.) Return to Questions Get on-line help at The Physics Classroom Tutorial 5. 135 deg+ 4.5 m/s.

Return to Questions Get on-line help at The Physics Classroom Tutorial 6. 45 deg= 9. 90 deg= 7.) Return to Questions Get on-line help at The Physics Classroom Tutorial 7.2 deg (Note: the resultant is drawn in red.) . 8. 352. 15. 330 deg+ 4.83m/s.0 m/s. 0 deg+ 2.0 m/s.0 m/s.28 m/s.0 m/s.9 deg (Note: the resultant is drawn in red. 7.

3. 201. 225 deg= 4. 45 deg+ 5.) . 2. 135 deg+ 2. 60 deg= 7.8 deg (Note: the resultant is drawn in red.0 m/s. 93.Return to Questions Get on-line help at The Physics Classroom Tutorial 8.0 m/s.) Return to Questions Get on-line help at The Physics Classroom Tutorial 9.0 m/s.40m/s.2 deg (Note: the resultant is drawn in red.91m/s. 150 deg+ 4.0 m/s.0 m/s.

0 m/s. 2. 90 deg+ 2.61m/s.0 m/s. 210 deg= 3.9 deg (Note: the resultant is drawn in red.0 m/s.01 m/s. 84. 180 deg+ 2. 60 deg= 2.0 m/s.) Return to Questions Get on-line help at The Physics Classroom Tutorial 11. 173 deg (Note: the resultant is drawn in red.) . 0 deg+ 2.Return to Questions Get on-line help at The Physics Classroom Tutorial 10.0 m/s. 315 deg+ 5. 4.0 m/s.

37 m/s.) Return to Questions .0 m/s.Return to Questions Get on-line help at The Physics Classroom Tutorial 12. 2. 330 deg= 8.0 m/s. 45 deg+ 5. 270 deg+ 5. 316.8 deg (Note: the resultant is drawn in red.5 m/s.