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Single-pair High-Speed Digital Subscriber Line (SHDSL) Transceivers
IDA RS SHDSL Issue 1, 1 October 2003
Info-Communications Development Authority of Singapore Technical Regulation 8 Temasek Boulevard #14-00 Suntec Tower Three Singapore 038988 © Copyright of IDA, 2003 This document may be downloaded from the IDA website at http://www.ida.gov.sg and shall not be distributed without written permission from IDA
Informative documents describing the network standards adopted by the Public Telecommunication Networks in Singapore. Informative and interim documents on customer equipment standards which are yet to be adopted by the network operators and where standardisation is still in progress. Reference Specifications and Guides are informative documents. ii. 2 .IDA RS SHDSL: 2003 Contents Section PART A 1 2 3 4 5 Introduction Scope Reference Models General Requirements References Abbreviations Page 3 3 3 6 6 7 8 PART B Single-pair High-Speed Digital Subscriber Line Transceivers NOTICE This Reference Specification is subject to review and revision. They are either one of the following types of documents: i. and are not used for type approval of customer equipment.
Four-wire operation is included as an option for extended reach.1 STU-x Functional Model Figure 1 is a block diagram of an SHDSL Transceiver Unit (STU) transmitter showing the functional blocks and interfaces that are referred to in this Specification. longitudinal balance and longitudinal output voltage. SHDSL transceivers do not support the use of analogue splitting technology for coexistence with either POTS or ISDN.1. using Trellis Coded Pulse Amplitude Modulation (TCPAM) line code. performance tests. The use of signal regenerators for both the two-wire and four-wire operations is optional. Requirements for signal regenerators are also as specified in G. SHDSL transceivers are designed primarily for duplex operation over mixed gauges of twowire twisted metallic pairs. return loss. However. They are designed to be spectrally compatible with other transmission technologies deployed in the access network. B and C (e.3 1.991.6 2. The application invariant section consists of the PMD and PMS-TC layers.2 Annex E. REFERENCE MODELS 2. which is a physical layer standard based on the ITU-T Recommendation G.1 1. They are as follows: a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) Clear channel data Clear channel byte-oriented data Unaligned DS1 transport Aligned DS1/fractional DS1 transport European 2048 kbit/s digital unstructured leased line (D2048U) Unaligned European 2048 kbit/s digital structured leased line (D2048S) Aligned European 2048 kbit/s digital structured leased line (D2048S) and fractional Synchronous ISDN BRA ATM transport Dual bearer TPS-TC mode 1.2. ATM.IDA RS SHDSL: 2003 PART A 1. Frame Relay and so on).5 1.1 2.991.g.991.2 1. capable of supporting whichever network protocol deployed currently while enabling higher bandwidth and reach (e.g.991. PSD masks and regional-specific functional requirements such as data rate. are defined in Part B with reference to G. It describes a versatile transmission method for data transport in the telecommunication access networks.2 Annexes A.4 1.2 Annex D. Regional requirements. SHDSL transceivers are capable of supporting selected symmetric user data rates ranging from 192 kbit/s to 2312 kbit/s. including other DSL technologies. span powering. It illustrates the basic functionality of the STU-R and the STU-C. including both operational differences and performance requirements. INTRODUCTION SCOPE Part B of this Specification provides an outline of the Single-pair High-speed Digital Subscriber line technology. Each STU contains both an application invariant section (describing the core functions) and an application specific section. test loops. while the application 3 . POTS transport can be supported by means of either VoDSL or channelized VoDSL. Application-specific framing modes that may be supported by SHDSL transceivers are as described in G. TDM.
2 The PMD layer functionality is described in detail in G.2): STU-x Functional Model 2.991.1.2 § 8.991.2 § 6. and timing alignment of multiple user data channels. This model emphasizes the layered nature of the SHSDL specification. This may include multiplexing. The PMS-TC layer is described in G. Management functions (not shown in Figure 1) are controlled by the operator's network management system. STU-R γR β α STU-C γC I/F I/F Optional T P S T C P M S T C P M D SRU P M D Optional P M S T C T P S T C I/F I/F Optional Customer Interface(s) Application Specific Section Application Invariant Section Application Invariant Section Application Specific Section Customer Interface(s) Figure 1 (Figure 4-1/G. Details are given in G. Details on management are as specified in G.1.991. The principal functions are: a) b) c) d) e) f) 2. shown in Figure 2.991.995.3 2.1.991. Supported TPS-TC user data framing formats are described in G.991. demultiplexing. 2.2 User Plane Protocol Reference Model The user plane protocol reference model.4 Symbol timing generation and recovery Coding and decoding Modulation and demodulation Echo cancellation Line equalization Link startup The PMS-TC layer contains the framing and frame synchronization functions. The TPS-TC is application specific and consists largely of the packaging of user data within the SHDSL frame.2 § 7.IDA RS SHDSL: 2003 specific aspects are confined to the TPS-TC layer and device interfaces.2 § 9. as well as the scrambler and descrambler.1. is an alternate representation of the information shown in Figure 1. 4 . and provides a view that is consistent with the generic xDSL models given in the ITU-T RecommendationG.2 Annex E.
SDH) TPS-TC Not Specified User Data Interface S/T Figure 2 (Figure 4-2/G. telecommunications equipment. or other devices.991. User Terminal S/T STU-R User Terminal S/T U-R U-C DLL U-R SRU U-C DLL U-R U-C DLL STU-C V CO Network (Optional) (Optional) Figure 3 (Figure 4-3/G. which may include data terminals.3 Application Models Figure 3 is an application model for a typical SHDSL system.g.2): Application Model 5 .991. showing reference points for equipment attachment. Connection between the STU-R and STU-C may optionally contain one or more SHDSL signal regenerators (SRUs). Connections to terminal equipment are at the S/T reference points.g. an STU-R will connect to one or more user terminals. SDH) TPS-TC Not Specified Transport Protocol (e.IDA RS SHDSL: 2003 NT LT STU-R γR β PMS-TC PMD STU-C γC α PMS-TC PMD Physical Transmission Media U Internal Interface LT internal interface Transport Protocol (e. In such an application.2): User Plane Protocol Reference Model 2.
For an a.994. 3.IDA RS SHDSL: 2003 3. Where external power supply is used.991.Safety of Information Technology Equipment 1 The safety standard includes. indelible and readily visible. 230V ± 10% and frequency. AC adaptor.1 (05/2003) ITU-T Rec. G.g.1 Power Supply The SHDSL equipment may be a.2 Identification of Equipment The SHDSL equipment shall be marked with the supplier or manufacturer’s name or identification mark.4 Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Requirements The SHDSL equipment shall comply with the “EMC requirements for Telecommunication Equipment” (IDA TS EMC). powered. REFERENCES ITU-T Rec.c. powered equipment.c.1 (05/2003) IEC CISPR 22: 1997 IDA TS EMC IEC 60950 SS 337: 2001 Single-pair High-speed Digital Subscriber Line Transceivers Handshake procedures for digital subscriber line (DSL) transceivers Overview of digital subscriber line (DSL) Recommendations Physical layer management for digital subscriber line (DSL) transceivers Information Technology Equipment – Radio Disturbance Characteristics – Limits and Methods of Measurement EMC requirements for Telecommunication Equipment International Electrotechnical Commission . 50 Hz ± 2%. protection of telecommunications network service personnel and users of other equipment connected to the network from hazards in the PLC equipment. The requirements in SS 337/IEC 60950 that are applicable to the equipment (e. G. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 3. 3. type of TNV circuit and types of components) shall be identified and complied with. 3.995. G. the Specification shall be complied with when operating from an a. e. among others.g.c. The markings required shall be legible.c. and the supplier or manufacturer’s model or type reference. powered or d.Safety of Information Technology Equipment Singapore Standards .997. G. it shall not affect the capability of the equipment to meet the Specification.1 (02/2001) ITU-T Rec. class of equipment. mains supply of voltage. 6 . 4.3 Safety Requirements The SHDSL equipment shall be tested for compliance with the Singapore Standards SS 3371 or the International Electrotechnical Commission IEC 60950 safety standard.2 (02/2001) ITU-T Rec.
NA Not Applicable GID General Information and Definitions 7 .961) Trellis Coded PAM (used in data mode) Time Division Multiplexing Transmission Protocol-Specific TC Layer Loop Interface – Central Office end Loop Interface – Remote Terminal end Logical interface between STU-C and a digital network element such as one or more switching systems A collective term referring to any of the various types of DSL technologies Note: The following notations are used in the Specification: CR Conformance requirement defines features and functions which must be supported at minimum. M Mandatory requirements O Optional requirements Functionality if implemented.IDA RS SHDSL: 2003 5 ABBREVIATIONS α β γC γR ATM CMRR CO CPE CRC CRC-6 DSL I/F LT NT PAM PMD PMMS PMS-TC PSD S/T STU STU-C STU-R TC TCM TCM-ISDN TCPAM TDM TPS-TC U-C U-R V xDSL The interface between the PMS-TC and TPS-TC layers in an STU-C The interface between the PMS-TC and TPS-TC layers in an STU-R The interface between the TPS-TC layer and the application specific section in an STU-C The interface between the TPS-TC layer and the application specific section in an STU-R Asynchronous Transfer Mode Common Mode Rejection Ratio Central Office Customer Premises Equipment Cyclic Redundancy Check CRC of Order 6 (used in SHDSL frame) Digital Subscriber Line Interface Line Termination Network Termination Pulse Amplitude Modulation Physical Media Dependent Power Measurement Modulation Session (Line Probe) Physical Media-Specific TC Layer Power Spectral Density Logical interface between the STU-R and attached user terminal equipment SHDSL Transceiver Unit STU at the Central Office STU at the Remote End Transmission Convergence layer Trellis Coded Modulation Time-Compression Multiplexed ISDN (specified in ITU-T G. the requirements become “M”.
220.127.116.11.2.3 6.4 6.2.3 6.2 6.5 6. G.3 18.104.22.168.5 6.2.2 22.214.171.124 6.1. SHDSL supports user (payload) data rates from 192 kbps to 2.2. Heading Heading GID PMD LAYER FUNCTIONAL CHARACTERISTICS Data mode operation STU data mode PMD reference model PMD rates TCM encoder Serial-to-parallel converter Convolutional encoder Mapper Channel precoder Spectral shaper Power backoff PMD activation sequence PMD activation reference model PMD activation sequence description Framer and scrambler Mapper Spectral shaper Timeouts PMD pre-activation sequence PMD pre-activation reference model PMD pre-activation sequence description Scrambler Mapper Spectral shaper PMMS target margin 6 6.2.1 6.1 6.1.991.3.624 Mbps in increments of 16 kbps.2 1 2 3 4 5 Comments CR GID GID GID GID In the two-wire operational mode.991.2.2 6.3.3. user data rates supported are from 384 kbps to 4.2 6.312 Mbps in increments of 8 kbps.2 gives the bit to level mapping for 16-level mapping. M M M M GID M M M M M M GID M M M M M M 8 .1 6.4 6.1.6 6.4 126.96.36.199.3 6. G.3. 02/2001) Title SCOPE REFERENCES DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS REFERENCE MODELS TRANSPORT CAPACITY ITU-T Rec.3 6.2 6.1 6.6 − − M M M M M Table 6-1/G.991.1. In the optional four-wire operational mode.1 6.IDA RS SHDSL: 2003 PART B SINGLE-PAIR HIGH-SPEED DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE TRANSCEIVERS (Based on ITU-T Rec.5 6.
7 9.2.1 9.2.1 7.2 7.6 9.994.2 9.IDA RS SHDSL: 2003 Title G.4 Comments CR M M M M M Heading Heading − − M M M M M O Heading − M M Heading − M O Heading Heading − GID − M M M M M M M Heading − M M M M M M GID 9 .1.991.2.2 7.1 7.1 pre-activation sequence G.188.8.131.52. G.2.994.3 9.3 9.1 8.4 9.4 7 7.9184.108.40.206 code point definitions G.2.3.3 9.1 transactions Operation with signal regenerators PMS-TC LAYER FUNCTIONAL CHARACTERISTICS Data mode operation Frame structure Frame bit definitions CRC generation (crc1 … crc6) Frame synchronization Scrambler Differential delay buffer PMS-TC activation Activation frame Activation scrambler TPS-TC LAYER FUNCTIONAL CHARACTERISTICS Payload block data structure Data interleaving in four-wire mode MANAGEMENT Management reference model SHDSL performance primitives Cyclical redundancy check anomaly (CRC anomaly) Segment anomaly (SEGA) Loss of sync defect (LOSW defect) Segment defect (SEGD) Loop attenuation defect SNR margin defect Loss of sync word failure (LOSW failure) SHDSL line related performance parameters Code violation (CV) Errored second (ES) Severely errored second (SES) LOSW second (LOSWS) Unavailable second (UAS) Inhibiting rules Performance data storage ITU-T Rec.3 220.127.116.11 9.1 tone support G.18.104.22.168 22.214.171.124 9.994.2 6.1 9.3 6.5 126.96.36.199.1.4 9.2 9.4 7.5 7.1 6.1.4 6.1 9.2 9.2 9 9.1 7.2 8 8.6 7.
2 11.4 11.3 11.5 9.5.2 10.5 12 12.5.4 11 11.4 9.2 188.8.131.521.1 11.1 10.3 9.5.6 10 10.1 9.5 9.5.3 10.2 9.1 Comments Heading CR − O O O O M O Heading − GID GID GID GID GID M M M M M Heading − M 10 . G.IDA RS SHDSL: 2003 Title Embedded operations channel Management reference model EOC overview and reference model EOC startup Remote management access EOC transport Examples of virtual terminal control functions CLOCK ARCHITECTURE Reference clock architecture Clock accuracy Definitions of clock sources Synchronization to clock sources ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS Longitudinal balance Longitudinal output voltage Return loss Transmit power testing Signal transfer delay CONFORMANCE TESTING Micro-interruptions ITU-T Rec.
4 E.992.961. Appendix IV). Annex H for specifications of transceivers for use in networks with existing TCM-ISDN service (as specified in ITU-T G.1 E.IDA RS SHDSL: 2003 Title Regional requirements – Region 1 Regional requirements – Region 2 Regional requirements – Region 3 ITU-T Rec.3 E. O Signal regenerator operation Application-specific TPS-TC framing TPS-TC for clear channel data TPS-TC for clear channel byteoriented data TPS-TC for unaligned DS1 transport TPS-TC for aligned DS1/fractional DS1 transport TPS-TC for European 2048 kbit/s digital unstructured leased line (D2048U) TPS-TC for unaligned European 2048 kbit/s digital structured leased line (D2048S) TPS-TC for aligned European 2048 kbit/s digital structured leased line (D2048S) and fractional TPS-TC for synchronous ISDN BRA TPS-TC for ATM transport Dual bearer TPS-TC mode Test circuit examples Typical characteristics of cables Signal regenerator start-up description Bibliography Annex D Annex E E.5 O GID O O O O O E.8 E.6 O E.1.7 O E.2 Annex A Annex B Annex C Comments CR O O Refer to ITU-T Rec. G.10 Appendix I Appendix II Appendix III Appendix IV O O O GID GID GID GID 11 .2 E. G.991.9 E.
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