la o fn;k

ltZukRed lkfgfR;d =kSekfldh
http://samvadiahindipatrika.blogspot.com

o"kZ & 7@8] va d &4@1] tq y kbZ & fnla c j 2011

¼la ; q D rka d ½
izèkku laiknd

Hkksyk iafMr ^iz.k;h*
laiknd

vuhrk iafMr
f'koukjk;.k 'kekZ ^O;fFkr*
gfjukjk;.k ^uosanq*] panzHkw"k.k ^panzs'k*
{ks=kh; izHkkjh

jkelqanj eqf[k;k]
Hkksyk egrks lkfgR;kyadkj
fofèk ijke'kZ

nsoukjk;.k lsu] egs'oj 'kekZ
lg;ksx jkf'k
;g vad
%
30 #i,
okf"kZd
%
100 #i,
=kSokf"kZd
%
250 #i,
vkthou
%
1000 #i,
laidZ
laiknd ^laofn;k*
laofn;k izdk'ku
t;izdk'k uxj] okMZ ua- 7]
vjfj;k] fcgkj 854311
eksckby % 09931223187
bZ&esy % samvadiapatrika@yahoo.com
eq[ki`"B
veks?k ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k* dk fp=k
Nk;kfp=kdkj % f'kopanz dykdkj

vuqØe
la o kn % Hkksyk iafMr ^iz.k;h*
ifjla o kn % ikBdksa dh izfrfØ;k,¡
dfo veks?k dk dkO; lalkj @ MkW- eSustj ikaMs;
veks?k dk dfoRo @ MkW- [kxsUnz Bkdqj
^eSa rks rsjs ikl esa* % Hkkoksa dh je.kh; fp=kl`f"V @ MkW- Jhjatu lwfjnso
veks?k th dh dkO;&Ñfr ^eSa rks rsjs ikl esa* @ des±nq f'kf'kj
viuh feV~Vh ds ikl LFkkfir dfo veks?k @ MkW- deyk izlkn cs[kcj
eSyk vk¡py esa fNis dfo veks?k @ MkW- fo|kukjk;.k Bkdqj

2
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A Readers View @Afzal Hussain
17
vizfre O;fDrRo % dfo veks?k @ bUnq'ks[kj
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dky ls gksM+ ysrk ,d dfo @ MkW- y[ku yky flag ^vkjksgh*
19
;FkkFkZ Hkko&cksèk ds dfo @ MkW- eksrhyky 'kekZ
21
tu&tu esa ,d xw¡t % ^eSa rks rsjs ikl esa* @ MkW- vuqt izHkkr
22
fefFkyk ds lkjLor liwr % dfo ^veks?k* @ MkW- ;ksxkuan flag >k
24
O;fDrRo ,oa ÑfrRo ds èkuh ia- veks?k ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k*@cynso izlkn flag 26
xq#&f'k"; ijaijk ds izfrewjr % dfo veks?k @ Hkksyk iafMr ^iz.k;h*
29
J)k lqeu @ nqxkZ izlkn pkS/kjh
31
Loèkk rjrq es firje @ vHk;'kadj >k
32
rc ;gk¡ ,d f[kM+dh gksrh Fkh @ clar dqekj jk;
35
cgqr ;kn vkrh gS @ ekaxu feJ ^ekrZ.M*
36
---vkSj pys x, rqe @ vfurk jkuh ^vUuq*
40
vk¡lw cu Vidrh Le`fr;k¡ @ jekdkar >k ^jkew*
43
dfo veks?k dh Lof.kZe Le`fr;k¡ @ jktsanz dqekj flag
44
dhfrZ ;L; l thofr @ lqn'kZu dqekj
48
lkB feuV % vknj.kh; veks?kckcw ds lkFk @ latho jatu
49
Lusfgy O;fDrRo @ f'kopanz dykdkj
51
eSaus nknk th dh dfork dks Vds dh rjg Hkquk;k @ Hkkjrh dqekjh
52
esjh izsj.kk ds lzksr nknkth @ fefgj izdk'k
53
Hkk"kk f'k{kd veks?kth @ xq#nso ;kno
53
gekjs dkdk @ t;'kadj >k
54
dqN vfoLej.kh; ;knsa @ eukst ukjk;.k >k
55
dbZ ckj lquk] exj igyh ckj ns[kk @ fouksn dqekj frokjh
56
dfo veks?k fyf[kr dqN i=kksa dh >k¡fd;k¡ @ Hkksyk iafMr ^iz.k;h*
57
dfo veks?k dks izkIr dfri; ys[kdksa ds dqN i=k
61
'kkssd J)katfy
67
dfo veks ? k dh jpuk,¡
esjk yM+diu % flejcuh xk¡o esa @ ia- veks?k ukjk;.k >k veks?k
73
viuh ckr % ckck ukxktqZu ds lkFk @ veks?k ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k*
81
gekjk feyu % fdruk lkFkZd--- @ veks?k ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k*
87
js.kq % eqykd’krksa ds vkbZus esa @ ia- veks?k ukjk;.k >k veks?k
92
gekjs vkthou lnL;
99

^laofn;k* esa izdkf'kr rF;ksa vkSj fopkjksa ls laiknd] izèkku laiknd vFkok izdk'kd dh lgefr vko';d ughaA ^laofn;k* dk
z k'kd
laiknu&lapkyu iw.kZr% voSrfud rFkk vO;kolkf;d gSA fdlh Hkh fookn dk fu"iknu vjfj;k U;k;ky; esa gksxkA iµ d

laokn
Hkksyk iafMr ^iz.k;h*
dkslh {ks=k ds fnoaxr o;kso)
` dfo iafMr veks?k ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k* fganh lkfgR; dks lefiZr ,d vizfre
foHkwfr FksA mudk lkfgR;kuqjkx dkO;&laLÑfr dks lefiZr FkkA vLrq] ^laofn;k* dk ;g vad muds O;fDrRo vkSj
ÑfrRo ij dsfa nzr dj mUgsa J)katfy Lo:i lefiZr fd;k tk jgk gSA blesa fo}Ttuksa ds vykos ifjtuksa vkSj
vkReh; tuksa ls laLej.k vkSj ewY;kaduijd vkys[k izkIr dj muds thou ds dqN o`Ùk&fp=kksa ds lkFk izdkf'kr
djus dk lq;ksx ^laofn;k* dks feykA ;g gekjs fy, g"kZ dh ckr gSA eSa muds thou dky esa gh ,d
vfHkuanu&xzFa k mUgsa lefiZr djuk pkgrk Fkk] ysfdu ,d i=k }kjk mUgksua s eq>s ,slk djus ls euk fd;k FkkA mudk
dguk Fkk fd muls cM+s ys[kdksa dk igys fudyuk pkfg,A
vkt muds T;s"B iq=k fganh] eSfFkyh vkSj laLÑr ds fo}ku vHk; 'kadj th ls tc visf{kr lg;ksx feyk]
rks esjh [kq'kh dk fBdkuk u jgkA D;ksfa d tukj.; esa dqN ,sls Hkh iq"i izLQqfVr gksrs gS]a ftudh lqxfa èk lqnjw rd
ugha igqp
¡ ikrhA mlds fy, vuqdy
w gok dk cguk gh lkFkZd gksrk gSA vkSj ;g lqvolj tc ^laofn;k* dks
feyk] rks ge ,sls Hkkoizo.k laons u'khy dfoeZeuh"kh ds lai.w kZ O;fDrRo ds ewY;kaduijd laokn vki rd igqp
¡ kus
dk vYi iz;kl dj jgs gS]a ftudh dkO; jpukvksa dh iafDr;ksa ij ckck ukxktquZ ] MkW- y{ehukjk;.k lqèkka'kq]
izk-s eSut
s j ikaM;s ] MkW- [kxsna z Bkdqj] MkW- Jhjatu lwfjnso tSls vusd ikaDrs; lkfgR;dkjksa us Hkwfj&Hkwfj iz'kalk dh gSA
izk-s eSut
s j ikaM;s vkSj [kxsna z Bkdqj ds vkys[k ;|fi ^laofn;k* ds vDrwcj&fnlacj 2008 ds vad esa igys gh
izdkf'kr gks pqds gS]a rFkkfi ^veks?k Le`fr vad* esa veks?kth ij dsfUnzr lkexzh ,d lkFk ikBdksa dks miyCèk gks
lds] bl n`f"V ls mUgsa Hkh bl vad esa 'kkfey dj fy;k x;k gSA
fofnr gS fd ^laofn;k* us vc rd {ks=kh; lkfgR;dkjksa dks izeq[krk ls txg nh gSA dkslh&{ks=k us
lkfgR;&laLÑfr ds fodkl esa ljgik ls ysdj vktrd ntZuksa lkfgR;&euhf"k;ksa ds vonkuksa dks jk"Vªh; Qyd ij
izfrf"Br djus dk iz;kl fd;k gSA bl fn'kk esa ^laofn;k* dh Hkh ldkjkRed Hkwfedk jgh gSA bl fo'ks"kkad ds
izdk'ku ls vkusokyh ih<+h ds ekxZn'kZu esa fu'p; gh lkFkZdrk fl) gksxhA blds lao)Zu esa lkfgR; vdknseh]
ubZ fnYyh ds milaiknd MkW- nsonas z dqekj ^nso's k* th dh vge Hkwfedk jgh gSA dfo veks?k ds T;s"B iq=k vHk;
'kadj th] yksd dykdkj f'kopanz th] dfo ds NksVs nkekn vey fd'kksj feJ ¼mi egkizcèa kd] Hkkjrh; fjt“oZ
cSd
a ½ rFkk lHkh jpukdkjksa dk vkHkkj izdV djrk gwA¡
vifjgk;Z dkj.kksa ls ^laofn;k* dk ;g vad la;qDrkad ds :i esa vki lcds chp igqp
¡ jgk gSA bl chp
dkslh vapy ds jk"Vªh; Lrj ij [;kruke dFkkdkj uojax izlkn tk;loky dk fu/ku 5 tqykbZ 2011 dks eqca bZ
esa gks x;kA izfrf"Br fgUnh dfo vkSj fp=kdkj dqcjs nÙk rFkk iz[;kr fopkjd jken;ky eqMa k Hkh vc gekjs chp
ugha jgsA laofn;k&ifjokj dh vksj ls mUgsa HkkoHkhuh J)katfy vfiZr gSA
2

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

ifjlaokn
^laofn;k* tuojh&ekpZ 2011 esa js.kq ds pkj i=kksa dks vfody
Nkius ds fy, vkidks èkU;okn nsrk gwA¡ js.kq ljh[ks ys[kd ds
i=kksa dks loZly
q Hk djkuk lkfgR; dk ,d vfHkU;Lr deZ ekuk
tkuk pkfg,] fo'ks"kdj rc] tc dksbZ if=kdk lkeus gksA
vc rks fdlh ys[kd dk i=k Hkkoh ih<+h ds ikBdksa dks
'kk;n gh lqyHk gks ldsxkA ys[kd vkSj muds fe=k ;k ikBd
ds chp d’ye&dkx+t+ dh txg eksckby vk x;k gSA
irk&fBdkuk unkjn] ,d uacj fy[k nsus ls lc fl) gks
tkrk gSA lqfoèkk dh ckr t“:j gS] ysfdu HkkoukRed yxko
vkSj vuqHkko dk D;k gksxk\
js.kq dh gLrfyfi muds O;fDrRo dh rjg lqn'kZu gSA
lkns dkx“t“ ij fy[kk js.kq th dk ,d ,slk gh i=k eSua s os.kq
th ds ikl ns[kk FkkA og ewy i=k Fkk vkSj 'kk;n izfs "kr gksus
ls jg x;k FkkA i=k esa vafdr frfFk ls irk pyrk Fkk fd rc
js.kq bDdhl&ckbZl lky ds jgs gksxa As ysfdu i=k dh Hkk"kk dh
ifjiDork] O;Dr Hkkoukvksa dk vkyksM+u vkSj fopkjksa ds osx
esa fdlh míke izikr dh euekuh lgt gh xkspj FkhA ckn
esa ;g i=k ^bafM;k VqM*s esa Nik HkhA
bu i=kksa ls bruk rks lkQ’ gS fd js.kq vius lacèa kksa dks
ysdj ,dne vukSipkfjd FksA muesa dyq"k&Hksn u FkkA uSjF;Z
ds fy, os cus gh ugha FksA O;fDrRo dk ;g i{k muds
lkfgR; ls vNwrk u jgkA ,slk laHko Hkh ugha FkkA ftls
nqfu;k vkapfydrk dgrh gS] mldh lajpukRed vkSj
laons ukRed iM+rky dfj, rks yksxksa vkSj pht+kas dks ns[kus dh
;gh vukSipkfjdrk viuh vf}rh; ikjnf'kZrk ds lkFk euekuh
djrh feysxhA euekuh blfy, fd ekSfyd pht+kas dk ;g
,d vR;kT; i{k gksrk gSA Mjrs os gS]a tks dgha ls dqN mM+k
ysrs gSAa vkt tks yksx vkapfyd lkfgR; fy[k jgs gS]a og
js.kqokyk lkfgR; ugha gks ldrk gS] rks blfy, fd ,sls ys[kd
viuh vukSipkfjdrk gh LFkkfir ugha dj ik, gSAa
dguk rks eq>s vHkh cgqr dqN Fkk] ysfdu i=k fy[kus
dh lhek dk Kku eq>s jksd jgk gSA vkidks iqu% èkU;okn
dgrk gw¡ vkSj cèkkbZ nsrk gwA¡
cla r dq e kj jk;]
vkJe jksM] okMZ la- 15] vjfj;k ¼fcgkj½

^laofn;k* dk vizyS &twu 2011 vad feykA èkU;oknA ^laofn;k*
dh eSa fu;fer ikfBdk gwA¡ if=kdk mÙkjksÙkj ^KkuoèkZd ,oa
izjs .kknk;h* gks jgh gSA
if=kdk gesa ok.kh nsrh gS vkSj vkxs c<+us dh 'kfDr Hkh
[+kkldj ukfj;ksa ds fy, mi;ksxh gks jgh gSA 'kqHkdkeuk,¡!
bUnq Bkdq j
}kjk@izks- lqcks/k dqekj Bkdqj]
vkJe eksgYyk] okMZ la- 10] vjfj;k ¼fcgkj½

^laofn;k* dk vizy
S &twu vad izkIr gqvkA vkHkkj! eq[ki`"B
ij vkpk;Z tkudhoYyHk 'kkL=kh dk Nk;kfp=k vkSj MkW- nso's k
dk muds Åij laLej.kkRed vkys[k lkef;d gksus ds lkFk&lkFk
^fujkyk fuds r u* dh ;kns a rkt+ k dj x,A vkS j dbZ
fo}kuks&a fonqf"k;ksa ij Le`fr laLej.k uohu tkudkjh nsus esa leFkZ
gSAa MkW- fu#iek jk; dh dgkuh iapk;rksa vkSj ft+yk ifj"knksa
esa efgyk Hkkxhnkjh dks izkjafHkd foMacukvksa dk ;FkkFkZ fp=k.k
gSA ^'ks"k&iz'u* ;{k iz'u&lk gh gSA l`tuèkehZ vkanksyu dks vPNk
eqdk’ e fey jgk gS ^laofn;k* }kjkA cèkkbZA
eks g u dq e kj lkdkj
202] lksuQh equs'ojh vikVZesaV] vkf'k;kuk jksM] iVuk 800014

^laofn;k* dk twu 11 vad feykA vkHkkjh gwA¡ nsonas z dqekj
^nso's k* dk vkpk;Z 'kkL=kh ij laLej.kkRed vkys[k i<+kA
oLrqr% 'kkL=kh th ds O;fDrRo dk lcls cM+k vgadkj ;g Fkk
fd og Lo;a dks vc rd dk lcls cM+k egkdfo vkSj lcls
vafre egkdfo ekurs FksA mlh izdkj egkdkO; ^jkèkk* ds
ckjs esa mudk ,dfu"B er FkkA og euq"; ls vfèkd
mi;ksxh vkSj Js"B dqÙks&fcYyh dks ekurs FksA mudk czkã.kRo
vU; czkã.kksa dh vis{kk vfèkd izpMa FkkA ,sls egkdfo vkSj
mudh egkdfork thou vkSj tho dk Hkyk 'kk;n gh djsAa
nso's k us mudk lEeku fd;k] ij dfo;ksa ds izfr muesa izfr
for`".kk dks Nqik ugha ik,A eSa bl lR; ls okfd’Q’ gwA¡ rHkh
^lqjlfj* esa mu ij ys[k u NkisA
vf'ouh dq e kj vkyks d
la- ^lqjlfj* =kSekfld] i=kdkj dkWyksuh]
egukj] oS'kkyh 844506( eks- 09801699936

tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 3

vkoj.k i`"B iyVrs gh vlkèkkj.k 'kfDr'kkyh efgyk Lojktdey pkSèkjh dh v)k±fxuh Le`fr'ks"k 'kf'kdkark pkSèkjh
ls lacfa èkr MkW- nso'kadj uohu ds ân;Li'khZ laLej.k ij
n`f"V xbZA Le`fr 'ks"k dh dM+h esa fnoaxr lkfgR;dkj
tkudhoYyHk 'kkL=kh ds izfr MkW- nsonas z dqekj ^nso's k*( fnoaxr
dfo] vkykspd ,oa fo}ku izkè;kid MkW- fo|kukjk;.k Bkdqj
ds izfr O;k[;krk MkW- fLerk >k dk ifjp;kRed laLej.k
vkSj fMIVh dekaMVas ] Jh latho jatu th dk fo'kn laLej.k
rFkk fnoaxr 'ks[+k vCnqy tyhy ds izfr MkW- Qjgr vkjk dk
izjs .kknk;h laLej.k i<+us dks feykA ^laofn;k* dkslh {ks=k ds
iqj[kksa dks Lej.k dj mUgsa ueu djus vkSj muls izjs .kk xzg.k
djus dk volj ikBdksa dks Hkh ns jgk gS] ,rn~ lkèkqoknA
MkW- lqjnas z fLuXèk dk [+kkl oDrO; ßnfyr larksa dk
lkfgR; ,oa lkekftd lqèkkjÞ] Jh fnyhi eaMy dk [+kkl
ut+fj;kµßnfyr inksa ij nfyr vkfnoklh D;ksa ugha\Þ rFkk
MkW- dkes'oj iadt dk vkys[kµßnfyr lkfgR; % tíkstgn
vkSj ft+íÞ nfyr foe'kZ vkSj nfyr&lkfgR; ys[ku ds pØ
dks iwjk djrs gSAa ,slk yxrk Fkk fd ejkBh lkfgR; ls nfyr
foe'kZ ds jFk dk ?kjZ?kjZ ukn cM+h rhoz xfr ls fganh lkfgR;
esa vk;k vkSj ,d Q’'S ku ds :i esa fganh lkfgR; ds iqjksèkkvksa
dks Hkh vius izHkko esa ys fy;kA ;gh ugha] nfyr lkfgR;dkjksa
us lgkuqHkwfr vkSj LokuqHkwfr dk iz'u mBkdj nfyr ys[kdksa
dks gh nfyr lkfgR; dk iz.ksrk ekuus ij cy fn;kA yxHkx
,slk r; ekuk tkus yxk fd nfyr ys[kd viuh f[kpM+h
vyx idkuk gh mfpr le>rs gSAa D;k ;g laHko gS fd dksbZ
Hkh ltZd lgkuqHkwfr dks vkRelkr dj fcuk LokuqHkwfr rd
igqp
¡ s dksbZ lkFkZd l`tu dj ldrk gS\ ikBd] Jksrk vkSj
n'kZd Hkh viuh&viuh ifjLFkfr] Kku vkSj vuqHko ds o'khHkwr
gks laofs nr gksrs gSAa lgkuqHkwfr ,oa LokuqHkwfr ds vkèkkj ij
,d vyx jkx vykiuk O;FkZ dk gB;ksx yxrk gSA
MkW- lqjnas z fLuXèk th us fl)ksa vkSj ukFk dfo;ksa dh
jpukvksa esa nfyr psruk dk mRl <w<¡ + fy;k gS] tks lar
dfo;ksa dh jpukvksa esa n`f"Vxkspj gksrk gS] Hkys gh os] viuh
vfr fouezrk ds dkj.k] fganh lkfgR; esa nfyr foe'kZ dk
Js; ^lkfjdk* ds nfyr lkfgR; fo'ks"kkad ds fy, deys'oj
th dks vkSj ^nfyr psruk* xks"Bh ds fy, ^gal* ds orZeku
laiknd jktsna z ;kno th dks nsrs gSAa fnyhi eaMy th us vius
[+kkl ut+fj;k esa nfyr lkfgR; ls brj nfyr psruk ds
vkèkkj ij 'kkldh; inksa ij nfyrksa ds gd’ vkSj mudh
fu;qfDr dh ckr mBkbZ gSA ijarq MkW- dkes'oj iadt th us
lkfgR; esa lgkuqHkwfr vkSj LokuqHkwfr ds iz'u dks vius
4

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

mnkgj.kksa ,oa vdkV~; rdks± ls ;g fl) dj fn;k gS
fdµßnfyr lkfgR; ds leh{kd vkSj iSjksdkj nfyr lkfgR;
ds >jks[ks ftu nLrdksa ¼'kCnkoyh] eqgkojs] feFkd vkfn½ ls
[kksyrs gSoµa g vfr&lk yxrk gSAÞ nwljk ;g fdµßbl
fojkV ijaijk ¼Hkkjr dh fojkV lkaLÑfrd ijaijk dk cfg"dkj
djds ge nwljh ijaijk dk fuekZ.k djsxa s vkSj nwljh euqLe`fr
ds fuekZ.k ds nks"kh cusxa As Þ lpeqp ;g Hkkjrh; lkfgfR;d
vkSj lkaLÑfrd ijaijk ds lanHkZ esa lefUor fopkj gSA
vad dh rhuksa dgkfu;ksa esMµa kW- fu#iek jk; dh ß'ks"k
iz'uÞ L=kh foe'kZ dks lefiZr gS] rks foHkk nsoljs dh ß'ks"k
laoknÞ ofj"B ukxfjdksa dh ihM+kvksa dks lefiZr gS] tks ikBdksa
dks ldkjkRed :i ls izHkkfor vkSj laofs nr djrh gSAa jQ’h
gSnj vateq dh ßedM+tkyÞ vjch&Q’kjlh ds ftu feBkl vkSj
vR;ar Hkko izo.k 'kCnks]a eqgkojksa ls dlh&cquh gS] og mPp dksfV
dh cqf) vkSj lkfgfR;d n`f"V laiUurk dh ek¡x djrh gSA
laiknd th us chp&chp esa ¼dks"Bd es½a fganh i;kZ; nsdj bl
dykRed vkSj izrhdkRed jpuk dks fganh ikBdksa ds fy, xzká
cuk fn;k gS] ftlls bl jpuk dk vkuan mBk;k tk ldrk
gSA bl jpuk dks Nkius ds fy, ßlaofn;kÞ dks lkèkqoknA
jke [ks y kou iz t kifr
f'kok lnu] txUukFkiqjh] cjefl;k] dfVgkj 854105

^laofn;k* dk rkt“k vad ¼vizSy&twu] 2011 bZ-½ viuh
vkÑfr&izÑfr esa cgqr dqN dg x;kA ,d vksj izkphu bfrgkl
ds [kaMgjksa esa lk{; lw=kksa dh ryk'k] nfyr lkfgR; dh tíkstgn]
nfyr larksa dk lkfgR;] v{kj iq#"k fo|kukjk;.k Bkdqj dk
iq.; Lej.k] izsj.kkiq#"k 'ks[k+ vCnqy tyhy ,oa dkO;iq#"k
tkudh oYyHk 'kkL=kh dh thrh&tkxrh Le`fr;k¡ eu dks Nw xbZA
'kf'kdkark dk thoV Hkh izjs .kkLin gSA nwljh vksj vfHkuo rsoj
dh dgkfu;k¡ vkSj eu&izk.k dks >u>ukus okyh dfork,¡A
vkidh vnE; ftthfo"kk dks ueuA dks l h va p y ds
lkfgR;dkjksa esa og ne&[ke] jpukRed lkeF;Z vkSj vfHkuo
n`f"V;k¡ gS]a tks ledkyhu l`tu/kkjk dh vk/kkj f'kyk cuh gSAa
la{ksi esa MkW- lqjnas z fLuX/k] MkW- nsonas z dqekj nso's k] MkW- nso'kadj
uohu] vlye glu ds 'kCnkadu] MkW- fu#iek jk; dh dgkuh]
ban'q ks[kj dh dfork vkSj o#.k dqekj frokjh ,oa v#.k vfHk"ksd
dh leh{kk,¡ egÙoiw.kZ gSAa laikndh; laoknksa dk nksgjk vkLoknu
bl tuinh; if=kdk dks Lrjh; if=kdkvksa ds lekukarj esa [kM+k
djrh gSA c/kkbZ ysAa
iz Q q Y y dq e kj fla g ekS u
izkQ
s ls’ j dkWyksuh] egukj ¼oS'kkyh½ 844506( eks- 9801587972

dfo veks?k dk dkO; lalkj
MkW- eSustj ikaMs;
ftl dfo dh dkO;&izfrHkk dh vkjafHkd miyfCèk;ksa dks MkWlqèkka'kq vkSj egkdfo ukxktqZu us ljkgk gks] mldh laiw.kZ
jpuk'khyrk ds ckjs esa dqN dguk ;k mldk ewY;kadu djuk
,d dfBu dke gSA veks?k ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k* dk jpukdky
cgqr yack gSA mudh igyh dfork 1945 bZ- esa Nih FkhA rc
ls os yxkrkj dkO;&jpuk djrs jgs gSAa muds dkO;&laxgz ^eSa
rks rsjs ikl es*a dh dfork,¡ mudh pkyhl o"kks± ls vfèkd dh
dkO;&lkèkuk dh xokg gSAa bu dforkvksa esa :i vkSj jax dh
rFkk jl vkSj xaèk dh fofoèkrk,¡ gSAa bu dforkvksa essa dgha
dfo vkReeaFku djrk fn[kkbZ nsrk gS rks dgha vkReksYykl dh
vfHkO;fDr ds fy, jpuk djrk izrhr gksrk gSA og dgha izÑfr
ds lkSna ;Z ij eqXèk gS rks dgha lkekftd thou dh folaxfr;ksa
dh vuqHkwfr ls cspuS A veks?k th dh dfork,¡ dgha vkRecksèk
dh vfHkO;fDr djrh gSa rks dgha txr~&cksèk dhA
veks?k ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k* ds dkO; lalkj esa xk¡o dh
izÑfr] laLÑfr vkSj foÑfr dh vusd :iksa esa vfHkO;fDr
gqbZ gSA dfo xk¡o dk gS] blfy, xk¡o dh izÑfr ls mldh
lgt vkReh;rk gSA bl vkReh;rk dh dykRed vfHkO;fDr
vusd dforkvksa esa cM+h [+kcw h ds lkFk gqbZ gSA mnkgj.k ds
fy, ^vxguh èkwi* uke dh dfork dks ns[kk tk ldrk gSA
dfork dh vkjafHkd iafDr;k¡ bl izdkj gSµa
vxguh èkwi ukjaxh lqcg dh]
f'kjh"k dh Qqufx;ksa ij
x:M+kas ds cPps
fudys gSa tks
fiNyh cjlkr ds ckn QwVs vaMksa ls
[kksy ia[k laiVq QSyk jgs gSµa
'kcue ls rj dksey&dksey ij
Qqufx;ksa ij cSBs lq[kk jgs]
ih jgs gSa vxguh èkwi ukjaxh lqcg dh
Åij vuar vlhe èkwfey uhfyek esa

gS mUgsa djuk izFke vfHk;ku]
Lo.kZ fogkuA
;gk¡ dfo ds fp=k.k esa fjiksrkZt dk og xq.k gS] tks js.kq
ds fjiksrkZt esa feyrk gSA dfo izÑfr ds lkSna ;Z dk vuqHko
djrk gS] ysfdu og izÑfr ds lkSna ;Z esa bruk ugha Mwc tkrk
gS fd vkl&ikl dh nqfu;k dks iwjh rjg Hkwy tk,A ^vxguh
èkwi* dfork esa gh Åij mn~èk`r dkO;ka'k ds Bhd ckn dfo
dh n`f"V ml cPps dh vksj tkrh gS] tks jkr&Hkj cq[+kkj ls
vkSj lkFk gh Hkw[k ls Hkh rM+irk jgk gSA
veks?k th dh dfork esa izÑfr dk dsoy dksey] eèkqj]
vkd"kZd :i gh ugha gS] mldk Hk;kog] vkraddkjh :i Hkh
gSA bls ns[kuk gks rks ^dky oS'kk[kh* dfork ls xqtj’ uk t’:jh
gksxkA veks?k izÑfr ds ckjs esa dfork fy[krs gq, Hkh euq";
dh ftthfo"kk vkSj deZBrk dks ;kn j[krs gSa vkSj ikBdksa dks
Hkh ;kn fnykrs jgrs gSaµ
,sls gh Hkwfe vkSj dky dh lhek rksM+
lk¡lksa esa vk¡èkh vkSj
èkefu;ksa esa fctyh tksM+
djrk gS dke tc
vkneh coaMj gks
ykrk gS ve`r&dy'k LoxZ ls Nhudj]
ns[krs jgrs gSa yksx
vk¡[ksa pkSfa èk;kdj vkSj
dgrs gSµ a
ekuq"k ugha dky cS'kk[kh gS!
vius yacs thou esa dfo us
xk¡o dh cnyrh ft’na xh dks ns[kk
gS vkSj ml cnyrh ft’na xh ds
lkFk xk¡o dh cnyrh laLÑfr
dh dfork esa vfHkO;fDr Hkh dh
tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 5

gSA vkt’knh ds ckn Hkkjr ds xk¡oksa esa 'kgj dbZ :iksa esa ?kqlk
gS vkSj ml xk¡o dh jkste’ jsZ dh ft’na xh dks èkhjs&èkhjs izHkkfor
Hkh fd;k gSA ,d ,sls gh cnyrs xk¡o dk fp=k ^lqcg xk¡o ds
rkj ds [kaHks* dfork esa fn[kkbZ nsrk gSA bl dfork dks i<+rs
gq, ,d ckj fQj xk¡o dh cnyrh ft’na xh ij fy[kh js.kq dh
dgkfu;k¡ ;kn vkrh gSAa
veks?k us dsoy oká txr dh ft’na xh dh dfork gh
ugha fy[kh gS] dHkh&dHkh mUgksua s vartZxr ds }a}ksa dks Hkh
viuh dfork dk fo"k; cuk;k gSA euq"; dk eu vusd
rjg ds var}±}ksa ls Hkjk jgrk gSA ,sls esa dksbZ vR;ar
lkoèkku dfo gh ekuo eu dh }a}kRed xfr dks viuh
dfork dk fo"k; cukrk gSA bl laxgz esa ,d dfork gS^µ nks
lgksnj*] ftlesa ,d vksj euq"; dk la?k"kZ'khy eu gS rks
nwljh vksj mldk leiZ.koknh euA bu nksuksa Hkkoksa ds fujarj
la?k"kZ dh vfHkO;fDr djrs gq, Hkh dfo la?k"kZ'khyrk dks gh
euq";rk dk èkeZ ekurk gSA
veks?k th us dqN ,sls fo"k;ksa ij Hkh dfork,¡ fy[kh gS]a
tks vke rkSj ij dfork ds fo"k; ugha ekus tkrs ;k dfork
dh nqfu;k esa ftudk izo's k oftZr gSA mudh ,d dfork gS
^deZ;ksxh*] ;g dfork fx) ij gSA fx) dks dfo us fu"dke
deZ;ksxh dgk gSA ;d dfork ukxktquZ dks cgqr ilan vkbZ
Fkh] D;ksfa d Lo;a ukxktquZ us dqN ,sls fo"k;ksa ij dfork,¡
fy[kh gS]a ftu ij u muds igys dfork fy[kh xbZ gS] u ckn
esAa ukxktquZ dh ,d dfork gS ^iSus nk¡rksa okyh*A ;g dfork
eknk lwvj ij gSA ukxktquZ dh rjg gh veks?k th dh fx)
ij fy[kh dfork esa ,d xgjk] ysfdu fNik gqvk O;aX; Hkh
gSA vktdy vusd :iksa esa dhVuk'kdksa ds iz;ksx ds dkj.k
fx) rsth’ ls lekIr gks jgs gSAa laHko gS Hkfo"; esa dsoy
Le`fr vkSj dfork esa gh fx) jg tk,¡] rc bl dfork dk
egÙo vyx izdkj dk gksxkA
dfo us vius yacs dfo thou esa Hkkjrh; lekt vkSj
jktuhfr ds curs&fcxM+rs vusd :iksa dks ns[kk gS] tks mudh
dfork esa lkekftd laonsu'khyrk
vkS j lkeq n kf;d ihM+ k dh
vuqHkwfr;ksa ds :i esa vfHkO;Dr
gSA ^eSa rks rsjs ikl es*a ds ^vaxkjs*
[kaM esa ,slh vusd dfork,¡ gS]a
tks Hkkjrh; lekt dh foMacukvksa
6

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

vkSj jktuhfr dh foÑfr;ksa dh p'enhn xokgh nsrh gSAa
Lokèkhurk vkanksyu ds dky esa fy[kh dforkvksa esa vk'kk
vkSj mYykl dk Loj gS rks Lokèkhurk ds ckn dh fLFkfr;ksa
dks O;Dr djusokyh dforkvksa esa dgha fujk'kk] dgha ihM+k
vkSj dgha xgjk vkØks'k gSA dfo viuh ckr QqlQqlkgV esa
ugha] cfYd ph[+kdj dguk pkgrk gSA ^rkj Loj* uked
dfork esa og dgrk gSµ
pkgrk gw¡ ,d ckj vkt eqg¡ [kksydj
dj nw¡ eSa Hkh"k.k phRdkj rkj Loj es]a
fd can dj nw¡ lkjs cdokl O;FkZ vkt ds
Hkzkfa riw.kZ Økafr vkSj 'kkafr ds lc ukjs
fudyrs jgrs gSa tks fd usrk&nq'psrk ds
vksBksa ls mn~?kkVu Hkkst&Hkk"k.kksa esAa
dfork esa ,slk Loj rc QwVrk gS] tc dfo dh n`f"V
nqfoèkkxzLr ugha gksrhA tgk¡ n`f"V esa nqfu;k gksrh gS] ogha
vfHkO;fDr esa gdykgV vkrh gSA bls gh dqN yksx dyk
dgrs gSAa veks?k th ,sls dykdkj dfo ugha gSAa mUgksua s
jktuhfr dss ik[kaM ij izgkj fd;k gS vkSj yksdra=k dks
ywVra=k cukusokys usrkvksa ds pfj=k dh vlfy;r ij iM+s gq,
ik[kaM ds js'keh ijnksa dks Hkh rkj&rkj fd;k gSA os le>rs gSa
fd vkt dh jktuhfr dk iwt
¡ h dh FkSyh ls xgjk lacèa k gS]
blhfy, os bl xBtksM+ ds fo#) yydkj dh Hkk"kk esa
dfork fy[krs gSAa
dfo us fouksck th ds fcgkj vkxeu ij ,d dfork fy[kh
gS ^;qx ds elhgk ls*A bl dfork esa os Li"V 'kCnksa esa dgrs
gSa fd Hkkjrh; lekt dh fo'ks"k :i ls xzke&lekt dh
leL;kvksa dk lekèkku loksnZ ; ls ugha gksxkA mUgksua s fy[kk gSµ
ttZj gS lekt dk 'kjhj dbZ ?kkoksa ls
dsna hz Hkwr ihi jg&jgdj Vhlrk gS
u'rj yxkus nks
NksM+ks feêh&iêh
lM+&s xys dks'kksa dks 'kh?kz cg tkus nksA
ledkyhu jktuhfr ls dfo fujk'k gSA og mldh
fueZe vkykspuk Hkh djrk gS] ysfdu mldh jktuhfrd
psruk dsoy vlgefr vkSj fojksèk rd tkdj Bgj ugha
tkrhA mlds eu esa ns'k dh rLohj cnyus dh izcy vkdka{kk
'ks"k i`- 10 ij

veks?k dk dfoRo
MkW- [kxsUnz Bkdqj
veks?k ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k* ds O;fDrRo vkSj ÑfrRo dk
ifjp; eq>s muds laxgz ^eSa rks rsjs ikl es*a ds ekè;e ls
feykA izdk'kd us vius oDrO; esa lwpuk nh gS fd ukxktquZ
vkSj MkW- y{ehukjk;.k ^lqèkka'kq* us veks?k th dh dforkvksa
dh eqDr daB ls iz'kalk dh Fkh vkSj Lo;a dfo us ^viuh
ckr* esa ;g vkRefo'okl O;Dr fd;k gS fd bu dforkvksa
dh vuqxt
¡w ikBdksa ds fny esa jg tk,xhA mlh ls ;g
tkudkjh Hkh feyrh gS fd dfo dk thou bruk la?k"kZe;
jgk gS fd jpuk ds fy, mUgsa mi;qDr le; izk;% ugha fey
ik;kA Hkkoukvksa ds vkosx us tks dqN dfo ls fy[kok fy;k]
mUgsa ^HkkoeqXèk Jksrkvks*a us dkQ’h ljkgkA dfork dk vFkZ
ikBdksa dh psruk esa dbZ rjg ls igqp
¡ rk gSA dbZ ckj i<+us
ls iwjk vFkZ xzg.k ugha gks ikrk] dfo ds eqg¡ ls lquus ij
dfork dk vFkZ&xzg.k csgrj <ax ls gksrk gSA eq>s vQ’lksl gS
fd eSa veks?k th dk Jksrk ugha cu ik;kA muds daB ls
fudyh gqbZ Loj&ygjh esjs ekul esa Hkh xwt
¡ rh jgrhA ;ksa eSa
ml ;qx dk ikBd ;k Jksrk gw]¡ tc xhrksa dk izHkko de
gksrk x;k vFkok ;g dgsa fd dfork vkSj xhr esa vyxko
gksrk x;kA esjs lkeus ;g ladV gSA ,d ladV ;g Hkh gS fd
ukxktquZ ] MkW- lqèkka'kq vkSj fnudj Hkh ftl dfo dh iz'kalk
dj pqds gS]a muds ckjs esa eSa D;k fy[kwA¡ [+kjS ] izdk'kd us dqN
bl rjg dk nckc Mkyk gS eq> ij fd eSa ladksp eqDr gksdj
^eSa rks rsjs ikl es*a dh dforkvksa ds ckjs esa iafDr;k¡ fy[kus
dks izfs jr gqvk gwA¡ ysfdu eSa dsoy ladkspeqDr ugha eqXèkrk
ls Hkh eqDr gwA¡ eqXèk ikBd ;k Jksrk dfork dks] fdlh pht’
dks Bhd ls le> ugha ldrk] D;ksfa d eqXèkrk le> dks
LFkfxr dj nsrh gSA
eSa ;g egewl djrk gw¡ fd vjfj;k tSls {ks=k esa jgdj
tks dfo izk;% Ng n'kdksa lss dfork,¡ fy[kdj vkSj lEesyuksa
lekjksgksa esa gt“kjksa yksxksa dks eèkqj Loj&ygjh esa lqukdj
lekt esa dkO;kRed okrkoj.k dk fuekZ.k djrk jgk gS]
dkO; laLÑfr dk izlkj djrk jgk gS] mldh jpukRedrk

dk vfHkuanu vo'; fd;k tkuk pkfg,A bl ckr dk egÙo
rHkh le>k tk ldrk gS] tc dksbZ x’kjS djs fd dSls bl
yach vofèk esa gekjh laLÑfr vdkO;kRed gksrh xbZ gS]
O;kolkf;d gksrh xbZ gS] vkijkfèkd gksrh xbZ gS] jpuk
fojksèkh gksrh xbZ gSA veks?k th us tks dke tu&thou esa iSB
dj fd;k gS] og djusokys ;fn lSdM+kas ;k de ls de ntZuksa
dh rknkn esa gks]a rks lekt dk okrkoj.k cnyk tk ldrk
gSA
tks Ng n'kd veks?k th dk jpuk&dky gS]a mlesa fganh
dfork esa vusd rjg ds ifjorZu vk,] ftuds vè;;u ls
vkèkqfud fganh dfork dk bfrgkl ;k mldh fodkl&izfØ;k
le> esa vkrh gSA veks?k th dh dforkvksa ij x’kjS djus ls
,slk eglwl gksrk gS fd fganh dfork dh fodkl&izfØ;k ls
veks?k th izk;% vyx jgsA ysfdu è;ku nsus dh ckr gS fd
bl yacs dky&[kaM esa thou vkSj izÑfr ls mudk yxko jgk
gSA vQ’lksl ;g gS fd brus yacs dky&[kaM dh mudh
FkksM+h&lh dfork,¡ gh miyCèk gSAa ;g Bhd gS fd bl laxgz
dks izdk'kd us izfrfufèk laxgz dgk gS] fQj Hkh ;fn dfo dk
lexz ys[ku ikBdksa ds lkeus gksrk rks mudh izof` Ùk vkSj #fp
;k dkO;&psruk dk Lo:i T+;knk vPNh rjg le> esa vkrkA
bruk Li"V gS fd veks?k th dh dkO;&psruk uohurk
dh] dfork ds u, vkyacu dh [kkst djrh jgh gSA igyh gh
dfork ^uo o"kZxhr* ij ut’j nsus ij eglwl gksrk gS fd
dfo us egt“ vkSipkfjdrko'k uo o"kZ ij ugha fy[kk gSA og
fy[krk gS rks uohurk ds vkus dh iwjh izfØ;k dks ân;axe
dj ysrk gSA og u;k D;k] tks u,iu dk ,glkl u djk,A
blfy, 'kq: esa gh dfo dgrk gS
^u;uksa esa vk;k uoksUes"k] izk.kksa
esa eèkqj&eèkqj Lianu*A ,slk gksrk
gS blfy, fd iqjkru i=k >j
x, vkSj dksey fdly; QwVAs
iqjkus ds tkus vkSj u, ds vkus
tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 7

dk cksèk uo o"kZ dh izjs .kk gSA bl dfork ds vafre nks
VqdM+kas esa dfo us uo o"kZ ds izlxa esa u, fcEcksa dh ;kstuk
djds u, o"kZ esa viuh vksj ls u;kiu tksMk+ gS^µ Q.kèkj
dsp
a qy dks NksM+ nkSM+ fudys vkdqy* ;k ^cNM+s jksvksa dks >kM+
Hkj jgs pkSdfM+;k¡*A bl rjg dh iafDr;k¡ dfo dh fujh{k.k
'kfDr dh rkt’xh dk irk nsrh gSAa ^Qwys cukar dks dkapukj*
xhr Hkh ikBdksa dks dqN blh izdkj dk vkuan nsrk gSA
feêh dh xksjkbZ fu[kjh
jx&jx esa v#.kkbZ fc[kjhA
dkeuk&dyh flgjh&flgjh
ikdj vksBksa ij eèkqj Hkkj
Qwys cukar ds dkapukjÏ
bl rjg ds dbZ caèk bl xhr esa gS]a tks u,iu dk cksèk
nsrs gSAa xhr dk <k¡pk iqjkuk gks ldrk gS] ysfdu veks?k th
us varoZLrq u, vuqHkoksa ls xzg.k dh gSA bl fn'kk esa budh
xhr&psruk fodflr gksrh rks 'kk;n dfo vkSj dfork nksuksa
dk T+;knk Hkyk gksrkA ^uhan yxus yxh* 'kh"kZd xhr Hkh blh
rjg dk gSA pSr ds ekSle dk ekufld izHkko fpf=kr djus
dh dksf'k'k djrs gq, dfo us ckgj Hkh ut’j nkSMk+ dj u;k
fcac [kkstk gSµ
ids xsg¡w dh fQlyu Hkjh ckfy;k¡
dkVdj Fkd xbZ gS fd'kksjh vHkhA
pSr dk lkSna ;Z ewÙkZ djus ds fy, dfo us dsoy izÑfr
ij fuHkZj ugha jgdj] izÑfr vkSj euq"; dk okrkoj.k vkSj
Je lkeatL; fd;k gSA bl izdkj dfo lkSna ;Z dk voyksdu
gh ugha] l`tu Hkh djrk gSA
izÑfr&izlxa dh yach dfork gS ^vknzk*Z A izÑfr vkRe&
r`Ir ugha gS ;k ;g dgsa fd izÑfr euq"; ds laidZ ls gh
lkFkZd gksrh gSA ^vknzk*Z u{k=k ds ekSle vkSj mlds O;kid
izHkko dk fp=k.k djrs gq, dfo us dfork ds nwljs [kaM esa
fdlku&thou dh xfrfofèk;ksa rFkk mlds lekt dh meax
dk fp=k.k fd;k gSA ^vknzk*Z esa
izÑfr dks ysdj Ñ"kd&lekt rks
vknzZ gS gh] Lo;a dfo Hkh vknzZ
ekywe gksrk gSA
bl Nks V s ls la x z g dh
dfork,¡ dbZ [kaMksa esa foHkDr gSAa
8

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

^xaèk* uke ds nwljs [kaM esa ,d dfork ^lqcg % xk¡o esa rkj
ds [kaHks* 'kh"kZd dfork crkrh gS fd ;g dfo ubZ&ubZ ckrks]a
thou ds u, y{k.kksa dks Hkh viuh ut’j ls idM+rk gS vkSj
mUgsa jpuk esa <kyrk gSA ,slk djus dk viuk vankt gS
mudkA n`'; bruk&lk gS fd rkj ds [kaHkksa ij tkM+s dh Hkksj
esa dfo dh ut’j iM+hA mls yxrk gS fdµ
dqgkls dh nqykbZ vks<+s [kM+s
vxfur naMkdkj O;fDr
leku nwjh ij
leku Å¡pkbZ ds
¼'kk;n Hkkjr esa lekurk tue jgh gS½
,d&,d mtyh I;kyh
eqg¡ esa yxk, [kM+s gSAa
;gk¡ ^'kk;n Hkkjr esa lekurk tue jgh gS* ds t’fj,
Hkkjrh; jktuhfrd&lkekftd O;oLFkk ij dfo us rh[kk
O;aX; fd;k gSA ;g iwjh dfork O;aX;kRed gS] tks ljdkjh
ra=k esa O;kIr vlaxfr dks csinZ djrh gSA ^deZ;ksxh* 'kh"kZd
yach dfork Hkh O;aX;kRed gS] gkyk¡fd mldk O;aX; eq[kj
ugha] xaHkhj gSA Hkk"kk dgha O;aX;kRed ugha gS] gk¡ izlxa gh
O;aX;kRed gks x;k gSA fl) vkSj fx) dh rqd vkSj Å¡ps
vklu ij cSB fparu&euu djuk O;aX; dk ladrs djrk gSA
vkxs pydj ßvkfe"k [kkdj Hkh fdruk cM+k vfgald
gS@fu"dke deZ ;ksxh gS@;g fdruk egkuÞ tSlh iafDr;k¡
dfork ds O;aX; dks rh[kk cukrh gSAa
^vaxkjs* uke ds rhljs [kaM esa dbZ jktuhfrd la?k"kZey
w d
dfork,¡ gSAa ^ofg~u&js[k* lu~ 42 dh vxLr Økafr dk o.kZu
djrh gS vkSj ^og [kwuh laè;k vxLr lu~ 55 dh* 1955 esa
xksok&eqfDr vkanksyu ds neu dh osnuk O;Dr djrh gSA bl
rjg dfo us viuh jk"Vªh; psruk dks ok.kh nh gSA ;g lq[kn
gS fd dfo dh n`f"V ltx gksdj vius n`'; txr dks ns[krh
jgrh gS vkSj vius ut’fj, ls egÙoiw.kZ yxusokyh pht’ka s dks
dkO;kRed <k¡pk nsus dh dksf'k'k djrh gSA og Hkkxyiqj ds
?kaVk?kj ij fy[krk gS vkSj 'osr es?k ij HkhA vc rd pfpZr
dforkvksa ds vfrfjDr ^I;kj dk dVksjk*] ^Dokj dh èkwi*]
izfrHkk ds ^o`"kHk*] ^xhr xaèk vkSj vaxkjs* vkfn dbZ dfork,¡
mYys[kuh; gaAS
dfo dh izkjafHkd dfork,¡ Hkh vkÑ"V djrh gSAa ,slk
eglwl gksrk gS fd Lo;a dfo us viuh dkO; izfrHkk dks
fodflr djus ij leqfpr è;ku ugha fn;kA nwljh ckr ;g

gS fd vius le; ds vU; dfo;ksa dh jpukRedrk ij Hkh
bUgksua s è;ku ugha fn;kA ;fn ;s nksuksa ckrsa gqbZ gksrha] rks eSa
le>rk gw¡ fd veks?k th ls fganh dfork dks dqN vkSj
egÙoiw.kZ feyk gksrkA blds ckotwn veks?k th us viuh
jpukRed ÅtkZ dks thoar cuk, j[kk vkSj le; rFkk
xfr'khy ;FkkFkZ ds lkFk pyrs jgs] ;g mYys[kuh; gSA
mi;qDZ r ckrksa ds vykok dfork ds Lo:i dks vkd"kZd
rFkk dfork dh varoZLrq dks lai"sz k.kh; cukus ds fy, veks?k
th dh dforkvksa dh Hkk"kk Hkh è;ku [khaprh gSA Hkk"kk ds
izlxa esa dguk ;g gS fd dfo dh vfHkO;fDr ,dne lkQ’
lqFkjh gSA xhr ds caèk lèks gq, vkSj Hkkokuqdy
w 'kCn&p;u
rFkk okD;&foèkku ls lts gSAa yach dforkvksa dh Hkk"kk
izokge;h gSA Hkk"kk dh cukoV cksy&pky ds d’jhc gSA dkO;
jpuk esa f'kYi&'kSyh dh fofoèkrk Hkh gSA Hkk"kk ds ckjs esa tks
ckr eSua s dgh gS] mlds n`"Vkar ds :i esa dgha ls Hkh iafDr;k¡
m)`r dh tk ldrh gS]a ysfdu ;g VqdM+k nsf[k,µ

pk¡n!
rqe gks I;kj dk iwjk dVksjk
tks Hkjk&Hkjk bruk fd Ny&Ny <kyrk
mRlqd èkjk ij xxu dk ih;w"kA
'kk;n nwc ihrh gS mls gj jkr Hkj
blfy, gj jkst’ ej dj Hkh vej ogA
;g gS ljy vkSj lgt Hkk"kkA ^dVksjk* 'kCn ;gk¡ cM+k
lkFkZd gSA og ih;w"k ls Hkjk dVksjk gS vkSj èkjrh ij mls
Nydkrk jgrk gSA pk¡nuh ds lkSna ;Z vkSj izHkko nksuksa dks
O;aftr djusokyh cgqr vPNh fcacekyk gS ;gA ;ksa ;gk¡ ^gj
jkr Hkj* esa ^Hkj* vuko';d yxrk gSA ^gj jkr* fy[kus ls
iwjk vFkZ O;aftr gks tkrk gSA blds ckotwn pk¡n ij fyf[kr
;g mYys[kuh; dfork gS vkSj pk¡n ds lkSna ;Z ds lkFk mlh
dh xfr vkSj fu;fr dks dq'kyrk ls dfo us fpf=kr fd;k gSA
eSa bl dfo dk vfHkuanu djrk gwA¡

i`- 7 dk 'ks"k
gS] blfy, og ns'k dh lksbZ gqbZ vkRek dks txkus dk vkàku
Hkh djrk gSµ
fnu dkQ’h p<+ vk;k gS
vc Hkh rks txks] vc Hkh rks mBks
vks esjs fo'kky ns'k dh cslqèk vkRek]
rqEgkjk x`g nsork iqdkj jgk gSA
veks?k th us ^dfoeZuh"kh* dfork esa Bhd gh fy[kk gSµ
dfo gw]¡ ugha cgk djrk gw¡ dkykfuy ij
eSa f=kdky dks eqëh esa dj can
lk¡lksa esa vk¡èkh vkS*
rwQ’ku fy, pyrk gwA¡
jprk gw¡ nqfu;k xqykc dh
dk¡Vksa dks Hkh lkFk fy, pyrk gwA¡
vkt ds ladVxzLr Hkkjrh; lekt ds fy, ,slh gh
dfo n`f"V dh t’:jr gS] ftlesa xqykc dh [+k'q kcw ds lkFk
dk¡Vksa dks Hkh lkFk ysdj pyus dh {kerk gksA
,sls de dfo gksrs gS]a tks viuh ft’na xh dks Hkh
vkykspukRed n`f"V ls ns[krs gSa vkSj [+kqn ij Hkh O;aX; djus

dh {kerk j[krs gSAa bl laxgz esa ,d dfork gS ^xhr xaèk
vkSj vaxkjs*] ftlds vkjaHk dh iafDr;k¡ gSµa
ipgÙkj dk cw<+k gw¡
cLrh dh lM+d fdukjs
<sj cuk dwM+k gw¡
dfork ds vkjaHk dh bu iafDr;ksa dks i<+dj fdlh dks
;g Hkze ugha gksuk pkfg, fd dfo fujk'kk dk f'kdkj gSA
'ks"k dfork ;g fl) djrh gS fd dfo esa vc Hkh thoarrk
gS] og vklikl dh nqfu;k dks è;ku ls ns[krk gS vkSj viuh
igyh izfs edk ds [+k'w kcw Hkjs izes i=k dks ;kn djrs gq, ft’na xh
dks Hkjiwj thus dk izek.k Hkh nsrk gSA
veks?k th ds bl dkO;&laxgz esa cgqr vPNh dforkvksa
ds vusd :i gSAa muds xhrksa esa 'kCn dk laxhr vFkZ ds
laxhr ls ,dkRe gS rks yach dforkvksa esa vkRe fparu ds
lkFk ukVdh;rk dk lekos'k Hkh
gSA mudh dkO;&Hkk"kk esa ,d
lân; O;fDr dh fopkj'khyrk
ls fufeZr Hkk"kk dk lkSna ;Z gSA

la i dZ % f{kfrt] tu'kfDr dkWyksuh]
iFk la[;k 24] jktho uxj] iVuk 800024

la i dZ % ch&Mh@8,] MhMh, ¶ySV~l
eqfujdk] fnYyh 110067

tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 9

^eSa rks rsjs ikl esa* %
Hkkoksa dh je.kh; fp=l`f"V
MkW- Jhjatu lwfjnso
izLrqr dkO;Ñfr ^eSa rks rsjs ikl es*a dfo veks?k ds psru
euksjkT; ds euksje Hkkoksa dh je.kh; fp=kl`f"V gSA blesa
dfoJh dk y{; ;FkkFkZ esa f'kork ds vUos"k.k ds lkFk gh
mlds lR; vkSj lqna j dk leqnH~ kkou Hkh gSA bl n`f"V ls
budh dfork fparu ds èkjkry ij ltZukRed vkykspuk dk
izfrdYi gSA bl lanHkZ esa bl dkO;Ñfr ds ^xaèk* vkSj
^vaxkjs* izdj.kksa dh NankseqDr ledkyhu dfork,¡ fo'ks"k :i
ls mYys[kuh; gS(a D;ksfa d buesa buds leLr euksHkko oSpkfjd
Lrj ij gh vfHkO;Dr gq, gSAa
dfo veks?k Nanksc) dfork jpus dh Hkh viwoZ izfrHkk
ls laiUu gSAa og ;g eglwl djrs gSa fd Nan dfork dk
vkPNknu gS vkSj fcuk Nan dh dfork fuoZluk gksrh gSA fQj
Hkh] bUgksua s ledkyhurk ds izfr vkxzg'khyrk ds dkj.k
NankseqDr dforkvksa dks Hkh ewY; fn;k gS vkSj dgha&dgha
Nanksc) dforkvksa esa Hkh y; ds vkos'k esa Nan dks f'kfFky gks
tkus fn;k gSA bl lanHkZ esa bl Ñfr ds ^xhr* vkSj ^ifjf'k"V*
izdj.k nz"VO; gSa vkSj NankseqDr ledkyhu dforkvksa ds fy,
^xaèk* vkSj ^vaxkjs* izdj.k voyksduh; gSAa vycÙkk] budh
Nanksc) dfork,¡ ;=k&dq=k jpukxr 'kSfYid 'kSfFkY; ds ckotwn]
dF; dh Hkkf"kd psruk dh n`f"V ls vfr'k; vfHkO;atd gSAa
blhfy,] fganh ds f'k[kjdfo ukxktquZ us budh 'kCn&'kfDr
dh izcyrk eqDr daB ls Lohdkj dh gSA
dfo veks?k Nk;koknksÙkj dky ds mu jloknh dfo;ksa esa
ikaDrs; gS]a ftudh dkO;&jpuk jle;h vkSj fcacfoèkkf;uh Hkk"kk
ds vkos"Vu ls laofyr gSAa budk
tc ^xhr&xaèk* dkO; izdkf'kr
gq v k Fkk] rc dkO; es a
vfHkO;atukoknh n`f"V ds vkykspd
MkW- y{eh ukjk;.k lqèkka'kq us buds
ml dkO; dks ^jlksRlo* dh laKk
10

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

nh Fkh vkSj dfork esa fofu;qDr buds vfHkuo miekvksa vkSj
euksK fcacksa dh Hkwfj'k% 'yk?kk dh FkhA
dkO; esa ekSfyd mn~Hkkouk vkSj l'kDr vfHkO;fDr ds
dfo;ksa esa dfo veks?k vo'; gh fof'k"V gLrk{kj gS]a tks
;qxcksèk ds vuqdy
w Hkkopsruk ds vfHkO;atu esa lnk mfUunz
jgrs gSAa budh izLrqr dkO;Ñfr ds ukedj.k dh lkFkZdrk
ds lanHkZ esa izdk'kdh; earO; dk eSa leLoj gw¡ fd bl
dkO;Ñfr dh dforkvksa dk vkLoknu djrs le; lân;
ikBd dfo dh laons ukvksa dk lgt gh HkkoLi'kZ djsxa s vkSj
dfo dks vius ikl gh eglwl djsxa As
dfo veks?k ds ltZu&oSHko dh lkSna ;Z&psruk esa budh
ckSf)d psruk vuqL;wr gSA budh bl dkO;Ñfr ds ^xhr*
izdj.k dh dfork,¡ ftruh jlis'ky gS]a Bhd blds foijhr
^xaèk* vkSj ^vaxkjs* izdj.kksa dh dfork,¡ ;|fi buds lgt
jlknZz dfo&eu ds izfrdwy vLokHkkfod tSlh yxrh gS]a
rFkkfi blls ;g Li"V gksrk gS fd dfo veks?k vius
dYiukyksd ds gh lekukarj HkwrpSrU;izèkku dforkvksa dh
jpuk esa Hkh leFkZ gSAa budh ;g }SrkRed n`f"V vkykspdksa
vkSj ikBdksa dks f}èkkxzLr dj ldrh gS] ysfdu lexzr;k
budh euksHkwfe dkO; ds ekè;e ls yksdeaxy dh dkeuk ls
lefUor gSA
bl dkO;&laxgz es]a igys izdkj dh dforkvksa esa dfo
veks?k dh jlHkkoiw.kZ dykojs.;rk ftl rjg laiUu vkSj
le`) izrhr gksrh gS] mlh rjg nwljs izdkj dh dfork,¡
;FkkFkZcksèk dh O;Fkk ls Hkjh gqbZ gSAa ;gk¡ nksuksa foèkkvksa ds
mnkgj.k nz"VO; gSa %
1- yfrdk ds ru esa flgju] eu esa m}syu]
uo ?ku&o"kZ.k ls vknzZ gfjr vapy papyA ¼^vknzkZ*½
2- rc xfyr vax nqx±èk lus
ywy]s y¡xM+s vkSj lwjnkl

tks cM+s lcsjs ls gh iSlk ,d
vkSj eqëh Hkj ij gSa èkjs vk'k
¼^?kaVk?kj*½
bu m)j.kksa esa dYiuk&izo.k dfo veks?k dh jlksPNy
Hkkoksa dh l?ku vuqHkwfr dh bZekunkj vfHkO;fDr vkSj ;FkkFkZ
dh rh[kh osnuk vfr'k; izHkkodkjh gSA
dfo veks?k je.kh; vFkZ ds izfriknd 'kCnksa ds
izKkizk<S +fp=kdkj gSAa budh fp=kl`f"V esa lgtizkI; jl?kfu"B
HkkofLuXèkrk] okrkoj.k dh ;FkkFkZrk vkSj LokHkkfodrk lglk
eu dks vkfo"V dj ysrh gSA }af}y Hkkoksa dh laf'y"Vrk ;k
f'y"V Hkkolcyrk dh n`f"V ls lcy ikjaifjd vkSj
lelkef;d dforkvksa esa ^Qwys oukar ds dkapukj*] ^vknzk*Z ]
^pSr dh pk¡nuh*] ^,d dyh*] ^[katu mrjh*] ^vxguh èkwi*]
^dky cSlk[kh*] ^?kaVk?kj*] ^u'rj vkSj uqL[kk*] ^xhr] xaèk
vkSj vaxkjs*] ^rqEgkjk x`gnsork iqdkj jgk*] ^eèkqfjek*] ^p<+kuk
gS* vkfn dfork,¡ veks?k&dkO; dh vizfre miyfCèk gSAa
dfo veks?k izÑfr&fp=k.k ds ekè;e ls fcac dh jpuk
djus esa lkfr'k; fuiq.k gSAa izÑfr&fp=k.k vkSj fcac] bu nksuksa
xq.k&oSf'k"V~; ls fufeZr budh dfork dh HkkoHkwfe lgt gh
el`.k vkSj euksgj cu xbZ gSA izÑfr&fp=k.k ls lac) buds
dkO; dks izÑfr&dkO; dguk mfpr gksxkA bUgksaus ijaijsrj
egÙo ls fHkUu ekSfyd vfHkuork ls tks izÑfr&fu:i.k fd;k
gS] og vfr'k; mnkÙk] dksey] lkSna ;Z&osf"Vr vkSj fcackRed
gSA dYiuk&yfyr 'kCnksa ds dkO;kRed miLFkkiu ls fcac ;k
:i dk mn~Hkkou gksrk gSA dguk u gksxk fd dfo veks?k
fcacksnH~ kkou esa vfr izoh.k gSAa
vkpk;Z jkepanz 'kqDy us fcac&foèkku dks :i&foèkku
dgk gSA dfo veks?k ds fcac&foèkku ;k :i&fuekZ.k ij
tuinh; thou dk xgjk izHkko iM+k gSA dfo veks?k us
tuinh; laLÑfr ls mithfor cgqjxa fcacksa dh mn~Hkkouk dh
gSA budh fcacksi;ksxh dkO;Hkk"kk esa xqfa Qr vkapfyd vkSj
vuqj.kukRed 'kCn ef.k esa izoky dk la;ksx mifLFkr djrs
gSAa bUgksua s viuh dforkvksa esa pk{kq"k fcac ¼^vkWfIVd best*½
dh vorkj.kk ds izfr vfèkd vkxzg fn[kyk;k gSA :i&foèkku
gksus ds dkj.k gh vfèkdka'k fcac n`'; ;k pk{kq"k gksrs gSAa
ijarq dfo veks?k dh dforkvksa esa iapfs Unz; ¼p{kq] ?kzk.k]
Jo.k] Li'kZ vkSj vkLokn½ }kjk xzká fcacksa dk Hkh fofu;ksx
miyCèk gksrk gSA izÑfr&fp=k.k ds ekè;e ls fufeZr je.kh;
fcac foèkku dk ,d mnkgj.k ysa %

lsey dh yky nqykbZ es]a
vkrqj ifN;k dk vkfyaxuA ¼^uoZ o"kZ&xhr*½
;gk¡ laHkksx Ük`xa kj dk euksje fcac&foèkku gqvk gSA
^lsey dh yky nqykbZ* esa ;fn pk{kq"k fcac dh mn~Hkkouk gqbZ
gS] rks ^ifN;k ds vkrqj vkfyaxu esa Li'ksfZ Unz;&xzká fcac dh
jE; jpuk gqbZ gSA vewÙkZ tSls ewÙkZ gks x;k gSA lqpk# vkSj
lq"Bq dkO;Hkk"kk ds lqiz;ksDrk dfo veks?k us izÑfr esa
Ük`xa kj&flDr ps"Vkvksa vkSj dkeksUeknd vaxksa ds 'ys"kxw<+
foHkkou esa dq'ky dkO;'kkL=kh dh Hkwfedk laogu fd;k gSA
dfo veks?k ds iapfs Unz;z &xzká fcacksa ds vkLokn ds fy,
^Qwys oukar ds dkapukj* dh fuEukafdr dkO;&iafDr;k¡
fo'ys"k.kh; gSa % ^[ksrksa ds papy vapy ls vkrh jg&jg
lqjfHkr c;kj* esa ;fn ?kzk.ksfUnz;&xzká fcac mn~Hkkfor gqvk gS]
rks ^dkeuk&Qyh flgjh&flgjh ikdj gksBa ksa ij eèkqj Hkkj* esa
Li'kZ vkSj vkLokn dh bafnz;ksa ls xzká fcacksa dk mn~Hkkou gqvk
gSA blh izdkj] ^mRlo ds xhrksa ls vgjg eq[kfjr xzkeksa ds
}kj&}kj* esa Jo.ksfUnz;&xzká fcac dh euksKrk vfr'k;
ân;kotZd cu iM+h gSA dfo veks?k dh ^Qwys oukar ds
dkapukj* 'kh"kZd fcaccgqy dfork dh bl iwjs dkO;&laxgz esa
f}rh;rk ugha gSA bl dfork esa fufgr vizLrqr ;kstuk,¡ rks
lkfr'k; eukseksgd gS]a lkFk gh dfo ds izÑfr&fujh{k.k dh
lw{esf{kdk dh ifjpkf;dk Hkh gSAa
blh lanHkZ es]a mDr dfork esa of.kZr feêh dh xksjkbZ dk
fu[kjuk] jx&jx esa v#.kkbZ dk fc[kjuk] ?kklksa dk ykyh ls
vkPNkfnr gksuk] lsey ds eu ds yky&yky eèkq&Toky dk
mldh 'kk[kkvksa esa QwVuk] eatfj;ksa dk eknd jl ihdj
dks;y dk dwduk vkfn n`'; dfo veks?k ds o.kZ&ifjKku
dk] lkFk gh vizLrqr dks izLrqr djus dh 'kfDr dk |ksrd
gSaA o.kZ&ifjKku dkO; ds fcac&foèkku] fo'ks"kr% pk{kq"k
fcac&foèkku dk egÙoiw.kZ miknku gSA fuLlangs ] dfo veks?k
dh] jax cksèk dh ckjhdh ls ;qDr dforkvksa esa vkd"kZd vkSj
O;atd oØrk vk xbZ gSA fcac&foèkku dh n`f"V ls buds
;FkkfufnZ"V dfri; dkO;&iz;ksx dkO;&eeZKksa dks lglk
vkoftZr dj ysus dh {kerk ls
laiUu gSAa tSls %
ubZ gok dh ihB ij p<+s gq,
lokjA ¼^fuekZ.k&xhr*½
'ks"k i`- 13 ij

tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 11

veks?k th dh dkO;&Ñfr ^eSa rks rsjs ikl esa*
des±nq f'kf'kj
fiNys dqN o"kks± ls ,d lq[kn ladrs ns[kus dks fey jgs gSa fd
fcgkj ds fofHkUu tuinksa ls izdk'ku ds fNViqV iz;kl gks jgs
gSt
µa :+ jr bl ckr dh gS fd ,sls iz;klksa dks cy fn;k tk,A
FkksM+h Hkh jpukRedrk n`f"V vkSj xfr feyh rks mudh fn'kk
lkFkZd gks ldrh gS vkSj os vkusokys le; esa fcgkj ds
lkaLÑfrd ifjos'k dks cukus esa viuh vge Hkwfedk fuHkk ldrs
gSAa iwf.kZ;k] Hkkxyiqj] x;k] lklkjke] vkjk] lhoku] gkthiqj
bu lkjh txgksa ls ,sls gypyksa ds vdlj izek.k feyrs gSAa
eqt¶+ Q
+ j’ iqj rks bu fnuksa fcgkj dk Hkksiky cuk gqvk gSA
,sls esa jkuhxat] iks- esjhxat] ft+yk vfjj;k ls vHk;
izdk'ku dh mifLFkfr rks ,d gn rd gSjku djusokyh
yxrh gSA ywV] gR;k] MdSrh vkSj vigj.k ds csgn vjktd
ekgkSy esa vxj ,slh jpukRed igy gks jgh gS rks ;g gj
izcq) ukxfjd dk drZO; gS fd ,slh ldkjkRed dksf'k'kksa dk
leFkZu&lg;ksx djs] izkRs lkgu nsA ;g izdk'ku viuh iqLrdsa
bykgkckn ls eqfnzr djrk gS] blfy, mldh izLrqfr ij ogk¡
dh ifjfpr Nki ns[kh tk ldrh gSA ;g fu%langs ljkguh;
dke gS vkSj bls ogk¡ {ks=kh; laj{k.k Hkh vo'; feyuk
pkfg,A ;g nkf;Ro rks vjfj;k tuin ds cqf)thfo;ks]a
jktusrkvks]a i=kdkjks]a f'k{kdksa vkSj laLÑfrdfeZ;ksa dk gSA ;g
ml {ks=k ds fy, cs'kd xkSjo dh ckr gSA
veks?k ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k* dh dforkvksa dk ladyu ^eSa
rks rsjs ikl es*a vHk; izdk'ku dh gh izLrqfr gSA veks?k th blh
tuin ls vkrs gSa vkSj ogha f'k{kd dh ukSdjh djrs gq, vkthou
lkfgR; lsok esa yxs jgsA mudk tUe 1924 bZ- esa gqvk
Fkkµtk+ fgj Fkk mudk ;qokiu Lokèkhurk la?k"kZ dh vk¡p esa rik
FkkA lekt esa bl ih<+h ds yksx vius jpukRed laLdkjksa esa
ml nkSj dk cuk, j[krs gSaA mÙkj Nk;koknh izo`fÙk;ksa dk
izfrfufèkRo djrs fnudj fganh esa
fcgkj dh ,d vuqie HksaV gSaA
mudk vlj bruk xgjk Fkk fd
muds dkO;&laLdkjksa ls izHkkfor
dfo;ksa dh iwjh ,d d’rkj [kM+h gqbZ
ftlesa dsnkjukFk feJ ^izHkkr* ls
12

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

veks?k ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k* rd 'kkfey jgsA bu dfo;ksa dh
lcls cM+h [+kcw h ;g jgh fd bUgksua s turk ls lhèkk l?ku laidZ
cuk;k vkSj viuh jpukvksa ls muds Hkhrj dkO;&laLdkj dk;e
j[kkA lekt ds lkaLÑfrd laLdkjksa ds fyckl esa ,sls jpukdkjksa
dh vge Hkwfedk gS] ftlds izfr vkHkkj vkSj vknj dk Hkko
cuk, j[kuk pkfg,A
veks?k dh dkO;&izfrHkk ls izHkkfor gksdj ckck ukxktquZ
us fy[kk Fkkµ^vkidh dfork dk d’k;y gwA¡ dqN iafDr;k¡ rks
pwe ysus yk;d’ gaAS 'kCn 'kfDr izcy gSA* mudh dkO; Ñfr
^xhr&xaèk* ds izdk'ku ij lqèkka'kq th us bls ,d jlksRlo
dgkA MkW- [kxsna z Bkdqj vkSj dqekj foey us Hkh veks?k th dh
dforkvksa dh iz'kalk dh FkhA ;kuh veks?k th fcgkj ds dksbZ
vutkus dfo ugha jgs gSAa vkyksP; ladyu mudh 1942 ls
vc rd fy[kh dforkvksa dk izfrfufèk p;u gSt
µ ks rhu
[kaMksa esa fu;ksftr gS ^xhr*] ^xaèk* vkSj ^vaxkjs*A
veks?k th xzkeh.k fdlku laons uk ds dfo gSa vkSj
mudh dforkvksa esa x¡obZ ifjos'k vkSj thou dk eksgd&ekfeZd
vadu gqvk gSA izkjafHkd xhrksa vkSj dforkvksa esa :ekuhiu
vkSj dkO;kRed ltyrk cuh gqbZ gSA izkjafHkd :ekfu;r dk
xk<+k jax] xk¡oksa dh ogh fpjifjfpr :ekuh rlohj is'k
djrk gSfµ tlesa izÑfr ekSle] ouLifr;ksa vkSj if{k;ksa dk
eèkqj ifjos'k gSA lkSna ;Z vkSj jkx ls Hkjh xhrkRedrk dk
vkd"Z.k veks?kth yacs le; rd cuk, j[krs gSa ysfdu nwljs
nkSj esa rqd rky ls Lora=k eqDr Nan dh uohu jkg idM+rs gSAa
rc Hkh mudk :ekuh xhrdkj eu ihNk ugha NksM+rkA rRle
dk vkd"kZ.k Hkh cuk jgrk gS ysfdu dfo dk futhiu]
,dkar] mnklhurk vkSj ,djl vuqHko Åc ds ladrs Hkh
i;kZIr feyrs gSAa O;aX; ds csèkd izek.k Hkh mudh bu
dforkvksa dks izk.koar djrs gSAa
ysfdu veks?k th dh dforkvksa dk lcls iz[kj :i mudh
Økafrdkjh dforkvksa esa mHkjrk gS] ftuesa muds Loj dk mÙkstd
rki cM+k gh izHkko'kkyh yxrk gSA vkt+knh ds ckn dk tks'k
vkSj mYykl lgt gh eglwl gksrk gSA ysfdu tSls&tSls

jktuhfrd voljokn dk f?kukSuk psgjk mtkxj gksrk gS] dfo mldk vkRefo'okl] ikS#"k vkSj lkgl cM+s gh izHkko'kkyh
ds Loj esa dVqrk vkSj vkØks'k mHkjus yxrk gSA
<ax ls O;Dr gksrk gSA ^Åij ls lw[kk&lw[kk@Hkhrj ls xhyk
igys bu ik[kaMh usrk&iqtkfj;ksa dh vk¡r esa Mky Hkw[ks gwA¡ * ;gh xhykiu mls var&var rd jpuk'khy cuk, jgrk
gSA og fujk'kk vkSj grk'kk esa ugha tkrkµog viuh igyh
nk¡r dVdVk,xh]
Hkqtk c<+k,xh fQj iwt
¡ hHkwr cksfj;ksa ij FkSyhckt+ lsBksa izfs edk ds igys izes &i=k dh eknd lqxèa k esa vkt Hkh ;qokiu
okyh eLrh eglwl djrk gSA og vius blh vnE; fo'okl
ds isV ipdk,xhA
ds Hkjksls vkt Hkh [kM+k gSA
O;aX;] vkØks'k vkSj vdqykgV dk Loj mudh dforkvksa
rqe ujflag gks] èkèkdk nks fQj 'kfDr&Tokyk
dks thoar dj nsrk gSA os jktusrkvksa ls brus vkgr gSa fd
okgu gks 'kfDr ds] rqe flag&xtZuk djksA
mUgsa jk"Vª&nzkgs h rd crkrs gSµa
izes vkSj fonzkgs dk ;g vkd"kZ.k gh mUgsa vkReh;
fu'p; gh jk"Vª dh bekjr ds os Bsdns kj oapd gS]a
cukrk
gSA bl ladyu dks i<+uk cs'kd ,d izhfrdj vkSj
jk"Vª&nzkgs h gSAa
mÙkstd vuqHko ls xqt+juk gSA
mudh ,d dfork gS ^xhr xaèk vkSj vaxkjs*A blesa dfo
la i dZ % 38@9] U;w iqukbZ pØ nqxkZ feyokyh xyh] iVuk
dk vdsykiu cq<+kis ds ckotwn mls fujhg ugha djrkA blesa
800023 ¼fcgkj½( eks- 09431221073
tSlk igys dgk x;k] dfo veks?k us ikjaijh.k ,oa
ledkyhu] nksuksa izdkj dh dforkvksa dh jpuk esa viuk
mlds fiPNy ';key ru ij izLosn&fcanq]
tkequ ij T;ksa tkrh gksa cwn¡ as fQly&fQlyA ¼^vknzkZ*½ lkeF;Z iznf'kZr fd;k gSA bl lanHkZ esa budh ^dky cSlk[kh*
dfork mnkgÙkZO; gS] tks ledkyhu dforkvksa esa viuk
uhykapy esa nhi l¡okjs
fof'k"V ewY; vk;Ùk djrh gSA dfo veks?k dh] bl laxgz esa
vkrh gS jtuh ckykA ¼^nhinku&xhr*½
lekfo"V ledkyhu dforkvksa esa vkLFkk&vukLFkk] ewY;xr
vkSj ikol esa èkqydj Hkyh
laØkafr] VwVrh ijaijk,¡ jktuhfrd folaxfr vkfn ij Hkh
[kM+h Lokxr esa iwokZ gjhA ¼^[katu mrjh*½
budh eu%fLFkfr dk izfrfufèkRo gqvk gSA jk"Vªh;&varjjk"Vªh;
miek&:idkfJr ,d ledkyhu vyadkj fcac%
?kkr&izR;k?kkr ds lgus ds vH;klh dfo veks?k oÙkZeku dh
foèkku&lHkk dh dM+kgh esa
lai.w kZ foHkhf"kdk ls ifjfpr gSAa bl n`f"V ls budh dfork
dkuwu ds MkyMk ls
egkizk.k fujkyk vkSj egkdfo iar dh lesfdr dkO;&psruk
Nkuh gqbZ idkSM+h&lk dYpj
,oa ckSf)d izfrcksèk ds lekukarj vkSj lehih Hkh gSA
xaèk fdruh yqHkkouh gS
fu"d"kZ :i esa dgsa rks] Hkk"kk vkSj 'kCn'kfDr dfo
vkSj mlh dk vuqiku ;g pk;--veks?k dh o'kaonk gSA ;g 'kCn dh varjkRek vkSj varjaxrk
¼^lqcg % xk¡o esa rkj ds [kaHks*½ ls ifjfpr gSAa Hkk"kk vkSj leLr Hkkora=k budk vuqxkeh gSA
jkr&Hkj esa gh iF; [kk&ihdj
yksdeaxy dh var%dkeuk ls vuqikz f.kr dfooj veks?k dh
gfj;k x;k gS u psgjk
bl dkO;Ñfr ls budh dkO;xr miyfCèk dh cgqe[q kh fn'kk,¡
jksfx.kh èkj.kh dk\ ¼^dky cSlk[kh*½
Li"V gksrh gSAa
dfo veks?k ds mDrfoèk fp=kksie fcacksa dh ;kstuk izk;% laidZ % 37] Hkkjrh; LVsV cSad
lw{e Hkkoksa ds izR;{khdj.k ds fy, gh gqbZ gSA vuqHko&xE; vkWfQllZ dkWyksuh
lw{e Hkkoksa dks pk{kq"k fcac&foèkku ds ekè;e ls izR;{khdj.k dkyh eafnj ekxZ] guqeku uxj]
ds Lrj ij mifLFkr dj nsuk dfo veks?k dh dYiuk dh ewÙkZ dadM+ ckx] iVuk 800020
foèkkf;uh dkO;'kfDr dk loksRZ Ñ"V fud"k cu x;k gSA

i`- 11 dk 'ks"k

tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 13

viuh feV~Vh ds ikl LFkkfir dfo veks?k
MkW- deyk izlkn cs[kcj
vxzt rqY; HkkbZ veks?k th ls esjk iqjkuk ifjp; gS ,d
pfj=koku yCèkizfr"B vè;kid ds :i es]a ,d lân; Hkkoqd
dfo ds :i esa rFkk ,d Lora=krk lsukuh ds :i esAa [kknh
dk lkèkkj.k ifgjkok] fdlkuksa tSlk ljy LoHkko vkSj iqjkuh
ih<+h ds dfo;ksa dh ijaijk dks Fkkes ,d ljl dfo ds :i
esa mudks vknj feyrk jgk gSA vkt vius thou dh lkaè;csyk
esa mUgksua s viuh pquh gqbZ dforkvksa dk ;g laxgz izdkf'kr
fd;k gSßµ eSa rks rsjs ikl esÞa A bl iqLrd ds uke dh lkFkZdrk]
veks?k th dh viuh feêh ds izfr eksg esa <w<¡ +h tk ldrh gS]
tks laxg` hr dforkvksa esa vkRe rÙo dh rjg clh gqbZ gSeµ aS
jgw¡ u jgw]¡ esjh Hkkouk,¡ lnSo rsjs ikl esa jgsxa h] vkSj eSa jgwx¡ kA
^es?knwr* esa egkdfo dkfynklµßvk"kk<+L; izFkea
fnols--- esa Ñ"kd oèkqvksa dks es?k dk Lokxr djrh gqbZ
fn[kkrs gSAa dqN oSlk gh Hkko budh ^vknzk*Z esa ns[ksa %
mrjs vknzkZ ds l?ku es?k ue izkxa .k esAa
ct mBs èkkaxM+kas ds ekanj <e---<je---<keA
Hkkjrh; Ñ"kdksa dh vkRek es?kksa ds lax clrh gSA veks?k
th vkRek vkSj O;ogkj ls Ñ"kd gSAa mUgsa ß[ksrksa ds papy vapy
ls vkrh lqjfHkr c;kjÞ eksgrh gSA ßQwys oukar ds dkapukjÞ
lq[k nsrs gSAa ß?kklksa ij NkbZ gfj;kyh vkSj pjokgksa ds Loj esa
xkyhÞ vkdf"kZr djrh gSA [ksr ids Q’lyksa ls Hkjk gks rks fdlku
dk fet“kt lkrosa vkleku ij gksrk gSA
ids xsg¡w dh fQlyu Hkjh ckfy;k¡ dkVrs fd'kksjh dk ru
Fkd tkrk gSA exj eu ugha Fkdrkµn[q krh ck¡gksa esa vukt
dh ckfy;k¡ lesVs epyrh gqbZ ?kj ykSV jgh gSA ,sls fp=kksa dh
izLrqfr ds fy, [ksr dh esM+ ls tqMs+
O;fDrRo dk vuqHko pkfg,] tks
dfo esa izpjq ek=kk esa gSA ;g fp=k]
;g izÑfr ls tqM+ko egkuxjh;
thou esa vlaHko gSA os dgk¡ ls
ik,¡xs ;s izÑfr] 'kCn vkSj :iA
14

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

ct mBs f>axqjksa ds flrkj ds rkj ln`'k
Vs-a --Vjd---Vjd gSa ctk jgs <ksyd es<dA
izÑfr ds chp ls mBk ;g laxhr lquus esa muds dku
vkSj eu nksuksa layXu vkSj r`Ir gksrs gSAa
Je dh iwtk fdlku et+njw ksa dk thou gSA dy C;kg
dj vkbZ uooèkw vktµ
og ubZ xqykch lkM+h esa et+njw oèkw]
tks vkt izFke gh èkku jksius vkbZ gSA
veks?k th dh xzkE; thou ij ,slh idM+ ds lacèa k esa eSa
mnwZ ds fo[;kr 'kk;j ehj dh ;s iafDr;k¡ m)`r dj jgk gwµ¡
eSua s jks jks ds jkr dkVh gSa
vk¡lqvksa ij ;s jax rc vk;kA
;k fQj vlye bykgkcknh ds 'kCnksa esa dgw¡ rksµ
;w¡ gh ugha pqHkrs gSa esjs 'ksj x+t+y ds
;kjksa esjk dk¡Vksa Hkjk fcLrj rks ns[kksA
veks?k th dfork dh d’ye èkjsiµ ez fq nr fdlku gy
cSy gk¡d py iM+s [ksr buds lkFk&lkFk [ksrksa esa igqp
¡ tkrs gSa
vkSj gy ds Qky ls ijrh èkjrh dh èkjrh dks phjus dh
èofu lqurs gSµa
lj&lj pj&pj pjkZ,-¡ --pk¡p--ijrh èkjrh tqr jgh cM+k gS dksykgy
èkjrh ds tqrrs gh dhM+s edksM+kas ij fpfM+;k&ia{kh VwV jgs
gSAa fdlku dks isV Hkjus dh vk'kk gS exj uHkpj vkt gh
vius isV Hkjdj r`Ir gks jgs gSAa
js.kq th dh ekVh dk izes veks?k th ds ml laxgz esa
ix&ix ij feyrk gS vkSj ?kks"k.kk djrs gSa ge iwf.kZ;k¡ tuin
ds ekVh ds yksx viuh èkjrh ls larq"V gS]a vkSj ejus ds ckn
Hkh ml eSyk vk¡py ds ikl gh jgsxa As HkkbZ veks?k th dh ;g
vej Ñfr gSA ;g mUgsa ejus ugha nsxhA
la i dZ % izksQsllZ dkWyksuh] Qkjfclxat] vjfj;k ¼fcgkj½

eSyk vk¡py esa fNis dfo veks?k
MkW- fo|kukjk;.k Bkdqj
Q.kh'ojukFk ^js.kq* dh ^jlfiz;k* dh vueksy Hkkouk dks
dkO;e; cukdj thou dh fp=kkRedrk dks jaxhu dwph ls
dkO; Qyd ij mdsjrs jgusokys prqj dkO;&f'kYih ia- veks?k
ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k* js.kq th ls mez esa Bhd lk<+s rhu o"kZ
NksVs gSAa nksuksa ,d gh ekVh&ikuh ds dgkuhdkj vkSj xhrdkj
gSAa x| vkSj i| dh dkO; foèkk izeq[krk ls viuk dj nksuksa
us gh 'kCn 'kfDr;ksa ds lnqi;ksx vkSj leqUufr esa ekSfyd
mn~Hkkouk,¡ dh gSAa ftl xzkekapy esa esjhxat dks js.kq th us
vius ^eSyk vk¡py* dk fiz; fo"k; cuk;k] veks?k th us
igys rks mls jkuhxat cuk fn;k vkSj fQj mlh esjhxat ds
fuoklh cudj ml vkSiU;kfld èkjkry dks laons uke;]
dkO;e; rFkk jle; cuk fn;kA izLrqr dkO;&laxgz ^eSa rks
rsjs ikl es*a esa O;Dr veks?k th dk ewY;&cksèk vkSj Hkko&cksèk
iw.kZr% lân; O;fDr dk ljl lapkj gS] ftlus ^deZ;ksxh*
cudj ^fuekZ.k&xhr* fy[kdj thou dk cfynku ^p<+kuk gS*]
dks vius thou ds ^chlosa o"kZ* ls thou dk ijekRe mís';
cuk fy;k Fkk] mls viuh ljl 'kSyh dh Hkkoe; jpukvksa
}kjk iw.kZrk iznku dj nh gSA dfo ds deZ;ksx vkSj ys[ku&;ksx
ds ^iFk esa rks izdk'k* gh izdk'k jgk vkSj ;gh dkj.k gS fd
os ^vxzlj ifFkd* cudj dkO; dk lacy vkSj ikFks; ysdj
thou ds lUekxZ ij la?k"kZ ls tw>rs jgsA
izLrqr dkO; laxgz ds pkj [kaM gSAa buesa xhr [kaM esa 13]
xaèk esa 13] vaxkjs esa 10 vkSj ifjf'k"V esa 8 dfork,¡( dqy 44
dfork,¡ gSAa bl dkO;&laxgz ds vkLoknu ls izrhr gksrk gS
fd veks?k th vpwd dkO; Loj&laèkku ds èkuqf'kZYih jgs gSAa
;s izes &xhr xkrs gSAa ljl&eèkqj dks;y dh ehBh dkdyh es(a
jk"Vª dks mn~ c ks è ku dk Loj iz n ku djrs gS a ] vks t e;
psruk&LQqfYyax iw.kZ ok.kh esa( dksey izÑfr dk( ekèkq;Z dk
fp=kkadu djrs gS]a fp=kkRed&y;kRed&èoU;kRedrk ds lkFk
,oa vU;kU; fofHkUu fo"k;ksa dks js[kkafdr djrs gSa mÙke 'kCn
p;u vkSj vkd"kZd inkoy&la;kstu Hkh rÙocksèkdrk ds lkFkA
13 dh la[;k vkèkqfud vaxt
sz +h lkfgR; esa v'kqHk ekuh xbZ gSA
ntZu Bhd gS] ntZukfèkD; ,d vPNk ughaA rc Hkh vaxkjs esa

Hkh 13 dfork,¡ gh gksrha vkSj ifjf'k"V esa 5 rks vPNk FkkA
izR;sd [kaM esa 15 jpuk,¡ gksrh rks vfèkd larqyu gksrkA
^vaxkjs* 'kh"kZd lkjxfHkZr gSA pwf¡ d ^vaxkjs* dh dfork,¡
jk"Vª&mn~cksèku vkSj Lora=krk&izes ifjpkjd dfork,¡ gSa rks
bl ÅtkZ dk izLQqVu vkjaHk esa ladfyr gksus ;ksX; FkkA
dfork&laxgz ds rhu mi'kh"kZdksa dh izLrkouk ds rkSj ij
mfYyf[kr dkO; iafDr;k¡ fu%langs dfo dh pqfuank iafDr;k¡
gSAa tSls xhr mi'kh"kZd dh ;s nks iafDr;k¡µ
,d daB gks vkt u, Loj esa fQj xk ysa
vkvks fcNqM+s ehr] fd ge nks {k.k dqN xk ysAa ¼i`- 12½
^xaèk* mi'kh"kZd dh izLrkouk ds nks in ^uhan yxus
yxh* dfork
dkSu&lh xaèk ;g p<+ iou&ia[k ij]
nsg dh gj f'kjk esa xqt+jus yxhA ¼i`- 6½
^vaxkjs* mi&'kh"kZd dh lkjxfHkZr ;s ik¡p iafDr;k¡ igyh
gh dfork ^ofg~u js[k* dh vafre iafDr;k¡ gSµa
dky ds diky ij
Hkkjr ds Hkky ij
vfeV jgsxh&vfXu&js[kk ^vxLr Økafr*
tkus dc lglk Tofyr gks mBsxh fQj
ns[k vfèkdkj en&eÙkksa dh vaèk&Hkzkfa rA ¼i`- 56½
lelkef;d ?kVukvksa ij vkèkkfjr dfork,¡ mudh iSuh
lw>&cw> dh ifjpkf;dk gSaA ,d bZekunkj dfo ds :i esa
vkt+knh ds ohj flikgh ds :i esa ßfot; lqna jh ds x<+ ij
viuk ny p<+kus tkrs gSÞa ¼i`- 88½
dfo ds ßchlok¡ o"kZÞ dk lq[k&nq[k
¼i`- 82½ dks rV&caèk fuekZ.k dk
us r ` R o djrs le; Nk=kks a dks
mn~cksèku vkSj vkste; ok.kh dk
eq[kfjr Loj ^fuekZ.k xhr* ¼i`- 7½
tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 15

d'ehj leL;k&lhVks&ukVks&iSDV ij] fcgkj ds [kk|&ladV ij
^rkj&Loj* ¼i`- 63½ ^jktuk;d lEesyu* }kjk O;aX; ¼i`- 50½
xksok eqfDr vkanksyu ds neu ij og [+kuw h laè;k vxLr lu~
55 dh ¼i`- 57½ ds }kjk dfo us vius ns'k&izes ds mn~xkj dks
foy{k.k 'kSyh esa izLrqr fd;k gSA
dfo dk izÑfr dk ekuohdj.k Hkh ^dky oS'kk[kh* ¼i`29½ izÑfr dk ljl&Lo:i gh ugha Hk;adj Hkh"k.k :i dk Hkh
ân; fonkjd o.kZu è;krO; gSµ
'ks"k ukx ds Q.k gt+kj
dk jgs ,d lkFk Hkh"k.k QqRdkjA
Nk;koknh ys[ku 'kSyh esa pk¡n dk ekuohdj.k ¼i`- 36½
Hkh vuwBk gSA dfo ds dF; è;krO; gSAa dfo dh dfork ds
fo"k; gSxµa k¡o&?kj] [ksr&[kfygku] Ñ"kd&et+njw ] L=kh&iq#"k&f'k'kq
izes vkSj Ük`xa kj] Nk;koknh Loj lk¡lksa dh ljl O;atuk]
lelkef;d ?kVukvksa ij fogaxe&n`f"V] gkL;&O;aX; dh oØksfDr
vkSj ekuo izÑfr dh foospuk vkSj thou&n'kZu dh mn~Hkkouk
dfo dk Nk;kokn&dky esa vkfoHkkZo gqvk] izxfrokn dky esa
;kSoukjaHk gqvk] iz;ksxokn dky esa ifjiDork vkbZ vkSj ubZ
dfork dh orZeku fujarj vtò dkO;&fparu èkkjk esa vkdj
vusd miyfCèk;k¡ izkIr gqbA± ;gh dkj.k gS fd dfo okn&fookn
ls ijs Lor% LQwrZ ys[kuh dk lapkyu djrs jgs] feêh dh
lksèa kh egd dks ij[krs jgsA
le;&le; ij ?kfVr jktuhfrd&lkekftd ?kVuk&nq?kZVuk
ij Lor% LQwrZ n`f"V tkus ij Hkkoukvksa ds vkyksM+u dks
d’ye can djuk bZekunkjh dfo&deZ gksrk gSA
laxgz dh ,d frgkbZ dfork izÑfr&fp=k.k ds Hkkoksnd
sz ls
vksr&izkrs gSAa deZ;ksxh] nks di ihyk&ihyk I;kj] izfrHkk ds o`"kHk
dks ekuohdj.k djds mlh jax :i esa izLrqr fd;k x;k gSA
"kM~_rq o.kZu vkSj ckjgeklk dh ijaijk dk fuokZg rks
ugha gS] ijarq vyx&vyx Nk;koknh Hkko&O;atukRed Loj ls
Hkkl&Hkkl dk o.kZu dkO;kRed 'kSyh esa izLQqfVr gSA tSlQ
µs yw s
oukar ds dkapukj] pSr dh pk¡nuh]
dky oS'kk[kh] vknzk]Z nhinku xhr]
vxguh èkwi vkfnA
dfo dk gkL;&O;a X ;
fofoèkrk dk lwpd vkSj thoarrk
dk ifjpk;d gSA ßdfoeZfu"kh
16

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

ifjHkw Lo;a HkwÞ gksrk gSA exj ;g gekjs ns'k dk nqHkkZX; gS fd
ej.kksijkar mldk Mhg vkSj fuokl [kkstk tkrk gSA ¼i`- 67½
jktuk;d lEesyu dk O;aX; jktuhfrKksa ij Li"V gSA ckck
ukxktquZ ds 'kCnksa esa ^deZ;ksxh* dk O;aX; cstksM+ gSA ßjk"Vª dh
bekjr ds ;s Bsdns kjÞ ¼i`- 71½ dks dfo ßvHkkxh turk ds
HkkX;oku usrkÞ ¼i`- 72½ dgdj tc iqdkjrs gSa rks jk"Vª&psruk
dk eaxye; Loj eq[kfjr gks mBrk gSA ßrqEgkjs tkx:d rksrs
dk xyk ejksM+ fn;k gS rLdjksa usÞ ¼i`- 70½ rLdjh ij ,slk
rh[kk O;aX; dfo 1975 esa gh dj x, Fks vkSj è;krO; gS fd
mlh o"kZ bejtsl
a h yxh FkhA
laLÑfr vkSj laLÑr&eeZK ia- veks?k th ds ßlkSna ;Z
cksèk] esjh xhrkRedrk] esjs fopkj] esjh Hkkouk,¡ vkSj ,d
laons u'khy O;fDr ds :i esa O;Dr lkeqnkf;d ihM+kÞ ¼i`- 3½
ds izkekf.kd vkys[k ds :i esa mifLFkr ;s dfork,¡ mudh
ekufldrk dk jliw.kZ nLrkost+ gS]a tks mRÑ"V lkfgfR;d
xq.kksa ls ifjiw.kZ gSAa okXnsoh ljLorh dh egrh Ñik dfo
veks?k th ij jgh gSA xzkekapy esa vFkkZHkko ls xzLr rFkk
lkèku foghurk ls la=kLr ehfM;k vkSj i=kdkjksa ds izpkj&izlkj
ls fojr ek=k Lokè;k; dk O;lu] O;kid vè;;u vkSj
ifjokj ifjokj dh ft“Eesokfj;ksa ¼i`- 3½ esa jgdj ,d vfr
lkekU; ys[kd lQyrk dh Å¡ph lhf<+;ksa ij lrr~ ÅèoZxkeh
cus jgsA dfo thou ds lrgÙkjosa olar esa Hkh iqLrd
izdk'ku dks rRij jgs] ;g mudh dkO; vfHk#fp vkSj fujarj
xfr'khy ftthfo"kk dk ifjpk;d gSA dfri; iqjLdkjks&a lEekuksa
ls ;qDr jgdj Hkh os ,dkar lkèkd gh cus jgsA
dF; vkSj f'kYi nksuksa gh n`f"V;ksa ls dfo us lQyrk iwod
Z
dkO; ds jpuk&lalkj dk l`tu&ltZu fd;k gSA mUgksua s uo o"kZ
dk Lokxr xhr Hkh x;k gS vkSj xro"kZ dk fonkxku Hkh lnSo
dfo dh laLÑr xfHkZr 'kCnkoyh dk ifjp; Hkh fey tkrk gSA
izkt
a y Hkk"kk ds ;s mÙke mnkgj.k gSAa vFkZ&xkaHkh;Z] Hkko&xkaHkhZ;
foospu ijd Hkk"kk] vuk;kl iz;qDr vkyadkfjd NVk dh
fo'ks"krk] thou&n'kZu dh foospuk ds vuqdy
w lw=kkRed Hkk"kk
vkfn ds dkj.k la x z g dh Hkk"kk 'kS y h dk iz ; ks x iw . kZ
dkO;kRed gSA
xhr&xaèk&vaxkjs mi 'kh"kZd ls ftl xaxk&;equk&ljLorh
dh dkO; f=kos.kh dks dkO;kRed èkjkry ij xgjkbZ ls izokfgr
fd;k gS] ifjf'k"V mlesa dkslh dh likVrk ln`'k ifjyf{kr
gksrk gSA

dfo ds O;kid thou&n'kZu dk fupksM+ bu lw=kkRed
okD;ksa }kjk ifjHkkf"kr gks tkrk gSA
eSa f=kdky dks eqëh esa dj can
lk¡l esa vk¡èkh vkS
rwQk’ u fy, pyrk gwA¡
¼dfoeZuh"kh] i`- 67½

xro"kZ dk ,slk ekfeZd vfHkuanu vkSj Hkolkxj ikj
djus dk ,slk eksgd vankt+ vU;=k nqyHZ k gSA
fdarq gS lcls c<+dj eèkqj
eèkqjrj vkSj eèkqjre I;kj
¼eèkqfjek] i`- 87½

ßÅij ls :[kk&lw[kk Hkhrj ls xhykÞ ¼i`- 73½ jgdj
dfo
ßfny ds dks"Bd esa thou ds jgL;Þ ¼i`- 75½ Nqik,
gS vHkh"V 'kkafre; fodkl ;fn l`f"V dk
pyrs gSAa oLrqr% ^xhr] xaèk vkSj vaxkjs* dfork dfo dh
rks dfoeZuh"kh dks LoPNan gh fopjus nksA
¼izfrHkk ds o`"kHk dks] i`- 66½ dkO;&lkèkuk dk izkekf.kd nLrkost+ gSA bldk dfo ß[kês&ehBs]
frDr d"kk; uedhu vuqHkoksÞa dk dfo gSA dfo dk vxzlj
og euq"k èkekZ vga
ifFkd ¼i`- 73½ :i nqLlkglh dfo&ifFkd dk og :i gS]
yM+rk fujarj vk jgk tks nsork ls igpkurs gks\ ftls iFk ij vaèkdkj ugha] izdk'k gh miyCèk gksrk gSµ
;s rqEgkjs eul~ ds nks Hkko gSa
esjs iFk esa rks Fkk izdk'k
jko.k&foHkh"k.k nks lgksnj ¼nks lgksnj] i`- 51½
eSa dSls dg nw¡ vafèk;kyh ¼µ i`- 85½
dj nwx¡ k onhZ lqiqnZ ml xouZeVas dks
oLrqr% bu lksí's ;iw.kZ dforkvksa dk Hkkoijd ewY;kadu
ftldk n¶“rj fcuk njks nhokj fcuk NIij dk ?kj gS
q
¼xro"kZ] i`- 46½ visf{kr gSA

A Readers View
Afzal Hussain
Pt. Amogh Narain Jha is a reknownd name of post
imagist Hindi geet tradition. In his poetry love for
nature, human manifested feelings and true human
emotions have been expressed plain heartedly. Mr.
Jha has patiencely been working over his poetry. He
prefers rural manifestation as the assence of his
poetry, keeping himself isolated from the revolutionary traditions of 'Nav geet', 'Janvadi geet' and mordern
poetry of post imagist movement of Hindi poetry. His
active partpation in Indian National Movement made
his poetry a bittle fitter and acute. But depiction of
revolution, public expectation, fabrication of nation,
addressing and novel drems of humanity in his songs
decorated his poems as well.
After the publication of 'Geet Gandh' the works
of the poet found a free and vast dimension to spread
over Hindi critis, Dr Laksami Narayan ‘Sudhansu’ appreciated 'Geet Gandh' with open throat and called

his poetry 'Rasotsava' Sri Amogh Narayan Jha has
given a new style to his songs in this collection decorating the expressions with the charms of novelty and
new pattern of gesture.
The famous poet Nagarjuna has too appreciated
the talent of the poet. ‘Ardra’ and ‘Kanchnar’
enchanted many poets of past and present. The
erritating sattire 'Karmyogi' is remarkable and
memorable. His march song "Baj Rahi Bigul', Jaga
Raha Naya Vihan' written is 1955 become so
popular, that several magazines of the time published
it. The labourers in Kosi Barrage were so much
inspired that this song having dynamic and forceful
expression soon become the
part and parcel of public life
in the form of a folk song.
Contact : B.E.D. High School,
Raniganj, Maryganj, Distt.
Araria (Bihar)

tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 17

vizfre O;fDrRo % dfo veks?k
bUnq'ks[kj

,d ,slk O;fDr] lkfgR; ls ftldh nksLrh gks vkSj dfork ls
l[;&Hkko vkSj ,slk Hkh l[;&Hkko ugha fd og nhokuxh dh
lwjr vf[+r;kj dj ys] ,slh nhokuxh fd dfork ls brj
fdlh {ks=k esa ik¡o j[krs gq, dfork dh ,slh ;kn vk, fd
>d>ksj tk,µftldh gj lk¡l esa dfork&xa/k lekbZ gqbZ gks]
,d ,slk O;fDr] tks ml l[;rk esa Mwcrk&mrjkrk gh lc
dqN djrk pyk tk, vkSj ,slh dq'kyrk ds lkFk fd foQyrk,¡
eqg¡ ck, [kM+h jg tk,¡( ,d ,slk ;ks)k] tks fn[krk rks gks
fdlh gjs&Hkjs fujkin eSnku esa fopj.k eqnkz es]a ,d ,slk
firk] tks Åij ls viuh larkuksa ds izfr #{k vkSj fdafpr~
mnklhu fn[kkbZ iM+]s ysfdu fujarj mudh fpark esa Mwck gqvk]
cx“jS bldh ijokg fd, fd u tkus Hkfo"; us mldh larkuksa
dh D;k fu;fr fu/kkZfjr dj j[kh gS( ,slk ifr tks viuh
v)k±fxuh dks vuU; vkSj ,d ek=k iz;s lh ekuus dh lq[kn
vuqHkwfr dh 'khryrk ls Hkhaxk gqvk gks( ,d ,slk v/;kid]
ftlus viuh ;ksX;rkvksa vkSj {kerkvksa dks dHkh xfoZr gksus
dk vFkZghu volj gh u fn;k gks] cfYd tks vius O;fDrRo
dh lkFkZdrk vius Nk=kksa ds O;fDrRo&fuekZ.k dh lk/kuk esa
gh vuqHko dj ikrk gks] ,d ,slk nk'kZfud ftls dHkh ;g
vglkl gh u gqvk gks fd og nk'kZfud Hkh gScµ fYd fdlh
Hkh lanHkZ esa bruk lgt&ljy fd fdlh dks ;g dYiuk rd
djus dk vodk'k u feys fd u tkus fdruk i<+dj xqudj
;g O;fDr bl LFkk;h eqnkz dks miyC/k dj ldk gksxk\µlrr
,slk Hkko th lduk fd u rks
esjs ikl yfTtr gksus ds fy,
dqN gS] uk gh xfoZr&iqyfdr gksus
ds fy,] uk rks esjs thou esa ,slk
dqN ?kfVr gqvk gS] ftldk eq>s
eyky gS vkSj uk eSa fdlh cM+h
18

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

jkuhxat] vjfj;k ds ,d lekjksg esa dkO; ikB djrs gq, dfo veks?k

miyfC/k dh eksgrkth esa ,d ghu ;kpd eqnkz esa th jgk
gwv
µ¡ dqBa ] fuHkzkr± ] viuh Hkkf"kd Hkafxek vkSj O;ogkjxr
lgtrk ls fdlh Hkh O;fDr dks Nw ysus dh {kerk okys mu
veks?k ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k* ds ckjs esas dqN fy[k ikuk esjs
fy, vklku ugha gS iz.k;h th] dnkfi ugha] vkSipkfjdrk
okyh ckrksa dks ekfj, xksyhA
laidZ % }kjk@MkW- lR;ukjk;.k lkg] Hkokuhiqj jkt/kke]
iwf.kZ;k 854204 ¼fcgkj½( eks- 09430637863

dky ls gksM+ ysrk ,d dfo
MkW- y[ku yky flag ^vkjksgh*

fganh lkfgR; eas vkykspuk dh ikjnf'kZrk vkSj fo'oluh;rk mdsjs gSAa bu xhrksa dks i<+rs gh mudk tknw eu&izk.k ij Nk
dk gky ;g gS fd ftl l`tukRedrk ls lkfgR; le`) gksrk tkrk gS] eu mUgsa xkus ds fy, foo'k gks tkrk gSµ
gS mls mis{kk dk f'kdkj cuk fn;k tkrk gS vkSj vkRefo'okl
Qwys oukar ds dkapukjA
ls Hkjk misf{kr gLrk{kj vius lekuèkekZ HkoHkwfr ds Loj eas
[ksrksa ds papy vapy ls vkrh jg&jg lqjfHkr c;kjA
dg mBrk gSµ
Qwys oukar ds dkapukjA
;s Dykfld ia f Dr;k¡ gS a ] D;ks a f d ;s ledkyhu
fu[kfèk'; dky% foiqyk p i`Foh mRi|rs dks·fi
jpuk&ifjn`
'; esa gh ugha vuqxf¡w tr] vfirq viuh xhr&ijaijk
lekuèkekZA
ds }kj ij Hkh nLrd nsrh gSAa dfo xhr&psruk ls ySl gS]
fganh ds Nk;koknksÙkj dfo veks?kukjk;.k >k ^veks?k*
blfy, 'kCn p;u esa budk dykRed dkS'ky gj txg
vkèkqfud fganh dfork ds HkoHkwfr gS]a ftudh jpukvksa dh nh[krk iz.k;&vuqHkwfr dks O;aftr djrh ;s iafDr;k¡ fdruh
fganh ds vkykspdksa us dHkh uksfVl ugha yhA iwf.kZ;k¡ ds ekfeZd gaS tks ikBdksa ds eu esa nsj rd xwt
¡ rh jgrh gSµa
^veks?k* th ds izfr vkykspdksa us ogh mis{kkiw.kZ O;ogkj
cjxn dh 'khry Nk¡g nqigjh esa vkrhA
fd;k tks iwf.kZ;k¡ ds gh ,d Dykfld dFkkf'kYih Q.kh'ojukFk
nwjh ij ;gha dgha dksbZ oa'kh tkrhA
js.kq ds lkFk fd;k FkkA fganh vkykspuk dk ;g nqHkkZX; gS] tks
bl nnZ Hkjh ckalqfj;k esa fdruk lEeksgu] vkd"kZ.kA
og f'kfojo)rk dk f'kdkj gksdj Js"B jpukvksa dh mis{kk
xhrdkj dk ân; xydj mu xhrksa esa cg mBk gSA ;s
dj vius dks vizklafxd vkSj iz'u fpfÌr djrh gS] D;ksfa d
'kq
)
xhr ga]S D;ksfa d dfo us bu xhrksa esa vius dksey Hkkoksa
Js"B jpuk,¡ dky ls gksM+ ysrh gS]a vkykspuk ls ughaA
vkykspuk ,slh jpukvksa dk ewY;kadu dj vius dks fo'oluh; dks O;atuk vkSj lkSna ;Z dks :ikf;r fd;k gSA ;s xhr vius
Nan vkSj rqdksa ds dkj.k egÙoiw.kZ ugha] vius dksey&eèkqj
vkSj izklafxd cukrh gSA xhrdkj vkSj dfo ^veks?k* th dh
Hkkoksa vkSj izÑfr&lkSna ;Z dh izHkkoiw.kZ dykRed O;atuk ds
dfork iqLrd ßeSa rks rsjs ikl esÞa ,sls xhrksa vkSj dforkvksa
dkj.k è;ku vkÑ"V djrs gSAa bu xhrksa esa uoxhr dh dgha
dk ladyu gS tks dky ls gksM+ ysrs gSAa D;ksfas d ^eqfDrcksèk* inpki ugha lqukbZ iM+rhA dfo dh jpuk dk ifjn`'; 'kq)
ds 'kCnksa esa ;s jpuk,¡ ikBdksa ds ßvar%dj.k ds vk;ruÞ dks xhr gS] uoxhr ughaA ßeSa rks rsjs ikl esÞa ds xhr [kaM esa ,sls
le`) djusokyh gSAa
dbZ Lrjh; xhr ladfyr gSAa
vkyksP; iqLrd ^eSa rks rsjs ikl es*a esa pkj [kaM gSxµa hr]
^veks?k* th dh l`tuèkfeZrk dk ,d Nksj vxj xhr gS]
xaèk] vaxkjs vkSj ifjf'k"VA ifjf'k"V esa dfo dh vkjafHkd rks nwljk Nksj dforkA ijarq mudh
jpuk,¡ gSa tks Lrjh; ugha gS]a ijarq dfo dh l`tukRed l`tukRedrk dk izLFkku fcanq xhr
laHkkoukvksa dks ladfs rr djrh gSAa xhr [kaM esa dbZ Lrjh; gS] ftldh ifj.kfr dfork esa gqbZ
xhr gSa ftuesa dfo dh dksey vuqHkwfr dYiuk vkSj dksey gSA dfork esa vkdj jpukdkj
'kCnksa esa <ydj O;Dr gqbZ gSAa bu xhrksa esa xhrdkj dfo us dh l`tukRedrk dk ikV pkSM+k
izes vkSj izÑfr ds vR;ar eèkqj fp=k fcaciw.kZ dkO; Hkk"kk esa vkSj foLr`r gks x;k gSA blfy,
tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 19

dfork ds ifjn`'; esa Hkkoksa dh fofoèkrk gS tks LokHkkfod
gSA ^xaèk* vkSj ^vaxkjs* [kaM esas dfo dh dfork,¡ ladfyr gS]a
tks Nanksa esa Hkh gSa vkSj eqDr Nan esa HkhA xhr oS;fDrd Hkkoksa
dh vfHkO;fDr dh foèkk gS rks dfork xS+j oS;fDrd Hkkoksa
dhA ;gh dkj.k gS fd dfo us x+jS oS;fDrd Hkkoksa dh O;atuk
ds fy, dfork dk ekè;e pquk gSA dfork esa dfo dk xSj
jksekafVd O;fDrRo mtkxj gqvk gSA xhr ls dfork esa vkdj
dfo dk ifjn`'; cny x;k gSiµ jarq veks?k th ewy :i esa
jksekafVd dfo gS]a blfy, mudk jksekafVd eu dfork esa Hkh
mudk lkFk ugha NksM+rk gSA ^I;kj dk dVksjk* esa dfo pk¡n
dks lacksfèkr djrs gq, dgrs gSµa
pk¡n
rqe gks I;kj dk iwjk dVksjk
th Hkjk bruk fd Ny&Ny <kyrkA
mRlqd èkjk ij xxu dk ih;w"kA
dfo dks pk¡n I;kj ds dVksjs ds :i esa fn[kkbZ iM+rk gS]
x+jhc dh jksVh ds :i esa ughaA
ijarq dfo dh laons uk ij tc lkekftd vkSj jk"Vªh;
psruk dh nLrd iM+rh gSA rc mldh vuqHkwfr dh fn'kk
cny tkrh gSµ
ttZj gS lekt dk 'kjhj dbZ ?kkoksa ls
dsna hz Hkwr ihi jg&jgdj Vhlrk gS
u'rj yxkus nks
NksM+ks feêh&iêh
lM+&s xys dks'kksa dks 'kh?kz ct tkus nksA
¼;qx ds elhgk ls½
blh rjg dfo us ns'k ds Hkz"V usrkvksa dh ^rkj Loj*
dfork esa [+kcj ysrs gq, dgk gSµ
;s gSa jk"Vª eafnj ds iqtkjh
tks nsork dk lkjk Hkksx
Åij mM+k tkrs gSAa
dfo dk ân; bruk
laosnuk&le`) gS fd rki dh
vkgV ikrs gh og fopfyr gksdj
dfork dk LQfVd cu tkrk gSA
,slh dbZ dfork,¡ ladyu esa
mifLFkr gSAa
20

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

O;aX;&cksèk Hkh dfo ds O;fDrRo dk ,d lcy vk;ke
gS tks ^deZ;ksxh* dfork esa ---- ds yxu ls O;Dr gqvk gSA
jksekafVd dfo izÑfr&izes h gksrk gS vkSj ;gh dkj.k gS
fd dfo us viuh dforkvksa esa Hkh izÑfr lkSna ;Z ds vusd
fp=k mdsjs gSAa bruk gh ugha mudh lkSna ;Z n`f"V us lkèkkj.k
pht+kas esa Hkh lkSna ;Z ns[kk gSA ^eRL;&n'kZu* esa f---- eNyh dks
ns[kdj dfo dgrs gSµa
vkSj izkr% Lukuorh rUoaxh r#.kh&lh ns[kh gS jsok
ifo=kkA
izÑfr&lkSna ;Z ds vusd fp=k vkyksP; iqLrd esa fc[kjs
iM+s gSµ a
cSt;arh ds lq[kZ gksBa ksa dks èkksdj
'kcue dh cwn¡ as 'kekZ xbZ±A ¼Dokj dh èkwi½
vxguh èkwi ukjaxh lqcg dh
f'kjh"k dh Qqufx;ksa ijA ¼vxguh èkwi½
izk<S + dfo dk dkO;&foosd le`) gSA budh dkO;Hkk"kk
cksypky dh gS] tks lgt gS vkSj fcac èkfeZrk ,oa dYiuk ds
Li'kZ us mls l`tukRed cuk fn;k gSA dfo dk vkRela?k"kZ
budh dkO;&Hkk"kk ds ifjn`'; esa fn[kkbZ iM+rk gSA dfo us
viuk eqgkojk fufeZr fd;k gSA blds lkFk gh dfo dk
dkO; fparu Hkh izk<S + gS tks bu iafDr;ksa esa O;aftr gSµ
xhr os vdlj eq>s vfHkHkwr djrs gSa
eSa ftUgsa lqudj le> ugha ikrkA
Js"B dfork bdgjh ugha gksrhA mles vFkZ dh vusd
irs± gksrh gSa tks ,d gh ckj lHkh ugha [kqyrhaA blfy, Js"B
dfork dh ;g lcls cM+h igpku gS fd og ,d gh ckj
le> esa ugha vkrhA ckj&ckj i<+u&s lquus ij gh mlds lkjs
vFkZ lqurs gSAa Vh-,l- bfy;V vkSj ^fnudj* th us Hkh
vLi"Vrk dks Js"B dfork dh ,d cM+h fo'ks"krk crkbZ gSA
;g tkudj Hkh ^veks?k* th Li"Vrk ds f'kdkj gks x, gSAa
;g bl iqLrd dh lhek gSA fQj Hkh ;g iqLrd vkèkqfud
fganh dfork dh miyfCèk gSA dfork ds gj ikBd ds fy,
^eSa rks rsjs ikl es*a ,d vfuok;Z iqLrd gS!
la i dZ % _racjk] [kSjk] iks- iulkSjh [kSjk]
ft“ykµck¡dk 813107 ¼fcgkj½

;FkkFkZ Hkko&cksèk ds dfo
MkW- eksrhyky 'kekZ
vaxt
sz +h ds egku jksekafVd dfo tkWu dhV~l us dgk gS fd
vxj dfork ml rjg ugha vkos] ftl rjg ifÙk;k¡ o`{k esa
vkrh gSa rks vPNk gks fd dfork u vkosA ia- veks?k ukjk;.k
veks?k dh dfork,¡ dhV~l dh Hkkouk ds vuq:i fcydqy
[kjh mrjrh gS]a D;ksfa d mudh dforkvksa dks i<+us ls yxrk
gS fd mUgksua s dfork,¡ ugha fy[kh( dforkvksa us mUgsa fy[kkA
veks?k th us Hkh Lohdkjk gS bl lp dksA mUgksua s dgk gS]
ßdfork dh rhozre vuqHkwfr;k¡ gh ,slh izcy jgh gSa fd
la?k"kZe; thou ds dqN ,dkar {k.kksa esa cspuS dj mUgksua s
eq>ls dqN fy[kok;k gSAÞ
dkO; foèkk esa tc xhr dh ckr vkrh gS rks cjcl
dksey&deuh;rk] ân;&Li'khZ okd;krksa rFkk xzkeh.k ifjos'kksa
dh >yd ut+j ds lkeus mHkjus yxrh gS vkSj blh ds
vuq:i 'kCnksa ds tky Hkh fcNus yxrs gSAa orZeku vjfj;k
¼rRdkyhu iwf.kZ;k¡½ ft+yk ds t;uxj xk¡o esa tUes] iys vkSj
c<+s Fks veks?k ukjk;.k thA muds vanj ds dfo us xzkeh.k
ifjos'k dh Ñfr;ks]a ijaijkvksa rFkk xk¡o esa iljs izkÑfrd :i
us muds vareZu ij tks Nki NksM+h] mldh >yd muds xhr
^Qwys oukar ds dpukj*] ^vknzk*Z ] ^pSr dh pk¡nuh*] ^yksjh*]
^[katu mrjh* esa Li"V :i ls fo|eku gSA
xhr esa xaèk gS xk¡o dh ekVh dh] xk¡o dh ijaijkvksa dh]
xk¡o dh izkÑfrd NVk dh( vkSj xaèk gS vkè;kfRed ifjos'k
dhA dfo ds ?kj ds fiNokM+s esa fLFkr rkM+ ds cM+s isM+ ij cSBs
fx) dh vuks[kh rLohj [khaprs gq, dfo dk dguk gS]
ßvkfe"k [kkdj Hkh fdruk cM+k vfgald gSA fu"dke deZ;ksxh
gS ;g@fdruk egkuAÞ ^vxguh èkwi* esa iqu% mUgksua s x:M+kas
ds cPps ds ckjs esa dgk gS] ßfiNyh cjlkr ds ckn QwVs vaMksa
ls@[kksy ia[k laiVq QSyk jgs gS@a 'kcue ls rj dksey&dkseyiV@
Qqufx;ksa ij cSB lq[kk jgs@ ih jgs gSa vxguh èkwi ukjaxh lqcg
dhAÞ ,d rjQ’ èkwi ukjaxh lqcg dh xaèk rks nwljs rjQ’
ß;g

gS vkneh dk cPpk@tqM+h rki dk <k¡pkAÞ ,d eerk tfur
ekuo ewY;ksa dh xaèkA
^lqcg % xk¡o ds rkj ds [kaHks* uked dfork esa jktuhfrd
xaèk ds lkFk&lkFk dk;kZy;h nqx±èk dh cw vkrh gS] tc os
dgrs gSa] ßvkWfQ’l dh cM+h&cM+h vk¡rksa es@a dgk¡ ip tkrh gS@
irk Hkh ugha pyrkAÞ veks?k th dh bl rjg dbZ dfork,¡
gS]a tks fofHkUu xaèkksa dks latks, ikBd dks lkspus ij etcwj
djrh gSaA
veks?k ukjk;.k th izÑfr dh dkseyrk ds gh dfo ugha
Fks] cfYd izÑfr esa fufgr 'kfDr dks lekt rFkk jk"Vª
ifjorZu ds fy, Økafrdkjh ,tsVa Hkh ekurs FksA ;gh dkj.k
gS fd mudh dforkvksa Qwy cus vaxkjs tSlh fLFkfr gSA
^?kaVk?kj* dfork esa dfo dh Økafrdkjh Hkkouk dk Li"V
vkHkkl feyrk gS] tc os dgrs gSa] ßysdj foèoald
cqyMkstj@dj nsa budks vc pwj&pwj vkSj HkLe&'ks"k@vc jgs
gekjh foxr xqykeh dk u irkAÞ
veks?k th us fy[kk gS] ßftl lekt esa tUek] iyk vkSj
c<+k gw]¡ mlds izfr vius nkf;Ro&cksèk ls dHkh ihNs ugha jgkA
mldk mRihM+u] 'kks"k.k] nksgu vkSj vfèkdkj guu eq>s dHkh
lg; ugha gqvkAÞ dfo dh bu Hkkoukvksa dh ckuxh mudh
dfork ^;qx ds elhgk ls* dh bu iafDr;ksa esa ns[kh tk ldrh
gS %
ßttZj gSa lekt dk 'kjhj dbZ ?kkoksa ls@dsna Hz kwr ihi
jg&jgdj Vhlrk gS@u'rj yxkus nks@NksMk+ s feêh&feêh@lM+&s xys
dks'kksa dk 'kh?kz cg tkus nksAÞ
veks?k ukjk;.k th ds ^xhr
xa è k* ds iz d k'ku ij MkW y{ehukjk;.k ßlqèkka'kqÞ us bls
jlksRlo gh dgk Fkk vkSj ckck
'ks"k i`- 25 ij

tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 21

tu&tu esa ,d xwt
¡ % ^eSa rks rsjs ikl esa*
MkW- vuqt izHkkr

lkfgR; dh èkjk ij
dkSu gS ogµtks dqN cksyrk gS]
dqN cksyrk gS rks cksyrk gS^µ 'kCn*
ftlls tu&tu dk eu Mksyrk gSA
vkSj ^'kCn* dh ;s ckrs]a ml foy{k.k izfrHkk ds èkuh]
dkslh vapy ds NksVs ls xk¡o^µ t;uxj*] dy dk ft+yk
iwf.kZ;k¡] vkt dk vjfj;k] Q.kh'ojukFk js.kq ds eSyk vk¡py
dk {ks=k esjhxat--- èkwy&èkwlfjr esa iyk&c<+k ljLorh dk
ojniq=k ia- veks?k ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k* ds fy, gS]a ftlus
thou iFk ij d’ne c<+krs gq, dqN jpus dk iz;kl fd;k rks
lkfgR; ds xxu ij ,d u;k rkjk mxkA ;g og rkjk Fkk]
ftldh igyh dfork ^,d dyh* ^lkIrkfgd fo'okfe=k* esa
NihA mlds mijkar ,d volj ,slk Hkh vk;k] tc Qkjfclxat
ds ^dfo lEesyu izfr;ksfxrk* esa lqifz l) lekykspd MkWy{eh ukjk;.k ^lqèkka'kq* ds gkFkksa izFke iqjLdkj izkIr djus
dk xkSjo Hkh izkIr gqvkA
fdarq iqjLdkj dh ijaijk ml ;qok dfo ds fy, dksbZ
ekinaM ugha cuhA ^og* og ugha jgk] ^os* dh ijaijk esa
fujarj fy[krs jgs] Nirs jgs] ,dek=k lkfgR; ds izfr lefiZr
lkèkd cudjA izfrQy 1965 esa ^xhr&xaèk* dk yksdkiZ.k
gqvk rks 1999 esa ^eSa rks rsjs ikl es*a dkA
^eSa rks rsjs ikl es*a esa mUgksua s dfo ds :i esa vkoj.k
i`"B ij viuk uke dsoy ^veks?k* fy[kkA og ^veks?k* tks
dHkh vlQy ugha gksrk] tks vizHkko'kkyh ugha gksrk] ftlesa
vfèkdkfèkd l`tu dh {kerk gksrh
gSA vkSj okLro esa ^veks?k* tSls
^fo'ks"k.k* 'kCn ds vFkkZuq:i
mUgksua s thou iFk ij lQyrk
Hkh ikbZ] tu&tu dks izHkkfor Hkh
fd;k ,oa lkSna ;Z cksèk ls ysdj
22

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

vkØks'kiw.kZ Loj rd dh jpukvksa dk l`tu Hkh fd;kA blh
l`tu dk f[kyk iq"i ßeSa rks rsjs ikl esÞa vkt esjs lkeus gS
rks eSa pqi ugha jg ik jgk gw]¡ cksyuk esjh foo'krk curh tk
jgh gSA
^eSa rks rsjs ikl es*a dk izdk'ku o"kZ ;|fi 1999 gS]
fdarq blesa laxg` hr jpuk,¡ 1942&1975 rd dh gSAa vkSj rc
dh lksp lkef;d ds vFkZ esa vkt dh mruh gh ^[kjk* gS
tSlk ns[k lqu jgs gSAa lu~ 1953 dh dfork ds ;s 'kCnµ
vkfe"k [kkdj Hkh fdruk cM+k vfgald gS
fu"dke deZ;ksxh gS ;g
fdruk egku!
vkt Hkh izklafxd gS tks ^fx)* dks ns[k fy;k FkkA og
^fx)* tks muds fuokl ds ihNs ,d yacs rkM+ ds isM+ ij cSBk
jgrk Fkk vkSj ejs gq, tho ij pkspa ekj xanxh lkQ’ djrk
jgrk FkkA dfo us mls ^deZ;ksxh* dgk] egku dgk] og
blfy, fd mldk deZ vfgald gSA ysfdu ogha euq"; deZ
rc Hkh fgald Fkk vkSj vkt Hkh ^fgald* gSA
oLrqr% ^veks?k* th dh ;g iqLrd pkj [kaMksa esa c¡Vh gSA
xhr] xaèk] vaxkjs ,oa ifjf'k"VA xhr esa 13] xaèk esa 13]
vaxkjs esa 10 rFkk ifjf'k"V esa 8 Ñfr;k¡ gSAa dqy feykdj ßeSa
rks rsjs ikl esÞa 44 Ñfr;ksa dh fofoèkrk fy, ,d laxgz gSA
buesa ^xhr* dh ckr djsa rks mlesa izÑfr lkSna ;Z ds lkFk&lkFk
Hkko lkSna ;Z vkSj vyadkj dk ,slk lek;kstu gS] tks eu eksg
ysrk gSA mnkgj.k Lo:i %
jkr dk vkyl cM+k lqulku gS
xhr xkuk Hkh vHkh cnuke gS
fdarq lkjs caèkuksa dks rksM+dj
xk jgh dkSu Loj vfHkHkkfeuh
pSr dh pk¡nuh mUekfnuh!

;g pSr dh pk¡nuh ij fy[kk xhr gS] tks mUekn dks
mdlkrk gSA blesa egku dfo;=kh egknsoh oekZ ds Nk;kokn
dh izÑfr n`f"Vxkspj gksrh gS] ysfdu fojg dk Lo:i muls
fHkUu izes kdqy gSA vkSj fQj pSr dh pk¡nuh ds ckn vc ^pSr
dh dky cSlk[kh* dks mUgksua s ns[kk rks ;g dgus ls Hkh ugha
pwds fdµ
fdlus lk¡lksa dh cq>h&cq>h cÙkh ij
ekj nh èkèkdrh gqbZ dkBh fn;klykbZ dh
tyk js dystk èkd~-~ --èkd~---!
okLro esa izes kdqy gksus esa ;fn mUekn gS rks izÑ
z fr dk
xeZ ros&lk tyus esa NViVkgV gSA ;g NViVkgV ^xaèk* dh
rjg tc okrkoj.k esa rSjrh gS rks dfo ds eu esa fparu dk
Hkko iSnk gksrk gSA ;g og Hkko gS ftlesa vksg! vkSj vkg!
nksuksa dk lekos'k gSA vkSj bu nksuksa dk lekos'k gh dfo dh
fu'Ny l`tu'khyrk dks n'kkZrk gSA
fdarq bldk ;g vFkZ ugha fd dfo dsoy izÑfroknh]
lqdksey gS] muds Hkhrj dksbZ vaxkj ughaA ;fn vaxkj ugha
gksrk rks vxLr 1955 ds xksok vkanksyu ij ßog [+kuw h
laè;k---Þ tSlh dfork fy[kdj ;g ugha dgrsµ
xksvk ds rV ij vacqfèk ys yky fgyksj]s
mcy jgk] mQu jgk
^eqfDr&eqfDr* dk xtZu djrk] >kx mxyrkA
rkRi;Z ;g fd ^veks?k* ds :i esa dfo ia- veks?k
ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k* tgk¡ lkfÙod izof` Ùk ds bulku jgs gS]a

ogha muds Hkhrj ijr&nj&ijr dks [kksyrk vuqHko Hkh jgk
gSA vkSj ml vuqHko us dksey ân; dks tc&tc mdlk;k gS]
rc&rc 'kCn iq#"k ds iqt
a cus gSa vkSj yksx mlds lqjfHk ls
lqokflr gq, gSaA
,d ckr dgwlµ¡ u~ 1945 esa tc igyh dfork ^,d
dyh* Nih Fkh rks os ,d eSfVªd ikl ;qod FksA eu ds Hkhrj
;qokdka{kk dk ckSj FkkA ml ckSj dh xaèk vkt Hkh bu iafDr;ksa
esa gSµ
Fkh [kM+h dyh] vèkf[kyh
jlHkjh dyh
tc fcgl iM+h rc fuj[k mBh
vk;k dksbZ eèkq dk yksHkhA
fdarq T;ks&a T;ksa mez dk p<+ko c<+k] vuqHko us vius ia[k
[kksy-s --R;ks&a R;ks-a --mM+kus Å¡ph gksus yxha vkSj os xhr] xaèk vkSj
vaxkjs dk lfEeJ.k 75 dh voLFkk esa fy[k cSBµs
[kês&ehBs
frDr&d"kk;
uedhu vuqHkoksa dh
lM+rh gqbZ drjuksa dk
cM+k&lk Vhyk gw¡
Åij ls :[kk&lw[kk
Hkhrj ls xhyk gwA¡
vkSj lp esa dfo ds :i esa gh ugha ekuo ds :i esa Hkh
og vkRek] Kku ds vkyksd dks viuh daBk esa fy,]
ftg~ok ls ve`r cjlkrk gqvk] 'kCnksa dks pqu&pqu dforkvksa
dh ekyk xwF¡ krk gqvk Hkys gh thou lalkj ls fuokZ.k izkIr
dj fy;k gks] fdarq tu&tu esa ,d xwt
¡ ^µ eS*a rks rsjs ikl
es*a vkt Hkh gS vkSj eSa ml ^xwt
¡ * dks vius bu 'kCnksa ds
lkFk J)k&lqeu vfiZr djrk gwA¡
la i dZ % nhun;ky pkSd] Qkjfclxat]
vjfj;k 854318 ¼fcgkj½(
eks- 09470023249

dfo veks?k ds lqiq=k Jh vHk; 'kadj >k vkSj mudh ekrk Lo- ;'kksnk nsoh

tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 23

fefFkyk ds lkjLor liwr % dfo ^veks?k*
MkW- ;ksxkuan flag >k

ia- veks?k ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k* ds dkO;&laxgz ^eSa rks rsjs ikl
es*a dh lHkh dforkvksa dk vk|ksikar ikB fd;k eSua s vkSj
dfo dh dkO;&izfrHkk ls peRÑr gks mBk] dforkvksa ,oa
f'kYi ls vfHkHkwr gks x;kA izFke i`"B ij gh xhr Øe esa
dfo dk vkàkuµ
,d daB gks vkt u, Loj esa fQj xk ysAa
vkvks fcNqM+s ehr] fd ge nks {k.k dqN xk ysÏa
vkt ds tfVyrkiw.kZ thou esa vk'kk dk lapkj djrk
gqvk izrhr gqvkA bu nks iafDr;ksa ds mn~xkj ls dfo us
,drk] lkeatL; vkSj ln~Hkkouk dk tks vkàku fd;k gS] og
ekuoh; Hkkouk dks >d>ksj dj j[k nsrk gSA
vaxt
sz +h lkfgR; ds egku fpard vkSj lekykspd MkWtkulu us ^CySd
a olZ* vFkkZr~ eqDrd&dkO; dh Hkwfj&Hkwfj
iz'kalk dh gS vkSj mUgksua s vius ;qx ls fHkUu :i esa eqDrd
dforkvksa dh jpuk dhA vkèkqfud ;qx esa Hkh dfri;
lkfgR;dkjksa us egkdkO; ds LFkku ij eqDrd jpuk dks gh
izJ; fn;k gSA bl dfo us vius ladyu ^eSa rks rsjs ikl es*a
esa eqDrd jpuk dks izLrqr dj izdkjkarj ls MkW- tkWulu ds
ixfpÌksa ij gh pyus dk iz;kl fd;k gSA
foosP; iqLrd ^eSa rks rsjs ikl es*a dh ^,d dyh* 'kh"kZd
dfork esa dfo us thou ds ml i{k dh vksj bafxr fd;k gS]
tks ;FkkFkZ dh nqfu;k esa ,d uSlfxZd vuqHkwfr ds fy,
fo[;kr gSA dfo dh mfDr gSµ
fgy mBh dyh] og fQj lEgyh
og vc Hkh dqN&dqN Fkgjkrh
mM+ x;k eèkqi vfr nwj&nwj
ij ekSu [kM+h og jg tkrh
fdruk fu"Bqj]
fdruk fueZe!
fdruh eLrh!!
fdruh tYnh!!
24

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

Lora=krk dh 50oha o"kZxkB ds volj ij dfo veks?k dks lEekfur
djrs gq, iwoZ ea=kh Jh deynso ukjk;.k flUgk

izes krqj vkRek dh ehBh vuqHkwfr] {kf.kd feyu] Rofjr
fcNqMu+ &flgju mRiUu djus esa leFkZ gSA feyu dk vkosx vkSj
fcNqM+u dh dld vkRek dks >d>ksjus ds fy, i;kZIr gSA
fefFkykapy eNyh] e[kkuk vkSj iku ds fy, fo[;kr
gSeµ RL; n'kZu] 'kh"kZd dfork dh ;g iafDrµ
rqe rks rqEgha
gks euHkkfouh fejdk! dfo ds eRL;&izes dks rks n'kkZrh gh gS]
lkFk gh fefFkykapy ds oSHko vkSj xfjek dks ftl <ax ls
dfo us js[kkafdr fd;k gS] og ljkguh; gSA

Lora=krk laxkz e esa ftu mís';ksa dks ikus ds fy, dfo us
Øe vaxkjs esa vkidk Loj mxz gks mBrk gS] ^ofÌ js[k*
lj esa dQ’u ck¡èkk Fkk] mls LojkT; esa èoLr gksrs ns[k dfo
'kh"kZd dfork esµa
dh vkRek fpRdkj dj cSBrh gSrµ Hkh rks QwV iM+rh gS ;s
HkhedekZ ekuo ds
iafDr;k¡µ
dqfy'k izgkjksa ls
<gus yxs <wg
èk¡lus yxh èkjk
fxjus yxs x<+
VwVus fu'kku yxs
b±V ls b±V cth lkezkT;okn dhA
,d Lora=krk lsukuh dh fot;xkFkk mn~?kkfVr gksrh gS]
lkèkuk dh ifj.kfr gksrh gS vkSj viuk pje y{; izkIr gksrk
gqvk vuqHko gksrk gSA ijarq ^rkj Loj es*a mlh Lora=krk
lsukuh dh cw<+h f'kjkvksa esa m".k jDr izokfgr gksus yxrk gS
tc og phRdkj dj dg cSBrk gS fdµ
can dj nw¡ lkjs cdokl O;FkZ vkt ds]
Hkzkfa riw.kZ Økafr vkSj 'kkafr ds lc ukjsA

rM+i jgs gSa dksfV&dksfV xzke nsork
v{kr vkSj ty ds fcuk gh uXu ewfPNZr gks]
lw[kh vk¡r feaps nk¡r] iFkjk, g, uSu
VdVdh yxk, gS]a iVus dh vksj] fnYyh dh vksj Ï
misf{kr turk] ijaijk ij vk?kkr] nso voekuuk ls
m}sfyr gks mBs gSa ^rkj Loj* esa dfoA
thou Hkj lkjLor lkèkuk esa rhu Lora=krk vkanksyu ds
lsukuh veks?k th ds Loj ^eSa rks rsjs ikl es*a ,d veks?k ea=k
ds :i esa LQqfVr gq, gSAa dkslh ls izrkfM+r] ijarq mxzrkjk ds
ojnku ls laiksf"kr fefFkykapy dk ;g {ks=k lkfgR;&lao)Zu
lnk ls djrk vk jgk gSA mlh dM+h esa veks?k th us tks
lqna h?kZ lkfgfR;d lsok dh gS og ek¡ mxzrkjk dk lk{kkr~
ojnku gSA
la i dZ % foHkkxkè;{k] jktuhfr foKku]
ts-,u- dkWyst] eèkqcuh ¼fcgkj½

i`- 21 dk 'ks"k

ukxktquZ us viuh Hkkouk O;Dr djrs gq, dgk] ßvkidh
dfork dk d’k;y gwA¡ Þ
veks?k ukjk;.k th dh dfork ds Hkkocksèk ds vuqlkj
gh dfork dh 'kSyh vkSj dfork dh Hkk"kk dk p;u Hkh vius
vki esa ,d vyx Hkkocksèk djkrk gSA mudh 'kSyh gS eqDrd
dfork,¡] D;ks\a mudk tokc gS] ßeqDrd dfork,¡ fy[kus esa
vfèkd le; ugha yxrkA blfy, os gh esjs ikys esa vkb±AÞ
'kCnksa ds bLrseky ds ckjs esa mudk dguk gS] ßHkkouk ds
izokg esa 'kCnksa dh ÅfeZ;k¡ Lor% gh ukprh xkrh Hkkxrh pyh
gSAa Þ vaxt
sz +h ds dfo oM~loZ FkZ us tks dfork dh ifjHkk"kk nsrs
gq, dgk gS] ßSpontenious overflow of powerfull
FeelingsÞ ogh ßSpontenions overflowÞ dh ckr veks?k
ukjk;.k th 'kCnksa ds bLrseky ds ckjs esa djrs gSAa

,slh dfork,¡] ,slh 'kSyh vkSj ,slh Hkk"kk gh vke
vkneh ds fny dks Nwdj dfo dks vke cuk nsrs gSa vkSj
dkO;dyk dks 'kk'orA bl igyw dks gh vaxt
sz +h ds gh nwljs
dfo] ukVddkj vkSj vkykspd Vh- ,l- ,fy;V us ßObjetive
co-relativeÞ uke fn;k gSA veks?k ukjk;.k th dks bl
'kk'orrk dk vkHkkl gS] blfy, ,d dkO;&laxgz dk uke
mUgksua s fn;k] ^eSa rsjs ikl es*a A blfy, os ejdj Hkh vej gSa
D;ksfa d os lcds ikl esa gSa vkSj lc muds ikl esAa
la i dZ % ^vkJ;*] izkQ
s l’ s lZ dkWyksuh]
Qkjfclxat] vjfj;k ¼fcgkj½( eks- 09852322104

tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 25

O;fDrRo ,oa ÑfrRo ds èkuh
ia- veks?k ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k*
cynso izlkn flag
LoukeèkU; ia- veks?k ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k* dk tUe lu~
1924 bZ- esa esa rRdkyhu iwf.kZ;k¡ ft+ys ¼orZeku vjfj;k
ft+yk½ ds t;uxj xzke esa gqvk FkkA ;g xzke] lqnjw nsgkrh
{ks=k esa fLFkr gS] tgk¡ dh xzkE; laLÑfr eueksgd] lerkewyd]
lqlkE; ,oa vkg~yknd jgh gS] rHkh rks bldh vfeV Nki
iwT;oj veks?k ckcw ds thou esa ns[kus dks feyh gSA muds
thou dh >k¡dh nz"VO; gSA

lQy f'k{kd
Hkkjrh; ok³~e; esa f'k{kk dk O;kid vFkZ esa iz;ksx gqvk gSA
fdlh Hkh jk"Vª ds lexz fodkl ds fy, f'k{kk dh furkar
vko';drk gSA f'kf{kr ukxfjd gh vius jk"Vª dh izxfr esa
lgk;d gks ldrs gSAa vf'kf{kr O;fDr jk"Vª ;k lekt dk
fodkl ugha dj ldrk( D;ksfa d fo|kfoghu O;fDr i'kq ds
leku gSA f'k{kk O;fDr dks vKku ds xgure vaèkdkj ls
izdk'k dh vksj ys tkrh gSA euq"; ds thou esa ekuoRo dk
Hkko txkusokyh] jk"Vªiesz rFkk pfj=k&fuekZ.k dh izjs .kk nsus
okyh f'k{kk okLrfod f'k{kk gSA Hkkjrh; euhf"k;ksa us f'k{kk
ds mís'; ekuo esa lfg".kqrk] lR;fu"Bk] mnkjrk] dÙkZO;
ijk;.krk] ijksidkfjrk vkfn ln~xq.kksa ds fodkl ij cy
fn;k gSA f'k{kk jk"Vª ds Hkkoh ukxfjdksa dks lekt fo'ks"k ds
vuq:i cukrh gSA
mi;qDZ r lanHkZ esa jk"Vªdfo eSfFkyh'kj.k xqIr dh vkstLoh
ok.kh Hkh nz"VO; gS %
f'k{kk fcuk dksbZ dHkh
curk ugha lr ik=k gSA
f'k{kk fcuk dY;k.k dh
vk'kk&nq j k'kk ek=k Ï
26

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

vLrq( blls f'k{kk dh vfuok;Zrk fl) gks tkrh gSA
Hkkjr ,d fo'kky x.kra=kkRed jk"Vª gS] ftlesa fofHkUu
izdkj dh tkfr] lainz k;] èkeZ] Hkk"kk rFkk lkekftd] uSfrd]
,oa vkè;kfRed ekU;rk,¡ gSAa blhfy, Hkkjrh; f'k{kk dk
y{; laifz r lektoknh gks x;k gSA lekt dh vko';drk
ds vuq:i gh jk"Vªh; f'k{kk dk y{; turkaf=kd ukxfjdrk
dk fuekZ.k gSA
iqu% f'k{kk ds lacèa k esLµa okèkhu Hkkjr ds nk'kZfud
f'k{kk'kkL=kh f}rh; jk"Vªifr MkW- loZiYyh jkèkkÑ".ku dk
mn~?kks"k Hkh vR;ar egÙoiw.kZ gS] tks fuEukafdr gSßµ tgk¡
euq"; Kku ls izes djs] vaèkdkj dk ifjR;kx dj izdk'kksUeq[k
gks] ln~x.q kksa dk iz'kald gks] {kqnrz k dk] frjLdkj vkSj vif'k"Vrk
ls ?k`.kk djs] tgk¡ ek=k lkSna ;Z dh T;ksfr txexkrh gks] tgk¡
efLr"d Kkuxzkgh gks] ân; mnkj gks] vkRek Lora=k gks] ogh
rqEgkjk ns'k gSAÞ
MkW- jkèkkÑ".ku Hkkjr dh mu egku~ foHkwfr;ksa esa ls ,d
Fks] ftudh fo}Ùkk dk d’k;y lkjk fo'o FkkA os egku
f'k{kkfon~ FksA mUgsa f'k{kd gksus dk cM+k xoZ FkkA f'k{kd( pkgs
os fdlh Hkh Lrj ds gks]a muds ân; esa vknj ,oa lEeku dk
cgqr cM+k LFkku FkkA blh lEeku Hkkouk ds dkj.k mUgksua s
vius tUe fnol 5 flracj dksfµ 'k{kd fnol ds :i esa
euk, tkus dh ijaijk dk lw=kikr fd;k Fkk] tks vkt rd
d’k;e gSA vLrq] fo}kuksa ,oa f'k{kk fonksa dk ;g dFku
f'kjksèkk;Z gS fd % A teacher teaches but the personality
educates.

esjh n`f"V es]a ia- veks?k ukjk;.k >k] ^veks?k* ,d
lq;ksX;] dÙkZO;fu"B bZekunkj] pfj=koku] ,oa vè;kiu dyk
esa izoh.k f'k{kd Fks( fo|kfFkZ;ksa ds cgqeq[kh fodkl ds fy,
lnSo lps"V FksA lkekU;r;k ns[kk tkrk gS fd vfèkdka'k

f'k{kd f'k{kk dks jksth&jksVh ikus dh is'kk ek=k le>rs gSAa
mUgsa Nk=kksa ds thou&fuekZ.k ls dksbZ ljksdkj gh ugha jgrk]
cfYd iSlk dekuk vFkok èkuksiktZu gh loksiZ fj Qyr% Nk=kksa
ds uSfrd ewY;ksa dk fnukuqfnu Ðkl gksrs tk jgk gSA ijh{kk esa
dnkpkj dh rwrh cksyrh gSA tkyh izek.k&i=kksa dk ckt+kj Hkh
xeZ gSA vLrq] vè;;u&vè;kiu vkt [kVkbZ esa iM+ x;k gSA
fnd~&fnxar ls ,d ek=k ;gh vkokt+ vkrh gS fd f'k{kd&i<+krs
ugha( vkSj Nk=k i<+rs gh ughaA ;g fLFkfr lekt ,oa jk"Vª ds
fy, ?kkrd fl) gks ldrh gSA vLrq] bl leL;k ls =kk.k
ikuk yksdfgr esa gSA

xq#&f'k"; lacaèk
xq# vkSj f'k"; ds chp dSlk lacèa k gksuk pkfg,] ;g dksbZ
u;k iz'u ugha gSA fQj Hkh iz'u ,slk gS fd iqjkuk gksdj Hkh
lnk u;k cuk jgsxk] D;ksfa d ;fn fdlh le; bldk fopkj
NksM+ fn;k tk, rks f'k{kk dk okLrfod y{; dnkfi izkIr
ugha gks ldrkA vLrq] xq#&f'k"; laidZ dks lkSgknZi.w kZ cukus
gsrq gh Nk=kkokl&thou dh vfuok;Zrk izkphu xq#dqy ls
ysdj vokZphu rd cuh jgh( D;ksfa d blh thou esa Nk=kksa dks
f'k"Vkpkj] lnkpkj;qDr rFkk vuq'kkflr gksdj thou ds
loksPZ p y{; dh izkfIr dks izcy vk'kk&vkdka{kk mRiUu gksrh
gSA ;g ifo=k thou gh lai.w kZ thou dh vkèkkjf'kyk gSA
f'k{kk'kkfL=k;ksa dk ;g fopkj vR;ar lehphu ,oa ewY;oku
gS fd lPph f'k{kk&izkfIr gsrq xq#&f'k"; ds fudV laidZ dk
;Fkk;ksX; vk;kstu vR;ko';d gSA Nk=kkokl thou esa gh
Nk=kksa esa lPph J)k&HkfDr mRiUu gksus dh iwjh laHkkouk,¡
jgrh gSa rFkk f'k{kdksa dks Hkh iq=kor~ Lusg iznku djus dk
lqvolj izkIr gksrk gSA ;gk¡ dk thou vuq'kkflr jgrk gSA
bl thou esa gh leqfpr lEeku f'k{kdksa dks izkIr gksrk gSA
ftl lekt esa f'k{kdksa dks leqfpr lEeku ugha feyrk gS]
ml lekt ,oa jk"Vª dh rjDdh #d tkrh gSA MkW- loZiYyh
jkèkkÑ".ku us xq#dqy dk¡xM+h fo'ofo|ky; ds 55osa okf"kZdksRlo
ds volj ij nh{kkar Hkk"k.k eas dgk Fkkµßts:lsye dk
fouk'k gks x;k] D;ksfa d ogk¡ ij f'k{kdksa dk lEeku ugha gksrk
FkkAÞ vr% lekt ,oa jk"Vª ds fgrkFkZ ;g fopkj ân;axe
djus ds ;ksX; gSA
eq>s vius fo|kFkhZ thou dk iw.kZ Lej.k gS fd mu fnuksa
fo|ky;&Nk=kkokl esa Nk=kksa ,oa f'k{kdksa dk lkSgknZi.w kZ okrkoj.k

ds chp lkeqnkf;d fnup;kZ dk lksYykl ikyu fd;k tkrk
FkkA varsoklh Nk=kx.k nksuksa ikfy;ksa esa ¼lk;adkyhu]
izkr%dkyhu½ lkewfgd izkFkZuk esa mYykliwod
Z lfEefyr gksr]s
rnqijkar ikBkjaHk djrsA fo"k; f'k{kd Hkh euks;ksxiwod
Z
vius&vius fo"k; dh iw.kZ rS;kjh djrs rFkk Nk=kksa dks ykHkkfUor
djrsA
mi;qDZ r ifjis{z ; esa ia- veks?k ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k* dk
;ksxnku vxzx.; ,oa ljkguh; FkkA tks nq:g ¼dfBu½ fo"k;
ysdj Nk=k muds fudV tkrs] os cM+h ljyrkiwod
Z mls
cksèkxE; ,oa ljl cuk nsr]s ftlls Nk=kksa dh ijs'kkuh nwj gks
tkrh FkhA oxZ esa os dsoy ekSf[kd okpu ls gh dke u
pykdj ';keiV dk;Z }kjk Nk=kksa dh rqf"V fd;k djrs FksA
fuèkZu] vlgk; Nk=kksa dks oxZ&f'k{kd dh gSfl;r ls]
fo|ky; dh izcèa k lfefr ls ;Fkksfpr vkfFkZd lgk;rk
fnykdj ekxZn'kZu fd;k djrs FksA bl izdkj vusd fuèkZu
Nk=kksa dk muds }kjk midkj fd;k x;kA

lkaLÑfrd dk;ZØeksa ds lw=kèkkj
ykyth mPp fo|ky;] jkuhxat ¼vjfj;k½ ds lq;ksX; f'k{kdksa
esa ia- veks?k ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k* dh x.kuk dh tkrh FkhA
os fo|ky; dh fØ;k&dykiksa esa dkQ’h #fp ysrs FksA okn&fookn
izfr;ksfxrk] Hkk"k.k&izfr;ksfxrk] vfHku;&eapu] ,sfrgkfld&
lkekftd ukVdksa dk eapu djokus dk Js; Hkh mUgsa gh izkIr
FkkA
bl izdkj muds dq'ky funs'Z ku ,oa ekxZn'kZu esa ykyth
mPp fo|ky;] jkuhxat mÙkjksÙkj dyk ,oa laLÑfr ds {ks=k esa
viuh mifLFkfr ntZ djkus esa l{ke jgkA vkt ia- veks?k
ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k* ds ekxZn'kZu esa gh muds gh f'k"; Jh
Hkksyk iafMr ^iz.k;h* ¼lsokfuo`Ùk f'k{kd½ tSls mnh;eku dyk
izes h ,oa ys[kd us lkfgR; ds {ks=k esa viuh iSB cuk yh gS(
tks vR;fèkd izlUurk dk fo"k; gSA

oDr`Ro&dyk iVq
tc dHkh Hkh ykyth mPp
fo|ky;] jkuhxat esa fdlh mRlo
fo'ks " k dk vk;ks t u gks r k]
;Fkkµfo|ky; dk okf"kZdksRlo]
tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 27

Lokèkhurk fnol&x.kra=k fnol ;k vU; lkfgfR;d xks"Bh ds
ys[ku ds lacèa k esa dfo dh dqN viuh ekU;rk,¡ jgh gS]a
volj ij iwT;oj veks?k ckcw ls nks 'kCn dgus dk vkxzg tks dkQ’h lqn<` + gSA mUgha ds 'kCnksa esjµa k"Vªh; vfLerk vkSj
fd;k tkrk rks rR{k.k os viuh oDr`Ro dyk ls Jksrkvksa dks bldh leqUufr mldh igyh 'krZ jgh gSA blds QyLo:i
ea=keqXèk dj nsrs s FksA oLrqr% os vizfre oDrk FksA
mldk mRihM+u 'kks"k.k] nksgu] vkSj vfèkdkj guu mUgsa dHkh
lá ugha gqvkA bl mfDr dk fnXn'kZuµ eSa rks rsjs ikl esa
lkfgfR;d {ks=k dh Hkwfedk
uked iqLrd ds ^vfXu [kaM* esa djk;k x;k gSA ml ^vfXu
lkfgR; ds {ks=k esa Hkh veks?k ukjk;.k ckcw dh ljkguh; [kaM* esa dfooj veks?k ukjk;.k >k th ^veks?k* dh
Hkwfedk HkhA ewyr% os dfo ds :i esa gh iz[;kr FksA vkSj vaxt
sz +h&lkezkT;okn }kjk mRiUu dh xbZ mRihM+u] 'kks"k.k ,oa
dfork rks lkfgR; dk lokZfèkd l'kDr vax gSA vkaXy&Hkk"kk neu pØ ds fo#) fonzkgs dh Hkkouk izTofyr gks mBrh gS
ds izfl) dfo oM~loZ kFkZ us dkO; dh ifjHkk"kk nsrs gq, dgk vkSj og lglk dg mBrk gSµ
gSßµ dfork gS izcy vkosxksa dk iz;Ru laHkwr vkIykou]
dky ds diky ij
ftldk Lej.k eu dh 'kkafr ds le; gksrk gSAÞ
Hkkjr ds Hkky ij
bl ifjHkk"kk dks eku ysus ls dfork esa vkosx gh izèkku
vfeV jgsxh vfXu js[kk vxLr Økafr
jgrk gS] ftlds izHkko ls dfo dfork fy[kus dks m|r gksrk
tkus dc lglk Tofyr gks mBsxh fQj
gSA fdarq] ;fn lp iwNk tk,] rks vkosx dh dksbZ Lokèkhu
ns[k vfèkdkj eneÙkkas dh vaèk Hkzkfa rA
lÙkk ughaA dfo] tc oÙkZeku ;k vrhr ds Hkkoksa ls izfs jr
lu~ 1942 dh vxLr Økafr us fczfV'k&lkezkT;okn dks
gksrk gS] rHkh mldh dYiuk'kfDr dfork ds :i mn~Hkwr Hkkjr NksM+us ds fy, foo'k dj fn;k] ftldk 'kqHk&ifj.kke
gksrh gSA ;g rks ekuuk gh iM+xs k fd dfo esa vkosx dh 15 vxLr] 1947 bZ- dk Lokèkhurk fnol gSA dfooj
izk.kLif'kZrk vkSj dYiuk dh vckèk xfr jgrh gS] fdarq lkFk ^veks?k* ckcw Hkh Hkkjr ds ml vf}rh; tu&vkanksyu esa dwn
gh lkFk ;g Hkh ekuuk iM+rk gS fd dfo esa d#.kk] Øksèk] iM+As Qyr%] mUgsa dkjkxkj dh ;kruk,¡ >syuh iM+hA iqu%
vk'p;Z] vk'kk bR;kfn ds rhoz Hkko jgrs gSAa le;&le; ij dkjkxkj ls eqDr gksus ij Lora=krk&lsukuh ds :i esa iqjLÑr
dfo bu Hkkoksa ls ,slk mÙksftr gks tkrk gS fd og vius gq,A bl izdkj] budh dfork,¡ ;qxkuqdy
w ] le;kuqdy
w ]
Hkkoksa dks ,dkdkj dj nsrk gS vkSj lkFk gh lkFk bls nwljksa le; dh dlkSVh ij [kM+h mrjrh jgh gSAa fu'p; gh] os
ds eu esa lapkj djrk gSA vr% ;g Li"V gS fd dfork esa izfrHkk ds èkuh Fks]rµ Hkh rks lu~ 1945 bZ- esa dfork&izfr;ksfxrk
dsoy vkosxksa dk iz;Ru laHkwr vkIykou gh ugha] oju~ izÑfr ¼Qkjfclxat es½a izFke iqjLdkj ,oa uxj lkfgR;&lfefr
Hkkxyiqj }kjk dfork izfr;ksfxrk esa izFke iqjLdkj ¼1948½(
rFkk ekuo thou dh xaHkhj vfHkO;fDr gSA
izR;sd dfo vius ;qx dk fprsjk gksrk gS] og] ;qx vkSj iwf.kZ;k¡ ft+yk fganh lkfgR;&lEesyu ds jtr t;arh
tgku dh leL;kvksa dks vuns[kh dj vxzlj ugha gksrk] oju~ lekjksg esa mRÑ"V lkfgR;&lsok ds fy, lEeku&i=k ¼1975½
iznÙk fd;k x;kA lsdMas jh Vªfs uax dh ijh{kk esa fcgkj ljdkj
tc mldh vuqHkwfr vizfrgr xfr ls izokfgr gksus yxrh gS]
}kjk fganh lkfgR; esa Lo.kZ&ind ¼1949½ iznku fd;k x;kA
rHkh og lPpk dfo gksrk gSA ;g vuqHkwfr jl ls ifjiq"V
fdruk fxuk;k tk,( indks&a iqjLdkjksa dh rks ekuksa >M+h gh
gksrh gS vkSj vkuan dk lapkj
yx xbZA ;s lkjs iqjLdkj mudh izfrHkk ds gh izrhd gSAa
djrh gSA
iwT; xq#nso] J)kLin veks?k ukjk;.k ckcw dks esjk
mi;ZqDr ifjiz{s ; esa gh ia- dksfV'k% ueu~ gSA
veks?k ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k* dh
la i dZ % lsokfuo`Ùk izèkkukè;kid] xzk- o iks- csyljk]
dfork voyksduh; gSA
ok;kµejs hxat] ft“ykµvjfj;k ¼fcgkj½A
28

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

xq#&f'k"; ijaijk ds izfrewjr %
dfo veks?k
Hkksyk iafMr ^iz.k;h*

lar dchj us dgk gSµ
xq# dqEgkj f'k"k dqHa k gS] xf<+&xf<+ dk<+S [kksV]
Hkhrj gkFk lgk; ns] ckgfj ekjS pksVA
vkt tcfd og gekjs chp ugha gS]a eSa ges'kk ;g eglwl
djrk jgk gw¡ fd og Nk;k ds :i esa esjs fxnZ mifLFkr gSAa
mUgksua s izkjaHk ls gh eq> tSls f'kyk[kaM dks rjk'kus esa viuk
Lusfgy Jenku fd;k gSA mlh ds QyLo:i vkt eSa
lkfgR;dkjksa dh ikafr esa [kM+k gksus dk lkgl tqVk ik;k gwA¡
eSa tc Hkh dqN fy[kus ds fy, HkkoLFk gksrk gw]¡ rks ,slk
eglwl gksrk gS] og esjs le{k cSBs gSa vkSj jpuk iw.kZ gksus ij
eSa ^izFke mUgsa gh lqukdj vk'khokZn izkIr djrk gwA¡
eSa mudh Ñik&Nk;k esa rc vk;k Fkk] tc og 1950 bZesa ykyth mPp fo|ky;] jkuhxat] vjfj;k ¼fcgkj½ esa fganh
vè;kid ds :i esa inLFkkfir FksA eSa v"Ve oxZ esa i<+ jgk
Fkk vkSj og gekjs oxZ f'k{kd FksA [kknh&èkksrh&dqrZs ls vkofjr
muds lk<s+ ik¡p QhV dh xksjh ni&ni vkÑfr ls igys esjk
ckyeu lgek&lgek jgrk FkkA muds psgjs ij vk¡[ksa fVd
ugha ikrh FkhaA og vuq'kklu fiz; f'k{kd FksA tc og oxZ esa
jgrs] ge pw&¡ pk¡ ugha dj ldrsA mudk fganh i<+kus dk <ax
Hkh fujkyk FkkA og fdlh Hkh ikB dk okpu Lo;a ugha dj
ckjh&ckjh ls Nk=kksa }kjk djokrs vkSj rc og ml izlxa dh
O;k[;k djrs FksA okpu ds Øe esa 'kCnksa ds mPpkj.k ij og
fo'ks"k è;ku nsrs FksA dfBu 'kCnksa ds vFkZ ';keiê ij fy[k
nsrs FksA og Nk=kksa }kjk x`gdk;Z vo'; djokrs FksA dkO;
ikB djokrs le; mudk iz;kl jgrk fd ikB lLoj gksA esjs
}kjk fd;k x;k ikB mUgsa ilan gksrk FkkA esjk daB&Loj
vPNk FkkA laHkor% mUgksua s mUgha fnuksa laKku fy;k gksxk fd
eSa Hkfo"; esa vPNk dfo cu ldrk gwA¡ blhfy, eSa dg
ldrk gw¡ fd esjk lkfgfR;d cht&oiu mUgha ls gqvkA

mu fnuksa eSa fo|ky; ds Nk=kkokl esa jgrk FkkA esjh x+jhch
vkSj u`R;&xhr&laxhr ds dyk&dkS'ky ls izHkkfor gksdj
rRdkyhu fo|ky; lfpo cynso egrks th us eq>s Nk=kkokl
esa fu%'kqYd jgus dh NwV nh FkhA Nk=kkokl esa vkèkk ntZu
nwj&njkt ds f'k{kd jgrs FksA muesa ls xq#nso veks?k ckcw Hkh
Fks] ftudk dejk esjs dejs ds lkeus d’jhc lkS ehVj ds Q’klys
ij FkkA ml dejs esa muds vykos laLÑr ds f'k{kd ia- mekdkar
>k ^caèkq* th Hkh jgrs FksA Jh caèkqth Hkh Hkkoizo.k vk'kqdfo
FksA muds dejs esa rRdkyhu izdkf'kr gksus okyh rjg&rjg dh
i=k&if=kdk,¡ iM+h jgrh Fkha] ftudks myVus&iqyVus dk volj
eq>s izfrfnu fey tkrk FkkA fo|ky; dk viuk iqLrdky;
FkkA ogk¡ pkj o"kks± dh vofèk esa eq>s t;'kadj izlkn] egknsoh
oekZ] lqfe=kkuanu iar] izes pan] ve`ryky ukxj] vkpk;Z prqjlsu
'kkL=kh] johanuz kFk Bkdqj] 'kjrpan]z cafdepan]z vKs;] jkeo`{k
csuhiqjh] lw;d
Z kar f=kikBh fujkyk] eSfFkyh'kj.k xqIr] f'koiwtu
lgk;] jke/kkjh flag fnudj] gfjÑ".k izes h vkfn dh jpukvksa
dks i<+us dk lq;ksx feyk FkkA xq#nso ds eqg¡ ls gh izFke ckj
Q.kh'ojukFk js.kq dk uke lquk FkkA mUgha fnuksa mudk vkapfyd
miU;kl ^eSyk vk¡py* izdkf'kr gqvk FkkA xq#nso us gh fdlh
if=kdk esa izdkf'kr js.kq dk ßdkslh MkbuÞ fjiksrkZt+ i<+us fn;k
FkkA xq#nso mu fnuksa ft+yk fganh lkfgR; lEesyu ds lfØ;
lnL; FksA
1953 bZ- esa izkra h; fganh lkfgR; lEesyu dk vk;kstu
v;ksè;kxat ¼dqjlsyk½ esa voèks'k dqekj flag ds vkoklh;
izkxa .k esa cM+s èkwe&èkke ds lkFk
gqvk Fkk] ftlesa Hkkx ysus ds fy,
xq#nso us eq>s Hkh lkFk fd;k FkkA
ogk¡ tkdj eSua s igyh ckj ,d
lkFk vus d lkfgR;dkjks a &
dfoeZfuf"k;ksa ds n'kZu fd, FksA
tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 29

muesa jken;ky ikaM;s ] jkeo`{k csuhiqjh] cqf)ukFk >k ^dSjo*]
y{ehukjk;.k lqèkka'kq] gal dqekj frokjh] yky èkqvk¡ vkSj
vuwiyky eaMy izeq[k FksA xq#nso us uoksfnr dfo ds :i esa
esjk Hkh uke fy[kk fn;k FkkA tc dkO; ikB ds fy, esjs uke
dh mn~?kks"k.kk gqb]Z rks ekbd ij tkus ds ckn eSua s viuh
dfork ugha lqukdj xq#nso dh gh NksVh dfork ikB dj
viuh mifLFkfr ntZ dh FkhA blds fy, eSua s iwoZ esa gh muls
btkt+r ys yh FkhA ;g Fkk esjk lkfgR;&lEesyu esa igyk
izo's kA fQj rks dkO; ds izfr esjk #>ku fnukuqfnu c<+rk
x;k xq#nso dh N=kNk;k esAa 1962 bZ- esa uo fufeZr dyk
Hkou] iwf.kZ;k esa dfo lEesyu dk HkO; vk;kstu FkkA blesa
Hkkx ysus dh rS;kjh eSua s igys ls dh FkhA ogk¡ eSua s viuh
dfork ßeSa jk"Vª fuekZrk gwÞ¡ lqukdj eapklhu lkfgR;dkjksa ds
chp xq#nso dk flj Å¡pk fd;k FkkA dfork lqudj vknj.kh;
lqèkka'kq th us esjh ihB Bksdj dj viuh cx+y esa cSBk;k Fkk
vkSj xq#nso us mudks esjk ifjp; nsdj viuk f'k"; gksus dk
xkSjo eglwl fd;k FkkA
izofs 'kdk ¼eSfVªd½ ikl djus ds ckn eSua s cqfu;knh f'k{kd
izf'k{k.k dsna ]z Vhdkiêh ¼iwf.kZ;k½ esa viuk ukekadu djok;k
Fkk 1954&1956 l=k ds fy,A ogk¡ izf'k{kkfFkZ;ksa ls lS)kafrd
fo"k;ksa dh i<+kbZ ux.; gksrh FkhA ysfdu O;kogkfjd fo"k;ksa
ds dk;Z dBksjrk ls djok, tkrs FksA mlls Åcdj izf'k{kkFkhZ
Hkkx jgs FksA esjk eu Hkh mpV x;k FkkA eSua s bl vk'k; dk
,d i=k xq#nso dks fy[kk Fkk vkSj vius d"V dh ppkZ dh
FkhA mudk i=kksÙkj 'kh?kz feyk Fkk vkSj vkns'kkRed cksèk fn;k
Fkk fd izf'k{k.k NksMu+ k mfpr ugha gSA d"V mBkdj Hkh izf'kf{kr
gks tkus ls og Hkfo"; ds thou ds Bksl èkjkry ds fy, lq[kdj
gksxkA ogk¡ eSua s nks o"kks± dh vofèk cM+s gh mYykliw.kZ okrkoj.k
esa fcrkbZA ogha vius O;fDrRo dks l¡okjus dk lq;ksx feykA
Vhdkiêh ds lkfgfR;d ,oa lkaLÑfrd okrkoj.k us esjh t+ehu
et“crw dhA ogk¡ le;&le; ij fy[kh xbZ dforkvksa dk ,d
laxgz rS;kj gks x;k] ftls Nqêh ds fnuksa esa tc xq#nso th dks
fn[kk;k] rks og cM+s vkg~ykfnr gq,A
1956 esa izf'kf{kr gksdj tc
esjh fu;qfDr iwf.kZ;k ft+ys ds dsuxj iz[kaM ds eksxykgk&izlkniqj
izkFkfed fo|ky; ds izèkku f'k{kd
in ij gqb]Z rks esjs thou esa fLFkjrk
vkbZ A ogk¡ eS a u s ,d miU;kl
30

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

fy[kus dk eu cuk;kA 1959 esa eSua s viuk LFkkukarj.k xk¡o
ds izkFkfed fo|ky; esa djok;kA ;gk¡ vk tkus ds ckn xq#nso
dk lkgp;Z lqyHk gqvkA esjs cx+y ds xk¡o y{ehiqj&fo|ky;
esa Hkh fo'oukFknkl ^nsgkrh* uke ds ,d lkfgR;dkj f'k{kd
FksA muls tc HksVa gqbZ rks mUgksua s viuk ,d y?kq miU;kl ^lqna jh*
HksVa esa fn;k] ftls i<+dj esjk lkfgR;dkj tkxk vkSj nsgkrh
th dks fn[kkus ds fy, dqN gh le; esa miU;kl iwjk fd;kA
nsgkrh th miU;kl ys[ku esa esjs ekxZn'kZd cusA eSua s miU;kl
dh ikaMfq yfi tc xq#nso dks fn[kkbZ] rks mUgsa [+k'q kh gqbAZ mUgksua s
viuk ewY;oku le; fudkydj mldk la'kksèku dk;Z laiUu
dj bl ij viuh fVIi.kh fy[kh vkSj lq>ko fn;k fd bls
Q.kh'ojukFk js.kq th dks fn[kk Hkwfedk fy[kok yw¡A le;
fudkydj tc eSua s js.kq th dks ikaMfq yfi fn[kkbZ rks mUgksua s bls
i<+dj Hkwfedk fy[k nhA vc xq#nso us dgkµiLq rd izdk'ku
dk iz;kl djksA blds izdk'ku ls rqEgsa izpjq ;'k feysxkA muds
vk'khokZn ls izdk'ku dh O;oLFkk Hkh gks xbZA mu fnuksa x.ks'k
yky ^izoklh* jkt?kkV] okjk.klh ds vf[ky Hkkjrh; loZlos k
la?k esa dk;Zjr FksA eSa dk'kh muds ikl x;k vkSj muds Lusfgy
lg;ksx ls esjk miU;kl ^og bulku Fkk* eghus fnuksa ds vanj
Nidj vk x;kA bldk foekspu xq#nso ds dj&deyksa }kjk
gh ykyth mPp fo|ky; ds izkax.k esa Nk=k&Nk=kkvksa ,oa
vè;kidksa ds chp laiUu gqvkA xq#nso us vius mn~?kkVu Hkk"k.k
esa bl iqLrd dh Hkwfj&Hkwfj iz'kalk dh vkSj vk'khokZn fn;kA
bl izdk'ku ds ckn Q.kh'ojukFk js.kq th ls esjk laidZ c<+kA
ft+yk Lrj ds lkfgR;dkjksa ds chp esjh vPNh ppkZ gqbAZ blh
chp ok.kh izdk'ku] iVuk ls xq#nso dk dkO;&laxgz ^xhr&xaèk*
Nidj vk;kA xq#nso ds gh iz;kl ls jkuhxat esa ft+yk fganh
lkfgR; lEesyu laiUu gqvkA esjs nks miU;kl yxkrkj izdkf'kr
gq,A nksuksa ij js.kqth us Hkwfedk fy[kus dh Ñik dhA xq#nso
dh N=k&Nk;k esa eSa vkxs c<+rk x;kA tc eq>s fcgkj jk"VªHkk"kk
ifj"kn~ ls lkfgR;&lsok lEeku feyk rks xq#nso dks eSua s dgk
Fkkµ;g lEeku eq>s ugha] vkidks feyk gSA ckn esa os Hkh
jk"VªHkk"kk ifj"kn~ ls lEekfur gq,A
1999 esa eSua s xq#nso ds f}rh; dkO;&laxgz ^eSa rks rsjs
ikl es*a dh izl
s dkWih rS;kj dhA bl njE;ku og esjs ?kj ij
jgsA gesa mudh lsok dk lq;ksx feykA ogha geus t;guqeku
izl
s ] bykgkckn esa iqLrd Niokus dh ;kstuk cukbZ vkSj
izdk'kd Jh dkes'ojukFk HkkxZo th ls ckrsa dhaA xq#nso
Lora=krk lsukuh Fks] vr% muds lkFk bykgkckn dh fu%'kqYd

;k=kk dhA o`)koLFkk ds dkj.k mudh lsok esa ltx jgkA
bykgkckn esa geus laxe&Luku fd;kA izl
s dk dke fucVdj
geyksx y[kuÅ pys x,] xq#nso ds nkekn vey fd'kksj
feJ ds iklA Jh fd'kksj ogk¡ Hkkjrh; fjt+oZ cSd
a esa inLFkkfir
FksA ogk¡ pkj fnu jgdj ge yksxksa us y[kuÅ ds eq[; LFkkuksa
dks ns[kkA nloas fnu ge yksx xk¡o ldq'ky ykSV vk,A
1996 bZ- esa tc esjh lsokfuo`fÙk gqbZ rks Lora=k ys[ku ds
fy, eSa vjfj;k ft+yk eq[;ky; vk x;kA ;gk¡ LFkkuh;
lkfgR;dkjksa rFkk iz'kklfud inkfèkdkfj;ksa ds lg;ksx ls
vius LokfeRo vkSj laiknu esa ^laofn;k* =kSekfld if=kdk
fudkykA ^laofn;k* ukedj.k xq#nso dks blfy, ilan ugha
Fkk] D;ksfa d ;g uke js.kq dh pfpZr dgkuh dk gSA blds fy,
mUgksua s eq>s QVdkj yxkbZA ysfdu] eSa foo'k Fkk] D;ksfa d ;g
uke loZlEefr ls ikfjr FkkA blds fy, mUgksua s ;gk¡ ds
jpukèkfeZ;ksa ij ,d i=k }kjk tcnZLr fVIi.kh dh gSßµ ,d
vkSj ckrA js.kq viuh vej jpukvksa ds }kjk lalkj ds cgqr
cM+s Qyd ij pedrs jgsxa As vHkh ^eSyk vkapy* ds izdk'ku
dh vkèkh 'krkCnh ckn Hkh ge izxfr'khy yksx js.kq ekufldrk
ls vkxs ugha lksp ikrs] rks ;g gekjh izfrHkk dk fnokfy;kiu
gSA [ksn gS fd Qkjfclxat] vjfj;k tuin ds lkfgR;dkj

vHkh rd bl ekufldrk ls ihNs ;k vkxs dh vksj >k¡duk
ugha pkgrsA ¼12-9-2004 dk i=k½
ckn esa mUgksua s ^laofn;k* ds lao)Zu esa dbZ ekSfyd
lq>ko fn, vkSj blds izpkj&izlkj esa [kqydj lkFk fn;kA
dgk tkrk gS fd mudh vkdfLed ekSr dk dkj.k
muds }kjk ikfyr&iksf"kr ukrh lqn'kZu dqekj gqvkA lqn'kZu
baVj esa i<+ jgk Fkk fd mUekn ds dkj.k og muds ikl ls
vpkud dgha Hkkx x;kA bl ?kVuk ls og vfr O;kdqy gks
x, vkSj mldh [kkst esa vius ttZj 'kjhj ysdj ;=k&r=k
HkVdus yxsA blh Øe esa muds ân;&xfr iwf.kZ;k esa #d
xbZv
µ kSj og gesa lnk ds fy, NksMd
+ j pys x,A dkslh
vapy ds lkfgR; dk ,d fpjkx+ cq> x;kA fdarq] og esjs
eu&ekul ls nwj dgk¡ gS\a mUgha ds 'kCnksa esµa
'krkfCn;ksa ckn dgksxµs
[+kcw dg x;k]
jgk ugha cspkjk!
[kkstks Mhg dgk¡ gS
gk¡&gk¡] [kkstks Mhg dgk¡ gS!
la i dZ % iz/kku laiknd ^laofn;k*]
t;izdk'k uxj] okMZ ua- 7] vjfj;k 854311 ¼fcgkj½

J)k lqeu
nqxkZ izlkn pkS/kjh
gekjs vknj.kh; xq#] o;kso)
` lkfgR;dkj ,oa thou i;ZUr
f'k{kd ds mÙkjnkf;Ro dks fuHkkusokys Lora=krk lsukuh iaveks?k ukjk;.k >k dh jpukRed Ñfr ^eSa rks rsjs ikl es*a
vkn~;ksikar euks;ksxiwod
Z i<+ x;kA dfo dh izfrHkk dk
mUes"k eqDr :i ls bu jpukvksa esa gqvk gSA oSpkfjd n`f"Vdks.k
dh izxk<+rk] dfo lqyHk lqdqekjrk ds lkFk&lkFk izkÑfrd
NVkvksa dk vfHkn'kZu dfo dh izfrHkk dks mtkxj djus esa
'kr izfr'kr leFkZ gSA f'k{kx xq# ds lkfUuè; esa Nk=k ds :i
esa yxkrkj pkj o"kks± rd ¼1946&1949½ jgdj cgqr dqN
ik;kA eSa vius dks èkU; le>rk gwA¡ blds i'pkr~ iqu%

mudk vk'khokZn xr 20 o"kks± ls ikrk vk jgk gwA¡ eSa tks
dqN cuk] og mUgha ds vk'khokZn ,oa f'k{kk dk Qy gSA
vius xq# f'k{kd dks eSa dsoy viuh J)k dk lqeu
vfiZr dj ldrk gw¡ vkSj mudh jpukvksa ds izdk'k dh
Lof.kZe Kku:ih fdj.ksa gh izkIr
dj ldrk gwA¡
esjk mudks ueu] mudh
jpukvksa dks ueuA
la i dZ % Jhjke dqVhj] foosdkuan
uxj] lgjlk dkWyst xsV] lgjlk
852201 ¼fcgkj½

tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 31

Loèkk rjrq es firje
vHk;'kadj >k

esjh vk;q vkB o"kZ dh jgh gksxhA fnokyh dk fnu FkkA esjs
xk¡o t;uxj esa izk;% u, diM+s fnokyh ;kuh dkyh iwtk ds
volj ij gh iguus dk fjokt jgk gSA firkth ykyth mPp
fo|ky;] jkuhxat esa vè;kid FksA ogha ls diM+s Hkh vkrsA
eSa ;kuh firkth dk T;s"B iq=k mlesa Hkh nks cM+h cgusa
ljksftuh nhnh vkSj fdj.k nhnh ds ckn esjk tUe ckckèkke
dh eukSrh ds ckn gqvk] tSlk fd nknh dgrh FkhA rks
ioZ&R;ksgkj ds ekSds’ ij esjh iwN vfèkd gksrh FkhA bl ckj
tks diMs+ dh xk¡B jkuhxat ls vkbZ rks mlesa esjs fy, gjs jax
dh 'kVZ vkbZ FkhA eSa mRlkg ls igudj vius lkfFk;ksa ds chp
esyk ns[kus fudyk rks lcdh 'kVZ jax&fcjaxs yky&ihys jax dh
Fkh vkSj esjh fcydqy ,dojuk gjhA eSua s ek¡ ls dgk] ßesjh
'kVZ gjh D;ksa yk fn,\ eSa ugha iguwx¡ k blsAÞ vkSj eSa jksus
yxkA rks firkth vius ikl njokts+ ij cM+s I;kj ls ys x,]
tgk¡ ls nwj&nwj rd gjs&Hkjs èkku ds [ksr] mM+rh fpfM+;k¡ dks
fn[kkrs dgus yxsßµ ns[kks fdruk gjk&Hkjk èkku dk [ksr
ygygk jgk gS] Bhd rqEgkjs 'kVZ ds jax dh rjg ,dne ···
g · fj · ; ·· j ··· dpks ··· j---A ,slk fdlh dk gS Hkh\
mu cPpksa ds 'kVZ dk jax rks fdfpj&fefpj og Hkh dksbZ jax
gS\ rqEgkjk rks jkuhxat ls yk;k lcls cf<+;k¡ jax dk 'kVZ
gSAÞ nwljs gh {k.k esjk eu cny x;k vkSj xoZ ls gfj;j
dpksj 'kVZ igudj lkfFk;ksa esa tk feykA ckn esa firkth dh
blh rduhd dk iz;ksx vius cPpksa ij Hkh fd;kA lkspk fny
cgykus dks x+kfyc [+k;ky vPNk gSA
xk¡o t;uxj ls jkuhxat dh nwjh pkj dksl] ysfdu
lkou Hkknks esa ;g nwjh ik¡p dksl
gks tk;k djrh FkhA 1964 bZ- ls
eSa firkth ds lkFk iSny pyus
dk vH;kl djus yxk FkkA ysfdu
vdsyk ugha] lkFk esa xk¡o ds vU;
Nk=kksa dh la[;k pkj&ik¡p vo';
32

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

gksrh] dksb&Z u&dksbZ lkFk gksrkA firkth lkbZfdy ij ugha
p<+rs vkSj u gh ?kM+h igursA ysfdu blls le; ij fo|ky;
igqp
¡ us ;k vU; xfrfofèk;ksa esa dksbZ O;oèkku gksrs dHkh ugha
ns[kkA fo'ks"kdj izkr%dkyhu fo|ky; idM+us ds fy, 4 cts
izkr% gh py fn;k djrsA eq>s Hkh losjs txk fn;k tkrkA
eu&gh&eu gksrs vU;euLd Hkko ls >ksyk mBk, firkth ds
ihNs pyrkA pkj HkkbZ vkSj Ng cguksa ls geyksx Fks] rhu
Qqvk ,d pkpk] ek¡&firkth vkSj nknh lc feykdj dqy
lrjg lnL;ksa okys ifjokj dk Hkkj firkth dh vè;kiu
o`fÙk ls osru ds lok lkS #i, ij gh fVdk FkkA tgk¡ rd eSa
tkurk gw¡ 1950 ls 1965 rd [ksrh dh fLFkfrµ dHkh
vfro`f"V rks dHkh vuko`f"V dh ekj ls fdlkuksa dh gkyr
cnrj FkhA ,sls esa cM+s ifjokj dks pykus ds fy, [ksrh ls Hkh
uke ek=k dh gh Q’ly ?kj vkrh FkhA og Hkh cVkbZnkjksa ds
Hkjksls ijA xk¡o ls nks dksl dh nwjh ij fljfl;k guqekuxat
ekSts esa cfj;kgh dker dks Hkh firkth jfookj ds vgys
lqcg Qudhfe;k¡ vehu fe;k¡ ds ;gk¡ igqp
¡ dj vo'; ns[k
ysr]s fdl [ksr esa D;k yxk gS\ ns[kHkky dj fglkc&fdrkc
dj Mk;jh esa ntZ djuk mudk lkIrkfgd dk;Z FkkA ,d ckr
Fkh fd cgqr bZekunkj vkSj ikfjokfjd Lusg ls Hkjs cVsnkj mu
fnuksa muds gqvk djrs FksA ,sls esa jeuk ds tkudh ljnkj
rFkk muds iq=k cspu ljnkj] cukbZ ljnkj] FkwFkj vkSj Nfoyky
cM+s vkReh;rk ls bZekunkjhiwod
Z èkku ck¡Vdj ?kj igqp
¡ k nsrs
FksA muds uke mudh Mk;jh ds iUus esa vkt Hkh lqjf{kr gSAa
;s lc dke os iSny gh pydj iwjk dj ysrs vkSj
lkseokj dks losjs ngh pwM+k [kkdj ubZ iqLrdsa iucêh] >ksys
esa Mkyrs vkSj [kknh dk yack Qhrkokyk >ksyk daèks ij
yVdk, Nkrk gkFk esa fy, yacs d’ne c<+krs fo|ky; dh vksj
2-5 ls rhu ?kaVs esa Bhd okfu±x dh ?kaVh ctrs fo|ky; ds
vgkrs esa izo's k dj tkrs FksA i<+kus tc d{kk esa vkrs rks
ikB~;oLrq dSlh Hkh gks mls lq#fpiw.kZ <ax ls bruk cksèkxE;
cuk nsrs fd Nk=k ea=keqXèk gks tkrsA ml oD+r irk gh u

pyrk fd dfBu vkfFkZd cks> ls nck eu efLr"d okyk
vè;kid brus [+kq'kfet+kt vankt+ esa dSls dyk dk tknw
fc[ksj jgk gSA vc mudh vkarfjd euksn'kk dks ij[kus ds nks
lkèku gS]a ,d rks os tks muds fiz; esèkkoh Nk=k jgs gSa nwljk
lkèku rks mudh dfork gh gSA ßnks di ihyk&ihyk I;kjÞ
dfork esa O;Dr mudh eu%fLFkfrµ
fta+nxh dh fcydqy gh dPph fy[kkoV dks
lks[k x;k ekLVjh dk lQ’ns iks'k lks[rkµ
<qydus
cgdus
pedus ds igys ghA
lksp fy;k gS fd vc
dksbZ meax ugha
dksbZ rjax ugha
dksbZ lCt ckx+ ugha@dksbZ Nfy;k jkx ugha
>d>ksj ldrk gS bl [kks,&[kks, eu dksA
yksx lksprs gSµa
¼;|fi dgrs ugha gS½
fd D;k gks x;k gS bls [kM+h gh tokuh esa
Fkddj] gkjdj@dgha ls eu ekjdj
igqp
¡ x;k gw¡ vkt
fQj vius }kj ijA
rks ;g fLFkfr Fkh ,d Lo.kZ ind ¼vksyèke Lo.kZind]
1945½ ls foHkwf"kr vè;kid dh] firkth vius gkFkksa rhu
cguksa vkSj Ng iqf=k;ksa dk dU;knku laiUu fd,A izR;sd nks
o"kZ ij dU;knku] fQj mldk f}jkxeuµ;s Øe fujarj
pyrk jgkA cM+s ifjokj esa fj'rsnkjksa dk vkuk&tkuk yxk
jgrkA vkfrF; lRdkj ds fy, izflf) ik pqds bl ifjokj
dh viuh vyx igpku ihf<+;ksa Åij ls pyh vk jgh Fkh]
ftls fuHkkrh esjh ek¡A firkth rks 'kfuokj vkdj lkseokj
dks pys tkrs] ckdh O;oLFkk rks rhlkas fnu ek¡ dks gh djuh
Fkh] lks ek¡&firkth esa cd&>d gksuk gh FkkA vc cM+h cgu
dh 'kknh ds ckn rhu o"kZ rd nkekn cM+s feJ th Jh
#nzukFk feJ ¼izèkkuk/;kid] mPp fo|ky;½ dh i<+kbZ dk
Hkkj Hkh budks ogu djuk iM+rk FkkA esjs nknkth Ng HkkbZ
FksA losZ 1952 esa gqvkA rc rd ifjokj bteky esa gh Fkk lks
,d [ksljk t+ehu xM+cM+ u gks] bldh ft+Eesokjh Hkh cM+h
dq'kyrkiwod
Z fuoZgu fd,A firkth ,sls firk ds rc rd

bdykSrk iq=k Fks] ftudh izfr"Bk cgqr nwj rd rd FkhA
vius rax gky esa ml e;kZnk dh j{kk djuk igyk dÙkZO;
ekurs jgsA
bèkj 1968 ds vklikl eSa mudh [kknh èkksrh] tks eksVh
Hkkjh Hkjde gqvk djrh Fkh mls èkksuk lh[k x;k FkkA ckgj
ls vk, fpëh&i=kh] iqLrdksa dks latksdj j[kuk esjk dke FkkA
ykyth mPp fo|ky; jkuhxat ds Nk=kkokl okys nf{k.k
if'pe dksus esa izèkkukè;kid Lo- Ñ".koYyHk nkl th dk
Qwl dk Msjk] mlls mÙkj firkth dk Qwl dk nks pkjh Niuh
fQj lVs mÙkj] fganh ds f'k{kd Jh 'kqdnso eksnh th tks buds
f'k"; Hkh jgs] mlls mÙkj Jh ';kekuan Bkdqj th xf.kr ds
tkus&ekus eeZK fo}ku dk Msjk FkkA firkth ds Qwlokys
Nijh esa rhu&pkj esjs xk¡o ds Nk=k Hkh jgrs FksA ck¡l dk èkju
mlesa yVdk lhdk ml ij ck¡l dh paxjs h j[kh jgrh FkhA
mlh esa firkth dh dfork dh dkWih] fNViqV iUuksa ij
dfork paxjs h esa iqtZs lkfgR;dkj fe=kksa ds i=k lc mlh esa
xMeM j[kk jgrk FkkA dHkh rksld ds uhps dksbZ egÙoiw.kZ
iqtkZ] l|% fulfjr dfork oxS+jg j[k nsrs FksA mu fnuksa isV
dh xM+cM+h vkSj vèkdikjh nnZ ls vfèkd ijs'kku jgk djrs
FksA eSua s Ng&Ng eghus ,d o"kZ rd flQZ’ ngh dPpk dsyk
dks mckydj lsou djrs ns[kk gSA mudk Hkkstu fcydqy
lknk] rsy elkys ls ijgst+ okyk gqvk djrk FkkA Hkkstu
idkrs dHkh ugha ns[kk] ysfdu ikd dyk dk ckjhd Kku
budks vo'; FkkA ,slk dbZ ekSds’ ij ns[kk gSA Hkkstu foU;kl
ds 'kkSdhu vo'; Fks] ysfdu lqikP; Hkkstu gksuk pkfg,A
nwèk&ngh Hkkstu esa vfuok;Z FkkA gkyk¡fd lHkh f'k{kd Hkkstu
Nk=kkokl ds esl esa gh djrs FksA jlksb;k cnjh >k] gfjukjk;.k
njHkaxk QsV ds feljth gqvk djrs FksA os vkyw dks vkx esa
idkdj pks[kk cukrs tks bUgsa ilan FkkA Qfj;kuh unh dh
jsok vkSj njgh eNyh] jkuhxat xqnjhckt+kj dk ufn;k esa
tek, foy{k.k ngh dks ns[kdj Lo;a ilan djrs vkSj dgrs
fd ns[kks Bhd iwf.kZek dk pk¡n dh rjg yxrk gS u\ dHkh&dHkh
eq>s vdsys ngh ykus tkuk gksrk
rks eS a le> ugha ikrk fd
NksVh&NksVh ufn;k esa tes ngh dks
fp[ks fcuk dSls le>w¡ fd ngh
[kêk ugha gSA os dgrs fd ßts
ns[kus u×k ls pk[kusAÞ bl rjg
tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 33

jax vkSj xaèk ls ngh [+kjhnus Hkh tku x;kA vkt Hkh eSa Nk=kksa
dks ngh [+kjhnus HkstrkA rks mls ;g rjhd’k crk nsrk gwA¡
Nk=kkokl ds esl&?kj esa Hkkstu ds fy, ?kaVh ctrh rks ,d
iafDr esa vklu f'k{kdx.k ds fy,] 'ks"k nks&rhu d’rkj esa
Nk=kx.k cSBrsA ,d ckj jlksb;k cnjh >k Nqêh esa ?kj pys
x,A vkns'kiky lwjt dker mQZ ^dYyj* dks Hkkstu idkuk
iM+k rks mlus iwNk ßekLlkc Hkkstu dsgus HksyÞµfirkth
gkftj tokc Fks gh] mUgksua s dgkµ
ßHkkr dp&dp nkby vfl)]
cnjh >k l¡ dyjs fudAÞ
vkSj Bgkds dh xwt
¡ ---!
losjs lkr cts pk;&iku ysdj Mk;jh fu;fer fy[krs FksA
fQj i=kksÙkj ds fy, iksLVdkMZ dk vfèkd mi;ksx djrs
varns'Z kh; mlds ckn] fyQ’kQ’k cgqr deA iksLV ckWDl esa fpëh
fxjkuk esjk gh dke FkkA jkLrs esa fpëh eSa vo'; i<+rk pyrkA
blls budh fe=k eaMyh dk eq>s irk pyrk jgrkA os tc dHkh
jkuhxat vkrs rks eSa lRdkj esa tyiku] iku ijkslrk vkSj firkth
iz.kke djus dgrs rks iwoZ i<+s i=kksa ds iwoK
Z ku ds vkèkkj ij
eu gh eu muls firkth dh vkReh; lacaèk ds vkèkkj ij
J)koku gks tkrkA laè;k ckt+kj vo'; tkrs ubZ&ubZ tkudkjh]
yksxksa ls feyuk [+kkldj pk; ds fy, lkFk esa uo vkxarqd
Hkh gksrAs okil Nk=kkoklh dqfV;k esa lkfgfR;d lelkef;d
?kVuk] pfpZr dfo ys[kdksa i=k&if=kdk ds izlxa ksa ij ifjppkZ]
csckd fVIi.kh vkSj mnw]Z laLÑr] caxyk vkfn 'ksjks 'kk;jh dh
Qqy>fM+;ksa ls xqytkj gks tkrh Qwl dh Nijh okyh dqfV;kA
nwljs izdkj ds esgekuksa esa xk¡o lekt ds yksx gksr]s ftUgsa dy
vjfj;k dpgjh rkjh[+k djuk gksrk rks muls xk¡o lekt dh
?kVuk [ksrhckjh dh fLFkfr] fdl ifjokj dk D;k gkypky lc
foLrkj ls gksrk dHkh&dHkh buds VsdukFk HkkbZ vkrs rks os nks&rhu
ih<+h iqjkus dhfrZoku iwoZtksa dh dgkuh dgrs] ftldk lw=k
fookfnr t+ehu ls tqM+k gksrk vkfn&vkfnA bl izdkj 'kkL=kh;
ifjppkZ vkSj ykSfddrk dh Nki esjs s dksey efLr"d ij iM+rh
pyhA eSa i<+us esa vkSlr ntZs dk
FkkA esjs yk[k iz;kl ds ckn Hkh
xf.kr esjs iYys ugha iM+rkA Qyr%
f}rh; Js.kh ls vkxs c<+ ugha
ldrkA gk¡ 1978 rd ?kj es a
i<+uos kys Nk=kksa dh la[;k c<+ xbZ
34

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

FkhA lcksa dh i<+kbZ ds fy, [+kpZ dk ekSfyd iz'u FkkA laLÑr
dh i<+kbZ esa 'kqYd ugha yxrk Fkk vkSj LVkbisVa Hkh feyrk Fkk
vkSj [+kkldj esjs fy, xf.kr ls eqfDr Hkh Fkh mlesAa eSfVªd
ikl djds eè;ek laLÑr fueZyh ¼lqikSy½ ls djds uohu 'kkL=kh
dh i<+kbZ dk lq>ko lq[klsuk laLÑr egkfo|ky; ls djus dh
lykg buds fe=k bykd’s ds tkusekus jktuhfrK Jh nso ckcw
dh lykg ij esjk ukekadu gqvkA D;ksfa d gj gky esa eq>s dksbZ
u dksbZ ukSdjh idM+uh FkhA firkth pkj&ik¡p lky esa lsokfuo`Ùk
gksuos kys FksA NksVs HkkbZ t;'kadj th] mn; th i<+ gh jgs Fks]
muds [+kpZ dk loky Fkk firkth ds iklA Qyr% f'k{kd
izf'k{k.k egkfo|ky;] ewlkiqj] dfVgkj ls 1975&77 l=k ds
fy, esjs ukekadu gsrq i=k ?kj ij vk;kA firkth dgrs eSa rks
eSfVªd rd gh i<+kA Kku rks Lokè;k; ls gksrk gSA firkth dk
yack i=k jkr esa ysdj esjs ppsjs cM+s HkkbZ ia- bankz uan th lq[klsuk
igqp
¡ As vkSj vHkh esjk eu tek gh Fkk fd losjs ukekadu gsrq
ewlkiqj pyk vk;kA 1980 esa izkFkfed fo|ky; u<+oh ¼jkuhxat½
esa ;ksxnku dj ysus ds ckn eSa dqN fLFkj gqvkA Lora=k :i ls
vkpk;Z Hkh fd;kA firkth 1983 esa lsokfuo`Ùk gks x, vkSj
eSa 1983 esa t+kfdj ,dsMeh mPp fo|ky; Msgjh eas laLÑr dk
vè;kid cu x;kA ikfjokfjd raxgkyh dks ns[kdj iRuh
Jherh foHkk dqekjh Hkh f'kf{kdk cu xbZ vkSj firkth dh
ifjp;kZ gsrq mlus t;uxj eè; fo|ky; esa gh ;ksxnku fd;kA
budh cukbZ pk; os cgqr ilan djrs FksA yxHkx chl o"kks±
rd xk¡o esa jgdj firkth dh ilan ds vuqlkj os lkjh
O;oLFkk,¡ djrh jghaA firkth dks is'a ku esa prqFkZ osrueku dk
ykHk Hkh feykA vc ?kj dh raxgkyh tkrh jghA Qyr% 1999
esa budk izfrfufèk dkO; laxgz ^eSa rks rsjs ikl es*a esjs gh izdk'ku
esa Nidj vk x;kA bl dkO;&laxzg dks eSa laiw.kZ izfl)
fo'ofo|ky; iqLrdky; ,oa izfl) lkfgR;dkjksa ds ikl
leh{kk gsrq izLrqr fd;kA cM+&s cM+s leh{kdkas esa MkW- eSut
s j ikaM;s ]
MkW- [kxans z Bkdqj th dk eSa fo'ks"k vkHkkjh gw]¡ ftUgksua s eSyk vk¡py
esa fNis dfo veks?k dks ij[kk vkSj buds O;fDrRo ,oa ÑfrRo
dks jk"Vªh; èkjkry ij LFkkfir fd;kA firkth dh nks x|
jpukvksa dk 'kh?kz izdk'ku djus dk iz;kl tkjh gSA ,sls fo}ku
firkth ds vk'khokZn esjs lkFk ga]S ;gh esjs fy, lcls cM+k lacy
gSA
la i dZ % izèkkuk/;kid] ch-,y-Mh- mPp fo|ky;]
jkuhxat ¼vjfj;k½

rc ;gk¡ ,d f[kM+dh gksrh Fkh
clar dqekj jk;

eSua s mUgsa igyh ckj dqN ,sls gh ns[kk Fkk] tSls dksbZ fdlh dks
vkeus&lkeus dh ctk; f[kM+dh ls ns[krk gSA ,sls esa n`';
O;fDr ls nwjh rks deksc's k gksrh gS ysfdu rc] ;fn vki
muds izfr vkÑ"V gq, rks nwfj;ksa ds ladqpu dh izfØ;k 'kq:
gksrs nsj ugha yxrhA iz[kj xsgv
¡q k jax] yack&Njgjk d’n] ids
gq, cky] gksBa ksa ij QSyh iku dh ykyh vkSj psgjs ij QSyh
mez dh csrjrhc js[kkvksa esa mUeqDr g¡lh tfur LQhfr iafMr
veks?k ukjk;.k >k ds izfr ns[kusokyksa esa f[kapko iSnk dj nsrh
FkhA mudk O;fDrRo lqn'kZu FkkA
iafMr rks os Fks ghA fo|ky; esa os lkfgR; i<+krs FksA [+knq
lkfgR; jprs FksA os fganh] eSfFkyh] laLÑr] usikyh] vaxt
sz +h
vkSj mnwZ ds Kkrk FksA ok.kh esa feBkl FkhA os cgqr vPNs
ikBd FksA mudk vè;;u foLr`r vkSj xgjk Fkk] ysfdu os
fdlh izdkj ds vga ls fcydqy eqDr FksA dgus dk eryc
;g fd mudk ikafMR; vdqBa vkSj fouez FkkA muesa vkReeqXèkrk
ugha FkhA vkt tcfd vkRedsfa nzr Kkfu;ksa dh deh ugha gSA
Lo;aHkw vkpk;ks± ,oa MkWDVjksa ls xfy;k¡ iVh gSAa ßvur dgk¡
lq[k ikoSÞ dh eeZ&ehekalk esa ;s nwljksa dh miyfCèk;ksa dks
udkjrs gSAa fNnzkUos"k.k budk fiz; 'kxy gS---,sls esa veks?k
ckcw dh gkfnZd mUeqDrrk vaèkdkj esa izdk'k dh rjg fn[krh
gSA u, fy[kusokyksa ds fy, mudh ck¡gas xys yxkus ds fy,
lnSo ekuks rRij jgrh FkhaA
veks?k ckcw ewyr% dfo FksA mudh 'krkfèkd dforkvksa
ds dsna z esa izes vkSj izÑfr dh lQy vfHkO;fDr gqbZ gSA
mudk ßfMD'kuÞ 'kkL=kh; gSA os Nk;kokfn;ksa ls izHkkfor FksA
eSua s tc ;g dgk] rks eq>s vkt Hkh ;kn gS] mUgksua s rikd ls
bls Lohdkj djrs gq, dgk Fkk fd izR;sd fy[kusokys ij
mldk le; ,d rjg gkoh jgrk gS] ysfdu bldk ;g
eryc ugha fd ijorhZ jpukdkj fdlh dh ßVªÃ dkWihÞ djus
yxs--- muds izes esa lkfÙodrk gSA fo;ksx dh txg la;ksx

gSA fopkj vkSj vkn'kZ gS]a rks deZ ls tqM+s gq, gSAa blfy,
veks?k ckcw dk izes ok;oh; ls vfèkd tkxfrd gSA os dguk
pkgrs gSa fd euq"; ds fy, vkuqHkfod cksèk dk ,dek=k
lkèku vkSj ekè;e lalkj gh gks ldrk gSA bu dforkvksa ij
cgqr de dke gqvk gSA dkslh vapy dk ;g nqHkkZX; gh ekuk
tk,xk fd vuwiyky eaMy] tuknZu izlkn >k ^f}t*] jkensuh
frokjh ^f}tnsuh*] jktdey pkSèkjh vkSj veks?k ukjk;.k >k
^veks?k* tSls ys[kd&dfo;ksa ds ewY;kadu ij ,d pqIih&lh
iljh gqbZ gSA js.kq vkSj MkW- y{eh ukjk;.k lqèkka'kq dks ysdj
gypy ugha gSA bls ckSf)d tM+rk dgsa ;k eqXèkrk] nksuksa gh
[+kjkc ckrsa gSAa
veks?k ckcw geyksxksa ds fy, vrhr vkSj orZeku ds
chp ,d iqy gqvk djrs FksA rc iwf.kZ;k dk ßdyk HkouÞ
lkfgfR;d xfrfofèk;ksa dk ,d dsna z gqvk djrk FkkA egknsoh
oekZ] ukxktquZ ] fnudj] xksiky flag usikyh tSlh fnXxtksa ds
vkxeu ls lkfgR; ds rRdkyhu ifjn`'; ij iwf.kZ;k¡
ßMkbolZ&lhVÞ ij FkkA lkfgR; vkSj Hkk"kk dks ysdj cglsa
gqvk djrh FkhaA vkt dh ih<+h dks ekywe ugha fd ßoS'kkyh
ds vk¡xu esÞa D;k&D;k gqvk FkkA veks?k ckcw mu xfrfofèk;ksa
ds thoar xokg gqvk djrs FksA dyk Hkou ls tqM+s izlxa ksa dks
crykus ds Øe esa eSua s mUgsa foày gksrs ns[kk FkkA ,d lQy
jfuax desVa hª ] thoar 'kCn&fp=k miLFkkiu dh dyk ls vrhr
orZeku gks tk;k djrk FkkA muds u jgus ls vrhr vkSj
orZeku ds chp dk ;g iqy èoLr gks x;kA og f[kM+dh] tks
xqt+js gq, dy esa [kqyrh Fkh lnk
ds fy, can gks xbZ---A
la i dZ % ^xqyeksgj*] vkJe jksM]
okMZ u- 15 vjfj;k] ¼fcgkj½(
eks- 9471015885

tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 35

cgqr ;kn vkrh gS
ekaxu feJ ^ekrZ.M*
xq#nso veks?k ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k* dh Nfo lglk ekul&iVy
ij dkSèa k tkrh gS] tc dHkh jkuhxat dh ppkZ gksrh gSA ckr
lu~ 1963&1966 dh gSA eSa ykyth mPp fo|ky;] jkuhxat
dk Nk=k FkkA f'k{kdx.k eq>s vikj Lusg djrs FksA dkj.k
Fkkµejs h fouezrk vkSj fo|ky; dk lcls de mez dk Nk=k
gksdj Hkh] lnSo oxZ esa izFke LFkku izkIr djukA vkt Hkh
larân;h] deZ;ksxh rFkk izdkaM fo}ku~ izèkkukè;kid LoÑ".k cYyHk yky nkl th] vius fo"k;ksa ds mn~HkV fo}ku
Jh ';kekuan Bkdqj th] vè;kiu ds le; oxks± esa Kku
vkuan dh lfjrk cgkus okys] lkfgR; dh vry xgjkb;ksa ds
n'kZu djkusokys ok.kh ds ojn izHk] dfo dqy xkSjoµx#q nso
Lo- veks?k ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k* cjcl Le`fr esa vkrs gh
jgrs gSaA
;kn gS eq>s vkt Hkh] og igyk {k.k] tc eSua s x“kjS ls
ns[kk Fkk xq#nso veks?kckcw dksfµ 'k{kd fe=kksa ds chp okrkZyki
djrs fo|ky; ifjlj ds ,dkar {k.k esAa xkSj o.kZ] mUur
yykV] vn~Hkqr vkHkkeafMr eq[keaMyA lp dgrk gwbµ¡ l
eqDrÐkl lezkV us mlh {k.k eq>]s xq# pj.kksa ij lefiZr gksus
dks ckè; dj fn;k Fkk] tc mudh ok.kh ;ksa fu%l`r gks jgh
Fkhµ
eSa f=kdky dks eqëh esa dj can
lk¡l esa vk¡èkh vkS*
rwQk’ u fy, pyrk gwA¡
jprk gw¡ nqfu;k xqykc dh
dk¡Vksa dks Hkh lkFk fy, pyrk gwA¡
vkSj mlh ije {k.k esa xq#nso dh vlhe Ñik ls esjs
ân; ds fdlh&dksus esa lq"kqIr
dkO;&cht vadqfjr gksus yxs FksA
fQj xq#nso Hkh bl uotkr ikSèkk
dks igpkudj] lnk iYyfor&
iqf"ir djrs jgsA blds ckn rks
tc Hkh ekSdk’ feyrk] geyksx
36

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

,d lkFk gksrs vkSj xq#nso eq>s lkfgR; yksd dk fopj.k
djkrs jgrs FksA dqN ukephu lkfgR;dkjksa ,oa mudh jpukvksa
ij os csykx fVIi.kh djus ls dHkh ugha pwdrs FksA oSls rks os
ukxktquZ ¼fganh½ mQZ’ ;k=kh ¼eSfFkyh½ ds iz'kald FksA mudh
lknxh vkSj ljy rFkk yksdHkk"kk esa dkO; Hkh izgkjd {kerk
izokfgr Fks] fdarq ^i=kghu uXu xkN* ij izkIr ^lkfgR;
vdknseh iqjLdkj* dh p;u&izfØ;k ls larq"V ugha FksA os
Li"V dgrs Fksßµ
^i=kghu uXu xkN* dh dforkvksa dh èkkj
,slh iSuh ugha gS] ftl ij ;g iqjLdkj fn;k tk,A ckck dh
vusd ,slh dfork,¡ gS]a ftudks blls cM+k Hkh lEeku izkIr
gksus dk gd’ gSAÞ os izk;% ^vdky vkSj mlds ckn*] ^dkyh
?kkl*] ^flanjw fryfdr Hkky*] ^izrs dk c;ku*] ^ckny dks
f?kjrs ns[kk gS*] ^cgqr fnuksa ds ckn* vkfn vusd dforkvksa
dh iz'kalk djrs jgrs FksA mudh fuEu dfork dks i<+rs gq,
xq#nso dks eSua s lnk n;knzzZ ,oa d#.kkflDr gh ik;k gSA
dbZ fnuksa rd pwYgk jks;k pDdh jgh mnkl
dbZ fnuksa rd dkuh dqfr;k lksbZ mlds ikl
¹¹¹
cgqr fnuksa ds ckn]
vc dh eSua s ns[kh
idh lqugyh Q’lyksa dh eqLdku
,oa fuEu iafDr;ksa dks i<+rs oD“r xq#nso dk lhuk ru
tk;k djrk Fkkµ
turk eq>ls iwN jgh gS
D;k crykš
tu dfo gw¡] eSa
lkQ’ dgw¡xk
D;ksa
gdykš\
y{eh ukjk;.k ^lqèkka'kq* muds lkfgfR;d fe=k FksA mudh
,oa muds lkfgR; dh os izk;% iz'kalk djrs jgrs FksA ^dkO;

esa vfHkO;atukokn* ds lkfgfR;d eeZ dks xq#nso eq>s ljyrk
ls le>krs jgrs FksA vkSj eSa bl jlèkkj esa vius dks cgrk
NksM+ nsrk FkkA eq>s vlhe vkuan dh vuqHkwfr;k¡ gks jgh gksrh
FkhaA
vkpk;Z tkudhoYyHk 'kkL=kh ds ^jkèkk* dkO; dh vusd
iafDr;ksa dks os izk;% xquxquk;k djrs FksA dfooj tuknZu
izlkn >k ^f}t* dh iafDr;k¡µ nkuork dh fot;] ijkt; @
ekuork dh] ?kksj vu; gS @ vfi vej 'kkafr dh tufu
tyu---] jgus nks ikBd] esjh ihM+k esjs ikl--] oSHko fdruk
ck¡èk ldw¡xk---Þ
xq#nso lLoj lquk;k djrs FksA lqukrs&lqukrs mudh
iydsa xhyh gks tk;k djrh FkhaA yxrk Fkk tSls d#.kk dk
lkxj ilj x;k gks( vkSj eq>s yxus yxrk Fkk fd fu'p; gh]
dgha&u&dgha ^xq#nso* vkSj ^f}t th* dh ft+anxh esa
fdlh&u&fdlh fcanq ij lkE;rk gSA oSls f}t th ds le;&ikcanh
ds os cM+s dk;y Fks] fdarq mudh vD[kM+rk] mUgsa Hkh v[kjrh
FkhA
jk"Vªdfo jke/kkjh flag fnudj dh dkO;&'kSyh ds os
iz'kald FksA f}t th] xksiky flag usikyh th ,oa fnudj th
ds vkstLoh dkO;&ikBksa dh ppkZ izk;% xq#nso] fd;k djrs
FksA os fnudj dh dforkµßesjs uxifr] esjs fo'kky--- ykSVk
ns vtquZ &Hkhe&ohjAÞ dk lLoj ikB lquk;k djrs FksA vkSj
yacs le; rd mudh laxr esa jgus ds dkj.k eSa nkos ds lkFk
dg ldrk gw¡ fd xq#nso ds ^dkO;&ikB* vkSj Hkk"k.k esa fdlh
dks Hkh ck¡èk ysus dh vikj {kerk FkhA
bl izlxa esa Q.kh'ojukFk ^js.kq* dh ppkZ u djuk
U;k;ksfpr ugha gksxkA js.kq th ls dbZ&dbZ ckj mudh HksVa &okrkZ,¡
gqbZ Fkha] ,slk xq#nso dgk djrs FksA ^eSyk vk¡py*] ^ijrh
ifjdFkk*] ^Bsl*] ^ekjs x, xqyQke*] ^Bqejh*] ^jlfiz;k* ds os
cgqr iz'kald FksA ^Bsl* i<+rs oD“r eSua s mUgsa jksrs gq, Hkh ns[kk
gSA vkapfydrk ls Åijµj.s kq ds izxfroknh Lo:i mUgsa cM+s
Hkkrs FksA mudh ok.kh nnZe;h gksrh Fkh] tc os dgrs Fksßµ js.kq
dk ;g eSyk vk¡py] lqugyk dc gksxk\Þ
gk¡] ,d nq%[k eq>s vkt Hkh gS fd muds eqg¡ ls dHkh
jkensuh frokjh ^f}tnsuh* ds fo"k; esa lquus dk volj
ulhc ugha gks ldkA 'kk;n] ml le; rd eSa Lo;a ^f}tnsuh
th* dks ugha tkurk Fkk] vr,o lanfHkZr fo"k;d ppkZ u gks
ldhA

,d ckr eSa fu%ladksp dg ldrk gw¡ fd Nk=k thou ls
ysdj ljdkjh lsok dh vofèk rd ¼tc rd bl èkjrh ij
os viuh Ñik&o"kkZ djrs jgs½ os esjs in~; ikni dh dVkbZ&N¡VkbZ
djrs jgs vkSj eq>s mudk vewY; ekxZn'kZu ulhc gksrk jgkA
bl cgkus eq>s muds n'kZu Hkh lqyHk gks tk;k djrs FksA ;g
Hkh lp gS fd mUgksua s gh esjk miuke ^ekrZ.M* Hkh j[k fn;k
FkkA
eSa ,d ?kVuk dk mYys[k djuk pkgrk gw]¡ tks xq#nso ds
eLr vkSj csfQØ thou dh ckuxh gSA eSua s viuh lsokdky
ds njE;ku fdlh 'kfuokj dks vius dkO;&la'kksèkukFkZ] muls
le; fuèkkZfjr djok fy;k FkkA Bhd le; ij eSa jkuhxat
igqp
¡ Hkh x;kA xq#nso ml le; Nk=kkokl esa gh jgk djrs
FksA eq>s ns[krs gh gf"kZr gksrs gq, dgkµßvkcg--- vkcg--gejk cq>y jg,] vkb rkSa vbcgA jkfr ,r, jg· iM+rkSgA
vkb Bksj lc dkt iwjk d· nsoksgAÞ vkSj eSua s LohÑfr esa
viuk flj fgyk fn;k FkkA mudh Lusg&o"kkZ us eq>s iwjh rjg
fHkxks fn;k FkkA vkSj os BBkdj g¡lus yxs FksA bèkj eSa Hkh
mudh gh iafDr;ksa dks vanj&gh&vanj xquxqukdj vkRe foHkksj
gks jgk Fkkµ
eSa Lo;a BBkdj] g¡lusokyksa esa izfl)]
g¡lrs gt+kj D;ks]a dgw¡ djksM+kas ns[ks gSa
ij ;g rsjh eqLdku fdruh fojkVµ
;g dgk¡ pkgus ij Hkh eSa dg ik;k gwA¡
dqN nsj bèkj&mèkj dh ckrsa gksrh jghaA laè;k gksrs gh
xq#nso us dgkµßpyg&pkg ihfo vkfoAÞ geyksx jkuhxat
ckt+kj pk; ihus py iM+As nq;ksxZ ,slk fd ckt+kj esa dgha Hkh
nwèk miyCèk ughaA bl chp xq#nso dk ,d iwoZ f'k"; chjcy
th ¼jkuhxat½ mudk vfHkoknu dj gky&pky iwNrs gSAa
xq#nso us pk;&O;Fkk dk c;ku fd;kA fQj chjcy th us
Jheku dks ¼ml oD+r dk izfl) pk; foØsrk½ pk;&O;oLFkk
gsrq vkxzg fd;k vkSj ge yksx mUgha dh nqdku ds lkeus
dqflZ;k¡ yxkdj cSB x,A mUgksua s
xq#nso ls esjk ifjp; iwNkA fQj
ogha lkfgR;&egfQ’y te xbZA eSa
Hkh fy[krk gw]¡ ;g tkudj mUgsa
izlUurk rks gqb]Z ysfdu viuh
csykx fVIi.kh Hkh tksM+ nhµeaS Hkh
tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 37

dHkh fy[krk Fkk] ysfdu esjs fn;knh dqÙkksa us esjk lc dqN
tyk MkykA vkSj esjk fu"d"kZ gSHµ kSla dk cPpk HkSla ] ugha rks
ikM+k gksxkAÞ lqudj eSa lUu jg x;kA fQj Hkh ge yksxksa ds
chp eksguyky egrks fo;ksxh] lw;d
Z kar f=kikBh fujkyk] tuknZu
izlkn >k f}t] jke/kkjh flag fnudj] Q.kh'ojukRk js.kq vkfn
dfo;ksa dh ppkZ,¡ gksus yxhaA xq#nso us eq>s Hkh ,d dfork
lqukus dk vkns'k fn;k FkkA i'pkr~ xq#nso us Lo;a viuh
dfork&jl esa cgqr&cgqr nsj rd ge yksxksa dks Mqck, j[kkµ
'kk[kksa ls QwVs yky&yky]
Qwys oukar ds dk¡pukjA
dsrdh&dks[k ls xaèk&Hkkj laHkkj iou--èkjrh dk eu% izk.kA
'kkar&lkSE; gS Hkkjrh; uHk--- u;uksa dk vkdqy ikuhA
lw[k xyk daB&Loj--- 'kkafr ds lc ukjsA
dc pk; vkbZ] dc [+kRe gqvk] dqN irk gh ugha py
ik;kA jkr ds 9 ct pqds FksA eq>s vius dke dh ;kn vkbZA
fdlh izdkj xq#nso dks Lej.k fnykdj Nk=kkokl dh vksj
ykSV pysA vc rks Hkkstu vkSj foJke ds flok dksbZ pkjk Hkh
ugha FkkA iqu% fdlh vxys 'kfuokj dks feyus dh ;kstuk
cukbZ xbZ vkSj bl rjg eq>s ckj&ckj xq#nso ds n'kZu gksrs
jgsA la'kksèku&deZ va'kr% gh gks ik;k] ftls eSua s vkt Hkh
lgstdj j[kk gSA
,d ckj ykyth mPp fo|ky; ds izkxa .k esa ea=kh Mqej
yky cSBk th dk lEeku lekjksg vk;ksftr FkkA os xq#nso ds
fiz; fe=k FksA muds vkxzg dks os Vky ugha lds FksA xq#nso
us ml lekjksg esa eq>ls Hkh muds lEekukFkZ Hkk"k.k fnyok;k
FkkA fQj tc mudh ckjh vkbZ rks os cksyus ds iwoZ ?kaVksa esa
¼le;½ ck¡èk fn, x,A D;ksfa d tc os cksyuk 'kq: djrs Fks
rks dc rd cksyxas ]s dksbZ ugha dg ldrk FkkA mUgsa #duk ;k
jksduk dHkh vPNk ugha yxkA vr% iwoZ gh le; fuèkkZfjr
dj fn;k tkrk FkkA eq>s ;kn gS fd ml fnu xq#nso us vius
fe=k] ea=kh Jh cSBk th dks Hkh
ft+Eesnkfj;ksa dh jLlh ls iwjh rjg
ck¡èk fn;k vkSj ea=khizoj gkSy&s gkSys
eqLdjk jgs FksA
eSa tc vkn'kZ eè; fo|ky;]
Hkjxkek esa izèkkukè;kid ds in
38

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

ij dk;Zjr Fkk] os izk;% esjs ikl vk;k djrs FksA dHkh
'kkldh;&iz'kkldh; dk;ks± ls rks dHkh ;w¡ gh Ñik n`f"V
QsjusA Hkjxkek ls mudk xk¡o t;uxj vfèkd nwj ugha FkkA
Hkjxkek esa esjs jgrs mUgsa dHkh fdlh izdkj dh iz'kkldh;
leL;k,¡ ugha gqbAZ os fuf'par jgrs Fks vkSj 'kke gksrs gh eq>s
lkfgR; yksd dk ifjHkze.k djkus yxrs FksA eSa ea=k&eqXèk
muds jl dy'k esa mc&Mqc djrk jgrk FkkA D;k {k.k Fks os!
,d&lq[kn fLFkfr ;g Hkh fdµmuds t;s"B iq=k ^vHk; th*
ds nksuksa iq=k esjh gh ns[k&js[k es]a esjs Nk=kkokl esa gh i<+&fy[k
jgs FksA
blh fo|ky; ds izkxa .k esa ,d ckj laxhr&lekjksg dk
vk;kstu gqvk FkkA vk;kstudrkZ Fks vt; Hkkjrh ^vdsyk*
thA jkuhxat dk pfpZr uke HkSjks izèkku th ,oa xq#nso
veks?k eq[; vfrfFk FksA eSa bu egkuqHkoksa ds lkFk vius
Nk=kkokl esa gh cSBdj laxhr vkSj lkfgR; dh nqfu;k esa lSj
dj jgk FkkA vpkud xq#nso us Vksdkµß10 ct jgs gS]a ns[kks
[kkus&ihus dh dksbZ O;oLFkk Hkh gS D;k\Þ eSa èkhjs ls mBdj
O;oLFkk dh vksj yidkA ns[kk fd Hkëh dh vkx yxHkx
cq>h&cq>h gSA vdsyk th ds yqVjs ksa us cgqr igys gh lc&dqN
pkV fy;k FkkA mèkj vdsyk th] rcys dh Fkki ij cslqèk
bèkj&mèkj fFkjdrs ut+j vk,A dqN dguk Hkh Bhd ugha
yxkA os vius fe=k ,oa nyh; elhgk vkuan eksgu th dh
vkoHkxr esa eLr FksA eq[; vfrfFk xq#nso dks rks os Hkwy gh
x, FksA ¼,d ckr Li"V dj nw¡ fd vdsyk th Hkh xq#nso ds
gh f'k"; gSAa ½ eSua s xq#nso ls dgkµßvkt dh jkr ^fonqj&lkx*
ysuk ilan djsxa \s Þ mUgksua s rikd ls dgkµßizes jl ls cM+k
nwljk jl dgk¡\Þ fQj xquxquk mBsv
µ iuh gh iafDr;k¡µ
ßizn"w k.kksa dh ekjh--- vks chekj euqtgk---- eSa rsjk mipkj
fd;k djrk gw¡AÞ
vuarj ge yksx [kk&ihdj foJke esa pys x,A vdsyk
th dh cslqjh Loj&ygjh gok esa vc Hkh rSj jgh FkhA
eSa tc LFkkukarfjr gksdj 1998 esa Fkkuk eè; fo|ky;]
Qkjfclxat vk;k] rc Hkh] xq#nso dh vlhe Ñik eq> ij
cuh jghA os Qkjfclxat midks"kkxkj ls is'a ku ¼Lora=krk
lsukuh dk½ izkIr djrs FksA vkSj ml Øe esa izk;% jkf=k&foJke
esjs fuokl ij gh djrs FksA esjk lai.w kZ ifjokj mudh lsok
dj fugky gks tkrk FkkA eSa mudh lqfoèkkvks&a vlqfoèkkvksa dk
izfriy è;ku j[krk FkkA eq>s vkfRed larks"k feyrk FkkA

MkW- fo|kukjk;.k Bkdqj lsokfuo`Ùk fganh foHkkxkè;{k]
Qkjfclxat dkWyt
s ] Qkjfclxat ds dkO;&laxgz ^>wB Hkh lp
cksyrk gS* ds yksdkiZ.k lekjksg dk volj FkkA xq#nso dks
gh yksdkiZ.k djuk FkkA fxjrs LokLF; vkSj det+kjs 'kjhj ds
lkFk ,d fnu iwoZ gh os esjs fuokl ij fdlh rjg ièkkj pqds
FksA eSua s mudh Hkjiwj lsok izkjaHk dj nhA ,slh fLFkfr esa Hkh
xq#nso] jkf=k esa eq>s lkfgR; yksd dk ifjHkze.k djkrs jgsA
èkU; gS mudh lkfgfR;d fu"BkA esjk ,d vkys[kµf}tnsuh
th fo"k;d] ^ijrh iykj* esa Nik FkkA os vkys[k i<+dj
cgqr izlUu gq, FksA ysfdu mUgsa ,d 'kCn ^tquuw * ds iz;ksx
ij vkifÙk FkhA mudk dguk Fkkµßfganh bruh nfjnz ugha gSA
vius gh 'kCnksa dk iz;ksx djuk vPNk gSAÞ vkSj mUgksua s eq>s
nwljk 'kCn Hkh lq>k;k FkkA os lnk viuh Hkk"kk esa fo'kq)
fganh dk iz;ksx djrs Fks vkSj nwljksa ls Hkh ;gh vis{kk j[krs
FksA nwljs fnu izkr% 11 cts eSa mUgsa yksdkiZ.k lekjksg LFky
rd ys x;kA yksdkiZ.k ds volj ij fganh lkfgR; dh tks
fo'kn~ O;k[;k] ubZ lksp ds lkFk mUgksua s dh] ;g lqudj
mifLFkr lHkh lkfgR;dkj LrafHkr FksA 'kk;n eu&gh&eu
lHkh] ok.kh ds bl ojniq=k dh ljkguk dj jgs FksA var es]a
lHkh lkfgR;dkjksa ls feyrs&tqyrs os iqu% esjs lkFk esjs fuokl
;qokoLFkk esa dfo veks?k
ij jkf=k foJke esa vk x,A fQj nsj jkr rd dkO;ksa dh
ve`r o"kkZ gksrh jghA vuarj xq#nso us dgkµvc uhan vk
,d ckj muds ukrh dh eSfVªd ijh{kk dh O;oLFkk dh jgh gS vkSj xquxqukus yxsµ
ft+Eesokjh esjs daèks ij vkbZA ukrh i<+us esa rst+ rks Fkk] fdarq
dkSu&lh xaèk ;g frj] iou&ia[k ij
ekufld vlary
q u dk f'kdkj FkkA LokHkkfod Fkkµx#q nso
nsg dh gj f'kjk esa fcgjus yxh]--- uhan yxus yxhA--fpafrr FksA ysfdu tc ukrh f}rh; Js.kh ls ikl dj x;k rks
rc dkSu tkurk Fkk fd xq#nso eq>s vafre n'kZu nsus
xq#nso us eq>s vius fxjrs LokLF; dk gokyk nsrs gq,
ièkkjs FksA dqN fnuksa ckn vHk; th ls lwpuk feyhµßvkids
lwpuk&i=k fy[kkA
xq#nso tc Hkh esjs fuokl ij gksr]s os eq>s lkfgR; yksd xq#nso fpj funzk esa lks x,AÞ lqudj Hkko&foày gks x;k
dk izfjHkze.k djkuk ugha HkwyrsA esjk dke Fkk] fdlh lkfgR;dkj FkkA ml fnu esjs ?kj esa Hkkstu ugha cu ldk FkkA vkt tks
ds izlxa dks NsM+ nsuk] ftldh eq>s tkudkjh ysuh gksrh FkhA dqN Hkh gw¡ mUgha dh Ñik lsA lglk ^f}t th* ;kn gks
fQj rks dbZ lkfgR;dkj esjh var%psruk dks txkrs ut+j vk,µ ßtk Hkwy eq>s vc rw mnkjAÞ ij] D;k ;g laHko gks
ldsxk\Þ--vkrsA
dgus dks cgqr dqN 'ks"k jg tkrk gSA fdarq xq#nso dh laidZ % lkdsr] caxkyh Vksyk]
Lekfjdk ij dsoy esjk gh vfèkdkj ugha gS] ;g le>dj Qkjfclxat] vjfj;k ¼fcgkj½(
vafre J)k&lqeu muds pj.kksa esa p<+kdj] xq#&_.k ls eqDr eks- 09973269906
gksus dk iz;kl ek=k dj jgk gw]¡ tcfd okLro esa ;g laHko
gS gh ughaA
tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 39

---vkSj pys x, rqe
vfurk jkuh ^vUuq*
ft+na xh ds lQ’j esa lkFkh rks cgqr feyrs gSa ij FkksMh+ nwj lkFk
pydj ,d&nwljs ls dqN fcNqM+ Hkh tkrs gSa vkSj ns tkrs gSa
chrs iyksa dh Le`fr;k¡] ftls thou ds vafre {k.kksa rd ge
Hkqyk ugha ldrsA mu iyksa dh gj [kêh&ehBh ;knsa dHkh gksBa ksa
ij [+kq'kh nsrh gSa rks dHkh vk¡[kksa dks ue dj tkrh gSAa
lwjt dh rkt+k fdj.kksa us o"kkZ dh cwn¡ ksa dks ihdj o`{kksa
dh Qqufx;ksa dks vius jax esa jax fy;k FkkA vius ?kj ds
njokts+ ij rugk&lk cSBs MkW- lR;sUnz fuxe ds ekul&iVy
ij vrhr dh dqN Le`fr;k¡ ckj&ckj meM+ jgh FkhaA eu esa
mFky&iqFky&lh eph gqbZ Fkh] D;k d:¡] D;k u d:¡\ eSa ,slh
txg [kM+k gw]¡ tgk¡ vius eu dh ckrsa fdlh ls dg Hkh rks
ugha ldrkµgk¡] ,d ekè;e gS] gekjh d’yeA eSa vius eu
dh lkjh O;Fkkvksa dks dkx+t+ ds iUuksa ij mrkj nwx¡ kA 'kk;n]
blls esjs eu dks lqduw fey tk,A rHkh mudh rankz Hkax
djrs gq, lkfgR;dkj vrh'k cqUuq th vk igqp
¡ ]s vkSj nksuksa
?kaVksa lkfgfR;d ppkZ esa O;Lr gks x, FksA ?kM+h dh lwbZ
èkhjs&èkhjs f[klddj yxHkx ckjg ctus dk ladrs ns jgh FkhA
rHkh èkheh xfr ls ,d ^lweks* muds njokt+s ds ikl vkdj
#dhA
xkM+h dk njokt+k [kqyrs gh ,d o`) ds lkFk&lkFk nks
;qod vkSj ,d fookfgr ;qorh xkM+h ls mrjdj MkW- fuxe
ds njokts+ dh vksj c<+As d’jhc vkrs gh MkW- fuxe dh fuxkgsa
ml o`) ij tk fVdha vkSj muds eq[k ls vuk;kl gh fudy
x;kµßvjs! ;s rks jkuhxat fuoklh J)s; veks?kukjk;.k >k
^veks?k* gS]a tks ,d vPNs vkSj ofj"B dfo gSAa Þ MkW- fuxe
viuh dqlhZ ls mBdj rqjra c<+s
vkS j iz . kke dh eq n z k es a
cksyßµs vkb;s!--- vkb;s! veks?k
ckcw] vkb;sÞ vkSj mUgsa lkeus
dh dqlhZ ij vknjiwod
Z cSBk;kA
rHkh ikl cSBs cqUuq th us Hkh
40

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

veks?k ckcw dks iz.kke fd;kA MkW- fuxe us veks?k ckcw ds
lkFk vk, vU; yksxksa dks Hkh cSBus dks dgkA
o"kkZ dh Qqgkjksa ds ckn Hkh xqEel viuh pjelhek ij
Fkh] ftlds dkj.k veks?k ckcw cgqr cspuS gks jgs FksA rHkh
mUgksua s dgkµßMkW- lkgc] dksbZ gkFk dk ia[kk e¡xok nhft,A
esjh rch;r cgqr [+kjkc yx jgh gSAÞ
ßesjs ?kj esa gkFk dk ia[kk rks ugha gS veks?k ckcw] ijarq
eSa vkids fy, ia[ks dk bartke vo'; dj nsrk gwA¡ Þ
dec[+r fctyh us Hkh 'kgjokyksa dk thuk gjke dj
j[kk Fkk] ftlds dkj.k ?kj esa yxk gqvk ^buoVZj* Hkh T+;knk
le; rd dke djus dks rS;kj ugha Fkk] fQj Hkh MkW- fuxe
us ia[ks dk fLop vkWu fd;kA FkksM+h nsj ckn BaMh&BaMh gok
yxus ds dkj.k veks"k ckcw us jkgr dh lk¡l yhA
veks?k ckcw dks FkksM+h jkgr feyus ds ckn MkW- fuxe us
iwNkµßD;k ckr gS veks?k ckcw] vkidh rch;r vc dSlh
gS\Þ
ßgekjh rch;r Bhd ugha gS MkW- lkgcAÞ MkW- lR;sna z
fuxe dh ckrsa lqu veks?k ckcw cksyßµs fuxe th] vkt eSa
vius iq=kor~ fot; dqekj vkSj vejukFk feJ rFkk viuh
iq=koèkw Jherh csch nsoh ds lkFk ykbu ckt+kj ds ân; jksx
fo'ks"kK MkW- fouksn èkkjsok ls fn[kkus vk;k FkkA mUgksua s gesa
rqjra ^vkbZ-lh-;w-* esa HkrhZ gksus dks dgk Fkk] ijarq eSa pqids ls
vkids ikl feyus pyk vk;k gwA¡ ;gk¡ ls tkus ds ckn gh eSa
HkrhZ gksÅx¡ kAÞ
ßD;k gqvk gS vkidks\Þ MkW- fuxe us iwNkA
ßfuxe th] vkt ls iwoZ fnukad 30-4-08 dks] fnu ds
d’jhc 10 cts] tc eSa vejukFk feJ ds lkFk vkids ikl
vk;k Fkk] vkidks ;kn gksxk fd ml fnu eSua s viuh ,d
iqLrd ^eSa rks rsjs ikl es*a vkidks nh Fkh vkSj vkius Hkh eq>s
viuh dqN iqLrdsa vkSj ^ofrZdk* if=kdk nh Fkh] ijarq vkrs
oD+r vkils feydj vkidk 'kqfØ;k vnk ugha dj ik;k
FkkAÞ

ßdkSu&lh dfork]
veks?k ckcw\Þ
fuxe th dh ckr
lqurs gh veks?k ckcw us
iPpklh o"kZ dh mez esa
Hkh èkM+Yys ls viuh
dfork dk ikB djuk
'kq: dj fn;k] ,d ds
ckn ,dA ij mudh
fcxM+rh gkyr dks ns[k
MkW- fuxe ckj&ckj mUgsa
jksdus dk iz;Ru djrs
jgsA ij veks?k ckcw ,d
rks dfo] nwljs Lora=krk
dfooj veks?k dk ukxfjd vfHkuanu djrs gq, lkfgR;yksd ¼jkuhxat] vjfj;k½ ds v/;{k Jh lnkuan lqeu
lsukuh Fks] os dfo ân;
rks Fks gh Hkkjrekrk ds
ß'kqfØ;k dSlk] veks?k ckcwAÞ
fy, muds ân; esa ns'kizes dh Hkkouk Hkh dwV&dwV dj Hkjh
ßfuxe th] ftl MkW- ,l-ih- flag ds ;gk¡ uacj yxokus Fkh] os Hkyk dgk¡ pqi gksuos kys FksA
ij Hkh nks&rhu fnuksa ds ckn uacj vkrk gS] ogk¡ vkidh Ñik
lp gh dgk x;k gS,µ d dfo dks vius u'oj ru ls
ls tkrs gh esjk uacj vk x;k vkSj lkFk gh MkW- ,l-ih- flag
dgha T+;knk I;kj viuh dforkvksa esa gksrk gSA dfork i<+us
us vPNh [k+kfrjnkjh Hkh dh Fkh vkSj Q’hl Hkh ykSVk fn;k vkSj
vPNs <ax ls bykt Hkh fd;kA ;g lc rks vkidh gh ds Øe esa veks?k ckcw gk¡Qus yxsA varr% MkW- fuxe us [+kqn
gh mudh dforkvksa dk ikB djuk 'kq: dj fn;kA rc dgha
esgjckuh dk ifj.kke FkkAÞ
ßesgjckuh ugha veks?k ckcw] ;g rks ,d lkfgR;dkj dk tkdj veks?k ckcw 'kkar gq,A ijarq ,d fpfdRld gksus ds
nwljs lkfgR;dkj ds izfr dÙkZO; gh curk gSA [kSj! NksfM+, ukrs mUgksua s MkW- fouksn èkkjsok dks eksckby ls Q’kus fd;kµ
ßgyks] èkkjsokAÞ
bu ckrksa dks] vkt iqu% vkids tkus dk D;k iz;kstu gS\Þ
ßth] ljAÞ
veks?k ckcw vkSj fuxe th dh ckrsa tkjh gh Fkh fd rHkh
^ofrZdk* ds laiknd lat; dqekj flUgk us pk; vkSj fcLdqV
ßns[kks eSa rqEgkjs ikl ,d lkfgR;dkj caèkq dks Hkst jgk
ykdj lkeus dh Vscy ij j[k fn;k vkSj veks?k ckcw dks gwA¡ eSa mUgsa ns[k pqdk gwA¡ mudh rch;r dkQ’h [+kjkc gSA rqe
iz.kke fd;kA rRi'pkr fuxeth us lcdks vkxzgiwod
Z pk; bUgsa fo'ks"k :i ls mipkj dj eq>s bldh tkudkjh nsukAÞ
ihus dks dgkA pk; [+kRe gksrs gh MkW- fuxe us vius iku dh
ßBhd gS lj] vki mUgsa Hkst
^iufMCch* ls iku fudkydj veks?k ckcw dh vksj c<+k
nsAa Þ
fn;kA pk;&iku ds ckn veks?k ckcw us MkW- fuxe ls dgkµ
MkW- fuxe eksckby j[kdj
ßfuxe th] eSa vkidks viuh ,d dfork lqukuk pkgrk
gw¡ vkSj lkFk gh ;g Hkh pkgrk fd vki esjh bl dfork dk veks?k ckcw dk gkSlyk c<+kus gsrq
dgus yxsßµ nsf[k, veks?k ckcw]
vaxt
sz +h :ikarj dj nhft,AÞ
tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 41

;g #nzk{k dk isM+ gS vkSj ;g lkeus 'kfu dk ikSèkk gS] vc
vkidk lkjk ladV [+kRe gks tk,xkA bZ'oj ij Hkjkslk jf[k,AÞ
fQj fdlh rjg le>k&cq>kdj mUgksua s veks?k ckcw dks
^MkW- èkkjsok* ds ;gk¡ Hkst fn;kA rc rd MkW- fuxe dks
fDyuhd ij ls ejht ns[kus dk cqykok vk x;kA os mBdj
fDyuhd tkus dks [kM+s rks gq, ij eu&gh&eu veks?k ckcw ds
fy, izkFkZuk djrs jgsfµ dlls fd,] ugha ekyweA ij ,slh
txgksa ij vkdj euq"; dk è;ku Hkxoku ij gh tkrk gSA
fdlh ds 'kqHk ds fy, ge izkFkZuk ds flok vkSj dj gh D;k
ldrs gS\a
fDyuhd igqp
¡ dj MkW- fuxe] ejhtksa dks ns[kus ds ckn
veks?k ckcw dh ,d dfork dk vaxt
sz +h vuqokn djus yxs]
ftls veks?k ckcw us vaxt
sz +h esa vuqokn djus dks dgk FkkA
;g Hkh dSlk fofp=k la;ksx Fkk] fd ,d vksj veks?k
ckcw thou&e`R;q ls yM+ jgs Fks rks nwljh vksj iy&nks&iy igys
fd,] mudh dfork ikB dk MkW- fuxe vaxt
sz +h esa vuqokn
dj jgs FksA vHkh dfork iwjh Hkh ugha gqbZ Fkh fd MkW- fuxe
dk eksckby ct mBkA yiddj mUgksua s eksckby vks-dsfd;k] rHkh MkW- èkkjsok dk 'kCn lqudj mudk jkse&jkse
FkjFkjk mBkµßMkW- lkgc] vkius ftUgsa Hkstk Fkk] mudk ân;
dh xfr #d tkus ls fuèku gks x;kAÞ lp gh dgk x;k gS
fdµoD+r dh pky vkSj dqnjr ds b'kkjs ij c<+rs d’neksa dh
rky dks le> ikuk bruk vklku ugha gksrkA dc dgk¡ D;k
gksxk vkSj jkg pyrs dkSu fey tk,xk] dksbZ ugha tkurk]
rHkh rks veks?k ckcw bykt djkus vk,A ij] mUgsa D;k irk
Fkk fd ;gk¡ rks mudh e`R;q ck¡gas ilkj muds bart+kj esa cSBh
gSA
bruk lqurs gh MkW- fuxe dh vk¡[kksa esa dqN n`'; ukp
mBs vkSj vkRek ls tSls vkokt+ vkbZlµ p dgrs gSa yksx] ;g
lalkj rks {k.kHkaxjq gSA euq"; pyk tkrk gS vius Lotu&ifjtu
dks NksM+dj ij ân; esa ns tkrk gS ,d dld&,d VhlA vkSj
NksM+ tkrk gS vius vPNs&cqjs deZ]
ftUgsa ge rkmez ugha Hkqyk ldrs
gSAa MkW- fuxe dh vk¡[ksa Hkhax xb±--!!

42

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

vius Fkds d’neksa ls MkW- fuxe us fDyuhd ls ckgj
fudydj vius e>ys iq=k eukst flUgk dks xkM+h fudkyus
dks dgk vkSj 'kf'kHkw"k.k vkdk'k th dks lkFk ysdj rhuksa
xkM+h ls ykbu&ckt+kj MkW- èkkjsok ds fDyuhd tk igqp
¡ ]s tgk¡
veks?k ckcw dk ikfFkZo 'kjhj iM+k Fkk] gk¡oµ gh 'kjhj tks
?kaV&s nks&?kaVs igys mUgsa dfork lquk jgk FkkA 'kjhj rks ogh Fkk]
ij mlesa lk¡las ugha rks dqN Hkh ughaA MkW- fuxe] vkdk'k th
,oa eukst th lcus feydj veks?k ckcw dks HkkoHkhuh
J)katfy vfiZr dhA
vpkud MkW- fuxe dh Hkhaxrh vk¡[kksa esa veks?k ckcw dh
vkÑfr uhykdk'k dh uhfyek esa >k¡drh gqb&Z lh ut+j vkbZ
vkSj fQj tSls mUgksua s dgkµMkW- fuxe] eSa rks iwf.kZ;k¡ vkils
gh feyus vk;k FkkA vki esjh dfork dk vaxt
sz +h :ikarj.k
djsxa s uk\ eSa fQj vkšxk viuh dforkvksa ds lkFkA
rc MkW- fuxe us vius dks l¡Hkkydj veks?k ckcw ds
lkFk vk, iq=kor ;qod vkSj cgw dks MkW- èkkjsok ls e`R;q
izek.k&i=k fnyokdj mlh xkM+h ls] ftlls FkksM+h nsj igys
veks?k ckcw ckrsa djrs vk, Fks] iqu% ekSu lkèks lcdks fonk
dj fn;kA
lalkj esa ,sls HkkX;'kkyh fojys gh gksrs gS]a tks lkfgR; ds
fy, thrs gSa vkSj lkfgR; xku djrs gq, bl nqfu;k ls pys
tkrs gSAa
veks?k ckcw dh ;s iafDr;k¡ ftUgsa ge Hkqyk ugha ldrsµ
vkvks fcNqM+s ehr] fd ge {k.k&Hkj dqN xk ys]a
;g ccwy dh Nk¡o foyac nks {k.k cfr;k ysAa
'kk;n mudh ;s iafDr;k¡ mu ij gh pfjrkFkZ gks xb±A
,d tuojh] 1924 dks tUes veks?k ckcw 28 twu] 2008 dks
2 ctdj 50 feuV ij bl lalkj ls fonk gks x,A ij]
lkfgR; ds vkleku esa ^èkzqorkjk* dh Hkk¡fr os lnk pedrs
jgsxa As
la i dZ % }kjk@Jh 'kf'kHkw"k.k ^vkdk'k*]
e/kqcuh ckt“kj] iwf.kZ;k 854301 ¼fcgkj½
¼lkHkkj % vkdk'k xaxk] tqykbZ&flracj 2008½

vk¡lw cu Vidrh Le`fr;k¡
jekdkar >k ^jkew*

xkSjo.kZ] mUUr yykV] Losr[kknh ifjèkku vkSj lkSE; eq[keaMy
ls >k¡drk e`nqy eqLdku ns[krs gh ge igpku ysrs ^eSyk
vk¡py* ds ekSfyd lkfgR;dkj veks?k th dksA
tc eSa NksVk Fkk] laHkor% 1947 bZ- dh ckr gSA Loveks?k ckcw Nk=k FksA mudk ekr`d esjs xk¡o ?kjoaèkk ¼jkuhxat½
esa gSA muds ukuk dk uke ccqvk >k FkkA esjs firkth
oS|ukFk >k dk lacèa k muds ukuk ls fifr;kSr HkkbZ dk FkkA
esjs firkth oS|ukFk ckcw ml le; lqefjr mPp fo|ky;
cueu[kh esa f'k{kd FksA veks?k ckcw dh izfrHkk ls os vR;ar
izHkkfor FksA veks?k ckcw ls os cM+s Lusg ls ?kaVksa ckras djrs FksA
,d jkst+ muds ukuk ccqvk >k th ls mUgksua s dgk Fkk] ßHkk;
th] veks?k uSlfxZd izfrHkk vfN] ,d fnu bZ fdNq cfu ds ¡
gejk lefgd uke mtkxj djr---AÞ
esjs firkth dh e`R;q 1947 esa gqbAZ esjs firkth dh e`R;q
ds ckn veks?k ckcw esjs h ek¡ ls feyus vfèkd le; vk;k
djrs FksA eq>ls os eqLdjk dj iwNrs] ßfd NksVdk ekew!
euyxkd i<+rS Nh fd ufg\ i<+;&fy[k; ij fo'ks"k è;ku
fn;kSd---AÞ muds eq[k ls vius izfr ^ekew* 'kCn lqu eSa 'kekZ
tkrk FkkA ml jkst+ ls esjh eqykd’kr muls tc Hkh gksrh] os
cM+s Lusg ls lcdk dq'ky iwNrs gq, eq>s iBu&ikBu lacèa kh
lykg Hkh fn;k djrs FksA
1964 bZ- esa eSa jkekuqxgz mPp fo|ky;] gk¡lk deyiqj
esa izèkkukè;kid cudj vk;k FkkA veks?k ckcw ykyth mPp
fo|ky; esa dk;Zjr FksA muls esjk laidZ cuk gqvk FkkA mlh
nkSjku mudk dkO;&laxgz ^xhr xaèk* Nidj vk;k FkkA jkuhxat
mPp fo|ky; esa mldk foekspu lekjksg gqvk FkkA veks?k
ckcw us eq>s ml lekjksg dk vè;{k cuk;k FkkA eSua s dqN
ldqpkrs gq, dgk Fkk] ß,fgBke ,dl¡ ,d fo}ku vk Js"B
yksdfu oSly NfFk gquds es l¡ fdudgq ouS dgfr, lHkkifr
r¡ Bhd gksfr ,d---AÞ veks?k ckcw cksys Fks] ßrqylh ikr
tsgus iS?kµvksfgus NksV] vk vgw¡ r¡ lkfgR;dkjs Nh-- -

fQj---\Þ lHkk ds var esa muds vkxzg ij eSua s ml ^xhr xaèk*
ls ^uhan vkus yxh* i| dk lLoj ikB fd;k FkkA gk¡lk mPp
fo|ky; ds izokl Øe esa eq>s ,d fnu ^xhrokl* esa Q.kh'oj
ukFk ^js.kq* th ls feyus dk lkSHkkX; izkIr gqvk FkkA ?kaVksa
muls lkSgknZi.w kZ ckrsa gqbZ FkhA ckrphr ds Øe esa veks?k ckcw
ds lacèa k esa Hkh eSua s muls iwNk fn;k Fkk] ßjs.kq th! vius
veks?k ckcwd jpuk r¡ ns[kufg gsod
S ] ^xhr xaèk*---AÞ veks?k
ckcw dk uke lqurs gh os cM+s Hkkoqd gksdj cksys Fks] ßveks?k
ckcw fo}ku f'k{kd] ekSfyd lkfgR;dkj vk* pfj=koku ns'kHkDr
NfFkA gej vks iwjku fe=k NfFkA ge ^xhr xaèk* i<+us NhA
vksfg es eSyk vapydsj ekfVd lqxèa k cwf> iM+yAÞ
ogk¡ ls vkus ds ckn eSua s veks?k ckcw dks ^js.kq* th ls tks
ckrsa gqbZ Fkh] mls lquk;k FkkA veks?k ckcw us js.kq th ds lacèa k
esa Hkh vusdksa laLej.k lquk, FksA
lsokfuo`Ùk gksus ds ckn os vfèkd le; vius lqiq=k fpvHk; 'kadj th ds ;gk¡ jgk djrs FksA esjh eqykd’kr muls
gksrh jgrh FkhA ^Hkkjrh eaMu* uke dh if=kdk esa mudk
eSfFkyh Hkk"kk esa ^lkekpdsok* lacèa k esa ,d jpuk izdkf'kr
gqbZ FkhA eSa ogk¡ muls eqykd’kr djus igqp¡ k FkkA eSua s muds
vanj vius izfr Lusg vkSj eSfFkyh lkfgR; ds izfr vuqjkx
ns[kk FkkA os ml jpuk dks Lo;a i<+dj lqukus yxs FksA mudh
mRdV bPNk Fkh eSfFkyh esa jpuk djus dhA
oSls rks veks?k ckcw ds lHkh iq=k ;ksX; vkSj deZB gSAa
fp- vHk; 'kadj th ls esjk ifjp; iqjkuk gSA os f'k{kd ds
lkFk&lkFk jpukdkj gSa vkSj viuk izdk'ku laLFkku Hkh [kksys
gq, gSAa fp- mn; 'kadj ckcw ls
Hkh ifjp; gS] tks bykgkckn cSd
a
esa dk;Zjr gSAa fp- mn; ckcw lquk,
Fks] iwf.kZ;k¡ esa fdl izdkj lkfgR;
xks"Bh vkSj dfork ikB djus ds
'ks"k i`- 53 ij

tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 43

dfo veks?k dh Lof.kZe Le`fr;k¡
jktsanz dqekj flag

ia- veks?k ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k*A esjs ije iwT; xq#nsoA
vR;ar èkhj&xaHkhj fpÙk okys] vgadkj 'kwU;] ferHkk"kh] ,dkar
fiz; vkSj erych nqfu;knkjh ls nwj cgqr&cgqr nwj vius vki
esa vdsyk] xe&nq[k&fujk'kk ls yM+rs gq, vius NksVs ls ifjokj
dk cks> daèks ij mBkdj lkFk&lkFk pyusokys iFk ds ifFkd
dk uke gh ia- veks?k ukjk;.k >k gSA os cjkcj nq[kh jgrs
FksA ijarq fdlh dks ,glkl ugha gksrk FkkA xeksa eas Hkh
eqLdjkrs jgrs FksA viuh ihM+k fdlh dks ugha crkrs FksA
[kknh xath] [kknh dqjrk vkSj [kknh èkksrh gh igurs FksA os
dgk djrs FksA viuk dke [+kqn djksA O;FkZ dk le; er
x¡okvksA le; cgqr ewY;oku gSA [kks;k gqvk le; fQj
okil ugha vk,xkA tks rqe dj jgs gks ;k djksxs ogh rsjk
viuk gSA ;s lalkj cgqr gh Nyh vkSj ek;koh gSA blesa rsjk
dksbZ viuk ugha gS] eSa Hkh ughaA flQ’Z rsjk Ñr deZ gh viuk
gSA blfy, eu yxkdj i<+kAs fQ’tyw “ ckrsa er lkspksA eu
ftruk gh 'kkar gksxk] i<+us esa mruk gh eu yxsxkA papy
eu vkokjk gksrk gSA vkokjk vkSj v'kkar eu dHkh Hkh rqEgsa
mBkdj iVd nsxkA fdrus mPp vkSj usd fopkj FksA fo|kfFkZ;ksa
dks dHkh fo|kFkhZ ugha iq=k dgrs FksA
ml le; fo|ky; ds izèkkukè;kid Ñ".kcYyHk nkl th
FksA cM+s gh ltx] dÙkZO;fu"B vkSj fouksck fopkjèkkjk okysA
mUgha ds Msjk ds mÙkj cxy lsV Qwl dk nks ?kj FkkA mlh esa
veks?k ckcw jgrs FksA mlh esa ft+na xh ds vueksy jRu] ghjs&eksrh
vkSj tokgjkr 'kCnksa esa dkx+t+ ds iUuksa ij ;=k&r=k la;ksx dj
j[ks gq, FksA o"kks± dh riL;k] o"kks± dk èkjksgj ns[krs gh ns[krs
,d fnu vkx dh yiVksa esa Lokgk
gks x;kA dqN cp xbZ rks flQZ’
vkx vkS j jk[k dh <s j A ,s l h
ifjfLFkfr esa Hkh ekLlkc fopfyr
ugha gq,A cksy]s ßeSa gw¡ u! fQj lc
gks tk,xkA D;ksa ?kcjkrs gks\Þ
44

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

os fdlh Hkh ifjfLFkfr ls 'kh?kz le>kSrk dj ysrs FksA
bUgha egku vkRek dh ;knksa es]a buds lkFk fcrk, dqN fnu
dks laLej.k ds :i esv
µa kids lkeus viuh 'kCnksa esa j[k jgk
gwA¡ vk'kk djrk gw¡ vkidks ilan vk,xkA vkSj bl egku
vkRek dks 'kkafr feysxh ftudh ;knsa vkt Hkh jkuhxat dh
ekVh esa lekbZ gqbZ gSA
cksy esjh uko dh lgxkfeuhA
dg vjh ixyh ;gk¡ D;ksa vk p<+h]
tkurh esjk fBdkuk gS dgk¡
fQj vpkud D;ksa ;gk¡ vkdj iM+h\
cl! gs esjs ije iwT; xq#nso! gs esjs izk.kksa esa mtkyk
Hkjus okys elhgk rq>s esjk 'kr&'kr okj pj.kksa esa lknj
iz.kkeA
lkfgR; ifj"kn dh cSBd esa igyh ckj ^fuekZ.k xhr* dh cksy
^ct jgh fcxqy] txk jgk u;k fogku* dh Loj Hkjh ygjsa
veks?k ckcw ds daB ls fudydj esjs dkuksa esa xwt
¡ rh gqbZ fny
esa lek xbZ FkhaA rc eSa v"Ve oxZ esa i<+rk FkkA rHkh ls esjs
fny esa veks?k ckcw veks?k Nki cudj nsork dh rjg lk;k
cudj jgus yxsA ;gha ls xq# f'k"; dk vfHkUu fj'rk 'kq:
gqvkA
^ct jgh fcxqy* dk eqèkj Loj ckj&ckj esjs dkuksa esa
xwt
¡ rk jgrk FkkA ot jgh foxqy us eq>s ikxy xuk fn;k FkkA
gj&iy gj {k.k] lksr&s tkxrs] ogh ct jgh fcxqy dh fcxqy
xwt
¡ rh jgrh FkhA ftldh vuqxt
¡w esjs fny esa vkt Hkh xwt
¡ rh
jgrh gSA
,d fnu 'kke ds lk<+s pkj cts eSa vdsys veks?k ckcw ls
feyus Msjs ij pyk x;kA veks?k ckcw vanj FksA eukst ckgj
Vgy jgk FkkA eukst us eqLdjkrs gq, eq>ls iwNk] ßdgk¡ vk,
gks] ?kj ugha x,AÞ

ßeq>s ekLlkc ls feyuk gSAÞ
ß,slh D;k ckr gS\Þ
ßgS rHkh rksAÞ
ßvPNk jgks cksy nsrk gwA¡ Þ
eukst vanj x;k vkSj cksy fn;k fd jktsna z ckgj [kM+k
gSA vkils feyuk pkgrk gSA mUgksua s cqykdj ys vkus dks
dgkA eSa vanj x;kA iSj Nwdj iz.kke fd;kA eq>s cSBus dks
dgkA eSa pkSdh ij cSB x;kA
ßcksyks D;k ckr gS\Þ
ßekLlkc eq>s fuekZ.k xhr fy[kk nhft, eq>s cgqr
vPNk yxkA eSa Hkh xkuk pkgrk gwA¡ Þ
ßrqe Hkh xkvksxAs Bhd gS fy[kksAÞ ,d Mk;jh nsdj
eq>ls dgsA eSa Mk;jh ls xhr fy[k fy;kA
ßvc lqukvks rks xkdj eq>As Þ
eSa tSls rSls xkdj lquk fn;kA
ßvPNk xkrs gksA bls ;kn dj fQj eq>s lqukukAÞ
ßth!Þ blds ckn eSa ?kj pyk vk;kA
eSa jkLrs Hkj bls xquxqukrk jgkA cgqr vPNk yxrk FkkA
fQj ,d eghus ds ckn lkfgR; ifj"kn dh xks"Bh gqbAZ eSua s
ml xks"Bh esa ^fuekZ.k xhr* xkdj lcds fnyksa dks thr fy;k
FkkA rHkh ls veks?k ckcw dh Ñik esjs Åij ve`r cudj
cjlus yxhA gj cSBd] gj lEesyu esa eq>ls ;s xhr t+:j
xkus ds fy, dgk tkrkA Qkjfclxat esa vf[ky Hkkjrh;
lkfgR; lEesyu gqvk FkkA cM+&s cM+s jk"Vªdfo vk, gq, FksA
ge xq#&f'k"; Hkh x, FksA eq>ls Hkh eap ls mn~?kks"k djrs gq,
dfork ikB djus dks dgk x;kA eSua s Hkh vius xq# dk
^fuekZ.k xhr* xkdj lcdks okg&okg dgus ij etcwj dj
fn;kA f}t th us ihB Fki&Fkikrs gq, <sj&lkjh 'kqHkdkeuk,¡
nh Fkha eq>s vkSj cksys Fks] ßviuh dksbZ dfork gS rks oks Hkh
lqukvksAÞ rc eSua s viuh dfork ^xzh"e _rq* xkdj lquk nhA
oD+r xqt+jrk x;kA Hkkoukvksa ds fpjkx ty&tydj
cq>rs jgsA xq#&f'k"; dh izxk<+rk c<+rh xbZA tc gd’hd’r
vkSj okLrfodrk dk ,glkl txk rks ogh lk;k esjs fy,
lkdkj cu xbZA oks eq>s vius cPpksa ls Hkh T+;knk I;kj djrs
FksA fo|ky; esa tc VhfQu gksrh Fkh] rc xq#nso vk¡xu esa
cus pcwrjs ij vkdj cSB tkrs FksA pcwrjs ds iwjc uhe dk
fo'kky isM+ FkkA isM+ ls lVs iwjc tkQjh ls f?kjk pdksjuqek

?ksjk FkkA mlesa Hkh ,d NksVk&lk pcwrjk FkkA ml ?ksjs esa pkjksa
rjQ’ tkQjh ds fdukjs&fdukjs rjg&rjg ds Qwy yxs FksA eSa
Hkh vius xq#nso dks vdsys cSBs ns[k dqN lh[kus ds [+k;ky ls
ogk¡ igqp¡ tkrk FkkA mUgsa Hkh cM+h [+k'q kh gksrh FkhA eSa cx“y
esa [kM+k FkkA os cksy]s ßns[kks ;s dqvk¡] pcwrjk] uhe dk isM+
vkSj isM+ ls lVs tkQjh ls f?kjk QwyokM+h] fQj QwyokM+h esa Hkh
,d pcwrjkA lHkh ,d txg ,d lhèk esa bldk D;k
erycA blls gedks D;k izjs .kk feyrh gSAÞ
eSa ldqpkrs gq, cksykµßeq>s ugha ekywe\ vki gh crkus
dh Ñik djsa xq#nsoAÞ
ßBhd gS] lquks! ;s lHkh gekjh HkykbZ ds fy, gSAa
ijksidkj gh budk thou gSA pcwrjs ls if'pe ds ;s dqvk¡
Fkds&gkjs I;kls dks viuk LoPN ty nsdj I;kls dk I;kl
cq>krk gSA Fkdk&gkjk bulku bl pcwrjs ij cSBdj vkjke
djrk gSA uhe dk isM+ viuh fo'kq) gok nsdj gesa vkjksX;
vkSj izlUu j[krk gSA vkSj QwyokM+h ds jax&fcjaxs Qwy viuh
lqjfHk yqVkdj gesa Hkh ijfgr ds fy, izfs jr djrh gSA Qwy
dgrk gS rqe Hkh esjh rjg Qwy cuks] 'kwy ughaA ;g fta+nxh
thuk pkgrs gks rks Qwy cudj thvksA ;gh thou gS] thou
dk lq[k vkSj vkuan gSA ,d ckj thdj rks ns[kksA [kks tkvksxs
vius vki esAa Mwc tkvksxs ml vuar lkxj dh xgjkbZ es]a
tgk¡ lq[k gh lq[k gS! ;fn rqe Hkh f{kfrt ls nwj vuar lkxj
dh xgjkbZ esa mrjuk pkgrs gks] rks dqN djks] dqN cuks] dqN
fy[kksA vius fy, ugha vius lekt vkSj ns'k ds fy,A ;gh
rsjh miyfCèk;k¡ gksxh vkSj ;gh gksxh rsjh igpkuAÞ
bu lkjh izjs .kknk;h ckrksa ls esjk jkse&jkse iqyfdr gks
jgk FkkA ,slk yx jgk Fkk] tSls esjs Åij ve`r dh o"kkZ gks
jgh gksA eSa bruk Hkko foHkksj gks x;k fd dqN irk gh ugha
pyk ckgj D;k gks jgk gSA ;gh mudk thou vkSj thou dk
vkuan FkkA vkt rd mUgksua s tks Hkh fd;k xS”jksa ds fy, gh
fd;kA ;gh gS ,d lPps lekt lsoh] ns'kHkDr lkfgR;dkj
dk thouA ftlesa Mwcrs rFkk mxrs rkjksa ds chp la?k"kZ pyk
djrk gSA ;gh Fkh mudh fta+nxh
vkSj fta+nxh dk vkf[+kjh iw.kZ
fojkeA cl! vyfonkA
vkvks fcNqM+s ehr dh ge iy nks
dqN xk ysAa
tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 45

ßjs.kq th dk uke lqus gksAÞ
ßth ughaAÞ
cgqr cM+s lkfgR;dkj gSA ^eSyk vk¡py* fdrkc fy[ks
gSAa cgqr uke gSA fgaxuk vkSjkgh ds gSAa ?kj ij gS]a feyuk
pkgksxAs Þ
ßth] cM+s [+kq'kulhc le>wx¡ k eSa vius vkidks mu egku
lkfgR;dkj ls feydjAÞ
ßBhd gS eSa jfookj dks feyus tk jgk gwA¡w pyuk pkgrs
gks rks pyks esjs lkFkA losjs nl cts vk tkukA ge yksx cl
ls Qkjfclxat tk,¡xs vkSj ogk¡ ls Vªus ls flejkgh LVs'ku
mrjdj iSny fgaxuk vkSjkgh tk,¡xAs vius lkFk esa fMfLVd
psfEi;uf'ki okyk izek.k i=k vkSj di&esMy Hkh lkFk esa ys
ysukA js.kqth dks fn[kk,¡xAs Þ
jfookj dks losjs mBdj eSa rS;kj gks x;kA [kkuk [kkdj
izek.k i=k di vkSj esMy ,d >ksyk esa ysdj xq#oj ds Msjs
ij vk x;kA ekLlkc ugk jgs FksA eSa ckgj ,d csp
a ij cSB
x;kA lk<+s vkB ct jgs FksA FkksM+h nsj ckn ekLlkc vk, vkSj
cksy]s ßvk x;kAÞ
ßth!Þ
ß[kkuk [kk fy;kAÞ
ßth!!Þ
ßBhd gS] cSBks eSa vk jgk gwA¡ ukS cts Qkjfclxat ds
fy, cl gSAÞ bruk cksydj ekLlkc vanj pys x, vkSj >V
rS;kj gksdj gkFk esa ,d >ksyk fy, vk, vkSj cksy]s ßpyks
rst+h ls] ugha rks cl NwV tk,xhA
geyksx rst+h ls cl LVSMa vk,A cl yxh FkhA ekLlkc
dks cl esa fdlh rjg ,d lhV fey xbZA eSa cx“y esa [kM+k
FkkA cl py iM+hA uh;r le; ij geyksx Qkjfclxat
igqp¡ x,A Vªus vkus esa ysV FkhA ge yksx IysVQ’keW Z ij
[kMs+&[kM+s Vªus vkus dk bart+kj dj jgs FksA 15&20 feuV ysV
Vªus vkbZA geyksx Vªus ij p<+ x,A lhV [+kkyh FkhA
ßvkjke ls cSB tkvksÞ dgrs gq, ekLlkc cSB x,A eSa
Hkh cx“y esa cSB x;kA dqN nsj
ckn lhVh cthA vkfgLrs&vkfgLrs
xkM+h iVfj;ksa ij ljdus yxhA
igyh ckj jsyxkM+h ij eSa
lokjh dj jgk FkkA xkM+h èkhjs&èkhjs
rst+ xfr idM+ pqdh FkhA cgqr
46

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

et+k vk jgk FkkA f[kM+fd;ksa ls gok Nu&Nudj vk jgh FkhA
gok eas cky mM+ jgs Fks vkSj diM+s QM+QM+k jgs FksA eSa VdVdh
yxk, ckgj ns[k jgk FkkA isM&+ ikSèks] [ksr&[kfygku] ckx+&cx+hps]
xk¡o&?kj lHkh ihNs Hkkxrs ut+j vk jgs FksA ekuksa eSa tUur dh
lSj dj jgk FkkA ij ;s D;k xkM+h dh xfr èkheh gksus yxh
vkSj èkhjs&èkhjs vkxs ljdrh gqbZ #d xbZA
ßpyks mrjks] geyksx vk x,A ;gh flejkgk LVs'ku
gSAÞ ekLlkc vkxs&vkxs vkSj eSa ihNs&ihNs xkM+h ls] mrj
x;kA ß;gk¡ ls if'pe FkksM+h nwj ij js.kqth dk xk¡o gS]
fgaxuk&vkSjkghA vc ge yksx ogk¡ pyrs gSAa Þ
IysVQ’keW Z ls uhps mrjdj if'pe fn'kk esa ,d ixMaMh
ls pyus yxsA xq#th vkxs&vkxs vkSj eSa ihNs&ihNs py jgk
FkkA FkksM+h nwj pyus ds ckn] ßns[kks] ogh js.kqth dk xk¡o gSA
vkSj ,d&Ms<+ ehy gksxkAÞ
pyrs&pyrs vkf[+kj oks ?kM+h Hkh vk gh xbZ] tcfd
geyksx js.kqth ds ?kj ds lkeus [kM+s FksA ckgj dksbZ ugha FkkA
dqN nwj ij nks&rhu cPps [ksy jgs FksA ekLlkc ogk¡ tkdj
cPpksa ls cksy gh jgs Fks fd js.kqth dh fuxkg ekLlkc ij iM+
xbZA fQj D;k Fkk\ js.kqth rst+h ls vkrs gq, ekLlkc dks
vius ck¡gksa esa Hkj fy,A eSa [kM+k&[kM+k lc ns[k jgk FkkA
vn~Hkqr ut“kjk FkkA eSua s Hkh vkxs c<+dj js.kqth ds iSj Nwdj
iz.kke fd;kA
ßD;k uke gS\Þ js.kqth eq>ls cksyAs
ßjktsna z dqekj flagA ;s esjk ije f'k"; gSA blh ckj
eSfVªd dh ijh{kk nsxkA ft+yk Lrjh; [ksy&dwn izfr;ksfxrk esa
loksÙZ ke LFkku izkIr dj fo|ky; dk uke jks'ku fd;k gSA
lkjs izek.k i=k] dIl vkSj esMy vkidks fn[kkus ds fy, lkFk
esa ysdj vk;k gSA eSa vkils feyus vk gh jgk Fkk rks lkspk
bls Hkh lkFkdj vkils feyk nwA¡ Þ
ßcgqr vPNh ckr gSA vkb, vc geyksx cSBdj ckr
djsAa Þ vk¡xu esa iw[k ls Qwl dk ,d ?kj FkkA mlh ?kj esa
iwjc ls yack ,d pkjh FkkA mlh cjkens ij ,d pkSdh] ,d
dqlhZ vkSj cw<+k Vscqy j[kk gqvk FkkA 'kk;n blh dqlhZ ij
cSBdj js.kqth dqN fy[kk djrs FksA dqlhZ ij ekLlkc dks
cSBkrs gq,] [+kqn js.kqth vkSj eSa pkSdh ij cSB x;kA cjkens ij
gh vanj tkus ds fy, njokt+k FkkA FkksM+h nsj ckn js.kqth

mBdj vanj pys x, vkSj ckYVh vkSj ,d yksVk ysdj ?kj ds
mÙkj dh xyh ls gksdj vk, vkSj cjkens ds uhps j[kdjA
ßvkb,] igys vki yksx ikuh xzg.k dhft, blds ckn ge
yksx brehuku ls ckr djsxa As Þ bruk dgdj fQj js.kqth
mlh xyh ls vanj pys x,A
;gh cM+s dh igpku gSA iwjh lknxh Hkjh fta+nxh]
Hkkjh&Hkjde] yack 'kjhj] lk¡oyk o.kZ] daèks rd yVdrk dkys
?kq?¡ kjkys cky] cM+h&cM+h vk¡[ksa Å¡ph yykV] x¡obZ iwjh Vs<h+ Hkk"kk!
xtc dk ekèkq;v
µZ kfrF; izes A viukiu] dksbZ Hksn&Hkko
ugha vgadkj 'kwU; O;fDrRo dk gh uke js.kqth gSA
FkksM+h nsj ckn js.kq th nks Fkky esa uk'rk ysdj vk, vkSj
cksy]s ßFkksM+k&FkksM+k uk'rk dj ysAa u tkus dc ?kj ls pys
gksxa As Þ edbZ dk QqYyk] dPpk pwM+k] ew<+h] gjh fepZ vkSj
uedA fo'ks"k vkxzg ij ^js.kqth* vkSj ekLlkc ,d gh Fkky
esa esa cM+s pko ls QqYyk] pwM+k] ew<+h vkSj gjh fepZ dk vkuan
mBk,A eSa vdsys Fkkyh esa ijksls x, O;atu ls la?k"kZ dj jgk
FkkA os nksuksa uk'rk Hkh dj jgs Fks vkSj chp&chp esa ckr
djrs&djrs Bgkdk Hkh yxk ysrs FksA eSa uk'rk dj pqdk FkkA
gkFk&eqg¡ èkksdj cSBk FkkA
xq#th esjh rjQ’ ns[krs gq, cksy]s ßXykl esa ikuh yksAÞ
Qqygh Xykl FkkA yack] d’jhc ikSu yhVj ikuh vVrk gksxk Xykl
èkksdj] yksVs ls ikuh Hkjdj js.kq th ds rjQ’ c<+k fn;kA
ßugha&ugha igys ogk¡ nksA eq>s yksVk gh ns nksAÞ eSua s oSlk
gh fd;kA uk'rk djus ds ckn eSa nksuksa Fkkyh dks èkksdj ,d
txg j[k fn;kA ifjokj esa ml le; flQZ’ mudh Jherh th
FkhaA 'kke ds yxHkx ik¡p ct jgs FksA Jherh th us xyh ls
b'kkjk dj js.kqth dks cqykdj gkFk esa nks Xykl pk; Fkek nh
vkSj vanj pyh xb±A js.kqth ,d Xykl ekLlkc dks nsrs gq,
vkSj ,d Xykl j[krs gq,] ßihft,] lkjh [kqekjh] lkjh Fkdku
nwj gks tk,xhAÞ pqfLd;k¡ ysus yxsA chp chp esa [kêh&feëh]
Hkwyh&fcljh ckrsa Hkh gksus yxhaA Bgkdksa dk flyflyk jg&jgdj
tkjh FkkA
pk; ihus ds ckn xq#th us dgk] ßjktsna ]z viuk izek.k
i=k] di&esMy fn[kkvksAÞ
ßeSua s >ksys ls izek.k i=k di vkSj esMy fudkydj
js.kqth ds lkeus Vscy ij j[k fn;kA lHkh izek.ki=k dks i<+us
vkSj di&esMy ns[kus ckn esjh ihB FkiFkikrs gq, cgqr&cgqr
èkU;okn vkSj 'kqHkdkeuk,¡ nsrs gq, js.kqth cksy]s ßblh rjg

thou esa usd bjkns vkSj fgEer ds lkFk vkxs c<+rs jgks] ftl
fnu dke;kch dh eaft+y ij igqp
¡ tkvksx]s ogh rsjk vlyh
izek.ki=k] di vkSj esMy gksxkAÞ eq>s cgqr vPNk yx jgk
FkkA f'k"; ij xq# dh Ñik cjl jgh FkhA
chp esa gh fQj ekLlkc cksy]s ßvc ;g ,d xhr
lquk,xk] tks esjk fy[kk gqvk gSAÞ
ßBhd gS lqukvksAÞ eSa fuekZ.k&xhr ^ct jgh fcxqy*
xkus yxkA ekuks gok Hkh Fke xbZ gksA eSa xk jgk FkkA nksuksa
cslqèk gksdj lqu jgs FksA Jherh Hkh xyh esa Vêh dh vkM+ esa
[kM+h gksdj iwjoS;k gok ds lkFk cM+s è;ku ls ,dkxzfpr
gksdj lqu jgh FkhaA xhr lekIr gqvkA js.kqth cksy]s ßcgqr
vPNs] cgqr vPNsA D;k xhr vkius fy[kk gS\ cgqr vPNk
xyk gSA bruk vPNk rks vki Hkh xkdj dHkh eq>s ugha
lquk,A cgqr vPNkA D;k fy[k fn;k vkiusAÞ
;s djsxa s oks tks dksbZ dj ldk ugha
;s cusxa s og tks dksbZ cu ldk ughaA
xkM+us pys gSa lw;Z panz ij fu'kku
d’ne&d’ne-okg] cgqr vPNkA ftruh rkjhQ’ d:¡ mruk gh de gSA
blh rjg ckrks&a ckrksa esa oD+r xqt+jrk tk jgk FkkA 'kke <y
pqdh FkhA js.kqth ykyVsu vk¡xu ls ykdj Vscy ij j[k fn,
FksA jkr esa Hkkr] dykbZ dh nky] vkyw dk pks[kk vkSj nwèk
[kkdj ge yksx pkSdh ij lks x,A js.kqth vk¡xu esa lks, FksA
losjs ik¡p cts ge yksx mB x,A js.kqth igys mBdj
njokts+ ij Vgy jgs FksA fn'kk eSnku ls vkus ds ckn ccwy
ds nkrwu ls geyksx nk¡r lkQ’ fd, vkSj vkdj cjkens ij
cSB x,A tgk¡ igys ls js.kqth cSBs gq, FksA pk; ihus ds ckn
yxHkx vkB cts geyksx ngh&pwMk+ [kk, vkSj py fn, jkuhxat
ds fy,A js.kqth cgqr vkxzg fd, #dus ds fy, fd [kkuk [kkdj
gh vki yksx tkb,A ijarq fo|ky; [kqyk gksus ds dkj.k ekLlkc
ugha #dsA geyksx fQj gkFk esa >ksyk fy, py fn,A dqN nwj
rd lkFk nsus ds ckn js.kq th ykSV x, vkSj cksys] ßfQj
vkb,xkAÞ eSaus iSj Nwdj iz.kke
fd;k vkSj py iM+k ekLlkc ds
ihNs&ihNs ml jkg ij ftl jkg ls
vk;k FkkA
la i dZ % nhoku Vksyk] jkuhxat]
esjhxat] vjfj;k ¼fcgkj½

tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 47

dhfrZ ;L; l thofr
lqn'kZu dqekj
ßdhfrZ ;L; l thofrÞ rFkk dfo tk;lh dh ßèkfu lks
iq#"k tl fdjfr tklw Qwy ejS is ejs u cklqAÞ ;s nksuksa
dFku loZFkk lR;] ekSfyd ,oa mi;qDr gSAa egkiq#"k lnk
bUgha dFkuksa dks pfjrkFkZ djrs gSAa rkRi;Z gS] fd ekuoh;
Ñr deZ gh lalkj esa thoar jgrk gSA lkFk gh èkU; gSa os
iq#"k] ftudk lRdeZ ls vftZr ;'k:ih irkdk e`R;qijkar Hkh
Qgjkrk jgrk gS] Bhd mlh izdkj tSls Qwy eqj>kus ds ckn
Hkh fQ’tk“ ¼okrkoj.k½ esa lqxèa k d.k QSyrk jgrk gSA
bUghaa dFkuksa dks pfjrkFkZ djus okys ,d èkqjèa kj egkiq#"k
ls ge vkidks voxr djkrs gSAa fganh lkfgR; esa mUgksua s
fo}Ùkk dh bruh l'kDr Nki NksM+ x, fd cqf)thoh yksx]
fo}ku oxZ ,oa dqN fons'kh lkfgR;dkj caèkq mUgsa pkgdj Hkh
ugha Hkwy ldrsA ;s egkiq#"k gSa fganh ds fnXxt lkfgR;dkj
;'kLoh f'k{kd vkSj Lora=krk laxkz e esa Hkh cgqeYw ; R;kx
dqckZu djus okyss lsukuh ia- veks?k ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k* thA
budk tUe iwf.kZ;k ft“ys ds t;uxj xk¡o esa 1924 esa gqvk
FkkA veks?k ckcw dh eq> ij Ñikn`f"V Fkh ,oa mUgha dh
N=kNk;k ,oa I;kj rys eSa iy&c<+dj i<+rs gq, cM+k gqvkA >k
th ân; ls vR;ar n;kyq vkSj lgt LoHkko ds g¡leq[k
bulku FksA lTturk dh rks os thrh&tkxrh izfrewfrZ Fks gh]
esèkk Hkh muesa dwVdj Hkjh FkhA
budh dkO; 'kfDr bruh izcy Fkh fd eSfVªd ds nkSjku
gh dfork ikB ¼,d dyh½ esa bUgsa Lo.kZ ind iznku fd;k
x;kA lu~ 1996 esa rRdkyhu eq[;ea=kh Jh ykywil
z kn ds
}kjkA fcgkj jk"VªHkk"kk ifj"kn dk
o;kso)
` lkfgR;dkj lEeku ls

48

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

lEekfur fd;k x;kA thou Hkj ntZuksa lEekuksa ls fo}kuks]a
iz'kkldksa vkfn }kjk bUgsa lEekfur fd;k tkrk jgkA fons'kh
lkfgR;dkjksa dk Hkh buds ikl nks ckj vkxeu gqvkA lu~
1995 esa tkiku ls ;w fpjks feDdh buds ikl fganh lkfgR;
ds o`gn Kku ds okLrs igqp
¡ s vkSj lu~ 2006 esa vesfjdh
ljdkj }kjk fganh esa fo'ks"k tkudkjh izkfIr gsrq bZ;ku oqyQksMZ
uked ;qok lkfgR;dkj dks tc Hkkjr Hkstk x;k( rks os Hkh
dfo veks?k ds ikl igqp
¡ As lkfgR; dh xgu tkudkjh yhA
dFkkf'kYih js.kq ls lacfa èkr nLrkost+ vkfn Hkh Jh >k ls izkIr
fd;k vkSj okilh esa dfo veks?k >k th ds Mk;jh esa oqyQksMZ
us fy[kk fd I am very-very happy for your hosiptality.
vkSj dgk fd eSa vkids ?kj vesfjdk ls gt+kjksa ehy nwj gw]¡
ijarq vkidh vkfrF;fiz;rk ls eq>s bruh [+kq'kh gS fd yxrk
gS eSa vius gh ?kj esa gwA¡ f'k{kd Jh vHk; ckcw ds 'kCnksa esa
tkikuh lkfgR;dkj ;w fpjks feDdh ds fy, dgs x, 'kCn He
was well smart and versatile genious 'Micky'.

Jh veks?k th esjs iwT; ukuk FksA mUgsa eq>ls bruk Lusg
Fkk fd eq>s vius ân; rys lqykrs FksA lkFk esa f[kykrs vkSj
viuh Kku :ih èkkjk eq>esa lrr izokfgr djrs jgrsA
vafre {k.kksa esa Hkh eq>ls mUgsa mruk gh Lusg FkkA ;s fnXxt
lkfgR;dkj] vkstLoh O;fDrRo ds èkuh ,oa èkqjèa kj dfo 28
twu 2008 dks lkalkfjd ek;k dks R;kxdj] viuk Lusg
lcds ân; esa NksM+dj rFkk lalkj esa vej gksdj LoxZyksd
pys x,A eSa vHkh Hkh mUgsa vius d’jhc gh eglwl dj jgk
gw¡ vkSj i<+kbZ esa lrr~ yhu gw¡ lkFk gh muds crk, infpÌksa
ij pyus dh dksf'k'k djrk jgrk gwA¡
la i dZ % eky}kj] iyklh] vjfj;k ¼fcgkj½

lkB feuV % vknj.kh; veks?kckcw ds lkFk
latho jatu
vjfj;k dh lkfgfR;d i`"BHkwfe fo[;kr lkfgR;dkj
Q.kh'ojukFk js.kq dh tUeLFkyh ,oa deZLFkyh jgh gSA dksbZ
vfr'k;ksfDr ugha gksxh] ;fn ;g dgk tk, fd dkslh dk
orZeku dk lkfgfR;d l`tu js.kq dh Ñik ,oa vk'khokZn ds
pyrs fujarj ifj"Ñr vkSj izcfyr gks jgk gSA
Fkkuk eè; fo|ky; ds vius 'kq#vkrh fnuksa esa Qkjfclxat
dkWyt
s ds lkaLÑfrd ,oa lkfgfR;d mRloksa esa tkus dk eq>s
ekSdk’ yxrk FkkA esjs iM+kls h vknj.kh; MkW- fo|kukjk;.k
Bkdqj] MkW- HkSjo feJ ,oa Jh deyk izlkn cs[kcj FksA rhuksa
dks eSa nknkth dgk djrk FkkA Qkjfclxat dkWyt
s dk fgUnh
lkfgR; ifj"kn gks ;k eSfFkyh ifj"kn lHkh lekjksgksa es]a eSa
viuh ekrkth ds lkFk 'kjhd gksrk FkkA Le`fr ij t“kjs nsrk
gw¡ rks ;kn vkrk gS fd u rks eq>s ifj"kn~ dh dkjZokbZ ls dksbZ
#fp Fkh vkSj u gh dksbZ ysuk&nsukA eap dh lqna jrk] ltkoV]
ekbZd vkSj mlds mijkar ds vYikgkj esjs vkd"kZ.k dk eq[;
fcUnq FkkA ckY;koLFkk ds ckn Ldwy ,oa dkWyt
s rd eq>s
vius {ks=k ds lkfgfR;d laLdkj ij xoZ gks pqdk Fkk vkSj eSa
;g le>us yxk Fkk fd Hkys gh ;s iM+kl
s h ys[kdx.k esjs
nknkth Fks] fdUrq ;s yCèkizfrf"Br Fks vkSj ckgj budh dkQ’h
bT“tr“ gksrh FkhA esjs Qkjfclxat dkWyts esa i<+kbZ ds nkSjku
ogk¡ lkfgfR;d xfrfofèk;k¡ 'kwU; jgha] ftUgsa eè; fo|ky; ds
fnuksa es eSa ,d fu;fer :i es ns[kk djrk FkkA
vjfj;k {ks=k ds lkfgR; ,oa fofoèk fo"k;ksa ij cs[kcj
th dh ^'kSyh* if=kdk us eq>s vkdf"kZr fd;kA mlds iwoZ
^yky fgeky; ,oa dks'kh djaV* if=kdk Hkh vfLrRo esa FkhA
bl {ks=k dh lcls igyh if=kdk flejcuh xk¡o ls f}tnsuh
th }kjk izdkf'kr ^fgrS"kh* Fkh] tks dkQ’h izfrf"Br Fkh vkSj
ekWfj'kl] lwjhuke vkfn ns'kksa es Hkh tkrh FkhA Mk- cgjnkj]
izk-s cs[kcj ,oa duZy vftr nÙk ds ys[kksa esa bl {ks=k ij
dkQ’h dqN tkudkjh feyrh gSA muds iwoZ Hkh ^f}tnsuh
Le`fr xaFz k* esa dbZ fo}kuksa ds ys[k bl {ks=k dh laLÑfr ,oa
bfrgkl ij vk,A fQj vjfj;k dkWyt
s ls fudyh if=kdk
^lwek*] ftlds laiknd Mk- mfnr dqekj oekZ Fks] us ,dk,d

ft“ys ds bUlkbDyksihfM;k dks gh ijksl fn;kA cgqr l¡Hkkydj
ml vad dks j[kk gS eauS s vkSj lanHkZ xzFa k dh rjg mls
bLrseky djrk gwA¡
fQj vknj.kh; Hkksyk iafMr us ^laofn;k* dh ykS tyk;hA
dbZ vad ds izdkf'kr gks tkus ds ckn NqVV~ h esa eSa bl deZB
laiknd esa feyk] tks ,dyk pyks js*ds ekxZ ij iz'kLr FkkA
laofn;k ds IysVQ’keW Z ij ftys ds dbZ u;s&iqjkus psgjs vkSj cqtxq “ Z
vk,A orZeku esa ;g if=kdk {ks=kh; ls c<+dj jk"Vªh; Lrj dk
xkSjo izkIr dj pqdh gSA fQj ^ijrh&iykj* us viuh lqxfa èk
QSykbZA mlh Øe esa eSua s vknj.kh; veksèk ukjk;.k >k th ds
ckjs esa foLr`r rkSj ij tkukA vius ij nq[k gqvk fd {ks=k ds
bl oVo`{k ls O;fDrRo okyh izfrHkk ds ckjs esa iwoZ esa D;ksa ugha
tkukA ^laofn;k* ls eq>s ;Fks"V tkudkjh fey pqdh Fkh fd
veks?k ckcw vius {ks=k ds lcls cqtqxZ dFkkdkj] lkfgR;dkj
,oa Lora=krk lsukuh FksA vxyh NqVV~ h esa Mk- fo|k ckcw ds ikl
ppkZ dh rks mUgksua s crk;k fd veks?k ckcw muds xq# FksA Jh
mekdkar ckcw us Hkh crk;k fd ykyth mPp fo|ky;] jkuhxat
esa os muds xq# FksA iz.k;hth us Hkh muds ckjs esa vkSj muds
t;uxj egFkkok tkus ds ckjs esa tkudkjh nhA
leLr tkudkfj;ksa dks ,df=kr dj vc eSa muls feyus
ds fy, eu cuk pqdk FkkA d’jhc lkr o"kZ iwoZ dh ckr gSA
iwjs fcgkj esa mu fnuksa jksM ugha FkkA jksM vkSj ;krk;kr ds
uke ij d"V vkSj Hk; O;kIr FkkA Qkjfclxat ls ijokgk
gksdj egFkkok dk izkxs kz e cukA eq>s vius ghjks gks.Mk
eksVjlkbfdy ij xoZ Fkk fd mlls esjk egFkkok Hkze.k Hkh gks
tk,xk vkSj eSa iSrd
` xk¡o [ktwjh&guqekuuxj Hkh ?kwe vkÅ¡xkA
rHkh] ,d tkudkj lTtu us
crk;k fd eSa ghjks gks.Mk ds
vkd"kZ.k vkSj xoZ dk R;kx dj
nw]¡ D;ksfa d vktknh ds 50 o"kZ
ckn Hkh egFkkok {ks=k esa jksM ugha
cu ik;k gS vkSj xk¡o ds ixMaMh]
tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 49

unh&?kkV ds jkLrs dks ikj djus esa gks.Mk eksVjlkbfdy iwjh
rjg l{ke ugha gSA ml jkLrs dh ek¡x rks dkyk dywBk
jktnwr eksVjlkbfdy gSA cM+h eqf'dy gks xbZ D;ksfa d ubZ
ih<+h ds ikl rks vkt flQ’Z u, tsujs'ku dh gh eksVjlkbfdy
Fkh] tks de rsy] de ikoj ds ferO;f;rk ij nkSM+rh gSAa
nksLrkas ds chp eSua s viuh fnD“dr’ dks crk;k vkSj fuosnu
fd;k fd fdlh rjg ,d jktnwr dks O;oLFkk djk nsAa iz;kl
vUrr% jax yk;k vkSj jktnwr eksVjlkbfdy ij [ksr&[kfygku]
unh&?kkV] ijrh&iykj] ,diSfj;k&ixMaMh ikj dj eSa vUrr%
veks?k ckcw ds njokt“s ij tk igqp¡ kA jksM ds fdukjs dqfV;k
lk vkuUn nsusokyk mudk vkokl vkSj lqUnj cjk.Mk tgk¡
fofHkUu vaydj.kksa ls foHkwf"kr fd;s tkus ds oDr [khsp
a s x,
muds lqUnj Q’kVs ks Vaxs FksA FkksMh+ gh nsj esa os iM+kls h ds ;gk¡
ls vk igqp¡ As eSus mUgas nwj ls igpku fy;k vkSj iSj Nwdj muds
lkeus [kM+k gks x;kA mUgksua s ifjp; ek¡xk vkSj ^laofn;k* esa
ml le; rd Nis dqN ys[kksa dk lanHkZ nsdj eSua s viuk ifjp;
fn;kA eq>s fo'okl Fkk fd ,d u;s uofl[kq, ys[kd dks mudk
izkRs lkgu ,oa ekxZn'kZu feysxk vkSj dqN vkSipkfjd gkSlyk
vQtkbZ Hkh] fdUrq mudh ,slh dksbZ izfrfØ;k ugha feyhA
mUgksua s t;uxj vkus dk iz;kstu iwNk rks eSua s Li"V fd;k fd
flQZ’ muls feyus ds fy;s eSa vk;k Fkk vkSj {ks=k ds bl o;kso}`
ys[kd ls feydj eSa èkU; eglwl dj jgk FkkA
djhc ,d ?kaVk #dus vkSj tyiku ds ckn eSa fonk
gqvkA eu esa muls feyus dk xoZ Fkk] fdUrq ,d ckr v[kj
jgh Fkh] fd vkf[kj oVo`{k&lk fo'kky O;fDrRo us eq> tSls
cPps dks vk'khokZn nsus vkSj gkSlykvQtkbZ esa datl
w h D;ksa
dhA ckn esa tkuk fd o`}koLFkktfur LokHkkfod fnD“dr’ ksa ls
mudh Le`fr FkksMh+ det“kjs gks xbZ Fkh vkSj os pht“a s Hkwyus yxs
FksA eSua s eu dks <k¡<+l fn;k fd 'kk;n blds pyrs esjs fgLls
esa mudk Lusg de vk;k] fdUrq eu xfoZr Fkk fd brus
yCèk&izfrf"Br ys[kd ls eqykd’kr
rks gqbZA
brus fiNMs+ {ks=k ls d’jhc
,d lnh iwoZ ls os tqMs+ jgsaA
lalkèkughu {ks=k dk izfrfufèkRo
dj os lalkèku laiUu cusA viuh
50

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

;ksX;rk vkSj izfrHkk ls vkn'kZ iq#"k cus vkSj {ks=k ds fy;s
xkSjo HkhA
dqN o"kZ iwoZ NqVV~ h O;rhr dj eSa Qkjfclxat ls nqxkZiqj
vk jgk FkkA jkLrs esa QjDdk esa ysf[kdk Lusg fdj.k ls feyus
dk ekSdk’ feykA fQj vU; ys[kdksa ds lkFk vknj.kh;
veks?kckcw dh ppkZ gqbAZ Jherh Lusg fdj.k us crk;k fd
vktdy oks chekj gSAa laè;k rd eSa nqxkZiqj igqp
¡ k rks Jh
nsoUs nz dqekj nso's k th ls ckr gksus ij tkuk fd mudk
LoxZokl gks x;kA iz.k;h th ls laidZ lkèkus ij irk pyk
fd os t;uxj esa gh Fks vkSj bl egku O;fDr dh vafre
;k=kk vkSj vafre laLdkj esa 'kkfey FksA
mudk O;fDrRo gesa ges'kk xoZ djus dks m}hfir djsxkA
ge tc Hkh bl {ks=k ds d.kZèkkjksa dh ppkZ djsxa ]s mudk uke
gesa viuh u;h ih<+h dks nqgjkuk gh iM+xs kA muds lkFk chrk
esjk d’jhc ,d ?kaVk esjh Le`fr esa ges'kk ds fy;s dSn’ gks pqdk
gSA eSa Hkh xoZ eglwl dj jgk gwA¡ ifjokj] lq[k] bT“tr” ] yach
vk;q vkSj thou ds reke vkuankas dks Hkksxdj os bgyksd dh
yhyk lekIr fd,A
muds nsgkolku ds ckn Hkh rhu ckj eSa Nqfê;ksa esa vius
iSrd
` ?kj ls ykSVrs oDr jkuhxat ds txg egFkkok muds ?kj
gksdj vk;kA ?kj ij le; ds lkFk jksM ij ,d lqUnj
Lekjd cuk;k x;k gS] tks dkys Xyst VkbYl ls lq'kksfHkr gSA
lqnjw nsgkr esa bruk vkd"kZd Lekjd lglk è;ku vkdf"kZr
dj ysrk gSA irk pyk fd mls cukus dk iwjk Js; mudh
cqtqxZ èkeZiRuh dks gSA mez esa esjh nknhth dh rjg mDr
ofj"B efgyk ls feydj eu xnxn gks x;kA mUgksua s eq>ls
dgkµßcsVk mudh ;kn esa eSua s bls cuok;k gSA cq<k+ ls
feyus cgqr yksx vkrs gSa vkSj mUgs J)k lEeku ns tkrs gSAa
;g esjs cw<+s dh dekbZ FkhA eSa ;gh iz;Ru djrh gw¡ fd veks?k
ckcw ls feyus vkusokyk ;k muds lekfèk ij igqp
¡ us okys gj
fdlh dk eSa vfHkoknu dj ldw¡ vkSj ;fn eSa ,slk dj ik;h
rks eSa vius cw<+s dh lsok esa lQy le>wx¡ hAÞ esjk eu xnxn
gks mBkA mBdj mUgsa iz.kke fd;kA veks?k ckcw dk NksVk csVk
tks 'kjhj ls vLoLFk gS]a dbZ rjg dh okrkZ gqbAZ x“tc“ dh
Lej.k 'kfDr vkSj lfgfR;d lksp muds ikl gSAa izk-s cs[kcj
th ls ysdj dbZ ys[kdksa lkfgR;dkjksa dh jpuk ij mUgksua s
vius earO; fn;sA eSua s muls vuqjksèk fd;k fd vki dqN
^laofn;k* esa Hkh ;ksxnku nsAa
'ks"k i`- 51 ij

Lusfgy O;fDrRo
f'kopanz dykdkj
eSua s cgqr igys ls ia- veks?k ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k* dk uke
lquk FkkA ijarq muds laidZ esa vkus dk lkSHkkX; eq>s lu
1990 ls gqvkA mudk ?kj t;uxj vkSj esjk ekStkgk ;kuh
,d gh iz[kaM Hkjxkek ds geyksx jgus okys gq,A lsokfuo`Ùk
gksus ds ckn os izk;% ?kj t;uxj esa gh jgrs FksA ysfdu eghus
nks eghus esa vo'; jkuhxat vkrs FksA jkuhxat vius T;s"B
iq=k vHk; ckcw ds ;gk¡ jgrs FksA dHkh e>ys iq=k mn; ckcw
tks bykgkckn cSd
a esa dSf'k;j gS]a muds ;gk¡ Hkh BgjrsA
bykgkckn cSd
a esjh nqdku ^iwue LVwfM;ks* dh cx+y esa
jgus ds dkj.k is'a ku vkfn dk dke djds esjh nqdku ij Hkh
vk tk;k djrs FksA izk;% 4 cts ,d ckj rks fu'p; gh vk
tkrsA eSa mUgsa firk rqY; ,oa xq#rqY; Hkko ls ;Fkk;ksX; lsok
djrk FkkA esjh nqdku ij tc os vkrs rks muds vusd f'k";
lkfgR;dkj izcq) oxZ ds yksxksa dk vkuk LokHkkfod gks tkrk
vkSj lkfgR; laLÑfr dh ppkZ pyrh jgrhA nqyHZ k Kku dh
ckrsa g¡lh&Bgkds esa gh os djrs pyrsA
chp&chp esa pk;&iku pyrk jgrkA tc 'kaHkw dks muds
fy, iku ykus Hkstrk rks os 'kaHkw dks dgrs rqe viuk gkFk èkks
yks nqdkunkj dks Hkh gkFk èkqyok dj gh iku ysukA blls eq>s
LoPNrk&ifo=krk dh lh[k feyrhA mlds ckn os iwN cSBrs
fd bèkj dkSu isfa Vax cuk;k gS] fn[kkvks t+jkA

eSa viuk cuk;k js[kkfp=k fn[kkrk rks os ckjhdh ls
ij[krs vkSj dqN viuk funs'Z k Hkh vo'; nsrs FksA blls eq>s
Kkr gksrk fd os isfa Vax dyk ds Hkh Kkrk FksA
jk"VªHkk"kk fganh vkSj ekr`Hkk"kk eSfFkyh ds os fo'ks"k vkxzgh
jgsA ckt+kj dh nqdkuksa esa yxs iksLVj esa dksfpax laLFkkuksa ds
uke esa ?kqls vaxt
sz h+ 'kCnksa ds izfr rh[kh izfrfØ;k O;Dr djrsA
muds dfork laxgz ßeSa rks rsjs ikl esÞa dks eSa cM+h #fp ds
lkFk i<+rk gwA¡ eq>s dbZ ckj dfo lEesyu esa muds lkFk tkus
dk lkSHkkX; izkIr gqvk] ftlesa QksVksxkz Qh djus dk vPNk volj
feykA muds thou ds vusd egÙoiw.kZ volj dks eSa dSejs
esa d’nS dj j[k ysrk] tks vkt esjs fy, èkjksgj gSA
vHk;ckcw dh #fp Hkh QksVks&laxgz esa 'kq: ls jgh] ml
laxgz esa esjk ;ksxnku Hkh FkkA brus izcq)tuksa dh cSBd esjs
LVwfM;ks esa gksuk vU; LVwfM;ks okyks ds fy, Li`gk dk fo"k;
gks tkrk FkkA muds ?kqVus ds nnZ ds dkj.k pyus esa dfBukbZ
gksrh Fkh rks eSa Q’kjS u mudh t+:jh lkeku dks ckt+kj ls yk
nsrk 'kke gks tkus ij eksVj lkbfdy ls Msjk rd NksM+ vkrkA
esjh lsok ls eq> ij izlUu gksdj ân; ls vk'khokZn nsrs
?kj&x`gLFkh dk gkypky cM+h vkReh;rk ls iwNrs] ftlls eq>s
cM+k lqduw feyrkA vkt ds vkikèkkih ds ;qx esa dgk¡ feyrs
gSa ,sls egkekuoA bl yksddfo dks eq> tSlk vfdapu
dykdkj fouez J)k lqeu lefiZr djrk gSA
la i dZ % iwue LVqfM;ks] jkuhxat] vjfj;k ¼fcgkj½

cVo`{k dks iz.kke dj gh eSa vkxs c<+ ikrk gwA¡ dkslh ds bl
bl izdkj orZeku esa veks?k ckcw ds ifjokj ls eSa tqM+k fiNMs+ {ks=k ds reke yksxks]a ys[kdka]s
gwA¡ muls mruk utnhd ugha gks ik;k Fkk] fdUrq vc tc Hkh lkfgR;dkjksa dh vksj ls mudks
xk¡o tkrk gw¡ rks okilh esa t;uxj eq>s [khap ysrk gSA muds fouez J)katfy
la i dZ % fMIVh dekaMsaV] 10
njokt“s ij tkuk] pk; ihuk] muds csVs ls ckr djuk vkSj
cVkfy;u] dsUnzh; fjtoZ iqfyl
mudh cw<h+ iRuh dks iz.kke dj vk'khokZn ysuk esjh det“kjs h
cu xbZ gSA vc okilh esa Lekjd ij vius {ks=k ds cqtqxZ cy Nkouh] cjisVk] vle
i`- 50 dk 'ks"k

tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 51

eSaus nknk th dh dfork dks
Vds dh rjg Hkquk;k
Hkkjrh dqekjh
esjs nknkth eq>s cgqr I;kj djrs FksA xk¡o ls eghus] rhu
eghus esa ,d ;k nks lIrkg ds fy, jkuhxat vo'; vk tk;k
djrs FksA eSa cgqr gh 'kku ls dksbZ ckr iwN ldrh Fkh vius
nknkth ls vkSj nknkth mldk cf<+;k <ax ls tokc ns nsrs FksA
tcfd ifjokj ds lHkh lnL; ,slk ugha dj ldrs FksA 'kk;n
eSa cM+h iksrh Fkh blfy, HkhA ifjokj ds vU; lnL; vkSj
nknkth ds chp laokn dk eSa ekè;e gksrhA pk;] iku vkSj
ikuh nknkth dks igqp
¡ kuk vkfnA cnys esa nknkth 'kke esa
xk¡o ?kj dh vusd fnypLi dgkfu;k¡ lqukrs FksA iapra=k dh
dFkk oxS+jgA ijarq mu lc esa dgha u dgha dksbZ rqdcanh]
dfork] yksdok.kh] eqgkojs] yksdksfDr] dk iqV gksrkA blesa
geyksxksa ds euksfouksn ds lkFk Kku dh ckrsa eq¶r“ esa fey
tkrhaA fofHkUu dksfpax laLFkkuksa esa lkaLÑfrd dk;ZØe ds
eq[; vfrfFk nknkth izk;% gqvk djrs FksA
eq>s vusd volj ,sls feys] ftlesa nknkth ds gkFkksa gh
iqjLdkj izkIr djus dk lkSHkkX; izkIr gqvkA
jkuhxat iz[kaM dk;kZy; dh vksj ls 15 vxLr ds
volj ij o`gn lkaLÑfrd dk;ZØe dk vk;kstu vapykfèkdkjh
Jh ;ksxnas z jketh us fd;k FkkA blesa izkFkfed d{kk ls
Lukrd Lrj ds izfrHkkxh fofHkUu dk;ZØeksa ds izfrHkkxh gq,
FksA Hkk"k.k izfr;ksfxrk dk fo"k; Fkk ßvkèkqfud Hkkjr esa
iapk;rh jktO;oLFkk dh izklafxdrkÞA iapk;rh jkt dk
pquko gky gh esa laiUu gqvk FkkA turk dk eksgHkax gks pqdk
FkkA tu izfrfufèk Hkz"Vkpkj ds
f'kdats esa tdM+s FksA eSua s vius
Hkk"k.k esa nknkth dh dfork dks
gh mn~èk`r fd;k FkkA eSua s Hkk"k.k
dh rS;kjh ds Øe esa nknkth dks
ugha crk;k Fkk fd vkidh dfork
52

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

dks gh eSa Hkk"k.k esa mn~èk`r dj jgh gwA¡ dfork bl izdkj
Fkhµ
gs vHkkxh turk ds HkkX;oku usrk]
D;k lpeqp pkgrs gks fd
jk"Vª 'kfDr'kkyh gks\
rks rksM+ks Hkze&tky] nwj Qsd
a ks lkjs Nn~e os'k]
xwF¡ kks ,d lw=k esa fc[kjs Qwy&'kfDr ds
vfiZr djks Hkkjr ekrk dks@'kfDr vkSj J)k dk v?;Z!
rqe ujflag gks] èkèkdk nks fQj 'kfDr Tokyk
okgu gks 'kfDr ds] rqe flag xtZuk djks!Þ v
µ eks?k

Hkk"k.k dks n'kZd nh?kkZ dh vksj ls rkfy;ksa dh xM+xM+kgV
ls ljkgk x;kA fu.kkZ;d eaMyh ls loZJ"s B Hkk"k.k iqjLdkj
ds fy, esjs gh uke dh ?kks"k.kk dh xbZA rks Msjk yksVdj eSua s
nknkth dks mudh dfork vkSj Hkk"k.k dk va'k lquk fn;kA os
cgqr [+kq'k gq, FksA esjs fy, ;g {k.k vR;fèkd mRlkgoèkZu
dk Fkk] ftls eSa ugha Hkwy ldrhA iqjLdkj ds ckn eq>s yxk
fd #i, dh rjg dfork pqjk ykbZ nknk th dhA
la a i dZ % ch-Mh-,l] rhljk o"kZ]
MkW- Hkhejko vkacsMdj nUR; fpfdRlk egkfo|ky; iVuk ¼fcgkj½

esjh izjs .kk ds lzkrs nknkth
fefgj izdk'k
22 ekpZ 2008 dh ckr gS] tc eSa vius caxys eas nknkth ds
lkFk cSBdj tusÅ esa vk, esgekuksa ds ckjs esa ppkZ dj gh
jgk Fkk] mlh oD+r fnYyh ls esjs fe=k us lwpuk nh fd Hkkjrh;
LVsV cSd
a esa esjs ;ksxnku dh frfFk 24 ekpZ rd gh gSA vr%
vfr'kh?kz fnYyh igqp
¡ ksA vR;ar de le; esa fnYyh igqp
¡ uk
t;uxj tSls xk¡o ls dkQ’h dfBu dke FkkA eSua s bldh lwpuk
firkth dks nhA fnYyh tkus dh rS;kjh esa yx x;k] pwf¡ d fnYyh
tkuk Fkk rks bldh tkudkjh nknkth dks Hkh fn;k vkSj os crk,
brus de le; esa fnYyh dSls tkvksx\s Vªus dk fVdV Hkh ugha
fy, gks] [kS+j dksbZ ckr ugha lksprk gwA¡ vkSj os fdlh [+kkl
mik; ds fy, ,dkxzfpr gks x,A
rc rd eSa fnYyh tkus ds fy, viuk cSx rS;kj dj
jgk Fkk] ysfdu bl lksp esa Fkk fd vHkh rks 2 ct jgs gS]a
ijlksa dSls lk<+s ukS cts ;ksxnku dj ikšxkA FkksM+h nsj ckn
nknkth njokt+s ls vk¡xu vkdj iwNrs gSa fd D;k fopkj
fd,] dSls tkvksxs\

eSua s dgk] ßle; de gS] dy iVuk ls fnYyh gokbZ
tgkt ls tkuk gksxkAÞ nknk th eqLdqjkrs gq, cksy]s ßgokbZ
tgkt ls! vPNk! rS;kj gks tkvks ns[krk gwA¡
;w¡ rks os èku ,oa le; izcèa ku esa nknkth dkQ’h ikcan
Fks] u rks ,d Hkh #i;k O;FkZ [+kpZ djuk ilan djrs Fks vkSj
u gh fQtwy dk le;A fdarq esjh vR;ar vko';drk dks
ns[krs gq, os iVuk ls fnYyh rd gokbZ tgkt“ dk fdjk;k ns
fn, vkSj cksy]s ß'kqHk gks!Þ
vius Lusg'khy gkFkksa ls esjs gkFk dk v¡xBw k ns[kdj
cksyßµs rqEgkjs gkFk esa tkS dk fu'kku gS rqe [+knq gh vius
}kjk vftZr jkf'k ls fta+nxh thvksxs vksj vkxs c<+kxs As Þ esjs
fy, muds ;s 'kCn ,oa muds }kjk gokbZ tgkt“ ds fVdV ds
fy, miyCèk djk;k iSlk ,d cgqr gh izjs .kk dk òksr cu
x;k gS] tks ges'kk eq>s ;g izfs jr djrk gS fd iSls dk
lnqi;ksx lgh le; ij dSls gks\
la i dZ % Hkkjrh; LVsV cSad eq[; dk;kZy;] fnYyh(
eks- 08595059998

Hkk"kk f'k{kd veks?kth
xq#nso ;kno
rc eSa baVj esa i<+ jgk FkkA Nqêh esa xk¡o vk;k FkkA esjs ?kj
dh cx+y esa fefMy Ldwy gSA mlh eas ,d cSBd gksuh FkhA
mDr cSBd esa iafMr veks?k ukjk;.k >k dks vkeaf=kr fd;k
x;k FkkA os lle; igqp
¡ pqds FksA cSBd esa vkosnu ,oa
izLrko eq>s gh fy[kuk iM+k FkkA vkosnu ,oa izLrko esa D;k
vkSj dSls fy[kk tk;µbl lacèa k esa os gh ekxZ&n'kZu dj jgs
FksA ijarq vkosnu dk vkxkt T;ksgha eSua s ;g fy[kdj fd;k
ßvkt fnukad 12-12-1978 jkst eaxyokjÞ R;ksgha iafMr th
us eq>s Vksdrs gq, ^jkst* 'kCn ds ckjs esa crk;k fd jkst dk
eryc rks izfrfnu gksrk gSA ;g Kku eq>s vkt Hkh dke vk
jgk gSA bl ckr ls eSa muls dkQ’h izHkkfor gqvkA

nwljh ?kVuk mlds fuèku ls dqN gh eghus iwoZ dh gSA
eSa muds n'kZu dks x;k FkkA os dqN vLoLFk ls yx jgs Fks fQj
Hkh os ftí djrs gq, pk;&iku djk,A dbZ fdrkcsa HksVa esa nhaA
mUgksua s viuh dfork i<+us nh vkSj mldk vFkZ iwN fn;kA mDr
dfork dk vFkZ lqudj os dkQ’h izHkkfor gq,A mUgksua s vius
vuqt eukst ukjk;.k >k ds ikl
esjh cM+kbZ dhA
la i dZ % yfyr ukjk;.k foKku
egkfo|ky;] f=kos.khxat] lqikSy
¼fcgkj½

tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 53

gekjs dkdk
t;'kadj >k
eSa cpiu ls firkth dks dkdk dgdj lacksfèkr djrk Fkk
tSlk fd gekjs xk¡o esa firkth dks vfèkdka'k cPps dkdk gh
dgdj iqdkjrs FksA
izk;% 'kfuokj dh 'kke esa xk¡o vkrs Fks rks vM+kl
s &iM+kl
s
ds cPps muds ikl nkSM+rs pys vkrs Fks fd ekLVj dkdk
fcLdqV vo'; yk, gksxa As os cPpksa dks Lusgiwod
Z fcLdqV
ck¡Vrs FksA vkSj cPpksa ls lLusg ckrsa djrs FksA jkr esa vius
?kj ls ysdj ikl&iM+kl
s esa cPpksa ds d#.k Øanu lqudj
mudh uhan [kqy tkrh Fkh vkSj os cPps dh ekrk dks vkns'kiwod
Z
mls pqi djkus dks dgrs FksA
lHkh yksxksa ls lLusg ckrsa djuk dsoy xk¡o esa gh ugha
oju ykyth Ldwy esa Hkh lHkh tkfr ds yM+dksa ls vkReh;rk
iwod
Z ckrsa djuk yM+dksa esa Js"B tuksa dk gky&pky Hkh iwNuk
os ugha Hkwyrs FksA
mudk cM+s tksj ls Bgkdk yxkdj g¡luk Hkh mudh
fnup;kZ eaas 'kkfey FkkA mudh fdlh dfork esa muds mUeqDr
Bgkds dk ftØ Hkh vk;k gSßµ eSa Lo;a BBkdj g¡lus okyksa esa
izfl)Þ mudh lgu'khyrk Hkh tx&tkfgj gS eq>s tgk¡ rd
[+k;ky gS Hkjxkek CykWd ds lh-vks- lkgsc esjs ?kj ij vk
èkedsA ekeyk txg&t+ehu dh ekyxqtkjh ;k i[kudk dk
Fkk eq>s Lej.k ughaA vius inkfèkdkjhiu dk jkSc Hkh os
dkdk ij >kM+ x, fd vki ekLVj gS]a ekLVjh djrs gS]a
vkids foHkkx dks fy[k nsxa As ysfdu dkdk ,dne fopfyr
ugha gq,A èkS;iZ ow d
Z frjLdkj dks >sy x,A
fdlh cM+h lHkk lkslk;Vh
esa Hkh os viuh ckr fouezrkiwod
Z
f'k"Vkpkj dk ikyu djrs gq,
viuh lhek dk Lej.k djrs gq,
'kq: djrs FksA ykyth Ldwy esa
54

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

f'k{kd la?k dk lEesyu gqvk Fkk] mlesa ft+yk f'k{kk inkfèkdkjh
Hkh ièkkjs FksA ml le; esa os viuh ckr j[kuk pkgrs Fks fd
vktdy ds yM+ds dk vfèkdka'k le; vkSj ÅtkZ foKku ,oa
xf.kr dh xqfRFk;kas dks lqy>kus esa gh [+kpZ gks tkrk gSA fganh
lkfgR; dk os jlkLoknu vPNh rjg ugha dj ikrs gSAa f'k{kk
inkfèkdkjh ls fouezrkiwod
Z mUgksua s viuh ckr dgus dh
dksf'k'k bl izdkj dhµßgekjs f'k{kkfon ftyk f'k{kk inkfèkdkjh
ls bl eap ij eSa ,slk dgus dh èk`"Vrk dj jgk gw]¡ D;ksfa d
cksys fcuk Hkh ugha jgk tkrkAÞ
Lo- yky th egrks ds lEeku esa ßdhfrZ ;L; l
thofrÞ mUgha dh izjs .kk ls fy[kk x;kA
vkt lq;ksX; f'k{kd] lq;ksX; lkfgR;dkjksa dh deh ugha
gS] ijarq vkt ekuork thou ds gj eksM+ ij djkgrh&ph[k+rh
gSA ,sls esa mudks Lej.k djus ls fny dks lqduw feyrk gS]
D;ksfa d muesa ekuork dwV&dwVdj Hkjh gqbZ FkhA os egkekuo
ds vorkjksa esa ls ,d Fks] ,slk dguk vR;qfDr ugha gksxhA
os LokfHkekuh O;fDr Hkh FksA ,d ckj eSua s muls vkReh;rk
iwod
Z vius dkWyt
s ds vaxt
sz +h izkè;kid dh ppkZ bl :i esa
dh fd os i<+k jgs Fks] gkbZLdwy eas ekLVj dgk gksxkµMk;jsDV
uSjl
s u] ijarq ;gk¡ dguk gS fMjsDV uSj's kuÞ bl ckr ij os
xqLls esa vk x, fd gkbZLdwy ds f'k{kd dks os ut+jvankt+
dj migkl dk ik=k cuk jgs gSAa ;g D;k et+kd’ gSA
;g mudh fo}Ùkk ,oa egkurk dk lcwr gS fd egt+
ykyth Ldwy ds vè;kid jgrs gq, Hkh os f}t th] Q.kh'ojukFk
js.kq] Mqejyky cSBk] ckck ukxktquZ ] MkW- y{eh ukjk;.k lqèkka'kq
tSls egku O;fDr;ksa ls vkReh; lacèa k cukdj tqM+As
la i dZ % izHkkjh izèkkukè;kid]
dykorh dU;k mPp fo|ky;] jkuhxat] vjfj;k ¼fcgkj½

dqN vfoLej.kh; ;knsa
eukst ukjk;.k >k
ia- veks?k ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k* dk vuqt gksus dk lkSHkkX;
ikdj Hkh eq> tSls lkèkkj.k O;fDr esa og {kerk dgk¡! tks
veks?k ckcw tSls egku~ lkfgR;dkj ds ckjs esa dqN Hkh fy[k
ldwA¡ tSls leqnz ds fdukjs iM+s gq, ^lhi* dks leqnz dh
xgjkbZ dh Fkkg dSls yx ldrk gS\ fQj Hkh ekU; ^xq#nso
ckcw* ds vkxzg ,oa muds vuqt gksus ds ukrs dqN muds
lacèa k esa fy[k dj Hkzkr`Ro _.k ls dqN m_.k gksus dh èk`"Vrk
djrk gwA¡ eSa muls 18&19 lky NksVk jgk gwA¡ eSa muds lacèa k
esa tks dqN mudh ;kn esa fy[k jgk gw¡ dqN muds eqg¡ ls lquh
gqbZ vkSj dqN viuh vk¡[kksa ls ns[kh gqbZ ?kVuk,¡ gSAa
izkjaHk esa mudh f'k{kk ^ljfl;k guqekuxat* Vksyk cSj;kgh
esa ,d ekSyoh f'k{kd ds }kjk gqbAZ blhfy, mnwZ Hkk"kk ij Hkh
mudh vPNh idM+ FkhA ekSyoh lkgc dSFkfyfi esa muls fganh
fy[kokrs FksA ekSyoh lkgc ckyd veks?k dh Lej.k 'kfDr
,oa izfrHkk dks ns[k nax jg x, FksA dqN gh fnuksa ds ckn
firkth mUgsa ?kj ys vk,A blds ckn budh fofèkor f'k{kk
vkjaHk gqbZA
;s igys x.kirxat rFkk ckn esa ykyth mPp fo|ky;
esa fganh ds f'k{kd ds :i esa izfrf"Br gq,A eSua s Hkh cpiu ls
gh muds lkFk jgdj ogh f'k{kk ikbZA buds lg;ksx ls gh
Ldwy esa le;&le; ij Hkk"k.k izfr;ksfxrk rFkk lkaLÑfrd
dk;ZØeksa dk vk;kstu gksrk jgrk FkkA buds Hkk"k.k rFkk
Lojfpr dfork dk ikB lqudj Jksrk vkuan foHkksj gks tkrs
FksA
;s tc vius ge mez fe=kksa ds lkFk cSBdj g¡lh&et+kd’
dh ckr pykrs rks buds Bgkds dh xwt
¡ xqnjh ckt+kj rFkk

iwjc esa derkgk unh rd igqp
¡ tkrh FkhA yksx le> tkrs
fd ;g veks?k ckcw dk Bgkdk gSA
buds n`<+ fopkj rFkk vlhe lkgl ds lacèa k esa ,d
?kVuk cjkcj ;kn vkrh jgrh gSA vkt ls yxHkx 40 o"kZ
igys dh ckr gksxhA xzke iapk;r ds }kjk eqf[k;k dk pquko
FkkA dqlekSy xk¡o pankz uan >k eqf[k;k in ds ,d i<+&s fy[ks
rFkk lq;ksX; mEehnokj FksA mlh ds fojksèk esa nkeksnj ;kno
Hkh mEehnokj ds :i esa FksA nkeksnj ;kno dh ml le; rwrh
cksyrh FkhA mlds lkeus fdlh dks Hkh cksyus dh fgEer ugha
gksrh FkhA
^HkkbZ lkgc* rFkk cgqr ls xzkeh.k pankz uan ckcw ds
leFkZd FksA HkkbZ lkgc 'kq: ls gh cwFk ij vklu ekjdj
fojkteku FksA ncax mEehnokj nkeksnj ;kno us muls ncaxrk
ds ygts esa dgk fd ia- th vki ;gk¡ ls pys tk,¡A ;gk¡
cyok gksxkA ijarq] HkkbZ lkgc us mUgsa Vds&lk tokc fn;k
fd tc rd fxurh iwjh ugha gks tkrh gS] rc rd eSa ;gk¡ ls
ugha tk ldrk gwA¡ FkksM+h nsj ds ckn ncax nkeksnj ;kno dqN
yBSrksa ds lkFk ckgj viuh ncaxrk fn[kkus yxsA cgqr yksx
tku cpkdj Hkkx x,A
eSua s tc lquk fd HkkbZ lkgc cwFk ij vdsys gSa rks eq>s
cgqr fpark gqbAZ eSua s HkkbZ lkgc dks ?kj pyus ds fy,
vuqjksèk fd;kA ijarq os gekjh ckr dks D;ksa lqurs\ mUgksua s
eq>ls dgkµreq ?kj tkvks] fpark er djksA os oksV fxurh
rd vfopfyr Hkko ls cSBs gh jg x,A muds vkRefo'okl]
èkS;Z rFkk lkgl dks ns[kdj yksx nax jg x,A
la i dZ % xzke&iksLVµt;uxj] vjfj;k ¼fcgkj½s

tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 55

dbZ ckj lquk] exj igyh ckj ns[kk
fouksn dqekj frokjh
f'k{kd Jh veks?k ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k* ds ckjs esa o"kks± ls
ekywe Fkk fd os lkfgR;dkj Hkh gSAa os jkuhxat ds ykyth
mPp fo|ky; esa inLFkkfir Fks vkSj t;uxj ¼Hkjxkek iz[kaM½
esa mudk [+kkl ?kj gSA
rhu o"kZ igys os Q’kjfclxat esa MkW- fo|kukjk;.k Bkdqj
fyf[kr ^>wB Hkh lp cksyrk gS* ds foekspu ds fy, ;gk¡
f}tnsuh Lekjd mPp fo|ky; esa ièkkjs FksA
foekspu lekjksg esa ftl fnu os vk, Fks] mUgsa fuèkkZfjr
le; ls iwoZ Jh ekaxu feJ ^ekrZ.M*] izèkkukè;kid] Fkkuk
eè; fo|ky;] tks bl iwf.kZ;k ds tkus&ekus lkfgR;dkj gSa ds
lkFk fjD'kk ij vkrs ns[kk FkkA Jh feJ pyrh fjD'kk ij gh
cSB&s cSBs esjs ckjs esa vius xq#nso dks b'kkjksa ds lkFk crk jgs
Fks fd ;gh gSfµ ouksn dqekj frokjh] f}tnsuh th dk izikS=k
vkSj vkt ds foekspu lekjksg ds la;kstdA veks?k ckcw dk
eq>ij ut+j iM+rs gh ,slk yxk tSls og o"kks± ls xqe'kqnk csVk
dh [kkst esa fudys gksa vkSj eq>s lkeus ikdj mudh [+kq'kh dk
fBdkuk ugha jgkA
eSa vius ft+ys ds o;kso)
` lkfgR;dkj] vkn'kZ f'k{kd dks
ns[k vfHkHkwr gqvkA uke o"kks± ls lqu jgk Fkk] exj n'kZu
vuk;kl gqvkA igyh ckj gh ns[kk Fkk] exj vc dguk iM+rk
gS nq%[k ds lkFk fd vafre ckj muds n'kZu gq,A muds pj.k
Li'kZ ds ckn esjh vk¡[ksa [+kq'kh ds vk¡lw ls McMck xbZ FkhaA
foekspu lekjksg esa 'kkfey lkfgR;dkjksa ,oa lkfgR;
izfs e;ksa esa muds vkus dh [+kq'kh FkhA mudk cslczh ls bart+kj
Fkk vkSj os le; ls iwoZ vkdj lekjksg dks ;knxkj cuk,A
ekSds’ ij muds dbZ f'k"; Hkh mifLFkr Fks] tks vius
xq#nso ds eèkqj oDrO; Jo.k ds fy, ièkkjs FksA eq>s bl
ckr dh Hkh dkQ’h [+k'q kh gS fd
eè; fo|ky; Jh ekaxu feJ
^ekr±M* us fut fo|ky; esa jk"Vªh;
xhr ds jpf;rk cafde panz pVthZ
dh t;arh ds lkFk ^veks?k* th
dh rhljh iq.;frfFk vk;ksftr
56

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

Hkjxkek] vjfj;k esa t;izdk'k t;arh lekjksg esa
dfo veks?k dks lEekfur djrs gq, lkaln Jh 'kqdnso ikloku

djus dk volj lg;ksxiwod
Z fn;kA
bl ckr ij rks eq>s ,d dfork( xq# xksfoan nksÅ [kM+]s
dkdks ykxqq-a -- Lej.k gksrk gSA vFkkZr~ igys JhfeJ th dks
cgqr&cgqr èkU;okn nw]¡ ftUgksua s veks?k ckcw ls ifjp; djok;k]
veks?k ckcw dks thou Hkj ;kn j[kwx¡ kA
la i dZ % laLFkkid f}tnsuh psruk lfefr] Qkjfclxat ¼vjfj;k½
i`- 43 dk 'ks"k

ckn vpkud muds firk dk LoxkZjksg.k gqvk FkkA mudh
e`R;q ,d ;ksxh dh e`R;q FkhA
vkt mudh jpuk ^eSa rks rsjs ikl* esjs lkeus gSA esjh
vk¡[ksa cjl jgh gSaA eSa Hkko foày gks vk¡[ksa can dj ml
LoxZxkeh gqrkRek ls iz'u djrk gw]¡ ßvki rks ikl jgus dk
oknk fd, Fks] fQj gesa NksM+ lnk ds fy, D;ksa nwj pys
x,---AÞ iqu% lkspus yxrk gw-¡ --A dfo usikyh dh dfork dk
Lej.k gksrk gSßµ gksrk eksn lHkh py nsr]s jgrk ,d upS;k
jsA
la i dZ % ?kjoaèkk] iks- oxqykgk] jkuhxat] vjfj;k ¼fcgkj½

dfo veks?k fyf[kr dqN i=ksa dh >k¡fd;k¡¡
Hkksyk iafMr ^iz.k;h*
1954 bZ- ds 24 uoacj dks fy[kk mudk igyk i=k eq>s
rc izkIr gqvk Fkk tc eSa cqfu;knh f'k{kd izf'k{k.k dsna z
Vhdkiêh] iwf.kZ;k esa izf'k{k.k ik jgk FkkA izf'k{k.k fo|ky;
esa le;&rkfydk ds vuqlkj izf'k{kkfFkZ;ksa ls dBksj dke fy;k
tk jgk Fkk] ftlls Åcdj dbZ izf'k{kkfFkZ;ksa us izf'k{k.k ysuk
NksM+ fn;k FkkA ogk¡ esjk Hkh eu mpV x;k FkkA blh euksHkko
dks O;Dr djrs gq, eSua s xq#nso veks?k dks i=k fy[kk Fkk]
ftlds tokc esa fn'kk&cksèk ikdj esjk eu fLFkj gqvk FkkA
ykyth mPp fo|ky; jkuhxat
24-11-54 bZ-

dfo veks?k us vius thou esa fdrus i=k fy[ks gksxa ]s dqN
dgk ugha tk ldrk] fdarq esjs ikl mudk 'krkfèkd i=k
lqjf{kr gSAa muds vfèkdka'k i=k iksLVdkMZ ij fy[ks gaAS ;s
i=k muds oSpkfjd lalkj ds izfrfcac gSAa buds }kjk vusd
xksiuh; rF;ksa dk mn~?kkVu gqvk gSA buls muds thou ds
ruko] la?k"kZ rFkk laons ukvksa dh tkudkjh feyrh gSA dfo
veks?k dks lexzrk ls le>us ds fy, muds ek=k ik¡p&Ng
i=kksa dh >k¡fd;k¡ izLrqr dh tk jgh gSAa

pedrs jgks th iafMr!
igys rks rqe yksx cgqr izlUu vkSj vk'kkoku Fks csfld
Vªfs uax esa tkdjA fQj ekywe ugha ;g fujk'kk dh Hkkouk fdl
fØ;k dh izfrfØ;k gSA Hkhrj ls bu laLFkkvksa esa [kks[kykiu
ut+j vk ldrk gS ijarq rqe yksxksa dk Hkfo"; thfodk ds
n`f"Vdks.k ls fuf'pr vkSj mÙke jgsxk blesa dksbZ 'kd ughaA
eSa Lo;a fopkj dj vkSj csfld f'k{kk izkIr Lukrdksa ds fopkj
tkudj ds gh ;s ckrsa fy[k jgk gwA¡ ?kcM+kvks ughaA rqEgkjh
mez ds yM+ds Hkkoqd vfèkd gksrs gS]a dYiuk dh nqfu;k esa
jguk vfèkd ilan djrs gSAa exj ;kn jD[kks okLrfodrk dh
dBksj Hkwfe ij mrjrs gh dYiuk dh dksey ik¡[kas Vj&iqj gks
tkrh gSAa vkSj bl dBksj Hkwfe ij rks rqEgsa ,d fnu mrjuk
gh gSA ;fn fo}ku cuus dh vfHkyk"kk gSA rks mls csfld
Vªfs uax izkIr djus ds ckn Hkh iw.kZ dj ldrs gksA vHkh tks
djrs gks ogh vPNk gSA ;fn i=k i<+dj rqEgkjk eu ;gh dg
mBsßµ fQj ogh ysDpj ckth] ogh
mins'kA O;FkZ dh :f<+oknh ckrsAa Þ
rks èkwy esa mM+k ns ldrs gks esjh
bu ckrksa dksA eSa Lo;a vkt+kn
oxZ dk vkneh gw¡ vkSj lcdks
lkspus dh vkt+knh gksuk ilan
tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 57

djrk gwA¡ 'ks"k lekpkj mÙke gSA esjs vU; Nk=kksa dks vkf'k"kA FkkA bèkj rhu&pkj fnuksa ls vR;ar BaMd vkSj LokLF; esa dqN
'kqHksPNqA
fxjkoV vk tkus ls dqN fy[k ldus dk mRlkg ugha txkA
veks?k ukjk;.k vkt dkQ’h [kqyh vkSj rst+ èkwi ls ru&eu esa dqN xjekgV
vkbZ gSA eu izlUu gS rks dqN fy[k jgk gwA¡
5 vxLr 1955 dks fy[ks i=kksÙkj esa mUgksua s izf'k{k.k ds
fnukad 4 tuojh dks xkSjo ufl±x gkse esa vR;ar lân;]
nkSjku fy[kh xbZ dforkvksa dks ysdj vkus vkSj ns[kus dk mnkj vkSj dq'ky ltZu MkW- v'kksd dqekj dkjhoky ds }kjk
vk'lklu nsdj izkRs lkfgr fd;kA
esjs fiÙkk'k; dk lQy vkWijs'ku gqvkA pkj fnuksa rd rks
ykyth mPp fo|ky; rTtU; d"V jgkA mlds ckn èkhjs&èkhjs LoLFk gksrk x;kA
jkuhxat] 5-8-55 bZ- fnukad 14 edj laØkafr ds fnu ufl±x gkse ls eqDr gksdj
vth Hkksys iafMr!
fp- tek; ckcw] vey fd'kksj feJ ds Msjs ij vk;k vkSj
lq[kh jgksA
vkjke ls gwA¡ bl chp f'k{kdksa dh gM+rky dh lekfIr dh
i=k fy[kus esa ladksp dh rks dksbZ ckr eSa ugha ns[krkA lwpuk ikdj vHk; vkSj t;'kadj vius&vius fo|ky; ;ksxnku
vkSj rqEgkjk ladksp rks ;gha cgqr gn rd eSua s nwj djus dh djus x,A vHk;'kadj dh ek¡ dk eksfr;kfcUn dk vkWijs'ku
dksf'k'k dh FkhA gk¡ bl ckr ds fy, f>>d gks ldrh gS fd djokuk gSA t;'kadj nks&pkj fnuksa esa okil iVuk vk
dbZ fiz; voljksa ij rqeus eq>s lwpuk ugha nhA fQj Hkh tk,xk rks ;g dk;Z Hkh laiUu djds ?kj tkuk gSA blfy,
iwNrkN dj gky&lekpkj tkurk jgrk gwA¡ rqeus tks dqN jkuhxat igqp
¡ dj gh rqEgsa [+kcj ns ldwx¡ kA vHkh fuf'pr ugha
bèkj fy[kdj tek fd;k gS og vius eu dh ljlrkµân;
dg ldrkA vHkh 'kY; fpfdRlk tud detksjh rks gSA fQj
dh Hkkoqdrk ls fy[kk gSA tgk¡ rd esjh vKkr izjs .kk dh Hkh fnukuqfnu LokLF; ykHk dh vuqHkwfr gks jgh gSA vkxs jke
ckr gS] mlls eSa budkj ugha dj ldrkA ns[kus dks mRlqd
ÑikA esjk laf{kIr thou o`Ùk oSls rks fy[kk gqvk gS] tks eSua s
gwA¡ vo'; vkvksA dksbZ fo'ks"k ifjorZu ugha] bl Vhu dh
jk"VªHkk"kk ifj"kn~ ds funs'kd egsna z th dks fn;k FkkA mldh
dksBjh ls vkokl mBkdj fQj ia- t;Ñ".k feJ okyh NksVh
dksBjh esa ys vk;k gwA¡ bèkj ik¡p fnuksa ls ck¡g vkSj dqguh ds ,d izfr esjs ikl gksxh HkhA rqe viuh ;kstuk ds vuqlkj
tksM+ ij ,d ?kko gks x;k gSA ihM+k gks jgh gSA ?kj&ifjokj ds dk;Z Lora=k :i ls dk;Z dj yksxAs 'ks"k dq'ky rqEgkjs u,
yksx ldq'ky gSAa lw;kZuna Hkh lq[kh gSA vc og xkrk ugha gS izdk'kdksa dk D;k gky gS] irk ughaA
'kqHkkdka{kh
bèkj mldk Loj Hkax gks x;k gSA nq%[k dh ckr gSA 'ks"k
veks?k ukjk;.k
dq'kyA 'kqHksPNqA
veks?k ukjk;.k

;g i=k mUgksua s vius xk¡o t;uxj ls 20 ekpZ] 1995
rhljk i=k 23 tuojh 1995 dks fy[kk gSA tc og iVuk dks fy[kk gSA blesa mUgksua s esjs }kjk fd, tk jgs iz;kl ij
ds ßxkSjo ufl±x gkseÞ esa HkrhZ FksA mUgksua s MkW- v'kksd dkjhoky Hkjkslk trk;k gSA eSua s mUgsa fcgkj jk"VªHkk"kk ifj"kn ls lEekfur
}kjk vius fiÙkk'k; ds lQy vkWijs'ku dh lwpuk nh gSA gksus dh iw.kZ lwpuk rRdkyhu funs'kd dh Mk;jh ns[kdj nh
FkhA
Jh rkjk
Jh rkjk
iVuk] 23 tuojh 95
t;uxj] 20-3-95
fiz; iz.k;h
fiz; Hkksyk]
lLusg vk'khokZnA
lLusg vk'khokZnA
rq E gkjk 12 tuojh dk
nks fnu iwoZ rqEgkjk i=k vk;k FkkA laHkor% rqeus iVuk
lqfyf[kr vkSj J)k lefUor i=k
ls
fy[kk
FkkA Jh egsna z izlkn ;kno ls feydj vkSj mudh
d’jhc pkj fnu iwoZ gh fey pqdk
58

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

vkeaf=kr lnL; esa pqus
tkus dh tkudkjh feyh
gSA
Jh rkjk
t;uxj 5-4-97

fiz; iz.k;h]
'kqHkeLrqA
rqEgkjk 29@3 dk
va r ns Z ' kh; i=k ijlks a
vjfj;k ls ?kj vkus ij
feyk iwjs euks;ksx ls
fy[kk x;k izk.k&izjs d i=k
gSA lwpuk,¡ Hkh i;kZIr
js.kq xk¡o] vjfj;k esa fcgkj ds rRdkyhu jkT;iky ,l-vkj- xobZ
mRlkgoèkZd gSAa fujarj
dks vius dfork&laxzg ds izfr HksaV djrs gq, dfo veks?k ¼2007½
blh rjg izxfr ds iFk
Mk;jh esa esjk uke ns[kdj rqe vk'oLr gq,] [+kq'kh dh ckr ij c<+rs jgks ;gh 'kqHkdkeuk gSA nwj&nwj ds rhFkks± dh ;k=kk
gSA vk'kk dh tk ldrh gSA fujarj rqEgkjs vkxs c<+rs d’ne
dh ykylk rks esjs eu esa Hkh dkQ’h izcy jgh gS fdarq LokLF;
ij mRlkfgr gksrk gwA¡ izxfr gh thou gSA vxfr rks e`R;q gh dh gkyr ,slh gS fd ßÅèkks] eu mexr ru ukghaAÞ cSxu
gSA eSa isV dh xM+cM+h ls bl rjg xzLr gks x;k Fkk fd lkjh dk HkqrkZ vkSj ngh Hkkr [kk;k djrk gwA¡ oSls rks lai.w kZ Hkkjr
MkWDVjh fpfdRlk ls fujk'k gksdj flQZ’ Qykgkj ij mrjuk
ds fy, jsyos dk izFke Js.kh dk ikl gSA ij fdl dke dk!
iM+kA jksx rks vc fu;a=k.k esa gSA ysfdu vUu NksM+ nsus ls 31 ekpZ dks vjfj;k eas FkkA js.kq lkfgR; ifj"kn~ dh cSBd esa
det+kjs h vfèkd c<+ xbZ gSA
cqyk;k x;k FkkA ubZ laLFkk cuh gS rks mudh fu;ekoyh
rqe nkSM+&èkwi esa cgqr O;Lr jgrs gksA vxj vodk'k mís'; dk;ZØe vkfn rS;kj djuk Fkk lks gks x;kA dk;Zdkfj.kh
feys rks 'kfuokj dks jkuhxat vkdj vHk;'kadj ds lkFk Hkh cuhA esjs euk djus ij Hkh vè;{k dk in&Hkkj esjs uke
eksVj lkbfdy ij ;k cl ls vk ldrs gksA cl vHkh egFok
gh dj fn;k x;kA
rd gh vkrh gSA rqels eqykdkr dh vfèkd vko';drk
11 vizy
S dks js.kq iq.; frfFk&lekjksg dk vk;kstu
izrhr gksrh gSA esjs ikl ;gk¡ i<+us dks Hkh dqN ugha cpk gSA
Z djus dk fopkj gS mu yksxksa dkA ftyk inkiqjkuh Mk;jh i=k i<+us esa vPNh fnypLi yxrh gSA 'ks"k mRlkgiwod
vkS
j
vkj{kh
vèkh{kd laLFkk ds laj{kd cuk, x, gSaA
dq'kyA
dk;Zdkfj.kh esa rqEgkjs uke ij eSua s dkQ’h tksj fn;k ij
'kqHkkdka{kh
veks?k uk- >k ckgqY; vjfj;k okyksa dk gSA vkeaf=kr esa rqEgkjk uke j[kk
gSA vkvksxs rks eqykd’kr gks gh
ik¡pok¡ i=k 5 vizy
S 1997 dk fy[kk t;uxj ls gh gSA tk,xhA izdk'ku ds fy, #i,
blesa mUgksua s esjs }kjk fy[ks i=k dks izk.k&izjs d crk;k gSA i=k dk vHkko ugha gSA rS;kjh dk
esa fy[kh esjh dfork Hkh mUgsa vPNh yxh gSA blh i=k esa le; fudkyuk gSA 'ks"k dq'kyA
'kqHkkdka{kh
mUgksua s js.kq lkfgR; ifj"kn] vjfj;k esa Hkkx ysdj vè;{k pqus
veks
?
k ukjk;.k
tkus dh lwpuk nh gS lkFk gh esjh vuqifLFkfr esa esjk uke Hkh
tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 59

NBk i=k vHk; izdk'ku] jkuhxat]
vjfj;k ls fy[kk 12 flracj 2004 dk
gSA mlesa mUgksaus vej dFkk&f'kYih
Q.kh'ojukFk js.kq dh ppkZ ds lkFk vkt
dh ih<+h ds lkfgR;dkjksa dks QVdkj
yxkbZ gSA blls muds lkfgfR;d fet+kt
dh >yd feyrh gSA blh i=k esa mUgksua s
^laofn;k* ukedj.k ls viuh vlarqf"V
t+kfgj dh gS vkSj if=kdk ds ukedj.k
gsrq vU; ukeksa dk lq>ko fn;k gSA
Jh rkjk
vHk; izdk'ku]
jkuhxat] esjhxat
12-9-2004

fiz; iz.k;h
lLusg vk'khokZnA
laofn;k ds fy, Nik dkMZ rhu fnu iwoZ gh fey x;k
FkkA fiNys lIrkg esa fparktud :i ls chekj gks x;k FkkA
ftldh det+kjs h vHkh Hkh dqN py jgh gSA ftl le;
vdsyk eq>ls feyk Fkk] eSa vfèkd cspuS FkkA dqN fØ;kRed
ckrsa ugha dj ldkA rqeus rks vjfj;k ls if'pe dh ykbu
dk dusD'ku gh dkV fn;k gSA vU;Fkk i=k fudkyus ds lacèa k
esa eq>ls Hkh vkdj ijke'kZ dj ysrAs fdlh Hkh pht+ ds uke
ij gh eSa igys fopkj djrk gwA¡ js.kqth dk laofn;k viuh
txg ij cgqr lVhd gSA mRÑ"V jpukdkj gksus ds lkFk gh
jpuk dk uke j[kus esa Hkh dksbZ js.kq dk dksbZ lkuh ughaA
ijarq ,d lkfgfR;d if=kdk dk uke laofn;k] mFkys
fnekx dh mit izrhr gksrh gSA ;fn ;g laokn&i=k ;kuh
lekpkj izèkku i=k gksrk rks Bhd Fkk uke] ij lkfgfR;d i=k
tSlh xaHkhj oLrq ds fy, ;g uke] lqfoèkkfj; ugha yxrkA
ekul] ekuq"k] ejky] thou izokg vkfn dbZ uke fopkj&foe'kZ
ls fudy tkrsA vc Hkh uke
cnyk tk ldrk gSA vHkh izdk'ku

60

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

rks xHkZ esa gh gS uA
,d ckr vkSj js.kq viuh vej jpukvksa ds }kjk lalkj
ds cgqr cM+s Qyd ij pedrs jgsxa As vHkh eSyk vk¡py ds
izdk'ku ds vkèkh 'krkCnh ckn Hkh ge izxfr'khy yksx js.kq
ekufldrk ls vkxs ugha lksp ikrs rks ;g gekjh izfrHkk dk
fnokfy;kiu gSA [ksn gS fd Qkjfclxat vjfj;k tuin ds
lkfgR;dkj vHkh rd bl ekufldrk ls ihNs ;k vkxs dh
vksj >k¡duk gh ugha pkgrsA
rqeus bl lkekU; Nis i=k ds vykok O;fDrxr rkSj ij
dqN fy[kk gh ughaA feyuk rks vc laHko ughaA eSa MkWxaxk'kj.k flag okyk ;k fo".kq izHkkdj th okyk laLej.k
Hkstuk pkgrk gw¡ dkSu lgh jgsxkA 'ks"k dq'kyA
'kqHkS"kh
veks?k ukjk;.k

lkfgR; dh [kkst esa i=kksa dk egÙo gSA fganh esa i=k&laxgz
dh izof` Ùk nqHkkZX;iw.kZ gSA i=k vueksy fufèk gksrkA vLrq]
bldh egÙkk dks cuk, j[kus ds fy, lkfgR;dkjksa dks è;ku
nsuk pkfg,A
la i dZ % iz/kku laiknd ^laofn;k*]
t;izdk'k uxj] okMZ ua- 7] vjfj;k 854311 ¼fcgkj½

dfo veks?k dks izkIr
dfri; ys[kdksa ds dqN i=
Q.kh'ojukFk js.kq ds i=k

rkjh[+k dks Nqêh ysdj rS;kj jgwx¡ kµ1 yh dks ?kj tkus ds fy,
i=kksÙkj nsaA
vkSj lc lekpkj vPNk gSA

¼1½

vkidk
HkkbZ gh
js.kq

iVuk
22-6-59

HkkbZ veks?k th]
vkidk i=k feykA vkids i=kksa dk dksbZ mÙkj ugha ns
ldk] blds fy, ukjkt rks vki t+:j gksxa As fdarq] ---cgqr
lkjs ^fdarqvks*a esa vly fdarq esjk izekn gh gSA
jsfM;ks ds dke ls bèkj ckgj gh ckgj jguk iM+kA
fnYyh] lkfgR; lekjksg ls ykSVk rks ykSg&uxjh&VkVkA fQj
dkBekaMAw dkBekaMw ls ykSVdj ¼chekj!½ vLoLFk gks x;kA
ysfdu] dke djrk jgkA
eSa ebZ esa gh Nqêh ysdj ?kj vkus okyk FkkA Nqêh feyh
ughaA
izdk'kdksa ls eSua s cgqr igys gh vkids laxgz ds ckjs esa
ckrsa dh FkhA fdarq] mRlkgoèkZd mÙkj ugha ikdj] eu NksVk
gks x;kA vc rks vki vk gh jgs gS\a
1 yh rkjh[k ¼tqykbZ½ ls Nqêh ysdj ?kj vk jgk gwA¡
iangz &chl fnuksa ds fy,A csVh dh 'kknh djuh gSA ek¡ cgqr
ukjkt gSA
esjk I;kjk ehr ¼flIih½ py clkA vkius mldks ns[kk
Fkk\
fy[kkbZ&i<+kbZ bl Hkh"k.k xehZ esa laHko ughaA
gk¡] dqN jpuk,¡ jsfM;ks ds fy, Hkh ysrs vkb,xkµ;k
Hksft,A i[kokjs esa ,d ckj r#.k dfo;ksa dh jpuk,¡ izlkfjr
dh tkrh gSfµa dar]q flQZ Script Lohdkj fd;k tkrk gSA
;kuh vkidh jpuk i<+dj lquok nh tk,¡xhA Jhx.ks'k ;gk¡
blh rjg fd;k tkrk gSA vki dc rd vk jgs gSAa eSa 30

¼2½

bykgkckn
20-5-57

HkkbZ veks?k th]
lknj oUnsA
vkids nksuksa i=k&lgh vkSj x+yr irs ij Hksts x,µle;
ij gh igqp
¡ As eSa gh ckgj Fkk dqN fnuksa lsA vk'kk gS] {kek
djsxa As
vki viuh dfork,¡ Hksft,] 'kh?kzA ,d ckr dg nsuk
vko';d le>rk gw¡ % Nk;kokn vkSj izxfrokn ds ckn
ßizrhdokn&iz;ksxokn vFkok ubZ dfork&oknÞ dh tks èkkjk
pyh gS] esjk lacèa k mUgha fooknh dfo;ksa ls gSA ,dkèk
laikndksa ls ifjp; gS] os Hkh ,slh gh dfork izdkf'kr djrs
gSAa cgjgky] dfork,¡ Hksft,A jlksrh.kZ jpuk dksbZ >qByk
ugha ldrk] esjk fo'okl gSA---dgkfu;k¡ fy[krs gSa ;k ugha\
eSa twu ds var esa ;k tqykbZ ds izFke lIrkg esa ?kj vkšxkA
rc rd ßijrh ifjdFkkÞ izdkf'kr gks tk,xhA vkus ds
igys vkidks vo'; fy[kwx¡ kA vki vk,¡xs rks ,d nks fnu
vkuan dh ckrsa gksxa h [kwc te
djA iafMr th ¼mekdkar HkkbZ
th!½ dgk¡ gS\ D;k dj jgs gS\a
HkkbZ] D;k crkÅ¡mµ uds fy, eSa
dqN Hkh ugha dj ldkA ysfdu]
mEehn gS fudV Hkfo"; esa u lgh]
tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 61

dHkh vius fe=kksa ds dke vk ldwx¡ kA vHkh rd dke dk
vkneh dgk¡ gks ldk gwA¡ fudEek---!
^eSyk vk¡py* dk nwljk laLdj.k izdkf'kr gks x;k gSA
,f'k;u jkbVlZ dkWUÝsla esa fganh ds izfrfufèk dh gSfl;r ls xr
fnlacj esa lfEefyr gksus dk lkSHkkX; gqvkA ns'k&fons'k ds ys[kdksa
ls ifjp; izkIr fd;kµ:lh Hkk"kk esa vuqokn dh ckr Hkh ogha
lquus esa vkbZA :l ds] okjkfUudksQ’ ¼Lyksdkso dk ,dek=k
ys[kd f'k";!½ us dgkµrhu ckj eSyk vk¡py i<+ pqdk gwA¡
esjhxat ns[kus dh ykylk gSA og :lh nwrkokl esa jgrk gS vkSj
fganh dk iafMr gSA---HksVa gksus ij foLrkj ls crkšxkA
,d ckr % irk ugha vkidks dSlh yxs esjh ckrA iBu
ikBu ds lacèa k esa dqN jk; ns jgk gwA¡ laHko gS] vkius esjs
dgus ds igys gh i<+ yh gksAa izrhd1] izrhd 2 dk Qk;y
ljLorh izl
s ls izkIr gks ldrk gSA ubZ dfork dh tUeHkwfe
;k HkkoHkwfe izrhd ds i`"B ekurs gSa yksxA vius lkFk dqN
fdrkcsa eSa ysrk vkšxkA fofHkUu Hkk"kkvksa ds Dykfld dks
i<+s fcuk r`fIr ugha fey ldrhA vaxt
sz h ds ekè;e ls vki
lalkj dh lHkh Hkk"kkvksa ds vej xaFz kksa dk Lokn ys ldrs
gSv
µa fody :i esAa vkSj lLrs laLdj.k esa nl #i, dh
fdrkc nl vkus esa fey tkrh gSA Ýkal ds ,d ;qod ys[kd
¼tks iphl o"kZ dh mez esa ej x;kA½ fi;js ywbZ dh jpuk;sa
i<+ jgk gwA¡ dHkh&dHkh lkjk fnu eSa xqe jgrk gwv
µ¡ fHkHkwr
gksdjA vkSj] mldh ,d izfl) jpuk dk fganh vuqokn vHkh
gky esa gh izdkf'kr gqvk gS,µa ÝksMkbV] ¼;kSou dh vkaèkh!½
lqudj eq>s vk'p;Z gqvkµfdldh fgEer bruh c<+h fd---A
D;ksfa d] izFke i`"B ls ysdj vafre iafDr rd Hkkjrh;
n`f"Vdks.k lseµ gkv'yhyA vuqokn ns[kkµgk;] gk;!!!
v'yhy ¼rFkkdfFkr] gekjh fuxkg esa v'yhy½ va'kksa dks
fudky dj] fdrkc dks tu[kk cuk fn;k gSA--- ewy xzFa k dk
vaxt
sz h+ vuqokn eSa vkidks nwx¡ kµi<+ dj nsf[k,xkµdlS h
pht+ gSA laLÑr ds dkO;ksa esa Hkh dqp ;qxy dks 'Flower of
flesh' dgha ugha dgk x;k gS] esjs tkurse
µ kal ds Qwy!
csdkj dh ckrksa esa gh i`"B
Hkj x;kA vkidk LokLF; dSlk
gSA i<+kbZ&fy[kkbZ Nqêh dc ls gS\
i=kksÙkj nsaxsA xehZ cgqr gS] dke
djuk eqf'dy gks jgk gSA fQj
Hkh] ijrh ifjdFkk ds izdk'ku
62

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

gksus ds igys dgha ugha tkuk gSA bèkj dFkk laxgz ds laiknu
esa yxk gwA¡ fQj ,d fjiksrkZt laxgz Hkh vxLr rd izdk'kd
dks nsuk pkgrk gwA¡ O;Lr gwA¡

Hkkjr ;k;koj dk i=k
cksdkjks LVhy flVh
tuojh 22]1990

vknj.kh; veks?k ckcw]
lknj iz.kke Lohdkj djsaA
vkidk js.kq th ij laLej.k vkt gh ds Mkd ls feykA
feyrs gh eSa iwjk i<+ x;kA vkidh Le`fr bl mez esa vkdj
Hkh bruh lkQ’&>d>d gS] vk'p;Z gqvkA yxk] vkidks
vius cpiu dh Hkh ;knsa iwjh rjg ;kn gSAa ---laLej.k bruk
vPNk gS fd mldh rkjhQ ftruh Hkh dh tk, de gSA--bldk izdk'ku dj eq>s cgqr [+kq'kh gksxhA ---ij bls iwjk dj
nhft,A iwjk laLej.k ,d&lkFk gh Nis rks T+;knk vPNk
jgsxkA yackbZ vkSj izdk'ku dh vki fpark u djsAa
bl laLej.k esa ,d&nks ckrksa ij vki xkSj djsxa As ^VkSVa h
uSu dk [ksy* dk izdk'ku 1952 esa u gksdj 4 vizy
S ] 1953
ds vad esa gqvk FkkA ^cVckck* lkIrkfgd fo'ofe=k] esa 27
vxLr] 1944 ds vad esa Nik FkkA ^ikVhZ dk Hkwr* nSfud
fo'ofe=k ds iwtk&nhikoyh vad 1945 esa Nik Fkk] tcfd
vkius 1946 esa fy[kk gSA---mlh rjg ^eSyk vk¡py* dk :lh
vkSj jksekfu;u Hkk"kkvksa eas vuqokn dk izdk'ku 1960 esa
gqvk Fkk] tcfd vkius 1958 esa bldk ft“Ø fd;k gSA
Ñi;k gks lds rks bUgsa Bhd dj ysxa As 1945 ds vizy
S
esa ^lk-&fo'ofe=k* esa vkidk xhr Nik FkkA eSua s mls i<+k gSA
js.kqth dh ftu jpukvksa dh frfFk;k¡ eSua s vkidks lgh djus
dks fy[kk gS] mudh izdkf'kr izfr;k¡ esjs ikl gSAa ---eSa pkgrk
gw¡ fd laLej.k tc Nis rks ,slh =kqfV;k ugha jg ik,¡A vk'kk
gS] vki esjs lknj lq>koksa dks vU;Fkk ugha ysxa As
js.kq th dh izkjafHkd nkSj dh vU; jpukvksa dk Hkh vki
mYys[k dj ldsa rks vkSj vPNk gksxkA ^eSyk vk¡py* ds iwoZ
dh js.kqth dh jpukvksa dh tkudkjh cgqr gh de yksxkssa dks
gSA js.kq th dh dfork,¡ rks lcls de miyCèk gaAS ;fn gks
lds vki mudh izkjafHkd jpuk,¡ miyCèk djus dh dksf'k'k
djsxa As ---js.kqth us iwf.kZ;k ls ^ubZ fn'kk* uked ,d lkIrkfgd
i=k fudkyk FkkA mlds vad Hkh miyCèk ugha gksrAs iVuk ls

1952 esa ^u;k d’ne* dk laiknu fd;k FkkA buesa vfèkdka'k
fo".kq izHkkdj dk i=k
jpuk,¡ js.kq th dh gh fy[kh gksrh FkhaA blds vykok ^jk"Vª
fnYyh 11006
lan's k* ¼iwf.kZ;k½] dgkfu;k¡ ¼iVuk½] turk ¼iVuk½] ^mtkyk*
1-3-92
,oa vkokt+ ¼iVuk½ esa Hkh mudh cgqr lkjh jpuk,¡ Nih Fkha]
tks vc rd miyCèk ugha gks ikbZ gSAa js.kqth dk fjiksrkZt fiz;caèkq
^Mk;u dkslh* ^turk* esa Nik Fkk] fQj dsljh dqekj us]
vki d"V mBkdj esjs ?kj ifjokj esa ièkkjsA cgqr [+kq'kh
^izfrfufèk dgkfu;k¡ ¼1950½ esa bldk ladyu fd;k FkkA og gqbAZ
Hkh vc rd fey ugha ikbZ gSA gks lds rks bUgsa <w<¡ +us dh
vkids fy, dfo Hkokuh izlkn feJ dh nks iafDr;k¡
dksf'k'k djsxa As
vkids }kjk iznÙk js.kqth ds nksuksa i=kksa dk izdk'ku blh fy[k jgk gw¡ %
ogh ft;k
o"kZ gks tk,xkA Nius ij vkidks lwfpr d:¡xkA
ftlus fd;k
;fn le; fey ik, rks js . kq t h ds ik=kks a ij ,d
laLej.kkRed ys[k Hkh fy[ksAa tSls ^fHkEey ekek* ijA js.kqth
lwjt dh rjg
us vius laLej.k esa ,d txg fy[kk Fkk fd 1930&31 esa mUgksua s
osxkj djus dk fg;kA
ckuj lsuk cukbZ Fkh] vkSj igyh ckj fxj¶rkj gq, FksA 14 fnuksa
fnudj Hkh rks ;gh dgrs gSa %
dh ltk gqbZ FkhA D;k ;g flejcuh dh ?kVuk gS\
tc rd ftš esjh oh.kk lqj esa cksyrh jgs
vkids bykds esa ;fn Vkbi dh lqfoèkk gks rks Vkbi
viuk gh ugha lcdk nq[k [kksyrh jgsA
djok dj Hkstxas As laLej.k ;fn Nik rks ikfjJfed dh
gkfnZd 'kqHkdkeuk,¡ esjh vki lcdksA
O;oLFkk Hkh gks ldsxhA
js.kqth ij vkids fe=kksa ifjfprksa esa vkSj Hkh dksbZ lTtu
Lusgh
fy[k ik,¡] rks fy[kdj fHktok,¡xAs
fo".kq izHkkdj
iqu% vfHkoknu lfgr
vkidk
Hkkjr ;k;koj

y{eh ukjk;.k lq/kka'kq dk i=k

Hkxokupanz ^fouksn* ds i=k
1
lhrkjke

eèksiqjk
iVuk
ca
è
kq
o
j!
13-2-91
23 uoacj 1965
lknj iz.kkeA
fiz; veks?k th]
vkidk 2-1-91 dk fy[kk izes &i=k ?kqeDdM+h ls ykSVus
vkidk rk- 16 uoacj] dk i=k feykA ßxhr&xaèkÞ dks
eSa ljljh ut+j ls ns[k x;kA buesa dqN ,d dks NksM+dj 'ks"k ij feykA 2-1-91 dks eSa x;k esa FkkA Jh jkeujs'k ikBd ls
lHkh dfork,¡ ubZ 'kSyh esa gSAa dgha&dgha O;atukvksa esa uohurk ckrsa gks jgh FkhaA mUgksua s gh vkidk Lej.k fd;k&djk;kA eSa
dk vPNk peRdkj Hkh gSA dkSrgw y dk dsoy dkSrd
q ugha] muesa le>rk gw¡ vki mlh le; i=k
jl Hkh gSA izokg ds lkFk gh lq#fp dk lkeatL; gSA ßxhr&xaèkÞ fy[k jgs gksaxsA Bhd gh dgk
ls vkidh dkO;xr laHkkouk,¡ iz'kLr tku iM+rh gSAa
gS^µ nksuksa vksj izes iyrk gSA*
eSa fganh lkfgR; txr~ esa vkidh lQyrk pkgrk gwA¡
fclkjus dh ckr dgk¡ mBrh
Hkonh; gS] tc rd thou gSA gk¡] ijLij
y{ehukjk;.k lqèkka'kq feyu ugha gks ldkA ;g rks izHkq

tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 63

dh ethZ ekurk gwA¡ vHkh iVuk tkus ds ekxZ esa gwA¡ ykSVdj
vkrk gw]¡ rks vo'; vkÅ¡xkA
ftruk tks dqN fd;k&èkjk gS lc ysrk tkÅ¡xkA
J)s; js.kq th okyk laLej.k fy[k dj j[kus dh Ñik
djsxa As mldk mi;ksx ,d Lekfjdk esa d:¡xkA ;gk¡ ,d
egkfo|ky; ls Lekfjdk fudysxh ftldk vfrfFk laiknd eSa
gh gksšxkA
gk¡] ,d dke vkSj djds j[kus dh Ñik djsxa As vki
viuk ^vkRedF;* fy[kdj jf[k,xkA bl dke esa f<ykbZ
ugha gksuh pkfg,A blh dke ls vkšxkA ;g dke laiUu
ugha dfj;sxk] rks lef>, cM+k Hkkjh >xM+k gksxkA
vkSj lc Bhd&BkdA vk'kk djuh pkfg,] vki izlUu
,oa LoLFk gksxa As Jh ch-,y- izèkku th ls HksVa gks] rks mUgsa Hkh
esjk lknj iz.kke dgsxa As vLrqA
caèkqoj vkius uo o"kZ dh 'kqHkdkeuk cgqr igys izdV
dh gSA tcfd ^lsey dh yky nqykbZ esa vkdqy ifN;k dk
vkfyaxu* rc uoo"kZ dh 'kqHkdkeuk,¡ vc ls gksxkµ^uo
o"kZ rqEgkjk vfHkuanu*A
lknj vkidk
Hkxoku panz fouksn

2
t; lhrkjke
;k=kk esa iM+ko vjfj;k dksVZ] 10-4-1991

caèkqoj!
lknj iz.kke!
i=k fey x;k FkkA frfFk ;kn ughaA bruk ;kn gS] vkius
fy[kk Fkk % vYyk gks vYyk!--vkt dy vYyk fe;k¡ cjcl ;kn gks tkrs gSµa
^tgk¡ vfgalk iqth lnk] cnys ogk¡ izlxa
eafnj&efLtn yM+ jgs] xq#}kjs esa taxA
Hksn&Hkko csgn c<+k] xbZ ân;
dh pkg
j{kk djuk ns'k dh] gjne
;k vYykg!*
lkspdj vk;k Fkk] bl ;k=kk
esa vkidk n'kZu djus t+:j
64

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

tkšxkA fdarq] vYykrkyk dks 'kk;n eatnw ughaA ,d fnu esa
vkils vkSj vkids vapy lsLµ o- js.kq ds jkuhxat dh ekVh
ls Nqêh feysxh ughaA lks ;gk¡ ls vkt izLFkku dj jgk gwA¡
laHkor% dy ?kj tkÅ¡xkA ogk¡ ls 13 dks eèksiqjk tkuk
gksxkA caèkqoj! Jhgfj 'kadj JhokLro ^'kyHk* ds ukrh&ukfru
dh t;arh esa lfEefyr gksuk gSA ugha tkšxkA rks cM+h Hkkjh
ltk feysxhA vr% xqLrk[kh ekQ djsAa
vkSj lc vkuanA lc BhdBkdA vk'kk djuh pkfg,]
vki izlUu ,oa LoLFk gksxa As ?kj ij lcdks ;Fkk;ksX;
vfHkUu
Hkxoku panz fouksn

Jhjatu lwfjnso dk i=k
dkfÙkZd Ñ- 6
foØekCn% 2064
fn- 31-10-07

lknja ufr%A
leknj.kh; dfooj veks?kth
vkidk fn- 24-9-07 dk i=k dkQ’h foyac ls igqp¡ kA
vkius esjs ckjs esa tks 'kqHkksnx~ kj O;Dr fd, gS]a og vkidk
lkStU; gS ,oa esjs lkSHkkX; dk lwpd gSA
oÙkZeku fganh ys[ku fo"k;fu"B gks x;k gS] Hkk"kkfu"B
ugha jg x;k gSA fganh esa izk;ksfxd vjktdrk vo'; gh
[ksntud gSA
flf) vkSj izflf) 'kh"kZd esjk laikndh; vkidks vuqdy
w
izrhr gqvk] blls eq>s vius ys[ku dh lkFkZdrk dk cksèk
gqvkA eSa vius ys[ku ds iz'kald ds :i esa vkidks ikdj
èkU;rk dk vuqHko djrk gwA¡
^fparu&l`tu* esa ladsfrr vad esa vkidh rh[kh
i=k&izfrfØ;k i<+us dks feyh gSA blds ckn ds 5%1 vad esa
esjk ^izkÑr vkSinsf'kd dFkk&lkfgR;* ij ,d vkys[k vkius
ns[kk gksxkA Lusg&Hkko vtò Hkko ls cuk, jgsA vkidk ^Hknza
d.ksZfHk% 'k`.kq;keA*
Lusgkèkhu
Jhjatu lwfjnso

ia- lnkuan >k dk i=k
veks?k% Roeks?kks fg ukjk;.k ;qr%]
l[ks! tk;rka Hkkjrs HkO;s ;'kksfHk'pkfi eksnrke~A
èkuScUZ èkq x.kS% lkèk± ekfl&ekfl fnus&fnus]
jktrka fpUr;u~ dkO;a dke;s·ga {k.ks&{k.ks Ï
10-2-2000

vgk¡d eSfFkyh Bhd vfNA Hkkf"kd Lrjij vgk¡ ,fgl¡
LoHkkor% tqM+y NhA ys[kdh; Lrj ij ,fges vk,c vgk¡
ysy vius ?kj es diM+k cnyck tdk¡ vklku gks,rA vgk¡d
eSfFkyh Lrjh; vk 'kq) vfNA
thou] laLej.k] bfrgkl] foxr dkyd vkSnkR;µ,fg
lHkds ¡ viu fo"k; cukchA
vgk¡d i=kl¡ izlUurk gksbr vfNA i=k fy[kSr jghA
i=k&ys[ku fujFkZd Je ufg fFkdA
lknj]
thodkar

thodkar dk i=k
e/kqcuh
21&5&2007

fiz; veks?k ckcw
vgk¡d 14 vizy
S ] 2007 d i=k ,fgBke 20-5-2007
ds ¡ izkIr d,yA g"kZ HksyA
flejkgkA Q.kh'ojukFk js.kqA eSyk vk¡pyA js.kq Le`frA
uhrh'k dqekjd ljdkjd ?kks"k.kkA fcgkj ljdkj jktdks"k l¡
js.kq Le`fr mRlo djrA
nh?kZ dkyhu lkfgR; lsok ysy vgk¡ iqjLÑr d,y
xsygqA¡ gejk [kq'kh HksyA iwf.kZ;kd èkjrh vn~HkqrA foHkwfr
Hkw"k.kd vkj.;d es ,fg èkjrhd ;'kksxkFkk if<+ vfHkHkwr
Hk, xsy jghA
vgk¡ LoLFk jghA vgk¡d nh?kZ vk;q lekt ysy vko';d
vk mi;ksxh NSdA vgk¡ ds ¡ lEekfur d, lekt viu
lEeku d,yd vfNA
eSfFkyh ys[kd lHk lkoèkku ufg jgSr NfFk] rs ¡ eSfFkyh
ys[kues fganh gqydh nSr NfuA ts ps"Vxj ys[kd NfFk] ls
dnkfpr ,fg nks[kl¡ cpy NfFkA ,d le;es lfØ; ys[kdes
lHk mRÑ"V ufg gksbr NfFkA laxfg ,Dds ys[kdd fy[ky
nl ys[k es dnkfpr ,d&vkèk ys[k Lrjh; vk LFkk;h egÙo
d Hk, icSr vfNA
fganh es vaxjsth 'kCn cgqr gqydh ekjSr vfNA
le; HksVrS gksb,] r¡ vgk¡ fy[kwA fy[kckd bPNk d:A
dforkes Nan iqu% vkfc jgy vfNA Nanksc) fyf[k ldSr
NhA fganh es fyf[k ldSr NhA fganh es nSfud i=k dfork
NiSr NySd] ls iS?k volj vk izkRs lkgu nSr NySA ,[ku
^tkxj.k* es bZ ckr cpy vfNA

Hkhedkar >k dk i=k
Jhx.ks'kk; ue%
njHkaxk

30-4-2000
ije vknj.kh;
Jh ^veks?k* th]
viusd foy{k.k fganh dkO;iqLrd ^eSa rks rsjs ikl es*a nw
ekl iwoZs Jh vHk; 'kadj ckcw Ñikiwod
Z n· xsykgA dfri;
ikfjokfjd foo'krkd dkj.ks ge viusd mnkjrkd gsrq ÑrKrks
ufg Kkfir dj ldygq]¡ rdj vijkèk&cksèk Hk· jgy vfNA
ge fganhd FkksM+ iksFkh i<+us NhA ,gu laqnj iksFkh cgqr
fnuij i<+ckd lkSHkkX; HksVyA gej nqHkkZX; ts viu fefFkykd
,gu izfrHkkiq×t ljLorhiq=kl¡ vifjfpr jghA izFker% viusd
jpuk ^Hkkjrh eaMu*d ;k=kh J)katfy vades i<+yg¡qA vksgu
lkjxfHkZr izokgiw.kZ ekty eSfFkyh x| gejk lud uodk
yksdes dgk¡ ikch\
vk] dkO;dykd mRd"kZ n· dgys dh tk\ ve`r ,djk
ufg r¡ vkj ddjk dgSr NSd\
,Egj t[kul¡ ^eSa rks rsjs ikl es*a jk"VªHkkjrhd dkues
xwt
¡ · yxyfu vfN] r[kul¡ eSfFkyh fnl ekuw fot;h eqLdku
QsdrS viu ^veks?k* vL=kij brjk jgfy NfFkµvk ekr`Hkkjrh
viu dikj BksdrS NfFkµgejs
dksjl¡ Nhfud·--Ñik&izlknd vkdka{kh]
vius
HkheukFk >k

tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 65

dks xkdj ge yksxksa dks lquk;k FkkA bèkj
tc ls vk- egsna z ckcw us ifj"kn dh iqjLdkj
;kstuk esa iwf.kZ;k ft+ys dks egÙo fn;k]
rHkh ls esjs eu esa Hkh Lokèkhurk vkanksyu
ds njE;ku dkslh ifjlj ds lkfgR;dkjksa ds
;ksxnku ds lE;d~ vè;;u dh cyorh
bPNk iuius yxhA
Ñi;k vius Lej.k ls] fcuk vfèkd
rdyhQ mBk,] izkpk;Z f}t dh Ñfr;ksa
rFkk mudh e`R;q dh lu~ o rkjh[+k dk
fooj.k fy[kdj Hkstus dk d"V djrs rks eSa
;FkklaHko dksbZ ;kstuk cuk ikrkA lkFk gh
pUnzdqUrk Le`fr U;kl iVuk dh rjQ ls dfo
veks?k dks lEekfur djrs gq, Jh lq[knso ukjk;.k
vU; thfor O;fDr;ksa dh lwph fey tkus
ls Hkh eSa bls dk;Z:i nsus dh vuqdy
w rk
izkIr djrk] lu o rkjh[k ls eSa rRdkyhu v[+kckj o
jktkuan >k dk i=k
if=kdkvksa ls Hkh muds izlxa dh t+:jh lwpuk,¡ bdëk dj
njHkaxk
ikus esa l{ke gksrkA vki dh dk;Z ;kstuk dSlh py jgh gSA
1&8&97
xq#vkbZu dks iz.kke rFkk cPpksa dks Lusgk'kh"kA
J)s; Jheku]
vkidk ÑrK f'k";
iz.kke]
jktkuan
dq'ky gw¡ vkSj dq'kysPNk j[krk gwA¡ yacs varjky ds ckn
[kr fy[k jgk gwA¡ vius ;fRdafpr lkfgR;kykspuk lacèa kh
jkes'oj feJk dk i=k
vè;;u esa iwf.kZ;k¡ ft+ys ds lkfgR;dkjksa esa egkeuk js.kq]
'kkafrfudsru
lqèkka'kq th vkfn dh ckcr gesa lkefxz;k¡ feyh gS]a ysfdu
3&6&2002
izkpk;Z f}tth ds izlxa esa eq>s dgha Hkh vko';d ;k ;Fks"V
lkexzh ugha feyhA Ldwy ds fnuksa esa gh t;'kadj izlkn ds lEekU; Jh ^veks?k* th
lknj iz.kkeA
xhr ßv#.k ;g eèkqe; ns'k gekjk---Þ dh vafre iafDr ds
vkids dkO;&laxgz ^eSa rks rsjs ikl es*a dh izfr;k¡ feyhaA
izfr] ftlesa iqLrdksa esa ßefnj Å¡?krs jgrs tc txdj jtuhHkj
rkjkÞ esa ßefnjÞ dh txg ßeafnjÞ Ni x;k FkkA vkius fofoèk Hkkoksa ls ifjiw.kZ dfork,¡ euksje] je.kh; izjs .kkizn
dyk Hkou ds fdlh dk;ZØe esa lgh mPpkj.k ds lkFk ,oa izHkkodkjh gSAa bl lqna j dkO;&laxgz ds fy, vkidks
¼ßefnjÞ½ ogk¡ xkus dk laLej.k cèkkbZA
izfr;k¡ vkidh vksj ls foHkkxh; iqLrdky; dks lefiZr
lquk;k Fkk] izkpk;Z f}t th us
vkidh gkS l yk vQtkbZ dh dh xbZA
lèkU;okn]
Fkhµvkius eèkqj Loj esa oxZ esa
Hkonh;
gh t;'kadj izlkn dh bl dfork
jkes'oj feJ

66

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

'kksd
s J)katfy
fnukad 09-07-08 ¼cqèkokj½
vafcdk dqVhj] izksQsllZ dkWyksuh]
iwf.kZ;k¡8µ 54301

fiz; vHk;'kadj th]
'kr&'kr Lusgk'kh"kA
dy vkids iwT; firkJh egkdfo tks gekjs varjax
fe=k Fks] mudk nsgkolku rFkk rTtfur deZ&foèkku dh
lwpuk feyhA dkMZ ns[kus ls gh irk pyk vki iq=k&jRukas us
dfooj vius firk dh ;Fks"V lsok dh gS mudk vknj vkSj
HkkokRed uSons ;~ viZ.k fd;k gSA vki rks muds mfpr èkeZ
dk ikyu dj gh jgs gSAa mudh J)k ds iq"i eSa ;gk¡ ls gh
vfiZr djrk gwA¡ eSa Hkh 92os o"kZ iwjk dj pqdk gwA¡ Hkxor
iwtu&vpZu rFkk dkO;&lkèkuk gh deZ gSA muls gekjk
lkfUuè; vfèkd gks u ik;kA eSa ;gk¡ f'k{kk foHkkx esa Q¡lk
jgk] lkfgR;&lkèkuk rFkk lkfgR; izpkj&izlkj esa gh yxk
jgkA os nwj jgsA tc cueu[kh esa lkfgR; lEesyu dk
vfèkos'ku gqvk Fkk rHkh tku&igpku rFkk ijLij HkkokRed
lacèa k gqvkA eSa lEeysu esa ea=kh in xzg.k dj lkjh dfe'ujh
¼iwf.kZ;k¡ esa pDdj yxk;k Fkk½A vc rks fdlh rjg th jgk
gwA¡ ek¡ nqxkZ dh Ñik gSA u tkus dc rd jgwA¡ vr% esjh
mifLFkfr ds vHkko dks NksM+dj esjh J)k ds lqeu tks eSa
varj dh ok.kh ls Hkst jgk gw]¡ og gh esjh lw{e mifLFkfr gSA
{kek djuk esjs iq=k!
vc rks dky ds dBksj ik'k esa vkc) gwA¡ lHkh dk;Z
eaxye; vkuan iw.kZ gks esjh ;gh dkeuk gSA vki yksx mudh
Hkkouk ds vuq:i muds crk, ekxZ dk vuqlj.k djrs jgsAa
;gh vkns'k rFkk izjs .kk gSA
vkidk LusgkLin&J)kLin
rst ukjk;.k rst
iwf.kZ;k¡

09-07-08
vkpk;Zijq h] Qkjfclxat8µ 54318

fiz; caèkq vHk;th]
viusd firk iz[;kr lkfgR;dkj ,oa Lora=krk lsukuh
ia- veks?k ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k*d yksdkarj.kd lekpkj lwfu
eekZgr HksygqA¡ gqudk l¡ gejk drksd n'kd l¡ vkReh;
lacèa k NykA vks gej mÙkjksÙkj mUufrd vkdka{kh NykgA
tkfg fnus gej Lotu Lothu ukjk;.k jko ykyth m-fojkuhxatd izèkkukpk;Z Nykg ufg;s l¡ gqudkl¡ vkReh;rk
NFk ts dkyØes ifj;u gksbr jgFkA vafre n'kZu izk-s fo|k
ukjk;.k Bkdqjd iqLrdd foekspu ds volj ij HkSyA
mudj izxk<+ vkUos'ku ,[kugq¡ dkekfpÙk djSr vfNA mud
Le`fr v{kq..k jgfu ls iz;kl djcA
Lusgkèkhu
fuR;kuanyky nkl
'kksd lans'k 30-6-08

dgSa cs[kcj dfo fojyµ
Fks veks?k th Hkb;kA
bl iqjfS u;k {ks=k ds]
lkfgfR;d j[koS;k Ï
os vfHkHkkod Fks ge lcds]
èkjsa dye tks gkFk Ï
;g ehBk lacèa k osµ
ys x, vius lkFk Ï
bZ'oj mudh vkRek]
dks ns 'kkafr vikj Ï
dHkh cqjk lkspk ugha]
^viuk* lc lalkjAÞ
'kksd larIr vacqt
izks- deyk iz- flag ^cs[kcj*
la- 'kSyh] Qkjfclxat] vjfj;k

tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 67

iwf.kZ;k fn- 4-7-08

gs! fnO; èkke ds oklh veks?k
rqe vkt ugha jgsA
ysfdu tc rd jgs
vke vkneh cus jgs
ekuoh; laons ukvksa ls tqM+s jgs
gels] lekt ls iw.kZ fu"Bk ls tqM+s jgsA
*42 ds Lora=krk laxkz e esa
rqEgkjk Hkh ;ksxnku FkkA
lkekftd] lkfgfR;d dk;ZØe
rqEgkjs fcuk Qhdk izrhr gksrkA
vkt eSa rq>s <w<¡ +us pykA
vkleku dks phjrs gq, ckny
cknyksa ds ml ikj f{kfrt!
f{kfrt esa <w<¡ +rh esjh vk¡[ksa
vk¡[kksa ds Hkhrj rqeA
vklekuksa dks phjrh gqbZ gok,¡
gokvksa ds lkFk mM+rs [+k;ky
[+k;kyksa esa rqEgkjh ;knA
fdruh nwj vk tkrh gSgµa e*
fcuk pys ,d nwljs ds lkFkA
'kr&'kr ueu ds lkFk J)k lefiZr djrs gSAa
tuknZu izlkn fody
foosdkuan dkWyksuh] jtuh pkSd ¼,e-cxku½] iwf.kZ;k¡

xkSj o.kZ @ eqDr gkl
ftg~ok ij @ ek¡ Hkkjrh ds fpj fuokl ls
iznhIr eq[keaMy @ 'kkar&lkSE;&ljy
mnkjpsrk @ iz[kj oDrk
dfo&dqy&Js"B
gs ok.kh ds ojniq=k
'kr&'kr oanu @ rsjk vfHkuanu!
xkrs jgs xhr @ thou Hkjµ
eèkqekl ds xhr @ ^vknzk*Z ds xhr
^dkapukj* vkSj ^fuekZ.k* ds xhr
lkaè;&nhi tykusokys dfo
cSlk[k ds vaèkM+ esa tc
ladYi nhi tyk,
cu tkrs gSd
µa ky cSlk[kh
rc èkjk ij
pyus yxrh gSlµ k¡lksa dh vk¡èkhA
vkSj nkSM+us yxrh gS
èkefu;ksa esa fctyh
rFkk vuojr @ ;qx&ò"Vk ds 'okl&iz'okl ls
fu%l`r gksus yxrk gS
pqukSrhHkjk vkea=k.k
dfooj] rsjk vfHkuanu!
rsjs xhrksa dk jl&dy'k fy,
miekvksa rFkk uo&uo fcacksa dh
ik¡[kksa ij lokj gks
^vaxkjks*a dk jkSna rk gqvk
rsjs 'kCnksa dks vry xgjkbZ esa
mcrk&Mwcrk gqvk eSa
tc >k¡drk gw'µ¡ kwU; es@a egk'kwU; esa
grk'k&fujk'k gksA
fd vpkud] ,d Loj xwt
¡ rk gS--ßeSa rks rsjs ikl esÞa
vkSj---vkSj--- @ ilj tkrk gS izk.kksa esa
rsjk eèkqj Lianu
dfooj] rsjk vfHkuanu!
ekaxu feJ ekrZ.M
^lkdsr*] caxkyh Vksyk] Qkjfclxat]
vjfj;k ¼fcgkj½( eks- 09973269906

68

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

O, the dead last year!
Leave me lest you should weep,
As my heart is melting like a silent piece of snow.
I fear, one may take it to be a childish act
If the spring of my eyes flow out
And fall on the green leaves of Lawn.
you came with a new gift in the world.
we danced and sang in the spring,
Scorched in the summer and drenched in rains,
And drank the liquor of the moon in the moonlit night.
we lit the fire of our bodies in winter,
Looked and sank in to each other’s eyes,
And played and sang and wept.
You aroused emotions in the heart,
Dissolved yourself in the breath,
And showered delight in life.
What more should I fell you?
Is there anything concealed from you?
You have witnessed the moments of surrender
That held the rein of my self-control.
You have seen in me my savage anger.
You have found me serene and
compassionate like the Buddha.

Though in a moment, we forgot them all
And moved ahead like bossom friends,
As if we had never quarreled.
But I did not think that,
you will finish your work and go away,
And will never look back again.
However, the imprints of your existence
Will remain on roads and walls,
And time will fail to broom them out.
And the phantom of your memory will exist
Like actors in the green room
Who return from the panoramic dais
After they have played their role.
I too, after shedding some tears
Will go away silently one day,
After having Submitted my official dress
In the office of the supreme government
Where royal office has no roof or wall.
So, let us stretch our hands,
Embrace each other with open heart,
And depart for good.
Go, O My friend, go!
The siren is whistling,
The ship is ready to leave the shore.
Dr. S.K. Sinha 'Nigam'

We had fought with each other
And exchanged hot words, too,

Madhubani, Purnea 854301 (Bihar)

tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 69

dfo veks?k dh jpuk,¡
xhr
vkvks] fcNqM+s ehr fd ge {k.k Hkj dqN xk ysAa
;g ccwy dh Nk¡o] foye nks {k.k cfr;k ysAa
os fnu Fks tc
ge nksuksa Fks
,d Mky nks ikrA
,d jax Fkk]
,d <ax Fkk]
,d gekjh ckrA
pyk izHkatu tksj fd ge nksuksa fc[kjk,A
lkxj dh mQurh ygfj;ksa
ds [kk Øq) FkisM+As
jgs Mwcrs&mrjkrs ge
Øwj dky ds izjs As
,d fcanq ij vkt feys ge fQj eqldk ysAa
vkrh gS fQj ygj ,d]
ge D;k tkusa fNrjk,¡!
vkvks vHkh xys feydj
ge fiNyh ;kn cqykyaAs
,d daB gks tk; u, Loj esa fQj xkysAa
vkvks fcNqM+s ehr fd ge {k.k Hkj dqN xkysAa

vxguh èkwi
vxguh èkwi ukjaxh lqcg dhA
f'kjh"k dh Qqufx;ksa ij
x#M+kas ds cPps
fudys gSa tks
fiNyh cjlkr ds ckn
QwVs vaMksa ls
70

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

[kksy ia[k&laiqV QSyk jgs
'kcue ls rj dksey&dksey ij
Qqufx;ksa ij cSB lq[kk jgsµ
ih jgs gSa vxguh èkwi ukjaxh lqcg dhA
Åij vuar vlhe èkwfey uhfyek esa
gS mUgsa djuk izFke vfHk;ku]
Lo.kZ fogkuA
;g gS vkneh dk cPpk
twM+h rki dk <¡Ppk
jkr vk;k cq[kkj cM+s tksj ls
dqN [kk;k ugha
vHkh cM+s Nksg ls
eerk eFkh eS;k us
f[kyk fn;k gS cklh Hkkr vxguh dk
psxa k eNyh ds >ksy ds lkFk
¼'kk;n ,d nks [kaM Hkh [kk ysuk viF; ugha gksxk½
ejdkVh ls gkFk iSj
vjxklu ds dksg&s lk isV
>ksiM+h ds iwjc #[k }kj ij
u, eys iqvky ij
pfjÙkj dh nwdku ij dM+ok rsy ysi dj
cM+s lq[k ls ysV jgk gS
ih jgk gS vxguh èkwi ukjaxh lqcg dh
djuk gS bls Hkh
bl cM+h nqfu;k esa
cM+&s cM+s dke
vkSj cgqr ukeA
¼;qxok.kh] 25 fnlacj] 1961] iwf.kZ;k½

vkt cjlus vk, ckny

vPNh ckr gSµ
csVs dks [+kq'kgky ns[kuk dkSu ugha pkgsxk!
ewd bd èkjrh ls mBdj
ij eSa rks@rqEgkjs dejs dh ngyht+ ij cSB [kkstrk gw]¡
Nk;h vacj esa tyèkj cu]
[kkstrk vk jgk gw¡ cM+s èkS;Z lsµ
vkrqj vkt cjlus dks fQj
og {k.k ftlesa ckr d:¡
m}sfyr] papy lkou ?kuA
rqEgkjs vanj ds vkneh lsµ
r#.kh ds xkyksa ij Nk;s
ml vkneh lsµ
V?kj&V?kj ueuksa ds dktyA
ftls izÑfr us Hkstk Fkk ek¡ dh dks[k esa
vkt cjlus vk;s cknyA
vkSj og iq=k cudj nqfu;k dh
ut+jksa esa vk;k FkkA
olqèa kjk dh ihj iqjkuh
vQ’lksl gS]
nwj dgha gS fiz;re dk ?kj
tc Hkh gksuk pkgrk gw¡ rqEgkjs d’jhc]
lân; iou cgk djrk gS
ikrk gwµ ¡
O;Fkk&Hkkj vius flj èkjdjA
rqEgkjk gj feuV] gj lsdsaM fcdk gqvkA
vPN~oklksa ls fgy&fgy mBrk
Q’lq rZ dgk¡ rqEgsa eqMd
+ j ns[kus dh
Hkhaxh Nkrh dk gfjrkapyA
vius vanj ds vkneh dksA
vkt cjlus vk, cknyA
ij eSa fcydqy fujk'k ugha gw]¡
¼vxLr 1952½
Nhy jgk gS iddj lw[kk gqvk ukfj;y]
ijr&nj&ijr js'ks mrkjrkµ
mEehn dh ,d uktqd Mksj ls c¡èkkA
ugha rksM+uk gS eq>s blds dBksj vkoj.k dks]
ugha [kkuh gS bldh lqLoknq xjhA
rqe MkWDVj gks] bathfu;j gks]
eq>s ekywe gSµ
vQ’lj] Bsdns kj] usrk] vfHkusrk
blds flj ij tks rhu dksey vk¡[ksa gSa
v[+kckjksa ls c¡èks ys[kd] izdk'kd] vè;kid
muesa ls ,d esa FkksM+k&lk dqjns dj
;k tks Hkh gks rqeµ
flQZ’ rhljh vk¡[k dk gYdk&lk inkZ mrkjuk gS]
rqEgsa Q’lq rZ dgk¡ vius bnZ&fxnZ ns[kus dh]
eSa ihuk pkgrk gw¡ mlds vanj dk og ve`rty
D;ksfa d ftruh lq[k&lqfoèkk,¡
tks esjs lw[ks daB dks rjkoV
ftruh 'kku&'kkSdr dk izn'kZu
eu dks 'khryrk
ns[krs gks nwljksa ds ikl
vkSj vkRek dks r`fIr iznku
rqEgsa Hkh tqVkuk gS] og lc dqN]
djsxk
pkgs tSls Hkh gksA
---cl bruk gh rks!
¼ge fdlh ls de D;ksa jgs\a ½

cl bruk gh

tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 71

vknzkZ
izeqfnr fdlku gy&cSy gk¡d py iM+s [ksr]
?kj&?kj ls dM+ok èkqvk¡ fudydj Hkkx jgkA
Hkw[ks pwYgksa dh vkgksa dk èkjgj fudyk]
djus ÑrKrk&Kkiu ban&z lHkk le{kA
gSa mex jgs eu vkt Ñ"kd&gyokgksa ds]
cksVh&cksVh gS QM+d jgh mYykl exuA
;g [ksr u;k tks feyk mls gS blh lky]
og bls tksr&cksdj iwjk ys tk,xkA
lj&lj pj&pj pjk,¡&pk¡; pqj pqeqd&pqeqd]
ijrh èkjrh tqr jgh cM+k gS dksykgyA
feêh ls fudys dhV&iraxksa ds ru ij]
gSa VwV iM+s Åij ls uHkpj ny ds nyA
feêh esa fNis m'khj vk jgs gSa Åij]
gy ds Qkyksa ls y{eh dk isVkj [kqykA
ekVh ds ru ls lksèa kh&lksèa kh xaèk mBh]
Nw&Nwdj ftls gok dk eu ikxy&ikxyA
l|Lukrk olqerh jlorh cuh gqbZ]
gS ;gh le; gks jgk [ksr esa cht&oiuA
fudysxa s u,&u, vadqj ihrkHk&gfjr]
ikdj uo thou vfèkd&vfèkd ygjk,¡xAs
xgjs&xgjs [ksrksa esa vkt èkkU;&jksiu]
èku&jksiu dk igyk fnu gS mRlo dk fnuA
id jgs fdlkuksa ds ?kj esa iDokUu&[khj]
feytqy fdlku&et+njw vkt fQj [kk,¡xAs
og ubZ xqykch lkM+h esa et+njw &oèkw]
tks vkt izFke gh èkku jksius vkbZ gSA

mlds fiPNy ';key ru ij izLosn&fcanq]
tkequ ij T;ksa tkrh gksa cwn¡ as fQly&fQlyA
pwuj dk Nksj Hkhatdj dknks&ikuh es]a
gS ?kksy jgk dqN xtc xqykch jax u;kA
èkqy&èkqydj ty esa jax esa cg jgk nwj&nwj]
yks] vutkus jax x;k fdlh tu dk Hkxqvk!

fuekZ.k&xhr
ct jgh fcxqy] txk jgk u;k fcgku!
d’ne&d’ne ls rky ns pyk gS ukStoku!!
gok esa gjgjk mBs gjs&gjs iVsM+]
Jfed&Jfed ds eu esa dqN uohu jkx NsM+A
;gk¡ fogax dk u izkr%dky xku gS]
Vksdjh] dqnky] /kqjeqlksa dh 'kku gSA
v#.k oj.k fdj.k ls Hkj jgk gS vklekuA
d’ne&d’ne ls rky ns pyk gS ukStokuA
dk¡/k ij dqnky] eq[k esa xhr] eu esa I;kj]
uohu ck¡/k ck¡/kus pys gSa ;s dqekjA
uohu dYiuk] uohu ;kstuk gt“kj]
ubZ gok dh ihB ij p<+s gq, lokjA
u,&u, djksa esa vkt ns'k dk fu'kkuA
d’ne&d’ne ls rky ns pyk gS ukStokuA
;s
;s
;s
;s

le> pqds gSa viuh 'kfDr dk Lo:i]
fudy pqds gSa viuk ys ds lR; :iA
djsxa s og] tks dksbZ dj ldk ugha]
cusxa s og] tks dksbZ cu ldk ughaA

xkM+us pys gSa pan&z lw;Z ij fu'kku!
d’ne&d’ne ls rky ns pyk gS ukStoku!!
¼ebZ 1955] dkslh&rVca/k fuekZ.k djrs gq,½

72

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

vkRedF;

esjk yM+diu % flejcuh xk¡o esa
ia- veks?k ukjk;.k >k veks?k
vHkh tc Le`fr izdk'k ds Qksdl dks nwj&cgqr nwj ihNs dh
vksj Mkyrk gw¡ rks laHkor% ek?k eghuk jgk gksxkA ik¡p&Ng lky
dk ckyd eSa vius ckck ds lkFk ?kksM+s ij igyhckj tk jgk
Fkk flejcuhA mu fnuksa ek¡o esa ?kksMk+ gh vke okgu gqvk djrk
FkkA jkLrs Hkj vius cM+s HkkbZ egUFkyky vkSj vU; yksxksa ls
lquh ckrksa ds vkèkkj ij flejcuh feM~y Ldwy] dfojkt]
igyoku pqEeu felj] èkuh vkneh lqna j yky eaMy] muds
esyys Vw dh Hk;adj yM+kbZ] cand
w ] [+kuw &[k+rjk ox“jS g ds fd’Lls
dh dkYifud rlohjsa eu gh eu mrkjrk py jgk FkkA flQZ’
Ms<+ dksl dh nwjh ij iwjc mÙkj dh vksj gh rks gS flejcuhA
xk¡o ds lhekar ij igqp¡ rs gh lqcg dh dqgklkPNUu gYdh èkwi
esa dqN nwjh ij iwjc dh vksj yky&yky nks [kiMSy
+ Nrsa vkleku
esa V¡xh fn[kkbZ iM+h vk'p;Z dh ckr! iwNus ij ckck us crk;k
fd og feM~y Ldwy vkSj og vLirky gSA eu esa iz'u
mBk&edku dh nhokys\a fudV igqp¡ us ij Li"V gqvk fd edku
dh nhokysa vklekuh jax ls iqrh gksus ds dkj.k vklekuksa esa
foyhu izrhr gksrh FkhaA tUe ls gh vLoLFk izÑfr dk gksus
ds dkj.k eq>s izk;% dM+oh] d"kSyh xaèkkrh nok,¡ [kkuh&ihuh
iM+rh FkhaA vLirky igqp¡ us ij ?kksMs+ ls mrkjk x;kA iDds Q’'kZ
vkSj iDdh nhokyksa okyk ;g lkQ’&lqFkjk edku eq>s cgqr eu
Hkkou yxk FkkA gYds lk¡oys jax ds Hkwj&s iwjs 'kjhj vkSj dkafroku
pkSMs+ psgjsokys dfojkt th dk eèkqj LoHkko cM+k euHkkou yxkA
os dksBjh ds vanj iwjc eqg¡ dqlhZ ij cSBs Fks vkSj vxy&cx“y
vkxrksa ds fy, cspas as iM+h FkhaA ge yksx cspa ij cSBAs dfojktth
us ukM+h ijh{k.k] vk¡[k thHk] vkfn dh tk¡p dhA fQj
dkyh&dkyh xksfy;k¡ vkSj cknkeh jax dh cqduh dh lqna j iqfM+;k
cukdj ckck dks Fkek nhA mUgksua s D;k&D;k dgk ;g rks eq>s
;kn ugha ij mudh ckaXyk mPpkj.k okyh eSfFkyh cksyh eq>s
cgqr vn~Hkqr yxhA fQj geyksx cjkens ij vk, rks ns[kk lgu
ij mÙkj dh vksj ,d cgqr Å¡ps [kaHks ij NksVk&lk f[kykSukuqek
?kj cuk gqvkA mlds Åij xqVjxw¡ ·· xqVjxw¡ ··· djrs lQ’ns
fprdcjs] dkys dcwrj èkwi esa [ksy jgs FksA eq>s vPNk rek'kk
feykA eSa cksyiM+kcµ kck ·· ijsok! dfojktth g¡l iM+s FksA

mUgksua s 'kk;n eq>ls feyus ds fy, vius yM+ds dks iqdkjkµ
gjh!
eSua s ns[kk ,d xksy&eVksy psgjk vkSj iq"V 'kjhjokyk esjk
gemez yM+dk esjs lkeus [kM+k FkkA 'kk;n vifjfpr gksus ds
dkj.k og dqN cksyk ugha] u eSua s gh mlls dqN iwNkA ge nksuksa
,d&nwljs dks dqN nsj ns[krs jgsA cl ;gh fLFkfr Fkh fdµ
ßrqe : c: gks djhc gks]
rqedks ns[kw¡ fd rqels ckr d:¡AÞ
cjkens ij ,d vksj ,d vèksM+ 'kkar LoHkko dk O;fDr
[kjy esa nok,¡ dwV jgk FkkA dfojktth us mls eksrh uke ls
iqdkjk FkkA cl bruh&lh ;kn gS flejcuh dh igyh ;k=kk dhA
tuojh dk eghuk FkkA ckjg&rsjg o"kZ esjh vk;q jgh
gksxhA 1937 bZ- esa flejcuh feM~y Ldwy ds NBs ntZs esa
ukekadu gks tkus ds ckn firkth ds lkFk vijkÌ eSa iSny gh
flejcuh dh ;k=kk dhA fo[;kr igyoku o;kso)
` pqEeu
feJ ds njokts+ ij geyksx igqp
¡ s rks ,d pVkbZ ij èkwi&lsou
djrs ydokxzLr feJth dks ns[kkA gf"kZr gksdj gekjk Lokxr
fd;k mUgksua As igyoku dks gekjs bykd’s esa [kyhQ’k dgrs gSAa
yach&pkSMh+ d’n&dkBh] lk¡oykjax] cM+h&cM+h vk¡[kksa okys [kyhQ’kth
us nwljh pVkbZ ij pknj Myokdj gesa cSBk;kA iSj èkksus ds
fy, ikuh e¡xok;kA ykSxa &lqikjh vkbZA pk;&iku dk fjokt
ml oD+r rd fcydqy ugha FkkA ;s cuSyh LVsV dh ,d
'kk[kk paikuxj ds jktk dhR;kZuna flag ds njckj ds 'kh"kZ
igyoku FksA jktk lkgc igyokuh vkSj f'kdkj ds tx&ekfgj
'kkSdhu FksA n'kgjk ds esys esa paikuxj esa dbZ fnuksa rd
dq'rh dk naxy pyrk FkkA dbZ izkra ksa ds igyoku tek gksrs
vkSj buke&bdjke ikdj tkrs FksA
ij igyoku pqEeu feJ ls fdlh
us gkFk feykus dh fgEer ugha
dhA fcgkj esa rks muds tksM+ dk
dksbZ Fkk gh ughaA mu fnuksa muds
T;s"B iq=k igyoku cnzh feJ
tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 73

jktnjckj esa jgrs Fks] tks cM+s dqekj lkgc ds l[kk FksA
[kyhQ’k pqEeu feJ ds tokuh ds fnuksa ds ijkØe vkSj
f'kdkj dh cgqr&lh dgkfu;k¡ vke tuksa esa izpfyr FkhaA
t;uxj xk¡o esa esjs ?kj ls FkksM+h nwjh ij ypgk unh ds fdukjs
mudk dker ¼QkeZ gkml½ unh esa yack tydj FkkA ftlls
lkyHkj yksx NksVh&cM+h eNfy;k¡ [kwc [kkrs FksA mudh futh
uko Hkh FkhA fo[;kr igyoku gksus ds lkFk gh os cand
w ds
fl)gLr fu'kkusckt+ FksA nyku ds [kaHks esa tM+s gq, dkB ds
cus gfj.k&eq[k esa cM+&s cM+s gfj.kksa ds lhax muds fuiq.k fu'kkusckt+
dh dgkuh dg jgh FkhA fofoèk izdkj ds jktlh O;atu vkSj
feBkb;k¡ cukdj j[kus vkSj [kkus ds 'kkSdhu FksA eNyh&ekal
rks os Lo;a gh cukrs FksA blds vykok c<+bfZ xjh] gLrf'kYi]
eq'a khfxjh vkfn esa Hkh izoh.k FksA esjs ifjokj ls mudh iq'rSuh
nksLrh pyh vk jgh FkhA tks ckn esa oSokfgd lacèa kksa esa
cnydj vkSj Hkh ?kfu"B gksrh xbZA nl o"kZ iwoZ gh esjs cM+s
ppsjs egaFk HkkbZ bUgha ds ?kj jgdj feMy Ldwy esa i<+rs FksA
lks esjs fy, Hkh mlh ifjokj esa jgdj Ldwy esa i<+u&s fy[kus
dh ckr igys gh r; dj yh xbZ FkhA gk¡] rks pVkbZ ij
cSB&s cSBs esjs firkth ls lkef;d izlxa ij mudh D;k&D;k
ckrsa gqb±] ;g rks eq>s vc Lej.k ugha] ij ,d ckr ;kn gS
fd mUgha fnuksa pquko esa thrdj vaxt
sz +h jkt esa igyh ckj
,e-,y-,- cus iafMr jkensuh frokjh ds lacèa k esa mudh ppkZ
pyh FkhA lk¡> <yus ds iwoZ gh flanjw h èkwi esa ugkrh ,d
nl&X;kjg o"khZ;k xksjh Njgjh xqe&lqe dU;k fnuHkj] èkwi esa
lw[krs èkku lesV jgh FkhA njokts+ ij vkrs le; mlus
uokxarqd dks vo'; ns[kk gksxk] ij eSua s rks mls èkku lesVrs
gh ns[kk tks eq>s cM+h Hkyh yxh Fkhµ
uhjl x| ds chp ,d dfork]
lw[kh t+ehu ij pyrs&pyrs ,d lfjrkA
firkth rks vius ?kj ykSV x,A eSa yack nqcyk ladksph yM+dk
ml ifjokj dk lnL; cudj nyku esa nkf[+ky gqvkA vk¡xu
?kj ds izcèa k dh vè;{kk [kyhQk th dh o`)k cgu us pwM+s
dk yM+v
Ä k vkSj ew<h+ ls esjk Lokxr
fd;k FkkA
vxys fnu eSa fudV iM+kl
s
esa jgusokys mez esa eq>ls dqN gh
cM+s lgikBh HkkbZ 'kksHkkdkar vkSj
cyjke ds lkFk feM~y Ldwy x;kA
74

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

mu yksxksa us igys ls gh Ldwy ds gsMekLVj tksx's oj eaMy
vkSj vU; f'k{kdksa ds ckjs esa tkudkjh ns nh FkhA mu fnuksa
fo'kky jkuhxat Fkkus esa flQ’Z nks gh feM~y Ldwy Fks jkuhxat
vkSj flejcuhA nwj njkt ds xk¡oksa ds yM+ds i<+us ds fy,
;gk¡ vkrs FksA fgaxuk vkSjkgh fuoklh Q.kh'ojukFk js.kq Hkh
blh feM~y Ldwy ls i<+dj x, FksA eSa vius xk¡o esa vij
izkbejh Ldwy ds ck¡l&Qwl ds cus rhu dksBfj;ksa okys ?kj ls
i<+dj x;k FkkA ogk¡ dkQ’h cM+s vgkrs esa vusd dksBfj;ksa
okyk yack edku] iDdh Q’'kZ] b±V ls cuh lqna j nhokjs]a
etcwr fVu ds Åij [kiM+s ls Nk;k edku] cM+k vgkrk]
if'pe dh vksj lqna j Nk=kkokl dk ?kj ;g lc ns[kdj
vk'p;Z ds lkFk O;kidrk dh vuqHkwfr gqbZ FkhA oxZ esa nks&nks
lhVksoa kyh la;qDr csp
a &MsLd vkSj uhps fdrkcsa j[kus dk r[rk
Hkh yxk gqvk] okg] D;k [kwc! fcydqy u;h phts+Aa oxZ eas nks
yM+fd;k¡ Hkh i<+rh Fkhaxµ y
q kcerh vkSj lksueUrhA f'k{kdksa
us muds cx+yokyh lhV esjs fy, gh fuf'pr dj nh FkhA
QqlrZ ds oD+r ;s yM+fd;k¡ èkheh vkokt+ esa eq>ls gh ckrsa
dj fy;k djrh FkhaA NBs oxZ dk feM~y oukZD;wyj ¼ekr`Hkk"kk½
dk Nk=k eSa vaxt
sz +h fcydqy ugha tkurk FkkA vaxt
sz +h dh ?kaVh
esa flQ’Z lquk djrk FkkA i<+kbZ dk fo"k; vkSj dgkfu;k¡
le> Hkh tkrk FkkA cgqr ls 'kCn vkSj okD; daBLFk Hkh gks
x, Fks] D;ksfa d mUgsa nsoukxjh fyfi esa fy[k ysrk Fkkµvyh
ckck ,aM QksVhZ FkhOl] vksIu'kh'ksiu&'kV nh MksjA :l ij
usiksfy;u dh p<+kbZ ds fd’Lls esa iz'u gw QkmV QkSj n
jfl;Ul\ mÙkj n foaVj QkmV QkSj n jfl;Ul] vkSj lkyHkj
esa <sj lkjh ckrsAa fganh i<+krs Fks gsM iafMr gfjgj >kA bl
fo"k; esa esjh iwjh fnypLih Fkh] ij mudh i<+kbZ ;k O;fDrxr
esa dksbZ vkd"kZd rÙo ugha feykA iafMr th us u;k Nk=k
tkudj dbZ vko';d fgnk;rsa nh FkhaA tks ubZ iqLrdsa feyh
Fkha] muds dkx+t+ ls dqN vfiz; xaèk vkrh FkhA edku ds
iwjch nhoky ij ckgj dh vksj tks dqN fy[kk gqvk Fkk] mlesa
ls eq>s ;gh ;kn gS fd 1916 bZ- esa Ldwy dh LFkkiuk gqbZ FkhA
Ldwy ls Nqêh ds ckn ;k iwjh Nqêh ds fnu yM+dksa ds lkFk
?kweus&fQjus ds Øe esa dbZ ckj bnZ&fxnZ ds [ksrksa eSnkuksa vkSj
fQj cLrh ds vanj ds Vksyksa esa Hkh tk;k djrk FkkA bl xk¡o
esa iks[kjs vfèkd la[;k esa FksA czkã.kksa dh cLrh ds vkl&ikl
rks ik¡p u, iqjkus iks[kjs FksA cLrh ds vanj lqna jyky eaMy
ds ?kj ds vkxs okyk vkSj u ekywe dkSu ls FksA esjs fuokl
okys ifjokj ds fiNokM+s gh ekaM+ dkdh dk pkyw iks[kjk FkkA
yksx blh esa ugkrs&èkkrs FksA ekaM+ dkdh dk dksbZ vPNk&lk uke

t+:j jgk gksxkA ij bl uke dk D;k jgL; Fkk] ;g tkuus
dh gesa D;k iM+h FkhA blh iks[kjs esa HkkbZ 'kksHkkdkar dh enn
ls rSjuk lh[kk Fkk] tks vkxs thou j{kd cudj dbZckj dke
vk;kA iks[kjs ls lVk iwjc csy dk iqjkuk >iM+k isM+ FkkA
izkr%dkyhu fo|ky; ds le; Ldwy ls okil vkdj tc ge
Hkw[ks&I;kls yM+ds ugkus tkrs rks mlls iwoZ csy ds isM+ ij p<+dj
thHkj ids csy [kkdj gh uhps mrjrs FksA ekaM+ dkdh dks tc
bldh lwpuk feyrh rks og lk¡oys jax dh et+crw d’n&dkBh
dh vèksM+ cky foèkok vusd Hk;adj jksxksa ls gekjk lacèa k tksMr+ h
gqbZ [+kcw xkfy;k¡ cjlk;k djrh FkhA gesa g¡lh vkrh] Hkyk ;g
fu%larku foèkok bu csyksa dk D;k djsxh\ u vkxs ukFk u ihNs
ixgkA ckn ds thou esa dbZ n`"Vkarksa ls ;g vuqHko gqvk fd
izk;% fu%larkuksa dk LoHkko gh ,slk ddZ'k vkSj vkRedsfa nzr
gks tkrk gSA gkyk¡fd dkdh vPNh t+ehu&tk;nkn dh Lokfeuh
FkhA thou ds vafre pj.k esa bUgksua s 'kadjiqj xk¡o esa lM+d
ds fdukjs ,d eafnj cuok;k] tks vc Hkh thoar gSA rF; ;g
gS fd f'k{kk ds vHkko esa xk¡o ds yksxksa fo'ks"kr% efgykvksa dh
èkeZ&Hkkouk Hkh vR;ar ladh.kZ gks tkrh gSd
µ iw eaMd
w dh rjgA
czkã.kksa dh cLrh eq[;:i ls xk¡o ds nf{k.kh&if'peh
dksus ij clh gqbZ FkhA flQZ’ chl&iPphl ifjokjA [kfyQkth
ds ?kj ls lVs mÙkj egkohj lkg] jfld yky lkg vkfn
èku&laiUu jkSfu;kj oS'; FksA buds vykok vkSj Hkh dbZ
ifjokj bl tkfr ds vYifoÙk yksxksa ds FksA iwjc NksVk&lk
cacbZ ekyng vke dk cx+hpk vkSj mlls iwjc dbZ ifjokj
cfu;k¡ vkSj chu ¼eNqvkjksa dh ,d tkfr½ ds FksA chu Vksys
ds vaèks&cw<+s xwgh cgjnkj dks ns[kk Fkk eSua As og vius t+ekus
dk e'kgwj MdSr Fkk vkSj dkyk&ikuh ¼vaMeku&fudksckj½ dh
lt+k Hkksxdj okil vk;k FkkA og jksrs Loj esa dgk djrk
Fkk fd ckcw lksuk&pkanh dk rlyk dgk¡&dgk¡ xkM+dj j[kk Fkk
dksbZ Fkkg ugha yxrkA cfu;ksa esa Hkxekuh lkg cM+s ifjokj
okyk FkkA jkr esa pkSdhnkj gk¡d yxkrkµHkxekuh lkg gks
··· vks ·····A blls iwjc xqtkuan ikBd dk cM+k ifjokj
vkSj dqN vU; czkã.kA FkksMk+ mÙkj tkus ij ßvr:i vks>kbuÞ
ukekafdr bukjk vkSj mlh ds ikl iwohZ caxky ds [kqyuk ft+ys
ls vkdj cls fpfdRld MkW- }kfjdkukFk iky pkSèkjh dk
ifjokj vkSj iwjc ls izes >k vuwi >k dh ubZ mBkuh okyh
nwdkuA xk¡o ds chpks&chp nf{k.k ls mÙkj dh vksj tkus okyk
jkLrk blh gksdj xqtj+ rk Fkk] tks vkxs mÙkj tkdj nf{k.k&if'pe
fn'kk ls vkusokyh eq[; lM+d dks fd'kqu pkSèkjh vkSj lar&w olarw
dh nwdku ds ikl dkVdj pkSjkgk cukrk FkkA blh lM+d ls

if'pe ls vkusokyh ikV vkSj èkku dh cSyxkfM+;k¡ Qkjfclxat
tkrha&vkrha vkSj lhèks iwjc dh vksj flekjkgk jsyos LVs'ku
tkrs Fks yksx cl ;gh ,d ekxZ FkkA czkã.k Vksyh ls lVs
mÙkj ,d ifjokj pqYgk; Hkxr ¼iuokM+h½ dk FkkA Hkxr Fks
prqj O;fDr vkSj vkl&ikl ds dbZ xk¡oksa esa iku dk jkst+xkj
pykrs FksA pkSjkgs ls nf{k.k&iwjch dksus ij dqN ifjokj
nqlkèkksa ds Fks] ftuesa ls vtksèkh ikloku pkSdhnkj FkkA
fd'kqu pkSèkjh dh t+ehu&tk;nkn 'kadjiqj] dq'kekSy vkfn
dbZ xk¡oksa esa QSyh FkhA budk edku b±V dh nhokj ij Qwl
dk cuk FkkA buds iq=k egkohj pkSèkjh vjfj;k gkbZLdwy esa
f'k{kd FksA egaFk&pkSèkjh nqdkunkjh djrs FksA xk¡o dks xkSjokfUor
djusokys lefiZr jk"VªdehZ èkuq"kèkkjh pkSèkjh ^fiukdh*
fo|kyadkj blh Vksys ds liwr FksA vR;ar ljy LoHkko vkSj
ifo=k vkpj.k okys fiukdhth jk"Vªh; vkanksyu ls lac)
jgus ds dkj.k izk;% ckgj gh jgrs FksA bl Vksys ls lVk mÙkj
lQ’ns iDdk edku vkSj fofoèk izdkj ds Qwyksa ls ;qDr
lkoZtfud Bkdqj ckM+h Fkh] ftlesa ,d egaFk vkSj vU;
lkèkqlra Hkh jgdj bls thoar cuk, gq, FksA ,d xwxa k lkèkq
lsok&Vgy dk dke djrk FkkA blh BkdqjckM+h ds QkVd ds
egjkc ij igyhckj eSua s yrk paik ds ihys&ihys Qwy ns[krs
FksA Ñ".kk"Veh vkSj >wyu dh jkr rFkk jkeuoeh ds fnu bl
BkdqjckM+h esa cM+h pgy&igy jgrh FkhA jkr ds vk;kstu esa
ge yM+ds Hkh ns[kus vkrsA xkuk&ctkuk vkSj izlkn dk vkuan
ikrs FksA blls mÙkj [+kkyh t+ehu ds ckn laiUu ifjokj o`)
j?kquna u Hkxrth dk FkkA buds T;s"B iq=k vè;ksè;k Hkxr
[+kjhn fcØh pykrs FksA lR;ukjk;.k Hkxr f}tnsuh th ds
iêf'k";] lgdehZ vkSj fo[;kr dkaxl
sz h usrk Fks] tks 1942
dh tuØkafr esa fxj¶+rkj gksdj f}tnsuh th ds lkFk gh
Hkkxyiqj tsy esa 'kghn gks x,A dfu"B iq=k v'kQhZ Hkxr
ml le; laHkor% dkWyt
s esa f'k{kk izkIr dj jgs FksA tks ckn
ds thou esa lQy vè;kid fljecuh mPp fo|ky; ds
laLFkkid] [;kfryCèk] vuq'kklu fiz; izèkkukè;kid vkSj
iwf.kZ;k¡ ftyk ekè;fed f'k{kdla?k ds vè;{k Hkh jgsA cukjlh
Hkxr vkSj fparkef.k lkg dk ?kjA
bl ifjokj ds ckn xk¡o ds cgql[a ;d izxfr'khy vkSj
laiUu [kaxkj tkfr ds yksxksa dk
Vksyk iM+rk FkkA ihNs dh vksj
èkfjdkj ¼ck¡l dh Vksdfj;k¡ vkfn
lkeku cukusokys Mkse tkfr dh
,d 'kk[kk½ ds dq N ifjokj]
lqna jyky eaMy ds iks[kjs esa lVk
tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 75

nf{k.k dqN c<+bZ vkSj fdlqu pkSèkjh ds ?kj ls if'pe dqN uhph
t+ehu ikj djds ,dkdh [ktwj ds isM+ ds fudV uudslj ¼uan
fd'kksj½ Bkdqj ds nks Hkkb;ksa dk ifjokjA ;s gtke tkfr ds
Fks vkSj lewps xk¡o dh ;tekuh Fkh budhA bykd’s ds izfl)
dk'rdkj lqna jyky eaMy ds dbZ xk¡oksa esa dker Fks budsA cgqr
cM+k la;Dq r ifjokj] iDdk edku vkxs iks[kjk] cx+hpk ox+jS g
ls laiUuA vius t+ekus esa bykd’s Hkj esa cand
w ’ bUgha ds ikl
FkhA blh ifjokj dh iq=kh euksjek nsoh xYlZ Ldwy esa f'kf{kdk
FkhA xk¡o ls mÙkj iwjc dh vksj xjS;k èkkj ds fdukjs pSr eghus
esa budk ,d cM+k esyk Hkh yxrk FkkA fdlh lky eFkqjk ds
iUukyky dh e'kgwj ukSVd
a h daiuh rks fdlh lky Hkkxyiqj
ds 'kkjnk ckcw dh fo[;kr ;k=kk ikVhZ ds ukVd ge yksxksa us
Hkh ns[ks FksA d’jhc nl o"kZ iwoZ 'kadjiqj ds mnh;eku t+ehankj
eSuh feJ us izfrLi)kZ esa blh le; viuk esyk yxkuk 'kq:
fd;k FkkA bl tes gq, esys dks rksM+dj viuk esyk tekus ds
mís'; ls mUgksua s ik¡p lkS ds d’jhc gfFk;kjksa ls ySl g¡ljs h ysdj
bl esys ij Hkkjh ywV&ekj epkbZ Fkh] ftlesa lqna jyky eaMy
ds iq=k canys ky] eqjkjh yky dks cand
w Hkh pykuh iM+h Fkh] ftlls
Hkkjh [+kuw &[kjkck epk Fkk vkSj foi{k ds nks O;fDr ekjs x,
rFkk vusd ?kk;y gksdj Hkkxs FksA budh vksj ls Hkh ,d O;fDr
yaxM+Ã [kaxkj ekjk x;k FkkA ;g luluh[kst eqdn’ ek gkbZdksVZ
rd yM+k x;k FkkA dgrs gSa fd yk[k ls vf[kd [+kpZ djds
eq[; vfHk;qDr cany
s ky] eqjkjhyky vkSj [kyhQk pqEeufeJ
ekSr dh lt+k ikus ls cjh gks lds FksA o"kks± ckn rd bl yM+kbZ
ds fd’Lls vkSj xhr bykd’s Hkj esa lqus tkrs FksA
iwf.kZ;k¡ ft+ys esa vkt+knh vkanksyu vkSj lkfgfR;d&lkekftd
tkxj.k ds vxznrw ia- jkensuh frokjh ^f}tnsuh* esys ds
mRd"kZ ds fnuksa esa bUgha lqna jyky eaMy ds ?kj jgrs FksA os gh
esys ds O;oLFkkid vkSj izpkjd FksA esys ds b'rgkj esa
mudk i| Nik Fkkµ
^laqnj lfjrk foey ty] fodflr uoy lqdt
a
lqna jrk lqna j lq[kn] lqna j lqna jxat Ï
frokjhth us f'k{kk dh tks
e'kky ;gk¡ tykbZ mldk izdk'k
vkxs c<+rk gh x;kA igys izkbejh
Ldwy ¼tks dkykarj esa xYlZ Ldwy
cuk½ fQj feM~y Ldwy vkSj Hkkjr
dh vkt+knh ds ckn gkbZLdwy ,d
76

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

cM+s {ks=k esa f'k{kk dk izdk'k QSykrs jgsA os Lo;a f'k{kd FksA
;gha ls ^fgrS"kh* uked i=k dk igyk izdk'ku mUgksua s fd;k
FkkA Lo;a izHkko'kkyh oDrk vkSj dq'ky vfHkusrk Hkh FksA ,d
O;ofLFkr ukVd eaMyh Fkh mudh] ftlesa mUgha ds }kjk jfpr
èkkfeZd] lkekftd ukVd [ksys tkrs FksA flejcuh mudh
cqfu;knh deZHkwfe jghA vkxs pydj LojkT; vkanksyu esa dwn
iM+As fQj rks ?kj&?kj LojkT; dk vy[k txkrs loZekU;
dkaxl
sz h usrk gq,A 1937 bZ- esa vaxt
sz +h jkT; esa izFke ckj
pquko thr dj ,e-,y-,- gq,A 1942 dk tuØkafr dk
usrR` o djrs gq, 1943 bZ- esa Hkkxyiqj tsy esa 'kghn gks x,A
laqna jyky eaMy ds ifjokj ds vykok [kaxkjksa esa vkSj Hkh
dbZ laiUu vkSj f'kf{kr ifjokj FksA if'pe vksj cls iDdk
edku vkSj cx+hps okys lkSHkkX;'kkyh daqthyky eaMy ds
firk dk'kh eaMy tks lk¡i dkVs dk fo"k >kM+rs FksA vn~Hkqr
ckr ;g Fkh fd tks O;fDr mUgsa lwpuk nsus ;k cqykus tkrk
Fkk] mlh dks ,d ewB¡ iÙks ls >kM+us yxrs Fks vkSj mèkj lk¡i
dVs O;fDr dk fo"k; mrj tkrk FkkA daqthyky eaMy ds
lqi=q k egs'k eaMy gkbZLdwy esa f'k{kd FksA f}rh; iq=k yhykuan
eaMy QqVcky ds ukeh f[kykM+h ekus tkrs FksA r`rh; èkfud
yky eaMy yh ,dsMeh Qkjfclxat ds ;'kLoh izèkkukè;kid
iwjs dk;Zdky rd jgsA prqFkZ vfèkdyky eaMy ft+yk dY;k.k
inkfèkdkjh in ls lsokfuo`Ùk gq,A bl izdkj bl ifjokj ij
y{eh vkSj ljLorh dh leku Ñik jghA eksgu eaMy]
eFkqjkuan eaMy] pqYgk; eaMy Hkh bl xk¡o ds izeq[k O;fDr
FksA cPpk eaMy ¼fxjèkkjh½ lQ’ns xk¡èkh Vksih èkkjh dkaxlsz h
vkSj ;qfu;u cksMZ ds lnL; cusA bu lcds vykok ,d
fHkUu LoHkko ludh ls O;fDr Fks Hkhey eaMy mUgsa yksx
flfu;j lkgc Hkh dgrs FksA vius LoHkko oS"kE; ds dkj.k
bUgksua s cLrh ls vyx tkdj flaxjkgk èkkj ds fdukjs dfojkth
vLirky ls iwjc viuk ?kj cuk fy;k FkkA ;s ?kj NksV&s NksVs
fdarq fofHkUu 'kSyh ds lkQ&lqFkjs FksA fo[;kr ys[kd
Q.kh'ojukFk js.kq us ßijrh ifjdFkkÞ esa buds vn~Hkqr O;fDrRo
dk dykRed js[kkfp=k mifLFkr fd;k gSA
esjs vkJ;nkrk [kyhQk pqEeu feJ ydokxzLr gksus ds
dkj.k vius nkyku ds cjkens ij gh Msjk Mkys iM+s jgrs FksA
os jkek;.k ds eeZK vusd èkkfeZd vk[;kuksa ds Kkrk] nksgs
dfoÙk vkSj gkL; fouksn ds pqVdqys Hkh dkQ’h lq ukrs FksA ml
le; Hkh mudk ifjokj ij dM+k fu;a=k.k FkkA mudh cksyh
esa cM+k jkSc FkkA muls feyus tqyus xk¡o ds cqtqxZ izk;%

vkrs&tkrs jgrs FksA ,sls yksxksa esa fparkef.k lkg ftuds lqiq=k
fd'kuqn;ky lkg gekjs lsdMas ekLVj FksA iafMr vfèkdyky
>k] pedyky >k] ftuds lqiq=k ia- pand
z kar >k tks ckn esa
;'kLoh T;ksfr"kh ,oa lkfgR; eeZK ds :i esa lekn`r Fks]
iydukFk >k] egkohj lkg] MkW- }kfjdkukFk iky pkSèkjh]
pqYgk; eaMy] oktfe;k¡ oxS+jg dh eaMyh lkainz kf;d ln~Hkko
dh vuwBh fe'kky vkt xqt+js t+ekus dh ckr tSlh yx jgh
gSA bu yksxksa esa lcls rstLoh O;fDrRo okys MkW- }kfjdk ckcw
yxrs FksA â"V&iq"V 'kjhj] lk¡oyk jax] e>yk d’n d’jhc lkB
dh mezokys MkWDVj lkgc fpfdRld gksus ds vykos rkaf=kd]
iafMr vkSj cgqK O;fDr FksA os xIih Hkh [kwc FksA vius
ewyLFkku [kqyuk ftys ds cgqr vn~Hkqr fd’Lls lqukrs FksA ,d
u, fd’Le dk èkku cklhjkt ogha ls ykdj mUgksua s ;gk¡
izpkfjr fd;k Fkk] tks vxkr vkSj vPNh Q’ly nsus ds dkj.k
bykd’s esa [+kcw izpfyr gqvkA [+kkldj esjs xk¡o esa dkyhiwtk
tSls fof'k"V R;ksgkj eukus ds fy, ?kj&?kj cklhjkt dk
pgy&igy ,d ojnku cudj gh vk;k FkkA mUgha ds njokts+
ij igyh ckj â"V&iq"V pjrk gqvk gfj.k ns[kk FkkA pyrs
le; ,d ckj mUgksua s eq>ls iwNk] ßtkurs gks f'kizk unh dgk¡
gS\Þ viuh Hkwxksy iqLrd esa og uke ugha gksus ij Hkh eSua s
rqjra mÙkj fn;k Fkk] ßmTtSu esAa Þ os cgqr izlUu gq, FksA
mudk ,d ek=k iq=k pedhyk] dkyk] yack] uksuh ¼;ksx's kpaniz ky
pkSèkjh½ esjk fe=k FkkA og Hkh [+kcw ckrwuh FkkA
flejcuh vkSj esjs xk¡o ds chp flQZ’ ,d xk¡o 'kadjiqj
iM+rk gS] fQj Hkh esjs vius xk¡o t;xuj ls flejcuh ds
jgu&lgu [kku&iku vkSj fopkj&èkkjk esa cM+s varj dk vuqHko
gqvkA esjs xk¡o esa fHkUu&fHkUu tkfr ds yksxksa ds Vksys ,d nwljs
ls dkQ’h nwjh ysdj vyx&vyx cls gq, gS]a ogk¡ flejcuh esa
lHkh tkfr;ksa ds yksx lVs&lVs xfBr cLrh ds :i esa cls gq,
gSAa Qyr% ;gk¡ ,d izdkj ls fefJr laLÑfr ifjyf{kr gqbAZ
t;uxj czkã.k {kf=k; opZLo dk xk¡o gS] tcfd flejcuh esa
fdlh tkfr fo'ks"k dk opZLo u gksus ij Hkh [kaxkj vfèkd
laiUu] f'kf{kr vkSj izHkkoh gSAa czkã.k cgqy t;uxj ijaijk
ls iafMr&T;ksfrf"k;ksa ls izHkkfor dêj lukruh] NwvkNwr dks
rhozrk ls ekuusokys] èkeZizk.k lknxh vkSj ifo=krk dks
fuHkkusokys fu"Bkoku czkã.kksa dk xk¡o gSA vycÙkk jktiwr
fdlku Hkh vfèkd 'kku&'kkSdr cjrusokys gSAa ;gk¡ ds czkã.k
mu fnuksa yglqu&I;kt vkSj èkweiz ku dks ?k`.kk dh n`f"V ls ns[krs

FksA tcfd flejcuh esa jgdj eq>s I;kt yglqu okyh lCt+h
xzg.k djus ds vH;kl esa dbZ eghus dk le; yx x;k FkkA
;gk¡ czkã.k ifjokj ds yM+ds Hkh pksjh fNis chM+h ihrs FksA
lalxZtk% nks"k xq.kk HkoafrA ubZ jks'kuh vkSj vaxt
sz +h f'k{kk ds
izfr muesa dksbZ mRlkg ugha FkkA mudh èkkj.kk Fkh fd vaxt
sz h
f'k{kk ls viuk èkeZ&deZ vkpkj fopkj u"V gksrk gSA ijaijk
ls laLÑr f'k{kk czkã.kksa esa pyh vk jgh Fkh vkSj ml le;
Hkh mPp izkFkfed fo|ky; ds lkFk gh lkFk ,d dejs esas cksMZ
ls lapkfyr laLÑr ikB'kkyk Hkh pyrh Fkh] ftlesa dk'kh ls
i<+dj vk, T;ksfr"kkpk;Z] dkO;rhFkZ ia- lOoZyky >k vè;kid
FksA ,slk vuqeku gksrk gS fd Nwvk&Nwr vkSj ijaijkxr
vkpkj&fopkj VwVus ds Hk; ls LojkT; vkanksyu dk Hkh ;gk¡
dksbZ fo'ks"k izHkko ugha iM+k FkkA laLÑr ds fo}ku vkSj deZdkaMh
gksrs gq, Hkh esjs firkth tks eqdn’ eksa ds flyflys esa iwf.kZ;k¡
ls iVuk tkrs&vkrs LojkT; vkanksyu ds izHkko ls pj[kk pykus
yxs Fks vkSj dq'ks'oj >k 1930 bZ- ds ued lR;kxzg ;k mlls
iwoZ ls gh dkaxl
sz h okyafV;j ds :i esa dk;Zjr FksA Hkkst&Hkkr
vkfn ds lkewfgd volj ij mUgsa ns[kdj yksx ^xk¡èkh th*
dgdj migkl djrs FksA dbZckj tsy Hkksxus ds QyLo:i
dq'ks'oj >k dks rkezi=k ds lkFk Lora=krk lsukuh lEeku is'a ku
Hkh feyk FkkA ysfdu rc rd rks os fof{kIrkoLFkk esa vk pqds
FksA
Ldwy tkrs le; cLrh ls ckgj fudyus ij gesa ,d
cM+s cx+hps ds vanj ls xqt+juk iM+rk FkkA 1938 bZ- esa blh
cx+hps ds mÙkjh Hkkx esa uan fd'kksj lkoZtfud iqLrdky; ds
ikl ;qod&la?k dh ,d cM+h lHkk dk vk;kstu cM+s mRlkg
ds lkFk fd;k x;k FkkA Qkjfclxat ls vkdj ia- jkensuh
frokjh ^f}tnsuh* th us lHkk dh vè;{krk dh FkhA izfl)
dkaxl
zs h usrk lR;ukjk;.k Hkxr vkSj ckSdk; eaMy us Hkh
vius Hkk"k.kksa ls lHkk dh xfjek esa ;ksxnku fd;k FkkA bykd’s
Hkj ds i<+&s fy[ks ukStokuksa us cM+s mRlkg ds lkFk lHkk esa
Hkkxhnkjh dh FkhA dkWyt
s esa i<+s ;k i<+rs ;qod #nzkuan
eaMy] Hkksyk ukFk eaMy egs'k
eaMy] dh Nfo esjs ekul iVy
ij fo|eku gSA lcls vfèkd
esèkkoh vkSj Hkfo".kq ekus tkus
okys dVgh xk¡o ds lqn'kZu ;qod
'kadj eaMy us Hkh vius Hkk"k.k
tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 77

vkSj dkO;&ikB ls lHkk dk euksjt
a u fd;k FkkA JheaMy ckn
esa mPp inLFk iqfyl inkfèkdkjh fu;qDr gq, FksA gkbZ Ldwy
ds Nk=k Q.kh'oj eaMy ¼ckn esa Q.kh'ojukFk js.kq½ us viuh
vyx vnk ds lkFk viuh dfork ßeSa dfo gw¡ vYgM+ nhokukÞ
lqukdj ,d rstLoh ;qod ds :i esa lcdk è;ku viuh
vksj [khap fy;k FkkA f}tnsuh th ds O;kid] iz'kkar vkSj
xaHkhj Hkk"k.k dk izHkko Hkh igyhckj ;gk¡ ns[kus dks feyk
FkkA
1937 ;k 38 dh cjlkr esa flejcuh ds ukStokuksa vkSj
vius lgikfB;ksa ds lkFk eSa iSny gh ekpZ djrk gqvk
Qkjfclxat us'kuy Ldwy ¼vkt f}tnsuh mPp fo|ky;½ ds
vgkrs esa igqp
¡ k FkkA ns'kHkj esa Lora=krk vkanksyu dk vy[k
txkrs Qkjfclxat igqp¡ s lhekar xk¡èkh vCnqy x¶+Qk’ j [kk¡ ds
n'kZukFkZA vijkÌ esa ,d dksBjh dh f[kM+dh ls >k¡ddj izFke
n'kZu dj ik;k FkkA is'kkoj {ks=k ds igkM+h xk¡o esa jgusokyk
vR;ar yack] nqgjs gkM+&dkB dk vèksM+ iBkuA 'kjhj ekaly
ugha] jax xsgqv
¡ k] vkSlr ls cgqr vfèkd yach ukd] flj ij
lQsn’ xk¡èkh Vksih] yacksrjk psgjs ij vlhe 'kkafr ds lkFk
lhekar xk¡èkh uekt i<+us ds fy, [kM+s FksA ckn esa xks'kkyk ds
eSnku esa fo'kky lHkk dks lacksfèkr djrs gq, mudk Hkk"k.k
gqvk FkkA xqyke Hkkjr ds yksxksa dh nhu&ghu LokfHkeku jfgr
n'kk vkSj vaxt
sz + ljdkj dk neu&'kks"k.kA LojkT; ds fy,
xk¡èkhoknh vkanksyu pykus ds fy, turk dk vkàkuA ok.kh
esa dksbZ mÙkstuk ugha] yydkj ugha] lhèks eu ij Nk tkus
okys rÙoksa dk fun'kZuA vkthou os Lora=krk ds fy, la?k"kZjr
jgs] D;k Hkkjr] D;k ikfdLrku tsy vkSj fuokZlu dk naM
Hkksxrs jgsA flejcuh esa jgus ls gh ;g lqvolj eq>s feyk
Fkk] ftls thou ds ,d vueksy ;knxkj ds :i esa izjs .kk
ikrk jgk gwA¡
1938 bZ- dh cksMZ ijh{kk esa esjs lkFk gh mÙkh.kZ gksdj
feM~y bafXy'k i<+us okys esjs lgikBh rks gkbZLdwy esa i<+us
pys x,A eq>s vkSj dqN vU; ,sls lkfFk;ksa dks tks feM~y
oukZD;wyj ds Nk=k Fks vaxt
sz +h dh
i<+kbZ iwjh djus ds fy, o"kZ Hkj
Lis'ku Dykl esa i<+us ds fy,
;gha #duk iM+kA 1939 dh
tuojh esa eSa Ldwy ds Nk=kkokl
esa vk x;kA ikfjokfjd thou ls
78

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

ckgj fudydj lkeqnkf;d thou dk vuqHko izkIr djus dk
;g u;k vè;k; FkkA fudV nwj&njkt ds xk¡oksa ls vk,
vyx&vyx tkfr;ksa vkSj laLdkjksa okys Nk=kksa ds lkFk jgdj
izkFkZuk] i<+uk&fy[kuk] Hkkstu 'k;u vkSj [ksy dk u;k volj
feyk FkkA igys ls Nk=kkokl esa jgusokys Nk=k viuh ojh;rk
dk vfHkeku j[krs FksA os dksBjh dks :e vkSj cLrh dks
fHkyst dgrs rks eq>s cM+k ukxokj xqt+jrk FkkA Hkyk dksBjh
dks dksBjh u dgdj ;g D;k :u&:u djrs gksA vius
fcLrj dks lhV dgus dh D;k t+:jr gSA la;ksx ls esjh
dksBjh ds lkFkh fejnkSy xk¡o ds laHkzkra ifjokj ds jktiwr
yM+ds FksA os esjs lkFk vkReh;rk vkSj czkã.k gksus ds dkj.k
lEeku dk Hkko j[krs FksA izèkkukè;kid vkSj vfèkdka'k
f'k{kd Nk=kkokl esa gh jgdj gekjh i<+kbZ&fy[kkbZ vkSj vkpj.k
ij fuxjkuh j[krs FksA Hkkstuky; esa Hkkstu lkekU; :i ls
larks"ktud feyrk FkkA buMksj xsEl] dSje] cSxVs kc] VsuhDokbV
ox+jS g [ksyus dk volj feyrk FkkA Q’Vq ckWy esa fnypLih
j[kusokyksa dks f'k{kd ckgj ds eSnku esa [ksyus ys tkrs FksA 4
cts ds ckn tyiku djds Vksys ds yM+ds [+kkyh [ksrksa esa
tkdj Q’Vq cky [ksyrs FksA eSa Hkh euksjt
a u] VsVks ¼t;Ñ".k½
ox+jS g ds lkFk Q’Vq ckWy [ksyus x;kA peM+s dh iqjkuh xsna ]
fdd ekjus ij HkkV&HkV dh vkokt+] CykMj] iai oxS+jg esjs
fy, ubZ vkSj Hk;kog yxrh FkhA CykMj dks os dHkh eqg¡ esa
Mkydj Qwd
¡ rs rks eq>s f?ku yxrhA euksjt
a u] dfudyky]
cynso oxS+jg bl Vhe ds vPNs f[kykM+h FksA dfudyky
vfèkd ckrwuh vkSj pyrk&iqtkZ FkkA og eq>s fp<+k nsrk
Fkkµ,g] ;g yVj&iVj yM+dk [ksyxs k QkjcV ls! lks] ,sls
[ksyksa esa eq>s dHkh fnypLih ugha gqbAZ gk¡] dcìh eSa vius
xk¡o esa Hkh [ksyrk Fkk] [ksy ysrk FkkA dHkh&dHkh iqjkus iks[kj
ij VsVks ds lkFk dq'rh Hkh yM+rk] tks izk;% cjkcjh ij NwVrh
FkhA esjs fuokl ds nkyku ls vkxs cx+hps ds vkjaHk esa ,d
Lo.kZ paik vkSj ,d ihys dusj dk ,d iqjkuk isM+ FkkA dHkh
laxh&lkFkh ugha feyus ij bl >iM+s isM+ ij p<+dj iÙkkas ds
chp fNi tkuk] Qwy ds o`Ùk dks [kksydj gj Qwy ls ,d&,d
cwn¡ lqxfa èkr&ehBk jl ihus esa cM+k vkuan vkrkA nsj rd mlh
gkyr esas fNis jgdj tkusa D;k&D;k lqgkouh dYiukvksa esa [kks
tkrkA vksg dkSu ykSVk ldsxk mu rUe; lqgkous {k.kksa dks!
vn~Hkqr ckr! bl dusj ds Qy dk xwnk izk.k ?kkrd t+gj
vkSj Qwy dk jl ve`r!

,d 'kke VsVks lsdMas ekLVj fd'kqu n;ky lkg ds ;gk¡
ls dqN u, <ax dk ikSèkk ykdj jksi jgk FkkA eSua s iwNk D;k
gS ;g\ VsVks cksyVµs eq VS ks] iksVVs ks dk HkkbZ VqeVS ksA eq>s cM+h
g¡lh vkbZ D;k vPNk esy cSBkµVVs ks] VqeVS ks] iksVVS ks! ckn ds
o"kks± esa rksA ;g vutku VqeVS ks gh VekVj cudj tu&tu dk
I;kjk O;atu cu x;kA
Nk=kkokl esa jgrs gq, 4 cts ds ckn dHkh&dHkh vko';d
lkeku lkcqu&rsy] dkx+t+] isfa ly] [+kjhnus ge cLrh dh
nqdku Hkh tkrs FksA diM+k èkkus dk lkcqu lkyhe lksi rhu
iSls esa dkx+t+ nks vkus ftLrk feyrk FkkA cosfj;k ¼;wjksi½
dh cuh Lis'ky Mªkbax isfa ly cM+h pednkj FkhA teZuh dh
cuh 55 ua- Nqjh loZJ"s B ekuh tkrh FkhA mPp dksfV dk
yksgk] vkcuwl dh lqfpDd.k dkyh csVa okyh Nqjh pkj vkus
esa feyrh FkhA dkaxl
sz h usrk ia- jkensuh frokjh f}tnsuh vkSj
lR;ukjk;.k Hkxr Hkh f'k{kdksa ls ckrsa djus Nk=kkokl vkrs
rks budk Hkh n'kZu gks tkrkA mUgha fnuksa vjfj;k ds ,l-Mhvks- flag's oj izlkn flag us Ldwy Hkou ls mÙkj f}tnsuh
Nk=kkokl dk f'kykU;kl fd;k Fkk] tks Hkou dHkh cu ugha
ldkA fcgkj ds izfl) miU;kldkj vuwiyky eaMy Hkh
viuh iqLrdsa cspus Nk=kkokl vk, FksA laHkor% ^nks ch?kk
t+ehu* vkSj ^lekt dh osnh ij* vkfn miU;kl FksA ;gha ls
,d ckj Nk=kksa ds ,d tRFks ds lkFk lR;ukjk;.k Hkxr th
ds pquko&izpkj esa jkuhxat tkus dk volj feyk FkkA
fo'kky Fkkus dk eq[;ky; jkuhxatA vLirky vkSj Mkd?kj]
feM~y Ldwy vkSj NksVk&lk ckt+kj] ij cM+k vkSj l?ku xk¡oA
flQZ’ rhu O;fDr;ksa ds iDds eku ckd’h laiUu yksxkss a ds fVu
ds ?kj vkSj vfèkdka'k Qwl ds ?kj gh FksA lqjkth xhr vkSj pquko
izpkj ds xhr xkrs&ukjs yxkrs pj[kk Nki&frjaxk >aMs Qgjkrs
lai.w kZ xk¡o dk pDdj yxk vkrs Fks geA [ktqjh ds ;qod vuqjkx
nkl tks'khys xhr xkrs gekjh vxqvkbZ dj jgs FksA gekjk dSia
Fkkuk ds ikl feM~y Ldwy ds iqjkus Hkou esa FkkA
bl rjg vusd vuqHkoksa vkSj Kku foLrkj ds lkFk
Nk=kkokl ds :Vhu c) vkSj vuq'kkflr thou esa jgdj o"kZ
Hkj esa pkSFks oxZ ls ysdj lkrosa oxZ rd dh i<+kbZ iwjh dj
yhA ;gk¡ ;g crkrs pyw¡ fd vius xk¡o ds ,sls okrkoj.k esa
iydj ckgj fudys eq> tSls ckyd dks flejcuh esa
d’ne&d’ne ij u;k n`f"Vcksèk izkIr gqvk] ubZ fn'kk feyh

vkSj vkxs pydj Lora=krk vkanksyu esa dwnus dk chtkjksi.k
Hkh mlh f'k{kk&dky dks ekuk tkuk pkfg,A
var esa dqN ckrsa vius vknj.kh; vè;kidksa ds lacèa k esa
u dg nw¡ rks J)kghurk vkSj Ñr?urk dk vijkèk cksèk eu
dks lkyrk jgsxkA ,d gsMekLVj vkSj ,d gsM iafDr ds n'kZu
dh >kadh igys gh ns pqdk gw¡A os dqN eghus ds ckn gh
LFkkukrafjr gksdj vU;=k pys x,A u, gsMekLVj vk, dqynhi
ukjk;.k frokjh nf{k.kh bykds ds FksA e>ksyk d’n] xsgv
¡q k xkSj
o.kZ] dkafroku psgjs ij pedhyh dkyh ewN¡ Aas vuq'kklu fiz;
vkSj jkScnkj O;fDrRo okys frokjh th èkeZ&deZfu"B czkã.k FksA
vaxt
sz h+ i<+krs FksA i<+kbZ dk <ax Hkh izHkkodkjhA gsM iafMr vk,
ckcw cyjke flagA vèksM+ mez lk¡oyk jax] Hkjk&iwjk 'kjhj] xaHkhj
O;fDrRo fdarq vanj ls lân;h os iwf.kZ;k¡ ft+ys Hkj esa fo[;kr
f'k{kd FksA yksx cksyrs Fks fd cyjke ckcw ftl Ldwy esa tedj
jg tk,¡x]s ogk¡ dk Nk=k cksMZ ijh{kk esa vo'; Nk=ko`fÙk izkIr
djsxkA eSa rks i<+us ds fy, cLrh ls Ldwy tk;k djrk Fkk]
blfy, f'k{kdksa ds fudV laidZ esa ugha Fkk] fQj Hkh u ekywe
Nk=kksa ds ml tkSgjh dks eq> vukd"kZd vkÑfr&izÑfr vkSj
lkekU; esèkk okys Nk=k esa mUgsa dkSu&lh laHkkouk ifjyf{kr
gqbZ fd izkr%dky ds vè;;u ds fy, mUgksua s eq>s Ldwy vkus
dk vkns'k ns fn;kA eSa Lo;a rks vk'p;Z esa Fkk gh] oxZ ds dqN
ofj"B esèkkoh Nk=k Hkh bZ";kZfefJr vk'p;Z eas FksA os eq[; :i
ls xf.kr vkSj lkFk gh vU; fo"k;ksa dh rS;kjh djkrs FksA ij
esjs lkFk gh Ldwy dk nqHkkZX; Fkk fd dqN fnu i<+kus ds ckn
mudk Hkh LFkkukarj gks x;kA vc gsM iafMr vk, efugkjh ds
fudV enkjhpd xk¡o ds ia- jkfèkdk izlkn >k] vèksM+ mez xkSjo.kZ
vk;r psgjkA xf.kr vkSj lkfgR; nksuksa eq[; fo"k; os gh i<+krs
FksA izR;sd in dk mPpkj.k Iyqr Loj esa iwjk le; ysdj foy{k.k
<ax ls djrs FksA 'kCnkoyh rRleA vadxf.kr ;k js[kkxf.kr
esa FkksMh+ &lh gh x+yrh gksus ij djph dh NM+h ls ihVrs FksA iafMr
th Nan'kkL=k ds vPNs Kkrk dfo FksA Nk=kksa dks fofHkUu Nan]
mldh ek=kkvksa vkSj x.k vkfn dk Kku #fpiwoZd nsrs FksA
^ljks t * miuke ls cz t Hkk"kk
fefJr [kM+h cksyh esa dfork,¡
djrs FksA Lojfpr izkFkZuk Nk=kksa ls
xokrs FksA dqN izkFkZuk dh vafre
iafDr;k¡ ;kn vkrh gSµ a
tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 79

ds dkj.k ,d ,fM'kuy Vhpj Hkh jgrs FksA igys ,fM'kuy
Vhpj vR;ar Ñ"kdk; ukStoku f'kouanu izlkn gekjs oxZ esa
vkrs FksA vaxt
sz +h dk xzkej daiksft'ku oxSjg i<+krs FksA os
gky gh esa Vh-,u-ts- dkWyt
s ] Hkkxyiqj ls i<+dj vk, FksA
ljkstklhu gs 'kkjn] fou; xe dku dj ysukA Hkkxyiqj 'kgj dh cgqr&lh ubZ ckrsa gesa lqukrs FksA dksjs xzke
inkacqt esa iz.k; nsdj gesa Ñr dk;Z dj nsuk Ï fuoklh gksus ds dkj.k gesa ;s ckrsa vn~Hkqr yxrh FkhaA
nks gsM iafMrksa ds tkus&vkus dh vokarj vofèk esa lsdMas f'kouanu ckcw mu fnuksa jk"VªdfeZ;ksa dh xhrk cuh
iafMr eksfgryky >k lkfgR; i<+krs FksA O;fDrRo vukd"kZd] ßHkkjr&HkkjrhÞ ds dqN daBLFk i| gesa lqukrs Fksµ
vèksM+ mez] flj ds vxys cky yykV ds Åij Qwl&?kj dh
gks Hknz Hkkoksnz Hkkfouh ;g Hkkjrh gs Hkxors]
vksyrh dh rjg yacs rus gq,A iafMr th tUetkr f'k{kd
lhrkirs] lhrkirs] xhrkers xhrkers Ï
FksA mudh i<+kbZ dk <ax bruk ljl] O;kid vkSj ân; xzká
vkSj xkSjo'kkyh izkphu Hkkjr ds iru ds ckn orZeku
Fkk fd tks dqN i<+k nsrs mls fQj i<+us dh t+:jr gh ugha jg
tkrhA x| ds izR;sd okD; dks mlds Hkko ds vuqlkj Loj n'kk ds o.kZu ds iwoµZ
fourh djfga ljkst] euksjFk iqjcgq esjkA
gks Hkkjr Lokèkhu] jgs tx esa ;'k rsjk Ï
vkSj Hkh

ds mrkj&p<+ko vkSj lacksèku dks ukVdh; <ax ls mPpkfjr
djrs i<+krs FksA vFkZcksèk lgt gh gks tkrkA jkfèkdk izlkn
>k dgrs Fks fd eksfgr ckcw esjs vkxs leqnz gSAa eSa rks flQZ’
Hkh-,e- gw¡ os Hkh-,e-lh-Vh- gSAa jkfèkdk ckcw o"kZ Hkj gh jg
ik, gksxa s fd gsM iafMr vk x, cfy;k ft+yk fuoklh ckcw
f'koiwtu flagA iafMr th bl ft+ys ds cgqr iqjkus f'k{kd
FksA flejcuh Ldwy esa nl o"kZ iwoZ Hkh Fkh tc esjs cM+s HkkbZ
bl Ldwy ds Nk=k FksA vis{kkÑr ukVs d’n ds cq<k+ is dh
nsgyht ij igqp
¡ s f'koiwtu ckcw xkSjo.kZ vèkidh ewN¡ ksa okys
prqj vkSj ikl&iM+kl
s ls vPNk laidZ cuk ysus ds LoHkko
okys O;fDr FksA izèkkukè;kid ls Hkh mudh vPNh eS=kh FkhA
mudk Hkwxksy i<+kuk Hkj eq>s ;kn gSA lsdMas ekLVj fd'kqu
n;ky lkg blh xk¡o ds fuoklh FksA e>ksyk d’n ';ke jax]
xksy pednkj psgjk l¡okjh gqbZ pednkj ewN¡ Aas lnk izlUu
fpÙk os pkSFks&ik¡posa oxZ esa vaxt
sz +h i<+krs FksA eNyh [kkus vkSj
calh [ksyus ds 'kkSdhuhA os fMªy Hkh djkrs FksA esjs nkSM+us ds
vViVs <ax ij os cgqr g¡lrs FksA FkMZ iafMr Hkksyk Bkdqj uhps
ds oxks± esa i<+krs FksA yacs 'kkar ls xaHkhj O;fDrA os Nk=kkokl
ds Hkkstuky; dk izcèa k djrs Fks vkSj Nk=kksa dks QqVckWy Hkh
[ksykrs FksA QksFkZ iafMr egs'k eaMy
Hkh mlh xk¡o ds fuoklh FksA yacs
eksVs rxM+s gkFkh dh rjg eLr
pky esa >wers vkrs FksA cPpksa dks
i<+krs FksA bu lkjs f'k{kdksa ds
vfrfjDr Nk=kksa dh vPNh la[;k
80

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

tks dksfdyk uanu fofiu esa izes ls xkrh jghA
nkokfXunXèkkj.; esa gS vc pyh jksus ogh Ï
ekywe ugha ft+yk cksMZ f'k{kdksa dk LFkkukarj.k bl rjg
tYnh&tYnh D;ksa dj nsrk FkkA f'kouanu izlkn dqN gh eghus
;gk¡ jg ik, Fks fd muds cnys vk x, Jhukjk;.k pkSèkjhA
pkSèkjh th bfrgkl izfl) ia- eaMu feJ ds xk¡o efg"kh ds
fuoklh FksA yacs xksjs nqcys ij rstLoh ;qokA dydÙkk fo'o
fo|ky; ds Nk=k jgs FksA vaxt
sz h Kku esa fdlh dks th esa
yxkrs ugha FksA vfresèkkoh yksx dqN ludh LoHkko ds gksrs
gSAa LoHkko oS"kE; ds dkj.k izèkkukè;kid ;k vU; f'k{kdksa
ls mudh iVrh ugha FkhA bUgha ds Lusgiw.kZ vè;kiu ds
varxZr jgdj Lis'ky Dykl esa pkSFks oxZ ls lkrosa oxZ rd
dk ikB~;Øe eSua s o"kZ Hkj esa iwjk dj fy;k FkkA esjs lkFk dqN
vkSj Hkh Nk=k Fks] ij os eanj FksA blfy, eq>ij budh
vfèkd Ñik jgrh FkhA ,d fnu esa tks i<+k nsrs Fks] nwljs fnu
mls lqukuk iM+rk FkkA =kqfV gksus ij Øq) gksdj Mk¡Vrs&ihVrs
Hkh FksA dqN fy[kuk vkjaHk djus ls iwoZ b"V nsork dk uke
^Jhrkjk* fy[k ysrs FksA eSua s Hkh bls xq# ea=k dh rjg xzg.k
fd;k vkSj thou Hkj mldk fuokZg djrk vk jgk gwA¡ muds
vk'khokZn ls cksMZ ijh{kk esa vPNs vadksa ds lkFk mÙkh.kZrk
izkIr dhA fo|ky; NksM+us ds iwoZ tks dqN mUgsa nf{k.kkLo:i
ns ldk mlls izlUu FksA Nk=kx.k ;g cksyrs Fks fd pkSèkjh th
ftldk flj Bksd nsrs gSa [+kq'k gksdj] og vo'; lQy gksrk
gSA mudh vkRek dks esjk v'ks"k ueu gSA

laLej.k

viuh ckr % ckck ukxktqu
Z ds lkFk
ia- veks?k ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k*
^uoHkkjr VkbEl* ds iUus ij ,d gYdk&lk jaxhu Nk;kfp=k
ns[k jgk gwA¡ feêh dh nhokj okys ,d vYifoÙk eSfFky
xzkeh.k dk ?kjA ?kj dh nsgjh ds vkxs NksV&s ls cjkens ij
fcNh pVkbZ] ml ij iqjkuh lkM+h dh lqtuh fcNh gqbAZ nhokj
ls yxh [kM+h cdqfy;k NM+hA ck¡l ds [kwV¡ s ls lVk nqcddj
cSBk] Q’kVs ks esa vk tkus dh ykylk fy, ,d nlo"khZ;
ckydA lqtuh ij cSBs jsfM;ks lsV ij gkFk j[ks] èk¡lh vk¡[ks]a
fipds xky] dqN c<+h gqbZ lQsn’ [kqfV;k nk<+h] dksdVh jax dk
fldqMk+ gqvk dqÙkkZ] xys ls yVdrh eqMh+ &rqMh+ lQ’ns pknj
okys o`) us ,d n`f"V esa esjk è;ku viuh vksj [khap fy;kA
vjs] ;s rks ckck gSv
µa ius ckck ukxktquZ ! dbZ n'kd iwoZ ds
Le`fr fp=k eu ds insZ ij mrjus vkSj feVus yxs gSAa
oSls rks igys Hkh ckck dk dkVwuZ h vkdkj&izdkj lSdM+kas
ds chp viuh vyx igpku cuk, Fkk] vkÑfr&izÑfr vkSj
ys[kdh;] ij vc vfèkd ok)ZD; ds dkj.k ckck vR;ar
th.kZdk; gks x, gSAa bl gkyr esa Hkh] mudh èk¡lh vk¡[kksa
vkSj can gksBa ksa ls >k¡drh ;g jgL;e; eqLdku esjh cgqr
iqjkuh tkuh&igpkuh gSA bu gksBa ksa us dHkh èkseqjkunh ds dcbZ
ekN dk Lokn [+kcw p[kk gSA ,slk yxrk gS fd t“ekus dh
lkjh folaxfr;ksa vkSj mlds Nn~e dks iwjh rjg idM+dj
ckck O;aX; ls eqLdjk jgs gSAa exj mudh bl eqLdku dk
jgL; ogh tkurk gS] tks yacs vjls rd muds laidZ ls xqt+jk
gS vkSj ftlus mudh ukukfoèk iqLrdksa ds vanj ls muds eeZ
dks le>us dh dksf'k'k dh gSA bl rLohj dks eSua s cM+s ;Ru
ls viuh Q’kby esa j[k fy;k gSA vkSj tc th esa vkrk gS
ckck dh bl vkuanh eqLdku ds n'kZu dj ysrk gwA¡
dbZ n'kd iwoZ ds Le`fr fp=k eu ds xfr'khy ijns ij
mrjus&feVus yxrs gSAa ebZ] 1958 bZ- dh mudh fpëh ds
meM+rs gq, Lusg vkSj vkg~ykn ds 'kCn v{kj'k% mHkj vkrs gS]a
tks mUgksua s cx“jS tku&igpku ds gh esjs ,d ?kqEedM+ lkfgR;dkj
fe=k Hkxokupanz ^fouksn* ds gkFkksa esa esjh dqN dforkvksa dh
gLrfyf[kr ckuxh ns[kdj fy[kh FkhA

fiz; veks?k th]
vkidh dforkvksa dk dk;y gwA¡ ^vknzk*Z vkSj ^dkapukj*
okys xhr cgqr Hkk,A dqN iafDr;k¡ rks pwe ysus yk;d gSAa
^deZ;ksxh* cstksM+ O;aX; gSA ^vknzk*Z dfork dkQ’h yach gS
bldks vHkh vkSj dfl, vkSj ek¡ft,A x| Hkh fyf[k,A
le; fudkydj bykgkckn ds lkfgfR;d vìksa dk lsou
djsAa rFkkdfFkr nknk lkfgR;dkjksa dh Vkyw nqvk ls cps
jgs-a --A
eSa rks J)k] vkReh;rk vkSj muds vxkèk vifjfpr Lusg ls
foHkksj gks mBk Fkk! ml t“ekus esa uorqfj;k lkfgR;dkjksa dks
bruk c<+kok nsuos kys fdrus yCèkdhfÙkZ lkfgR;dkj gS\a vfèkdka'k
rks vius cM+Iiu dk jksc gh xk¡Brs gSa NqVHkS;ksa ijA
BsB nsgkr ds ,d vKkr uke&xks=k ukSflf[k;s dfo ds
izfr bruk xgjk yxkoA vkSipkfjdrk] cM+Iiu vkSj vgadkj
dh lkjh lhek,¡ rksM+dj ;g vkg~ykniw.kZ mn~xkj rks fQj vkSj
fdlh lkfgR;dkj ls dgha ugha feykA vycÙkk xaxk ckcw
¼Lo- MkW- xaxk'kj.k flag½ Hkh ,d viokn gh ns[kus esa vk,A
la;ksxo'k 1958 bZ- ds gh laHkor% tqykbZ ekl esa iwf.kZ;k
uxj esa ikfjtkr ifj"kn ds okf"kZdksRlo dk O;kid vk;kstu
fd;k x;k FkkA bl mRlo esa vkeaf=kr gksdj es?kkPNUu
cjlkrh fnu esa eSa HkkbZ fouksn th ds lkFk iwf.kZ;k taD'ku ij
mrjkA fdruk vPNk la;ksx Fkk fd ukxktquZ th Hkh mlh
xkM+h ls mrjs Fks vkSj ifj"kn~ dh Lokxr&lfefr ds tks yksx
mudh vxokuh djus vk, Fks] mUgha ds lkFk cfr;krs izlUufpÙk
vkxs c<+ jgs FksA eSa ;k dksbZ Hkh vifjfpr O;fDr vèkcfg;k¡
dqÙkkZ igus] nqcys&irys] HkO;rk
ds fdlh fpÌ ls jfgr bl
vukd"kZd O;fDr dks ns[kdj ;g
dSls tku ikrk fd fganh ds iz[;kr
dfo vkSj ;'kLoh miU;kldkj
ukxktquZ rFkk eSfFkyh ds yksdfiz;
tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 81

lkfgR;dkj ;k=kh th ;gh gSAa lquk Fkk fd dbZ ckj rks fdlh
vk;kstu esa LokxrkFkZ igqp
¡ s yksxksa dks HkVdrs ns[kdj mUgsa
Lo;a dguk iM+rk Fkkµßgs vkS] gegh Nh ;k=kh th] vkS gegh
Nh ukxktquZ AÞ
rks] ,sls gh ekgkSy esa eq>s vkxs dj esjh dforkvksa dh
;kn fnykdj fouksn th us ukxktquZ th ls esjk ifjp;
djk;kA eSua s J)kfoHkksj eu ls mUgsa iz.kke fd;k rks ck¡gksa esa
Hkjdj cM+s vkg~ykn ls mUgksua s vk'khokZn fn;kA eSua s dqN ekg
iwoZ muds }kjk fy[ks x, i=k dh ;kn fnykbZ rks vkSj Hkh
izlUu gks cksyßµs rksgjk cgqr izlUurkd {k.k esa fy[ky i=k
HksVygqA [+kcw mRlkg esa fy[ky djgA
iwf.kZ;k ft+yk Ldwy ds ,d dejs esa ckck dks Bgjk;k
x;k FkkA ogk¡ Hkh dqN nsj cSBdj eSa mudh fouksniw.kZ ckrksa
dk vkuan ysrk jgkA mUgha fnuksa fganh ds izeq[k i=k ekfld
^vktdy* esa fo".kqpna z 'kekZ us ukxktquZ th ds xk¡o rjkSuh
dh ;k=kk dj mu ij ,d laLej.k fy[kk FkkA laLej.k eq>s
[+kcw ilan vk;k Fkk vkSj mlesa ckck dk ,d Nk;kfp=k Hkh
FkkA eSua s mldh vksj mudk è;ku fnyk;k rks g¡lrs gq, cksy]s
ßns[kks] eq>ls lqna j rks esjk Q’kVs ks gh cu x;k gSAÞ
vijkÌ esa ft+yk Ldwy ds gkWy es ikfjtkr ifj"kn~ ds
mRlo dk vk;kstu gqvkA nks ckfydkvksa ds eaxyxku ls
lekjksg dk vkjaHk gqvkA rcykoknd nl o"khZ; nqcyk&iryk
[+kcw xksjs jax dk ckyd [+kcw vPNh laxr dj jgk FkkA
NksVk&lk xksjk eq[k vkSj yky gksBa A ßckck bldk psgjk ,sls
yxrk gS tSls ids jrok ve:n dks fdlh fpfM+, us FkksM+k
[kksn fn;k gksAÞ jrok ve:n idus ij Hkhrj ls yky gksrk
gSA ckck us izlUurkiwod
Z mÙkj fn;kµßrksgj miek ,d
yky iSlkd NgqAÞ ckck iSlk dks blfy, egÙo nsrs Fks fd
og x+jhcksa dekbZ dk ewY; gSA eq>s mudh dfork ;kn vkbZµ
D;k [+kcw jax ykbZ ,d iSls dh yM+kbZ]
ch-lh- jk; dh ljdkj us viuh bT“tr+ x¡okbZA
fQj dqN lkfgR;&euhf"k;ksa ds Hkk"k.k vkSj var esa jkefiz;
feJ ^ykyèkqvk¡* dh ØkafrèkehZ
dfork,¡A cSBd lekIr gksus ds
ckn ckck us fQj vius fouksnh
rtZ esa dgkµßrqEgkjs ihNs vc
ljdkjh dqÙks yx tk,¡x]s lkoèkku
jgksAÞ laHkor% mlh o"kZ ukxktquZ
82

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

th dh O;aX; dforkvksa dk cgqr lknk vkSj fQ’Yeh xhrksa ds
cqdysV dh rjg ,d dfork iqfLrdk Nih Fkhµ^izrs dk
c;ku*A mldk ewY; ipkl iSls j[kk x;k FkkA eSua s iwNkµßckck]
vxj bu cgqeYw ; dforkvksa dks vPNs dkx+t+ ij lqna j <ax ls
izdkf'kr fd;k x;k gksrk] rks fdruk vPNk gksrk!Þ ckck
cksyßµs ckSvk] ;g et+njw &laLdj.k gS] blfy, de ykxr dk
Niok;k ---- x+jhc vkSj et+njw Hkh i<+ ldsxa As Þ eq>s muds
?kksj tuoknh Lo:i dk Kku gqvkA eq>s ekywe Fkk fd ckck
dHkh ckS) gksdj i;ZVu Hkh djrs jgs vkSj fQj lkE;oknh Hkh
gks x, FksA os x“jhcksa vkSj et+njw ksa ds izcy leFkZd FksA mUgha
dh thr esa viuh thr le>rs FksA vius dks muls vyx
dHkh ugha ekukA
eqykd’kr ls iwoZ eSa mudk miU;kl ^ikjks* i<+ pqdk Fkk
ftlesa dkslh dh foHkhf"kdk ls ihfM+r {ks=k ds ukjh thou ds
mRihM+u vkSj èkS;Z dh nnZ Hkjh dgkuh ikBdksa ds eeZ dks nsj
rd eFkrh jgrh gSA
js.kq ds ^eSyk vk¡py* ls iwoZ gh ukxktquZ dk ^cypuek*
vius le; dk loZJ"s B miU;kl ?kksf"kr gks pqdk FkkA ,d
eqykd’kr esa Jh js.kq us Lo;a Lohdkj fd;k Fkk fd ^eSyk
vk¡py* ds fy, tks ;'k vkSj [;kfr eq>s fey jgh gS] og rks
blls igys ^cypuek* ds fy, ukxktquZ th dks feyuh
mfpr FkhA mudh tuoknh dfork,¡ rks i=k&if=kdkvksa esa
i<+rk gh jgrk FkkA vkSj bu lcds ckn ^izrs dk c;ku* rks
vius vki esa loZFkk vuwBh pht+lµ e; ds dVq lR; dks
cstksM+ O;aX; ds t“fj, O;Dr djus dh csykx vfHkO;fDrA eSa
viuh Hkkoukvksa vkSj fopkj&izfØ;k dk mRl muds vanj
ikdj eu&gh&eu viuk xq# eku pqdk Fkk mudksA
d’jhc vkB cts jkr esa dfo lEesyu vkjaHk gqvkA
vè;{krk dj jgs Fks ml le; ds loZekU; fo}ku vkSj
leh{kd ia- ufyu foykspu 'kekZA fcgkj ds èkqjèa kj lkfgR;
egkjfFk;ksa dk lEesyu te x;kA f}tth ds lkFk gh
y{ehukjk;.k lqèkka'kq viuh 'kqHkz T;ksRLuk ls lHkk dks vkyksfdr
dj jgs FksA #nz] ykyèkqvk¡] gal dqekj frokjh vkfn [;kfr
izkIr dfo rks Fks ghA igys LFkkuh; ukStoku dfo;ksa dks
dfork&ikB dk volj fn;k x;kA cjlkr ds vkjaHk dk
vuqdy
w ekSle vkSj eap ij bl dfork ds iz'kald ukxktquZ
th dks ikdj eSua s vfèkd mRlkg ls ^vknzk*Z dfork dk ikB
fd;kA dfork yach gksus ij Hkh Jksrkvksa dks eqXèk djrh
jghA ckn esa ukxktquZ th us crk;k fd ufyu th cgqr

HkkoLFk gksdj dfork lqurs jgsA ,d u, dfo us vla;r <ax
ls dfork i<+dj viuh mPN`[a kyrk dk ifjp; fn;kµmlus
jktuhfr dks os';ko`fÙk dgkA ml le; ds ;qok rqdZ usrk
vkSj dfo Hkkxor >k ^vkt+kn* us [kM+s gksdj bldk izpMa
izfrokn fd;kA ,d {k.k ds fy, lEesyu ds eèkqj okrkoj.k
esa dVqrk dh ygj O;kIr gks xbZA rHkh lHkkè;{k ufyu th
us dq#fpiw.kZ dforkokys dfo dh vksj ls [kM+s gksdj {kek
;kpuk dhA muds O;fDrRo dh fouezrkiw.kZ xfjek ls lHkh
eqXèk gks mBsA
dqN vU; dfo;ksa ds ckn ukxktquZ th us viuh dforkvksa
dk ikB vkjaHk fd;kµirsz dk c;kuµikz ;ejh Ldwy ds
f'k{kd nq[kju >k dbZ eghus rd osru ugha ikus ds dkj.k
Hkq[kejh esa lifjokj ej x,A ijarq Lora=k Hkkjr ds LokfHkekuh
f'k{kd gksus ds dkj.k ;ejkt ds lkeus cgqr Mk¡Vs tkus ij
Hkh d’cyw ugha fd;k fd Hkw[k ls ejk gwA¡ dfork dh ubZ
Vsduhd vkSj ljdkj dh [kks[kyh f'k{kk uhfr ij rh[kk
O;aX;] vuwBh mfDr vkSj djkjk rekpk! fQj flusV dh
ijh{kk uhfr vkSj mlds ifj.kkeLo:i vuqÙkh.kZ Nk=kksa vkSj
muds vfHkHkkodksa dh fujk'kk ij pqHkrk gqvk O;aX; lquus
vkSj i<+uos kyksa ds fy, vfoLej.kh;µ
[+kuw &ilhuk fd;k cki us ,d] tqVkbZ Qhl]
vk¡[k fudy vkbZ i<+&i<+ ds uacj ik, rhlA
f'k{kkea=kh us flusV ls dgk vth 'kkck'k]
lksuk gks tkrk gjke ;fn T+;knk gksrs iklA
Q’ys iq=k dk firk nq[kh gS flj èkqurh gS ekrk]
tu&x.k&eu vfèkuk;d t; gs Hkkjr HkkX; foèkkrk!
tu&forj.k iz.kkyh dh ?kiysckt“h dk uXu ifjgkliw.kZ
fp=k lcds eu dks xqnxqnk x;kA
u;k rjhd’k viuk;k gS jkèks us bl ckj!
nks gt+kj eu xsg¡w vk;k nl xk¡oksa ds uke]
jkèks pDdj yxk dkVus lqcg gks xbZ 'kke!
;g lp gS fd ifjorZu'khy dkypØ ds iFk esa vkxs
pydj ,slh rhoz {kf.kdk,¡ dkykrhr gksdj viuk egÙo [kks
nsrh gS]a ij vius oÙkZeku dks ;g bl rjg izHkkfor djrh gSa
fd budk dksbZ tokc ughaA blds ckotwn tc rd Hkkjr dh
uXu nfjnzrk ekStnw jgsxhµvkSj dc rd jgsxh bldh
Hkfo";ok.kh rks egku lekt'kkL=kh vkSj vFkZ'kkL=kh gh dj

ldrs gSuµa kxktZuq dh ;g dfork cjcl tqc“ ku ij vk
tk;k djsxhµ
dbZ fnuksa rd pwYgk jks;k] pDdh jgh mnkl]
dbZ fnuksa rd dkuh dqfr;k] lksbZ mlds ikl]
dbZ fnuksa rd fNidfy;ksa dh nhokjksa ij x'r]
dbZ fnuksa rd pwgksa dh Hkh gkyr jgh f'kdLrA
---------------?kj esa vk;k tc nkuk dbZ fnuksa ckn]
ped mBha ?kj Hkj dh vk¡[ksa dbZ fnuksa ds cknA
Hkkouk dh ekSfydrk] LokuqHkwr lw{e n`f"V vkSj rhoz
yk{kf.kd O;atuk ij dkO;&'kkfL=k;ksa dks Hkh eqXèk gksuk iMsx+ kA
var esa #fp ifjoÙkZu ds fy,µfgeky; vkSj ekuljksoj
ls ysdj ^dSey
s cSd
a * rd dh eqXèkdkjh ;k=kkuqHkwfr dk
euksgkjh fp=k.k ;RijksukfLr!
rHkh viuh lai.w kZ xfjek] xkaHkh;Z vkSj vkyksd ds lkFk
<yrs fnu ds fnudj us inkiZ.k dj eap dks mn~Hkkflr
fd;k! mUgksua s vkrs gh viuh lgt eqLdku ls ukxktquZ dh
vksj n`f"V Mkydj dkO;&eap ds ifjofÙkZr #fp&cksèk dh vksj
ladrs djrs gq, Jksrkvksa ls dgkµvc ftl izdkj dh
dfork,¡ fy[kh vkSj ilan dh tkrh gS]a mudk Lokn vki ys
pqds gSAa fQj esjh ubZ 'kSyh vkSj vuqHkwfr dh dfork,¡
lqfu,A ;s esjs thou&lkxj dh vry xgjkb;ksa ls fudkys
gq, eksrh gSAa fnudj us vius gky ds ladyuµ^uhy dqleq *
vkSj ^lhih vkSj 'ka[k* ls dqN pqfuank dforkvksa dk vius
tyn xaHkhj Loj ls ikB fd;kA og o.kZukrhr vkst vkSj
ikS#"kiw.kZ xkaHkhZ; fdlh vkSj esa ikus dh vk'kk gh O;FkZ gSA
fnudj rks ,d gh gksrk gS u! ^uhy dqlqe* dh ;s iafDr;k¡
lnk ds fy, esjs eu esa cl xb±µ
izfs edk] vjs bu 'kks[k+ cqrksa dk D;k dguk!
;s rks ;w¡ gh mUekn txk;k djrh gSa
iqryh ls ysrh ck¡èk izk.k dh Mksj izFke]
ihNs pqca u ij dSn’ yxk;k djrh gSAa
vkSj var es^µa dkfrd dkty lpeqp gh niZ.k gksrk
gSA* okLro esa fnudj thou&
izokg ds lkjs mUeknh mQku vkSj
rwQk’ u dks 'kkar djds dkfrd ds
ty dh rjg 'kkar xaHkhj vkSj
ikjn'khZ LoPNrk iznku dj jgs
FksA
tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 83

1964 bZ- dk twu eghukA iVus dh izpMa xehZ dks chp&chp
esa o"kkZ dh izkjafHkd ckSNkjsa 'kkar dj tkrh FkhaA ;g fy[krs
gq, ukxktquZ th dh eSfFkyh dfork dh og iafDr ;kn vk
tkrh gSµ ßdus&dus eè;karj nSrÞA
eSa viuh dfork iqLrd ^xhr&xaèk* ds izdk'ku ds
flyflys esa iVuk esa dqN fnu Bgjk FkkA vius izdk'kd fe=k
lfPpnkuan lO;lkph ls irk ikdj egsna wz eqgYys ds ,d NksVs
ls edku esa igqp
¡ kA vijkÌ dk le;A ckck cM+s pko ls Hkqês
dk vksjgk [kk jgs FksA eq>s ns[krs gh izlUurk ls eqLdjk
mBsßµ veks?k ckcw] vkcg&vkcgAÞ eSua s pj.k Li'kZ dj mudk
vk'khokZn izkIr fd;kA ckck us vksjgk [kkus dk vkxzg fd;k
rks eSua s fouezrkiwod
Z vLohdkj djrs gq, mudh lqjkgh ls
ikuh <kydj ih fy;kA viuh dfork iqLrd ^xhr&xaèk* dh
,d eqfnzr izfr] ftlesa vHkh ftYn&doj vkfn ugha yxk Fkk]
lEefr fy[kus ds mís'; ls ckck dks fn;kA mUgksua s dgk fd
lEefr eaS fuf'pUrrk ls ckn esa fdlh i=k esa fy[k nwx¡ kA
vHkh dqN dfork,¡ i<+dj lqukvksA eSua s mlh iqLrd ls dqN
dfork,¡ lLoj lqukb±A dqN dks rks ckck us gLrfyf[kr :i
esa eq>ls eqykd’kr ds igys gh ns[kdj i=k fy[kk FkkA mUgksua s
fy[kk Fkk fd dsrdh vkSj dnac o"kk±r esa vFkkZr~ o"kkZ ds var
esa f[kyrs gSAa ysfdu tUe ls gh xk¡o ds izkÑfrd okrkoj.k
esa iyk vkSj jek gqvk eSa ;g dSls ekurkA eSua s LokuqHkwr <ax
ls viuh ^vknzk*Z dfork esa vFkkZr~ o"kkZ ds vkjaHk esa gh bldk
o.kZu fd;k gSßµ dsrdh dks'k ls xaèk Hkkj laHkkj iou luluk
jgk ru&eu ds iYyo dks >dksj--flgjs dnac ds Qwy] daVfdr jkse&jkse] pw iM+h rquqd
dks'kksa ls jph&clh cwn¡ -as --A
esjk ,d xhr gSßµ uhan yxus yxhA Þ mlesa ,d in
gSßµ ckr ckrksa esa vk¡[ksa >idus yxhaAÞ ;gk¡ Hkh mudh
vkifÙk Fkh fd ckr&ckr esa gksrk gS] ckr&ckrksa esa ughaA ijarq
,slk djus ls in esa ek=kk dk vlarqyu gks tkrk gSA ^eRL;
n'kZu* Lo;a i<+dj eqLdjkrs jgsA cksyµs ßrqEgkjh ekSfyd
mn~Hkkouk,¡ eu dks cgqr Nwrh gSa
vkSj 'kCn&'kfDr Hkh izcy gSAÞ
mlh dfork esa ,d txg ^fLye
ckWMh* ds vFkZ esa fy[kk x;k
gSl
µ ksVa h] Njgjh nsgA mUgksua s
vkifÙk dhµß;g lksVa h rks fganh
84

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

dk 'kCn ugha gS] ;g rks lksVa k dk L=khfyax 'kCn lksVa h gks
x;kAÞ eSa jk"VªHkk"kk dks Hkko&O;atd {ks=kh; Hkk"kk ds 'kCnksa ls
iq"V djus dk vkxzgh jgk gwA¡ eSua s dgk fd ftl rjg
NksVh&NksVh lgk;d ufn;ksa dh tyjkf'k ikdj xaxk dk dysoj
c<+rk tkrk gS] mlh rjg {ks=kh; Hkk"kkvksa ds Hkko&O;atd
'kCnksa ls jk"VªHkk"kk dk dysoj iq"V ugha gksxk D;k\ ckck
xje gksdj cksyßµs ekr`Hkk"kk dk cgqr vkxzg gS rks eSfFkyh esa
gh fy[kk djksA fganh esa ;g lc euekuh ugha pysxhAÞ eSua s
fQj dqN dguk pkgk rks jat ls v¡xBw k fn[kkrs cksyßµs rc
ysuk---AÞ eq>s muds Lusg tfur Øksèk ij eu gh eu g¡lh vk
xbZA eSa tkurk Fkk fd ckck Hkk"kk dh 'kq)rk ds d’k;y gSA
muds ^nq[kekspu* miU;kl esa dsna hz ; fefFkyk dh dFkkoLrq
vkSj o.kZu gS] fQj Hkh ;g eSfFkyh ds iz;ksxksa ls nwj BsB fganh
esa fy[kh xbZ gS( tcfd lHkh tkurs gSa os eSfFkyh ds jlfl)
dfo vkSj [;krukek miU;kldkj jgs gS]a cfYd yksx ;g Hkh
dgrs lqus x, gSa fd vius le; dk fganh dk mRÑ"Vre
miU;kl ^cypuek* Hkh ewy :i ls eSfFkyh esa gh fy[kk x;k
FkkA
geyksx dfork esa dHkh&dHkh iwod
Z kfyd fØ;k ds lkFk
vkus okys ^dj* tSls tkdj] i<+dj vkfn fy[krs le; bl
^dj* dk yksi dj nsrs gSAa ckck us bl ij Hkh vkifÙk izdV
djrs gq, dgkµßrqe yksxksa us fnudj dh dforkvksa ls ,slk
fy[kuk lh[kk gSA ysfdu ;g x“yr iz;ksx gSAÞ fQj dqN
lkef;d iz;ksxksa ij ckrsa djds eSua s pyus dh vkKk ek¡xhA
ckck ?kj ls fudydj jksM rd vk,A cksyßµs fQj dHkh
vkvks] fjD'kk ls vkus&tkus esa vfèkd [+kpZ D;ksa djrs gks\
fjax cl idM+ fy;k djksd
µ e iSls vkSj de le; esa dke
pysxkAÞ eSa ckck dh lgt vkReh;rk] fujkMacj lknxh vkSj
nks Vwd fuC;kZt ij eqXèk FkkA
nks&pkj fnuksa ds ckn fQj ,d fnu vijkÌ esa eSa ckck
ds Msjs ij igqp
¡ kA Lo;a rks Msjs ij ugha FksA laHkor% ,d
ukStoku] tks mudk Hkrhtk ;k iq=k Fkk] mlh us esjk Lokxr
fd;kA bl ckj mudh Vscy ij iljs gq, dqN dkx+t+ feys]
ftuij dqN iwjh] dqN vèkwjh dforkvksa us esjk euksjt
a u
fd;kA vHkh dqN fnu iwoZ gh rks Hkkjr ds egku izèkkuea=kh
tokgjyky usg: dh e`R;q gqbZ FkhA mUgha dh e`R;q dks y{;
djrs gq, mUgksua s fy[kk Fkkµ

rqe jg tkrs nl lky vkSj-->qdrh Lora=krk dh Mky vkSjA
e`R;q ds mijkar Hkh ;g xaHkhj O;aX;! okLro esa tokgjyky
th dh [kks[kyh jk"Vªuhfr vkSj fo'ousrk cuus dh egkÙokdka{kk
,d uoksfnr jk"Vª ds fy, mi;qDr ugha Fkh] ;g eSa Hkh ekurk
FkkA vkSj ckck rks muds ?kksj fojksèkh FksA jk"Vª ds fy, ,d
O;fDr] pkgs og fdruk gh egku D;ksa u gks] mruk egÙo
ugha j[krk] ftruk jk"Vª dk LoLFk vkSj lcy gksukA eq>s
Lej.k gks vk;k] tc baXySMa dh egkjkuh ,fytkcsFk f}rh; ds
Hkkjr vkxeu ds volj ij izèkkuea=kh tokgjyky th us
cgqr cM+s rke&>ke ds lkFk mudk Lokxr djus dh rS;kjh
dh FkhA rHkh tu&dfo ukxktquZ us tu&Hkkouk dk lgh
izfrfufèkRo djrs gq, fy[kk Fkkµ
vkvks jkuh ge <ks,x¡ s ikydh
;gh gqbZ gS jk; tokgj yky dhA
rHkh Vscy ij ckck dh fy[kkoV esa fcydqy lkef;d
izlxa ij ,d vkSj dfork feyhµi<+dj dkSrgw yiw.kZ [+k'q kh
gqbAZ
fey x, ekyoh;] esuu eksjkjth]
fQj Hkh x, gkj thA
;g dfork mUgksua s ykycgknqj 'kkL=kh ds izèkkuea=kh pqus
tkus dh izlUurk esa cM+s mNkg ls f[kyh Fkh] D;ksfa d dkaxl
sz
ds 'kh"kZLFk vkSj fnXxt usrkvksa dh xqVcanh ds ckotwn igyh
ckj ,d fuèkZu ns'kHkDr lsod izèkkuea=kh pquk x;k FkkA ;g
iwt
¡ hokn vkSj vfHktkR; ds fo#) lPph ns'kHkfDr vkSj
dÙkZO;ijk;.krk dh fot; FkhA Lora=k Hkkjr ds bfrgkl dh
;g rstksTToy ?kVuk FkhA os iz[;kr izHkko'kkyh usrk FksA
ds'konso ekyoh;] oh-ds- Ñ".k esuu vkSj eksjkjth nslkbZA
njvly] esjh Lo;a dh euksof` Ùk lnSo tuoknh jgh gSA
ljdkj dh tufojksèkh uhfr;ksa ij eSua s vius dforkvksa esa
lnk izgkj fd;k gS] Hkys gh esjh vkRe rqf"V vkSj vdeZ.;rk
ds dkj.k os dfork,¡ cgqr izpkfjr ugha gks ldha] ijarq ^xhr
xaèk* dh vfèkdka'k dfork,¡ bldh lk{kh gSa vkSj ;gh dkj.k
gS fd ckck ukxktquZ dks lkfgR;&txr~ esa eSa viuk ,d ek=k
xq# ekurk jgk gwA¡
mlh lky cjlkr dh ,d la/;k esa eSa vius izdk'kd
fe=k lfPpnkuan lO;lkph ds lkFk iwf.kZ;k&eèkqcuh ds ckt+kj

esa ?kwe jgk FkkA rHkh lglk ukxktquZ th dks ns[kdj Hkko
foHkksj gks mBkA pj.k Li'kZ djds vk'khokZn fy;kA ckck
viuh lgt izlUurk O;Dr djrs gq, cksyßµs fdruk vPNk
la;ksx] xzFa kdkj vkSj izdk'kd ,d lkFk gh fey x,!Þ dq'ky
{kse ds ckn izdk'kd us crk;k fd budh iqLrd ^xhr&xaèk*
Ni rks pqdh gS] flQZ’ lqna j ftYn vkoj.k vkfn ds iz;kl esa
foyac gks jgk gSA ukxktquZ th gekjk mRlkg c<+krs gq, cksy
iM+ßµs vjs] lkns vkoj.k ds lkFk rS;kj gks xbZ gS rks foyac
D;ksa djrs gks( tSls Hkh gks ckt+kj esa ys vkvksA dherh ?kw?¡ kV
ds fcuk D;k nqYgu dk flanjw nku #dk jgrk gS\ egkHkkjr
dk ;g okD; ges'kk Lej.k j[kuk pkfg,µ^f{kizLFk vfØ;
ek.kL; dky% fiofr rn~jleA*
;g Fkk izdk'ku ds lacèa k esa ckck dk vuqHkoiw.kZ fopkjA
tks dke le; ij ugha dj fy;k tkrk gSßµ dky mldk jl
ih tkrk gSA okLro esa le; chr tkus ij fdlh dk;Z dk
egÙo ?kVrk tkrk gS] D;ksfa d gj {k.k u;k ;qxcksèk lkeus
vkrk&tkrk gSA egkHkkjr dh ;g mfDr eq>s ges'kk ds fy,
daBLFk gks xbZ] ij dk;Z:i esa bldk ikyu u dj ikus ls eSa
ges'kk ?kkVs esa jgkµ ßfdjnkj dk xkth cu u ldkAÞ
ml jkr muds lEeku esa iwf.kZ;k ds dyk&Hkou esa ,d
dkO;&xks"Bh dk vk;kstu fd;k x;kA esjs lkFk vU; LFkkuh;
dfo;ksa ds ckn fQj ckck dh pqVhyh O;aX;Hkjh dfork,¡
lquus dk vkuan feykA
1968 bZ- ds laHkor% vxLr eghus esa lgjlk ls ,d
lkfgfR;d lekjksg dk vkea=k.k ekxZ O;; ds #i, ds lkFk
feykA ml le; fd'kuiqj ¼lgjlk½ ds iz[kaM fodkl
inkfèkdkjh Jh lfPpnkuan èkwedsrq ds izFke miU;kl ^ekVh
dh egd* dk foekspu lekjksg ckck ukxktquZ ds lHkkifrRo
esa laiUu gksuk FkkA 8 cts jkf=k esa lekjksg dk vkjaHk
miU;kl ds lacèa k esa ckck ds oDrO; vkSj vk'khoZpu ds
lkFk gqvkA mUgksua s ml miU;kl dh fo'ks"krkvksa ij izdk'k
Mkyrs gq, mlesa lekt esa O;kIr vaèkfo'okl vkSj ik[kaM ij
izgkj djusokys va'kksa dk ft“Ø
fo'ks"k :i ls fd;kA lkFk gh
viuh izof` Ùk ds vuqlkj bl fo'ks"k
rF; dh vksj ladrs fd;k fd
u, lkfgR;dkjksa dh jpukvksa dk
Lusgiwod
Z la'kksèku ifjektZu djds
tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 85

muds vkxs c<+us esa enn djuk izfrf"Br lkfgR;dkjksa dk
dÙkZO; gSA bl nkf;Ro&cksèk dk ikyu djuk ,d vko';d
lkfgR; lsok gSA bl rF; dks dHkh u Hkwyuk pkfg,A
okLrfodrk rks ;g gS fd vfèkdka'k cM+s lkfgR;dkj viuk
og jksc cuk, jgrs gSa fd uoksfnr lkfgR;dkj muds vkxs
viuh jpuk j[k ikus dk lkgl gh ugha tqVk ikrs gSAa vxj
dksbZ vfr mRlkgh u, jpukdkj ,slk iz;kl djrs Hkh gS]a rks
mudks viuh ghurk dk cksèk 'kh?kz gh djk fn;k tkrk gSA
okLro esa lkfgR; lsok ds {ks=k esa ;g vgadkjh euksof` Ùk
fdruh 'kkspuh; gSA
dqN vU; oDrkvksa ds oDrO; ds ckn ckck dh vè;{krk
esa dfo lEesyu vkjaHk gqvkA ft+yk Ldwy dk gkWy fo|kfFkZ;ksa
ls Hkjk gqvkA tSlk fd O;ogkj esa vkrk gS] igys u, LFkkuh;
dfo;ksa dk volj fn;k x;kA ckn esa ,d jl&fl) dfo ds
:i esa esjk uke ?kksf"kr djrs gq, dfork&ikB dk vkxzg
fd;k x;kA ckck ds lkehI; ls mYyflr gksrs gq, eSua s mudks
fiz; yxusokyh viuh ^vknzk*Z dfork dk lLoj ikB fd;kA
ekSle Hkh vknzZz FkkA eap ij cSBs lkfgR; dfeZ;ksa us rks dfork
dh ljlrk dk vkuan mBk;k] ij Nk=kksi;ksxh u gksus ds
dkj.k Nk=kksa us dksbZ mRlkg ugha iznf'kZr fd;kA okLro esa
Jksrkvksa ds oxZ dk è;ku j[krs gq, gh dfork ikB djuk
izHkkodkjh gksrk gSA
^ykyèkqvk¡* vyx gh vius mUeknh Loj esa tuoknh
dfork,¡ ikB djrs Fks^µ vks[ky esa ewly èkEe èkekèke---vkSj
dqN tks'khyh dfork,¡A Nk=kksa us mUgsa [+kcw mRlkfgr fd;kA
fQj eSfFkyh ds yksdfiz; dfo Jh ek;kuan feJ us vius
eèkqj xhrksa ls lcdh jkxkRed vuqHkwfr;ksa dks jleXu fd;kA
var esa ukxktquZ th us rks O;aX;iw.kZ pqVhyh dforkvksa esa
lcdks yksV&iksV dj fn;kA mu vfoLej.kh; dforkvksa dh
iafDr;k¡ eq>s vc Hkh ;kn vkrh gSAa
[+kuw &ilhuk fd;k cki us ,d] tqVkbZ Q’hl]
vk¡[k fudy vkbZ i<+&i<+ ds uacj ik, rhlA
f'k{kkea=kh us flusV ls dgk vth
'kkck'k]
lksuk gks tkrk gjke
;fn T+;knk gksrs iklA
Q’ys iq=k dk firk nq[kh
gS flj èkqurh gS ekrk]
86

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

tu&x.k&eu vfèkuk;d t; gs Hkkjr HkkX; foèkkrk!
Nk=kksa dh okfpd la[;k ns[kdj fQj oSlh gh dfork,¡µ
Hkkjr ek¡ ds pkj iq=k Fks] pkjks prqj izoh.k]
,d fpid x;k xíh ls ckd’h jg x, rhuA
¹¹¹
vkSj var escµ a kd’h jg x;k vaMkA
u;k rjhd’k viuk;k gS jkèks us bl ckj--yM+dksa us [kwc rkfy;ksa dh xM+xM+kgV dhA fQj dqN
eSfFkyh dfork,¡ Hkhµ
dh yky\ dh yky\ dh yky\
:lds ¡ dks<a + yky] vaxt
sz d eqg¡ yky]
NkSMa +kds VkbZ yky] NkSMa +h ds Bksj yky
ox+jS g---A bl rjg dfo xks"Bh [+kcw tehA
vxys fnu ckck ds dejs esa tkdj eqykd’kr dhA
dq'ky&{kse vkSj vU; lkef;d ppkZ ds ckn ckck us viuh
l|%izdkf'kr vkSj lkfgR; vdknseh }kjk iqjLÑr eSfFkyh
dfork iqLrd ^i=kghu uXu xkN* dh izfr lLusg HksVa djrs
gq, Hkhrj ds lkns i`"B ij ;g fy[kkµ^;'kLoh dfo veks?k
ukjk;.k gsrq] ukxktquZ A* ogha lEesyu ds izk;kstd vkSj
^ekVh dh egd* miU;kl ds ys[kd Jh lfPpnkuan èkwedsrq
us viuk miU;kl lknj esjs gkFkksa esa fn;kA mu lcls fonk
ysdj eSa vxyh Vªus ls vius ?kj ds fy, fonk gqvk] Hkk"kk dh
eèkqj Le`fr;ksa esa [kks;k&[kks;kA
esjk nqHkkZX; fd mlds ckn eSa fQj vHkh rd ckck ds
n'kZu ugha dj ldk] ij jsfM;ks ls ;k i=k&if=kdkvksa esa mudh
dfork,¡ lqudj mudh vFkZi.w kZ eqLdjkgV dh rLohj eu esa
mrj vkrh gSA vc rks eSa mUgha dh ,d dfork dh iafDr
nqgjkrk gqvk th jgk gwßµ¡ thoSNh us ejSNh] gqdjq &gqdjq djSNh!Þ
fQj Hkh tc dHkh mudks lEekfur iqjLÑr djds dksbZ laLFkk
vius dks èkU; ekurh gS] eSa g"kZ foHkksj gks mBrk gwA¡ vHkh
fiNys o"kZ fcgkj ljdkj us ukxktquZ dks ^jktsna z f'k[kj
lEeku* ls lEekfur djds viuk dÙkZO; ikyu fd;k gS] rks
cM+s larks"k dk vuqHko djrk gwA¡ njvly ckck dks ;g lc
lEeku cgqr iwoZ gh feyuk mi;qDr FkkA
q

laLej.k

gekjk feyu % fdruk lkFkZd--ia- veks?k ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k*
lkjs ns'k esa cgqeq[kh tkxj.k] R;kx vkSj viwoZ mRlkg dk
tekuk Fkk ogA 1938 esa tc eSa eè; fo|ky;] flejcuh dk
Nk=k Fkk] ml xk¡o esa ;qod&la?k dh LFkkiuk cM+s mRlkgiw.kZ
vk;kstu ds lkFk dh xbZ FkhA iwf.kZ;k ft+ys esa lkfgfR;d]
jktuhfrd vkSj lkekftd tkxj.k ds vxznrw rFkk loZekU;
usrk jkensuh frokjh ^f}tnsuh* dh vè;{krk esa [k+klh vPNh
lHkk tqVh FkhA bykds’ Hkj ds i<+s fy[ks ukStokukas dk mYykliw.kZ
laxe fn[kkbZ iM+k Fkk bl tyls esAa fofoèk dk;ZØeksa ds var
esa dfo lEesyu dk Hkh vk;kstu FkkA blh dfo lEesyu ds
eap ij ,d lk¡oyk&lyksuk l=kg&vëkjg o"kZ dk rstLoh
ukStoku izdV gqvkA uke crk;k x;k Q.kh'oj eaMyA bl
fueksfN;k toku us cM+h eLrh ds lkFk dfork i<+hßµ eSa
dfo gw¡ vYgM+ nhokukÞ ---peRÑr vkSj izHkkfor gksus ds
ckotwn Hkh ml le; dkSu lksp ldrk Fkk fd ;gh
vYgM+&nhokuk ukStoku ,d fnu vius dky&[kaM dk lcls
vfèkd tkToY;eku u{k=k ds :i esa ped mBsXkk vkSj Hkksj
dk rkjk cudj vaèkdkj ls yM+rk gqvk lcdks jkr ds var
dh lwpuk nsrk jgsxkA lkFk gh bl eSyk vk¡py dks vius
fnO; izdk'k ls txexkdj nqfu;k ds uD“'ks ij ,d T;ksfreZ;
fcanq ds :i esa pedk nsxkA
1945 bZ- dh xfeZ;ksa esa Q’kjfclxat ds lkoZtfud
iqLrdky; dk okf"kZdksRlo MkW- y{ehukjk;.k lqèkka'kq dh
vè;{krk esa cM+s lekjksg ds lkFk euk;k x;k FkkA vxLr
1942 dh Økafr vkSj vaxt
sz +h ljdkj ds neupØ ds ckn ns'k
esa tks yach vofèk dh vkrad Hkjh [+kkeks'kh NkbZ jgh Fkh] og
lu~ 1945 rd ns'k ds usrkvksa ds tsy ls ckgj vkus vkSj
jktuhfrd okrkoj.k esa ifjorZu ds lkFk VwVus yxh FkhA o"kks±
dh teh dkbZ QVus yxh FkhA ubZ vk'kk dh fdj.ksa ;qodksa ds
eu dks vkt+knh dh lqxèa k ls Hkjus yxh FkahA u;k mRlkg fQj
vaxM+kb;k¡ ysus yxk FkkA ,slk yxrk Fkk fd %
fQj peu esa Qwy egds fny esa fQj 'ke,¡ tyhaA
fQj rlOoqj us fy;k ml cT“e esa tkus dk ukeA

ifj.kker% bl vk;kstu esa ft+ys Hkj ds u,&iqjkus
lkfgfR;d tek gq, vkSj fnu dh lHkk ds ckn jkr esa dfo
lEesyu Hkh [+kcw tekA eSa mUgha fnuksa yh vdknseh] Q’kjfclxat
ds Nk=k ds :i esa eSfVªdqy's ku dh ijh{kk mÙkh.kZ gqvk FkkA
ekpZ ;k vizy
S esa esjh igyh dfork ^,d dyh* dydÙks ds
lkIrkfgd fo'ofe=k esa fudyh Fkh cl] esjs eu esa dfo gksus
dk vkRefo'okl Hkh iuius yxk FkkA dqN ekg iwoZ js.kq th
dh igyh izdkf'kr dgkuh ^cVckck* Hkh fo'ofe=k esa gh
i<+dj ge Nk=kx.k cgqr vkg~ykfnr gq, FksA xkSjo vkSj
viukiu bl ckr dk Hkh Fkk fd Jh js.kq Hkh mlh fo|ky;
ds iwooZ rhZ Nk=k jgs FksA dfo lEesyu ds vkjaHk esa Nk=k
dfo;ksa dh leL;k iwfrZ;k¡ Hkh lquh xb± vkSj fu.kkZ;dksa us eq>s
gh loZiFz ke iqjLdkj ^jtr ind* iznku fd, tkus dh
?kks"k.kk dhA dfo lEesyu esa u,&iqjkus lHkh dfo;ksa us
tedj dfork,¡ lqukbZA iwf.kZ;k&eèkqcuh ds ml le; ds
;qok dfo Jh ukjk;.k izlkn oekZ dh dfork ^vkokjk* lcds
eu dks izHkkfor dj xbZA Jh Q.kh'ojukFk js.kq us Hkh viuh
dfork i<+h^µ VwVh pwMh+ dk VqdM+kA* dfork eeZLi'khZ gksus ds
ckotwn Hkh eapksi;ksxh ugha cu iM+h FkhA
vxys fnu tc eSa viuk ind izkIr djus vk;kstu ds
la;kstd Jh HkksykukFk eaMy ds Msjs ij x;k rks ns[kk fd js.kq
th Hkh mlh edku esa eaMy th ds lkFk jgk djrs FksA ml
le; os viuh dqN uo jfpr dfork,¡ Hkksykckcw dks lquk
jgs FksA dfork,¡ rks vc esjs Lej.k iVy ij ugha vk jgh gS]a
gk¡] ,d in ;kn gSd
µ kS'kY;k ds pkjksa csV-s --;kuh dkS'kY;k ds
pkjksa csVs Hkh[k ek¡x jgs gSa vktdyA esjk ind js.kqth ds ikl
gh Fkk vkSj mUgha ds gkFkksa cgqr
mRlkgoèkZd 'kCnksa ds lkFk iznku
fd;k x;kA os mu fnuks a
Q’kjfclxat ds LVs'ku pkSd ij
Jh HkksykukFk eaMy }kjk LFkkfir
vkèkqfud <ax ds ,d u, jsLVksjVas
tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 87

ÝsMa l~ dSfcu esa 'kke dh cSBd tek;k djrs Fks vkSj lkoZtfud
iqLrdky;] Q’kjfclxat ds iqLrdiky Hkh FksA mlh iqLrdky;
esa eSua s igys igy jsfM;ks lsV ns[kk Fkk] ftldk lapkyu js.kq
th gh dj jgs Fks vkSj yksxksa dks mlds ckjs esa crk Hkh jgs FksA
1946 bZ- esa fo'ofe=k dk tks fnikoyh vad fudyk Fkk]
mlesa js.kq th dh dgkuh ^ikVhZ dk Hkwr* muds Nk;kfp=k ds
lkFk Nih FkhA dgkuh bruh ilan vkbZ fd mls dbZ ckj i<+k
vkSj yksxksa dks i<+dj lquk;k HkhA viwoZ rkt+xh vkSj yktokc
lkQ’xksbZ lcds eu ij Nk tkrh FkhA muds Nk;kfp=k ds
lkFk ml dgkuh dks cgqr fnuksa rd eSua s lajf{kr j[kk FkkA
,d ckj jsyxkM+h esa lQ’j djrs gq, ge yksx ,d gh MCcs esa
feysA x'k&'ki ds Øe esa eSua s ml dgkuh dh ppkZ pykbZ
vkSj dgk fd dgkuh ds lkFk vkidk Q’kVs ks esjs ikl lqjf{kr
gSA mUgksua s LokHkkfod eqLdku ds lkFk NwVrs gh dgkµßvki
eq>s fta+nk le>rs gSa ;k ejk gqvkA Hkyk] eSa tc fta+nk gw¡ rks
esjk Q’kVs ks lqjf{kr j[kus dh D;k vko';drk gS\Þ vkSj fQj
Bgkdk---A
1954 bZ- ds olar esa ,d fnu js.kq th ds lks'kfyLV fe=k
gfjnso 'kkL=kh us crk;k fd js.kq us ,d miU;kl ^eSyk
vk¡py* fy[kk gS vkSj mlds izdk'ku ds fy, iRuh ds tso“ j
vkSj t+ehu Hkh fxjoh j[kdj #i, dk izcèa k dj jgs gSAa mlh
o"kZ tqykbZ ;k vxLr eghus esa iwf.kZ;k ft+yk fganh lkfgR;
lEesyu dk vfèkos'ku iwf.kZ;k ft+yk Ldwy ds Hkou esa gks jgk
FkkA eSa Hkh lEesyu ds lnL; vkSj dfo dh gSfl;r ls
vkeaf=kr FkkA lquk fd js.kq th viuh uoizdkf'kr iqLrd
^eSyk vk¡py* ds caMyksa ds lkFk vk jgs gSAa lEesyu ds ea=kh
th us mudh vxokuh ds fy, eq>s gh HkstkA js.kq th ?kksMk+ &xkM+h
ls mrj dj cM+h izlUurk ls eq>ls feys vkSj cksys fd
izdk'ku lerk izdk'ku ds uke ls eSua s Lo;a gh fd;k gSA
iqLrdksa dk caMy ,d [+kkl dejs esa j[kdj mlh esa muds
Bgjus dh O;oLFkk dh xbZA eSua s cM+h mRlqdrk ls ^eSyk
vk¡py* dh ,d izfr [+kjhnh vkSj lEesyu ls ?kj ykSVus ij
gh mls euks;ksxiwod
Z i<+ ldkA
dfo lEesyu esa js.kq us dfork
ikB Hkh fd;kA dfork dk
vfHkizk; ;g Fkk fd ?kksMk+ ekfyd
dh xqy“ keh ls Lora=k rks gks x;k]
ysfdu mlds xys vkSj Vk¡xksa esa
88

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

iqjkus caèku dh fu'kkuh vHkh Hkh cjd’jkj gSA vFkkZr~ ge
Hkkjrh; Lora=k rks gks x, ij yach x“yq keh ds laLdkjksa ls
vHkh eqDr ugha gks lds gSAa
eSa ykyth mPp fo|ky;] jkuhxat] iwf.kZ;k esa f'k{kd
FkkA 1956 ds olar ds ekSle esa fgaxuk&vkSjkgh ds esjs ,d
f'k"; Qdhjpan eaMy ls Kkr gqvk fd js.kqth ?kj vk, gq,
gS]a vHkh Bgjsxa s ?kj ij ghA Qdhjpan ds ?kj ls cSyxkM+h vkbZ
gqbZ FkhA eSa rRdky gh ml Nk=k dks lkFk djds jkuhxat ls
pkj dksl nwj fgaxuk&vkSjkgh ds fy, vijkÌ py iM+kA Nk=k
ds ?kj igqp
¡ rs&igqp
¡ rs 'kke dk èkqè¡ kydk QSy pqdk FkkA jlksbZ
?kjksa ls èkqvk¡ fudydj jkr ds Hkkstu dk fuea=k.k ns jgk FkkA
Qdhjpan ds vfHkHkkod Jh mfpryky eaMy th us cM+s
vknj Hkko ls eq>s Hkkstu dj ysus rd vius ;gk¡ jksd j[kk
FkkA Lej.kh; gS fd ;g eaMy th Lo;a js.kq ds ^eSyk vk¡py*
ds ,d gkL;kLin ik=k gS]a D;ksfa d laiUu fdlku gSa vkSj
cksyus esa dqN ufd;krs gSAa fQj olar dh pk¡nuh jkr esa
cSyxkM+h ij gh ogk¡ ls d’jhc ,d ehy nwj js.kq th ds ?kj
igqp¡ kA
js.kq th vanj FksA muds ck¡l&Qwl ls cus pkSckjs nkyku
ds uhps [kM+k gqvk rks cjkens dh ykyVsu dh jks'kuh esa ns[kk
feêh ls iqrh nhoky ij e;wj ds tksM+s dk fp=kA ckn esa fy[kh
xbZ ^fHkfÙk fp=k dh e;wjh* dh ewy Hkkouk 'kk;n ;gha ls
mith gksA ?kj esa izo's k&}kj ds Åij uhys ls eksVs v{kjksa esa
fy[kk Fkkµ^xzkE;*A iar dh xzkE;k dk izHkko js.kq ds eu ij
cgqr vfèkd FkkA ^eSyk vk¡py* uke dh ewy izjs .kk Hkh xzkE;
dh ^Hkkjr ekrk* dfork ls gh izknqHkwrZ izrhr gksrh gSA
[ksrksa esa QSyk ';key
èkqy Hkjk eSyk&lk vk¡py
eSa bUgha Hkkoukvksa esa [kks;k Fkk fd js.kq th ckgj fudys
vkSj ueLdkj ds ckn cjkens ds uhps [kqys vkleku dh
pk¡nuh esa pkSdh ij eq>s cSBk;k vkSj Lo;a Hkh cSBdj cM+s
vkg~ykniwod
Z eqLdjkrs gq, ckrsa djus yxsA
js.kq th lQsn’ èkksrh dh yqxa h vkSj cfu;kbu ek=k igus
cSBs FksA vk¡[kksa ij xksYMsu Ýse dk p'ek vkSj flj ds cM+&s cM+s
cky l¡ojs gq,] ij xjnu ls uhps ughaA psgjk iwokZi{s k;k
vfèkd ekaly ij psgjs dh ekalisf'k;k¡ dlh gqbZ ugha] dkafr;qDr
ugha---dqN cklh Qwy tSlk ns[kdj eq>s fujk'kk gh gqbAZ 'kk;n

fiNyh chekjh ds ckn LokLF; ykHk djus ij psgjs dh ;g
jaxr cu xbZ FkhA
mUgksua s vkSipkfjd dq'ky{kse ds ckn iwNkµßdfg, veks?k
th dSls gS\a Þ
eq>s dqN vViVk&lk yxk vkSj eSua s g¡lrs gq, mÙkj
fn;kµßLoLFk&eLr gSa vkSj vkids lkeus cSBs cksy jgs gSAa Þ os
dqN >sia ls x, vkSj cksyßµs cgqr fnuksa ds ckn feys gSa vkSj
jkr ds le;] Qdhjpan us eq>s ;g ugha crk;k fd vki gh
gSAa eSua s ;gh lkspk fd jkuhxat mPp fo- ds dksbZ vU; f'k{kd
gSAa Þ fQj vius lks'kfyLV ikVhZ ds iqjkus lkFkh ia- mekdkar
caèkq dk dq'ky&lekpkj iwNkA Le`fr ij Nk;k gqvk dqgklk
QVrs gh vkSipkfjdrk dk ck¡èk tks VwVk rks geyksx ?kaVksa
vkReh;rk ds izokg esa cgrs gh pys x,A 1952 bZ- esa iwf.kZ;k
ls fudyus okys lkIrkfgd i=k ^jk"Vª lan's k* dk lkfgR;kad
ft+yk lkfgR; lEesyu ds volj ij fudkyk x;k FkkA mlesa
esjh dfork ^uo o"kZ rqEgkjk vfHkuanu* loZiFz ke LFkku nsdj
Nkih xbZ FkhA laiknd Jh HkksykukFk eaMy th us lEesyu ds
volj ij crk;k Fkk fd vkidh dfork dh ikaMqfyfi gh
i<+dj js.kq th vkuan foHkksj gks x, FksA dbZ ckj mls i<+dj
lqukrs jgsA fo'ks"kr% ;s iafDr;k¡µ ßlsey dh yky nqykbZ es]a
vkrqj ifN;k dk vkfyaxuAÞ muds eu esa ?kjdj xbZ FkhaA
eSua s mudks ;kn fnykbZ rks os vkSj Hkh f[ky mBsA mlh
lkfgR;kad esa js.kq dh ßVkSVh uSu dk [ksyÞ dgkuh Hkh igyh
ckj Nih FkhA eSua s mlds uk;d lqejpUuk dh ;kn fnykbZ rks
os pgd mBs vkSj cksyrs gh pys x,] ßml dgkuh dks eSa vkSj
Hkh vkxs c<+k jgk gwA¡ fookg esa vlQy lqejpUuk dk pksV
[kk;k fny fdl rjg i<+u&s fy[kus ds fy, yyd mBkA mez
esa vius lgikfB;ksa ls cgqr vfèkd cM+k gksus ds dkj.k fdl
rjg og Xykfu dk vuqHko djrk Fkk vkSj gksBa ij mx vk,
e¡Nw ksa ds cky mldh ijs'kkuh dk dkj.k cu x, FksA ,d
lkFkh dh enn ls mlus ckyksa dks mM+k nsus dh ;kstuk cukbZ
vkSj cky lQk nok vk xbZA ,dkar dksBjh eas mlus gksBa ksa ds
Åij nok yxkbZA dqN feuVksa ds ckn mldh tyu ls
ijs'kku gks mBk rks mlds lkFkh us fgEer fnykbZ^µ dkV
djSNkS js] dkV djSNkSA* ijarq cs&cnkZLr gks tkus ij ikuh ls
èkks Mkyk rks ewN¡ ds cky dgha mM+ x, vkSj dgha jg x,A
vc bl gkyr esa fdlh dk psgjk fn[kkuk Hkh nqHkjAÞ cM+k
Bgkdk pyk bl ijA ,slh Fkh fouksn&o`fÙk js.kq dhA mudh

fouksnfiz;rk dh cgqr lkjh dgkfu;k¡ gSAa dgk¡ rd ;kn d:¡
bl de oD+r ds t“ekus esAa
fQj js.kq ft+ys ds lkfgR; ij vk,A f}tnsuh th ds
laLej.kksa dk vkuan ge nksuksa fey&tqydj ysrs jgsA mRlkg esa
vkdj js.kq us dgkµßgekjh iwf.kZ;k¡ dh Hkwfe lkfgR; dh
Q’ly ds fy, cgqr gh moZjk jgh gSA eSa iwf.kZ;k¡ ls ,d
lkfgfR;d i=k fudkyuk pkgrk gwA¡ Þ chp eas dksbZ Hkkstu ds
fy, cqykus vk;k rks mUgksua s eq>ls Hkkstu dj ysus dk vkxzg
fd;kA rc eSua s crk;k fd esjs Nk=k us vius ?kj ij gh iwjh
rjg Hkkstu djok fn;k gS rks os fdafpr mnkl gksrs gq,
cksyßµs ;g dSls gqvk] vki vk, esjs ;gk¡ vkSj Hkkstu dj
fy;k Qdhjpan ds ;gk¡---AÞ
dqN nsj ds ckn Hkkstu djds vk x, rks fQj cSBd
tehA vc gekjh ckrksa dk dsna z Fkk ^eSyk vk¡py*A ^eSyk
vk¡py* dh izflf) c<+rh gh tk jgh FkhA ml le; dk
'kk;n gh dksbZ vHkkxk lkfgfR;d i=k gksxk] ftlesa ^eSyk
vk¡py* dh ppkZ u py jgh gksA mu fnuksa eq>s vfèkdka'k
i=k&if=kdk,¡ miyCèk jgrh Fkha vkSj eSa lcdks cM+s euks;ksx ls
i<+rk jgrk FkkA ^eSyk vk¡py* miU;kl txr~ esa ,d ubZ
Økafr ,d u;k iz;ksxA panxz qIr fo|kyadkj] ujsna uz kFk nkl
vkfn us bls fjiksrkZt dgkA fdlh us vkapfyd miU;kl
dgkA ufyufoykspu 'kekZ us izes pan ds ckn dk loZJ"s B
miU;kl ys[kd ?kksf"kr fd;k FkkA eq>s ;kn gS] MkW- èkeZohj
Hkkjrh us viuh fVIi.kh esa fy[kk Fkk] js.kq us dF; dh vis{kk
dFku dks vfèkd izHkkoksRiknd cukus dh ps"Vk dh gSA
okLro esa dqN vk¡pfyd miU;kl blls iwoZ Hkh fganh esa fy[ks
x, Fks] ij dFku dh ;g vn~Hkqr 'kSyh] bruh xgjh
laons u'khyrk] xk¡o ds ukukfoèk ik=kksa ds pfj=k dk bruk
varjax fp=k.k vkSj o.kZu dh yksddkO;e; eeZLi'khZ] 'kSyh]
lc vuwBh] lc vHkwriwoAZ cgqr fnuksa rd leh{kdx.k
pdkpkSèa k ds v¡èksjs esa VVksyrs jgs FksA izfl) loksnZ ;oknh
leh{kd y{ehukjk;.k Hkkjrh; dh rFkkdfFkr dVq leh{kk
Hkh rF;iw.kZ FkhA mUgksua s fy[kk Fkk
fd bruk lsfa lfVo rks dqfizu Hkh
ugha FkkA iwf.kZ;k ds tuthou esa
rks eSua s izo's k ugha fd;k gS fQj
Hkh eq>s fo'okl gS fd og bruk
eSyk ugha gksxkA ¼eSyk dkeqdrk
tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 89

vkSj fuf"k) ;kSukpkj ds vFkZ es½a ^eSyk vk¡py* jlksRlo dk
miU;kl u gksd
s j ^jlfyYyk* gks x;k gSA
bu lkjh ckrksa dh tedj ppkZ gqbAZ js.kq dHkh ekSu
dHkh eq[kj gksrs jgrsA fQj mUgksua s cM+s vkRefo'okl ds lkFk
dgk fd okLro esa viuh igyh gh jpuk esa bruh izflf)
fganh esa 'kk;n fdlh dks ugha feyh gSA vxj fnYyh ;k ckgj
ds yksx bldh bruh t“kjs nkj iz'kalk ugha djrs rks fcgkj okys
esjh ppkZ Hkh ugha djrsA vxj eSa vius laiUu fdlku firk
dh t+ehu&tk;nkn ds eksg esa mlds izcèa k vkSj miHkksx esa
yxk jgrk rks vkt eq>s dkSu tkurkA ;g ckr [+kklrkSj ls
esjs eu ij pksV dj xbZ] D;ksfa d blh tdM+cna h esa iM+dj eSa
viuh izfrHkk dk mi;ksx ugha dj ldkA ckn esa Hkh ughaA
ckrksa ds flyflys esa js.kq us Li"V :i ls Lohdkj fd;k fd
fganh esa vkapfyd miU;kl dk Js; rks blls igys ukxktquZ
ds ^cypuek* dks feyuk mfpr FkkA eSfFkyh miU;kl ds
egku ys[kd gfjeksgu ckcw ds ^dU;knku* miU;kl dk
izHkko Hkh vius eu dks VVksyus ij ikrk gwA¡ Lej.kh; gS fd
^dU;knku* dh ppkZ ^eSyk vk¡py* esa deyh ds izlxa esas gSA
vkxs mUgksua s ;g mRlkgo)Zd lwpuk nh fd ^eSyk vk¡py*
dk dsna z esjhxat ,d xk¡o ek=k gSA vc eSa ,d cM+s dSuokl
ij miU;kl fy[k jgk gw]¡ ftlesa czkã.k ifjokj ds t+ehankjksa
dh dFkk Hkh gSA okLro esa ;g ^ijrh ifjdFkk* dh iwoZ lwpuk
FkhA ckrksa dk flyflyk ,slk pyk fd jkr ckrksa esa gh dV
xbZA eSua s vkdk'k dh vksj ut+j Mkyh rks lrHkS;k ds lkrksa
rkjs if'pe f{kfrt dh vksj >qd x, FksA tc eSua s fonk ek¡xh
rks mUgksua s vkReh;rkiw.kZ vkxzg fd;kµßxehZ dh Nqêh esa fuf'par
gksdj vkb,A eSa Hkh vk tkšxkA ge yksx feydj ckx esa
?kwexas As [kwc vke [kk,¡xs vkSj vkuan ls ckrsa Hkh djsxa As t:j
vkb,AÞ eSa fonk ysus [kM+k gqvk] os ckgj [kM+h cSyxkM+h rd
gekjs lkFk vk, vkSj xkM+h py nsus rd ekSu [kM+s jgsA eSa bl
egku ys[kd dh vkReh;rk ij eqXèk FkkA nkyku ls mÙkj
xqPN&xqPN 'osr Qwyksoa kyk ;qok isM+ viuh ehBh egd fc[ksjdj
gesa fQj feyus dk fuea=k.k ns jgk
FkkA eSa Li"V rks ugha ns[k ldk]
og fu'p; gh dqVt ;k dkfeuh
dk deuh; ikni jgk gks x kA
vkf[+kj xkM+h ij lokj gksdj vius
Nk=k ds lkFk eSa vkxs c<+k rks vkxs
90

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

vke ds ,d cM+s cx“hps ds chp ls jkLrk FkkA 'kk;n ;g ogh
ckx“hpk jgk gksxk] ftlesa js.kq ds cpiu ds laLej.k ds vuqlkj
lokjh xkfM+;k¡ #ddj ;k=kh lqLrkrs Fks vkSj ,slh gh ,d VIij
vksgkj okyh xkM+h dh yM+dh ls js.kq dk izFke&izFke izes kadqj
mn~H~ kqr gqvk FkkA ckxhps esa Hkk¡V ds taxy cs'kqekj f[kys gq,
FksA mudh lqxèa k gekjh lk¡lksa esa lekdj gesa js.kqe; cuk jgh
FkhA ckx+ ls ckgj fudyus ij [ksrksa esa ns[kk&HkSla okj ilj pjkus
ds fy, viuh HkSl
a as [kksy pqds Fks] ;kuh jkr ds dqN vafre ?kaVs
gh 'ks"k FksA
18 ekpZ 1958 dks fnu ds rhljs igj [+kcj feyh dh
js.kq th ?kj ij gSAa cSyxkM+h Hkh fey xbZA esjh rch;r dqN
lqLr FkhA dgha tkus dk mRlkg ugha gks jgk FkkA fQj Hkh
vius fe=k yksdlkfgR; ds lkfgR;dkj Jh Hkxokupanz ^fouksn*
th ds vkxzg ls tkuk gh iM+kA mUgha fnuksa esa fouksnth ds
lkFk feydj ^ijrh ifjdFkk* i<+ jgk FkkA fgaxuk dk esjh
,d Nk=k Jh mfpr yky eaMy dk iq=k tokgj eaMy FkkA
mls Hkh lkFk ys fy;kA jkg esa ge yksx ^ijrh ifjdFkk* ds
dbZ LFkkuksa vkSj ik=kksa ds lacèa k esa viuh ftKklkvksa dh lwph
cukrs tk jgs Fks] ftudk lekèkku js.kq th ls djokuk FkkA
laè;k le; ge yksx tokgj ds ?kj igqp
¡ x,A fQj mlds
firk us gesa fcuk Hkkstu djk, vkxs c<+us ugha fn;kA
10 cts jkr esa ge yksx js.kq th ds ?kj igqp
¡ As os LoLFk
ugha Fks vkSj mudk iRuh yfrdk th Hkh vLoLFk gks xbZ FkhaA
fQj Hkh js.kq th ge yksxksa ls feydj cgqr izlUu gq, vkSj
cM+h ftan+ kfnyh ls d’jhc ,d cts jkr rd ckrsa djrs jgsA
fnYyh vkSj bykgkckn ds vuqHko lqukrs jgsA ^eSyk vk¡py*
vkSj ^ijrh ifjdFkk* ds lacèa k esa fo}kuksa dh lEefr;ksa ij
ckrsa gksrh jghaA ufyu foykspu 'kekZ] èkeZohj Hkkjrh] panxz qIr
fo|kyadkj] nsonas z lR;kFkhZ vkfn fdrus gh fo}kuksa dh lEefr;ksa
ij cgl gksrh jghA eSua s crk;k fd ^ijrh ifjdFkk* dks
lR;kFkhZ th us ,d egkdkO; gh dgk gS vkSj ;g Hkh fd
t;nso vkSj fo|kifr ds ckn fefFkyk dh vejkb;ksa esa fQj
,d egkdfo dk mn; gqvk gSA
^ijrh ifjdFkk* ds izdkf'kr gksus ls iwoZ gh blds ,d
vn~Hkqr ik=k fHkEey ekek dk js[kkfp=k iVuk ls fudyusokyh
^voafrdk* esa izdkf'kr gks pqdk FkkA vius vki esa iw.kZ
js[kkfp=kA flejcuh esa i<+rs le; Hkh bl vn~Hkqr O;fDr ls
dbZ ckj fey pqdk FkkA blfy, Hkh ;g js[kkfp=k i<+dj

cgqr vkg~ykfnr gqvk FkkA fQj rks fHkEey ekek lkbfdYl
dh vusd dFkk,¡ pyha vkSj g¡lh Bgkds ls cSBd xwt
¡ rh jghA
^ijrh ifjdFkk* i<+rs le; geus vuqHko fd;k Fkk fd dbZ
LFkku vkSj dbZ fHkUu&fHkUu xk¡oksa ds ik=k ,d gh xk¡o
ijkuiqj esa bdës dj fn, x, Fks] tks gesa vViVk&lk yxrk
FkkA i<+rs le; mudh laxfr ugha cSBrh Fkh] D;ksfa d mUgsa
ge igys ls gh vPNh rjg tkurs Fks] ,d gh bykd’s esa jgus
ds dkj.kA bl lacèa k esa js.kq th ls iwNk rks os cksys fd iwjk
miU;kl i<+ ysus ij vkidks dqN Hkh mViVkax ugha yxsxkA
vki i<+rs rks tkb,] fQj iwfN,xkA vkSj okLro esa gqvk Hkh
,slk ghA fQj esjh jpukvksa ds ckjs esa Hkh iwNus yxsA esjh
dfork,¡ ^vknzk*Z vkSj ^fuekZ.k xhr* lqudj dqN nsj Hkko&foHkksj
jgsA cksys fd i=k&if=kdkvksa esa Hksft,A jlksÙkh.kZ jpuk dks
dksbZ >qByk ugha ldrkA vkxs mUgksua s crk;k fd ^eSyk
vk¡py* vc vaxt
sz +h esa Hkh izdkf'kr gksus tk jgk gSA :l vkSj
:ekfu;k esa Hkh bldk vuqokn gqvk gSA :lh Hkk"kk esa
ipgÙkj gt+kj izfr;k¡ Nih gSAa muds vkxkeh dk;ZØe ds ckjs
esa iwNk rks mudk mÙkj Fkkµßesjs fy, vkdk'kok.kh ds czkMW
dkfLVax foHkkx esa u;k in l`ftr fd;k tk jgk gSAÞ jkr
vfèkd xqt+j pqdh FkhA geus mUgsa foJke djus dk vkxzg
fd;k vkSj geyksx Hkh jkr mUgha ds vkfrF; esa lks, FksA
vxys fnu losjs nkyku ds cjkens ij cSBd tehA
yfrdk th vkdj cM+s vkg~ykn ls feyhA mudk eu izlUurk
ls Hkjk FkkA vLoLFkrk ds èkq,¡ dks mUgksua s >Vddj nwj Qsd
a k
FkkA ge igys ls gh muls feyus ds fy, cgqr mRlqd FksA
js.kq dh Hk;adj chekjh esa mudh lefiZr lsok ifjp;kZ vkSj
ckn esa izes &izlxa dh dFkk,¡ ge cgqr igys ls gh tkurs jgs
FksA blfy, muds lkehI; dh ykylk LoHkkor% cM+h izcy
FkhA vèksM+ mez dh og xkSj o.kZ ukjh vius gYds Qqyds 'kjhj
ds vanj ehBs ikuh dk fo'kky vkSj 'kkar ljksoj j[krh FkhA
yfrdk th dks esjk uke vkSj esjh dforkvksa dk iwjk Lej.k
FkkA ¼ml i=k ds }kjk ftls eSua s fiNys twu eghus esa js.kq th
ds uke Hkstk Fkk½A mUgksua s iwjs Lusg ls lqLoknq dkWQh’ cukdj
fiykbZA exj mlls Hkh eèkqj Fkk mudk O;ogkjA yfrdk th
iwoZ ifjfpr dh rjg ?kqy&feydj ckrsa djrh jgha vkSj vkxzg
djds esjh dfork lquhµ
pSr ds fnu xqykch] vyl nksigj]
ckr&ckrksa esa vk¡[ksa >idus yxhaA
uhan yxus yxhA

eSua s dgk fd HkkbZ lkgc rks gesa Hkwy Hkh tkrs gS]a ij
vki ugha HkwyrhaA yfrdkth dqN pkSd
a &lh iM+hA esjk fdafpr~
:[kk cfgjax cgqr lknh vkÑfr&izÑfr ns[kdj esjh mez ds
lacèa k esa muds psgjs ij dqN nqfoèkk dk Hkko vk;kA mUgksua s
lehi gh cSBs js.kq th iwN gh fn;kµß;s vki ls mez esa NksVs
gSa D;k\Þ js.kq th us mUgsa vk'oLr djrs gq, tokc fn;kµßgk¡]
gk¡] veks?k th NksVs gSa eq>ls mez esAa eSa ftu&ftu fo|ky;ksa
ls fudy pqdk Fkk mlds cgqr ckn esa ;s mu fo|ky;ksa esa
izfo"V gq, FksAÞ ;gk¡ Lej.kh; gS fd js.kq dk tUe 1921 bZesa vkSj esjk 1924 bZ- esa gqvk FkkA ge yksx ,d gh ifjos'k
vkSj d’jhc&d’jhc ,d gh ifjfLFkfr esa ;qok gksus rd iyrs
vkSj c<+rs jgs FksA
js.kq th us esjs fe=k fouksn th ls yksd&lkfgR; ds lacèa k
esa ckrsa dha vkSj muds dqN yksdxhr lquAs yfrdk th us
gels iVuk vkus dk Lusgiw.kZ vkxzg fd;kA eSua s js.kq th ls
jkuhxat vkus dk vkxzg fd;kA rks mUgksua s lg"kZ LohÑfr nh]
gekjh cSyxkM+h vk pqdh Fkh] ij ge ckrsa djrs v?kkrs ugha
FksA
eSua s js.kq HkkbZ ls i<+us ;ksX; ubZ dfork&iqLrdksa ds lacèa k
esa iwNk rks mUgksua s ^banèz kuq jkSna s gq,*] ^ckojk vgsjh*] ^ouik[kh
lquks* vkfn dfork iqLrdsa i<+us dh lykg nhA dqN fy[k nsus
dk vkxzg fd;k rks esjh Mk;jh ds Lej.k i`"B ij Hkko
fog~oy eu ls mUgksua s fy[kkµ
lkFkZd gks
gekjk feyu
izkFkZuk ;ghA
js.kq
19-03-58
lh-vks- ysMh LVhQslu pkbYM osyQs;j lsVa j eaxy rkykc]
iVuk flVh
cgqr&cgqr vkuan vk;k] cfYd lai.w kZ vkuan vk;k]
D;ksafd xkSjh lfgr 'kadj ds
n'kZu---feyuA eugwfl;r ysdj
x;k Fkk] mRlkg vkSj izlUurk
ysdj ykSVkA vLrq] Hkoa Hkokuh
lfgra uekfeA q
tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 91

js.kq % eqykd’krksa ds vkbZus esa
ia- veks?k ukjk;.k >k ^veks?k*
lkB ds n'kd dh ckr gksxhA xehZ ds fnuksa dh ckr gSA
vjfj;k dksVZ dh rRdkyhu nhokuh dh dpgjh ds vkxs okys
cVo`{k dh Nk;k esa eSa vius eq'a kh ls eqdn’ es ds lacèa k esa
ijke'kZ dj jgk FkkA lglk rst+h ls xqt+jrs gq, js.kq th fn[kkbZ
iM+As [kM+s gksdj eSua s ueLdkj ds lkFk mudk è;ku vkÑ"V
fd;kA os O;xz vkSj mÙkstuk esa fn[kkbZ iM+ jgs FksA dq'ky
lekpkj iwNk rks cksyßµs iM+kls ds nq'euksa us esjk [kLlh pqjk
dj gte dj fy;k gSA cgqr I;kj ls ikyk Fkk ml [kLlh
dksA eq>s ekufld :i ls vk?kkr igqp
¡ kus ds fy, gh mUgksua s
,slk fd;k gSA eSa rks xk¡o vkrk gw¡ 'kkafriwod
Z dqN fy[kus ds
fopkj lsA ;s tkurs gSa fd bldk gy rks dkx+t+ ij gh cgrk
gSA lkys dk fnekx“ [+kjkc dj nks fd fy[k gh ugha ldsA
mudks lcd’ fl[kkus ds fy, gh dpgjh vk;k gwA¡ Þ js.kqth
dh ekufld voLFkk vkSj mÙkstuk dks ns[kdj eSua s vkSj le;
ugha fy;kA os rst+h ls vkxs c<+ x,A
bZLoh lu~ vHkh ;kn ugha ekpZ ;k vizhy eghus dh ckr jgh
gksxhA eSa ykyth mPp fo|ky; jkuhxat esa vè;kid FkkA
Jhjs.kq ds ?kj ij gksus dh [+kcj feyhA ml fnu eq>s Ldwy ls
Qql’ rZ FkhA th esa vk;k fd js.kq th ls eqykd’kr dj vkÅ¡A
iM+kls ds vyhglu cSyxkM+h okys dks cqyk;k vkSj d’jhc 8
cts iwokZÌ esa tyiku vkSj pk; ysdj cSyxkM+h ls jkeiqj
gksdj pykA jkeiqj laiUu fdarq ckSf)d&lkaLÑfrd :i ls
fiNM+s eqlyekuksa dk xk¡o gSA ?kjksa ds vklikl gh dwM+&s ddZVksa
dh <sj ij yxs dVS;k ds cs'kqekj ihys&ihys Qwy oklarh foHkk
fo[ksj jgs FksA dqN dksl vkxs c<+us ij ijekuiqj xk¡o gSAa js.kq
dh ijrh ifjdFkk dk ijkuiqj
xk¡o ;gh gSA muds miU;kl dh
;g iafDr ;kn vkbZd
µ Nqvk ihBk
t“ehu rkaf=kdksa ds fy, fl)ihB
gSA muds blh miU;kl dk ,d
gkL;kLin ik=k x#M+èkqt >k blh
92

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

xk¡o dk gS] tks lksydu Vksyh esa viuh Å¡pkbZ dk iwjk Q’k;nk
mBkrk gSA blh rjg jkLrsHkj js.kq ds miU;klksa ds vusd ik=k
vkSj LFkku ekul iVy ij mrjrs&Hkkxrs jgsA X;kjg cts fnu
esa tc muds nyku ij igqp
¡ k rks os lt&l¡ojdj dgha pyus
ds fy, rS;kj FksA dq'ky&lekpkj ds ckn mUgksua s eqLdqjkrs
gq, {kek ;kpuk ds Loj esa dgk fd FkksM+h nsj esa okil vkrk
gwA¡ jkleksgu fo'okl ds csVs ds fookg dk vkt fryd dk
mRlo gS] mlh esa vkeaf=kr gwA¡ eq>s Lej.k vk;k fd blh
jkleksgu fo'okl ds ifjokj ls budh ikfjokfjd nq'euh
pyh vk jgh Fkh vkSj vk'p;Z gqvk fd mlh ds ;gk¡ fuea=k.k
esa tk jgs gSAa ;gh jkleksgu fo'okl muds miU;kl dk ,d
ik=k gS jks'ku&foLok¡A
js.kq th dks ogk¡ ls okil vkus esa dkQ’h le; yx x;kA
nyku ij vkSj dksbZ O;fDr eq>ls ckrsa djus okyk Fkk ughaA
izrh{kk djrs&djrs eSa Åc jgk Fkk] eq>s Hkw[k Hkh yx jgh Fkh
vkSj Luku djus dh bPNk Hkh rst+ gks jgh FkhA lksp jgk Fkk
vkt dqlxqu esa vk;kA èkwi dkQ’h rst+ gks jgh FkhA muds
Å¡ps pcwrjs okys iqLrSuh bukjs ij Luku fd;k vkSj fQj
pqipki vius vki ij vkSj mu ij Hkh dq<+rk gqvkk cSB
x;kA
lw;Z eè;kÌ fcanq ls uhps f[kldus yxs FksA dq?k ?kaVksa ds
ckn tc js.kq okil vk, rks mUgksua s ckrphr dk flyflyk
'kq: fd;kA ij Hkw[k dh Tokyk esa eq>s dqN lqgk ugha jgk FkkA
eSua s dg gh fn;kµßvki rks Hkkstu [kkus pys x, vkSj eq>s
[kkus&ihus ds fy, iwNk Hkh ughaAÞ os ,d iy ds fy,
vizfrHk ls gks x, vkSj i'pkÙkki ds Loj esa cksyßµs vksg]
;g rks eSa Hkwy gh x;k vkSj fdlh ls dgdj Hkh ugha x;k fd
og vkidks Hkkstu djok nsrkA [+kjS ] Hkkstu---] Hkkstu vki
D;k djsxa \s pwM+k&ngh rks vHkh 'kk;n gksxk ughaAÞ eSa muds
ladksp dks Hkk¡i x;k fd eq>s dêj lukruh czkã.k le>dj
gh ;s egk'k; nqfoèkk vkSj ijs'kkuh esa iM+ x,A mudh nqfoèkk
ds dqgkls dks phjrs gq, eSua s dgkµßblds fy, fpark djus

dh dksbZ ckr ugha gS] vkidh jlksbZ esa tks dqN Hkh cuk gksxk]
ogh esjk Hkkstu gksxkA os rqjra vk¡xu x, vkSj dqN gh feuVksa
ds ckn eq>s cqyk HkstkA vk¡xu x;k rks nsgkr ds ,d laiUu
fdlku dk lkQ’&lqFkjk ?kj&vk¡xu] lHkh ?kj ck¡l&Qwl ds gh
cusA mÙkjokjh fcV~Vs ds ?kj esa esjs fy, vkluh fcNh FkhA
mlh ?kj esa vukt j[kus dh ,d dksBh FkhA Hkkr&ekal
ijksldj ,d ukStoku ys vk;kA eSa r`fIriwod
Z Hkkstu djds
tc ?kj dh nsgjh ij vk;k rks ;g ns[kdj FkksM+k vk'p;Z gqvk
fd mlh cjkens ij js.kq th cSBs ekal&Hkkr [kk jgs FksA dbZ
iz'u eu esa mBs fd vHkh rks ;s egk'k; Hkkst [kkdj vk, gS]a
fQj vius ?kj esa Hkh [kk jgs gSAa 'kk;n ogk¡ [kkuk Vky x,
gksxa As ;k vYikgkj ysdj gh pys vk, gksxa As vPNk] tc bUgsa
[kkuk gh Fkk rks esjh cx“y eas cSBdj lkFk gh D;ksa ugha [kk;k\
'kk;n ogh czkã.k okyh ckr eu esa vk xbZ gks fd xk¡o&nsgkr
eas czkã.k vU; tkfr okyksa dh iaxr esa cSBdj ugha [kkrsA tks
Hkh gks] cM+k jgL;e; yxk mudk LoHkkoA
gkFk&eqg¡ èkksdj ge yksx fQj nyku ij vkdj cSBAs
izlUu eqnkz esa ckrksa dk flyflyk pykA eSua s muls i<+u&s fy[kus
ds ckjs esa iwNk rks cksys fd i<+uk rks bèkj dqN gks ugha ldk
vkSj fy[kus ds fopkj ls gh ?kj vk;kA ,d ^dfork* uke dh
if=kdk mUgksua s eq>s nhA mlesa izk;% uohu dfork&'kSyh dh
dfork,¡ FkhaA js.kq th dh nks dfork,¡ mlesa Nih FkhaA
vkt rhl o"kZ ckn Le`fr dh QVh&iqjkuh 'kSyh dks
VVksyus ij dqN FkksMs+ ls 'kCn gh gkFk vkrs gSµa

fy[k ldkAÞ ßeSa rks {kqCèk Fkk vius gh izèkkuea=kh dh
x+yrQ’geh ij vkSj izfrj{kkea=kh Jh esuu ij cM+k Øksèk
vk;k FkkA ;g Øksèk ns'k Hkj ds izcq) yksxksa esa O;kIr FkkA tks
esjh ,d dfork ds :i esa QwV iM+k Fkkµ
vjs tjn~xo] vc Hkh NksM+ks izfr j{kk dk Hkkj]
iSB pqdk gS egko`{k ds dksVj esa ektkZjA
ßij ;g dfork iwjh gqbZ ugha fd esuu lkgc dks
usg:th ds ijefiz; ik=k gksrs gq, in~P;qr gksuk iM+kAÞ
eSua s viuh dqN dfork,¡ mUgsa lqukbZA vkSj ,d l|%
fyf[kr pht+ mUgsa fn[kkdj iwNk] ßD;k ;g dfork gqbZ ;k
dqN vkSj pht+\Þ mUgksua s i<+dj izlUurk izdV dh vkSj
cksyßµs bl rjg dh pht+ dks caxyk&lkfgR; esa ^jE; jpuk*
dgrs gSa vkSj Ýsp
a Hkk"kk esa ^cSyy
s =s ks*AÞ eSua s ,slh pht+as i<+h
gSAa Ýsp
a Hkk"kk dh ;kn vkrs gh eq>s mUuhl lkS vëkou bZLoh
esa fy[ks muds ,d i=k dh ;kn vkbZ vkSj mUgsa Hkh Lej.k
fnyk;k] ftlesa Ýsp
a Hkk"kk ds ,d ukStoku miU;kldkj
fi;js yqbZ ds miU;kl ^,ÝksMkbV* ¼;kSou dh vk¡èkh½ dh
ppkZ cM+s Hkko&foHkksj 'kCnksa esa dh FkhA mUgksua s fy[kk Fkk gekjs
rFkkdfFkr Hkkjrh; n`f"Vdks.k ls ;g miU;kl v'yhy gSA
egkv'yhyA ysfdu eSa mldh fgEer ls eqXèk gwA¡ dqp&;qxy
dks ^¶“ykoj vkWQ’ ¶“y's k* ¼ekal ds Qwy½ dh miek 'kk;n
dgha ugha nh xbZ gSA eSua s mUgsa crk;k fd vki fo|kifr dh
inkoyh esa gh [kkstas rks ;g miek fey tk,xhA

rk ij vi:i ns[ky js] fcuq ty vjfoUnkA
fodflr ugha fdNq dkj.k js] lks>k eq[k pank Ï
mUgsa viuh Hkwy eglwl gqbZ vkSj eqLdqjk iM+As eSua s
viuh iqLrd ^xhr&xaèk* dh Nih izfr mUgsa nh vkSj muls
Hkwfedk fy[kus dk vkxzg fd;k] ftls mUgksua s Lohdkj fd;kA
vc fnudj vLrkpy dh vksj igqp
¡ us dk eu cuk pqds
×××
Fks vkSj eSua s Hkh ?kj dh vksj pyus dk eu cuk;kA èkhes cSyksa
gks'k nsork dk nq#Lr gqvk
dh xkM+h ij eq>s pkj dksl nwj
ns nks vks yTtiorh tks dqN Hkh ykbZ gks
tkuk FkkA js.kqth us njokt+s ls
eq> ij fuosfnr bu Qwyksa ls iwNks
ckgj rd vkdj ueLdkj iwod
Z
nsfo] fuosnu gS] nsfo] fuosnu gS
eq>s fonk fd;k vkSj eSa jkLrs Hkj
fQj eq>ls cksyßµs vkius phuh vkØe.k ds fo"k ; ij muds jgL;e; pfj=k ds ckjs esa
dqN fy[kk Fkk\Þ eSua s mÙkj fn;kµßbl fo"k; ij eSa dqN ugha
lksprk jgkA
chr x;k o"kZ dk cq[kkj]
jkr&fnu dh vk¡[kksa ds]
tyrh gqbZ ia[kksa ds--Li'kZ ls mrj x;k [kqekj
chr x;k o"kZ dk cq[kkj---A

tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 93

17 Q’jojh] 1963 jfookj dh lqcg Qqjlr ds {k.kksa esa js.kq
th ls feyus dk fopkj eu esa mfnr gqvkA lqcg ds lqgkous
{k.kksa esa iSny gh rhu dksl nwj vius lkfgR;dkj f'k"; Hkksyk
iafMr ^iz.k;h* ds ?kj xhrokl ds fy, rst+h ls pydj vkB
cts ds d’jhc iz.k;h ds ?kj] ekuo lH;rk ds vkfnx dykdkj
ekVhèkku dqEgkjksa dh cLrh igq¡pkA ogk¡ lcus gkfnZd
Lokxr&lRdkj fd;kA Hkksyk ds ?kj gh Luku Hkkstu gqvk vkSj
js.kqth ls feyus vkSjkgh fgaxuk pyus dk vkxzg fd;kA
cSyxkM+h ls y{ehiqj gksdj rhu NksV&s NksVs yM+ds xkM+h gk¡drs
pysA rhu cts ge ogk¡ igqp
¡ s rks js.kq ?kj ij gh FksA nyu ds
cjkens ij dbZ dqflZ;k¡ j[kh FkhA gesa ns[krs gh vkËkniwod
Z
vkxs c<+dj gesa cSBk;kA
LoLFk Fks] fQj Hkh ekufld folaxfr;ksa ds dkj.k vanj
ls izlUu ugha FksA Hkksyk iafMr us eq>s jkLrs esa gh cryk fn;k
Fkk fd blckj js.kq th ?kj vkus ij mBk&iVd Hkh dj cSBs gSAa
dq'ky lekpkj dh ckr pyus ij dqN vfèkd Hkkoqd gksdj
cksyßµs eSa rks cM+&s cM+s eulwcs ck¡èkdj ?kj vk jgk Fkk] ysfdu
egkek;k O;aX; ls g¡l jgh FkhA LVs'ku ls FkksM+h nwj vkxs vkus
ij gh cSyxkM+h cx“y ds xM~<s esa myV xbZA dkQ’h pksV vkbZ]
fQj ?kj igqp
¡ us ij dbZ vkSj vlxqu gks x,AÞ ckr [kqyokus
dh xjt ls eSua s dgkµßlquk gS fdlh ls ekj&ihV Hkh gks
xbZ\Þ HkkoLFk gksdj mUgksua s dgkµßgk¡] ;gk¡ iM+kfs l;ksa ls
izk;% esjh [kViV gks tkrh gSA nsf[k, bl bukjs ij lHkh vkrs
gS]a nkrwu djrs gS]a ugkrs&èkksrs gS]a diM+s lkQ’ djrs gSAa ysfdu
bdls pcwrjs dh lQ’kbZ djuk dksbZ viuk dÙkZO; ugha le>rkA
dke pykus ds fy, bukjk rks mudk viuk gS] ysfdu lQ’kbZ
dk oD+r vkus ij ;g ijkbZ pht+ gks tkrh gSA cl blh
flyflys esa ,d toku dks Mk¡Vk rks og eq>ls yM+ iM+krµ Eq gkjk
bukjk gS] geyksx D;ksa lkQ’ djsxa \s cl eSa Hkh rS'k esa vk x;k
vkSj gks xbZ mBk&iVd! budk fopkj rks nsf[k,! vc vkiyksx
vk, gS]a ,sls vkSj yksx Hkh feyus&tqyus vk;k djrs gSAa eSa
vH;kxrksa dks pk; fiykrk gw¡ rks ;s yksx Hkh tks ;gk¡ cSBs jgrs
gSa pkgrs gSa fd mUgsa Hkh fiykšA
ugha feyus ij :"V gks tkrs gSAa
rks ;s esjs iM+kl
s h ga]S dksbZ vfrfFk
ugha] fQj eSa bUgsa D;ksa pk; fiykrk
jgwA¡ ,slh gh cgqr lkjh ckrsa gSa
ftlls eq>s Hkh buds LoHkko ij
94

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

ukjkt“xh vk tkrh gSAÞ mUgksua s lkèkq vkSj lk¡i okyh dgkuh
lqukbZ] ftlesa lkèkq us yM+dksa dh ekj ls nq[kh lk¡i ls dgk Fkk
fd eSua s rqEgsa dkVus ls euk fd;k Fkk] QqQdkjus ls rks ughaA
bl vfiz; izlxa dks 'kh?kz gh cnyus ds fopkj ls eSua s muds
miU;klksa esa vk, fHkUu&fHkUu if{k;ksiµa Ma d
q ksa gYnh fpjS;k]
eNyksduh] dksgoj jk¡Mh+ ] 'kjn _rq esa iafDr c) yach d’rkjksa
esa pyus okys dM+jk tks Øsd
a &Øsd
a Øsxa k&Øsxa k dh vkokt+
djrs pyrs gSa vkfn if{k;ksa ds :i&jax] xq.k&LoHkko vkSj
mudh cksfy;ksa dh ppkZ dhA mUgksua s bleas izlUurkiwod
Z
lg;ksx fd;kA fQj Qwyksa dh ppkZ pykbZ rks os pgd mBsA
eSua s mudh ^ijuh % ifjdFkk* ds ,d bathfu;j ds ?kj ds
vkxs tokiq"i ¼xqM+gy½ f[kyk ns[kdj ,d caxkyh Hknzyksd
dh gkfnZd izlUurk dk ft“Ø fd;kA caxkyh egk'k; us
viuh Hkk"kk eas dgk FkkµßeSa rks vkids ?kj ds vkxs tokiq"i
f[kyk ns[kdj gh le> x;k fd vki ek¡ ds mikld gSAa okg
fdruk vPNk!Þ
fQj rks Qwyksa dh ppkZ py iM+hA eSa rks dpukj dk izes h
gw]¡ mldks olar dk vxznrw ekurk gwA¡ ek¡ ljLorh dks igyh
fd’'r esa f[kys dpukj ds Qwyksa ls gh iq"ikatfy vfiZr djrk
gwA¡ js.kqth us fHkUu izdkj ds dpukj] tok jtuhxaèkk] xqykc
vkfn dh fo'ys"k.k iwod
Z O;k[;k dhA vksM+gqy rks Hkxorh
dh izlUurk dk [+kkl Qwy gSA xquh rkaf=kd yksx nsoh dks
izlUu djus ds fy, ;gh Qwy iwtk esa ek¡xrs gSAa js.kq Lo;a
txnack ds vuU; HkDr gSAa eSua s nhikoyh dh jkr vius ;gk¡
gksus okyh fo[;kr dkyh iwtk esa ièkkjus dk vkxzg fd;k rks
mUgksua s cM+h izlUurk ls vkuk Lohdkj fd;kA ;g ckr vyx
gS fd mu fnuksa fiNkr o"kkZ gksus ij nhikoyh rd esjs xk¡o
dh uhph t+ehu dh pM+&ikuh ls Hkjh jgrh FkhA fcuk bls ikj
fd, dgha pyuk eqf'dy jgrk FkkA blhfy, muds d"V dk
[+k;ky djds eSa le; ij mUgsa cqykus ugha x;kA
vkxs 22 Q’jojh dks gksus okys f'kojkf=k ioZ vkSj bykds
esa fo[;kr clSVh esys dh Hkh ppkZ pyhA clSVh xk¡o esa
^ig¡ljk LVsV* ds jktk banuz kjk;.k jk; dh iRuh jkuh bankz orh
dk cuk;k gqvk izkphu f'ko&eafnj gS] ftl ij fefFkyk{kj
¼frjgqrk fyfi½ esa eafnj fuekZ.k dk foLr`r mYys[k gSA ;gk¡
f'kojkf=k ds volj ij dbZ fnuksa rd cM+k esyk yxrk gSA
eSua s crk;k fd 22 Q’jojh 'kqØokj dks f'ko&fookg gS vkSj
vxys fnu ^f'ko n'kZu* ty<jh vkfn dk mRloA ty<jh

fn;k x;kA fQj ge nksuksa cjkens dh mlh pkSdh ij lks x,A
vxys fnu lqcg lkr cts ge yksx fuR;&ÑR; ls fucVdj
js.kq th dh izrh{kk esa FksA rHkh cjkens ij d’ne j[krs gq,
mUgksua s ueLdkj ds lkFk dq'ky&lekpkj iwNkA chekjh ds
izpMa vk?kkr ds dkj.k mudk psgjk L;kg yx jgk Fkkµvkx
esa Hkqus cSxa u dh rjg fQj Hkh eu dh izlUurk cVksjdj ckrsa
djus yxsA viuh tfVy ifjfLFkfr;ksa dk ft“Ø fd;kA eSua s
mudh chekjh ds ckjs esa ftKklk izdV dh rks cksyßµs ;g
dfBu izdkj dh vèkdikjh ¼ekbxzus ½ gSA ;g ,d vlkè;
chekjh gS] tks eq>s cgqr d"V ns jgh gSA MkWDVj crkrs gSa fd
;g chekjh oSls yksxksa dks gksrh gS] tks vfèkd Hkkoqd] dYiuk'khy
vkSj egÙokdka{kh gksrs gSAa ij mudh egÙokdka{kk dh jkg esa
cgqr vojksèk iSnk gksrs jgrs gSAa ßeSa Lo;a Hkh bl chekjh ls
ihfM+r Fkk vkSj viuh euksn'kk dk bu y{k.kksa ls feyku
djus yxkA eSua s ^xhrxaèk* dh Hkwfedk fy[kus dh ;kn fnykbZ
rks mUgksua s viuh vleFkZrk izdV dhµßdfork ds lacèa k esa
dqN fy[kuk vkSj vkfèkdkfjd :i ls fy[kuk esjs fy,
esjs fiz; f'k"; vkSj gksugkj ;qod jktsna z izlkn flag mQ’Z jkt
vufèkdkj ps"Vk gksxhA vU; ys[kd dgsxa s fd js.kq vc
flUgk ¼jkuhxat] nhoku Vksyk½ us js.kq th ls eqykd’kr djk nsus
dforkvksa dh Hkwfedk,¡ Hkh fy[kus yxs gSAa Þ eq>s ;kn vkbZ
dh rhoz vfHkyk"kk izdV dhA 3 ekpZ] 1963 dks jktsna z ds vdcj bykgkcknh dh ;s iafDr;k¡µ
lkFk js.kq th feyus cl ls Qkjfclxat vkSj fQj jsyxkM+h ls
jdhcksa us jiV fy[kokbZ gS ;s Fkkus esAa
vijkÌ esa flejkgk mrjkA flejkgk gh gekjs xk¡o dk jsyos
fd vdcj uke ysrk gS [+knq k dk bl t“ekus esa Ï
LVs'ku gqvk djrk FkkA ;gk¡ igqp¡ dj ,d viwoZ lq[kn vuqHkwfr
js.kq us lykg nh fd Hkwfedk vki Lo;a fy[ks]a eSa bl
gksrh FkhA yM+diu ls vc rd dh xbZ vusd ;k=kkvksa dh
la
c
è
a
k
esa lkIrkfgd fganqLrku esa vyx ls ys[k fy[k nwx¡ kA
Le`fr;k¡ ekul iVy ij meM+ iM+rh FkhaA jsyos LVs'ku ls lVs
iwjc dk fo'kky oVo`{k ¼tks vc ugha gS½ vkSj mlls vkxs Hkwfedk esa vki ;g Hkh fy[k ldrs gSa fd js.kq th us
txeksgu dh pwM+k&ngh dh nqdku ;kf=k;ksa ds fy, ,dek=k dkO;&iqLrd dh Hkwfedk fy[kus esa vleFkZrk trkbZA
eSua s lkFk cSBs jktsna z dk ifjp; djk;k tks muls feyus
Hkkstu vkSj foJke dh txg FkhA js.kq th us Hkh cM+h vkRe;hrk
dh cM+h mRlqdrk j[krk FkkA jktsna z dh ewy&izof` Ùk dykRed
ls viuh jpuk esa bldk mYys[k fd;k gSA
flejkgk jsyos LVs'ku ls if'pe dh vksj mrjdj fo"k;ksa dh vksj FkhA gky esa gh og [ksy&izfr;ksfxrkvksa esa
nf{k.k&if'pe dh vksj tkus okyh dPph lM+d ls vkxs c<+As vusd iqjLdkjksa dk fotsrk gksdj ftyk pSfEi;u ?kksf"kr gqvk
dgha lM+d ls vkSj dgha ixMafM;ksa ls pyrs gq, xsg]¡w puk FkkA js.kqth us fny [kksydj jktsUnz dks mRlkfgr fd;k]
a h] fQj eqykd’kr djus dk vkxzg fd;kA mlh
vkSj jkbZ&rhlh ds gjs&Hkjs] f[kys&[kqys [ksr] gekjs eu dks mldh ihB Bksd
le;
mudk
iq
=k os.kq lkeus vk;kA
izQqfYyr dj jgs FksA [ksrksa esa feyus okys fdlkuks]a et+njw ksa ls
og flj ds ckyksa esa rsy Mkys gq,
Hkh geus js.kq ds ckjs esa tkudkfj;k¡ izkIr dhaA d’jhc dksl
Hkj pydj ge lw;kZLr ds le; js.kq th ds njokt+s ij igqp
¡ As FkkA js.kq th us mls Mk¡Vk] ckyksa esa
nkyku dh pkSdh ij vklu tekdj geus irk fd;k rks rsy D;ksa Mkyrs gks] 'kSEiw fd;k
[+kcj feyh fd js.kq th flj&nnZ ls cgqr O;fFkr gSAa jfookj djksA fQj eq>ls vkxzg fd;k
ds dkj.k eSua s jkr esa Hkkstu ugha fd;kA jktsna z dks Hkkstu djk fd vki bls vius ikl j[kdj
;kuh f'koth dks ty&nwèk&?kh vkfn dk vè;Z vfiZr djukA
bls bl ^eSyk vk¡py* ds yksx ey<jh Hkh dgrs gSAa js.kq
ey<jh 'kCn dks dbZ ckj nksgjkrs vkSj lksprs gq, fo'ys"k.k
djus yxs fd ml fnu f'koth dks eky <kjk tkrk gS;µ kuh
vkd] èkrwjk] v{kr] panu] nwèk] ?kh vkSj #i,&iSls Hkh yksx
p<+krs gSAa blfy, eky <kjs tkus ds dkj.k gh bl fnu dk
ioZ ey<jh ds uke ls Hkh izpfyr gSA rHkh pk; vkbZ vkSj
mlds ckn eSua s vius dke dh ckr pykbZA dqN le; iwoZ
eSua s viuh Nih gqbZ iqLrd ^xhr xaèk* dh Hkwfedk fy[kus mUgsa
nh FkhA bl ckr dh ;kn fnykus ij os rqjra mBdj esjh
iqLrd ys vk, vkSj mls myV&iqyV dj fn[kk;k fd mUgksua s
cgqr&lh eeZLi'khZ iafDr;ksa dks js[kkafdr dj j[kk FkkA mUgksua s
eq>s vk'oLr fd;k fd os Hkwfedk rS;kj dj jgs gSAa fQj
lw;kZLr dk le; fudV ns[kdj geyksx cSyxkM+h ij lokj
gksdj xhrokl dh vksj py iM+As

tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 95

i<+k&fy[kk nsAa eSa ugha dgrk fd vki bls fcydqy lgh
euq"; cukus dh ftEesokjh ysAa cfYd lgh <ax ls oSlh
ns[kHkky vki dj lds]a viuh fuxjkuh esa j[kdj vki bls
i<+k&fy[kk nsAa blds ckn pk; vkbZ vkSj pwMk+ &ngh dk tyiku
dj geyksx flejkgk LVs'ku dh vksj py iM+As
1964 dk Q’jojh eghukA eSa fcgkj fo|ky; ijh{kk dsna z
vjfj;k esa oh{k.k dk dk;Z iwjk dj jsyxkM+h ls Qkjfclxat
gksdj okil pyk vk jgk FkkA jkLrs Hkj fojkV ijrh Hkwfe dk
cknkeh jax vkSj txg&txg isM+&ikSèks] vkez eatfj;ksa ls
yns&NksV&s NksVs cx“hpsA olar ds vkxeu dh eknd vuqHkwfr
eu dks mRQqYy cuk nsrh FkhA exj bl ekSle esa lcls
vfèkd eueksgd yxrs gSa yky&yky uo iYyuksa ls vkPNkfnr
ikdM+ ds isM+A buds iÙks fLuXèk inkFkZ ls èkqy&s pedhys yxrs
gSAa dqN le; ckn ;g yykbZ gYdh ihfrek vkSj fQj
gjhfrek esa cny tkrh gSA flejkgk esa jsyxkM+h #dh] D;ksfa d
nwljh vksj dh xkM+h dk ØkWflax FkkA eSua s js.kq dks iVfj;ksa ds
fdukjs Vgyrk ns[kk rks mrj iM+k vkSj muls ckrsa djus yxkA
izlUu eqnkz esa FksA eSua s muds iq=k os.kq dh i<+kbZ ds ckjs esa iwNk
rks cM+h ykijokgh ls cksyßµs D;k djsxk] eSa ml mez esa tSlk
djrk Fkk] og Hkh oSlk gh dqN djrk gSAÞ ¼js.kq ds thou ls
lacèa k j[kus okys lHkh yksxksa dks Kkr gS fd js.kq Nk=k thou
esa vkokjk xnhZ gh djrs jgsA½ ge yksx g¡l iM+As fQj mUgksua s
gkbZ Ldwy ds vius Nk=k thou dh ppkZ pykbZ vksj
cksyßµs fdlh dkj.ko'k eSa vjfj;k mPp fo|ky; NksMd
+ j
vdkneh Q’kjfclxat esa i<+uk pkgrk FkkAÞ
t“kfgj gS mlh vkokjkxnhZ vkSj fdlh yM+dh ls izes &izlxa
ds dkj.k muds firk mUgsa vjfj;k ls gVk ysuk pkgrs FksA
ßesjs firkth tc Vh-lh- ysus x, rks ml le; vjfj;k mPp
fo|ky; ds lcls l[+r vkSj jkScnkj ekus tkusokys caxkyh
f'k{kd izeksn ckcw us dgkµßeaMy th vLrcy cn yus ls
?kksM+k rst+ ugha gksrkAÞ eSua s NwVrs
gh tokc fn;kµ^lj] vLrcy
cnyus ls ?kksM+k rst+ ugha gksxk rks
lkbl cnyus ls rks gks ldrk
gSA* bl eqg¡ QV vkSj lVhd tokc
ds vkxs izeksn ckcw vokd~ gks
96

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

x, vkSj mudk jkScnkj psgjk Qd~ iM+ x;kAÞ mudh gkftj
tokch vkSj bl eeZ Hkjs O;aX; dk Hkyk D;k tokc gks ldrk
gSA ge yksxksa ds lfEefyr vêgkl ls flejkgk LVs'ku dk
edku xwt
¡ mBkA xkM+h us lhVh nh vkSj geyksx vius&vius
xUrO; dh vksj tkus okyh jsyxkfM+;ksa esa tk cSBAs
vkt bruh yach vofèk ds ckn Hkh tc dHkh bl izlxa
dh ;kn vkrh gS rks eu esa mudh fouksnfiz;rk dh ygjsa nkSM+
iM+rh gSAa
1966 bZ- ds clar esa Qkjfclxat dkWyt
s dh lkfgR; ifj"kn~
ds okf"kZdksRlo dk vkea=k.k feykA eSa le; ij igqp
¡ dj eap
ij cSBk gh Fkk fd mlh le; izlUuonu Hkh js.kq us inkiZ.k
fd;kA vkSipkfjd dq'ky lekpkj ds ckn lHkk dh dk;Zokgh
vkjaHk gqbAZ lHkk ds lapkyd vkSj mn~?kks"kd izk-s deyk izlkn
flag ^cs[+kcj* cgqr [+kq'k ut+j vk jgs FksA cfYd lHkh yksx
Hkh js.kq dks vius chp ikdj vfrfjDr [+kq'kh ls ljkcksj FksA
eq[; vfrfFk Jh js.kq gh FksA ^cs[kcj* th us vius Lokxr
Hkk"k.k esa Qkjfclxat ls js.kq dh xgjh vkReh;rk vkSj mudh
Ñfr;ksa dh ppkZ dhA js.kq th us vius oDrO; esa vkea=k.k ds
fy, vkHkkj izdV djrs gq, fo'ks"k:i ls ml dkWyt
s ds ,d
izfrHkkoku Nk=k lqokl dqekj ds izfr viuh gkfnZd 'kqHkdkeuk
izdV dhA ;gh Nk=k mUgsa ml mRlo esa yk ldus esa O;fDrxr
:i ls izjs d cuk FkkA lqokl 'kCn ds mPpkj.k ij t+kjs nsdj
Li"V :i ls yksxksa ds eu esa ^lqHkk"k* vkSj ^lqokl* dk varj
vafdr fd;kA js.kq dq'ky oDrk rks ugha Fks] os fdlh fo"k;
ij èkkjk izokg ugha cksy ldrs Fks] fQj Hkh eu dh lPph
vuqHkwfr;ksa dks Hkkoksa ds vkosx ds lkFk izdV djds lcdks
eqXèk dj nsrs FksA yM+diu ls gh Q’kjfclxat ls tqMk+ mudk
xgjk yxko] muds izkjafHkd fuekZ.k dh bl Hkwfe ds izfr
xgjh vkReh;rk eu esa ?kuhHkwr gksdj meM+ vkbZ vkSj 'kCnksa
dh Qqy>fM+;ksa ds :i esa yksxksa ds eu dks jl&flDr cukrh
jghA ckn esa dfork&ikB dk dk;ZØe vk;k rks js.kq th us
eqLdqjkrs gq, esjh vksj b'kkjk fd;kA dfork&ikB ds fy,
izLrqr gksrs gq, eSua s fuosfnr fd;k fd HkkbZ js.kq dks esjh tks
dfork cgqr ilan gS] ogh bl volj ij lquk jgk gwA¡
^uo o"kZ rqEgkjk vfHkuanu* D;ksfa d l|% _rqjkt olar
ds vkxks'k esa dyk&eeZKksa ls [kpk[kp Hkjs eap vkSj izcq)
Jksrkvksa dh mRdaBk ds vuqdy
w Fkh ;g dforkA Jksrk&i{k

dh Hkko&Hkafxek us lgt jlcksèk dks izdV djus esa dksbZ
d’lj ugha NksMh+ A blds ckn ubZ dforkokn ds dqN iz;ksDrkvksa
us Hkh dkO;&ikB fd;kA okLro esa dfork ikB ds fy, lgh
ekufldrk dk ekgkSy Hkh cgqr egÙo j[krk gSA lHkk lekIr
gksrs gh >qMa ds >qMa Nk=k&Nk=kk,¡ eq>ls feyus yxs] eSua s viuh
l|% izdkf'kr ^xhr&xaèk* dh izfr;k¡ mUgsa nha] ftl ij mUgksua s
esjs gLrk{kj Hkh fy,A lHkk lekfIr ds ckn vk;kstdksa us js.kq
th ls Hkkstu djus dk vkxzg fd;k rks mUgksua s esjh vksj
bafxr djrs gq, dgkµßigys veks?k th dks Hkkstu djokb,]
eSa rks jkr Hkj jgwx¡ kA ;s dgha Bgjrs ughaA dfu"Bksa ds izfr
bruk lkSgknZ cM+s yksxksa esa fojy gh gksrk gSAÞ ogk¡ #dus ds
fy, yksxksa us vkxzg fd;k] D;ksfa d jkr esa ukVd vkSj vU;
lkaLÑfrd dk;ZØe dk vk;kstu FkkA eq>s 'kh?kz ?kj okil
vkuk FkkA eSa ÑrK Hkko ls muds vkxzg ds fy, {kek ;kpuk
djrk gqvk jkuhxat ds fy, izLFkku dj x;kA ml vk;kstu
dh eèkqj Le`fr vkt Hkh eu dks cklarh c;kj dh ekndrk
ls Hkj tkrh gSA
lu~ 1974 yksduk;d t;izdk'k ukjk;.k ds rwQk’ uh vkanksyuksa
dk o"kZA ,dckj fQj 1942 dh tuØkafr dh ;kn fnykus okyk
ekgkSyA ukStokuksa dk mcyrk [+kuw O;oLFkk ds izfr vkØks'k
ls xeZ gksdj lai.w kZ Økafr ds fy, rS;kjA ljdkjh dk;kZy;ksa
dk ?ksjko] tcju ?kqldj ljdkjh dkx+tk“ rksa dh gksyhA èkjuk]
tqyl
w ] lHkk,¡] fxj¶rkfj;k¡A 'kgjksa esa uqDdM+ lHkk,¡] uqDdM+
dkO;ikB] ukVd oxSj“ g] lkfgR;dkjksa ds }kjk ljdkjh mikfèk;k¡
vkSj is'a ku dk R;kxA lkFk gh ljdkj dh neukRed dkjZokb;k¡
izcq) tuekul dks vkgr dj jgh FkhaA
fnlacj dk vafre lIrkgA jkuhxat ¼esjhxat½ ds mRlkgh
;qodksa us tsy ls NwVdj vk, js.kq th ds ukxfjd vfHkuanu
dk ^vk;kstu* fd;k FkkA js.kq ds vkxeu dk lekpkj lqudj
eSa ^ykyth mPp fo|ky; dk vè;kid* cM+s fnu dh Nqêh esa
?kj ugha x;kA Lokxr lekjksg dh rS;kjh esa yx x;kA js.kq
th dks ,d dkj ij Q’kjfclxat ls jkuhxat yk;k x;kA
igqp
¡ rs gh eSua s cM+s Hkko foày eu ls js.kq th dks ekyk
igukbZA Mkd c¡xys ij muds Bgjus dh O;oLFkk dhA cjkens
ij dqflZ;k fcNhA Fkkusnkj Hkh mifLFkr] ij J)k vkSj
ln~Hkko ds lkFkA
yacs vjls ds ckn ge feys FksA mudk lw[kk gqvk dkafrghu
eq[keaMy vkSj {kh.k 'kjhj ns[kdj eSa fujk'k gks x;kA ,slk yxk

fd lkfgR;kdk'k dk ;g lcls izdk'kiw.kZ u{k=k vc vLrkpy
ds lehi tk jgk gSA Hkkstu ds fy, iwNus ij cksyßµs pk;
fcydqy ugha] Hkkstu esa FkksMk+ &lk lÙkw] nwèk vkSj vaMk vkSj dqN
ughaAÞ vk'p;Z Hkjh fujk'kk gqb]Z [kkus&ihus dk csgn 'kkSdhu
vkSj ?kksj vla;eh ;g O;fDr dsoy nwèk&lÙkw ij thou&jFk dks
fdlh rjg vkxs ljdk jgk gSA
eSua s mUgsa lu~ lÙkj dh chekjh] iVuk vLirky dk
dkWVt
s okMZ] bafM;u us'ku ds i=kdkj ls HksVa ] ^cVckck*
dgkuh vkSj vius i=k dh ;kn fnykbZ rks cksyßµs gk¡] gk¡]
O;kfèk vkSj mikfèk nksuksa lkFk&lkFk] mlh le; eq>s ljdkj
dh vksj ls ^iÉJh* dh mikfèk feyh FkhA fQj rks MkWDVjksa
vkSj ulks± us dksbZ egÙoiw.kZ O;fDr tkudj esjh vPNh lsok
vkSj fpfdRlk 'kq: dj nhA vkids i=k dh vc eq>s dksbZ
;kn ughaAÞ
fQj vkanksyu dh ckr pyh rks cksyßµs vkius dSlk
vuqHko fd;k\Þ D;k vkQ Q’kjfclxat t;izdk'k th dh
lHkk esa x, Fks\ ugha eSa rks tk ugha ldkµßeSua s mÙkj fn;kAÞ
ns[kk vkius\ ,d ckj fQj 1942 dh vxLr&Økafr dk&lk
ekgkSyA ogh mRlkg] ogh mÙkstuk vkSj lc dqN dj xqt+jus
dh reUukA eSa rks Qkjfclxat esa fxj¶rkj dj vjfj;k] fQj
iwf.kZ;k tsy esa j[kk x;kA de txg esa cs'kqekj yksx Bwl
¡ fn,
x,A Hkw[ks&I;kls] dksbZ iwNusokyk ughaA eSua s bl Hkz"Vkpkjh]
tu fojksèkh ljdkj dh nh gqbZ mikfèk vkSj is'a ku Hkh R;kx nh
gSA ukxktquZ us Hkh ;gh fd;kAÞ
fnu ds vafre igj esa jkuhxat iqjkuh gkV ds LFky ij
ukStokuksa us muds ukxfjd vfHkuanu ds fy, lHkk dk
vk;kstu fd;k FkkA lHkk esa mRlqd tuleqnk; dh vPNh
mifLFkfr FkhA fQj Hkh fo'ks"kr% ljdkjh ukSdjku Hk; ls ugha
vk,A dqN bPNqd Jksrk nwj lM+dj ij ls gh lqurs jgsA
lHkk dh dk;Zokgh 'kq: gqbAZ eap ij muds ny ds
jktuhfrd dk;ZdÙkkZ] vkanksyudkjh vkfn mifLFkr FksA i=kdkjksa
esa ls tqxuw 'kkjns; Hkh eap ij mifLFkr FksA eSua s cM+s mRlkg
vkSj fuHkhZdrk ls vfHkuanu&i=k
i<+dj js.kq th dks lefiZr fd;k]
ftlesa mudh dkyt;h Ñfr;ksa
vkSj muds ik=kksa dh ppkZ Hkh FkhA
muds vkanksyudkjh lkfFk;ksa
us xeZtks'kh Hkjs Hkk"k.k fn,A js.kq
tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011 w la o fn;k 97

tc cksyus ds fy, [kM+s gq, rks Hkko&foHkksj FksA #d&#ddj
ysfdu fny dk iwjk tksj yxkdj cksyrs x,µßjkuhxat esjs
^eSyk vk¡py* vkSj ^ijrh % ifjdFkk* dh dFkkHkwfe gSA ;gk¡
ds yksx esjs ijekReh; Lotu gaAS eSa cpiu ls gh esjhxat
iksLV vkWfQ’l ls tqMk+ gqvk gwA¡ mu fnuksa blh Mkd?kj ls esjs
xk¡o esa Hkh Mkfd;k lIrkg esa ,d fnu dh chp ij tkrk FkkA
eSa cM+h mRlqdrk ls Mkfd, dh izrh{kk djrkA esjs fy,
^ckyd* if=kdk] esjs firkth ds fy, ^fo'ofe=k* vkSj vU;
lekpkj i=k rFkk fpfë;k¡ ;gh ls ys tkrk FkkA blfy,
esjhxat dk uke cpiu ls gh esjh mRlqdrk dk dsna z jgk gS]
esjs uke ls tqM+k gqvk gSA ;gk¡ ds ukStokuksa dk mRlkg ns[kdj
eq>s cgqr cy feyk gSA
ßvfHkuanu&i=k esa esjs fe=k veks?k th us ftu jpukvksa
vkSj ik=kksa dh ppkZ dh gS] og lc vkidh viuh pht+ gS
vkSj Hkh vkidk gh gwA¡ buds ckjs esa fo'ks"k tkudkjh dh ckrsa
vki veks?k th ls iwN ysxa As esjk eu bruk Hkko&foày gks
jgk gS fd eSa eu dh lkjh ckrsa dg ldus esa vleFkZrk
eglwl djrk gwA¡ vki yksxksa dh vkReh;rk vkSj vkids }kjk
fn, x, lEeku ls vfHkHkwr gwA¡ Þ
ßlekjksg ds vafre pj.k esa eSua s dgk fd cax&Hkax
vkanksyu ds le; vaxt
sz +h ljdkj ls {kqCèk gksdj fo'odfo
johUnzukFk Bkdqj us vaxt
sz + ljdkj dks nh gqbZ ^lj* dh mikfèk
okil dj nh FkhA ;qxksa ds ckn ml ijaijk esa Økafrnwr js.kq us
frjLdkj iwod
Z ljdkj dh nh gqbZ mikfèk vkSj is'a ku dh jkf'k
R;kx nh gSA
ßgt+kjksa lky ujfxl viuh csujw h is jksrh gS]
cM+h eqf'dy ls gksrk gS] peu esa nhnkoj iSnkAÞ
ßHkkbZ js.kq ds bl R;kx vkSj vLoLFkrk dh gkyr esa Hkh
dfBu la?k"kZ ls mRlkfgr ;g tulHkk mudks ^yksdjRu* dh
mikfèk ls vyaÑr djrh gSAÞ iwjh lHkk us rkfy;ksa dh
xM+xM+kgV ls bl izLrko dk vuqeksnu fd;kA js.kq foLe;
foeqXèk!
ckn esa vusd i=k&if=kdkvksa
dks myVus&iyVus ij Hkh eq>s
dgha Hkh bl ^eSyk vk¡py* ds
yksxksa ds }kjk js.kq ds lEeku esa
vk;ksftr vyadj.k lekjksg dh
lwpuk ugha ikdj cM+h fujk'kk
98

laofn;k w tqykbZ&fnlacj

2011

gqbZ vkSj esjk vkØks'k mcy iM+k ml le; ds izxfr'khy vkSj
tkx:d i=kdkj Jh tqxuw 'kkjns; ij] tks js.kq ds fe=k Fks
vkSj ml eap ij mifLFkr FksA
vQ’lksl] xzkeh.kksa ds }kjk fn, bl vewY; migkj dk
mudh fuxkg esa dksbZ ewY; ughaA fdlh egkuxj esa fd, x,
bl vk;kstu dh cM+h lqf[kZ;ksa esa ppkZ gksrhA xk¡o ds yksxksa
ds dfFkr jguqekvksa }kjk gh xk¡o ds yksxksa dh ;g mis{kk
vlá gks mBrh gSA
1977 bZ- ds ekpZ&vizy
S eghus ds rFkkdfFkr nwljh vkt+knh
ds os mÙkstuk Hkjs fnuA 74&75 bZ- ds tukanksyu vkSj vkikrdky
dh T+;knfr;ksa ds QyLo:i pqukoksa esa bafnjk xk¡èkh dh ijkt;
gqbZ vkSj mudh ljdkj dk iru gks x;kA yksduk;d t;izdk'k
ukjk;.k dh izjs .kk vkSj ijke'kZ ls dsna z esa ubZ ljdkj dk
xBu ,d vHkwriwoZ ,sfrgkfld ?kVuk FkhA exj bu ubZ
mÙkstukRed [+kcjksa ds lkFk gh Jh Q.kh'ojukFk js.kq dh yach
tkuysok chekjh vkSj fQj dHkh u VwVusokyh csgks'kh ds
fujk'kktud lekpkj!
vkSj varr% 11 vizy
S 1977 dh eugwl jkr js.kq dh
jaxhu thou&yhyk ds eap ij lnk ds fy, dkyk ijnk Mky
xbZA 12 vizy
S dks 'kksd----egk'kksd dh ;g ygj fo|qr~ xfr
ls loZ=k izlkfjr gks xbZA d’ye ds bl tknwxj dh dyk ds
d’k;y yk[kksa ikBdksa us vkSj ^rhljh d’le* ds n'kZdksa us eu
ds ehrk bl ghjkeu dk 'kksd&foày ân; ls vJqriZ.k
fd;kA js.kq dh ;g ekSr dksbZ vkdfLed ?kVuk ugha FkhA
eghuksa ekSr ls la?k"kZ dj ;g ;ks)k lnk ds fy, foJke dh
xksn esa lks x;k!
tc yM+kbZ thrh tk pqdh Fkh] ;ks)k py clk Fkk! ;kn
vkbZ flagx<+ fot; ij ohjoj rkukth dh 'kgknrA 'kksd
foày Loj esa N=kifr f'kokth us dgk Fkkµßx<+ vk;k] ij
flag pyk x;kAÞ fQj ;kn vkbZ fdlh vaxt
sz +h dfo dh og
dforkµßvks dSIVsu] ekb dSIVsuAÞ vesfjdk ds egku~ jk"Vªifr
vkSj lalkj ds ,d egkiq#"k vczkge fyadu dh gR;k ij bl
dfork esa dgk x;k gS fd tc yM+kbZ thrh xbZ] rc dSIVsu
gh py clkA
js.kq dk ikfFkZo 'kjhj èkjrh ekrk dh vifjes; js.kq&jkf'k
esa lek x;k] ij muds ekuliq=k ckounkl] MkW- iz'kkar]
dkyhpj.k] ghjkeu vkSj fdrus gh vufxur ik=k lnk thoar
jgdj mudh ;kn fnykrs jgsxa As q

gekjs vkthou lnL;
^laofn;k* ¼=kS-½ dks lathfor rFkk laofyr j[kus ds fy, gt“kj #i, dh vkfFkZd lgk;rk nsdj ftu egkuqHkkoksa us lkfgR; ds izfr
viuh&viuh vVwV J)k ,oa izse dk ifjp; fn;k gS] ^laofn;k* ifjokj muds izfr gkfnZd vkHkkj izdV djrk gSA gekjs vkthou
lnL;ksa dh la[;k vfèkd c<+s] gesa izcq) ikBdksa ls vis{kk,¡ gSaA

vjfj;k
123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627-

MkW- ¼dSIVu½ ,l- vkj- >k
Jh vftr dqekj lkg
Jh lat; dqekj feJ
Jh rq Q S y vgen
Jh t;iz d k'k lkg
duZ y vftr nÙk
Jh [kq'khyky lkg
Jh lR;ukjk;.k flag
MkW- lkfyd vkte
eks- eksglhu
MkW- lqèkhj èkjeiqjh
Jh egs'oj iz- 'kekZ
MkW- izg~ykn'kj.k oekZ
Jh fot; feJ
Jh f'kokuan eaMy ^lsod*
Jh lksguyky Bkdqj] ,e-,MkW- cklqdhukFk 'kekZ
izks- fo'oukFk >k
MkW - Hkq o us ' k
MkW- uoyfd'kksj nkl ^uoy*
Jh la t ho ja t u
Jherh lqèkk Hkxr
Jherh vk'kk nsoh
Jh f=kyksdukFk >k
Jherh 'kSyckyk dqekjh
Jh ns o ukjk;.k ls u
Jherh jsorh 'kekZ

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eqgEen 'ks[k ogktqíhu flfíd’h
Jh vfuy dqekj xqIrk
Jh lat; dqekj >k
Jh fot; dq e kj jk;
Jherh panzdyk nsoh
izks- deyukjk;.k ;kno
izks- jkèkkje.k pkSèkjh
Jh egs'k feJ ^foHkwfr*
MkW- ,-ds- JhokLro
Jh fot; dq e kj ns o
Jh jes ' k >k
Jh vHk;'kadj >k
Jh ijes'oj flag
MkW- panzHkw"k.k ^panzs'k*
ia - xa x kukFk >k
Jh jes'k dqekj flUgk
Jh ;ksxsUnz izlkn nkl
Jh foeys U nz dq e kj
Jherh uhrk >k
Jh cS | ukFk >k
Jherh jhrk dqekjh
Jh ds - ,u- fo'okl
Jh cklqdhukFk >k
Jh ek;kuan feJ
Jh lquhy dqekj xqIrk
Jh jkepa n z fla g ]
Jherh 'osrk nsoh
Jh y{e.k ea M y
Jh Naxqjh eaMy

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Jh vt; dqekj >k
eks- bdcky jt“k
Jherh nsodyk nsoh
Jherh foUnq y rk ns o h
Jh iUukyky fo'okl
Jh ,y-ih- uk;d
Jh fouhr izdk'k
Jh oS|ukFk flag
Jherh ehuk ns o h
Jherh 'khyk nsoh
gkt“h ,djkeqy gd’
Jh iÉkua n >k
Jh peuyky
Jh lq'khy dqekj Hkxr
Jh mn;'ka d j >k
Jh dUgS;kyky Hkxr ^O;klaxh*
Jh ;qxyfd'kksj egrks
Jh jkeukjk;.k izlkn ^je.k*
Jh jkds ' k ns o
Jherh ehuk dqekjh
Jh fouks n dq e kj egrks
MkW - uS ¸ ;j gchc
Jh fot;'ka d j f}os n h
Jh fot; dqekj >k
Jh dkens o ea M y
Jh vuw i dq e kj
Jh ch-ds - fla g
MkW - ih-ds - d.kZ
iq L rdk/;{k
vjfj;k egkfo|ky;

tqykbZ&fnlacj

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Jh lqjsUnz lkg
Jh 'kaHkq dqekj
Jh foUns'ojh izlkn ;kno
Jh lqjsUnz dqekj lqeu
MkW- iape dqekj nkl
Jh larks"k dqekj
Jh lR;sUnz ukjk;.k pkS/kjh
Jherh jRuekyk ns o h
Jh mis U nz iz l kn ;kno
MkW- vkj- pkS/kjh
Jh ujs'k >k
iz / kkuk/;kfidk
jk-d- mPp fo|ky;
¼fo|ky;&iqLrdky;½
Jh lw;Z fd'kksj >k
Jh ukxsUnz Bkdqj
MkW- lat; iz/kku
MkW- latho dqekj feJ
MkW- Qjgr vkjk
Jh fo|kuan ikloku
iz k pk;Z ]
dsUnzh; fo|ky;
jktdqekj nq/ksfM+;k]
Jh t; izdk'k efYyd
Jh y{ehukjk;.k esgrk
iz k pk;Z ]
efgyk egkfo|ky;] vjfj;k
Jh latho dqekj
Jh lquhy dqekj
Jh vuq j a t u
Jh dsnkjukFk flag Bkdqj
MkW- fouksn dqekj
Jh ';kelqanj jtd
MkW- ,l-,u- egrks
t; ekrk nh daLVªD'ku
dS I Vs u ,l-,u- fla g
Jh vfuy fla g
Jh gfjgj iz l kn ;kno

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Jh dqekj vkyksd
Jherh lquhrk dqekjh
Jh MCY;w - ,u- fla g
Jh jes ' k d¡ o y
Jh fefFkys'k dqekj flag
Jh vkua n 'ka d j

lq i kS y
138- Jh jktÑ".k >k

eqf'kZnkckn
139- Jherh Lus g k fdj.k

e/ks i q j k
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140-- Jh jkepanz izlkn ;kno
fu"kknn
141- Jh vo/ks ' k iz l kn ea M y fu"kk

dfVgkj
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Jh jke[ks y kou iz t kifr
Jh jke lqanj eqf[k;k
vkpk;Z tokgj nso]

145- MkW- ,l-,e-,l- vgen

120- MkW- NksVsyky cgjnkj

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Jh f'koukjk;.k 'kekZ ^O;fFkr*
Jherh jkeorh ns o h
MkW- t;Ñ".k esgrk
Jh lq'khy pSrU;
MkW- v#.k dqekj nkl
Jh v'kksd dqekj ^vkyksd*
Jh Kkunso eqds'k
eks- ,glku dkleh
MkW- eqds'k dqekj
Jh lat; dqekj flag
Jh jsorhdkar fo'okl
Jh v#.k vfHk"ksd

f'kolkxj

iwf.kZ;k
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2011

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146- Jh ;qojkt dqekj

dksydkrk
147- Jh vlye glu

u, lnL;
1- izks- MkW- vjfoan dqekj cekZ
Qkjfclxa t
egkfo|ky;
Qkjfclxat] vjfj;k 854318
2- Jh vjfoan dqekj nkl
fljfl;k&guqekuxat] iks- egFkkok]
vjfj;k 854334 ¼fcgkj½
3- Jh uoy fd'kks j fla g
tkcqu ?kkV@jkuhxat
vjfj;k 854334 ¼fcgkj½
4- ch-,y-Mh- mPp fo|ky;
fo|ky;] jkuhxat
iks- esjhxat] vjfj;k 854334
5- eks- egcwcqUuo
uoh ¼lapkyd½
dLrwjck xk¡èkh ckfydk fo|ky;
vjfj;k uxj] Nk=kkokl iqLrdky;
t; izdk'k uxj] okMZ&7
vjfj;k 854311 ¼fcgkj½
6- ds a n z h ; fo|ky;
vjfj;k vkj-,l-@vjfj;k 854311
7- MkW- lqoa'k Bkdqj ^vdsyk*
flikgh Vksyk] pwukiqj jksM
iwf.kZ;k 854301 ¼fcgkj½
8- Jh jktho ja t u
uk;d fuokl] dkslh dkWyksuh jksM
okMZ&16 guqear uxj] vjfj;k
9- Jh xq # iz l kn ;kno
fljfl;k&guqekuxat]
iks- egFkkok] vjfj;k&854334
10- MkW - ia d t dq e kj ns o ¼izkpk;Z½
okbZ-,u-ih- baVj dkWyst] jkuhxat]
fnoku Vksyk] esjhxat 854334
11- Jh lq j s a n z dq e kj ¼f'k{kd½
yfy;kgh] dfVgkj 854105 ¼fcgkj½