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SD 71-700


December 1971




to Contract



I NTE_NATIONAL RENDEZVOUS (North American Rockwell


00/98 Approved by

[Incl as 23996


President and Programs CSIv[ Programs



North Space Amerscan F_ockwell Division


Division Rockwell

North American

.. 'i I




Space American Rockwell Division North


This study to of NASA CSIV['s

report conducted Contract 115

presented in and and and response 9-150. ll5A Docking docking by of integration the airlock of is an for

the The a Mission with ll-day Continental

results to CCA study 14-clay a USSR Earth USA. and It meaningful which

of 4162;

a feasibility 500-300 usage

evaluates International includes Salyut-type Resources

Rendezvous rendezvous vehicle, Survey a docking bility. equipment that feasible. the The

followed Mission module payload proposed

It evaluates design earth feasiresources concluded and

concept a baseline is discussed.





SD 71-700


SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division


Section INTRODUCTION S UMMAR 1.0 MISSION I. I I. 2 I. 3 I. 4 I. 5 I. 6 I. 7 I. 8 1.9 i.i0 I. 11 2.0 CSM Y ANALYSIS Mission Mission Mission Mission Objectives Hardware Guidelines Summary Analysis and Timelines Budgets Power Profile Requirements and Dumping Analyses Analysis


I-I I-I I-I 1-2 1-4 I-6 1-19 1 -23 I-38 I-45 l -48 1-48 2-I 2-I Installation 2-3 2-4 2 -20 2 -27 2 -30 2 -37 Modifications 2 -49 2-55 2-59 2-63 3-1 3-1 3-2 3 -20 3 -67

Trajectory Propellant Electrical Cryogenic CSM Weights Guidance


and Control


MODIFICATIONS 2. I Baseline Configuration 2. 2 Baseline Scientific Equipment 2. 3 2. 4 2. 5 2 •6 2. 7 CS_i Thermal Control System System Propulsion Systems Environmental Control Telecommunications Electrical Power

System System

2. 8 Stowage 2 .9 Command Module Structural 2. I0 SM Structural Modifications Z. II 3.0 DOCKING 3. I 3.2 3.3 3.4 SEA Modifications

MODULE Docking Module Requirements Docking Module Structural Design Environmental Control and Life Support Electrical Power System








SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division

Section 5 Telecommunications DM DM Thermal Stowage Aids Truss and SLA and Load Limits Equipment . DOCKING SYSTEM Separation in DM . Control System System . .

Page 3-75 3-85


3 6 3 7 3 8 3 3 3 3 4.0

3-97 3-101 3-105 3-105 3-110 4-I 4-1 4-1 4-1 4-2 4-2


9 DM Support 10 DM Stress 11 12 Scientific Pr oducibility


INTERNATIONAL 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5

Compatibility IRDM Mis sion Design System System Interfaces Concept EQUIPMENT

Requirements Requirements

Requirements and Operation PAYLOAD , Complement Complements HARDWARE UTILIZATION . Module Module Module OPERATIONS Requirements Flows EQUIPMENT Handling ..... and . . . • . . . •



5-1 5-I 5-I 6- 1 7-1 7-1 7-1 7-2 8-1 8-1 8-1 9-1 9-1 9-4 9-4 and 9-5 9-6 9-8 9-I0 9-11 9-12

Baseline Alternate PROGRAM PLAN Command Service Docking TEST Checkout Checkout SUPPORT Mechanical


GROUND 8.1 8.2





9.2 Installation Equipment 9.3 Special Tools and Protective Devices 9.4 Packaging and Shipping Procedures Devices • . . 9.5 9.6 9.7 9.8 9.9 Electrical Electronic Checkout Checkout Equipment Equipment . . .

Fluid/Pneumatic Equipment GSE Test Procedures Documentation .

- vi SD 71-700

Space Division North American Rockwell

Section I0.0 MOCKUPS I0.1 I0.2 II.0 IZ.O IRDM AND TRAINING . . Requirements . .

Page 10-1 10-1 I0-2 11 -I 12-I 12-I 12-I 12-1 12-2 12-3 12-3 13-1

Definition Specific Mockup



USA/USSR 12. 1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 12.6


CSM/DM to Salyut Physical Requirements CSM/DM to Salyut Electrical Requirements Instrumentation and Communications . to Salyut Requirements Interface Requirements . . Documentation Functional . and . CSM/DM GSE

Requirements Procedural Support






A-1 B-1 C-1 D-1


- vii

SD 71-700

in Bay 3 . Time Deorbit . Compatibility ERS Lighting on Launch Launch . Requirements Window Opportunity . ... . 2-19 2-22 Z -23 2-25 2-26 2. .. . RCS Quads Location of PSQ in Bay Z Alternate Location of PSQ IRDM Modifications to SM Location of ERS Equipment Coldplates IRDM Corn. in CM .¢4_% SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division ILLUSTRATIONS Figure 1 1-1 I-2 1-3 1-4 1-5 1-6 1-7 1-8 1-9 1-10 1-11 1-1Z i -13 1-14 1-15 1-16 1-17 1-18 1-19 1-20 I-Zl 1-22 2-i Z-Z 2-3 Z-4 Z-5 Z-6 Z-7 2-8 Z-9 Z-10 2-II 2-1Z Z-13 2-14 IRDM IRDM IRDM Study Schedule .ix SD 71-700 .munication Links GDIN JRDM Coverage for IRDM Telecornnuunication ERS Electrical ..-28 2-31 Interfaces 2-32 2-34 Major Hardware Sequence Launch Versus Track CSM/Soyuz Liftoff Time ERS Ground Effect of M Number Effect of M Number on M = 16 Launch Window Docked Operations Timeline Altitude as a Function of Repeat SM RCS Propellant Usage Propellant Requirements for RCS Baseline IRDM Power Profile CSM ERS IRDM IRDM Power Generation System Pass Power Profile Hydrogen Oxygen Usage Usage Profile Profile Capability Cryogenic Oxygen Tank Performance CSM Water Profile ERS Local-Vertical Attitude Hold CSM Pitch and Yaw Axes Inertia CSM IRDM Roll Axis CSM Inertia Configuration Baseline SIM Arrangement for Baseline Payload CM Installation of Baseline Payload SM RCS Quad Heat Flux SM Aft Bulkhead Incident Heat Flux Quad A Primary Transition PSQ Schematic Fuel Tank Skin Temperature • . . Page 2 I-3 1-5 I-7 1-8 I-I0 i-II 1-11 1-13 1-15 1-17 1-22 1-24 1-27 1 -34 1-36 1240 1 -41 1 -43 1 -47 1-55 1-57 I -58 2-2 2-5 2-5 Z-If 2-12 . .

Alternate Launch CM/DM Umbilical Structural Modification Stowage Lockers and Scientific Equipment in CM SM Structural Modifications for PSQ in Bay 2 SPS Propellant Line Modification Docking Module External View . . International DM Hatch. Baseline Alternate Operations Stowage Plan. . . . Hatch CM at CSM End Hatch of DM Refurbishment for DM Forward . Alternate Locker A-9. Panel 2 . Baseline Configuration Docking Systems Controls. End DM Inboard Profile From International Docking International Docking Module Inboard Profile Docking Module Single -Skin Shell Assembly Attachment DM Longeron and Radial Frame Installation of DM Insulation 2-62 3-3 3-5 3-6 3-7 3-8 3-8 3-9 3-10 Docking Module Honeycomb Shell Assembly DM Honeycomb Shell Cross Sections DM Micrometeoroid Considerations . 2-19 2-20 2-21 2 -22 2 -23 2 -24 2 -25 2-26 2-27 2 -28 2 -29 2-30 2-31 2-32 2 -33 2-34 2-35 2-36 2-37 3-I 3-2 3-3 3-4 3-5 3-6 3-7 3-8 3-9 3-10 3-II 3-12 3-13 3-14 3-15 3-16 3-17 Umbilical. . Baseline Launch Utilization Utilization 2-56 2-57 2-57 2-58 2-58 2-60 CM Stowage Locker A-9. . 2 . Use 3-11 3-13 3-13 3-14 3-14 3-16 3-16 . Salyut Side International DM Hatch. PSQ Added Propellant SM RCS Isolation Heater Controls.{_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division Figure 2-15 2-16 2-17 2-18 Controls for ERS Scientific Supplemental Supplemental Supplemental CM/DM DM Communications Data Interface Battery Battery Battery Installation Circuitry Controls Minimum Rework . . Panel Controls. 3-17 3-17 Addition of Delta-P Gauge to DM/CM Hatch . Configuration CM/DM Umbilical. . Panel 2 PSQ Controls. . DM Side International DM Hatch Dimensions and Penetrations Cross Section of International DM Hatch TV Camera in DM Hatch Window . Panel 278 S-191 Viewfinder/Tracking System Scientific Equipment Control Panel CM CM CM CM CM Launch Docked Launch Docked Stowage Stowage Stowage Plan. Plan.-41 . . 2-43 2 -43 2-44 2-44 2-45 2-52 2-53 2-54 . . - X - SD 71-700 . . Page 2-35 2-36 2-39 2-39 2-40 2-40 2-41 2. Baseline Operations Stowage Controls Plan.


SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division

Figure 3-18 3-19 3-20 3-21 3-22 3-23 3 -24 3-25 International DM Equipment DM DM DM Docking Rack System Structure Attachment to DM . .

Page 3-18 3-18 Airlock Detail . Installation . System Storage System Control . Pressurization and Thermal Circuit CM/DM Timeline System Control Interface . Quantity System . (Alternate) System . . (Baseline) . 3-19 3-21 3-21 3-28 3-30 3-32 3-34 3-36 3-37 3-38 3-40 3-44 3-45 3-48 3-48 3-49 3-49 Control 3-50 3-50 3-51 Coolant Heat Heat at 240 Pounds 3-53 Be'tween IMU and Suit Exchanger Exchanger . . for Heat LM 204 3-57 in CM With Suit Exchange r 3-59 3-69 Lights Panel Panel 1 2 Schematic 3-69 3-70 3-71 3 -72 3-74 3-75 3-77 3-79 3-81 . 3-55

Equipment Rack Side Window/Scientific Side Window Installation Storage System Pressurization and and

Atmospheric DM Atmospheric ECLSS


3-Z7 3-28 3-29 3-30 3-31 3-32 3-33 3-34 3-35 3-36 3-37 3-38 3-39 3-40 3-41

DM Environmental Baseline Schematic DM Atmospheric DM Environmental (Alternate) Alternate Cooling DM Pressurization


Oxygen Tank Pressure Versus Oxygen/Nitrogen Tank Pressure DM Pressurization Rate Versus DM DM DM DM DM Water Atmosphere CO z Buildup CO Z Buildup Water Pressure Flow Pressure at at 657 5.7 and mmHg mrnHg

Quantity Versus Time Composition (12.7 psia) (10 psia)

Vapor Buildup Without Humidity Buildup Without Venting Rate Heat Versus Rejection mmHg (H20

Sublimator Per Hour) Flow Split

Paths (Before for DM Coolant 3-42 3 -43 3-44 3 -45 3 -46 3 -47 3 -48 3 -49 3-50 3-51 3-52 3-53

and After Loop) and

Adding Temperatures

Schematic Location Heat Exchange r Humidity Bypassed DM Power DM C&W Location DM DM Displays Displays Buildup

Distribution System of DM and and Interior Controls, Controls,

International DM Electrical IRDM-USSR IRDM Tracking CSM/DM/Salyut

Docking System Electrical Interface Locations FM Transceiver Interface Transponder TV Interfaces Interface

-xiSD 71-700


SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division

Figure 3-54 3-55 3-56 3 -57 3-58 3-59 3-60 3-61 3-6Z 3-63 3 -64 3-65 3-66 3-67 3-68 3-69 3-70 3-71 3-72 3-73 4-1 8-1 8-Z 8-3 8-4 8-5 8-6 II-I ll-g IRDM-CSM/DM/Salyut Insulation Heat Loss DM DM DM DM DM DM DM DM CM Passive Intercom Interface Versus Thermal Conductance Control Heat Analysis Loss

Page 3-8Z 3-89 3-91 3-92 3-96 3-96 Stowage Rack Stowage J-Mission New Aids Aids . Type . Lockers 3-98 3-98 3-99 3-99 3-100 3-100 3-102 3-103 3-104 System Adapter in DM Installation Concept Flow 3-106 3-107 3-107 3-111 3-111 4-3 8-6 8-7 8-8 8-9 8-10 8-11 11-2 11-3


Tank Support Maximum Launch Stowage Inflight Transferrable Equipment Crew Crew to DM Equipment, Equipment, Docking Stowage

CM/DM to Salyut Docking DM Installed in SLA SLA DM Clearance Support Truss and Access Assembly

DM Tiedown Truss/SLA

and Separation Tiedowns

Guillotine Mounted to SLA S-190 Multispectral Camera S- 193 Radiometer/Scatterometer International DM Assembly DM Checkout CSM Checkout DM Checkout CSM Checko'ut DM Checkout IRDM Schedule IRDM Schedule Docking and System Checkout

Flow at Downey Flow at Downey Flow at KSC Flow at KSC Flow for for in the USSR Mid-1975 Launch Mid-1974 Launch

- xii SD 71-700


SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division


Table I-I i-2 I-3 1-4 1-5 1-6 I-7 1-8 1-9 i-I0 I-II 1-12 1-13 1-14 1-15 1-16 1-17 1-18 1-19 2-1 2-2 Z-3 2-4 2-5 Z-6 M = 16 Timeline Timeline From From Undocking Liftoff ..... . . Cycle ERS . . Hydrogen Oxygen Tank Tradeoff Tank Tradeoff . . Passes . Through Docking

Page 1-14 1-18 1-21 1-25 l-Z8

to Landing

SPS Propellant Budget SM RCS Propellant Budget CSM/DM Baseline

Operational Modes Mission Power Requirements Duty Between .

1-30 1-33 1-37 1-39 1-39 1-44 1-44 1-49 1-49

Baseline Mission Equipment Peak Power Requirements DM IRDM IRDM Two Two Electrical Hydrogen Oxygen Versus Versus Three Three Power Budget Budget


Command Service SLA IRDM IRDM Thermal Thermal Optical Docking

Modules Weights Module Weights . Weights Weights Translation System System for SM Summary Performance Major Heater RCS Requirements Size Quad Doors Beta Angle, Solar Inertial Versus Beta Angle, . . Negative Versus Beta . Angle, . . Module Spacecraft SM RCS Control Control Properties


1-49 1-5O 1-50 i -54 2-7 2-I0 2-I0 Z-IZ • 2-13 • Z-14 .Z-15 Local Range, Vertical .Z-17 .2-18 . .Z-19 •Z-Z9 • Z-47

Duty Cycle (Percent) Power Requirements Solar Inertial Duty Cycle (Percent) Local Vertical Power Angle, Requirements Local

Versus (Watts) Versus (Watts)


_qegative Beta

Vertical for Full Beta Range, (Watts) for Full Beta . . Requirements

Duty Cycle (Percent) Power Requirements Local Vertical Z-10 Z-II 2-12 Heater Average Power Postflight Evaluation Scientific Equipment


of CO 2 Absorber Elements Umbilical Requirements

- xHi

SD 71-700


SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division

Table Z-13 2-14 2-15 3-I 3-2 3-3 3-4 3-5 3-6 3-7 3-8 3-9 3-10 3-11 3-12 3-13 3-14 3-15 3-16 3-17 3-18 5-1 5-2 5-3 6-1 6-2 8-1 8-2 8-3 CSM Umbilical, Baseline Volume, . IRDM Configuration Versus Skylab and

Page 2-47 2-51 2-51 3-i0 3-24 3-25 3-42 3-46 Performance System System, System, Ventilation System System, Matrix Requirements, Requirements, Baseline ....... Docking Payload Payload Payload Loads for Performance Requirements Options for the DM Requirements Checkout Requirements DM . . Tradeoff Baseline Baseline Hardware Alternate 3-54 3-60 3-61 3-62 3-63 3-64 3-65 3-73 Baseline Potential Additions 3-73 3-73 3-95 3-I08 3-109 5-2 5-3 5-4 6-2 6-3 8-2 8-3 8-4

CM Stowage J-Missions

Stowage Volumes Summary Single-Skin Versus Honeycomb Crew ECLSS Normal ECLSS Metabolic Design Transfer Component Supply Stowage Requirements Requirements Timeline

Consumable LCG Coolant Atmosphere DM

s Matrix

Pressurization and


DM Pressurization Hardware Reuse ECLSS CM/DM CM/DM DM IRDM Instrumentation Umbilical Umbilical List, Design



Preliminary Baseline Baseline

Limit Scientific Scientific

Scientific Equipment CSM Hardware Assets Apollo IRDM DM Hardware CSM Delta Checkout

Utilization Checkout System

Requirements Docking








SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division




of work

for the International


and Docking

Mission Study (IRDM) cover letter BT2-298. (NR) to evaluate

was issued by INASA-MSC This statement directed of CSM's IIi,

on Z9 July 1971, under North American Rockwell 115, and II5A for IRDM.

the potential use

It was later agreed to exclude consideration and concentrate CSM 115 and II5A.

the H-mission vehicle, CSM 111, from further on modification of the J-mission vehicles,


The first of the scheduled on 24 August 1971. NASA-MSC informally


status briefings





six alternative 1971. presented MSC on


scientific pay-

load complements The 1971. The This specific second final

for study on 20 September study briefing status was briefing presented the results statement study was at



2'9 September 1971. fulfills that

16 November study and

report requirement

presents of the the

of the detailed of work.


1 presents



SD ? i- 700


SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division

v') ILl

¢1 0



_-__._ _ .... :. -_

scanner.). meters moduledocking satisfactory accomplishment of the IRDM conceptual have a singl an internal The (110 DM in. The CSlvi after and successfully accomplished the DM would linkup be launched on a Saturn IB with at a suitable interval a successful of a Soyuz spacecraft a Salyut-type space workshop. and shell of systems with 1. were studied for gross feasibil- scientific payloads of installation. 794 A lunar 3. The are The modifications described DM will and required in Section design e-skin diameter for 2.¢i_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division SUMMARY The in the mission a modified that United the study (IRDM) CSM conducted that by authorization international Salyut-type module resources of CCA 4162. S-IVB and dock with the DM.0. CSM. 14 days and 2 hours. on the fourteenth deorbit day. which Six ity other is payload will be situated is approximately of a pan camera. 500-300 and resulted docking conclusion a successful rendezvous with a USSR and a docking ll-day earth be vehicle could be accomplished with (DM) airlock. are described (56 length in. S-191 infrared spectrometer. The The target landing area duration of the mission A baseline S-192 multispectral be suitably modified a closed-circuit system.422 at one end. to an a period of two days and the CSM/DM will then separate altitude of 285 km (154 n mi) to conduct The DM will be jettisoned shortly from the an ll-day before Salyut and descend ERS mission. The DM would be launched into an 150 by 185 km (81 by 100 n mi) orbit. It was also concluded survey (ERS) following of the Continental from separation a meaningful States could Salyut. Following insertion the CSMwill separate from the will then conduct a 24-hour an altitude visits of 300 over km (162 n mi). The CSM/DM rendezvous The astronauts maneuver and to meet the Salyut at cosmonauts will exchange in the SLA. It will and tape recorder will be necessary to provide use of the S-191 viewfinder/tracking in the SLM beyond crew access. in the West Atlantic Ocean. in Section of 2. microwave and installed in the TV system attached to permit to the S-191 equipment radiometer.) an overall meters end and type docking system will system will be installed be installed at the other an international -3SD 71-700 .0.

0. modifications. The and report proposals described also stowage includes lists. Ground 8. and checkout the proposed is supplied flow of the DM in a separate through fabrication. suggested USA/USSR interface requirements preliminary A chart depicting assembly. The support operations Mockup and training philosophy equipment are cussed in Sections in Section 10.0 and 9. to the report.. addendum -4SD 71-700 .0.0.W_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division Apollo possible described hardware from previous flight vehicles will test and be reused wherever is are dis- for the DM in Section and the CSM 7.

MISSION HARDWARE are required for successful The following items of major hardware accomplishment of the baseline mission: . Apollo and required.Space Division North American Rockwell I.2 Secondary To conduct following 1. OBJECTIVES Objectives the capability vehicle equipped to rendezvous and dock with an docking 1.45 its the willbe Salyut-type pressurized of crewmen pure 65/35 SLA 02 N2/O on 2 depressurized. A suitably modified Apollo-type the United States on a Saturn ful Soyuz/Salyut docking and A docking and Apollo and between atmosphere atmosphere. and launched station. A Salyut-type space station provided and stabilized in a suitable orbit. between module N/cm and launched by following success- . in the 1-1 SD 71-700 . A Soyuz-type docked with spacecraft the Salyut-type provided space and launched by the USSR . as CSM Salyut the with CSM provided IB launch vehicle crew transfer. with to facilitate 11 N/cm transfer 2 (5 psia) 2 (16 psia) The docking module will be launched IB which is used to launch the CSM.2 completion of the docked of the mission. the Saturn the module CSM to serve vehicles. space with an international o To demonstrate capability for crewmen in shirt sleeves to perform intravehicular transfer between space vehicles with different atmospheric pressures. by the USSR and . 1. 1 MISSION Primary l .1 To demonstrate orbiting system. 0 MISSION ANALYSIS 1. Objective an earth resources survey phase of the continental United States I. 1. as an airlock The docking its 3.

LINES guidelines for . 2. MISSION The 1.700 .5 to 21 by and recovery (7._ SpaceAmencan Rockwell North Division 5. .5 minutes (318-kg (700-1b) 13. 11.±7. 3.6 . 10.17.continental backup USA 1-2 SD 71 .51.5 hours) M numbers time constrained launch Daylight Rendezvous Earth Atlantic SPS IB opportunities requirements recovery for both (secondary SPS and RCS objective) deorbits surveylighting Ocean deorbit launch 8. 5. b.14 km the study were: mission Orbit Salyut Earth Mission Docked Rendezvous Launch a.000 lb) above IU into 150- by 12.226 to 300 km (122 to 162 rim) range days .3 linkage are depicted in Figure 1-1. and installed on both the Salyut-type The 1. 14.236 kg (81by 100-nm) orbit IB yaw steering capability (38. inclination altitude survey duration operations degrees (162 nm) . 9. West Two-burn Saturn Saturn 185-kin Saturn reserve) Earth G&_q north-east IB payload . survey hybrid target deorbit . c.300 altitude .2 days . 4.5 to 31. 7. 6. An international vehicle and the gross vehicle GUIDE docking docking configuration system module.

Space Division North Amencan Rockwell 0 ! I-3 SD 71-700 .

the csM insertion. extract Salyut 185-kin to rendezvous A Skylab-type.4 MISSION The mission Figure 1-2.m. the American and Russian and may conduct joint scientific experiments. . to improve visits occupy Following docking. EST. 3. with will Ocean the DM will A nominal entry west be used to guide the command module to a landing approximately 14 days and 2 hours after liftoff. 2:30 p. is vehicle by depicted will 100-nm) dock with with the be in three days after Soyuz launch at 1. Apollo (SIM).m.. the second and third days of the mission. EVA to recover instrument module be jettisoned. the Russian to insert Following DM._i_b SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division The mission . the vehicle to maneuver DM at sequence an and DM the from CSM the altitude will be A Saturn into will SLA. United States. and service a two-burn module deorbit jettison and in the will EVA. USSR local time SUMMARY sequence IB from ascend (162 rim). cassette from the survey (ERS) The fourteenth pan camera Following be conducted sequence Atlantic in of the continental day will include the scientific the SPS. launch (81the S-IVB. of 300 a 150and km by separate used orbit. The or six-impulse coelliptic required used for the CSM rendezvous. will be separated into a 285-km from (154-nm) the crews will exchange Docked operations will day The CSM/DM and will descend Salyut at the end of the third orbit for an earth resources The the ERS film will occupy 10 days. 1-4 SD 71-700 . launch window Salyut will not be to assist rendezvous. . for following study: ground rules were established to define a baseline M = 16 rendezvous day Earth Launch survey datealtitude June (Z4 hours) with launch opportunity every third Z.Z85 14 km (154 nm) Liftoff time 11:12 a.

lJ | I-5 SD 71-700 ." &.

elevation angles during which the ERS provide phase adequate lighting for photography Soyuz liftoff time and the number of days between Soyuz and CSM launches have a strong effect on CSMlaunch time. ANALYSIS AND TIMELINES Considerations impose requirements adequate __he major are: constraints on CSM launch lighting requirements The main lighting launch zones Daylight recovery Transposition to provide lighting in the abort 2. This regression. of year.1 TRAJECTORY Liftoff Time Mission time. meet The crosshatched area shows the range lighting requirements.5 degrees). the three days before ERS is considered as during the ERS phase. . The the effect of launch parameters determines used time on Survey lighting the ERS .Z8-degree rotation with respect to the orbit plane. Orbital regression during to be at the same rate I-6 SD 71-700 . degrees between per day. launch and ERS initiation (three per day sun-line Both days) width the elapsed time and the duration of the window of the ERS (ten days) affect the start and by virtue of the 6. in developing the figure are: of the sun. Orbital altitude and inclination. Figure I-3 illustrates the range of compatibility between Soyuz and CSM times which liftoff times._i_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division I. Figure during l of launch the mission 1-4 illustrates phase. Time This the elevation angle Lighting for photography of the northern hemisphere is best in June. 5 1. when the sun is at its highest declination (23. when combined with the one-degree-per-day rotation of the sun about the earth.5.28 . . and daylight zone docking period in for daylight recovery in the end-of-mission Adequate recovery Sun . This establishes the ground- track pattern and the inertial orbit regression. results in an effective orbital rotation relative to the sun line of 6. .

....SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division 0 Z "r 0 N >. > .-I01:II'I WSD 1-7 SD 71-700 . ::) n.. U U -_ >O =5 U "' "'0 g g I -r o m Z 0 0 Z (IS:I)3WII -I.

.-1 .> E_ 0 .l .Space Division North American Rockwell ¢) .PI o" b_ bb U3 c_ C.r-I I ¢) o_'1 --< Z 1-8 SD 71700 .

C. ascending Rendezvous The CSM Phase into a 150._h SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division the When The ten-day launch CSM passes ERS phase occurs over and during some forms part of the United States a net-like ground-track the subsolar and passes. For example. after a series will rendezvous the Salyut at an altitude of 300 km (162 nm).by with 100-nm) orbit will be launched of phasing and. For example. to as the M The number An of revolutions ascent from liftoff to rendezvous five revolutions 16 revolutions is is is referred called an M called an M number. the lighting 69 times during pattern (Figure is the nearest the best When lighting launch (south exist 1-5}.5. the 15 subvehicle ascending of the sun percent sun and elevation of all allowable 1. that requires that requires = 5 rendezvous. portions of the trajectory. portions ascending of the passes. the target is determined vehicle by the must altitude be within range a range of lead angles of the phasing orbit. both an individual The the total but to possible liftoff times or launch Figure 1-6 shows the maximum M and for a launch window that phase time pane required can be increased from ascent by is also 2 minutes time from to rendezvous of M numbers. in the occur but launch range of phasis increased occur only The probability is increased of clays with 1-7. EST. mid-morning. = 16 rendezvous. exist during descending the subsolar and point the is best nearest ascending conditions trajectory. when the target that proper because phasing launch opportunity as the M number The percentage M number in capability is plotted is thereby enhanced.by maneuvers. the phase for M = 16.2 during late morning. as a function of Figure 1-9 SD 71-700 . 11 degrees for if the all portions States. can be correlated mean motion. The opportunities ing capability. 185-kin (81. increased. launch will site pane can be increased but this increases the will be in the desired plane vehicle phasing each is will day. acceptable the ascending and descending Figure 1-4 shows that. for M = 5 to 17 minutes 8 hours to 24 hours. The phasing necessary to effect rendezvous is accomplished by varying the altitude and number of revolutions between insertion and docking. This range of lead angles windows through the orbit phase pane durations for considers increasing a range the M n. and an ascent at CSM For a given liftoff that M. is lost Approximately minimum United degrees. point descending conditions occurs to north} during (north to south) for photography in mid-afternoon.m._mber. for elevation descending and angle is angle is passes descending mandated greater over as than the 30 coverage lighting is available for passes over the United launch at 11:12 a. For launches the majority of both States.

_i_ Space Division North Amencan Rockwell I-I0 SD 7 I.700 .

.i I..J 30 Figure 1-7.J. J f .ll.I 15 20 M NUMBER 25 30 Figure 1-6. 10 15 20 M NUMBER . I I I i* 5 i i . ._< Space Division NorthAmerican Rockwell MAXIMUM PHASE PANE / (MINUTES) 10 0 0 .. 25 _. i.I._. Effect Launch of M Window Number on %40"-OFDAYSLAuNCHEsWITH INPLAN E _O_ / 20 10 0 I I i .._(/ff_..* .l.. Launch Effect of M Number on Opportunity 1-I1 SD 71-700 .. I. 5 I0 lll.I.j..t11.

5.3 A preliminary in Table 1-1. a repeat efficient In general. for each This Timeline for timeline in the transfer for DM and the two other was transfer 25 days crew's of docked for three spacecraft. the without survey area will be repeating any track. Docked = 16 timeline rendezvous is pre- Operations timeline 1-9. mately window loss and its effect on launch opportunities for It may be seen that M = 16 provides a launch every The third day._i_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division the but The launch results phase from is angle at launch may be changed the in-plane point. to take and scheduled longer than a operations round-trip is pre- A preliminary seated and in Figure equal The subsequent tion. This provides of payload determined the from by the 15-minute out-of-plane maximum launch by advancing or a finite launch payload a 318-kg an M = 16 opportunity delaying window duration penalty. circle a in the the So If T days. divided equals the possible time. Resources secondary Survey objective will day of conducting a survey in the Salyut. permissible window for The of the Figure payload profile.5. orbits At the will whose after separation The survey will synchronous orbits are trace T equal Synchronous repeats synchronous area to be itself every orbit surveyed earth divided trace of its each pattern repeat latitude cycle coverage exactly cycle. (700-1b) rendezvous approxi- in loss 1-8 illustrates corrections. (24-hour a rest wake M crew ascent) period cycle.4 Earth The in the DM. selection of an orbit the mission duration the into repeat time the smallest altitude which provides will provide the most mission increments nearly equal pattern. Subsequent that prebreathing was of the be earth from the conducted resources Salyut at from of the United States the end of the third a 285-km (154-nm) be accomplished of the mission. earth into completion have longitudinal intervals. I-IZ SD 71-700 . for liftoff through is before the preferred docking and M = 16 crew with profile results because in CSM it proarrival vides during the a Russian sented 1. transfers subsequent guideline systems familiarizato occupy CSM-to-Salyut of 2 hours The short periodscheduled for the initial Salyut-to-CSM transfer assumed that the Russian crewman had prebreathed return transfers were scheduled with the assumption accomplished 1. nominal Each time first provides transfers crew CSM-to-Salyut to provide period scheduled checkout was minutes. orbit.

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orbits the some a repeat that choice time the type pattern mission than once ground-track at discrete There are repeat pattern of coverage equal to several same is pattern pattern capaof gaps survey in the possible a syn mission duration is has several across bility several the days. survey This cover by area the capability For example times general increase some selecting a coverage the more probability dispersion of coverage which cycles provides at intervals coverage between the several same allowing within area the cloud of observing would of filling time due to cloud opportunities. a result. with of times occur inclination. Two SPS maneuvers Salyut orbit to the ERS orbit._ SpaceAmencan Rockwell North Division altitudes discrete number different is Synchronous for circular altitudes of days. of The from the It may 51. for each when orbits with various repeat orbits with a constant which For altitude. provide a given and :hronous _he as synchronous repeat orbit time. are several advantages to the selected coverage pattern. conclude scheduled with for of each will EVA is recovery 13 days. 1-16 SD 71-700 . with the 14-day nearly equivalent smallest The possible three-cycle maximum efficiency has the advantage intervals.6 degrees inclination Salyut orbit There 10-day repeat total mission divides results the in seen a 285-km 10-day was orbit inclination pattern. and to the the (154 repeat. The preliminary gap days with apart.6 degrees is required.or 4-day there is more of filling occur several orbit. change provides of 51. selected patterns. during The the survey phase.64 States minutes. overlap Figure passes if the adjacent the ground track for the mission timeline from undocking will be through required landing to transfer is presented from the The in Table 1-2. baseline for to ERS duration segments pattern and The cycle for duration. CSM will make 69 daylight passes over the pass United is 4. likelihood passes selected of filling If a coverage the areas in the pattern due to cloud cover. from 1-5 adjacent shows at 3. average duration is 5. Figure a function number cycles 1-10 shows the discrete altitudes 3-cycle number coverage nm) 3-cycle. advantages. because for synchronous coverage of times pattern with coverage no plane an orbits as The trace of repeat of coverage across the be time for 1-. the earth is before completed. of the pan camera film 18 hours. The total coverage opportunity ERS cassette by operations EVA.34 hours. selected. area to be ERS is compatible A repeat cycle covered in the pass into adjacent is lost the in coverage. cycles refers survey that a area 2-.

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234 Pounds 30.6. with Entry SPS and and Entry deorbit maneuver at 13 days and 22 hours. 000 Ib) into a 150. a two-burn SPS maneuver delivers the vehicle to circular orbit at 285 km At and burn the the SPS (154 nm) for ERS.200 38. ERS phase. The backup mode after El. 237 kg (38.300 3. The first was added end of the lO-day is used to deorbit a perigee produces of 49 km 1-19 SD 71-700 .5.741 I. 1.5 Deorbit The EVA. After the CSM/DM undocks from the Salyut.Space Division North Amencan Rockwell The docking module will be jettisoned comp]etiorl of restowing for entry. deorbit is accomplished remaining SM RCS with the CM RCS. the following vehicle weights were Kilograms CSM DM SLA Totals 13.500 4. 6 PROPELLANT propellant to depletion and then completing BUDGETS For assumed: propellant budget calculations. i. the CSM separates from the CSM with a two-step maneuver. 1 SPS Propellant Budget capability orbit. the second interface and final SPS scheduled 20 minutes three (El) will be encountered 18 minutes after the second 14 days burn. of The SPS is scheduled rendezvous of the CSM/DM to perform five of the six major burns to achieve with the Salyut in a 300-kin (162-nm) orbit. A 10-percent reserve the DM.by 100-nm) 1. following first SPS is scheduled maneuver to occur five hours hours after later. 000 These totals correspond with the baseline Saturn IB payload 17. (90 nm). Landing will occur 2 hours after liftoff. The propellant necessary for ascent will be essentially the same for any in-plane rendezvous with an M number between 5 and 21.by 185-kin (81. approximately for deorbit A hybrid in the event of SPS failure is a G&N by burning the the maneuver hybrid RGS deorbit. 588 I. 905 i7.

Propellant for SM contingencies RCS is used and on SIM-installed during ERS. When unusable propellant becomes 1009 kg (2228 ib). added CSM is drop on nominal kg (1525 lb). for orbit. 21 seconds.Space Division North American Rockwell to nominal propellant requirements. ullage burn propellant is line-of-sight TPI. attitude and docking and sequence follows TPI through 4-jet. RCS/SPS with the burn overlap. Salyut. The This margin margin of ERS for could orbit. 9. An sharp consumed and TPF. as shown in Table values are considered.53 1-3 I-3. Predicted is currently towards mission additional flexibility. The propellant control. the during per the day. avoid SM RCS plume impingement per-axis attitude hold is planned included The SPS deorbit. storage Initial supplement A 31. mission including quad depicted events. stability.5 kg kg (906 lb). A hybrid deorbit assumes that the burn is completed by the CM RCS.4 lb) for The propellant start and stop loss RCS RCS Propellant propellant based 691. for transposition M = 16 rendezvous in the for curve from control. the be SM RCS to be docking (109 applied maneuvers.8-kg propellant available allowance propellant (PSQ). . No dispersions. usage alternate achievable from used to These rate is To maintain maneuvers assumed (13 lb) A uniform simplicity: day usage Also shown representing in the figure a theoretically 5. All No TPF midcourse extraction transposition represents of the DM from the with the DM. adjustments and/or requirements for SM RCS deorbit during each mission phase are also shown for burns with the G&N and SCS guidance systems and for nominal and hybrid deorbit burns. have Ullages are computed as for all other SPS burns. 1. kg (14.4 naps (80 fps). lb). the by the solid usable made (70 lb) line in Figure 1-11. is 10-day an transfer SM RCS is survey.2 SM SM delta-V performed for each values by SPS listed the burn in Table before 6. 16-seconds. and one while 2-jet.9 kg value.9 49. include the velocity gained from SM RCS includes each SPS burn.6. which 1-20 SD 71-7O0 has a potential of 24. resulting in a usable propellant require- ment of 883 kg (1949 Ib). and and equipment. are is assumed to be by addition of the is included SLA.07 for SM docked expended the orient Propellant Salyut orbit the CSM are for per is budgeted to the ERS and to budgeted rate at support In the attitude kg (20 lb) of the two-impulse ERS mode. the the CSM SM. second the the for times corrections. single-jetSM RCS allotments are to separate the CM from DM to before up the the two-burn SM for entry to separate spin total considered usage is 410. the required loading The the ullage allocated allowances.7 Budget usage calculations.

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CSM and the curves upwards 18 kg (40 ib} to accommodate required post-deorbit maneuvers. values (40 ib) allowance for post-deorbit to all SM deorbit to provide maneuver requirements. that an orbit be emergency return Space Division Rockwell North American at perigee deorbit (for burns can orientations initiated at apogee. burn a six-impulse the SM RGS.O During worst are be the case first day. to occur to ensure deorbit After burns are considered from the to occur the undocking since the Salyut. performed POWER ELECTRICAL PROFILE An establish cryogenic of electrical a baseline power CSM requirements power and analysis was conducted for power (l) to system. Guidelines I. 75 AH pyro batteries d. Figure from are circular shown by for 1-12 earth a shows orbits the SM in the RCS range propellant of ERS requirements altitude for deorbit Data possibilities. condition). descent can considered controlled at apogee. Data systems. 7 detailed Data (TPF) SM are RCS based propellant on by usage prediction ascent is presented sequence. Three 40 AH entry batteries c. power thermal with (2) to verify requirements. Power a. Predicted all SM as RCS usage during the ERS phase deorbit precludes has has the possibility been of an backup An deorbit. 000 Ib). One 415 AH supplemental battery 1-23 SD 71-700 . module (DM) compatibility and (3) to the baseline system establish power 1. with in the i-4. requirements analysis. Two 0. are shifted 13. 1 a preliminary definition of the electrical requirements.7. 18-kg Hybrid accordingly been added selected RGS the baseline. 608-kg (30. the mission docking profile consumables. generation Three fuel cells and distribution system b. are presented for control by either the SCS or the G&N control A Table sixth I.

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Fuel cell/supplemental passes battery load sharing during ERS c. I-6 rec_uirements shows the CSM baseline DM power duty scientific operational and payload modes. cycles.. power i.. Table Tables presents systems Table presents make G&N not the baseline mission mission equipment requirements. Docked operations a. of the thermal over nificantly increased Figure power 1-14 requirements shows the basic fuels earth-orbital capa- requirements. 1-26 SD 71-700 .7. Earth resources survey a. could not be average flown beta angle. Table survey I-8 shows While CSM the peak addition power requirements exclusive control heaters Apollo have during of ERS has sig- passes. it is The mission under other conditions. Simultaneous operation of scientific equipment b. 1. of the It was power I-7 to the baseline necessary (e.2 Water boiler inhibited during survey passes Electrical Power Profile Figure for the major 1-13 presents a simplified modes profile of CSM mission. etc. The requirements rendezvous. Three Three cryo cryo 0 2 tanks H2 tanks 3. Power management to minimize supplementary battery usage d.e. bility to meet acquisition that the three adequate ERS data predicted demands at all times except passes. b.g.).0_ Space American Rockwell Division North 2. but certain powered implied assumptions down that the for in the docked development profile operation. pre-entry. GN&C powered down b. Cryogenic storage system a. significant baseline variations power from generation system the requirements has the capability to satisfy shown in the tables. power I-5 flight. Water boiler inhibited while docked 4. ERS profile estimated DM. includes and operational drifting of the baseline ERS. of the and and docked the the operations.

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line Powered On- line up On-line Powered up Powered Stabilization Power CSM Dis and control Powered up Powered down Powered up Powered down Powered up tribution to DM battery On On power Supplemental On "*$# On .:.ERS Pass up Powered up On On Telecommunications SPS Tcs SIM Experiments _Module ECLSS heaters Powered up Powered Powered up Powered up Off Auto Auto'S'* Auto Auto Off Off On Warmup Off Off On Suit hose phere manned used for atmoswhen Off exchange COMM Transponder/TV Mode On Off Voice/TV Mode On On Off Off Off Lighting Instrumentation STwo v:_One $$*Candiates tanks tank for power management On. 1-28 SD 71-700 .line up Powered down up Auto Auto _** Off On Powered Boiler inhibited On-line Powered up up Auto Auto Off On Powered up Auto Auto On On Powered up Entry Crew Environmental Fuel Guidance CSM cells (3) and navigation On. CSM/DM Operational Mission Docked Modes Phase System CSM Cryogenic HE O2 Displays gas storage Rendezvous To SalFut ERS Free Drift Pre- Entry Auto Auto s and controls Powered up Auto Auto_ Partial Powered down Auto Auto$_'._ Auto'* Partial Powered up Powered down Powered up Auto'* SM RCS Engine Rod package heaters monitor systems control (5) heaters (4) Auto Auto On On Powered up Auto Auto Off On Powered Boiler inhibited On.._i_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division Table 1-5. _'. Off when manned Off Off Off during ERS.

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4 following Docking completion Module Requirements Preliminary duty cycles were estimates made of the DM equipment on power the CSM requirements power system I-9 shows and and the to assess power-transfer the impact the CM/DM estimated umbilical power requirements. diodes in the the the battery battery Load-sharing supplemental These percent. 12 percent. but because of of the circuit is marginally duration existing of breakers. breakers peak load conservative is 315 of 307 rating (11._. amperes exceeds approximately will be 120-ampere required.3 Supplemental Battery Load Sharing During ERS Passes Figure survey 135 cells able pass. expected phase. will capability mately ments.25 amperes). Load sequence survey judicious sharing and pass. Estimated requirements Power Mission Phase (watts) Peak Average 142 Rendezvous Docked Earth Inflight operations resources checkout survey during rendezvous 249 147 64 307 ii0 22 1. and 165 approximately will exist adequate payload capability configuration share amp) for the battery baseline will The supplemental it is not be ERS accept a large of the because should in the rechargeable.5-ampere on during the DM the circuit bus is breakers watts watts. analysis has shown the need for voltage dropping battery circuits to achieve efficient utilization of diodes will increase they but the load-sharing decrease the lifetime peak-load (approxirequiretotal power as as late posof energy. load.7. 1-35 SD 71-700 . and equipment for the are major phases of the tabulated below. module above The will capability 415 AH of the andbattery supplemental required augmentation battery nonrechargethe additional level during in the service bus provide minimum capability to maintain voltages the ERS passes. in to occur The during DM The the bus inflight will derated This short' the be DM powered capacity rendezvous parallel.7. power-up of each Power should terminated initiated as early sible 1. by by 30 Conversely. 1-15 Short depicts baseline loads electrical are not loads during The a typical peak load 5-minute of fuel duration the included./_% Space Amencan Rockwell Division North 1. load sharing be and management ms possible observed.7.. duty cycles total of the power Table DM requirements mission.5 CM/DM Umbilical Power Transfer Capability Peak systems through of the adequate the peak two two loading checkout circuit for the and the 7.

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Any systems increase of an checkout above the could be the peak estimated necessitate consideration increase in circuit capacity. directly No from power- the circuit problem REQUIREMENTS is anticipated. to be limited All transfers to 1-16 not implied phases. utilize tion peak from electrical requirements. of the cryogenic of the requirements baseline analyses with for the IRDM was compatibility configuration the baseline I. indicated DM be at met 0. crew assumed was ures is budgeted and 1-16 and 1-10 1-17 to and 1-11 present present the makeup and the predicted hydrogen quantity on the the CSM and oxygen profiles budgets. Oxygen are compatible EVA scheduled the thirteenth I. the 1 lb/hr). for supply the Figbaseline assumed with were 2 (5 psia)) but mission best deplereduce it Fig- DM requirements leakage pressurization and pre-breathing by the kg/hr reflect other DM imposed during metabolic oxygen and were mission rendezvous requirements while leakage The quantity management could shown reasonably were not ERS associated docked (at 3.45 profiles satisfy designed equal satisfy designed to to Salyut N/cm of schedule the to quantity EVA help operations ECLSS. selected case oxygen. capability densities day.045 1-17 that The heater schemes management requirements. was to density 1-38 SD 71-700 . The command transfer 1. and. 8.) on (The isolation . 8 international module umbilical buses docking through system separate will be powered breakers. ANALYSES CRYOGENIC 1.2 Summary of Significant Items The following significant items have been identified: .3 CSM Cryogenic Budgets and Profiles Table ures mission. 8. The oxygen tank No. the heater each management logic. tankage: tanks three are cryogenic hydrogen the and three cryo- required to meet baseline mission ._ Space American Rockwell Division North provision employed requirements breaker is considered to reduce would acceptable. CSM I15/I15A. load Sequential level. i Purpose The to verify mission purpose the requirements. The loads. 3 isolation will not be capability deleted with from an is unnecessary. Cryogenic genic oxygen requirements. (0. in the heater to schedules maintain of schedule control tank.8.

14 30. IRDM Oxygen Budget 2.) 9 AVAILABLE FOR PLANNING IRDM REQUIREMENTS (14 DAYS) • EPS • F/C PURGE (74. 50 (688. 49 378. IRDM Hydrogen Budget Kg LOADED (3 TANKS) LESS UNUSABLES • TRAPPED • INSTRUMENT ERRORS • PREDICTION DISPERSION • PRELAUNCH REQUIREMENT Kg 39.3) (146. 87 LB (87. 75 12. 26 (13.04 I. 80 O._ -. 59 1.71 (155. 21 66. 41 2.. 63 Kg 449._r_ •• • #_ Space Division NorthAmerican Rockwell Table I. ¸.) 9 312.:_.8) RESERVES Table 1-11. 52 8.9) I.2) (5.) 4 (834. 66 24.:o _ : _'_'_ . 63 0.98 II.63 Kg LOADED (3 TANKS) LESS UNUSABLES • TRAPPED • INSTRUMENT ERRORS • PREDICTION DISPERSION • PRELAUNCH REQUIREMENT AVAILABLE FOR PLANNING I RDM REQMTS(14 DAYS) • EPS • F/C PURGE • ECS • DM RESERVES 244.) O 30. 20 LB (990. 22 25.• _B_il_w_. 94 (68.31 54.10.6) 1-39 SD 7 1 -700 ."_ _._ .3) 70.

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two-tank for 1-day can i configuration three mission support extension management) capability 1 days configuration day. with of configuration hydrogen. 6 Cryogenic-Tankage/Mission-Duration Tables 1-12 and 1-13 show for only only 10.7 Ib) oxygen provides cabin in the module for approxi- and repressurization of metabolic quantity tanks and a sufficient supply 20 hours rates. return the 3. the 11. providing The EVA two-tank on the hydrogen duration systems. Pressure Equivalent decay g: (2 7. Heater Heater power: temperature 80 watts no per greater tank (2 than elements) 450 K (350 F) 4.5 lb/hr) or 2. The tank capability included the Bafy on lunar 1 tank was from mission failure vehicles of the Bay provides 4 tanks.5 Oxygen Tank No. a late of operation (24 hours (power/thermal before launch). compared can three-tank thirteenth mode support for a two-tank versus a In three-tank the case tanks. lunar distances. of isolating fuel cell manifold. 8. 5.4 EVA Capability Analysis flowrate of oxygen tank performance that EVA This under capability conclusion low-density may be and highat as low conditions indicates retained on as 16 percent conditions: remaining quantity. supply earth command (6. The a 17-day options mission include mission a powered-down hydrogen. on The the configuration day. 8. respectively. leakage for requirements from earth at nominal orbit. the capaplumbing. oxygen seventh with EVA the mission 1 days the mission Tradeoff tradeoffs and oxygen is involved. This is sufficient abort I. is based several .2 hours) x 10 -8 no greater than 68. 3. 075 kg/hr (13. the 1.94 N/cm 2 (100 psia) Figure and low-g 1-18 illustrates and shows oxygen tank performance mission density under high-demand oxygen at the conditions that the minimum baseline EVA cryogenic requirements depletion schedule satisfies time scheduled for EVA. with to an 15.5 flow lb/hr) rate per of tank 6. 025 kg/hr 2.Space Division Rockwell North American I. 3 Isolation Capability Isolation isolation bility or capability is not required for oxygen tank No. to conserve servicing 1-42 SD 71-700 .0 This from kg necessary to meet For the ECS low requirements orbit mission for long-duration such surge mately usage as IRDM.8. 3. Total (4.

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The power/thermal management mode would involve penalties to the thermal control system design and RCS higher would tanks budgets. consistent line vents 1.1 CSM cannot be met with a two-tank duration or EVA schedule. Provision must be made while docked and during (3. and rejecting excess alone cannot reject 1-45 SD 71-700 ._. 785-liter) Additional GFE enhancement system bags and a valve and filter certification proposed. configuration. docked. Water-Glycol water-glycol supplements metabolic Evaporator evaporator. the heat ECS loads normally radiator when the operative system radiators by during CSM earth flight. the baseline tion either 1. satisfied the baseCSM operations. three-tank per EVA 1 and tank._. bags and a high (for subsequent Three one-gallon capacity filter 4..9 1. rates meet Nos. 1. 785-liter) proposed.3 ECS The orbital electronic One fuel cell 0 2 purge can be anticipated while docked.9. pressure It was two-tank oxygen requirements of compared The EVA decay constraints concluded that configura- system to Because of the configuration and 32 for all demand need to for for tank the 18 percent 16 percent window and/or percent respectively. ANALYSIS VENTING DUMPING Purpose The purpose with the dumps of the analysis was minimum modification to docked minimize to the Items were identified: can ERS storing be inhibited during to define a baseline criteria.b SpaceAmencan Rockwell North Division and a GSE sub-cooling modification to allow higher-density servicing. which propulsive Salyut and and during ERS CSM configuration.2 mission and requirement while contaminating Summary The l m of Significant following The docked Provision ECS significant items water-glycol evaporator and during for operations mdst be passes. the minimum 2.9. dumping) are made water while five one-gallon is . urine storage for storing urine ERS operations. could possibly by utilization in mission terms be extended of the lower requirements of mission AND by relaxing the flow IVA system.9. A return (3. excess fuel-cell-generated containing transfer hose will be required.

temperatures are expected to range from IC (50 to 55 While missions during the K peak (85 temperatures F)). critical was phases of lunar missions propulsive waivers inhibition analysis (with I< (70 contaminating water-glycol evaporator particularly (coldplate) and ERS under peak undesirable. can be transferred from to provide space must pickup. be 1-19 scheduled presents the command assuming after the daily module dumps tankage provides tank.4 Water Storage and Dumping Approximately the fuel cells during 8. Evaporative module. after CSM storage be The space the waste tank approaches full. 17 liters) must be of excess stored water aboard generated the CSM for by docked operations subsequent five dumping. Utilization bags of a return and enhancement hose system to supplement dump containing the necesremain- one-gallon module prior (3. docked and liminary conditions up to 294 of the water-glycol the evaporator angles temperature indicate 60 inhibited) less than inlet temperatures and 297 K (75 F) at 283 K F) at beta Minimum F).5 gallons (32.9. cyclic would be dumped Sufficient accumulator overboard left in the waste excess water from tank stored to accommodate in the bags separation the Salyut. cooling. degrees higher to 286 angles. the orbital are within the and waiver minimum and limits for lunar (303 earth variations temperatures will require further and the orbital flight are considerably different analysis. However. radiators F) at the to avoid unable to maintain module water-glycol system I< (50 command coldplate Inhibiting evaporator propulsive or contaminating outside the normal control this when Similar allow control range or has been effects can range of 278 waived during venting result in coldplate temperatures I< to 283 I< (40 to 50 F).785-1iter) tankage to the a transfer A command sary just is proposed. 1. waste-water will be some final rendezvous maneuvers When the for to provide ing storage fresh water ment bags capacity after docking. particularly with regard to the scientific data tape recorder the TV monitor that have been added to the coldplate loop.3 Space American Rockwell Division North sufficient a port are heat. 1-46 SD 71-700 ._. preliminary is an analysis mode indicates for docked that inhibiting and ERS the water-glycol evaporator acceptable operations. the ERS operations. limits would PreERS of the of the temperature during docked operations. which propulsively initiated below the vents when 283 steam the from in the command is automatically temperature inlet. potable water tank to the enhancethe incoming fuel cell water. capacity. storage can of the waste-water of the water daily dumps the completion CSM set of ERS profile for Figure predicted quantity baseline mission. During sufficient These passes. However.

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1-48 SD 71-700 . 6 24 hours Fuel Cell of storage. section The 1 -14 1 -15 1 . transfer system suffice for this must be extended (UTS). and ERS. which is a function of cryogenic purity and fuel cell load (gas consumption loaded been 48 hours rate).9. fuel cells can be anticipated.9. are presented below.4 N sec (I.45 N (0. minute oxygen purge of each of the three an oxygen approximate total impulse 1.10 WEIGHTS The with that therefore are grouped basic of CSM derived as J-series configuration 15) actual and the weights of CSM's weights tables 115 and ll5A is thrust level during is approximately purge is 0.16 1-17 1 . The purge frequency. 2 Ib/sec) identical were weights 112 (Apollo from the follows: Table Table Table Table Table tables in this for CSM 112. The storage filter used on J-missions the GFE filter certification 72-hour dumps. and highrequirement.5 Urine Urine Storage storage and for Dumping subsequent dumping bags. ii GUIDANCE A series AND CONTROL simulation of CSM/DM conducted on the NR mission Sum- evaluator maries to evaluate of the results rendezvous of these capability simulations and RCS control authority. nominal intervals A hydrogen purge which ejects gas and steam while docked to the Salyut could be avoided by conducting a purge just prior to docking.01 purge. per 5. can be firmly however. Purging storage current period before undocking certification is for five Periodic fuel cell purges are required to remove contaminants (inert gasses) from the electrodes and to maintain cell efficiency.18 Command Service SLA Docking Weights SIMULATIONS runs were Module Module Module Summary I. However.¢_% SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division 1. for hydrogen and established 12 to 24 hours only after sampling for Apollo for oxygen. missions of the have probably a twoThe Ib) and the cryogenics. to cover dumping and dumps after the approximately the I1 subsequent daily after 1. should urine The is required during docked operations density However.

280 Pounds 13.Space Division North American Rockwell Table 1-14. 848 module + + + and scanner EPS provisions + + + + + + + + + storage tanks SPS helium tank sion payload spectrometer radiometer supports Remove J-mis Add S-191 1R Add microwave Add Add Add Add pan camera miscellaneous S-192 multispectral SM RCS PSQ Launch weight of modified IRDM SM Table Item . 313 Basic Add SLA module cruciform Launch weight structure of IRDM SLA docking I.956 1-49 SD 71-700 . Service Module Weights Kilograms 6.. 821 5 15 45 6Z 60 7 23 5.. SLA Weights Kilograms . Pounds 4. 182 Basic E-series command module control system + + + + + IB of modified IRDM CM Modify passive thermal Add OPS for EVA Add Add Add tape recorder magnetic tapes TV monitor (II) 5. 1-I6. |.. 835 10 33 100 137 132 15 50 13. 163 150 4.978 + + + + + - Modify Reduce EDS for Saturn ballast Launch weight Table Item Basic J-series Remove HGA Remove Remove Remove RRT SPS one service 1-15. 467 II0 15 356 350 901 504 150 375 i00 30O 684 13. 108 50 7 161 159 409 2Z9 68 170 45 136 310 6. Item Command Module Weights Kilograms Pounds 1Z. 888 68 1.

_% SpaceAmencan Rockwell North Division Table 1-17. 313 2.011 1. 182 13.524 Table 1-18. IRDM Spacecraft Weights Summary Item Modified Modified J-series (includes SPS tanked Docking Docking E. 36O 2O8 37..956 1. 208 3.152 I. 139 861 Total Weight Saturn IB capability CSM/DM/SLA Payload/weight injected into 81- growth margin 1 -50 SD 71-700 . 848 4.978 6.1 Kilograms and insulation) 413 199 95 20 45 tanks) 97 71 36 976 548 Pounds 91o 439 210 43 lO0 321 156 80 2. 843 17.228 3.524 94 16.series J-series SLA with docking propellants module module predicted stowage weight and provisions into orbit by 120-nm orbit command service docking module module module module cruciform support structure) Kilograms 5. 139 38. 360 Structure Docking Hatches (includes mechanisms secondary C orru_unications EC LSS equipment Atmospheric gas storage (2 external Oxygen purge systems (4) Electrical Docking Margin Docking module predicted weight wiring and estimated equipment weight module 1. 28O 1.000 37. Docking Module Weights Item .234 16. 843 391 Pounds 13.

should be contained accomplished zero simulation to MSFN to evaluate the 1-51 SD 71-700 . difficult. The manual control post-NC2 tasks use during the terminal only gave phase being results. 7.2 Summary of Conclusions I. 1. 2. To determine computer a suitable (CMC) CSM/DM digital weight autopilot load (DAP). II. Best post-NC2 and VHF results were obtained with a combination of sextant ranging. I. further effects initial conditions runs errors. post-TPl and VHF MCC-2 non-nominal. for the command module 2. Post-NC2 50 nm gave use of VHF ranging in combination with the COAS at satisfactory results. Post-NC2 ranging delta V's use gave were of the adequate sextant results in combination but the TPI. 9. 5. To evaluate combinations the capability of various navigation sensor 1. ii.11. 1 Rendezvous Simulations I. of the sextant marginal 6. with MCC-I. Post-NC2 The CE4C use of VHF ranging only gave satisfactory errors and results. Use of the COAS at 50 nm in combination with post-TPl gave satisfactory results. 8. The actual CSM/DM weight should be loaded in the CMC DAP._% Space American Rockwell Division North I. The SCS should docking. be used for attitude control at stationkeeping and through 3. 4. 1 Objectives The major objective of the simulations were: i.

II.2 SM RCS Control Authority Simulations i. vehicle configuration. control control . ii. the earth of the I. perform DM. I Objectives Determine Apollo the forces.0-degree with no appre- .2. 2. Determine docking. additional of the the SM RCS jet firing will as occur times due are reduced under- subsequent jet pulsing inertias to DAP of CSM/DM estimation weight.Space Division North American Rockwell i. Local vertical attitude hold pointing RCS may be performed during over the with ERS +5.0 a ±2.2. and CSM jet and I . indicate jet SM and accelerations for CSM/DM control attitude for hold. i. Ii. the local vertical attitude during hold and automaneuver resources SM survey propellant phase requirements mission. Determine RCS (ERS) the translational performance during CSM and CSM/DM . II. 1-52 SD 71-700 . During and automaneuvers. logic and moments. the Skylab and accelerations logic for the (docked DAP). . I . SM RCS spacecraft a function . affect line-of-sight could motion such that an astronaut overcontrol the spacecraft. deadband ciable to increase increase in SM accuracy propellant degree deadband. atuomaneuvers and Salyut attitude for the Soyuz. translations performed.2 Summary Forces. Y. a that have These (LOS) reversed reversed during polarity polarities docking of the Apollo relative spacecraft. control authority with and the docked hold DAP is sufficient combined to CSM. vehicles coupled of Conclusions moments.3 Translational Performance During phases of the the transposition X. that there RCS is sufficient and single automaneuvers a As the the Y GSM/DM and Z center translations from of gravity produce those the is forward disturbing of the torques SM RGS quads. and and docking Z axes and rendezvous are and docking For mission.

the +pitch disturbances have sensed are by Xcg is forward with +Y and of the SM RCS +Z translations.0 exists degrees hold between appears SM RCS a deadhand consumption. for the rotations resulting With translations this decrease IRDM spacecraft.0degree. and yaw At one effect of gravity-gradient 0. up on approximately side of the a 3. I. This deadbands preferable propellant limit-cycle the roll-axis operating begins hangup.5 degree. ground simulation These data presented With translations this increase Apollo spacecraft. dynamics same polarity CSM approximately presented For the Skylab-2 and has similar to that of the IRDM. Ii.0 pointing although degrees. or the (±) pitch the an rotations LOS would SM The RCS same resulting docking tend from (±) Z With the degrade decrease motion.Apollo spacecraft. in relative resulting it takes to overcontrol consumption for the spacecraft. translations. astronauts in Table during 1-19. the locations of Xcg is aft of the SM RCS quads +yaw and -pitch disturbances to occur with +Y and +Z translations tiveiy.4 Earth Resources Survey Local-Vertical Attitude Hold During be with bands. is true astronaut (±) yaw to undercontrol from spacecraft. For -yaw These IRDM and spacecraft. 1-53 SD 71-700 iI I ! " m. _ __ . causes tively. approximately pitch a one-sided deadband. and the time in an propellant is true to complete from a (±) Y docking.0 SIM and that 7. greater exhibit spacecraft. plane. from those and cause respecquads and respecof Apollo disturbances and will be a reversed the polarity translations and in flight. disturbances the in the same table translations comparison. 2. pitch. similar RCS local-vertical to that propellant for various than For axes of the attitude Apollo hold will in a SIM-down Figure 1-20 gravity seen attitude presents SM J-series rates dead1. increase relative astronaut in both motion. 5-degree deadband phase- indicates of for 1. and is also and the yaw roll axis axes disturbance for for magnitude. the than maintained and the ERS phase of the mission. accuracy no appreciable and long-term difference choice of attitude 2. translation. consumption attitude-hold approximately all deadbands phase-planes without It can be gradient torquing that for deadbands torquing the or to hang greater is evident. translations have roll. (¥) yaw rotations resulting For Y and X Z both IRDM and and the Apollo the spacecraft. or the (T) pitch the an rotations LOS would resulting docking tend from (±) Z With the (±) Y complement in relative The same increase relative motion. motion.

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For a given an additional 3360-pound DM increases the inertia much more equivalent 3360 pounds of SPS which the DAP assumes. During automaneuvers. than the results in the computation of a firing time less than adequate to maneuver the spacecraft at the desired rate. This causes additional pulsing of the SM RCS jets in order to obtain the desired maneuver rate. 1-56 SD 71-700 . which is based on the weight of SPS propellant remaining in the CSM. and three-axis by summing the rate. the DAP derives the SM RCS jet firing times as a function of computed inertia. A comparison of the actual and DAPcomputed values of spacecraft inertia are presented in Figures 1-21 and 1-22 for various CSM spacecraft configurations. This CSM weight. 0.20 Roll 0.C_I_% SpaceAmencan Rockwell North Division 1. and variations in mass properties. O82 0. SM RCS Maneuver Maneuvering Axe s Rate (deg/sec) 0. and actual vehicle mass properties and those computed to encountered with large (2) variations between the by the DAP.2. a The automatic propellant SM RCS propellant attitude maneuvers consumption requirements for single-axis were analytically determined for (t) maneuvering required to the desired and (2) damping the vehicle rates. The following 20-percent addition to account for control system performance.5 Earth Resources Survey Automaneuvers by the G&C SM RCS DAP utilizing Automaneuvers single-jet control will be performed during SIM operation.50 SM RC S Propellant Oh) 0.50 0.055 O. 192 Further analyses utilizing digital simulation should be performed determine the effects on the firing times of the RCS jets of (1) gravity gradient torques during the long coasting periods attitude maneuvers and low maneuver rates. ti.384 1. propellant data include tolerances.20 Pitch & Yaw.

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4. High-gain Rendezvous antenna radar (HGA) system (RRT) master Bay 6 module center tunnel 3 system and slave unit only transponder (SDS). fuel cells. 3. 4. 5. 0 CSM MODIFICATIONS 2. 1. Scientific data system SImS oxidizer storage tank from Bay SImS fuel storage One SImS helium tank from tank from the service 2. 6. design oxygen Z. 5. SImS propellant Propellant Rod heaters utilization gauging quad (PSQ) system 2 RCS quads (PUGS) simulator storage in Bay and insulation SImS heaters to all SM Skylab-type Skylab Oxygen speaker purge box in command system iOPS) module stored in command tape recorder module for EVA. 6. three will be retained. Coldplates Docking for TV monitor and S-191/S-192 module support structure 2-I SD 71-700 . 1. 2._b SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division 2. 1 BASELINE CONFIGURATION IRDM CSM is depicted by modifying the basic of three in FigJ-series The ure 2-I. 3. 2.1 gross configuration of the baseline This configuration will be obtained (The J-series complement tanks and three hydrogen as follows. tanks. 8.) Deletions I.2 Additions I. 7.

._ SpaceAmencan Rockwell North Division °r'4 0 0 °_._-_ 2-Z SD 71-700 .-4 r-4 c_ ¢_ 1'.-.4 ! :::1 .

5 to Xs257. Delete Install Install Install Install Install spectrometer scanner in SIM on service module aft bulkhead 2. 6.3 Modifications 1.'_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division 2. 6. 5. ]. Modify usage 2. shelf the and the increasing closeout suspended pan camera it would be the upper bulkhead SIM structure by Z-3 SD 71-700 . BASELINE 1 Installation Figure 2-2 equipment payload necessary shelf up of S-191 the The and lower from and to remove XsZ36. existing proposed To perform mapping installation of the this installation. 1. 4.2.4 to include and DM parameters arrangements module system system coatings and insulation (SIM) structure for new payload Scientific 1. 7. Modify enhancement with fuel ceils Modify Modify Modify Modify Modify CaW stowage scientific command passive Equipment J-series S-191 S-192 Z4-inch microwave GN 2 system SCIENTIFIC in the illustrates in the the SIM the SIM. 4. Z.0 to provide S-19Z in the lower compartment. bulkhead would necessary be and S-19Z would mounted between to strengthen the for installation be mounted on from the shelf. 5. Z 2. Z. 3. camera shelf and sufficient S-191 be room would baseline itwould to move scientific be the lower system lockers equipment module thermal Payload experiment infrared multispectral pan camera radiometer in SIM EQUIPMENT INSTALLATION provisions in SIM in SIM CaD control battery circuitry to provide parallel operation CM/LM umbilical system to increase capability for DM 3.

CSM I entry is necessary batteries access prior for installation of the command immediately CONTROL to launch.2. The bay door attachment access doors would and jettison be relocated mechanisms as required. heat transfer is maintained (coatings (with that insulation). These surfaces respond rapidly to space a mission-sensitive thermal control on the CSM portion of the study was of the effort SM thermal 2.2 service microwave module as radiometer indicated would in Figure Module be mounted 2-2. electronics Coldplates and the scientific are installed in the will be required equipment command tape in Figure for the and the two C&D units in the lower equipment bay. The tape installed from as illustrated TV monitor._i_ Space American Rockwell Division North thickness SIM The of the upper closeout bulkhead from one inch would to two remain inches.3 2. and create expended control. below the aft bulkhead of Installation in Command The tape recorder. temperature is maintained external and control by of components passive these means mounted pressurized However. Temperature cabin the CM temperature cabin control is maintained control by both active actively to the and by passive the ECS. The the 2. difficulty in maintaining Thermal because of the control relatively of SM low components thermal is considerably masses and the more difficult heat transfer significant couplings to SM external environmental conditions system. directed Most toward surfaces. controls and displays and module recorder. of installation module Mission/Configuration Impact The design becomes relatively control in 14-day two a short mission duration areas: due duration due to to (1) requirement The thermal transient the exposure. TV monitor. impact coating 2-4 SD 71-700 . unchanged. TV monitor electrical connection harnesses will be the two pieces any of equipment electrical to be removed This method to enable without their coldplates breaking to provide connection. THERMAL SYSTEM Introduction CSM means. large method of installing components relatively no couplings component to the pressurized thermal control cabin) is such is encountered. recorder and with loops the S-191 auxiliary 2-3. impacts mass possible of thermal SM control components and ot (2) the thermal significant mission degradation consideration potential reduces UV capabilities.

_Wb Space Division North American Rockwell CRYOGENIC HYDROGEN TAN =" '_dl . AND AUXI Li ARY ELECTRONICS 1V MONITOR TAPE RECC Figure 2-3.. '_ ' I __PANORAMIC '' CAMERA MULTI SPECTRAL SCANNER (Slg2) ELECTRON CS I ZR_ INFRARED SPECTROMETER ($101) D """_ MI CROWAVE RADIOMETER +Y Figure 2-2.SIM INTERFACE CABLING MODIFIED SIM STRUCTURE H OAFOOT"'S'R (_''_-! "_. _ /_ \ _ I SM .. SIM Arrangement for Baseline Payload / / S101 1S102 C&D. CM Installation of Baseline Payload 2-5 SD 71-700 .

avoid these attitude. It is possible to a fishtail maneuver constraint on vehicle expenditure budget fuel cells is of RCS propellant which. Control major required System Major Requirements are listed dominate in Table TCS 2-1. which would main- temperatures (and possibly an investigation the +Y. SM. if would impose operation heat a more was potentially Continuous changes in internal It is possible that fuel cell The This results operation SPS are imposed on SM thermal control worst-case cold condition would exist during modified the are the by mission. of the of reclocking. (sun vector normal for this mission. Additional control of insuthis 2 of the temperature lation added 2. problem. to the of the heat exchangers. (+75 docked degrees) CSM phase components must shadowed of the significantly on the to conditions be made side. such that Considerable tain component analytical effort associated recommended 235 degrees with the SM SPS effort clocking oxidizer had band of temperature are identified for limits associated SPS oxidizer during the components been expended within future clocking +Z) be Skylab solar-inertlal are on the shadowed to design specified testing feasibility attitude adopted a system limits. Skylab toward Because of the excessive which would be it was to X-axis. would but This is extremes this caused by the by imposing require a propellant of the dissipation severe terminated was to modify wide beta-angle range. requirements) mission phases is side of the vehicle. removal pressurization conditions on the of the two feed storage system configuration in the need tanks. the is due primarily to the with these components.3. helium Ambient required downstream attitude hold oxidizer tank. important in that no large design. are such that heaters between present the lack during solar inertial helium pressurization oxidizer analysis sump refers feed line Due to the Skylab An SM helium RCS aft bulkhead penetration of design details.3 and heaters propellant Thermal The system will' be module. in turn. The SM RCS This requirements temperature relatively Multiple narrow limits and the SPS component limits requirements. components. the line installed heater in Bay to maintain system and the presented pressurization PSQwill be performance. the thermal system of the vehicle by continuous under-temperature must be protected exposure to the conditions from from over-temperature sun and provisions existing required of incident on for the The thermal local control vertical by virtue Bay 1 down attitude of the large range ERS impacts environmental extremes. impacts sun side occasioned prevent the solar coupled inertial with the attitude wide control requirement beta-angle (TCS) of the range design. that from Z-6 SD 71-700 .¢_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division The mission.

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Configuration System Summary insulation. of the coated.25-mii aluminized Mylar.6 Insulation Insulation blankets are installed internal to the SM outboard surfaces These Kapton for structure and consist of multi-layered. by the use crinkled. layers of 0. The heater may the panel be as heater limit for the limit performance Iris for this the helium pressurization defined for Skylab vehicles discussed possibIe panel by effort that either was is based a reduced revising expended panel on the to a Skylab-configured requirement installation. and existing hardware recommended part bonded EPS is Finch coating oxide The and of the to and with coated Schjeldahl CM aft the ECS zinc with Company's coating heatshield GT1015 is the and current the conic Block portion monoxide II configuration. either are The Finch coated remainder paint or with Z-93.. No due to time constraints. and be l15A insulation installation similar insulation modification The Bays 3 and Bay is the SIM to Skylab. 1 installation modified to accommodate Z and 4 require an 5. blankets are sandwiched fire or retardent components Some required. Additional be required for the PSQ in Bay Z-8 SD 71-700 . rubber The base pigmented structure (a s/e <1._ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division The (255. may be either DC 92-007 pigment) or radiator-type the fuel cell S-13G polyester-based (methyl silicone (methyl silicone coating application of Bay 4.9K power minimum temperature (0 F)) is not the same (35 F)). and was utilized.3.5 Thermal The The have Kapton exposed the tape) The silicate mary SM Coatings Control switch set point. radiator-type with oxide RCS titanium pigment). installation flight closeZ. wherever System TCS consists were minimized of thermal coatings. quad doors paint is an aluminum-filled. between two Blankets of Velcro to CSM 115 will are 0.0). 3. package. obtained average heater configuration or investigate this approach 2. CM will aluminized (silicone heatshield.5-rail aluminized installed on either primary tape.3. 2. For Bays purposes. heaters. radiators oxide.4 Thermal The changes possible. it is recommended insulation that installation Skylab-type be implemented data will be out blankets to available {similar provide confidence for confirmation to Quad B) will in TCS performance. (Skylab prior to the IRDM). of the radiator-type a potassium exposed SM pricoatings paint.3K (274. rubber base with zinc is limited to the SM portion 2.

3.3. indicate the as a function of beta angle. It should be noted that (undegraded and uncontaminated) duty cycles Duty and capabilities. responses heat fluxes by the incident quad incident angle. The orbital large The component average.7 is installed exterior to the SM to provide to revise RCS backup protection from boost to plume heating. which provides longer duration It may be protection burns. The average are be plotted noted in that to install environmental 2-5 greatest as Figure the a function changes fluxes the capavelocity RCS quad quad- during local-vertical to operate over the it is necessary This approach heaters. entire beta-angle range to utilize cold-biased in an increase In order to obtain (for +X along the on duty all cycles SM for coatings in the results properties were assumed for solar inertial attitudes. 2-2. have not yet been 2-6 Tables the solar inertial phase of the mission.8 Thermal Several thermal heater Analysis computer runs were made with the 2TV-2 correlated.9 vertical unrestricted. solar SM and shown math in order to predict duty cycles. variations excessive temperature environmental encountered solar loads the heat additional fluxes of beta in incident in Figure 2-4. were evaluated on the basis The actual optical property beta-angle are shown were maximum 2-3. investioxidizer It is gation is required to determine for the SPS helium pressurization line downstream intended to utilize existing hardware.. necessary from that portion of the deorbit burns due Heaters The SM heater requirements are listed in Table the heater configuration of the primary if possible. Z. Skylab optical would be constrained cases properties were used for to negative beta angles that values Additional local range would be in Table assumed heater 2. Bay Bay aft 6 dictated 2 or Bay bulkhead It occur bility vector). For tion local that vertical the mission cases. 3. the assumponly._.ib SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division Cork and RCS installation potentially 2. cold-case optical properties in order to determine Heater Tables Cycles 2-5 list the estimated duty cycles and average power 2-4 and requirements of the SM heaters during The data presented for the SPS heaters state conditions tion panel). represent a transient condition. mounted should SM RCS quads on a PSQ in in either on the SM the recommendation 3. steady (except for the helium duty cycles pressurizaand average obtained and 2-7 list the estimated Z-9 SD 71-700 . doors. check Further valves. Skylab optical attitude operations.

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3 63 73 21 0 65 60 25 61 0 15..5 78 65 21 0 78..0 65 65 20 0 66 56 20 58 -20 15.3 73 63 21 0 70 55 15 60 25 100 20 16 16 -40 12.I- 80 ! ! LOCAL VERTICAL IR AVG 23 7 BTUIHR FT SOLAR INERTIAL ! 253 190 126 m 63 =E Z_C _.1! 66 81 13 0 72 72 0 72 24 40 12.5 56 10 61 26 100 21 16 16 -60 -7. Duty Cycle (Percent) Versus Beta Angle.5 65 78 21 0 66 68 15 68 26 100 21 16 16 20 15.5 71 0 75 18" 100 17 12 12 ESTIMATED DUlY CYCLES IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING SALYUT UNDOCKI NG 25 • 24 100 20 16 16 100 19 15 15 100 I00 17 12 12 20 14 14 2-12 SD 71-700 .1 81 66 13 0 81._m:=:_ (. Solar Inertial BETAANGLE HEATERS ENGINE PACKAGEA ENGINE PACI(AGE B ENGINE PACKAGE C ENGINE PACKAGE D ROD HEATER A ROD HEATER B ROD HEATER C ROD HEATER D ROD HEATER PSQ SPS OXID TANK DOOR HE PRESSURE PANEL OXID FEEDLINE BI-PROPELLANT VALVES ENGINE FEEDLINES 75 0 68 83 0 0 81 76 0 77 18 60 7.lb SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division 120 380 I00 X 316 3 I. SM Aft Bulkhead Incident Heat Flux Table 2-4.5 7.5 62 0 70 24 100 20 14 14 0 83 68 0 0 8..)_ 60 ..I 4O 2O -- o -80 I " -40 1 0 BETA ANGLE (DEGREES) I 40 80 Figure 2-5.

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Tables mated duty cycles and average power requirements within of a mission with beta angle ranges of a mission constrained to 2-8 and 2-9 list the estifor local vertical phases Table Z-10 presents +75 degrees. An be conserved if the ERS phase of beta angles. II limits would be violated in approximately the Quad D primary 24 hours. activation predicted Conclusions concluded requirements. 2. Similarly. Lower skin temperature were limit would No response that initial 2 8 hour s. and that portion check of oxidizer valves. a summary of average power requirements average of 25 to 60 watts (continuous) may the mission can be constrained to negative relatlvely low during local verticalmission as a function of beta angle. phases. fuel tank lower be violated in approximately attempt for the heater was solar made inertial was to determine phase of the mission. areas : system including line that the TCS described is a need herein for can meet the mission in the and It is subsystem following lo There additional studies Perform detailed analysis to determine potential heater modifications for the SPS helium pressurization system. Solar inertial. 2-16 SD 71-700 ._ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division power requirements for the local vertical phases operate during negative beta angles only. steady state initial conditions were assumed.3. after tank approximately transient it was noted 10 hours if rod heaters temperature not utilized. pressurization of the primary Conduct power management studies to determine SImS and RCS component thermal lag capabilities and limitations. 10 Transient Figure Analysis the temperature decay of the SM RCS Quad A primary 2-6 shows fuel tank skin during the cold case conditions encountered for a zero betaangle.3. panel installation downstream . 2. SPS heater usage is This indicates that power management techniques may be imposed on the system with a relatively high degree of confidence that temperature control can be maintained. the to SPS occur oxidizer However.

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T ' i 0 10 20 TIME HRS TEMP LIMIT 20- I 30 I 40 0 i 10 I 20 TIME HRS I 30 I 4O Figure 2-6._4_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division Table Z-lO. Quad A Primary Fuel Tank Skin Temperature e Transition Z-19 SD 71-700 .8 RANGE SOLAR INERTIAL TO LOCAL VERTICAL 100 SOLAR INERTIAL TO RANDOM DRIFT 4o :t. Heater Average Power Requirements (Watts) BETAANGLE SPACECRAFT A'I-FITUDE -75 -50 -30 O 30 50 75 SOLAR INERTIAL 465 458 450 427 465 467 469 LOCAL VERT I CAL NEGATIVE BETA ANGLES FULL BETA RANGE* 394 422 397 438 354 399 282 342 293 293 291 *COATINGS MODIFIED TO ACCOMMODATE FULL .

c.4.7 additional capacity for of propellant study showed that the add a fifth quad (less into an The integral new IRDM way to provide to manifold all to the Skylab quad (PSQ) the extra capacfive quad storage (which an The will provide system propellant (330 configuration propellant. The 2. (3 series heaters): and oxidizer oxidizer helium tank line relief valve. 7. b. Remove Modify Add a. instrumentation thermal insulation SPS RCS modifications Modifications of IRDM propellant an additional requirements 300 pounds most efficient engines) and similar storage led to an early conclusion was required. SYSTEMS Modifications SPS will be modified oxidizer as follows: tanks Remove Remove and fuel storage bottle one helium 3. /-Mission propellant system heater systems lines and helium which heater Oxidizer Helium Engine includes (3 parallel heaters) panel (4 parallel heaters) tank door pressurization valve (2 parallel heaters) heaters). Z. 5.1 PROPULSION SPS The I. 149.(_1% SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division 2. d. tank feedlines oxidizer e. oxidizer engine feedline Engine feedlines (2 series and fuel engine feedline Oxidizer feedline. Analysis that storage A tradeoff ity was to subsystems uses a PSM).4 2. 4. 8. 6.2 proposed SM Add Revise Revise PUGS simulator and displays and present conductive no new issue isolation or difficulty.4. kilograms pounds) of deliverable 2-20 SD 71-700 .

control insulation. The only installation of a PSQ in that of any item of scientific of the PSQ in PSQ in Bay 2 decided to accept installation 2-8 depicts the location of the manifolding Two spare a spare modification.4. but virtually the It was. showed a need for is oriented away from the earth during meets this requirement is Bay 3. available the other for is concomitant installation installation volume in a ERS operations. connection and associated plumbing propellant hot rod and flexline heater instrumentation primary number single and system displays isolation with valves with single control same switch and secondary propellant to permit parallel operation talkback capability. 4..2. baseline. However.2. and conductive The 2. preclude therefore. (684 pounds). feasibility further consideraBay 3 which A parallel scientific bay which bay which bay would equipment. Remove Add Add Provide Use part and o RCS engines.4 of the kg installation. weight is 314. 2. 3. SM for RCS quads are A or C._i_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division estimated isolation 2. a spare for One B or D. Provide isolation.2 configuration PSQ The is presented schematically in Figure 2-7. Bay 2 as and the to determine of installing alternative payload equipment. I incremental valves. presents Bays in one 6 would empty of those bays. flexline filters. PSQ etc. thermal coatings. Configuration would have a basic J-series SM RCS quad configuration modi- fied as The PSQ follows: 1. Installation removal 6 virtually of the two SPS and storage the initial control during tanks thought leaves was service to install that solar the showed days of planned 3 and module PSQ Bay inertial tion. is conThe figured as Quads 2-21 SD 71 -7O0 . Figure scheme.4. experience excessive operations effort was design study. thermal solar loads analysis the two from in docked The study no major and Bay 6 was then directed or installation the eliminated to installation problem. . including manifolding.

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2._Ib SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division A-C spare is readily adaptable for Bay 2 installation.3 The in recommended Bay 2 of both changes Modification to the of reworked required 2-11. propellant accumulators. described of Existing quads will connection and flexline fuel The 1. 2-24 SD 71-700 . for maximum module Quads are i. door from a test vehicle then Alternately. Install B-D spare in Bay 3 of the second spacecraft.4. the The A-C be transferred the alternatives spare in Bay B-D This would involve fabrication of a new the could are: spacecraft alternative equipment and the B-D be spare installed to the would door. tively prevent use of Bay 3 for spacecraft. reused shown modification structural etc. 3.. 2 of both spacecraft spaceand o Retain one or or both spare new PSQ's. provide the B-D spare and install the PSQ in Bay This would leave Bay 3 available on both maximum one two payload flexibility. The in Section and make spares structural 2. new Bay in would of The or 3 as require an A-C tankage.2. display. 2. or from spare available 2 of one The B-D spare reuse door. and valves.. 4. insulation. This scientific would on the effecsecond Modify craft. conductive isolation.4. 2-9. installation flexibility.4 The are and Displays modifications 2-7 as to the part command CSM module electrical Controls system and displays described in Section of the modifications. . approach spacecraft service quads for replacement purposes This is a costly alternative. 5. is number 2. 6. A-C in Figure . heater and system.e. The four Provide Add Add Revise Revise Add existing flexline oxidizer rod and be modified to PSQ as follows: manifold. to the A-C configuration. instrumentation thermal low coating. in Figure 2-10. isolation schematically delta-pressure are illustrated modifications Controls required 2.

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design a life purposes. data from the early Apollo flights were examined to determine if the life of the elements could be extended and the number of stowed elements reduced. achieve 95 percent and would require undoubtedly possible interfere to reduce result in adherence slightly higher CO 2 partial to a replacement schedule. by ihese percentages results in percent and be utilization of using the latter For pressure This normal to peaks would be this In a availAttempting llfe of 26. during radiator ERS. on crew activity.5. and include CO 2 absorber the effect on radiator Element Life Evaluation Stowage from volume in the IRDM command module is drastically reduced that available for J-missions.5. 2-11. ERS equipment performance. to maintain temperature Performance increased The coldplate evaluation heat load. 2. 1 CO 2 Absorber Areas that coldplate were reviewed additions. value. With a three-man crew. and because the stowage of CO Z absorber elements is one of the major problems. 9 hours assuming 100 A more realistic goal is 85 to 95 percent. the ECS showed that. based on the present hydroxide Extending a maximum the LiOH.3-day are is not recommended contingency situation able.Space Division North American Rockwell 2.2 extension ERS Four the tape The primary above 2. the amount flights on the reviewed elements 12-hour cycle. The elements are designed for 36 man-hours of operation. 5.3 of the Equipment coldplates due to the restriction imposed where only the 16 elements life to 28 hours would support mission. 2.2 to 30. prevent. 5 ENVIRONMENTAL Various modifications CONTROL to the SYSTEM ECS are required to accommodate the element baseline mission.7 hours is may 93 utilization realized. life. from with sleep and duty stowage requirements and although it would 30 to 26 elements. they are of the elements remaining that. (LiOH) from the the actual hours replaced on an alternating in the suit circuit for 24 24-hour limit. maximum 1 to 29. cycles. Coldplate will and will to two be be used Additions to provide C&D to receive conditioning units. expectancy the may strict the of 26. with each hours.3 percent. 2-27 SD 71-700 . stowed in the CM a 9. performthe ance In view of the was re-evaluated. warm as to the shown in TV monitor. Table 2-11 shows of unused lithium- varied from 17 to 27. the recorder. coldplates S-191/S-192 located Figure from water-glycol equipment CM coldplate the dew point ECS Radiator network in order avoid condensation.

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ground provisions.3 Modifications The major docking additional provisions nlodifications of the mission. respectively._k_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division water-glycol and 297K (75 However. installed American ranging in the Salyut to and the Salyut. Intervehicle VHF ranging and a Russian radar Backup as will voice the between capability vehicles of using tracking docking a fallout will be module of the VHF accomplished with (DM) transponder. maintained 2. Orbit Mission system will be modified for an earth telecommunications orbit mission . 1 and Coverage illustrated will be in Figure maintained transceivers. 6. use of the Russian Z-IZ. rendezvous absence transponder lunar module (SDS) (RRT) which is not in the Deleting the scientific units from the SIM for IRDM system master and slave 2. VHF ranging equipment be provisions. permissible. rejection (45 F) 280.6 temperature F) for beta boiling if water for a CM suit at angles to the CM below inlet and should above the ECS reach 60 radiator below peaks heat near 294K (70 is could F) degrees. the Goddard network (GDN) stations for the illustrated Modifications The J-series by: Deleting required 2.2 is stations communicate Direct VHF will be directly between communications from the United States ground stations between-the DM and Russian Russian frequency VHF a fallout intervehicle coverage provided in Figure for Earth by 2-13. the at the high=gain earth orbital antenna range radar of the data system because its gain is not Deleting required . SYSTEM Links links with the and Salyut and will the are ground the water-glycol humidity temperature TELECOMMUNICATIONS IRDM The CSM Telecommunication communication be supplement inlet control. The ERS 2. for the The IRDM additional are directly equipment connected and with the 2-30 SD 71 -700 . through the frequency Apollo IRDM communications equipment the CSM and unified cations S-band between (USBE) the VHF-AM will make Communi- VHF-FM transceiver.

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3 with the of crew DM CCU communication stations umbilicals 4. One basis.7Z-kbs S-191 2. and data from the pan camera will be transmitted via the microwave data will be transmitted in real time.2-kbs state vector PCM and data containing the G&N computer data on spacecraft attitude. The for testing RRT test the DM transponder will be before used entry into the switch position for this purpose (CCU) No. Provision voice in the command with module the DM of a Skylab arid the speaker box for communications Salyut 2._i_ Space American Rockwell Division North circuits facing to he CSM installed in the DM are described in Section B. for DM communications equipment are shown in Figure Z.Z-kbs The housekeeping PCM S-191 system. The controls Z-15.6. Provisions DM. The the 51.4 Scient{fic Scientific Equipment data from Data Handling sensors in the service module will be the baseline and processed as indicated below in Figure Z-16. The I. The twelve 800-kbs data outputs from S-19 Z 3. I and 3. 5. The inter- modifications include: I. channel of S-192 data can be transmitted in real time on a selective 2-33 SD 71-700 . 28-track The scientific data data from tape recorder will be used to record 54.6. Interconnection DM TV station of the command module Apollo TV station with the The electrical interfaces are illustrated in Figure 2-14. Interconnection No. The 800-bps data from the microwave radiometer 4. IRIG-B time from the CTE The 51.

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mission include the addition of a supplemental battery. identical sion return enhancement the same as that used Figure 2-17. on and the 3 Transmission of items transmitted. 2. the addition of the electrical and control required for the international for launch docking and system. by fuses the ECS radiator (as in Skylab CSM's). the tape recorder portions One of the SDS. feasible the following: on the 768-kHz 6 Transmit S-191 subcarrier. To accommodate these of the existing box. and the data recorder/reproducer arrangement data would permit lator..72-kbs) in realtlme Z. while the FM radiometer data (800 bps) and replay o in realtime on the 4_ channel S-192 baseband is of S-192 being subcarrier data (800 kbs) 1.. (54. SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division 2. required and the scientific equipment. mission the thermal changes control heaters.7 transmission on data transmission. battery. to add two motor switches. The installation for the enhancement battery motor arrangement is essentially and is illustrated in A current-sensing switch will be installed on the aft bulkhead of the service module. would precluded TV scientific 2. Transmit 165-kHz Transmit FM would baseband be microwave subcarrier.6. one selectable subcarrier. the confines will be replaced 2-37 SD 71-700 .7. one added components motor within switches overload The power distribution box will be modified shunt. Record S-191 data on the DRR at significant moments later on the 576-kbs subcarrier.. 2. I Supplemental A supplemental to meet the The 415 Battery battery will high peak-load AH battery will be installed requirements be physically on the aft bulkhead of the of the earth resources with the lunar service survey mis- module passes. POWER preempt any ELECTRICAL The electrical SYSTEM modifications to CSM 115/I15A to accommodate systems the baseline modification distribution PSQ.5 Realtime Transmission Data Transmission : of part of the scientific data is feasible if the data modudata conditioner (TRDC) and the buffer amplifier (DRR) are retained. vehicle the Skylab-type and miscellaneous compatibility. the of the CM/EM power interface. and two diodes.

"_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division Figure control Panel Figure Z. modification determined interface and an additional connector through the tunnel wall as shown in Figure 2-20.7. results in a total penetration interface compatible is more Implementation the international dated Skylab-type the flexibility in this design 2. Operational by adding a circuit breaker to controls to Panel 278 as shown in Module was Power Interface to determine It was be effected 51-pin the to would required satisfy consist the modifications that a minimum baseline the initial of adding to the rework peneSkylab conducted power could The existing of the tration coax CM/LM existing connector requirements. Docking A study the circuitry for the will be implemented and battery-connect supplementary battery. separate into a single control control of the regulators controls for each quad per quad. Consequently. 1971. PROBE consist Panel 5. This modification results in a penetration capability of I00 pins plus one coax and satisfies the initial baseline requirement of 74 wires plus one coax. Docking baseline PD71-61004.3 Electrfcal In order defined to the power in NASA Systems to implement drawing requirements. by adding two circuit breakers by on time-sharing Panel 5. regulator with Skylab and Skylab 2 will required switches To minimize are combined operational require for and TCS Heaters minor operation one in addition modifications of the must PSQ. modifications CSM are required for the docking Ac to provide power system is provided and control of the system.19. design Dc to The of separate to one of International docking October system 18. the existing control on Panel power for the hydraulic CABIN-FAN/AC-UTILITY will shown be in located Figure adjacent 2-22.4 PSQ Panel and displays Three control. 7. This change and provides panel 2-38 SD 71-700 . flexibility and cannot accommodate identified. Figure 2-21 shows with the minimum modifications required portion This one of the interface The modified with wire sizes configuration coax. 2. System. of 151 wires baseline and since capability is considered with ultimate a Skylab-type additional flexibility. 7. However. this technique provides very limited the potential DM additions already power interface was considered for the existing Skylab power interface to replace the power transfer compatible with DM requirements. be to accommodate the controls talkback added for pressurization helium conforms space the impact.2 2-18 defines of the battery 226 and on/off 2. umbilical. pumps is provided circuit breakers to the The controls control for each DOCKING switches system switches 2 as controls pump controls and extend/retract override capture release control.

./ '........_L_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division CSM UMBILl CAL !RMAL SYS FUSE & DIODE BOX (ADD) BATTERYWIRING (ADD) POWER DISTRI BUTION BOX (MODIFIED) SPS THERMAL CONTROLLERS (ADD) /BAY EXISTING ACCESS PANEL '_//.. t--I --I-" IT.. SUPPLEMENTAL BATTERY (ADD) Figure 2-17.z_ .. / |H-"°x .._. F.. --X ]-l . _:lf _}MNB RETURN I ). Supplemental 2-39 Battery Circuitry SD 71-700 . eox POWER DISTRIBUTION '[]=-.._ IOA BAT RELAY BUS I I ] I i I(AMPS) pCM _I ...-. *--_-'--ISUPPLEMENTAL' ASSY ! I _......... _FF' '10"'1 '.. o... _.. I II _t:J . T! II II I IOOA I F J I V ID'ODESI V . o ' _MNA I MNA MNB o...HYDROGEN TANK IV. Supplemental Battery Installation PANEL 226 I I SM BAT _ .'F-'-/P L J Figure 2-18....

-.. Supplemental Battery Controls CURRENT J MINIMUM REWORK TO PROVIDE DM REQMTS DOCKING RING _]70BE [.---"i -_:_ i_ COAX LEGEND: EXISTING ---CHANGE [] CONN WITH 37 PENETRATIONS 122 74 77 111 AVAILABLE PENETRATIONS DOCKING RING THERMAL RING TUNNEL FEED THRU FWD BULKHEAD 103 + 1 COAX 100 + 1 COAX 128 + 1 COAX 111 + 1 coax Figure Z-Z0. ....L... . I I t '*. i. t.il...I ..... "D ..J_"J_"-" THERMAL RING I I I'.._E.+ COAX _LJ-_._.7]+ COAX "_J'_IDOCKINGRING THERMAL RING I . Minimum Rework CDnfiguration 2-40 SD 71-700 .. ..._4_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division PANEL 278 PANEL 226 ADD MNA CB SM BAT l OFF \° C g6 °tl \ " 1 oN OFF v MNB ON OFF ADDED SWITCHES AND TALKBACK Figure 2-19.. "_ "_5_'R _._-_ ._. CM/DM Umbilical.------_-_'J---:..L.

.. i I _ 5 II"-..#4_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division PROBE + COAX ... CM/DM Umbilical.... Baseline Configuration DOCKING EXTD/REL r_ RRIM PROBE.... . i 1 i L__COAX ITUNNEL_ '.12 GA PINS Figure Z-Z1..._ RETRACT I _ SEC I I I HYD PUMP SYSA INTERNATIONAL I EXTD DOCKING I HYD PUMP SYSB EXTD OFF 2 RETRACT _) OFF RETR OFF RETR ( OVERRIDE CAPTURE RELEASE ) Figure 2-22.... Panel 2 2-41 SD 71-700 ... ! I ! / WALL'J'.15| I" .L%_COAX__DOCKI NG RING THERMAL RING I I .. I I SKYLAB LEGEND: EXISTING --CHANGE [] CONN WITH 37 PENETRATIONS 2 CONN WITH A TOTAL OF 102 PENETRATIONS 122 148 128 120 + + + + 1 I I 1 FWD _ DECK MODIFIED SKYLAB " FWD \ DECK AVAILABLE PENETRATIONS COAX COAX COAX COAX DOCKING RING THERMAL RI NG TUNNEL WALL FWD DECK 164 151 179 162 + + + + I i I I COAX COAX COAX COAX *I_ENDIX ZERO "G" CONN .. : I I ] / I . Docking Systems Controls._:_ ... PROBE / o--_m +COAX ___[_ _"_ __'_-I I "--'I [..-----.

Equipment requirements distribution to delete of the SIM equipment.5 with Scientific Skylab-type techniques the for rotary heater control.'_% SpaceArnedcan Rockwell North Division for the PSQ plished sharing controls. control system breakers on line on be power To on heaters involves Panel 8 to conform heater Panel Panel circuit 3 will be from 278 as Panel shown box to the will be 2 revision four of the Skylab thermal SM RCS heater circuit The to the Skylab breakers on deleted. controls are on Panel 2 and timein Figure 2-23. The manifold location as shown propellants.7. Monitoring of the PSQ measurements can be accom- by using the Skylab-type rotary selector switch the existing meters. conform to the Skylab added TCS measurements. box. replaced Z. will be relocated from Panel 230 to the LEB contiguous grouping of controls. the four The Fuses SM thermal and revision of the SPS SPS line heaters switch heater also be switches will added be wiil grouped to the switches RCS must relocated distribution 2-25. the Skylab The pan floor area 2-26 fuses will will be The To implement the power be added to the modified power revised to add more fuses and scientific figuration controls form the equipment controls will be repackaged from and installed as GFE in the LEB floor area. To accommodate these switches _ontrol switches will be relocated from Panel can then be placed distribution in the 2-24. network (similar to that used for cryo H2 pressure) to attain the correct limit. 2. additional in Table analyzed results 2-12. configuration. the four heater to Panel vacated RCS 278. are listed were and the for the IRDM baseline The shown in analysis was configuration with conducted. Power for the revised isolation controls in Figure by adding system can be implemented the Skylab fuse and diode box to the SM. Use the existing Inverter of this channel would 3 Temp require Hi channel the addition within of a bias can be used. and the MOM box isolation transformers. The remaining electrical requirement for the PSQ is to provide caution and warning monitoring for manifold high pressure. In required for isolating 2 addition to control the other four quads from PSQ and talkbacks. configuration MDA concamera in modular and 2-Z7 and to maintain Figures reflect the assumed displays. to Panel in Figure and 278. are to determine 2-42 SD 71-700 . selector switches accommodate on Panel 101 switches. To avoid impacting the caution the CDU detection unit (CDU). Panel 229.6 CSM An configuration umbilical compatibility Umbilical for the scientific equipment controls Requirements of the total and the umbilical and existing the requirements results assignments requirements.7. These changes are shown of PSQ pressurization. Modification of the Panel 2 C&W matrix would be required to delete the INV 3 TEMP HI light and to add a new Incorporation of the PSQ light.

PSQ Controls. Panel 2 @ = MANFISOL z @ . PSQ Propellant Isolation Controls. A B ------.Space PSQ Division Rockwell North American ! ) Figure 2-23. Panel 2 2.-- D 1 ------CLOSE 2-24._---.= C OPEN ---.-43 SD 71-700 Figure .

Added SM RCS Heater IMAGE POWER ALIGN MOTIONINcR / @ uP @ 2 f. S-191 Viewfinder/Tracking System Controls 2-44 SD 71-700 .'_'--ON T V _ INTEN HI DECR MAG 100 DOOR OPEN AUTO CAL • / / LEFT @ RIGHT OOWN @ LO 10 CLOSE / / Figure 2-26. Panel 278 Figure 2-25._4_ Space Division North American Rockwell I SM RCS HTRS QUAD APRIMBPRIMCPRIMDPRIME | SPS HTRS PRIM @@@@@@ SEC ENGINE A -1B SEC PACKAGE C -1D SEC SEC SEC @@@@ 2 2 @ Controls.

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e. c.7. meters.8 antenna be replaced with an eight-engine relay in the RCS control box All a TV added.7. TRANSLUNAR will be deleted from Panel Z. switches (6) and heaters meters (3). ao b. light must be The propellantThe S-II/ and LM POWER boxes. (3). switches systems speaker Electrical The associated will box be (Panel Systems with deleted.7 wire-type groupings. Compatibility to the specific for without system a lunar the specific listings are not can be accommodated with Vehicle/Mission In addition Modifications changes with module. SM-RCS RCS C&W indicator light (7) for switches switches to Skylab PSQ (6) (5). f. 2. the The discussed. to Panel 278 (2). (4). matrix and to add switches switches talkbacks docking switches PSQ. The study showed that although completely compatible.% SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division Table 2-13. translunar injection. Panel Panel 1. replaced. transponder select rendezvous switch Panel Modifications of all electrical Summary system CSM modifi- following list is a summary cations 1. h. 98) Box will and the and be INFECT circuit radar SOURCE switches. g. HGA stage. S-IB launch five-engine matrix. Salyut control Relocate lighting 2-46 SD 71. all the requirements alternative 2. miscellaneous vehicle light and matrix an changes earth-orbit are required mission compatibility on Panel 1 must dump time-delay S-IVB switch and Skylab 2._. on a panel and box basis. breakers. for high type limit. d._.700 . Delete switch Delete Relocate Change Rework Add Add LV (3). and LM power Replace 5-engine light matrix with 8-engine light matrix. and high-gain and a LV STAGE switch. 2.

SIM ENVIR MEAS 6..12. 5TH RCS QUAD & ISO VALVE PNL l/C 4 7 5 2/CTW 3/CTW 4/CTW 4 l 1 2 I 4 5/CTW 6/CTW ..#Ji_ Space Division NorbbAmerican Rockwell Table Z. SM RCS HTRS g. I/CSH 5 2/CSH 8 20 COAX l 2 13 1 $ 2 15 10 2 3 2 3 2 2 8 8. SUPPLEMENTAL SM BATTERY TOTALS ./REQD 340 3/ 4t 5/ 6/ 1/ CTW CTW CTW CTW CSH 2 l l 12 COAX l l0 14 58 19 2 8 1 1 12 83 1 1 326 33 22 7 3 7 76 1 269 NET DIFFERENCE +25 FOR BASELINE -3 -5 +5 +I +1 +5 +7 +l +57 • BASELINE REQUIREMENTS CURRENTLY DEFINED CAN BE IMPLEMENTED o IMPLEMENTATION WILL REQUIRE TRADEOFFSTO UTILIZE EXISTING WIRING CONFIGURATIONS 2. MOM BOX I.. 71-700 ... S-191 2.. S-192 EXPERIMENT 3.. PANORAMIC CAMERA 4..47 SO -_. GN2 SYSTEM II. 2/ C1W 19 CSM Umbilical._i.. m. m 11 3 2 33 22 7 3 7 76 Table l/ C AVAILABLE WIRES RESERVED FOR S PARES TOTAL USABLE WIRES BASELINE REQUIREMENTS 68 2-13.. Baseline 21 CSH 85 Configuration 3/ CSH l TOTAL Wl RE AVAIL. ADDL SPS HTRS & INSTR I0. Scientific Equipment Umbilical Requirements SYSTEM I EXPERI MENT REQUIREMENTS I. MICROWAVE RADI OMETER 5.


SpaceAmencan Rockwell North Division


Panel a. b.

3. Add Delete 5. Replace ECS heaters overload C/B's with Salyut docking TV source SPS line switch heater (1). switch (1).


Panel a.


LM Change Add power rating Skylab RRT C/B's of SM speaker power to DM RCS box. switch (I). power heater C/B's C/B's (2). (4),

Change 8. 98. 100. 10 I.

Panel Panel Panel Panel

6. 7. 8.



Delete Change 225. 226. 230. 278.

RRT system Delete Add Delete


switch test RRT,

(1) to C/B's Skylab (3). battery control (1). type (2).


switches HGA


Panel Panel Panel Panel a. b.

10. 11. 12.


for J-Misslon

supplemental experiment




control (3) and

switches talkback

(10) (1) for supplemental battery

Add switches control. Floor Box Area. (SM SIM).

13. 14. 15.

LEB MOM Power a.


scientific Revise fusing.



Distribution Replace mental ECS battery

Box radiator motor

(SM). overload switches motor (2). switches (3) with supple-

2-48 SD 71-700


SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division


Add load Add Add

fuses (5), shunt diodes

for and for for

thermal scientific supplemental

control equipment

heaters (8).






battery battery box for

current bus thermal

measurement. isolation control (2). heater

d. 16.

supplemental Add Skylab

Diode/Fuse circuits. RCS relay. Control









18. Z.8




STOWAGE Two stowage baseline plans plan Plan and Ground for were the developed other Rules three crewmen will for be the IRDM. One to as the will be referred plan.

to as 2.8. 1




Baseline 1. 2. 3.

Consumables Fourteen-day Four purposes oxygen

mission purge systems (OPS) in DM for crew transfer


One from DM

OPS in command SIM to be used for




to retrieve






of equipment




disposables 6. 7. Two-man Eleven stowed Return Maximum crew magnetic in docking stowage transfer (three round in trips) module and _'_ five

tapes stowed module for pan camera


8. 9.




of existing


2-49 SD 71-700


SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division





list (delete lunar

transfer earth

items) survey mission

II. CSM to be capable of performing minimum independent of the docking module




to carry


for minimum in DM.

of seven-day

mission 13. Stowage tracking A comparison

plus EVA volume system, of Skylab 2-14. shown stowage volumes


- overflow boxes,

lost to two C&D and and TV monitor J-mission

tape recorder,



volumes needed and

available the

for volumes

IRDM is made in Table available in the CM are The baseline and J-mission during baseline CM

The stowage volumes in Table 2-15.


plan for launch is depicted are utilized except where is shown 0.36m in Figure

in Figure noted. The 2-29. ft 3) of DM

2-28. restowed

configuration The

docked stowage

operations plan requires

3 (12.6

volume items to the CM stowage is


be allocated to launch will be stowed in three CM before the locations located bays for The 2.8.2 for the three inboard of the launch docking but is

stowage of CM overflow items. removable lockers which will of crew are later transfer lockers intersection removed stowage Plan was restudied CSM solo with mission increases collection and that other provided shown of the and in Figure lower and stowed

The overflow be transferred The 2-29. righ-hand



Locker R-15 equipment in Figure in Section

where are

shown described

2-29. 3.8.

module Stowage


Alternate The baseline duration days. elements (3) four major

potential to eleven (1) LiOH 24, and The

stowage plan of a contingency

a view to increasing (no access to the in CM assemblies consumables. the necessary stowage from

the DM) of 18 to

The alternate plan required from 14 to 22, (2) fecal extra change days' from supply the of food baseline


tional locker space was line plan adhered rigidly vertically Locker to avoid A-9. For as shown elements, the etc. alternate 2-30 The tapes edge

restowage of to the Skylab damage at CM

eleven magnetic constraint that landing. The

tapes. the tapes tapes were

The basebe stored stowed in

plan, for

the launch.

tapes be

are Locker

stowed A-9 in A-9 is

flat then for

beneath available return the


couches for LiOH to earth,

in Figure



Z-50 SD 71 -700


SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division


2- 14.










UPPER & LOWER EQUIP BAY IRDM B1 B2 B3 B5 B6 B8 U1 U2 U3 U4 X X X * * X X X X X "J" X X X X X X X X X X L2 L3 RI R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R8 RII RI3 RI5











Z-51 SD 71-700

SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division









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2-52 SD 71-700


Space Division North Amencan Rockwell



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2-54 SD 71-700

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replaced 2. 1 requirements. following against were EVA damage transferred on a CSM and into the solo DM (if available) This plan data tapes discarded safeguard overboard the mission. would The stowage the pad on significant top of the objection lockers to the below alternate couches plan is the fact that tape one inch into the would encroach abort couch attenuation envelope. COMMAND plan. 2-35.2 Skylab Speaker Box A Skylab speaker box will be installed in Panel 98. but this It would is not considered be stowed as shown significant. 2-55 SD 71-700 . The fairings the bars revised will be wiring reworked requirements._i_ Space American Rockwel/ Division North after or used LiOH elements. Figure with the 2-32 shows plan.. to revise thermal isolation ring the penetration will be configuration with a ring attachment provisions. 9. 9. The matches the revised thermal docking ring isolator. on the and R-15) will minor storage be fabricated lockers and and Miscellaneous various modifications compartments. 2.3 Stowage Lockers and Compartments Three installed will be to where new restrain stowage shown in equipment lockers Figure within (A-2. CM/DM changes to the command module structure will be made to meet Umbilical Implementation described Figure 2-34.9 MODULE STRUCTURAL MODIFICATIONS Various IRDM 2. loss safeguard would during from docked tapes possible not of recorded unused end-of-mission abort landing return damage. or A-5. operations. the tapes to earth. arrangement launch for return in alternate utilization is shown Figure 2. etc. in Section of 2.7 the electrical requirements the structural of the CM/DM illustrated umbilical in necessitates changes The throughs to meet backup J-mission to provide feedthroughs the additional will be replaced with The Skylab-type will be feedreplaced and and which penetrations. The the The locker same A-9 arrangement would for be of A-9 launch used and return with the baseline alternate 2-33. in Figure During 2-31.9.

v-I Z-56 SD 71-700 ._% SpaceAmencan Rockwell North Division \ f_ O 0_ 0_ bO ¢1 41J or) r_ O o O "0 cj 0 L_ I N o.) .

Baseline Launch Utilization B-CO 2 ABSOR BE R \ 4-TtSSUES Figure 2-33. CM Stowage Locker A-9.i: _k_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division 11 -TAPES / Figure 2-32. CM Stowage Locker A-9. 2-57 Alternate Launch Utilization SD 71 -7O0 .

'_ . . | i ) -- I JJJ±U'._ TAPE Fr_MONITOF RNE_/ LOCKER I NA WLOCKE i I i I I _ J _ +y zi--1--_ _ -- - J i J--" -"_ --_/ i 1 I I "_i" L__L_. 1 _r"T ll. Figure 2-35.50 REPLACE DOCKING FAIRINGS RING / REWORK THERMAL ISOLATOR / RING & BACKUP BARS PATTERNS IDENTICAL (REF) REPLACE TUNNEL FAIRINGS & REVISE WIRE SUPPORT B )ND-ON{ J-MISSION (REF) FEED-THRU REPLACE FEED-THRU REPLACE FEED-THRU ADD COAX FEED-THRU Xc 80.75 Figure 2-34.1_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division REPLACE DOCKING RING I --X I c 104. / in CM < L. CM/DM Umbilical +Z Structural Modifications LEB /. !A21 / i i I I _iJ.lllll'J rl T P J _D I. Stowage Lockers / NEW LOCKER A-2 and Scientific Equipment 2-58 SD 71-700 . I ' I I ----L--J I_ RDSGN I I I _ I 1..ECOnDE.

. of a heat the of pump and to connect quick-disconnects. of PSQ shell 2-36. 2. 2-35.7 piece of equipment cooling loop. Panels and Displays C&D panels will in Section 2.4 Scientific The Equipment Installation recorder. pump This cabin the to the CM modification cabin heat exchanger and would involve severance the secondary glycol coolant exchanger. water pump 2. into A coldplate for each the ECS water-glycol 2._'_% SpaceAmencan Rockwell North Division 2. Coolant of the two garments Loop be modified as necessary to meet the requirements Water for Liquid-Cooled proposals to be worn Garments for providing coolant crewmen in the DM for the involve CM Each liquid-cooled modification. tape shown in Figure Coldplates The four items of scientific equipment will for be ERS provided will require and plumbed cooling. and Manifolding necessary for the edge members adapter for PSQ will necessary to meet the modifications The and A new opening new machined installation door will installed be be be bonded of a PSQ cut on on the in as are will shown Beam Z-59 SD 71-700 . MODIFICATIONS STRUCTURAL The modifications to service module structure requirements of the IRDM are described below. and control and displays units will be installed 2. bypassing heat exchanger from the secondary secondary coolant loop around the loop of the heat exchanger waterheat to the and connecting the secondary and the quick-disconnects. exchanger to install and a water DM panel with Two hoses umbilical instead connectors. 10. 1 The illustrated Bay 2 side in views Installation external in Figure of Beam B-B and C-C.9.6 Controls The outlined 2.7. 2. 9. I0 SM section of the loop. The located lines installed The exchanger same two alternative (LCG) by first alternative requires the addition of a LM heat exchanger waterwould be on the forward bulkhead brought out to two accessible inflight second between alternative the the heat is behind the main-display quick-disconnects.9.5 as TV monitor. No.9.

) _ O r--1 \ | I t I I I I I I I I I I ® I I I 1 i rr'-r -II II 4.=... °_._ °_-_ o . I.i_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division f--------7- --i------ IM o=_ _/I /1'- 0 gN o #.III I I I -.2.700 .--¢ t _1_ _ I"_ __L-----¢%1 N °I _-60 SD 71 .J.f I I -IM I I t ® --.

of the upper CSM If5 and custom closeout bulkhead CSM II5A have not selected be built for the payload. propellant transfer three-inch to the new to one-inch one-inch reducers pressurization will installed shown to adapt shaded transfer lines in the illustration. and they may. the in Figand Skylab lines 2-37. 2. will be modified the other the baseline to Xs257. 2-61 SD 71-700 . I0. I0. I0. in the tunnel propellant that the manifold are Quads Thermal analysis 2. of Beam 2. modifying modifications changing the cork to the SM-RCS thermal and quads include installing rod heater the main insulation. 3.5 Removal of SPS Storage Tanks The will ure be SPS fuel and The oxidizer propellant storage tanks and one of the helium tanks removed. 6 Scientific Instrument Module The for J-mission IRBM scientific payload instrument by removing module one (SIM) shelf.2 indicates Modifications brackets required isolation. changing adding the quad thermal of VHF Scimitar Antenna Installation antenna. door 2.4 Insulation Bay Bays 2. to SM-RCS Mechanical additional brackets. 2. and will be modified will be for to accommodate modified the PSQ. blanket. 5 insulation will be configuration. coatings. the The of the PSQ in Bay be 2 will on displace the from Bay the right VHF of Beam 2 side scimitar No. to the the SIM Skylab package. I insulation 4. one inch fabricated.3 Relocation brackets. with No. Blankets harness rerouted the 2 to the 2. Closeout blankets required "2. relocating shelf from been and increasing to two inches. I0. to provide prope_ surface position for the PSQ radiator panel. I0. the thickness The SIM's for therefore. Propellant area to support line the supports will be added lines to all six beams shown for in Figure thermal and 2-8. antenna may relocated 3 side Bay electrical Bay wiring 3 side. and as shown the in view A-A.C_ Space American Rockwell Division North No. The line modification lines be will be is illustrated cut as indicated.

z v (n Z-J Ljv wZ u..-62 SD 71-700 .jr wZ D< u..< a UJ z O N N £z: D _ n£3 "'.. --Z X< OF.I- 2.J >.la _q 0 Z 0 .'_ Space Division Rockwell North American 0 r_.pI .I-- Z / Z < D / 111 uJ Z 0 0 P_ P_ _O (_ I N ._ (J1 nr--__ O -J -_ _ > 0 :E iii iiI i--I 0 0 I:Ev ILl v .

Block II vent holes will be drilled in the honeycomb and the cork insulation will be updated. structure truss mounts SLA modification separable will be installed to replace II5A) 22. the structure panel hinges.#i_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division t ' Z. and has An a Block l0 (CSM panels. A feedthrough will be provided for the electrical connections. and passive thrusters will be transferred to the DM them. II SLA The The LM from overheating during SPS burns. 2-63 SD 71-700 . I0. MODIFICATIONS access provisions of SLA 22 (CSM I15) are adequate support for IRDM.7 Installation of Microwave The microwave radiometer Radiometer will be mounted on the aft bulkhead as indi- cated in Figure 2-2. The back surface of the radiometer will be insulated for protection 2. I configuration door will be reworked and requires to accept more II than SEA ALSEP-design will be installed aft of the Block panels.

1 DOCKING MODULE REQUIREMENTS 3. to permit CSM to clock 3. b. CM. eo atmospheric for supply. 4. Requirements with the IRDM CSM on a DM launched in SLA simultaneously Saturn IB launch vehicle Lunar module-type with DM SLA separation docking interface Z. Dependence Redundant electrical between communications 3-1 SD 71-700 . and monitoring with provisions atmospheric storage Oz/N DM pressure system regulation O 2 gas 55/45 02 prebr Z mixed-gas storage system eathing heat on CSM removal for all by liquid-cooled power CSM. i. Airlock to allow shirtsleeve transfer between spacecraft with both vehicles 6. control._q']"_ Space Division _'_&" J North American Rockwell 3. 7.0 DOCKING MODULE 3. 10. device to permit interface vehicle crew extraction to enable by the docked CSM International with a USSR docking the CSM/DM to dock Salyut-type 5. I. 1 Functional I. and Salyut garments (LCG) Metabolic 9. c. 5 meter Two-man at their respective operating atmospheres area 2 (16. 8. 13 ft2) minimum simultaneous transfer cross-sectional Self-contained systems a. d.

c. Pressure Two Requirements vessel hatches mounting 3. 8. 3. 02 one contains N Z. 1. the contains a mixture and 45 percent 3-2 SD 71-700 . CS]V[ docking International Systems a. Two lifesupport other gas supply tanks are mounted of 55 percent externally.2. b. pure 02. d. The general external appearance is depicted in _'igure 3-i. SLA 4. 3. 2. 422 meters (56 inches) and an overall length of 2. An Apollo LIV[-type docking system is attached to one end of the module and an international docking system is attached to the other end.2 contingency depressurized IVA and EVA Structural 1. 5. 6.65 meter 3 (129 ft3).(_% SpaceAmerican Rockwell Noah Division 11. I General The Description module is a cylindrical pressure vessel with an internal docking diameter of I. Thermal inertial Capability control attitude for provisions for earth orbital mission at solar 12.2 CM Apollo/Skylab MODULE DOCKING STRUCTURAL 3. The internal volume is 3. ECLSS Electrical Telecommunications Crew overflow equipment stowage design criteria DESIGN docking support 7. 794 meters (Ii0 inches).

J_4_ SpaceAmencan Rockwell North Division 3-3 SD 71-700 .

basic structure. components. Design for shell integral the is considered were (1) single skin and stringer 3.2 construction skin. 3-5 mylar. frame stretch-formed are welded end-cone outer face primary attachment ure 3. to cylindrical and are machine-welded the method insulation by individual of attachment mounting External pro- layers of aluminized in Figure Design technique in Figure longerons are is not Honeycomb The fabrication illustrated integral supports for 3-7. fittings complete the cross-section and detail. are then panels The and the and Figinner vessel skin Radial is with concept."! _"' J Space Division NorthArnencan Rockwell The depicted end is inboard in Figure profile viewed 3-Z.2._(. The three ring is welded to Aluminum weldment inner to sidewall each end. shows retained supports.. conical to form of be would is illustrated plate into pattern The machined shapes.5 3-8 to cylindrical and conical together and a circumferential inner sheets structure of the skins are are epoxy fabricated bonded to the shapes. concept and is recommended test as baseline because of its simplicity straightforward analysis.2. The with single-skin machined longerons basic from and pressure weldable radial frame vessel aluminum supports.3 Single-Skin The fabrication in Figure a waffle Stringer technique 3-4.4 basic longerons by as 45 shown pressure plates are forming. honeycomb complete similarly. presents Comparison of Single-Skin Concepts on the two alternative the approximate microfor design considerations concepts meteoroid relative Table 3-1 and Figure for comparison. SLA support honeycomb End-cone welding. 3-4 SD 71-700 .2. vessel. the As honeycomb in the from The shell single-skin weldable machined basic aluminum plates pressure the plate. Honeycomb information also identifies reliability closeout bonding. After the the vided posts 3.2. protection to The mission single-skin of assembly 3-9 present Figure 3-9 versus requirement requirements. from inboard the international profile viewed docking from the end is CS]V[ docking depicted Design The two and in Figure Approach methods (2) honeycomb and of 3. machined required._. and the 3-3. radial and then stretch-formed the contoured shapes Figure frame 3-6.

4 = x o ° -.< I-._-) 3-5 SD 71-700 ...._ _'-_ _--_< z < UJ ¢ Z I-.. N U 0 Z Z ul h- 0 ZZ _3 rt A 0 0 0 v Z ._ r.< N Z I ..r I.e.(_4_ SpaceAmerican Rod_well North Division _ -r X _. _ .._.. ul . -.-Z uJ == =0 N Z v Z .

_ 4..@_ Space Division North Amedcan Rockwell 0 -1-...I Z tL <_ m r'_ >o -JZ uJo _0 u_ r-_ 5 3-6 SD 71-700 .r.--I 0 / 0 \ nO _rr L % __w u O 0 ._ • ¢¢: O.J . (..c:::J .J .. IJJ o k- z ¢_ ¢-} N IJJ >_j i_ ¢/} IN 0 eP uJ I-- wI-c¢ uJ C¢: uJ _L N O uu -l<E 0 uJ _L z ¢.} 4.T nr_-..3 .0 •--_ ==..r .1 I ¢¢3 < Z < z ei "l" U.J .

_I_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division 3-7 SD 71-700 .

.\\ \ _ \.i if' _i 'I .0.700 ._lJ •SECTION B-B Figure MOUNTI NG POST_ " _. DM Longeron and Radial Frame Attachment 45 LAYERS MYLAR---. _ _ __ 3-5. \ I \! \I // \..4 1.//// _ _-_.#_ Space Division North Amencan Ro_well FRAI FRAME 3 REQD TENSION TIE • • m BULKHEAD RING ._'_ \_\\ \ \_ _\MOUNTING - _ \ ... POST MOUNTED Installation 3-8 SD 71 ..75 IN.'# /] /..90 CM (0.z o..) • ATTACHMENT: Figure 3-6.. _-- _ \ \\\ _ it.N POST _-_ _ _ /_ !_ _-_-__ /#' /// ./ o..'#._.) KAPTON (SCHEtDAHL OT1015) DIA AS REQUIRED (VELCRO ATrACH) of DM Insulation ALUMINIZED • VENT HOLES 1..5 IN.27 CM (0.: II.// .olo L A SHE_ BRIDGE FRAMES WITH • TYPE: ALUMINIZED MYLAR (NRC-2) INSULATION • THICKNESS: • al_.S<.


SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division 0 U 0 0 U 0 ! Iil °r4 3-9 .

_I_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division "8: c. 1::13HS"IVLO1 3-l] SD 71-700 .:S "NI '(11) SS3N_DIH. o J __ o o (_ 0 .I.

addition opening will provide DM-pressure seal assistance. The pressure equalization valve will be a refurbished item from a CM unified hatch and will be modified by the addition of a handle on the DM side.2 in.50-cm (36.43 in. and two flats will be provided to permit the hatch to be inserted into the DM for installation. Inward opening The overall diameter of the hatch is greater than the diameter of the tunnel.2. A.9-in. at International hatch Docking for greater End accessibility module.6 Hatch at CS?' Docking 3mmand The End module 73. plate. The delta-pressure gauge installation is illustrated in Figure 3-12. insulation. The rubber seal will be similar to that used for the CM unified hatch. The and modification. Z.42-in. Tunnel (28.). Inward hatch refurbishment removal hinge. and pressure equalization valve. The docking aluminum and latch is proposed hatch system. loading_ and removal is depicted The hatch Two flat is for the will docking end of the DIV[. Ten the outer operable rotation refurbished surface. and 3-14.7 problem.) diameter open to op_-n into the DIv[ and will be retained clearance with the hatch {28. and refurbishment of the ablator.) . addition of the of the latches. 92.7 at the CSM (Figure cm 3-10) position by A refurbishe docking a spring will be hinged catch. latches equally from spaced a ClVi unified around the with whole by hatch will be The installed latches are / / on periphery.) to permit installation The proposed hatch through in Fig- diameter hatch will be hinged to open into the DIVI and will be retained clearance with the hatch will provide DM-pressure in the open position by a spring catch. i11ustrated in Figure 3-11. end of the . and its size and shape present no Hatch Use of a larger docking international be compatible The basically sides are the opening ures 3-13 The new end of the docking dimensions with those hatch to would of the international be machined pressure from sealing circular equalize included in the design as may be required.. of a delta-pressure gearbox. Tunnel open will be 90 cm seal assistance.:[_ SpaceAmencan Rockwell North Division 3.5-cm forward hatch will be used hatch in the open will be 71. The hatch is smaller than the opening at the international insertion 3. Thermal insulation will be provided on the outer surface. In the closed position. will include replacement of thermal gauge. (35.). the by a positive lock that is released 120-degree clockwise latch system is prevented a squeeze grip in each from moving handle. / 3-1z SD 71-700 (o. from either side by built-in handles to close.



8 Window The viewing this option design details are presented DM hatch from in.2. DM hatch mechanical USSR-frequency show the structural rack is sized and transponder. simulation Determination exercises. of camera ing diameter illustrated would in Figure (11 the The two international potential docking uses of a TV mechanism camera and to are to record the act as a secondary operation docking of aid.2. checkout panels 3. will be provided EVA Handholds for access to equipment both in and out of the DIV[.2. ). the capability of the TV Determination of the value should be delayed until the of its value as a docking Docking docking cylindrical System system shell will through be bolted a molded to the DM closeout ring. in International shown docking refurbished be 29 cm 3-17. the the provision full length The handrail of a conof the should be handholds 3-15 SD 71-700 .) and before be performed installation. in the operations. as seal-plate control and life support system (ECLSS) checked mountings 3-19 The will out be before for the in a single self-contained package in the Dh/I. equipment layout international will facilitate of and 3-20 completed to pass opening.Space Division North American Rockwell Hatch 3. Rack design extensive required to determine these requirements. of aid Further study would be camera system to fulfill the camera as a docking docking would 3. tinuous module aligned The requirements handrail on (including to meet the the the for emergency exterior of the conical section on the EVA include DM extending at the CM. Hatch in Figures 3-15 and 3-16.9 system require International The ring shown 3. The equipment rack VHFtransceiver details and through modular provide harness better the design which will be also contains Figures of the rack. 10 at the in international end Figure Equipment The contained installation environmental of the 3418. items window are illustrations The window One method a CiV[ unified is an and option to provide proposed The clear mounting TV for viewis during retainers hatch.2. CM end). mechanism recorder is firm. assembly (hardline System Removable of The the rack proposed and may will wire control component installation replacement. ii installation. on the bench etc. connections.


J _J WI ND0W 7 PRESSU--Ri EQUALIZATION HANDLE (BOTH SIDES)" DOCKING VALVE SIDE MODULE Figure 3-16.r_CHES L l J. Cross Section of International DM Hatch / / I00 ° (APPROX) WIDE ANGLE I 6o _ 10o ZOOM XTENDED INTERNATIONAL DOCKING MECHANISM Figure 3-17. TV Camera in DM Hatch Window m 3-17 SD 71-700 .g_l_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division SALYUT SIDE 10.

International Docking System Attachment to DM _ STOWAGE BAY DOOR __\__.__ '''L'_''_ / Al-rACH POINTS ----(4) Figure 3=19.___ (_)_ow__ov_ LOUVERED FAN VENT " _.{_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division MATCHED HOLE PAl-rERN IN DOCKING RING TO INTERFACE WITH DM STRUCTURAL RING & SEAL PLATE MOLDED SEAL PLATE RING DM STRUCTURAL RING SECTION THRU SEAL PLATE Figure 3-18._. DM Equipment Rack Structure o 3-18 SD 71-700 T .I/.M_.

J 0 )-..I Z (4 (4 Ul nO. tlk i11 _1 iu t_ Z W (4 (4 I-- U 0 p-(#.. =E 3-19 SD 71-700 .F.. IJL LL :3: I-<: J.) ._ ILl _: _" "_" (4 0 I" UJ a: (4 Z i'M E) (4 I.I EL Lll w LU .J ul Z .-I (4 (4 _ I-" .J (.n Z I.J 0 (4 laJ z EL Z 0 .U a._ Space Amencan Rockwell Division North nl Z C_ Q.. f-C3 Z 0 (.U _: O. Z C_ L} UJ u_ w w (4 (4 _" UJ (4 Z n _ _ . (4 Z el- rto rr Z _) UJ < UJ (4 Z O_ nZ .... Z '_ .-1 Z t_j (-9 _ _ w *V" C_ I" <: .1 ._ Ul W _ 111 W • <: • U.._.J Z C_ t.

the following functions to safely and 100-percent comfortably the crewmen in the docking of metabolic men.2 ECLSS The 1. 3. depressed locked to valve. The recommended 3. module: pressurization and atmosphere warning and depressurioxygenprecirculation. the end from CSM as end DM as Hatch with DM No. Tunnel valve The manual being CSM existing tunnel vent gauge._ SpaceAmencan Rockwell North Division 3. Either window frame. the ECLSS the study: DM/Salyut 1 and 2. Hatch 2. 3. on established as Tunnel for No. depressurization manually This valve 3 -20 SD 71-700 . is totally integrated out of the ECLSS 3-3 show DM. equipment rack 3-20 the location and the ECLSS controls following discussion covers both the baseline configuration and a alternative Provisions provides configuration. Groundrules groundrules the CM/DM Tunnel No. facilities for two ventilation capability. in the closed 5 psia from position. be 1 with capable a of . The scientific airlock was originally designed for The the installation in the CM side hatch and is used in the Skylab workshop. No. window would be a refurbished item from a CM unified hatch. removal pressurization heat loads. 1 and Salyut vented 3. the hatch No.3 or the airlock could be accommodated without change to the mounting ENVIRONMENTAL The baseline CONTROL environmental equipment AND control LIFE SUPPORT SYSTEM system shows Figures (ECLSS) the layin the 3-2 and and life support Figure rack. and of the hatch zation control. high-flow for pressure indication. provisions for venting the tunnels seals and pressure equalization. 12 Provision of Side Window/Scientific Airlock ures An optional installation of a DM side window is illustrated in Fig3-21 and 3-22. and DM /xp can be DM on 1 can hatch the be integrity checks following Designate tunnel as Designate the DM were tunnel 2. Tunnel will No.2.3.1 General The maintain breathing emergency ECLSS within the docking in the DM of the equipment module. 3.

) I . DM Side Window/Scientific Airlock Installation ADAPTER PLATE FOR INSTALLATION OF SCIENTIFIC AIRLOCK IN LIEU OF WINDOW _EXISTING SClENTIF IC AIRLOCK CM (11._ - . DM Side Window 3-21 Installation Detail SD 71-700 .FIC ASSEMB'¥ A.00 CLEAR WINDOW IN._ SpaceAmencan Rockwell North Division SClENT._ Figure 3-22.RLOCK [4 _ /AIRLOCK SEAL PLATE INTERNATIONALD:CKING/_ _ __W_IN_W/scIENTIFICAIRLOCK MOUNTING FRAME Figure 3-21.

will contain on both sides will include shown an the DM with a manual 9. from 2. integrity after be are docking. equalization valve. AP gauge.#_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division . 35 percent check A DMpressure will be made 3.3. the controls. of the hatch. warning in Figure 3. the DM and Salyut before Salyut-to-CSM 3 -2Z SD 71-700 . used regulator of the from pre- Salyut the start breathing 6. DM Hatch No. at. 1 1. Pressurization DM will (65 be percent launched O2. Salyut pressures within will to equalize return.7 till will DM. displays. 14. will be and hinged 6. Oxygen prebreathing .3. psia be used for DM the pressure beginning mode atmosphere will of the maintained transfer the be to DM. a AP gauge. 2 will hatch handle on both Tunnel No. The for headsets caution and have sides for communications with the CM and warning. 3-20. manual valve. 2 can vent valve located The and The and Salyut hatch control caution hatch handle panel and 8. 10. of the hatch. 1 will hatch handle on both to open DM DM into will audible the have DM. turned closed. The and ECLSS will the hatches from the and 4. be depressurized near Hatch No. DM Hatch No. or greater than. 3.3 ECLSS The Study Guidelines guidelines were established for the ECLSS study: following DM The 3. equalization The hatch valve. DM purge be storage requirements assembly in the by the 14. gas off whenever the DIV[ is unoccupied with an enriched N2). have sides a AP gauge.7 psia air atmosphere of 16 psia 2. equalization of the hatch. and 7.

DM with the gloves for hatch 3. be accompanied . . EVA and TV The equipment bag are contents experiment undefined. A USSR by cosmonaut States transferring during transferring astronaut. Crewmen masks DlVl pressure Ch/1 will and breathe pure oxygen until from the prebreathing is at Dh/l depressurization 11. may be units Backup Contingency return crew from IVA CSh/I to capability CM Salyut for will two be suited one-man crewmen IVA.2 psia. equipment. Crew Transfer of the phase DM of the atmosphere mission to will be maintained uniform throughout atmospheric maintain Nominal crewmen. experiment equipment to be prebreathing Salyut camera. Capability Salyut 1 will and be The two transferred EVA packs oxygen purge to the Salyut will include systems or the with the shirta space suit.CJ_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division 1 Circulation the docked conditions. No. from to the will to the be provided. prebreathing closed will transferred equipment. a contingency in the Salyut. bag. (OPS). DM the Hatch Salyut. to the Salyut Equipment packs. prebreathing equipment will be stowed So For design in the DM EVA For For left . purposes. crew transfer will be performed by two shirtsleeved . remain open CM will a United 10. packs will always a nominal return. as yet the be in the provided. Two EVA packs sleeved crewmen. to 8. helmet. transfer EVA the and Salyut IVA be the or returned design EVA with the crewmen case will return all return. prebreathe to the Ch/i. 2 will while the US crewmen are in 3 -23 SD 71-700 . to the 6. will of the include head sets. at launch.

0 kg/hr/man hrs hrs rain rain normal emergency normal maximum (1200 Btu) (300 Btu) (500 Btu) (230-270 Btu) pr ebr eathing Sensible heat generation rate while time of 100 percent prebreathing .3.95 2.5 ECLSS The 3-3.3.286 kj/hr/man Respiratory at 14.7 psia Prebr eathing (2.Space Division North American Rockwell 12. Crew the pressurization ventilation and Metabolic and circulation control subsyssubsystem.6 Baseline The four gas coolant ECLSS subsystems storage subsystem. The allow 3. Requirements Item Metabolic Average Maximum Minimum Metabolic heat (total) rate rate rate 630 Characteristics metabolic metabolic metabolic rate during kj/hr/man (600 Btu) 1260 kj/hr/man 316 kj/hr/man 527 kj/hr/man 244 02 0. liquid donning cooled of garments suits prior (LCG) to start will system be stowed in the CM to of transfer.82 kj/hr/man to 0. Table Configuration which comprise the baseline ECLSS are the atmospheric tem. Metabolic crew metabolic Requirements requirements used for the study are listed in Table 3.90 (125 Btu) vaporization quotient 3 -24 SD 71-700 .3. The CM suit hoses will be used to ventilate the control DM before and the after initial startup of the DM environmental the docking phase of the mission. Design design Requirements requirements used for the study are listed in ECLSS Table 3.0 3. and the 3-2.4 Crew The 3-2. the subsystem. 13. 1 lb) Crew transfer time 25 60 Insensible Respiratory heat generation (RQ) 133 0.

5 (16.5 M/min (15 (100 condensation shall be ft/min) ft/min) (maximum) DM ventilation (min) (max) 30 M/min Rate Gas of pressure venting and change dumping relief valve: 5 mmHg/sec Nonpropul 828 802 854 1.0 psia) range emergency operating or unmanned) DM pressure transferring regulation to Salyut while 760 at 155 ± 15 mmHg 2.308 .27 kg/hr (14.7 psia Override closed Depress operation (Manual mode) (Auto mode) closed below 290 to 6.0 mmHg ± 0. internal surface rate 4.7 (5. ECLSS Design Requirements Item Total pressure Char act eri stic s 248 to 828 mmHg normal operating 0 to 828 mmHg (4.71b/ crack reseat maximum at DM overpressure (Operating mode) (3.manned) (manned (0 to 16.5 discharge psid) psid) psid) lb/min) 1.8 to 16.0 (15.6 Depress rate at mrnHg mmHg mmHg kg/min sive (16.2 psid) at to 320 mmHg 5 mmHg/sec 760 mmHg (14. (3.3 psia) lb/hr) (3 to 9 psia) 0 2 partial pressure 2 hours prebreathing CO2 men partial pressure is breathing range for (2 crewmen) ._i_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division Table 3-3.7psia) 3 -25 SD 71-700 .(time crew- to 465 15 mrnHg 7 mmHg 285 275 .95 110 (occupied) (unoccupied) on DM minimized and atmosphere DM humidity Not controlled.7 to flow 14.0 psia) range (.316 (max) (60 - (0 to 60 360 rain) F) F) rain) DIV[ atmosphere) (wall Atmosphere temperature IK (55 K (35 .7 (Failed mode) Restrict min) (Manual DM relief mode) valve: Normally Closed (5.7 kg/min.

0 Ib at 2730 N/cm z max psia & 70 F) Oxygen & 02/N2 Pressure Capacity Bypass relief valve Z090 (3030 at I._i_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division Table 3-3.0 psia) DM tunnel Equalization No.0 psia) Tunnel No.0 to 5. 2 vent Located in DM Depress rate valve: 828 to 260 in 3 rain mmHg (16.7 max Equalization mmHg (I. 1 828 to 260 mrnHg in 5 rain (16.0 to 5.7 kg at 1880 N/cm z & 295 K (48.0 (900 CM/DM Flow tunnel rate: pressurization valve: 5. Flow restricted At at DM pressurization Flow rate : valve: 5. 0 psid) in one minute Atmosphere External storage: DM tank 1880 Nlcm 2 (2730 psia) 21. ECLSS Design Requiren_ents (Cont) Item DM relief valve: operation mode) mode) Normally Closed (10.0 (900 DM vent Located Depress valve: in CM rate mrnHg/sec psig) mrnHg/sec psid) 2.3 psia ± 0.4 517 Z ±.0 _max) at 620 N/cm 2 inlet (max) at 620 N/cm 2 inlet Tunnel No. 1 kg/hr mmHg (10. Character istic s Pr ebr eathing (Manual (Auto closed below 527 + 10 mrnHg 2 psid) (5.2 inlet) lb/hr) ± 0. 1 & 2 valve rate s 51. 36 kg/hr at 3 Ib/hr (2850 psig) psig max 1965 N/cruZ rain reseat 3-26 SD 71-700 .

6 kg/min at closed open at 550 N/cm 2 inlet (8 lb/min 800 psia) Position (3) Automatic Manual Manual 3. kg/min lb/min) Emergency Pressure system 230 to 192 mmI-Ig (4.1350 Two 900 psig regulators in series Regulate kg/min rain) (11 Flow limited DM switch pressure and control: warning 1. Storage storage Subsystem subsystem consists of two identical as for gaseous illustrated pressure relief The subsystem used for purging and regulator assemblies provides storage capacity the 55/45 O2/N 2 gas mixture O 2 gas used for prebreathing. of the OPS. All components partment with high-pressure The subsystem transfer cycles from the CSMto and relief/regulator LM descent stage.6. ECLSS Design Requirements (Cont) Item Overboard relief valve 780 Nlcm Char z max act eri stics at Z2. crew to go tank in the are mounted supply lines to support defined as a minimum of three complete the time required by the crew high-pressure being used Salyut and back to the CSM). is designed (a cycle is the pressure control of the DM and the (if required).0 max max) 2 at 0.7 psia) DM repressurization Flow valve 3.03 at 0. 062 lb/ (A 1 lb/ 780 638/705 (925/1022 flow.5 to 3. The assembly are components presently o 3 -27 SD 71-700 . 1 The Atmospheric atmospheric storage tanks in Figure Gas gas and 3-23. and limited recharge external penetrating to the the pressurized pressure comshell.7 max lb/min) kg/min (3.7 kg/hr (i 130 psig max Burst disc 710 930 (.jl' _"_ Space Division North American Rockwell Table 3-3.7 N/cm N/cm psig 2 min 2 at at at 50 Ib/hr) reseat 354 kg/hr lb/hr N/cm psig 5. 3.

North Division Space American Rockwell er X I I I I I Z < 0 0 U_ .pC 0 < ! 3 -Z8 SD 71-700 .

maximum the point 6. 1 kg/hr At closed. provides provisions schedule. provision capability seals. 527 mm Hg at Hg (10. The regulator is located in the of the manual pressurization valve. 3 -29 SD 71-700 . When the placed in the override control during DM located on the side console is posiHg Dlv[ The in the AUTO position vent valve will maintain psid). a closed position valve control Manual pressurization DM PRESS knob located on This valve will be designed mixture pressure {minimum). and hatch filtered. The gas is then properly within the DM._i_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division The high-pressure oxygen or O2/N 2 mixture is supplied to the relief/ regulator assembly where the pressure is regulated to a working level by two series regulators. valve lb/hr).0 be psia). prebreathing pressurization and the tunnels venting for pressure including for a overpressure Tunnel check caution pressurizing reduce rate where the pressure in the docking mm module valve Hg) from Salyut DMpressure pressure 321 mm pressure to the cabin of 5 mm the valve depressurization Hg/sec (at 760 automatically The relieves and vents at 290 to at the down to Hg for ( 5.2 psid).4 will psia). and Controls 3-24. To CMpressure.2 (5.26 kg/hr (5.0 valve position a In this ± 10 mm ± 0.0 O2/N 2 gas supply just downstream When the manual O2/N 2 shutoff 900-psia valve has operate. inlet to the DM regulator.3 psia) (14. be for (10. regulation maintain 760 but is The of the DM is accomplished by positioning the the display and control panel to the ON position. and flow is controlled by flow devices 3. rate Pressure scheduled to change.2 ± 0. No. to flow 1.3 pressure prebreathe other than gas is provided at the a manual the control supplied prebreathe override can be to the vent DM.6.2 The functions: pressure control. emergency for for venting located Subsystem subsystem. lb/hr) levels vent The at an below valve valve inlet 517 control mm prebreathing pressure at flow-restricted of 517 mm the closed operation. regulator is normally accomplished ± 0. operations ± 0. 1. pressure position The regulator fails mixed to regulator to allow feature. tion above on the side Pressurization pressurization decompression schedule.0 lb/min) of O2/N Z gas restricted DM in the mm Hg PRESS DM is to not knob exceed 5 mm Hg in the by with a pressure a design flow per second OFF position. in the prebreathing.7 requirement of 2. console in the DM. valve control is placed in the ON position.6 to operais located closes also has depressurization The depressurizationvalve its regulation band. Figure and recompression. high-flow DM from integrity the pressure DM within the following maintaining and of the warning. 3.2 will pressure Hg will be 2.36 kg/min (3. gas to be The normally tion the (10.

_4_ Space Division North American Rockwell 1%1 I 3-30 SD 71-700 .

7 kg/min (3. signal Capability at sensor 0.0 lb/hr). have been located in the DM and in Tunnel hatch (CSM No.7 lb/min) controls are open. of the valve. 316 for 1. (1.45 to to prevent rapid DMpressure opening is to 230 a feature to 192 decompression drops of the mmHg tion subsystem. Integrity to Salyut} and during the return transfer (Salyut to CSM}. Differential pressure gauges have been installed on both sides of each hatch to show the pressure difference between the DM and the tunnels. The caution and warning in the sensor O2/N will 2 supply actuate line the just downstream regulator. and dump position._ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division The tection 828 and 1. inadvertent for a manual not restricted.7 lb/min). Flow requirements of the valve will be a minimum of 0.7 DM and from 1. The valve may be during the initial crew transfer and may also overshoots. The delta-pressure gauge in Hatch No. The valve to be used in case the automatic mode requiring 100 percent also relayed to the oxygen purge. DMwarning (0. A high-flow of the system will be a 5-volt DM pressure at 0. the of the location the delta-pressure between . The relief relief valves valves which will provide crack at prominimum. a flow has been pressurizing Tunnel No.7 kg/min relief valve closed override a safety {3.5 psid) The valve will (14.70 psia).5 at 854 mm Hg (16.316 to 0 to 5 volts. an auto position for each on one valve.7 lb/min) at 620 N/cm z (900 rate mode sure psig).7 psid) minimum.453 No is located This kg/hr analog between provided and for pressure conditions switch is a solenoid piloted valve which floods of 1. Maximum flow through the valve flow Vent valves restrictor.453kg/ rain.7 kg/min _3.0 lb/min) and a maximum of 1.7 to readout 0.0 DM {3.7 mmHg maintain kg/min DM has high redundant pressure overpressure buildup. High-pressure gas mixture at 6Z0 N/cm 2 (900 psig) is supplied to the valve. 3. 453 The flow sensor output The sensor will produce kg/hr the (0. a pressure switch opens the DM with pure oxygen at the rate also has a manual override feature fails to operate signal from the system. 1. lock Protection is provided against When valves.7 side restrict psia) console a dump the when and feature flow is the mm Hg on the psid) maximum gas flow failed have 1. 1 to enable used in a contingency be used in case of presis controlled by an upstream the crew to conduct a pressure checks will be conducted during integrity check of the crew initial transfer seals. and 0. pressuriza(4. and the information Figure 3-25 gauges atmospheric 3-31 SD 71-700 as to the completeness shows schematically and storage the interfaces syster_u.0 lb/hr). is required. pressure level lb/min) flow. The DM pressurization valve located in the tunnel is a manual shutoff type. The maximum flow rate will not cause a DM pressure change in excess of 5 mrn Hg/sec. international of the vent pressurization 2 will also docking valves and system provide mode. at 760 located of the In the reseat at 802 mmHg_(15. with a to The and but against (16.

N I1) m m I.LI --i 0 U M % % 0 "tO fM I o & 3-32 SD 71-700 ._4_ib Space Amencan Rockwell North Division o 0 Lr_ C 0 "2.

there and is since no the subsystem impact on the 3.6. 3. The only Heat which the LCG of the system is garments (LCG) sublimator. structure. high flow at has negligible to 25. be added at the outlet (as redesigned and circulation of the fan for the Skylab in the DlVi. to the coolant heat space by from through sublimator to the feed water frozen feedwater.7 cfm) Alternate Alternate Configurations configurations for the pressurization and coolant subsystems in place was of are presented some of the to items show the advantage in the baseline of reusing configuration. Apollo hardware No alternative 3-33 SD 71-700 . 3.6.3 The external from the flows coolant of the Baseline baseline requirement liquid-cooled the Coolant coolant Subsystem circuit is shown in Figure 3-26. 3) expansion.3. Since a temperature increase of 277. 78 x 10 -7 in. good air to promote travel Return-air across the fan holes located near DM before the air provides a flow rate Hatch No. The entire baseline quick-dlsconnections length of capped (QD) flexible instead of a QD cap.85 to 51. (referenced 1 psi) above pressure time. 3. the provides additional to limit flow at that for normal feedwater LCG. and The then rejects electrical power is transferred transfers heat to the for the pump. The (14. a small expansion device may be used at one of the A mating QD with a short this purpose.2 m3/min (150 the necessary the equipment at 760 air to mm Hg the fan.70 turn The flowlimiter sublimator start-up resistance to flow consumption. DM. sublimation The water reservoir provides make-up sublimator pressure Hg (1/2 to coolant for leakage to the in addition to providing feedwater for normal pressure regulator drops feedwater reservoir) ence pressure. flow The water cabin at the vacuum referdrop during The flow limiter rates.6 K (40 F) results in only 4556 rnm3 (Z.7 psia).4 An program) Adjustable circulation is self-sufficient CSlVi environmental and Circulation except for electrical control system or Subsystem Ventilation Apollo postlanding ventilation fan will be used to provide ventilation louvers will and mixing. Expansion When the caused by temperature changes LCG is not in the circuit. some will be absorbed by provision for thermal expansion is needed. 1 provide is routed back through of 4.#Jk_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division 3. hose could be used for coolant subsystem is located in the power.

._ .-n 0 o _ z I.SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division 5 o ID c..1 O o.1 o N I'.. A I _I__ 0 0 O o "U 4.e4 > ! 0 0r_ Zo_ <0 0o_ lu 3-34 SD 71-700 .

of the 3-29._:_) SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division considered figuration and for the atmospheric using LM assemblies proved gas storage gas subsystem. the The location is CM shown The 288.7 K (50 suit heat exchanger F) temperature and would is achieved the normal of the water to water-glycol 3-28. water before launch. impact of the lb/hr) F) in the DM the CM hatch loop.7.2 The the baseline water-glycol installed requiring that the C1V[ glycol suit glycol heat for the Alternate alternate except heat between Coolant coolant that the exchanger the loop regulator. and the (a stowed the change time that CM located schematic loop on panel. 3. Emergency by the addition of an Apollo hardware as a redundant mixed from psia required the 900 psia supplied by the by the modified DM-pressure and warning detection oxygen flow caution oxygen flow transducer. basic configuration. in Figure is regulator 3-27 is utilizes with that atmosrequired reused described Apollo identical additional to regulate oxygen/nitrogen pheric system to the 100 regulator.3.35 in and kg the emergency DMpressure increased redundancy features. manually bypassing the CM mode of operation. it would be accomplished the scientific equipment 3-35 SD 71-700 . 219 A schematic routing of the item) will is minor the additional m 14 ft) of additional 0. and The behind to the heat the heat exchanger main exchanger is physidisplay in console cooling in Figure bulkhead and its forward location tie-in CMwater-glycol 13/8-in. by or 288. provide at a temperature average. Despite the additional this system weighs approximately cm 3 (124 in.7. The baseline con- descent-stage storage and pressure relief regulator 1 The to be the most System system System An shown performance 3. (172 1 K (50 be 3-28 is similar to to is a water hoses are in the CM. loop is only 1.7 K (60 F) average. The the cally close-out such that required. Subsystem subsystem heat sink installed shown for the in the and the in water CM. provided hardware 1. reuse provides Dh/i-pressure is provided as well redundant DM-pressure valve. (3 lb) less and occupies 2030 3. heat Figure coolant Flexible exchanger For minimum downstream 78 kg/hr 283. the heat This sink heat be open during exchanger is location will use. Redundancy is also regulators. 9525-cm showing the physical location flex line is presented with that for in Figure be prefilled considering coldplates ) line is heat exchanger The The flex line impact of at the same are added. Alternate alternate flight the for Pressurization pressurization hardware. installed of either to CM water- exchanger. tanks practical. 3) less volume.

_ !_._Jl_% Space _ :+canRockwell NorthA.lon 3-36 SD 71-700 .

. .. ..:E = o __ ==_ . (=)I_ 4..SpaceAmencan Rockwell North Division ua I _o1_ .'1 • ¢==) |).=I " o =_ 9=1 I < 0 4-) m _=_/ _a I .< i o'5 hO < _ _o _ _"' .. O0 {'M I_...) • I -== H Y °' v m.. I_----_ _7 El.._= 4-) 0 > II )- _-= Ca.. 0 0 U • .T:" ==. N .'i _-' "< I <l_z O.--4::3 2 3-37 SD 7]-700 ..

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8 ECLSS Performance Evaluation A performance and components were can that also figurations performance. mounting thepower II pump area ac now is proposed for The 108. for DM 0.) than 0. is 45. Block of the 3-phase would rather no 15 watts. II water-glycol for kg/hr this change. for the modifications penetrations QD's. regulator by lines longer exist. weight requirements is possible lines could decrease (I/4-in. 3. specific maximum flexibility.635-cm readily Some accessible. the NASA The areas specified alternate where of systems conimproved flight baseline volume.Space Division Rockwell North American The the CM heat structural exchanger.) and requirement in the since be used. Power saving (3/8-in. Timeline of the ECLSS and the pressurization timeline are presented 3-39 SD 71-700 . since Ci%4.4 could heat easily located This a voltage would reserved for the exchanger. primary exchanger Primary secondary in this heat flow manner) paths adjacent. mounting provisions 3. power Block advantage be available in the is the that ac A would of an existing water-glycol provisions pump. 3 Alternate Subsystem Variation The be used secondary LCG in the plumbing The water CM water-glycol loop if the were cooling necessary made. was to conducted indicate the and on configuration. 1 The Operations major in Figure and functions 3-30. 3. the performance is considered function would would be and to be equivalent would and to the remain LM exchanger performance in weight only change unchanged.9 pump LM 204 the requirement watts. hardware evaluation make up the evaluated weight. (240 be Ib/hr) pump Based using modified testing. the alternate variation result the cost savings in the plumbing modification required Since tion the of the pump a portion water pump CM of the water into the fact CM cooling loop extends An into the ClV[.8. Coolant required and include for mounting provisions and for brackets line routing. 7.3. 952-cm 3. could for instead minor primary be of installing modifications liquid plumbed water exchanger exchanger change. manner and (used cabin This to the would water Since of the The side side for no same secondary the would exchanger as would heat side. relocaof installing to allow with on water the in the area vicinity has reuse is possible. liquid LM 204 are loop of the CM cabin heat a LM exchanger 204 heat heat require in the the heat 204. utilization 3. be realized.

<f U" =- >_ 0 r.._k_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell Division North 0 Z o X < _: _ X = < < ' . "0 N u x: .< _ _i_m .. m_z . • • • • • < 3 -40 SD 71-700 .. -r"g N -_.I n_ t.- _oZ .._=_ .5 ! c_ '- o o.ff o N N_ o.:. _ _= =.f} <= u q < .oo .".._. 4..1"1 0 g _..4 ..r.

and a normal crew transfer initiated. 8. The a and capacity temperature versus is pressure shown and in Oxygen/nitrogen shown in Figure quantity versus in percent the capacity are is shown temperature is plots of percent will 100 be calibrated being crew percent Three for each cycles.7 lb/hr). it may be depressed to 259 mmHg (5 psia) from Tunnel No. 3.68 kg/min (3. The During use the K (70 figures show transducers F). mixedrequirepressurized panel. 3-5. The gauge should indicate a pressure compatible with DM launch pressure.2 Atmospheric Storage System may be from the CM The atmospheric storage system has been designed to provide oxygen and a 55/45 oxygen/nitrogen mixed gas to the DM at a regulated pressure of 900 psia. To return to the command module 3 -41 SD 71-700 .0 psia) with the CM is docked to the D]V[. percent emergency of consumables three transfer will be in case transfer percent of the excess capacity puncture. 1 for control of DMpressure in case of other mission phases.68 kg/min storage tank Oxygen Figure 3-31. 3. with quantity at 1880 for N/cm2 transfers cycle currently by Table planned. Emergency automatic are the supplied from the pressurization valve oxygen/nitrogen prebreathing is normally oxygen display-and-control This valve flows zation rate versus is also provided undershoot during gas at the rate of 1. After the DM is considered safe. a pressure integrity check of the DMwill be made by reading the pressure differential gauge located on the ClV[ side of DM Hatch No. The leak check can be conducted by pressurizing the DM through use of the pressurization valve located in Tunnel No. I. on the the from The main atmospheric the and DM supply system. Pressurization capability in Tunnel No. 47 used. The maximum flow rate from each tank has been limited to 1. DMpressuritime is shown in Figure 3-33. tank capacity by orificing the supply line downstream of the versus pressure mixed-gas 3-32. 8. I with the manual vent valve. 1.7 lb/min) regulator. capacity._b SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division The DM is pressurized at launch to 828 mrn 65 percent oxygen and 35 percent nitrogen. Another leak check may be attempted if considerable pressure loss is indicated. (3. pressurization for normal pressurization tank. The nominal crewtimeline procedures for transfer to Salyut and from Salyut to the Ck4 are outlined in Table 3-4. The of meteoroid 3. 3. After Hg (16.3 The Gas gas ments by using DM above-referenced The tank pressure constant (2730 294 psia). Pressurization mixed gas and 55 is provided for of the oxygen pressurization System system is controls supplied pressurization tank.

and integrity check close pressure Depress DM and lock Open to equalize to delta P =O. check Check OPS's DM (ventilation) systems integrity check to DM Tunnel No.A% SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division Table 3-4. DM 1 pressure integrity probe.7. because 2 pressure 25 MIN Open DM hatch to Salyut Connect DM to Salyut umbilical Verify Verify voice comm with Salyut by hardline DIVi/Salyut delta P = O Russians open Salyut hatch CDR transfer to Salyut Transfer Connect Russians Russians CMP Stow equipment to Salyut comm to connectors in Salyut close Salyut hatch verify hatch integrity to DM power and C/B start joint activities in Salyut pulls CSM equipment 3-42 SD 71-700 . valve and depress equalization allow pressures Open DM hatch Stick CM suit hose in DM LMP transfer to DM DM status check Activate. check 2 open equalization integrity valve Pressurize pressurizes Tunnel No.'C. Normal Transfer Timeline Time I CM -l:00 -0:30 -0:26 -0:21 -0:15 -0:I0 -0:08 -0:05 -0:00 0:02 0:05 0:10 0:13 0:17 0:27 0:28 0:31 0:34 0:39 0:40 0:42 0:44 0:47 0:53 0:55 0:57 1:07 I:I0 1:12 I:18 1:20 CMP Verify Remove Conduct TO SALYUT CSM/MD Function close power C/B stow valve Tunnel No. drogue. Tunnel No. CMhatch. 2 press Transfer equipment CDR transfer to DM Close CMP DM hatch DM install CSM to to CM hatch = 14.

s. U. 2 is open) pressure close Russians/U. 2 to Zero. 1 pressure. Open DM hatch Turn off DM pressure CDR transfer to CM and stow 0:30 0:35 2:30 2:35 Z:37 2:40 2:50 2:52 3:02 3:07 3:10 3:12 Transfer equipment to CM Deactivate DM systems DMP transfer to CM Install CM hatch Hatch integrity check 3 -43 SD 71-700 . CMP equalize CM/TunnelNo.S.. Normal Transfer Timeline (Cont) Time SALYUT -I:00 -0:15 -0:07 -0:05 0:00 0:0Z 0:i0 0:15 0:17 0:18 0:Z0 TO CMP CM (PREBREATHE CSM/DM Function IN DM) power C/B pressure integrity No.o vsoo No..th Arnenca__Rockwell Table 3-4. perform DM check (DM hatch to Tunnel Russians equalize DM/Salyut Russians open Salyut hatch LMP transfer to DM Activate and check DM systems Transfer equipment CDR transfer to DM Disconnect to DM umbilical control system and stow DM/Salyut t Z HR 25 MIN 0:22 0:24 0:29 Activate ETCS and pressure Russians close Salyut hatch Close DM hatch Perform hatch integrity checks.S. on DM hatch and Russians on Salyut hatch Vent Tunnel No. CMP open CM hatch Don masks for prebreathe and prebreathe to I0 psi to 5 psi 1 pressure control and "ETCS Initiate depressurization Initiate depressurization Equalize DM/TunnelNo.

.. I 8 10 QUANTITY I 12 .985 K (2730 FT 3) PSIA AT 70 F) 90 100% 1600 QUANTITY 8O 2000 1200 1600 K (80 289 1200 m F) K (60 F) 278 K (40 F) 800 267 K (20 F) n 800 400 20 400 10 0 0 0 I ..1 14 1 16 18 20 22 (KI LOGRAMS) 1 0 10 I 20 QUANTITY (POUNDS) I 30 1 40 I 50 Figure 3-31.:.08625 N/CM 2 AT 294 m 3 (2. Oxygen Tank Pressure Versus Quantity 3 -44 SD 71-700 ._lb SpaceAmencan Rockwell North Division 0 2 TANK PSIA 3200 -- PRESSURE N/CM 2 2000 2800 100% FILL 100 VALUES 2400 u BASED ON TANK BASED VOLUME ON 1880 OF 0.

.LI 1200 K (80 F) 1600 289 K (60 K (40 267 K (20 12OO F) F) 50.985 FT 3) BASED ON 1880 N/CM 2 AT 294 K (2730 PSlA AT 70 F) 100% FIL 100 90 2400 1600 80 2OOO 70 I.08625 M 3 (2. F) 60 o E: LU 5 I >. I-- z_ u 8O0 m 40 < :3 ¢1 ._L_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division O2/N 2 TANK PSIA 3200 PRESSURE N/CM 2 VALUES BASED 100% QUANTITY 2OOO 28OO ON TANK VOLUME OF 0.12 (KILOGRAMS) I 14 I 16 1 18 I 20 22 I 0 ! 10 I 20 • QUANTITY (POUNDS) ! 30 I 40 50 Figure 3-32.v z < I-- 8OO 30 400 20 4OO 10 - o 0 2 i 4 I 6 ! 8 1 10 QUANTITY I . Oxygen/Nitrogen Tank Pressure Versus Quantity 3-45 SD 71-700 ..

4 •_ v o.-._ '_ _ . ""-" a v N O . I hi3 4 b_ .Q I oo bJ3 oo oo N .. o.1 v o._ _ m _._ N ii) _o_..4 (%1 o t._ _ u 2 .I `% N S S .- o_ v oc._b SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division N cv.1 v ¢'4 O 0 (D [._ c._ °l-I v v v _ _ I "-" g} O ! et_ "0 `% o O 0 _ r/l •. ¢xl p._ 0 m 1.j..t o0 v o0 '.4 0 3 -46 SD 71-700 .s4 .1 .

Coolant a function is very (10 psia) unit is activated (6 psia) unit is used when shows DMpressure buildup during reducing during DM pressure the prebreathing 3. The DiVI is protected from overpressure by Apollo cabin pressure relief valves. mode with Configuration flow the pump of the Baseline System-coolant Circuit of system line small.8._ik. from an 14 mmHg maximum carbonThe initial for'a : a metabolic pressures Figure carbon-dioxide concentration period exposure Water by of wet the half not limit concentration of 5 mmHg.. depicted the flow pressure pathto drop each can 3-39. tion decreases. The other mmHg is the will be modified to provide nominal pressure relief at 310 and 517 m_mHg (10 psia). 132 x 103 j/hr suits crew of the and does time water vapor generated is based on Btu/hr). and nitrogen concentration D1V[ pressure decays to the The oxygen The gas concentration concentration oxygen and 60 minutes. This calculation is based load being wet suits. 3-37. in Figure control range nitrogen two-hour The 3-34 in are relief-valve atmospheric oxygen. normally is vapor one exceeding hour reaches The crew 25 at with 15 mrnHg. versus activate the 517 mm Hg (10 psia) relief valve. since the an insensible on the crew the insensible not wear the shown walls 25 percent of the total humidity level will be This predicted study did low not temperature metabolic. mode. LCG be Sincc as LCG determined the pressure from drop performance in Figure 3-47 SD 71-700 . each assembly has two relief valve assembly will be modified to prevent the DM from maximum pressure of 828 mmHg (16 psia). As a result. buildup The (125 x 103 j/hr (500 Btu/hr) load is shown load wearing If one- Figure 3-37. ing cycle The humidity carbon-dioxide (4. must prebreathe pure oxygen for two hours.3.86 kg/hr of the buildup with initial 3-36. reached in was in Figure consider conden- sation on the structure 275 K (35 F). The crew will ingress and don prebreathing 517 mmHg time. load of 528 x 103 j/hr of 0 and 5 mmHg loads with a A comparison (500 is Btu/hr) shown by 1. the crew the Dh4. and DM pressure. The 828-mmHg {16 psia) assembly at all times.2 lb/hr) rates dioxide at partial is increases at the end 19 percent concentraprebreath- 81 percent no gas during nitrogen. DM pressure decreases from 760 mmHg to oxygen partial pressure shown as the of the increases. The carbon relationship dioxide of and DM has increase purge processing loop. Two valves. and to The the 517-mmHg 310-mmHg Figure 3-38 no outflow. One relief exceeding a nominal assembly (6 psia) operative prebreathing assemblies are used._ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division from the Salyut.4 Ch41evel. a 528 14 mmHg in two hours will be exposed to the and the allowable minutes. mode. masks. the prebreathing buildup is at various metabolic shown in Figure 3-35.

5) x 50 O 4O 0 600 - (11.7 LB/MIN) OF MIXED GAS INFLOW ALLOWABLE RATE.86 KG/HR (4.3.22M 3 (114 FT3) 70 .[_ SpaceAmencan Rockwell North Division TOTAL CABIN PRESSURE PSIA 1615-1413 -12-MM Hg 826 775 MAXIMUM 723 671 620 RATE OF PRESSUREINCREASE WITH 1.6) N 2 MOL % 2010- 500- (9.5 KG/HR (5.2 LB/HR) • VENTRATE .67) DM PRES S_0. S MM SEC 11-109-8-7_-- 578 517 465 414 362 6_ 31o 5 2590 I 20 I 40 I 60 I 80 I 100 I 120 (SECONDS) I 140 I 160 TIME FROM START OF PRESSURIZATION Figure 3-33.4) 90 8O I (15. DIV[ Pressurization Rate Versus Time CONDITIONS: 100 (17.J O 60 (13.68 KG/MINi3.. DM Atmosphere 3 -48 Pressure and Composition SD 71-700 .5 LB/HR) • DM VOLUME .2.5) _ :3 7001< i • PRE-BREATHING RATE 1.0 PSIA) 0 " 0 1 20 J 40 I 60 I 80 I 100 I 120 TIME FROM START OF PRE-BREATHING (MINUTES) Figure 3-34.

CABIN ATMOS VENT RATE ._///__(1) 10 -// 8 6 _ • -/_ 4 .0.3._ / Wc-0.86 KG/HR (4.._. MM Hg We= CO2 PRODUCTION RATE .2] .22 M 3 (!14 FT3) • -.__ .7 PSIA) CONSTANT °CO2 PARTIAL PRESSUREAT TIME 0 = 0 * AVERAGE MOL WEIGHT .__/ 2 /_ /_ /.7 psia) CONDITIONS: o DM VOLUME . (500BTU/HR) -METABOLIC/MAN) (2) W c : O...0803 KG/HR 491 X 10_ JOULES / METABOLIC/MAN) - I 20 I 40 I 60 I 80 I 100 1 i 20 I 140 I 160 I 180 TIME ..199 LB/HR._" / /_.0.0903 KG/HR (0.7 mmHg (I0 psia) SD 71-700 .60 MIN ALLOWED AT 15 MM HG 12 METABOLIC/MAN) Wc---...2 LB/HR) BASED ON 2 MEN IN DM _ EXPOSED TO DM ATMOSPH ERE eAFTER MASK REMOVAL .0903KG/HR 527X103_ JOULES __ *DM VOLUME .KG/HR PRESSURE (MM H9) Pc = CO2 PARTIAL 16 -eDURING 14 _ -PREBREATHING CREWMEN NOT J_ EXPOSURE ._ " 16 - 14 - .I .. 177 LB/HR (465 BTU/HR METABOLIC/MAN) q We= 0. 199 LB/HR) _ _.METABOLIC RATE -527 X 103 JOULES HR (500 BTU/HR) o CO 2 PRODUCTION RATE . DM CO z Buildup 3 -49 at 5..2 LB/HR) __.657 MM Hg (12.3.30.. DM CO z Buildup at 657 mmHg (12.?.TOTALPRESSURE-SI7MM Hg (10PSA) " :..86 KG/HR (4.VENT RATE- I ..2 M 3 (114 FT3) • PRESSURE.2 I0 - INITIAL CO__ 8 6 4 2 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 i 20 (MINUTES) 140 160 J 180 TIME FROM START OF PREBREATHING Figure 3-36.._i_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division CONDITIONS: Pc = PARTIAL PRESSURECO2.(MINUTES) Figure CO 2 PARTIAL PRESSURE (MM Hg) 18 3_35.

.PRE-BREATHING *NO VENTING RATE -1._ / _.2 LB/HR) • WATER VAPOR PRODUCTION RATE . DM Pressure 3-50 Buildup Without Venting SD 71-700 .22 M 3 (I 14 FT3) 4 o 0 5 10 15 I 20 I 25 I 30 I 35 I 40 [ 45 I 50 I 55 I 60 I 65 [ 70 I 75 I 80 I 85 I 90 I 95 TIME FROM START OF PRE-BREATHING (MINUTES) Figure 3-37.3.620 k 20 I 40 I 60 I 80 I 100 I 120 I 140 I 160 I 180 TIME FROM START OF PREBREATHING (MINUTES) Figure 3-38.86 KG/HR (4.22M3(I14FT3) 16 14- 826 - 723 - 12 .1. DM Water Vapor Buildup Without Humidity Control DM PRESSURE PSIA MM Hg .86 KG/HR (4.DMPRESSUREVOLUME=3.0i 10 KG/HR (0.#_j_b SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division WATER VAPOR PRESSURE (MM Hg) 48-44 -40 -36-32-28 m / 24-20-16-289 K (60 ° F) DEW POINT 12-283 K (50 ° F) DEW POINT J/ 294 K (70 ° F) DEW POINT 300 K (80 ° F) DEW POINT CONDITIONS: • CABIN ATMOS VENT RATE .0. 30-15_z-- .243 • METABOLIC RATE - LB/HR) TWO MEN 527 X 103 JOULES (500 BTU/HR) 131 X I03 JOULES (125 BTU/HR) INSENSIBLE 396 X 103 JOULES (375 BTU/HR) SENSIBLE/ INITIAL WATER VAPOR PRESSURE= 0 DM VOLUME . .2 LB/HR) / / / / .

o ¢g I .-I •_.> v w 1-4_ ¢g -/ O _l uJ .< _...Space Division North American Rockwell o _r4 I© ! to - eq to ...u) dV 3-51 SD 71-700 .-I b_ 1 co I I I (ISa) dV I 1 I I I O ! I O (6 H uJl.

14 psi 0.70 mmHg (0.8 0.84 mmHg 3. 2 0 mmHg (flow 49.85 to 51. on the baseline 3. and can be as was of the major components in Table 3-6.02 such at that TP8 Nominalload lb/hr) water. 63 O.4 K (45 F) was itemized 6.9 0. to be 78. 24 Z0. 58 mmHg 15. Circuit at 1. as which requires at Additional water reservoir 80 percent are made.5 system and heat is 284.8 kJ/hr (140 Btu/hr) minimum. (1. 51 mmHg heat exchanger bends 7. Maximum rejec2640 kJ/hr (2500 Btu/hr) at a regulated pressure of shown in Figure 0. orificing to the LM the paths baseline Water-glycol at 78.4 psi plus Total 192. Performance alternate circuits are Configuration flow flow exchanger 3-41. 14 water 1.0 1.8.3 psi 0.73 psi The new flow-split is such that orificing of the IMU path is not required. Z3 mmHg fittings 46. 68 mmHg mmI-Ig 0. six hours if unforeseen isl115kJ/hr Capacity of cooling inthe are demands of (0. 19 mmHg (1056 Btu/hr) the water available. 3-52 SD 71-700 .7 psia).9 5.81 psi psi exchanger mmHg 93.70 41.i_l_b SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division should be orificed drop at the predicted Sublimator LCG Flex Lines Orifice hose and to ensure pump a balanced flow-split.53 46.0 kg/hr as follows determined as shown in Figure (172 lbs/hr) flowrate 5.53 Total Sublimator feedwater pressure tion is approximately 36.96 1.0 kg/min kg/hr Alternate Water coolant LCG heat 204 Coolant maintained in the (4 lb/min) (172 by flow lb/hr). 3. 12 psi 0.4615 kg/hr full be is can supplied shown 3°40.36 mmHg mmHg mmHg mmHg 35 mmHg The is expected pressure 1. flow of 4 lb/minimum 51.9 0.5 to 1.29 or Lines QD Add: suit bypass) plus bends LM Line Z04 chiller heat Pressure drop in this path 280.5 psi psi psi psi psi psi 98. 811 system. rejection at 25.0 psia) 147.

1 0 F.J ul -I 0 _ 0 4.1 __ 0 0 _ O 4-1 -- 0 I ee') °_.._ 0 0 (VlSd) 3_NSS]Idd NOIIVTA931l 37flVMO77V IAINIAIINIIN ! I 6HWm 1 0 I 3-53 SD 71-700 .I kW .._lb_ SpaceAmencan Rockwell North Division _8 0 O t_ I-LU _ 0 0 0 O o z _o ii A \ \ 0 z I.- B F- O o L) O ¢...< DU.

o_ _ o "0 _'_" o _ -o _ o 0 r. o I:1 ..-. _.t.o o_=_ _ I_ o _ o .SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division 0 m _ Ur_ bD & 0 I_ _ "_0 0 o_ • O..o o be 0 _ '_ r.] < .O d d m 0 .I "El _ "_ o o_ _.54 SD 71-700 ._ < z _. _ _ "_ _ 'o o_ o.._ 0 . o m _ 0 0 _ be 0 O_ OJ 0 0 ... d2 • II d .-_ _1 t_ .. _ _ _: _: 0 u o _ "C o _ _ .4 ! ! _. m OJ m > E--.._ o r._ _ 0 "0 t t t -o _ _ _ o_ o :_ _.. < _ 3..u t_ '_ t_ O._ ¢1 0 O M _ --_._ _ _ _ o a) o o u3 Z Z 0 be o "-.

4 _ "l:J I I I I I I I I O _ I ! I i I I I . ) SpaceArnencan Rockwell North Division LU z I I v 0 I I I I z 0 0 I I I I I I X o N e NC_ I X UJ z I 0 I I 4.1 ._._.C_.-_ _1 q I o I o ! o o I .

of the fluid LCG: Figure If the suit LCG 3-42 heat will presents exchanger be bypassed. CM going to the temperatures.6 F) TCOEH = THI- TCI TCI = 0. temperature going to the steady-state G&N): thermal load during the transfer is as (includes 3-56 SD 71 .2 kg . 9 K (58.3 K (55.02 (1056 kg/hr (number data) Btu/hr) (172 of transmission units = 4 QL _r G = heat = flow of WG lb/hr) Cp = specific QL heat of WG = 190.0_% SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division Performance TCI TCO THI THO EH = cold of the temperature temperature temperature temperature LM 204 in out in out heat exchanger K (50 was F) determined as follows: = 509. 555 total of the fluid of these 14 (10 F) higher.7 K (60 F) QL THO = THI WH20 = 286.700 .67 = cold = hot = hot = heating based on load rate effectiveness existing = 1113 = 0.K l TCO - W G X Cp + TCI = 287.6 F) THO is the a schematic is not approximately The follows temperature representation the 5.86 performance kJ/hr = 78.86 THI = 288.

-g ! @ =< . DO _-.) .< > uJ o_..... Iun <"X '"0 O t_ U.2 I) 4_ w @ i (E ._ U °_ ZU <O 0.X.. Dm O3 _4 . I- -I o tD Z o t- tM 0 r¢ uJ z_z_ _ o .. O I- (.j_ SpaceAmencan Rockwef# North Division o. 3-57 SD 71-700 .-t . @ @ C t_ uJ c O X u.9 O -I I.LI o tr u.I 0 <_m U 0 v_ co II ZZ --< ff-.mlm_ '_'U..

weighted F) is on LTV average expected Skylab peak was for the Although computer radiator about loads K (52 F) and the transfer.8 W) W) 3113 kJ Noncoldplated electrical DM thermal load CM metabolic LiON thermal Subtotal Environmental Total load (369. beta the time is angle K (50 Preliminary computer rise of 3. 33 K (6 F) for based of 0. Secondary in CM.1563 kJ 4608 kJ The recommended mode of CM operation follows: Reason Suit bypass Cabin heat fans . The considered portion normally glycol indicate period. Figure 3-43 shows buildup in CM is not excessive. of 288. and heat exchanger Provides maximum cooling for LCG in DM.Space Division North American Rockwell Coldplated electrical (863. CM cabin temperature outlet Btu/hr) K (61 average temperature and F).7O0 .3 during at temperature actual increase in the suit radiator load between baseline and alternate is to be nil with of the CM man-load picked loop within a maximum The 5279 radiator kJ was (5000 289. loop could operation (radiator reduce water that the for LCG.7 3-58 SD 7 I.8 1336 kJ 1 II 5 kJ 491 kJ 116 kJ 6170 kJ 2948 Btu/hr 1265 Btu/hr 1056 Btu/hr 465 Btu/hr 1I0 Btu/hr 5844 Btu/hr .1480 Btu/hr 4364 Btu/hr .off Glycol evap exchanger Avoids results . runs 284.3 an up at the recommended and noncoldplated heat exchanger mode of operation.off pump .off Avoids Although on and buildup water condensation in maximum propulsive secondary heater off) at heat exchanger cooling venting. electrical load would be absorbed Only a small which is by the waterresults a 2-hour a 2-hour transfer period.

.) SpaceAmencan Rockwell Division North Iz g ILl tn o v n o ¢q "l:J L'N -0 ¢-q o -- o o o W lz __o >. --R ._.--_ I e4 o (6HW_) 3_IN$$31::Id klOdVA U31VM o 3-59 SD 71-700 .r --g x iii I.-iii 5 0 --g k__ z O E3 Z 0 cO 0 c_ I -- 0 __ 0 ....

4 Minor w if done at the time of coldm 3 (783 in. The Hardware Comparisons on previous of selected also identified. flights available for reuse hardhardware and alternate layout weight.4w _one m 3 (1079 plate changes Performance _<286 K (55 F) coolant to LCG Water 0.1 Ib) incl 4. l kg (42. of operation in the DM as a contingency and Alternate for stay time Tradeoff Baseline Table alternate 3-7 presents trade-off considerations between the baseline and configurations. LCG Coolant Supply System Tradeoff Item Weight Baseline 19. Table 3-7.8 kg (I0.8. The secondary radiator heater would be off to ensure the heater is not activated on the dark side of the orbit. The result water of this mode for the LCG._1% SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division A backup mode of operation in the CM is to run the secondary loop in addition to the primary loop.45 consumption kg/hr (i ib/hr) 287 K (56 F) (time weighted age) coolant to LCG High humidity in CM cabin aver- expected if DM >2-1/2 hours stay time 3. 0177 36.) 0. ware were made. The secondary suit heat exchanger would then reject the heat of the CM cabin.0128 36. 3.3. radiator of operation The warmer would water This be a cooler results mode by the adjacent CM cabin. warmer secondary longer but warmer primary tubes near is not recomthan 3 hours.6 outlet temperatures except caused the primary outlet tubes. final configuration is identified in ECS 3 -60 SD 71-700 .2 ib) LM 204 HX Alternate 15.4 kg (34. V36-961540. 3) Volume Power Impact on CM O. 9 Hardware Hardware Identification selected for the ECLSS used was identified as to its source. were and volume.5 Ib) in CM cu in. from radiator mended 3.

3) 5Z00 tank module fill QD press xducer supply tank reg. 26 O.Space Division North Amedc_n Ro_well 3. 206 kg O. Identification LM 319 ) W eight (lb) 59. DM PressurizaTable 3-10. .3.9. Hardware recommended tables: Coolant Table System. Table Ventilation System. for and the 3-11. 0 9.1 Baseline Hardware tables: Hardware selected for Atmospheric 3-9.27 gas 1 I. 3. 26 O.= (Item No.0 Z34. Z Table Alternate Coolant Hardware in DM the following Pressurization requires Table 3-12 be reused. Atmosphere Storage System_Baseline Component Oxygen Oxygen Oxygen Oxygen supply regulator tank tank Function . basic system items. Table 3-8. and weight and Utilispace procurement details areas zation savings. alternate Ventilation The configuration System. 184 m 3 International Units) m 106.0 O. the baseline Storage and configuration System. 375 1. following tion 3. System. well Design Consideration Considerations was given to the type of ECLSS instrumentation that to be need and provided in the to be monitored verification and DM as well as to determining in real time on the ground. 10 of these as of a considerable number of hardware where previously-used hardware items items as results reduced in desirable program cost.0 48.3. redundancies.9.3. module tank press fill QD xducer LM 392 LSC-330-321 LSC-360-601-209 LM 319 LM 392 LSC-330-321 LSG-360-601-209 396 3 3 5Z00 396 3 4 Oxygen/nitrogen Oxygen/nitrogen Oxygen/nitrogen Oxygen/nitrogen Plumbing Oxygen gas Oxygen/nitrogen TOTAL (Equivalent 59.0 9.0 48. the need for ECLSS breadboard the measurements Hardware certification testing were also considered. is detailed in the 3-8. 375 Volume (in.0 O.4 3-61 SD 71-700 . may Table is detailed 3-10.

600 cm 3 13.76 0. I0. (2) shutoff repress regulator meter valve valve vent 16 psia 6/10 valve psia valve valve switch oxygen regulator 0 2 toggle valve QD's hoses.20 6.5 0. 5 30. 802 29.0 0. Table 3-13 mission also the to ensure the that shows events ECLSS actuate shown that mission for proper ground lists the measurements safety of the measurements the caution crew support based only on crew communievaluation and prompt corrective considered necessary for transdocked operations.5 1.2 3."_11'_ @AJ Space Division North American Rockwell Table 3-9.3 72. 3. the The penetration limitations of measurements that configuration included past experience has cations is insufficient action. 3) 37 12 37 valve vent valve Oxygen supply shutoff valve Emergency oxygen inflow valve Cabin pressure Prebreathing Prebreathing Oxygen Face QO's station masks. I Mod ) Weight (Ib) 0. 36 1. l Mod LM 117 Mod TOTAL (Equivalent International Unit s) I. 98 1.40 0. 5 I. 96 kg 3. 55 Volume (in. (2) and 6Z Z9 12 14 Z 8OO 37 37 37 12 331 331 12 Apollo Apollo Apollo ME273-0075 Apollo LM LM LM "GFE" Oxygen/nitrogen Oxygen/nitrogen Oxygen/nitrogen O2/N DM 2 flow relief 3304 3304 306 Mod 9. tend to minimize ground monitoring. l Mod Apollo Apollo DM relief DM/Salyut Plumbing Apollo 3. 9 I. However. DM Pressurization System--Baseline Component DM pressure DM/Apollo Function (Item No. 1 The number baseline ECLSS Instrumentation of the CM/DM umbilical may be transmitted for no telemetry requirement.55 0. 9 4.5 Z.5 0. Identification LM LM LM LM LM 3304 117 3304 309 323 72. during that will and warning 3-62 SD 71-700 .0 4.5 I. in the The DM table and be displayed alarm.

_ I_ 4) _ i! . :.._ ... I • I I111_ _O ° o 0 M III I I I°_ I 1 I I I_.American Rockwell North Division '_ • O" u I . _ . oo._ Space..._ _ _ : _ _ _o ° _ : _ "i 0 c 0 _..o ! O0 _.. U3 u 3-63 SD 71-700 .--4 I _ _ _ _ m _ _ ._.....4J @3 r.- __q_ O -rl I . = . III1_®_1 _._ ¢) u I I I I I I _ I I _o I I lUU-_ o 4 aO N O 4} I_ I_" I_ I__ I___ I O0 000_ I I I_ I I I I I _ I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 ....:_ I I I I I I I I IIIII O O c_ ..= mu =.

6O 0.3 72. oxygen regulator regulator (2) and 0 2 flow meter Oxygen station QD's Face masks. vent 16 psia 6/10 valve psia TOTAL (Equivalent International Units) 1. 50 1. hoses. 0 0.O. 10. QD's (2) 0 DM repress. I 72.3 9.28 9.31 40.22 72. valve Oxygen/nitrogen shutoff valve Oxygen/nitrogen Oxygen/nitrogen repress main valve regulator CSM CSM CSM CSM CSM CSM CSM CSM CSM CSM 7Z.678 27. 55 O.L_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division Table 3-11. 3.2 4. 9 4. 8O 0. 55 I. 76 O. 1 72. Volume (in. Z .2 Hardware Certification from and the are Verification CSM to be and LM are by to be utilized and in the analysis: Existing DM. I 3. 5 27. The components following components Water Voltage Diverter Sublimator certified assembly similarity pump/meter regulator valve Flowmeter Valve S. 3 O. DMPressurization System--Alternate Component 0 2 filter DM/ApolIo Prebreath Emergency Prebreathlng Function (Item No. 60 I. 76 0.3 3. DM relief DM/Salyut Plumbing valve. 0 O. ) Id entification CSM CSM CSM CSM CSM CSM 4. 1 72. 8 0. 8 4. 76 O. 3) 4 I0 14 47 IZ IZ Z 800 14 14 14 12 35 12 4 331 331 I0 vent valve 0 2 shutoff valve DMpress. 500 cm 3 lZ. 76 O.2 Weight (ib) 0. 74 DM pressure regulator O2/N2 flowmeter O2/N 2 filter DM relief valve. 1 4. 6 kg 3. 9 0.31 3. Water pressure Orifice regulator 3 -64 SD 71-700 .1 40.

¢ 3 o 0 m 4J z o _ Or) 3-65 SD 71-700 ..-4 N o u o ¢) U o 4J U _ UU_U u3 L_ u3 L) m .¢4_ Space Division NorthAmerican Rockwell o_ (J 'o o or) 'lU 'lJ (J .s c_ 4) n% i.-_ .i • --I =--( _-4 .f.-'l O_ N . o l< td ¢1 & I r_ e t--I lID o U o (/) .

'. or LCG. I0._. tion.Space Division Rockwell North American Q. would overall-cost improved flexibility.3 ECLSS Breadboard The system through and ECLSS LCG breadboard cooling mission pressurization Metabolic heat test will consist of a full-up pressure and DM control operated and circuit cycle. reducby reusing packaging. hardware. crew attempt other will be than simulate load thermal environments by the metabolic normally absorbed 3. and . system flight hardware and utilization. II Conclusions The specified performance accomplished of the total results systems of the and ECLSS study can indicate that the proposed meet the I'4ASA- components adequately established was one-third requirements. Apollo of the alternate and configuration showed improvements System in weight. of the coolant and depressurization will be simulated No inputs loads the performance made to heat circuit will be investigated.._- O z tank The tests following new ECLSS components environments require and £1ow delta supplier verification to the pressure rates: DM DM repressurization prebreathing valve vent valve Equalization Emergency DM vent DM DM O 2 purge valve valve O 2 regulator relief valve relief/regulator Test assembly O 2 tank 3. reliability be greatly 3-66 SD 71-700 .3. installed The in a vacuum will chamber simulate procedures and a normal chamber volume will be all operational demonstrated.% Packaging of the baseline occupied components the final configuration volume. approximately equipment-rack Study volume. Fan CO CM Z sensor W/G reservoir assembly •!/. 3.D.

ted dc negative bus is isolated from DM the DM/CSM interface to the CSM vehicle (VGP). the the power for the and internal distribution. of the alternate in volume the Salyut configuration available vehicle. The signal for high OZ/N Z flow is provided by an Apollo O 2 flow transducer without a 16-second time-delay relay. indicators and bus structure system. and is dc bus the provided MainBus distribution Bus of power B through systems circuit structure ground equipments from is provided breakers and point Circuit CSM and diodes. breakers are used in the DM for wire protection and camera for and circuits for GCU either ON/OFF switching of equipment or connectors. and for DM Power displays and Bus The Structure concept A single Distribution distribution for controlled A and and from Main control the DM.4 addition recommended to provide mission ELECTRICAL The power electrical distribution lighting POWER systems system. much discrete- level outputs (high OZ/N z flow and low DM total pressure). for Overall magnitude of venting. International 3. is available if a requirement System operates DM system system on is monitors the same two basic simpler measurements Provisions is established. 3._-'_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North DMsion 3. connec. IZ NR because stowage.3. the control elements. principles both in with as operation the system.2 correct voltage instrumentation Caution The CSM and C&W hardware. The signal [or low DM total pressure is provided by a contact closure on a relay that is activated by an LM-type SD 71-700 . in potential The tem is also support. Docking System.5-ampere Fig- power is that are The through ure bus 3-44. is shown Power in to the for this 7. measurements intelligence to the for PGM syssize.4. SYSTEM in the docking the caution and external module include the and warning (C&W) controls display system. and cost the will Recommendations recommends of its improved the reduction be reduced reduction by of the acceptance packaging. DM and C&W The Warning system but the C&W deadfacing of the in the CCUinterface levels for the audio circuits. 1 system. Voltage dividers are provided to provide biomedical 3.4. in nonpropulsive contamination Apollo recommended adequate reusing five of the ECLSS the increase vent hardware.

also opens In addition the OZ/N C&W to energizing flow the C&W relay. extinguishes individual the master-alarmlight status lights remain illubecause minated they the are DM the monitored of the parameter stays reset out of tolerance The independent C&%V system master-alarm function. tone output.g. location displays cabin are located of the of the lights. pushbutton The individual switch/ individpushbutton switch/annunciator is identical are master to the lift-off/no-auto-abort A push-to-test concept is added annunciator ual lamp in the CSM._ Space American Rockwell Division North pressure switch output. Z (2. CO additional the manner 2 partial pressure. at the each within constraints floodlights stowable an equipment. minimize degrees floodlights the to 120 is possible Each approximately ually. 3-45.4. and system in e. CSM Cg_W The DM C&W dotted in Figure of the system is completely and independent system. to the CSM master-alarm alarm. If any analog is utilized to the C&W for measurement a modified could easily lines system. illumination for cabin of the general provided illumination. pushbutton connector. the pressure regulator Z cabin valve to provide maximum Either and of these (2) provide signals isolated will tone (I) illuminate to each the master-alarm CCU interface by depressing outputs Resetting of the master which The alarm is accomplished the master-alarm and terminates as long the as pushbutton. 3 DM Lighting Lighting floodlights. furtherest the described 54 a CSM be Together. floodlights light level.5 floodlight point three provides in the DM approximately within will Each supplier the 271umen/m envelope the will foot-candles) above. caution tone by of the generator. conceptfor is diagrammed in Figure Implementation reusing modified mately status a CSM CDU 3 inches indicators used test. 3 inches similar C&W system unit These (CDU) can be accomplished supply an module require at low and envelope cost a approxi- by detection power modules The by 3 inches. 3. and as controls close floodlight and three shadow apart provided lights effects. on the control One panel To LIGHTIING approximate circuit panel. sx_4tch. status indicators indicated isolated by CDU comparator module be added to the baseline 3-45. simultaneously is provided ure 3-46 by shows for are the of the DM The primary instead the the interior and of being is accomplished elements with CSM LEB-type are used control Figis floodas secondary of the lights ON/OFF individually breaker controllable. replacement of the primary light 3-68 SD 71-700 .. envelope of light encompassing Individ- of the cabin ZOO provides and 170 degrees radially degrees longitudinally. by the provide required to 108 reuse lumen/m article and 2 (5 to i0 footcandle) that has secondary been floodlight by renovated elements.


_c" - . The panels circuit breakers. The pushbutton are reuse items (with possible bulb and and pushbutton protec- tion from inadvertent operation switch/annunciator assemblies legend replacement by the supplier). The status system lamps in each of the two redundant for full extension.-. pushbutton coax switch.. 3-70 SD 7 1-700 .4. 5 International The Figure October Docking used System as a baseline for the study is depicted in configuration was The 3-49. meters. All of the D&C the circuit breakers switch/annunciator assemblies._ SpaceAmencan Rockwell North Division FLOODLIGHTSUPBRACKETS FLOODLIGHT SUPPORT BRACKETS r.t- _"j . The three dual-scale vertical meters are reuse items with new scales.-. components are recessed for protection. systems: blue for red yellow directly from the CSM. derived from INASA drawing PD71-61004. 1971.4.. will provide adequate lighting. of the DM within crewman contains four incandescent system for hydraulic underpressure. which 18. Location of DM SIDE VIEW Interior Lights 3. including and a and panel Figures 3-47 and 3-48 show configurations. dated controls and power for the system are provided Status displays are provided on the external surface line-of-sight while docking. switches are afforded additional by wicket-type guards. .-. Integral lighting for the meters will not be used since the control-panel floodlight.. FWD END VIEW LOOKING FWD Figure 3-46. in conjunction with the nonreflective properties of the meter faces.4 Displays and Controls the electrical displays and controls (D&C) contain CSM-type components.-. 3.

.-... _ J_lilillllll_Lllilllil = _ . I._l.... _" :_ " _ (((C." • "-""....ii 0 _ _ o I..I! C_ ---'-.-.._.-..I._-...k.lll .._.-..'. lllil..-4 Cl ! e¢3 i:m 3-71 SD 71-700 ..'..... ...'_'._ SpaceAmenc_ Rockwell Division No_ :_ I-Z" " Uel [u _ --I' _') t_1-._.:. -.. I...'....! 12._'.%'-'-". _l-_'lllllil]il_lll'l'll I :_ - _.:. "t--rrTT't. _" _" _ !_ hl..))) _ _ " __i . _ u.::-::A ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: 0 @ /L :II al ...'. :. _..I I I .....'-'.-....-"". -'-'-'-'--"-'-i " ...-. I ..-.

in Figure 3-72 SD 71 . and interface within a box Panel sealed. interface. by The 3-50.6 DM There the lists DM/Salyut the wire Electrical are three interface.700 .Space Division North American Rockwell @ FIRE HOLE CCU @. The requirements To one CSM modifications were described the was conducted of this study to meet 2-7. for the international In order to mainpotential in Table penetration 3-15. -l_/CAMERA Figure capture. located Z The outside relays the DM. @. and one coax. 3-48. and green used in the control 3. connector The to permit internal/external penetration satisfied using four approximate 51-pin connectors plus two single-pin locations of these connectors are connectors. tain sufficient flexibility. for structural circuitry are Interfaces 'major and electrical the DM requirements interfaces: internalexternal for each the of the CM/DMinterface. interface penetration the to define are listed CM/DM accommodate is DM provided penetration for requirements coax shown 42 wires are requirements. additional penetrations. based system-by-system docking system The penetration on NASA drawing an The analysis results required in Section DM /Salyet requirements PD71-61004. interfaces Table on a 3-14 penetration are basis. DM Displays latching mounted and Controls.4.


__._.--4 C 0 4_ (D _z _o I o i1 0 OmO I I --I i < Z (.. U_ .x.-I >_ ¢ • _ __ .__L_ _d o Z ..-4 tJ O .--4 . o 'Z o U] .--4 M Ul ill o _n >.3 lD D ill x_ uuO 3 -74 SD 71-700 . o o ._b SpaceA_n Nodh Division Rockwell q' _..

¢_ Space Division Rockwell North/_=ncan CM I I).M INTERFACE. will Soviet have above communications links will provide provide tracking hardline capability interrogator. Rendezvous 3-75 SD 71-700 . voice. the VHF communications in the VI-tF capability. interface to accept a tracking transponder the will with the CSM for TV.5 3. and status. _t DM LIGHTS DM I SALYUT INTERFACE \ VHF/FM DM GUILLOTINE" FED-THROUGH Figure 3. will be accomplished with VHF ranging. DM Electrical SYSTEM Requirements shall be provided Interface PLAIE Locations TELECOMMUNICATIONS 1 Baseline Telecommunication communication vehicle: to the be 120 existing for 140 for and the RF voice Salgut-type In addition will between between the CSM/DM and CSM MI-Iz. band at a a transceiver frequency provided communications The antenna orrmi-directional The compatible The DM system CSM/DM with DM patterns coverage.5. 3-50.

antenna is ) monopole is located so that end-fed antenna through near the international it lies in the CSM XY provides XZ plane. connected to a quarter-wavelength a 50-ohm docking end plane with coaxial of the the dipole 61 cm transceiver (24 in.2 RF voice communication frequency link between mode (transmit ranging the CSM/DM 259. l circuit breaker will be opened following confirmation to Salyut intercomhardline functional check is satisfactory. parasitic to minimize 3-76 SD 71-700 . carried The umbilical. respectively. lies in the cable.5. FM receiver and activates the from the center. The within the required to operate transceiver is assumed frequency-modulated are shown in Figure prime The VHF-FM circuit breaker on the internal operating power directly to the transceiver. operating provided is recommended to be the VHF/AM MHz/receive equipment). The DM.7 and Salyut trans- on the U. in the B duplex MHz. a part the antenna The pad communication is activated by the center PTT output input crewman to the CM function to the the PTT by the FM is hardwired Activating FM transmitter and of the required wiring change._ib SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division The vehicles ceiver 296. This orientation the CSM +X thrust vector in the CSM/DM ground to Salyut plane will vehicle be required also maximum omni-coverage The normal line-of-sight XZ plane. position at CSM/DM launch. DM control panel provides This circuit breaker is transceiver will be to be in the closed The supplied with 28 vdc power following CSM Main A and B circuit breakers in the CM The VHF-FM that the CSM/DM The transceiver to DM docking and closure of DM after DM extraction from the SLA.8 3. via the audio transceiver function switching audio require be as disables the output two spliced into The transmitter center. located equipment rack. pairs CM/DM is receiver to the The transceiver and a twisted transmitter disabling signals to to the audio twisted-shielded through FM the audio and PTT pair. transceiver The simplex carrier 3-51.75 MHz. A smooth reflections. transceiver frequency will be operated on a single frequency transceiver of 121. as part of the VHF VHF-FM communication USSR-Frequency The RF voice Transceiver link on the USSR in the DM frequency will be proThe on a interfaces vided by VHF/FM band. will normally the audio be operated in the receive circuit PTT mode with the FM transceiver audio center. The antenna normal to the along from antenna oriented vehicle X axis.S.

an Rockwell North Division ID --I ¢t} u _4 C H °_1 /._4_ SpaceAmerr.4 [_ =E t_ _0 (/3 D I H I c0 < _] >v Z E bO °_-_ _4 go -.Z _O rO 0 _n . o < _ _ o F- o 0 F- o 0 _ 0 0 F- o 0 _ 0 0 3-77 SD 71-700 .

_ib Space Amencan Rockwell Division North rack size. with the DM control panel The circuit breaker vehicle. The only if not standard tracking parameters and range rate. in the Prime equipment power rack. The receive/transmit frequency is in the S-band spectrum. in the same manner as will be opened following hard-dock the Salyut The with transponder coaxial by connector a 51 plane boom cm is connected (24 in. FM transceiver are based on equivalent dissipation 3. The interfaces transponder are shown is to be in Figure located 3-52. can be used are for thermal required.5. CSM The FM transceiver is to be mounted and will use the structure for thermal weight. The and unit is self-contained antenna Apollo coaxial and requires only prime power (28 vdc) a single termination. normal The X-axis is mounted national away the DM thrust along transponder antenna. Transponder (including power internal consumption heaters). The unit is or can be encased in a sealed housing (similar to CM communications 3. The ground antenna to provide is located to the CSM/DM maximum on the +X/Z and corresponding at the inter180 outboard DM. The tracking transponder is GFE and may be a USSR transponder. hardware.3 USSR Tracking Transponder The USSR requirement to provide assumes a tracking the transponder compatible with definitive the tracking interrogator following in lieu of more information: I. construction and power directly to the DM equipment conduction. application The vehicle is provided by circuit breaker for the VHF-FM successful XPNDR on transceiver. 6. dissipation and no special provisions 4. The energy antenna helix in the CSM-Y 3 to 5 turns supported utilizes CSM axis a splash-plate plane. equipment. pattern antenna The axis degrees to from vector the transceiver This of the helix about the antenna is parallel CSM +X coverage X-axis its 120-degree orientation centered maximum provides normal CSM-to-Salyut line-of-sight. 3-78 SD 71-700 . projects end of the the FM with axis.) fixed to a helix boom. The DM structure cooling equipment). 2. are range with mating connectors provided 7. is not in excess of 80 watts 5.

700 . ¢11 _) Space American Rockwell Division North <c 4) c OJ o 1. --Ou0 __..m_ 3-79 SD 71 .1 I O0 I L 0 _ u.F>.

The the to the be the TV DM-to-Salyut jumper/feedstation a carry-in The box inner and of interface through accomplished between into pig-tail in a manner the Salyut connector an attachment receptacles control/receptacle pig-tail the Salyut. station DM The breakers. pair for each requires a twisted-shielded 3. The depicted box into SPT center audio configuration audio center/CCU bulkhead operation. CDR and SPT bulkhead CCU for biomedical data. Intercom The IRDM intercom the CMP Provisions intercom interfaces are shown in Figure 3-54. point on concept would only wall remote TV station in the Salyut will include a power switch. 28 or vdc Salyut. Provisions stations are is The will select contain either required the GFE vehicle in the CM..5 or they may configuration. circuit interrupted connection the DM breaker power disconnection intercom/TV-remote to Salyut short-circuit The TV are umbilical may video to be protection.5. 3-53. shown coaxial or and in the Figure switch. if Provisions receptacles available from the the CM/DM umbilical required.1".. the are VHF station DM._/_1_ North American Rockwell "J A go/no-go to provide receiver within Panel crew AGC transponder confirmation voltage and for LEB. and interface be hardwired box and require camera power the provisions CM and across similar DM./_. The 3. selected circuit Two to be is recommended parameters. conditioned on the transponder i01 in the CM radar display on the selectable Similar functions were This recommended 0-5 vdc test meter utilized for the LM test function rendezvous transponder. requires incorporation bulkhead receptacle.4 TV TV camera attached The will Salyut contain camera DM breaker and TV-camera be used of the two parameters. power self-check of transponder output. power across manually for The bulkhead cable 28 vdc umbilical. receptacles and the CDR switchable and SFT are also and through of the Skylab speaker the CDR and the with CCU the wiring CMP carried audio center/CCU redundant for through the CM/DM umbilical. and were monitor operation. 3-80 SD 71 .5._ Space Division _. DM to a reuse the DM manual TV a remote vehicle via TV camera circuit TV-camera power interrupts the DM to Salyut interface and intercom/TV-remote provides receptacle connector. This switch in the shall also The TVto the of the circuit interface for crew The camera with to be used Skylab interfaces three-color Westinghouse monitor.700 .

... J.....:_ I >.... .-.. _..L: :_ _'_"_ Space Division __o _.L..4 I I I I r" .... _ 1 II _-.uz _. T" I I = _ >_ '-'11 U °_ I :::D°. > ..> _ I-t.. '. - e_. U.._ _ _... i_...-J.u L_.... I_._--<l: Z zz " < < :_ :E U U U < o I 8 _ _..._ [ _ > o. "'_> . _ A _'_ 7_ --I o_ aOuZ e ..Uj "-< _ >.. _-> .I-_ >. "'< I_.. ! II ql U I ° __o IO '-_--9--' ? z. [_ " < "' Z u u_L_. I A : _. +u.. co > ("4OO +C_l .\ .-. 3-8] SD 7t-700 . __ j _--_ __ ... .._"" Or..__" zl.>_._I _11 .o.

71 Space Division "_". _/" _____ I-.t ._'_'_ NorthAmencan Rockwell )>.J I o Z O ar O 5 3-82SD 71-700 . o I) 4_ 0 o 4_ 4_ r_ I N O II .u.._!__ o-_ _":I" x I I o 8 ___ v _._'_!-" "-'-1 _l _ .

damage during connection. on the DM the to in provide astronauts. then 3 (SPT) through in the and wires are brought the DM to Salyut Salyut for each CCU connector for use provided suit side on the through interface of the two is provided in the Salyut. redundant 3 power circuit and side crewman protect of the required). 1 (CDR) receptacles CCU box and and No. interface. resistors Salyut headset power provide of DM DM amplifier (if biorned this same resistors). if used for data back interconnecting across the one CSM/DM and Salyut. control box receptacles. configuration umbilicals voice or required. receive functions and receive modes. communication with The or can the manual individual normal also Salyut available can hot air-to-ground to provide air-to-ground C_VI transmit/ configured various communication modes. 3-83 SD 71-700 . It is voltage Salyut ication CCU's recommended resistors that be The speaker it affords the CCU power in the switches. Salyut the the Each of the transferring a modified CCU for use The and/or CCU's in of the exchanged will DM. The both visiting cosmonauts to Sa/yut interface. crew communthe usage of and crew prebreathing. box is provided and CCU-3) are speaker-box and dropping on the breaker DM DM wiring interface. astronaut panel (via for The vdc for operation. the DM Individual control power is function individual A speaker connectors with pig-tail speaker (CCU-1 a carry-through circuit breakers to control voltage CCU Switches 28 and 1 and dropping Nos. as also astronauts will during contingency be used CCU damage in the PTT CM be selected audio during bulkhead to the in DM function panels to provide the and The carry an EVA pressure activity in either the return interface carry-along CM and Salyut. that prime with houses and the dropping TV station. will for be The for provide for prebreathing connectors CCU's will suit DM or have in the to reduce inserts possibility a modification reconnection Crewman mike intercom intercom backup transmission._¢_ SpaceAmencan Rockwell North Division DM The CCU to bulkhead for and No. link because for backup located box is maximum to be used as the crew mobility. panel the CCU/ intercom/TV-remote power the and Salyut SPT box on control with serves speaker to interrupt associated The to the CM interface CDR bulkhead connector communication This is may biomed is required be extremely umbilicals because susceptible are the to pin left CCU attached bulkhead or receptacles.

5 meters (500 ft) slant range with errors measurements within The antenna scimitar antennas changes.Z5 performance km (Z00 meters (450 'nm) ft). The addition capability.5. the is within present Salyut-Type Vehicle ranging will utilize the existing CSM CSM/DM VHF ranging rendezvous LM for The Salyut vehicle VHF/AM transceiver transfer or will system be preference omni will require. the radiating element could be mounted normal to the orbit plane so that the solar-inertial Salyut will always have the antenna within the line-of-sight of the approaching CSM.6 Real-Time Telemetry Transmission for telemetry The DM ECLSS system status parameters recommended consist of the following measurements as a minimum: 0 Z tank pressure OZ/N Z tank pressure Total DM pressure DM air temperature 0 Z partial pressure The individual shields junction CM PCM 3. 3-84 SD 71-700 . orbit plane to the previously required a LM-type ranging to provide as equipment spherical and will coverage The satisfy a minimum. (with diplexer and in with an coverage compatible the in addition included). will be terminated of the above in the CM instrumentation five measurements All and signal returns box._Ji_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division 3. An attitude pointed option would such that the along the Salyut be to use Salyut Salyut vehicle is to CSM antennas oriented with a modified to maintain the vehicle antennas line-of-sight. turnaround Salyut assembly antenna(s) the CSM the system from 370. switchable mounted) system for the CSM will utilize the selectable SM to provide ranging during CSM rendezvous attitude must consider either multi(possible solar panel endcoverage in the orbit plane.7 five measurement twisted-shielded lO lO 10 1 I0 s/s s/s s/s s/s s/s signals will be routed to the CM PCM on pairs via the CM/DM electrical umbilical. requirements to provide to 152.5. The required Salyut antenna system antennas or a single boom-mounted ornni-antenna to provide 360-degree To provide this coverage. Requirements on to Salyut equipment.5 _: 137.

Further studies are required to fully evaluate The sysand system the design 3. TCS the docking If an active requirements module used to primarily maintaining temperature within Minimum F Unmanned Manned 35 65 K 274.6. I TCS Configuration Summary 3. blankets.0 x 10 -5 Btu/hr-ft-F watts/meter-K). tape. I. by recommended ram) by aluminized nylon posts for DM attached insulation mylar. link be link for the Salyut if the cosmonauts It is utilized phase.6.00635 supported retained in the phase on post. For thermal conductivity (1. of the insulation was The holes are not colinear it was assumed that the apparent equal to 90. ten_ is sensitive to mission requirements.3 298._ib SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division CSM not that and 3. and heaters has been defined.4 Maximum F II0 78 K 316. 1 The of The 0. are identation the launch the posts by The blankets (0. a preliminary configuration consisting of multilayered insulation. a nylon split-washer.25 Insulation installation (0. alte rnative s. analytical purposes.6 A potential voice link observe the be DM The Salyut temporarily THERMAL thermal the is to problem in using its impact upon period VHF/AM disabled CONTROL control on the system during during CSM the VHF CSM VHF ranging voice the duplex ranging ranging acquisition. system requirements.3 Since the ECLSS is active. configuration. 3-85 SD 71-700 .7 291. are vented for 125 in. crew. 18 mm square or 9 holes per square between sheets. to the consists mounted structure which depressurization holes per of 45 by fits layers Velcro into an during meter rail crinkled externally. ) holes (97 3. recommended as a backup to did quiet rendezvous SYSTEM (TCS) design requirements ECLSSis consist wall are dependent reject of the to a significant extent the heat generated by semi-passively following limits : the ECLSS. coatings.56 x 10 -7 foot) in each sheet.

assurance layers pressure I'he that the during during supports fabrication launch forces do between entrapped membrane 3-86 SD 71-700 . may sensitive configuration. to by up insulation by be design internal required is on heat at the order dissipation of (fans. 1. of this configuration determined heater at the time requirements. 1015) heating to rates cause upper sidew. all temperature (Schjeldahl of the for DM. of 316. periphery heat a portion behave vicinity thermally a potential Installation significant loss. of heat may be lost in the during vicinity of the Since international the insulation especially has not been undocked operations. penetration heat leaks It be made is points created possible up by at However.6. than 70 it is possible percent limit of the to encounter exposed (If0 GI" F). as tank heat This loss heat etc.45K No.4. occupants installed as the for DM repair. the penetrations these leaks dissipation. design and minimized careful A significant docking amount system. 16. Considerations Installation relatively readily easily high repaired. lights.6. will directly of the primary as a interior. The rapid air to considerations Air is trapped of the reduction balloon is ambient blankets.#_b Space Amencan Rockwell Division North 3.3 the CM the baseline more mission. Conversely.) mounted shock DM hatch absorbers. mounts through leak Local and are very be may the be heaters venting baseline made may ducts. damaged by of multilayered insulation In addition. writing. the of the during significant launch.2 it is premature it is probable of components which in the present Insulation are part to attempt to identify will be Howdue to the to that heaters (lines. blankets on the damage exterior to the inside of the blankets DM can offers be be performance. ever. Also.). 1. presence surfaces structure fin and 3. One not and causes peel off installation. rhe 20 such these that internal watts.6.2 Coatings For that would exceed that the exposed optical 3. of to verify IRDM. It is recommended be and applied to the coating Company's I'he nominal surfaces properties Heaters (undegraded c= uncontaminated) this coating are a s = 0. may and are not accessible The developed DIN accomplished to those post-mounted for the A the Velcro-tape Inter-Planetary significant compatibility arrlount type Vehicle of with of installation proposed Program testing requirements has was (Reference been similar Insulation development performance 68SD4266). of the of the required in this vicinity etc. 0.

the number of layers installed over posts whose support in. from 19 to 24. monoxide is varied to obtain the desired emissivity. This is However. or peel the Velcro tape that retains the supports. To minimize DM insulation be the utilized. ) from the pressure must be made to vent this additional volume of air Possible solutions to the potential the number of layers to approximately insulation heat loss (to about 45 watts). the and covered layer. since it has been proposed to mount the located approximately 2. The thickness of the silicon it is not necessary to utilize the adhesive. it is intended to obtain as low an emissivity as is consistent requirements.0 in. 3. the is ability to create of the fixture installation to ensure to vent support proper hard-mounted posts.05 located on cm (12 to 24 inch) centers. In F). to 60.) with diameter a 30-layer 1. this ballooning.. more by successful tests blankets retained had been vertically conducted by supports with 1.6 that number it has been recommended air is entrapped. the CM radiator-type coating (a s This material normally consists of successive layers of adhesive. 318-cm SM insulation blankets (0. rapidly. 3-87 SD 71-700 caused relatively by exposure short mission to a hard duration . area temperature surfaces receives amount of deterof energy.125-in. For this application.3 been through which Thermal The solar mined sufficient successfully the entire is taped Coatings portion vented blanket. meter (4-by-10 30.8 varied was loss. The remaining during local-vertical order to facilitate in the vicinity of a lesser amount installation. Kapton. 1015 is sensitive and UV energy.).22-by-3.27-cm cylindrical of the DM receives a significant angles.54 cm (1. Also LM by using The to the colinear holes outermost are number of 0. the of this material. This blanket An would placement.52 cm (0. in place include increasing to 16/ft 2. vacuum-deposited aluminum and silicon monoxide. problem and 45 layers of layers true for of insulation aggravates the single-skin especially configuration to a web Provisions adopted. ballooning problem 20 and accepting the This would increase adequately. 6. it has been decided to utilize /_ <1.) diameter vent holes have holes patch. alternative require include reducing increase in confidence in solution the fabrication of a tooling Additional considerations (0. depending that more than 70 energy to cause upon attitude and beta percent of the cylindrical violation of the upper area (those operations) It has been can receive limit 316.5-in.0): the Schjeldahl Company's GT 1015. to minimize insulation heat withas/e GT vacuum (14 days) loss rates.4 tested length heat Since created stringer insulation vessel. will permit use to degradation However.45 K (110 the orbit plane of energy. they were approximately 1._ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division tend to tear the blankets Several foot) at the support.

the heat-sink was assumed gm-K was one further coefficients (0. The thickness of the emissivity. Analysis primarily The feasibility operations . magnitude and the the of the conducted various heat including insulation. during manned Thermal of passively controlling was also investigated. during degradation on launch.2 291. It was of producing to the film structure.4.6.. to will effects and (3) The degradation. was availabile to ensure large time history (3) occupied and rapid capable heat (1) occupied for 3 hours. which normally on Teflon._ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division An consists Teflon of this is alternate coating of vacuum-deposited varied is selection withstand to its obtain relative of the the is the aluminized aluminum desired insensitivity Teflon (FEP).4 to RCS plume RCS plume. For this of the structural mass that the initial was for transfer wall Btu/lb-F). ability to (1) encountered resistance (2) sensitivity caused by the 3.8 respectively. (unmanned.9 IC (75 F). an 2. Assuming (470 watts) through the (wall temperature of approximately = 296. Heater requirements an analysis capabilities that the was heat of this magnitude to were considered unacceptable. Thermal been Preliminary Analysis has leaks. minimum requirement 400 watts (55 F) condition) of 274. its principal advantage coating Final material ballooning heating. 1 docking system. hour.6. 250 K and the wall temperature to determine heater for steady-state analysis shown Btu/hour tions (k/x) For means.Manned heat loads to evaluate to assess ECLSS tank the supports. of utilizing analysis. it was 0. to some to extent. conducted of the primary capacitance also evaluate the feasibility structure. 3 K (65 F) and (2) unoccupied It was assumed the occupation for one hour. An initial analysis as a function of insulation conditions.3 watts/sq meter-K the data shows an worst-case cold wall temperatures conductance ft-F} is dissipation this unit for conductance.4 Btu/hr-sq internal heat solar-inertial were wall temperature in Figure 3-55. assumed that a fan sufficiently 3 -88 SD 71-700 . international wall temperature 3. depend. Operations Passive Control A cursory manned operations examination of the led to a decision by passive requirements dissipated in the DM during the feasibility of controlling was performed performance parameters results 1600 hot in the are condirequired. The variable and beta angle.2 cal/ temperature Therefore. The pertinent that it is required to dissipate insulation during the worst-case insulation unit (0.7 of approximately K (35 F) and 285.

..4 t_ I ..: SpaceAmer_n Rod<well NorlJ1 Division (sJJ V_ I_ o C 4_ lJ '-el C 0 L1 m Ip o o.._. o ...=4 (_H/nIB){D :3-89 SD 71-700 .

is approximately is of Tank-Support analysis ECLSS the A preliminary heat loss at the was conducted to determine tank-support mounts. the if the by total web careful 3-57.Space Division North American Rockwell The Z91. of this to of occupancy A relaxation 3.3 of effective Analysis presenting the insulation. an The temperature make-up heat requirements requirements and become a function It can penalty if relatively short increase in heater cool-down times size requirements. The loss shown {for watts apparent heat It is 40 is results of the analysis are shown as a function of wall temperature. 2. heating of the it was support structure would be coupled was also assumed that no significant incident on the web structure.7 these K (65 bands as the and internal heat dissipation.4. parametrically internal are shown presented available The results wall-temperature mentioned unit thermal imposed evaluated. approach. points) reduced a total coatings.7 important to note by the very narrow to 78 would ECLSS F) and the enhance that the results permissible assumed the feasibility Heat Losses of the study temperature timelines.5 I< (-25 3-90 SD 71-700 .05. capabilities The envelope either analytical assumptions The portions of the envelope meter-t( (0. Transient as a function of the parameters are shown represents as a function limitations parameters of 0.6. 0. It was to the pressure vessel amount of environmental the' magnitude assumed that by aluminum. Cool-down-time conductances (k/x). Z8 to based constraints For k/x's make-up heat are unit thermal are of above. times become excessive. 3. International of eight in Figure material. and loss which presents web emissivity.3 K (65 conductance. furnished a report results of preliminary F) analysis conducted to determine It was noted that a minimunl shock absorber temperature temperature of 240. amount F) was of time it took and for the structure as heat to cool a function dissipation. for k/x's >0. 10 or the value betweenl_/x Btu/hr-sq ft-F) of the values are watts/sq limitations on available mass imposed at those <0.05 to 0. cool-down requirements presented conductance. The vertical specific k/x values are somewhat arbitrary.56 by of the analysis responses are in Figure 3-56. 10. excessive. are band strongly 290. Docking NASA-MSC thermal extremes. required. of wall be seen becomes that. that that for these an aluminum support must application System be losses or the installation. It is influenced Z98. It emissivity selection materials. back down of unit to thermal determined mass.

.Vkl l:J 3din _ .I u..I_ 'IVM T 3-91 SD 71-700 . I.J :3 O') Z 13 < o I =0 ! 31_I11 NMO(] ! "1003 o (S_H) o SJ_I.¢3 I _ _ _ "_._ _oi E J/ U. ='gJ©_ =.. r.J 0 1_ _ _.. I u_ ::I R..I.-..ID u_ (9_1 0t6) "_ 8q 000__ --r U. "t- _.-.VM SIN31/_3 Id 11303 Id o IV:IH dn3_lVlN !.J x _ </ __ 11= _ X ¢41 F_ _ m °.. 00 //o/ .1 eel 0 _= r/ v :/ v m lg)I g891B'l 00_l _ .M fie 0 . MUJ o I tO 0 url _ " ol 0 ! :I _InlVl:13d_31 TIVM el 0 . to (D i_1 . _ _ _ '_ o 0 m _ t.#4_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division Q A LL O (. "¢O O . 8 II -t- .

p-I [ o 03 3-92 SD 71-700 ._ Space Division NorthArr_rtcan Rockwell 0 I 0 u'3 I i:m ..

performance Additional (possibly) detailed compatibility with DM requirements. The nature of the analysis of +14K (4-25 F) must be used with this The temperature periphery. it is conceivable absorber that the for shock an earth-oriented absorbers will be incident the results that be on vehicle. vicinity of the international It is sufficiently considered stringent probably requirements tests. it has Additional effort to define make-up actual example. that the performance the following internal up for be heat dissipation all the potential required in the heat leaks in the system. the operations. data if no report Since furnished in the this part by NASA temperature is such prediction. coating. of the TCS are to warrant 3-93 SD 71-700 . been shown that the design configuration configuration. examination exposed conducted determined window It will be of the protrusion.5 K (-80 a temperature the latches magnitude and coupled of the hatch to the DM The this watts gradient vicinity of the of the structure the directly are losses heat the permissible presented was The insulation A preliminary is wall temperature used to estimate indicated to the was It was inner dew care point must applied analysis hatch. this device during of a preliminary F) would tolerance analysis indicated that an equilibrium be realized. the that assumed associated loss is to apply. Conclusions A preliminary TCS is required heat and for the baseline configured design details. For energy will this condition. with l0 to 25 structure.7 loss heat may the loss be F) window K (35 at to determine that 15 to 20 above and design heater the window in the to maintain required during temperature It is preclude to determine ensure 3. (from fans and requirements are definition of heaters to subsystem on the final It is not considered probable that lights) would be sufficient to make Local heaters will docking system. system problems. oriented During such that no significant environmental local-vertical operations.'_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division was the predicted for the shock IRDM.5 temperature necessary fogging in the unmanned above apparent to maintain to prevent be and and taken of visibility. the watts 274. also indicated docking is limits heat that the portion of 228.6. system are to to required of the analyses requirements future proper thermal insulation. wall. DM For sensitive depends has been outlined.

3-94 SD 71-700 . switch analytical including limits a thermal insulation for tions addition. internal should o Determination maintain wall manned approach internal of this of DM capability and limitations temperatures within prescribed The studies discussed a relaxation would to passively limits during indicate that the and limits possibility operations.6. is feasible.6. that some of the external layers of insulation from Kapton in order to utilize its relatively temperature limit.5. Evaluation including possible fabricated upper potential effects of RCS plume impingement. of the of the temperature further enhance the . Identification capabilities included in the of local of the analysis. The insulation performance of the baseline configuration be verified performance by is test is sensitive with sensitive to installation a complete to switch vehicle locations. 5. 5. It is required to ensure predictable heater and duty Venting cycles. 1 The Thermal relatively both the Vacuum narrow manned Chamber band and Test between upper phases and lower wall-temperature a need to conduct particularly design selected local these penetraIn are installation. heat dissipation approach. heater fan requirements.6. and heaters. that the performance.2 Loss prevent mission. the for unmanned dictates vacuum chamber test to verify TCS performance. and must heater determined verified control Launch of the Phase external and normally model be temperature 3. Studies attention should be directed to the following areas during future lo The international docking system poses a potential problem insulation penetrations exposed directly to the environment. and heat The dissipation heat transfer be to control DM accept&ble due to wall temperatures . Test installation insulation during launch would accomplishment The capability the launch of crew transfer of the installation phase must be during the docked phase of the to withstand rapid depressuriza- during verified. It is may be high plume heating and external coating degradation. tion 3._% SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division 3. These within may impact the capability limits. Additional Particular studies.3 analytically.

Salyut. glove hose s . is shown module command The in in the module.EREP Fire extinguisher Prebreath unit Emergency CCU cable CCU control EMU Visor EVA LCG 0 2 mask head kit SEVA maintenance assembly. they module be stowed shown the in the transfer in Figure docking to the 2-29. baseline module module stowage plan stowed consumables and the remaining seven-day supply stowage list for the baseline plan Table 3-16.7 DM STOWAGE of IRDM not mission meter by the lockers the stowage (see (10. module and to the operations. of stowage in the required It was. The DM.29 could of the cubic accommodate in the DM that these to the overcomes of the provision of three transferrable be launched in the docking module command before module during three stowed OPS crew lockers 3-58. docking Figure locations in Figure configuration Following lockers 3-59.32 list all Section cubic ft) resulted of the 2. Item DM Stowage List--Baseline Quantity 6 Towels Tissue LiOH Fecal Dispenser collection assembly 5 14 12 1 6 3 5 1 2 4 5 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 pr 2 3-95 SD 71-700 Food (for 7 days) Constant wear garment 70-ram 16-ram Fecal Urine OPS film film transfer bags magazine magazine bag Tapes . for seven days in the docking is presented in in the module. command The docking Table 3-16.8). in the remain crew transfer stowage transfer would locations without in the launch lockers. volume conclusion items therefore would that during decided be made the the command launch that available Study module phase 0. problem It is proposed then transferred This without proposal obstruction command docking For module the shown will The be stowage four launch.Ib SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division 3.


transferable for the lockers stowage similar from to The 3-16 6 and The docking except the internal module that the stowage number was list for the alternate of LiOH elements was reduced for to a three-day the three quantity of food stowage arrangements The stowage is depicted to be are are depicted in Figure volume in the equipment The Figure Figure J-mission's Two new 3-60.2 alignment 3-64).8 3. during DM The target boom extraction from the clearance.. The crewman viewing centers the reticle image on a three-dimensional a boom rate alongside to match data and for from structural successful the DM the to give the DM. to Salyut with is the Salyut on the are illustrated target in Figure in a manner 3-65.8.8. The critical Salyut. projected glass located are and on a SLA-mounted on a combiner glass. shown DOCKING 1 Aids The for CSM The CSM docking sight COAS Docking aids (COAS) is an to Docking Module of a CM-mounted docking device target with crewman (Figa calibrated through the docking of the to give go/no-go automaSLA to reticle system and optical consists gunsight-type optical ure reticle combiner target target range CSM tically provide 3. The four pictured oxygen in Figure AIDS purge 3-58. calibration visual cues The size on the and shape COAS proportioned closing to indicate to DM alignment swings away maximum Aids The docking. rack equipment containers arrangement in Figure 3-61. docking DM docking operation. Division Ca"i _ )Space NorthAmencan Rockwell An module later. Table 14 to alternate and the plan remaining to stow three consumables days in the for 11 days in the command docking module was developed plan is reduced level. systems (OPS) for ECLSS use are stowed where 3. 3-63. The salyut docking target is for DM docking because of the greater distance from proportional size will be different because of the cues for allowable vehicle misalignment when docking 3-97 SD 71-700 . for Docking aids reticle for docking image The similar larger COAS more with COAS centered Salyut to the CM to than the target to Salyut. in the and DM are stowed required is shown in in 3-62.

LAUNCH 70 MM FILM MAGAZINES (3) VOLUME D3 IN DM.TEMS L OF USED INDM "k['./_ PMENT RACK / _E Figure 3-61. DM Transferrable Stowage Lockers rooD. CONSTANT GARMENTS WEAR (6) TOWELS (6) ERS TAPES_(5)__ 16 MM FILM MAGAZINES (5) LOCKER.D"_ " "FECAL STOWAGE BAG ._ \'Y" 1¢_. DM Equipment Rack Stowage 3 -98 SD 71 .\ TOWAGE PROVISIONS . Ik. F I .l"_ Space Division North Amencan Rockwell LiO H ( 14} LOCKER. TRANSFER TO CM Figure 3-60. TRANSFER TO CM .STRAPS.I\:L_/\ _ _... VOLUMED1 LAUNCH IN DM.. TO CM D2 ) LOCKER.700 .l'l ASSY (12) 1 N. SNAPS _-STOWAGE VOLUME _ FORAUNCH.. LAUNCH TRANSFER VOLUME IN DM.?9/C FECAL C0'IECTION-_4._ j_A__'.

__ • OXYGEN MASK (GFE) (2) • FIRE EXTINGUISHER (1) • HAND HOLD STRAP (6) Figure 3-62.0 !N.__ _. >_.@w_ Space Division NorthAmerican Rockwell • DRINKING WATER SYSTEM__ • WATER CONTAINER (2) • DRINKING VALVE (2) • TEMPORARY STOW CONTAINER (1) • WASTE MANAGEMENT • FECAL COLLECTION ASSY (12) • FECAL STOW CONTAINER (1) • URINE COLLECTION CONTAINER (1) • UTS (GFE) (2)-__.. 71-700 . J-Mission Type • PGA CONTAINER (2)- 50.) New .. )_ . 32CM (8 IN..'.6sCM Equipment.._. (60.. // IN.. DM Crew Equipment.8 CM (20.8 M C • EQUIPMENTcoNTAINER (1)__ TRANSFER / _ l_-.) I-_50. 0 i N. _'_" _ -_//(42 Figure 3-63. DM Crew 3 -99 SD l //_/to.) _ _.

-- \\_.-'_£'._.:_ I..¢.LE S ?-'....'-.t_-'_._:. l|i_ _\_\_'_l'._s Figure 3-65..-'"""" _'_ "_.ARR_" "_--___: I -_ +Y ']] // FRAME / FILTER / _..J DM DOCKING TARGET '"//: ._'_ :_ _'_" .. II _ _1 I _ ki._r t_.'_ ._L +Y WINDOW _ LH RENDEZVOUS .../hi ]._.....' _"% . C*...-"_¢'_...__... _." f% Y _ /_ / \ \-_._<_. .'._.r- ../. CM/DM to Salyut Docking Aids 3 -I00 SD 71-700 ._" y It1_1 ._ '_ J_ z'j \COASASSY " PROJECTED ._"/" I / ''_' +Y _s_... ._}JlJ #_ \.'}'_-i"_"_"_"_"_"_"_k _._i b ._Sx" _a.'. PRECONTACT .._._!_y_l :W/ ___._ ..L. - LINE OF SIGHT\ _ j/SALYUT DOCKING I..11 '"i'i'- I ..t_ _._..'.NDOW "" RETICLE .. _ Space Division North American Rockwell COMBINING OM TARGET__Z--.gECTOIgTACT v LINE OF SIGHT LH RENDEZVOUS WINDOW _ _-/-_ . }J_"k'_ _.RETICLE IMAGE . CM to DM Docking Aids •goALYUTG _ TARGET ..I I ._'"" \ _'.'// yr_._ _.._'_'_X\ "/// II 11_4!_111-\\_\\_._\ "---_" _ (1G} Figure 3-64. -_'! -z ALl GNMENT POSITION !_' °Y 'q_'-. _ ._. _ ._ // W._ _ TARG _ ELEVATION \ \ .... _Y "--"-ALIGNMENT AUGNMENT \ \\ BARREL \LOCK \ / -_ INTENSITY ... _ _'_'% .-'"_'_ PROJECTED TARGET IMAGE _."\ _.. .

_. in their the truss procedures For the thrusters possible to configuration.. . docking at the mounted target same on will relative a LM. providing a a support for the CSM/DM all-welded weight weight DM joint and aluminum advantage. of scientific The the target if it were change in spring-loaded clearance an alternate retained separate the separation could DM as as separation locations. TRUSS depicts and Truss truss AND the clearance SLA DM SEPARATION in the SLA and Figure 3-67 Figure presents 3. obviates new and be secured crew-training attitude to the It would control. truss then with be incorporation in the mission. and providing module (LM). be mounted on an A-frame. assembly support LM thrusters for the following . The the hardware hardware can be from used the by relocating the thrusters periphery of the SLA to the and DM e thrusters SLA. which will retain as a be distance and This arrangement and in the same relative position will obviate a need for The adequate separation A-frame separation sequence. 1 the DM The of acting launch-phase docking The minimum minimizes The reasons: installed dimensions. In this base for various items equipment. 9 DM SUPPORT 3-66 access Support tubular as target. from the DM to provide of the DM during the 3-101 SD 71-700 .training at to fall away f_ rst movement procedures simulations. new provide positive separation of the CSM/DM from 3. with dollar utilizes no tube The costs.9. No The qualification testing of thrusters regime the LM of is required. existing truss was chosen The because of its provides inherent a also strength-to-weight welded-joint configuration welded eccentricities. _ SpaceArnencan Rockwell Nodh Division 3.. depicted the in Figure 3-68 serves the triple function a SLA stiffener support for in place of a lunar DM. an integral a mounting DM and truss could be used combination. will crew. Existing associated interface.

O ! t_ ._4_b SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division < U_ ..4 0) cO 4-} ul _3 ...4 3-102 SD 71-700 .

m 0 I..... 71-700 ----_ ._-_ _ _ _ 7 _7.. ._I .. _4_ Space Division Nor_Amencan Rockwdl X X .ii JL _ " 7= m' _ .I < t_ < I Z 0 U I < N ! 3-103 SD i...._-- .---% I | _ ' 'l..

_) SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division >..-) O U3 .o ! .4 /\.m < _n _n 4.. . • I # /\ •..--4 . / 3-104 SD 71-700 .

not required. 3-105 SD 71-700 .9. ure 3-69. systems ) stroking to provide investigation may The support detonators The truss will or thrusters the velocity to eject show that the spring be without secured to the SLA with as illustrated in Figure depicted in Figure to sever The LM/SLA umbilical the DM/SLA umbilical."_ _'_b Space Division Nodh Arnencan Rockwell 3. fittings similar are detonators. link are at each fractured installed in each frangible links frangible link impulse and Release of the tie-down in the allows the DM thrusters open position by the spring thrusters from are tie-down 3-70. I0 DM STRESS AND LOAD detonating cord pickup transducer preload LIMITS analysis of the proposed docking structure of the pressure hull criteria are listed are in listed Table in Table 3-18. module and the The design support preadjustment} was truss. A preliminary made to size The limit SCIENTIFIC Two examples resultant the stress primary design loads liminary 3. 3-71 the SLA.INSTALLATION of potential scientific docking module are appended. following flight-qualified LM guillotine will be used hardware straps link will be used: tie-down Frangible Apollo standard detonator LM ejection spring thruster Lower LM umbilical guillotine Confined _4otion (for 3. system is socket fittings truss with Two Apollo tie-down and retained straps the illustrated similar tension standard leg. II docking EQUIPMENT. Z DM/SLA The existing Separation LM separation and have LM hardware separation legs with will be used for DM/SLA in Figto LM socket tie straps detonators At firing straps of the are separation. tie-down be attached used for frangible to the support tie-down. IN DM equipment installations in the 3-17. opened tension to begin (Further The tie-down The DM will and will to those the by the springs.

_-.I Cl .D I O'3 3-106 SD 71-700 . _ "/i_ib ' Space Division North American Rockwell II 0 0 "cJ ...I.

_ 0 L) b9 °1-1 r_ II 0 03 0 0 40 o r-4 ! erl .t-t 4-o °r-I 0 [..) _ m ._ 4_ .r-i _9 m 0 _ u N C3 3-108 SD 71-700 ..1 n II _ Q) F_ 0 m _ v _<03 43 _ 43 m 4_ °_ 40 40 0 .'_ .D 0 • ._ t_ .r-i _ 4343 _ o o Oo 0 oog o 0 "0 ¢} 43 t_ 0 o.r-I 0 _ • 40 .C_b SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division I o 0 ""_ ID Q 0 .


400 34.'" ' ¢_% Space Division Nodh American Rockwell Table 3-18. Preliminary degrees-of-freedom. Preliminary Limit Docking Docking Loads for DM Interface Int e r national CSM / DM Salyut/ Soyuz Docking Vehicle System CSM Apollo DM/S-IVB Vehicle Docking masses mode (slugs) 904 1288 940 1725 (Soft Maximum Axial Axial Lateral Bending Axial Note s: Loads for e dock) (Hard dock) /Soft dock) (Hard dock) interface tension (lb) compression shear (lb} moment torque loads 5.480 g 2.000 (lb) (in. 3. 1 The device.200 2.-lb) le based purposes on Apollo velocity and alignment contact criteria of comparison.900 4.700 1. I S-190 Multispectral Camera of an S-190 observation multi- spectral during A feasibility camera the primary Camera camera Only the reotation camera study was conducted of the installation in the DM as an alternate payload for and backup missions. program for the three-dimensional Apollo docking hardware docking FORTRAN side of the DM.910 48. for of the inner yoke would Release mechanisms inflight stowage within the be retained to provide would be added to DM. -lb) 2. limit docking loads were derived from the sixsystem loads calculated from MSC International (Schliesing) . 11.700 m 1.000 o t| :> (in. 11. earth 3. removal 3-109 SD 71-700 .320 830 216. 1.000 1. docking loads. pitch-axis permit Modifications would be the Skylab type with a revised gimbaling support local portion capability.500 2.

2 Figure dish antenna. II.2 An Installation optical provided is which magazines Conclusion fused for illustrated Requirements silica camera be be window and 3-72.2.6 x 58.1Z Conclusion satisfactory must which installation of necessity permitted the on the be made support economy and effifor DM and DM support on a vehicle truss to be truss that is feasible. ll. Facilities currently 3-110 SD 71-700 .Z. cover The operations.2. plate of the package The existing Skylab with maximum dimensions diameter workshop is designed 3.5 x 8 inches. i bulk with installation crew transfer is considered requirements. during during two An longitudinal launch interior transfer truss and window operation. Installation on the DM 3-73 shows a potential installation The existing Skylab package may be used with ciency. particularly for the Microwave of the in the on the Radiometer radiometer module truss was or inside made. feasible.5-inch The package is mounted The external back to the Skylab trusses. Support Truss on the resulting clearance DM support truss. members operation. to radiate on one of the supporting heat to space. makes the it impractical DM. plus a 44.2 mission S-193 The the instrument of installation 3. 3. A feasibility to install study microwave service support S-193 Configuration S-193 configuration comprises a large package of 83.3 A satisfactory backup 3. 1.11. 11. 1. film in Figure would would 3. II. The installation would provide adequate truss withdrawal from the SLA. ii. withdrawn PRODUCIBILITY The manufacturing and stage hardware techniques and experience gained through the and flight: the development Saturn S-II qualified production of the highly reliable Apollo spacecraft have provided the expertise required to produce on schedule at minimum cost. The would accommodate with the DM.3 A installation a mission 3. would camera The would be and be installation stowed stowed during camera crew installation provided.¢_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division 3.

.5 CM /FI_ ..J ANTENNA 133 CM DIA \ .-_ 58.) FILM MAGAZINE 02 PURGE SYSTEM INTERIOR COVER (STOWED) T __! I 45.193 20. _".terometer Installation 3 -Iii SD 71-700 .3 CM (sIN ) Figure 3-73.... IN. FUSED SILICA WINUUW EQUIPMENT _+S_// \\ RACK_ • 7I... 12 CM DIA {28.. NADIR / ..00 IN. 72 CM (18...0_i_ SpaceAmencan Rockwell North Division JNTING TRUSS MULTI SPECTRAL CAMERA ....SLA NGM°°u i h i / I STRUCTURE SUPPORT .. S-193 Radiometer/Scat.) O0 Figure 3-72.. S-190MultispectralCamera in DM / %" ENGINE NOZZLE __ : _". " I " _ _ _ S..

directly The employed to produce to the docking module. handling used or modified to meet to the equipment._) SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division utilized simultaneous NR assemblies. possible. these and systems fabrication structures are machine skills applicable flightworthy and spacecraft. requirements.._. requirements equipment wherever of manufacturing. analysis published of manufacture 75 percent as an addendum employing this of the total support to this excess The manufacturing report depicts equipment. for the production fabrication of Apollo and assembly spacecraft of the in the are docking adequate module. test to a minimum Excess will be and will be utilized only Apollo tooling. of complex to permit has extensive system experience modules. producibility a logical sequence which meets approximately equipment 3-112 SD 71-700 . Master critical tooling interface and special will meet be kept requirements.

1 COMPATIBILITY The primary a USA-qualified with REQUIREMENTS purpose USSR-fabricated REQUIREMENTS for the IDS with are and release for from docking. Permit interface the transfer of crew and without removal of the equipment through docking mechanism. 4. Z. 5. the vehicles. Z interface-compatible hardware docking IRDM The lo MISSION basic Permit with the requirements the CSM/DM Salyut to dock vehicle USSR stabilized . vehicles. primary vehicle vehicle rotational misalignments interface and excursions.0 INTERNATIONAL DOCKING SYSTEM 4. impact draw energy the vehicles of the together. with docking system (IDS) is to provide for 4. clear passageway docking connects a nominal together docking 90-centimeter-diameter transfer. intervehicular 4-1 SD 71-700 . Attenuates Makes Limits Controls Draws Structurally Provides for the the final structural and sealing integribf between the capable of docking and undocking with a stabilized interface. 4.3 DESIGN The two REQUIREMENTS docking contacting system is vehicles. vehicle specific and provide It must be having functions: 1. 7. 6._4_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division 4. interface. designed effect to absorb the Closing linkup of the vehicles. The IDS performs the following a compatible the forces caused mechanical by impact linkup between (capture). (retraction). the docked the Salyut of the docking international system hardware. before rings seals the retraction. 3.

5. system comprises one for Ring The Assembly assembly assemblies. will be capable (nonremovable and hydraulic part of that the will same be SYSTEM The CONCEPT present and Ring Base IDS systems and and AND concept listed OPERATION (Figure below 4-1) is composed of the major assemblies i. function. contact and The between provides latch capture is a floating This vehicles. 4. 4. 5._41_b SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division 8. provided docking of Each An between module (DM). 9. on this assembly. 3. 6. 2. 1 fingers tunnel assembly assembly system s and assembly actuators and actuators Closed-loop Attenuator Capture Structural Electrical be noted that two systems and ring Fingers and structural hydraulic -actuator latch ring assembly latch system each are international required docking docking. 7.4 Undocks Provides and separates the vehicles. and retraction. It should assembly. angular assembly annular assembly distributes and lateral and structure functionally energy alignment actuators are supported serves to the for fingers by as eight eight the attenuator-actuator initial attenuator-actuators. capture mounted 4-2 SD 71-700 . Where feasible. one system will be self-contained interfacing electrical the DM 4. 4. and undocking.5 and system interface the IDS. repeated docking SYSTEM The IDS INTERFACES is designed to be mechanically all mechanical as an integral of performing during flight) attached (bolted) to the components system.

I .i.. I.-.I .. 4-3 SD 71-700 .i.l i ¢u u o L) G) °_ u o CI o T.i.i.i.t I I.I > I....-I u "1- I..I i -r-! "l-I.#4_ SpaceArner_n Rockw_l Noah Division I.I > i a.

Most assembly._1% SpaceAmencan Rockwell North Division 4.5. Power for packages proalso includes consists mainly the system is supplied by two integrated electric motor/pump viding 3000 psi hydraulic pressure. Eight latch assembly provides It consists of an annular hydraulic actuators 4-4 SD 71-700 . 4.4 of the hydraulic power with the two motor/pump Assembly serve a dual role: extending and system is packages attached to positioned the base beneath and two tunnel fingers. The tubing system of hard lines. and position accumulators. Assembly to mechanically fingers Latch Structural Ring and Actuators the final latching between series of 24 latches joined provide power to lock and the by The structural ring interfacing vehicles. Structural provided Hydraulic The Power System system system that powers and functions of controls extending. This by a common unlock the ring on the initial consists system.5.6 This assembly rings. part are basic structural assembly points and In addition. for ancillary at the tunnel attachment hardware. Capture hydraulic shock absorber.5. are controlled by four and one pressure-sensing latching. System mode dc solenoid-actuated control valves. interface attachsealing the between ing the docking mechanism lands for the hatch are an assembly ring latches vehicles. filters. with a stroke of approximately Latch Assembly provides assembly control all and eight and Actuators mechanical of four male Two on hydraulic one system. two shuttle (lock) valve. latches assembly. Attenuator-Actuator Attenuator-actuators retracting the absorpgrouped acts ring and fingers assembly and providing attenuation (metered energy tion) during initial vehi'cle contact.5. attenuating. with a minimum number of flexible lines.3 provides and support a pressure Structural attach of the assembly. hydraulic the hydraulic power system is a closed-loop actuators which perform the retracting.2 Base The and base Tunnel and tunnel Assembly assembly to the integral seal is the Dh4. latching and four actuators This between female provide system the two latches power is mating joined mounted 4. Eight attenuator-actuators are in two's beneath each finger. a control system. and relief valves. each attenuator-actuator as an seven 4. This integrated package a reservoir. Functionally. and unlatching. 4.5.5 independent inches.

Division North Amencan Rockwell effec_ an interface This adjacent preload on the latches as well base as and to unlock the assembly. and between principal panel by indicating.5._|' Space _. in the sensing fingers is by hydraulic docking undocking. ac) electrical power system. the latches 4. The hydraulically controlled electrical is supplied power by the required CSM by the IDS (28 vdc and 117 volts.. and indications assembly and incandescent sequences to differentiate positions. 4-5 SD 71-700 . The and electri- controlling cal and cation pilot.7 system is located on the to the tunnel seal. on a DM external The modes of the ring method of indiin view electrical of the CM switches Docking CM. three- phase.. latches with for separation. System controls electrical system serve latching lamps are during power tunnel Electrical This system the for sensing.

The in Section These figuration The tially tional IRDM as ("Post-Skylab to those and are 1.2 ALTERNATE A number feasibility with the COMPLEMENTS of alternate of installation. for of S-192 recording Add a buffer the 51. 5. con- outlined baseline in Table IRDM requirements configurations described Missions". Reduce from 2.2. studied 5-3. Add installation 2. The for basic together installation 5-1 SD 71-700 . locations scientific These where payload options complements are listed appears most were in Table feasible.i _. capabilities report 71-90. of the The CSM. C&D panels.2 kbs Modify the amplifier to the PCM input. June of the on the 1971). report individual A few are items mission modifications proposed are study essenaddi- post-Skylab described in the listed below: the 22 to a data number 11 (one of per post-Skylab for the scientific sensor monitor data rather to ERS the tape output than ERS channels 2 per tape sensor). 3.0 SCIENTIFIC EQUIPMENT PAYLOAD INTEGRATION 5. recorder. and in the final SD and of the camera recorder controls scientific sensing equipment (four) are outlined in of the requirements can be baseline accommodated equipments of the payload within in the are the CSM was described 5-2. recorder isolation of 4. 1 BASELINE The baseline COMPLEMENT scientific infrared payload spectrometer scanner complement (with comprises TV monitor) the following: S-191 S-192 multispectral Microwave radiometer Panoramic ERS tape Displays The capabilities Table 5-1. Space Division North Amencan Rockwell 5.

..o...x x x X E z u._ I . tJ cd t."_ Space Division North Arr_dcan Rockwell _ w uJz >I.=.u._ ___ w w _g u E ...M._. x x X X X X E =L ut_ m )- z__ =L ILl o _ z _ _ z _ v z z tu _ _ z iii > _.I i _=.i --I U. __ r_ "--t m 0 z 5 I. '=_ ILl I-o _ z ILl LM u _r_ I-- Z _" g.u.4 g o x .I I_.=: _-_-_ c_ _ I". z /==:>_ = i_ 2 5-2 SD 71-700 .r... .o u_ X X X X X X X I.. c____ ..U !v N% o_ _'_ I NN r_ = v Lu 0 _ "0 0 :>..I 4-J mmm _ 0_.

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was Supplement".11. to permit but the and AP71-Z3-Z.C i_"_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division pern_utations firm conclusions information distributed 16 November Two of the requirements to be formed available 1971) at at the the end were too varied in the time available of the IRDM study study schedule briefing were form ("IRD1V[ Science and numerous for study. summarized in briefing-book final example optional installations described in Section 3. at NASA-MSC. 5-5 SD 71-700 .

proposed usage of items required Apollo Table 6-2 lists the requirements for the docking Program hardware that will be used. extent for and both the new IRDM and reusable. program._i_ SpaceAmer_an Rockwell North Division 6. together with existing an required estimate for the of the for IRDM extent IRDM proof the usage. module and shows the gram The production and is listed in Appendix required checkout equipment D. will be for Table 6-1 shows the availability CSM completion or modification.0 APOLLO PROGRAM HARDWARE UTILIZATION Existing utilized to the Apollo maximum Program possible hardware. modifications to convert Apollo equipment 6-1 SD 71-700 .

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heaters.2. required for and the IRDM program. PSQ The cutout modification. box. COMMAND Electrical The CSM 7.0 TEST PLAN The analysis test required plan describes to certify the New flight the development new and modified spacecraft similarity. Skylab docking. 1. certification components tests. will be certified the 7. 1 system is essentially a :[-series baseline with added Salyut control for panel controls for the PSQ.i _ _ Space Division North American Rockwell 7. (CTN) tests. 1 module which by structure includes analysis. to the RCS wire harnesses display-and-control Telecommunications The Skylab speaker 7. certified aft installation certified radiometer 7.3 Stowage stowage provision components will be certified by analysis or All similarity. 7. Z bulkhead System test utilizing will be conducted SM 100 (3RC-2) at Downey to evaluate as a test bed. test network systems and components and.2 box and wire harness will be certified by similarity. 1. 1. in accordance with. a PSQ. SM A breadboard RCS system structural the test rework and minor modifications vehicle will be modified by removing manifold installing 7-1 SD 71-700 . 7. will new will The also be modified member to incorporate in the microwave a PSQ. 1 normal for and modified by analysis.2 SERVICE Structure The service be on RCS MODULE 7.2. and DM interface controls. and deletions and relocations panels are required. scientific Minor changes of controls and equipment. certification MODULE System electrical procedure. will the edge be closeouts of the by analysis. With of the the existing PSM and the revised minimum system.

for mounting The structural the relocated will installation analysis. MODULE changes 7. to the with an SMpower added distribution.9 103 N/m N/m conditions and pressures psig]) for CM/DM with x 103 docking.4 psig]).3 camera certified DOCKING SIM and by requires structural of S191 modifications and S192. to limit 2 [16. +6. drogue The Salyut pressure. Skylab by diode/fuse analysis RCS box or control. Freon ullage pressures 7. 3.4 thermal will be control certified System coatings. of the and SLA primary support structure. 5 psig]) 2 [25. 5 x 116. will be comprised fittings. equip- module.2 2 x 2 x 1. structure. effects the on system system pulse- operating dynamics.2.¢i_% Space American Rockwell Division North The mode test will evaluate servicing. by analysis insulation.5 are changes required. flows. internal N/m 2 docking.9 loading support. 5 x 103 103 2 [22. 1 Structure A static test article will be tested at Downey design limit in Building loads 288 to yielding demonstrate and ultimate DM capability loads without to withstand failure. Control The revisions 7. based upon heater. without The ment test article hatches.8 x 103 7.2 Component Tests A be on component prior hatch static-structures to the DM be static test test.2 x 103 test will burst N/m N/m N/m 2 include static OPS tests x 103 (154.2. SIMStructure The pan be 7.3 utilizing Thermal propellants.5 end-of-boost 110. IPA/water and draining thermal to simulate operations. 3. end-of-boost pressure (116. and and MOM a supplemental These items will be certified similarity. of the A tank and support ultlmate structure pressure will test conducted the new limit will also conducted at Downey. Electrical Minor boxes battery. (174.3 proof N/m x pressure and burst pressure 116.33 1. 7-2 SD 71-700 . 7.2. the and 2TV-2 system test data.

be defined by for analysis. Instrumentation The flight instrumentation on the DlV[ will measurements be certified by (signal similarity. data._ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division 7. conditioners and current limiters) 7. and the utilizing DRR. and by analysis second will be utilized after as test prior a thermal completion. Downey ATEE Laboratory scientific is equipment required or to a simulator requirements is transponder will GFE. components requirements. 7. 3. of these items 7. be (CTR). extremes heat gradients representaprovided exercise Two conducted with the manned tests in lVISC thermal axis normal of approximately vacuum chamber to the lunar plane 48-hour A. to manned and load will vacuum test article refurbished test systems to flight will be status conducted two-man unmanned and the its mission. cooling tests be to subject to to temperature A simulated system.3.3. 3.5 electronic modulator in the capability. dynamic test Environment environment CM be inner verified levels levels exceed will by will be will structure analysis. duration each The DM will bc rotation will be oriented about that X-X to permit 7-3 SD 71-700 .6 Electrical The DlV[ requires C&W ECLSS flow monitoring. New test delta tests will be will be defined response.4 Telecommunications Two new antennas certification tests. certified A Skylab by the suppliers will box include will to the antenna be normal pattern and certification speaker added Engineering determine with a data 7.3. addition of two pushbutton. 3 Dynamic The SLA/LM The structure The conducted be tested. will component where Modifications qualification analyzed levels.7 Thermal The and will An the tive DM of the be two CDU logic will be certified Vacuum flight Test unit modules. All annunciators. by analysis and LM utilizing exposure the time. a master-alarm or similarity. certified test The by and a transceiver test analysis.

These tests will verify the overall thermal performance and design adequacy of the insulation.9 material. Insulation available limited coatings 7. The simulators will consist of sufficient structure to provide the proper thermal boundary conditions. lean by similarity: Water Voltage Diverter Sublimate Flowmeter Valve Water The to the following new DM BCLSS pressure vent valve CO 2 sensor CMW/G reservoir O z tank regulator require and flow delta rates: DM repres surization Dh4 prebreathing vent Equalization assembly Emergency valve 0 2 purge valve O z tank supplier assembly assembly verification tests components environments DM O 2 regulator DIvl relief valve 0 2 tank 7. ber A's man-rating considerations. from testing thermal currently will control be be conducted for performance and required to flexible joints. test will be One with test CM will simulator.D. 10 ECLSS The system and ECLSS LCG relief/regulator Breadboard breadboard cooling circuit Test test will installed consist of a full-up pressure and control operated in a vacuum chamber 7-4 SD 71-700 . thermal control coatings. thermal-control Existing test unique material. and side the solar other simulators.3.8 Thermal-Vacuum Insulation an overall development thermal math model. suit-cooling system. 7.3. heaters. integrated man-in-the-loop. data for Tests of NRC2 and Kapton and will be be will stand-offs. The manned operation status and all the and will normal operating require procedures restoration with of chamsafety manned-operation Development tests of penetrations. be with the Ch/i DM. coatings will installation. pressure components assembly are to be certified Orifice Q. chosen and as._L_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division axis tor relative and the to the DM. to that applied ECLSS The following utilized such ECLSS pump/meter regulator valve r S.3. simulaand the Salyut simulator. O. pressurization system.

will be be demonstrated. will perform- a11 operational./"!"" (_") Space Division North American Rockwell through and a normal mission Metabolic circuit cycle. depressurization simulated. will be made to simulate thermal environments absorbed or crew inputs other than the metabolic heat load normally by the LCG. 7-5 SD 71-700 . heat including The chamber and be will simulate DM procedures volume. ance of the coolant No attempt loads will sublimator and the investigated. pressurization.

to define impact the new ground on the ground the Since support operabasic Apollo and support baseline the the equipIRDM plan IRDM will modification CSM is quite similar be limited to the delta checkout effort. and before of the IRDM Modifications CM/SM mating. the additional in conjunction with system Operations will be bolted of the IRDM wiring the basic CSM to the DM. mating./_. In the checkout tools vehicle at Downey to the CM and 8. and the verified DM in and The will disbe international a hard- 8-1 SD 71700 . Z checkout at which 8-3.!_ _') Space Division Noah _n Rockwell 8. Z. accomplished in Tables CHECKOUT Downey The normal in concert be FLOWS Checkout flow with Flow plan for existing in line the checkout Skylab f!ow. worst-tolerance mating absence will be verified DM and the in accordance international with Skylab docking philosophy. configuration. checkout effort and REQUIREMENTS requirements checkout will be for the IRDM vehicles are and identified systems and the 8-1. system to ensure fabricated in States). I CHECKOUT The locations 8-Z. 1 will SM be will incorporated that the Tests will be conducted on the international docking the interface hardware will function properly (hardware USSR must mate with hardware fabricated in the United of actual used. to the basic Skylab between the Skylab vehicle configuration. will CSM/DM be and control systems.0 GROUND TEST OPERATIONS tions Skylab ment A test for the checkout (GSE) operations IRDM that operations GSE and plan will was prepared have minimum and will identify requirements. 8. and 8. The USSR hardware. system will be functionally plays mated docked After CM/SM will be verified docking with the CSM.

01_b SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division Table 8-I. IRDM CSM Delta Checkout Requirements Functional Requirement Structure Add SIM SIM fit check in Bay 1 X s Checkout Requirements Downey KSC Electrical Ac Add and dc power third F/C Verify power to DM interface X X X X X X Functional Displays ve rification and control verification Panel Environmental Control Add third 0 2 and H 2 tank Tank proof pressure test Functional ve r ification Se rvic ing restrictor operation X X X X X X IVA station Verify T ele communication Voice TV Experiment Panel Sequential Launch System vehicle DM-SLA separation verification DM-Salyut separation vet'ification Pyro Displays circuit and verification control verification X X X X X X X X intercom Verify Verify Verify circuit to DM circuit to DM interface interface X X X X X X X X data transmission and control verification Displays Pyr o Panel RCS Add quad prop storage Tank proof Functional Servicing Heaters pressure verification X X X X X X X Panel Displays and control verification X 8-2 SD 71-700 .

_1_ Space Division NorthAmencan Rockwell Table 8-2. DM Checkout Requirements Functional Requirements Docking Structure Module Inner leak Cabin structure check depressurization (16 vent psia) valve 2 system) tunnel depressurization relief valve X X X X X X X X X leak check check X X X X X X X X X X X X proof pressure and X Checkout Requirements Downey KSC Relief valve Prebreathe Shutoff valve Pressurization of cabin Cabin Hatch Leak Hatch (O2/N and pressurization test seal Equalization valve DM vent valve Lights verification Fan ve rification T el e c ommunic Audio Transceiver TV at ion Functional Functional .Functional Coax Panel Electrical System Ac ECLSS and dc power Functional ver ific Power Controls ve r ific ation ve r ific ation ve rific ation (VSWR) displays X X X X X X X X X X verification and at ion X X System O2/N 2 Tank proof Functional Servicing pressure ve rificatlon (O 2 and O2/N2) X X X X 0 2 and system Sequencer Systems A and B DM/SLA Pyro Liquid Ga rme Cooling nt power verification (simulated separation X X X X X X Functional altitude) 8-3 SD 71- 700 .

._.700 .._ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division Table 8-3.D&C X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X retraction dock and circuit seal operation dock latch release bonding verification release leak X latched check check X X X X X X X X I Checkout Requirements Downey KSC USSR verification verification verification verification circuit extension verification X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X DM/simulator Stabilization Leakage Pressurization Pressure Hatch Hard Capture Separation Hard dock to CSM System Capture System Ha'rd Docking Hatch Hard Capture Separation Electrical Electromagnetic Hard dock to Salyut System Gapture System Hard extension indication Talk-back Docking Hatch Hard Gapture Separation Electrical 8-4 SD 7 I.D&C retractiondock seal operation dock latch release . International Docking System Checkout Requirements Functional Requirements Docking Hydraulic Ring system Functional Operational Electrical system Functional Operational Talk-back Mechanical With Simulator Interface System Capture System Hard Docking Talk-back seal retraction dock and circuit leak latched check check pressurized time rate and equalization operation dock latch release release depressurization across DM hatch X X X X X X X X X extension .D&C bonding release D&C indication verification compatibility D&C indication indication and latched leak check D&C D&C indication indication indication X X X X X X X X X X X .

will be fit before be in system All checked support system flight hard the vehicle.2 KSC demating.2. the DM the will flow be international prepared USSR for docking shipment system will be functionally verified The and to KSC. with from Downey handling checkout The equipment operation international with the position interfaces the international to Russia for and in the docking Salyut during and between ground USSR docking interface support will also will system with the equipment be be shipped attached. The KSC checkout DM performed during the flow Flow is depicted in Figures 8-4 and 8-5. the DM will receive DM functional operations. module unmanned position inspection for identificawill be tion and integrated examination the normal of damage. CSM checkout docking during verification in the tests.2. On return visual into from Russia. in Figures checkout Flow flow depicted 8-1. checkout in the is depicted 8-5 SD 7 I.3 USSR Checkout ported The the The DM. 8. functionally hard docking the horizontal will and be electrical The docking The international with Salyut the the vehicle mechanically functionally DM verified and functionally After ve rifled. balance. Satisfactory mission The DM operation of the altitude environment will be in the and systems and will manned the above be verified altitude tests. The modifications. testing Apollo The delta vehicle checkout flow at KSC operations will be unaffected will be integrated by IRDM into existing procedures.700 . demating. required from to Downey. will be transSalyut flight vehicle.0_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division After tions clean. dock. and for interface The 8. and 8-3. verified module will docking flight vehicle. horizontal pressurization during will be launch ECLSS servicing countdown. 8-2. weight and verification Downey Checkout normal the of crew DM will go through the stowable normal for post-test shipment operatumble to and USSR of verification compartment as well the flight is equipment. with as preparation vehicle. in Figure 8-6.

. rr.9 _8 _-U <-"I"(:3 0 0 U31-- <_ u_.LU UJ a_n-> o._ f )03 _3 LI.JO <Z z iF- z_ _ u _ _w ----031-- ! O9 (.D rn T ii i I • IL . -J o_ <_ o 0 z .nn 5U3 O<D ujnr_ -- n" -- <D <Oa._v u..v z_O < h-a.I ¢L Iz ILl < <D D <D p. ZzD _'_ _ 8-6 SD 71-700 .@_ SpaceAmencan Rockwell N(_th Division k- t-.I I ¢.15_ Z-J o n _LLLu 0OuJ 03--> _U -J --J.) _ m'r L.

.z J u_ >t-.700 .J r_t_ LU Z O LU o_> D E3 O (.X-uJ I< 0 Ot-- UJ Iz LUlrl.-r.9 Z L} O )"IO M._ i.#4_ SpaceAmedcan Rockwell North Division [.... o__ o ¢d -)e LU o P_.o < '1" 2_ b_ -J .._ L9 o {J O * 0 0 ! O0 .=.f >_-_ -CZ'J I-- "-! -I(- 8-7 SD 71 .

9< .a< _n_U o z W __o Wl.-.Z o (.%.I.< o_ _w wl-_ L • . _o .-I i A - f wz .1 __5 09'_ rl 8-8 SD 71-700 .I _ _0_ I o Ou._1_\_ SpaceAmencan Rockwell North Division k_J i pz iii _w _.'_" A (n z _o _ _ wt_-< o_ ! | | o t.1.-- o l-< i_n" o_ A CC A ! I/J ii r_n I Ugu.o. ! O _o l-U0 _5 _'% u- Z I O0 tD .7.lw_ I=z_> o. & | I O 0 i :% Ou- f _o _o D _D 1< 1..

'_ SpaceAmencan Rockwell North Division U.J ----Iv wD Zl-- _5..I 4. '' U O3 0 WU.1 ZO ZD o O3 -- 09 I-- o U I °rt O0 w_ rr -- A > z 8-9 SD 71-700 .I .=.

._zz_ z:m .. N N G'_Z < Iz _8 _ "r _l i. _ LLJ It..J >__ < _Z :.. uJ<C) >>< & & .< Z<.'D _Sz_ 2 z g I< .i c_ al ... wo_ _.L o w _:t-(J V) t-- _g >_-5 ujw _ & 8-10 SD 71-700 ._1 -T t_ 0 idL 0 w (23 FI-<D w O3 E. ' Xu_ ! ..( f _4_\'_ SpaceAmencan Rockwell _ North Division I _w u w< O 0 Z < .i.r4 | W L9 u. I-I i U] I > IIIQ Ou Do 8_ .

r'_ u-i.) ./d UJ ..c:...i-I _oz U_LU @< _-r I._4_ Space American Rockwell Division North w _uJ_ wuI rr_ t L) _._ _ 0 I0 Z 8-11 SD 71-700 . 0 0 . L) 7 mmm 13 ! oo > iii t LIJ I Z w e¢0 W bO .u3 O >_-_ mmm LLI F- rj') (1.

for use during test and launch 9. Support current A14-014 A34-454 unit SIMHinged to remove the Door Bay 1 panel will Bay at the launch of a new panel. A14-014 unit will Positioner be to perform Assembly to tumble structure Cleaning and to clean interface the DM.2. from manufacturing adapters. that will pickup The modification bolt holes in the consist 1 access welded 9-1 SD 71-700 . with the The unit will be used modified by configuration 9.[_ Space Division Noah American Rockwell 9. to the extent practical. existing CSM GSE has been selected rather than designing new equipment.2 requires to support Description A list the use of slings. To the extent practical.1. the use of existing manufacturing aids and tools (normally " ' " identified as 9EH equipment) has been selected. to vehicle and launch. and docking checked system (IDS). the checkout flow support platforms. the international serviced. and CSM during normal vehicle checkout trailers 9. 1. 1 This descriptions tasks follows. The ground support equipment (GSE) to be used to perform these functions has been selected prudently to minimize costs.2 This access assembly to adding and a welded the DM. out using effective and practical equipment and procedures. HANDLING AND TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT MECHANICAL Requirement Handling and 9.0 GROUND SUPPORT EQUIPMENT The the CSM docking module (DM). 1. and the most will be handled. In addition. 1 transporting the DM. installed. of mechanical handling of functions and and transporting modifications equipment needed with cor- responding required 9. IDS. l operations.2. 1. pad for is used experiments.

6 This horizontal ture that will H14-073 unit be of a welded ring assembly that will module to the current CM fittings Assembly to install to enable the DM support structure to DM support in the SLA. Sh/i Removable is used to remove the consists with the Skin Bay 1 door to provide access to the experiments. End pickup attachment structure H14-134 unit is Support used will will to Base--Integrated support the DM Test during Stand checkout have ladders H14-134. 1. and guard rails. 9. The trailer will also position the DM for mating with the Salyut. Tail This unit is used to transport the DM either in or out of its shipping container. 9. 2. I. 9.#_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division This HI4-017 unit is Fixture used consist docking Sling is used modified for Installation--Weight vertical weight and and balance Balance of the DM. I.9 This the lower access H34-268 unit is Sling Set Bay used The cables to remove modification to of adding a new fitting to the lower access panel cut out in the Bay 1 4 Panel the SIvI Bay consists with the 1 door of adding access to provide a new panel cutout access fitting in the to to the Bay 1 experiments.8 This H34-Z33 unit Sling.1. 1.2. modification modification GFP-H-203 consist of a base rest on top of the Positioning Trailer that will current unit is used to transport weight and balance. The will support the DM on the the DM and modification GFP-H-203 Type to provide consists support support during of a welded strucrails.7 GFP-H-052 Trailer.4 This fittings points. end of both door. The modification will consist of a welded structure supporting the DM on a commercial ball-bearing table. 1.5 This The The 9.2.2. 9. 2. at KSC-h/ISOB. The modification end of both cables to interface access door. modification will smaller diameter 9.2. The structure will rest on the GFP-H-052 rails. interface 9-2 SD 71-700 . adapt on the The the H14-017.

1. 1. unit is and installed hangers Platform--SLA provides model in the SLA. H34-XXX new model construction. be Weight and Balance Set spreader weight and will be bar. H34-XXX new will model. 1.2. Platform provides includes Personnel personnel ladders The platform 9-3 SD 71-700 .2. mating of the DM to when blanket-type the DM is in the personnel will be horizontal 9. 1. 9. 9. access CM end of the DM.Space Division North American Rockwell 9. and removal DM will is installed have an through the in the access SLA. new model provides It will be located and will be capable of disassembly 16 This H34-XXX new model Platform provides The unit DM Internal support of rubber Support support and guard during rails. 9. 15 This SLA. will have an ladder from the CM to the DM.2. 13 This chamber. It consists to provide SLA support 9. 12 This H34-XXX new model and Sling--Turnover will also be used to lift the DM from either end in the position H34-XXX new to lift it horizontally. Support supports Base the DM DM access in a horizontal position in the altitude Platform DM Internal support when the DM is The model will be located door. Internal access to the panels. 1. in an in the and a model provides as in DM/CSM personnel mating. H34-XXX Platform DMInternal personnel in the Salyut support when the end of the DM.2. 1. 1. 17 This Salyut.2. 10 This adapters. an DM internal ladder. 1. balance. Hardware to the greatest and consisting for DM H14-177. 9. used saddles. horizontal andH34-237 used from Models H14-127. 11 This vertical 9.2. possible extent. position. of cables. Access DM when the ladders.2. door.2. 14 This inverted H34-XXX new position H34-XXX new model of honeycomb to the platforms.

19 9. and will be used to protect 9-4 SD 71-700 . 9.20 Both in the (Commercial) Crane--5-Ton units are (Commercial) commercial and are used to handle the DIV[ and GSE 9. hiDA and verification Target of the the This new model DM from dust and be made of Herculite during transport. removal 9. 1. 1. of these USSR.3 9. INSTALLATION 1 H14-115 This unit EQUIPMENT Installation is used to Fixture install consist adapter Fixture for contingency new will DM model. I.3 A34-XXX Cover . H34-XXX This unit O2/N to the and Installation provides 2 tanks. Z 9.3. for alignment and 9.3. tank will The equipment DM to O 2 and attach This of the AND counterweighted 2 tanks. installation TOOLS Docking model of the Docking SPECIAL 1 A34-XXX PROTECTIVE Aids and Alignment DEVICES Set capability target.2. from the SIM.Space Division North American Rockwell 9. Z.2 This new verification A34-XXX will be designed to provide CSM/DM to Saly_t docking Aids and Alignment Fixture alignment Set This new model. package 9. be O 2 and removal utilized O2/N and for installation with performing of the an adapter contingency and remove of adding will have scientific an adapter a welded equipment for each configuration. Forklift Mobile 9.2. 18 H34-XXX for Sling Set Universal lifting of GSE with and without shipping containers in the Provides USSR.2.3. Z.DM will rain Assembly.2 The modification to be handled. utilizing A54-049 Simulator. assemblies. will be designed to provide CSM to DM target.


SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division

9. 3.4

9EH-XXX This new during

Cover model normal Cover model DM.

Set will provide handling Set will protect the DM gas storage tanks during checkout protection of the Dlvi. for the DM docking seals and

surfaces 9. 3.5

9EH-XXX This new



of the

9. 3.6

A34-XXX This new

Salyut Simulator model will simulate before SHIPPING the Salyut half hard of the dock AND hardware docking verification. DEVICES will be accomsystem to

provide 9.4

checkout PACKAGING Packaging

interface AND and

DM/Salyut PROCEDURES of IRDM program designed capability.

transport and

plished using methods degradation in reliability vided shipment altitude standardized used spare use and for the parts of present equipment against the natural and storage (pressure), methods

equipment or functional and induced

to assure delivery without Protection will be prohazards encountered in impact, temperature, precipitation. Proven, as successfully of support shipments SMby Guppy aircraft, Procedures


including humidity,

shock, vibration, sand and dust, and and continued of the for CM be

of preservation will be transport and

containerization site and

CSM program and GSE. For procedures include:




1%&A0208-0084 k4A0208-0085 MA399-I0262 h4K399-10263 h/IK399-10Z66 9, 4. 1 New Containers

Preparation Preparation CM Packaging SM Packaging CSM Aircraft

for for

Delivery Delivery Assembly Assembly

and and

Transport Transport

of CM of SM





Requirements container

exist for two and DM support for items

new containers of specialized structure container) as well of GSE hardware. from a plywood The module by

design as numerous

standard-type The suitable supported proof for


DM/IDS container clean-room use on rubber shock desiccated

will be fabricated and will be reusable. mounts for and will and be humidity

laminate will be vaporThe


a moisture control.



9-5 SD 71-700

Space Division North American Rockwell

container aircraft, Limited The construction transportable the associated 9.5






C-141 use


B-377 trucking



associated mobility DM

loading equipment, will be provided by

and local of casters. will be structure. aircraft


support structure with internal wood by the loading B-377 Super equipment. CHECKOUT existing the The electrical IRDM following test

container supporting Guppy

of standard The and will be

plywood container compatible

crate will be with


EQUIPMENT Apollo and paragraphs GSE (with detail modifications no test new the to some

items) GSE is








supported by the electrical GSE item or grouping, and a definition modification of same. 9.5.1 Pyrotechnic A14-139 A34-39Z C14-051 LSSC A requirement LM Circuitry

items, a capability summary of each GSE of the effort associated with utilization


Equipment Unit Unit

Pyrotechnic Pyrotechnic Pyrotechnic Separation

Initiator Substitute Indicator Set Installation Checkout Sequence Controller pyrotechnic

exists to check

out the DM

circuits to ensure

proper squib-firing voltage level and squib circuit resistances at Downey, MSOB, and LC-39. DM checkout at Downey and MSOB is performed prior to mating the DM with the DM support structure. Since the LSSC is mounted on the support ground MSOB. structure during flight, a flight-type LSSC circuitry is required at Downey for and use to allow checkout of the pyrotechnic

The LSSC-DM pyrotechnic electrical circuitry. of the the West pyrotechnic





to the LSSC

pyrotechnic will will




normal the

electrical circuits. output The

interface. The ModelA14-139-401

be utilized to sequence provide a GO/transient from the resistance checkout an

after receiving C14-051 will be circuits. Chamber, the

the proper stimuli utilized to perform the altitude-run will provide A34-392

DM pyrotechnic measurements of the DM of at

pyrotechnic Altitude firing.



9-6 SD 71-700


SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division


Caution The

and Warning Caution signals 2 percent

Circuitry and Warning

Checkout System to route Monitor The C&W console will be used will require

C34-695 C&W

to monitor

at Downey

and Ik4SOB.


approximately indicator s. 9.5. 3 Interface


signals to proper


Equipment Electrical Electrical check out interface. LC-39, Verification Simulator the DM at the Salyut interface The checkouts will be the C54-007 at Downey equipment utilized and a GFE TV checkout with simulator. of the interface TV Unit

C54-035 C54-007 A requirement and to check accomplished and the MSOB C54-007 The circuitry, cir cuitry. 9.5.4 C34-758 The modified control, percent power ing C34-758 to provide and selective exists CSM

MDA/CSM MDA/CSM to electrically at the CSM/DM MSOB, at will

the at




and the C54-035 and C54-035 C54-007 the and

LC-39. include are

Peripheral a GFE headset capable and the

C54-035 circuitry,

of providing pressure



SIM/Scientific is a two-bay

Equipment console. of the circuitry.

Interface Bay 1, the

Checkout monitor

Unit unit, interface include will be

monitoring s_gnal

scientific equipment Modification will 1 to route the Bay 2 will route an intercom indication

power, a 20distributing monitorsignals output

change to internal wiring to the DM at the DM/CSM signals from and the will equipment, Downey. Routing and

of Bay interface. DM, will provide

stimuli and also provide and video of A14-139

of feedback

to perepheral signals at 9. 5.5



Equipment Breakout Breakout will be Box Box capable and and Cable Cable Set Set signals between test will capaat

C34-709 C34-725 The C34-709, used at Downey,

of routing

GSE equipment and points as required.

spacecraft and will be Parts of the C34-709 the modified the cables

capable will be

of providing breakout shared at MSOB and equivalent may be

be used in conjunction with bility at MSOB. If required, LC-39 for monitoring and

C34-725 to provide and breakout boxes





Space Division NorthAmerican Rockwell

cabling boxes

The C34-709 will for interconnecting will be modified interface, the C34-758


modified equipment

approximately and spacecraft. capability at the

10 percent Existing DM/Salyut interfaces used, after


provide breakout not monimodification, The

to provide


DM/CSM tored by to route C34-725 required 9.5.6

and at those scientific Bay 1. The boxes

equipment will also be

simulated biomedical will be modified I0 at the West Altitude Equipment Interconnection C14-308 C14-340 C14-474

signals to the DM interface (if percent to provide the additional Chamber.

required). interfaces

Electrical Electrical Electrical to these cabling to

Cable Cable Cable equipments interconnect

Set, Set, Set, are

Sta. 2C, Downey MSS, LC-39 lVISOB required. the C54-007 The with C14-308 the CSM will at the will be

Minor modified

modifications to provide

CSM/DM interface. Components of the C14-308 will interconnect the A14-139 with the C34-758 and the A14-139 with the DM. The C14-474 be modified to interconnect the C54-007 with the CS1V[ and to interconnect the The DIV[ in the C14-340 West will be Altitude modified the SLA. Chamber to C54-035 with with the the CSM the CSM, in the and to East with Chamber. the DM interconnect C54-035

in the

the SLA, CSM with 9.5.7

to interconnect the DM in the


Software Due to extensive existing Existing specifications, signal J-missions with routing changes documentation cable revision, block will be between will diagrams adequate J-missions, be inadequate and subsystem for the IRDM Skylab, and will

and be

IRDM replaced.



verification CSM. Patchord and LC-39, cable block drawing Existing system revised 9.6


drawings the

will normal MSOB,






using Autocomp and diagrams for Downey, to reflect the verification

computer and LC-39 additional will

program. will be

J-missions changed by reflect will subbe

revision subsystem verification to reflect

IRDM CSM specifications

interconnections. be revised to drawings

changes. Downey facility the new cable routings. CHECKOUT requirements at EQUIPMENT for Downey electronic and at KSC.



checkout Existing



support will

the be





9-8 SD 71-700


Space American Rockwell Division North

used also KSC,

only proposed when

where that

modification equipment

to will

existing be shared

equipment for use


impracticable. Downey and








- Data



A verifying unit the C&D Data will data

new the



C34-XX2 of the amplifiers and S-192 Ground

Data ERS and

Coupling C&D panel


will be

capable CIV[.

of The

performance buffer S-191

installed networks

in the necessary

include from the


to drive ERS

equipments Station

from in Downey


output and the

of the

panel to the Telemetry Station at KSC.


9.6. Z




A performing


model, the The


C34-XX3 of the

Test limited


Recorder, tape

will be recorder item The

capable during

of test of data


life ERS will be

operations. recording

test tape the

recorder and

a procured

capable recorded Station





equipments. Telemetry

will be played back and the Quick-Look 9.6.3

and analyzed Data Station

by the at KSC. Checkout


in Downey



A of verifying operations via air

new in link.

model, the the

the performance USSR.

C34-XX4 of The unit the

Transceiver VHF will transmit

Checkout transceiver and in receive

Unit, the DM

will radio


capable test










The coupling minor

A14-237 the DM

Launch transceiver

Complex radio

Antenna frequency antenna will

Coupling signals couplers

Set is capable to other tuned GSE

of with a

modification frequency. from the DM

to incorporate The couplers to RF also

to the transceiver transfer via coaxial of RF loop. of RF cables. by

operating energy The use



antennas will the



of the

A14-237 with










in the





The the to capability handle

C14-021 of Miller code

Telemetry decornmutating outputs.

Ground the

Station scientific

will data

be and

modified will

to include

incorporate a network

SD 71-700


SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division


C14-442_RF The



Console capable of verifying the modifications to include perthe

formance capability assigned

C14-442 RF Checkout of the Dhd transceiver

Console is with minor

of receiving and transmitting to the DM transceiver. The new frequencies to enable

voice signals on the frequency modification will include networks measurement of power, frequency,

to isolate the and spectrum, 9.6.7



Set modified to incorporate a new The antenna will receive via coaxial cable to other RF performance. C14-Z32, and C14-240 will be changed Distribution

antenna open-loop checkout 9.6.8

The C14-596 RF Antenna Set will be tuned to the DM operating frequency. RF signals, which will be routed equipment ACE capable of verifying Models

transceiver C14-268,


The ACE to accommodate Servicing 9.7

uplink and downlink equipment programming modifications made to the S14-132 Fluid

Equipment. EQUIPMENT

FLUID/PNEUMATIC Downey Equipment S14-014 C14-075 A14-034

9.7. 1




(B/290) Unit Unit Downey:

Propulsion ECS Pressure the

System Checkout Distribution tests



to perform


in B/Z90,

(a) leak and flow tests of the (b) pressure - and leak-check check the CSM/DM seal, (d)

DM 02 and O2/N 2 storage tank systems, the DM ECLSS H20 tank system, (c) leakleak-check the DM, and (e) apply a positive

pressure of GN z to the DM to prevent contamination ingress during shipment to USSR. These tests will be performed utilizing the GSE models listed above, which are capable of performing the subject tests with minor modifications to be 9.7.2 hooked LC-39 to the up to the S14-014 applicable to permit vehicle the C14-057, interfaces. S14-079, and A34-034

Equipment S14-132 S14-I19 $34-168 Fluid Distribution Lightweight Water Vacuum Pump System Transfer (MSS) Unit


9-10 SD 71-700

8 GSE TEST to permit the A14-034. IRDM will be tested test to ensure mechanical End-item procedures 9-11 SD 71-700 .3 hardware to utilize up the to hookup the existing facility S14-119 and O Z and Lines. tested all prior hoisting.8. or will be subjected 9.7.¢ik_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division Requirements exist to perform storage O2. leak-check the GSE with 2 storage systems. (b) GSE will be the tank evacuate following system and servicing with service the at LC-39: gases H20 (a) service the DMO Z and O2/N2 service the DM with system utilizing The S14-132 the respective the DIV[ ECS and tank models modified listed by above. to be hooked up to the S14-119/$34-168. lines. evacuate. fittings. equipment such GSE proof-load supporting. vehicle interfaces. the mated Models listed minor modifi- service the and CSM. and (d) utilizing subject C14-075. O2/N are KSC: to perform (a) leak-check tank H20 will tests at ambient conditions (b} leakand flow-test the pressurize. PROCEDURES requirements function Equipment model of fit mechanical and function GSE will be functionally In addition. Distribution Unit Checkout Transfer Unit Unit KSC Propulsion Lightweight System Water Vacuum Pump Assembly CM Pressure Test Unit Portable Module Leak Test the following the DM. be performed the of performing tests cations to the S14-088 and S14-079/C34-700 9. will O2/H z tankers fittings. 0 2 and and Dlv[ above. Electrical/Electronic New models and of GSE electrical support prior the to use. which are DM ECLSS These tests capable tank system. (furnished support and supporting as GFE) and hardware 9.2 other load-supporting to the normal CSM Equipment design integrity to as hoists and slings testing requirements. GSE test the intended 1 Mechanical Each new to use to demonstrate compatibility. $34-168 new valve boxes.8. and also be added. adding GAC lines. and procedures of the equipment. (c) Unit in DM Requirements the MSOB. will be the minimum consistent with 9. applicable leak-check. to hook MSOB Equipment S14-088 A14-034 C14-075 S14-I19 $34-168 C34-700 S14-079 Fluid ECS Distribution Pressure System--AISOB.

in existence will IRDM be applied to the program. entire compatible be generated with other to verify interconnected be Existing tested only hardware the duration Existing Existing the the continued to to support the IRDM program will ensure that the modified portions their will GSE be end intended item is functions.2 facilities.9 verification established specifications with new or will modified be updated models. Equipment GSE equipment to the extent are normal of the Equipment GSE models will not be capable CSM capability IRDM test modified necessary of performing procedures of the program.8._ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division will be developed and tests will be conducted to verify that the end specifications when that item parameters is wilt are within specified with requirements. will not developed will 9. that out 9. only if new inter- DOCUMENTATION GSE The Documentation existing exceptions Special tooling and be subject GSE.4 subjected to any new tests other than flight of the those fit hardware already GSE and function tests necessary to which they will interface. to be CSM to the : and which aids may developed be shared for with use other and practical. 9. and major exceptions: utilize 9-12 SD 71-700 . or GSE 9. by" manufacturing test and launch and test GSE documentation and control and of IRDM configuration program control GSE with system the 9. present ICD's will Apollo format be based with two on form.9. fit. to maintained In ensure throughifnplemented of the addition. to ensure compatibility The normal CSM test ensure the continued with the procedures capability throughout Subsystem have been faces 9.8. system to the documentation The existing manufacturing utilized to the Documents the critical tool extent controls applied to engineeringtest documentation continue Interface The ICD Control will be for the implementation function and of the will IRDM the program.3 updated in system Modified tolerances. and to certify Subsystem verification end-item performance configuration. 1 will be applied release following departments.

e. . Z. U. coordinate. and submit to PD-5 NR will prepare.S. spelled ICD's will fall into the following I. support GSE to spacecraft categories: (flight control) U.. Z./_. and USSR and USSR to Facilities. ICD's ICD's various will use the metric will not contain items. 1'_ (vcA_ Space Division NorthAmencan Rockwell I. into individual special all ICD's ICD's covering electrical. CSiV[. IVISC for action. 3. environmental.g. All words and values. 4. Dk4. GSE to USSR to facilities. at NR and MSC with particular 9-13 SD 7 1-700 . Each Spacecraft Spacecraft DM U. out in full. system for all dimensions or letter codes etc.S. to denote will be abbreviations LC. on current USSR control to maintain overall be based practices problems. spacecraft will be divided and sign of the categories mechanical. All complete IRDh4 evaluation Change new sub-panel control to deal ICD's will of the will with be under single-source program. and considerations.S.

baseline IviSC. KSC.3 NASA CMS-3.0 NIOCKUPS AND TRAINING 10. 1. Downey. CM specific mockup Crew NR compartment engineering tool Mockup 18. I Downey ]Vlockup 28. DM Crew NR I0.t_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division I0. SM SIM NR engineering compartment engineering tool tool Mockup 30 (new). into the mockeffectivity mockup trainers. SM Mockup 30. (new). DM Crew Crew DM Neutral Simulator Crew compartment training buoyancy mockup trainer MSC-TBD CMS1. I DEFINITION The IRD_V[ mockup and simulators plan covers at NR the requirements NASA for mockups. and NASA Delta changes to the IRDM will be incorporated reflecting ups in response to contractual direction as well as flight spacecraft effectivity.(neutral crew buoyancy training and and test MSC-8. 10.2 NASA h4SC-Z. MSC ClVl Crew Crew SIM zero-g) compartment training . KSC CM Simulator Crew training 10-1 : SD 71-700 . CM training 10.I. I.

30. stowage bags (8) .2. will and modified similar similar for contain (4) to to LiOH Skylab A1. SD 71-700 . nomenclature. bags (18). be 28 will IRDM. "J" A2. (3). and cuff packages Mockup fecal Mockup Mockup Scientific Hi-fi OPS beta Equipment S-191 and will and S-192. Panels necessary mounting hardware. tool will MOCKUP REQUIREMENTS Module NR Downey. (1). D_C volumes snaps.225.3. 1 28 . fabricated and mounting of wood hardware Lo-fi S-191 and installed be provided. S-19Z equipment to preliminary 10-2. (1) (1) new.0J_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division I0. be be GFE. new.(1).2.8. working to accommodate hardware between hardware volumes J-mission. Provide speaker Two mockup-type Loose Equipment Mockup Mockup food UCTA packs clamps (3). tubing and P26. 1. A4. Stowage straps.operational Skylab coldplates with exposed type.5. A3. (1) new. stowage.2 SPECIFIC Mockup 28. UTS receiver box . and A9 type. "H" A13. .2. equipment will will ICD's. and shrouds. Provide new Panels 277. CDR reviewing unique will Skylab. requirements and and as Requirements a three-dimensional fit and CCSR activities. I01. as and follows: and funcsupport. to permit modified Stowage cycling Unique configurations. 10. UTS (3).Modification is utilized stowage acceptance. review normal arrangement.Command located for design for design provide be at Mockup engineering tion The verification. Locker Lockers Locker Locker Locker s (5) new. Modify existing "E" Panels. hardware designed Skylab are defined requireand rescue.varied sizes.78. cushions. A6. mockup Mockup ments fabricated IRDM Stowage for the development. and 181. 2. and .

10. Mockup in a horizontal and will equipment comprovide will be position. design and initial exercises. Mockup below. . black handholds. or of the mockup at shell will permit interior replaced with higher-fidelity will be low fidelity and will a minimum the module cost.Fabrication and . Z. egress provide and reviewing environment.2. fit and verification.fabricate from and drawings. to the crew. Other portions development by a work for initial supported and reviews stand maintaining will be 2. of crew at NR Downey. 422 m be of sheet strength line all will hardbe mold structural include simulated in representative ware visible to or accessible areas only. and for ingress the normal The mockup evaluation of evaluation hardware. ) in internal with normal sufficient working (110 in. 1.Service located PDR and will Module at NR . to pretubing. and relocated foot restraints. ) long overall interior and exterior stiffeners The to provide The interior exterior will activities. CDR be 18 SIM modified reflect the IRDM configuration as defined Structur Two One shelves shelf removed. function support. SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division 10. relocated. The metal and and wood reviewing (56 metal for The mockup in. basic structural rearranged. The design of the readily removed.Lo-fi Requirements mockup will of the international docking fabricated. Redesigned Relocated Scientific Equipment Lo-fi equipment liminary ICD's Associated boxes. to be ponents. Hardware wood exposed or fiberglass wiring. a three-dimensional of interior interface.14_.Modification utilized as an design Requirements engineering review and tool Mockup for design acceptance. e Downey. to be initially will systems. to development.SIM is .to include and thermal Docking hardware protection. and 18 . 10-3 SD 71-700 . working module. 2 Mockup 18. 30 and Associated . Module Mockup . mockup in a one-g and will be designed and tool for initial accessibility. 794 m diameter.3 Mockup Hardware A full-scale located provide arrangement tasks and The activities covers.


SpaceAmencan Rockwell North Division

The _veldment other end national modification machined

interior at to



a low-fidelity


ring and hinged interface to require to

of wood hatch for the

or and the inter-

each end, one end to support support a hinged hatch and system. basic ring. control blue line The module ring will structure

a drogue include the be designed when


minimum a higher-fidelity

to the weldment and with


Displays or the sheet panel. The metal

panels or

will sketches


two-dimensional, pasted on to simulate

fabricated the face

of wood of


will stowage


represented (3) will include canvas

by be


envelopes. from open for snap, and stowage. zipper hardwood closed Soft hardware, or envelope.

Removable fiberglass The container containers etc, will with

lockers covers not or will


sheet interiors

metal nylon

to demonstrate provisions with standard

(3) of soft be utilized.

Wooden accept

A low-fidelity wooden envelope-simulation the hatch. A display stand or trunnion mockup fittiflgs to simulate of wood

hatch with of fittings

standard-type will be provided

hinges will be in the tunnel

provided. to


metal for use

will in the position. be


provided. display room

The and

stand will

will main-

include tain the

dolly docking


in a horizontal of wood the will envelope.

SLA docking



on the


of the

mockup The

mockup. tunnel 10.Z.4


drogue from Mockup 28 will Wooden envelope-simulation accept the drogue. 30 - Hi-Fi Docking be

be time-shared of fittings will

with the be provided

docking in the


Module modified

Mockup to a hi-fi

- Modifications configuration, using

The production 1.

lo-fi Mockup drawings as The lo-fi ment and Hinges the and

30 will follows:

rings and machined fittings Salyut

bulkheads hardware. for end








operational-type of module will be

mockup provided.



CSh& and

10-4 SD 71-700


SpaceAmencan Rockwell North Division

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Speaker C&D panel


- operational - 8panels by 18-inch (Z). (7).



Skylab. and ECLSS.


Electrical ECLSS Exposed


tubing and



will be provided.


(3) - strut and spot type will be provided. aft-bulkhead provisions. lockers (3) - with straps, cushions,

Transferrable and mounting


Soft containers (3) - zipper-type and mounting provisions. Loose urine air equipment packs, and consisting fecal bags. will unit be of

and draw-string-type










unit The

provided be

to of the

support same type

the as

normal provided

working for

and reviewing activities. Mockup 28 or MSC-I.


It is proposed to gain maximum utilization of Mockup 30 by shipping the mockup to MSC subsequent to NR Downey usage. Mockup 30 will support NASA crew training r@quirements along with MSC-8 and MSC-2. i0.2.5 Mockup A new use Trainer - Docking Module module - Requirements will be fabricated by NASA for


of the docking

in the water


facility at V/IF MSC,

It will be used

for neutral

buoyancy training of the crew, development of procedures, and verification of time lines. The structure will be an open shell typical of existing WIF trainers. underwater 10.2.6 Internal hardware neutral-buoyancy Trainer Trainer will be lo-fidelity and training. - Command located at MSC, Module is compatible with the

Mockup Mockup

MSC-2, MSC-2,

- Modifications as a crew training


mockup by NASA line development,

for crew familarization, and flight simulation. be

procedure Subsequent

development, to the final It after

timeJ-Mission is proposed NR Downey hardware

launch, MSC-2 will that unique hardware usage for available installation at MSC.

modified to the IRDM configuration. from Mockup 28 be shipped to MSC in MSC-2. NASA will utilize common


10-5 SD 71-700


SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division


lV[ockup Mockup

Trainer Trainer

]VISC-8 h/ISC-8,

- Service located at

Module h/ISC,

- SIh/i is utilized

- Modifications as in the a crew training KC-1B5 training for for

mockup procedure procedure


NASA for and timeline verification. mockup will

crew familarization, evaluation, and

neutral-buoyancy zero-g training

The exercises mockup







to the modification,

IRDlV[ th_

configuration Hardware willbe compatible underwater eutral-buoyancy/ for n
and zero-g will be returned requirements to hdSC for in the NASA KC-135. After crew training. and Gross provided 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.2.8 simulation in the SIM Two One shelves shelf will will of the experiments as follows: will be be be removed. relocated. redesigned be relocated. and relocated. miscellaneous hardware will


Handholds Foot



Simulated Exposed Scientific Black Existing ClvIS-1

scientific wiring


and tubing runs. covers.

equipment boxes. MSC-8 Command pan









- Modification a crew training simulator verification, and mission by

CSM-1, located at NASA for flight simulation, procedure verification. Modifications ing drawings. subsequent Unique to receipt will

MSC, is utilized as overall timeline






released supplied by


hardware of specific

requirements contractual

will be direction.

10-6 SD 71-700


SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division


CMS-3 CSM-3,

Command located at

Module KSC, is overall

Simulator utilized timeline as

- Modifications a crew training and simulator mission by"

NASA procedure





verification. Modifications will hardware contractual be performed requirements direction, by NASA will utilizing be supplied released by NR engineering subsequent

drawings, to receipt

Unique of specific

10-7 SD 71-700

Space Division North American Rockwell





The starting The in Figure An is presented

schedules date of

included 1 January for

in 1972.








schedule 11-1. accelerated in Figure

a primary



in mid-1975



schedule ll-Z.


a prime



in mid-1974

11-1 SD 71-700


SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division



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¢ L) O . '.. ELU \ U.J _ _.j a.J o O U l "O _U O z r... I °_ O .'3 U.( I O 1 b_ . X l (/3 O.t" / - O -% . 3 v 0_ _- 0 .= W I'I-(_ _ (3 Z v Z 0 L3 E 0 E3 0 (-3 Z -v _ OE E koo rr l-_ _._| Space _n Division R_well North q T_ E z -"1 u ¢d t-o". o z LU _L I'¢._ ._1 i1 tj r....n _.u Z '" tt_ I./} o_ O o\ t. 0 11-3 SD ?1-700 .

TO SALYUT PHYSICAL paragraphs REQUIREMENTS Mechanical a. 4.3 INSTRUMENTATION I.Space Division North Amencan Rockwell 12. REQUIREMENTS and requirements Umbilical Power Docking configuration transfer or requirements undocking design indication criteria (initiated by either vehicle) Electromagnetic Intercom and data transfer AND requirements REQUIREMENTS 12. lights. b.0 USA/USSR INTERFACE REQUIREMENTS Complete and accurate documentation The of all interfaces following between the USA are sub- and USSR IRDM vehicles will be needed. e. Vehicle a. c. 1 CSM/DM I. b. (predocking. definition etc. 12. mitted as the baseline requirement. 2. 12. d.2 Mechanical TO interface SALYUT envelope ELECTRICAL definition (physical clearances) CSM/DM 1. to vehicle COMMUNICATIONS requirements Tracking Voice 12-1 SD 71 -700 . Docking Docking Excursion Electrical Indexing interface mechanism aids requirements (target. 3. 5.) docked. and postdock) envelopes umbilicals 2.

etc. Attitude thruster byproducts location. 3. thermal (include attitude thruster requirements (i. 2. Common use equipment controls. c. Structural Design Docking Venting loads and bending moments loads criteria rules (nature and direction and colors provide of vented material) items ground criteria Nomenclature (non-common-use markings items for common-use for information) levels and 6. b.. 5. 4.) Abort procedures 11.e. s limitation s /r equir ement source 7. Nuclear radiation activity) Atmosphere Docked identification (radioisotope and . 12.Space Division North American Rockwell Z. thrust direction. definition/limitatlons criteria (include constituents) effects) 9.4 Antenna Frequency requirements SALYUT FUNCTIONAL AND PROCEDURAL CSM/DM TO REQUIREMENTS I. 10. 4. Ground a. (including excursion envelope limits) 12-2 SD 71-700 . LCG. to vehicle to ground requirements Tracking Voice Data locations and radiation 3.

Equipment weight transferred (i. 12. e. 6. 2.#i_ Space American Rockwell North Division 12. ) 13.. transfer Nominal Contingency procedures transfer transfer with suits. Joint Contingency Operational document Data Book and type 12-3 SD 71-700 "_ . are not defined and are dependent on equipment 12. e. crewman hygiene. limitation AOH Volume I type of the Operational plan for each vehicle (include launch and Operational lighting 4. b. Crew a. (IVA) (IVA and EVA) definition experiments. . 5. 3.5 GSE GSE INTERFACE interface exchange REQUIREMENTS requirements definitions. envelope/ etc. OPS.6 SUPPORT 1. Joint Joint DOCUMENTATION mission operations definition flight trajectory constraints) fIight mission operations document include document) rules plan for each constraints vehicle and (i.

_'i _A% Space Division North American Rockwell 13. module is straightforward anddetail design for the docking design. 115 and II5A resources of the Continental The modifications mission CSM The major can be successfully to make CSM's necessary hardware compatible no major schedule The with the baseline problem. fabrication. The design concept for the international docking system is feasible and producible. adherence to a straightforward. study show that a meaningful docking mission. The schedule requirements are realistic and can be met. requirements The requirements are reasonable is available and present in inventory. All of the specified subsystem hardware items have been qualified for the Apollo Program. The schedules will require careful management and the number of program interfaces must be kept to the minimum. and assembly are well within the state of the art. Saturn IB launch vehicle date can from date pr ogr will am. hardware be the met study is readily baseline. with flexibility for the The A mid-1975 inclusion of some launch variation launch ation A mid-1974 minimummodific require 13-1 SD 71-700 . A development test program will be required. are realistic concept and can be met.0 CONCLUSIONS The survey results of the IRDM USA. available. with dual objectives of conducting international and an earth accomplished.

operations.#i_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division APPENDIX A. the solar inertial in orbital plane and vehlcle/sun configuration for docking line.6-degree 162 nautical miles. is X-axis normal in the vehicle.000-pound at neces- chargeable la duration of the mission. for the proposed An mission assessment shall be planned for launch of mid-1974. together with NR technical direction. shall of amid-1975 consideration be minimum modifications to the CSM. An time also overall readiness period be interpretations or variations l. to The the 700 oribt pounds 38. The contractor s oftwa r e. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Launch the shall 2.6 sary payload. attitude Salyut-type which shall vehicle to the docked 5. The CSM and launch vehicle. The orbit the Salyut-type vehicle of 1 to 2 days. 2. provided. The 51. Attitude the shall be provided by Salyut-type except transients. A-1 SD 71-700 . 000 100-nautical-mile pounds. GUIDELINES AND CONSTRAINTS The study guidelines and constraints issued by NASA/MSC to comply are listed with MSC below. . shall be dedicated to the earth survey The remainder phase of the docking mission with an initial docking shall orbital module be conducted altitude of shall be with a 51. IB payload inclination steering to an is are not 81 by 38. During docked be maintained solar panels control IB . OPERATIONS The mission with mission shall have a total of 14 days duration with a docked Saturn degrees for yaw shall make maximum use of existing hardware and . launched on a Saturn inclined 3.

active inhibit on the spacecraft all passive for the should. shall be the be a circular the of control. earth survey Science 162 nautithat the target of the mission altitude will continental U. in the docking The CSMhatch module. configuration. baseline A-P SD 71-700 . for the oxygen supplies in emergency possible have mission without undesirable planning situations. Earth orbit between 122 and miles.S. on Salyut-type 9. The CSM tanks. 14. For closed. for Normal Capability transfer and from portable crew CSM criteria shall apply. For phase orbital cal 13. 10. would the IRDM shall fly with a three-man crew. The The CSM launched used as within an airlock transfer crew transfer contingency Salyut between shall intrato the the be CM shall Salyut-type in shirtsleeves. operation while the CSM is docked There will be no with the Salyut-type The the docking earth this phase survey mission. loss impingement purposes. 8. of the phase. The In the criteria normal docked shall DM DM and shall shall the and maneuvers of the docked configuration shall not be 7. Translation considered. baseline. SIM payload vehicle. extravehicular spacesuits vehicle. a._J_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division 6. accomplished vehicular using pressurized be pr ovided. thrusters vehicle. be the Skylab configuration of two b. Except where would 12. the mission shall be accomplished prior to 15. apply be be to minimize contamination-venting vehicle. Apollo and Skylab the contingency Skylab impact the SLA. of whom SPS transfer shall to Salyut. 11. remain CSM actual crew and is Salyut hatches shall be normally shall except during open when the crew transfer. BASELINE CONFIGURATION The initial follows : For two the baseline configuration of the CSM for this mission is as l.

airlock minimum cross-sectional The end the . If necessary. to pressurization the docking The international on the controls. to monitor the hatch external pressure from A-3 SD 71-700 . and docking supply aids._ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division Co The baseline SM water shall bags not will include be used the Skylab during the water tank. The Skylab baseline. tanks in addition (gas). CSM fuel electrical cells. systems. The 330 RCS shall augmented to provide of additional deliverable propellants. CSM system baseline shall include f. the deorbit SM CSM shall burn be utilizing be capable both of performing the SM and CM up a RCS. within a slice of 60 inches valves hatches. able shall 10 inches operable o Pressure equalization sides of the included The within crew the shall airlock.5 square by meters l. baseline Oz cryogenic tanks. The CSM referenced d. to hybrid h. mechanism is diameter likely by to be contained long. GENERAL CONFIGURATION The docking module (DM) configuration 2. be installed in one shall be installed in established of 1.0 shall be length. utilize system docking (drogue) shall mechanism The LM a support SLA. The shall contain. mission. atmospheric lights. . Apollo/LM docking and the international opposite DM attach DM shall end. be be manually on both . functional area and size requirements meters clear . power tank requirement shall be three H 2 and The three Three e. docking order at least. backup baseline pounds thermal control configuration shall be g. structure which attaches to the four points in the . As abaseline.

Provisions performing shall be interfaces. be given to including in the airlock. the battery will be designated "supplemental battery. Z. module the KRT. enhancement shall be utilized for supplementary Note: The term "enhancement battery IRDM battery" is applicable to the 41bAH CSMts able. In the IRDM conas the figuration. SUBSYSTEMS General The CSM-DM Habitability The airlock section of the DM shall accommodate two suited CSM only.#i_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division 8. CONFIGURATION crewmen. o The The docking HGA. shall provide power and communications support for the for hatch venting integrity CM the docking checks and interface prior DM for the tunnel to interface CM-DM areas and and for separation DM-Salyut provided by the respectively. removed the CSM. Consideration the airlock. be sized for at least waste collection and o three round trip transfers A-4 SD 71-700 . from shall have two hatches. shall be given to providing water and food sticks in w Consideration shall storage provisions The DM ECS shall of two crewmen. " i0. battery The installed in if-Series is to use the same but to change and usable only if fuel cell Z is inoperproposal provisions and mounting the electrical circuitry so that the battery may be used in parallel with all three fuel cells during peak load operations. SPS and helium battery tanks shall be and the unused The power.

the baseline include a third umbilical cable connection. down to the degree possible. trans- Instrumentation The systems separation. voice communication vehicle. DM/SLA separation.8 to capability of being depressurized to zero 2. The DM accommodate three dual transfers. Salyut control functions configuration. A-5 SD 71-700 . Electrical Power In the docked configuration. modified Higher structural factors testing. o of all as new and/or of 1._4_% SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division Structures Designs minimum factor where possible considerations. capability. The antenna omnidirectional these communications links shall provide . Note: all normal operating power from two 28 vdc Per technical uration will and a coaxial direction. and shall and DM have hard line interface such with as the CSM for TV. designs of safety commensurate shall shall be with have a of safety a means considered weight of reducing lo the CSM systems shall be powered The 7.0 normal psia.5A DM will receive LM umbilicals. The CSM/DM shall ponder compatible provide with the capability to accept a tracking Soviet tracking interrogator. to the shall shall be provided between the CSM/DM Salyut-type In addition transceiver at o existing CSM VHF communications be provided for communications lZ0 and 140 MHz. psia. The 16. voice. configconnector C ornrnunic ations RF and Zo i. l. EC LSS DM status.5. in the VHF a band a frequency between patterns for coverage. shall operating The DM pressure shall have range the of the DM shall be 4.

change in the DM shall be limited to 11. e the DM atmosphere diluent o shall be capable DM. physiological requirements The DM atmosphere shall support during all manned operations. of being Oxygen monitored partial on all pressure shall outside hatches be monitored o within the the DM. 35 to ll0°F._ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division . by of DM crew. Condensation A-6 SD 71-700 . 12. The nominal rate 5 mm Hg/second The DM wall and of pressure or less. internal 55 shall utilize nonpropulsive interfere with or create discharge a hazard for 10. b. design Occupiedby Unoccupied to 95 °F. DIV[ pressure and inside carbon atmosphere is used. During unmanned periods. When shall Total a two-gas be nitrogen. atmosphere ranges: crew. temperature shall be within the following a. surface shall be minimized. NR no as is to a level command Note: imposed providing for atmosphere particulate by directed circulation or MSC. ranging the airlock from shall be capable of operation at total pressures o 0 to 16 psid. dioxide DM allowable following: Time partial pressure shall not exceed the crewman is breathing DM atmosphere 60 minutes than 60 minutes contaminants with the requirements and C 0 2 PP 15 mm 7 mm odors of Hg of Hg shall be within controlled the 0 to Greater So DM airborne particulate compatible module. odor with removal provision technically o Gases dumped overboard assemblies and shall not EVA activities.

for rapid DIv[ shall provide capability depressurization. b. at 14. d. characteristics. . The for prebreathing Salyut-type vehicle. rate for 15 minutes.7 psia minimum vehicle. tube.#i_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division 13. The passive spacecraft shall have following characteristics: The Pulse Pulse Spectral flashing repetition duration light beacons frequency shall be shall ao provide Hertz. to the 5. one gas/quartz millisecond. Salyut to CIV[ (including prebreathe). 600 Btu/hr per man. 2 hours Transfer from Z 5 minute s. and Control flashing light beacons with the Guidance. c. b. Z5 minutes. in the DIV[ or DIV[ shall be pressure to manning capability integrity checked and after docking shall be provided to Salyut-type 18. The crew follows : a.4 psia. For design furnished: a. Metabolic rate during denitrogenization. 19. b. Navigation. full sphere coverage. purposes. minute DM time in the hatches as Transfer from CM to Salyut. The The prior Average Maximum Minimum the following crew metabolic data are metabolic metabolic metabolic rate. 1200 Btu/hr per man. rate. After prior pressing the to stay in the Salyut. shall be and a maximum 14. Air velocity in the of 100 stay DM feet shall per be between in the with a minimum habitable closed of 15 areas. A-7 SD 71-700 . 500 Btu/hr per man. d. 300 Btu/hr per man. of one approximately xenon C. 15.0 crew and must prebreathe prior to for 2 hours decompressing psia 3 hours decom- to 3.

It is spacecraft. 3.2). it provides square 10 meter.2 NR assumes shall have an equivalent white light intensity of approximately Note: lumen/steradian. The at flashing a distance light equivalent beacon to or shall than or greater be visible than with a third of 800 the unaided with eye an star. .green . the CSlV[ is this item module assumes the active spacecraft applicable .red . in The diameter. is not design.white lights no fewer desirable shall than to have be two nonflashing lights lights at can the be and seen the location for any of the shall orienta- . and 4 not apply to the passive spacecraft and are applicable to the CSM/D1V[. of greater to a_ (conspicuity NR equal to 50 kilometers magnitude lumens/ intensity corresponding steradian Note: equivalent factor.3 lumen/ shall be not less than The active spacecraft shall of 150 meters. the onboard to docking line-of-sight as follows: With reference lights . to be the active spacecraft.amber to the shall pilotls be axis. that and that intensity A = 0. at a range of at least 0. should be made in accordance misalignment errors at choice with the contact. orientation Right Left Rear Front The be orientation such that . tion. which is assumed . docking A-8 SD 71-700 . There such the target characteristics on the passive that. that Paragraphs Z. of a collimated all attitude dimensions permissible and positional alignments. sighting The spacecraft when sighted will of target requirements device of on by allow of three-dimensional vehicle. be a docking use cone degrees should active have a floodlight an illumination of illumination . such that. extremities The orientation lights 0.¢l_ Space Division NorthAmerican Rockwell e.

Pr opul sion Per additional provide designated an Rendezvous shall be accomplished with VHF ranging. other quads unit will A-9 SD 71-700 . technical SM RCS additional a propellant direction. This quad (PSG). quad (without 330 pounds storage the baseline configuration will into the additional include an to be engines) manifolded of propellant._ Space Division NorthAmerican Rockwell 7.

Lens. I-AS.8 0.5 0.0 1. Tape File. Dispenser.7 0.4 0._1=_ Space Division North American Rockwell Unit Weight Item GFE (lb) EQUIPMENT 1. Exerciser.8 0.2 0. rucksack.8 1.8 30.9 18.4 0. 16ram 16mm 18mm 75ram power right data data acquisition acquisition U4 B3 l-B3. Timer.0 0. OPS Kit. 9 3 3 3 3 12 3 5 2 1 stowage constant accessory EMU maintenance dispenser/fire and and and hose. 1 2 0. B3 B3 B3 B3 8-R13.6 0.8 20.8 (dac) angle electric electric Hasselblad Hasselblad 0.5 3.9 1. right. flight card (with 16rnm file cassette camera and battery) automatic 2-speed pilots flight 3. Bag. Assembly.3 32. Cable.4 0. Pressure EVA Bag. No. hose. Magazine.2 0. Cover. Data Cable.7 3. U2 I-AS.8 0. recorder 6 1 1 1 2 PR 3 1 1 1 remote control control valve gloves jettison tape survival survival Cassette. Bag. Assembly. Cover. lens lens recorder voice data kit assembly.8 0. Mirror. hose. 5-DM Quantity Stowage Location Camera. Boot. I-AS.0 stowage (kit) rucksack.6 2.2 1. U2 3-A6. Magazine.8 0. MDC UEB UEB DM U2 U2 U2 U2 6-DM. ICG B-2 SD 71 -700 . I-AS.I DMin SEVA II-AI R2.7 2. R3 R2 R2 A3 A3 I-CM A5 A1 R4 R4 4-Bl.0 1. tissue CM CM CM utility towel utility towel utility towel wear (red) (blue) (white) No.3 0. helmet Garmet. Lens. A3 RZ R2 B3 A1 B3 U4 A1 4-U4.9 1. 10ram Z 50rnrn Voice Fuse Clip. Spotmeter.7 70ram 70ram preference data inflight meter meter 1 degree interval.5 extinguisher 0. 4-DM I-DM 3-A5 5-DM 2-DM 2-DM 2-DM .4 Negligible Negligible 1. left.7 1. A1 R6 RI. assembly. Assembly.1 3. Kit.5 0. Kit.4 0. Monocular Camera. l-Bl.4 1 14 1 1 I 1 1 1 14 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 15 1 B3 l-B3.8 0. Water Mask Mask Mask Jacket Trouser Boot. Kit. ICG ICG oxygen oxygen oxygen ICG as s ernbly assembly.2 Negligible Negligible 1. R3 10-RI3.0 1.0 0. 3-DM Battery.7 0.

1 0. timing monitor Adapter.2 film adapter garmet plug upper upper right left hand hand with interconnect 0.8 40. CPS. Filter.4 0. Cable.4 1. Cassette.8 1.6 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 i 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 I 1 Z 2 1 1 Quantity 3 4 5 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 3 1 4 1 3 U2 U4 R6 RII RII RII RII RII RII TBD B1 A3 A3 RII B1 Side A6 R2 A1 A3 A3 DM L3 R8 LHE A1 1-CM.4 0.2 2. UCTA CWG (blue) (white) protective assembly.1 1.1 1. Contingency Bag. 35ram 33ram dac cooling connector CPS.2 5.4 Negligible cover.3 0.8 1. filter.5 1.3 12. Heel Adapter. i 0. Harness.2 0.2 0. Cable. Lens.1 0.1 plate hlgh-cap left-hand transfer electrical PGA electrical and right-hand 1.0 40. Liquid Water Harness.8 camera F/1. Meter. Ear Sun Sun tube. Negligible 1.3 cover 1. 1-CM. B1 A6 U2 R6 R6 A1 A2 A1 A5 AZ A2 A2 B2 B2 B2 A1 L2 U1 A3 A1 A1 1-DM 1-DM B A1 Stowage Location Subsystem Tape Penlights Clamp. 16-ft sight TV camera 55ram. Viser assembly.5 4. Cable. urine Gas separator cartridge/HzO adapter assembly Food Food Kit.8 0.1 0. B-3 SD 71-700 .2 0. lightweight universal QUA QUA 16ram color TV TV zoom. System.0 medical radiation EVA stowage SEVA SEVA accessories survey tether (25 ft) 1.4 Neglibible high high camera TV density density sextant 0.5 0. Camera.9 0.6 0. PGA Tether.1 0. cuff (red) cuff cuff helmet headrest adapter wrist urine restraint. Adapter.0 disposal 0. filter. Eyepatch Protective connector Receptacle cassette. Bracket. Ring 35ram Lens.3 1. Z 0. fecal containment voice recorder assembly.0 0.2 0.0 0._1_ Space Division NorthAmerican Rockwell Unit Weight Item (lb) 0.3 UCTA urine transfer UTS (spare) Negligible 0.6 0. Pad. Receiver Roll-on Roll-on Roll-on Shield. Dosimeter Headset.1 0. Monitor.2 with TV 3.

Pen. bioins Communication Pocket. electrical pressure suit trumentation carrier belt motion dual life sickness data marker record{ng s es sunglasses 3.6 0.Z 0. Scissors UCTA Penlights Assembly. ITLSAITLSA-IV Gloves. CPS. I Negligible 0.Z 0.4 0.2 0.4 1.2 0. UCTA Harness.5 unit flow (less OPS) control valves CREW Sunglas Pouch. Harness. 1 on CDR/I 1 each PGA On crew pockets each CWG 1 pair On on crew Negligible crew B-4 SD 71-700 . EV bioinstrumentation constant wear (CDR/LMP) (CMP) IV-pair assembly.3 0. Pocket. PLSS PLSS valve upper upper lower lower left hand Harness. Garment. I Negligible 0.9 41. CPS.4 0. Bioins Earplug Dosimeter. Pencil Sliderule Bag.0 Z.1 Negligible 0.5 electrical.0 0.7 0. Earplece. Pocket.5 0.5 APPAREL 0.1 2.4 Negligible Negligible 3 9 3 PR On On On On On On On On crew crew crew crew crew crew crew crew Quantity A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 DM A1 Stowage Location Harne Harnes s s.8 Z.1 Negligible 0. Dosimeter.3 0. trume and ntation overwrap personal passive molded (communications (communications carrier) 0.5 0. checklist.2 1. carrier) Eartube scissors checklist data. s. Pocket. Purge PGA/OPS Prebreath PGA pocket On crew On On On On On On On On On On On On On On On On On On On crew crew crew crew crew crew C MP crew crew CMP crew crew crew crew crew CMP CMP crew crew in CDR and LMP (CMP) on LMP (CDR and LMP) Harness.2 0.2 CDR/LMP CDR/LMP CMP CMP suit as semhly pouch assembly 0.Z 0. Pocket. Helmet Harness.2 0.¢_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell Division North Unit Weight Item (15) right left right hand 0.8 46. data. Vest.2 0.1 Negligible 0. Chronograph Watchband Pens.

Cable.0 1. side.4 2 2-A1 Quantity Stowage Location Z. 14-DM 4-A4.2 1. transfer) Container. assembly.5 3. duct. R15. crewman crewman sleeping sleeping 3. Cable. Bulb. Buffer Knob.6 1.5 1. chlorine chlorination chlorination left right center CCU. duct. Cable Cable.9 0.30 O.20 0.5 3.7 5. Casing.I 1. I 7.8 11. CO 2 absorber 2-ECU. urine 2.6 14.7 0. 12 DM I-L2 3 on panel.0 7. DM UEB assembly. Container. Ampule.15 0.4 Z.70 1.7 3. CCU. interconnects Cable. COAS COAS 02. Shade. CCU.15 0. Shade.10 0. Umbilical.0 1.7 1 3 1 I I 1 1 30 4 2 I 1 -A3 UI UEB UEB UEB UEB UEB 18-A4.30 syringe 0.6 Z.6 Est 3. O0 1 Z8 Side A1 bag 4-A4. Bracket. B3 chlorination ampule. head. left center right hand acquisition hand camera 0. assembly. left right center spare DM Un_bilical.5 0.0 3. Needle. R15. side.1 I.0 0. A6. Oz.10 0. CCU. A6. PLV PLV PLV Fire EVA EVA CO 2 absorber data duct. assembly CCU CCU crewman sleeping left right left right stowage PGA (for CM and DM (lb) EQUIPMENT 3.0 gauge PGA O2 0. Umbilical.2 0. I 0. Shade.6 1.Z Z6 1 1 1 1 Z 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 Z 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 16 16 1 1 1 14-DM extinguisher umbilical panel pressure Coupling. COAS Filter.¢4_ Space Division North American Rockwell Unit Weight Item CFE Container.7 UEB UEB PGA temporary rendezvous.10 7. hatch collection head. chlorination syringe B-5 SD 71-700 . Fecal Control Control Restraint (right) Restraint (left) Restraint (center) Hose assembly. Shim. 02. Side A1 A3 On On On L2 DM LHEB U3 U3 On On On A3 B3 B8 B8 R6 R6 R6 PNL PNL PNL PNL PNL PNL A4 1-DM assembly. rendezvous.5 7. Shade.8 1. Shade. CCU. Snag line Cushion. A1 A3 A3 A3 1-RHEB.

I 1. grounding O z hose straps entry tool cap restraint restraint 0. Strap.4 quick-disconnect ABS) (COz (inflight) tie-down Hasselblad utility relief harness tone curtain.1 O.29 0.1 0.2 2.Z 0. end-tool driver._l&Xj North ulvlslon opaceAmencan Rockwell Unit Weight Item (lb) "E" Quantity L2 AI R5 R5 LHEB A3 1 1 1 3 20 1 1 6 I Z 1 1 RII A3 A3 LEB LEB LEB LEB LEB LEB LEB LEB LEB LEB LZ AZ Side Side Side L2 Side A3 2°A1 l-A1.03 receptacle booster B5 snap snap hook hook and assembly assembly assembly assembly B6 (short) (long) (short) {long) 0. cap. Strap. retention retention retention retention snap spring calfax calfax assembly. quick-disconnect 0. Coupling female Water Power Pressure Cable.4 0.03 (package) camera restraining 0.9 0. A5 I1-A9 R5 U4 A5 A3 A 1 A1 A1 A1 A3 A3 L3 LHEB 9-R5 B1 A1 Stowage Location Handle O Z hose Strap. Strap. Adapter.9 0. water c onnect male panel.7 0.01 adapter adapter assemblyleft assembly temporary intervalometer mounting left right center probe right stowage 0. Bag Bag.4 0. screen couch couch quickpanel.1 0.05 0.1 0.0 13.5 assembly 1. guard. Pouch Cable.0 (return) (191) straps container tool tool F tool R E B and (192) 95. Unipod.3 0. cable.3 1. Handle Wrench. Tether. camera TV guard.2 0. I 0.1 0. Plate. Clip.Z Z.1 0. Z assembly.3 0.0 0. dis WMS. Acoustic Closeout Data Data Data Data Clamp. EVA EVA EVA Cable. Bracket. WMS WMS.2 1. Tapes adapter.1 0.Z 0.0 0.1 0..1 Negligible 0. Strap. adapter. Utility Rope.8 0.9 5. docking 6 6 Z 2 8 8 Z I Z 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 2 1 16 2 1 1 1 I 1 1 I EVA photography IV crewman water/urine fecal stowage magazine (recorder) contingency and 2-DM 1-DM and 5-DM Panoramic Docking probe Intervalometer Equipment Tool set Wrench. Clamp. Torque set transfer assembly emergency.2 0. Plate. B-6 SD 71-700 .Z 0.3 0. guard.

#Jii_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division Unit Weight Item (lb) Quantity Stowage Location Driver. No. Tether Pouch Jack Tool. tip water No. Adapter. hose (tool W) (too12) 8 (tool 10 (tool 3) 4) DM box A5 Carry-through speaker B-7 SD 71-700 . Wrench. Socket. tool V rachet 3/8-inch screwdriver tip. Torque Torque LCG screw L U joint.

configuration._4_ Space_ Division North Rockwell ALTERNATE further STOWAGE study LIST produced module module. an alternate plan to stow equipment for remaining stowage A 1 1 days in the command 3 days into the docking list for the alternate and overflow The following equipment for the is the preliminary B-8 SD 71-700 .

0 0.7 electric electric Hasselblad Hasselblad 3. Cable. U2 l-A5.0 0. Assembly. B3 B3 B3 B3 U4 B3 I-B3. Pressure EVA Bag. Assembly. Spotmeter.8 0. Assembly.0 (with recorder 1Cram file control valve cassette camera and battery) 1. R3 10-RI3.7 3.8 0.bly 0.7 0.7 1.2 w/gag Negligible 'NegIigible 1. Kit. l-A5.4 0.0 1.3 32.0 1.5 0. Data Cable. A5 Al R4 R4 4-A9.8 1. Cassette.4 0. Garment. voice Fuse assembly.'7 0.8 0.2 0. Bag. hose. Monocular Camera. Exerciser.8 30. tissue CM CM CM constant utility utility utility wear towel towel towel (red) (blue) (white) No.8-RI3. survival survival gloves jettison flight data card kit remote control 6 1 1 1 2 PR 3 1 1 1 *Dispenser. 1-AS. Z 0.8 20.8 l 14 1 1 I 1 1 1 14 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 l 15 i 1 B3 I-B3.8 0. hose. No.5 3.8 2-speed Battery. assembly.9 1.0 stowage tape (kit) rucksack. *Change from baseline B-9 SD 71 -700 . Water Mask Mask Mask Jacket Trouser helmet accessory EMU and and and 9 3 3 3 3 12. MDC UEB UEB DM U2 U2 4-DM I-DM 5-DM 2-DM 2-DM 2-DM 6-DM 3-A5 I-DM inSEVA ll-Al R2._ Space Division North American Rockw Unit Weight Item GFE EQUIPMENT 1.4 Negligible automatic Negligible 1.8 0. R3 R2 R2 A3 A3 I-CM.9 18. 10rnm 250ram Voice lens lens recorder meter meter 1-degree interval flight data inflight pilots 75ram power right 70ram 70ram preference (dac) angle 0.6 2. Cover. 3-DM 5-DM (lb) Quantity Stowage Location Camera 16mm data acquisition data acquisition Magazine. 3 5 2 1 2 1 Z 4 4 stowage maintenance hose. Cover.6 0. Kit.9 1. l-AS. U2 3-A6. Bag. Timer.3 0. Tape File.7 2.5 0. Magazine.4 0. Kit. 18ram Lens. A3 R2 R2 B3 A1 B3 U4 Al 4-U4. Clip. 1 2 0. dispenser/fire assembly.2 1. Mirror. I-U3.1 3. rucksack. 16ram Lens. OPS *Kit.5 extinguisher oxygen oxygen oxygen ICG ICD assem. A1 R6 Rl.

O. Ring 35mm Lens.4 Negative assembly. lightweight universal QUA QUA 16ram color TV TV zoom. Subsystem Tape Penlights Clamp.1 0.4 Negative 0. 40. Camera. 2.8 0.0 0. Cable. Cable. Cable. Eyepatch Protective Receptacle. 0.3 Negative transfer UTS (spare) (red) (blue) (white) protective plate high-cap left hand transfer electrical PGA electrical urine disposal connector and right hand 0. 0o camera F/1. high high camera TV density density sextant Adapter.DM assembly. Meter. Boot. Sun Sun filter.2 film adapter O. 16 ft s£ght TV camera 55ram. 2 0. Lens. Bracket. 2 0.1 0. 1 1. cartridge/H20 as sembly Negative 1._i_ Space Division North American Rockwell Unit Weight Item fib) 0. R8 LHEB A1 1 -CM.6 27. Contingency Bag. System. Adapter.4 1. 1.2 5. 1 8 0° I. cover 1.2 0. cassette.4 0.4 0. _-Heel restraint. Receiver Roll-on Roll=on Roll-on Shield. Cassette. UCTA Adapter.6 1. 12.0 0. Monitor. right. O. UCTA urine cuff cuff cuff helmet headrest adapter wrist urine ICG ICG fecal containment voice recorder 0. 1 -CM. stowage 1 -DM 1 .3 0. Filter. filter.0 0 B1 accessories survey tether SEVA (25 ft) 3. Viser. 35ram 35ram DAC timing monitor with TV SEVA medical radiation EVA separator adapter cover. CWG A1 assembly.1 0. 1. *Food *Dosimeter Headset.1 0. Gas *Food Food Kit. _Pad. 0 0. 5 1.4 Quantity 4 4 3 4 5 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 3 1 4 1 3 1 U2 U2 U2 U4 R6 RII Rll Rll Rll Rll Rll TBD A9 A3 A3 Rll A9 Side A6 R2 A1 A3 A3 B1 L3.1 1. DM U3 A6 U2 R6 R6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 1 1 A1 A2 A1 A5 A2 A2 A2 B2 B2 B2 AI L2 Stowage Location Boot. _::Change from baseline B-10 SD 71 -700 . 3 1. left. 8 30. Eartube. O. PGA Tether.

Pen.4 0. Z 0. 0. checklist.6 0. Dosimeter. 0. Communication Pocket. 0.2 0.9 41. right left right left left right OPS) valves CREW APPAREL 0.4 Negative B-If SD 71-700 . Harness. 0° Quantity 2 2 1 1 1 1 Z 2 2 2 2 U1 A3 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 DM A1 Stowage Location Liquid Water Harness. Harness.8 2.5 0. Pencil Slide Bag. Scissors UCTA rule se s sunglasses 0. Purge Prebreath PGA/OPS cooling connector CPS.-. Pocket. Harness. Bioinst Earplug Dosimeter.7 0. Pocket.2 0. CMP CDR/LMP CDR/LMP CMP pressure suit rumentation carrier belt 0. Pocket. CPS. Harness. Helmet Harness. Vest.2 0. 0. CPS.1 Negative 0. Harness.5 0. Chronograph Watchband Pens. UCTA Harness. electrical blolnst scissors checklist. IT LSA-EV IT LSA-IV Gloves. data.Space Division . i Negative 0.1 recording Negative 0.4 1.0 2.2 0. data.5 0. 3. electrical rumentation and overwrap personal passive suit assembly pouch assembly bioinstrumentation constant-wear {CDR/LMP) (CMP) IV-pair assembly.1 sickness life Negative 0.4 0.1 Negative 0.1 2. PLSS PLSS valve unit flow garment plug upper upper upper upper lower lower {less control with 0. Sunglas Pouch. Pocket. CPS.2 1. North American Rockwell Unit Weight Item (lb) interconnect hand hand hand hand 4o 0.2 0.8 46. 0. Harness.3 3 3 3 Z 1 3 3 1 3 3 3 2 2 1 1 1 2 3 Z On On On On On On On On c few crew c few c rew crew crew crew c few data marker motion dual PGA pocket On crew On On On On On On On On On On On On On On On On On On i on On 1 each LMP On CWG Crew pockets crew crew crew c rew c few crew CMP crew crew CMP crew crew crew crew crew CMP CMP crew CDR/1 crew in PGA CDR and {CMP) on LMP (CDR and LMP) Penlights Assembly Garment.

9 0. Shade.5 3.20 camera 1 1 28 26 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 UEB Side R15. COAS COAS 02. COAS Filter. assembly. 14-DM A1 A3 A3 A3 1 RHEB. 02. Umbilical.7 2 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 30 4 2 1 1 Z-A1 1 -A3 U1 UEB UEB UEB UEB UEB 18-A4.7 0. Shim. side.5 3.6 14. Container. CO 2 absorber data left center right hand r gauge PGA 0 2 interconnects acquisition hand A1 bag 4-A4.5 0.7 5.5 1. Shade. urine PGA PGA temporary rendezvous. A6. Bulb.0 0.30 O.. DM UEB UEB assembly.10 7. Snag Cushion. line chlorination syringe syringe 16 16 1 1 B-I2 SD 71-700 . Fecal Control Control Restraint Restraint Restraint (cente Hose r) assembly. Side A4 A1 A3 On On On L2 DM LHEB U3 U3 On On On A3 B3 B8 B8 R6 R6 panel panel panel panel panel panel 0. CCU. (right) (left) left right stowage (for CM and DM transfer} carrier) (lb) Negative Negative EQUIPMENT 3.15 0. A6. Bracket. side. Container. 14 DM R15. I 7. Umbilical. CCU. 6 1.0 1. B3 chlorination ampule. Shade. CO 2 absorber 4-A4.7 2.7 3.¢_ Space Division North American Rockwell Unit Weight Item Earpiece. Shade. left CCU. Shade. Casing.8 I1.6 1.2 1.0 1. duct. Eartube.0 0. I 0.0 7.5 7. O2.2 0. CCU.6 Est 3.1 1. assembly. molded (communication (communication carrier) CFE Container.15 0. Cable Cable.10 0.4 Z. rendezvous.00 0. Ampule. hatch collection head. head. Buffer Knob. left right assembly CCU CCU crewman crewman crewman sleeping sleeping sleeping 3. assembly. PLV PLV PLV Fire EVA EVA duct. Cable. CCU.4 2.1 1. 30 extinguishe umbilical panel pressure 1 DM Coupling. Cable.8 1. chlorine chlorination left right center right center spare DM Umbilical.0 3. 12 DlCI 1 DM Quantity 3 I_R 6 1 pair On crew Stowage Location each on crew 3 on panel. Cable. 2 ECU. duct.10 0.6 2_.70 1.

Strap. Strap. Adapter. Unipod.4 Top of aft lockers and 5 DM R5 U4 A5 A3 t ransfe r c ontaine r emergency.0 0.3 quick-disconnect ABS) (CO2 (inflight) hose tie-down (package) camera restraining 0.3 0. assembly.9 0.4 0.05 0. cable. Acoustic C1oseout Data Data Data Data Clamp.9 5. assembly.7 retention retention retention retention snap spring calfax calfax assembly.9 0. Bracket.2 0.3 0.2 1. WMS.2 Quantity 1 I 2 I 1 I 1 1 1 1 3 ZO I I 6 I Z I 1 Needle. WMS WMS. panel. I 1.3 Coupling disconnect Water Power Pressure Cable. left right stowage temporary intervalometer mounting left right center probe docking EVA photography IV crewman contingency stowage (192) assembly water/urine fecal 1 DM Panoramic magazine (return) *Tapes (recorder) (191) and Docking probe straps Inte rval ome te r Equipment Tool Wrench. Handle 13. grounding 02 straps entry utility relief harness tone quick-disconnect 0. Bag Bag. tool B set assembly tool E *Change from baseline m B-13 SD 71 -700 . I Hasselblad receptacle booster B5 curtain. Tether. Pouch Cable.1 0. snap snap hook hook and B6 (short) (long) (short) (long) 0.8 0.2 0. guard. guard.2 0. Strap.5 1.29 0.I 0.03 0. screen couch couch tool cap restraint restraint water male panel.2 2.0 0. Handle 0 2 hose Strap. Plate. adapter.3 1. cap.1 0. female quick-I E 0.2 0. Strap.1 Negative 0.4 0. I 0.2 0.1 0. TV assembly assembly assembly assembly o. chlorination adapter.1 0.¢_b Space Division Rockwell NorthAmencan Unit Weight Item I Stowage Location R6 L2 AI R5 R5 LHEB A3 A3 A3 L3 LHEB 9-R5 A9 AI RII A3 A3 LEB LEB LEB LEB LEB LEB LEB LEB LEB LEB LZ A2 Side Side Side LZ Side A3 Z-A1 1-A1. I 0.01 0. EVA EVA EVA Cable.2 2.0 95. A5 and 2 DM A1 A1 A1 A1 (Ib) 0. guard. Clip.2 0.0 6 6 Z Z 8 8 2 1 2 1 1 l 1 I 1 1 1 4 2 1 16 Z 1 1 1 1 1 adapter adapter assembly. Utility *Rope.1 0. camera. Plate. Clamp.

screw L rachet 3/8-inch screwdriver No. U joint. tool V B-14 SD 71-700 . 3) 4) 2) (tool W) end. Wrench.4 @ Unit Weight Item (lb) Quantity Wrench. No. 8 (tool I0 (tool (tool No. Socket. Torque Driver. T ether Pouch Jack Tool. Torque Torque tip. tip. No. No. tool F tool R Space Division North American Rockwell Stowage Location set driver. Adapter.

_' Space Division North American Rockwell APPENDIX ABBREVIATIONS C A AC AH ALSEP AOH ATEE bps BCD C CCSR CCU CDR CDR CDU CEIT CZF 2 cm Ampere Alternating Ampere-hour Apollo Apollo Apollo current Lunar Science Experiment Operations Handbook telecommunications Package evaluation engineering Bits per second Binary coded decimal Degree Celsius review umbilical Crew compartment stowage Crewmans communication C ommande r Critical Caution Crew Design detection equipment Review unit installation fit and test function Crew compartment.J_' _. Centimeter Command Command Command Checkout Crewman Command module module module optical service CM CMC CMP C/O C OAS CSM CTE CTN CTR C&W CWG DAP DC DDTF DM DRR computer pilot alignment module sight Central timing equipment Certification test network Certification Caution and Constant-wear Digital Direct Dynamic Docking Data auto pilot current Docking module Test reproducer Facility test requirement warning garment recorder- SD 7 I.700 .

time code format Initial systems installation Instrument unit Intra-vehicular Degree Kelvin Kilo bits per Kilogram activity second C-Z SD 71700 . Mission 17-bitbinary time e In strumentation 30-bit BCD of day.¢4_1_ SpaceAmerican Rockwell North Division ECLSS ECS ECU EDS El EL EMI EMU EPS ERS EVA F FC FM fps FSI GAC G&C GDN GFE GFP G&N GSE HGA ICD IDS IMU IR IR IRDM IRIG IRIG.Rang A 100-pps. rate (heating) Rendezvous and time Docking Group of year.B ISI IU IVA K kb s kg Environmental Environmental Environmental control control control and life support system system unit subsystem Emergency detection Entry interface ElectroluminJscent Electromagnetic Extravehicular Electrical Earth Extravehicular Degree Fahrenheit Fuel cell Frequency Feet per Final Grumman Guidance Goddard Gore rnmentGovernmentGuidance Ground HighInterface modulation second installation power resources interference mobility unit subsystem survey activity systems Aerospace and control Network furnished furnished Corporation equipment property and navigation support equipment antenna Control Document system unit gain International docking Inertial measurement Incident Infrared International Inte r.

NPC NR NRZNSR OPS Operations structure L Plane charge maneuver (rendezvous) North American Rockwell Corporation Non-return to zero level Coelliptic maneuver Oxygen purge system (rendezvous) P PA Pres sure Power amplifier C-3 SD 7 i.700 .0_1_ SpaceAmencan Rockwell North Division kHz km KSC L Ib LC39 LCG LEB LES LM LO LOS LTV LV LV Kilo He rtz Spaceflight Center Kilometer Kennedy Liter(s) Pound Launch LiquidLower Launch Lunar Launch Line Complex 39 cooled garment equipment bay escape module ope rations of sight subsystem LingTemcoVaught Launch vehicle Local vertical (micron) of CSM revolutions se cor rection docking Display Hertz llne operation per second Spaceflight Spacecraft service on 1 maneuver Z maneuver combination mile(s) (rendezvous) (rendezvous) maneuver (rendezvous) module Center Building and adapter Control Panel required for rendezvous _m m Micrometer Meter Number Midcour Multiple Main Mega Mold Multiple Meters Manned Manned Mobile Newt I Phasing Phasing Corrective n mi Nautical M MCC MDA MDC MHz ML MOM raps MSC MSOB MSS N NC NC2 NCC nm.

quad and gauging system absolute storage talk utilization disconnect control and control and radar damp subsystem docking transponder Reaction Rendezvous Rendezvous Second Structure Standup Signal Signal S SA SEVA SCE SCO SCS SI SIM SLA SM SPS SPT SWS TCS T&D TLM TP TPF TPl TRDC TV as sembly extravehicular conditioning cont.'oiled and instrument LM module propulsion pilot work shop system and docking adapter subsystem visor equipment oscillator control subsystem module assembly Stabilization Solar inertial Scientific SpacecraftService Service Scientific Saturn Thermal Transposition Telemetry Test point Terminal control phase finalization maneuver (rendezvous) (rendezvous) Terminal phase Tape recorder Television initiation maneuver data conditioner C-4 SD 71700 ._4_ SpaceAmencan Rockwell North Division PCM PCO PDR PGA PIT PLSS PM PMP PPS psi psia PSQ PTT PUGS QD RC&D RCS R&D RRT Pulse Post code modulation checkout Design test system Review assembly Preliminary Pressure garment Pr e-installation Portable Phase life support modulation Pre-modulation pres sure Pulse(s) per second Pounds per square inch Pounds Propellant Press to Propellant Quick Roll per square inch.

700 .can Rockwell UDL USBE UTS UV VAB VGP VHF VSW1K W WIF Up."'_1" _llb3 Space Division North Amer.data Unified link S-band equipment system Urine transfer Ultraviolet Vehicle Vehicle Very Voltage Watt Water Immersion Assembly ground Building point wave ratio high frequency standing Facility SD ? I.

Required Modifications New Equipment Existing Average Modifi Percent cation red of Equipment Ground Material Special DITMCO Dimensional Totals support handling test Type equipment Quantity IZ 3 0 0 21 36 Quantity 33 4Z 14 7 10 106 R equi 9.1. of new A review program to meet in items could be readily modified The extent of the modifications items required are summarized necessary and Table D. HANDLING material TEST special handling EQUIPMENT test equipment is listed in Table D-4.0 8.5 39.._b SpaceAmerican Rockwel! North Division APPENDIX SUMMARY OF PRODUCTION AND D CHECKOUT EQUIPMENT A review the need for 130 showed of the equipment 75 percent of production items that total and checkout requirements of existing for the Apollo IRDM showed of equipment.9 40. 106 existing requirements.0 ZZ.3 3. D-I SD 71-700 . 1 equipment tooling GROUND The MATERIAL The SPECIAL The SUPPORT ground EQUIPMENT support equipment is listed in Table D-Z. equipment is listed in Table D-3. the number Table D-1.

b SpaceAmencan Rockwell North Division DITMCO The DITMCO DIMENSIONAL test equipment TOOLING is listed in Table D-5._ "_. The dimensional tooling is listed in Table D-6. D-2 SD 71-700 .





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