# Not to be taken away before the

end of the examination session

HKDSE-MATH-M2–1 (Sample Paper) 42
HONG KONG EXAMINATIONS AND ASSESSMENT AUTHORITY

HONG KONG DIPLOMA OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION

MATHEMATICS
Extended Part
Module 2 (Algebra and Calculus)

(Sample Paper)

Time allowed: 2 hours 30 minutes

This paper must be answered in English

INSTRUCTIONS

1. This paper consists of Section A and Section B. Each section carries 50 marks.

2. Answer ALL questions in this paper.

3. All working must be clearly shown.

4. Unless otherwise specified, numerical answers must be exact.

HKDSE-MATH-M2–2 (Sample Paper) 43
FORMULAS FOR REFERENCE

B A B A B A sin cos cos sin ) ( sin ± = ±
2
cos
2
sin 2 sin sin
B A B A
B A
− +
= +
B A B A B A sin sin cos cos ) ( cos m = ±
2
sin
2
cos 2 sin sin
B A B A
B A
− +
= −
B A
B A
B A
tan tan 1
tan tan
) ( tan
m
±
= ±
2
cos
2
cos 2 cos cos
B A B A
B A
− +
= +
) ( sin ) ( sin cos sin 2 B A B A B A − + + =
2
sin
2
sin 2 cos cos
B A B A
B A
− +
− = −
) ( cos ) ( cos cos cos 2 B A B A B A − + + =

) ( cos ) ( cos sin sin 2 B A B A B A + − − =

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Section A (50 marks)

1. Find ) 2 (
d
d
x
x
from first principles.
(4 marks)

2. A snowball in a shape of sphere is melting with its volume decreasing at a constant rate of
4
1 3
s cm

. When its radius is 5 cm, find the rate of change of its radius.
(4 marks)

3. The slope at any point ) , ( y x of a curve is given by ) 1 ln( 2
d
d
2
+ = x x
x
y
. It is given that the curve
passes through the point ) 1 , 0 ( .
Find the equation of the curve.
(4 marks)

4. Find x
x
x d
1
4
2

|
¹
|

\
|
− .
(4 marks)

5. By considering
7
3
cos
7
2
cos
7
cos
7
sin
π π π π
, find the value of
7
3
cos
7
2
cos
7
cos
π π π
.
(4 marks)

6. Let C be the curve 1 3
2 2
+ + =

y x e
y x
.
Find the equation of the tangent to C at the point ) 1 , 1 ( .
(5 marks)

HKDSE-MATH-M2–3 (Sample Paper) 44
7. Solve the system of linear equations

¦
¹
¦
´
¦
= + +
= + −
− = − +
9 3 4
13 7 4 3
4 z 6 7
z y x
z y x
y x
.
(5 marks)

8. (a) Using integration by parts, find x x x d cos

.

(b)

Figure 1

The inner surface of a container is formed by revolving the curve x y cos − = (for
π ≤ ≤ x 0 ) about the y-axis (see Figure 1). Find the capacity of the container.
(6 marks)

9.

Figure 2

Let j i 3 4 + = OA , k j + = 3 OB and k j i 5 3 + + = OC . Figure 2 shows the parallelepiped
OADBECFG formed by OA , OB and OC .

(a) Find the area of the parallelogram OADB .

(b) Find the volume of the parallelepiped OADBECFG .

(c) If C′ is a point different from C such that the volume of the parallelepiped formed by OA ,
OB and C O ′ is the same as that of OADBECFG , find a possible vector of C O ′ .
(6 marks)

O
A
B
C
D
E
F
G

HKDSE-MATH-M2–4 (Sample Paper) 45
10. Let ° < < ° 180 0 θ and define
|
|
¹
|

\
| −
=
θ θ
θ θ
cos sin
sin cos
A .

(a) Prove, by mathematical induction, that

|
|
¹
|

\
| −
=
θ θ
θ θ
n n
n n
A
n
cos sin
sin cos

for all positive integers n .

(b) Solve 0 sin 2 sin 3 sin = + + θ θ θ .

(c) It is given that
|
|
¹
|

\
|
= + +
a
a
A A A
0
0
2 3
.
Find the value(s) of a .
(8 marks)

Section B (50 marks)

11. Let
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
=
1 0 1
0 1 1
0 0 2
A ,
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
=
1 1 1
1 1 0
1 0 0
P and
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
=
2 0 0
0 1 0
0 0 1
D .

(a) Let I and O be the 3 3× identity matrix and zero matrix respectively.

(i) Prove that O I P P P = + − −
2 3
2 .

(ii) Using the result of (i), or otherwise, find
1 −
P .
(5 marks)

(b) (i) Prove that AP P D
1 −
= .

(ii) Prove that D and A are non-singular.

(iii) Find
100 1
) (

D .
Hence, or otherwise, find
100 1
) (

A .
(7 marks)

HKDSE-MATH-M2–5 (Sample Paper) 46
12. Let 1
1
4
1
4
) ( f −
+

=
x x
x , where 1 ± ≠ x .

(a) (i) Find the x- and y-intercept(s) of the graph of ) ( f x y = .

(ii) Find ) ( f x ′ and prove that

3 3
2
) 1 ( ) 1 (
) 1 3 ( 16
) ( f
+ −
+
= ′ ′
x x
x
x
for 1 ± ≠ x .

(iii) For the graph of ) ( f x y = , find all the extreme points and show that there are no points
of inflexion.
(6 marks)

(b) Find all the asymptote(s) of the graph of ) ( f x y = .
(2 marks)

(c) Sketch the graph of ) ( f x y = .
(3 marks)

(d) Let S be the area bounded by the graph of ) ( f x y = , the straight lines 3 = x ,
( ) 3 > = a a x and 1 − = y .
Find S in terms of a .
Deduce that 2 ln 4 < S .
(3 marks)

HKDSE-MATH-M2–6 (Sample Paper) 47

13. (a) Let 0 > a and ) ( f x be a continuous function.

Prove that x x a x x
a a
d ) ( f d ) ( f
0 0
∫ ∫
− = .

Hence, prove that x x a x x x
a a
d )] ( f ) ( f [
2
1
d ) ( f
0 0
∫ ∫
− + = .
(3 marks)

(b) Show that
9
3 2
1
d 1
0 2
π
=
+ −

x x
x
.
(5 marks)

(c) Using (a) and (b), or otherwise, evaluate

+ + −

1
0 1 2 2
) 1 )( 1 (
d
x
e x x
x
.
(6 marks)

14.

Figure 3

In Figure 3, ABC ∆ is an acute-angled triangle, where O and H are the circumcentre and
orthocentre respectively. Let a = OA , b = OB , c = OC and h = OH

(a) Show that ) //( ) ( c b a h + − .
(3 marks)

(b) Let ) ( c b a h + = − t , where t is a non-zero constant.
Show that

(i) ) ( ) ( a c b a c b + = − + + s t for some scalar s ,

(ii) 0 ) ( ) )( 1 ( = − ⋅ − − a c a b t .
(5 marks)

(c) Express h in terms of a , b and c .
(2 marks)

END OF PAPER
H
O
B C
A

1) .FORMULAS FOR REFERENCE sin ( A ± B ) = sin A cos B ± cos A sin B sin A + sin B = 2 sin A+ B A− B cos 2 2 A+ B A− B sin 2 2 A+ B A− B cos 2 2 A+ B A− B sin 2 2 cos ( A ± B) = cos A cos B m sin A sin B tan ( A ± B) = tan A ± tan B 1 m tan A tan B sin A − sin B = 2 cos cos A + cos B = 2 cos 2 sin A cos B = sin ( A + B) + sin ( A − B) cos A − cos B = −2 sin 2 cos A cos B = cos ( A + B) + cos ( A − B) 2 sin A sin B = cos ( A − B) − cos ( A + B) ******************************************************** Section A (50 marks) 1. Let C be the curve 3e x − y = x 2 + y 2 + 1 . Find ∫  2 1  x −  dx . Find the equation of the tangent to C at the point (1. dy = 2 x ln( x 2 + 1) . A snowball in a shape of sphere is melting with its volume decreasing at a constant rate of 4 cm 3s −1 . (4 marks) 3. 7 7 7 7 7 (4 marks) 6. When its radius is 5 cm. dx (4 marks) 2. x  (4 marks) 4 5. find the value of cos cos cos . The slope at any point ( x. By considering sin π 7 cos π 7 cos 2π 3π π 2π 3π cos . It is given that the curve dx (4 marks) 4. find the rate of change of its radius.1) . (5 marks) HKDSE-MATH-M2–2 (Sample Paper) 43 . Find d ( 2 x ) from first principles. Find the equation of the curve. y ) of a curve is given by passes through the point (0.

(a) (b) Using integration by parts. Find the capacity of the container. OB = 3j + k A D and OC = 3i + j + 5k . (b) Find the volume of the parallelepiped OADBECFG . Solve the system of linear equations  x + 7 y − 6 z = −4  3 x − 4 y + 7 z = 13 . (6 marks) HKDSE-MATH-M2–3 (Sample Paper) 44 .7. Figure 2 shows the parallelepiped OADBECFG formed by OA . find a possible vector of OC ′ . (c) If C ′ is a point different from C such that the volume of the parallelepiped formed by OA . Figure 1 The inner surface of a container is formed by revolving the curve y = − cos x (for 0 ≤ x ≤ π ) about the y-axis (see Figure 1). OB and OC . (a) Find the area of the parallelogram OADB . C F E G O B Figure 2 Let OA = 4i + 3 j . (6 marks) 9. OB and OC ′ is the same as that of OADBECFG . find ∫ x cos x dx . 4 x + 3 y + z = 9  (5 marks) 8.

(ii) Prove that D and A are non-singular. cos θ    cos nθ − sin nθ  An =   sin nθ cos nθ     for all positive integers n . find P −1 . (5 marks) (b) (i) Prove that D = P −1 AP . (c) a 0 It is given that A3 + A 2 + A =  0 a . or otherwise. (iii) Find ( D −1 )100 . 1 0 1  1 1 1  0 0 2       (a) Let I and O be the 3 × 3 identity matrix and zero matrix respectively. P =  0 1 1 and D =  0 1 0  . (ii) Using the result of (i). (7 marks) HKDSE-MATH-M2–4 (Sample Paper) 45 . find ( A −1 )100 . cos θ 10. Hence. Let 0° < θ < 180° and define A =   sin θ  (a) Prove. (i) Prove that P 3 − 2 P 2 − P + I = O . Let A =  1 1 0  . or otherwise.    Find the value(s) of a . that − sin θ   . by mathematical induction. (b) Solve sin 3θ + sin 2θ + sin θ = 0 . (8 marks) Section B (50 marks)  2 0 0  0 0 1 1 0 0       11.

(3 marks) HKDSE-MATH-M2–5 (Sample Paper) 46 .12. Let f ( x) = 4 4 − − 1 . (3 marks) (d) Let S be the area bounded by the graph of y = f ( x) .and y-intercept(s) of the graph of y = f ( x) . x −1 x +1 (a) (i) Find the x. Deduce that S < 4 ln 2 . (2 marks) (c) Sketch the graph of y = f ( x) . Find S in terms of a . the straight lines x=3 . x=a (a > 3) and y = −1 . 16(3x 2 + 1) ( x − 1) 3 ( x + 1) 3 (iii) For the graph of y = f ( x) . (6 marks) (b) Find all the asymptote(s) of the graph of y = f ( x) . find all the extreme points and show that there are no points of inflexion. where x ≠ ±1 . (ii) Find f ′( x) and prove that f ′′( x) = for x ≠ ±1 .

(2 marks) END OF PAPER HKDSE-MATH-M2–6 (Sample Paper) 47 . (3 marks) (b) Show that ∫0 x2 − x +1 = 1 dx 2 3π . (5 marks) (c) Express h in terms of a . Show that (i) (ii) t (b + c) + a − b = s (c + a) for some scalar s . or otherwise. OC = c and OH = h C (a) Show that (h − a) //(b + c) . (a) Let a > 0 and f ( x) be a continuous function. OB = b . 9 (5 marks) (c) Using (a) and (b). A H O B Figure 3 In Figure 3. Prove that ∫ 0 f ( x) dx = ∫ 0 f (a − x) dx . (3 marks) (b) Let h − a = t (b + c) . ∫ 0 f ( x) dx = 2 ∫ 0 [f ( x) + f (a − x)] dx a a a Hence. where O and H are the circumcentre and orthocentre respectively. ∆ABC is an acute-angled triangle. evaluate ∫ 0 ( x 2 − x + 1)(e 2 x −1 + 1) 1 dx .13. b and c . prove that 1 a . (6 marks) 14. Let OA = a . (t − 1)(b − a) ⋅ (c − a) = 0 . where t is a non-zero constant.