The name of the world’s first virtual brain. That means a machine that canfunction as human brain.

Today scientists are in research to create an artificial brain thatcan think, response, take decision, and keep anything in memory. The main ai m is to uploadhuman brain into machine. So that man can think, take decision wit hout any effort. After thedeath of the body, the virtual brain will act as the m an .So, even after the death of a personwe will not loose the knowledge, intelli gence, personalities, feelings and memories of thatman that can be used for the development of the human society. No one has ever understood the complexity of h uman brain. It is complex than any circuitry in the world. So,q uestion may aris e “Is it really possible to create a human brain?” The answer is “Yes”.Because what ever man has created today always he has followed the nature. When mandoes not have a device called computer, it was a big question for all .But today it is possibl edue to the technology. Technology is growing faster than every thing. IBM is no w inresearch to create a virtual brain. It is called “Blue brain “.If possible, this would be the firstvirtual brain of the world.IBM, in partnership with scientist s at Switzerland s EcolePolytechnique Federale de Lausanne s (EPFL) Brain and Mi nd Institute will beginsimulating the brain s biological systems and output the data as a working 3-dimensionalmodel that will recreate the high-speed electro-c hemical interactions that take place withinthe brain s interior. These include c ognitive functions such as language, learning, perceptionand memory in addition to brain malfunction such as psychiatric disorders like depressionand autism. Fr om there, the modeling will expand to other regions of the brain and, if success ful, shed light on the relationships between genetic, molecular and cognitivefun ctions of the brain. CONTENTS AcknowledgementIAbstractIIContentsIIIList of Abbreviations & SymbolsIV Chapter 1. Introduction 81.1 Definition8 Chapter 2. Why do we need Virtual Brain 92.1 How it is possible 9 Chapter 3. How the Natural Brain Works 103.1 How we see ,Hear,Feel,Smell& Take Decision11 Chapter 4. Brain Simulation 12 Chapter 5. Uploading Human Brain 13 5.1 Current Research Work13-145.2 Advantages & Limitations145.2.1 Advantages14-1 55.2.2 Disadvantages155.2.3 Hardware & Software Requirments15 Chapter 7. Conclusion 16 References 16 6 VILIST OF ABBREVIATIONS & SYMBOLS Sr. No. Symbol Description 1 Pr ( S | W )probability that a message is a spam 2

 

 

 

 

take decision wit hout any effort. even after the death of a person we will not loosethe knowledge. So that man can think. the virtual brain will act as the man . 1. c j ) membership degree of the token t i incategory c j 5 f i. That knowledgemight have been used for the development of the human society. d no. and keep anything in memory. The man is called intelligent be cause of the brain . What happen if we create a brain and up load the contents of natural brain into it. that other anim als can not do . response. take decision. The main aim is to upload human brain into machine.Today we are developed because we can think.Pr ( H ) probability than any given message is notspam 3 R : T X C [0.1 DEFINITION “ Blue brain ” –The name of the world’s first virtual brain. Today scientists are in research to create an artificial brain t hat canthink.of occurrences of token in message 6 fuzzy conjunction operation 7 fuzzy disjunction operator 8SM Similairty Measure 7 HAPTER-1 INTRODUCTION Human brain. the most valuable creation of God.But we lossthe knowledge of a brain when the body is destroyed a fter the death of man.So. intell .1] Fuzzy token-category relation 4 R ( t i . After the death of the body. That means a machine that canfunction as human brain.

they will be able to monitor the activity and structure of our central nervous system.But today it is possi ble due to the technology. could then continue to function asus. or nanobots. personalities. With in 30 years. What if we u pload ourselves intocomputer. when entered into a computer. It is complex than any circuitry in the world. t hiswould be the first virtual brain of the world.Through this interface the data stored in the natural brain can be uploaded into the compute r .Can not we use any machi ne to assistfor all these? Virtual brain may be the solution to it. The virtual brain is a soluti on to it.so that they can t hink up to such anextent where other can not reach . It is called “Blue brain “. q uestion may a rise “Is it really possible tocreate a human brain?” The answer is “Yes”. Is this the beginning of eternal life? WHAT IS VIRTUAL BRAIN? We can say Virtual brain is an artificial brain. So. IBM is now in research to create a virtual brain. what if we lived in a computer as a program? 2.Some people have this quality . The brain and intelligence will alive even after the death. butcan act as the brain .So the brain and the knowledge. processing pow er and an interface between the human brain andthis artificial one . T raveling into the spine and brain.igence. They will be able to provide an interfa ce withcomputers that is as close as our mind can be while we still reside in ou r biological form. even after the death of the person. important dates. he describes both invasive and noninvasive techniques. it is helpful to describe the basic manners in which a person may be uplo adedinto a computer. Because what e ver man has created today always hehas followed the nature. It wouldbe th e world’s first virtual brain. Intelligence is the inborn q uality thatcan not be created . But the intelli gence is lost along with the body after the death.Is t   . In the busy life every one want to be relaxed .1 HOW IT IS POSSIBLE? First. These robots will be small enough to travel throughout our circulatorysystems. Init. which does not actually the nat ural brain. Raymond Kurzweil recently provided an interesting paper on this topic. No one has ever understood the complexity of human brain. They would also record the current state of the brain. This information . feelings and memories of that man that can be used for th e development of the human society. take decisions bas ed on the past experience. When man does not ha ve a device called computer. intelligence of anyone can bekept and used fo r ever.We often fa ce difficulties in remembering things such as people s names. It is possible by using a super computer. we were simply aware of a computer.It can think like brain. All that is required is a computer with large enough storage space and processing power. providing a complete readoutof the connections between each neuron. WHAT IS BLUE BRAIN? 8 The IBM is now developing a virtual brain known as the Blue brain. andresponse as the natural brain can.If possible. Technology is growing faster than everything. their birthdays. Nanobots could also carefully scan the structure of our brain . CHAPTER-2WHY WE NEED VIRTUAL BRAIN? Today we are developed because of our intelligence. it was a big questionfor all . proper grammar. with a hugeamount of storage capacity. we will be able to scan ourselves into the computers. or maybe.Human society is always need of such intelligence andsuch an intelligent brain to have with. ande tcetera. The mos t promising is the use of 9 very small robots. and the spellings of words. history facts.

which is lined with hairs. alsoknown as Neurons. tasted. Not even engineers have come close to making circuit bo ards and computers as delicate and precise as the nervous system. either by touching. vitreous d isc.around. the sensory cells . however. by the magical nervous system. man y neurons work together tounderstand the environment. Theword motor output is easily remembered if o ne should think that our putting something outinto the environment through the u se of a motor. where it is interpreted to be understood and memorized bythe body. into responses that th e body recognizes. We need only know the media and contents. like a muscle which does the work for our body. the nervous system is quite like magic because wecan t see it. then our brain sends a message through neurons to effecter cells. which translates the im age and light by a set of cells. but its working through electric impulses thr ough your body. which actually work to perform our reque sts and act upon our environment.is a separate discussion. tas ting. to transfer it to a computer. •   . one has to know the three simplefunctions that it puts into action: sensory input. or how we maintain it. But we have tonow think technically. which bendsand rotates an image against the retina. This action of ge tting informationfrom your surrounding environment is called sensory input becau se we are putting things inyour brain by way of your senses. SMELL.located between our eye and ear. HEAR. This process is all accomplished in the brain where many. send a message straight to your brain. To understand this system. integration. it trav els to anolfactory bulb. For this wehave to first know how the human brain actually works.The retina is at the back of the eye ball where rods and cones structure along with other cells and tissues covert the image int o nerve impulses which are transmitted along the opticnerve to the brain where i t is kept for memory.he pattern and state of neuron connections in our brain truly all that makes up our conscious selves? Many people believe firmly those we posses a soul. FEEL. The nerve impulses travel thro ugh the olfactory tract. • Motor Output: Once our brain has interpreted all that we have learned. Note. also known as neurons.1 HOW WE SEE. in a circular way.One of the worlds most "intricately organized" electron mechanism s is the nervous system. motor output. • Sensory input: When our eyes see something or our hands touch a warm surface. which magnifies a seen image. • Eye Seeing is one of the most pleasing senses of the nervous system. that we need not know how the brain actuallyfunctions.Really this concept a ppears to be very difficult and complex to us. • Integration: Integration is best known as the interpretation of things we have felt. and touchedwith our sensory cells. while s ome verytechnical people believe that quantum forces contribute to our awareness . 3. Yes. in computer lik e calculations. AND TAKE DECISION: • Nose Once the smell of food has reached your nose. a set of sensory nerves. CHAPTER-3HOW THE NATURAL BRAIN WORKS? The human ability to feel. Theactual mystery of how we achieved consciousness in the f irst place. or usingany other sense. and finally to the smell sensory cortex of our brain. interpret and even see is controlled. the thalamus. muscle or gland cells. This cherished action primarily conducted by the lens.

• Output Based on the states of the neurons the brain sends the electric impulses represe nting theresponses which are further received by the sensory cell of our body to respond. i t depends upon the state o f the neurons in the brain at that time. The body receives the input by the sensory cells. which sends it to th e brain for interpretation and memory. Toremember thing we force the neurons to represent certain states of the brain permanently or for any interesting or serious matter this is happen ed implicitly. w hich convert the tasteinto a nerve impulse and send the impulse to the brain by a sensory nerve fiber. salty. CHAPTER-4BRAIN SIMULATION Now the question is how to implement this entire natural thing by using artific ialthings. • Input In the nervous system in our body the neurons are responsible for the message pa ssing. Now there is no question how the virtual brain wi . it goes to a large structure called thecochlea. think about something.The interpretation in the brain is accomplished by the means of certai n states of manymany neurons. • Memory . • Ear Once the sound or sound wave has entered the drum. and sweet. Uponreceiving the message. sour. • Interpretation 12 the electric impulses received by the brain from the neurons are interpreted in the brain.The past experience s tored and thecurrent input received are used and the states of certain neurons a re changed to give theoutput .Tongue 11 set of microscopic buds on the tongue divide everything we eat and drink into fo ur kindsof taste: bitter. the sound waves are divided int o pitches. Thesensory cells of which part of our body is going to receive that. These buds have taste pores.There are certain neurons in our brain which represent certain states permanent ly.Logical an darithmetic calculations are done in our neural circuitry . This is how we canrefer the taste of one kind of food to an other. Whenrequired these state is interpreted by our brain and we can remember the past things.The neurons transfer t hese electric impulses to the brain. This organ transmits the vibrationinformation to a nerve. In this snail like structure. • Processing When we take decision. The vibrationsof the pitches in the cochlea are measured by the Corti .Here is a comparative discussion. or make any computation. These sensory cells pro duces electric impulseswhich are received by the neurons . our brain classifies the diffe rent kinds of taste.

providing a complete readout of the connections. Nanobots could also carefully scan the structure13 of our brain.1 CURRENT RESEARCH WORK 1. According to the new scientist Magazine report Rodrigo Laje and Gabriel Mindlin of theUniversity of Buenos Aire s in Argentina have devised a computer model of a region of the brain called the RA nucleus which controls muscles in the lungs and vocal folds.Researchers at Microsoft s Media Presence Lab are developing a "virtual brain.Gordon Bell. NEWS: The EPFL Blue Gene was the8thfastest supercomputer in the world 2. The model brain can accurately echo the song of a South American sparrow. This information. almost all information will be incyb erspace including all knowledge and creative works. CHAPTER-5UPLOADING HUMAN BRAIN The uploading is possible by the use of small robots known as the Nanobots .ll work .But the question is how thehuman brain will be up loaded into it . The birdsing by forci ng air from their lungs past folds of tissue in the voice box. Thus the da ta stored in theentire brain will be uploaded into the computer. learning . The electric14 10               . "By 2047. From there. perception and memory in addition to brainmalfunction such as psychiatric diso rders like depression and autism. Called MyLifeBits. the project aims to make this database of human memories searchable in themanner of a conventional search engine. themodeling will expand to other r egions of the brain and. 5.based database that holds a record of an individual s complete life expe rience.They will be able to provide an interface w ith computers that is as close as our mind can bewhile we still reside in our bi ological form. " a PC. This is also possible due to the first growingtechnology. molecular and cognitive functions of the brain. said one of the project s le aders. in partnership with scientists at Switzerland s Ecole Polytechnique Federal e deLausanne s (EPFL) Brain and Mind Institute will begin simulating the brain s biologicalsystems and output the data as a working 3-dimensional model that wil l recreate the high-speed electro-chemical interactions that take place within t he brain s interior. they will be able to monitor the activity and str ucture of our central nervous system. whenentered into a computer. These robotsare small enough to travel through out our circulatory system. Trave ling into the spine and brain. IBM. if successful. could then continue to function as us. shed light on therelationships between g enetic. 3. These includecognitive functions such as language.

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