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com Q: What is Testing? Ans: According to H. E. Butt, Testing is a device for an ensuring qualitatively a typical sample of mental or motor performance in order to predict what an individual will do under certain circumstances. Limitations: 1. Measurement techniques can’t be expended to make decision for a person. They can only present evidence more clearly. 2. The best audible test ever, at present can’t predict what a person will do in a complex learning or vocational situation. 3. Test ordinarily can’t show why a person made particular score, but only that he did make the score. Basic Testing Concept: 1. Reliability: Consistent scores when a person takes two attenuate for us of the test or similar result in different occasions. 2. Validity: Dose this test measure what it’s supposed to measure? Criterion Validity: refers who ever does well in the test will do well in the job. Content Validity: refers the content of test refers to real job situation.
Q. How to validate a test? 1. Analysis a job 2. Chose the test 3. Administer the test -Concurrent Validation : on existing employees -Predictive Validation : on applicants and then verify 4. Relate your test scores & criteria -Expectancy Chart : test score vs job performance 5. Cross-validate & revalidate Testing program guideline: 1. Use test as supplement (Not as only selection tool) 2. Validate the test 3. Monitor the testing / Selection program 4. Keep accurate records 5. use a certified psychologist 6. Manage test condition 7. Revalidate periodically
Types of Testing: 1. Tests of cognitive ability: a) Intelligence test (IQ) Intelligence Quotient b) Specific Cognitive test (aptitude test) - Mental ability (inductive/deductive reasoning) - Memory - Numerical ability - Sensory ability - Verbal comprehension c) Test of motor / Physical ability Figure: d) Measuring personality test / interests. - Big five factors - Interest inventory e) Achievement test (test job knowledge) what he has learned Big 5 personality factors: 1. Expressive Style 2. Interpersonal Style 3. Work Style 4. Emotional Style 5. Intellectual Style : How individuals express themselves verbally and behaviorally : How individuals behaves when interacting with others : How people work and meet responsibility : How people express their emotions : How individuals learn think and decide
● The polygraph and honesty testing ● Paper pencil honesty test ● Graphology ● Physical examination