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CHAPTER 11 : PRESERVATION AND CONSERVATION OF ENVIRONMENT

1 Diagram 9 shows an environmental phenomenon caused by chemical substance, chlorofluorocarbons ( CFCs) on layer X. Ray Q

Layer X

(a) ( b) (c)

DIAGRAM 9 Name the environmental phenomenon that shown in Diagram 9 …………………………………………………………………………………… State the chemical substance that caused the phenomenon mentioned in (a). …………………………………………………………………………………… What is layer X in Diagram 9? …………………………………………………………………………………… [ 1 mark] State the main function of layer X. ……………………………………………………………………………………. [ 1 mark]

(d)

(e)

Name ray Q in Diagram 9. …………………………………………………………………………………… [ 1 mark] Give two negative effects of ray Q on humans. (i) ……………………………………………………………………………… (ii) ……………………………………………………………………………… [2 marks]

(f)

(e)

Mark ( √ ) the objects that release the harmful substance and contribute to the above environmental phenomenon.

Television

Refrigerator

Microwave oven

Aerosol

[ 1 mark]

2

Diagram 1 shows a layer of gas P in the atmosphere.

Heat trapped

DIAGRAM 1

(a)

Name gas P. …………………………………………………………………………………… (b) Name two activities which can release gas P? (i) …………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………… Based on Diagram 1, name the phenomena that occur. …………………………………………………………………………………………… (d) State two effects of this phenomena to the environment. (i) (ii) ……………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………… (ii)

(c)

Figure 9 shows the habitat in a pond.
[Rajah 9 menunjukkan habitat sebuah kolam]

3. (a)

Fill in the boxes in Figure 9 using the following terms:
[Isikan kotak dalam Rajah 9 dengan menggunakan istilah-istilah berikut.]

Producer [Pengeluar] Primary consumer [Pengguna Primer] Secondary consumer [Pengguna Sekunder]

(b)

Write the food chain for the habitat in Figure 9.
[Tuliskan rantai makanan bagi habitat yang terdapat pada Rajah 9]

……………………………………………………………………………………… (c)
Name the process by which organism P makes food.
[Namakan proses untuk menghasilkan makanan oleh organisma P] ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. .

(d)

What would happen to the primary consumer if the producers died?
[Apakah yang akan berlaku pada pengguna primer jika pengeluar mati.] ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

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