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CHINESE
LEARN
LANGUAGE AND CULTURE

39
Practice :

1. Please answer the following questions by using the sentence
patterns we just learned:
A. 你跳舞跳得怎么样?
B. 你写字写得快吗?
C. 你看电视看得多吗?







D. 你打球打得怎么样?
E. 昨天晚上你睡觉睡得早吗?
F. 昨晚你吃饭吃得多吗?
G. 你考试考得怎么这么好?

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2、Please translate the following sentences into Chinese by using the above sentence patterns and the suggest原
ed words in parentheses:

a. He is a talented painter. (画画/好 / 极了)

b. I did very well on my test yesterday. (考试/好)

c. I usually go to bed quite early, but I went to bed very late last night. (睡觉 / 早 / 晚)







d. His Chinese is getting so much better that he speaks faster than he used to. (说中文 / 好 / 快 / 越来越)

e. She has an extraordinary voice. (唱歌 / 好听 / 特别)

d. My friend is obsessed with online games. (玩电脑游戏 / 多 / 太...了)

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41

CHINESE
LEARN
LANGUAGE AND CULTURE
凿伽

躁蚤佟

澡伲燥

Hi everyone(大家好)!

凿伲燥

赠佼怎

This time, I am still your 导游 in China.
Last time, we visited the Mecca of the martial arts lovers, the Shaolin Temple. Today, we will be traveling
to Beijing by train.
Beijing is north of Henan Province. Our train starts from the capital city of Henan, Zhengzhou City. This is the
express train; it takes about 5 hours to cover the 400 mile trip. Before our train leaves, answer my questions,
please.
How much do you know about Beijing?
Where did you get the information about Beijing?
Have you ever been to Beijing before? Beijing is the capital city of China. Yes. What else? The 2008 Olympic Games were
糟澡佗灶倮 糟澡佴灶倮

held there. We can see the Great Wall (长城) . Maybe you want to know more.

Beijing!Beijing
遭侑蚤 躁侃灶倮

遭侑蚤 躁侃灶倮

北 京 !北 京 !



荫杨彦超/撰写设计
造佻

泽澡佾

1. History(历史)

In Chinese, Beijing is 北京(b侑i j侃ng). 北(b侑i) means north; 京(j侃ng) in classic Chinese, capital city.
北京(b侑i j侃ng) literally means a northern capital city.
As a capital, the city has a history of more than 2,480 years. It started to serve as a capital in
473 BC.
During the Jin Dynasty (which started from 936), the city was known as Zhongdu (中都, literally
Central Capital) , and was later reconstructed in 1293 under the Yuan Dynasty as Dadu (大 d伽 都 d俦,
literally Grand Capital). Twice in the city's history, the name was changed from 北京(b侑i j侃ng) to 北平
(b侑i p侏ng) (literally Northern Peace). This occurred firstly during the Ming Dynasty, and again in 1928.
In 1949, when the People’
s Republic of China was founded, the city was named 北京(b侑i j侃ng) again.

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42
憎侉蚤

扎澡佻

赠俪

泽澡侏

糟澡佟

2. Location and Time Difference (位置与(and)时差)

As China’
s political and cultural center, Beijing lies in the northeastern part of China, in the center of 河北省 (h佴 b侑i
sh侑ng; Hebei Province). It is a city directly under the Central Government, like Washington D. C. in the USA.
When people from North America fly to China, they can take a direct flight from some big cities like New York City,
Washington D.C., Chicago, etc. Let us make a comparison between Beijing and New York, for example.
Beijing lies at the same latitude as New York City, but at a different longitude. So there are 12 hours difference be原
tween the two places. Beijing is 12 hours ahead of New York City. That means, when it is 9:00 am in New York, it is al原
ready 9:00 pm in Beijing. The flight from those above mentioned big cities to Beijing usually takes about 13 hours. So, if
people start to fly at 3:00 pm from New York City, because of the difference of the time zones, they will arrive in Beijing
almost the same time the next day. That is, they will experience a 24-hour flight within 13 hours. Luckily, when they fly
back, if they leave Beijing at 9:00 am on Sunday, they will arrive in the US airport at 9:00 am on the same Sunday. They
lose no time! Isn’
t that amazing!
择佻

澡侔怎

3. Climate(气候)




Since Beijing is at the same latitude as New York City, the climates in the two cities are quite alike. You will find
yourself already used to the climate here. The four seasons here are demarcated with a long hot summer, long chilly winter,
and shorter spring and fall. The hottest month is July and the coldest is January. Spring comes with occasional sandstorms.
It is a dry season. Rain is quite precious. So, fall is the perfect season for us to visit Beijing. It is neither hot nor cold.
The leaves change colors during this season, like the brilliant and pretty foliage you can see in Upstate New York.
To visit Beijing in spring or fall, bring lightweight clothing such as long-sleeved shirts or T-shirts, plus one or two
jackets and sweaters. In summer, rainstorms may come without warning in the afternoons of sunny days. Sometimes even
weather forecasters can predict a shower only one or two hours ahead. Heavy rain may block traffic, inconveniencing every原
one. Remember to pack a raincoat or umbrella for your summer visit. The temperature in summer ranges between 86 de原
grees and 102 degrees, calling for summer clothes.
A winter journey to Beijing may be a shock to visitors from tropical countries, but not for you Americans tough. Be
sure to bring winter clothes, including wool sweaters and down coats.

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